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The Fiqh of Salah #19 – Rulings of The Imam

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Yasir Qadhi

Channel: Yasir Qadhi

Episode Notes

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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All

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All right.

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We now move on to the next chapter Babel Imam is the chapter of Imam who is the Imam. What are the rulings of the Imam? And he begins by quoting the hadith of Obama through the number three that we already mentioned that the prophets of salaam said that the person who has the most Quran your own will call them a Corrado whom Leakey tabula the one who is ACARA the one who has the better Clara. Now, what does it mean Accra or home Nikita villa, once upon a time, Accra Oh home literally meant the one who knows more, because the one who knows more will automatically recite more and, and the point is all of the Sahaba by and large, they recited the Quran with the proper to do it, because

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that is their Arabic That is their pronunciation. So, the Sahabas rules of pronunciation are there because that is their language, classical Arabic, nobody needs to teach them to do it. They are speaking Arabic in that manner, the classical manner. So when the process of is saying the one who ACARA the one who has more clarity of the Quran, the first meaning that comes to mind the one who is half filled, or the one who knows more of the Quran, but in our times we have another problem, which the Sahaba did not have. And what is that problem? You can be a half filled, whose stage we this pathetic.

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And you can be somebody who knows five sutras who started with this flawless

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so we have a dilemma. Now, what does ACARA Ohan mean? What does a crow mean? And this is something that our modern scholars and even medieval scholars, they they tried to extrapolate and they said that if the person's Tajweed is fashio is bad,

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then his amount of memorization is ignored.

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And we turn to the one who knows how to recite because that is the one who is ACARA better camera

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even if he's not our father, but he is our crop.

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And if the person is that weed is acceptable passes and the guy who knows less his weed is superb. In this case the acceptable Trump's because he's still the one who has more Quran and it is acceptable. So in other words, he knows the rules of Tajweed now, this way you can have perfection and you can have like a BB plus, okay, and hamdulillah most of the people who are reading the Quran a lot they are good in touch with it is rare to find the expert of Tajweed so the one who's good in touch with that is sufficient. We're not having a voice competition when it comes to the Imam we're not even having a Tajweed competition when it comes to the Imam if the Tajweed is acceptable and

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what is acceptable it means that he knows that the Hoonah the Moodle dude, he knows the basic Muhaddith he knows the solid that from the scene the board's from the VA basically that's when you study Tajweed for a little while you will get these rules you don't have to become a master.

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If you know these basics you have passed then you will look at we will look at your amount of Quran even if then a very expert in touch with comes but he only knows half of those one Jews. We don't care them because we now look at a crow home the one who knows the more Quran. But and this is unfortunately very common in our times. There are who failed who don't even know how to do it. And they will make major mistakes.

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And they don't know how to pronounce the board or the vault or they make any Aluna or muddled mistakes. Okay. What does Zois lien for example, this is not proper to tweet in any sense of the term. So somebody like this if he's gonna come and lead, we don't care even if he is Hatfield. We will find somebody who knows, acceptable to tweet

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because the person who doesn't know is not a communicator biller. So if they are both the same, they're both false.

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Or they both know five jokes or tendrils or whatever. Then we look at the Sunnah, meaning the shady or the knowledge of the shady fiction overall, if there are the both the same and Sunnah. Then we look at who emigrated earlier. Well, immigration is gone now. Okay, we don't then. So then we look at the one so what is the purpose of this hadith

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The Imam should be the one who religiously is the most looked up to. Simple as that. Religiously the one who has the most respect. So, this therefore means that

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we will look at overall their knowledge of the Quran their knowledge of the sciences of Islam, their age, because if somebody, if somebody has or two people have similar amounts of knowledge, they're both, let's say, a very simple example in most most Jews in North America that don't have an imam. So the community is coming together. So therefore, there's nobody that's specialists in the Sharia. Nobody has studied Islam, maybe three, four or five people all know a few Jews of the Quran, they're all similar. So then we will even look at age

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that if Islamically they're all similar or unwise, they're all similar. We'll look at age and the one who is a more senior age automatically will feel more respect for him. So we will look at the one with more age. Okay, and the point is now some of the books have felt going to such ludicrous details like whatever they're the same way with him and they go down 15 points, okay, and it's never gonna happen like this somewhere so in some books, I feel just as a joke here, but I'm not joking. This is the way they have it. That if they're all the same than the one who has the more wives and children mashallah Tabata Gala, okay, so how was a sham that was to become the Imam overshot and

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Masha Allah, you want an automatic upgrade, but it doesn't matter because number one is what Accra only khadakwasla Okay, so even if you have four and your quarters full,

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you will lose still okay. But then when you have to do a Quran, the Quran Quran and you can trumpet Inshallah, and you don't need the for them.

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So, the point being, there's no need to go into all of these details of how many overall who is the one who leads the Salah, the one who has the most respect, Islamically Simple as that, okay, and the Hadith mentions things that no longer exists the one who makes the earlier hijra, the one who accepts Islam earlier, because the Sahaba all accepted Islam at different timings. So the one who accepted Islam in the second year of Makkah, is not the same as the one who accepted Islam after better or after Fatah. There's levels of accepting Islam. And obviously, this doesn't really apply to us now. By and large, it doesn't apply but still it could apply in that to converts. And they are

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both in the masjid and they are the ones that are so who amongst them if their Quran is similar, if there who amongst them converted earlier, then we will apply the Hadith.

