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Seerah – 34 Change of The Qiblah And Abrogation in Quran

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Yasir Qadhi

Channel: Yasir Qadhi

Series:

Episode Notes

The next major incident mentioned is the change of Qiblah and it occurred around 15/16 months after immigration. This caused a mini crisis. Why?

Initially the Prophet ﷺ was immensely optimistic about the Jews who lived in Madinah and was expecting their complete support in the way of Islam . This was not a false expectation as the Jews were very similar to the Muslims in their approach and conduction of activities to the Muslims. But when the Prophet ﷺ realized the growing animosity of the Jews towards he Muslims, he realized that the Jews were never going to accept him as the Messenger of Allah ﷺ.

So the Prophet ﷺ began advising the Muslims to refrain from imitating the Jews in any way possible. And then he took the monumental decision of changing the Qiblah direction. But this decision was not his to be taken and he had his wish expressed to Jibril AS.

In compliance with his wish, Allah revealed verses in the Qur’an that allowed for this decision to be taken by the Prophet ﷺ. This resulted in widespread confusion between the people and unwanted talk started doing the rounds. And this also led to the new concept of abrogation which was previously unheard of.

The Prophet ﷺ prayed Fajr facing Jerusalem and then he prayed Zuhr facing Mecca. This shows us that the law came down in the early morning.

What is the story of the Masjid al Qiblatain? Shaykh Yasir reveals explicit details about the same and how this name into existence.

The Prophet ﷺ could not handle the increasing number of coverts and Muhajirun. So, a public shelter called the Suffah was constructed and the people who stayed there were known as the Ahlus-Suffah – the People of the Shelter. Much importance is given to them and great emphasis has been laid upon them. This is because they are the elite of the sahabah marked by exemplary Imaan. They had basically renounced everything to live in a public shelter in the Masjid of the Prophet ﷺ. Abu Hurairah RA was the most famous person of the Ahlus Suffah and a brief discussion is made about him and how he was among the prominent members of the Ahlus Suffah.

 

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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For salatu wa salam want to say the Mohammed in water it was a big mine about

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in our last Hadar, we had discussed the establishment of the Treaty of the people of Medina, we call that the early constitution. And we pointed out that it was a very forward thinking document, there was nothing similar to it. Frankly, there was nothing similar to it in the entire world at the time, where the profitsystem gave each of the religious groups semi independence. And he then put some bonds between them that were more political in nature. And this shows us that, from the Islamic perspective, the bonds of the oma and the bonds of a religion are stronger than the bonds of the nation state or the bonds of ethnicity. And this is a philosophical tangent, which we don't have

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time to get into. Now, I've spoken about this at length and other places. The modern world is divided into nation states, and the modern world, we are told to view each other based upon our nationality, Americans, Canadians, British ears, Mexicans, Australians, Nicaraguans, every these, all of these different countries, and we are told that this is the strongest bond. But if you really think about it, the bonds of the nation state are actually

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pretty imaginary, because there's nothing that combines people of one nationality, other than that nationality. And this is a very philosophical point, but it's very true. What makes a person of a particular nationality, the same as anybody else. Let's look at America. Well, let's look at Canada. What is the one thing common in all Americans? Is it language? Is it religion? Is it skin color is ethnicity? Is it food? It's hardly anything, right? In fact, the only thing that is common is the fact that we're American, which is a circular loop. And so the whole way that the modern world is structured, and they make fun of us for saying that you guys still view the religion as being the

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primary factor. But when you think about it, logically, the religion gives us so many things in common. It gives us the same ethics, the same values, the same philosophy of living, the same morality, the same language, we have a divine language, we have one parabola, which we're going to talk about today, right? We have similar signs, we have a calendar, we have that which is genuinely important. Not superficial skin color, ethnicity, spiciness, and food, this is nothing that's important, but how you live your life, right? your morals, your PM, your values, isn't this the most important thing? And therefore if you really think about it, and well, I have tried my best to think

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about every attack they give of Islam. And the more that I think about it, the more logical the Islamic position always seems to be right. And this is something again, beyond the scope here. But when the Prophet system came to Medina, he got rid of the the aos and the hustlers mentality. He got rid of the mentalities of Jay helia. But he retained your hood, Muslim, Muslim.

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And he put the you who you are one oma, he said, along with the believers, right? Well, you who do own mutton, non Muslim in your 101. And so he divided people based upon not their skin color, not their ethnicity, not their race, but their religious values. And we'll like it that is the most logical way to divide any person or any community up because your values because your religion, which is what gives you gives you values is the most important framework from which you live your life. Right? If you think about this, and so the Profit System, the first thing he did, he said, Look, you are one oma, we are one oma. And then he allowed them to judge according to their own

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laws. And this is amazing what country in the world other than one or two, and even that in some areas, right? I mentioned two of them. Last week, India and Israel are the only two countries that I'm aware of that still have somewhat this type of philosophy that the process of inputting right in that depending on what your religion is, you will get a different civil law, but the process of one more than civil law, he in fact, gave them semi independence. And he said, even if anything occurs amongst you to the level of murder, whatnot, you guys deal with it internally, unless it's the two groups that are fighting one another. Now we have to go external. But otherwise, there was, for all

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practical purposes, complete independence within their own oma. And this is something that is unparalleled and unprecedented in any constitution. What would this do? If the hood of course, then we should record were given this but then they fizzled off right, then we should record, they dissolved away. They weren't no pagans after a year. So this contract has one or two clauses about them, we should record but then they're gone. So holla there goes, so there's only two omaze left the Muslims and the yahood. And if they are who'd had fulfilled their part of the bargain, they would have become the most industrious, the most successful yahood community in the whole world

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because they're there, the hood

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We're always in the diaspora. They're always in small groups here and there. And if they had stuck to the treaty, the Muslims would have become more powerful and along with them, they will also become more powerful. The Muslims are gained wealth, they would have gained wealth. Instead, they did not appreciate that freedom. Never had they been given that much freedom that the Prophet system told them Do as you please amongst yourselves. It is as if you're completely independent, you basically have your semi independent states, that's how much you gave them. Right. And yet, as we know, and this is a very sensitive issue, but we need to tackle it head on, as we said before, the

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accusations of anti semitism are given, but we do not believe this is anti semitism. We believe that this is because they did what they did, not because of who they are, and there's a big difference, right? And we're going to talk about this inshallah today a little bit, and for the next few months, we're gonna have to always bring this up. So we talked about the issue of this division, and we mentioned the Profit System, dividing them based upon their religion. The next major incident that the books of Sierra mention, takes place a few months after this, and we don't have any major incident that occurs. As I said, the Sierra is like a series of snapshots. What happens in between

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is usually blank, not every day is recorded. At least seven eight months go by we don't really hear anything significant happening, then what happens, the change of cabler occurs, the change of tempo. So this is the next major incident that the books of sera mentioned. And the change of tribler probably occurred around 15 to 16 months after the immigration, probably 15 to 16 months, so around a year and a half or a bit less Around this time, after the hitter of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam and this caused a mini crisis. Why for many reasons.

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Firstly, because this was the first time that a law had abrogated a ruling. The concept of abrogation, the concept of NUS in Arabic is a concept that was new to the Muslims and to the non Muslims what is nest, nest means abrogation. abrogation means Allah subhana wa tada reveals a law. And then he reveals another law that abrogates the first law. And this is a detailed topic of well suited for the realities of deriving fifth classic example, Allah subhana wa tada revealed in the Quran, we still recite it to this day through the dakara that those women whose husbands die, they shall wait one month. Sorry, one year, they should wait one year, right before they get remarried.

