The Book of Du’a From Sahih Al-Bukhari #3

Yasir Qadhi

Channel: Yasir Qadhi

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Tip number seven

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don't

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Salam Alaikum warahmatullahi wabarakatuh Bismillah Alhamdulillah wa salatu salam ala rasulillah. While early he was a happy woman while we are still doing our book of the other commentary of a moment Buhari is key I would watch or the book of Algeria or the book of the eyes of the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam and in our last lesson, I had done the first few traditions in the book of Torah and I had mentioned the best of is still far We now move on to chapter three. And you can also follow online as well and we will have inshallah tada the Hadith on the screen as well. And remember that sometimes there might be some variations in the wordings and that is simply because a

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moment Bahati so he has various recensions that are recorded in historical textbooks and manuscripts and that's where there might be some variation. So we began with chapter three Babu is still fighting Nabi sallallahu, ala he was sent lemma philleo meet with Layla, the chapter regarding the is still fall or the seeking of forgiveness of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam throughout the night and throughout the day. So in this chapter emammal Bahati will be discussing the mannerisms and the quantity of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam himself saying is too far, and he has in this tradition the famous Hadith, called death in Abuja, magnified by the National icon and is

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regarded as barani Abu Salah metagenome Rahman, color color Abu huraira, the Allahu anhu color submitted to Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam a Yahoo, while la he in neither Estelle fudo la Hawa jubu la fille Yomi thirimanne Submariner model. Now by the way, I am reciting the entire is not simply as a means of demonstrating how this book is taught in a technical manner. I'm not going to go over every single name in the isnaad in the chain of narrators. But I just wanted to demonstrate for you just just to show you how this book is taught at the in the seminaries. hamdulillah I'm, I was blessed to study in the College of Hadith. And we spent an entire year I got the old curriculum

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before they did all the changes. We spent an entire year on steelhead Bahati, and we went over the entire is not named by name, we had to memorize the the names and the dates and whatnot of every single person, and then understand, you know, the the meanings as well. And of course, that is not a requirement. That was the the old curriculum, it's not a requirement, even in many madrasahs around the world, when they will recite Buhari, they're simply going to go over the knot and then get to the actual text. And it is a part of the etiquette that when you recite the isnaad, you go over every single name and then when you get to the name of the companion, you say oh the Allahu tada and

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and then you move on to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. And we'll talk a little bit more about that later on. Just wanted to give you some benefits here and there. So this is the famous hadith of Abu huraira de la one, in which he said, I heard the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam say, what law he I swear by a law that I seek is still far I say, a stellar federal law. I seek Allah's forgiveness and I repent to him in a single day, more than 70 times more than 70 times in a day. I say, a stellar federal law and I repent to Allah subhanho wa Taala and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam begins this with Assam one law he and the wow here when when we say what law he the

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wow is not the wow of and because the word Wow. It is a preposition. And it has many, many meanings over 10 meanings in the Arabic language. And a lot of times when the beginner starts learning Arabic and they get to the Wow It means and and so they say what Allah He they translated as and Allah and that is a mistake, because the while here is the wow of an oath. And we know despite the context, how do you differentiate between the vowels? And so here when we say what law he we should translate it as I swear by a law and this while it is in the Quran, all of you know it well. fudger will have one lady they all show that while here sometimes some early foreign translators in English, they

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would say and the dawn and the early morning and the daytime and that's not the meaning here. It's not and it is I swear by That's the meaning of the wild over here. And there are many mechanisms to give an oath well law he Binda, he taught law he these are ways to give customs In the name of Allah subhanho wa Taala. And of course

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We firmly believe as Muslims that we can only give a custom we can only give an oath by Allah azza wa jal or one of his names and his attributes we are not allowed to give a person by any other created object. As for Allah subhana wa tada he is allowed to give a custom by himself or by one of his magnificent creations Allah has that right so Allah can give a custom by the sun by the moon was Seamus you will know how will accommodate that Allah we do not have the right to give us some by anything other than Allah subhana wa tada once they've been abus was performing the offer on the Kava and he heard somebody say, I swear by the Kava, I'm telling the truth, and it's been abuzz,

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turned to him and said, Do not swear by the cab, swear by the Lord of the cab. So we do not say I swear by the cab, we say I swear by the Lord of the cab, I swear by Allah subhana wa Taala I swear by R Rahman r Rahim. And we can we can give the oath we can give the person with the names and attributes of Allah as well that I swear by the speech of Allah that I'm telling the truth. And the Quran is the speech of Allah subhana wa Taala. And hence we can also give an oath by the Koran using the Quran because the Quran is indeed an attribute of all in terms of its its killam it is the column of Allah subhanho wa Taala. So it is also permissible to swear by the must have by the Quran

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because the Quran is the column of Allah subhanahu wa Tada. So here prophets of Allah who I sent him is giving the custom question, why is he giving the custom? When he always speaks the truth he never lies, why is he giving the custom response? He is giving the custom or the oath to bring emphasis. And this is a very important point when it comes to the Quran when it comes to the sooner when it comes to the speech of Allah or the speech of the Prophet salallahu alayhi wasallam we find that there are so many times there is an oath which I just gave you some examples from the Quran where Allah is giving the Assam Why does Allah need to give a person Why does Allah give an oath when

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there is none that is more truthful than Allah, woman us document Allah help tailor woman or supplement Allah Hadith that the Quran is asking, Is there any who is more truthful than a law and the response is no one is more truthful than Allah Subhana Allah to Allah. So if Allah is the one who is the most truthful, what then is the purpose of the custom? Because when I give us some, when you give us some, the purpose of giving that custom is to negate the possibility of me lying. You know, I make a mistake, I might say something that is half truth and truth. May Allah forgive me. Then somebody says, oh, you're not right here, I get angry, I say, I swear by a law that I'm telling

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you the truth, the purpose of bringing in the awesome is that you are mentioning the object or the being that is so sacred, that what is about to follow, would never be alive, or else that would dishonor that would show that the object you're mentioning is not sacred. And that is why giving an oath is a type of deification. It's a type of veneration, that is only befitting of Allah subhana wa Tada. And that is why the Muslim only gives a custom by the name of Allah. And so the question goes back to this, that why is Allah and the Prophet system sometimes also gives a person the response is to emphasize, in this case, when I give a custom, it's to negate the possibility of me lying when