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So the point is anybody who has more respect in Islam, that is the one who should lead the salah. And of course, the Hadith itself says that no one should lead in the Dominion or authority of another except with his permission. So if you are in somebody's house, then that trumps other factors as long as the Quran is acceptable, because that the acceptability of reading can never be compromised. Because if you can't read the Quran, then you're not going to be the Imam. Okay, as long as the Quran is acceptable, so they know the basics of Tajweed then that person even if he knows less Quran, will have the authority to lead Ill be easily he unless he delegates and this is

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the sunnah of our culture, that the host always gives up to somebody who is worthy, but it must be from the host.

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Because that is his domain and authority. And this is the beauty of the Sharia, that nobody should feel that in his own house, that somebody is in charge over him. So he feels dominion of his own house, and therefore he will be the one to delegate and of course it is encouraged for him to delegate the one who is more qualified.

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So

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and then he goes on what to say to Salah to Khalifa and Salah to HuFa Sudha in early Muslim yeah lamb beheaded enough See he welcome Yeah, Adam who more more had salam for India who read who had the who and it is not allowed to pray behind somebody whose Salah itself is faster. For example, if the person does not have wool, and you know he does not have will do

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what if the person is a non Muslim, for example, or if the person is a group with a group whose bid is basically outside the fold of Islam. Okay. And there are examples that we have given of this like groups that believe in a prophet after the Prophet of Islam. Okay, if this person is leading the salah

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it is not allowed to pray behind someone whose Salah is fasted.

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And this is really only one of two things. Number one, you know

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that he does not have one of the shoot.

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And this is difficult, if not impossible, but nonetheless, if that's the theoretical scenario, or number two, he is not a Muslim. Well, in fact, you can say one of the shoots of Salah is he must be a Muslim, so it's kind of in the same thing, okay? So if you happen to know this person is not qualified to lead at all, then

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you are not allowed to pray behind him now. However, this we're talking about somebody whose Salah being fasted is not an MTF effect. In other words, if it's fast in your mouth habit, not in his mother, then it is not fast, because this is amongst the MME so for example, in the hammer the madhhab eating camel meat breaks the window.

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Okay, this is a fact. It's the only word that has this, that if you eat camel meat, it breaks the window. It's like going to the restroom. You break your window, right just by eating chamomile meat or drinking Aloe milk, even according to the majority opinion. You eat or drink camel, you will do is broken. Now suppose there's Shaffir and I humbly and they both eat camel meat, then the humbly has more Quran. So he goes in front to lead should the Shafi say oh, your Salah is battle I cannot prepare and you know, this is narrow mindedness and intolerance and fanaticism. And the Sharia is opposed to this, because in this case, the Salah is not fasted for the shaft very

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correct. The Salah is not fasted for the Shafi give the other way around the shaft should be leading I mean, alright, I gave the other the Salah is not faster for the shaft very, that's the point here. And so, the humble you should realize that the Shafi Salah is valid

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for him and therefore, it is valid for me is that clear? Right. So the humble you should not be so intolerant that he expects the Shafi to follow his opinion. But if it is something that unanimously agrees upon that this is a goes against the Salah, then it is not allowed to pray behind somebody who Salah is fasted, except he said that if the Imam did not know himself that his will do he didn't have to do until the whole Salah finishes. In this case, he doesn't have to tell them at home, and the Imam repeats his own solder, because this is accidental and unintentional. Okay, so this is not something that is the fault of the moon. They didn't know, the Imam didn't know. And therefore the

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Imam will make it up by himself. I know you read who was the who, what not to say who Alpha Chadic you rockin in and it is not allowed to pray behind somebody who is leaving one of the Archon so the first point somebody is leaving one of the shrewd What if he's leaving one of the Archon

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it is not allowed as well but if somebody is leaving the Archon and you know he's always living there can you cannot pray behind him, except in one condition. Illa Imam will Hi ye either Salah Journalisten li modeled in unije boo hoo for in the home useful Luna ora Hulu's. This is one of the unique things of the humbly whether none of the others have this. That's the only exception of a Archon being broken is if the Imam of their locality. So somebody who is always leading usually Anyway, okay, not a stranger, not somebody in a gathering and chose this person, the regular Imam falls sick and has to sit down, and the sickness is temporary and eventually be able to stand up in

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a few weeks or months. In this case, it is allowed for the Imam to sit because one of the Archon is to stand.

