Seerah – 33 The Treaty And Constitution of Madinah

share this pageShare Page
Yasir Qadhi

Channel: Yasir Qadhi

Series:

Episode Notes

The next major incident of the early Madani period is the treaty and constitution of Madinah. So what exactly is this treaty?

The treaty is four issues.

  • Clauses related to Muslims
  • Clauses related to the Jews
  • Clauses related to the pagans
  • Clauses related to everyone in general

There are some misinterpretations regarding the status of the treaty in question and Shaykh Yasir attempts to deconstruct it and present the matters before us. And we also come face to face with the deemed benefits of this treaty and what is implied in the lives of all the sects of people in Madinah. Do listen intently to have a clear picture of the time.

Shaykh Yasir examines the happenings in Madinah after the Prophet ﷺ arrived here. He commences his work by first building a masjid which is the basis of Tawheed and is a fundamental of Islam. He then establishes a connection or a strong bond between the Muhajirun and the Ansar – by muakkar (pairing) by the formation of the treaty that affirms the status of the Muslims, Jews etc.

Why aren’t non Muslims allowed into Mecca and Madinah? What is the ruling of the fiqh behind this? A number of conditions were set at the time ? What were they?

What is Jaziratul Arab? Shaykh Yasir provides answers and also gets us to understand on the boundaries of Jaziratul Arab and what is allowed and what is forbidden here.

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


00:00:10--> 00:00:15

alameen wa salatu salam ala Sayyidina Muhammad wa ala he was a big mine about

00:00:17--> 00:00:59

we had discussed the prophecies of his building of the masjids, much of the Profit System and the mission of Oba and we had discussed other incidents that occurred in the early months of his immigration. The next major story, which is going to be the topic of today's halaqa. The next major incident of the early Madani period is the Treaty of Medina, the Treaty of Medina, and the Treaty of Medina is a very significant it is also a little bit controversial. People have interpreted in many different ways. So what exactly is this treaty and who mentions it? But one of the problems that we have about this treaty is that it doesn't seem to be mentioned in every single reference book. And

00:00:59--> 00:01:38

those that mentioned it, sometimes they mentioned it without a chain of narrators or it's not. So we all know what is the most famous book of Syrah by now every one of you should know what is the most authoritative classical book, see what I have been his Sham, but even a sham is the summary of him in his house, every one of you should know this, right? So when you go back to the setup, even as help, even is how he mentions the entire treaty, but he says it has been narrated to me, and between him and the Prophet system is 150 years. Right. So we don't have any direct is not. Other early books sometimes mentioned this treaty as well. But again, without a full chain of narrators, some of

00:01:38--> 00:02:19

the books of Hadith for example, Muslim, Ahmed, it has a phrase of this treaty that Mr. Mohammed mentions that the Prophet system ketubah Kitab, and Beynon Maha Jr. was on saw, he wrote a book between the more hygiene and the on sod. And this book mentioned in it, that every one of them would take care of their own debts and their own issues and problems, and they will be Islamic and Marouf between them. So even so, mmm. I haven't mentioned one phrase of the treaty. The problem comes as we said, there is no early book that mentions the whole treaty with and it's not. And this has led some people to doubt there ever was a treaty say they say there's no evidence for this treaty to have

00:02:19--> 00:03:01

taken place. However, many modern researchers say even if there is no chain of narrators, when you look at this treaty and the language of the treaty, it's a very archaic language and language that is not common in the time of even urbanist help. So if somebody were to fabricated, he wouldn't have fabricated it with such a difficult language. And therefore, the majority of scholars of our times consider this treaty to be an authentic treaty. And we're not going to discuss every single clause because it takes five pages, nobody's going to go over every single clause we're going to do is we're going to break up the treaty into four areas or four different issues that the prophets have

00:03:01--> 00:03:40

tackled. Number one, the first issue is everything related to the Muslims. Number two, everything related to the Jews. Number three, everything related to the moose, raccoon, the pagans, and number four general treaties for all of these, right? So we're going to divide this whole treaty into four. And the problem comes that the treaty, as I said, is written in a very difficult language. And it is composed of sentences. That's it, that the processor said this. And he said this, and he said this, and he said this. And a lot of what is mentioned are the names of tribes that we don't even know anymore. Because you realize that when we say the unsolved unsolved are in fact, multiple tribes,

00:03:40--> 00:04:16

primarily the US and the hustlers. But there were more than the US and the hustlers and within the also the hustlers there are at least 4050 sub tribes, and most of the sub tribes, we don't have much details of their names. So this treaty mentions every one of these names every single name, which is in fact a sign of his authenticity, actually, right. And in mentions every one of these names and what is required of this subtribe what is to be done. The same applies for the food. We think that there are only three Jewish groups No, this is being generic. In fact, there were within these three subgroups as well, because we have mentioned many times that a large tribe is divided into a sub

00:04:16--> 00:04:49

tribe. And all of this is jumbled up. It's not as if in our time, we're used to logical treaties like meaning one phrase for this one phrase for that in those days, this type of writing has not yet come. In fact, even if you read a book in English, let's say 200 years ago, the way that they write English is very different than what we're used to. We cannot follow the train of thought either long sentences, convoluted ideas moving here and there. Of course, Arabic is even more of an example right? modern era is when they read classical Arabic. So the point being, this is a difficult treaty. That's probably a sign of his authenticity. What we're going to do simplify it, how are we

00:04:49--> 00:04:57

going to simplify, discuss it from a different angles for different angles, number one, clauses related to the Muslims amongst themselves

00:04:58--> 00:04:59

of the clauses

00:05:00--> 00:05:37

The Prophet systems is saying in this treaty that the me known from the kurush and yathrib. Notice here the term yesterday was used. And this in fact is a sign of his authenticity because, right early on when the process of immigrated, we would have assumed that the term yesterday was still invoke. Right, right. When the process of immigrant we said many times that the Profit System eventually commanded the name yesterday to be removed. And he said do not call it yesterday. It is in fact, Medina, but it takes takes a while, obviously, right? It's not going to happen instantaneously. You cannot change the name of a city. The very fact that the term yesterday occurs

00:05:37--> 00:06:27

in this treaty shows that he's talking to people who are not used to a new name. So he has to use the old name. And therefore he mentioned the believers from the Quran and from yesterday, he the ansara. The term Mahajan Assad hasn't yet crystallized right? The believers from the Quran ad from yesterday, and those who joined them, or one oma so now he is saying the Muslims are one Omar and Omar Of course, we'll talk about him but it means group or nation or or party. And this oma he said is in an unto itself, ie it is unique to itself to the exclusion of the rest of mankind. So the process of is saying this is a unique oma, you have bonds that nobody else can share. And he then

00:06:27--> 00:06:53

mentions 40 sub tribes, as we said, he mentions every one of them, the mentor, the Mahajan by name who have the bundle, how did the blue side, on and on again, and he says, Every one of these sub tribes will be left with their own responsibilities that they had before Islam, they shall take care of their own blood money disputes their own prisoners of war and their own poor. Now, this is an interesting clause.

00:06:54--> 00:06:59

And in the Islamic State of the time of the Prophet system in this early state,

00:07:01--> 00:07:41

the welfare system as we're used to was not national, it was local. If somebody needed help, they wouldn't go to the national level, they would keep to their tribal level. Right? They keep it to tribal level. So the process of is saying, if there's somebody who's in need, somebody who's poor, who's going to take care of that person, that person stripe, if there's somebody who needs to be ransomed from a prisoner of war, Branson, who's gonna pay the ransom that trip, if there's somebody who has blood money in our blood, money is an exorbitant amount in our times, I think it's 150,000 rounds, maybe like $40,000 $50,000. Right? If you blood money, of course, there's accidental and

00:07:41--> 00:08:25

there's intentional and each one is its own. Suppose in the shady court, the shady AI system, if you accidentally kill somebody manslaughter, car accident, you drive into him, accidentally, the shady AI requires you to fast two months, and to give a blood money to the person whom you killed. Right, this is a blood money, the blood money is 100, Campbell's 120 Campbell's depending on the exact type of what you've done, and this is a huge amount, and one person cannot afford 100 Campbell's. So what is to be done the process of saying every tribe takes care of its own, you are responsible for your own another clause. All of the Muslim shall unite against those who do injustice, even if it'd be

00:08:25--> 00:08:34

one of their own. So this means if somebody does volume, even if he's a Muslim, we will be united against the volume.