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Allah subhana wa tada gives the custom when the Prophet salallahu, it said them gives a custom, there is no line that's taking place over there. So that there is a possibility of negation No. Now the purpose of the custom is to make the listener pay attention, so that you are hearing so that you are emphasizing and this is, again, a common reality of every single language, that every single language has mechanisms to bring emphases to what you're about to say. And Arabic In particular, is a language that has so many mechanisms, so many syntax rules, so many linguistic tricks to bring about an emphasis, you know, we all do this in our in our WhatsApp in our text messages when we're

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typing. If we wanted to emphasize something, we might write capital letters, or we might write them in bold, or these days, the iPhone, it has these things that when you send the message, you know, flowers are gonna call more, you're gonna see some fireworks on the screen. What is the purpose of all of that? It's to bring emphases to what we're saying to draw attention. Well, the Arabic language is one of the most eloquent languages when it comes to, if not the most, when it comes to mechanisms to draw attention to the speech and the Quran is full of these examples. So here when the Prophet sallallahu wasallam is giving the custom, he wants the Sahaba to pay attention, he wants us

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to pay attention. I'm not exaggerating at all. I want you to understand even I myself in the last video, and you know I said Arabic has many mechanisms for emphasis this lamb over here in the last cellfood He didn't say in the stellar federal law, he added a lamb

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This is also the lamb that is called the Lamb of emphasis. Sometimes there's a special lamb in the Arabic language the lecture lamb is added to a word that is not a part of the original word. So for example, Allah says in the Quran that in the Lucha, Lucha food or Rahim there are many times Allah says that Allah is love food under him. And in a number of times, Allah says Allah his love of food or Rahim, he adds a lamb here, even though the word of the food does not have a lamb in it, but by adding the lamb you get that extra emphasis. So the point here, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is making a statement and then he's double bolding and italicizing it he is drawing double

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attention. I am telling you listen to me pay attention. I am the one who asks a loss forgiveness more than 70 times in a single day. Now, this hadith of course, the moment Buhari puts it under the chapter heading the is the font of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam throughout the day in the night. And the purpose is obvious to anybody. And that is emammal Buhari is telling us if the one who was the best worshipper of Allah, and the hydro Haleakala and the say you the weather the Adam, and the one whom Allah subhana wa Taala says, regarding him in the Quran, that Lee Alfredo Lola Kamata, put them in them become a her so that Allah can forgive all of your sins, Allah has already

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promised forgiveness. And yet despite all of this, he is asking more than 70 times a day, then where am I? And where are you? Where am I? And where are you in this skill of asking Allah forgiveness. So the purpose here and then on top of this, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam is emphasizing in this manner, in a double manner, that I swear by Allah, indeed, surely, verily, I asked Allah forgiveness more than 70 times a day. So the purpose of course here is so that we understand to ask Allah forgiveness, as much as we can, we are even more in need of asking forgiveness, then the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and yet he is doing it 70 times a day. Now, this hadith. And again, by

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the way, it's my intention here. I mean,

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everybody has a methodology of teaching. And if a person wanted to, they could teach this at a very superficial level, and a person wants you to they could intermediate and very advanced level. And I'm aiming to do an intermediate commentary of the side bodies chapter. And no matter how long it takes in sha Allah, the purpose is to be of benefit in shallow data. And therefore, I'm intentionally going into various tangents here and there so that we get a holistic view. And by the way, this is a standard mechanism of giving a commentary of a classical text where you go where the text allows you to go, and you bring in subjects and topics so that the the people have benefit

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broader than just the very specifics. And each methodology and style has its pros and cons, there's no right and wrong. So I'm just telling you from now that I do aim to be relatively comprehensive, advanced intermediate, I would say, in the grand scheme of things higher than this is you would require Arabic language and go into the various names and the various chains and the various versions. And I have opted to not do this in the English language that we're doing, or else that is a different level altogether. But do realize there is even much more higher level. If you wanted to go down this issue of let's compile all of the narrations. Let's let's compare them and contrast

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them with other versions of the same headache. Let us see what other tidbits we can get. I'm not going to go on that tangent, what I will do, at least content wise, I will go in as many tangents as possible. And that's why in shallow data, I would say this is a fairly intermediate to advanced level, but it is definitely definitely not the most comprehensive that can be done. And really that is that it has been hedger spent a decade and a half, doing a commentary of solid body and it is available then, as you know, 15 in some prints 15 or 17, massive volumes. And we don't want to go down that as a different level altogether, nonetheless. So I wanted to get to this issue now. Which

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is a very interesting issue. And this hadith plays a critical role in that issue. And that is the issue of Hold on a sec. Why is the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam asking for forgiveness in the first place? I mean, does he even commit any sins such that he needs to ask Allah for forgiveness? And this leads us to the very interesting theological question, and it is a question that our books of faith and our books of theology discuss in a lot of detail and it is a question regarding which different interpretations and different groups have actually

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sprung up. And this is the notion of what is called an Arabic or is metal mbf or the fallibility versus the infallibility of prophethood? In other words, can prophets commit sins? Can they commit mistakes? Can they commit to major sins? What can I mean? What does it profit? You know, what is the level of prophethood mean, when it comes to the concept of disobeying Allah subhanho wa Taala. And there are almost 10 opinions on this issue. And again, you know, not to go into all of them, but some of them for example, some of the group said that, that before Prophethood, the prophets can commit some major sins, but after prophet or they cannot commit any major sins. Other groups said

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that the prophets cannot commit any sin minor or major, and they cannot even make a mistake. So you see, there's different levels, there's a mistake, a slip, as well as called right. There's being overcome by emotion, which is not quite a mistake, but it's like a human error in judgment, such as, for example, getting a little bit angry, when it would have been better to not be angry, that's not quite a sin, but it is you're getting the better of you. So that's more than just a mistake, or it's more than just to slip up or a forgetfulness, it is a level of what we call unbecoming. So this is another level, then you have something called a minor sin, then you have something called a major