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In this case it is allowed for the Imam to sit but they must pray behind the Imam sitting down does the humbly madam

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and only the humbly say this and all the other three say they must be standing up. Or in fact others would say such an imam should not even be the Imam. But none of them say the whole GEMA should pray sitting down other than the humbly madhhab. And of course, why do they? Why do they say this they base it on the Hadith I just mentioned. That's why I mentioned it, that the process and fell from his horse or camel and he prayed for a while sitting and all of the Sahaba pray sitting. But the majority say that this was an early Islam. And towards the end this was abrogated by the hadith of Abu Bakr, that the process and was sitting I will Bakr was the one behind the process from next term

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on the right hand side and the people could see Abu Bakr and they followed him even though he wasn't the Imam. He is simply following the Prophet system. So the process is sitting and everybody is standing

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Okay, so this demonstrates therefore, that and this is the majority opinion and we have to disagree with the humble image up here and say if the Imam is sick, then the rest of the people will pray standing, not sitting down. Okay. And the Imam being sick does not disqualify him from being the Imam. So if the and this is only for the regular Imam, otherwise, if you're all 10 Brothers together and one of them has fallen ill and he has a broken caste he has to sit down, generally you would not want him to be the Imam because you don't want the Imam to be somebody who has to sit because that's going to cause awkwardness for the people behind Okay, so generally we would look over this person

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who is sick until their sickness is cured.

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Wala Tosa who Imam at will Marathi Burbidge

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and it is not allowed for a woman to be the imam in front of men. This is explicit and there is unanimous consensus of the entire Ummah, of this point, and no scholar has ever differed. That in the form of Salah, a woman cannot lead the men, there is a very minority ft laugh that is found by some of the non format I had, that in knuffel salah, a woman may lead the men of her house only from the back and not from the front. Right? So she will be in the back. And the man will be in front of her if she is

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literate, and they are so there are so many conditions. And this is actually if you think about it now firstly, none of the format have say this, this is fine. And how do we all know this? By the way? How do I even know this because of all of the fitna of women leading and whatnot. So those the ladies that did it, they didn't do any research, they just wanted to do it. Then the second tier of those ladies came and they basically dug deeper and deeper and deeper to find some type of precedent. And so they made this a well known fact for those of us in those arenas and circles, and they said that it some of the methods allow the woman to lead the shock to solid women, some of the

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methods are we never heard this. So we went back to the books we we looked up, and in fact they are correct, but they exaggerated and they distorted and they covered up. It is true that one of the scholars are Tabari, the famous authority, who was not a great fucky he was a historian anamorphosis but he had some fixed views of poverty had the position in certain circumstance, if the woman of the house is educated and literate, and she has let's say slaves who are illiterate, because very common scenario, imagine those servants were illiterate

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in the Nuffield like for example, taraweeh it is permitted for her to be leading them. So the men of her household not the men of the neighborhood.

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The men of her household if she knows and they don't know how to read, then she may lead them enough Phil Salah only this was opinion who held he held and it is true he held it for this group to take this and then say Juma Salah and and, and praying men and women together, you see how they pick and choose what they want to and that's typical for the progressive and the ultra feminist does exactly what we expect of them. They're not consistent or fair. This is not what poverty said. But they take that point and they then do their Jumar, Salah and whatnot. But the point is that even this position, it was rejected by the others and they would say that the men should pray on their own and

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the woman should pray on their own just because she knows more doesn't mean she will be the Imam. So the format I have have agreed and factory each ma amongst all the scholars that the follow the Salah, a woman cannot lead the men and we have an explicit in the text your wallet or serial Imam it will Marathi we reject. It is not valid for a woman to be the Imam of men. It is also not valid for a person who has Sellersville bone to be the Imam and cellos in bone means incontinence. So the one who's will do is constantly breaking Okay, uncontrollable so this person should not be the Imam because obviously he is excused. How about us behind him we don't want this for the Imam. Okay. And

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this applies to any other type of sickness that affects his salah. That affecting of his Salah is forgiven for him. But he should not be the imam for others in Salah. Okay, because again the Imam should be somebody who is as perfect amongst us Islamically and the Archon shrewd or fulfilled another person who cannot be the Imam will owe me a lady de la you're single Fatiha. Oh yeah Hill Looby whorfin Min. Ha. Ellerbee mystery him the Omi and oh me here means not just

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literate, but the one who doesn't know how to read the Quran, even if he's educated in 20 languages but not in the tweet of the Quran, he is only for us.

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On me doesn't mean unlettered on me here means the one who cannot recite the Quran, even if he has a PhD in astronomical sciences, but he doesn't know the Quran his own me from the Shetty s perspective for the Imam. Because what do we care about? You can be illiterate in reading and writing your Tajweed can be the best in the world. So many of our Quran, they didn't know how to read and write, but their tweet is flawless. That's not on me. That's Cory. So me opposite of audit. So the old me who cannot read the Fatiha or make some mistake, even in one letter regularly cannot be the Imam. Except if the congregation is all to his level.

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This is a very good exceptional class here. Okay. Except if the congregation is to his level, then they are excused. Because what else do you want them to do?

