The Descriptions of Jannah & Jahannam – #1 – Introduction

Yasir Qadhi


Channel: Yasir Qadhi


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Mina shavon hongji

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we're in

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Salam Alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh Alhamdulillah Alhamdulillah we praise Allah subhanho wa Taala for each and every blessing that He has given us. And we ask Allah subhana wa to Allah to forgive our sins and to conceal our faults from the eyes of men and on the Day of Judgment, and we ask Allah subhana wa Taala to exalt our ranks and to make our skills heavy, and to cause us to enter agenda without any his habit either. And to bypass jahannam. We ask Allah azza wa jal for the fruits of human in this world and the fruits of human in the next world of hamdulillah Thurman Hamdulillah, I am thankful to Allah subhana wa tada that we have covered so many topics. And now today we began

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yet another series. And even though we are beginning another series, in fact, this is a continuation of the entire series that I've been doing for almost a year and a half now unhemmed ultimate hamdulillah. And that series begins with the signs of the Day of Judgment. And we covered the major and the minor signs, we went over all that has been narrated in the Quran in the tuna, about the shrauta, Sarah, and then we finish that one. And then I started a new series on the Batista. And we went over in quite a lot of detail that interlude between between this world and the next world, and what do we know about that interlude of the borders. And then when we finished that series, I then

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started a very detailed series about what we know about Korea itself about the Day of Judgment itself, and unhemmed ultimate hamdulillah. I finished that series and asked a lot of xojo for acceptance and forgiveness for any mistakes that might have been made. But we are not done yet, we still need to move on from that series, because the Day of Judgment is but the intermediate stage between the actual final stage. And the actual final stage is, of course, either the punishment of a lowly sequel as refuge from that which is jahannam, or the reward of a law which is in sha Allah, our destination, and that is gender. And so we are now going to begin the final part of that series,

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the entire series. And of course, today is the first day or the first of that separate series. And we will be covering what we know about heaven, and hell. And of course, belief in heaven and hell belief in agenda and jahannam is one of the core fundamental beliefs of this religion. And you will hardly find a page of the Quran except that it mentions the belief Now, of course, this goes back to belief in the Day of Judgment, because again, what is the point of the Day of Judgment? What is the concept? And what is the, what is the goal of the Day of Judgment, the goal of the Day of Judgment is to then decide the fate. So wherever and however, Allah proves the Day of Judgment, that whenever

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piano is mentioned, automatically, it is implied that we're going to believe in Heaven and Hell, even though of course, the Koran mentions many, many hundreds of verses about actual gender and gender. But the concept of the afterlife of the ark era, it is something that is very explicit. In fact, in the famous hadith of God, the famous hadith of God that lists the sixth kind of event. So there are many multiple versions of this hadith. It's not just one version, and in some versions, for example, in the version found in the Sahaba, of even hibben. So even hibben also wrote a book called so here, so Buhari wrote a book called A Muslim or Jew, because Oh, hey, and then there was

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two other people in Havana in Hosea four people, they attempted in Islamic history to write a book of Sahaba in early Islam, and so even headband is one of them. And in the version of inhibin, the hadith of gibreel mentions that you believe in the bath or two minute Bill genetti when Nari well, nice. So in the hadith of gibreel, it lists that you're going to believe in the Day of Judgment, and you're going to believe in heaven and in hell and in dummies. And so it is very explicit, therefore, that belief in Heaven and Hell is a fundamental belief of Islam. Anybody who denies the existence of Heaven and Hell, anybody who denies that there's a reality of Heaven and Hell has denied the

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testimony of the Koran and that is why there is no interpretation of Islam there is no acceptable interpretation of Islam that would reject this core fundamental belief. It can be said that anybody who does not believe in an afterlife has in fact rejected the Quran and has rejected the Lord of the Quran and rejected the messenger ship of our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, you cannot be Muslim, without believing in Jen and jahannam. It is that simple. Now, in sha Allah to Allah, today, we're going to begin the topic, we're not going to go into a lot of detail. And by the way, we're going to begin with the topic of jahannam and then move on to gender. The reason being that, in

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fact, the Quran whenever it talks about gender and gender, sometimes it mentions gender first, and sometimes it mentions jahannam first, but it can be said that generally speaking, Allah subhanaw taala monkeywrench is a punishment like Generally, if you look at overall the Koran that generally speaking, Allah mentions the punishment. And then he mentioned the reward, for example, look at the last verses or sort of zoom or look at, for example, sort of our ramen as well, and many other verses as well that generally speaking again, there are many exceptions. It's not It's not even an overall rule, because there are plenty of verses in the Koran there plenty of passages where alum

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mentions genda first and then mentions jahannam. But overall, I would say that the majority of instances is first gen and then Gen. And the reason being is that we want to end on an optimistic note that overall Allah and Allah as Mercy is encompassing of all and that Allah azza wa jal is a Rahmani r Rahim. And therefore, we should end on that positive note, we should want to aspire to be forgiven by Allah and have the hope of a less forgiveness. And therefore in this series of lectures from next lecture today is going to be the setup of the whole series. From the next lecture in shallow data will begin with some of the details of jahannam and then move on to some of the details

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of genda and shallow data. Now, the reality of gender and gender is, of course, something that is explicitly mentioned in the Quran. It's written in multiple verses. And in fact, Allah subhanho wa Taala created Jen and jahannam, even before he created them, ie his setup. And so before even there was man, there was Jenna and Johanna. But of course, we know this from many, many verses of them is, of course, a lesser amount of data created Adam and HAUER And then said to them enter agenda, right. So therefore there is already agenda when he created Adam and Hawa and he's telling them go and enter gender. And in the famous Hadith in Sahih, Muslim, Abu huraira reports that the Prophet