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Right. So the shady I came down with a Koran came down that one entire year, the woman shall not get remarried.

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Few months or years later, the exact timing is not known between these two revelations, Allah subhana wa Taala abrogated the year. And he then put in place the ruling that we're all familiar with and that is out about a shooting Russia for months and 10 days. Right. So there is to this day, two verses in the Koran, you cannot apply both of them there is a direct clash. We don't call it a contradiction because there's no contradiction in us. And there's no contradiction in the Quran. There is abrogation, abrogation because one of these laws we just recite, we don't actually implement. So there's no contradiction. This is a clear case of abrogation. And the concept of

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abrogation is something that we as soon affirm some of the other groups deny the shear for example, deny abrogation, the Morteza deny abrogation, they say there's no such thing, and they try to reinterpret all of these verses. But as for 100, sooner we affirm abrogation, and there are more than a dozen examples. authentically mentioned in our books of filth and zero. The first time abrogation occurred. We'll talk about it today. That is the Kabbalah. Why? Because Initially, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was told to pray facing Jerusalem beta blockers. And throughout his entire period in Makkah, the prophet system continued to pray towards baytril mark this, it is

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reported in some of the books for example, even inside of a cartel hackers mustard rock, that whenever the process of prayed in Mecca, facing Jerusalem, he would in fact, put the camera in front of him. So he has a double fibula basically, right, that he will always pray on that one side of the camera that faces Jerusalem. So whenever he would pray because you can pray anywhere in Makkah, if you're facing Jerusalem, we don't have to face the fibula. You don't have to face the our people their privilege, the previous Qibla was, was Jerusalem. Yet every time the process of them prayed he would situate himself such that the character was in front of him and beta lock this was in that

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direction. And therefore it was as if he wanted to break facing the character and he continued to pray in this direction. Now, Bates will mock this we've already talked about the blessings of beta lock this few weeks ago we talked about Islam and marriage and Allah subhana wa tada said,

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Out of the lady Baraka hola who this is a blessing land and the Prophet system praised, beloved a sham in so many a hadith and it is

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it was the holiest land before the Prophet system came, Ibrahim alayhis salam had made Makkah the holiest land, but this ruling had not been for the hood. This ruling had been for Israel and the children of Israel. So for the hood, they thought the holiest land and the hood were basically the largest group of worshipers of Allah on earth. At that time, they ruled and then after them the Christians always thought that Bates will mock this was the holiest land and they were not familiar with Makkah to this day. They don't consider mocha to be sacred because that was something that Allah blessed Ibrahim and his smile with. By the way, I mentioned this way back before many of the

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prophets including Moosa made Hajj to Mecca. We know this because our process then told us but these are the prophets, not their followers. their followers did not come to Mecca. As far as we know. There is no indication that any of the followers of the prophets came. But the prophets themselves came because Allah told them about Mecca, and a lot of xojo told them to do Hajj. So they came and did Hajj over 70 prophets came and did Hajj, but not the followers of the Prophet so for the followers of the prophets, they considered beta loc this to be the holiest when the Prophet system came alive, so he wanted to show that he is following the real religion of Ibrahim Allah has sent

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him so he wanted to resurrect the original Qibla because that is the first criminal remember our debate in wall the adinath landlady Baca

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the first house that was ever built of worship was Becca, and our Prophet system was asked what is the first message you'd ever built on earth? He said, The Kappa beta law and then he said what was the next he said beta will mock this. He was asked some kind of a normal, what was the time between them? And he said 40 years between them. There was 40 years between Abraham Allison and building the Kaaba, and then either is halfway October is difference of opinion who but somebody builds something in beta McCullough's not not the hacker today man that was of course many centuries later, but someone either is half or Yahoo built something a lot more than what it was and that is the place of

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beta and muchness 40 years difference. So a lot as origin one wanted to show the status of the Kava the status of the the first house, however when the Prophet says and emigrated to Medina, now the Qibla is still based on mark this and Medina is due north of Mecca. Medina is due north america and they will mark this is due north of Medina

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straight line.

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And so if you want to pray facing Bay to lock this, you have to turn your back to the cabin. It's literally literally 180 degrees. And so the profitsystem has to follow the shady at that time the ruling came down that it must be facing beta democracy now. By the way, ness or abrogation doesn't have to be on with Quran. The Quran can abrogate The sooner the sooner they can abrogate the Quran the sooner they can abrogate the Sunnah and the Quran can abrogate the Quran. For logical possibilities. Cross abrogation can occur. The ruling to pray towards beta this Allah had revealed it in the sooner it's not in the Quran. But it is still a part of the shediac. So the Muslims were

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praying facing beta democritus. And the Prophet says when he moved to Medina, he had to face North turn his back towards the cab. Now what happened was, and we're going to talk about this next few lessons, not today, what happened was

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the tensions began between the Prophet system and the route

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for the next here from the hedgerow tensions began. And we'll talk about this

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towards the end after a while and basically but just a little bit of a introduction to this concept. When the process of first emigrated to Medina. He's finally amongst a group of people who believe in the Abrahamic faith, and maccha there's nobody who's a Jew or a Christian, and maccha they're all idol worshippers pagans idolaters. in Medina, he's finally amongst a large group, there were a few 1000 we said, who the hood, a large group who believe in the same God, who believe in the same line of prophets, the courage didn't even know what is a prophet. Right? They said, What is a prophet who never saw what is this thing called the Prophet? We never heard of one. The Quran didn't believe in

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a book. They didn't say what is they have no concept of what is a book, right? And by the way, anybody who's tried to give our I speak with a little bit of experience to Hindus versus to Christians and Jews. You see the difference? Right? People who don't have a concept of

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any rusada Nope.

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akhira genuine now, you know, they have no concept why it's so different, so difficult to give that to them that God sends prophets like they don't even understand the concept. Why would God send a person? Right and the courageous the same thing, and that to this day pagans asked the same thing. Whereas the advocate tab, they are so close to us in so many things, they the concepts they are can sit there there, but except a little bit of fine tuning is needed, right? They believe in God, they believe in the angels, they believe in the hereafter. They believe in heaven and hell, they believe in the books coming down. They believe in the concept of prophets. So for the first time, the

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prophet system is intermixing, with a group that believes in all of this, and his heart was very optimistic that finally a large group will convert because why not? They have been waiting for a profit. They know that, that they're waiting for a profit. We know this. They know that I'm the profit, right? The only foreigner who can it funa Vina, Allah says in the Quran, they recognized him as they recognize their own children. They recognize the Profit System as they recognize their own children. Right and Subhanallah What a beautiful verse only parents will understand this, right? You recognize your child will love him, if he's just crying in the back, you know, immediately This is

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my kid, right? You know, immediately if you see your child far will you recognize him, no matter how far away how what clothes he's wearing, you'll immediately recognize your child, and a lot of saying you know, who they recognize the promises of them, as well as they recognize their own children. Now, the prophet system knew that they recognized him. So why Shouldn't he be optimistic? Right? Why Shouldn't he be hopeful. And also remember, Abdullah had been sent out their main Rabbi converted. So this is even more reason to make him optimistic. So I should also notice that when the process of first came to Medina, this is an interesting Hadith, which shows us a little bit about the

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psychology at this time, the prophet system wanted to resemble them as much as possible, to make them feel comfortable, right. He wanted to resemble them as much as possible, outwardly, do whatever needed to be done to show them that were the same basically. But as the tensions increased, eventually, he began commanding the Muslims to dissociate from them to be different from them. Right? And so there are so many ahadith Harley fullier hood Harley for nosara hollyford. Nikita, there's so many it be different from the hood. Don't do like the hood in this right? Don't be like them. In the beginning, it was the opposite. There was rulings to be like them, to make them feel

