Seerah – 73 Battle of Mutah Part 1

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Yasir Qadhi

Channel: Yasir Qadhi

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Episode Notes

Shaykh Yasir Qadhi elaborates on the next major battle in the history of Islam which is the Battle of Mu’tah. It was also called ‘jaysh al umara’ – ‘the army of leaders’. This battle was fought on Jamadal al Awwal in 8H which boasted of an army of 3000. Why did this name come to be? The Prophet ﷺ had previously never  appointed as many leaders ( three of them) as he did in this battle.

Mu’tah was actually the name of a small village which was a part of the Roman province currently in Jordan. Why did this battle take place?there are many reasons among which are that it was to avenge the death of Al Harith ibn Umayr, the messenger of the Prophet ﷺ and also because this battle was sort of a prelude to the future battles against the Romans. The Prophet ﷺ wanted to ascertain amongst everyone including the Sahaba that Islam is a global message and it ought to spread its wings outside the Arabian Peninsula.

Who is Abdullah ibn Rawahah? He was an Ansari who participated in the treaty of Aqabah and he was the privileged one whom the Prophet SAW sent back from Badr to give the news of the success of Badr. What role does he play in this battle? Listen intently to discover details.

Zayd ibn Harithah RA, Jafar RA and Ibn Rawahah RA died martyrs in this battle and the grief and sadness of the Prophet ﷺ was beyond measure.

Episode Transcript

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smilla rahmanir rahim al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa Salatu was Salam ala Sayyidina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi Jemaine about. So we've had a bit of a break because of logistical issues. And the last lecture that we had was concerning who can remind me

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the military, although we talked about the merkabah. And now we have one major incident before the grand finale of the conquest of Mecca. And this major incident is the Battle of motor. So the Battle of motor will take this lesson and our next lesson is shout Allahu taala. And next week will be our final Syrah for the year for 2013. And then a shout Allahu Allah, we will begin the new Sierra basically in the beginning of the next academic year, inshallah Tada. So we have basically this class, the next class, which is going to be both of them are going to be the Battle of Mata and everything that happened after the Battle of mortar up until the incidents about the conquest of

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Mecca. Now, the Battle of mortar, the model of mortar has a naming problem. And that is what do we call this battle? Do we call it a buzz words in mortar? Or do we call it city attorney motor? The majority of scholars have called it a buzzword and motor but this is a little bit problematic, because what is the definition of Allah?

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The Prophet Muhammad says and participated along with it. And Mota was not one in which the Prophet says and participated in. And yet, pretty much the majority of early scholars and even medieval scholars, they called it husbands and mortar, why did they go against their own, if you like methodology, with for this particular battle? one simple reason, and that is the quantity of people who participated, the quantity of people who participated in mortar was far more than the quantity of any other city. In fact, it was more than the quantity of most of us or what, how many people participated? What 3000 Sahaba. So because we had the largest quantity up until this time, and also

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because the enemy is not just any enemy, it is the Romans and there is no battle that the Sahaba fought against the Romans in the lifetime of the process of other than this battle, the only time the Muslim faced a non Muslim enemy. Sorry, not a non Muslim, but a non Arab enemy, if you like, right, the only time that the early Muslims in the time of the process and faced a non Arab enemy was in this battle. So it is a very significant battle. So they wanted to upgrade it. So they called it husbands and mortar. But some later scholars reprimanded this terminology and they said, No, it should not be called the husband because we want to be consistent. Now, the Sahaba By the way, they

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didn't call it the husbands and mortar. They usually called it Jason O'Meara, and this is the wording and stablehand and others. Jason O'Mara the army of leaders. Why? Because Omar doesn't mean he princes means leaders. Why? Because in no other battle that the process of appointing more leaders than he did in the most number of leaders, as we'll talk to talk about in a while, so and so then if someone says kill so and so then associate ascospores, three leaders he appointed, so one after the other, he appointed three leaders, in no other expedition in his entire lifetime. Did the Prophet system appoint three leaders, so they called it the expedition of leaders, Jason O'Mara, and

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others call it walk it motor or the incident of motor, so we either call it Jason O'Mara, or we call Jason Ilana is the army of leaders or we call it walk idle motor, but it is not appropriate to call it as icewater motor. Why? Because as we said it was by definition of the earliest callers is somebody that is something that the process of himself participated in. Now what is motor mokdad is the name of a small village and the land around it in a area that used to be in the Roman province of Syria, it is currently in the country of Jordan. So Mota is currently in Jordan in the modern country nation state of Jordan, the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, and the mortar occurs between the

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two cities of Amman and Kirk. Amman and Kirk are two very famous cities in Jordan. These are large cities square right between the two cities literally in the middle between these two cities. To this day, there is a small area, it is known as mortar in the classical books, but modern Arabs they call it Amazon and Amazon is a village that is Mazhar literally means the mausoleum, and it is called El Mazar because the three Sahaba are buried at that village, the three Sahaba that passed away

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The three leaders are buried to this day and their hobbies are known to this day where they are. And there's a very small settlement of a few 1000 people around that area. So it is a small village and town and resort to this day that people know. Now, why did that take place? And frankly, the answer to this question is not easy. We don't seem to have a lot of details about why such a large expedition went all the way up north at this time, and we have to kind of extract informations and reasons. And scholars have tried to piece together, what is the incentive or the motivation of this battle? The number one reason given, and the earliest reason given is mentioned by NYPD, and in a

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while clearly says that the reason why motor took place is revenge revenge for what revenge for the killing of an artist in Romania, as the who is the messenger of the messenger of the prophet SAW Selim. And had it was the result of Rasulullah. He was the envoy, the ambassador, who had been sent to deliver a message to the Romans. And in order to get to the Romans, you have to go through the lens of the Arab Christian tribes up north. And the most predominant of these are the lasagna tribe, the lasagna tribe, or the largest Christian tribe, originally, the Chinese are Yemeni, originally, they are from Yemen. And they migrated up north, and they were Christians, and they had converted to

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Christianity. And because they were Christians, they felt more of an affinity with the Romans than they did with their fellow Arabs who were pagans. So the lesson is, we're vassals What are vessels, vessels are subservient entities, they are basically, you agree to whatever the boss agrees to. And the lesson is, we're the Arab vessels to the Romans. So if the Romans needed anything in the Arab lands, they would designate the Hassan as you go take care of this, and in return, the vasanas had favor from the Romans. This is one of the favors that they're going to get right. Why would the listeners do this? Well, because when they needed help the Romans help them out, as we will see in

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the Battle of Malta. So what happened with and how did the Sahabi al Haddad, when the process of them sent him up north, he was captured by the standards, the standards to come to their chieftain shall be even the AMA should have been asked him who he was. He said, I am an envoy. Meaning you can't touch me. I'm an ambassador. I'm an envoy. Here's my letter, right? And it is to the Emperor, the heraclius of Rome. And you must let me go I am the suit of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and sharabi mocked him, tied him up, tortured him brutally, and with his own hands killed him. And this is a very vulgar thing to do on many counts. Firstly, obviously he's an ambassador to

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this day ambassadors, envoys are not touched to this day. If there's any diplomatic issue, the country will not harm the ambassador use, they will say get out of here, as what happened between two Muslim countries recently, right. We know that the envoy so you leave, we don't want you here. But the ambassador's the envoys the diplomats are never killed. This is the general rule of humanity. And the fact that he did this, he crossed the Red Line. Worse than this even is the fact that the chieftain does it himself. This is a full mockery of the Prophet system and Islam. It's one thing to tell your minions go kill them and, and it's one thing as he himself did, he took the spear

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himself, and he thrust it in after he had been tortured. The Sahaba had been tortured have been tied up and bound to a stake and brutally tortured. And then the final blow is dealt by none other than shadow been an animal who is the chieftain of the law standards. And honestly, you could not to get more crude and more vulgar than this man and what he had done. And clearly, this means war. And his perspective is what are you going to do to me? I am the chieftain of the lesson is I am you know, 700 kilometres away from you, which he was he was far up north, remember? What are you guys gonna do? This is what I think of you guys basically. So this is the height of insult the height of

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arrogance, and it has to be responded to and therefore as soon as peace had been established in the hijas region, because when that happened, the process of really could not do anything, he has to worry about the order, he has to worry about a surprise attack. Now the Treaty of Philadelphia has taken place haber has taken place, the prophet systems lands, wealth security is established. So the first thing on his mind is we need to deal with this guy. Right. So that is the first reason given and frankly, it is a very good reason in and of itself. So this is the first reason that has been given. The second reason that is found in some of the books of the CLR. And this reason, frankly

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does not seem to have much evidence other than one report from one ancient book.

