Seerah – 40 The Battle of Badr 5
Channel: Yasir Qadhi
Series: Yasir Qadhi - Seerah
File Size: 41.85MB
Shaykh Yasir Qadhi continues the series on the Battle of Badr and we are now acquainted in explicit detail about the Tafseer of the following verse from the Noble Qur’an:
“And when Satan made their deeds seem fair to them and said, ‘None from among men shall prevail against you this day, and I am your protector.’ But when the two armies came in sight of each other, he turned on his heels, and said, ‘Surely, I have nothing to do with you; surely, I see what you see not. surely I fear Allah; and Allah’s punishment is severe.”
After the army of the Quraysh had fled, the Prophet ﷺ told the Sahaba that would remain there for three days for many purposes – Firstly,to provide burial for the shaheed. Secondly, to ensure the Quraysh don’t launch a counter attack and thirdly, to decide the outcome of the war – who had emerged victorious.
Next was the issue of the spoils of war (ganeema). The Quran and sunnah explicitly tells us that the previous ummah were not allowed to withhold the ganeema.
The Quran gives immense detail on the proper method of distribution of Ganeema:
- 1/5 of it is put aside and is divided into 5 shares.
- 0.04 of the booty goes to the Prophet ﷺ.
- 0.04 of the booty goes to the Ahlul Bayt .
- 0.04 of the booty goes to orphans.
- 0.04 of the booty goes to the poor .
- 0.04 of the booty goes to travelers.
This amounts to 20% and the rest of the 80% is handed over to the army.
Next was the issue about the prisoners of war which were 73 or 74 in number.
The Prophet ﷺ surveyed all the prisoners and said, “If Mut’im ibn Adi were alive right now and he spoke to me to free all of these (dirty people), I would have freed them all for him”.
smilla rahmanir rahim al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa salatu salam ala Sayyidina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi mine Am I apologize about my voice today but I'm suffering from a little bit of a flu and my voice has still not recovered. So I'm gonna have to speak in a low voice for most of today, which as you know, for me is very difficult to do when I speak so we'll have to be a more calmer lecture inshallah.
I mean, I mean, so
we were still talking about the actual incidents during the Battle of budget. And the next incident that we're going to come to Is it the seed of something in the Quran that Allah subhanho wa Taala says, and sort of tail and fall? What is Xena lahoma shavon Allah whom we'll call Ll Holly Bella, c'mon, yo, Mama Nancy, we're in New Jerusalem. That one shavon made their deeds beautiful to them what is the unit of mushiya Tonto Armada whom will call Ella Holly Bella Komiyama Mina nurse, and she upon said to them, nobody can beat you today you are too powerful, when in the job to lock them. And I am your protector, phylum, Tara, Germany, when the two groups saw one another
Nagasaki Bay, he turned around, and he fled. War color anybody on mink, and he said, I have nothing to do with you. In the aroma later on, I can see what you cannot see in the hall for la hora. But I mean, I am scared of a lot the Lord of the worlds. This isn't sorted and fun. And it is in the context of the Battle of burden. What is this a reference to? We already mentioned for the first half of the story, and that is that when the Irish were leaving Mecca, they almost turned back because they became scared of a surprise attack from another internal dispute. We mentioned this before. And shaytaan came to them in the form of Soraka in Malik from the banana, and he said to
them, and they were worried about an attack from one of the sub tribes of the banana. And he said to them, I as the chieftain as the nobleman from from the banana are get I'm guaranteeing you you're not gonna get attacked from the blue Kenan in New Jerusalem, you have my protection, so much. So this is Soraka in the geyser shaytaan in the guise of Soraka. So much so he said, I will even accompany you as a as a live hostage if you like, I'll go with you. And I'll accompany you. So you can be sure that if I'm in the battle, you can if anything happens, you can kill me. I am you're literally hostage that if anything happens, you hear of the blue cannon attacking, then you you have
no worry because I am alive hostage with you when ninja will come. So Soraka in the guise of is this is not Soraka This is shaytaan is accompanying them all the way until they can add better salamati German, then when the two groups met one another, or they saw the total armies they saw one another what happened. It is narrated that
when Soraka saw the angels come down, and he saw jabril coming down on his horse when shaytaan obviously in the guise of Soraka saw this, he turned on his back and began running away. Now of course the forest cannot see anything. to them. It looks just like the army. So within his Sham said, Where are you running away? Or Soraka? Where are you running away? And he tried to stop him like what's going on here. But shaytaan in the guise of Soraka pushed him so severely that it had it basically flew upwards and fell on his back. Clearly this is an entity that's not a human flew upwards and fell on his back. And then he said to inherit that as Allah says in the Quran, that I
can see what you cannot see in the aroma tunnel. I'm seeing what you cannot see there's the angels with the other side. How do you expect me to fight against that? And I am scared of Allah, the Lord of the worlds and our Prophet system said and had it narrated in mortal Mr. Medic Wolfie is not the Himachal that the Prophet system said shaytaan was never more humiliated, and more despised, which is like you know, the Lille shaitan was never more humiliated, then he was on the day of budget. So basically, since Allah created him shaitan was never more humiliated than he was on the day of better because of what he saw of the blessings of Allah and the mercy of Allah. And he saw Jubilee
in inciting the angels go forth. So shaytaan felt the lowest ever in his life, on the day of better, and Allah mentions and references this in the Koran, and in this manifestation in this clear example, even though we don't need it, we see here that
trickery of shape on how he promised them. And then at the last minute how he turned his back and literally ran away, literally, right? And this is a beautiful example that Allah showed with the with eyes. Basically people saw this, that shaytaan promises everything. Right? He told them, I'll be your hostage, take me with you. He told him, don't worry, I'll be your protector. And then when he saw the angels come down right before the battle, he turned on his back and he fled away. It is as if Allah is telling us how can you believe him? How can you believe this liar? How can you believe this fraudster this trickster? How can you believe this person or this entity, who does not
even feel ashamed to lie till the very last second, and he shows his true colors, his cowardice, look at how scared he is now. And he actually admits I am scared of a lot in the awful law or Balala mean, and also look at the significance as well of shape on literally This is at least himself. And we know from our texts, that a police does not get involved, except in very evil Matrice it believes is that the head person, he sends his henchmen, he sends the other genes to do his his beckoning, at least as the process until he has the throne somewhere, you know, over the waters, he has the throne. And he sends the shouting to do his bidding for a police to physically come to Mecca. And to
physically be in the army of the harsh it shows his desperation. And also look at the symbolism here. And it's not just symbolism, it's real. On the one side, you have that very same entity who refuse to do such that to Adam, that very same creature, you have him and you have a Buddha, and you have rotunda and worried and shaver and you have oma you haven't heard of, and literally 100 meters away on the other side, you have gibreel come down from the heavens, and you have the Prophet Mohammed solecism, and you have Abu Bakar and Roma and not Earth man because one was in MacOS will come to Medina and Ali, you have all of the Sahaba were lucky if this is not as Allah says in the
Quran, the day of decisive for con Yeoman for con law cause butter. Yeoman for con for con means shifting or changing or clearing the truth from the false hood. Right Yeoman for on the day of decision
for our commies to separate for aka for on separation? What was separated truth from falsehood, correctness from evil is this is human for con. And there's no question look at the people on both sides. gibreel versus a believes himself, the prophet Mohammed sorcerer versus Abu jihad, the founder of this oma, right, and then all of the Sahaba There is no doubt that this type of symbolic battle and a real battle is both symbolic and real. It has never taken place since Allah has created mankind up until the day of judgment. And that is why Yeoman butter is indeed one of the greatest victories. In fact, it is the greatest victory. Perhaps the conquest of Mecca is at a similar level.
But there's no doubt that the Battle of butter is the greatest victory that was given to the profitsystem in terms of the actual military expeditions. And
when the Sahaba began attacking it, we had mentioned this last week that the process of had given them in rows in the first row who is in the first row who can remind me the very front who was in the front.
We said there were three groups who was in the front.
