The Reality of Sin – Part 2

Yasir Qadhi

Channel: Yasir Qadhi

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© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.

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Tip number seven

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Sara Lee como hacer la he wabarakatuhu Alhamdulillah wa salatu salam ala mela de vida. Am I bad? So today shala we'll be doing a continuation of a previous series that I had started is going to be a miniseries. And I was talking about the reality of sin. What does it mean to disobey? And what are the ramifications of disobedience? And how can we come closer to Allah subhanho wa Taala after disobedience, and this will be a shorter series than I typically do. But after I gave the first series, I was

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emailed by a number of people commenting about her asking about what is the relationship between sinning and disbelieving in a lot, Cofer. And so I thought that before I move on, I should also the we're still doing the preliminaries. And my first lesson I did the reality of human because since they diminish the faith, they tore away they tarnish the faith. Well, before we get to just that which makes the faith weak, I think it will be also useful, not in a lot of detail, because that is a more advanced topic, but at least in a nutshell, to understand the factors that negate a man the factors that contradict a man. And in other words, to rephrase what is the opposite of believing in

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Allah subhana wa, tada? And what are some of the main branches of that which opposes Islam or eemaan? And this topic can be summarized as the reality of kufr. What is Kufa? And the question arises, why should we study? Cofer? What is the benefit of studying something that Allah has criticized? And the response is, we find it in one of the statements of the Sahaba, when he said, that I used to ask the Prophet salallahu, alayhi wasallam, about the evil matters, whereas most of the other people would ask about the good matters. And then he said, The reason I would ask about the evil matters is so that I could recognize and avoid so that I could not fall into those evil

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matters. And one of the poets of the past diversified, you should learn evil, not for the sake of evil, but to avoid it, because the one who does not differentiate from good to evil will fall into it. So we learn evil, not for the sake of evil, but to recognize it and then to know it, and other In other words, we can also for example, say why do we teach our children the dangers of smoking, or the dangers of any type of sin? Because we want them to know and to recognize that these are dangerous things. So in today's lecture, we'll be talking about the opposite of Eman and that is of course, copper, and copper has branches and COVID have has categories. And so today inshallah will

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be a summary of what those are so that we understand what is the reality now realize that coffee is the generic term given to the absence of a man. So Allah subhanho wa Taala mentions in the Quran Hola, vihara Cochran, Fomenko movement woman caffeine. He is the one who has created you some of you have Eman And some of you don't and that is called kafir. And so Eman and kafir are the opposites of one another. Either you have a man in which case you are a Muslim, you believe in Allah subhana wa tada or you don't have a man, in which case you are a calf hit and you have Cofer now one of our problems comes in, there's actually many problems with one of our problems comes is that the term

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calf has taken on a derogatory pejorative, in fact, it is like an insult when you use it. It's like a very charged up word that when you use it, it is it is somehow offensive. And in reality, the term is used as a factual statement in the Koran, there doesn't seem to be a pejorative slur. It is simply a factual statement that Allah says in the Quran, you will live in a cafe, or you will have committed coffee, and you can translate it or you who don't have faith or you who are not Muslims yet. So if I were to ask you, does the term non Muslim have any negative you will say no, I mean, if a person is a Muslim or person is not a Muslim, there's nothing negative there. So to the term cofra

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in and of itself, it is simply a description. And the reason I say this is because what we have found is that some people, they they try to reinterpret the reality of Quranic offer, because they are embarrassed at the application of the term or specific people. And there's no need to be embarrassed because the Koran is not using the term Cofer in a

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pejorative in a slur in a type of slander. The origin is simply saying that all you who have rejected I love you don't believe in a law you don't believe in the God of the Prime Minister Milan is how can jacoba the God of Abraham and Moses and Muhammad Sallallahu sallam, then you are a people of Kufa. So it's a factual statement in this regard. So what is the definition of kafir? The definition of gopher is the absence of a man. What does the linguistic meaning Cofer mean? In other words, there's something called the technical definition, the absence of email, and then there's the word What did the word mean? before Allah used it to signify the absence of email? What is the the

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linguistic connotation of gopher? Well, the word Cofer actually means to cover up. And that's why the term cafaro in Islamic pre Islamic Arabic The term cafaro was actually meant to signify that which is covered. And very interestingly, the term calf herd, believe it or not, it is used even once in the Quran, it is said a bit depending on how you interpret the risk, but definitely in pre Islamic poetry. It is used the term cafard to signify a farmer. Why is the farmer called the cafe? Because the farmer he buries the seeds, he covers up the seeds. And so covering the seed is a type of cover linguistically, linguistically we're talking about, and therefore the calf is the one who

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covers something up. Now, why is the one who rejects a law committing Cofer in the linguistic sense, our scholars respond, you can understand this as a number of things. Firstly, that a person who has rejected Allah subhana wa Taala has covered the truth. That's one interpretation. Secondly, a person who doesn't believe in a higher power, a person who doesn't believe in religion or religiosity, and does not believe in the one true God, it is as if he or she has covered up his own innate fitrah, or the innate way that Allah created them. So their innate fitrah and of course, fitrah, we spoke about this a number of times, but just to briefly rehash our memory fitrah is the innate predisposition