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The zero but it doesn't seem to have other evidence but Allah knows maybe there was some truth to it, that the governor of Basra now I keep on saying not Basra, Basra and Basra was a small principality right outside of Damascus. And it was the border, the periphery between the Arabian Peninsula and the Roman Empire. And this was where she thought it was safe to place to Basra. And to this day, as I said, the city of Basel is still existent and you still find the remnants of the market bizarre, that is over two 3000 years old, this bizarre because it was the center of many different civilizations, then nabateans would come the Arabs would come, the far Easterners we come,

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the Romans would come the Greeks, they would all come in, they congregate in Bosnia, Bosnia was the marketplace of the medieval world. So it is said that the governor of Bosnia had threatened the Muslims after the letter had reached him via heraclius, after letter had reached the, you know, through heraclius, at one to him, through him, it went to iraklis excuse me, so the governor of Basra had threatened to launch an attack against the Muslims. So this is mentioned, Allah knows best, I don't find it too convincing. of the reasons I don't find it too convincing. Number one, we don't find it in other books. But number two, most importantly, the Battle of mortar did not take

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place at Basra. Nor did they attack the actual army of Basra, they attack the last sentence, right. So the first reason does make sense, even cathedra mentions another reason, a third possible reason, which, in all likelihood, is not quite a reason. But it is a wisdom. And there's a difference between a cause and an effect. And this seems to be an effect of the battle rather than the cause. Even cathedra mentions that this battle was preparation for the later battles against the Romans. This was a signal for what is about to come, that the Prophet says and wanted to send the message to the world, and especially to his own Sahaba, that our message is a global one, it's not going to

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stop with the Arabs, we have to go beyond. And he wanted to demonstrate this in his lifetime, even if he himself could not participate or actually engage in anything in his own lifetime, because he could not because he was unifying the Arabian Peninsula. But the message has to be given that this religion is a global religion, and it's going to go beyond the Arabian Peninsula. So Malta is a prelude, followed by taboo in which he actually did participate. But there was no war as we'll come to the book later on. To book was also meant against the Romans. Right? So moto was meant against. Now here, here's I have to pause here was more meant against the Romans, Allah knows best, but it

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probably wasn't meant directly for the Romans. But there's no doubt one year why because that was directed against the Arab Christians that has standards. Now the point being, if you're going to mess with the sonnets, you are messing with the Roman allies. So even though in all likelihood, the prophet system did not anticipate the Romans coming in, to mortar, he knows what he's getting involved in. So even if it's not stage one, stage two will be the Romans and tabuk was clearly intended for the Romans as well, to walk there seems to be that, that, okay, bring it on. Let's see. And they didn't show up. Right. So the book was meant to be in a revenge of mortar. And they didn't

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show up the process of the Sahaba showed up and they didn't show up. So the point being, that it is as if the Prophet system is telling the Sahaba that one, you finish up with the Arabian Peninsula, you need to go beyond. And the number one area was Syria, beloved, a sham, our Prophet system was always talking about Sham in his lifetime. And that is why the very first land that was conquered after the death of the process of was none other than Sham, the very first line. In fact, it was conquered the only land that was pretty much conquered in the reign of Abu Bakar. Right, Abu Bakar, pretty much had sealed the fate in his lifetime. And then as you know, the death of Abu Bakar. And

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the election or the nomination of Mr. took place, and the battle is waging. And eventually Rome was asked to take over the city of Jerusalem, the very first month of his taking power of khilafah. So she Syria

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excuse me, Bella Sham

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is something the process of is intending for so Mota is like the first domino. It's the first step to move on beyond this, then it's going to be to book and then it's going to be, in fact, the very last expedition that the process of sent through Osama bin Zayed as you remember as well and that to Abu Bakar said, How can I turn it back and then eventually, of course, it is conquered. So even Kathir says another wisdom of mortar is this psychological foundation to be laid, the next stage will be the Roman Empire. And indeed that is exactly what happened. One can also derive that there is a

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Divine Wisdom. And what is this divine wisdom that Holly didn't tell Waleed who is eventually going to become the general and the commander, he manages to witness the tactics of the Romans firsthand. He gets a whiff of their methodology. he participates, and he saves himself and the Muslims as we will discover in this battle, as you all know, anyway, and this allows him experience that nobody else has. And eventually it will be Khalid who will lead the Muslims beyond as we know. So Khalid Ibn Al Walid who is going to gloat get later go on and fight the Romans and the Persians highly diviner worried is the one that has that experience by fighting with the Romans in the lifetime of

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the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. The point being mortar was a, it wasn't something that was immediately necessitated by an enemy attack, it seems to be that the Profit System either wanted to avenge what had happened, or he wanted to set the ground for future conquest, or he wanted to do both. And Allah knows best but these are the only things that we can derive. So in our world Gemma, the ruler of the eighth year of the hedgerow, we're already in the eighth year of the Huijin. Oh, and Gemma, the ruler of the eighth year of the hijra, the profitsystem made an announcement that he wanted the Muslims to go to the the area of the law Senate. And there was no ambiguity here, because

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the Sahaba that needed to participate needed to know how far it would be, it would be the farthest they had ever gone, they had never gone this far before. And it would take them at least a month, a month and a half of travel and journey and back. So this is not something that they're going to just, you know, come and go in a few days. So he had to tell them where they're going. And he encouraged them to volunteer. And of course, he appointed some, some people and over 3000, so hover around 3000. So have basically signed up.

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And notice over here, how quickly the numbers are changing a few years ago, but that was one 10th this number, literally six years have gone by since better. And in six years, the numbers hasn't doubled, tripled, quadrupled, has increased 10 times in six years from 300. We get to 3000 forget even six years, one year ago, and a year and a half ago and today be in Roman hotel called ah we have 1400 1500 right now within one year double and these are the volunteers there must be other people in Medina. So from these we piece together that Medina is becoming larger and larger is becoming a metropolis is becoming the center of the future Islamic civilization. So 3000 people

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signed up to go and they left on a Friday of jemanden Oh, we'll have a theater. We don't have an exact date. We know it is a Friday from ahaadeeth and Timothy, and that Hadith is reported by even Ibis that the prophet SAW Selim sent a bola in Rwanda on an expedition and it was a Friday. So even Abbas said, I said to myself, should I leave with them? Or should I pray with the prophet SAW said on first Juma? Then he said, Let me pray with the Prophet system. Juma then catch up to the army later on. So the scenario is as follows the Army's leaving in the morning, maybe eight nine o'clock at the crack of mourning, basically, and even Abbas is debating, I don't want to miss Juma. So