00:08:35--> 00:08:38

And this actually goes back to the Treaty, which treaty who could remind me

00:08:39--> 00:08:40

the

00:08:42--> 00:08:43

baby's way afterwards,

00:08:44--> 00:09:27

the healthful food healthful food, goes back to healthful food that are very buddy will be united against the volume, even if they're one of our own. Right. So the process of saying whoever does Boone and justice, we will be united against him. And the final clause will mentioned for this and again, this is very long, but the final clause for the Muslims, that the Prophet system said the protection granted by the Muslims is the same the word for protection Arabic is Zim, and even the lowliest of them can give protection. What is the concept of them? So again, in that Islamic State, how did somebody get a visa to enter doubted Islam? How did somebody get a visa to come inside?

00:09:28--> 00:09:59

Right? The Profit System is saying, every Muslim has the right to give anybody whom they know, this visa, even if they are the loneliest of them, meaning even if they're not even free, even if they are a slave, even if it's a child who's who's African child who understands like not a three year old, but a eight, nine year old, right? This is the majority opinion even a child who is Tommy's who has more years, he has the permissibility to allow somebody to come in and if somebody comes in with that

00:10:00--> 00:10:42

What does this mean? means nobody can harm him. Nobody can harm him. And if there are disputes, it goes to the court of law. But basically anybody can tell anybody else to come in. And this is how the processor made it that the Zim of the Muslims is all the same. Anybody can give them to others, anybody can give protection to others. And this shows us that when it comes to this issue, all Muslims are exactly the same. And of course, the main issue here is that the process is making the Muslims one oma to the exclusion of all mankind. He said, oma 10 min. Dune in us. So he's establishing the bonds of the oma. The second set of clauses are clauses related to the hood. And he

00:10:42--> 00:11:06

mentioned the hood of the bunny house and the hood of the banana and the hood of the bunny, this and the hood of the bunny, that so all of the hoods are mentioned by name specifically. And there are again, around 12 different clauses everyone is mentioning a tribe name, the process of him said, all of these yahood are one oma along with the believers own mutton Mal, meaning

00:11:07--> 00:11:52

meaning that is one oma, we are one oma. So the hood, own mutton mal meaning. So they have a type of status, a type don't misquote me that, in some ways, is equivalent, because their own mutton mal meaning and he then went on and they shall take care of their own affairs, their own internal disputes, they will take care of their own foot caught up, they will take care of their own blood money, anything that is happening between them, they are in charge of it, internal crime, internal murder, internal, they are in charge, unless they wish to come to us otherwise, we have no business with them. Unless it involves the two the two together, if there's not enough, there's murder

00:11:52--> 00:12:25

between the two omers. Now it will go to the higher authority. Right? So notice here courts of law are semi independent, they who do you deal with yourselves, we're not going to get involved about your own affairs, two people fighting two people slandering two people stealing, murder happens, that's your business. You deal with it yourself. Internal division don't come to us. Unless it's between the two of us, right? Something happens between the two, then obviously we need to come to the Prophet sallallahu it he was selling them.

00:12:26--> 00:13:14

The Prophet system said that between the two, ie the Muslims and the Jews shall be mutual support against those who fight the people of this treaty. And the yahood will spend along with the Muslims as long as they're being fought. financial obligations when it comes to external enemies are the same. Notice, financial obligation when it comes to domestic affairs are not the same. You're poor, you take care of them, not us our poor, we take care of them not you. Correct. So far, so clear. Now suppose somebody attacks we will spend on defense and you will spend along with us. Both of us will spend for the sake of the protection of Medina and a times of crises. Therefore, the two shall unite

00:13:14--> 00:13:50

and help one another. And they are who they're responsible for the costs and the Muslims are responsible for the costs. The processes have also added here with regards to the hood, no yahudi can leave Medina without the permission of the Prophet system. You cannot now leave in Medina, what does it mean to leave Medina Remember, this is not a time where we just move for any reason for our job. No leaving means changing your citizenship. That's what it means and that language, right? Because again, this is a very different time and place where you live is where your tribe is where your loyalties is where your passport, it's all the same. Right? For us, we have a whole different

00:13:50--> 00:14:25

concept that you have to realize, for them to leave Medina basically means renouncing citizenship, joining another city, another camp. So the President, you cannot just do that you have to inform us you have to tell us, you can't just go and become a trader, you cannot just or even leave and become neutral. This must be informed so that we know that you're no longer a part of this treaty. And by the way to this day, if you want to give up your US citizenship for any citizenship, you must renounce it. If you take up another citizenship and you want to give it up. You need to go to the console director of whatever country you're in and publicly, basically disavow and give back your

00:14:25--> 00:14:37

citizenship. Similarly, the president saying if you want to give up this, you need to tell us or else you cannot pretend to be a part of ours and another as well. So any you who he wants to leave, he must inform before he does so.

00:14:39--> 00:14:59

Another clause, if any Jew wishes to follow the believers IE to convert. If any Jewish is to convert, then he shall be helped and protected, and no injustice shall be done to him. ie nobody can harm him. He has the right to embrace our faith. Nobody can harm him if he wishes to him.

00:15:00--> 00:15:07

Race our faith. So these are some of the clauses related to the hood, some of the clauses related to the pagans and witches.

00:15:09--> 00:15:45

And this shows us that as soon as the process from immigrated there were still more frequent in Medina, we said this many times, there were still more frequent in Medina. And they lasted up until the Battle of better when the process of returned back to Medina when the process of returned back victorious from the Battle of button, that was when every single mushrik realized that we are such a small minority, and now the process of has one we need to convert. So that was one that will not feel own became one, right, because before this day, when we should recall, Abdullah innovativeness, earlier, this is when he converted after butter, all of these people convert it after butter, when

00:15:45--> 00:16:30

this treaty is taking place, it's not better yet so there are still pagans. So what does the process of them say? No mushrik, shall offer protection to the Quraysh even if it is in return for life or money, more, shall he in any way come between the courage and the believers IE to defend ie the machinery cool are being told and this is how fair is this will lie. How fair is this? The processor is not saying you have to convert, look at this, they are pagans, their idol worshipers? You're not saying you have to convert. What he is saying is your ties of loyalty might feel towards the pagans realize, sure in Medina, you cannot support them physically. What's in your heart is in your heart,

00:16:31--> 00:17:12

but you cannot support them, nor can you defend them, nor can you come between us and them stay out of this business. Stay out of International Affairs basically, or you call it affairs between Mecca and Medina. And this shows us that the Profit System and in that stage allowed the machine to be in Medina, later on them as I have deferred. Is it allowed for idol worshippers to be living in doubted Islam, this theoretical issue doesn't apply anymore. But once upon a time, there was a controversy. Everybody agrees that I had to get up can live in Islam. Everybody agrees that the Medusa, the Zoroastrians, the policies can live in that in Islam, that's what actually are clearly allowed.

00:17:12--> 00:17:50

Nobody disagrees about this, there was a controversy, should we extend the same privileges and rights to idol worshipers? And some of them are that have said, Yes, we should. And this is also the Hanafi madhhab. And as you know, the Mughal emperor was a Hanafi madhhab predominantly, and this was that's why it's possible to be an infp and the Mughal Emperor otherwise, it would not be possible to do that. Whereas some of the other Medina was stricter in this regard. And they said, No, this extension is only given to the Kitab and the and the Medusa. That's a theoretical issue, but of the evidences of the 100 faces here, but the Profit System allowed the wish record. And in fact, it

00:17:50--> 00:18:30

seems to be the stronger case that in doubting Islam, the the freedom to basically be upon your faith is open to anybody. And this is what some of these classical scholar said, and this is the evidence here, that there were pagans, and they were allowed to remain pagan, but with an extra condition. Why because, of course, at the time to be pagan meant your alliances or with the crush or with the the the people of Mecca. So the process of said you must remain neutral, you're never allowed to take any sides over here. The final set of clauses were general clauses pertaining to all of the people of the treaty, all of the people of the treaty, and these general clauses are, number

00:18:30--> 00:18:32

one, the process that I've said,

00:18:33--> 00:18:39

the interior of yesterday, once again, using the term yesterday is a Houghton for the people of this treaty.