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comfortable to make them feel similar. But when it was clear that they had made up their minds that no, we know he's the Prophet, but we're not going to follow what happened. They became arrogant when they became arrogant then the Prophet system gave started giving different rulings and there are so many a hadith you know, so much so so much so even were you part the hair,

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even where you parked the hair, that the process of them said they parked it on this side, you park it on that site? Now this is of course specific to those people that they had a style so don't even be like that. Right? He said, it isn't Bahati they are who don't pray with their shoes on. So pray with your shoes on. Now, don't follow this heading to the masjid. Right. We are working somebody comes in stamping the feed when you're outside on the grass when you're outside somewhere in the field. Yes. In fact, it is not proper to take your shoes off at that point in time. Right? Because you're supposed to towards them said hardly food. Right? They don't pray and they're in the

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audience. So son, Lou Feeney article, you pray in your shoes and with your shoes. This is a handwritten body. And why is that because the who'd have had that they always have to take their shoes off. And so even in this he wants to be different, right? The process of them said the hood, don't touch their women in their menses and don't do anything you hire for your food you eat with them, you sit with them do everything other than the actual act of intimacy be different from them. So our shediac came to be totally different from that, of the who, wherever Allah azza wa jal wanted it to be different. Why? Because of this, because of this arrogance. So one of those things to be

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different came down as the Qibla.

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And the Prophet system after a year of this hostility, we'll talk about that hostility later on where we'll talk about the who the much more detail, because we really do have to go bit by bit to answer the charges that the non Muslims give to the process. And as I said, many times, there's two or three very sensitive areas and because we live in America, we must give justice to these topics. Number one is the treatment of the Jews. Number two is the accusation that the process was a military, always military commander and leader and he's always waging war, we need to talk about this. Number three is like women's issues like marriage and whatnot. Marriage to Ayesha all of this

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we need to talk about and explain

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in a way that will defend our profit system and being fixed.

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To our tradition, so now is not the time to get into the hood. We'll talk about them later. But when all of this animosity is beginning, the prophet system began wanting to change the Qibla.

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Now, the cabler alarm widget had told him to face pay to unlock this, so he cannot change it of his own will. And it is narrated that once when jabril came down with some are on the Prophet system, expressed his hope to God, that Oh God, I wish to pray facing Makkah, He even told us Did you read? I wish to pray facing Mecca. And gibreel said that in an urban myth, look, I am an app just like you. And I only come with the armor of Alaska which I can't help you out here. If you want this make dua to Allah subhanho wa Taala Subhana Allah look at the most powerful human is asking the most powerful Angel, right, the most blessed human being who ever walked, the face of the earth is asking

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the most blessed inhabitant of the sky. And both of them say, I can't do anything. I'm not responsible, you need to go ask Allah azza wa jal, right? And Subhanallah how misguided are those then? Who turned to these two? For da and for worship? How misguided are they? When both the process of NGOs they cannot even change the Qibla Jubilee saying in Nima and Abba don't miss look, right? I am an app like you, I don't have any control. If you really want to make dua to Allah, and if he tells me I'll come down, otherwise, it's not in my hands. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam began making dua earnestly, in tahajud at night in the day, so much so that he was looking up to the

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sky, and looking up to the sky is only done indoors at times of extreme distress. Usually, the prophet system would in fact, lower his head, right. But on specific occasions when the situation called for it, he would raise his head up to the sky. For example, before the bottle of butter, he would, he looked up to the sky, and he implored and begged Allah subhana wa Taala for help. And this is the most famous time he ever did this in public. Very rarely did he look up to the sky and doing so is a sign of extreme desperation. And therefore the Prophet system did this. But he did it. At night when nobody was looking. How do we know he did it? Because Allah revealed it in the Koran, or

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the naramata calabogie hiccoughs sama? Allah revealed in the Quran and verse that we recite to this day. We have seen takalua would shake your face turning up for summer, always looking up to the skies. You always looking up making dua to Allah Fela Nova Leanna Kabila tanto Baja. So let it be decreed we will face you in a direction that you want. Notice Allah had already decreed is going to go to Makkah, but Allah is saying, I know you wanted it. This is my gift to you. He didn't have to phrase the Koran this way. Write that because you want it it will please you I'm giving it to you. This is what the process of is being told. Not that I have decreed it, but rather to show that the

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desire of the Prophet system is indeed one that Allah azza wa jal wants to give him this tool to Allah azza wa jal says fellow new Orlean naka kybella tanto de Boer. We're gonna change your face, we're gonna cause you to turn to a direction that you want that you like, that shall please you. So when Lee was you Hakka Chaparral West she did her wrong. So from now on, turn your face in the direction of messages out on what Hey, Thelma couldn't tune for well, Lou shutaura and wherever you are, then turn your face in that direction. and Eliza then revealed multiple verses. This is of course in the second Jews of the Quran Surah Baqarah. The first two pages of the secondaries are all

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dealing with the change of the Qibla. Now, when all of these verses came down, and as I said this came down, in this is 16 1715 months roughly, some say Rajab of the second year some say Shabbat of the second year. Rajasthan Shabbat right and remember better was in Ramadan. So but that is still one month away. The battle the budget is one month away. So this happened like a month or two before the Battle of budget. And when this command came down this command proved to be a great source of confusion for everyone the Muslims the hood, and then we should record it was confusing. Why was it confusing? Allah subhana wa tada mentions in the Quran, why it was confusing. Allah says, say akuto

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sufa homina nasi Mauer La Mancha bility mulethi kandivali. The sufa the foolish people will begin questioning. Why have they turned away from the Qibla that they were upon? How come they're changing directions. One of them said one of the who'd said if this man

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is a profit. How can these praying one day facing south, one day facing north and the other day facing south? Why is he changing his mind all the time? Another set another of them said, that isn't our dribbler. Good enough for him?

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Is it our fibula, good enough for him? We have the best dribbler. Why is he changing it to another fibula. And so people began talking of course, the issue of abrogation itself was new, and Allied soldiers therefore revealed inserted Baqarah the concept of abrogation remembers who it is Baccarat is the first of the major suitors to be revealed in Medina. Right. So suited Baccarat provides us the first year and a half. It mentions better it mentions the change of Puebla. It mentions a lot about the hood. Think about that. Why does it talk so much about the hood? Because this is when they needed to know all of this information? Right. So the Baccarat is full of money Israel, Elan Moosa,

00:25:53--> 00:26:39

and what happened? Why is this because this is the context that it is needed for ensuited bacara Allah mentions the concept of nurse abrogation man and salmon are yet in odunsi half Nazi be hired in Minho, Miss leha whenever we abrogate a ruling, or we cause it to be lost or forgotten, we then bring forth something better than it or at least something equivalent to it. So there's a wisdom behind our abrogation and Allah subhana wa tada mentions one giant table Atletico De La Hoya in La Nina and Emma Manya, tibial Rasulullah membean, calibre RPB. The only reason that or one of the main reasons why Mr. Jang Nakula Telecom Italia, we wanted to test those who follow the Prophet versus

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those who rejected the Prophet. So every commandment is a test. Every commandment is a test whether you follow it or not, whether you obey it or not. For the Muslims, it was a test to see whether they implemented this new ruling from Allah subhana wa Tada. Of course they did. For the hood, it was a clear sign, there was a hidden message for the hood, there was a hidden message for the hood. And that was as follows. This Prophet came

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in the line of your profits. So he's facing your Qibla.