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So a group of people come together, and none of them have studied touch with and they're all making major mistakes. In this case, they are forgiven, and they choose the one whom they think is the best and Bismillah they can go for it. Otherwise, it is not allowed for the homie hook makes a mistake even in one letter, because we all know one letter changes the meaning. Right? All the way even learning basic Arabic call up to CALB what are the contrast? And meaning? How can you give the Quranic recitation to somebody who's going to change your column into a CALB? Think about it. Right? It's and so many other easy mistakes can be done. That literally changes it from Eman to Cofer,

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right? From Shrek two to eight to eight to shift from something that is noble to something that's a joke and a mockery. How can you give the Quran recitation somebody doesn't matter how respected he is in the community. If he doesn't know the Quranic recitation should not be leading. Okay? So this is explicit and all that I have to say this, that whoever makes the mistake, and that's why I mean, even I have to say personally, with myself, I'm very particular about this as well that I cannot. I don't like praying behind anybody who does not know how to recite properly. It's something that my whole kosher is gone. And it's something I find very, and that's why even for the Rabi prayers, I'm

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very picky about who we get that stage with has to be very good, even if the voice is not as good. I know some of you don't agree with this position of mine. But for me, that the jury, it has to be flawless, because what is important is to do it. And we unfortunately, many of us, we don't care about the jury, we care about a good voice and melodious voice. And there are many people who have a good voice, but they haven't practiced the rules. And they're Maha Ridge, their pronunciations are incorrect. But their voices melodious to the ear that's not trained. The trained ear, by the way, will never like non touch with voice.

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That's true.

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That is true. The community doesn't have that education. That's true. But I mean, for me, for the five years I've been here, I've been very strict with anybody we get has to be a person who knows his that we know mistakes and tweet. And that's a position that I cannot compromise on. If I'm going to be in any community than the person has to admit that. In any case, the point being that this is very clear that even in the physical books, it says even if there's one he makes a mistaken, that person should not be the Imam. And you all understand why it's common sense you don't even need or under Hadith, you will change the meanings of what you're reciting if you don't know how to recite

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one letter properly, and how many are the Arabic letters whose Muhaddith are very close, right? How many look at the law and Dovan designed to see so many you need to know exactly what you're saying. And therefore even if one how to is mistaken. He cannot be the Imam unless the whole community is the same then they are forgiven and they can choose somebody of that level. Okay, we now move on who else what other issues come with Imam How about so we're trying to say that certain people should not be the Imam How about if there's other problems such as the so while you're used to Manuel methodic Bill Mota yeah MIM Okay, how about if the one who knows the most Quran, for some reason has

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to do tambem and the rest of the GEMA is on will do with water.

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In this case, we say that tiger mom and we'll do if he did it with proper excuse, they are the same. So the one who does and this is all by the way, the finer details of FIFA

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And the other modality will have their priority so what Trumps what? When it comes to being the Imam. So for example, and by the way I remember when I was studying in Medina so one of my teacher said, you know, these are all issues we need to relook at. So what if we find a person in a wheelchair? Who knows good Quran and good recitation? Why can't to be the imam in this case? So he was like, What's the big deal? We need to rethink this through maybe at some societies and times when there were a lot of negativity with invalids. Maybe we understand now these things are changing. So the Hadith doesn't mention standing versus sitting. The hadith mentions ACARA only

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Kitab Allah and the one who knows the more sunnah. And the one. So these are the ones set in stone. No question, the one who has the better Quran than the one who knows more Sharia. These are like they said, but then the other details what Trump's what these are all within Medina will differ. And the humbling moment, we already gave some examples, they said, the one who has set us with bone, the one who has the incontinence should not be the Imam, the one who has a cast on the leg should not be the Imam. In fact, in some how many books it says the one who is blind, or one, it should not be the Imam. But this goes against explicitly the fact that at times, even Omar Maktoum would lead the

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Sahaba in Salah on the process and was not there, right. But then the reason that but that's because the city was empty, because this was in Toluca or something. And there were just a few men amongst them even know me mochten was the best. But so the point is, they go back and forth. And in reality, this is an area we don't have to be that strict and the main criterion, Accra only Kitab Allah, and then our level can be sunnah. This is the main criteria. And in my humble opinion, other issues are all secondary. And these are all stuff that with that, so the humbly might have says the one who has to mum should lead if he has more Quran, even if the other people are on will do. So his stay on mum

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doesn't make him one level below the rest of the people with will clear, okay. And they they base this of course on the fact that the one who does stay a mum, it is as if he has done well due to mum is his taharah your mum and his taharah. And if he has an excuse, he is sick, he has a skin disease, he could not find water for some reason the rest of the group is still upon whoodle So he's excused. And in reality, his tiger mom will count as his widow. So he's the same level as them. And this is a valid point actually. Then the humbly say, while your jutsu environment will move steadily Bill Mutanda Phil

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the one who is praying the followed can pray behind somebody who is praying than nothing.

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Now the opposite everybody allows the opposite is what

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the Imam is praying forward. And the one behind praying enough and this is pretty much everybody allows it that for some reason we just gave example you prayed budget, you come to the masjid they're praying for you. What did the person himself say? Explicit? He said, it will count as normal for you. So we have no problem with that. Okay, so the opposite. No Akela this scenario, we have a big divide amongst them adapt.

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Because one group will argue the one who's praying followed has a higher level. So how could the Imam who's praying nothing lead the moon who's praying for it? Okay, but the humble is explicitly explicitly say what are your Jews? It is allowed for the one who's praying nothing to be the imam for the one who's praying for it. Meaning if you look amongst yourselves and Fulani has the most Quran. He should be the Imam even if he has already prayed that same Salah as his first okay

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so you're following the humbly position.

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The 100 views will not allow us

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to we're following the humbly position. This is what we are teaching in the masjid as well. And the evidence of the humble is

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is the Hadith in Bukhari and Muslim with the family that more I live in Jebel would lead his people in their Isha

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after he had prayed Russia with the prophets of Salaam

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and he would go to his masjid and lead them in Russia.