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that Allah created mankind upon it is inside of us when we are born, we don't learn it, we don't acquire it. It's not something the Quran comes and teaches us. Every child is born inherently with it. I call it a spiritual DNA, and a part of that spiritual DNA, it is shouting out, every man every woman knows deep down inside, that there is purpose in life, that there is a reason that we are alive, that there is a higher power, and that that higher power should be worshipped. Every human being likes to be at some level connected to that higher power. Every human being wants to be righteous and religious, wants to fight for truth and justice. That is what the fifth pillar is,

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when a person turns away, then they have covered the fitrah. So that is why I cafard is somebody who is called the gaffer because they have covered their filter up. Now, of course, the term, Cofer is the generic term for the absence of a man. And there are many categories undercover COVID is not just one category. And there are many types of those who reject Allah subhanho wa Taala. And of course, the highest level amongst those who reject the religion of Islam are those who follow other religions that were true in their timeframe. And this category is a special category, and they have some perks and privileges. And Allah subhanho wa Taala mentions them specifically by name. And he

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calls them so many times in the Koran to come closest to Islam because they are the closest to Islam. And Allah calls them to embrace Islam. And of course, these are the Likud and the advocate up are, of course, the believers in a prophet before the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam. Anyone who believes in a prophet that Allah sent before the coming of our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, they have a special status. Why? Because they believe in the same God as we do with the God of Abraham. And they believe in the concept of prophecy. A lot of us Muslims don't realize that out of all the religions of the world, the majority of them don't believe in profits, right? So what

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are called the Taoist religions and of course, these are the religions like, like Buddhism, like Taoism, like Hinduism, like Confucius ism, these religions, they don't believe in the concept of Heaven and Hell, they don't believe in the concept of hereafter. They don't believe in the concept of resurrection, they don't believe in the concept of profits. They don't believe in the concept of divine books. They are a completely different class of religions. As for the people who believe in Jesus Christ and who follow Jesus Christ, the people who believe in Moses and then there might be one or two other you know, smaller advocate up there's a controversy is there other than that, but

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definitely the followers of Jesus in our times and the followers of Moses in our times, those two religions, the Christians and the Jews, they are definitely advocate

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You tab and they have a privilege amongst others, that Allah subhana wa tada has also called caffeine. But this group is, of course, the most privileged amongst them. Why? Because they believe in so much of what we believe. And yet of course, there there are significant differences. And Allah addresses them in the Quran. And Allah says, What Allah who now what Allah who can wa hid your God and our God is the same God, unlike, for example, those who worship a totally different system, a totally different pantheon of gods, they don't believe in the God of Abraham and the God of his man, the God of his house. And so they are a different category. But they're still, of course, in the

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broad category of gopher, and this doesn't mean again. So to be within this category is not a pejorative per se, it is a negative in the sense that, of course, believing is a something that's positive. But the term gopher is not meant to be insulted in nature. That's the key point that I'm trying to get at. Now, within the category of gopher, there are other sub categories as well. And these are important for us to understand of the sub categories of gopher is that of Shrek, and also of the sub categories of gophers that have an effect. And so let's discuss these two quickly and then come back to the reality of gopher. So a lot of people ask what is the difference between COVID

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and schilke. And the response is, at some level, at some level, koepfer and schilke are interchangeable. And you can say COVID and schilke, or two circles that occupied the same space at some level. So if you wanted to, you could say that confidential at some level are synonymous. However, technically speaking, because there is a technical level as well, technically speaking, schicke is a type of gopher, and so every shark is Cofer, but not every golfer is shark. Okay. So again, there's a generic level in which you can say, a bit of a stretch. But you can say that, yes, every show you can ever go for the same thing, because you can go for our both rejections of worship

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of Allah. And that's true. But there's also a technical definition. And the technical definition of shidduch is more narrower than the technical definition of gopher. And so if you had, if you remember your Venn diagram, since you were in high school, whatever, and so COVID is the large Venn diagram, and within it, you will have a sub circle and that sub circle will be shipped, every ship is called for not every kafir is shipped. And so what is the technical definition of schilke, the technical definition of ship is, so memorize this, to give the rights of Allah subhana wa Taala to other than Allah, this is what should is to give the rights of Allah to other than Allah. And of

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course, this comes from the linguistic and the Quranic definition of shirak. As for the linguistic, so the term shediac in Arabic means partner, and the concept of being a partner. In any firm, you have partners, right. And even in Arabic To this day, they're called the Shoraka In any war SSR. They're all partners in the law firm, their partners in this business firm, they're called the shediac, or the Shoraka is the plural. And so a partner is somebody who shares some of the rights or all of the rights that the other partners do. Notice, for a partner to be a partner, they don't have to be equal. So, a partner can own 10% another partner can earn 90% a partner can own 1% another can