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sin, then you have the biggest of all sins, which is in the case of the prophets, it would be it would be our ability to forge the the message or to lie against Allah subhana wa tada to that level, no group ever went to that level, no group that associated with Islam ever claimed. And of course, it will be impossible to claim this because that is nonsensical, to claim that the profits come in that type of sin, some different groups did say before Prophethood, they might be able to commit some sins, that are of a major nature. And then once they become prophets, they do not commit sins, some interpretation, say the prophets are sin less, and without any mistakes, they are mouth soon

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100%. And this is especially prevalent in the 12 hour group of the non Sunni strand of Islam. And they say that every single prophet from the beginning till the end, did not make a single mistake, a single error, a single slip of a single emotional issue, a single much less major and minor sin, they are perfect, in the meaning of the word perfect the minor kenema. They are mousumi. And that is a belief that is prevalent in that group, as soon, generally speaking, they differed amongst themselves, but the mainstream interpretation of how they said this, or how he says this as well, even taymiyah and Noah, we this is the mainstream interpretation across the schools is that the

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prophets, all of them, without exception, they cannot commit major sins, but they might commit the one off minor sins, or one off means it's not going to continue. They might commit a minor sin, and then they recognize it and then they move on. So this is the the mainstream position of the sun that the prophets might commit what is called a minor sin or an error in judgment. Some Some even said, We don't call it a sin, we'll call it an error in judgment. So even there's this controversy over here. And of course, there are plenty of evidences for every single opinion. This is the nature of these differences that you'll always find well developed arguments, and mainstream pseudoaneurysm

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said that the prophets all of them, they can commit one off minor sins, and they used a number of evidences of them this Hadith, this is an evidence and that's why I'm going into this tangent here, that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is saying that I'm asking Allah to forgive me, and I asked him to forgive me more than 70 times a day of them is the explicit verses in the Quran. For example, I just recited to you that Allah is speaking to the Prophet sallallahu wasallam directly. And Allah says to him, that I have given you a big victory, you have been blessed with a grand victory. Why Leo federal law who laka Mattila de Mille D'Amico matter of law, so that Allah can

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forgive all of your sins, the ones that you have done, and the ones that you yet have to do so the Quran is affirming that Allah will forgive certain things that the Quran called sins, also, not just in the help of our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam others other profits as well. For example, Adam, our Father, Adam, it is very explicit for us was that he lay his shavon shavon whisper to Adam and shaytaan said to our father, Adam, that why don't you eat from this tree? What Allah has only stopped you from eating from this tree so that you may not live at eternal life. And so Allah says in the Quran, Zelda, Huma shavon and her so shaytaan caused the both of them to slip into this sin

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and Allah says in the Quran from

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Also, demo robber hufa this is very exclusive By the way, Adam disobeyed his Lord and went astray through much double horrible whatever it was, then Allah chose him again. And Allah subhana wa tada repented and accepted Allah accepted Adams repentance. Also Adam recognize he committed a sin, because our father Adam and our Mother, what did they say, are our banner of alumna and fusina Oh our Lord, we have wronged ourselves. So this is very explicit that they did, Allah told them do not eat from the tree. And after so many years of temptations, they did something that they should not have done and that is a disobedience and that is called a a sin. Likewise,

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the prophet normally his solemn

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as well that

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when he asked a lot Georgia to save his son, Allah says to him that are you Why are you Why are you asking this? You shouldn't have acid in No, I'm assuming

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that what you have done is not a good deed. And if you look at the classical Tafseer is one of the main interpretations of this is that you have done something you have not you should not have done because I told you it was my command that whoever is drowning, whoever is not on the ship, do not ask me to save them they have chosen to not get on the ship. And so yet no Holly has said um he asked that Allah my son, save him. And so after it was all over, Allah said to know that why did you do Why did you say that? You shouldn't have done that. And

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likewise, Ibrahim alayhis salam asked Allah to forgive him very explicit in the Quran, and mo Salah his Salam again very explicit, this is before his prophethood for what because the who moves foucauld de la Moosa punched him the the Israelites are not easy literary the Egyptian sorry, Moosa, the Israelite punched the person in the society of Egypt, following down and he in his anger punched him he didn't intend to, but still that punch. What did it do for workers who Moosa Fatah la policia has been? Emily shavon Moosa said this is from shape on and then Moosa asked a lot to forgive, although it'll be nice for them to NFC follow fiddly moose, I said, Oh, Allah, I have done wrong to

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myself, so forgive me. And likewise, in the famous hadith of intercession that I mentioned in my previous lectures that are online now about the Day of Judgment, the major prophets, all of them will mention various things they have done that they feel guilty about. And this shows that they feel a sense of guilt for this is that they have done now, other groups have their interpretations out of all of these things. But it does appear very explicit. In my opinion, this is the mainstream position, that minor sins are indeed possible, but they don't persist. And of course, there are other instance instances in the Koran episode as well and others of this nature that demonstrate and

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if you listen to my Sierra, as well, from beginning to end, I mean, I'm always trying to demonstrate the reality of the Sierra demonstrates to us over and over again, that our Navy, our Assad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is the best of the creation of a law and the highest of all of humanity, but he still remains a human being, he was a Bashar, he was a human being he ate, he drank, he married, he had children, he went to the school and bought and purchased items, he was flesh and blood. And it is a problem. If we raised him to a level that he himself never claimed, nor did his Lord put him in it is a problem to do that. So I think it is very clear of this regard. Now, those

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that say that the prophets did not commit any sins. They interpreted this hadith by saying that the reason why the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam asked the Lord to forgive seven more than 70 times a day is simply to be a role model unto us. That's it. It's not that he needs forgiveness, it is simply that he wanted to show us that this is what is needed to be done. And so that is the interpretation given by the other school. And again, all of these theological schools and opinions are there, in my humble opinion, is pretty obvious from the Quran and from the Sunnah, that, indeed, the Profit System is the best of all the creation, but minor slip ups occur, and that is human