No, no, no, in terms of in terms of
the characteristics of the people with spears, and then the middle swordsman. And then in the back. The archers right. We have said this at the process of had divided this. And I had mentioned that this was the first time in military warfare of Arabia, that the Arabs had fought in ranks and Rose, this is the first time this was not of their tactics. And it is amazing that the process of who was never schooled in an army school in a military academy, he is doing what military academies have taught for hundreds and 1000s of years, that army should be enrolled. And this is what every military training school teaches that there are rules to this day. The military has his people in
rows, they're marching in ranks. And Allah says in the law, you're a bullet Daniel patrulla, feasability, soften Kenda home, banja no more Seuss right as if they are solidified rows and ranks. This is something that the processor was taught directly by Allah azza wa jal, and military commanders later on, have their own books for this. Now, we had mentioned that the Sahaba launched the offensive. The details are not mentioned sadly, as I have said many, many times all that we have the specific incidents. What we do know is that eventually, we mentioned at least 10 stories in the last last Wednesday. Eventually, the courage turned on their backs and they fled, the courage turned
on their backs and they fled and they returned back to Mecca. Now, some modern military commentators looking at the map of budget and inshallah, maybe next Wednesday or the one after that, we'll do the math.
In the PowerPoint, some modern modern military analysts, when they look at the map of butter, they noticed that there was one clear passage way back to Mecca, that the Prophet system could have blocked if he wanted to. But he didn't do so. So it is as if the Profit System allowed one escape passage back for them. Now, this is a theory because we don't know what is in the mind of the Prophet system is the theory. Now why would he do this modern military analysts they say this is because when a group knows that they're fighting to death, they will fight much more severe. And when there is a pressure valve outlet, what's going to happen? There revolve, their resolve will go
down very fast.
Right? So you see the point here, that when there is no outlet, what's going to happen? There will be desperation. And when there is an outlet, then you know, how you know what I can always run away. So if you look at the, the layout, and I'll show you the diagram next week, inshallah,
next Wednesday, if you look at the layout, remember this that there's going to be one very clear area that the kurush could have used to retreat and the Profit System because he was on the field before the Quran, he could have blocked them, but he didn't do so. And that is exactly where they retreated from. And this is a very realistic theory, and Allah azza wa jal knows, the truth is very plausible. The net result at the end of the battle was that 70 of the chorus had been killed, and around 7374 taken prisoners, so around 15% of the army of the chorus was either killed or taken prisoner of war, out of more than 1,015%. And from the Muslim side.
There were no prisoners of war, there were around 15 from the Muslim side,
killed in the battle, and this is less than 5% of the Muslims were killed. So 15% of the Quran, and their army was three times larger, are killed or taken prisoner of war, and less than 5% of the Muslims around 15 of the Muslims less than 5% they were
Shaheed or they were martyred in the Battle of budget. And when the army fled the army of the Quraysh fled the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam regrouped the Sahaba. And he said, we are going to remain here for three days. So he announced for them, we're going to remain here for three days. Why did he remain for three days? For many reasons? Firstly, to make sure that all of the Muslims their bodies were gathered and they were given a proper gender as they were given proper burial janazah here I mean, very old, not the salado, Juno's as you know the Shahid is not prayed for and by the way, this is the first time that the Shetty of Shahid came down what do you do for a Shaheed
you don't wash his body, you don't pray salata janaza this was when it came down that this is what you do for the show here that you don't do any of this for the show. He also they were not taken back to Medina. They were even though Medina is not that far away. I mean if you drive to better than our times in a car, it takes around an hour and 10 minutes and it's not that far by car hour. 10 hour 20 minutes max it will take you so Medina is not that far it's literally half a day's journey away. Day at max if they were to be slow, and yet the bodies were buried right there to this day. If you go and visit by that I have visited whether you go and visit whether you find the graves
of the Sahaba are still over there. And this shows us that the Shaheed is buried where he dies, that is the son of the Shaheed wherever he dies, you dig a grave for him as close as possible to that place. If it's reasonable distance or whatnot, that's fine, but he is buried where he dies, we know he is buried in his clothes, he is not given another shroud and his wounds are not even washed because the Prophet says that I'm said that on the Day of Judgment, the Shaheed will be resurrected, his blood will still be the color of blood, but its scent will be the scent of musk loan who loaned them. But the scent will be Rio de hell misc that the sun scent will be the scent of musk. He also
stayed there for three days to partially recover, to recuperate, to make sure that the chorus did not launch a counter offensive, and most importantly, to clarify beyond the shadow of a doubt, who is the winner? And who is the loser? Who is the victor and who is the coward. This is very clear, you're camping at the battlefield for three days. And the orange don't even have the audacity the goals to return back and fight. Clearly the Prophet system was the victor of this expedition of this battle of better. So the Sahaba were buried in individual graves and there's only 15 habits so they were basically given individual grades in the Battle of boyhood, when the number was much more to
Sahabi shared a grave as we'll get to when we get to that right that it was too much of a burden for them to dig 75 plus graves for the for the four that we're talking about. Right. So to
People shared a grave because it was too difficult. But for better, because there were so few, they were given individual burials. As for the courage, the bodies have the courage, there's over 70 plus who died of the kurush, they were covered up in a well, they were not given the same burial as the Muslims. But they were buried by throwing the bodies into a one of the abandoned wells, right. And this shows us that in our study, we show even a minimal respect to the, to the bodies of those whom the Muslim army has killed, that we don't just let them rot in the sun, that we do something to cover them up, right, we don't have to give them the same
funeral procedure or the same respect are the same. And this is, by the way, everywhere in the world, and you're wounded and you're dead are treated a million times better than theirs. This is everywhere in the world. This is the law of the land. So even in our city, the the the Horace who died, they were given a different type of burial. They were there, their body was simply thrown into one of the empty well, so that they are covered up and then sand is thrown onto that to cover up the bodies. There was only one body who could not be buried and that was we mentioned this last Wednesday. Oh, my Van Hollen. Right. We mentioned this last Wednesday. Oh, my you haven't heard of
that when they found his body. And he was a fat man, he was a big man. When they found him, allegedly. I mean, they say, typically, you can imagine the rich and you know, he's coward that he was. So whatever, they tried to pick him up, the flesh just literally melted into they didn't, it didn't allow them to pick up the body. And literally, the flesh just did not decompose right then and there. And so they had no other option other than to take the pebbles that he was found in, he was found in some pebbles, right? to just take some of those pebbles and then cover his body with a mound of pebbles. And as we said, There is just no question that Allah is demonstrating committed,
you know to Dan, as you do unto others that will be done unto you, as you used to punish Bella with pebbles and rocks and stones in that desert heat. His ending will be in a sand of pebbles in a mound of pebbles, his ending will be that his body shot forever and ever and ever be rotting in this mound of pebbles as used to punish blood, so to his fate to be so that everybody knows it witnesses and there's no question this is a mortgages or an IRA, that Allah azza wa jal wanted us to contemplate about. So all of these bodies were thrown into the, the well, and on the third day, as the Prophet system was departing away from the the well, he passed by he diverted the caravan so that it would
actually pass by the well, they kept the well was not directly on the way back to Medina. But as the caravan packed up the bags, everything is ready to go. He diverted the caravan and the Sahaba obedient as they were, they never asked any questions about why would you do this? They simply followed along, right, it's diverting to the right, let it be whatever the whole caravan is following him, then he stopped at the well, where all of those bodies had been buried. All of those bodies had been buried. And he began calling them out by name one by one, or two, but they are overly dependent, also, and so OBJ by name, and he mentioned every one of the root, every one of the
Sun LDS, every one of the leaders of the whorish also and so helwa jet to my wife bukem hopko. Have you found what your Lord has promised you to be true? As for me, I have found the promise of a law to be true. Have you found the promise of a law to be true, then it moves on to the next man, and then the next man? And so he mentioned all of the leaders of the Quraysh, one by one. And then he gave this rhetorical question, did you find the promise of a law true, I have found the promise of a law true. And Omar said to him that Yasuda law How can you speak to bodies that have no soul? How can you
just say the law, you're talking to bodies that don't have any cognition? They cannot hear you. And so the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam said, Well, let enough cvad he I swear by the one in whose hands is my soul. You are not able to hear me now any better than they can. Your hearing is no better than they're hearing right now. ie, just like you can hear me, they can hear me, right? But they cannot respond to me. But they cannot respond to me. What are the this hypothesis I Muslim? One of the narrator's portada moqtada is the student of women above Qatada is one of the famous stab your own petard has said, A hiya whom Allahu taala Allah brought them back to life, in order that
they could hear the profitsystem speak, and in order that they could be insulted upon their injuries and humiliated and they could be a source of regret and guilt for them. socata explained that Allah azza wa jal brought them back to life now
We're going to pause here and go into another issue.