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should I just wait for Juma pray with the Prophet says to get an extra Joomla then on my horse alone quickly right up and catch up to the army in a bus decided with the ladder then let me just wait and pray Juma. So he prayed Juma with the Prophet system, the processing finished and he saw a bus in the masjid. And he knew even at bus had signed up to go. He said, What is the matter with you? Why didn't you go have been a bastard jasola I wanted to pray with you and then catch up with them. He thought he wanted to get extra reward by praying Juma. So the Prophet says Adam said that if you were to give sadaqa of all of the money of this world, you will not be able to get the reward of

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that having left early with them the few hours that they have extra above you, you would not be able to get that reward back meaning you sacrifice the bigger reward for the smaller reward. And the bigger reward is to be in the husba with the people even if you want it to stay behind for a good cause, right. But that cause is something that everybody else is doing. What they are doing is a very noble thing. And if you gave all of the money in the world, you will not be able to get the reward of having left earlier. And this idea is intimately there is a slight weakness in the chain, but there's no problem using it for historical purposes. And the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam

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the one and only time in his entire life. He appointed three commanders one after the other. And what this indicates is he understood the severity of the battle. He understood this is not an easy task that something bad might happen. Never did he appoint three people one after the other and in this battle

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He appointed three people he appointed they they've been had it as its leader. And he said in quoted as a Don't forget for one photon fab to live in Rwanda, if they didn't kill the job for shall be in charge. And if Jaffa is killed, then Abdullah bin rah shall be in charge. And and this is in Bahati. And in one version and a be happy it is added, and if evil Rwanda is killed, then let the Muslims choose somebody else. So he gave this command as well. If it were Rwanda, then you guys choose on the spot who's left and figure out who should be your leader. And this shows us the status of Zaid and Jaffa and Eben raha. All three were near and dear to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam,

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especially Zaid, even how we don't need to mention who is a divan Haida is that Sahabi who has the honor of being the only Sahabi that is mentioned by name in the Quran?

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We just talked about his story a few weeks ago from Cabo, they don't mean her water. That's a hobby that our Isha himself herself said. She herself said that never did the Prophet system. Send Zaid on an expedition, except that Zaid was the one in charge of the expedition. Zaid was never number two in any battle. Never did Zaid participate except that he was number one, and then listen to what I was saying. And if Zaid had been alive when the Prophet system had died, no one would have been chosen above him. And that's amazing, because who is our Asia,

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the daughter of a worker and she herself is saying that if Zaid had been alive, no one would have been chosen above him. So this shows us the status of zayde urban habitat, and even Jafar rhodiola and he felt a little bit hurt. He had a little arm your cousin basically, you know, I am your cousin and you choose Zaid and the process of them. Since this the Jaffer felt a little bit hurt that I am number two after his aid. And so the process of consoled him and encouraged him and said You do not know perhaps this is better for you. And it was indeed better for him that he became one of the most famous shades because of this coming in second place coming second in line. So he said you do not

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know perhaps Allah has something better written for you. So Zaid and Jaffa and Abdullah bin roba, one after the other and the Prophet system he gave them a white flag. And of course white flag does not symbolize surrender. This is a modern Western notion. This is back then white, black, whatever, you just have a banner, he himself handed the banner to Zaid and he accompanied the army all the way to the standard place where every single group would bid farewell to their travelers. And this was called the hill of farewell also known as

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Come on the hill of farewell you all know it.

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You all know it.

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You all know what I just said it for you the hill of farewell

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saniya tulawaka for the

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men,

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this is what it is. None of you clicked

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any yada yada, yada. Well, that means the farewell Hill is literally what it means the farewell Hill. Haven't I mentioned I'm positive. I mentioned the seven I mentioned this before. I mentioned this. I know I mentioned this, right saniya totowa is where this was a small hill, outside of Medina, where every single traveler that went out would be accompanied by his loved ones, his families, just like in our times you drop your loved ones to the airport, you walk to the chicken gate, well, these days you can't even get in. But once upon a time, you would remember back in the late 90s and 80s you would walk with them all the way to all the way to the gate right? And then you

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bid them very well. Okay, those were the good old days. Now what what was the equivalent back then send me a chihuahua that they would go to 70 years old where they are and it was a little bit of a mound then they would go on the mound and then wait until the travelers had left right. So they walk with the beloved all the way to the finia then the locals stay on the tinea seniya means a hill amount senere to where they are the mount of bye bye farewell well done. So they stay there. And then they the travelers move on. And so the Prophet system it was his son to accompany his armies to failure to adapt. Right. And so when he returned from the book, The little girls came to meet him.

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And they were the one singing father Alberto Elena missiny, yada, yada. And I mentioned when we did the hijra, that it is not accurate to say this occurred at the hedgerow. Rather, this poem was said at the return of the book, and I gave my reasons then I'll give them again because I know you've all forgotten even the note takers with their iPads have forgotten as well. So we'll go back on the shelf.

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Let's redo the redo the reasons at the book but the correct opinion is that this poem was versified a book for adventure riding them in Zenyatta. Wha, wha Juba corallina, Medallia hida. But the point being this is duniya, Toyoda, we wanted a long tangent of theater without worry. We're in July, July 8 year of the hedgerow the Profit System is a company, the army to send er to the Buddha, and he sends them forward and he makes for them, and he gives them the the banner, and he gives them advice about being firm and not turning back and whatnot. I've done live in Rwanda was seen crying, this Farewell, and someone asked him, What is the matter? Why are you crying? And he said, I am not

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crying because of a love of this world. Nor am I crying because I have an inclination for it. But I'm crying, thinking of the verse in the Quran that Allah has said, What do you mean, Camilla? What do you do her Canada, Rebecca headsman Mk, Leah, that every one of you shall pass over it, meaning Johanna, and this is a promise of a law that will be enacted. And so his crossing over to a DA and saying goodbye, it brought back not brought back but it gave him that imagery of janam, and of crossing over the Serato jahannam. So he began crying, and he said, What am I going to do in that crossing? Meaning I've managed to cross this, how about that crossing, I don't know how I'll be

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crossing there. So we find obviously, they were very emotional. There's a sense of danger, that the processes accompany them, he's giving them the flag and whatnot. And one of them cries out one of the Sahaba that remained behind May Allah accompany you and allow you to return safely and soundly. And even Rwanda versified and even Rwanda was a poet, and we'll mention a bit about what has poetry in a while, and I translated some lines for this class, beautiful poetry, beautiful poetry, but again, when you translate in English, you lose the rhythm and rhyme and eloquence, but he versified right then and there, the Sahabi may do I'll come back safely in Russia has said as for me, and this

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is poetry, I'm just translating. As for me, I asked for Allah is Mo Farah, and a blow that is mighty sward blow that is mighty. And that causes the blood to gush out so that when people pass by my grave, meaning you want me to come back, I want to engrave somewhere somewhere there. When people pass by my grave, they shall say, Allah guided him to be a warrior, and how rightly guided he was. So he versified his premonition that I don't think I'm coming back, that you might want me to come back, but it goes As for me, I pray that allows forgiveness and a sword or a blow that is mighty, that causes the blood to gush so that when people pass by my grave, they shall say, Allah guided him

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to be a halsy a warrior, and how rightly guided he was meaning he was indeed a cause he and even his half in his era, he mentioned another interesting story on the way there

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is a different outcome as a famous Sahabi you've always done his story or his name has come up here and there is a there was a young man and he was an orphan who had been adopted by not adopted but taken care of by Abdullah bin raha. So he's a distant relative Abdullah bin raha. So he's growing up in his household. So Zaid is riding on the camel with him and Rwanda, and he's probably now 1516 years old. So he's riding on the camel with him and Rwanda. And in the middle of the night in Rwanda, he's given poetry and he has another beautiful passage which urbanists have mentioned I did not translate that but the gist of it is once again, let me die Oh Allah, let me not come back. Let

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me meet my death and and and you know, Daya Shaheed, so he begins making this type of beautiful poetry and the poetry is so moving, the database can burst out into tears, that you're going to die and I'm not going to have you here. So he begins to cry. So, Abdullah bin ro has his stick that used for the camel, and he, you know, jokingly, he hits a bit clumsy, but I'll come with the stick jokingly, not like a hit, but you know, he hits him with the stick. And he says, Yeah, Luca. And Luca literally means a fool. But it's, again, a friendly way of saying this, you know, it's not like a harsh way, you know, yeah, Luca, you know, oh, foolish one. What would it matter you? If I become

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a Shahid and Allah blesses me and you get the camel to yourself on the way back?