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nature. And those minor slip ups as well, they cause our offices to feel such a sense that he's asking a lot for 70 times. Other scholars have said that 70 times a day. It means here that the Prophet system is asking forgiveness for not worshiping Allah perfectly. He's not asking forgiveness for sins, because they would say that that position, and there are a number of famous odema, who held this position as well, that the Profit System is sin less completely. And every evidence I gave five minutes ago, they find a way out and they have a reinterpretation which is fine. That is the nature of back and forth and academics. And so what do they say they say about

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This Hadith they say that either a, he is trying to be a role model unto us or be that he is asking Allah us forgiveness, not for having committed a sin, but for falling short of the highest level of God consciousness. And so for example, to become worldly for a millisecond to just be involved with family and children with society and neglect for a second, the perfection of a love of God and worship, that in their level is considered something that they should ask forgiveness for. And that is an interpretation and it is out there as well. And you will find it in some of the classical books. In the end of the day Eliza knows best but still let's take it at face value. And the point

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is, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam repented to Allah and asked to list forgiveness more than 70 times a day. By the way, this is the hadith of Abu huraira. In the editor under Sidney Malik, we find more than 100 times a day and the point is still the same that many many times a day. Well let's move on to the next chapter. Chapter number four, Baba Toba por la cartera de Tibetan na sua saw the a nurse who have the chapter regarding repentance. Now, again, Mr. Bahati has a methodology he has a procedure and that is that a lot of times he will either bring a verse from the Quran or bring an interpretation of that verse in the chapter heading expects his readers and that

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would be the literacy of that timeframe to basically have memorized the Quran. Mr. mahadi expects his readers to know the Koran like the back of their head, low the back of their hand, and that anything that he says in the chapter headings, he expects his reader the educated student of knowledge because remember, a member Buhari wrote his book for the educated student of knowledge. He wrote his book for those that are studying Islam with already some background training. And one of the things that he expects his students to know is to know the Quran, and any reference that he has, they should immediately link it to the Quran. And so it's very common that you come across these

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types of phrases. So he has a chapter of Toba and then he has tow button or suha. But as I said, this means a true and sincere repentance. What is this got to anything? You remember Buhari is referencing the famous verse in the Quran. Yeah, you and Lydia Amano two weeks ilahi Toba 10 na so how are you who believe repent to Allah, a Toba? That is no soy? No, no soy is a word that perhaps some of the Arabs would not know what it means. It's a bit of a obscure permutation of the word Nasir. And he brings Qatada the student of Ibn Abbas and he says no suhar means it is a true it is a sincere repentance. It's not a fake repentance. It's not a hypocritical repentance. So he's quoting

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the student of him and her boss regarding a verse of the Quran. That is one of the fundamental verses regarding how to repent and describing the quality of repentance. The point here being the chapter regarding repentance, and Allah tells us in the Quran, to repent sincerely, that's how you can translate this chapter heading. Then he moves on to the Hadith quite a head that's an admirable use for the headset and I wish he hadn't added damage on your monitor with the Romanian either had it in this way then acquired a headset and our beloved numero uno de la one. How do you think? How do whom I need to be sold a lot while he was selling them? What do I see?

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in min irazu? Ba who can

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double your half one year Carly, they were in Delphi Jura era Uber huka. Do bobbin Miranda and fee for called v hakkoda Kaka Buchi have Ba da phoca and V thermocol. So let's stop over here and then go over this one. I'm not going to Mr. Rude said two things. He narrated two things. The first of them, he is something coming from him. And the second of them is something coming from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. So Abdullah libdem is rude is narrating to us two things. And he clarified, I'm telling you one thing, it's from me and tell you another thing, and it is from our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. And this shows you the care that the Sahaba had, when they're

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narrating statements, they want their students to know if they're going to say something from their own opinion, or from their own example, or from their own understanding. And they're saying something they heard from the Prophet salallahu alayhi wasallam, the Sahaba or the Allahu anhu understood their macom and level. They are the best generation of mankind after the prophets, but they are not prophets and their words and their opinions and their statements do not become the level that the revelation of Allah has, or that the words of the Messenger of Allah sallallahu How do you send them has the opinions of the Sahaba in filk intercede in all matters. They are respected

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opinions, but they do not in and of themselves become binding.

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And this is something by unanimous consensus of all the scholars of Islam, that the opinion of a companion or the HDX had, or the example of a companion, or the statement of a companion in and of itself does not become revelation from a lot. Now, there are some exceptions to this rule, and of them is one we can derive from other sources that in fact, what he is saying comes from the Prophet salallahu alayhi wasallam. But that's besides the general point, even Massoud is saying, This is from me, what is from me, he said, the believer sees his sins, as if he is sitting under a mountain, and the mountain is gonna fall and collapse on him. And the Father, and the Father is the sinner who

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is not a good believer, he's a believer, he's not a caffeine. A 5g is the believer who is not the strong believer, right? We call him in English, the non practicing, you know that the sinful Muslim, so that Muslim, he sees his sins like lubob, like flies that are buzzing around, and all he has to do is SWAT his hand across his face, and all the flies are going to go away. Now this is not a Hadith, it is from Eben mushroom. But it characterizes it summarizes for us the reality of how the believer looks at sin and how the sinner looks at sin. As for the believer, the believer does not look at how small the sin is. The believer looks at how majestic is the one he has disobeyed. The

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believer does not consider the size of the sin. The believer considers the majesty of the one he has sinned against. And hence those sins become very big in his eyes, and he feels as if those sins will destroy him. So the sign of Minh is to always feel guilty of the sins you have committed. If you feel guilty for your sins, then know that it happened in law that is a good sign and you have a pulse. If you feel guilty, and you feel conscious in the eyes of Allah that I have committed a sin than an hamdulillah. Thank Allah that at least you have a pulse. At least your Eman is strong enough that you have the guilty conscience. However, as for the one who does not have strong Eman as for

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the one who doesn't have the level of Eman that is like the first category. That person he will trivialize his sins, and he's gonna say Yeah, what's the big deal? Allah for Allah is Rahman Allah Rahim Allah is gonna forgive. And you know, Allah is indeed a foreigner and Rahman Rahim but your attitude dear sinner is problematic your attitude of being lackadaisical and lazy, of assuming in your arrogance that Allah subhanho wa Taala will simply just forgive your sins, that that attitude that blahs a attitude is extremely problematic because it is symptomatic of arrogance. And the worst sin in the eyes of Allah azza wa jal is indeed arrogance. And of course, what is really beautiful

00:33:05--> 00:33:50

about this quote, is that the righteous person and the sinful person, these are two different people right? Now, which one of them is going to have bigger sins? Obviously, by definition, the cynical person, so the sinful person will have bigger sins, then the righteous person yet, what does it mean? Massoud say, the righteous person who has fewer sins or lesser sins, will view his sins as being a massive mountain, even though his sins might actually be like flies. And the sinful person is committing every major sin in the book leaving Sala gambling, drinking and he doing he bought an amoeba, his sins are like mountains, not even one mount. And he's fused, that are no big deal.