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own 50, another count on 40. And then so on and so forth. The one who owns 1% is still technically a partner in the entire firm. Why? Because he or she will have some of the privileges that only the other partners have. And that's why the technical definition of [???]ting is to give the rights of a law to other than a law whatever is a hack or a write of a law, we cannot give it to other than a law if we give it to other than Allah subhanho wa Taala then this is a category or a type of shift and there are many examples and of course i said before I give you the examples I said both linguistic definition and the Quran tells us this and as for the Quran is very explicit um jalila

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historica holla. Kolkata He further Jawaharlal him, did they take partners besides a lot of shortcut that say, did they make Allah Subhana with Allah to be there are others besides Allah that have the rights of Allah did any create the way that Allah created such that they're confused who the real creator is? And Allah says in the Quran, Allah tells you how to do the law he and then what until Tyler moon do not take along with a law and nid or a partner, even though you know that Allah created you notice [???]ake does not necessarily mean you reject Allah shidduch means you might believe in Allah but you will also

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Believe in other than Allah subhanahu wa Tada. And of course the classic example of shidduch is the jar Hailey Arabs and also the previous religions of all the pantheons of the Romans and the Greeks and the Byzantines, you know, you have this whole pantheon of gods, and they believed, just like the jelly arrows believe they did believe that there is one ultimate God, they believe that there's the God of God, right? So the Romans, they call that God to Jupiter, the Greeks they call the called Zeus. So Jupiter and Zeus were the big gods. But then they believed in many, many semi Gods demo gods Daughters of Gods sons of gods, they believed in lots of other mini gods, and each one of them

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is an independent God, but the one powerful God, the ultimate God, the God of gods, there is one up there, the crusher exactly the same. And the Quran describes this, that they believed in Allah as the ultimate God, but then they believe that there are other gods besides Allah. And that's why when our Prophet sallallahu wasallam, came to them, and he said to them, there is only one God and that is Allah Subhana, which Allah, Allah subhanaw taala says in the Quran, that in the home, can we either feel Allah home La ilaha illa Allah who Yes, that could be wrong. When it is said to them, there is no deity that is worthy of worship other than Allah, they will become arrogant. And Allah

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says to them that speaking on their tongue, earlier to Allah and wahida in the huddle, asurion Raja, has he made all of our gods into one God, this is something crazy, something amazing, I'm not going to listen to this. So the reason why they rejected Islam is not because they didn't believe in Allah, they did believe in Allah, it's because they believed in Allah and other than Allah subhanho wa Taala, as well. So this is should and the classic example of Sheikh as I said, to believe in a mighty God, but then you also worship other than Allah subhanho wa Taala so the right of being worshipped is only a laws, the right of creation is only a laws the right of being all powerful, all

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knowledgeable, All Merciful, all hearing all seeing, this is only Allah subhana wa Tada, any time a person comes along and says, Oh, I worship a lot, but I'll also worship this other entity, then this is shift. Anytime a person comes in says yes, Allah is all forgiving, but that entity is also just like Allah is all forgiving, that entity is also all forgiving, a lot is all knowledgeable but yes, also this person is independently all knowledgeable and knows everything the hidden in the open the void and the button. If somebody believes this, then they've taken an attribute of Allah, which is animal labor, Shahada, and Alam lube and Aladdin and Latif and The Hobbit and they have given it to

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other than Allah subhanho wa Taala. And that is why shark is there for a type of gopher and that is to give the rights of a law to other than Allah subhanho wa Taala that is the technical definition of sugar. And as I said, every shift is crucial, because when you worship other than a law, you have rejected a man because a man means you believe in Allah and only a lot when you worship other than a law then you have rejected a man and you have committed shift. So shift is therefore a type of Cofer. Another type of cover is the fog. And the fog is something that generally speaking, I would venture to say it is more rare major enough, especially in the lives that we live in.

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Compared to early Islam nofap is a phenomenon that did not exist in Mecca, it only existed in Medina, and the fact is the most, the most crass or the most vulgar type of golfer. Why? Because nifa is to pretend to be a Muslim, when in reality, you're not a Muslim. And this is generally done at times when Islam is powerful politically, when there is much to be gained by pretending to be Muslim. Generally speaking, when the Muslim civilization is weak, generally speaking, when Muslims are being persecuted, then there is no reason for somebody to pretend to be Muslim. And in reality, at times of persecution, real Eman is shown because that is as demonstrated, because that is what

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really comes to the forefront. However, at times of glory, think of early Medina think of when the Prophet sallallahu wasallam is in charge of Medina, and to be a Muslim is politically advantageous? Well, we saw what happened in the Battle of our hood. The Battle of boyhood was the main point in time when nofap first appeared amongst the oma. And what happened, of course, was that a group of people pretended to be Muslim when they are not Muslim. So in fact, as we said, is the outer manifestation of Islam and inside one does not have Islam. And this is something that as we said, it only occurs at times of political strength. This is called nifa. So we now

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Have the three things of copper and a shark and of nifa. Okay.

