Seerah – 36 The Battle of Badr 1

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Yasir Qadhi

Channel: Yasir Qadhi

Series:

Topics: Battle of Badr

Episode Notes

This video begins the series of discussions by Shaykh Yasir Qadhi on the topic of the Battle of Badr.

A particular incident being elucidated upon is the targeting of caravans and ample information is provided regarding the modus operandi that was decided by the Prophet ﷺ.

There is an incident regarding Sa’d ibn Mu’adh who was the leader of the Ansar and Umayyah ibn Khalaf (the owner of Bilal) in the times of Jahiliya. Listen intently to decipher the happenings then. How did the event of Sa’d RA attacking the caravan of the Quraysh come about in action?

Badr is the name of a man who dug up a well known as the well of Badr. the whole area around the well is called the plane of Badr which is in between Mecca and Madinah, Talha ibn Ubaydullah and Sa’ad ibn Zayd RA played significant roles in the Battle of Badr too. Badr was not meant to be a war but rather a confiscation where the Muslims would outnumber the 40 guards of the Quraysh caravans and the camels would be taken.

The Battle of Badr had 315 participants with some saying 313 or 317 of which around 83 were Muhajiroon, 62 were the Aws and 170 were the Khazraj.

Another topic that is touched base upon is that of the lack of participation of Hudhayfah ibn Yaman, and his father Yaman ibn Hakam. They wanted to participate in Badr keenly but a promise they made to the Quraysh prevented them from doing so. What was that promise? Delve deeper into this lecture to unearth the answers.

The lecture ends with a mention of the dream of Atika bint Abdul Muttalib, the full sister of Abdullah ibn Abu Talib and the full aunt of the Prophet ﷺ.

 

Episode Transcript

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Bismillah al Rahman al Rahim al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa salatu salam ala Sayyidina Muhammad Anwar Ali he will be a Jemaine about.

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We thank Allah azza wa jal for the opportunity to gather once again after our break after our hiatus for around two and a half months, we're not coming back and resuming the lectures of the Sierra, and on Hamdulillah, we have covered I think, around 35 lectures we have done in which the Mk II period has been completely covered. And we began talking about the madonie period. And we began talking about the major changes that occurred in the first few months of the money phase. And the most important of these was a new emphasis of the political freedom of the Muslims for the first time the Muslims have political freedom. For the first time there is an independent state, for the first time

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the Muslims can act as a political body, whereas in Makkah, they were a persecuted minority. in Medina, now they have a the beginnings, if you like of a republic, I mean, these terms are, of course not representative, when you call the Republic, whether you call it a

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political entity is really the best type of description. And as I had already mentioned, in the last few lessons that we did, there were two threats facing them, one of them internal and the other external, and each one of these threats we will discuss in the next few weeks as for the internal threats, Medina was not yet unified under the Prophet system. And in fact, there will always be a group of people who were not happy with the changes. And these are, of course, who are they then will not fit on the hypocrites, right? The hypocrites did not want status quo to change. They wanted the old ways. And the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam had to deal with them until the very end of

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his life's a little of it, he was sending him. And, of course, internally as well, we said that there was the other tribes that were not Arab, nor were they Muslim. Primarily, these were the Yahoo tribes and of course in the next four or five years, the process and we'll have to deal with them as well This will be another tangent are another important portion of the Sierra these are the internal difficulties, the external difficulties, of course, primarily right now, it is only mcca. Right now, it is only MCE. But slowly in the next few years, the entire Arabian peninsula will become involved. So we need to understand that the animosity at this stage is unique. Makkah and Medina, the kurush.

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And the Muslims, slowly but surely, for the first time in human history. Never before has this ever happened. The entire Arabian peninsula will become polarized between two camps. And this polarization is the precursor to the unification. Okay, all of this is going to be discussed in the next few, actually, which was the very end when we get there, the unification of Arabia, which never happened in the history of humanity. It happened for the first time under our Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam. So how did all that happen, of course, primarily through these military expeditions, and that is why the history of the Madani Sierra is almost 80 to 90% history of

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military battles. And this is the reality that we have to deal with that we would like to know so much more information. But again, the chroniclers only recorded that which was the most important from their perspective and from their perspective, the Madani phases, probably 80% of it is simply one battle after another, and we will try our best to try to extrapolate the rest of the incidents as they occur. To summarize what we had discussed in the last lesson, because we need to understand that before we begin the Battle of budget, there were some minor skirmishes, two or three are extremely important to understand before we get to budget. The first of them is the city yet or

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Nakula who can remind me what was the city at a novela who can remind me Sorry.

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This was the very last episode that we did the very last halaqa about the zero.

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Something happened I like to say

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something happened sometimes.

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Some Sahaba were sent to find out information outside of Mecca. What happened?

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They were

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getting confused. They will not last two of them became lost, but the rest of them got to Makkah. Yes. And then what happened outside of Makkah.

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So they found an unexpected caravan.

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Right, and they rated the caravan and they killed one person in the caravan they killed one person and they raided the caravan small mini caravan, probably eight nine camels. And so complete surprise expedition. The caravan was not armed they they gathered the the expedition, the Buddha wore booty and they brought it back to the process. And the process of said I didn't tell you to fight. I didn't tell you to kill the people. And why was this problematic? Well, it was problematic because it occurred in the sacred months. Right? It occurred on the very last day of the sacred was the very last day. Yes. And then a lot revealed Yes. aluna kinesia harmony, Katelyn feet. So this is the

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study at inocula.

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The other incident that we need to remind ourselves of is the last word to Lucia euro, the last word to Lucia euro and again this word you discussed this before those words with Lucia euro is the part one of the Battle of budget.

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How so? The Prophet sallallahu Sallam knew that the caravan of Abu sufian is going northwards towards Syria. So the lows were to share euro was the intended caravan on the way up. And the Battle of budder was the same caravan on the way down.

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Okay, so those were two lucera set up was what we'll

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share is phase one. But it didn't happen. Because by the time the process of god there Abu sufian and heard the news, and he fled quickly took another route. And so let's go through the process of never actually met the caravan. Other minor things happened and he formed some alliances and tribal agreements. And so there was a success, but there was no military conflict. And it was virtually Russia, Iran. And so what happened because of because was with Russia, Abu sufian was on high alert. These days, you could say Code Red now. Right high alert, why is he on high alert? Because he already knows that the process of is interested in his caravan and the concept of targeting

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caravans. This is something that goes back even before this. And one of the interesting incidents that I didn't mention before because we don't have a particular time when it occurred we have a rough idea that occurred the first year of the after the hedgerow when exactly we don't know shows us that the targeting of the caravan was something that even the unsolved were thinking about not just the module, even the Ansel we're ready to start targeting the caravan. What is this incident it is narrated in a soft body that sadly been more have and who has sadly been more it is the leader of the unsought side a bit more it is the most vibrant, dynamic leader the up and coming leader of the

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onslaught, that cyber side they've been more ad was a close friend with omega in high def, or Maven. Hello, Maven. Hello was the owner of Bilal, this famous roommate of Nicola, he was a close friend of will or may have not heard of in the days of jelly, and the two were business partners. So whenever omega would go north, he would stop over in Medina and stay at the house of sad, and whenever sad would go to Makkah, he would stay at the house of omiya even harder, so they had a good friendship from the days of Jackie D, one time in the first year after the hedgerow we don't know exactly when sad went down to Makkah, perhaps for business trips, perhaps for some other reason. And it was the

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customer of the time that they will always do tawaf. They will always do talk. So sad asks, oma Yep, come tell me when should I go to the office, that is going to be a good time. So omega says go when nobody is going to be witnessing so clearly, there might be some tension. Why? Because sad is now helping the Muslims started this now. He's now a Muslim. But from the incident, it appears that his Islam was not known either to omega and to the people of Mecca. But even if Islam is not known, what is known for sure he is helping the Prophet system. He's a supporter, he is embracing he's embraced the Muslims, and he's now defending the Muslims. So he asked all my year, when can I go toe to toe

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off so that there won't be any any tension, any hostilities? So Omar says, Let's go right in the heat of the sun when everybody will be asleep. So they go at noon time have a hero they call it which is one, everybody takes a nap. And lo and behold, Allah azzawajal wills that they meet the very worst enemy and that is a Buddha. Buddha has coming back home. And he sees these two figures and he asks omiya who is your friend? Who is your friend? He figured something is fishy, because nobody does pull off when everybody's going to sleep in this hot sun. And so his side says this society been wired basically from yesterday. And so a Buddha gets angry. And he says, How is it