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So he has prayed the fourth and then he goes to his masjid and he's leading them in their fold. And guess what it is his laughing Okay, so this is an explicit authentic evidence. And that's why it seems to be clearly the stronger opinion and the ones

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To oppose it don't have any Hadith it's like common sense and Hadith Trumps what you think is common sense if there's an exquisite Hadith that we don't bring in any type of logic or reason we say color this is allowed and the process of explicitly allowed that the one who is praying Nephal should is allowed to lead the fourth salah. Okay, so, the one who does tambem and the one who is praying knuffel They can be the Imam This is ignored in the criteria and process. What do we look at Quran and Sunnah and whatnot. So the one who knows the most Quran even if he's praying enough, we'll go ahead with the Imam the one who knows the mascara if he is on time and go ahead and be the Imam.

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Okay. Now where do they stand in relation to one another

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way that kinda moonwalk. Hayden walk off on your mean email. If there's only one more room, he will stand on the right hand side of the Imam. Okay and we just mentioned the hadith of who?

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Ibn Abbas Abbas ibn Abbas was the

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nephew

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he was the cousin of the process now. And the nephew of Go ahead. I'm waiting. I'm waiting.

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My Munna

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Maimunah right. My Munna was the harder of Ibn Abbas. Okay. And the process is his uncle is his cousin. So even Abbas was a young boy, and one night he wanted to visit his aunt and so he ended up sleeping in the house of the prophets of Solomon in those days only have one bedroom. And so he said, I slept on one direction, and my holler and the process from slept on another direction. Okay, he's a young child seven, eight years old, and they gave him permission to sleep and it is allowed he is the Muharram in any case, in many cases, a young boy, so he slept in this way, and the process of my Munna sleeping this way, then, when he woke up to see the process them in 200. And this is

00:32:08--> 00:32:40

amazing, a young little kid Subhanallah, right, little boy, he stood up sleepy, did his will do, and he jumped to be praying behind the Prophet sallallahu sallam, but he didn't know which side and so he went to the left. And so the process, um, held on to him and put him from behind and took him and made him stand to his right. Okay, so this hadith, therefore, and all the mudarabah agree, if there's two people, then the moon stands to the right now

00:32:42--> 00:32:52

some ruler must say, and this is not anything from the Hadith, but it is still even in this case, sunnah for the Imam to be a little bit ahead of them.

00:32:53--> 00:32:56

And others say they should be

00:32:57--> 00:33:26

feet two feet in this case. And the fact of the matter is, both positions can be read into both positions can be read into, we can't be sure did even above stand feet two feet, or was he just a little bit behind. And so wherever one does, insha Allah Allah, it is permissible, whatever one does, it is a shout Allahu Taala permissible. So if there's only two, then they will stand on the right hand side there might most on the right hand side.

00:33:27--> 00:34:17

And if he stands on the left, or in front, or by himself, then this is not valid. It is not valid to stand on the left, or by himself or in front of the Imam. And they base this on the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu ala he was selling them that he saw a man praying all by himself in the South and the process and commanded him to repeat the salah. And this is a big controversy about praying by yourself in the surf. And I mentioned this in my q&a when we did it. And even though many of them are that have said that that in such a case, the man should not pray by himself. The reality is that there doesn't seem to be any evidence to suggest that somebody should be pulled behind. And it

00:34:17--> 00:34:39

doesn't make sense. What has that guy done that he deserves to be dragged behind? What is his fault in doing so. And therefore, in this case, you are forgiven, but you should not be in yourself by yourself without an excuse. In other words, if there's space, you cannot be by yourself by yourself. Okay? Then he says the only exception. If there's only one woman, then she will stand by herself.

00:34:40--> 00:34:54

Okay, so obviously the sofa or the men and the sofa of the women do not go in the same row. So the woman will be behind the men. And if there's only one woman she will be in her own soft, no problem over there.

00:34:56--> 00:34:57

So and then

00:34:59--> 00:34:59

what ends

00:35:00--> 00:35:42

Hello Gemma, I didn't work out for Khalifa who work of one Yemeni or Anjani Bay, he saw her work for Kodama, who Oh, and yesterday, he lumped us, if there is a group of men, they will pray behind the Imam, everybody agrees with this, if for some reason, they stood to his right, or they were on his right and left, this would be valid. So, if and this has happened, by the way, especially in America, you go to a masala area. And at times, it's just in such a weird way that you know, you might start praying with one or two people and then more more, more more people come and they have to go to your right. And even in people's houses has happened many times that you so he is saying in

00:35:42--> 00:36:28

this case, if they are praying all to his right, for some reason. So there is no space to have to so forth. Or on his right and left, this is valid. But if they pray all to his left, or in front of him, this is invalid, common sense that the Imam should be in front or to the right. Okay, common sense that the Imam should be the one who has the right hand. And therefore, if it so happens, that there's five people, and they can only form one Soph, then the Imam is either in the middle and three or two, or two or three. Or if it's happens that he has to be on one side, then they will all be on his right hand side.

