Seerah – 25 The Covenant of Women And War Protection

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Yasir Qadhi

Channel: Yasir Qadhi

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Topics: Women

Episode Notes

Shaykh Yasir Qadhi divulges details on the treaty of Aqabah in this amazing video.

2 years before the Hijrah, 10 people from the Khazraj and 2 from the Aws came and met with the Prophet ﷺ and a formal conversion to Islam took place. Ubad ibn Samit was among those who witnessed this first formal covenant called the first covenant of Aqabah.

Ubad Ibn Samit said, “I was of those who participated, and it was the ‘oath of the women'”. This was an oath that had no political connotations. When women converted the Prophet ﷺ only asked them to live good lives and be worshippers of Allah and hence, this oath was called the ‘oath of women’.

The conversion of two people in particular led to a mass conversion. They were the upcoming leaders of the Khazraj – Usayd ibn Hudayr and Sa’d ibn Mu’adh. With the conversion of both, the entire tribe, the Banu ‘Abd al-Ashhal, that was a sub tribe of the Khazraj, converted. And this was the largest mass conversion to happen until then.

There was however one exception – Usayreen who was the only pagan of the tribe of Banu ‘Abd al-Ashhal and he refused to convert. Abu Hurairah RA says, “He is Usayreen of the Banu ‘Abd al-Ashhal. ” He remained firm on his paganism until the day of Uhud. On the morning of this battle he decided to convert, and when he fought his people said, ‘Oh Usayreen we have no need of you’. But he said ‘I am here to fight’. They said, ‘Are you fighting for tribal loyalty, or for Allah and His Messenger?’ They realise victory is from belief in Allah only. So they quiz him and Usayreen said ‘I am now a muslim and I fight for Allah’. And he embraced Islam after Fajr and before Zuhr he died. So the Prophet ﷺ said, “he did very little, but was rewarded a lot, with Jannah”

There were 72 men and 2 women whom the Prophet ﷺ took allegiance verbally. How did this come into being? What were the series of incidents before it culminated in this manner? Listen intently and be mesmerised by Shaykh Yasir Qadhi and his enlightening talk on this aspect.

Episode Transcript

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La Rahim

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al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa salatu salam ala Sayidina Muhammad in Ashraf al anbiya. He was say you do more saline while he was so happy woman to be our home base and in either your Medina ama back.

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Last Wednesday we were talking about the preparation of the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. And we had mentioned that the Prophet system had passed by a group from yesterday. And he asked Who are you small group? He didn't recognize them. And they said, We are from the huzur Raj. And he didn't recognize which has Raj because it's not one of the big tribes. He sat with them, he gave them that power. And they converted and some of them thought of converting, but the point was, there was an openness and they said, Let us think about this affair, and we'll come back the following year. So this is not a formal conversion of all six. It's rather the six people are

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interested in this new religion. Is it something interesting Is it something we should be thinking about or not. And perhaps they converted on the spot perhaps to convert it at when they went back to the city of Medina, of course, remember at this time, Medina is not Medina, Medina is yet Philip Medina is yet it will be called Medina, after the emigration of the Prophet system, he will change it to the name Medina, but now it is called yesterday. So they go back. And for the next year, they simply spread the message that there is this new religion, there's no new Prophet, preaching the message of monotheism of worshipping Allah Subhana, WA tada alone. And the next year, they sent a

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message to the Prophet system that we're coming for hedge are coming for the pilgrimage with 12 people who have converted, these are now converts to the faith. And this is the largest group of converts from outside of Makkah, since the beginning of the Dawa, never have 12 people that sounds so small, but never have 12 people converted from any group outside of Makkah and outside of the kurush. And therefore, in the 11th year of the DAO, remember, we're talking still before the hedgerow, so this is to before hedgerow. In the 11th year of the prophetic preaching 12 people came from the city of yathrib 10 from the hustle Raj, and two from the house 10 from the tribe of the

