When to do Qasr for Travel Q&A #22

Yasir Qadhi


Channel: Yasir Qadhi


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AI: Summary © The speakers discuss the importance of avoiding travel and suffering, including the use of the concept of suffering as a result of actions of individuals and the use of the word "the point" in context. They also touch on the topic of conversion measurements and the use of multiple sources of information, as well as the use of measurements for measuring time and the use of multiple websites. The speakers also discuss the use of measurements and the use of words in media and media communication, including the importance of finding the right words to use when speaking and avoiding confusion when using the Sharia. They also touch on the concept of a "monster" and its use in driving cars.
Transcript ©
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Bismillah al Rahman al Rahim Al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil Alameen wa Salatu was Salam ala Sayyidina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi Marina Mubarak. Brother Shakeel asks, Can you go over the various positions of the scholars regarding the filth of praying while traveling? I typically go every few weekends for work, and I want to know, traveling for work. And I want to know, when am I allowed to do pastor of the Salah? So, the question is about when to do Casa and because it is such a long topic, most likely we will do this next week as well part two of this. And I want to do this question, actually for two reasons. Number one, so that we will insha Allah to Allah know, what

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constitutes suffer, and all of us will inshallah also be able to take advantage of one can we shorten our prayers during suffer. But there is also another reason, and this is a much more nuanced and academic one.

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The reason that I also want to discuss this is that this issue of what constitutes suffer or travel is a very good case study that will make us realize and appreciate the efforts of our ulama in trying to make the show the easy for us that most of our ulama held a position as we're going to explain a particular number 48 miles, let's say, and today, inshallah we will demonstrate how did they get to this number. And their attempt in getting to this number was to make life easy. If you're going 48 miles, for example, they would say it's suffered. And if it's less than this, it's not. But in the process of getting 48 miles, we will demonstrate they followed a multi step process,

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each one of which is very much a human HDR, the effort, and each one of which has gray areas that they kind of just smoothed over to get to stage two, then stage three distaste for this stage five. And therefore,

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if this is a human effort,

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should we not go back and see, in light of our circumstances, what might be another number or another mechanism of deducing suffer? In other words, my goal today is twofold. Number one, to give you an answer, Inshallah, that is the goal, don't worry. But number two, in the process, to open up a very awkward door, and this door, I've been skirting it for the last seven, eight months, you've been hearing me all the time saying this. How much of our field positions do we hold fast to? And how much do we say hold on a sec. That's not Allah's revelation? That is a human effort. Maybe we can fine tune? And the actual answer to this question, we'll leave it to the roadmap. But I wanted

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to present to you a case study that perhaps you can begin to appreciate, you know what, just because a scholar said something 1000 years ago, doesn't make it the religion of Allah subhanho wa taala. Now, obviously, this opens a Pandora's box, the Pandora's box, we all know what it is, what is it? To what level are we going to change, or you're going to change everything. And understandably, understandably, those that are practicing Islam, those that are very passionate, they're comfortable with their understanding. And others come along, and they say, Hold on, that's fine to this change, and the like, what are you going to do change everything, to how long is going to become halal?

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They're going to allow everything so they want to stick to their tradition. And the problem comes today's issue, the distance of travel, really, it's not that big of a deal, whether you want to stick with 48 or we're going to go somewhere else is not going to be cataclysmic, but I wanted to use an innocent innocuous example, to illustrate some times actually changing filthy positions as a matter of Eman and kufr. Sometimes fine tuning will actually make Islam incredibly easier to follow within the goals of the Sharia. Allah does not want to intentionally make Islam difficult. Allah does not want to intentionally make Islam difficult. Why? majra Allah Allah COVID Dinniman adage.

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You do the law become a user, Allah was to make things easy. So where the Sharia allows for ease, we should go towards ease. And where the Sharia has a red line, we should stick with that red line. So today is a case study, not only of a very important issue that is relevant to all of us, but more important than that, to illustrate that just because 99% of the OMA said something doesn't mean it is the religion of Allah subhanho wa Taala and we can fine tune so

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Oh, let us begin. Allah says in the Quran surah Nisa, verse 101.