00:18:40--> 00:19:15

We talked about this two, three weeks ago, what does it mean? How to means sacred land, how to means that which is halaal, outside becomes out on inside. That's what it means, right? That which is halaal, outside becomes held on inside. So how long means sacred because of this, and of the things that are sacred or other things are not allowed? Who could remind me we went over a long list three weeks ago? What is no weapons, no weapons that are unshielded unsought. You know, of course, you're gonna have weapons in your house, you cannot brandish, you cannot take it out. What else? plucking, plucking, what

00:19:16--> 00:19:17

fucking trees hunting

00:19:19--> 00:19:23

cat what you can build, you cannot destroy trees to build,

00:19:24--> 00:19:45

killing, killing, not killing animals. That'd be how, of course you must do. But hunting and so these are some of the things that are held. This isn't some things that the Prophet system is saying the interior of yesterday is a harem for the people of this treaty. And he mentioned that no wild trees can be plucked and no game can be hunted and so on and so forth. And he also

00:19:46--> 00:19:59

delineated or demarcated what is Medina and he I mentioned before the process of said and Medina to how the moon Medina Eden was sold, and in another Hadith Medina lab data, so he mentioned four points love but a half an island, so

00:20:00--> 00:20:41

All right and thought are two small mountains. Two small mountains south and north of Medina, either thought are too small mountain south or north and lab but they have are the two however attain are the two volcanic plains which to this day in Medina, it's called Hydra shalltear. However we are to this day, there were there are areas that are cultural to Korea, that's the Hydra. So the process of them demarcated four points. And he specified these four points are what make Medina haram outside of this is not. These are the four points. He also said a part of these clauses. Whatever disagreement occurs between the peoples of this treaty, we shall lead to internal facade shall be

00:20:41--> 00:21:20

decided by Allah and His Messenger, Muslims and Jews, Jews and pagans, pagans and Muslims, anybody who's having a conflict, then it shall be decided by the prophet soldier. So he said, Allah and His Messenger shall be decided by Allah and His messenger. And this shows us the ultimate basis of Islamic law, which is submission to the Quran, and to the Sunnah. So the process of said, it will not be allowed for any believer who agrees to this treaty, and believes in Allah and the Last Day to help any rebel, anybody who opposes this treaty to support him, whoever does so will have the land of a law and the melodica and all of mankind whoever does so Allah will curse him, and the angels

00:21:20--> 00:22:02

will curse him until the day of judgment and no good deed will be accepted from him. In other words, to be a traitor to Medina or to yesterday have to be a trader to this clause will entail permanent And this, of course, meant also execution that you cannot disagree with, or you cannot strive to harm the people of this treaty. And the final point that he mentioned in this long treaty, that whoever leaves Medina shall be safe, whoever stays in Medina shall be safe, except for anyone who does an injustice or sin. And a law will protect those who are pious and righteous and Warhammer Salim is His Messenger. That's how the treaty concludes, whoever leaves Medina shall be safe and

00:22:02--> 00:22:40

whoever enters shall be safe. As long as they haven't done a crime. In other words, you leave peacefully, you come peacefully, we're not going to harm you. He may leave and come and go as you please, as long as you haven't done a crime. If you've done a crime, then that's obviously we're going to take care of that. And Allah will protect those who are pious and righteous and Warhammer. Selim is His Messenger. What are some of the overall benefits or points? What is the status of this treaty? Well, let's talk about some of the misinterpretations if you like, and then we can figure out what is the proper status. Some people, they exaggerate the importance of this treaty, and

00:22:40--> 00:23:23

others diminish the importance, which is the standard case of everything. If rotten fruit, some people go to one extreme, others go to the other extreme, there is a paper that was written back in the 80s, by one of our leading Muslims, here in America, where he basically said it became famous at the time, I'm sure many of you here are not aware of this now. But back then it became very famous and in Muslim circles, where he basically said that this treaty was the basis of the American Constitution. Thomas Jefferson got the idea of America from this treaty. Right. And and I'm not joking, this is this is a paper that is written by one of our academic leaders of North America. And

00:23:25--> 00:24:05

this is, of course, I mean, this type of mentality. I mean, it's, it's, it's, to me a sign of an inferiority complex, to be honest, that everything that is good, you somehow have to link it directly to we did it, we invented it, right. And this is simply not just an academic, you'll become laughingstock over the people, people start making fun of you, when it's something that is ludicrous. Now, there's no question that the treaty for its time was very novel, very unique, that certain concepts of it, were then exported to the west, and the West then took this concept and eventually evolved in Yes, but this is like, you know, 20 degrees of separation or something, you

00:24:05--> 00:24:23

cannot just say that Thomas Jefferson read this treaty, and he wrote the Constitution based upon that. Well, I this is, I mean, really, it makes us laughing stocks, right? Because they're so different. There's the content, the whole is very different. So this is one, this is one, if you like extreme, another extreme,

00:24:24--> 00:24:26

are those who try to

00:24:27--> 00:24:59

the non Muslims who try to read in evil intentions have suffered a lot of the Profit System, but he wants to make the who the separate nation and he wants to, because we're gonna come to now in a few weeks, the concept is a very delicate, we need to talk about it very frankly, the accusation that the Profit System treated the Jews unfairly is a common accusation, right. In fact, it is understood by non Muslims. It's not even a accusation anymore. for them. It's a fact. For them, it is a fact that a stop for the law he had it in his mind. He just has

00:25:00--> 00:25:30

Something Of course, anti semitism is used here, right. And so they say this treaty is anti semitic, because the process is dividing the hood separating them, putting obligations upon them, etc, etc. And obviously, that's not the case because the same obligations on them or on the Muslims exact same, literally the exact same, you must take care of your own poor, you must take care of your own blood money, your own rents, etc, etc. So this is one extreme. And of course, as usual, the truth is in between the two extremes. And

00:25:31--> 00:26:03

the truth is that this treaty was very significant. It had a lot of long range implications, and that it established the basis of how an Islamic State is run, but established the overall philosophy of how an Islamic State is one of the most important concepts that this treaty puts into writing literally, it puts into writing. And of course, we've been talking about this a lot, but now for the first time, it's being written down as a constitution of the first

00:26:04--> 00:26:19

if you like, important things about this is that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is defining relationships based upon theology. And this is completely unique in the history of Arabia.

00:26:20--> 00:26:34

Because he said, the banner of the barometer the but basically don't fall in the Mahajan on our one oma, we don't have differences amongst ourselves in terms of being treated equally, we are one oma.

00:26:35--> 00:27:27

And anybody who converts to the faith will become a part of this oma. So what is happening, the old system of lineage of tribalism of you are, who your father was, is being broken. And now you will be who you are, depending on your theology and your religion. Nobody has any right to come in between you and being a full fledged member of the oma, if you wish to convert to the faith. And this, of course, it's something we take completely for granted now, in that's how we view the world. But at that time, it was of course very unprecedented. And the concept of Obama being one block or one group of believers, regardless of who your father is benign, and Abu Bakar abubaker is a very noble

00:27:27--> 00:28:06

lineage, Bernardo Bucher are the same. This is unprecedented Of course we know this, but the process was putting in writing now. It doesn't matter where you come from. We are one oma and by the way, the word oma Of course Allah says in the Quran we're in the Heidi who metrical moment and wider right. Allah says there's the word oma, the word oma, what does it mean? Where does it come from? The word oma comes from and what does own mean? Everybody knows even the non Arab knows their own own means mother, and why is oma from home? What has mother got to do with oma? Well, the word home actually even more deeper than this, the word Ohm actually comes from a man and a means

00:28:07--> 00:28:08

to

00:28:11--> 00:28:12

this is a derive meaning.

00:28:13--> 00:28:17

This is a derived meaning, secondary meaning it's not the hustle.

00:28:21--> 00:28:21

Goal

00:28:24--> 00:28:29

means to strive for, yes, to strive for. What a

00:28:30--> 00:28:33

menial beta heroine, Allah says in the Quran, right?

00:28:34--> 00:28:43

mean and beta how long that you are intending to get there. So a means Asada. A means to aim for.

00:28:44--> 00:28:49

Amma is basically the object of your attention. Therefore, when the child is born, what is the one object of attention?

00:28:51--> 00:29:05

Right? When the child is born, there's one object of love and whatnot, its own, all of the attention is to the home. So own his mother. Therefore, the oma, are those people who they might as well have one mother.