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sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, LEM Haleakala hogen number one our our Salah Gibran lol Jen, when Allah created heaven and hell, he sent Gibraltar into Jenna. And he said to Jabra l go look at Gibran he go look at gender and see what I have prepared for the people of gender. And so God want to gender and saw all that a law had prepared for the people of gender. When he came back, he said to a law were Exotica, I swear by your honor over law, that no creation can hear about what is in here, except that they're going to enter it How can anybody not enter all of these blessings and delights? How can you possibly not want to be in general everybody will enter gender. And then Allah

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subhana wa Taala said to God, that I have now surrounded Jenna with the difficulties that people need to do to get into gender, right? So for hillforts Bill makadi. Macari means that which is difficult to makuu McCarrick means that which is a obstacle. And so Allah subhanho wa Taala put around agenda metaphorically meaning how Allah does it, we're not going to ask how, in a way that he knows in a way that Julian understands. Allah showed Djibouti, the struggles that people have to do to get into Jenna. And so Djibouti then went back and looked at the mechanics or the struggles outside of gender. And then God said, that I swear by Your Honor, or law, I am actually worried that

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now nobody might be able to get in, nobody might be able to get in once they see the struggles of what it requires to get into gender. Then Allah subhanho wa Taala, sent God to the fire of health. And he said to gibreel go and look at what I have prepared for the people of health. And so God looked and then he came back, and he said, that and he saw the the fire of health envelope in itself and eating itself. It was so vicious, it was so violent, evil, that it was as if health was in itself swallowing and wallowing in its own punishment. So jabril saw this, and he then came back and he said, I swear by Your Honor, a will law that no one can possibly hear about this, except that

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they're going to be saved. They're never going to do anything to get into this place. I mean, it's understood when they know what is this place, no one can possibly enter it. And then Allah subhana wa Tada.

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surrounded the fire of hell with the lusts and desires and temptations with the Shahada. And that is the passage to go into jahannam. And then he sent gibreel and said, Look at what is around jahannam. So jabril then came back and said that, oh, I swear by your honor over law, I am now worried that nobody will be safe from jahannam now that you've shown us the delectable delights that lead to jahannam, the pleasures of the body, that's the Shahada that lead to jahannam. Now that I've seen all of this, I am worried that everybody's going to get involved with those pleasures, and then they're going to enter into Johanna we seek Allah's refuge. So this shows us a very important point.

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This Hadith is a Sahih Muslim, and in the Sunnah, Nova Buddhahood and in Timothy, and it is an authentic hadith. Now this had this demonstrates for us a number of things, first and foremost that Allah has already created heaven and hell, these are realities, they're not going to be created in the future, they are existent right now. Secondly, that the realities of gender and jahannam are self evident, even to the angels who will not be enjoying gender, or being punished in gender. The angels are separate from this realm in the sense that the angels don't have pleasures. The angels are not beings that experience pain or pleasure. They are a different creation from Allah azza wa

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jal. And yet, even that species when they have seen Jenna, they desire gender. Imagine that. And even that species when they saw the jahannam, they were frightful of agenda and they said, Nobody can possibly end up in jahannam. And this shows us what amazing reality must this be that even a creation that doesn't desire actually had a desire, and even the creation that is not fear jahannam was actually fearful of it. And the same goes as well. When Jabra he saw the pleasures around gender, and the this the the sorry, the pleasures around jahannam, and the difficulties around gender, that even Jabra, he understood how difficult it is the entrance to gender, and how easy it

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is the path to enter jahannam and so all of this is great wisdom and food for thought. And of course another reality about Jen and Johanna is that our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he saw Jenna and Johanna with his own eyes. Anybody who believes in Warhammer, the Rasulullah sallallahu I said him anybody who believes that a lot inspired this man to teach and preach to us must also believe that gender and gender is existed because he told us he saw it with his own eyes. And it wasn't just one time, multiple times he has seen gender and Johanna, of course, there are certain dreams that he tells us about gender and Johanna, but he has also seen it in his own marriage, and he has seen it

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in wakeful state as well. And there are many evidences of this nature. As for Israel and Mirage, you can listen to the sea of electricity, I've given any book of Sierra and it will go into detail that our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam saw aspects of Jenna and he heard the footsteps of Bella and he saw the Palace of Baba and so many things that he saw. And he also saw the punishments meted out, either in the barossa or pre jahannam or jahannam itself. He saw all of this in the journey of his Surat while Mirage, and also when his son Ibrahim passed away and the eclipse took place. Our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam stood in a long, long saga. This is called the Salah of the

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horseshoe for the Salah of the eclipse prayer and it is a prayer that is done it is the Sunnah, unfortunately, so many times we do not follow this. But whenever there is a solar or a lunar eclipse, we should be standing in solar, and it is a long, long saga. And our Prophet system stood for the entire duration of the eclipse. And it is a special soul that has his own rulings. There's two two records in every sense of the Bible. In every one record, there's two records and this is an interesting point of select horseshoe. So our profits of the lahardee who said I'm stood and said