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possible that you are performing the walk around the house in safety, after you have given protection to these renegades he uses the Arabic word sohbats and Suba. And Saba was what they call the Muslims that they had become sabians they had left their religion, right and as a term of her

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rhetoric or Renegade, these Indian these people that have left their religion or their forefathers How can you give protection to these Suba and claim that you will help them and now you have the audacity to come to Makkah show your face and do tawaf in such safety. While law he were it not for the fact that you're a guest of omega also fine, who called them omega, you would not return to your house in one piece. This is a open threat. And this is a threat that contradicts everything of their religion and of Islam. As you know, maca was held on by the time from the time of Abraham it is Sam Mandela who can Amina no one has the right to stop anybody from coming to Makkah. And even Abbas

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narrates that in the days of Jerry Lee, one of us would see a person who had killed his own father doing cloth, and we would not touch your hair on his head. They understood that Makkah is sacred land. But when it came to Islam, the double standards began for the first time. And we're getting this hint now, how dare you come to Makkah, after what you have done? What has he done? He has, it doesn't say he has embraced Islam, and therefore it appears a Buddha did not even know that side is a Muslim. Rather, he is saying you're helping the Muslims. And that is enough of a crime that you shouldn't even come to Mecca. Once I'd heard this, he became very angry he raised his voice so that

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the people have a good ear. And he said, Well, law II if you are going to threaten me, and you're going to deprive me of maca of dough off, I will deprive you of something that is more painful to you than this. And that is your trade route to Syria. He said this in front of the camera so that everybody in Makkah could hear you're gonna threaten me now you're gonna see what's going to happen. And so the concept of targeting the the caravans of the orange wasn't just something that the more had you run the process and told them to do. Of course, up until this time, no Ancelotti has participated. But sad is feeling the pressure and sad says call us tit for tat. You're going to

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threaten me Now you will see as well, what we are going to do and that is exactly what he did. So they've been why that's exactly what he did that He then began to target and the Battle of budget as we're going to study the caravans of the college, the Battle of budget, the model of other valuable Firstly, what is better, and why is it called better? Let's get to the introductory stuff before we jump in. budget

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is an area or location that is named after a well, so is the wall of butter that is named after the person who dug the well. So but that is the name of a human. And many centuries ago he dug up a wealth. And so it was called the wealth of butter. And after he dug up the wealth of butter, the whole plane became known called the plains of butter. The whole area became known as the plains of butter. And this person his name was but that had been yes load and he was from the tribe of the bundle bombora and the land of butter or the area of burden. It is around 160 miles southwest of Medina

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and 250 miles north of Makkah, so it is in between Makkah and Medina Sharla. Next class, we'll be using some of the charts and diagrams that our very own Dr. Bashar has very meticulously done shall the next class will be showing some of those. For now all you need to know is that but it is in between Makkah and Medina and it is closer to Medina than it is to Mecca. In our times. If you go by car, you can easily get together in an hour and 1015 minutes an hour and 15 an hour in 10, you will get together by car. And those days, of course it takes a took around three days on regular journey.

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By the way, it's also interesting to note this is a symbolic coincidence. And of course there is no such thing as a coincidence, a lot of that is all there that literally a few weeks before but less than a month before butter. A very interesting thing happened that we talked about in our last lesson and that is the change of the Qibla.

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So very significant correlation, brother and the change of the Qibla. The change of the Caribbean literally occurs literally probably three weeks before better. And this is just too close to ignore. The timeframe is too close to ignore. And there is no doubt that there is a huge symbolic change taking place that the keebler of the Muslims will now be facing Mecca. And then the greatest victory that early Islam ever saw shall be also given to them. In other words, it's as if it's being said, How can you face Mecca and yet not have maca in your possession? How can you face the Kava and yet the GABA be polluted by idolatry? And so Allah azza wa jal bless them with that great victory right

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after the changing of the Qibla it's as if there is an A sign or an indication that now that the Qibla has changed and you've won over butter slowly but surely, eventually MK as well will be yours. You're not only facing it spiritually, you will physically also obtain the city of Mecca and that is of course exactly what happened.

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And now Now we get to the incident of basically building up the the the the incidents leading up to the hospital whether the Battle of whether this is called the Battle of better the great battle of butter was where to buy the new Cobra. Why? Because in our last lesson we mentioned another incident called, was way too bad in his soul hurrah. And this was way better than the soul. The reason is called by that is because it took place very close to the sohara one not to Cobra, but it had nothing to do with the kurush the people who were attacked were local tribesmen. So this is called a surah has nothing to do with the tribe of Qureshi. It has nothing to do with the caravan of Abu

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sufian What was the last word that was on the caravan, Abu sufian who can remind me what was the US war? Russia was what was Russia and when did it take place? Who can remind me This is should be in your notes for those who are taking notes closer to the Russia wanted to take place.

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You don't have your notes with you.

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You have to close it open another file.

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I like that honesty. So somewhere else, it's somewhere in my iPad. It's jumada. Juma dude oh well of the second year of the hedgerow. jumada or whatever the second year of the hedgerow the profitsystem went to

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the land or the area of Russia, he didn't go to bed by the way, the on the way up. He didn't go when the sorry when the caravan was going up. He did not go to bed that he went to another location. And he camped there for a few days. This is Jamal Buddha. And he stayed there until the very first few days of Gemma, Dasani. There were the archaea, and then he returned back to Medina. Now when the time came rough time came that they expected the caravan back. And this is now the month of Ramadan. The Prophet system began sending multiple spies to see where has the caravan reached, and we have at least two or three, a hadith that mentioned different spies. So this means basically, that over the

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course of every few days, he spent sending out another few people. For example, in Sahih Muslim anessa Malik says that when the time came for the caravans return, the prophet system sent a spy to inform him about the advent of the caravan. And when the spy returned when this hobby returned the prophecies and made sure that nobody was sitting in the room, except for ns and ns was excused because at this time, he's probably seven years old, except for unless he was excused because he was a child, and because he's the personal servant, and the Sahabi informed him about the whereabouts of the caravan. In another head. Ethan had been as happy as mentioned that the process of them said St.

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Paul had been obey the law and say they've been saved. So he sent two of the famous Sahaba to monitor their activities. And they waited for the caravan and followed it for a while, until the caravan passed them by and then they gallop back quickly to Medina. And they reported that the project to the Prophet system that it was under the command of Abu sufian that it had almost 1000 camels in its entourage. 1000 camels is unbelievable wealth. 1000 camels is something that it is said. Early history books say that the orange had never had such a large caravan in recent history. This was the largest caravan in recent history. why this is the case we don't know. But perhaps this

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is due to economic factors prior to this, that they were basically they acquired the Muslims wealth as you know, they confiscated Muslim property and land. Perhaps other things happened that the books of study and history don't mention. But this was the largest caravan in recent history in recorded history for the origin. And some modern historians and economists have calculated that the net worth of the caravan would be around 50,000 dinars, 50,000 gold coins 50,000 gold coins is basically a few million in our times, I calculated myself, but then the problem comes, how much is it the node D now goes from anywhere from $150 to 600 $700, depends on the historic value of the dinar as well, early

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omega dinars, they go for around 800 $900 some of them if you get a really weird rare word from it, what do you even have that medic, you actually go for? $900,000. So if you do $1,000 per day now, multiply that by 50 50,000 you're talking about 30 40 million 50 million here, but other dinars in our times go for like two $300. So even if you do $100 even if you do $100 that's basically how much is that 50,000 times 100 is 5 million, right 5 million, roughly from our from our currency, right $5 million for the early nucynta Muslim community that had nothing. You're talking about changing the entire Treasury really over the early Muslims right, so we can understand why the Prophet system was

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so eager. Now, in our last lesson, we have already talked about how non Muslim orientalist have seen

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cued and have attacked the professor's and for saying he's a highway robber. And this is ridiculous because after what the Orisha have done, this is the least that is to be expected. He's only targeting the hora. She's not targeting anybody else. And frankly, most of that wealth was directly confiscated from the Muslims. Anyway, that's probably one of the main reasons why the caravan has so much money, also, in his half mentions that there was hardly any household in Makkah, except that they had an investment in that caravan. And this makes it very personal. There's hardly any household in that in the middle of college, except that they had a camel or at least something on a

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camel that they had sent. And again, I don't need to remind you, this was their main source of income. Back in those days, they didn't have salaries and paychecks. You literally got money in bulk once a year, twice a year. This was their main money. Everybody who had any money would purchase goods and then invest in this caravan, send it over to Syria, purchase other goods send it back to Yemen. This is how the people of MCC obtain their wealth, they are not farmers, they are not cultivation is they are people who are trading relative she thought you will save this is their backbone and livelihood. And the processor knows full well that if he were to acquire this caravan

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what's going to happen? Number one, he will bring the Macan economy to a screeching halt completely gone.