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hustler Raj, and two from the tribe of the oats, and they met with the Prophet system in the plains of Africa, there was no need to be secret, because there's only 12. And these are just the regular pilgrims coming from from yesterday, unlike the year afterwards is going to change. But now, there is nothing to be 12 people having a conversation with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. Also, we noticed that, for the first time, the hosts and the husband Raj seem to be forgetting about their hostility and coming together under the common platform of Islam. They all send the husbands were enemies of one another, the author and the husband had a civil war between themselves for five years

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in which they had decimated each other's populations. Now this new religion comes and this new religion causes them to forget about the past, it's a positive beginning, Never before have the author and the husband come together for anything. Now for the first time, we see what's going to happen with this new religion of Islam, it will cement bonds, it will overcome that which disunited, the people it will unite them together, nonetheless, is still the beginning. So 10 are from the HUDs, Raj two are from the US. So there's still some familial ties, there's still some tribalism because the first Converse for from where we're the sixth conference on the hazards, and therefore

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the next year, the bulk are still from the hazard edge, it's going to take a while to overcome this split, it's going to take a while, but nonetheless, slowly but surely we see Islam will unite these pagan tribes Islam will come and cause them to forget about their problems in the past. In this meeting of 12 people of Medina of yesterday with the Prophet system, this was the first time a formal conversion took place. And in those days when anybody converted, we already said that they would give an oath to the Prophet system, they would literally place their hand in his hand and they would swear a conversion that they are converting to the new faith and Oba ignaz Psalm. It was one

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of those who witnessed the famous urban Islamic all of you know, the name is very familiar to anybody who reads the Sierra

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Nevada in Islam. It is one of those who attended this first covenant and it is called obviously the first covenant of outcome they add to the after party oola the first covenant of Aqaba don't get confused a lot of people get confused.

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What happened the year before is not called the covenant. The six people who spoke with the prophecy This is not called a beta. Because there was no formal beta. It was just a conversation. And we don't even know that they accept Islam on the spot or did they go back and accept it was simply the opening up of their hearts to Islam. So robot Ignis Ahmed said, He's narrating this himself and this is in body. I was of those who took the first battle rule at Aqaba. The first covenant of acaba is called acaba because one of the areas of Mina is out of Aqaba, this is where the Jamaat are. This is where the three jumbo dots are. And the people of yesterday, their camping spot was close to the

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large jungle, where they said that in those days, even in our days, actually, the entire minute is divided according to geographies, according to ethnicities, right? Even to this day, when you go for Hajj, American pilgrims one area all of us we have one area on Minar. So in those days, every tribe had it so that the tribes of Medina had a small area in Alabama. And this this oath took place on the plains of out of minutes on the plains of Mena in their camp grounds. There's no need for any privacy because the processor is going publicly preaching his message. Nobody needs to care that another few people have converted, even though it was the largest conversion outside of MK so robota

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Ignis Ahmed said I was of those who participated. And it was the oath of the women he called it baotou Nisa, what is baotou Nisa,

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the oath of the women was an oath that had no political connotations is just an oath of morality and theology. because later on the next oath will be an oath of support, an oath of alliances, an oath of political support. And that's a different type of oath. The second beta is not going to be called the oath of women, when women would convert the profitsystem would only ask them to live more unrighteous lives and to be good Muslim worshippers of Allah. So this is called the oath of women because there are no political connotations. There's nothing to do with protecting the prophecies that have nothing to do with if somebody attacks after the event. No, nothing like this. So by That

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said, the first covenant we did, it was like back to NASA. And we swore our allegiance to worship Allah alone. That's the main point of Islam, we're going to give up by our idols, we're going to worship Allah alone, and we're not going to fornicate, we're not going to steal, we're not going to kill our children as they did in these days of jelly, we will not live immoral and unrighteous lives, and we will obey the prophet in all good matters. So he will, we will be basically good Muslims. And remember, at this time, the five prayers have not firmly been established. At this time. zeca has not quite been established at this time. There is no normal bond. At this time, there