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and when he finished the Salah, and he turned to face the people he gave them a lecture Moreover, that affected them that move them and one phrase in that as reported in Sahih Muslim and other books of Hadith by a two female army had Kula Shea in World War Two. I have seen everything as I was standing in Salah all that I promised you I saw it had a Tony O'Donoghue the Quito feminine genetti that even I saw that I saw agenda itself and I could see a bunch of grapes in genda. And the profitsystem was standing and saw that they saw him move forward in Florida. And then they saw him move back and Santa so long narration that during the salado zoo, he moved to step forward, and then

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he moved back to his place and then he moved backwards and then he moved back to his place. Then he's explaining what happened. And he said I saw everything that you had been promised so much so that I saw some of the fruits of general

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Some of the grapes of genda. And I went forward to want to pluck some of those dates. And then he decided not to do that. Then he said, If I had plucked from those dates and put them on this earth, we would have eaten from it until the day of judgment, he would never have finished one bunch of grapes, one bunch of grapes would have sufficed, whoever ate from it until the day of judgment. But of course, it was hikma is that that is from today, we will not see it. And then he said, what a Katara to jahannam. And I saw the fire of hell. And they saw it engulfing itself. And that is when you saw me move backward from the heat of the fire of hell, I moved backwards. Now this hadith

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demonstrates as well, that Jen and Johanna are realities that our Prophet sallallahu wasallam saw with his own eyes, they are currently in existence. So of course, as they said, No Muslim denies this, none of the none of the interpretations are groups of Islam that believe in the Quran and believe in the prophet of Islam as a prophet, and are considered to be Muslims deny heaven and hell. Now before I jump into the details, that's going to be from from next week and shallow to our next lesson. As you know, I always contextualize, always historicize always want to look at it from a a broader perspective. And what I'd like to do today, for the rest of our 2530 minutes and shallow

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data, is actually to educate ourselves as Muslims, about the worldviews of other faiths and other civilizations so that we can better appreciate our own. Now, some people the question and they wonder, and they say, why would you teach us what other faith traditions say, let us stick only with our own faith tradition. And we say that in fact, there is much benefit. And that's why the Quran explicitly mentions the fates of other people. The Quran teaches us that there is something called the Trinity. The Quran teaches us that there's something called idolatry and therefore, this notion of we shouldn't hear anything about other faiths and whatnot, it goes back to what is your intention

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of wanting to learn and study? Allah says in the Quran, that what could it could foster it? Well, it is the Venus sabby rule moogerah mean? This is how we clarify the clear signs, so that the path of the wicked people can be made clear the path of the evil people can be made clear. Allah says, I want to make clear to you, I want to clarify to you the path of the evil people. Why? Because as one of the poets of the past said, I learned evil, not so that I can follow evil but to avoid it, because the one who doesn't separate truth from evil, the one who doesn't know truth from evil will then fall into evil and the famous companion, are they particularly a man or viola, who died and had

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it is a Muslim? He said, that kind of a kind of nefarious, aluna Rasulullah sallallahu idea he was sending it. Hi, welcome to illuminate shed re Maha fetter and with rekening, the people would ask the Prophet sallallahu wasallam about good things. But I would concentrate on asking you about the negatives about the bad things. Why not because he loved it. Because I was worried those things might happen to me, I was worried that I might fall into something bad. So I asked him about the negative things. And somebody asked me about rhodiola one, that what will be the destruction of Islam? How will Islam be harmed or destroyed? He said, when a generation comes, that doesn't that

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wasn't raised in Jehovah or doesn't know Jamelia when a eugenic generation comes, they don't know jack Haley, this is a very profound, very profound statement from rhodiola. One. Why? Because the people of jaha Leah, the Muslims who converted, they knew the evils pre Islam, and they could appreciate the goods of Islam, they could appreciate what it means to believe in La ilaha illAllah Muhammad Rasul Allah to have the Koran to have the Sharia, but there's gonna come generations that don't appreciate it, they take it for granted. So I'm gonna hop upset when people don't know what is Gen Z, when they are raised, having no understanding, they're living in complete blissful ignorance

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about what is the reality of not having faith of not having a man, they're not going to appreciate it. Therefore, it is actually very useful for us to know what other faiths say, so that we can then appreciate and thank Allah subhana wa, tada and increase our Eman in what we ourselves believe. And of course, this is a brief introduction. Obviously, this is a speciality that people can spend many, many years and decades you know, specializing and what is interesting to note when it comes to beliefs in the afterlife, with regards to all faith traditions, is that pretty much it is a universal belief in all faith traditions, that somehow life is going to go on after death. None of

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the major established world religions says that life ends at the time of death. That is not what isn't the established religion. Yes, there were people in the past and there might also be today of course.

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Are the agnostics and the atheists that say the same thing that and even they, by the way, even amongst them, there are philosophies that consciousness somehow lives on or whatnot. But you know, by and large, the faith traditions of the of the world established religions of the world, they all have mechanisms, or they all have beliefs that indicate that or that have this notion that life is somehow going to continue after death in this world. And generally speaking, again, this is a very introductory lecture, generally speaking, the religions of the world are divided into two broad categories, the Abrahamic religions, and the dharmic religions. This is the general categorization

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of religions, of course, the Abrahamic religions, generally speaking, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Some have added on to that tacked on to that Zoroastrianism and some have said, mundane ism, but basically, it's the three major religions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. And the Abrahamic religions, all of them, they are very clear in their original scriptures, that there is a belief in the Hereafter, that there is a concept of Heaven and Hell, and this is this standard mainstream belief of Jews, Christians and Muslims, that there shall be an actual resurrection, there is an actual heaven where the souls will be in eternal bliss, there's an actual health where there will be