00:33:50--> 00:34:31

They're like flies. This is the beauty of urban Mr. Woods parable that even Mr. Buddha is saying, the men feels that sense of trepidation of genuine fear what is going to happen to my sins on the Day of Judgment. And we see this perfectly embodied in the famous long Hadith of the intercession that I gave in my other classes about the day of judgment and borders off and whatnot. And I went over when the Profit System, you know, is going to be approached for the mechanic mod, the people would have gone to all the other profits before him and those profits, they will mention what are utterly trivial matters. And they will say these are so big, I don't know what I will answer a lot

00:34:31--> 00:35:00

on the Day of Judgment. Ibrahim alayhis salam is going to mention three things that are not even lies. They're half truths. They're kinda sorta we call them an English white lies. And Ibrahim Ali Salim is going to be I don't know what I will say to Allah for those three things that I have said in his entire 120 years of life, but I have lived for more than a century in his entire 120 years of living, and the only thing he can think of I made these have truths and each one of them their story is so clear that it

00:35:00--> 00:35:42

If one of us were to do it, we wouldn't even think twice about it. But this is the reality of a man that a man causes you to problematize your sins and lack of Eman causes you to trivialize your sins okay. So this is the statement of truth. Now he is going to move on to the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu it he was sent him and therefore he says that some call and then he said Lola who will be Tobit and abdomen Roger the next element didn't would be he Malika mama who Rashida to who Allah, Allah who was shabu shabu phenom, I know mutton for slaveholder because that habit rahila to who had tested and they will help you without you. Oh Masha, Allah, Allah, Allah, Allah McCarney, faraja

00:35:42--> 00:36:14

phenomenal mutton Tamara Ferrara, who for either a healer to who in the who. So, in this Hadith, the Prophet sallallahu I just sent him said this is now the Hadeeth not even must was even Mr. Salman Lola who the Lola the same lamb I told you about 20 minutes ago, there is a lamb that is the Lamb of emphases there is a lamb that is a lamb of paying attention. So he is saying sallallahu alayhi wa sallam I want you to know, I want you to know that Allah subhana wa tada is happier.

00:36:15--> 00:36:39

When one of you repents to him, then a man then he gives the example a parable. This parable demonstrates many things. By the way, it demonstrates that of the prophetic mechanisms for teaching is to give parables to give examples, and this is the well known in the art of giving a lecture and in the art of teaching teachers and good lecturers, good.

00:36:40--> 00:37:22

eloquent speakers, they bring examples and metaphors. They bring situations that their listeners are well acquainted with, and this is going to make them understand better. And our Prophet sallallahu Sallam is, of course, the most eloquent of all speakers, as he himself said it to me, I'll tell him, I have been given the most concise of all speech, he is the most eloquent speaker. And he's using these metaphors. He's using an example that is well understood and will appreciate it. What is that example? So imagine somebody in the desert, and he is with his camel, and his camel has all of his food and drink alone. And this is a common for the people back then they will be traveling from

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place to place and they have their camel, and they know how to get to the place. But of course, there is no you know, there's no rest stops in the middle of the desert, there's no, you know, stop and goes or whatever, you know, the gas stations, there's nothing there. And the Prophet sallallahu wasallam said that, that raw healer or that camel, it simply runs away, it leaves him stranded all alone. And he sees around him until finally he realizes there is nothing to do except wait for death, nothing. The Campbell has bolted and there is nothing to be done. The food The drink is gone. Can you imagine the despair? And this is like a terrifying situation that every single one of them

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would be dreading? Can you imagine? There is no doubt that they would know people this has happened to There is no doubt this is part of the dangers of life, one of the most harrowing scenarios that you're going to die a long, slow, miserable, lonely death. Allah knows when you're going to be discovered. And it's a difficult death because it's a death of starvation and dehydration. So the Prophet system said, Can you imagine somebody like this, and he goes, just giving up all hope. And he sits basically in one version under the tree, and he falls asleep. And then he wakes up. So in this version, there's multiple versions, by the way, in the version here that the camel leaves him

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when he falls asleep, and then he waits for the camel to come back until his thirst and his hunger overtakes him for as long as Allah subhana wa, tada desires. And so he just sits down, giving up all hope. And he goes to sleep a nap, one Version says he goes back to sleep again. And he wakes up and it says he sees his camel right in front of him. He sees his camel right there, you know, with the rain over there. He just has to hold on to it. Can you imagine somebody who's in that situation for an entire day going back and forth searching for the gumball, the exacerbate exasperate the frustration, the fear, the paranoia, the thoughts all going through this person's head, and then he

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finds his camel. And he then wakes up and sees that camel, can you imagine how happy this person is going to be jumping for joy. And the other version? That is also mentioned he utters a phrase that is a problematic phrase theologically, but that's because he becomes delirious because of his joy. He goes crazy. Literally he goes crazy. And he says something he shouldn't say and Allah forgives him because he's been delirious with joy. The Prophet system said you know how happy that person is.