00:36:30--> 00:36:42

Okay, so the Imam will pray and the rest will be on his right hand side, what is not allowed is, of course, for the people to be in front of the imam or for them to be all on the left hand of the Imam. Now

00:36:43--> 00:36:45

the controversy occurs.

00:36:47--> 00:36:50

That, what if the circumstances

00:36:51--> 00:37:34

do not allow except for some of the support being in front of the Imam is there soda bottle or not. And this is a controversy in classical field and in modern film, and in shallow to and in my opinion, if the circumstances call for it, then the Salah is valid. And the simple example of this is the men's prayer versus the women's prayer and another area, a lot of times their prayer hall, if you look at the angle of the table or whatever, and you draw the angle out, sometimes the women's rose might actually be in front of the Imam. But they're in a separate room. And this is a common problem in North America. Right? You understand like if you're standing in one direction, and you

00:37:34--> 00:38:21

draw a line parallel to you with the Qibla. In fact, the the woman might actually be ahead of you in this case, or you're praying in the men's sitting room area. And it so happens that Qibla is in the other direction and the woman sitting right over there in front and they can hear you there is no visual problem but they can they can hear you. So can they pray behind your voice or not? Many mme will say no and they're just on their own. But insha Allah I've done some research and in my position that there is no evidence to suggest that the Salah is bouton. Rather, the general norm should be that the Imam should be in front and that is clearly the norm. But if for some specific

00:38:21--> 00:38:41

reason, the Imam cannot be in front and an exceptional scenario arises the Salah is not bowtie, it is against the norm. It is my crew, but the Salah is jazz, and if the women decide they don't want to pray with the gym or they want to separate that too is jazz. Okay.

00:38:43--> 00:38:52

Moving on, we have only four lines left and we're done inshallah Tada. If a woman leads other women in Salah, then she stands as we all know, where does she stand.

00:38:55--> 00:39:41

In the middle column at Walsall tone, she stands in the middle amongst them. So the woman does not lead in front, even other women, she does not lead in front, she leads in the same sofa as the other women and hypothetical scenario but again, this is the point of fifth as we said is that these scenarios are meant for you to think not necessarily to apply that suppose if there was a group of men, all of them naked without any clothes, okay. In this case as well, the Imam is not going to be in front will be in the middle amongst them. And as I mentioned was at five weeks ago, four weeks ago, the books are filled, always have these hypothetical scenarios to get you thinking that if

00:39:41--> 00:39:59

there is a legitimate reason that you would not want the Imam forward. So I don't think ever in the history of the OMA a group of naked men have been traveling and they have dragged him out together. But the point is, other scenarios might arise. And you knowing this hypothetical scenario, you can then make chaos

00:40:00--> 00:40:53

For the scenario that you might actually be having, okay? And so if a scenario arises where you might have to change or move it back and forth, then extenuating circumstances allow the Imam to be in the middle. And if there's a group of men and women, and Hamza and Hamza are those who are born with both genders, okay? They are trans if you like they are the ones by transit, we don't mean the one who choose because there's types of trans women, the ones who are born with both genders, and this is hermaphrodite is the technical term for it. And these are rare, but they do exist. And in our times, science can pretty much not solve the problem, but eliminate the hermaphrodite problem in

00:40:53--> 00:41:34

that you will, when you are born in this way, the doctors will automatically perform surgery and one of the organs will basically be gotten rid of, and you will then have the other organ for the rest of your life. And that is what the Shetty requires, by the way, the Shetty AI requires that this binary distinction remain in contrast what modern people are saying, or you have other multiple identities, but anyway, that's besides the point if you have a group of men and children and women and hermaphrodites again, the hypothetical because how are you getting hold of these but the point is that filth should teach you these things. You first have the digital the men then the children,

00:41:34--> 00:41:37

then the hermaphrodites then the women

00:41:38--> 00:41:44

okay? So the hermaphrodites would be in the middle. And by the way, a situation did come up where

00:41:45--> 00:41:56

I Masjid one of the states here, they call me up and they said that we have a convert, we have a convert who, before converting to Islam had a sex change operation

00:41:58--> 00:42:02

before converting to Islam had a sex change operation. And

00:42:04--> 00:42:08

the question was now where would this convert stand in the Salah.

00:42:10--> 00:42:20

Okay, so this is a forgiven issue because this person did it before accepting Islam. Okay, now this person has accepted Islam. And

00:42:21--> 00:42:27

so it was a man who had become a woman. And the women felt very uncomfortable

00:42:29--> 00:43:13

because obviously, they had never experienced this before. And they were causing some issues and whatnot. So they reached out to me and what is to be done? And I said, you know, the books are fake. So, you know, we're laughing at this for example, theoretical example, look what now Subhanallah instantaneously as like, you know, this is classical, I don't need to go to any virtual for you, this is classical fact that this person will be in the women's section in the front in her own stuff, she will be in the front because the operation has been done. So, he is now a she, there is no heat left if you get my point. Okay. So he is now a sheep. So she will be in the women's section,

00:43:14--> 00:43:16

but she will not be just like the other women.