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an everlasting punishment, and especially in Christianity and Islam out of the three, especially in Christianity and Islam, this is still the default and the main belief amongst all of the called them the Orthodox or the traditionalist or the the bulk of even today, Protestants and Catholics and Orthodox and mainstream Christian traditions. Of course, there are fringe movements, you know, like the Seventh Day Adventists and other these have their own interpretations but by and large, mainstream Christianity and of course, pretty much all of the groups of Islam they believe in an actual Heaven and Hell now, the Jewish faith tradition is a little bit more complicated. The Quran

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tells us that the Jews believed in an afterlife and they definitely did when the Quran came down, as Allah says in the Quran, will call you lent MSN and now, Mr. Duda the day said even if we go to hell, we're only going to go for a little bit of while and then we're going to move on to gender. And Allah says in the Quran that the yehudah nosara said that none shall enter Jenna except if they are Yahood and Masada right, Linda? Jen data element Ghana houden owner sala tilta Amani, you home that's their claim. But here Allah is saying they believed in something called eight Gen. And that is very clear they definitely did. In early Judaic faith traditions, there's no question that

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mainstream Judaism believed in a resurrection and in an afterlife. However, even in early Judaism, there was a sect known as the Sadducees. And this is mentioned in the Old Testament and the New Testament mentions is a disease that the Sadducees in ancient sector, they actually denied the date of judgment. Nonetheless, mainstream Judaism believed that there's going to be heaven and hell so much so that Maimonides must have the main mono Moses Maimonides, who is considered to be the great Rabbi his called Rambam, or the great rabbi, the main theologian and the main figurehead of Judaism and of course, is an interesting figure because he was born and raised in Muslim and the lucea. And

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he was influenced by Muslim VEDA and Muslim culture. He studied film and whatnot. And he wrote even in Arabic and in crypto Arabic and in Judeo Arabic, and he lived in Muslim lands, and he flourished in Muslim lands and he died in Muslim lands, and he was the the personal physician, because he was a doctor as well as a number of Muslims Hold on. So Moses Maimonides is the main codifier of Jewish law and theology. And Moses Maimonides, he wrote a Slidell treatise called the 13 basically put articles of faith the 13 articles of a man and for the advanced students who is very similar to the theology of evolution as well so it will reach them in terms of Seyfarth and whatnot. Anyway, that's

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a whole different point. So um, what was I saying was simply my mind he wrote this 13 articles of faith. And in that he explicitly says that the Jewish people, we believe that there will take place a revival of the dead at a time that will please the Creator, that the dead are going to come back to life at a time that will please the whenever Allah knows is going to happen. So Moses Moses Maimonides codifies this as a part of the doctrines of what Jews are supposed to believe. And that is why To this day, if you look up any Orthodox Jewish website, they will quote Moses Maimonides, and they'll say, this is what the theology is, but then they're going to say, but how do we

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interpret this? What does it actually mean? And so Orthodox Judaism has begun to basically allow for interpretations that deny a reality of Heaven and Hell, and they do not make it now. They do not consider what Moses Maimonides wrote to be like the unambiguous verdict, they simply say well, it has multiple interpretations as for

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Conservative Judaism and reformed Judaism and reconstructionist Judaism, they have either outright rejected or they have said that it is not an article of faith and you don't have to believe in an afterlife. And so it is interesting to note that even amongst the Orthodox that, generally speaking, they don't emphasize this point that much is not something that is a mainstream or something that is a cardinal belief. If you ask, they might say, well, there might be an afterlife or not, or heaven in hell, or there's just a high heightened state of consciousness, a number of them, if you read their beliefs, this is my interpretation. They seem closer to the Buddhist concept of Nirvana than

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an actual heaven in this regard, that in any case, the point is that, generally speaking, the modern practitioners of the Jewish faith, generally speaking, do not have the same notions of heaven and hell that mainstream Christians do and mainstream Muslims do. So this is Judaism, Christianity, Islam, by the way, I said Zoroastrianism and another. So Zoroastrianism is, of course, one of the most ancient religions and it is very likely it's just a theory of mine, it is very likely that this religion does go back to an actual prophet of Allah, but it was corrupted over time from Allah knows best. The reason we say this is because there are certain key beliefs that are very prophetic in

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nature, nonetheless, we do not know and we leave that knowledge to Allah subhana wa Taala. But Zoroastrianism does believe that those that are righteous, and they live according to their laws, that they shall live an eternal life, of light, and bliss. Because one of the key points of this restaurant religion is that they're their God is the God of light, or who the monster, and the evil is darkness raimond. And so they said that the righteous shall live in bliss, in light with a hula Master, and the wicked are condemned to eternal darkness. They're condemned to eternal darkness with you, which is basically their version of hell. Now, of course, all of these beliefs, the Abrahamic

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beliefs, all of them, they say that the soul is one soul, and it is sent into this world, and then it shall move on to the next world. None of the Abrahamic faiths believe in reincarnation of the same soul, they don't believe in that. That's what makes them such a part that one soul comes to Earth, it lives, and then it moves on to the next realm, or afterlife. And the goal of this world is to earn the pleasure of the Creator so that when you make it to the next realm, you shall be in the place of bliss and not in the place of punishment. Okay? This is the reality of the Abrahamic traditions. And by the way, it's not just the Abrahamic traditions, some of the ancient religions