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As we said, every single shark is a type of gopher, every single mythique is a type of gopher, not every comfort issue and not every golfer is different. So Cofer is the larger category. Let me give you the classic example. A beliefs. A beliefs is the manifestation of Cofer, but it believes did not in the technical sense, commit the fact nor did he in the technical sense commit shift. A belief did not worship other than Allah subhana wa Tada. Now, one could argue that in the generic sense a police committed chicken that is true, and that he preferred himself over Allah subhanho wa Taala and the commands of Allah and that is true. And in a generic sense, every shirt can go for are

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really you can use the same term, but in this specific sense, and that is why the Koran does not describe should to a police. The Quran describes a scribes refer to a police, Allah says regarding a police about was stuck about what kind of minute caffeine, a police was arrogant and he refused and he was one of those who committed Kufa. So we talked now in today's lecture about the reality of culture, and we said COVID is the absence of a man, you're either a Muslim or you are not and if you are not a Muslim, then you are a Catholic, and within kafir, there are many types of gopher, there are categories of gopher and we said one of the categories of gophers are those who believe in other

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profits, but not our Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam and other categories of gopher are those who worship other than Allah subhanho wa Taala even as they believe in Allah as their Lord and other categories of gopher also their of them as those who pretend to be Muslim when they're not Muslim. If you read the first pages of pseudo tel Baqarah, Allah subhanho wa Taala describes all of these phenomenon in the first two pages of pseudo Bukhara, the first four verses of suta dakara are about the believers, Allah describes the people of a man. Then the next two verses are about the Kufa in the Latina cafaro so on it him and da da da, da da da, you know, Allah azza wa jal says

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those who committed Cooper, it doesn't matter whether you weren't you don't want they're not going to believe their hearts are sealed. Then for the next 13 verses, Allah describes the munafo on those who pretend to be Muslim when they are not Muslim. Okay, so this is the first two pages of suta bacara. Allah clarifies Eman, and then Cofer and then nifa. And then right after this, Allah commands people to not commit [???]. So really all of these are there in the first two pages of pseudocode. Now, let's get back to the reality of Cofer and then explain a little bit more what what types of COVID there can be conceptually and then inshallah we will call it a day for our lecture

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today. So the reality of gopher, if you remember from my previous lecture, I said that Eman exists in the heart and upon the tongue and in the actions. And I talked in some detail about the reality of Eman? Well, if Eman and kafir are mirror opposites, then everything that exists in a man, it's opposite must be incoherent as well. Okay? And therefore, we can go over that entire list of a man and look at the mirror opposites and see what they are in Cofer. So I said in our previous lecture, that a man consists of many things of them is the belief of the heart, which is called Colella calm, something the heart must know something the heart must have a conceptual knowledge of. And it is

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possible that a person does not have that goal or that belief, and therefore would be a type of caffeine. And this could be for a number of reasons of them is number one ignorance. In other words, a person does not know Islam, never heard of Islam. Never heard of Muslims never heard of the Koran, for the bulk of European history. Most Europeans, especially in early and and pre modern Europe, they most of them had really not even heard of the religion of Islam, they're living in a very different bubble. Think back to the 809 hundreds, you know, think back in when Europe is in the dark ages, even in pre modern times, even in the days of Renaissance, they might have heard of some

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civilization, but they are ignorant of the reality and so even ignorance is of two types. You have actual all out ignorance, people have never heard of Islam, or you have ignorance because of an a distorted image or incorrect information. And both of these are types of ignorance. And especially, I mean, for those of us who remember America, pre 911, I would say many people in America, many people were totally in

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ignorant about even the concept of there being a religion called Islam? I think post 911 a lot of people have incorrect information. But I don't think anybody has never heard of the religion of Islam after that. But the point is that both of these ignorance and a lack of correct information, because they don't even know So then how can their heart actually even have that knowledge? Now, this is a really key point. The fact that their heart does not have the knowledge still means that they're classified as caffeine in this world. And they have the physical and legal rulings of that of a cafe for example, can a Muslim lady marry somebody who has never heard of Islam? No. Why?

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Because the rulings of Cofer will apply the view the funeral arrangements, the wills that will see you, as you are all aware Islamic law, there are some variations between inheritance and marriage and divorce and burial and other things between Muslim and between non Muslim. And the question is, for those people who say, Oh, those that have never heard of Islam, we don't call them them them this term coffin? And the response is, well, I mean, what else do would you call them the technically in this dunya? There, now the term is going to be coffee. However, the issue that people are confused, that is the following. And that's a theological issue, and people get confused between

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the legal and the theological. The theological issue is as follows. Does every single coffee necessarily go to Johanna? That is a whole different question altogether, then what do we call them in this world? And how do we deal with them in this world? As for the issue of gender, and jahannam? That is a separate topic altogether, I have actually given a much longer lecture, you will find it online. But of course, the problem comes that, you know, some of you're only watching this one lecture, and then you will not watch any other lecture. And so you're confused about this issue. So just to answer you in one quick, you know, paragraph, this issue, as you would expect, has a lot of

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opinions on it. And the simplest and the inshallah the most correct and strongest one is the following. And that is, we do not pronounce judgments on individuals in this world, we leave their affairs to Allah subhanho wa Taala. We speak in generalities, we do not speak in specifics. We speak conceptually, we do not speak individually. This is one of the principles of our theology, we do not assign heaven or hell to any individual simply based upon their birth name or their outer actions. Only Allah knows the inner state of affairs. And that is why not every Muslim who calls himself Muslim in this world and who says proudly, I'm a Muslim will enter agenda. And not every car for