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then somehow Allah like he's, you know, praying for Shahada but at the same time, he's softening the mood, like, why are you so okay, I get my share, and you get your share. And that's exactly what happened. Right that on the way back, he was on his own as a banana calm. So here is saying, oh, for what why are you so worried? Yeah. And if I don't come back hungry, like I get what I want and you get more space on the camel. Right? So what did we find over here? Even Russia has a premonition that he is about to basically pass away.

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And who is even Raja Raja Abdullah bin Raja, his name has come up a number of times is anything

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Do you remember anything? Or do I not want to embarrass myself a new by?

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Nothing just move on silently, no questions no quiz. Abdullah Munroe. His name has come up many times as recently as two three weeks ago.

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That should give you a hint.

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I don't see the point of notes when

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it's later when later. Every time I ask a question later it doesn't answer. Okay, I won't embarrass you anymore. I've got 11 raha he has participate. Firstly is an unsightly he's not a Mahajan is an unsightly. So from Medina. He has participated in Ababa. So he's one of the chosen the above, because the uncertainties that were chosen at Alibaba are the elite of the unsought so a BA is amongst those and even raha was the one whom the prophets are seldom sent back from Medina sorry from bother to give the good news that but there was a success and when the will not fit one saw in Rwanda on the camel of the Prophet system. Remember that he gave his own camel to urban Rwanda. And

00:31:03--> 00:31:44

he said, Go tell the Muslims, what has happened. And even though I was running into the city, overjoyed that Abuja has died, and so and so has died, and so and so has died, the munafo and said, rather stuffed full of the profitsystem has died. Even Rwanda has gone crazy because he's writing his Campbell and he's just spouting forth. You know, ludicrous. This is even Rwanda that the processing gave him the Campbell had been wrong has Well, he was known for poetry along with Hassan had been sabot avian Rwanda was another famed poet, perhaps in some ways, he was more famed and more righteous, even then his son had been tablet, but he died an early death, so has sent is more known

00:31:44--> 00:32:02

to us, even though in his lifetime, even Rwanda was more famous, and in terms of righteousness and piety, even to all of the Sahaba of the law, one whom but any his he was of a different level than his son in Sabbath. And a number of things are mentioned about it, or why, just to show his Eman of them.

00:32:03--> 00:32:41

There is a hadith near Maharaja Lu Abdullah in Rwanda, the President said what a great man is able to live in Rwanda in his lifetime. And also, he was the one the very famous incident, you've all heard about it here. And there. He was the one once the process was given. And a delegation or something came to the process and said, sit down, meaning wait for the husband Sit down. So he said, at least to sit down. And even Rwanda was just entering the masjid. And he heard the process and I'm say, sit down. So at the door of the masjid, he just sat down right there. You must have heard many of you heard of this incident. This is even Rwanda, that he just heard the process of say for

00:32:41--> 00:32:58

something else. And he was over there, and he didn't see what's happening. He just heard Sit down. So as soon as he heard his seminar open, he just sat down right at the doorstep of the messages and the process and smiled and made for even Rwanda. And I mentioned him two, three weeks ago, and

00:33:00--> 00:33:42

in order to call da Abdullah bin raha was the one who was singing lines of poetry versifying lines of poetry, about the process against the chorus that all chorus Leave him be He is such and such, and you are such and such. So he's versifying lines of poetry. And Omar, as is his usual case, and what was obviously very strict in this regard. He said, oh, I've been RWA. How dare you sing poetry? In front of the prophet SAW Selim, in the state of Islam in Makkah, like, come on, We Have you no shame, how can you do this. And the Prophet system said that Oh, who let him be? For verily, his words are more painful to the kurush than arrows coming from the heavens, or because of course,

00:33:42--> 00:33:46

sometimes propaganda. And, you know,

00:33:47--> 00:34:24

pr, pr is sometimes more painful than physical. So he said, let him be this is what he needs to be doing. And of course, I've said this many times before. So poetry is a weapon of the people of the past. And in our times, it is media and internet and other things of this nature. We need to use the tools of our times to do what the prophets are similar to earlier Sahaba to do. So this is our beloved raw, he has a whole stellar legacy. And he is a poet. And in fact, even in this battle of mortar, there are entire passages which we don't have time to go over. I'm just giving you tidbits on his way there in the battlefield. He has poetry before he passes away all of this, we just have

00:34:24--> 00:35:00

tidbits. And we have to this date recorded nonetheless. So they're on their way to basically what is now Jordan and the peripheries of Syria. And they marched to the land or the province of man, and man is basically in the country of Jordan. But it appears that the Hassan is panicked. They heard that a large group of Muslims larger than any that had ever left Medina appeared and they panicked and they sent out emissaries to every one of their allies, including the Romans. So they sent out emissaries to an

00:35:00--> 00:35:05

Number of other Christian Arab tribes, and these were the tribes,

00:35:06--> 00:35:52

such as lokum, or Judah or ltn. These are all Christian Arab tribes. alchemy is another famous Arabic tribe. And Judaism is another famous Arab, Christian. All of these are Christian Arab tribes, and because they were Christian, so they had a good relationship with the ELA standards. And he also sent an emissary to the Romans. Now, here we have one or two early Sierra books make a mistake. And they said, heraclius, himself responded and came down to fight. And this is a very clear error, because heraclius himself never fought the Muslims. And even later on when the conquest took place of Jerusalem and whatnot, and heraclius is still around heraclius never participated directly

00:35:52--> 00:36:31

against the Muslims. How could he, when he knew that this was a prophet of Allah, how could he him so he never participate, not that we're exonerating him before he died. But he was not that foolish to face the Muslims and battle his generals, his armies, to his lieutenants they faced, but he himself never appeared in battle against the Muslims. And one book of Sierra mentions, and it is a mistake, when early book later books don't mention this. And even even his house does not mentioned this, this is a mistake that they're just trying to exaggerate that iraklis himself came, he did not come. And therefore, Arab Christian tribes, the vasanas, the low hum, the Jew, them, 18, four or

00:36:31--> 00:37:15

five other tribes, they all gathered together, and the Romans sent a small contingent as well. So all of these gathered together before the Muslims made their way into mortar. So there's still a few journeys away a few days away, and the new spreads, so they'll assign it take precaution. And that precaution means 1000s of people have gathered together to defend and fight against the Muslims. Now, how many people gathered together, the standard number that is mentioned in many classical books is 100,000 100,000. And some books, even when 150,000 in one book is so Haley, in the medieval times, he mentioned 200,000 Roman soldiers came. And the fact of the matter is, we need to be a

00:37:15--> 00:37:32

little bit more critical. The Arab tribes in totality did not number 100,000. How could 100,000 Come and fight against the Muslims up north? The fact of the matter is, it is human nature of suffering. I'm not accusing the early historians of lying, but it is human nature to

00:37:33--> 00:38:10

read in larger numbers, you see a crowd, and you read in larger numbers. And in fact, this is a well known psychological phenomenon, which has been clearly documented. Even I remember when the elections were taking place between the previous president here in this country, so the supporters of both camps would be eager to point out how large their own rallies were and how small the other rallies were. And there was a blog that was documenting the same rally, one reported by msnbc would have this number one report by Fox would have this number, right, the same rally, and there was a blog that was telling that this rally is estimating 500 and they're estimating 5000, the same rally,