And it is an APA issue a theological issue. But it is an issue that is very relevant. And people always ask about it. And this is one of the main stories that is used in a discussion of this theological issue. And that is the issue of Canada dead in the grave here or not. Can the dead in the grave here or not? This is a an issue that, as I said, always people ask about if you go visit your relatives, your grandmother, your uncle, if you visit person, the grave, does the person know you're outside the grave, you are listening? Or you can hear sorry, you're not you're listening, but that person is listening to you. Can he know that a visitor is at his grave? This is a very big
theological question that even the Sahaba differed over even the Sahaba differed over and this incident of but it is one of the most important evidences used by both sides. It's an authentic evidence, everybody knows it is there, the interpretation is the issue. Now, even the Sahaba. So it is said, for example, that even Omar Ilhan Omar would say that the person in the grave can hear the one that visits him, and can and he even said that the the person in the grave will be punished by hearing his relatives cry for him by hearing his relatives for what is called Nia hide it may it may or may, it means wailing over the dead wailing over the dead,
for example, to say how am I going to live? Who's going to support me? You know, how are we going to live after this? This is wailing over the dead. And there is a hadith which is not exactly directly relevant to this, but the Prophet system said in one version of the Hadith, that the one in the grave will be punished when his relatives do this. And I should have denied this and said no, the one in the grave will not even hear them. How can he be punished, rather, the actual Hadeeth is so that's not exactly relevant to the point the point here is that it had been affirmed that the dead can hear the Wailing even Omar from the dead can hear the winning issue said no. The dead cannot
hear the the person outside. Did you not read in the Quran? surah felted verse 22 womma antebi mazmanian manfield obor so I actually use something in the Quran woman antebi mazmanian manfield obor you will not be able to make the one in the grave hear you. So I should deny this interpretation. Forget the issue of Nia hadn't met yet and tidy but
that's not relevant. Now. The issue is even more affirmed hearing I said no, this is incorrect. The dead cannot hear. Allah says in the Quran. Woman entity most married men fill cobalt. And there are other Quranic evidences as well suited to room verse 52. Allah says in the Quran for iNec Allah to smear remoteapp wala to smear asuma da either will lo motivating, you cannot make the Mota here for in Nicola to smil Mota, nor can you make the deaf person hear when you call out to them especially when they turn their backs and they walk away. So in this eye It is as if a lot is saying a motor is like a sum
is comparing the the dead person to a deaf person also inserted a numbered verse at
Allah says Why am I so what what am what in the law used to be Roman Yeshua wama antebi mazmanian manfield COBOL that Allah says in the Quran, the living and the dead are not the same. A law can make anything he wants here, but you cannot make the dead here. Romantic amendment fell over so that all of these ideas are used to talk about the the fact that the dead cannot hear.
And one can say it seems very explicit from the Quran. From the Koran there does not appear to be any evidence to suggest that the dead can hear clear. The Koran seems to say very clearly that the dead cannot hear clear right? Now let's look at the ahaadeeth.
A number of a hadith seem to suggest that the dead can hear hence the controversy. This is why the controversy arises. So of the ahaadeeth is the editing side Buhari. That is a very long Hadith that the Prophet says and mentions what happens to the great what happens to the soul when it dies. And as a very long headed one phrase and it is of relevance to us that the prophets of Salaam said that the person in the grave he hears the footsteps of those who have come to bury him as they return.
The one in the grave when He is buried. This is at the burial. So the process was talking about what happens to the root and it goes up and it goes down the righteous goes up the evil goes down. And then moon can indicate all of this. So in this there's a phrase that the one in the grave will hear
The people who have come to bury him as they walk back, they he he will hear or she will hear the the soul will hear the footsteps on the ground as they go back to the houses basically. Right? This idea is in body pretty clear, pretty explicit that they will hear the footsteps going back. Another evidence that is used is the famous Hadith in Bukhari and Muslim that the Prophet system visited booklet, agenda to book as we call it booklet. And he said a Salam aleikum, Allah comida Muslim in our meaning. So he's saying senemo Why would he say salaam aleikum unless the people can hear right as salam aleikum to the people of the grave have said I'm why they come. So this is another
evidence. Another evidence that is used is the mutawatir Hadith well known and every single book of Hadith that the prophet SAW Selim said that whoever sends Salaam upon me, a lot will send an angel to tell me that they have given Sam, right. Whoever sends Sam upon me, an angel will come and tell me that so and so is sending Sam. There's also a hadith that says, notice it it is very explicit. Whoever passes by the grave of anybody whom he knew, and says Salaam, the one in the grave shall recognize who said Salaam and he shall return his set up to him. Now, this hadith is very explicit. However, it is clearly a weak Hadith it is not mentioned in the six books it's mentioned in some of
the more obscure books have been headband and sock and Teddy damage some of the more obscure books and it is very clearly a weak idea. It's not in the famous quote of Assetto Corsa. With this I had this idea and authentic then end of story, it's it's very clear, but it's not authentic. of the evidences that is used is the hadith of Amityville house.
It's not a Hadith, it's his own statement, his own was the year that he's telling his children that when he's telling him what to do after he dies, and one phrase in there says, so when you bury me,
stay at my grave for the length of time it takes to slaughter an animal and distribute the meat. Now, this phrase slaughter an animal distribute the meat is found in other ahaadeeth as well, it must have been a unit of time for them. Right? I mean, they have something they don't have 20 minutes on a watch. So this is like a phrase that they would use for the amount of time it takes to slaughter an animal and give the meat out. I would say an expert slaughter can do it all in half an hour. Is that is that reasonable? Right, an expert slaughter Can you know take the goat in half an hour? Just do it and cut it up? right in half an hour. 25 minutes, maybe even less? I don't know. So
the point being I mean, we have a rough idea that stay at my grave for this amount of time. Half an hour however might be why. What is you know, who is he the father Abdullah? The famous Sahabi the very last Sahabi? Who? Who can remind me, come on, I sent one over the story of conversion. I don't say you guys are taking notes. It should be like
somebody redeemed you.
The last from the last two made hegira. Right. The last two made hedger is I'm leaving their house you guys forgot of those three, the last three who made hedgerow laws which are blessed to be of the last three homemade hedgerow, right? So I'm gonna ask when he's about to die. He says, Wait at my grave for this amount of time Why? A step needs to become your presence will calm me down. He's telling his children and his loved ones. Stay at my grave your presence will calm me down. Until once I am calm and recollected. I will be able to answer to Mancha and Nikki when they come.
This is a very explicit Hadith where he's basically saying I'm going to be terrified. I'm going to be lonely and scared. Stay with me as friends and comforters for a while. Let me calm down a status means to basically any get comfort from you. Right? Once I am comforted, then I'll know how will I respond to the messengers from my Lord, he didn't say Moncure Anakin, he said the messengers of my Lord meaning Wonka Nicky, clear, right. So, this is a very explicit Hadees that amrinder us thinks that the people at the grave will give him comfort, right this is another evidence that is there.
so this is the position by the way of many of the scholars so much so it is said that this is the majority of the oma they said that the dead can hear those who visit obviously the dead can hear those who visit not anybody in the world. I mean, nobody said this right? The dead according to this group. If you go visit the grave, and you say Salaam then the person in the grave will be aware that so and so is sending signal. Okay, now who said this position? This is Jim who really frankly, this is the majority opinion
We have I mean, I have like 10 names here. Some of them even has them in no way assumed to have been copied into me, as well held this position, the both of them hold this position as well. I learned completely in our times. This is a majority position. And even Kathy, I mean, a lot of scholars, they held this position, and it is clearly the majority position. Now, of course, their main evidence is the incident of butter. This is their main evidence. That's why I went into this tangent here. But the profitsystem explicitly said, What did he say?
They can hear me just as well as you can, you can write. So this is like the most explicit evidence and that's why I wanted to go into this because the incident above that is always used to be the most important and the most explicit evidence. Okay.