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whom we call the cafe, we recognize as a government, this world will enter jahannam that is something else in the hereafter. We speak in generics, we speak in broad terms, we speak in concepts, and we say, conceptually, the righteous Muslim shall enter agenda, and the sinful Muslim might be punished and might go to jahannam. But eventually enter agenda because they had some email. We don't speak specifically Ahmed and Mustafa and Fatima and zeyneb, and so on, so we don't speak like that. Similarly, we say generally speaking, the calf, who knows Islam, and has rejected Islam, knowing what Islam is, generally speaking, that gafa will not enter agenda because they've chosen to

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not accept a lung as messenger. And as for the calf, who was never heard of Islam, as for the capital, who had an incorrect understanding of Islam, and they had no access to the correct understanding, that category of Prufrock, Allah subhana wa tada will test them on the Day of Judgment, they will have a further test and Allah will see and Allah will choose and decide and we trust in Allah infinite mercy, and it allows infinite justice and it allows infinite wisdom, it is not our job to go stamping people you're going to Agenda you're going to agenda that reality doesn't change the fact that in this world, we have a system of laws and those laws differ from Muslim to

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non Muslim, and therefore we do have somewhat of a legal obligation to consider some people to be Muslim and some people to be not Muslim. That legal obligation has nothing whatsoever to have a correlation with the Hereafter is issue of who is going to help and who is going to heaven. A lot of Muslims don't understand this distinction. And because of that, they feel very awkward, very concerned about oh, this person is really good and I don't want to you know, consider this person to be a confident this will like Look, your verdict on him is a legal one, not a theological one. Allah subhana wa tada will deal with deep theology. Back to our issue here.

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We're talking about categories of Kufa and it is possible that somebody has never heard of Islam or has an incorrect understanding of Islam. And that is

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A type of golfer, it is also possible that somebody has gotten a very partial understanding of Islam. And that partial understanding is not enough for them to have firm faith. And they weren't able to enter Islam. Because they had doubts. They had reasons or they had issues that weren't clarified to them. So this is called a type of coup full of doubt. Not sure. And I have met actually people like this in my own life where they've studied Islam just a little bit, they've heard a lecture or two, they have a Muslim friend or so. And they're like, you know, I can see why you guys believe in everything makes a lot of sense to me, except this one thing I just don't understand. And

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you can try a few minutes to explain, but they're like still in their minds. I don't understand. And you know, I don't know whether Islam is true or not well,

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not knowing Islam is true or not as a type of Kufa and so a person is going to be considered to be a non Muslim in this world. And again, Allah will decide their fate in the hereafter. Another type is the category of people that is really the Quran is very harsh towards them. And justifiably, the Koran is very strict in its verdict. And this is the people that Allah calls them they're like cattle in home, elected and been home about they are worse than cattle. Who are they? This is the category of mankind, who live just for the moment they live, just to satisfy their animal instincts. They live for the pleasures of this world, and they never ever, ever stopped to consider who created

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me, what's the purpose of life? What am I doing here? What's going to happen after death? These questions whenever they come, they're simply going to immerse themselves in their bubble of sensual pleasures, and they will numb their own higher senses. And they will act like animals, even though they are not animals, hence, they are considered to be worse than animals. And this is a type of gopher that the Quran is very harsh at and the Quran generally says those types of people, there is no hope on them. Because, look, you know, it's one thing, it's one thing to strive to find answers to these questions and then fail. If you don't find a Muslim, you never read the Quran, that person,

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we can fully understand that on the Day of Judgment, you know, they might even go to agenda and Allah might forgive them because they didn't know any better. You cannot contrast this person with somebody who just wanted to live because of his or her own desires. They just want to do what they want to do, and satisfy their sensual pleasures and lustful desires and live day to day and night die and not even think about these questions. This is a type of gopher that is called the Cofer of turning away or the Cofer of air at all. And the Quran mentions this and

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rejects this as well as being one of the worst types of gopher so this is the cover of the heart not knowing Okay, there's another type of gopher from the heart as well. And that is the heart not submitting. And this level of gopher is the worst category of all the levels of gopher period. There is no gopher worse than this gopher, and that is the co founder of the heart knowing but not submitting. In other words, one can rephrase and say that the the heart knows but refuses to submit the heart has the factual knowledge, yet refuses to love and to humble and to feel pain and to feel the submission not to pain to feel the submission to Allah subhanho wa Taala that is the ultimate

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level of gopher. And of course, this level of gopher. It is characterized by in the Koran the the the the story of a police is the most blatant manifestation of this Cofer a police knows the truth. A police refuses to submit to the truth. It believes knows Allah created it least knows there's heaven in hell it believes knows there's prophets and books it believes knows there's other everything he believes knows, at some level at least believes. But what does it believe not do it beliefs refuses to submit. And that is the worst type of gopher because of arrogance. And you know, sometimes maybe in our lives, some issue has happened to with somebody with our friend or cousin or