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that are no longer existent. It is also clear that they believed in concepts of heaven, and hell as well. For example, the Greeks and the Romans, it is very clear that they believed in some type of afterlife, there's bliss, and there's of course, hell, hell, Hades and whatnot is very clear as well, even the Norse, the the nor the Norse religion, mythology, the Nordic religions, they also believe, you know, the Vikings or the follow the Nordic religion, the ancient religion of Europe. And they clearly believe as well, in a notion of heaven. They called it Valhalla, in which they're, they're going to be reunited with the god Odin and being eternal bliss. And they also have a notion

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of punishment. They called it nil, hell, and of course, the English word hell does is related to the Norse word as well, nil hell, which is basically the the eternal punishment will be taking place there. And of course, the ancient Egyptians anyway, by the way, the Egyptians again, all of these utensils,

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one of the reasons why they would embalm the dead and put them in their, you know, mummified states was that they believe that that would help the soul in its journey to the afterlife. So they had this notion of their own version of Buddhism, and then their own version of, you know, crossing over some type of bridge, a river, and then the afterlife after this, and for all of us,

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those that don't believe in God, the atheists, they say, look at you people, you are believing in the same types of myths that are found across the global traditions. And of course, I've responded to this multiple times, that we can flip it around one ad, and say, the very fact that these notions exist in so many disparate civilizations, the very fact that the ancient Vikings believed in something of this nature, so did the Egyptians, you know, so did the ancient Greeks and Romans, so do the Abrahamic religions. Rather than saying that, you know, this is the product of a human being, we can flip it around and say, if there were no divine revelation, where would these things come

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from? Why would according to them a species that doesn't have a higher greater and purpose? Why would everybody invent a similar notion? How is that happening? We will flip it around. And we will say, actually, all of these notions, even to the civilizations that don't know their own profit, the the notion is trickling down from the prophets because we believe that prophets were sent to all civilizations, and some of their teachings would have remained and so we don't know who was sent to ancient Europe and the Viking civilization. We don't know what remnants were left, but

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We do believe that they must have had some profit in the ancient era, you know, before the coming of the Prophet system, somebody would have come to those civilizations, and some of that teaching would have remained. And of those teachings that remained, even if so many other things were lost was this notion of an afterlife, and the heaven and the help. So this is overall the Abrahamic religions, and also the ancient religions of old. Now, in contrast to this, of course, the one tradition that is in contrast to this is, of course, ancient Hinduism. And from Hinduism, of course, you had the sprouting forth of Buddhism, and Jainism and of course, Sikhism as well. So in reality, it is one

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faith tradition, overall the philosophy if you know your history, then of course,

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Siddhartha Buddha, of course, was a Hindu. And then he broke away, and he founded his own understanding, but in reality, the paradigm is a Hindu paradigm. And so the dharmic religions, even though there are four or five, a number of Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and to a lesser degree, Sikhism, but the in reality, they have a similar philosophy, because they all go back to the same belief. And that, of course, that is, of course, ancient Hinduism. And they are separate completely from the rest of the world traditions when it comes to the belief of the afterlife. And of course, for them, the dharmic religions, life is not a one that you come and you live your life, and then

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there's going to be an afterlife. No, for them, life is cyclical life is circular, that once you finish one life in this world, you will then come back again, you'll be resurrected again. And it's a continuous loop. And the goal of life is to break free from that loop. The goal of life is that you no longer are part of that, that circle that you keep on coming back. And for they don't want that they want to break away. And of course, in Hinduism is called as Moksha Moksha, in Moksha, in Buddhism is called Nirvana. And so there's different ways of achieving that. There's the eight paths of you know, fulfill of achieving fulfillment and breaking away from the cycle. The point being that

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these faith traditions, do not believe in an actual Heaven and Hell the way that we do, and they have a completely different understanding. And they believe that depending on how you live your life, the next life you will be resurrected in accordance with how good you were, and you slowly continue to rise. And when you rise in the highest category of their caste system, you now have the option if you live according to their principles, that you will then break away and then achieve oneness you know, that is the Nirvana or whatnot, or Moksha. with, you know, the color, a tomato and but the point is, is not that the point of today's lecture, but they break away from the cycle of

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life, and they will achieve eternal bliss in their own way. Now, one can say there's an element of gender in there, in that they still say eternal bliss and being one with whatever it is. Still, it is not our notion of Heaven and Hell, it's not our notion of how we believe it. But still there is an element of Hey, if you live your life righteously, and you continue to do so eventually, you shall attain eternal bliss. And in that regard, it is true to say every single faith tradition in the world has that notion that if you live a good life now who defines good your religion, however, your religion defines good, if you live a good life, then you shall eventually live a blissful

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however the existence might be the differences that the Abrahamic traditions, they say that you yourself will understand your bliss, and you will be in Jenna, whereas the other traditions don't have that notion and you might just become one with the whole and your consciousness will be subsumed by other consciousnesses. But still, there is that notion of eternal bliss, Jade. Okay, that's all of the current faith traditions. As for the Arabs before the coming of Islam, what did they believe? It is difficult to reconstruct their beliefs fully, because, as with, you know, such primitive paganism because it was primitive paganism, they don't have a holy book, right? They don't

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have a codified faith tradition. Rather, the outcomes of Islam were very, they had different notions of morality of afterlife, and the Koran is consistently criticizing them for one notion, and that is their rejection of a bodily resurrection. That is undeniable. None of the Arabs believed in a bodily resurrection and they mocked a bodily resurrection. Now, did they believe in a consciousness remaining in the next life? It appears that generally speaking the outcomes of hijas did not do so the Horan is addressing them primarily and there is no notion of a soul existing onwards now. There are some