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Every single household and Kabila has invested and number two, he will bring all of that fortune to the Muslim economy. And of course, that is exactly why he was so eager to obtain this wealth to help the Islamic cause. So Todd had been obey the law say they've been saying that they they rush back to the Prophet so setup. And they informed him that Abu sufian is now coming with 1000 camels, and that he will be at such and such a place. And so the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam immediately gathered together the Sahaba and said, Now here's a little bit of contradiction. What exactly happened? According to one report in Sahih, Muslim, the Prophet says Adam did not announce where

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he's going. And he said, we have a mission to undertake. So whoever has his animal ready should come with me.

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And some of the Sahaba said, yasunaga my animal isn't ready. It's in another place of Medina. Let me go get it ready. And the person said No, only those whose animals are right here, and now we're leaving right now. So that's the version of a Muslim, in a version of abundance help. The Prophet says Adam said to the Sahaba, that had the courage This is the caravan of the orange but at the Botanic was coming back to you, and it has in it to the money of the Quraysh. So let us go out to meet it. Perhaps Allah will give it to you. How do we reconcile a lot of others very simple to do that? It seems that Allah knows best that when he stood in the masjid, he did not announce who or

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where or what.

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Because in the masjid, there could be one afternoon.

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There could be hypocrites, there could be spies, there could be still MK sorry, Medina still has idol worshippers. Medina at this stage still has idol worshipers. As we'll understand. We'll talk about one of the main one of the main turning points of whether is that after all of the idol worshipers basically converted to Islam, ie, we're not sure exactly what happened right after whether when

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shooting could not exist in Medina. So up until better, there are still idol worshippers, there are hypocrites. There are other groups there. So the Prophet system did not make any public announcement. Rather, he said, we have a mission, whoever wants to go, let's go. But there's one condition you need to be ready right here. And now. Literally, let's leave right now. And that is the ultimate surprise tactic, not even the Sahaba knew where they're going. Then when the army leaves Mecca, and the process of can see that it's now contained who he is with, then he announces to them, this is the caravan of the Porsche is coming back, let us go and attack it. Perhaps Allah

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xojo will bless you. And so Allahu Adam. And by the way, this is not what most of the books of surah mentioned most of the books the Sierra ignore the report of Sahih Muslim but the reports on Muslim is very explicit and that is the process of did not mention where he's going. Whereas the one in his house says he's mentioning where he's going. So allow them the way you put this together, which actually makes a lot of sense. He didn't mention in the beginning until finally they left the city and then he mentioned and this shows us again and again and again. It shows us the meticulous planning of the processes and we have seen this in every major incident we've seen this in the

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digital we're gonna continue to see this we've seen this in the battle acaba when he when he did the battle Aqaba he station it in one place the station Hamza in another he has all of this meticulous care taking place, even though he's a Rasulullah saw Sonam and he could put his trust in Allah without doing anything but that's against the Sunda you do everything you can and then you put your trust in Allah you tie your camel and then

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Utah Colorado law. So the profitsystem didn't even tell the Sahaba until they are outside of the city. He uses the utmost surprise and caution. As Anna said he caused everybody to exit the room when the first bike came back so that only he could hear the news. Nobody knew where they're going until finally, when the caravan is right upon them instantaneously. He says, whoever's ready, let's go. He didn't even give them preparation. Why? Well, because this was easy prey. There were only 40 armed guards to this 1000 caravan. And boy, that's nothing. Why would the college do this is a good question. I don't have an answer to why would they do this? Because the time is tense, you would

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have thought that they would have been more thoughtful in this regard, level item. What is the reason? But the fact of the matter is, there were only 40 armed guards if you like there were 40 warriors, right? guarding this caravan. 44,000 camels like do the math yourself. That's basically one person for how many for the

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2020 something camels right? Do the math yourself. Like that's nothing. That's nothing. And so the process and realized if we only have, you know, to 300 people, which is what happened and but that's all we need, and they don't even have to be armed to the hilt. And so whoever is ready, just go home, get your stuff and let's go. That's exactly what happened. And that is why we understand, but that was not meant to be a war. But it was not meant to be a battle. Brother was meant to be confiscation of 1000 camels brother was meant to be a quick, easy when they would have seen three 400 men, they would have gone Helter Skelter. Those who wanted to make a stand would have died there

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and then the entire 1000 camels are taken by the Muslims. What is needed is speed and urgency. What is needed is that the Quran is not find out, right? And Allah azza wa jal will other than this for a wisdom that was known to him, and we see it clearly after the in the aftermath of the Battle of brother. So this sudden, instantaneous message explains why none of the Sahaba really was armed to the hilt. None of the Sahaba had their armor on that the animals that were taken were animals that just happened to be there, that the entire army only had two riding horses, they only had two, and that camels were less than 100 camels for a caravan of 300 something people there were less than 100

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camels. Why? Because it wasn't assumed that there would be they would be needing fast horses it wouldn't it wasn't assumed that they'd been eating a lot of camels, this was easy prey, this was your targeting a sitting duck. They just have to go show them 300 people and then take the the the price right? And Allah Xhosa as as we will find out will something else. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, when he reaches his first encampment, and they set up tents. They they set up tents, the Profit System, first thing he does, he takes a detailed survey of everyone who is now participating. Notice he couldn't do this in Medina, because he just wants to leave. He just wants

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to get out. Right? Once they stop and they in camp. Now he goes over every single person, he makes an assessment now what do I have? What do I What do I need to do? And he notices that there are two people who are too young to participate. And these are Alberto urbanizing and Abdullah bin Omar, the both of them are younger than 14 generally the Prophet system would allow these young men who had passed the age of 14 he would allow the 14 was the cutoff point. And of course I'm in for those times and ages any 14 was basically what we would consider to be 18. Of course, 14 year olds in our times we don't want to leave them alone in the house. Mashallah devata Kala Devi too scared to stay

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alone in the house. And those days, we had 13 years old Baba and Abdullah Ahmad, they wanted to participate, and they were eager to participate. And somehow every single major battle, we see the same tension that 13 years old, 11 years old, sometimes they want to participate. And the process of them tells them No, you cannot do that, we'll see the same thing. In a third, we'll see the same thing later on as well. Then their eagerness they want it to be men. Right. And I always say that will lay we have dumbed down our own youth, that if we were to treat them like adults, that young men would become adults faster, but because we have this false age of adolescence, where

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biologically they are men, or women, but intellectually we treat them like kids, then we're gonna get these problems, right. And I firmly believe this that Allah azzawajal has created has made the age of puberty to be the age of intelligence, that's the sign of the shediac. And therefore, if society were to treat these youngsters the way they deserve with intellectual integrity, honesty, with respect, then these youngsters would grow up faster and we find this again.

00:30:00--> 00:30:39

This isn't just Islamic, by the way, any 100 years ago, 500 years ago in every society when you were 1415, you were an adult. It's not just in Islamic societies, right? And this is the reality, the sad reality we have to live with that. There is this teenage years that we ask Allah to protect us against the problems of teenage years. Please, let's get back to the issue of others. So Alberto, I've been asked him and Abdullah bin Omar was sent back because the distance was short, they were sent back alone, just the two of them, they can basically go home alone, because there's just one one journey one one day's journey, the two of them can go back alone. And the final count was

00:30:39--> 00:31:15

basically around 315 some books mentioned 313 some books mentioned 315. Some mentioned 317, basically 310 and an odd number. These were all the volunteers around 83 of them, Mahajan, 62 of the house and 170 of the hazaragi 83 of them are hydrocodone 62 of the oats and 170 of the hazard. The hazard Raj were doubled the dose and that is because for two reasons. Firstly, the hazards were more than the dose. Secondly, the percentage of Muslims in the hazard charge was more than the percentage of Muslims in the house who can remind me why.

00:31:18--> 00:31:32

Because we're generally the poorer tribe. And the most was generally the richer tribe. And therefore generally speaking, the poor convert before the rich and the hazaragi embraced Islam quicker than the US embraces them, and also they were larger in number.