00:38:11--> 00:38:52

right, and the the number was hugely different. And it's really a matter of judgment, like you see a large number, and you just assume 100,000, the fact of the matter, we have to be a little bit more critical. The Romans would never have sent 100,000 against the Persians, how would they send that against some Muslim Arabs. At this time, they would not have been viewed as any major threat. If anything, there were probably a few 100 Max 1000 Roman infantry and the rest of 2000 Arabs had come together, there is no doubt that the Muslims were outnumbered, double or triple, one modern Muslim author. In this interesting story of this guy, I don't have time to get into it. He's actually a

00:38:52--> 00:39:29

Pakistani General, who became a practicing Muslim and wrote a lot of good books about the battles of the process. And he wrote a very good book translated to English about how to lead. And it's a he was a general in the Pakistani army. And he dedicated a lot of time to studying the battles of the process, some of the battles of holiday Diwali. And he estimates He has gone to all of these sites and looked at all of the evidence, he estimates that Max, there will be 10,000 people, this is a more reasonable figure than what is traditionally narrated of 100,000. It's a bit of a, you know, human exaggeration, that such a large number could never have come out of nowhere so quickly, to

00:39:29--> 00:40:00

fight against a group that internationally had not yet had any major victory. The Muslims were not viewed as any international threat by the Romans, yet, they have not even done anything to the Romans. So the Romans did send a contingent we know this for a fact. Another point is now that the Romans are involved, we have records from the Roman side. We'll talk about that next week. inshallah, we have records from the Roman side about this battle about this contingent because the Romans had a recorded history the Romans are a civilization. Unlike the Arabs at the time, there is no recorded history, but the Romans are keeping

00:40:00--> 00:40:44

register and check. So we actually have this battle mentioned in the Roman books and I'll get to that next week inshallah Tada. For now, let's just say, perhaps at max, there were 10,000. at max, maybe even 8000 9000 10,000, is being generous. But the point being no doubt the Muslims were greatly outnumbered far more than what they had expected, because they were only expecting the standards. Now you have the rowhome, the Jew them the pain, the other Arab Christian tribes, and you have an infantry group from the Romans as well, who had joined them. All of this is unprecedented, the Muslims did not know what to do. And when the news reached the Muslim camp, they began to wonder

00:40:44--> 00:41:21

what should we do. And they in fact, camped for two days not proceeding for two days and one of the values of Jordan, they camp for two days, back and forth discussion, that this is not what we had initially planned. We had initially planned to fight the Hassan is the scientists would have been Max 4000 5000. So we have 3000. Good enough, right. But now we have doubled, tripled the quantity we have the Romans involved, and we did not expect the Romans to come now hold on, why are they so quote unquote, worried about the Romans, it's not a matter of being worried, but being practical, why the Romans, because the Romans are a totally different fighting breed. They are superior armed,

00:41:22--> 00:42:04

better trained, better horses, better weapons, they are a different class of fighters compared to the Arab classified years and the Sahaba. Notice. So they said, We didn't come prepared to fight this group. What do we do now. And one group said, let us just camp here and send a messenger back to the prophet SAW said him and get his command. I do, he'll send us more people. Or he'll tell us to retreat, or he'll tell us to go and we'll do whatever he wants. But let's just wait for him. Now, this is going to take at least two weeks, because they're already in Jordan, what is now modern Jordan, for them to come Send a messenger all the way down, then come all the way back at least two

00:42:04--> 00:42:50

weeks take place. And another group said, Let us return. Call us. We didn't come for this. Let us go back. Because we have come to this land, shown our force stepped in their territory and frighten them. So Mission accomplished. The goal was to send a message we sent the message, mission accomplished. Let's go back. And they'd ask they they've been asked Abdullah rah, rah, what is your opinion? And this shows us that at times of difficulty, you turn to people of wisdom, not the novices, you turn to the senior people they've been Rwanda is one of the leaders of the onslaught. And they is also the leaders of the Maha gentlemen. So he turns to him. He says, What is your

00:42:50--> 00:43:30

advice? What do you think we should do? So even RWA has stood up and he gave a very moving and eloquent speech is the poet and there is no doubt that Zaid knows what even Russia has gonna say, but he wants an eloquent tongue on his side. So this is also the tactic of Zaid Zaid wants to convince the rest of the Sahaba but Abdullah bin Dawa has a better tongue than him. And throughout the journey ever Rwanda has clearly given his hints I'm gonna die. Sure, he'd call us. That's it. Everybody knows this. So say choosing urban Rwanda is basically knowing what you're going to say. It will know what has stands up the most eloquent of the the group and he gives a beautiful hauteville

00:43:30--> 00:44:14

er, comb, all my people, what you're scared of, is exactly what you're after. beautiful way to begin. What you're scared of is what you are desiring. You're scared of death. But don't all of you want to die Shaheed. Right? What you're scared of is your goal. So you are scared of your goal, because of your goal, your goal has become an impediment for the actual goal. You see what I'm saying here? Right? What you're scared of is exactly what you're running away from. And that's what you want, ie shahadat, and death. So the point being is saying you're scared of dying? Isn't that why we're all here? That that's the ultimate goal. And what is the matter with us that Allah will

00:44:14--> 00:44:53

bless that bless us with one of two things. It was named, as Allah says, In the Quran, it was named either victory, or Shahada, either victory or Shahada. And we know that Allah does not help us through quantity or weapons, but rather through our Islam that Allah has blessed us. So let us go forth and face one of the two inevitable realities. So he gave them a rousing lecture, and that sealed the fate everybody was motivated that we've come so far, let it be the process of them centers. So let us go forth. And so they all decided to go forth and face the Romans and the Arab Christians.

00:44:55--> 00:45:00

So for two days they were camped, they then continue moving onwards and they pass by one of the smaller

00:45:00--> 00:45:35

villages in modern Jordan, and its inhabitants all know what's going on. So they sent a small contingent towards the back of the army, the rear of the army to shower them with arrows. And it's so happened that a number of Sahaba were injured and one of them died, that the arrow pierced his heart and he died. And the and this was at the back of the Muslim army. So they went forward. And they said to even Rwanda, sorry to say, let us go back and fight the village. And for sure, they could have fought the village because the villages a small amount. So what this shows is, by the way, that the whole landscape was hostile. Everybody, obviously would be against them understood,

00:45:35--> 00:46:15

they're going to enemy territory. So let us go fight the village. And Zaid said, No, I don't think this is a good idea for the enemy is in front of us. And I don't want to be sidetracked into another battle that will wound and tire out and separate us before we meet the enemy. So he sacrifice even though the village could easily have been taken care of with the 3000. But no, we have a bigger thing ahead of us. What has happened has happened. Let's deal with the bigger guys first. So he refused to get retaliation. And he moved onwards towards towards higher up north. And eventually they decided to and it was the Muslims who decided the area of the land, the land known that is now

00:46:15--> 00:46:55

called the mortar. And it was, as we said, a small encampment, and there was a large plane. And there are we have to guess why this land was chosen, we don't know. And again, realize because the process of did not participate in mortar. So even the reports about it are far less than the reports of more than 100. Because anything that the processor is not immediately involved in automatically the reports diminish. So we have to piece together, the whole bottle of mortar is recorded in a page or two. That's it, all of the details we really do not know, sadly. And that's one of the problems of as we reconstructing the Sierra is just something we have to kind of piece together. The point