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there's some pre Islamic poetry that might seem to suggest that some tribes

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did believe in some type of consciousness maintaining onwards. That could be the case still, it is not the predominant belief of the Arabs coming to Islam. Allah says Napoleon will call you in here in Ohio to in the dunya. No more to wanna hear warmer, you lacuna in the dark. They said, it's only one life that we live, we live and we die. And we just we're gonna die we're going to live and nothing is going to destroy us other than time, by time here a dot here. They don't mean the clock time they mean like destiny. They mean just by one that one that when the Quran and Sunnah uses the word dar, it is a type of destiny, like this is our destiny, we're going to live and we're going to

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die. And that is it, nothing is going to bring us back again. And so this is the predominant the mainstream belief of pre Islamic Arabs that they denied. There's going to be an actual resurrection, they denied a piano, they make fun, they made fun of the fact that our bodies can be resurrected. And this is of course a constant theme. Every single almost every single page of the Quran criticizes the Arabs for this belief, and proves that there's going to be a day of judgment, and of course, by implication, a heaven and a hell. Now again, I went over in the one I talked about the Day of Judgment at the very first lecture, I went over in a lot of detail some of the arguments that

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the Quran uses to prove the day of judgment and some of the wisdoms of the Day of Judgment. I refer you to that lecture nonetheless, just in case some of you have, and also it's been a long time, I'm going to go through very quickly because we are beginning a new series about heaven and hell, and some of the wisdoms of the belief in the Day of Judgment, we can extrapolate them or you can read in a little bit more to talk about the wisdoms and the beliefs Why is there a heaven and a hell and of course the Quran and Sunnah is very explicit about this belief. And Allah mentions that the one who created them the first time can recreate them, Allah subhana wa tada reminds mankind that the one

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who creates mankind can recreate mankind, that who are the familiar to who wonder I like that he is the one who created the creation, he can redo it all over again. And Allah says in the Quran, surely the one who created this creation is capable of creating something similar to it. And Allah zoji reminds us that the world around us shows us that the death dead can come back to life in the sense of when you look at

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soil that is not fertile. When you look at even the the power of the the nature around you, when Allah mentions that, look at the fire that gets from the tree that you know, you you you obtain from where does it come from that power, who created all of this, Allah tells us to look at the entire creation. And so the one who created the creation is indeed all powerful to create other creations like heaven and hell. But what is particularly interesting is that Allah Subhana, WA, tada uses as well, the rational argument of proving Heaven and Hell, it's not just he uses his power is not just he says, Look at how powerful I am, I can do this. It's not just he says, I know what I'm telling

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you believe in me, which is also in the Quran, that Allah says, This is the truth and know that that's also there. And Allah uses his power. But a lot also uses a rational argument to appeal to the common sense of every human being that we should believe in an afterlife and in heaven and hell, Allah says in the Koran fnh are Muslim in academia, medical care for the one do you think that the believers and the criminals should be the same? What is the matter with you? How are you judging? This is a very powerful verse, If you negate Heaven and Hell, if you say there's no such thing as heaven and hell, well then, you know, somebody who lived their whole life being kind and generous

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and feeding the poor and taking care of relatives and and and, and then somebody who was like a mass murderer or a genocidal dictator or Hitler or if you're gonna say that they live they died and that's it. That's not fair. How is that fair? And Allah is asking a rhetorical question fnh misdemeanor crime, which is a mean mitoku case for the moon. And Allah says in the Quran, that I'm going to call it an ANA allele that do you think that we're going to make those who believe and do good? Sorry, I'm naturally sorry, another verse. I'm going to live in harmony. Why would you saw the article mosimane? I'm Nigel mattina, colorful job. Do you think that we're going to equate those who

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believe and do good deeds to those who do evil in the earth? Do you think that the righteous and the wicked are the same? And again, it's a rhetorical question, those who deny judgment day where is justice? You cannot believe in God, except that you must affirm a day of judgment and heaven and help. And if you deny God, well, then you're even more foolish because where did we come from? And what explains that

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Life etc etc. So this is a very simple, powerful logic that helps us explain and rationalize Why is there Heaven and Hell? And somebody can say that well, what does it impact us if we believe in heaven and hell? What is the the the the benefits of this? And we say, some handler, where does one begin? First and foremost, it provides us a moral compass, a sense of self discipline that is impossible to achieve. Otherwise, we now desire the rewards of Allah subhana wa tada and we're fearful of his punishment. And this brings about a sense of morality, a sense of honesty, a sense of acting in a dignified manner, not taking advantage of opportunity, being conscious that I have to

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answer to Allah subhana wa Tada. It helps us live better and more ethical lives in our private lives when nobody is watching. We know we have to reckon in front of Allah subhanho wa Taala also have an unhealed belief in heaven and hell, it motivates us to accomplish something in our lives, rather than living our lives without any purpose, just meaninglessness. And you know, imagine if as atheists do that, there's no afterlife, there's no kiama. In fact, they have to invent purposes for their lives, their lives are meaningless, it means nothing. What is the purpose of your life? If you don't believe in a higher power? You don't believe in a God, you don't believe in a heaven? And