00:31:34--> 00:32:13

The two horses I said already said they were only two horses, they belong to Zubaydah, but I want and then milk that as well. And they were less than 100. camels. Some books mentioned 70. Some books mentioned more than this, but less than 100 camels. So basically, every person had to share a camel with three people, right? So every camel, there were three people taking turns riding the camel, you cannot have three people riding the cameras at the same time. And so what they decided to do was to would walk and one would ride and then it would just take shifts and turns in this manner. Now we have to point out here there's there seems to be some significance to this number 310. And something

00:32:13--> 00:32:57

there seems to be some significance because it occurs in multiple places in our religion of them is for example, the famous hadith of how many prophets and how many messengers we talked about this way back last year or maybe two years ago. Right? What is the difference between profit and a messenger? And the famous had with that? Oh, God, yeah, Rasulullah Gomorrah sued in Oh, seven come to be in how many lawsuits? The processor said 310 and something Jamuna raffia a large quantity, how many ambia 124,000. So 310 is something that's here. But it is also said that the number of people who were in the army of jackfruit

00:33:00--> 00:33:45

diluted and dilute the number of people that were fighting on the side of the woods on the side of David, against Goliath were also around 310 and something right? And so Allah knows best but there seems to be some type of significance with this number. So we said that the Sahaba had to share a camel three people per per camel. And so the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was assigned the camel of Ali ibn Abi Talib, and along with them was the famous Sahabi abou Baba abou Baba, you will come across his name from the very famous incident that we'll talk about. And the incident of Bunnell Cordoba, Abu Baba was that Sahabi who made a mistake, he repented and he tied himself to the

00:33:45--> 00:34:25

message. Right as an act of repentance. He did something that he regretted we'll talk about that when we get there. And he felt so guilty that he went to the masjid and he tied himself up, and he deprived himself of food and water and he said, until Allah forgives me, I will not leave this place. And he was almost about to die when Allah azza wa jal basically revealed his repentance in the Quran. And they said hello as you are forgiven. So he said no, until the Prophet system himself comes and allows me to be free. I'm not going to be free. So the Profit System himself came and he untied abou Baba from that pillar. This is Abu Baba we'll talk about Abu Baba that story later on.

00:34:25--> 00:34:40

So Ali, and Abu Baba and the Prophet system, they were assigned one Campbell, Mr. Mohammed in his mustard mentions a very beautiful incident Now, can you imagine if you had been assigned the camera with the Prophet system? What would you do?

00:34:42--> 00:34:54

Not take not take what? Your turn on the camera, right? Can you imagine? Can you imagine that if you had to share a camel the Prophet says Adam, what would you do? He will say Yasuda law.

00:34:55--> 00:34:59

Trouble you guys, you know, you you you take the camel, we will

00:35:00--> 00:35:44

Walk. And so both Ali and Abu Baba insisted that Yasuda Allah, we will walk, and you take the camel, full time basically. Right? And somehow that the response of the Prophet system is so sweet and gentle and profound. It's so full of wisdom that you just you just like mind, boggle. How could this is of course coming from Mischka to know more from the world of prophecy? Yeah. And he could have said, Yes, he could have. And we're lucky if he had said yes, who would have objected? He is rasulillah. Forget even forget even the religious he is the leader? When does the leader do exactly what the private does, right? even forget the religious side, a general in the army, right? The Five

00:35:44--> 00:36:02

Star general never ever travels the same way as the private key. This is understood like you work your way up to the top. And then after that, you're given the red carpet treatment, and everybody accepts it added to this as the religious side that he is so hot. And when they've been say the weather, they add them on and on and on. Right. And so

00:36:03--> 00:36:09

if anybody had, like, done this, nobody would have objected to the process of his writing in their due to our walking.

00:36:11--> 00:36:36

Alternatively, he could have said, No, let's be fair, let's share. He could have done that way as well just be blunt and say, No, no, I disagree with this. Let's be fair, and let's share. And he could have been strict with that. But he allowed them to share in a manner that was very sweet and very beautiful. He smiled back at them. And he said that the two of you are not any younger than I am. You're not any stronger than me.

00:36:38--> 00:36:46

And I am not. Now this is a double negative in any less in need of the other than the two of you.

00:36:48--> 00:36:59

I repeat what he said, the two of you are not any younger or stronger than I am. We're all equal men here. pause here. By the way, technically, that's not true. Because how old is early

00:37:03--> 00:37:40

20s, late, late 20s, mid 20s, mid 20s by now, right? And the process is now how old is the process and 5554 55. So even technically, we don't know the age of Babu Babu Baba, we don't know his age, this time. But anyone can say is a middle aged man. So technically, the process is the senior of them in age as well. But he says the two of you are not any stronger than I am. Now that might is possibly true in terms of physical strength. Yes. And neither am I in any less need of the rewards from a law that I will get if I walk.

00:37:42--> 00:38:08

And so when he said this to them, they had no response to this to how are you going to respond when he says, I'm doing this for the charger just like you were all three men here, we're all three have roughly equal physical strength, right? And so I need the edge as well. And so he insisted that they take turns on this one camel, and that was his way of enforcing the fairness the the equitable treatment.

00:38:09--> 00:38:30

And of course, I mean, it goes without saying and he's handled it Can you imagine here the psychological repercussions of the Profit System walking? Imagine if you were in that army now in that caravan. Now, the heat, the desert sand, the thirst, the trouble? Now you see the processes of walking, what are you going to do?

00:38:32--> 00:39:10

But you cannot complain? You cannot complain by the prophet system walking with the army Halas that's you know, you are there is nothing you can do now, right? And again, this is the wisdom and this is exactly what I mean. No doubt he is a rasulillah system. But why was he respected? Well, because he acted like rasulillah system as well. Right? He could have as they say like, you know, pulled his rank, right he could have and who would have complained? I mean honestly, who would have complained. But no. And as this is exactly what the law says you are the role model you are the the one who is gentle, merciful. So he walked along with all of the rest of the army and there was

00:39:10--> 00:39:46

nothing different from him than from the rest of the of the Muslims and somehow alone when you have a leader like this, what is going to happen? I will walk on earth man, they live the same lifestyle. When Omar goes in and conquers Jerusalem. Look, who is he learning this from? Right? Who is Omar learning this from that when he gets to Jerusalem, and his slave is on the camel. What does he tell the slave? It's not fair? It's your turn? Correct. And he walks into Jerusalem and the people of Jerusalem think that the slave is a robot and oma is the slave because what what leader in the world would walk leading in his slave while he is walking? Where did Omar learn this from he has the best

00:39:46--> 00:39:52

teacher, the best master the best more I limb and that is the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.

00:39:53--> 00:39:59

Another interesting point here as well, by the way before we move on again, this is one of the problems of Sierra is that the sea

00:40:00--> 00:40:42

Law is composed of many small incidents, right? So we need to draw a larger picture by mentioning disconnected incidents, right. And then we just try to put them together another disconnected incidents that is a precursor to the Battle of butter. And we have a lot of benefit from this very deep benefit, especially for the times in the place, and the political climate that we are living in. And that is the lack of participation of two people in the Battle of butter. And that is a family a man and his father, Mr. Adnan haccombe. These two people who have a family, a man and his father, the two of them, could have participated in better and they wanted to participate. But they

00:40:42--> 00:40:47

were held back because of a promise they had made to the kurush.

00:40:49--> 00:41:05

Dave and his father, were once captured by the kurush and kurush. We're almost going to kill them. When finally one of them decided, you know what, let's just make them promise that they're not going to ever fight alongside Mohammed.

00:41:06--> 00:41:43

As long as they're not going to fight with us and kill us send them back. No big deal. So they didn't really have her there was not a Mahajan. By the way the data is neither. And this is a longer story, but they find his father his father and his father is not from Makkah and Rosie from Medina, he, he came to Medina in the days of Jackie Lee, because of a crime he had committed. So he abandoned his tribe. And he basically came to Medina who was adopted by the people of Medina, and then he became a Sahaba. He accepted Islam, and then his son or they've accepted Islam. So the two of them are neither Makino nor Madani quite In this sense, they're neither oroshi or not, are they

00:41:43--> 00:42:06

also cause Raj. So when the Quraysh captured them, they don't have any direct animosity. Like these are people who are caught up, basically. So one of them has sympathy and says, Okay, you know what, we're not going to kill you, even though you're Muslim, we're not going to kill you. This is, of course, before the battle the budget a few months before the Battle of whether we're not going to kill you, but you have one condition. And that is, you will never fight us alongside the prophecy.