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is no hedge. So what do you have to do to be a Muslim? Basically, worship a lot and live righteous lives give up? Not even alcohol because alcohol was banned in the third year of the hijra, right? Still, alcohol has not yet been banned. So what did these early Muslims have to do? Give up fornication and murder and stealing and worship Allah alone. So we all gave him our oath of allegiance, we all gave them our oath of allegiance. One of the

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one of the things of this oath, the process that I've said, Whoever fulfills this, whoever lives a righteous life, his reward will be with Allah, Allah will give you paradise. And whoever falls short and repents, then Allah will forgive you. And if you don't repent, then you might be punished. So basically, it's pure theology. It's pure, simple Islam. You live good lives, you'll get to paradise. You live bad lies, try to make it up and Alo will forgive you. It's a very simple oath. There's no political connotations at all.

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When these 12 converted to Islam, they requested some help in terms of teaching Islam, in terms of somebody to tell them, teach them the Koran. I saw that had not been that relatively legislative course it had been my mistake, the Israel has occurred by this time, the Islamic marriage has occurred. The Salah has been legislated. And so the Prophet system chose out of all of the converts, there were at least 250 converts now. At this stage, at least 250 male converts at least the Profit System chose Mossad, Eben Romain to send it back with them to go to yesterday. He chose Masada been remade, to teach them the Quran, and to lead them in Salah. And it is narrated that within a few

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weeks of Musab reaching yathrib 40 people had converted to Islam within a few weeks and therefore

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The Prophet system told them they may establish Juma Salah.

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And so the very first Friday Prayer ever in the history of Islam was actually not done by the prophets listening. It was done at his command. But in Mecca they couldn't pray in public as you know, in Makkah, they could not pray in public in Makkah, they would have been persecuted and killed. So the very first Friday sermon was delivered by Musab Eben romaine in the house of Assad Urban's Murata, who was the Ansari who host

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who hosted must have. So he was the one who was allowed to live in his house. He had a large house with the large garden, a date palm Grove, and they and this was where the first Juma took place with 40 people now, just a little bit of a tangent here.

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What is the minimum required people necessary for Friday prayer? What is the minimum required people necessary for Friday prayer, the fuqaha are the scholars of filk have differed over this issue. One might have said the minimum is 14.

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And they base it on this narration of Musab an aside have been zorana that the first Juma took place with 14 people. And they say this is their reasoning. The reason why Juma became obligatory upon them was because they reached the number 14.

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But if you really think about it, was it because they reached the number 40 or it just so happened coincidentally, that they were 40 when the process that I'm sent the letter to do drama, you see which of the two ways do you look at it right? And if you really look at it, the process of didn't know how many people had converted, he didn't ask them for a survey. Send me how many people when the number 40 came, He then told them all we have to now do Germano Rather, he gave them the command to do Juma and it just so happened they were 40 This is the humbling method by the way that you have to have 40 people. Therefore according to the humbling method, if you have 39 men, you should not

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pray Juma. Right, this is one opinion of the humbling method. This is obviously doesn't seem to have very strong academic merit. Other methods say you need to have a large group of people without unspecified number. But the fact of the matter is that there doesn't seem to be any number specified in the Shetty and therefore it goes back to what is the minimal congregation that you need to have. Most scholars say the minimal congregation consists of three people one of whom is the Mmm. So if you have two people according to this opinion, then you may you should do Juma. If you only if you have two people at an Imam then you should do Juma and according to another opinion actually if

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there are two people including the Imam, you should still do Juma. So you have one person give the whole day and you have Mashallah one person in attendance, right. And then you should also give Juma so there is an afterlife amongst the scholars a lot who either we need this is something that if there are ever two people multibeam in a place, and they decide to give Joomla shala there is no shortage on them. And if they say you know what, there's only two so we'll wait till we have one more Mashallah to have a Jamaat of three, then that two is good. Somebody will say Has there ever been a Joomla of only two people that you have one person and one one mm and one person following? I