00:29:07--> 00:29:51

The bonds between them, they might as well just have one mother, because that's where they're all coming together. Right? Of course, the word M is so deep so the Imam is also the one who is the one leading you in prayer. Because again, he is the one who has that leadership role. Ibrahim has called on mutton even though he's one person because of the quality of his Eman. He might as well be at home by himself right? The word oma has now over 15 derived meanings, but the original meaning of ama is Asada. And then from that we get home from home we get all of these other meanings as well. Even the word to come from the same m tm. A Casa de la el Haddad, ie intended to raise his will do

00:29:51--> 00:29:59

not will do to raise the status of not having the right to move his intention to move mister intention, the same amount and so the point being

00:30:00--> 00:30:43

That the word oma comes from home. Because the people of the oma it's as if they have one home. It's as if they're so bonded together. They are one group or one nation or one family, literally one family, to the exclusion of all the others. This treaty also demonstrates the justice of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam that the Prophet system contrary to what the non Muslims say, in fact, he treated the Jews with the utmost respect. And he gave them their full rights. And from our perspective, they were the ones at least in the period of Medina, who refuse to take these privileges, who kept on making things difficult for themselves. And we're going to come to this

00:30:43--> 00:31:18

throughout the course of the next few months, and even a few years. inshallah, when we talk about this, what the who did and how the Prophet system reacted to that, from our perspective, there is no anti semitism, from our perspective, they were treated the way they were treated because of things that they had done, not because of who they were. And this is not anti semitism, right. They were treated because of crimes that they had done. Either they're expelled or whatnot because of issues they had done, not because of who they were. And this shows us the Profit System is saying, You are one oma notice the treaty says and this is exactly I'm quoting from covenants have that earlier

00:31:18--> 00:31:40

hood, own mutton miles, meaning. Now if that is not the height of equality, you are an owner, we are an oma along with each other we are to omus this is an amazing respect given to them. When you would own a 10 minute Mini, you have your issue, you have your religion, we have our religion. And

00:31:41--> 00:32:17

if the yahood had fulfilled this treaty, and they had outwardly lived up to it, the fact of the matter is they would have been shown the utmost honor, and they would have benefited the most Why? Because they are who'd had a lot of things they were doing, and many of they were tradesmen, they were jewelers, they were trapped craftsmen, they were businessmen, they did a lot of traveling of finances and whatnot. And the success of the Muslims would have made their success as well, because they're a part of the community, the raising of the Muslims would have meant they're raising as well. The financial input of the Muslims would amend their financial success as well. And if they

00:32:17--> 00:32:55

had lived up to this treaty, they would have risen along with the Muslims. But from our perspective, and so we're going to prove they didn't live up to it. And they reneged on the promises, they broke these promises. And because of this, the promise was very clear. Do not side with the pagans against us. And that's exactly what the benaco did. That's exactly what they did. This is a promise that is being given the first one they move to Medina don't side with the pagans. And yet the blucora did that. So what was coming to them was coming to them, right? Similarly, any issue between Muslims and you who will be dealt with by the prophet system, and both of the other tribes, they transgressed

00:32:55--> 00:33:21

upon the Muslims murdering or, or whatnot, or dishonouring, the lady of the Muslims, as we're kind of come to this was an interest in trauma, the hood and the Muslims are getting involved with each other. So they have to go to the Prophet system for the final reference. And that's exactly what happened. Another benefit of this treaty is that we are seeing that the Prophet systems political status has now become a de facto leader.

00:33:23--> 00:34:09

And this is a key point here, he was invited by a group of Muslims. Now these Muslims are so numerous, that he can negotiate treaties on their behalf and become the de facto ruler, even the machinery cone and the hood, they are told that you have semi independence basically, right? You have semi independence. But if something happens that deals with us, you must come to the profit saucer. And this clearly shows who's in charge, right. And therefore, what the treaty did was to make official what was understood before this, and that is that the Prophet system is the de facto or the, the the accepted ruler of the city of Medina. Now, somebody will say there's no jizya

00:34:09--> 00:34:47

mentioned and there is no jizya mentioned, there is no jizya mentioned here. And the response to this is the laws of GC had not yet been revealed. gc was revealed in sort of tober had the Euro to GCSE and yet in the suit October, so that is much later on. And therefore, this treaty does not contradict jizya. But it doesn't enforce it either. In that there's no clause there because that the the concept of jizya has not yet come. Also one of the main benefits of this treaty that we derive, especially living in the century that we're living in, and this is the reality of Islam without without any political correctness without any appeasement, as you know me. I'm not one of those who

00:34:47--> 00:34:53

wants to appease anybody. The fact of the matter which is absolutely true from our shediac is that

00:34:54--> 00:34:59

freedom of religion is guaranteed by the media to a great extent, not one

00:35:00--> 00:35:41

unlimited extent learners, we have to be fair here, classical [???]tier, or classical Islamic fifth, I should say, did not give the types of freedom that the modern secular world gives. The non Muslims did not have the right to preach and convert others, you have the right to do as you're doing, but you cannot convert others to your faith. Right. But apart from that, pretty much everything else is allowed for, you know, the non Muslims are even allowed the sharks, many Muslims to hear this, or even allowed to manufacture and sell alcohol amongst themselves. This is well known books have expressly mentioned this, so much so that many books have discussed the issue if a Muslim is married

00:35:41--> 00:36:15

to a Christian lady, is he allowed to stop her from drinking Harmon? And the majority say No, he's not because that's Helen for her. That's hard for her to drink is haram for him. He can say you cannot have it in my house. That's his right. Right. But he cannot prevent her from because the point is like in those days, the Catholics, they all drank common in their churches to this day, they drink wine as a part of their rituals. Right? As you know, you should all know, drinking the wine is part of the rituals. So the Muslim, the majority of fifth, in fact, dare I say all format has, but I'm not 100% sure. But I know for a fact the majority of them, I'm pretty sure it's the

00:36:15--> 00:36:42

four but I don't want to say this, categorically say that it is not allowed for the Muslim husband to stop his Christian wife from drinking outside of the house, because that's her [???]tier. And he has no right to enforce on her. This is the type of freedom that Islam allowed, that you have the right to be even pagan in this early stage. And no one is going to force Islam down your throat. And the irony of ironies is that

00:36:43--> 00:37:29

we are accused of being intolerant and we are accused of not allowing other faiths to you know, the freedom. And yet we're lucky without any Miyama without any, you know, political correctness or whatnot. If you compare our track record with theirs, it's unbelievable how they could have the audacity to say that we are religiously intolerant. It's unbelievable. And we need to be very, we need to be very familiar with this, that we cannot allow people to make fun of our faith in this manner. When they don't even know their own faith. They have no right to tell us that our faith was intolerant. When Western powers and Western nations frankly, were the most religiously intolerant in

00:37:29--> 00:38:10

the history of humanity. And there's an I'm not being this is a fact. Even the Chinese even the Mongolians were more tolerant than Western countries were when it comes to religious differences. And this is something any neutral observer can convention. I mean, this goes back even to forget the the Roman emperors persecuting the Christians, even when Constantine converted to Christianity. Right. Constantine is the first Christian Emperor when he converted to Christianity. What's the basically the first thing he did? He adopted a version of Christianity, which is now the official version. All types of Christianity is go back to Constantine, he outlawed all other Christianity's

00:38:10--> 00:38:43

Christianity's that actually had truth in them. those that believe Jesus Christ was the Messiah, not the Son of God, those that believe that Christianity is not a new religion, because most of the Christian converts were Jews. And for them, Christianity was Judaism, with believing in mercy, which is what we believe right, Constantine came along, you should know this, by the way, because we live in this environment. Constantine came along, and he adopted a narrow interpretation of Christianity, he made it the state religion, then what he outlawed and banned anybody who disagreed with him.

00:38:45--> 00:39:25

And that is why people had to flee. This is the beginning of Christian persecution by other Christians, right, Constantine forced everybody who disagreed to either you know, be killed with a sword or get out of here. So areas who was the main opponent of Constantine in areas did not believe in the Trinity areas did not believe in the divinity of Jesus Christ areas, his version of Christianity is very similar to Islam. Very similar, and areas was the main opponent of Constantine areas had to run away and go down south and it is said that he went down to what is now a bit senior. And it is said, therefore, that the ruler of every senior was aware of it is called the area

00:39:25--> 00:40:00

in the creek area and Creek as areas is the name of the person. So this is beginning throughout medieval times the church killed and I'm not exaggerating, millions of people, the Catholic Church. No, we're not talking about Jews. We're talking about fellow Christians. Right. The Roman Catholic Church could not tolerate dissent. Before Martin Luther, they already had started killing there were so many different groups that came about at that time. There was a group called the the Huguenots the Huguenots in the 13th century. 10s of 1000s

00:40:00--> 00:40:44

people killed. This is before Martin Luther, the the anabaptist as well in Denmark and whatnot. Again 20 30,000 people killed the the the the wars that took place between the Catholics and the Protestants. Even Martin Luther had to run away. Why did Martin Luther run away and go to Switzerland because the Roman Catholics wanted to kill him. Right? This is not intolerance of another religion. This is intolerance of their own religion. And it is ironic that somebody like even john Locke, john Locke is 1689 6090 or so, john Locke is the main intellectual whom the founding fathers of this country read. And American Political Science is basically lockean in

00:40:44--> 00:41:24

nature, how we view or how America views political sciences from john Locke, john Locke's writings, were read by Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin, Adams all over them, they read john Locke, and they consider him to be the greatest philosopher of the time, john Locke is actually criticizing his fellow Christians for their intolerance. Right? And he's saying that why don't you look at the Ottomans with the Turks, he called them, the Turks allow people of different sects and different faiths to come and live. Why do you have to be intolerant amongst yourselves? Look, he is putting the Ottomans as the role model, can you believe this? Right? This is john Locke writing that why

00:41:24--> 00:41:38

don't you look at the Turks. And he's writing it at a time when, of course, people are not being tolerant of other types. As you know, our founding fathers were why would Why did they come to America? Why did they flee because of religious persecution? Who was persecuting them?