What is the other opinion
in response to this other people starting from Chateau de la Juana? Right? So they have Sahaba, and they have Sahaba, both groups of Sahaba. And both groups have tab Iran and broke both groups have great imams. And by the way, this shows us that in some issues, even in Al Qaeda, there is difference of opinion in Sunni Islam. And some issues. There are a minority of issues, handful of issues, even in theology, Sunni is different. And this is one of those issues that the Sudanese themselves differed in. This is not an issue where one one Akita says this head type into me, I don't know nothing like this right. Even some scholars have the authority or the eye shadow
tradition on one side and the other scholars as well on the other side. So this is not something that is a theological dispute. It is something within the Sunni Medina. So what did the other camp say? On the other side, we have our issue or multiblock or top we have Qatada we just mentioned what is Qatada say? Whatever they say in this very narration, that he's trying to explain how can the dead here so he said a law brought them back to life, not that the dead can hear. But he said a law brought them back to life so that they could hear right because he could not posit an opinion that says the dead can hear. So what does he say a law brought them back to life. This is what that is
interpretation is not the process and this is not the Sahaba This is but either we have as well. The famous Albay healthy Illuminati Josie Eben Kodama, a Swahili all the way I will humbly show Connie in our times, Shere Khan al Abadi has written an entire booklet on this that the dead cannot hear. And he has a lot of evidences in there. Now, how do you reinterpret all of these edits? We just mentioned more than half a dozen Hadith what do you do so and and how do you respond to this? So firstly, they say
that the verses of the Quran are very explicit, or I forgot to mention, how did the other camp interpret those verses? Sorry, I forgot to mention this right? How did the first camp interpret all those verses that says, the dead cannot hear? I forgot to mention that. Right. The dead cannot hear the Quran says at least in three four verses the Quran says the dead cannot hear right? How did the majority interpret those verses, they have a number of interpretations. The first interpretation is the meaning of here is not to hear just hearing but rather a hearing that will benefit
a hearing that you will follow up to not just a physical hearing, and they have an evidence for this, that Allah subhana wa tada says, In surah number verse 81, so with the numbered verse 81, that
you will only cause those to hear
you smelling it in Nikola Tesla. What is it? My mind is getting blank now number 8081. May you may be attina wahome was the moon
No, no, not there is no motor here. Number 81. You will only cause those two here who believe in our science.
We have four or five sitting in the audience. All blanked out, including myself.
I'm telling you the verse number 81 I want to know because I myself in my stomach right now. He's looking up number 81
we have seven iPads for iPhones. Three real most house and we're still waiting.
you'll get it
no one might have had an
interest in manual manual be Idina foam muslimin. Right into smear lm and you may know Biya Tina. The only people that you can make to here are those who will believe in our science. What is the hearing here? Those who follow Islam, not the hearing just to physically here
So they have a verse in the Quran where they say, look, the hearing is a reference to hearing and following, not just hearing with the ears. Is that clear? You understand this point, right? The second interpretation is the dead in the Koran is not a physical death, but rather the spiritual death. In Nikola Tesla motor and motor is not the one who's dead and motor is the one who's a cafard.
And they have evidence for this as well because Allah says in the Quran Surah Al Anam suited and where Allah subhana wa tada says
that a woman can meet and haina give the example of daughter who was dead, and we gave him life and the meaning here of death and life is gopher and Islam. So Allah calls the calf filmy yet so another interpretation is in Nikola Tesla motor, you cannot make the cafe here you this is another interpretation, right? Not has nothing to do with the motor. There. Right? Now the problem comes that with that interpretation is that Allah very explicitly says that woman enter the muslimeen men philippou in one eye, he says Mota. But in another eye, he says man, Phil obor and manfield cobourg clearly means those in the grave. That's very explicit. Right? So in any case, that's how they
interpreted the ayat of the Quran. Okay, Camp number two, a show Connie and others like him and Kodama batata. What did they say?
They said that, while it is true, that Mota, can refer to the cafe. In these verses it refers to the dead because of the verse that says men fill or as I just said, right, that these verses they refer to the one in the grave. As for your point of saying the Quran talks about hearing of benefit.
This can be refuted through sort of faulty reverse 14 they bring another evidence from the Quran. So the fact that verse 14 where Allah says in the Quran into the room law yes smell, a Komodo semi Roma stasia walakum wa Yamanaka Mati yuck funabashi kcom What are you gonna be oka mithril hobby? Allah is talking about all of the false entities that you call out. All of the false gods a lot, Rosa minute. Jesus Christ, God of the angels, they're calling them daughters of God. Right? And they call them out what is Allah say? When you call them? law? Yes, ma'am.
They can't even hear you.
wallow semeru. Even if they could hear Mr. jaboulet, they couldn't have the power to respond.
So the reference is very clearly they can't even hear when you call up only allies a semir. When you say Oh, Jesus, you cannot hear you. When you say Oh, a lot, and a lot was a human being which we did this in the class a lot was a human being. Right? The five got the five false gods of North we're human beings, right? That we'll call that I don't know, what then what as to what and what I was aware of these five were human beings, right? And the Arabs would worship them up until the time of the process of them. So Allah is saying they were human beings.
But they were humans, they're dead. And so Allah is saying they cannot hear you when you call them out there in the grave. Right.
The idols were humans in the beginning, and the same goes for Jesus Christ. The same goes for Jesus Christ. Same goes for anything that is worship. It's an unconditional idea that when you make to our to them into the room law is marijuana. They cannot even hear you. What Oh, semeru even if they could hear you, Mr. Buddha, they couldn't even respond. Well, yo malkia Mati yuk, funebre, Shere Khan, and on the Day of Judgment, they will do kufr of your shirak yagoona Bashir calm, you did share, they will say we have nothing to do with this shake that you have done. They will do Cofer of your shake. And this shows us the reference is to entities like Jesus Christ, because only Jesus and
the righteous will Yuk photoinhibition. Right. So that's a very explicit verse from the other camp. Now another evidence that they have How do you explain all of these ahaadeeth As for the incident of butter,
they say this is the strongest evidence against you and not for you. They change the incident 180 degrees. How so? They say Omar questioned, how could these people hear when they're dead?
The Prophet system did not correct him and say, yeah, Omar, the dead can hear what are you talking about? Rather, he made an exceptional case.
in the home will and right now this group can hear me just
As well as you can,
an exception in time and in place and in people.
And he didn't say, Omar, why are you asking such a question? Don't you know the dead can hear? You see the difference between the two responses? Right? He made a very clear exception, that they are hearing me right now, just as well as you can. Right. And this clearly shows that Omar understood the Quran correctly in Nicoletta spirit Mota. And now he's questioning how can you speak. And the process is not correcting that misunderstanding, because it is not a misunderstanding. It's a correct understanding. And the process of simply saying, this is a miracle, basically, special time and place. How about the other evidences the issue of the footsteps, the dedicated can hear the one
in the burial going back, once again, the profitsystem is making an exceptional time and place that this is not any person who visits him. This is at the time of burial. And we know in authentic hadith, that the root will come back to the grave right now for Mancha and Nikki. Right, the root will come and be reunited with the body in the animal barossa to respond to moonkin, and Nikki. So the process is basically telling us at that point in time, the footsteps of those who walk back those footsteps on the top of the ground, they will be heard by the one in the grave, not conversations. Not Hello, hi, how are you doing? rather just the reverberations from the top of the
grave for that period of time when the soul is reunited with the body? Once again, there is a clear exceptional clause that makes logical sense as
as for the issue
of the provinces, I'm going to be clear and saying a Salaam wa de la comida Muslim no meaning, yes, it is a Santa Monica. But this is the Salaam of the law and not the Salam of the Hiya, ie. This is a dua he's making for the dead and not a greeting of salaam aleikum because a Salam aleikum literally means May Allah Peace be upon you. So he is saying a Samadhi come and he means it. He's making the offer them? Where did you get that the dead can hear from this. There is no evidence at all, that he's saying, may Allah Peace be on you are people of the grave. And there's no evidence here that the dead can hear. And that's actually very valid that from this Hadith, you don't get anything
about the dead hearing. As for the
dead, but there's no there's no, there's no evidence of hearing is my point.