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relative or spouse we know we're wrong, but just because of our egos just because our egos refuse to admit that we're wrong. And that's bad in this world to do it about religion and about a law that is the worst of the worst, and that's what it believes it and this is the cover of arrogance and the cover of outright rejection around as well the pharaoh in the term of Moosa, he too had this type of cover where where he knew that Moosa was a prophet of Allah. He knew that Moosa was coming with divine signs, and he chose to reject those signs outright. So

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This is the cover of stick about or the cover of Jehovah of outright denial. And it is the worst type of cover and only the worst of mankind do this type of cover. It is typically found in people of arrogance and and people of fame and power that worried of losing their fame and power if they accept Islam, and so they prefer what they have over submission to Allah subhanho wa Taala. Another type of Kufa is the cover of hypocrisy. We mentioned this as well, where the heart does not believe but the tongue says to believe and this is, as we said, the cover of the fact now this is in the heart, from the tongue from the body as well. Things can happen that are manifestations of gopher,

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to knowingly prostrate to an idle without any pressure. So you willingly prostrate to an idle, wanting to worship at idle. This is not going to come from the heart of a no it's one thing if a gun is placed to your head and somebody wants to torture you to death. We know this happened in the case of Armada, vinyasa, the famous companion, and he was forced to say words of gopher and the Koran came down saying, if you are forced, Allah will forgive you. But to willingly embrace gopher and to willingly do things of gopher, this is definitely a problem. So all of this is just meant to make us understand that sins, in and of themselves. sins are not Cofer. And that's the key point over here

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sins are not good. disobeying Allah is not good, but they are not Cofer, because schofer is a whole different category. And that is why he believes and add them. Their story is so profound, we can go back to the story over and over again from so many different perspectives. And beliefs and Adam both disobeyed Allah subhana wa Tada. Both of them did things they should not have done. And yet, the one of them is our father and the Prophet, and Allah forgave him and Allah chose him and he shall enter agenda, and the other one is the worst of the worst. What's the difference between the two, when they both disobeyed when Allah said to Adam do not eat from the tree and Adam, and Alyssa to at

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least bow down and he believes did not bow down the both of them. They did not obey a commandment, but the two are not the same at all, no comparison. Why? Because our father Adam committed a sin. And the police committed Kufa our father, Adam committed a sin. Why is it a sin? Because he knew that Allah subhana wa tada created him, and he knew he was supposed to worship Allah, and he wants to worship Allah and he wanted to and he wants to, and he continued worshiping Allah subhanho wa Taala. But he slipped into a mistake. And when he slipped into a mistake, he acknowledged the mistake. his mistake did not cause him to reject submission. his mistake was his own. I committed a

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sin. I made a mistake. I was greedy. I was lustful, I wanted the pleasure, I I, he blamed himself, but I've been alpha lambda and fusina Oh, a lot, I did something wrong. And I followed my desires. That's a sin. That is the definition of a sin. As for a beliefs, what did they release to a belief said, I don't want to, I'm not going to bow down. I am better than them. And it's your fault overloaded, although this is happening, call our ob BB ma awaited he, he blamed Allah. And he felt no inclination to humble himself in front of Allah subhanho wa Taala. He felt no desire to submit himself, he felt an arrogance. I'm not going to do that. And that arrogance is a type of goofer when

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the person feels I'm not going to worship a law that is different than saying, Oh, I have not done justice in worshiping Allah, the two is as different as the night and the day. Adam understood he hasn't done justice, but he wants to, and that is the essence of committing a sin while having a man and the police did not want to worship online. So I'm not going to do it about what stuck what kind of mineral caffeine. So this is really the key point. Why are we doing this and one final point for today, inshallah Tada, and then we'll call it, we'll call it electric. So we said that there's Cofer and the fact and schilke, we talked about these concepts. Now, to not only you know, take it too

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much deep because this is going to get very advanced, but we should all know that. Cofer nifa, and check all of these three, as we said, at some level, one can interchange them. But technically speaking, Cofer is the broad category. And underneath it is Schick and undried. Cofer as well as also nifa. As I said, Every nofap is schofer. Every shirt is schofer. Not every COVID is NIF alkanet. Every golfer is shipka. hope you understand the simple Venn diagram one large circle will be covered and within it there is the circle of should separate and distinct this

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Circle of nifa. Okay, now, this is in a technical sense. Now not to confuse you. But there is another thing we should all be aware of. gopher shear can affect all three of these things. They have both. So all three of them they have two categories, all three of them. There's major copper and minor Cofer. There's major shift and minor. Sure, there's major and minor neufeldt. Okay, very straightforward, pay attention and inshallah be very clear to major of all of these three things, major copper, major shift, and major new foc is that which Listen to me carefully and I'm going to come back to this has the potential has the potential to exclude you from a man you are very likely