00:42:07--> 00:42:53

Right, you're not going to join the process of them fighting us. And so when the Profit System heard, when they returned back from the operation, the process and heard this, the Profit System basically did not allow them to participate in any of these calls, or what. And this shows us that a Muslim is upon his board and promises. A Muslim is never a traitor. A Muslim is never a traitor, they gave their word. And once they gave their word, even in times of great trial and difficulty, they did not take up arms and fight against the crush the Battle of oil. We'll talk about exactly what happened. And we'll clarify some points there. But any type of offensive battle that was taking

00:42:53--> 00:43:30

place with a friend, his father did not participate, and therefore, they remained back in Medina. And of course, this shows us in our times, especially, treaties have to be respected and honored obligations and duties, including duties that are understood such as duties of citizenship, let's say, right, these are obligations, these are legally binding contracts. And if you are a visa carrier, or a citizen or whatnot, there are certain obligations upon you, regardless of what's happening in the world. If you don't like it, then you don't have to be a citizen holder or a visa holder. But you cannot be a citizen and a visa holder and then go against what that entails. Right?

00:43:30--> 00:44:06

You understand the the Islamic rulings here, that it is not allowed from the shediac perspective, to break a promise or your word that is not allowed to be a traitor, you cannot be two faced, swear that you're a citizen, and then do something that will go against the oath that you have given nobody's forcing you to make that oath. And if you're not going to uphold it, then do not say it. And that's what we learned from her they fought and his father, that even though one can say Hold on a sec, they were almost going to be killed. But they gave their word and solemn promise, right? They could have been killed, they could have but they didn't they said okay, you know what we agreed to

00:44:06--> 00:44:39

your condition. We're going to go back to Medina and we're not going to fight against you. And when the process and heard this then he did not accept them to fight and they could not volunteer to fight and this shows us that a Muslim is upon his conditions and promised a Muslim owner Allah shoot him this is a hadith and Muslim monada shooting him in the eye in the Quran, are you who believe fulfill your covenants that you will have the nominal Ofu bill record. And you understand the implications and modernity and I don't need to go into this tangent and I've spoken about this very explicitly in talks that are related to those issues. Another incident that occurred that the

00:44:39--> 00:44:41

process of is leaving Medina

00:44:43--> 00:44:59

and they still think that they're going to get to the caravan Abu sufian that one of the pagans of Medina, his name is not mentioned in the earlier books of Sierra, one of the pagans of Medina who was known for his bravery and fighting skills. He marched

00:45:00--> 00:45:07

Up to the Prophet system. He is not a Muslim. And he says that I wish to join you in order to get this money, but I wish to join you.

00:45:08--> 00:45:52

The Sahaba were happy to see him because they're getting a strong man. The Sahaba were happy to see him. The Prophet system said, Do you testify that Allah is your Lord and I am the messenger. So I said, he said, No, I'm still. I'm still a pagan. No. So the process said, in Lannister, a newbie machinic. We do not ask for help from pagans. So the man stayed where he was. And a few hours later, he again caught up with the camp, I guess the thought of all of this money, 1000 Campbell's, and whatnot, calm came to him. And once again, he said, that allow me to come with you. Because he wants to share, allow me to come with you. Again, the prophet system asked him, Do you testify that? He

00:45:52--> 00:46:03

said, No. So he said, in Atlanta state emotionally. And then a few hours later, again, he writes in, and he has gotten the point now, basically, right, so now the Prophet system asks him, and he says, Yes, I shall do a lot a lot.

00:46:04--> 00:46:44

Now he accepts Islam. And so he was allowed to join the caravan at that point in time or join the expedition at that point in time. And this hadith has been again, used politically in our times, and it was used in Gulf War One, Gulf War Two, it was used during all of these times that is it allowed to ask for military help from a non Muslim or not, because the process of said, we do not ask help from pagans in that, and that said, you know, be Muslim mushrik. And this is a classical controversy amongst the four mazahub. Some scholars say that you can never ask for any such help. Other scholars say that it is allowed with conditions. And frankly, this is not the type of place to get into this

00:46:44--> 00:47:25

tangent. But you understand this also has political ramifications in the modern world, it has caused a lot of controversies in many lands, can you get the help of a non Muslim? Right? This happened, as you know, very, very recently, many times, can you get the help of a non Muslim army to help you against an aggressing army? So these types of ahaadeeth were then brought up. And this is not the time or place to discuss both opinions. But there is a spectrum of opinion there is a gray area, for example, Mr. manoli, in his commentaries, Mr. manoli says that this, this hadith shows that the general rule is that you do not ask help from the pagan army. But there are exceptions. And Mr.

00:47:25--> 00:47:36

manoli says the Prophet system himself sought the help of Abdullah a bit older estate, who is Abdullah minority, who is Abdullah have inherited the guide of the Prophet system in the

00:47:37--> 00:48:02

in the hedgerow. Right, amen. We know he says the process of himself sought the help of Abdullah bin record at a time of great sensitivity. Mr. Powell, I think about it, there's 100 Campbell's on his head, as you know, dead or alive, and 100 Campbell's is a mini fortune, this man whoever gave him in, he would have lived comfortably for the rest of his life. Yet he trusted after a lot of xojo he trusted his life with outdoor living.

00:48:03--> 00:48:16

And so remember, no we says, if a person has good opinions of Islam, I either are sympathetic to Islam, and they can be trusted and the situation calls for it then one can ask the help of Muslims against

00:48:18--> 00:48:56

an enemy. Boyd being again, this is one of those issues we see over here in this incident the problems that we don't ask the help of a mission, and yet he himself at a time and there are more than this time as well, where the process of got the alliances of the pagans, he got the help of others. For example, when Abu Talib died and Abu lahab was going to expel him the proper system got the help of multimillion ID remember this right he got to help motivate it and he took the it is called the GMR and inheritance is basically the visa of motivation it that motivated it has allowed me to stay in Macau if I wouldn't have kicked me out that motivation it has allowed me so the point

00:48:56--> 00:49:37

being you should know that there is a spectrum of opinion and frankly each opinion has some some strength and evidence to it. And in my humble opinion, it is a case by case situation and basis that once such a situation arises then the scholars of that region and land let them talk amongst themselves and come to a conclusion and this is an issue here the issue anyway, another interesting point here that somehow our religion does not ask us to look into the chests of people. Here is a man will lie the average person would doubt is Islam correct? The time the place the circumstances the whole story once he says no twice he says no finally says you know what, okay, call us I'm a

00:49:37--> 00:49:37

Muslim.

00:49:38--> 00:50:00

But what is our religion tell us judge people by outward and leave the inner to Allah subhana wa tada and will lie we would be so much better if we simply follow this right? Leave the inner for Don't doubt people's intention, the process and asked him three times. Are you a Muslim? No. Are you Muslim? No. And there's a lot of money to be gained if he's a Muslim. So on the third time, because you know,

00:50:00--> 00:50:20

holla Muslim, and nobody questions is Islam. Let it be. And in fact, and I have said this previously before, there is no denying that our religion the Sharia gave incentives for people to convert monetary sometimes political at other times, why? Remember what I said?

00:50:21--> 00:50:28

Why is there's like somebody says that, you know, your religion encourages people to convert even financially there are privileges, right?

00:50:29--> 00:50:32

Why Why is this the case? I said this very clearly.

00:50:36--> 00:50:44

I didn't say that. But that's a valid point. If what I said if they convert for any reason, because Islam is true,

00:50:45--> 00:51:20

we are confident that they will eventually convert for the right reason. And we're so confident of our faith, that you know, what helps us convert for the money, no big deal. But what's going to happen? Slowly, Islam and a man will enter the heart. And this is the reality that we see from people to this day and age who convert for secondary reasons, primarily in our times for marriage and love. Right? A person will convert because their spouse wants them to and that person is not a Muslim. So the boys not Muslim. And then this girl says, You know what, if you're not a Muslim, I can't marry you. So it was hella hella sucky. I'll be a Muslim. Yes, yeah. I mean, well, I have had

00:51:20--> 00:51:53

people come up to me, you know, boy meets girl, boy falls in love with girl girl falls. And boy, the boy is not a Muslim. They come to the masjid. She's not practicing Islam, but she knows one thing she's not wearing and she knows one thing, you know, I can't marry him if he's a non Muslim. So right then and there, and I and he asks me, I there was an in case, he literally asked me, I mean, there's nothing I can do I have to convert to marry her. Right? Like, he does not want to convert, you know? And I said, No, unless you convert you, you cannot marry this person, right? And so he decided to convert. It's not my job to look into his heart is it? It's not my job. And eventually,

00:51:53--> 00:52:27

these people, as for this couple of hours, didn't keep in touch with them. But I have met many couples that eventually the one who converts becomes even more practicing then then the Muslim, right? Well, they how many times and this is to me so many times that, you know, the let's say the sister converts and then she starts getting more and more religious until finally the husband comes and says, Chef, can you tell my wife to calm that religiosity down she's kind of, you know, going a little bit too much. Now, you know, I'm saying this is so common now that the woman will convert to the man will convert and then one of them Mashallah sabbatical and they will go beyond the other.