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hell, you don't believe in an eternal life? Well, then why would it What is there to motivate you to wake up? And that is one of the reasons why there is no denying that faith brings about a sense of serenity and optimism, and a lack of faith brings about a sense of helplessness and despair. And also, you know, thoughts of suicide or whatnot. And again, I'm not saying that a Muslim cannot go down despair. Of course, that is possible. But generally speaking, the general rule is strong, a man helps us in this regard. Also, another point is that, when we believe in heaven, and hell, then it helps us overcome difficult times. And it helps us to be optimistic, even in the most, you know,

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awkward or the most, you know, problematic of circumstances, we look forward to something better in the future, life is very difficult for some people much worse than others. And, you know, it's very difficult to contextualize to understand, especially when you look at the evil happening. And again, this is one of the common reasons why atheists reject God. And they say, why would a god you know, send a tsunami wave or teach these innocent children are starving or this and that is happening. And if you do not believe in a heaven and hell, there is no answer you can give. But once you bring Heaven and Hell into the equation, it is very easy to as you know, the pain of five minutes, the

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pain of a few euro a few years, is nothing compared to the bliss of the eternity, that you are going to suffer just a little bit of time, however long that is, and if you are faithful, and pious and righteous, so that child that died, you know, the parents, the child, of course, is going to agenda and the parents when they are patient will also be reunited with that child in general, if you take away the concept of Heaven and Hell, you have no mechanism of explaining the pain and suffering in this world. And you will then lead down your road of more helplessness and more denial of God, a belief in the afterlife and a belief in Allah subhanho wa Taala is a logical corollary, the two go

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hand in hand, if you believe in a lot, and we must believe in a lot, because that explains our existence, you will automatically automatically believe in a heaven and hell and agenda and karma as well. And also one of the reasons we believe in Heaven and Hell is a sense of justice, a sense of reckoning, it helps us calm down to placate the anger, the rage of all of the injustice in the world, because indeed, there's a lot of injustice in the world. And a lot of times, it seems that the criminals get away those who robbed those who steal. And I mean here, not just those who robbed you at gunpoint, sometimes it is the dictator, sometimes it is our own elected politicians,

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sometimes it is corrupt CEOs, they seem to get away with stealing the money of innocent people by stealing, I don't mean necessarily putting a gun I mean, what is going on in the world, the rich and the powerful, get more and more rich and powerful, and they're feeding off of the poor and the helpless? Where is the ultimate sense of justice here? And that is why when you believe in heaven and hell, you automatically have a sense of consolation that that person who murdered you know, so many people, you know, when I'm giving this lecture series right now, we are seeing Of course, some of you will see this many years from now but right now, a lie when we're seeing this is that the

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trial is taking place of the mass murder in New Zealand who who massacred over 50 Muslims and we're seeing you know daily what the the the video footage panel of the survivors and the family members powerful footage. And this this this this vile creature that committed this atrocious crime on innocent women and children that were praying 50 plus people were killed.

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He's going to live his life in an air conditioned room being provided solid, you know, food, good meals three times a day, you know, entertainment and television? Yes, he's in jail. But do you think that is what he should deserve that just to be, you know, living his life comfortably until he dies and being provided entertainment and food and meals and books and whatnot? Okay, even if he's in jail, where is the justice? What's going to who's going to account for all of that? And how bad the dictators that are killing their own people? How about, you know, the the, the the people who are killing innocence around the world, if you don't believe in hell, then what is the sense of who's

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going to and also the opposite. There are so many people they have done good. And yet they die in a way that might not be the most, they're not rewarded in this world. They're not rewarded for their good. So when you believe in heaven, and hell, it changes the entire paradigm, there's a sense of accountability, there's a sense of optimism, there's a sense of hope. We also overcome that in case we don't get what we want in case there's a loss or something we know that we can wake we can we can make it up in the next life. And therefore, we say that believing in gender and now it is one of the most important pillars, not just of a man, but to be honest, of living a sane and an optimistic

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life. And that is why it is so important, dear Muslim, that we spend time literally contemplating heaven and hell. That is why the Quran mentions Heaven and Hell so frequently, because it's not just abstract beliefs. It is a belief that will translate into a lived reality of how you're going to go about your daily routine of how you're going to cope with troubles with success with injustice of how you're going to deal with all the negativity of the world, belief in heaven. And hell allows you to live a sane life in this world. It's very simple. And that is why these fundamentals are so important for us, because without them so panela life becomes very difficult tonight, I have to send

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a personal note. I don't even understand how a person who doesn't believe in a higher power and doesn't believe in a God and doesn't believe in Heaven and Hell, I just don't understand what motivates them to to even live not just live a good life to live even. It's a bleak dismal world and there's so many problems and issues and if you think that you're going to end and you're just not going to be a conscious anymore, well then what is the purpose of moving on? And that is why when you actually believe in Allah subhana wa tada your Eman your heart feels so much at ease. Allah decree law he talks about in no on Hulu. I want to conclude on a an interesting question and then

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inshallah we'll continue and go into the actual details of how Allah describes the Quran in the Quran and Sunnah heaven in Hell, I want to conclude by a very important facet, and that is that these days, we it's not just a simple reality of describing Heaven and Hell, we are facing an onslaught of atheists and of those who reject all faiths, that they are mocking our religion, all religions, not just our religion. And just like the outcomes of old mocked the the jehoiada. They mock the Quran, the Quran mocked the heaven and help and the concept of resurrection, they said, How is it possible, so to exactly the same mentality, even though the words are different, are the