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But he shall now supersede your profit wood line, and he shall take it back to the original.

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So he's not coming from a different tradition. He tours from the same tradition.

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Because if Allah had willed the change of people that would have been in Makkah, but a Lhasa which I wanted to demonstrate for a year and a half the Muslims are praying in the same direction as the hood.

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And then Allah azza wa jal changes it to Mecca. What is the purpose, the purpose, multiple fold, but primarily to demonstrate to the Jews, that this prophet is from the same tradition as your religion. And he venerates the same icons that we have told you to venerate? You were supposed to pray towards beta blockers, he will also pray towards beta blockers. But he is not just a Jewish prophet. He is more than this. Why? Because remember, they are who they thought they were exclusive. Correct. They thought they still think there's an exclusive. They're the chosen people. We believe they were chosen, by the way, we should not deny this. But the key is that they were chosen, right? That's the

00:28:26--> 00:29:00

emphasis. The key is on they were a chosen people. Well, I saw Muslims in their blindness or anger, they they even go against the Koran or soon to hear the hood Allah azza wa jal says in multiple verses right stuff at home, I don't mean is that we have preferred you over all of the people of their time. So they would word the chosen race, yes. But they were in the past and a lot of xojo wanted to demonstrate that this is going to seize now is going to finish now. And how was that demonstration through multiple ways, but primarily through the change of the table. And

00:29:02--> 00:29:40

the Jews then began saying that anybody who faces any direction other than Bates will mock this, Allah will never be pleased with him. And Allah will not accept from him. And they said, it is a part of piety to face Jerusalem. And to this day, they all face in that direction when they pray, even many of the Christian groups not all of them, but many of them. In fact, in our days, Protestant Christianity have completely lost this but orthodox and Eastern Orthodox and other ancient Christianity's they generally face east and some of them still have that they're going to face, Jerusalem. So they said you have to face in that direction. At this, Allah revealed, les Silva

00:29:40--> 00:29:42

and to Waterloo have contributed metrically Well, Muslim.

00:29:43--> 00:29:51

piety is not in which direction you face. It's not which direction and this also shows By the way, as we know,

00:29:53--> 00:29:59

some groups of Jews their main emphasis is the law. There's very little theology and spirituality

00:30:00--> 00:30:19

It's all about observance of the law. And the law says it's not piety to face east or west. Well, I can then build Rahman and Abdullah who will do my real piety is what's inside the spirituality to believe in a law and the final day and to give to the poor

00:30:20--> 00:31:00

and to go and as Virgil mentions a whole list of good deeds, right? The point is Allah azza wa jal criticize the hood for saying, You must be following this law in order to be pious and Allah says no east or west, a number two a loofa sandwich Hola. whichever direction you turn, allies of a judge gel is there, meaning Eliza we accept all of the directions you pray whichever direction the Qibla is, as long as of course you are following the commandments of Allah. And in fact Allah subhana wa tada says, and again, all of this, by the way is in the same page, which is the second juice of the Quran, the first page of the second Jews that were in a Tater Latina ooh to Kitab the Coulee ayat in

00:31:00--> 00:31:17

mattevi rakibul attack, that if you were to bring every sign to the people of the book, they would never follow your kimberleigh The process was being consoled, don't worry, they don't want to follow your Qibla. Rama antimetabolite in cable at home and you are not going to follow their kybella. One

00:31:19--> 00:32:01

cable at about and they themselves don't follow each other similar. The Jews have a similar the Christians have a different Qibla. So Allah is diligent is consoling the process. And don't worry if they don't follow your kybella you have your cable and they have their cable and a large surgeon has chosen the best for you. And even for them we should record it was a confused confusion and a slander. What type of profit is this he keeps on changing his mind. But for them as well. There was a hidden message that the Prophet system was expelled from Mecca. And he then respected the Kaaba more than the orange did by making it the center of his direction a very bad and focus and by

00:32:01--> 00:32:29

purifying his worship for Allah. So the orange are being told that you are not worthy to be custodians of the gap that our Prophet Mohammed says Adam will be the one who inherits the Kava, and resurrects the prestige that it had in the time of Ibrahim alayhis salam, because you have failed in this message. So in the change of the Tabler, there were multiple messages being given to the hood and to the Porsche. There's also an interesting theological point that occurred.

00:32:31--> 00:32:34

And that is, when the Qibla change occurred.

00:32:36--> 00:33:13

The Muslims asked a question to the processor and they said O Messenger of Allah, what will happen to those who prayed facing beta will mock this. And then they died before this verse came down. Because obviously there's been 15 years since the beginning of the message. And it's been probably at least four to five years since Allah has been made obligatory. Right? Or maybe three we don't know exactly when as we know it. Stolen marriage is a big difference when exactly it occurred. between five to three years people have been praying. We're gonna have a number of people that have died, at least we know of at least 10 people that have died natural deaths in this time because

00:33:13--> 00:33:28

there is no battle. So the Sahaba said, O Messenger of Allah, how about those people who died and they never faced in the right direction? They're always facing beta democritus. Will Allah accept their sila?

00:33:30--> 00:34:24

Will Allah accept their Salah at this Allah revealed in the Quran? Again, this isn't the same series of verses. What kind of law who knows Lilia imana come from a kind of La julio de imana come along will never cause your faith to be wasted away. Allah will never cause your faith to be wasted away. Now this verse was a primary evidence of many of our classical scholars, when they talked about a theological issue and that is the status of Salah, the status of salah and Imam Ahmed, and many of the classical scholars were of the opinion that sila praying is a necessary part of being a Muslim. It's not a luxury. It's a requirement of being a Muslim. And this was their main evidence always on

00:34:24--> 00:34:32

makanda LaHood Yulia Imani. Why, because they said the question was about will Allah accept their salah

00:34:34--> 00:34:56

and Allah revealed Allah will never cause your Eman to go to waste. Even Emmanuel Buhari by the way in his aha moment Buhari has a chapter heading and he's about this and he says, so Allah called they're solid, they're eemaan which means if they didn't have solid they wouldn't have EMA. Right. And this is

00:34:57--> 00:35:00

a standard position and obtain me a bill.

00:35:00--> 00:35:29

Many of the classical scholars mentioned this that Salah is a necessary requirement of being a Muslim, not a luxury, not something if you do it, you're good if you don't do it, you're bad. No, it is a necessary requirement. And this is a detailed theological discussion which we don't have time for now, but you should be aware of it. And this is the verse that is used primarily. Of course, by the way, there's at least even notify em wrote a whole book about this book, Metallica sada, and he mentioned 22 verses that he mentioned, and then dozens of a hadith.