00:52:27--> 00:52:45

So, so what if you convert it for another reason? We're so sure Islam is true Yella? Bismillah, Whatever your reason is, eventually you'll be a true Muslim. So we don't question people's motives. Now. This is, of course, the general rule. There might be some exceptions here and there. But here is one of those questions one of those times when it was not question.

00:52:46--> 00:53:29

So getting back again to the issue of whether the Profit System looking at the various reports, it seems that we can guesstimate that he left Medina on the 12th of Ramadan. He left Medina on the 12th of ramadan ramadan, in the second year of the hedger, and he put in charge of Medina, Eben Maktoum, who, as you know, was the blind Sahabi. And this shows us that in our religion, and will lie, it is a very big deal for the time that when somebody was physically impaired, they were literally treated as outcasts. Right? When somebody was blind or lame or something, they were literally treated as subhuman. And the very fact that the Prophet ism chose a blind person and put him in charge of

00:53:29--> 00:53:40

Medina ally, we can clearly say that our religion was very forward thinking for the time, right? That it did not take these personal,

00:53:41--> 00:54:15

false or not false is not a good word. But these, what's the technical term of forgetting? handicaps is the drum that it did not take these handicaps as being any problem in the job that you're doing. So what if he's blind, he can take charge of leading the player he can take charge of the Civil Affairs of Medina, what has this blindness got to do with with this, whereas will love it for other people at the time to be blind to be deaf to be you wouldn't you would be treated as a crazy person or you would be treated as subhuman as a child. And the very fact that even when a Muslim is being put in charge of the city shows us our religion did not discriminate against people who have

00:54:15--> 00:54:40

physical handicaps. And so and this is not the only time by the way, even omak tomb was put in charge of Medina at least a dozen times. Why? Because he was a sensible man. He was a wise man. And his blindness did not come into the way of him being basically in effect, the temporary mayor of Medina, right being in charge of minion that's a very prestigious position, and the wisest person they could find was Eben Maktoum.

00:54:41--> 00:54:59

In the meantime, so the Prophet system left MCC on the 12th of Ramadan. Abu sufian is coming back and Abu sufian is taking extra precautions to find out what is happening is the Profit System going to attack or not Why? Because he's already he already found out that the hospital share

00:55:00--> 00:55:42

Just barely missed him by a date. That was virtually Russia. He literally saved it by the skin of his teeth, as they say, one day, otherwise you would have been caught. Right. And so further a lot closer to the Ishihara was the warning for Abu sufian was what sent him off his warning bells. That on the way back, Abu sufian took extra precaution so much so he would send spy parties out to spy on the spies. There's a spy game going on here. Right? He would send delegations out to find out is anybody spying on us? And it is said that even his have mentioned that some Bedouins mentioned that they saw two men spying on the camp. Of course, these are all hand side libinsight. Right. The

00:55:42--> 00:56:11

better ones mentioned that there were two men who are spying on you. And so Abu sufian said, Show me where they camped. So the better ones took about soufiane to the camp of these two men, we're assuming the tall hand side? Who else could they be? And will soufiane examine their camp and examine their markings? Until finally he came across camel dung. And in his intelligence and desperation, he opened up the camel dung. And what do you think he found? dates of Medina

00:56:12--> 00:56:53

is exactly right. But not the dates but the date seats. Big difference. Right? He found the date seeds of Medina right now. I mean, obviously it's a little bit disgusting. Even though technically Campbell dung is not nudges. I have to say that even though I wouldn't touch it, but still is not negative. But still, well, like it shows you these are scouts. These are people who know how to analyze right? to open up to crack open a camel dung and to examine what is in this camel dung. And then to pick out the seed and say and he said, these are the dates of yesterday. Right? He recognizes the seed from where it is coming, how us everything fits into place now. And so I will

00:56:53--> 00:57:36

soufiane panics. I've also vianne panics because he realizes we are being monitored. And therefore this panic causes him to go into overdrive mode. And he does two things, both of which are that are life saved him. But a lot other was also there, it brought about the biggest disaster to the crush right? in saving himself. He brought about the biggest disaster to the polish that Allah bless the Muslims with. So he did two things. The first thing that he did is that he took an unknown route. immediately as soon as he found out this is happening. He hired a local guide. And he says get us out of here. Take us from the shore. And he went from a much farther route. He basically bypassed

00:57:36--> 00:58:23

and Charlotte next week will show the maps that Dr returned meticulously as drawn or PowerPoint did or whatever, that he basically bypass the entire city so that he wasn't even close to where the profit system would have been. And the second thing he did is that he sent for reinforcements. He sent for reinforcements. And how did he send for reinforcements. He sent His fastest rider who had the fastest camel and that is bum, bum bum even amaryl fit. He sent London to go to Mecca and to announce to the Porsche that unless they do something their caravan will be confiscated. Unless they send reinforcements your money has now been destroyed and so bonded immediately proceeded on the

00:58:23--> 00:58:25

fastest camel possible. And

00:58:26--> 00:59:03

really it was very fast because think about it that this is probably taking place probably taking place around the 10th I mean two three days before the process of leaves because again, these are the two spies soon as the two spies come back literally as soon as they come back. What does he do? He goes to the masjid he says right now let's go somebody said I want to pack my bags no right now let us go right look at the quickness. He doesn't want the news to get two hours of yen. So within two three days, bomba must have reached maca maca the same day they make the decision within three days they come back and they are at budget. This is super fast speed. And this will discuss

00:59:03--> 00:59:48

inshallah, in the next lesson. We have one more thing for today in sha Allah, and that is events happening in Mecca before London arrives. One thing happens in Mecca before London arrives that sets the stage and that is the dream of Attica, Binti Abdulmutallab Attica, the aunt of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and the full sister of Abdullah and Abu Talib. She is the full sister of Abdullah and have authority and and therefore she is the full aunt of the Prophet so I said and by the way that I take accept Islam or not. Well it seems to be a difference of opinion even is have mentioned that the only aunt of the prophets ism whoever accepted Islam is everybody should know

00:59:49--> 00:59:59

Sofia. That is by unanimous consensus even as Hawk says the only aren't I'm I'm of the Profit System to accept Islam is Sophia.

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However even sad says that article also accepted Islam. This one article that we're gonna talk about, and that article migrated to Medina after this and she died in Medina, truth be told, even even hedger finds this skeptical because we don't have a single report about anything from Attica after this dream and how she converted to Islam, we would have heard of stories like we have heard from Sophia. So Allah knows best maybe she did a bit sad says that she did that Sophia Attica with the two whereas in his house and his house is the earlier and the greater authority in his house says none of the answers of the Prophet system accepted Islam other than Sophia. So keep this in

01:00:40--> 01:01:02

mind and Allah knows best whether she accepted Islam or not one thing for sure, we never hear of her after this dream. This is the only incident that we hear for it after this. She's basically what happened and when she died and whatnot, we don't have any indication and anyone who can say had she been a Muslim, then this would have been preserved with more care but and the end Indeed, Allah knows best. So what dream did Attica See?