00:46:55--> 00:47:35

being probably they chose the land of water or the ground of water. For logistical reasons, definitely one of the things that we know for sure, ease of access to water, because they are travelers, they're not inland that they're familiar with. So there was a river close by that they could get their water from probably if we want to read an even more and there's no harm in doing so. Probably we can also say there was a line of retreat that they could take advantage of if the need arose to. Why do we say this? Because that's exactly what happened with Harley Davidson. What it did. Zaid have this in mind, we'll never know. But it could be added that perhaps he also had this

00:47:35--> 00:48:11

in mind that there's a line of retreat that would protect them if the need arose. Because definitely, even if they didn't have that in mind, the land did have such a land such a passage that heart of the newly took advantage of later on, and we'll talk about that next week about that issue of Harvard University. And it was the Muslims who chose this area of mortar and as huge as always the case they divided themselves into three, they have the middle and then the right and the left hand each one was given a commander and a walk the reports that Abu huraira was a part of the expedition of mortar and remember Abu huraira had met the process and where where does the pre

00:48:11--> 00:48:12

joined the process of

00:48:14--> 00:48:53

hyper hyper he joins him at hyper woreda joins him at hybrid. Anabel. Herrera is given a little bit of Yes, you're vindicated? Yes. hamdulillah. He's given a little bit of the shares of the booties of clay but as well, right so abou Herrera and Jaffer did not participate in hybrid, but they all they got some of the minima of flavor. So I was worried I was a part of the battle. And evocati says that when Abu huraira and this is the first battle of Abu huraira, Abu huraira, has not fought butter or anything. And by the way, a lot of people don't realize Abu huraira even though his narrative had this he also fought in battles. And this is the Battle of mortar, which is one of the most traumatic

00:48:53--> 00:49:14

battles he was a part of that battle. So Abu huraira his eyes opened up wide when he saw the army in front. And one of the Sahaba chided him and he said What is the matter with you? ovaherero? Are you amazed and shocked at how large the army is? So he said yes. So the Sahaba said, but you were not with us at bud

00:49:15--> 00:49:21

you were not with us at butter. And let me tell you, we did not win because of the size of our army.

00:49:22--> 00:49:24

And what is this show this comment

00:49:25--> 00:49:26

about their

00:49:28--> 00:49:31

their Eman and their their point of view on the battle right now.

00:49:33--> 00:49:35

confident that they're going to win.

00:49:37--> 00:49:54

They are not walking into a suicide. This is the point here. They are not thinking oh hos just because we're 3000 and they're 10,000 9000. We're going to lose No, they believe they're going to win and be victorious. And this is the attitude of the Muslim.

00:49:55--> 00:50:00

The Muslim does not walk into a suicide attack. This is not what

00:50:00--> 00:50:29

The Sahaba did and what some modern scholars use to try to justify, quote, unquote, the suicide attacks and bombings that some people do in our times will not hit the zero does not demonstrate this at all. Here we have motor, which was one of the most traumatic or difficult battles, yet the view of the Sahaba is what we will win. We're going to win. Now, one thing Shahada is not the same as suicide. Even Rwanda wants Shahada, but he fights a vicious battle.

00:50:30--> 00:51:07

There's two different things, right? And here's the Sahabi, telling Abu huraira Are you worried because we're just smaller than them, don't worry, then they're done that you are in there. We were there. We want an abundance. And they were three times our size, nothing different. Now. There are three times their size will win again. Right. It shows us the positive outlook of the Sahaba that they expected to win. And again, we have to piece together battle we know that Zaid gave the command to charge and Zaid because the process and gave him the flag, he did not give it to anybody else. So it's a matter of honor the process from handed in the flag. So they took the flag and he charged in

00:51:07--> 00:51:52

from the front. And he was in the in the charge of the middle of the flank. And he was attacked from every side until he was surrounded by the enemy because of the flag. And the enemy always wants to get the flag. He was surrounded by the the enemy forces, and he met his death surrounded by a whole flank of non Muslims around him. We don't have the details of who killed him or how he died. But he was killed. And when he was killed, so Jaffa took the flag. The flag was basically handed back until they came to Jaffa and john for fought one of the most vicious fights that has ever been recorded in the history of Islam. the bravery of Jaffa mortar is almost unparalleled to any other battle in any

00:51:52--> 00:52:38

other hobby. During this period of the Sierra, he charged in with his horse, he fought valiantly, until eventually somebody cut his horses legs off. And so the horse fell forward. So he rolled over. And then he stood up and he's surrounded by non Muslims because now he's in the thick and thin and he's single handedly while holding on to the the the the flag with one hand single handed not literally single handed now he is fighting the people around him with the people have swords, spears, javelins, and there's people stabbing and, and, and putting in every single wound until finally somebody surprises him and cuts off his entire right hand, which has the flag in it cuts off

00:52:38--> 00:53:25

the entire right hand. And before even the flag can hit the floor, the left hand comes in, swoops down and takes the flag. So now he is literally just standing there, you know with one hand and the flag is in there. And as a matter of basically, you know, pride the other group chops off his left hand, because they they want to embarrass, they want to get the flag fall and the flag this time does fall to the ground. But he bends down and takes the two stumps and then puts it on his chest and raises it once again. And finally a Roman infantry man comes and literally cleaves him in half from behind. He takes one of those big Roman swords, and literally just cleaves almost the entire

00:53:25--> 00:54:15

body in half from behind. And though they found him with great difficulty buried under a lot of bodies, even Omar said, I participated in water. And afterwards, we went hunting for the body of Jaffa. And we finally found his body in the middle of the dead now Subhanallah pause here, this one man, he was under a pile of dead people. What does that show us about the wounds the damage that he had inflicted on others, and we found him and we counted over 90 stabs and wounds and marks and cuts across his entire body. 50 of them in the front and 40 in his back, meaning he's facing the enemy. He's not turning around, we counted. And can you imagine this means literally an Omar has the body

00:54:15--> 00:54:15

of

00:54:17--> 00:54:26

Java in front of him and he is literally counting the wounds. Why would he be doing something so morbid? Why would it be doing something so morbid Who can tell me?

00:54:29--> 00:54:59

It shows the bravery. This is not more but this is the true badge of honor. This is the real badge of honor. That Jaffer stood his ground. He kept on holding to the flag until 90 people had basically wounded him and still he has not given up until his soul leaves his body and both of his hands were cut off and it is reported in Sahih Messiah body that Abdullah had been Omar at the same event Omar whenever he would pass by the children of Jaffa, he would say

00:55:00--> 00:55:49

Salam aleikum, all sons of the one with two wings Yebin Adela Jenna hain and there are many a hadith that put together become hesson each one is slightly weak that the Prophet system says I saw Jaffa in Jannah. Allah had given him two wings instead of his two hands and he is flying around anywhere that he wants. So that's why even Omar would say a salam alayka are children of this one with two wings Yamuna do Jenna hain so if somebody says Who is the one with two wings It is Jaffa even a bit polyp he is the one with two wings, you have an adaptogen is the children and the process of them said I saw Jaffa with two wings in gender. And when Jaffa dies then in Rwanda takes the flag and in

00:55:49--> 00:56:29

Rwanda before he plunges in he hesitates. And on the battlefield and to parallel you have to be a classical Arab to do this modern Arabs have lost this talent versifying on the spur of the moment right. So you've all lost the talent it doesn't exist anymore, right? Just to diversify on the spur of the moment with the pressure with the fact that this is a this is a talent that has long any gone modern Arabs Got Talent is nothing other than Western talent. This is not talent this is this is regression not progression. Real Arab talent Arabs Got Talent was poetry, you just on the spur of the moment to give their poetry and that is unfortunately almost gone now. What can you do man whom

00:56:29--> 00:56:51

but even raha he began to diversify. And one of the people on the battlefield narrates this to us later on. And it's like a paragraph and one of the some of the few lines I just translated for you that he before he plunged in, he paused because he knows this is death. And also parallel. He's been waiting for death all of this journey. When he sees it

00:56:52--> 00:56:53

pauses a bit.