00:41:39--> 00:42:17

People have their own background, right? And therefore, john Locke is writing that, why don't you look at the Turks, they allow people of all different Christianity's all different Creed's Jews to come and live amongst them. And this is an amazing testimony where she hit the shadowman earlier we can say, right, this is an amazing testimony about the reality of how the [???]ty abuse, the the the freedom of other faiths. Also in this treaty, getting back to the treaty, now, we notice an interesting point. And that is the semi independence of every single group of people, the Profit System said they are their own oma, they take care of themselves, we're not going to interfere. The

00:42:17--> 00:43:00

Muslims are their own oma and of course, the processor is going to solve their issues and the mushy corner their own. And this is amazing, because what the process is giving them is is giving them all most independence within the state of Islam, almost independence, you are responsible for yourself, you're responsible for your own affairs, your positives and your negatives, right, your crimes and your issues, all of it will be dealt with internally. However, the process of said when it comes to the issues of the state, when it comes to the issues of the entire community. Now, we are one group. And therefore, some have said and these are all modern terms, so to try to read them back because it

00:43:00--> 00:43:40

has its positives and negatives. Some have said that the system of the Profit System is a federalist system. By by this, what is the Federalist system, that basically there's semi independence, right? The Profit System was not going to get involved in the affairs of the Jews, he wasn't going to get involved in the affairs of the idol worshippers, he there are semi independent, unless they have an affair that is domestic in nature, if an external threat comes, then we will be united. That's what the process of said, if the pagans attack, we will be united, and everyone will send forth its army or its troops or its financing, we will all come together. And it is true to say that this type of

00:43:40--> 00:44:22

government was unique in the world at the time. It is true to say this, right. And there's an element of truth, therefore, that this type of concept was later exported to other places and areas and then things developed from there. As as I already said, so the type of government that the process of instituted was one that was pretty minimal when it came to the state getting involved in the direct affairs of the quote unquote, citizens, right? Because that will be independent upon every single tribe. And that's a very interesting notion, which is, as I said, similar, even a little bit to how America has the various states, if you like even right, divine, you will be dealt

00:44:22--> 00:44:34

with the states. Of course, in those days, there weren't states there were tribes and so the chieftain of the tribe will take care of his own internal affairs, and the Prophet system will take care of the entire area of Medina.

00:44:35--> 00:45:00

Another Of course, benefit we already know this for now, it doesn't matter if you're a Muslim or a non Muslim, if you do an injustice or wrong a voting, you're not going to be protected. If you steal, if you cheat, if you lie, the prophet system said even if they are a Muslim, anybody who does a crime or a sin, then he shall be dealt with simply being a Muslim will not get you off the hook. And he actually did the part of the treaty says all of the most

00:45:00--> 00:45:33

will be united against him. No one can shelter a murder. No one can shelter a criminal, somebody who has committed a crime. Everybody has to unite against the crime, regardless of whether they're a pagan or Muslim or a Jew, it doesn't matter. Crime is crime, regardless of the, regardless of the religion of the one who committed again, these are novel ideas for the time, it was unheard of for the time, the prophet system is being very forward thinking in this regard, of course. Another thing that some people have derived here from this treaty,

00:45:34--> 00:46:19

is the fact that the Prophet system accepted the legal norms and the customs of every tribe. In Arabic, this was called the oath, he accepted the order for the legal customs of every tribe, as long as it did not conflict with the Sharia. And he allowed the tribes to deal with their own internal laws, as long as it didn't conflict with the laws of the media. And of course, one of the primary principles of our religion. I've said this before, every one of you should be aware, there are five major providers or rules of physics that govern There are five major rules that govern all the one of them is a load of former haccombe. And that is, in the absence of a shutter a ruling, the

00:46:19--> 00:47:01

culture of a people will be given precedence. In the absence of a shutter, a ruling the culture, how they typically interact with one another, this will be given precedence and taking into account a little more haccombe how people interact with one another. The shediac, in fact, does take this into account. And I've given some examples of this in previous talks that that we get about the serum. Now, from this treaty. Let us now take a look back and see what exactly has occurred since the arrival of the Prophet system. When the Prophet system comes, the first thing that he does is he builds a message. And the message is, of course, the basis of the fundamental of religion reminds

00:47:01--> 00:47:44

him of the purpose of life. He then establishes the bonds between them, well, hydrocodone and the answer, firstly, even before the treaty by physically pairing them together, right, the more alcohol we talked about that, the more Aha, literally pairing them together. And then the third point, he then makes this entire treaty, where he ratifies the status of the main on the status of the who the status of every single group, and he then forms the first Islamic State or the first if you like Federation, and how it will interact with one another. There's more to be said, inshallah, we'll continue but we have a respected guest over here. So we want to hand the floor over to him and to

00:47:44--> 00:47:53

Dr. Bashar to be able to tell us about a project that they're doing that every one of us should be involved in. So inshallah we will resume next Wednesday with another show.

00:48:23--> 00:48:24

Santa Monica, my current law,

00:48:26--> 00:48:30

as Dr. Stone is setting up is our display

00:48:31--> 00:49:20

would like first to welcome him and and all of you probably know, sure all of you know who productive stone is. Pastor Steve stone is the pastor of our neighbor church at the heart song and and from day one from before this building was erected. And when we had just purchased a piece of land and we were just nervous coming into the neighborhood, we all know how pastor stone put a banner out there just before heart song that we just drive by every morning and every night and it says heart song church welcomes the Memphis Islamic Center through the neighborhood. And that just started a friendship that day by day just getting into a new level and a new horizon. Ramadan before

00:49:20--> 00:50:00

last, this building was not completed and and we wanted a place to pray in and graciously. Dr. Stone opened the doors of the church and many of you actually most of the people that I the faces that I see here, we were praying at heart song and you all know how that friendship not only resonated in our congregation and in their congregation, but it also went national sort of in today's term went viral. And a lot of people started talking about it and then went International. And then before we know it, we had messages from all over the world. We had TV crews from Bahrain and Uganda and and people are in

00:50:00--> 00:50:01

Interested in this friendship?

00:50:02--> 00:50:13

Now this friendship is hamdulillah All Praise be the beta allies is getting actually stronger and stronger and we have started

00:50:15--> 00:50:32

a project together and I would like to, to present Steve to let you know about where we are many of you probably know about some of the the general outlines of the project. But I want him to talk about this because, to be honest, this was his his dream and his

00:50:33--> 00:50:49

his thought and and we were just very happy to go along with this beautiful right. So Steve, welcome and in your own place, and thank you, thank you. It makes me laugh to say it was my dream, my dream was a couple of swing sets and a grill and

00:50:51--> 00:51:36

this thing is really taken off. Now that the the foundation has been formed from people from heart, song and micc have come together and and we're now recognized 501 c three by the state of Tennessee and the IRS and all this and and it's an amazing project that continues to develop and unfold this drawing here. And we've got brochures, if any of you haven't had a chance to get one, I want you to have one because it's got a picture of this in there and talk some about the philosophy of the park and why we're doing this together, we're trying to create opportunities for people of all races, cultures and faiths to make friends, just to be good neighbors to each other, the project is going

00:51:36--> 00:52:16

to be about eight acres, there's approximately four acres on the south side of the road that the foundation has bought. There's about four acres on the north side of the road. And one of the key parts of this project is that circle in the middle, I don't know if you can see the purple circle right there in the middle. That's a tunnel, which we hope to build under Humphrey road, so that all of this is one Park, the perimeter will be fenced, so that no child or family can cross the road, you won't be able to you'll have to go through the tunnel. And the other thing is to make sure everybody knows this is not to parks. This is not a heart song Park and an MSc Park. This is one

00:52:16--> 00:52:18

Park and we want it to be one experience.