00:40:00--> 00:40:40

Now he's given an example that frankly I can't think of something that would make a person more happy than this I cannot think of something like this I mean imagine somebody's you know the in a ship and you're drowning in the desert holder and the does not that does drowning in the ocean holding on to a plank the ship has basically you know, been destroyed he's holding on to a plank for a day or two or three going to die in the middle of the of the ocean, and then all of a sudden a ship comes and and he sees him in the distance how happy will that person be? You know, we can understand similar situations in our timeframe. So that happiness to Allah belongs the perfect

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example what did our Prophet sallallaahu Selim say, Allah will be even happier than that person when one of you turns back to Allah. So Allah subhana wa tada loves those who repent. And that's what Allah says in the Quran. Well law who you have been Allah loves you know, the Quran is very very careful when it says well law who your hip there is very few around a dozen or so situations and scenarios that Allah says will law who you hit boo, and Allah loves such and such. And one of those around a dozen. One of them will law who you hibou in a lawyer with terroir bien Allah loves those who repent to Allah subhana wa tada and this is exactly what our Prophet sallallahu Sallam is saying

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that Allah is happier that one of you repents and therefore the point here emammal Bahati is mentioning that he is encouraging us that we should repent to Allah subhana wa Tada, we should turn back to Allah subhana wa Tada. We should understand and know that our Lord Himself is pleased at our repentance. The point here is dinner. A lot is not pleased with your sin. And a law does not love sin will law who love you a bull facade, but Allah loves the repentance of the repenter and therefore all sinner, do not give up hope in a loss, forgiveness. Understand that when you come back to a law, understand when you turn your back to your sin, and you rush towards the mercy of Allah

00:42:12--> 00:42:53

subhanho wa Taala that allows mercy will welcome you and Allah will be happier at your repentance, then the person who is about to die and then discovered he is not dying. And Allah says happiness is infinitely more than this and no matter that we will never understand. So the point here is to encourage us to repent to Allah subhana wa tada and never give up hope of Allah's mercy. And of course, this is beautiful because what a moment Buhari is doing is he's not only teaching us some raw, you know, statements, he's not just giving the, the the the lack of spiritual if you like mechanisms of repentance, he's also touting what we say with spirituality. And the moment behind his

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book is really an amazing, amazing book of human psychology as well. So along with remember, in our last lesson, did this what is the best way to make when you repent to Allah? Now he tells us the Prophet system would regularly repent to Allah, then he tells us, why wouldn't you repent to Allah when Allah will be so happy when you repent to him so this is his, you know, number of chapters about the issue of repentance, we now move on to the next section of chapters. The next Hadeeth bubble of budgeting, either a man or other should call a man or to lie down on the right hand side called doesn't Abdullah Mohammed and Paul had detonation revenues of about an America and is already

00:43:33--> 00:43:53

underwater and is a little rhodiola one Hippolyte Canada bucilla Allahu Allah, he was sending them your suddenly man and lady there Ashura. taraka Fado, Sol Raka, teeny, teeny. sama puja should either shift a mini Hector your God, your God, they know for you, they know who.

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So this Hadith of the Allahu anhu says the Prophet sallallahu I knew he was sending them would pray at 11 or aka 11 o'clock at then when the fudger what time would come. He would pray to quick Raka to easy Raka. So two very short records. In fact, we know why they were short because he would read suits and Cafu as soon as a class in them very quick records, then he would lie down on his right hand on his right side. Until then what other than below will come and tell him how to sue the law. It's time for fetcher calm and the de Sala so Billa rhodiola. One would come and tell him to basically right before the event to come right before the comma to come and leave the people inside

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up. And until that point in time, he will take a brief rest now this hadith. Why is Imam Al Bukhari mentioning this issue? this hadith actually deals with the next chapter. And he's simply telling us the etiquettes of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam his nightly behavior because he's now going to teach us that

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of the night. So again, this is buhari psychology, he wants to be practical and beneficial. He wants to be holistic. He's gonna in the next chapter talk about the week before going to sleep. Okay, so then in this chapter, He wants you to know what was the routine of the Prophet system when he went to sleep. So here we have that he would pray 11 rakaat, and this was his general. So now our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam prayed 11 rocket to hit Jude, this is called tahajjud. It is called kiambu. Late It is called witted, these are all three interchangeable terms for the same concept. And the concept is a series of records, or a prayer that is continuous that takes place after Asia

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and before fudger, typically in the last third of the night, and sometimes in the first third of the night, and sometimes in the middle of the night. But the default was that our Prophet sallallahu wasallam, would go to sleep right after fragile, and then he would wake up after around four hours or so four and a half hours. And then and this would be the last two thirds of the night. So basically, post Virginia was at 5:30am, which I'm about three o'clock 3:50am. And our times he would wake up and then he would pray for a long time selected the head to the last third of the night. By the way, the third here from Madrid till Federer calculate the third. So anytime the head he says

00:46:21--> 00:47:03

the last third, or the first third or the middle third, what you do is you look at the timing for Madrid, and the timing for February, and then you do it in two thirds and then the last third, so he will pray 11 Raka sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and these 11 they are eight records that he will pay in typically two to two two, and then he will pray. Three Witter, so 2222 and then three Witter, and sometimes we will pray for four and then three weeks and very, very rarely very rarely he will pray all eight with one to slim It is also narrated all eight rakaat you will pray with one to slay but in any case, these are differences that are amongst the filthy Medina and whichever method you

00:47:03--> 00:47:16

follow, no problem in sha Allah with the other they're all inshallah any good no problem No, no nothing evil or wrong in them. They're all accepted many times within our tradition. So but the handwritten Buhari mentioned that he prayed 11 Records. And by the way,

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the last one, when Ramadan came, eventually he increased it to 20 to make it easier for the people. And there's nothing wrong with 20 aerocart. To also factual to point out that the processing himself would pray eight and then three, but this whole controversy of eight versus 20, and people fighting and whatnot bickering, they have lost the whole spirit of Ramadan, they've lost the whole issue of the hedgerow Subhanallah forget the quantity, look at the quality, how long he would pray, and the Quran he would read. And the long session is concentrate on that ignore these filter differences, pray eight, pray, 20 just emphasize the quality more than the quantity. So the Prophet says and we

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pray 11, or a god, as we said, eight of them are the actual preamble laid, and then the last three are called considered the winter rocastle. eight plus three is winter, then when federal would you know basically after that, so imagine he finished at let's say, I'm just giving an example. Let's say that is at 530. So suppose by around 510, five o'clock, he would finish, then he would lie down and take maybe a nap or just be awakened or just like you're tired or lying down, waiting for Bilal to come. So he'd lie down on his right hand side, and then biller would come and tell him to lead the Salah. Now question, is it sooner to lie down on the right hand side? And our scholars have