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or maybe you are not a Muslim, if you are committing anything of major copper, or major NFL or major shift, okay? So major copper major NFL major shift, it nullifies the kalama or has the potential to nullify, it is possible that a Muslim might commit even major copper but be forgiven for it, or overlooked for other reasons. But theoretically, conceptually, not in the case of an individual Major shidduch cannot really exist. Why should I say cannot exist in the heart because it can't exist in the heart, but it conceptually it contradicts the academy let me put it this way. Conceptually, major should negates the Kadima major government negates the kalama major, in fact

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negates the Columbia that is conceptually at the actual existence level at the actual lived reality. It is possible. And we'll talk about this very briefly for the Muslim to commit major Cofer and then be forgiven for it or major, or major sure, but that is at the individual level. We'll talk about the cinema. Well, I'll give you one simple example. bowing down to an idol. Its major ship, and it is major corporate, because it's major should every major shift because cofre bowing down to an idol, right? There's an idol in front of you. And you see a Muslim bowing down in front of this idol, to bow down in front of an idol conceptually, that is shift. Now, what if the guy was forced

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by a gun and some evil person saying, either you worship this God or our false gods will kill you? And he does it. So he will be forgiven, as I said, conceptually, bowing down in front of Allah as an act of worship as as literally worshiping a god besides a law that you should, but it might happen in the individual Muslim, and he or she is forgiven because of other circumstances. What if, for example, a person does it without realizing that it was even an idol. Literally, it's like, a person just is praying, he doesn't even know that this is a God that is worshipped by another entity, another religion, and he's just using it, you know, maybe as a prayer mark, you know, I'm just gonna

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pray here, between me and this thing. We're just going to pray over here. He doesn't even realize it, or what if he's overcome with emotion? And he doesn't understand or what if he's totally ignorant doesn't even understand the repercussions. He literally doesn't even know that this is a type of gopher, and he's so ignorant. A very common thing in our times when a lot of our children or maybe a new Muslim doesn't understand the repercussions of what he's saying and says something that because we know better, we've been raised in the faith we know that is a major problem to say and he goes, Well how could God say that? Who are you to say how can Allah say that if it's in the Koran,

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he doesn't understand what he's saying. So again, there are a lot of factors that come into this reality. So major of them is that which theoretically negates the the the Kadima there's also that which is called minor Cofer and minor sciatic and minor. Okay, now, these are now listen to this carefully, minor Cofer and minor shirk and minor neofolk our sins, all of them that can occur from believers from Muslims. But these sins are of a different category than other sins. These are sins that are more evil, and they have been called minor copper or minor shirk or minor nifa to indicate that these sins are not like your regular sins. So a Muslim can be guilty of minor Cofer and still

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be a Muslim. But the sins that he is doing is leading to comfort and so it's called minor Cofer. A Muslim can be guilty of minor schicke but it's a very dangerous and slippery slope and if he or she doesn't check and continues that minor should can lead to major shift, a Muslim can commit minor nifa and there are many examples that I will do inshallah, in future lectures, but for today, and then we'll conclude with

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This insha Allah some examples,

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minor Cofer. Our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said that cursing a Muslim is a sin and fighting a Muslim is Cofer. So cursing is to use vulgarities to say something vulgar, nasty to invoke Allah's Latin or to say bad things about the person or his ancestors or his mother or to curse the person and all of us know what cursing is our Prophet sallallahu wasallam said ceiba will Muslim me for Sukkot. Doing this is Fisk wakita Whoo hoo and fighting. So if two Muslims are unsheathing swords wanting to kill one another, for no valid reason, invalid reason could be one of them is attacking and then you're defending. If there's no reason other than worldly stuff for dunya

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or two Muslim armies fighting one another for the sake of politics and power with the villa with a Bella, this is something that is so disgusting, that our Prophet system said what Plato do who called for and fighting a Muslim killing a Muslim, you know, for not self defense. This is Cofer. Yet Allah says in the Quran is sort of how God will import if a tiny mini mini nakota tell you, if two groups of believers are fighting one another, then other Muslims have to get in and bring reconciliation. Notice. The Prophet system is calling it Cofer. And the Quran says if two believers are fighting, why, because it is a coffer. That doesn't make you a cafe it is a minor coffer. So a

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Muslim who is in an army fighting another Muslim and an army or even two Muslims fighting for wealth or for power fighting for non legitimate reasons. This and each one is wanting to kill the other. This is so disgusting and so evil, that it is called minor kafir. It's not befitting How can you do this? How can you unsheathed the sword and went to harm or hurt another Muslim in this manner. So this is called minor gopher, it doesn't make you a Kaffir. But hey, you're on the verge here, man, that's not a regular sin anymore. This is minor COVID an example of minor ship. And of course, the most classic example of minor ship. An example of minor ship is the concept of showing off one's

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good deeds. So when you stand up to pray, or when you read the Koran, or when you give charity and in your heart, you do so so that that person can see you and be impressed at what you are doing. Okay, so you're not technically worshiping that person. Your signer is for Allah you're not doing says that to him. But you have diverted a portion of your intention to get the praise of the other person. And this is the essence of minor shift. And our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said that Allah subhana wa tada says, an Ellen assura cat. Yeah, and I am the least partner in need of any partners in need of any Shrek, whoever does a deed, wanting to please me. And other than me, I

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shall leave him to his partner and let him his partner reward him directly. So this is called minor shift our profit. So the law where I said them said, the thing that I'm most scared for my own is minor shift, or the hidden chicken one version. He said, they said, What is the hidden shake out of sort of law? What is the minor Chicago School of Law? He said, a man stands up to pray. And then he beautifies his prayer when he sees other people looking at him. This is minor ship now. Has the person worshipped an idol? No, that would be major ship. What has he done, he has corrupted his intention that's minor should still be Muslim, still within Islam, but minor ship and minor enough.