00:52:20--> 00:53:08

But we're in the process now of trying to get our act together so we can begin to approach some foundations and corporations that we hope will help us fund this this is about a $5 million project. And we want it to be a world class monument to friendship that even if people never get to come here across the world, they know there is such a thing as a park dedicated to friendship and the whole idea for it came from not just our friendship, but how our friendship caught the imagination of the whole world. You know, we continue to hear from people across the globe about this they want to know about it and talk with us about it. So that's where this whole thing came from. And we've got this

00:53:08--> 00:53:15

big event coming up Saturday you want to Yeah, so Saturday in number one, don't panic, the $5 million is not coming from

00:53:17--> 00:53:19

nor, nor heartsong.

00:53:20--> 00:53:20

Relax.

00:53:22--> 00:54:04

So what we're doing is we're applying for different grants, different foundations that actually want to support projects like that, but and then they actually give in the millions many of you probably are familiar with Shelby Farms in the playground there costs about about four and a half million dollars. And it's all donated by different foundations and and there's a lot of support nationally and internationally for projects like this, of course we have to do the initial work, purchasing that land and showing that the community is interested invested in a project is really a condition for those for those foundations to to buy into it. If we don't believe in it, they they're not going

00:54:04--> 00:54:47

to believe in it. If we don't support a project like that they're not going to support that with millions. Usually they would want us to kind of do the initial work do the do some of that and then show how vested and how interested we are in it. I'm not going to speak too much about this because because this Saturday we have a beautiful event that's happening we're going to have a picnic a combined picnic heartsong MMIC and actually we're inviting guests from other congregations all over town to come and showcase this and show our friendship physically and literally in front of everyone and then show our support and to the project and I'm very positive that all of us supported because

00:54:47--> 00:54:59

this is not just going to be next door to us where we are going to enjoy it and heartsong is going to enjoy this this beautiful monumental Park and it will be really available literally tomorrow.

00:55:00--> 00:55:10

our children and our families, that this means a lot more. And he can bring a lot more to our community. It's it's both congregations putting back to the community and showing our friendship.

00:55:12--> 00:55:23

Today's Saturday picnic, it's going to be on May the fifth on Saturday, we started at noon, and it's going to go for two to three hours, they will be food,

00:55:24--> 00:55:48

high quality, and you know, some of the vendors that are providing that a very dear brother to us and among others, there will be games for the children, there will be a lot of activities, and we would like to invite all of you to really show the support. So I don't know if any, I don't I should have said wants to comment on this a little bit. You know.

00:55:50--> 00:56:32

Actually, yesterday, I was invited to the Memphis Rotary Club, to give a talk there. The Rotary Club is a club of very influential leaders of the Memphis community. I was pointed out a number of people who were CEOs of companies and PBS and the owner of commercial appeal, everybody was there just pointing out into so this is like a room of who's who of Memphis and I was invited to speak, basically. And somebody asked a very deep and a very difficult question, which basically, it was about how tense the relations are between Muslims and between Americans. And to respond to that question I simply pointed out, yes, people can make a difficult, but they can also make it easy. And

00:56:32--> 00:57:15

I gave the example of heart song, and an MSc. And I gave a very passionate defense and plea of the fact that this is the way forward for America. And the fact that this genuine hospitality sparked a worldwide positive attention. And frankly, we firmly both of us firmly believe that, when there is that sincerity, then you know, and God is going to bless that, that that's the whole point, that what you do something genuinely and sincerely that illustrate that I will accept that and give reward for it. And this is the reward that we saw that the entire community of this country have this land of even international news agencies came in and they showed a positive sign. And when I

00:57:15--> 00:57:53

gave that defense, basically, the entire audience erupted in applause. Later on, somebody commented that they've never seen the regular guide, and they've never seen the entire Rotary Club, these are big shots here than that, you know, break up in applause at the response to a question, like the first time it happened, like, you know, when I ended, the point was that, once again, it was about this cooperation that we have, I firmly believe that this type of project is going to place Memphis squarely on the map of North America, that there's no project quite like this anywhere else in North America. And it's something that we should be very humbled and proud of that something so small,

00:57:53--> 00:58:25

that nobody ever thought that something like this would become a national attention or bring about so much positive. Nobody ever thought this now here we have a $5 million park that we're all going to benefit from a minister is going to be right here, you know, in fact, is probably going to help us not having to do any of the things in our land, and you will not have to think so we're gonna save some of that money. guys think about it that way too. Right? We won't have to do things over here, because they're right here where they're literally across the door from us. I think, honestly, it's, it doesn't require any of these common sense here. This is a cause that there's nothing but

00:58:25--> 00:58:56

good in it for us, for our community and neighbors, for the people around us for the image of Christian Muslim relations, this is something that's fed out of Haram is positive inshallah. So I hope that whatever we can do to help out and like we all said, we're not going to raise the money, but we do have to show the support. And when these big corporations, they, they they don't just throw their money out, they want to see that you're sincere and dedicated, in order to show us that the, in order to show them what we're doing, you know, we need to basically have our act together, we need to show there's community support, I'm sure that we're gonna have to raise a little bit of a

00:58:56--> 00:59:12

kernel to get it all started enrolling, we've already done a little bit of that, but inshallah the bulk of the money is going to be coming from many corporations in this regard. So child to do what we can to help out and I'm very positive that this will become a beacon of light for the entire community.

00:59:15--> 00:59:19

I mean, all of that well said and, you know, the park, we're gonna have this.

00:59:21--> 00:59:35

The brochures, have some of the details. This is just sort of the beginning of the dream, there's waterpark, there's different features for the children, for the family, for the adults, to have fun to play, to interact, there's a cultural center, all of these great ideas

00:59:36--> 00:59:59

Sharla God Willing will happen and happen very soon. Again, we have to stick together we have to show the support. So I invite you not just to come there but just to get on the phone and, and invite your friends invite your your Muslim, Jewish Christian, all your friends to bring him with you to show them what this is all about and to get their support for that.

01:00:00--> 01:00:46

We have to raise some money for that and but but really $1 raised for this project is going to bring a probably $100 for from sponsorship for for corporations, but we just have to do our role. Just come and have fun look at it and doesn't hurt if you bring your checkbook with you, but but you know, just but come anyway, with without it. You know, you're welcome, bring your friends, bring your children and inshallah Let's continue our friendship. I don't know if Steve, if you had any, any other words to say, No, just just that we continue to be honored and humbled to be your friends. And for that, to be such great well received news in the community, which is most important because

01:00:46--> 01:01:36

that's where we live, but then nationally and internationally. The response we've gotten from day one, we had hoped, maybe 51%, we prayed like 51% like what we're doing, it was over 90% that like what we do, and so it shows the hunger in the world for friendship and so to be a part of that have it right here is as Yasser said, it's a tremendous blessing to all of us. zachman law, thank you very much, we're gonna, we're gonna post this up, back there. So but but please feel free to get a brochure we have plenty of them. So take take all all you need, give to your friends, really let the word go out, come out in your workplace and your family, whoever you think of this is a very

01:01:36--> 01:01:47

positive thing. We're 100% behind it. And I hope you will also be 1,000% behind it. Thank you very much. I know it's time for prayer. So I don't want to hold things up too much.

01:01:49--> 01:01:50

We have time for q&a.

01:01:52--> 01:01:54

Do you have q&a about this at all for us a

01:01:57--> 01:01:59

round of applause for Steve soda?

01:02:06--> 01:02:07

For sure.

01:02:09--> 01:02:19

So we have around 10 minutes left for Asia inshallah. So three points starting the next phase. So any questions and others we did the Jews and non Muslims.

01:02:28--> 01:03:12

They were forced to, there was no question of it. And then they signed the treaty. They agreed to the treaty. Right. So there was a sense of the majority of the people of Medina wanted the profitsystem to be in charge, the majority of the people that were now at this time, the majority were already Muslim by this time. So the hood cannot stop that from happening. And so he is negotiating on their behalf. And he's also remember, there were there was also a sense of optimism, even from them, because they were tired of the Civil War. And that's again, as I said, that Allah gifted the Prophet system with that Civil War. But even the hood had been fighting amongst

01:03:12--> 01:03:19

themselves. Remember, there was Civil War, even amongst them, that two of them were on one side and one of them was on the other side. And therefore, because of this,

01:03:20--> 01:03:48

at that point in time, there was no outright opposition, no sign of hostility. In fact, if you look at the earliest revelations, at that period of time, they seem to be very upbeat and positive about the hood and then a solder right? The first half of suitable color for example, right in the denominator Latina had the one the solder saw the woman at a bit level human, you know, so Eliza is

01:03:49--> 01:04:02

telling the who that there's many flavors you were the best people once upon a time we chose you stuff are commanded. I mean, you know, a lot of soldiers is for bellicum either either mean multiple times he says as soon as that bacala right. So clearly there's this sense of

01:04:03--> 01:04:30

here is your profit you've been waiting for this time takes up who first alone knew that wouldn't happen. But the Profit System was hopeful that it would happen that is very clear from the zero that the profitsystem himself was optimistic. And he expected them to convert like Abdullah bin Salaam and there were a few others as well. And then slowly but surely, things began to sour and things became more and more difficult to finally what happened happened. So that's a separate case. Yes.