As for the Hadith of the dead person, recognizing the one who says that after him, we said this is weak. And pretty much every scholar of Hadith who studies it says it is weak. As for I'm living in a house and HIS WILL SEE YOU to his children.
We say this is his interpretation, the process of did not tell him to do it. And some of the Sahaba are Asian or more authentically reported to have denied the debt can hear. So this is seems to be from the sahabas time
as for the Hadith of the Prophet system, that the angels come and give him salams. Once again, this is a very explicit evidence against and not for.
Because if the profitsystem could hear directly, he wouldn't need the angels to go tell him.
The very fact that an angel has to convey the solemn indicates what he cannot hear.
And the law is telling an angel to go convey this alum. And by the way, this is a common misunderstanding. It doesn't matter whether you're in front of the grave, or whether you are in America, the angel will go into give him the setup, visiting to the grave of the process. And of course, it's an emotional experiences and a mind builder, of course. But in terms of how your Sam will get to him, it's all going to be from the angels, right? how you're going to get him. So you being in front of the grave versus you being in America, the angel will go and tell him therefore, if even the Prophet system requires an angel, what does this show about
the serum that can be heard it cannot be heard. Therefore,
in my humble opinion, one of the few things I would disagree with him and tell me about, in my humble opinion, it does seem to be that the dead cannot hear and Allah knows best we could we shouldn't be too strict about this issue, because some of the Sahaba had the other opinion. And it is true to say that many scholars held the position that the dead can hear the one who visits them. Many scholars held this position. Right. So the main point that we need to emphasize before moving on. This is a theoretical issue.
Named Benny Hamill as they say no action is derived from this. It's a theoretical issue. by unanimous consensus. You don't go to the grave and start having a conversation.
Start asking the dead for your needs which is right or any such Johanna you see sometimes in the Muslim world where somebody is buried, somebody's gonna stand there and say also in Psalm one Quranic, you're gonna come, make sure you say that Allah is your Lord. Now you pause for a melodramatic effect. Now say that the process of is your profit, then you pause it again. Now say that this is Johanna. Willa is complete stupidity, who are you to answer on his behalf? I mean, do you really think he needs you to be telling him and they call this delkin? dunkin donuts? Right? And many cultures and societies, you will have this tell Kenan Mejia, right? And while I mean, you just
I mean, you just wonder how foolish people are, you really think that at this point in time, he can cheat on his exam, right? Because that's what's happening. It looks like you're gonna cheat on your exam that somebody's shouting the answer for you. And just because you're shouting, you're gonna give the answer and you really wonder at the mentality of these people. So what I'm trying to say is, even if you say that the dead can hear in the grave, there's no action that will come from that. There's no action that will come from that's just a theoretical issue. And the evidences are, frankly,
strong on both sides. Nonetheless, from this incident of better, we'll get back to the incident. But what did the process that I'm saying that I swear by the one in whose hands is my soul, Omar, they can hear me right now, just as well as you can, honestly, what do you learn from this? Or what do you glean from this except that this is an exception? Well, I this is what comes to my mind. You know, this is an exception for these people, that Omar himself was amazed and the process of them did not correct his amazement. Rather, he simply said, they can hear me at this time, just as well as you can. In any case, that's an issue of al Qaeda wanted to go into the tangent now we get back
to the issue of the incident of butter.
Now, another thing that took place in these three days before the process and returned, so he's still camped at the Battle of butter.
The next incident that occurred was the issue of the spoils of war. What is to be done with all of this is called as a NEMA.
Because they've never actually been in a battle before where they captured aneema they've never actually caught us anywhere before. And we know for a fact from the Quran and Sunnah, that the previous omas, were not allowed to keep aneema the previous omens they had to give it up. The bunnies saw it, and the people before them, Allah has not made war aneema halaal for any oma except for our own that before this, as we know. And by the way, this is mentioned in the Old Testament as well, that when they captured the, the the items from war and whatnot, they would make a big pile,
they would make a big pile. This isn't the Old Testament. And the or, and the Hadith affirms this. And Allah azza wa jal would send a
lightning will send a thunderbolt, and burn this up in front of them,
to show that it has been accepted that in front of them, all of this money and wealth would be destroyed in front of them as a sign that Allah has accepted it from them. So when the Muslims finished the battle, they had a lot of aneema, they had a lot of spoils of war. And they began to wonder what exactly to do with it. And some discussion broke up amongst the Sahaba, some discussion broke up. And that is because the Sahaba, in the course of the battle had split up into a number of groups. And each group was claiming some privilege over the other group. So one group said that we were the ones who collected the booty from the battlefield, we have the share of it, we should get
it. We were the ones who went and collected it. And so we should get it. Another group said we were the ones who are pursuing the aurash as they ran away to make sure they wouldn't come back. And had we not been pursuing you couldn't have collected. So we protected you.
The third, a third group said, we were surrounding the profitsystem as precaution that they wouldn't attack. And the only reason we stayed next to him was to protect him.
So how could you deprive us rather we deserve it as well. And so, this was not a fight. This was not a debate but rather this was a discussion breaking out who is going to get to the the the war booty. And it is said that one of the Sahaba
saddened me because he came with a beautiful sword that he had captured from from the person that he had killed. And he said O Messenger of Allah, give this sword to me. It wasn't his it was the one that that he killed give this sword to me for by Allah I used it in the battle. So
He got rid of his sword he used that I used it in the battle so give it to me. And so Allah subhana wa tada revealed
yes aluna cannon and folly Odin and fou de la he was sued. This is the first I have suited and file and so suited and file is revealed, literally on the battlefield, literally. And insha Allah I'm still serious insha Allah, maybe not next week, but the weekend after that, or the next Wednesday, we will go over inshallah, maybe even the whole surah and fine, I'm still serious about this, right? It's a bit of a tangent, but I we really want to connect the Quran with this, you really want to make sure that we have an answer to that. And file is not a small sort of, it's not a long sooner, it's around eight, nine pages. And it's basically the every single idea is directly linked to
butter. I mean, literally, every single idea is linked to butter. So I think it's a very good summary that we go over quickly all of us are serious about the issue of low data. So this is the first verse of unfound Yes, alguna cannon and fan sided interview across jasola I want this, give it to me, put it and follow the law, he will soon tell them the general rule. This is not your property. This is the property of Allah azza wa jal and His Messenger and we can do with it or Allah can do with it as he pleases. And so Allah is reminding them that they should not allow greed to become the primary incentive that don't break up your brotherhood that Allah is pleasure is more
important than this money then the Quran goes on and then explains that yes, indeed, the war booty can be distributed and the the details are the film of distribution is beyond the scope of of this, but any every book or film has chapters about this issue. But in a nutshell, in a nutshell, Allah subhana wa tada says that one fifth
rather than one ml and him to machine for under the law, he homosassa. Who would ever assume one fifth of it is put aside. This one fifth is itself divided into five.
This one fifth is itself divided into five shares, right? Number share number one, why then we'll run into the main chain under the law homosassa water lawsuit, the law what the lawsuit is considered one, so that is one fifth of one fifth that is 0.04.
No, 151 50 has not done that yet.
That's why that's why you're a doctor, not an accountant. Okay.
It is it is 4% right. 4%. So 4% goes to the profits of solar cells. And this was unique for him in his life after his death, then obviously, this is not there. So 4% goes to him. Number two, what is it horiba this is for Ll beta of the prophet SAW Selim. And this is homeless or homeless, again, one fifth of one fifth, so another 4%. Right. And this is in certainly, we respect the lol bait, and we even give them almost all homeless. By the way, the sciatic the homeless, this is where they get it from the homeless, that the homeless they say they have a different than us and they're homeless is different than there's a gap for us homeless is only in vanilla.
homeless and homeless is only in honeymoon and it is for a little bit. And the debate who they are is again, a question of Sunni and Shia difference as well for us as a debate is broader than those whom the Shia, I say is elevated. So know the difference, but we respect the adequate and we give them this homeless or homeless To this day, if this occurred, and those who were in the area that we are in, we will give them homeless at home. So that is the second of the five homes for the homeless. What's the third one?
Well, the uttama, orphans 4% goes to the orphans. What's the next one by sacking poor people 4% goes to poor people of the community.