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Attica had a dream, three days before London's arrival, three days before vondom arrived in Medina, so they have no clue what's going on. She woke up, flustered and agitated, and she called her brother, I bust the uncle of the processor. She was close to my bus. She was the closest to our bus in agent and bond. So she called it a bus. And she said that I saw a nightmare. I saw a dream that I'm very concerned, it's giving. It's making me very scared. My boss said, What happened? Tell me. So she said that, in my dream, I saw that a crier had come to Makkah. At a crier is going to come to my crease who's me in three days. So she predicted in three days, a crier will come to Makkah,

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racing on his camels. So she's seeing the crier, she's seeing the camel. And she's and she knows it's going to be in three days. And he first goes to the masjid. And he cries out in the masjid. Yeah. Hodor Oh, you traders and betrayers. People who have betrayed or p o traders, meet your death in three days from now. So six days from the point she's saying this three days and then three days, go out and meet your death in three days from when I'm announcing this right, go out and meet your death. And then she said, The crier was on top of the cabinet. So first, he's next to the cabinet. Then he is on top of the cabin. He says the same thing. Then he's on top of the mountain of abaco

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base, the mountain of abaco base, you still see it in Mecca. When you go to Morocco, you will find that small mountain that you can see from the bottom this is the mountain of abaco base, he is on the mountain of vocal bass, and the mountain of vocal bass was the highest peak in the immediate vicinity. And many times when they wanted to make a very major announcement. They would go to the sometimes I will call bass mountain or sometimes to safa and marwah, which was closer, our base is a little bit farther outward. And so he was standing on the mountain of a vocal bass. And he said the same thing. So he's saying it three times again, what is he saying? yehudah. odor is the plural of

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those who are betrayed. haidara is to the worst type of of betrayal, the worst type of

01:03:13--> 01:03:53

traders, right? Why are they traders, because they have betrayed the foundation of what they considered jalahalli of what was most important to them, and that is blood, blood kabita tribes, right? The one thing they value is tribes, tribalism, and what have they done, for the first time in Arab history, they have broken tribes, licorice, and they have not allowed their tribes men to basically live with them. This is one reason they're called Raiders. Some can also say, and there's nothing wrong with this. There are traitors to the religion of Abraham. And this is also plausible there are traders Yahoo, the old traders, meet your death in three days go out and meet your death,

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then article is saying, this crier picks up a large rock from the mountain of a vocal bass, and he topples it from the mountain and article saying she sees the rock go down all the way from the mountain, until when it gets to the base, it splinters and cracks up, and then it continues rolling until every house in Makkah gets hit by one of the rocks, right? So the boulder cracks, and then every house is hit by one of these stones. Now what is the interpretation is pretty obvious. The interpretation is that whatever announcement this man will make, will cause the deaths of these traders in three days. They don't realize it, but that's what the announcement will cause they're

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gonna die in three days. And the rock hitting every house is the sign that every house will be struck with the calamity. What calamity, the death of multiple people in the household, not a single household of the whorish was spared in the Battle of everyone.

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Every household had deaths, every household was affected. And so the crier is predicting. And and and that is the rock coming down the boulder coming down that every one of your houses will be affected by this incident that's going to happen. And so

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Ibis became very worried as well. And he said to Article, he said to Attica that will lie this dream is a very dangerous dream. And I am worried if you tell it to people, you will get into trouble so keep it to yourself. Don't tell anybody about this dream seems like a very dangerous dream. And it is said that artica used to see these regular dreams and we know that seeing dreams is something that Allah blesses people with seeing dreams that can be interpreted the king at the time of use of saw these dreams, right? The King at the time of use of was not a Muslim. And yet he saw these dreams are about karate see man and Yakuza. Being a Muslim, non Muslim doesn't mean these dreams can

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come to non Muslims as well. And so article sees this dream. So my boss says don't tell anybody, because I'm worried what will happen if people hear about it. Yet, being the man that he was, he could not follow his own advice. He tells the article to be quiet. But he goes and tells his best friend, and that is already the winner. And he says all Waleed, please don't tell anybody else. You see where this is heading. Right? And so on what it says yeah, I'm not gonna promise promise. I'm not gonna tell anybody. And when he goes and tells his father, and he tells his father, look, our boss made me promise. So basically, you get the point here, within a short period of time, the whole

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city of Mecca is now gossiping about this strange dream. You want to keep a secret, keep it a secret from yourself and to yourself as the only way to keep it right. You tell two people and that's it. The secret is out. So Ibis was the one who opened up the doors to tell me the secret even though he's the one telling article don't tell anybody. So abus still thinks that nobody knows because he has only told him what it yet within a few hours, it spreads and gossip and the whole people of MK are now talking about this strange dream of Attica, however you want to interpret it, there's clearly doom and dread. All traders meet your death in three days. That's not a positive dream,

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right? And a rock comes and smashes into every house. That's not a good dream. So you don't need to be an expert in dream interpretation. But know that this dream is against the Cornish epic, right? So the orange are not too happy. At this dream. Our boss doesn't know that they're not too happy. In any case, he goes to sleep by the time he wakes up. Everybody in the city is gossiping. But he still doesn't know. He goes around his business Buying and selling. Then he decides to as he usually does, as was the custom of most of the Arabs in Croatia, the time to do tawaf after also just going to throw off this was their custom. So he goes and he does and he's going to do throw off when he sees

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a boudjellal surrounded by his entourage his minions and Abuja has says yeah, bus when you're done, come here.

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Bus figures What's going on? He doesn't still doesn't get the point that the dream might have reached Abuja. He does throw off and then he comes to where Abuja had called him. And Abuja Hello says to him, that all children are Abdulmutallab, again, the bundle Hashem. Since when did you get to female prophet tests as well? You understand the sarcasm here? Okay, we need to get the point you think you have a male prophet? Since when did you get a nebia as well? A female prophet has a boss says What do you mean? It's like it's caught now. What do you mean? And, of course, Abuja is going on and on. He's like, are you? He said, you have any other multiple children? Are you not satisfied?

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Isn't it enough that you have men who claim to be prophets, but choose not you're not satisfied with that you now want women to be predicting the future as well. If it is true that a crier will come after three days, then it will happen it is true. But if it does not happen, then by a law we will write a basically will say assign in those days, and we will place it on the kabah the door of the cab that the bundle Abdulmutallab are the most lying of the Arabs known to man. He is angry Abuja and he says if this does not happen, then we are going to publicly shame you. Enough is enough. You already claimed to have one profit. Now you're going to bring forth another profit test of female

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profit, an Ibis narrative, the Hadith himself later on, he says I was caught off guard. And so I denied everything. This is what happens when you're caught in a lie. You just deny. No, no, you're mistaken. Whoever told you we didn't see she didn't see any dream. Right. He denies everything. But the news of what Abuja has done to our bus and humiliated our bus and humiliated the

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Because again Abuja belongs to which tribe everybody should know now.

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But what zoom, zoom Abuja belongs to the Burma zoom. So the

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Abuja belong to the zoom. So the bedroom of zoom and the Banu Hashim have their rivalries. And who made these three had their internal rivalries, right? So the Muslim has a rivalry. So now, this Muslim might, as publicly discussed the mortality bytes, right? And so, the bundle Abdulmutallab are now fuming abus denied everything. before he even gets back to his house. The women have heard what just took place, Mashallah news spreads. And when a bus comes back, the women began lashing out at him. And they literally say, Are you not a man? Where is your manhood? Could you not defend your own women? Now it's not a matter of dreams or not. It's a matter of tribalism. Now, right, forget what

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Attica saw. Where is your man Have you no shame. They literally said Don't you have Moodle? Have you no shame. You're dissed and your sister was dissed and the whole bundle other than what they were just and you just stand there and take it. Until finally our boss says, I decided that Halas The next day, I have to go back and publicly rebuke Abuja and defend the Abdulmutallab.

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Okay, so now it's becoming into a tit for tat, and ally buses for the rest of the day. All the women of the bundle will play it came and had it out with me. The whole clan came and basically said you have to do something, Have you no shame this and that. So now he is now thinking what can I say tomorrow? And so the next day, he wakes up and the first thing he does he walks straight to the Gabba to find a boob job. And he's narrating This isn't the first person is narrated in the midst of it. How can the first person and Ibis says that when I came to the masjid, I saw a Buddha in the distance. As soon as he saw me. He turned pale, turned his back to me and walked away. A bus is

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saying, What is the matter with him? Doesn't he have the courage to face me now? Now he thinks his bravery has got the better of him right. And I went to go face him. When I finally saw what had caused a Buddha to go pale. What was that? It's now the third day. It's now the third day. The second day I will Jehan rebukes him. Then he wakes up. It is the third day, and the crier has already arrived. Ibis has not heard him yet, because he's walking out. We Johanna's already heard him. And so Abu jihad is so embarrassed, he cannot even face an Ibis, right, and the crier is none other than Of course, London and to make the effect even more melodramatic, even more melodramatic.