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modern protagonists of atheism, where they belittle our faith? they mock the sensual pleasures of heaven, and the eternal, you know, punishments of Johanna. And sometimes even our, you know, our youth and our Muslim brothers and sisters are like, why is heaven described with such sensual pleasures? And why is hell described with such brutal, you know, vivid graphic details of punishment? And again, we're gonna go back to this question over and over again. But this is our first lecture. So to set the stage here, first and foremost, it's not just about the punishments of the body or the pleasures of the body, not at all. It's true, it's there. There's no denying that,

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but much more important than the physical punishment or the physical pleasures is the attainment of a law's pleasure. And the abstaining or less pleasures allow us to do law and to save ourselves from Allah's anger and humiliation. And that is what in the Quran, the two are linked together. For example, the concept of Allah that Allah Subhana Allah says that we like to Xeni Yama, you bartone that Allah says in the Quran, that one of the doors that we like to call Xena yom Okayama don't humiliate us so well on the day of judgment that whoever earns the displeasure of Allah has been humiliated. And in the Hadith, and the people have gender when they ask a lot as a widget and they

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ask and they ask, Allah says, I have something even more than what you can possibly ask for. And they say, Oh Allah, what could possibly be more than gender? And then Allah subhana wa Tada.

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says, I will now give you my pleasure and I'll never be angry at you. So the pleasure of Allah and the attainment of the happiness of our Creator. It is a more important goal than the pleasures of the body. And the same goes to abstain from the Wrath of Allah, the anger of Allah to abstain from the humiliation of Allah subhana wa tada Oh the below we seek Allah's refuge there is no humiliation greater than the humiliation of your Creator, that turning away from you and not giving you His mercy. So that is what we want to avoid. Therefore, the punishments of hell and the blessings of gender. They are there, they are real, but they are not the ultimate, the ultimate goal. In the end

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of the day, hell and heaven are created and gender is a manifestation of Allah's mercy. We want Allah's mercy. And when we get it we get gender. And hell is a manifestation of Allah's anger. We don't want a less anger. When we are saved from Allah's anger, we are saved from hell. So realize the goal is not Jenin directly. It's an indirect goal, no question about that we are not watering anything down that we want. genda We ask Allah for agenda, but the ultimate goal is the pleasure of Allah. And along with the pleasure of Allah, one of the perks of the pleasures of Allah is gender. And the same goes for jahannam. That the actual goal is the is the avoidance of Allah's anger of

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Allah's Wrath of Allah's humiliation. That's the first point. The second point is that these people who make fun of the pleasures of Jen or the the pain of agenda and whatnot, you know, it belies human reality. No society can function without checks and balances, without perks without, you know, the carrot and the stick as the saying goes, No corporation can flourish, without rewarding those that are loyal and good. And then you know, dealing with those that are not and not doing their good job, this is the reality of our existence. And so Allah Subhana, without is simply talking to us in the language that we all understand, we desire some good, we don't want to have any physical pain or

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punishment, there notion those atheists of living a good life for the sake of goodness. So panela, Since when does any society ever function of this, it sounds all nice and philosophical, and platonic and whatnot. But that is not lived reality. And this leads me to my third point, these very people that make fun of agenda, these atheists, they make fun of agenda, and they make fun of the wine agenda and the women agenda and the pleasures agenda. Ask them, what do you do in this world for pleasure? How do you attain pleasure in this world, you make fun, you would think that if you make fun of that, that you should live ascetic lives, you should go live in the caves, not to have

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any good food, not have any intimacy, not to have anything, it is as if they want to get the pleasures of genda. And how long in this world. And as for us, we say, if we live pure, righteous lives, then Allah will bless us in a halal way, what we were deprived of, in a wrong way in this world. So we find the hypocrisy of the very people that make fun of these concepts, that in reality, they are the most hedonistic and the most sensual, realistic of all people. And they and the irony and the hypocrisy of them, daring to make fun of the archaea, even as they demonstrate in this world, what human nature is, in a manner that is the most vile and the most vulgar. So please spare

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me your pontifications and stop preaching to me, this version of of an afterlife morality that you yourselves cannot live up to in this world, we have to point this out, as well. And then the final point that we'll say, as well, is that there is a level of arrogance that is associated with those people who mock an afterlife, just like the arrogance of the Polish as well, that that level of arrogance presupposes that they are more knowledgeable and more powerful than Allah subhanho wa Taala. And therefore, those people who reject the ophira, who reject the notions of heaven, and hell, hell today, we can use the same verses that came down for the aurash upon these modern

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protagonists of atheism. And we say to them, that who knows better a lot or you we say to them, isn't the one who creates the creation capable of creating a heaven and hell isn't the one who made us in this manner, and made the world with such perfection capable of creating alternatives. And that's really the whole point here. And this is why we believe in Eman, build hype. It is a package deal. It is a package deal. Once you believe in Allah, and you must believe in a law, then automatically everything else fits into place, the one the God who created you and created the world around you has the power and the wisdom to create alternative universes. And those are the

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universities of the era which we don't understand fully. And yet, we can understand the power of the one who can do that. We can appreciate a lot quicker and allows knowledge and we appreciate allas hikma in that regard, and so, we say to

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them just like the Porsche old were told as well that how can you deny the one that created you the first time can definitely do this all over again. So this was our brief introduction to multiple concepts and then shallow to other. In our next lesson, we will start the detailed descriptions of what we know of the realities of gender and Johanna, we ask Allah subhana wa tada to be able to have inhabitants of gender and we seek His refuge from ever, ever, ever being of the inhabitants of jahannam. Until next time, Chuck mulcair said I want to move to LA he will balk at