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differed over this issue? And some have said that yes, it is. And you should do it. And others have said that lie down on the right hand side after that. We're not talking about one going to sleep because there are two timeframes when you first go to sleep versus after 200. And some scholars have said that as for when you go to sleep, it is Mr. hub and you get a reward because the profitsystem encouraged it. As for after 200 that was his personal habit. And you know, we all have a posture when we go to sleep. And there's no doubt that if somebody did it, wanting to follow the law, while you send him Allah will reward him for that intention, but in and of itself, the personal habits and

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the personal actions of the Prophet system that are his own choice and his own nature. Generally speaking, those actions are not actions that are meant to be legislative upon the rest of the room. So for example, our Profit System slept on the floor is somebody going to say that sleeping on the bed is wrong? Our Profit System slept on a very coarse match not even a mattress is just like, you know the fibers you know that type of thing. Is somebody going to say that we must do that he wore a certain type of dress made with a certain type of cloth. He ate a certain type of cuisine. He never once in his life tasted rice. Never Rice was not a cuisine. It was not a staple item. Found

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in Arabia, it was only later the Sahaba, who discovered rice, he rarely ate meat because that was a luxury item. He lived in a house made out of mud, he road animals, obviously, all of this has changed. And it is not a part of the legislative aspect of Islam, that we bring back those things. So similarly, like we don't wear the type of cloth that he wore, like we don't sleep like we don't have one room houses that he had anymore. Nothing wrong with that is very good. He showed us the paragon of virtue and whatnot. But he did not come a long way send them to teach us cuisine to teach us those other aspects. That's something he did for the time and place so that that group of

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scholars would say for him to lie down after 200 on the right hand side was personal preference, and that's fine, but it's not legislative. Now. As for lying down when you first go to sleep, some of our scholars said yes that is good to do it as soon as true and the reason for this is the next Hadeeth and time is almost up and we just finished this other headache we started a little bit late so let's move on to the next Hadeeth BB either beta for hero Babu either battle for hero chapter of going to sleep in the state of will do so in Ramadan party is saying it is encouraged to go to sleep in the state of will do and in this chapter emammal Buhari is also going to teach us the day that

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our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would say when before going to sleep and this concept will continue for a number of chapters so it's not just this chapter, but he's going to mention the first round that we should say and we're going to do this to our and then call it an evening for our class called Death and we'll set the call center more or less America on student politics America Masood answered in your obey the caller had detonated Barack Obama is even radi Allahu anhu upon orderly Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam either at a time of jakka photo but we'll do a callus Allah so Mataji Allah Shaka Amun wakulla Allah whom Islam to which he lake with a walk to a lake to la de la

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Rosa button wa baton La La wala Mangia minca illa Lake men to be Metallica lady and delta. We've been a beacon lady our CELTA for in Metallica, Phaedra Phaedra, Luna, Sierra Morocco for call to assert Corona wabi rasulillah ourselves for call Allah will be in a vehicle lady ourselves in this hadith al Bara Eben azim rhodiola one said that once the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said to me that when you go to sleep, then do we'll do the same we'll do that you'd for Salah. This shows us that it is Mr. habitus sooner to do will do now notice he is teaching this to Alberto nrzi, who is one of the great Sahaba of the unsought and he taught some of the Sahaba that he loved he taught them

00:52:48--> 00:53:30

matters that were a little bit more than just you know, for the others and this isn't secretive is that you know people are at different levels. Doing will do before you go to sleep is not magic, it is not obligatory, no scholar ever said this. But to always be in the state of will do it is a sign of a man to every single time when you break your will do you then go back and you renew your will do this is definitely a very high level of human it's not why the average Muslim is not even able to do that much less required to do that. But the one who loves Allah so much that every time he uses the restroom, every time he breaks his window in any manner he says you know what? I don't want to

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be in this state I want to go do it again. So he goes and he does will do and that is why Bilal rhodiola 100 profitsystem said that similar to hush, hush, hush hush, hush hush at a radical agenda, ob lol I heard the flip flop of your feet in gender. I heard your footsteps in gender. What are you doing that caused you to be there? So Bella said I don't know you're sort of like except that you know, every time you know I break my little secret I do my will do again. So the point is that he's always doing will do and every time I do that, I decided to just pray to the God as well. So this is the amount of nothing he's doing and the continuity of will do also by the way, our Prophet

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sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said in an authentic hadith, whether you have wider will do E minor, no one other than the mu min is able to preserve his window so he prays the one who's able to preserve the will do all the time, even though we don't need to have will do except when we pray an actual Salah we don't need to have to do to do the color of a law we don't need to have will do to give an Islamic lecture we don't need to have will do to even recite the Quran, but we do need to have will do to touch the Quran. By the way to touch the Muslims we need to have odo and to

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offer Salah to a lot we need to have will do other than this. We don't really need to have a look for anything, but to have will do is a sign of a man so he is telling him when you go to your bed at night. Do the window of salah and then lie down on your right hand side

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This shows us that whoever lies down on his right hand side when as soon as you lie down, after that, you can change whatever you want. But when you go to sleep, try to be on your right hand side, you will get some reward just for following this statement of our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam and Ryan lying on the right hand side, this is the right hand side. So you will lie on this side and your right side will be on you're basically touching the floor or the bed and then you make these guards and you say this, what is this

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Allahumma Islam to what he like over law, I submit my face to you were for walk to Embry lake and I relegate my affairs to you

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to the lake and I make my back in support basically of you, you will support my back, rather button one button, a lake, loving you and being fearful of you, loving you a lot and being fearful of you, lab manager, there is none to turn to one manager and there is none to save me in LA LA Minka from you, except you. I can't turn to anybody, nor can anyone protect me from you other than you. And to Becky Tabitha lady and delta, I believe in the book that you have revealed webinar vehicle lady or CELTA and in the profit that you have sent, the profits or some set, if you say this, before you go to sleep, you will die in a pure state metalphoto. And the fitrah is the pure innocence state. Like