00:43:17--> 00:44:01

She will be treated as a concert even though technically, She's not the type of content that existed in the good old days. But nonetheless, she is not fully she so she will be at the head of the women's section and as of on her own, and the women can be behind her. Okay, and this solves the problem. But so and I bring this up why to illustrate these hypothetical scenarios are very important. And the fuqaha put them in so that we have an understanding how we can immediately go back to them when need to be okay. Now we'll finish this chapter with two simple phrases. Both of them very easy. Woman cup Baraka Bella salami, Emami for her the other Kojima woman add Rocco Rocco

00:44:01--> 00:44:15

forgot the other raka raka where Allah fella, okay, simple and then we finished this chapter. Whoever says the tech be before the Imam says salam gets the Gemma

00:44:16--> 00:44:23

of the Imam and whoever catches the record at the raka or before the raka has caught the Raka.

00:44:24--> 00:44:43

Very simple, and this is pretty much the standard position of all of them at times standard position of although the motto that if you catch the Imam before the Tasleem, then you are a part of the GEMA but you will only catch the Rukka at the record.

00:44:44--> 00:44:59

You have to have the record, then you will be considered as having the Raka and this is the standard position because of what our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said that and this is an authentic hadith in Bukhari when other Karaca

00:45:00--> 00:45:06

Oh, one other record record for that other rocker rocker, whoever gets the record has caught the rocker. And therefore,

00:45:07--> 00:45:12

if you walk in, and Imam is in the final Tisha hood

00:45:15--> 00:45:21

A lot of people say I'm not going to join and I'll wait for the second Jamar, and this is wrong.

00:45:22--> 00:45:27

Because you joining with the first Gemma, I will get you the rewards of the first Gemma.

00:45:28--> 00:45:40

And that is more important. And you not joining the Jamar has multiple problems of them is the explicit prohibition of standing when the gym is going on.

00:45:41--> 00:46:16

You are never supposed to cut yourself off from the gym ah, and therefore it is a mistake. And it should be corrected if you see somebody that is just loitering in the back. And he thinks that he's doing something good by waiting for the amount of give salam? This is multiple problems because then we get to the other controversy. Should we even have a second Jamar in the masjid which is another point of controversy and as we said, once in a while it is overlooked but the general norm is that no, there should not be to Gemma as in the masjid. This is the norm because we don't want to encourage

00:46:18--> 00:46:58

people to come late and to have that those Jamaat it's one thing if it's in your house, it's one thing if it's in the masala that is the masala in the road. In Arab lands or Muslim lands, you have little messages on the highways. That's understood. But in a masjid like ours. There should be specific timings and everybody should know and if you don't get those timings the general rule should be we do not have another drummer It's not wrong to have a second Jamal but it is not right either. In the masjid there should be one formal Jamar that's the purpose of there being a masjid. And to make it a habit to always make a second jam. I've said this many many times. In fact many of

00:46:58--> 00:47:13

your alumni say there is no second Jumada honeybees in particular will say this bottle the Salah is not even valid. They would say that if you have a second Jamal but I'm not going to that extent I'm not at all saying it's his battle. But I'm saying that this opens the door

00:47:14--> 00:47:27

for the community splitting out for being lazy for the gym and not being given the status it deserves and it should not be made into a habit with that are there any quick questions before we break in? I know I have some from the online yes

00:47:30--> 00:47:35

so this is if if the Imam if the mom did not catch the Raka

00:47:37--> 00:47:40

and he simply caught the last esteem

00:47:42--> 00:47:58

Yeah, so he caught the last slim he did not catch any rocker in shallow to Either is acceptable for this person to be the Imam because he did not catch a rocker. But how would the person coming in late notice?

00:47:59--> 00:48:07

Okay. Also we get to the controversy of should there be a second GEMA and that's another controversy.

00:48:08--> 00:48:18

If the person caught one raka then he takes the helm of the moon and as the moon he cannot become the Imam of somebody else.

00:48:19--> 00:48:21

He has to finish his own Salah

00:48:22--> 00:48:31

so in this case really the best thing to do is not have a second Gemma anyway much less tap somebody and then start under the Jamar we have some questions from online as well.

00:48:32--> 00:48:33

And that is that

00:48:34--> 00:48:41

somebody says that when somebody joins the prayer late and he catches the last record or the last two rakaat

00:48:42--> 00:48:52

or the last straw got his first or are they his last? And this is a classic controversy in the fifth books. And

00:48:53--> 00:49:04

both opinions have evidence from the Sunnah. But in sha Allah Who Tada what makes more sense is that the his first struck out

00:49:05--> 00:49:09

which is the Imams last chakra will count as his first struck a heart.

00:49:11--> 00:49:16

Some scholars say that he should consider the Imams raka to be his raka

00:49:17--> 00:49:25

so if the Imam is in the third raka he is actually praying the third record and fourth raka then he makes up the first two

00:49:27--> 00:49:59

okay, it's confusing, it's illogical. And it will mess your mind up anyway. So in sha Allah the and this goes back to how you understand what our fats are converting more fat to convert do what does it mean for a team more in fact, though, there's two versions of the Hadith, right? Or my father confer a team mu you complete what's remaining on artifacts are comfortable, do what you missed, make up what you missed, right? Both Hadith are there. So what do you have to make? Its Ma'am, do you have to make other

00:50:00--> 00:50:07

Both versions are there. And in the end of the day, it's possible to interpret both of them to mean you finish up what is remaining for you to finish up.