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What is Alikum Jenna and talk Sunil salata in tomb and you have to Kamala Dinakar for release Alikum Jana, I'm sorry that there is no sin on you that you perform caser in your Salah. If you are scared that Psalm one may harm you. Now, the verse seems to suggest that cancer is only performed when you're scared of an enemy attacking. However, by unanimous consensus, this is not to condition on a hotdog hadith is in Buhari said that I asked the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam about this verse that must we be in fear. And the prophets of salaam said, this is a rasa. This is a charity or sadaqa that Allah has given you. So accept his charity. Anytime you're traveling, you can do gossip.

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This is all scholars agree there's no afterlife on this issue. Pastor means you can pray for God as to the forefront of our prayers as to regard so there is unanimous consensus that you don't have to be under threat of attack, you may do so any time you travel, and you may perform your Zohar and your answer and your Isha. Instead of four you may pray to there is unanimous consent all the scholars now the data obviously comes over what constitutes a sufferer number one and number two, how long can you remain in suffer? Once you've come to a temporary destination? In the suffer itself? You can spend months if you were to go from Morocco to Makkah it would take three months in

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those days. You are constantly in suffer as you're walking on Campbell on foot, no problem. Once you get to Makkah

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for how long can you remain in Makkah before you say okay, now I have to pray full. That's the second controversy, which we're not going to discuss today. Today we will discuss the distance of suffer. Next week. Inshallah we'll come back and we'll discuss how long can we remain in suffering and other issues pertaining to that. So, today's issue, when do you become a

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Lucifer? Is that clear? When do you become a Mustafa? Now?

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As I said, this position or this question, the vast majority of our scholars all four major hubs, they followed a methodology to get to a specific answer. I will go over briefly their methodology and give you exact numbers about their methodology. But I want to point out that in reality, this topic has been the subject of many PhD dissertations in the Muslim world, more than one person has spent four or five years of his or her life, compiling all of the opinions and demonstrating who said what and why did they say it? This is one of those opinions where no exaggeration, there are over 20 opinions narrated from our classical field, over 21 of them has become dominant, but we know

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over 20 In these few minutes I have I cannot do justice to all of them. I want to give you the methodology and I want to explain the human element of deriving this methodology. Now let us begin. Allah says in the Quran, the prophet system basically said if you are traveling, you can do a search this way derived from the text clear if you are traveling, you can do cancer. The problem comes the Quran and the Sunnah or the issue comes out you say the Quran and the Sunnah does not define when you are a traveler. The Quran and the Sunnah does not have a revelation or a hadith that specifies when a person becomes a Musa, Phil. Therefore, the scholars of fic tried to get to a number and they

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followed methodologies, the first thing that they did, the first thing that they did, they went through the whole Quran and all of the Hadith to try to find any usage of the term travel suffer linked to any timeframe or distance, anything so that they can derive. Is there even secondary or indirect, or insinuating evidence of what a travel is in the Quran and Sunnah. Okay, this is the first step that they did any phrase found in the prophetic Hadith that mentions safar and mentions a distance or a time, even if it's not in the context of puzzle, because there is no Hadith in the context of Casa what constitutes suffer is a clear all sudden, Sabrina what it means now

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So they look at other Hadith once they find that hadith. Step number two, they translate this phrasing into an equivalent measurement that the Sahaba would have known. Step number three, by the time they are writing books of fit, it's no longer times of the sahaba. This was 400 500 600 Euro. So they're going to convert the measurement that they have derived from an indirect reference into a measurement that they are accustomed to. That's step number three, by 500, Hegira 600, hate Euro, they're no longer using the measurements of the sahaba. So whatever number they derived is, step number two must be converted. And step number three to something that they are accustomed to because

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realize, Islam came, and with it, civilization came. The prophetic era is very different than the above set era. The prophetic era is simple to innocent. There are no two story three story buildings, there is no library, the Arabic script is not developed, there is no paper, there's very different by the time the fuqaha are writing, you have a civilization, you have paper, you have volumes being written, you have totally different codification is being done. So this generation of folk AHA needs to convert from units of measurements the Bedouins use the pre Islamic Arabs use to units of measurements they are using in the fifth sixth seventh century, then, of course, modern

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scholars come along. And they look at the books written in the fifth sixth century. And what must they do?