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in the famous Hadith, every child is born upon the fitrah. So if you die in this state, you die in a state of purity. And so the hope is that, and of course, by the way, most people die in their sleep. That's the reality of human beings that they just go to sleep and they don't wake up. That's the reality. And so if you die in that state, you will die upon the fitrah. And he said, try to make this the last thing that you say. So, Albert, I've been as I've said, I repeated after him, too, so that I made sure I memorized it correctly. And I said what the Euro Sulukule the outset and he corrected me. He said, know what the nebia khalidi are sorry, I didn't say what so like I said,

00:57:17--> 00:57:56

webinar v. And this shows you that it is definitely very, very good. Remember his exact wordings when you memorize the two R's. Right? Not that there's anything wrong if al Bara said what do they mean is there it's not how long it's not a sin. But when you memorize the hours from the Quran and Sunnah, try to be precise because that's the wordings of Allah subhanho wa Taala in the Quran, and of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam in the Sunnah. So let's go over this, hit it one more time and then a shallow Tada, we will call it an evening. This is a very, very beautiful Hadith, why? Look at how eloquent it is. The Arabic is so eloquent. And by the way, the translations that you are seeing

00:57:57--> 00:57:57

they are from

00:57:58--> 00:58:45

the reputable translations, I am translating from my own looking at the Arabic So you're going to find some differences in translation inshallah, no problem. The point is to get the the meaning across. So this hadith is so beautiful, because it begins with a symbolic, if you like, complete submission to Allah, I submit my face to you. And I really get my affairs to you. And my back is is is you will support my back basically. So literally the entire body, he begins with the face, and he says My face is submitting to you, then the inner matters are all in your hands, then my back, you are the one supporting my back, Oh Allah, I have no one to support my back. So again, you know, in

00:58:45--> 00:59:31

English, we say the backbone or Allah, you are my backbone. This is the meaning of this idea here. So again, the beauty of all of these phrases here. He begins with the notion of my face being submitted to a law, and then my inner affairs being relegated and then my back being supported by a law. And then he does so but then we're Roberton he like our law. I do this loving you and being fearful of you. And this is the reality of worship. All of the worship is between these two pillars. We want we hope we desire allez mo Fira, but we're terrified. What if we don't get it? And that fear and love and hope must coexist simultaneously. We must have all of them in our hearts at the same

00:59:31--> 00:59:59

time. We worship a lot because we love a lot. We worship a lot because we desire His forgiveness and reward. We worship a lot because we are fearful of his punishment. All of that is simultaneous in the heart, but also the button water button a lake la manager, there is no turning to anyone while our manager know is there any means of support or any saving, Oh Allah, I can't turn to anyone other than you. Oh Allah, no one can help me other than you.

01:00:00--> 01:00:45

Oh Allah, I need protection from you. And I need to turn to you to protect me from you. This is such a beautiful phrase here. Yeah Allah, you are the one that I'm, I'm scared of the punishment and I turn to you for your mercy, your mercy will protect me from your punishment over law. And I recognize that So again, the perfection of a man complete, utter submission to Allah subhanho wa Taala and the relegation of tawakkol of European laws, nothing happens except with you, our law I'm about to go to sleep now. My soul is literally in your hands, literally, you will take my soul Oh Allah, and I put my ultimate trust in you. Nothing happens my front, my inner is my back. All of it

01:00:45--> 01:01:23

is relegated to you, Oh Allah subhana wa tada and you will protect and help me because none can protect me other than you. And then you finish off by making that affirmation, Oh Allah, I am your servant. I believe in the book you have revealed. And I believe in the Prophet that you have sent, Oh Allah, I am a part of this faith of Islam. And this is my book, and this is my Prophet, and then the Prophet systems that if you die in this state, what a beautiful state to die and you've done the will do, you've made this. What a beautiful state to die in. If you die in this state, you have died upon the fifth Aurora. And Alberto repeated this. And as they said, he made this mistake of orbera

01:01:23--> 01:01:58

sulak. It's not a mistake mistake, but it is still not what the prophet sallallahu Sallam said, and so the prophets of the last Adam said, No, I said, we're gonna be ukulele ourselves. And this shows us another theological point that we don't have time to get into today, but that is that there is a difference between nebby and rhassoul. There are around 10 opinions about this issue, what is the difference between nebia and rasuna? In some other lectures of mine, I have gone over this topic in some little bit of detail. But this hadith is a very, very clear evidence that nebby and rasuna are not synonymous. Because one group of scholars said they are synonymous and No, they are not

01:01:58--> 01:02:43

synonymous. Every single pursuit is a nebby but not every nebby is a Rasool risala is higher than no Buddha. And in a nutshell, the strongest position appears to be in a lot of Xhosa knows best that nebby is sent to a nation that already believes in him. Adam was an epi his children believed in him and that will soon is sent to a nation that does not believe in him. Moosa is an abbey new is sorry, most as a soul because they sent to around New is or assume the first result to come was no outward or Sweden or solenoid It is also in body. No was not just an abbey he was sort of sued. Adam was a Navy because nobody rejected Adam. Everybody believed in Adam his children believed in Adam. So Adam

01:02:43--> 01:03:24

was a nebby nor was a Rasool and there are other differences that are scholars mentioned. In any case, we have come to the conclusion of today's lectures I Bahati and inshallah huhtala. We will continue Sahaba Hardy's lecture next Sunday be vanilla heater Allah until that time I ask Allah subhana wa tada to protect me and to protect you to protect my loved one loved ones and your loved ones to ask Allah subhana wa Taala that whenever he asked causes us to die, he causes us to die upon the fitrah and upon the Pure religion of Islam, I asked Allah subhana wa tada to take our souls only when he is pleased with us ask Allah subhana wa tada for his Mo Farah in this world and his Rama in

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this world and the next world ask Allah subhana wa tada to make our skills heavy on the day of judgment and to make our faces bright as we gaze upon him. I ask Allah subhana wa tada to get the scrolls in the right hand and to cross the street at the speed of light and to enter agenda with the first batch and to be amongst the people of the for those that are there and to be in the companionship of our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam on glioma and for those who either well hold on and hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa sallahu wa xenobiotic Allah Abdi Mohammed and why the

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law is

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in effect.

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Leah Tina Gemma

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Leah