00:35:30--> 00:36:12

The verse that is used is for taboo, accommo salata, artistica if the pagans repent and pray and give zeca then there are Muslims and have them written with the third one the angels as all who masala comfy soccer How did you end up in jahannam? The number one thing they say all alumna, communal masala mean they weren't we weren't of those used to pray. And Allah mentions those who are going to help fall outside Dhaka voila Salah Allah. He never gave charity nor did he ever pray. And Allah mentions way that did alohomora Kuru law your Quran when they are told to prostrate to do record, they don't do bluecore and Eliza says what optimise data what data kuno mineral mushrikeen

00:36:13--> 00:36:55

established salah and don't be amongst the pagans. What an What an interesting combination here, right? establish the salah and don't be amongst the pagans or be like the pagans, which means Salah is opposite to being a Muslim. Right? And we'll go on and on. That's a whole different tangent, but you should be aware that there's a controversy in medieval Islam. What is the status of salah and many of the scholars and this is a position that I also very strongly hold. Say that Salah is a necessary part of being a Muslim, a Muslim has to have some relationship with Salah He must be or she must be praying some time or some relationship must be prostrating to Allah azza wa jal or else

00:36:55--> 00:37:33

if there is abandonment of Salah. The process of them said it this way Muslim men taraka sila difficulty Kapha Hadith is assigned Muslim men telecasts Allah, whoever abandons the solder, whoever has nothing to do with the solder. This person is simply not a Muslim is a Kaffir. These are the words of the Prophet system. And this has been a position throughout our own mind it seems to have a lot of of support to this, even the fact of Sahaba were so worried how are they going to enter gender, if they're not praying in the right direction. But Allah said, Look, I told them to pray that direction, I will accept their faith and a lot therefore testify to the Sunnah as being their

00:37:33--> 00:37:53

faith. Anyway, back to the story here. That's the tangent, theological tangent, which maybe one day we'll talk about, in more detail, the story, the prophet system, there's a common myth that he was praying one day, and jabril came down and told him to pray the other way. So he turned around, and the whole messenger turned around this is a myth, this is not true.

00:37:55--> 00:37:56

In fact,

00:37:57--> 00:38:15

this is a confusion later on the to place. The authentic reports are very clear. And that is that the Prophet system prayed fudger, praising facing Jerusalem, and then he prays Lahore facing Mecca. So the commandments came down in the early morning.

00:38:16--> 00:38:30

The commandment came down in the early morning. And when it came down, the prophecy was announced that the change of Scribbler has occurred in his message. And so what used to be the front of the messages became the back of the message.

00:38:31--> 00:38:43

And the Prophet system then went to what was the back and from henceforth, it became the front until he passed away a little while he was in. Now, those people who prayed vote in the masjid,

00:38:44--> 00:38:46

they went back to their homes.

00:38:47--> 00:38:48

And

00:38:49--> 00:38:54

one of them reached the famous Masjid that we now call most Judo people attain.

00:38:55--> 00:39:19

And this mustard was the masjid of the tribe of Banu Salah Banu Salama Masuda. COVID-19, by the way is right outside my own alma mater, the University of Medina is walking distance from us with credulity. If red mosquito kibble attainder is around about there, you turn left at the roundabout. That's where my university where I studied for 10 years is over there. It's literally right behind the menstrual cup to attain the best you could attain was the tribe of Banu Salama. Now,

00:39:20--> 00:39:31

the Sahabi prayed in the process as best you could. And he strolled back, maybe he did some other errands by the time he got back home. They were already praying.

00:39:33--> 00:39:59

So when he saw them praying outside he was shocked because he wanted to get there before to tell them, but they're in the middle of the prayer. So he cried out from the back of the message that all people have the messages I have just come from the profits as well as Masjid and I prayed with him. And he was praying facing Makkah, the command has come to prefacing Mugu. So this was the message

00:40:00--> 00:40:00

You must

00:40:01--> 00:40:26

not the Prophet system, the Imam of that Masjid and the Sahaba in that Masjid and they're also have that was the masjid where they turned around and the Imam walks straight through the entire so forth. And the everybody basically turned around where they were right. And that's why it was called Masjid ability. Okay? That's why it's called Masjid Kabbalah team. It was not something the prophet SAW himself did.

00:40:27--> 00:40:44

By the way, I wish I could go over this whole page of sorts of the bucket is very important, but we don't have time for this but one more ayah that is very relevant for this whole section. And you all know this if it came down smack in the middle of the verses of Kabbalah or karateka. Jana, come on Martin.

00:40:45--> 00:40:46

was certain.

00:40:47--> 00:41:32

Martin was certain. This is how we have made you a worse automa This is a famous verse everybody knows it right? Oh man was that the phrase? The context of this verse is what Tabler the context of this verse Allah azza wa jal mentions omoton was written in the context of the Qibla. What karateka Jana number 10 was often the meaning of was sought by the way a lot of people misunderstand the meaning of what's what is commonly thought to be the middle, the moderate, in fact, this is the secondary meaning it is valid, it's not invalid, it's a secondary meaning, there is a primary meaning of rustled The, the, the ultimate meaning of what's what, and here are the ones that means.

00:41:33--> 00:41:37

Technically, classically, the term was not actually meant the highest,

00:41:39--> 00:41:41

believe it or not, was not meant the highest.

00:41:43--> 00:42:15

So the mountain, like you would say that the pinnacle because the mountain goes like this, let's say right, so you would say that was sort of the mountain meaning the highest, but the highest also for the mountain is usually the middle. Right? So the original meaning of what's what is actually the highest or the pinnacle. And therefore, what that also means not just highest in stature, highest in excellence, highest in character, highest in honesty, and allow users the terminal on primarily for this meaning, right?

00:42:16--> 00:42:57

What is the verse all that Oh, sell to whom? Allah Allah como la, to set, boom, right? The not the middle one amongst them. Not the middle one, either all sorts of home. This is the story of the garden. In sort of noon, we'll call him a student write the story of the garden, and the ones who wanted to protect their garden from the beggars I gave a hold of about this a few months ago, right? The ones who wanted to protect the garden from the beggars, Paula osato, whom it's not the middle one said, Why didn't you thank Allah? Not the middle one? No, the wisest one, the best one, right, the most knowledgeable one, color or sell to whom not the middle one here. So therefore, mutton was

00:42:57--> 00:43:02

SATA. Primarily it means the best nation

00:43:03--> 00:43:28

it means that most excellent nation, secondarily, it means what in the sense that it's not two extremes. Yes, this is also a valid meaning, but not the primary meaning the primary meaning is, you are the pinnacle of all nations. And it's the perfect time to demonstrate this because you're not going to face the people that have the hood you're not going to face the Qibla of the nosara we have given you the best Qibla

00:43:29--> 00:43:38

mutton was sorta here means the best direction and that is the problem of Mecca, which is the original pillar of mankind. Now,

00:43:40--> 00:43:57

when the prophet SAW Selim turned the tables in his own Masjid, and the back became that well that is the back the back of him the front, right. Whatever was the back became the front. The Prophet system then commanded that the back of the masjid which used to be the front be covered up by a shade

00:43:59--> 00:44:36

and this covering up the moisture, the processing did not have a roof until probably the fourth or fifth year of the hedgerow. Remember this point I told you this, when the provinces have built domestic It was no roof. Can you imagine if we had imagined you today with no roof right? Can you imagine the the problems that would happen? Sun, the heat of Medina when it rained, it would be no, no covering. Eventually they put a roof of date palms as we said, but it was not waterproof. And even in the sixth seventh year of the Hydra, it rained a normal bond and the Prophet system was praying and the whole floor was mud and he lowered his head straight into the mud for such that

00:44:36--> 00:45:00

alright and and I said well I saw the mud on his face and his nose when he went into the sand. So up until much later on, then the roof finally became watertight but at the time of the process of him, it remained at the end they put they put the the date palm leaves in the beginning there was nothing the profitsystem ordered that the the what used to be the front be covered up

00:45:00--> 00:45:40

Why? Because the number of people who were emigrating to Medina became too much to absorb by the people of Medina. So they needed a shelter. You see the first batch of immigrants, every one of them was given a household. And the household basically adopted him for a while, took care of him until he got his own feet and then sent him his way, right. However, as the number of converts and the number of mahadji rune and the number of people coming increased, the profit system could not handle all of them. So what happened, a public shelter was built, and the shelter became known as the sofa.