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Convert once again, from what medieval units to contemporary units, these are four stages. Each one of them is full of ambiguities, assumptions, vague references, and a whole spectrum of opinion, each one of these ones, okay. And to give you one simple example, where do you get this 48 number from?

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So as I said, By the way, YBNL, Munden, and others, they list over 20 opinions. And by the way, even within one month of modern scholars, putting all of these four steps together, you get different outputs. When I wanted to answer the question for you guys, I literally Googled, literally Googled, I don't get my answers from Google. But this answer I got from Google, I literally Googled Hanafi madhhab distance of travel, just to see what modern Hanafy websites are saying. And within two minutes, I found three numbers, 48 miles, 51 miles, and 64 miles, all from reputable English websites, two minutes. These are modern Hanafy authorities across the globe, some in South Africa,

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some in America, some in other places. And I found three numbers within one madhhab. Why and how, because of these four different processes that they have done. So to give you one example of these four processes, and this is the most common example.

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The first thing was to scour the Hadith and see if the prophet system said the word travel suffer, and he has anything in there that we can latch on to and say, Aha, we have a number, okay? And they found three or four Hadith. Problem is every one of them had a different number.

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What did they find?

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They found a narration which is in Bukhari and Muslim narrated by Bahrain and others that are Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, it is not allowed for a woman to travel the distance of more than three days without a Muharram. Now, this hadith is about cossar Yes or no? No, has nothing to do with muscle What does have to do with Muharram travel right, but what what did I say step number one, find anything that has the word travel and has some distance check found it is not allowed for a woman to travel the distance of three days without a Muharram the Hanafi is jumped on this and they said the distance of suffer is a three day journey.

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They derive from this posture issues. Okay, now sounds interesting. problem comes any mammal Buhari has this chapter. And then he says those who say the distance or suffer is three days he quotes this hadith. Then he says those who say the distances are for his two days and he brings another Hadith that he says those who say the distance or suffer is one day and he brings a third Hadith all three in Makati, all three fully authentic,

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the same Hadith narrated by other chains. It is not allowed for a woman who believes in Allah and His messenger to travel two days without a Muharram. So some would have said two days and the same Hadith with other narrations it

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is not allowed for a believing woman to travel

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one day. And so the Shafter isn't humble is took the one day. And some of the Geoffrey's took the two days and the honeybees took the three day. So we said all of them are trying to get a number anywhere that has the word travel in it. Okay, now, this is step number one.

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By and large, most Maliki's, and Shafi said one day some humbly said today, the Hanafy said three day distance, okay, now. Great, excellent. that's stage one, stage two

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to day, one day, three day, what does that mean? We have to now convert this quantity to a quantity that the Sahaba would have understood, because the language is their language, let's say how much would the Sahaba have traveled? Or what is the distance the Sahaba would understand one day or two days or three days? And so the unit of measurement of pre Islamic Arabia is something that was called a buddied. buddied out, I was in the audience when I say buddied, what do you think of postal office? The mailman? Why is this because when the Abbasids instituted Well, what is a buddy a buddied is the distance that a horse and rider could travel before they would have to take a break.

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This is actually what buddied means, the average distance that a rider and an average horse would travel before they'd have to take a break. That was called a buddied. Now, the Abbasids were the first to institute a postal service. The postal service wasn't for me and you. We couldn't write letters to our fiance's loved ones. No, it was meant for

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government officials. So they made

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stations of fresh riders and horses, and the bag would come stop at the first buddied behind the to the fresh rider and horse go to the next buddy. And so they had an efficient the largest postal service in the world was instituted by the Abbasids. And that timeframe, and eventually the term buddied was dropped for the distance and it was applied to the porcelain package. Hence modern Arabs have no clue that breed is a distance all modern out of they are certain There was word to your person, that breed is male, but it has nothing to do with male and classical Islam. Modern Arabs don't speak classical Arabic they speak Modern Standard Arabic so but he does now what mil but in