01:04:31--> 01:04:33

3d in terms of this, like

01:04:40--> 01:04:40

outside

01:04:42--> 01:04:44

your focus,

01:04:46--> 01:04:50

like establishing like, my building a bad church churches or

01:04:53--> 01:04:59

so, from a we need to discuss this in two different ways. Number one, what does classical folk say? No

01:05:00--> 01:05:34

too, is this one of those areas where there's room for change or not? Right? As for the first issue, what does classical physics say, by unanimous consensus, the the keytab, are allowed to worship in Islam, and the hood can have their synagogues, the Christians can have their churches and we do not interfere. Even if they practice what we would consider shift inside those churches, we're not going to interfere, after all, they will worship on a Sunday morning, they will make dua to him, they will call out to Him. This is their, this is their right to do as long as it's within their churches.

01:05:36--> 01:06:19

Also, they're allowed to, according to this, what the President said, in fact, this is what the Ottomans continued to have it up until the 1860s or so the middle that system, I forgot to mention, or we didn't have time, the Ottomans literally had something just like this called the middle let system. And the middle, that system basically said that the sharing of the yahood will be their own [???]ty Aha. And the Christians will have their own. So Family Law, by the way, Indian Israel still have these two, sorry, Indian Israel are the only two countries in the world where these policies are still there some what. And that is, depending on your religion, you must declare your religion,

01:06:20--> 01:06:29

depending on your religion, you will have different family laws, different civil laws, different Divorce Laws, not different criminal laws, by the way, in Israel than in India.

01:06:30--> 01:07:09

If you're Muslim, your family laws will be taken to as Islamic calling. And if your policy if you're Christian will be different ones, you know, and in Israel as well, if you're not even just if you're orthodox versus conservative, you will be going to different court systems, right. And this type of philosophy, and a little bit of it, of course, I'm not comparing apples and oranges, but the Profit System had it in that they have a separate system. So classical filter, definitely they had that freedom. Now, the issue right now, there were also some restrictions of the restrictions is you cannot proselytize, you cannot convert others to the faith, right? Of those restrictions, you cannot

01:07:09--> 01:07:10

blast feed in public.

01:07:12--> 01:07:22

Right, what you say in your churches, that there is no law and Mercy Hospital law that's in your church, you cannot go to the public marketplace, and then say the same thing over there.

01:07:24--> 01:07:52

Nor can you make is desirable, and His Messenger what not this is not allowed, right. So there's not ultimate freedom of expression. And freedom of expression was curtailed. And as you know, classical has the penalty for sublicensable Russell to be part of this is there is no question about this, that the the books of Philip have this and there are very strong reasons for them to do so. Now the question arises, do we have room for

01:07:53--> 01:08:07

fine tuning? These types of laws are not here we have a spectrum. Here we have a spectrum of opinion. And this is beyond the scope of myself or anyone out of them, but any major odium of our times are having their positions about this. And

01:08:08--> 01:08:20

I mean, I don't mind saying this, I know some of you will not like this, but this is my position, take it or leave it, that when it comes to these types of laws, it doesn't make sense to apply them in a nation state.

01:08:21--> 01:09:01

Because sub law he was truly he is something that deals with multiple factors, right, and proselytization and speaking out publicly about your faith, it deals with multiple factors, one of them being the supremacy of Islam. Now, if you have a country that is not judging by the laws of Islam, but rather by a secular democracy, let's say right, whether that's good or not, is a whole different issue. But I'm saying this is the status quo. I'm Pakistani by ethnicity, my parents are from Buxton, right? Pakistan, we can call it Islamic Republic, we all know that the laws of the country are a mixture of British laws and French laws and a little bit of shady out here and there,

01:09:01--> 01:09:10

right? This is the reality for this country to have a system of blasphemy laws. So little bit

01:09:11--> 01:09:44

circular in logic, it doesn't make sense, because it's not based on fully the idea. It is a somewhat secular nation in that the rights of a Christian and a Jew and a Muslim and a Hindu in Pakistan will be the same. Whereas in classical Islamic law, that's not the case. The rights of the Muslim are different and the rights of the others are different. So you see, my point here is that very frankly, this is such an emotional question. People don't want to even listen to dairy. The minute you mentioned something like this, they become a little bit,

01:09:45--> 01:09:53

you know, riled up and angry. But I'm being very frank here that if we had a perfect Islamic system, that is one thing, but we don't,

01:09:54--> 01:09:59

we don't have anywhere in the world up and running. We have attempts to do so. If this is the case, then

01:10:00--> 01:10:41

People like product Ramadan, like others are asking for we're looking into these things and rethinking them through even Kobo, he has many photos about this regard about the minority rights, that, frankly, a lot of his fatawa are modern HD heads, right? They don't come from classical fit, but he's giving them much more freedom and laxity than are found in classic books. Why? Because modernity calls for it. Right? So this is one of those areas that I believe we do need Ruda to come together and pronounce what is allowed and what is not allowed. In the meantime, it's a theoretical issue, because we in here in America are not calling for such a radical change, right. But classical

01:10:41--> 01:11:06

fit, without any doubt, it allows Christians and Jews the right to be Christian and Jews, and the right to not be interfered with in their rituals and their worship, and even their shed. Yeah, which is, in fact, much more than what, like here in the West, we cannot have Islamic Courts. Right? If you think about it, the that guarantee and right, is more important than the right to blasphemy in public. Right. Think about it.

01:11:07--> 01:11:20

And so the shady as giving them more rights than what modern Western nations give to their minorities, Jonah, someone was saying here, back and forth, right. Any question from the sisters? Okay, for the boys.

01:11:37--> 01:12:19

In his health, and others do not mention any suburb any context for this treaty had been as half says that the the question was, was there anything that sparked this treaty. And one of the problems, as I said, is that this treaty is in fact, not even mentioned by many of the early books, so much so that even great medieval scholars that came up with that have been able to claim and others, they barely just gloss over it. And it seems as if many people did not appreciate or understand the importance of this treaty. Right. Therefore, even the classical books, even sadder than others hardly mentioned it. Right. And I'll walk with you hardly mentioned that. So it's only

01:12:19--> 01:12:32

mentioned in its entirety by urbanists. How, and it is mentioned in bits and pieces by others. And therefore, it seems that Allah knows best that the significance of the treaty was not fully appreciated.

01:12:33--> 01:13:07

I think we because we're living at a time when this is such a sensitive issue. And we're wondering about how should we run countries and what is the rights of minorities or whatnot for us to find this treaty is very heartening is very optimistic is very good. So we find so much to benefit from, but for the people in early Islam, I guess for them, it just seemed like a long list, which as I said, it is a very complicated list, and they couldn't find much benefit. Allahu Adam, your question is one that I have not found any reason or answer to in the books. What was the reason why the system did it? It's just for scientists this seems to be wisdom.

01:13:10--> 01:13:10

Doesn't sound like

01:13:12--> 01:13:14

the constitution for the view

01:13:25--> 01:13:25

of

01:13:27--> 01:13:58

the year who'd lived inside the house, most of them there were a few settlements outside but the bulk of the hood we're inside the eye and throat our huge distance even if you go by car. It will take you at least 2025 minutes by car. It's not a small distance, right. And Medina to Holloman McBain Aden with all right and I even thought are literally opposites apart. I is behind mountain or hood and so is

01:13:59--> 01:14:12

beyond beyond Cobra almost. So from the mountain of Ohio to basically over this is a huge distance. The bulk of the people lived within this and there were small pockets outside of it. So there was no

01:14:15--> 01:14:16

no no, no

01:14:22--> 01:14:29

no, no this there was no such thing as a signing is a modern thing. People didn't sign their names on anything back then. Signing is a modern thing.

01:14:30--> 01:14:35

Well, it doesn't seem to be any. There doesn't seem to be any negotiation seems to be an agreement

01:14:36--> 01:14:39

and agreement between all of the parties. So his

01:14:49--> 01:14:49

law

01:14:55--> 01:14:57

you guys really want controversial questions today, huh?