00:45:42--> 00:45:52

The shelter became known as the sofa, and the people who remain there and live there became a headless sofa, the people of the sofa and

00:45:53--> 00:46:36

the people of the sofa have a special status in our Syrah books, they have entire chapters dedicated to them. And the reason for this is because their knowledge and their piety and their taqwa are exemplary. They are, in many cases, the elite of the Sahaba. And that is because the people of the sofa had given up everything. And they're living basically in a public shelter. They're living in the master that the prophets are set up with nothing because they gave it all up for the sake of Islam. By the way, as we said, the sofa did not begin until probably after butter, right. So remember, the sofa is built probably around Ramadan, but it takes place in Ramadan. So the concept

00:46:36--> 00:47:16

of Allah sofa begins after Ramadan, right up until Ramadan, every convert that comes he can be accommodated, every Mohammed that comes he can be accommodated. But eventually the Sahaba are saturated. Eventually, the houses that can cater for multiple people, not every house can cater multiple people, right? Not everybody can take on a guest, those who could are saturated. So what is to be done, that was when the sofa was built. So the profitsystem spent a lot of energy and a lot of dedication on the people of the sofa. And there are many narrations about the problems and the difficulties that they faced. So much so that many of the people of the sofa did not even have

00:47:16--> 00:47:40

proper clothes to wear. So much so that there's actually an embarrassing Hadith about this, but it shows you how poor they were, that the Prophet system, he had to make a general commandment to the women, that he said, Oh, women, do not raise your heads up from such that until some time has gone. Because the people of the sofa when they went into such that they're out to be exposed.

00:47:41--> 00:48:20

End, they didn't even have enough of what we would call basically even shorts, they didn't even have that. I mean, that's how poor they were. such that when they went into such that, obviously, whatever they're wearing is going to be exposed from the back. And so there is a decrease in quality, the process of telling the women do not raise your heads up until the men have stood up completely. That's how little quotes the people of the sofa had. And this is why the Prophet system gave many a hadith about taking care of the people of the sofa when his own grandchild was born at hesson. He told Fatima that Oh, Fatima, give some charity to the people of the sofa. Some years

00:48:20--> 00:48:55

later, when the process of God a whole batch of prisoners of war who were going to become slaves. Fatima came complaining to the her own father and said that Yeah, but he I have so much housework to do. And you know, it does, you know, typical, even though there were only but still father in law, son in law, they're all the same salts of analog. The fitrah of human beings is the same, right? So she is complaining that it has so much housework that I have to do can you give me a servant? You just had a whole batch of people come to you, right? They're all going to be slaves? give me give me one. So panelo What did the process to do? He got irritated? And he said, How can I give you a

00:48:55--> 00:49:39

servant? When the people of the sofa? their stomachs are? What's a good word here just collapsed. They have nothing to eat, and you want me to give you a servant? No, by Allah, I will sell all of them and spend the money on them. Some kind of law. This is what he's telling his own daughter, his daughter who's the most beloved flesh to him. He loves no one more than he loves Fatima, right. Imagine the people of our times the rich, the dictators, these people how much they give to their own family. They'll kill people to give to their family, right? Our Profit System. He got everything that you want me to give you when the people of the sofa don't even have enough to eat. And he

00:49:39--> 00:49:59

refused. And so I should never have been taught them and never once asked him for any servant after that, even though he is supposed to be the leader here but no, no privilege just because you're related to me. I have to take care of everybody. Right? And so the people of the sofa is on his mind. Every time some type of event happened. He would invite the people of the sofa and it is now

00:50:00--> 00:50:21

The famous and the semi humorous tradition of Abu hurayrah. The Abu huraira was, of course, Abu huraira is the most famous inhabitant of the sofa. Abu huraira is the most famous person of the sofa. And Abu huraira tells us how hungry he used to be and whatnot. In fact, double hurayrah says that

00:50:23--> 00:50:34

many times I will hurt as narrating this that many times, I would ask a companion a question. When he went out of the masjid, and will law he I knew the answer better than him.

00:50:35--> 00:50:45

But the only reason I'm asking is to drag out the conversation until I get to his doorstep. Perhaps he might invite me in for a meal

00:50:47--> 00:51:11

Subhan Allah, this is what a Buddha is telling us since I bought it, like I'm asking. So have a question walking with them to drag out a response, right? just hoping to get to the doorstep so that they say yellow that, you know, the karma, the generosity that we're supposed to have come on Bismillah he's too he's too embarrassed to beg, obviously, right? He's, he doesn't want to beg. So he simply asked you a question to walk with them. This is Abu hurayrah. Right.

00:51:12--> 00:51:35

Abu huraira is the one who narrates that once the Prophet system saw me so hungry that I was weak with exhaustion lying down in the sofa, weak with exhaustion. And so he invited me to his house with him. And he asked, Is there anything to eat or drink? And so I actually said, yes, one of the neighboring on side has given us a glass of milk.

00:51:36--> 00:51:49

This is a big glass, they had a little glass of milk, right? where it became happy mush, hamdulillah glass of milk. The Prophet says Adam said to Abu huraira Go and call the people of the sofa.

00:51:51--> 00:52:30

There's like 3040 people there right? Above arenas narrating the heavy that fell out from I kinda let him in booth did that I had to obey the command. He's not saying I wanted to, I had to obey the command that I want. And I gathered together all the people of the sofa. And they came to the prophet SAW Selim, and the process that he handed me the cup and said, go to every one of them. And give them the cup. Right? You will be their their servant, and he had serving them. So I went to every one of them giving the cup and I thought to myself, what will be left for me? What's the point? I mean, he really felt like, you know, he's going to be facing from exhaustion. And this is

00:52:30--> 00:53:10

torture now until it finished every single one of them finished. Until finally there was only me and the Profit System left who had not drink from that cup. So the Profit System said digitus. So I sat down. So he told me issue up drink. So I then the cop, he said was brimming as if, as if it was more than when he handed it to me. As if it was more than we had to me. So I drank. And then he said it should drink again. So I drank that issue up the process of knows exactly this is what like, if I could call this a practical joke, I would but it is a type of joke. It is a type of playing with Abu huraira that he is just taking it out on him that you think I'm not going to take care of you avoid

00:53:10--> 00:53:37

or you think I'm gonna let you you know starve when you're the one doing this. So he said Masada you could really kept on telling me it's rubbish, rubbish, rubbish. Until I said, well law, he almost interval law, there's not a single space left in my stomach that I have left for this milk, right. Then after all of these 3040 people had drunk, the profitsystem took the cup the last and then he drank from it, this is 100 suffer, right. And of course, we already said that. The other sofa were

00:53:38--> 00:54:22

people whom the profit system would always be concerned about, like, we just had one cup of milk and he wants to give it to the people of the sofa. And it is said that one of the Sahaba and he came up with an idea. And he said why not anytime we get some food or some we harvest some dates, we give a little bit of it to the people of the sofa. And they said this is a great idea the process of approved, so a string was hung between the two pillars of the sofa. And any time the unsought would harvest some dates, they would send the first batch, the first bit that the dates, they would send it and they would put it on this string, they would put it on the string so that the people could

00:54:22--> 00:55:00

eat without having to beg for it. And by the way, this string or this custom of having this lasted up until this century, up until basically the 40s and 50s. Some of my older teachers tell me that this was something it was well known up until the 40s and 50s that there was a string that food would be put on it for those who couldn't afford. So the custom of basically being generous in the process in the masjid. It lasted for literally 1213 centuries up until modernity and then now in modernity, they don't have that of course this is not done anymore. But it was up until a recent time. I already said that the most famous

00:55:00--> 00:55:11

inhabitant of the Spoofer was Abu huraira and Abu huraira deserves a few minutes of our attention especially because of who he is. Abu huraira of course, his name is Abdullah Ahmed Mustafa

00:55:13--> 00:55:29

Emmanuel Sokka dosi from Yemen. Abu huraira is not from Mecca, Medina he's from Yemen. And Abu huraira came to Medina after the Battle of clayburgh, ie after the seventh year of the Hydra, and yet he is the number one narrator of Hadith.