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pre Islam and in early Islam, but it meant the distance. Okay, now the question is one day travel to day travel three day travel, how many breeds is it? We get 15 different opinions. How many breeds is that day of travel? Some said for days traveled, but it Sorry, sorry, some said for Buddy. Some said five breeds, we're going to skip over all of these controversies. Because here we see this ambiguity. You've already started with a number three day travel, you have to somehow convert that to a unit of measurement. They understood, and the only measurement said that time was buddied. And so they tried to figure that out. Now what helps them here. Some of the Sahaba and Tabby rune. They

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actually did have positions about buddies there's not an ID, but some of the tab their own. They said suffered is four buddies suffered his five buddies, and so they do have opinions. But these opinions are not from Allah and His messenger. They are from the second generation, maybe some might say first generation of the sahaba. But definitely second generation, we have the first focal Hall coming along and saying how many Buddies is suffer. So we have this point over here. So we have this issue of buddies, by and large, four buddies, five buddies, eight buddies, we have these opinions of suffer j by the time the books of faith are being written. Nobody's using breeds, they're using

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other measurements. The next measurement that came into the timeframe was for a PSA for PSA. And I think in order to still the there's still the term for the PSA, and in ancient English in

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Charles Dickens English, the father of soccer is a league League, not a League of Nations a league. This is a unit of measurement called a fossa. So they needed to convert the bodies into Farsan because they were using for sauce. And, again, you have this ambiguity by and large, they agreed that one buddied equals four for SAS. Okay, by the way, again, there's five opinions. I'm giving you the majority one, to show you how much ambiguity how much gray areas is being done to get to this final number and every step has 10 opinions on it nonetheless. So one buddy it has for first class, the first generation of

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First off is a Persian term. So this is now adopted by early Islam when they've conquered Iraq, they're now using for SAS. Now, by the time later scholars come even further stuff is gone, they move to another unit of measurement, this unit of measurement is now called meal. Meal. And meal is of course, we will jump at the word meal because for us a meal is what a mile, but hold on hold on hold on a mile 1000 years ago, is not a mile today.

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And meal was a unit of measurement adopted from the Romans For suffers from the Persians meal was a unit of measurement adopted from the Romans. And meal comes from Millia. And meal in Latin in Roman means 1000 As you should know, and a meal, a meal for the Romans, Amelia was 1000 steps of the Roman soldiers. That's what they called a meal 1000 steps of the Roman soldiers was one meal Millia they call it Amelia, by the way, a step for them was what we call two steps. The same foot goes where it was. That's like two steps. That's one step. So 2000 steps, but they counted as 1000 you get you get the product, they said that is a

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meal. Okay. And this is called the Roman mile. Now, the Arabs took the name from the Romans, but they didn't take the same measurement. They didn't take the same measurement, the outer mile was shorter than the Roman mile. And I'm not joking. Don't think I'm making fun of this is the reality. They say because the out of step was smaller than the Roman step. This is the reality I'm not saying And the same would go anywhere. And so the Arabs adopted a mile and it became known as the Hashemite mile. And the Russians adopted the mile it was called the Russian mile, the Danish mile, the Portuguese mile, the German mile, in one timeframe around 700 years ago, there were at least 15

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Different miles. To this day, we have something called what other mile do we use?

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kilometers out a mile. What are the mile do we use? Come on, you notice very good nautical mile, we still have something called the nautical mile, which is different than the land mile. So the mile was not defined? How can it be because there is no international body that's going to define a unit of measurement. How can they be every civilization had a different understanding of what a mile is? Nonetheless, our scholars now so Luca Ricard from from three days, two buddies to four sucks two miles. Each one of these conversion factors is a big gray area, there is no uniformity, there is no conformity there is given take, nonetheless, we get now to the eighth century of Islam, seventh

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eighth centuries of Islam. And now we have scholars debating what is a meal, some classical scholars say a meal is 12,000, out of steps, not 10,000. Roman steps, I'm not joking. This is I'm literally telling you 12,000 steps. Others say that a meal is as far as the eye can see. Others say a meal is when you see a figure in the distance, you know, it's a human, it's not a gazelle or a deer, but you don't know if it's male or female. This is the definition of a mile. Now, what is common and all of these definitions, they are not