00:50:10--> 00:50:16

So, the issue of rough ordain is coming that some of the brothers who definitely are then when they stand up from the third raka

00:50:17--> 00:50:31

should they do this or not? These are from the Nuffield or the Sunnah of the Salah. If somebody does it, that is fine. Somebody doesn't do it that is fine. Some Hadith do mention that when the process stood up from the second guy who do refer you then so this is what they base this on.

00:50:32--> 00:51:12

Not reading sutra, Fatiha in Salah, is it only for the outloud prayer or only for the silent prayers. As I said, the position that I'm now now teaching and maybe even fewer is I'll go back to the other position. When the Imam is silent. Then you read Surah Fatiha and when the Imam is reciting out loud then you listen quietly and don't read and this is the majority position only the Shaeffer is have another position three muda who all say this the three words I have all agreed that when the Imam is reciting out loud, then you stay quiet and do not read Fatiha. And when the Imam cannot be heard,

00:51:14--> 00:51:24

then the hamburgers and one version of the Maliki's they say you can recite Fatiha on your own. So when you don't hear the Imam then you recite Fatiha and that's what I'm saying as well.

00:51:26--> 00:51:28

Question Is that

00:51:31--> 00:51:48

Is it true that we cannot print the graveyard yes we mentioned this in the kind of the salah I said on the shoot of the Salah that the salah should not be prayed in the graveyard and also in the restrooms are the two places that the salah should not be prayed. And the final question from online we have that

00:51:49--> 00:51:55

if I make a mistake and I recite a sutra after certain Fatiha in the third or the fourth raka What do I do?

00:51:58--> 00:52:00

What do we do? I went over this issue

00:52:01--> 00:52:05

for the whole prayer again. Which might have is this

00:52:12--> 00:52:13

says this oh

00:52:16--> 00:52:17

this what happens when you don't take notes

00:52:21--> 00:52:24

it's not wajib it's not broken.

00:52:25--> 00:52:44

So nothing he doesn't do anything. It's no he doesn't do anything because even if he didn't recite in the first and second chakra an extra surah he wouldn't make it emphasizes hope. So how about if he added an extra Surah by mistake? It will not be any problem? Okay.

00:52:45--> 00:52:46

Yes good

00:52:51--> 00:53:07

No, we said very clearly we said very clearly where does the woman stand at all timing? The woman always stands on the own on her own it doesn't matter if it's mom or sister brother doesn't matter. The woman will stand in her own soft that's we went over in this era. Inshallah we will Yes.

00:53:09--> 00:53:12

So on Saturday at Woodlands Hills what time

00:53:14--> 00:53:25

six to 9pm There'll be a fundraiser for our brothers and sisters of Syrian refugees and by the ticket as well and they will be available in shallow data today and on Friday in sha Allah Tala. He has

00:53:29--> 00:53:30

some very

00:53:34--> 00:53:51

some graveyards have mustards if the graveyard is outside the masjid and it's not a part of the masjid this is something separate. But if the graveyard and the masjid were linked together, such that the masjid was built because of the grave

00:53:53--> 00:54:00

or the person was buried inside the messages, then we have a problem and something should be done about that by the authorities.

00:54:09--> 00:54:12

Yeah, so here we will make a distinction.

00:54:13--> 00:54:23

Why was the graveyard built? Simply because it was convenient and there was open land outside the masjid, in which case it is permissible

00:54:24--> 00:54:59

or was the person buried because of the masjid and he got special treatment and they wanted to give him a burial that he was a person of holiness. This is the point here. It is common in many Muslim lands that they have a plot and they have to take one corner as the masjid and one corner on area as the graveyard and there's a distinction between the two on the right hand side of the masjid on the left hand side or something like this. And to this day, if you go to many cities, you will find the graveyard in the masjid

00:55:00--> 00:55:05

Close by one another, but they are not built for each other is just a matter of convenience.

00:55:06--> 00:55:36

Okay, but that nobody praised her five times a day. But let's be realistic here in our MRC if we were to have a plot of land which we're hoping one day maybe to have, right, then we have our own plot of land here. So would this be haram? Of course not. Because we're building a convenient place. It's not meant to be but suppose in some Muslim land, a person died who was actually a saint or whatnot and they said oh he should be buried next to the masjid and there is no graveyard.

00:55:38--> 00:55:40

They make an exception for this person

00:55:41--> 00:56:05

or the other way around, that this is the cover of so and so. So we should build a masjid and there is no masjid and they build the masjid because of the cover of so and so, this is when it will become problematic, okay. Otherwise if it just happens because of land issues, and all the Muslims are buried there, this is not inherently a problem. Inshallah Okay, so inshallah we're

00:56:09--> 00:56:20

Yeah, the measurable is an example of this that it was not intended, but just happened as a historical reality that the masjid expanded in that direction, otherwise the processing was buried outside is his machine as we mentioned

00:56:26--> 00:56:28

earlier, either

00:56:31--> 00:56:38

me, Ms. De Heaton doll Seanie when she

00:56:40--> 00:56:42

told me what to feed

00:56:44--> 00:56:46

Sunday, what

00:56:48--> 00:56:56

feels cool go Ruby MYM journey tassa down.

00:57:00--> 00:57:00

Down