Robin is savvy travelers in wayfarers who don't have any money. So 4% goes to them, these 4444 4% This gives you a total of 20% correct. The rest of the 80% is given back to the army.
And in the Battle of button. Every single person was given an equal share.
This was earliest now
every single person was given an equal share. Later on in the Battle of hay but onwards, the Profit System changed this. And he gave the one with an animal
three times the amount that the one who didn't have an animal. The infantry was not the same as the cavalry. Right, the one who had a horse or a camel got three times the amount of the one who didn't have a horse in a camel. This was later on changed in the in
highborn and onwards, but right now for button, everybody is given an equal amount. And there were nine people who are given an amount, even though they were not on the battlefield, every one of them had a legitimate excuse. The most important for us, the one that we'll discuss is Earth man, it'd be a fun, right, but it's a man gotta share the same amount as all of the other buddy. And he's considered a buddy, even though he didn't participate in but then why? Because
his wife and the daughter of the prophets of the law who said them had fallen severely sick. In fact, they didn't know this, but she was going to die.
And so, Earth man wanted to go, but the Prophet system told him to take care of him. So he remained behind. And we'll come to the story later on, she passed away the day that the process of returned back from Bethel that she was buried on the same day that he returned back later on, she was buried earlier on in the day, so as mine stayed behind, and he was given a share of the of the booty as well.
Another issue that took place in those three days, so we're still talking about again, those three days two major incidents happened. The first is the issue of well, the issue of the talking to the people I said that already. The other issue is about the the booty. The third issue, which is of significance is about the prisoners of war, the POW. This is another big issue. The POW is the prisoners of war. What exactly is to be done with these prisoners of war? What exactly is to be done with the 73 or 74 of the busara that were captured in butter? Once again, this is the first time they've taken prisoners. They've never done this before, and they don't know what is to be done. And
inside Well, how do we learn
that the prophet SAW said I'm surveyed all of these prisoners in front of him 70 Plus, all of them were in front of him. And he said lowchen a multimillionaire the Hadean from McCallum and if you have a net now, Lovelock to whom if motoring even ID were alive right now, multiple it had just died a few months before, but whatever it is a recent death Freshdesk if motoring Eben Id had been alive right now. And he spoke to me to free all of these nuts now means it's filthy, filthy, dirty, because they just tried to kill us. I mean, you know that he spoke to me about all of these people, I would have freed them all for him. Now they're about to collect a fortune from this 73 people,
literally in our times, it will be estimated in the millions of dollars, millions of dollars. And he says, If motor m just uttered one word, I would return all of these people to him for free. Now, this is in my opinion, of very significant phrase that has profound implications for us, especially here in the Western world. question arises, why? Why would he say this? What has this phrase got to do? And why would you utter a word when whatever has died? multum is not a Muslim, Muslim was not a Muslim. Why would he utter this this phrase? So multi-billion id if you remember we mentioned his name many times in the Sierra and moto has done multiple tasks throughout the McCarthy era to help
Islam and the Muslims. What time was one of those who said the people when they were boycotted, Mozart was one of those who stood up and wanted to break the boycott. And perhaps most importantly, perhaps the number one thing that motor m did was that when Abu lahab, his own uncle said, You are no longer Karachi. You can no longer stay in Makkah. Right. When Abu lahab himself said, You can't be here. And the Prophet system returned from thought if and he camped outside mecca for three days. And benard is negotiating because he can't return to Mecca. Abu lahab has revoked his citizenship basically, right, whatever is revoked his visa, you cannot come in. I am not giving you permission
to come in. And so he sends VLAN to sohaib enamul. He sends Bilaal to when he sends below two, four or five people, every one of them gives an excuse, sorry, you know what, no this and that I'm not that powerful motor. And when he hears this, what does he do? He sends his own sons. He arms, his own sons, and he sends his own sons outside to escort the Prophet system back into Mecca, right? And he commands the processor to do toe off escorting with his own sons. And then he stands up in public and he says, I have protected Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam anybody who harms him has harmed me.
Even Abu lahab had to bow his head down.
Say, we will protect those who have protected his own uncle refused, more time stood up. And so what is the profitsystem doing with this phrase right now? He is repaying the favor. in kind.
He is giving a Kaffir machinic. pagan, what is do Tim.
And this shows us over and over again and hamdulillah. By now people have hamdulillah in America have lost this mentality, but we're lucky 10 years ago, we had it. And many people still have it across the globe, they have it that they think and even now will lie even now they think you're not allowed to vote, you know, to do this not to do that the mentality is just so backwards, you want a free scream with frustration and how people you know, that you cannot cooperate with the kofod and the Kufa, this and the groover. I mean, they're living in some other, you know, utopia or some other, you know, mentality, I think, in this incident, what do we learn that the Prophet system
respected, the highest honor, that he is saying one word from him, and all of these will be handed back to him? This is like the Medal of Honor. This is like the 21 gun salute. This is like the the the purple star at the heart. This is like how else are you giving the honor? Do? The guy is dead? He's not even going to hear this. Right. But there's a legacy. There's an honor, he helped us out. We have to repay that help.
And we learn here that there are those who are not Muslims, but they have good hearts. Yes, this is true to say they don't have good hearts into hate. Okay, there should, but they have good hearts in his in sorry, in mercy in humanity, in tribalism, in standing for truth. This is what it is that motor m did not approve of Islam as a religion. But he did not approve of the volume of the Quran against the Muslims.
And so the Prophet system took advantage of this. And he appreciated it. And he repaid him back in kind.
In our times, there are those non Muslims who don't agree with Islam theologically, okay. But they want to stand for truth, they want to stand for freedom. They don't want these islamophobes they don't want the hatred they don't want. So it is our job to honor them, to respect them to reach out to them to work together for a better society, as the Prophet system did this exam. I mean, it's so crystal clear that it is amazing that people again, they they they have a selective reading of the sealer, there is no question that there are those who want to stand for truth and justice, even if they don't have the same belief as you and to honor them, to respect them to cooperate with them to
be with them. Our process to them did it even in depth, more time is dead, and he's still giving this praise to more time in it. So he says this about the about the the prisoners of war, that Locanda multimillionaire the high end if Martin were alive, and he spoke to me about these people that I would have given it, were given all of them back to him. Now the issue came what is to be done with the prisoners of war. And this was a very traumatic issue.
Because on the one hand, these very people have just tried to kill them. Literally. It's been not only a few hours in the morning, they've tried to kill them. Now they're prisoners of war in the afternoon, what is to be done? So the prophets are seldom asked the Sahaba What do you think? And in particular, he asked his two visitors was he right was zero euro Sunni lysosome ali ali called Abu Bakr and Omar was he Raju rasulillah. It said this, that these two were there was ears of the Prophet system. So he asked his to was used Abu Bakar Rama what is to be done. And so Barker said Dr. Rasulullah, they are our relatives, they are our blood. They are our kith and kin. So show mercy
to them. For the sake of of brotherhood for the sake of you know, our own tribes show mercy to them. After all, they're the same family as the quality straight and promotable hottub. You know Him and who he is. He said, As for me out of sort of law, I think that you should give appeal from the brainwash into it, and he'll cut his head off and give me somebody from the bundle hotdog. And I will do the job here. So we don't leave any of them. They try to kill us. We should do the same to them.
Why should we send them back so they're gonna come and attack us another day. And so, the profitsystem said, that Verily, Allah subhana wa Tada. makes some hearts so soft. They are softer than milk. And others he makes them so hard, they are harder than stones. As for you Oh backer, you have a resemblance of Ibrahim and Isa
when Ibrahim said to his will to Allah subhana wa tada when Abraham said to Allah subhanho wa Taala that fermenter via a new mini woman outside even in the case of foodora him if they follow me, they are of me.
If they disobey me then Although you are Forgiving and Merciful, and he said he said them he says in the Quran into Isaiah who for innumerable while until very long for inner Canton as usual Hakeem, if you punish them then they are Your servants. But if you forgive then you are Aziz and Hakeem. So a worker you are like Ibrahim and you are like Lisa and Omar, you are like no, and you are like Moosa, right? No, what does he say?
Oh Bella tada Allah, our demeanor, cafe de una de Yara, don't leave a single house of capitals on Earth, not one.