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precise. They are not scientific. This is just an approximation. As far as the eye can see, when you see the that is the meal, or we will see a figure you don't know if it's male or female. But you know, it's a human. All of this is approximation. And of course, it's approximation because there were no bodies that all societies agreed upon to define distances. So,

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point being that finally, in the 16th century, to be more precise, 1593, Queen Elizabeth the first came along and decided in a post Newtonian world or, you know, more scientific world going on. Let's now define all of these terms. And so, she enacted an act that was adopted by Parliament in 1593, called the weights and measures Acts of Parliament. This is Queen Elizabeth the First the weights and measurement act of parliament, in which the one mile was defined to be 5280 feet, and the feet was also defined and the inches were defined. And so there is now a precise actual unit of measurement. Eventually, this converts to 1.6 kilometres and of course, they define everything else

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as well. Now, let's go back and plug and chug

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plug and chug all of these four.

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So, some Urla Ma said one day journey translates into four buddies for Buddy translates into 16. For SAS, that was the one breed is for for SAS. And an assumption was made, one for a sock is three meals. So 16 First off is

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48. The magic 48 number this is where it comes from three different conversions based upon ambiguous Hadith that has to do with women traveling. This is where we get the magical 48 from and of course, 48 Miles transfers into 78 kilometres. Okay. And this now became the standard position of many of the math hubs. And this is the fatwa that is given to this day. And again, I say this, with utmost respect, I don't mean only the biller with the biller to cause doubt in all of our films. And this is the conundrum because I understand when people like me begin talking and analyzing others get worried, oh, my god, are you going to change everything? But no, inshallah that's not the gold the

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gold is where the Sharia allows for change, and it makes Islam easier for us, we should take it under the protection of Allah Ma, I'm not saying we go all haywire and whatnot, there are gonna always forward thinking, I'm going to be very simplistic here. And I don't mean to come off as crude. If anybody actually believes that driving the car outside of Dallas and crossing 48 miles on your car odometer converts you from OPM to musafir then you actually believe that Queen Elizabeth the first played a role in the shutdown of Allah subhanho wa taala.

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That's as blunt as I can be. Think about what I'm saying. If you actually believe that 48 miles on your car's odometer for new leave the city makes you from Joakim to musafir, one of the seven steps that got you there, one of them is what?

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Queen Elizabeth's precision of one mile being 5280 feet and defining this. Okay, that's just one there's other steps, each one of which is vague and a big question mark. None of this is coming from Allah azza wa jal and the messenger now do I blame the scholars or the biller? No, not of course not. They're trying to make Islam easy. We respect them. But we acknowledge the humanity of their efforts, we separate the divine Shetty from the human fic. That's what I'm trying to do here. We separate what Allah says, when you do suffer, perform parser versus what our Allameh as much as we love and respect them have derived from that. Now.

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All format hubs have a number. The number is different based on which steps they follow and conversion factors. But the overall process is the same. These four steps I said, all the med hubs follow them all format hubs follow them. Now, is this the only opinion of hamdulillah in this case, there is not unanimous consensus. If there weren't, that would actually be another issue because unanimous consensus is an evidence and we take it if all our scholars agree on something, then Hollis somewhere in our Atlanta, but when our scholars do not agree, and the laugh of the scholars is a mercy from Allah, as many of the self said, if they laugh Almighty Rama, this isn't Rama from

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Allah, just because 99% of the scholars had 48 miles or 52 miles or 72 miles.

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We respect them. It's not Allah, Sharia. Is there other opinions? Yes. Let's go back. We said there's more than 20 opinions. One of those opinions

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is that and by the way, I mean again, before I get there, so I want to be very clear here and I've said this many times, when I opened this discussion of rethinking through the mud hubs and fic. I am not saying a free for all our od biller. I am a vocal critic of what I call progressive Islam. I am a vocal critic because I think they are intellectually bankrupt. They have rejected the tradition completely. They don't care what the Sharia says. The Halal is what is politically correct. The Khaled is the flavor of the month. And the classic example which we're having the conference on is the LGBT issue, that they don't care what the Shetty says they're going to make it permissible in

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hell because it is what is politically correct. And we have lines that we draw, we are very clear and differentiate between what Allah azza wa jal has said what the problem said versus what later scholars say. And