00:55:30--> 00:56:16

He is the number one narrator or Hadith. And he narrated so many a hadith that even some of the next generation said how can a boy know so much when the some of the Sahaba are longer companions than him? Even the next generation began questioning? How could Abu hurayrah narrate so many traditions when there's Abu Bakr and Omar there's Earth man it there's all of these people there? And our Buddha explained himself how this is the case that what I said the Hadith in Bukhari and Muslim, the people are complaining that I narrate too many a Hadith, but we're it not for the fact that Allah has criticized those who withhold knowledge. In the Latino Dr. Moon Emma Anza, nominal, but you

00:56:16--> 00:56:32

know, what criticizes those who withhold knowledge, right? Were it not for this fact, I would not have narrated one Hadith to you. It's because I have to narrate and then he said, and I will tell you why I know more than our brothers of the Muhammad Yunus and the answer. He said, As for them, Oh, hi, June.

00:56:33--> 00:57:19

They were busy throughout the day buying and selling in the streets of Medina. And as for the Ensenada, they were busy in the cultivation and the field and harvesting. And as for me, then I would stick to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam with my hungry stomach Bishop variable. They would be busy with the world I would stick to him with my hungry stomach, and therefore I would memorize what they would not memorize. And by the way, Abu huraira was not poor. Abu hurayrah was from what we will call the middle class family. We know this because eventually his mother who was in Yemen because she was that was her only son she moved to Medina. Even though she was a pagan, she

00:57:19--> 00:57:37

moved to Medina and she purchased a house in Medina. Abu huraira still did not go into that house and he remained in the sofa. Why? And this shows us what is the status of the sofa and why the sofa is so important. The sofa not only was a shelter, it became the first university of Islam.

00:57:38--> 00:57:47

Abu huraira was living in the dormitory of the University of the prophets also. He preferred to stay there over his own mother's house.

00:57:48--> 00:58:27

Why because the prophets ism is in the masjid more than he is in his own house. Right? His Masjid is attached to the house His house is attached to them as to everything takes place in the masjid. anytime he comes out it's in the masjid. So Abu huraira basically sticks to the masjid and by sticking to the masjid, he is able to be with the prophets of LaGuardia. He was sent him and Abu huraira And now some of the mystical groups they read in so far as basically the soul Wolf by the way they say that the term Sufi comes from sofa This is not true. The term Sufi comes from wall sooth, right? It's not from sofa. The sofa means the people of the shelter. But they read this in

00:58:27--> 00:59:03

some parallel, even avoided his life is against this Why? Because Abu O'Hara eventually became the governor of Bahrain. And he lived a good life and the end when he was like in his 50s. So Islam doesn't prohibit you from living a decent life. But at this time, he gave it up for the sake of knowledge. At this time, he wanted to live a difficult life in order to gain that knowledge. And even some of the ansara moved into the sofa. And the shows as the sofa wasn't just a free shelter. Some of the unsung the most famous of them is humba humba has the famous story of what is Humberto called

00:59:06--> 00:59:07

hombre and what else

00:59:08--> 00:59:25

washed by the angels. Humbert is the one wash has a serial melodica is called right. Let's see to the melodica humbler is an unsavoury he has a house. He's still living in the sofa, also, Captain America I'm sorry, what's the story of God who can remind me God the demonic

00:59:28--> 00:59:59

book, The Battle of tebu not able to book the Battle of the book, that he was one of those why the fella that? You know, holy foo, right. This is Gary Malik. He's an unsightly he's also a member of the sofa. So many of the other unsought are members of the sofa. What does this show us? The sofa isn't a freeloading shelter sofala the sofa is not just no the sofa is primarily a place of learning. Yes, those who don't have anything, they will come to the sofa. But many of them when they came they just decided to stick it out because they

01:00:00--> 01:00:40

just too good. The Profit System is always there and you can benefit from him. So some of the unsalted leave their houses move into the sofa abou that fit Bilal sohaib roomy Bella Libin, Raja Abdullah bin Massoud, all of these are of course, Mahajan, they moved into the sofa even though they could have had place to live. But they decided to stick it out over there. And therefore the people of the sofa became legendary amongst the Muslims amongst the Sahaba for being the best of them, the most in memorization of the Quran, the most intelligent, the most and knowledge in every single major battle amongst the top of the Shahada, or the people of the sofa,

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beginning with whether there's one or two who are actually, it seems like so far was instituted maybe a week or two before but it seems as if there was one or two because there are people that are mentioned as being both sofa and bedri which means that there were then the rudiments of the sofa began around by the time

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the dub the Battle of

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the hyper I mean, the Battle of hyper conquest of Mecca, the Battle of read the words of ryda so many of the people of suffer died, that Romo hapa wanted to compile the Quran because the people of suffer died. Think about the status of suffering and how it's associated with the Quran. The reason why the Quran is compiled, Eliza will did of course, but the reason why is what so many of the people of sofa diet you all know the story about the competition, the Koran, the in the wars, who did that with the abubaker sending out to Muslim al Qaeda in particular.

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Many of the memorizes of the Quran died, many of them from the sofa.

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And of course, the sofa is wasn't a permanent university with the depth of the process of the sofa that said it finished. So the graduates of the safari limited number

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in the battle against Mozilla the words of the Uber read the large numbers of them in one report, it says more than 70 of them were killed. And that's a huge number for them. And so Romar went to Abu Bakar and said yeah, abubaker

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may have lost many of our era, many of the people of the sofa and they will all memorize of the Quran, the people have the so far associated with the Quran.

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And I'm worried that unless you do something, if more of the Quran die, we won't have the Quran. Because remember, at that time, the must have had not been compiled completely. And so aboubaker basically agreed to compile the Quran, primarily because the people have so far died.

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A large group of them that shows us the status of the people of the sofa. And

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one final point that will mention inshallah we have announcements to make words brother it is here. He asked me for some time at the end partier is outside. Okay. He wants to add some time for announcements. One final point that will mention, oh, by the way, how many people were in the people that were in the sofa. Of course, the people of sofa were always moving up and down quantity wise. At times, there were five or 10 a time they were up to 70. So the people have so far kept on varying, and most of them would stay for a week or two a few months. Anytime a delegation came and they didn't have a house to stay, they would stay in the sofa. It is reported that sometimes towards

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the end of the life of the process that some people would come just to learn Islam. People were from the far villages the far Bedouin places. They have to learn the Quran and learn the field and learn how to pray and go back to their people. Well, the sofa became their university, the sofa became the place to stay. Even Masood says, anytime somebody came to us, the prophet system would assign one of us to the newcomer to teach him the Quran and Sunnah. Right? So the university is foreign, basically to teach the people and that is the sofa, we will teach him and then he will go back to his people. All of this is taking place in the sofa. And the sofa remained up until the time of the Prophet solo

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salams death. And then of course after this, the software did not retain that status that it used to retain. So initially, then therefore before we move on one final story and then we'll move on.