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bumbum had actually mutilated his own camel in one in one narration that he said he chopped its nose off, like some mutilation, and he smeared the blood over the whole the camel. This would also make the camel panic by the way to make it faster even right and he put his clothes up he put all of this suits in this dust on himself. And he rode the camel backwards all of this to have a melodramatic effect and to give the impression that he himself had also been attacked. Right. And he begins to cry out when he gets to Makkah that oh Quraysh your caravan or garage, your caravan, your property and money with Abu sufian it is being attacked by Mohammed and his companions right now. And you

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will not be able to defend it unless you act immediately. Now everything is alive by the way as of yet because he is saying it's being attacked whereas there was a threat of attack right and he is coming as if he has been attacked even though nobody has touched him. So there is a

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a desperation there is a an exaggeration going on here that he's trying to make this melodramatic effect that your caravan your money will be lost unless you do it now a Naja Naja Help Help basically SOS SOS. And so

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he came to the masjid he came to the Kaaba and he made the announcement. Of course his announcement was common fight and articles already telling them no come and meet your debts, you're going to meet your debts right? And this was of course the prediction of Attica and we have come to the end inshallah of today's next Wednesday inshallah Tada. We'll start off from the preparations of the Quran and also show you some of the maps and diagrams also for the Battle of whether there are any questions we have. We have five minutes of questions that show low data

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Abuja Lamborghini Sham

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Yes, I wish it was his Kenya from the very beginning.

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Yes, I also can send mom I also found some dum dum because he said he had that he had the fastest horse and he was the fastest rider. And it's clear he was because he got there so quickly. Sisters, any questions? Brothers? Yes.

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So, this is a question of sort of filter and the question is do does the ruling upon the Prophet system differ from the rulings upon the other Muslims? The response is there is there are some elements of the Shetty are some aspects of the body where what is unique to him is different than what he legislated upon us. So, there are certain heidy that have been interpreted in this light, that that was unique for the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and it was not something that we need to follow. But these are exceptions and not the rules. And generally speaking, when these exceptions exist, he himself points it out. And the most famous example is that of we saw which is fasting to

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three days non stop, right? Or it is explicit in the Quran, where Allah says hardest or the lack of internal meaning in the Quran special for you, only for you and not for the other believers hardest or the lack of meaning. So it is true that this is something that exists in rural folk. But we don't invoke this principle unless there is an explicit evidence to show this. Otherwise, the general rule is that everything the profitsystem did, and said and approved, we are also told to follow it because he is generally He is our Swan is the swan. Now this does play into fit, for example, drinking while standing the process of them. Apparently, there's already some doubts whether it's

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authentic or not said don't drink while standing. But he himself drank while standing. This is in Bahati as well. How do we do this some people's in hospital him, the majority say well, this shows it is allowed you can do it. But it's more crude to drink while standing, urinating while standing as well. There seem to be things that one had he says he did it and the others like he never so how do you reconcile some set is hos others said no. When there's a need to do it, otherwise you don't. So there's this tension does exist in fifth. But it should only be evoked when there is no other means of reconciliation. Also the fact that he's doing this publicly for the communal benefit, right

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allaahu item. This cannot be used in this case. Allah knows best. Yes.

01:17:43--> 01:18:05

Yes, we did mention this in the last lesson, which was before I move on, which probably weren't here when we did that. The justification one needs to realize a number of things First and foremost, that that world is very different than our modern world. And the rules and the laws that we are accustomed to, were not rules and laws they are accustomed to. And it is

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unfair to read in our ethical values into their time in place, it is unfair to assume we have a higher standard than they did, which is what many of our people of our contemporary times think No, they had a different standard and different

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style of living. And attacking caravans was something that every group did with another group they didn't have a treaty with. There was no government in Arabia, there was no unified government in Arabia. And this was the law of the jungle. That's exactly what Jafar said to the king, right when he went to Abyssinia that the strong devours the weak and Islam came and brought about a system of government and Islam came and said, It is wrong to do this once the system of Islam is established. Okay. But in that establishment, Islam did have to go on the offensive and defensive. And the attacking of the Quran is both a defense and an offense at the same time. The Quran are not a

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neutral tribe, the kurush have caused all of the sufferings and damage to the Muslims, the orange have persecuted the Muslims for 13 years who have not allowed the Muslims to live the origin of expelled the Muslims, the origin of confiscated the property of the Muslims without paying them a penny in return. And that is probably why this was the largest caravan. Right? So this is a state of war going on. And the Quran knew it. That's why I was a fan himself is taking precautions. Okay. So there is no treaty that is being broken. There is no understanding that is being contradicted. Rather, the understanding is if you can get it, you're going to get it both the Quran and the

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Muslims knew this, right. So really, there's nothing problematic at all. And that is the least that we can expect after all the declaration has done. There is no even according to modern standards, even according to modern standards. If you look at what the

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I was done to the Muslims. And this is a state of war. And in the state of war, this isn't collateral damage. No, any We don't even need to get into what is happening in modern times and sanctions against countries where hundreds and 1000s of children are being killed. Why? Because of the one dictator in person. And this is what is happening now is much worse, much worse under the guise of democracy and what not. So, frankly, there's nothing at all surprising at what is happening and it is justified even in terms of modern laws. And Allah knows best, okay, yes.

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Yes, I had mentioned this before, and there's a number of theories. The One theory is that Ibis was sympathetic to Islam, but not a Muslim. The other theory is that our boss was a Muslim, and the Prophet system had instructed him to stay there to inform and that's exactly what he did in the Battle of boyhood, and the battle for the he was the one who informed the profitsystem about what was happening, okay.

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The question is, what is the wisdom in saying the Quran is Arabic.

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I don't know anything to do with Arabic culture, it's rather Allah is speaking to those upon whom the Quran came down and they are the Arabs. And Allah is saying that I have sent this Quran in Arabic so that you can understand it. So it's not being given to you in a foreign language, like we say, it's not in Greek. So Allah is saying in Nyanza, now what anala Viola lucam tap the rune, right, that Allah is saying that and again, the mahato bone are the people that are being addressed are the Arabs at this point in time that the Quran is coming down to the Arabs at this point in time everybody who's listening to the Koran and hearing it is an Arabic who understands Arabic. So Allah

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another question is problematic for the non Arabs. And I've been asked this when we do so the use of like, what do the non Arabs do? Right? And that's a whole different tangent, which are asking you asking, What is this question? What is the wisdom here, the wisdom ear is Allah is saying, This is in your language, go study and understand it. And Allah challenges them that if you are in doubt as to what we have revealed, then bring something similar to it, right? So a lot is using their own eloquence and their own language and out beating them outwitting them in their own game. And Allah is saying, if you're in any doubt, you think you know the language, bring something similar to it.

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And Allah knows best final question from the sisters before we Yes, go ahead.

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We don't have any details about what exactly is on the caravan on the camels, we don't have any details, we can only assume from secondary sources. And the assumptions are that the buying and selling that takes place is the middleman type of buying and selling. For example, when a businessman goes to another country, he buys the goods of that country, he comes back to the country he's living and then he'll sell them to his people, then he'll purchase the goods that are not available elsewhere and go back there. So we've already mentioned the genius of the great, great, great grandfather of the process. And the fourth generation, the fifth generation grandfather, the

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process, Adam was the data she thought it was safe, that he made MK an economic center. He made MK an economic lifeline that he goes all the way down to Yemen. And from Yemen, you will get the imports of Africa, Ethiopia, of haberdasher of the Yemeni coast, which is a lot of things in Yemen. And then he brings it up to Makkah, in Makkah, all of the tribes come for Hajj across Arabia. So you buy and sell from every single tribe, different furs, different spices, different goods, everything, and then you go up to Rome, and then you connect it to the entire Roman peninsula and up and until the whole Roman Empire from east to west, from North Africa, all the way up to what is now basically

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the borders of Iraq. You're getting all of these goods in Rome. So Makkah becomes an economic capital. It is highly doubtful. This is my guesstimation that the caravan would have physical goods of the mohajir don't know, they're coming back from Syria. So they have the goods of the Byzantines. They have their utensils, they have their pots, they have their spices, they have the furs, they have the silks, they have the cloth that is famous in in the Byzantine lands, they're going to come back to Makkah, and then in Makkah the Arabs are going to come from across Arabia and purchase these goods because they're not going to go all the way up to Syria. They're going to come in hedge,

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they're going to purchase all of these goods, get a lot of money and a lot of other goods and then go back to Syria.

01:25:00--> 01:25:22

So Allahu Adam and also would have been his houses. Everybody had invested in the caravan. Right. So the investment is done basically with a monetary quantity that you have 5000 10,000 in the caravan. I don't think there's going to be a physical good that the mo hydro thing I want to get my particular you know, something back. This does not seem to be the case and a lot of Xhosa knows best. Lars xojo knows