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again, there are so many examples of forward thinking and what not. I mean, 70 years ago, when microphones were first introduced, speakers were introduced in the Muslim world. They were

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fatawa across the globe, in Arabia in India, that it is haram for the Hadith and the Imam to use the speaker and the salah behind somebody who uses the microphone is bottle the Salah is invalid the effect was like this, because they said you must hear the voice of the of the Hadith and of the Imam directly. And if you hear the voice of the mechanic, the mechanical amplification, the Salah is bolted. What happened when you eventually you just have to move on just this human nature Yanni when first Imams came to America, in the 70s and 80s. Understandably they did not speak English. All the hoods were in Arabic. And it became somewhat of the norm. I grew up in that time frame. One of the

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reasons I chose to go study Islam was because I didn't understand the hospice. Believe it or not, it actually turned out positively for me that I don't know what my religion is my themes are always even those that tried to speak English. I couldn't understand things, but that's another point altogether. So it was one of the motivations for me to go I don't know what religion says. Obviously, as there are still some massager to this day in America, you cannot give the Hotbird except in Arabic. And subhanAllah Jonnie common sense says, people are coming to the masjid once a week. You have them for 25 minutes is the only time they hear something about Allah and His

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messenger. And you're going to give it up just because once upon a time the majority I mean no Quran no Hadith says you must give it an Arabic nothing like this. And in fact, the Quran says, First zicatela come to what reminds you of Allah, Allah calls the hotbar word reminds you of Allah, the purpose of the hotbar is to remind you of Allah, what language should it be in the language of the people? Yes, we don't change the language of the Quran because the Quran is Cunnamulla. We don't change language of the god of Salah, because that is explicit. But the host of my lectures right now, is anybody going to say I must be speaking in Arabic to teach you Islam? Of course not. Once

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upon a time they did the language of Islam must have been Arabic, slowly but surely I mean, even to this day, by the way, when I begin to hold back, sometimes I begin with English phrases, sometimes with Arabic phrases, I have had one brother come to me, why don't you stick with Arabic phrases. When I began to hold back, they say this to me, and I respected but this is tradition, I have 70 80% of people, they have no clue what I'm saying when I stand on them in but if I began all praises due to Allah subhanaw taala, who revealed the Quran and sent us a prophet in that praising of Allah, there's something they understand and they benefit from. And if I began in Arabic, I am seeing 80%

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of them are watching their iPhone not paying attention, they would understand what I'm saying, again, the goal is to teach the goal is not so my point is all of these things, this tension between changing for the benefit versus sticking with tradition, we are going to grapple with this throughout our lifetimes, there will always be a spectrum. The purpose of this lecture right now is to make you understand what is going on. And to make you understand there's always going to be people in that spectrum. Anyway, back to the point of the issue of the format hubs and what not.

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We said the format hubs have a specific number, but there has always been a dissenting voice from the beginning of time.

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Certain earlier ma have said that the Sharia did not come with a number. So we do not make a number.

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This has been the position of many problema even hasm. Even Kodama Ibn Taymiyyah wrote many pages defending this ignore call him a tsunami, Ashok Gunny from amongst the sahaba. One can derive this even Mr. Rude. Even seating is very explicit on this point as well. And we always have a small group of they're all independent thinkers, if you look at these names here, they're always like, they don't want to just follow the majority. They're independent thinkers, they're always saying that they have always said that. Listen to this now this the correct opinion insha Allah suffer is not defined by a number.

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Suffer is not defined by a number. Suffer is defined by a frame of mind by a state. You don't need to check your odometer. You don't need to ask a foggy

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you don't need to get a fatwa from a chef. You know when you're traveling by what you do to prepare for the journey that is travel. It is irrelevant the odometer meter it is your frame of mind it is what you do, it is the preparations that you take. And even Taymiyah mentions many points that prove this. of them. He says the prophecies of did not specify any distance. So how can we specify distance he never said this is when suffer begins. And the Hadith of the women traveling has nothing to do with cancer. It has to do with protecting the honor of women has nothing to do with us.