And Moosa says that Allah, Allah called him that make their hearts hard, and follow you mean ohata with him, make sure they never have a man until they see the very punishment come down on them. Right. So oromo you are like, Musa in this regard. And the Prophet system agreed to the suggestion of Abu Bakar, he agreed to the suggestion of Abu Bakar. And
the next day, or multiple hapa was narrating the Hadith The next day, he found so this is the second of those three days, right, he found the Profit System, crying under a tree with a boubakeur, the profits of a buck are crying under a tree. And so Omar said, what is causing you to cry or messenger of Allah, for By Allah, if I understand, then I will cry with you. And if I don't understand, I'll force myself to cry just to be with you. Just to be a part of this group, whatever it is, I'll cry. So, the prophet system recited to him those verses of sudo ln fan, the process of recited to those verses of Sudan file in which Allah subhana wa tada says in the Quran, that it is not permitted, or
it is not not permitted as a harsh word, it is not good, or it is not desirable, for a messenger for a prophet to have prisoners of war, until he established his power had the youth in a field. Right now you're still weak, you shouldn't have had prisoners and then release them or ransom them off, until you have established yourself in the land at the youth cleaner fell out to the do out of dunya. Allah mentioned one of the reasons that some of the Sahaba went to to ransom, not a worker, some of the Sahaba that you wanted the money,
you wanted the ransom, that was your main motivation will allow you to, but a long one, something bigger than this better than this, and that is the action. And then Allah says that word not for the fact that Allah had already decreed this for you, or Allah azzawajal already allowed this to happen. And as I would have come and taken you, a punishment would have come and sees you. And so this is what caused the process of to cry and to feel so sad about this. Now, of course, later on, later on, the shediac came down to give the halifa the choices of what to do, right. And so this this ruling is now no longer of course valid, of course, the halifa if there is ever a halifa. And this happens,
there are a number of options that are allowed to be done. In this time for the Battle of budget, Allah azza wa jal said it wasn't the best decision, but now that you have done it, then let it go. And this leads us to a very deep theological and political issue, which we don't really have the time to discuss in a lot of detail, but one of our brethren was insisting that we talk about this in some detail. So just a few minutes on this and not too much, because it is not the place for this topic. And that is the issue of does the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam
have independent he had that? Is he able to exercise his own opinion?
Or does everything he say, emanate directly from Allah subhanho wa Taala. This is an issue that the scholars are well suited Philippines especially have been discussing from the earliest of times. And there are obviously as usual, more than two opinions, but there's two primary opinions.
The first of them, and this is the minority, which by the way, is that everything the process that I'm says is directly why.
And they mentioned in the Quran, why am I the one who Allah Why do you have that everything he says is why that comes to him? This is a minority opinion, the vast majority of Sunni scholars No, of course, the more it doesn't have other positions, the mass majority of Sunni scholars, they said that, it is very clear and explicit that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, Allah gave him the right to do he had and he did he had and Allah azza wa jal would sometimes correct this he had and sometimes let it pass. And in both cases his he had was binding for the Sahaba to follow.
So the key point which has to be very
clearly mentioned, whatever the Prophet system commanded, the Sahaba had to follow. Regardless of whether you say it came from a lot or it came from him, unanimous consensus all the scholars agree, whatever he commands you to do, you must follow it. However, it is, in my humble opinion very clear. And this is the majority opinion that Allah gave our Prophet system the right to do he had and sometimes he was correct and so Allah let it pass. And sometimes Allah subhana wa tada changed it or even the Prophet sallallahu Sallam himself, changed it. And there are many examples of this. Now as for the verse in the Quran, woman to find her lover in her lover who knew her even by the context is
very clear. This is reference to the Koran i lemahieu shadaloo millet and festiva when the whole lot I don't get him, my foot is very clear that the context is about the Quran directly. It is very clear that the Prophet system was a human being we all agreed to this, that for 40 years before the way he spoke as a human that even after the way began, he still remained a human being he said in an authentic I did in NEMA and Bashar encirclement and song I am a human being I forget, as you forget, in one edit, he said that I get angry sometimes I get angry sometimes. And I will go on and mentioned some examples of this. But so he mentioned certain things that he is showing his own
humanity sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So it is very clear that at times he can make an ht had regarding an issue. And this issue later on is correct or he himself correct said of them. We are the example is given of the incident of budget where he made he had and this is not a purely secular matter. This is a semi religious semicircular matter. It's a little bit of a boat issue, what is to be done, and he made he had and Allah subhana wa Taala told him this wasn't the best he had to do. Also the issue of the example of cross pollination, the Hadith is in body where he passed by farmers doing a type of cross pollination. He said, Why are you doing this? So they said, well, it works
better. So he said, Why don't you try not doing it? They didn't do it, and obviously it wasn't pollinated. So then he himself said, that, if I give you something of
Modine, then I am rasulillah. If I give you something of ammonia come for anthem, and then we'll be ammonia come you know your worldly affairs better than I do. And this clearly shows he is speaking from his own he had, he is speaking from his own he had, even if it is in something secular, he is speaking from his own HTML. However, even in matters of Shetty, sometimes it appears that he was making his own wish they had, and Allah gave him the right to do that. So for example, the issue of prohibiting going to the graves, he himself said later on, I used to forbid you from visiting graves, but now go ahead and visit them. And there does not seem to be any way from Allah to change
this. Rather, it seems that he himself felt that this is now okay to go visit graves. Another example, which is even more explicit. He said, I was about to forbid you elida. And Alina means being intimate with your wife when she is feeding the child, basically, for that year or so after delivery,
to be intimate with your spouse, spouse during this time of after delivery when the child is being breastfed. So he said, I was about to forbid you to do this. But then I saw the Romans and Persians do this and it doesn't affect their child. So therefore, go ahead and do it. Now this clearly shows that this is his he had and had he forbidden this. Well, I would be in trouble number one. But number two, had he forbidden this we would have been obliged to follow. Correct, we would have been obliged to follow. So it's something that quite clearly our Prophet system had he had, and he was exercising it. But he looked around he said, You know what? No, it's alright. You can do it. Also,
he said, for the issue of the hypocrites of the book, he forgave them. And Allah revealed in Surah. October, a lot of you sudo Delta, alpha one calima as internal alpha lamancha. Lima didn't tell him, why did you give them permission? Allah has forgiven you though, but you shouldn't have done that. So enter book as well. He made an he had an Allah said, Why did you do that? But it's alright. Allah has forgiven you for doing this. And he himself changed his mind for a number of rulings, which are again, as I said, very clear that he had he had and he and he changed it, for example, had the default web interface.
She was a young lady that many people were interested in marrying her her husband died to show he said he didn't have a house to live. So the process of said, Go to omega likes house. Wait until you're in the finishes then I'll see who you should marry. Then he sent her a message that
You know what? I'm sure like a lot of men visitor because she was an elderly lady and she would have maybe every few days she would have a feast or something. We don't know the whole stories but a lot of my Sahaba visitor of the young unsought Don't go Don't be in her house because maybe they'll see you when they shouldn't see you go to your cousin in the tomb, he's your cousin, he's blind, you can live in one of his rooms. So go there. Clearly, he's changing his mind. First go there first go there. Nothing wrong with this. He's a human being. Also we have, for example, the issue of
hedge when he went for hedge, the only hedge he did the process of what type of hedges you do, who can remind me what type of hedges you're done. put you on the spot. What type of house did you do? Karen, very good. He didn't get on. What did he say? In hijacker on lower stuff, both to be Emily mustard above two, if I knew now what I knew what I knew when I began the hedge, I wouldn't have done that on. And I would have done basically tomato basic if he didn't use the words. But if I knew now what I knew back then I wouldn't have done this, I would have done that. And this is clear the religion and it's clear that he's talking about his own change of heart change of the heart. It's
not Sharia, but it's clearly his own. He had and I've given you other examples of shediac.
Again, we don't want to go into this whole discussion I've told you this is the vast majority opinion and the evidences are on and on and on.
Also, the issue of matters even a little bit where for example, in the incident of word, and the incident occurred when the people hit him and the blood started coming down. He said how can I ever forgive you? How can I ever forgive you? And what Allah revealed in the Quran?
False, what did Allah revealed in the Quran?
Lay silica mineral Emery shape. This is a very
strict verse, very strong verse.