00:56:54--> 00:57:05

And he says something and somebody hears him, and he's speaking to his own soul. And he says, I swear all my soul, you shall proceed.

00:57:06--> 00:57:54

You shall proceed or lead to crown hoonah I will force you to proceed. Meaning his soul is now battling with him. Right? Beautiful. Like he's in jihad against himself. Right? And he's telling his soul, you shall proceed, or I will force you to Quran hoonah to proceed. The people have gathered, the clamor has risen. But what is the matter with you? You don't want Jenna that took her home Nana you have Jen? Then he says surely What do you have desired has eluded you for too long. What are you you have another aha except a drop of fluid put in a shin put in a bag meaning you are nothing but a more so a drop of despised note for note for tuna fish when you're just drop in a despised bag? Or

00:57:54--> 00:58:36

sorry, despised fluid in a bag? What are you that you're so precious upon yourself? Meaning what here? He's telling his soul? What's the matter? Why are you scared? Now? This is what you've been waiting for genders around the corner, you had better go or I'll force you. Why do you want to stay when you're nothing but a drop of despise fluid. That's all that you are. And you want to remain in this state when you have the potential to go much beyond this. And he then jumped into the ranks. And he died a Shahid as well. And so pedalo what this shows us is something so beautiful. So human. This is what makes the Sahaba the Sahaba. And what is that? They are not angels.

00:58:37--> 00:58:43

He has been wanting Shahada for this whole journey. Now it's right in front of him and what happens

00:58:45--> 00:58:52

his humanity is shown he hesitates Well, I mean knew we would have fainted or right because

00:58:53--> 00:59:11

he hesitates right? We could not even lift the sword that he had in his hand while like we could not I don't think anybody here really could even handle that sword and the the instruments that they have, have you seen the things that those the hover used, right? So he hesitates? What is bravery. bravery is to conquer your fear.

00:59:12--> 00:59:54

It's not to not feel fear, fear, that if you didn't feel fear, you're not a human bravery is to conquer your fear. He feels the fear, then what happens? he conquers it, and will lie to me. Now some people might read in and some have done those who want to make fun of the Sahaba you know, the other groups and whatnot. So they make fun of this as a Oh, this Sahabi is now you know, scared of death and whatnot. Well, law, he's about a law. This is not fear. This is bravery. This is the essence of bravery. And it shows us the humanity that he's so close to death, but who amongst us can just walk in like this? So he's debating and then finally his Eman gets the better of him and he

00:59:54--> 01:00:00

eventually goes in and he dies a Shaheed and then sabot Ivanova

01:00:00--> 01:00:05

come from the unsought. He was a battery he was a famous hobby from the unsolved habit of an outcome.

01:00:07--> 01:00:47

When the when the flag falls, habit jumps in and gets the flag and runs out of the, the melee, and he takes refuge in a little bit of area behind the army, and it is allowed in our religion, Allah says in the Quran, that you may turn your back if you're trying to regroup a lamb with a hydrophilic guitar. So he turns his back and runs away because he wants to get the flag to safety. The flag is the symbol of safety. And he runs back into the safer area and he says hello more Muslims come to me. So the battle is taking place 2030 meters away 50 meters away. The battle is taking place, we need a new leader. So whoever is there Come quickly around me. So the Muslim is removed because he

01:00:47--> 01:01:30

has the flag. And he's not say that he's not Jaffa anxiety, Bindra waka, it's pretty clear, all three are gone. He's holding the flag. And when a group come around him, he says, quickly choose a leader amongst you who will be our leader. And he's holding the flag and he says, who's going to be the leader? Obviously, somebody's going to say, you, obviously it's human nature, right? He'll be the leader. And he says, No way, not me to somebody else. So they look around themselves, who can qualify who can be the one and their eyes settle on, the one who was the newest of them to Islam, the youngest of them in coming to the faith, barely a month or two has gone by since he has accepted

01:01:30--> 01:02:13

Islam. He is a fresh Muslim, right? And he is somebody who was their most avowed enemy has caused them the most damage and harm in, in hunter in how they be, and the hearts have not yet wounded. Sorry, the wounded hearts have not yet healed, right? Because in the end of the day, he has done what he has done, right? So many of them have lost their lives, their relatives at home because of this one man. And he's the youngest of them, but Islam forgives everything, and situations like these call for leadership. So all eyes turn to how to deal with the lead. And hardly when he sees all of this, he says How could I? Meaning of course, he understood I am who I am. Now we think of

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Hollywood as safer law. Remember at this stage, he is the newest Muslim, he is fresh into this religion. He has a history of hatred and animosity and killing. Right. And his father unworried. How many verses in the Quran against him. So he says, How can I, but they insist, and so Khalid takes the flag. And next week, we'll talk about what happens with Khalid, but this week, I wanted to just conclude with something that's taking place simultaneously in Medina. So what happens with Khalid will do next week, this week, we just do one or two had it and then finish off for today, that as this is unfolding, in mortar, almost 700 kilometres 800 kilometers away, as this is unfolding in

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water. The prophets of the law while he was selling them is vividly describing every detail of the battle simultaneously, as it is taking place in water. He is talking about it in the masjid in Medina, all the Sahaba have gathered live updates. And he is telling them in graphic detail exactly what is happening. And this Hadeeth isn't Bahati and Muslim and it's very rigorously authentic that under cinematic set analysis, the child is in Medina and this is not in water. And I 70 Malik said that the Prophet system told us about the deaths of Zaid and Jafar and they've been Rwanda before the news reached us. Meaning before the messengers came, the messenger is telling us right before

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the people came from the battle, but also the law is telling us and he said they took the flag and he was killed. And Jaffer took it, and he was killed, and Mr. Rawat had took it and he was killed, and ns said and his eyes were crying so a lot while he was sending him His eyes were crying, until he said, had heard her say phone mean so you feel the heat until a sword from the swords of a law toolkit. And Allah gave him victory at his hands. This Hadith is in Bahati, missionaries and even more moving episode. And this is also in Buhari I. She says that when the when the news of the death of a bin and Jaffer and Abdullah Abdullah Hakim, the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam sat down and

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grief was clearly visible from him. So panela He is so emotionally hurt now. He has to physically Sit down. He and we all know when a very big news comes to us. We cannot even stand up. We have to just sit down. Can you imagine the stress and the pain and the anguish they have been hard with the

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Who, as we know the story of Zaid when his own father and uncle came to free him from slavery, and this was before Islam, and the Prophet system said to date your father and uncle have come go, you are free. Right? And Zaid is shocked. You want me to go back with them? And he turns to him, what did you tell them? I didn't say you're a pseudo is not as full of this, and what did you tell them? And he says, I left the matter to you, the two of them are going back and forth, right, that I left the matter to you. And he tells his father and uncle, in that case, I will never choose this man over anybody else. And his father says to his aid, all my son, you will remain a slave with a

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strange tribe. Rather than come back a free man with your father, you will remain a slave as a stranger rather than come back as a free man with your father. And he says that all my father the love that this man has shown me, no one else can possibly Show me. And when he said this, that was when the processor took his aid in front of the orange in front of the guard. And he said, this is now Zaid, even Mohammed, this is Ada bin Mohammed, the only one whom Allah has honored by mentioning in the Quran, there's no other Sahabi that comes close to this aboubaker comes a distant second by being referenced as a direct pronoun. Direct pronoun, that's nowhere near being a name, right, a