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Psalm says A woman should not be alone. Protect her if she's going a distance because in those days you have band as the center she should not be alone there should be a micrometer. That's the goal of those Hadith to read in a sort of Salah Aslan. That's not what the hadith is meant for number two, he says that the Sahaba did not measure the distance the way that we do in our times by even Tamia is time the distance was measured. The Sahaba did not have signposts. 100 Miles 70 Miles 50 Miles, no, if there are no signposts how are they going to measure? Number three, he says that even within this hadith of women, you have differences one day two day three day it's clear that the processor

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is not intending to define suffered anyway. He's trying to protect women. So to go with this as an evidence of suffer Osland it doesn't make sense. Number four, he says that the end this is something I'm mentioning throughout the conversion rates the conversions, there is no agreed upon conversion. How many breeds in a day's journey? Big Question mark. How many photos sucks in a buddy another question mark? How many meals in Photoshop? Another question mark. I want to over one example to get you 48 In reality, every one of them has different examples as well. The Sharia cannot be based on so much ambiguity. Too many question marks the Shetty I cannot be based upon this. Even Taymiyah

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also points out to put a precise measurement on travel defeats the wisdom of allowing costs of doing travel. The purpose of CASA is to make life easy. If you are engrossed in how many is 48 miles and you're driving looking at 48 miles, you've defeated the purpose. Concert is not meant to make life difficult is meant to make life easy. Especially in the days where you didn't have a car odometer How would you calculate 48 miles, you would be in more tension to calculate the miles you'd rather like I'm not going to do hustle, let me just pray for a car. That's not the goal of the Sharia to make life so difficult. Even Taymiyah says, and this is so prescient of even Taymiyah that distances

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vary from culture to culture. And what 48 Miles is in one city might not be in another city, I add here.

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Cultures and technologies vary 48 miles on a camel is 25 minutes in a car.

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or less. Depending on if you drive like him, then you're going to be in 10 minutes or something you know,

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it depends on it. 48 Miles is nothing in a car. If you really wanted to get technical. A day's journey in car is not a day's journey in camo, if you really wanted to go down that route, it would be totally unfair to take 48 camo miles and apply them to 48 car miles. But nobody's going down that route. Why? Because they want to stick with tradition. The book says it it's gotta be right. And that's what I'm saying is that Calaca know, the book says it who wrote the book, great scholar Zola, and may Allah give him gender. It's not the Sharia 48 Miles is not Allah Shetty. It is an opinion that became popular, and it became cut and paste, cut and paste, cut and paste until it becomes the

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norm. But I just explained to where it came from too many ambiguities and Ibn Taymiyyah himself says this 48 miles for one civilization would be a small distance for another would be a a larger distance. And I add over here as well, that

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if you really think about it,

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and I taught a class in San Jose, you know, Silicon Valley, and I mentioned this example that imagine somebody has a plane

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and they live outside the city, and they have a private jet. And they come into the city every day and they come back. And because it's San Jose or maybe LA or wherever you want to do they get to and from work in 1015 minutes, whereas the guy who lives

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outside the city takes two hours by car.

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Okay, and the guy who lives 150 miles away takes 15 minutes. Does it make sense any 48 miles so somebody reasonable to share my boss has a private jet. He lives 150 miles away the CEO and he flies his private you know Cessna every day to work and every day back to real life example here. Cessnas are very, very affordable. You know, I'm sure you will be able to buy one soon inshallah. Once you become a medical student $150,000 You get a Cessna, right. You can have your plane and go wherever you want to. This guy has his own Cessna, he goes and comes back. Do you think in his case, he is commuting to work? He's literally flying in 8am flying back

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5pm This is his daily routine. Do you think he thinks it is suffer

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it's faster for him to get to work than all of his employees. Even though technically he lives the distance outside. This is why this whole notion of 48 Miles really and I have to be blunt here does not make a shred of sense, especially in modern times. Suffer is not defined by a mile. It is a frame of mind you don't ask any chef or ADAM You know when you're traveling. You know when you're traveling you turn the thermostat down your mail is going to be put on hold your pack bags, you know when you're traveling, that's a frame of mind. It's not a distance it is possible for and also what this means now the focal heart we're uncomfortable with this, but that's you have to give and take

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the alcohol wanted precise 48 Because when you open this door you get the following scenario. Two people can do the same journey for one of them it's suffer for the other it's not Do you an example

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let's say one of you has

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his full time job in Detroit let's say okay, and your family is in Plano because you love east Plano must you so much and Hamdulillah you have to live here as mashallah so many of you do and hamdulillah May Allah bless you all, but your work is in Detroit. Okay. So you fly to Detroit. You fly to Detroit, you have a house in Detroit.