01:15:00--> 01:15:10

Well, I mean, I know don't shy away from controversy. I believe that if we phrase questions intelligently and responses intelligent, we have nothing to be, you know, worried about.

01:15:11--> 01:15:15

The profits are set up. There's a hadith in Bukhari and Muslim that.

01:15:16--> 01:15:59

The Prophet system on his deathbed said, Richard yahuda Wanda Saad, I'm interested in Arab. Right? On his deathbed. He said this, that I wish to get the alikat up out of Jazeera to the Arab. But he didn't actually do it, because he's on his deathbed. And so basically, aboubaker was too busy during the wars. That was it. So Omar, Abdullah hapa was the first person to actually put this into the law, ie to execute it, right to execute it. And he put a number of conditions that the advocate app can only come number one, if somebody invites them in, they need the permission to come, right. Number two, they must come temporarily. They must come temporarily for business or whatnot, they

01:15:59--> 01:16:09

cannot be permanent over there. And he also allowed by the way for them to be non free slaves, he can also come in remember who is the one who killed her motivated hottap?

01:16:12--> 01:16:22

Alma juicy, how was he a Medusa in Medina, because he was a slave. And so they weren't that strict with the slaves in this regard. So classical,

01:16:23--> 01:16:50

therefore took this hadith after the Jew who the when the Sodom and Jews minges, a little Arab, and the shaffir is and the mother keys and the humble is all agreed that the Le keytab cannot permanently reside in Jersey little Adam. They may temporarily go and then there's a trade off between the three To what extent How long can they actually enter Mecca and Medina?

01:16:51--> 01:17:32

Because Eliza just says in the Quran, in the realm of shokunin, edusson fadda, horrible msgid wilhelma by the army him Haha, this isn't suited to Toba. Right? And that's the last big surah to be revealed. Basically, one of the last suitors not the last one of the suitors that that the most frequent are nudges. So fella horrible masjidul Hold on, let them not come close to masjidul how long after this year goes by? Right? So we have this ayah which says much to that how long. And then we have the Hadith which is 100 and Jazeera 10 out of and so the hamburgers, for example, they made a turkey between the two. And they said mustard and how long they can never enter.

01:17:34--> 01:17:48

And the juicy little out of they can enter with conditions. And this is the predominant opinion. Right? And so by the way to this day, you can be a Christian and you engender in thought if and hold button demand. Right?

01:17:49--> 01:18:24

But when you're driving to market there is a big sign. Hmm, this is a big sign and they check how the shorter the fish What do they check, they check it karma, which basically says what what is your religion, right? So this is the position of the humbling metab and the Shafi is I'm also sure have similar thing with think Allahu Alem. They allowed even the mystic to enter the advocate tab to enter for a reason for a reason to Mecca and Medina. And the only method that disagreed completely with the entire premise is the Hanafi madhhab. And they have their reasons and they said that

01:18:26--> 01:18:29

they may enter Mecca and Medina unconditionally.

01:18:31--> 01:18:47

So then the if the love comes, what is Jazeera? Toronto? This is the whole tariff. Every book or film discusses what is juicy little apple? Right? And in fact, believe it or not, no, this is not the majority opinion that Yemen is not.

01:18:48--> 01:18:54

Exactly, yes. And so the majority opinion is that my bad JB lt hammer is not just a little hot up.

01:18:55--> 01:18:57

Write and that is beyond

01:18:58--> 01:19:03

tiama. Okay, so juicy data out of itself isn't enough. What is juicy data out of

01:19:05--> 01:19:47

a very important personality in the modern country of Saudi Arabia has the position that the entire Arabian peninsula is suited to doubt him. So he was asked a question about quotes. And he gave a response about quotes. Because from his perspective, this entire Peninsula is just lifted out. But this was not the majority opinion. And the majority opinion basically would say jersey that out of is more like central Arabia. He just called halogen McCullough Jawaharlal Giustra democracy, because even when he said this there, were you in Yemen. So even when he said the Salalah, who said that they were in Yemen. In fact, they were not even any Yemen was just under the Islamic State. Right?

01:19:47--> 01:19:59

And they continue to live there up until recently. Correct. So Allahu Akbar them and with great respect to this person, but I don't agree with that position. In its demean

01:20:00--> 01:20:02

It's complete. You know,

01:20:03--> 01:20:28

extrapolation and Allah knows best. But again, this is what I have to also say this is legitimate enough. And we have these opinions. There were scholars who said the entire Peninsula, from Bahrain and Oman and Nigerian and everything is just to get that out of there were scholars, it's not a modern opinion. And this is an activity that we're never going to solve, how are you going to solve this? You're always going to have the spectrum of opinion about what is just below them

01:20:30--> 01:20:31

regarding

01:20:39--> 01:20:45

So, the issue comes now, or the allocator. Could foreign machine,

01:20:46--> 01:20:54

this is a whole different issue, you're bringing up a whole other controversy. And as for them being too far, there is no question that they are,

01:20:55--> 01:20:57

in our terminology of

01:20:59--> 01:21:01

the allocate tab or a subset.

01:21:03--> 01:21:07

calling them allocate out doesn't mean that they are not, they are, right.

01:21:08--> 01:21:09

A large Zoo just says,

01:21:11--> 01:21:14

careful, not just luck of the coverage in the photo, but

01:21:16--> 01:21:43

when we're going into the coffee room in a little kitabi. Well, Michigan is the I was thinking of lemmya coonan Latina car photo from two categories mean a little kitabi. Well, mushrikeen so as Nikita, Wilma, she can put together our Aleynikov photo, okay. Also the issue of sharing, there is no question that Trinity is not to hit an entity that's not to hate us. And therefore,

01:21:44--> 01:21:54

so, this ayah has not been understood to apply only to pagans, because these groups also have committed conferenza.

01:21:55--> 01:22:30

But in any case, this is theoretical for us to be discussing in Memphis, right? We are splitting hairs here, what they decide is their decision. And honestly, I have been asked this as well. And I am not somebody to shy away from controversy. I'm very frank, because you know, and I say, look, Jani, what their position is whether it's valid or invalid, we are not calling for it. In America, we're not asking for it to be implemented anywhere. And it's not relevant to us as as a minority. It's not relevant to us. It's not and I think we do ourselves a disservice when we try to take on every single cause around the world. You know, Allah didn't ask you to defend everything around the

01:22:30--> 01:22:59

world, we have our own problems to deal with, right. And you if somebody honestly, I've been asked this question, I say, well go ask the Grand Mufti of Saudi Arabia. I mean, that is his interpretation in his field. I'm not saying it's right or wrong. But I'm not the one propagating it. And I'm not I'm not, I don't have to support it. Because it's not relevant to me. I'm not criticizing, but I'm not supporting that's position they have to do they have to justify and they have to answer. But I will tell you from Islamic film, that and by the way, this is something even I disagree with with this is that

01:23:01--> 01:23:06

it depending on how you understand, just use that out. That's the whole issue here. Right?

01:23:07--> 01:23:46

If you understand, just use that Optimus central Arabia. What this means, therefore, is that outside of juicy data out of IE peripheral Arabia, you may build churches and synagogues. Correct? Because the rules of Islam clearly say that they may have their places of worship. Correct. There was only one exception that just didn't allow. There's only one exception from the three main hubs. The Hanafi is don't even have this. So if you're Hanafi, which, if you are then hollers, you say, Look, that's not my fifth position, end of story, right? It's the that's his school of law, not my school of law, right? I don't I don't believe this position. But even if you're not within the Shafi humbly

01:23:46--> 01:24:26

and medically schools, if you follow the position that jersey with an Arab is a particular region within the peninsula, then what is outside of this region, ie, Nigerian or completely for or, or demand or something that then you will say, those rulings don't apply over there. Right. And that's a whole other issue. But again, this is theoretical, not relevant to us here in in Memphis and Charlotte, with those very controversial questions today for some reason you guys wanted modern political science. So inshallah sad announcement from my part, actually, maybe it's not so sad. I don't know. We only have two weeks left to the Sierra. We're going to be having our summer break.

01:24:27--> 01:24:54

And I'll be going to Houston for June. And then when I come back in July, there's only two months for Ramadan. So we'll do something for Ramadan. So we'll have two more weeks of Sierra and then the school is finishing. So many of you are also going as well. So in June, we won't be having the Sierra and then in July we'll announce some programs for Ramadan. So we will be resuming sera inshallah after Ramadan but we have still two weeks don't just still two weeks left inshallah.