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The covering of the processor system was only at the back of the question for the people of the sofa. And this shows us he prioritized them over even the regular mousseline

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because the regular was sadly did not have a roof for many years. But he was more concerned about them because they're living in the masjid. Whereas the rest of the people are just coming and going away. So the first roof to be built was actually the roof of the people of the sofa. By the way as for the the raised platform in our time, you all know that if you go to the provinces of the masjid, there's a raised platform and the back of it right

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And they say that is the place of the sofa. In fact, it appears that the sofa was ahead of this point, not at that particular point, right. And also the sofa was not raised platform as well, this is another one of those myths, the sofa was at the same level as the ground. It wasn't raised up, there's no reason to raise it up. The sofa was at the same level as the ground. And so this is just a myth that when you go to the house and people say, this is where the sofa was, no, that's not the case. That's just a modern construction. One final story and then inshallah there's an announcement to be made. Interesting story not related to the sofa. But it just shows us

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the reality of the fifth or the human inclination that we learned that Around this time, one of the most elder, elderly people of Medina converted to Islam, and his name was slated Matt cinnamal. Strange name, his name was cinema. And cinema was the only Hanif that we have authentically narrated from the time of Medina, who can remind me what's the honey, go back many months? Yes, in the back.

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So what does he What does the honey have done?

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They had abandoned idolatry. And they said they're going to worship upon the religion of Ibrahim, even though they don't know what it is, but we're gonna be ahead if we mentioned some handcuffs and Makkah, five or 10. We didn't mention any in Medina, the only No, we're not saying there weren't any more but the one that we have recorded was scleroderma. So cinema was of the Hanif of Medina of yesterday. And it is narrated that when he with the process of him came, he was over 100 years old, one of the oldest people of Medina, when he was a young man. So this is even before the birth of the process from when he was a young man, he had just like the hoonah of Makkah, openly rejected the

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idolatry of the people of Medina. And he had decided to accept Christianity. But then right before he converted, he said, No, Christianity doesn't make any sense either. I'm just going to be upon the the ways of Ibrahim alayhis salam. And so he remained praying in his own way. And even his Hawk mentioned that, in fact, he would also perform a hostel after Geneva. And he would even tell his women to take a bath after their menses, which means he had some idea of the shady area around him. He still is following that shady app. And he will say that he's used to say to the people, I will not worship bureau gods, I will worship the Lord of Ibrahim, which is exactly what the NFL said in

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Mecca. And even as he mentions a lot of poetry from him, which we don't have the time or even the skill to translate where he's praising. How do you feel he's praising, worshiping Allah, he's criticizing the idols. And he stayed amongst the kurush in Makkah, before the coming of the process and for many years, but he didn't find what he wanted there. So he returned back and he became a Hanif when the Prophet system emigrated, he was still alive the very last few weeks or months of his life, and Allah azza wa jal blessed him to convert. And then he passed away shortly afterwards. And these are one of those beautiful stories, we don't have much more information, right. But it's one

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of those beautiful stories that for 120 years, they said he was waiting for the truth. And it is as if literally illustrata just gave him that. Just that brief meeting with the Prophet system, right towards the last year of his life basically says, If Allah stretched his life out, waiting for the truth to come to him, because he was that sincere, and he got the blessing of being a Sahabi. So he's mentioned as a Sahabi, he got the blessing of being of those who accepted Islam, and he died a natural death of old age before any battle before anything. And really we have no other information about him. But it's one of those stories that is beautiful in its own way. And it shows us that

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those who are sincere Allah subhanho wa Taala will bless them in that sincerity. Next week we'll talk about the prelude to the Battle of butter and what happened before the battle but they're working up our way to the Battle of butter. Next Wednesday will be our final Cyril class for the summer.

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I will be then traveling and then coming back end of June 1 of July, and then it will have some talks about Ramadan because Ramadan is going to be second week of July basically. So next week is the final week of sera for the summer. Then we will resume Syrah after Ramadan. before Ramadan, we'll have a few classes about chocolate Ramadan and whatnot shall love data. Any questions before we hand it over to Brother Ali? Yes.

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The majority of our headers so far, did not have their families.

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Those who were married voluntarily decided to live in the sofa. People like Abu hurayrah decided not to get married while they were in the sofa.

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So we have a school

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We have others who had families, but they're voluntarily remaining in the sofa because they want the sort of the profits of the lorries and they want the companionship of the Prophet sallallahu sallam. Of course the sofa was for men only you cannot have women, you know, sleeping in the masjid like this. It was for men only. And so the priority for those men was to learn Islam. Most of the people of the sofa were there temporarily.

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Most of them, some of them decided to become permanent and the most famous amongst them was Abu Ghraib. Okay.

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The obligation

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Do you have an exempt because I don't think the sooner they can abrogate the bond The other way

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is

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the issue of Suna abrogating the Koran is one that goes back to Stella for the roadmap in muda hip the former di m have different opinions about this, the position that you are saying was held by one of the famous Imams and it is a legitimate opinion. But the other there are more than others allowed the sun even to abrogate the Quran. So there is the example of level CLE what is that we'll see yet anyway. This is UC como la Viola decom that Eliza just says do not use equal lawsuits as Bopara when death comes to you. Then write your will see right and it was meant for the widest and you were the one the idea came down it was meant for the widest because this was before Nyssa was revealed then

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Nyssa was revealed and it didn't technically abrogate that I

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then the profits because it's just a combination you can still have the will see and you can still have the shares. Nowhere does the Quran say levels the attorney wildish

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right so you could put both of these together and say, okay, the Quran has one eighth for my wife, I want to be generous Mashallah give her another 10% do you see that is possible if you take only the one but the Prophet says that I've said that we'll see. What is right. So this is the example that is given by a man while equivalent. This is 11 madhhab Whoa, whoa, whoa, whoa, whoa, whoa Lu Eva Misha, Colima Shafi, Rahim, Allah tala, whatever you like a minimum payment.

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That's

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the majority of Sunni scholars consider this ayah to be the primary I have

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had to have been Abbas, who we are and who had

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the Shia and the mortar Zilla. Have we left of this ayah and over there that we that is actually what you're saying that I it doesn't mean I overhear. As for and so you have to realize this is a theological issue. I had a son who Elijah was another police faculty and he was he by the way. This is he might have had a sooner right corner from if he hadn't mortiser which we are colome they said there is no NASA and the main evidence that they used is this if

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you always ask questions, I don't mind but you give us into other topics. Yes, I have the Quran have been forgotten by Allah azza wa jal is command noon see her there are a number of ayat

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that and again you're getting this is perhaps not best to talk about now bas come to me after Salah but yes, there are authentic hadith that a number of Sahaba forgot I had simultaneously in one night, and they all came to the house of the prophet SAW Selim. And they asked him what happened. We couldn't recite it last night. And the Prophet system said that Allah azza wa jal took it up last night.

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This is authentically narrated. Okay, Muslim Obama's final question sisters, any questions? Yes, in the back. Go ahead.

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No, no, no, I think you misunderstood. I said. There were more yahood in Medina. So there are more Abrahamic people, right in Medina, because the people of MK did not allow basically there were no Jews and Christians living in Makkah. There were no Jews and Christians living in Mecca. As for Medina, we already mentioned three, four weeks ago that

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In fact, the houde were the ones who first settled there. Then the ocean Ridge came. So the whole dynamics was different in Medina. So they were more I didn't say more bona fide more if I were in Makkah, more hoonah thought were in Makkah, but more actually keytab were in Medina insha Allah with this