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lemon chisel bucha if your auditor sahibi he when he mentioned to his companion, so I hate the vocoder Sahabi. But that's a direct pronoun. They it is for them. They don't mean Whopper. This is the day that our issue says that if anybody had been alive if he had been alive, no one would have chosen anybody other than Zaid. So they it has just died. Somebody whom the processing has been gifted at the marriage of Khadija almost 30 years have gone by and he has been raising up say 15 years have gone on 15 sorry, 20 years have gone by and Zaid has been in his household. Not even 2030 it is 30 I'm correct. 30 years have gone because I was right 30 years, and now his aide has passed

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away. Jeff, I don't remember what happened with john Ford when he came back at high but he stood up to kiss him on the cheek he stood up and he hugged him and he kissed him. And he said I don't know why I am happier today. The conquest of haber this fertile land millions of dollars in our time or seeing Jaffa which of the two has made me happier today. Right and he has been away from Jaffa again for 30 years he's been raised up with Jaffa Jaffa is closer to him and he did it. And now Jaffa has just been killed. Right and leaving behind widows and children. And Abdullah live in Rwanda, the Sahabi, who has been with him from the beginning in Medina, all three have died. And he literally

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sits down, visibly grieved, crying. Isha is watching from her curtain from the room she's watching and she is hurt like every wife would be when her husband is hurt. And

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he says I was looking at him from the corner of the house meaning from the curtain. And the man came to him and said, er rasulillah Nyssa Pooja follow the women of Jaffa. And he mentioned they're crying. This is Arusha reporting. So the Prophet system told him go back and tell them to stop.

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So the man went, and then he came back again. And he said, the auto pseudo law, I stopped them I prohibited them. Then he mentioned that they didn't listen. So the process of again commanded him. And again, the man returned for the third time. And he says, Yeah, rasulillah the women have overpowered us.

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The women have overpowered us, I can't do anything. And so the prophecies that I'm said, then go throw dust into their mouths, fight to Allah will do in the Torah, either, for hinda too long, go throw dust into their mouths, then the messenger, meaning this man goes back, and from the corner of the room without even him knowing comes the voice of Russia, whipping him just like every single woman when she comes to the defense of her husband, then woe to you. And then again, Woe to you. Nobody can defend the husband better than his wife when she wants to defend and that one is the big question. But when she wants to defend, then she can defend. And of course, our issue is going to

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defend the profitsystem and she gets so irritated. She says to this man, the messenger, the meaning of the one between him and the woman of Jaffa, that rather May Allah throw dust on your nose, not on their women's nose, because neither have you done this, nor did you leave this suffering from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Now this hadith is somewhat cryptic for those reader for the first time it is in Bukhari and Muslim is not authentic it and really let me explain it first and then we conclude our today's talk inshallah, then resumed next week. The point here is that the Profit System is so grieved. He's so much in pain. He literally

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sits down, he's crying. He's in a very, we literally will call the shock. That's what we call it. He is in shock in grief and new spreads all over Medina. So the wives of Joseph are the children of Jaffa they began mourning, what is mourning?

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mourning means crying out loud. mourning means beating themselves. mourning means wailing, and wailing says, You say when you will, how are we going to live? Who is going to take care of us? This is as we know, it is not allowed in Islam. Correct. It is how long it is a major sin. Now, the women know this,

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but they have not been tested yet.

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is one thing to say is how long it's one thing to be tested and then pass the test. So for the first time, in this household, the man dies. The women,

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it's ingrained in them from their upbringing, they revert to their practices, and they start wailing. So this man, who is this man, he's not mentioned because I was narrating the Hadith. And she was harsh to him. So as is her son now she doesn't mention names. So we don't know some cousins, some relatives. This man comes in, he says yasunaga the winner wailing What do I do? What do I do? So the process of them says, and by the way, notice as well, when he narrates What does she say? She says the man came and said, the women of Jaffa. And he mentioned of their crying.

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Notice what has she done?

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She's toned it down.

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She did not mention their wailing even though they're not just crying. You understand this point here? Is she is covering up the faults of these women. No need to mention explicitly what is understood. She's not a gossip monger. She's not a tattletale. She's not somebody that wants to spread everything. No, she simply generically says he mentioned of they're crying, and they weren't just crying. Because if they were crying, there's nothing wrong. And that is their right, they were doing much more than crying. So the process is go back and tell them stop. The man comes in it goes I did. So the President says go back and tell them again to stop. Right? Then he comes for a third

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time now. Well, I put yourself in the shoes of this man, whoever he was the cousin or the another an older son or whatever. He's confused. He can't control his own women. He's also in shock. His own relative has died. He's trying to get some comfort and help he's going to the profitsystem. And what can the process of him do? The women are panicking. The women are are wailing and crying. And so the third time and no doubt the processor has every right to get frustrated. Now this is an expression Arabic go through a dust as we know, we should know by now. It's not a literal thing. It's just the way the Arabs expressed irritation. This is like when you express irritation, right? This is not a

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literal thing. It just means irritation, it means they're doing something wrong. And it's not meant to be done literally take dust and throw it in their faces. And what we find here is panela I really love this idea for so many reasons. of the reason that I love this Hadith, it shows us the traumatic reality of the Sahaba. It's a human image here of the reasons I love this Hadith, the prophet system is being very pragmatic. Is it is how long two will correct? Okay, women are willing. What is he done? He's told them three times stop willing, they didn't stop. What are you going to do?

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What can you do? This is the point here, there was an element of pragmatism, right? He's irritated. He's frustrated, he's in trauma. The women are going even more in trauma. He's trying to calm them down through this man. The man is saying the women have overcome us. We can stop them from wailing and screaming. And he just comes to this and then go throw dust on the baby. What do you The point is what do you want me to do then? What can I do? They're not doing it. You're not stopping them? What do you want me to do? And our Isha, she is hurt and in grief because she sees her husband in grief because she sees what is happening. Zaid has died and Jennifer has died in the war has died.

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He is frustrated, he is irritated. And now this man is coming. And he's not acting wisely. Why is he not acting wisely? This is not the concern that you should bring to the Prophet Mohammed, listen right now.

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This is not something you need to come three times for, you need to gain some sense. And that's what she says to the messenger here, right? Rather, you're the one that deserves dust to be thrown on your mouth, because neither are you able to control your own women. Nor are you sparing the Profit System from this pain and suffering. Now is not the time to go and bring these petty things in front of the profit center. So she lashes out at demand and she says you're the one who's deserving of the dust being thrown and will lie the whole incident. You are crying for all three of these people and for the women of Jaffa and

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For Jaffa, your heart is grieved our heart is with the process and with our issue with this man, you don't know who to cry for, because all of them, they have their own personal, you know, trauma and tragedy taking place. The Battle of motto really had a serious psychological blow. The Prophet system lost the most beloved person to him. And that was they had been had it that his adopted son, he lost the one person that came the closest to being a real son, he would have been a real son had Allah not revealed in the Quran, that they're openly about him. For all intents and purposes, he was the son, as even above said, Will law he I had no idea that they even had it was sorry, they didn't

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Mohammed was at benhadad. until Allah reveals fertilizer, meaning I had no clue that they It wasn't until Allah told us that they is somebody else, right? This is the relationship that Allah is that the process of excuse me had with z. And now z it has come to an end, Java has come to an end and Rwanda has come to an end, what will happen in the bottle of water on that cliffhanger note is shallow to other. We will come back next Wednesday insha Allah Allah and finish off our Syrah for 2013. As I said at the beginning, this will be the next week will be our final zero for 2013. Then there'll be a little bit of a break and then we'll come back to the beginning of the new academic

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year and calendar year and then resume our Syrah from there. And we are already late so we'll pause questions to next week because we'll stop START STOP water next week in shallow water. And with that, we'll give the add on and pray sold out to the church.