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Our Prophet sallallahu wasallam said in famous Hadith

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that there are four characteristics that are munafo cars. And whoever has all four of them. He is a one off event or scholars interpreter. He is not a real munafo when he's one step away. And whoever has one of them has a characteristic of nifa. Whenever he speaks, he lies. Whenever he promises he breaks his promise whenever he's trusted. he betrays the trust, and whenever he argues, uses vulgar language, these are all characteristics not befitting the believer. The believer when he speaks tells the truth to believe when he promises he upholds when he's trusted with something he fulfills the trust when he argues he doesn't resort to name calling and using four letter words and

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vulgarities. That's not the characteristic of the believer. So, these are things that are characteristics of the woolnough. Therefore, to conclude, in shallow data, we will do the part two and I will come back to part three inshallah. Next week to conclude in today's lecture, what we did was we talked about the opposite of demand. And we said the opposite of demand is Cofer, and that is a broad concept. And at and what Cofer really is the definition of gopher is the absence of a mandatory

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how you define gopher when you don't have your mind you have gopher, and COVID is of many categories. And she is a category of gopher when you give the rights of a law to other than a law. nofap is a category of gopher when you pretend to be Muslim, but you are not Muslim. And all three of these Cofer shirk and the fact

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they have major and minor, and the major of them is what I explained for most of this lecture. Then I said, there's something called minor and the minor of these I shall return to in a future lecture, because that is a category of sins that is very bad sins, Muslims can be guilty of minor ship and minor Cofer and minor the foul. And these are this is we need to be especially worried about the final point that I'll mention actually absolute final point. And that is the dangers of us Muslims. considering other Muslims to be outside the fold of Islam, this is one of the biggest sins that we have to be very, very, very careful about. Our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, and the

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Hadith isn't Sahih Muslim,

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whoever says to his brother in Islam, you're a calf,

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that term will go to one of the two of them. So if the other person was a coffee, it's gonna go to him. And if it wasn't, it will come back and stick on the one who uttered it, this hadith in Sahih Muslim which is authentic. And what this means is, we need to be super, super, super careful and it is very, very sad to point out that so many, and I have to be blunt here pseudo scholars, because they are not real scholars. If they do this, they're not real scholars, pseudo scholars, they might have studied a few years in a madrasa. But they have no actual knowledge of the tenets of Islam, much less they embody the spirit of Islam. They consider anybody who disagrees with them or their

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interpretation to be covered. Everybody becomes a cafard, even for the smallest disagreement, and that is sheer lunacy, it is ludicrousness to believe that only your interpretation of Islam is right, you have the right to challenge other people's interpretations. You have the right to defend your own you have the right to criticize, but to claim anybody who disagrees is automatically a cafard really betrays a level of ignorance that the shed er is free of real scholars don't go around declaring everybody else to be a Kaffir. Rather, it is something that is rarely rarely rarely done, and to err on the side of caution is the sign of a movement and a wise person. Anyone who considers

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himself or herself to be a Muslim, should be considered a Muslim by the rest of the Muslim Ummah, unless very exceptional circumstances and let's not talk about these exceptions at a generic level. let's worry about the broader issues and yes, there are people that are qualified and yes, there are theologians who have specialized okay this particular group or this what not, but generally speaking for the average Muslim, let them be aware of simply anybody who says the Kadima La ilaha illa Allah Muhammad Rasul Allah, anybody who believes that Allah subhana wa tada is our Lord, anybody who wants to worship Allah subhana wa tada who believes in the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam as

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being the final prophet, anybody who has this then inshallah Tada. Generally speaking, generally they're within the fold of Islam, and then more advanced than this, really not every Muslim needs to be aware of the details of this issue. be concerned more about yourself at this level and insha Allah when you study more and you take more and more classes, then you can study more about when certain red lines are crossed, and we should be careful about those red lines. But generally speaking, anybody who says they Kadima and believes in a lot as our Lord and the general tendency of the teachings of Islam and that is the Koran is the book of a law that we face the gala we pray five

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times a day, you know, we believe in the Shetty, I we believe in the Prophet system as being the final prophet. These are the five the simple, you know, overall tenets of Islam, anybody who says this and wants to draw closer to Allah subhanho wa Taala even if they have other understandings of how to do that they're generally within the framework of Islam, even if they have different understandings and beyond, this is inshallah, time for another or more detailed lecture. inshallah, we'll pause here we're going to come back to part three later on, we're going to come back to this issue of the reality of disobeying and sins and how we can make up for that until next time, we

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shall duck below head on Salaam Alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh

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