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You psychologically this is your weekly routine. You're totally comfortable doing this. Some people I know do this on a daily basis, they would fly to DC. When I was in another city, I found a person that he had a government job, plenty of perks and whatnot. And he would fly to DC on the ATM flight. London Washington airport. Sorry, Reagan airport, right? Take a cab 10 Minister his work, he works in the you know, the complex, the Pentagon Area Type knot. And then he takes the plane 4pm And he's back home every single day. He gets a commercial, not a private the commercial flight he goes, the government's paying for it. Why not family somewhere else. He's doing this. Now for this guy going

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to DC everyday and coming back. It's like an hour flight. So rather than take the car and live in Virginia, which is going to be an hour drive, I'd rather find cheaper housing for my family, the government is for him. And he told me he does this. He asked me is this suffer? I said do you feel like you're traveling? He goes no, it's a routine I just let go is my daily routine. It's not suffer for him. Whereas if I went to DC for a day, I can assure you that will be a travel for me. So, bottom line,

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even Taymiyah writes, demarcating a specific distance for Safar does not have any basis in the Sharia does not have any basis in the Arabic language does not have any basis in common sense. There's even Tamia writing to make a number is neither from the Sharia, nor from Arabic language, nor from common sense. Most people don't even know the distance of the earth. So it is not allowed to link closer with something you don't even know no one measured the earth in the time of the Prophet system, nor did the process and say how many meals are far sucks. And he says a beautiful point, a person might leave his village to go hunting just a short distance, but he's camping to

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three days. And he considers his suffer. And another person will go the same distance to collect wood and come back. And he doesn't consider it so far. You see some beautiful point here. Somebody has to go hunt a deer, they're going to take their packing what not, and they're going to be in a tent. And for them this will suffer the same distance. And if in 10 years time, you might have to go collect firewood and you're going to come back and it's not suffer. His point was suffer is defined by who? By who guys,

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yourself mindset. If you have to ask somebody, you've lost the plot, you don't need to ask because suffer is not a distance. It is your psychological understanding. However, he did save and Tamia did say that what a regular person a normal human being not a not a crazy person would consider suffer, right? We don't want some extreme person to say Oh, my house to across the street. So no, an average intelligent human being of that society. And that timeframe would consider to be suffer and imitate me give an example that he lives in Damascus, he mentioned a village on the outskirts which is within 48 miles. And he said for some people going to that village is a suffer because it's going to

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take them a day to get there. And for other people who do it regularly, there's something that they don't consider to be a suffer. So the bottom line with this we conclude part one we're going to come back to the travel question again next week in sha Allah Allah, the bottom line, what distance define suffer, there is no particular distance you and your mindset you have to answer to

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Allah in good consciousness, oh Allah I was doing suffer so I the pastor a Salah if you feel that you're doing suffer, and you know when you're doing suffer, you pack bags you pack something you whatever you know there are things that you do that you don't do when you go to work and you come back does not suffer. Even if you had a private jet that comes and takes you 100 Miles is not suffered, like the CEO is not going to stop his mail or pack a suitcase or something. Not that the only issue is packing a suitcase but that's one of the things that you do when you travel right there is a psychological frame of mind that comes bottom line, all format hubs have a specific

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number. We saw how they got there. There has been a dissenting opinion from the beginning of time that dissenting opinion has been a minority but it is clearly in my humble opinion obviously the correct answer and that is that suffer is not a technical term. It is a term that you know a psychological term, a term that is based on culture and custom and your own frame of mind. You have to answer to Allah Allah Allah I was on suffer and I know this has suffered and I'm going to perform Castle because you allow me to Picasa will come back next week and we'll talk about how long can you remain in that destination and continue to pray until then Zach malaco Saramonic Mark masala houbara

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