You have no right to say this. They select a mineral Emery shade, nothing. Whether Allah forgives or punishes. This is not yours to say they silica mean an emery shape
they have done boom. But you don't have the right to forgive or to punish this is Allah subhanho wa Taala his right to do so. Also the is he made a deal out about Maria which I don't want to get into now it's gonna be a bit too long but any clearly even when he was told Did you say this about where he made an explanation for that not I didn't mean it at face value. Don't take it in that manner. A very explicit shutter a ruling mutawatir Bukhari and Muslim that when he conquered Mecca, he said every single tree in Mecca is haram. Nobody should pluck a leaf from it's all Haram. Right then in there. What did his uncle say? in his area? rasulillah allow me to pluck the head because we use it
for spice for this or that. So what did the process of say? Okay, it is?
What is this show? Me? Well, I use a very clear
it is, to me, this is an honor that Allah gave to the process and you have the right to do the shear.
Rather than flipping around. Somebody said this is disrespectful. It's the exact opposite for our Prophet system. Some Anwar. He's human, but he's Rasulullah. So, he is allowed to write that in there, say it, okay. So to this day, every book of fixers, you cannot plug any leaf in muck, except for it to this day. Why? Because our boss begged him for an exception. He gave his uncle the exception, and the oma has an exception. In here server. Okay, fine. lol, is it and again, on and on. I mean, we can go on and on and on. We don't always the time is up here. My point being the brother wanted to go into a little bit of a discussion on this. So there are literally no
exaggeration. 50 or more examples of the HD Hadith of the Prophet solo, sell them, some of them secular, some of them somewhat secular religious, some of them purely religious, some of them even theological clearly shows us, he is special, he is human being but Allah made obedience to Him obligatory. So whatever he says, We must obey some manual or whatever he says about the shady about the matters of this of our religion, we are obliged to obey. And if he makes an exception if he makes this if he does, that, this is completely permitted for him to do and it is our obligation to hear and to obey Sharla and our next Wednesday, we'll continue talking about the issue of the
prisoners of war we haven't quite finished so let's leave the questions and answers about the prisoners to the next class. But if there are questions answered about the issues before that inshallah. Yes Bismillah
how will he have the knowledge of which incidents?
But he has he's not dead though he's alive.
he cannot hear.
Well, that's very clear that at least I cannot hear those who call him.
That's very clear that at least I cannot hear those who call him.
I don't understand the question. Are you saying that Isa can hear?
No worries, I cannot hear.
Of all of what the people who call out to Him
coming back Allah told him yes to come back.
In between, what does he need to know about the life in between whatever he needs to know Allah will tell him?
Allah will ask him, did you tell people to worship Me? This is no Quran.
But he is Rasool Allah will tell him what he needs to know.
And I mean, when he's going to come back, history's will still be here, people will still be here. They will tell him what to do whatever he needs to know. I mean, I don't see this as being an animal like that.
I mean, I don't see this as being a problematic, what he needs to know, either Allah will tell him, or the people will tell him the matter. They will tell him, the Muslims around him will tell him that this is this is happening. I don't see this as being an issue of hearing of the debt. Plus AC is not technically dead. Right now. Right. questions before we conclude? Yes?
No. Is there any other incidents? No, the only time that's why the incidents have but it is the most explicit evidence, the incident of bullying is not explicit, because it's just selam. The incident about that that's why I went into the tangent that that is the main incident that is used, that he literally spoke to the dead. And the point is the Sahaba did not understand this or more said publicly, how could you do that? Even though none of the others have said Omar Don't you know, the dead can hear. So it's as if all of the Sahaba tacitly wanted this question. Or Omar was the brave one to ask you that? How could you be speaking to the dead? There is no other instance in the entire
seal that the process of speaks to a dead person.
Sisters, any questions, brothers? Yes, good.
So there's two issues number one reciting Quran for the dead. Number two is hadn't caught on at the grave.
As for reciting Quran for the dead, as I have said many, many, many times, the vast majority of scholars have allowed this they have allowed it to recite Koran for the dead, to gift is that a therapy that we use to give to to the dead.
Even if we have an aquarium they all allow this had to show homebuyers, they all allow this and it is a minority opinion that has said it is not allowed.
As for going to the grave and reciting Quran. There is nothing that has been narrated from the Prophet sallallahu Sallam in this regard. And we have authentic a hadith prohibiting Salah in the grave. So honestly, the least that can be said it should be avoided. The least that can be associated with it. However, in some books and I haven't looked at the assignee, it is mentioned that even Omar
gave the will see that the last verse of bacala should be recited when he's buried, covered in Baccarat. And based on this, some of them are that have said that you recite the Quran at the grocery they extrapolated even from this incident of a bit on what? So no doubt any
whoever does it. There is some basis for it from Elon Musk, even Omar, and whoever avoids it. I think they're being closer to the sun.
Obviously, this this is the whole it's connected right to theological position there. Yes, we believe that
and we also believe that
there are all these examples that show that and sometimes a year.
Is there a difference in the way on demand today, view that is to have versus what's already commented.
inshallah I'll make this point clear in the next Wednesday lesson as well, but I
I said this very explicitly in today's lecture. All Sunni scholars believe that the fact that the ht had was allowed to stand means a law approved it.
So, it is direct approval,
the only time that we will come down is to correct it, which means if it's not corrected, it is correct. Right. So this is very explicit that every HD head of the processing is binding. The Quran is very clear in the Quran, one into the root data do only by obeying Him, shall you be guided right? What am I suddenly middle student Elad Utah Bismillah. every prophet we have sent we have sent so that he be obeyed by the permission and Command of Allah. No, by your Lord, they will not believe until they take you as the final judge in all of their affairs. And they submit to everything you say, and they won't find anything in their hearts problematic to submitting to you.
Right. So any person who says I don't follow the profits are seldom by unanimous consensus is that our Muslim is literally a cafe. So your question of, are there people who are trying to distinguish? Yes, they are. These are the progressives. These are not traditional Sunni Muslims or sharing Muslims or any Muslims of the traditional mindset. These are those who say, you know what, let's have a secular Islam. Let's have Islam that, you know, tells me how to pray five times a day, but not how to do business transactions. They are the ones extrapolating this point. And it is because of this, that somebody might feel we should cut the door at its roots. But that's not the proper way
to fight, you know, deviation with another deviation. We believe that the process some ways in which that hit that Allah allowed him to do he had and that his he had his binding. That's very clear. Now these groups are basically saying,
because he made he had, why should we follow it? That's what they're trying to say. Right? And in response to them, we say we follow it because there are over 60 verses in the Quran that commanded us to follow the Prophet. So that's why
is that clear? In that case?
well, that I mean, realize your donation all of all of your please. This is a pseudo class. Don't derive laws from anything I say. The issue of plucking is deeper than this by unanimous consensus. You may pluck
trees that are planted by humans, for example, how are you going to harvest food? Right? Also by unanimous consensus, the worrying mode or the ruler or whatnot has the right to designate property for expansion for houses. What not the point here is that vegetation and free animals wild animals should not be touched for no reason.
Okay, so we might have other issues with the expansions taking place, but plucking trees is not one of them.
Okay, the plucking of the trees doesn't apply here, because the it would not apply when you're plucking it for a greater good. For example, the profitsystem ordered that the trees of Medina be dug up because he wanted to expand the masjid. Right when he came to Medina, you are allowed to plug those trees to expand the ministry or to build houses or whatnot. How do you think people in McCann Medina are going to build houses? They have to so when there's a overwhelming reason to do so then you will do it. But otherwise there's a sanctity even on the wildlife of Mecca and Medina that you don't touch even the wildlife for no reason.
Okay, well when you
hunting, you're not allowed to hunt and Makkah and Medina you're not allowed to hunt. So you see gazelles and deers. Once upon a time they work gazelles and deers outside McCann Medina right now, of course not. But once upon a time there was zebras in Arabia, there was zebras, there are still rabbits and hares in the desert outside Mk. You're not allowed to go and hunt over there. So the the wildlife is sacred. If you're outside of Moscow, you're just you know, walking and you see a tree there. You can't just pluck it out for no reason in the home area, as long as the ultimate but if you're building a house, that's a separate issue. Okay.