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say to this, I have participated in such a Joomla I have participated in such a Joomla not that one of the people heard that was coming the mystery of this empty Don't worry, that wasn't the case. Rather, when I was a young teenager, this is a personal story. So just going back a little bit when I was 19 years old, I used to work in Freeport, Texas, adult chemical, and there was no messager and there was no more sudden that even there wasn't even a mosque or a masala at the factory over there. And this is in the early 90s I'm sure they have a message now. So I sent out an email to all the Muslim names that I could find. Probably not the wisest thing to do these days but back then it was

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excusable plus my age also excuse this, and Masha Allah subotica lo one person responded

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that call us Let's have Juma. So we showed up at his house expecting a lot of people to come hamdulillah afterwards you know 510 people came but for the first time it was just me and this one brother in the living room of his house because there is no masala no machine. So the only host in my life that I delivered was I was given the hotspot there was one man in front of me and we gave I gave a very short holds but it was very strange hold but then I let the SATA and I'll never forget that. And this was the first jumar in in Freeport I'm sure now they have a message even when I was there over the next few months, more and more people heard this is how you start right does it

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start? So if anybody says Has this ever happened, I actually have witnessed this myself and it is possible none

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The last few key points here occular Juma is a two or three scholars have different and some even say 40 because of us either been zoonotic getting back to the story. Okay, getting back to the story. The Prophet system sent Mossad they've been remade, as we said to yesterday of to Medina. And eventually it is said that every single sub tribe of the ocean has Raj had a household, at least of Muslims. Remember that their Japanese society is divided into sub tribes, and every sub tribe lives in its own subdivision. Because in those days where you lived was where your tribe was. So eventually, there's not a single locality of Medina, except that there's one or more households that

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have embraced Islam. And the conversion of two people in particular led to a mass conversion instantaneous conversion amongst the people of yesterday. And these two were the up and coming leaders of the hazaragi the up and coming leaders in the vacuum created by the words of broth these were aside the binzhou rara and crusade even though they aside even aside ovens, Aurora sorry, SANZAR is the one who, whose housing, whose housing Messiah it is, who say they've been hurt and sad they've been wiped my mistake, will say they've been laid who knows his story. What is the famous about will say they've been flooded. There's a story and Bahati about him.

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Anybody who remembers this story will say that a lady is the one who whenever he recited the Koran, he would see the angels come down to listen to him. This was a they've been told that he would see some light coming down and and listening to him. And he went through the process and he would recite it after you went through the process of saying every time I see these these lights and my animals start getting agitated and I get worried what's going on. The President said these are Sakina two remedies are the peace and the and the the angels have a right man coming to listen to your Koran so basically continue reciting, and then sadly been wired was the second convert, who opened up the

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door for all of the other converts, sadly been wired, who's sadly been wired Who can tell me the famous Hadith about side of his mouth.

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When he died,

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man shook This is sadly been wild. Has it shook out of anger that somebody had killed him? This has sadly been wild, right? So sadly been wired and who say they've been killed. They were close friends, and Musab was preaching in the house of assassins Aurora. Okay. You see, these names already are very different from the production names. This is the madonie names yet they have names, much more ions and much more humble says if you like so we'll say even today it

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will say that bin Laden was sent by Saudi bin was Saddam Hussein are talking. And Syed says to said this new religion has come to our city and my cousin aside, so aside, this is cousin my cousin aside is housing the man who's spreading the faith, who is whose demand

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massage, massage massage is being housed in Medina, right? My cousin is housing this man. Because he's my cousin, I feel awkward going, why don't you go and expel this man from our city, go and get rid of massage because Who is he to come and preach against the religion of our forefathers. And so he went with his spear. This is a sign of war, he went with his spear, he went to the house of Assad. And one side saw him marching with his spear. He said to Musab almost, this is one of our leaders. This is one of the leaders of the village

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getting scared now that he's coming with his his Javelin with His Spirit to come and attack you one of the leaders of the husband, and he may have lost and we're gonna, something's gonna happen here. Right? So when he came, he began speaking in an angry voice and he said, Why have you come to our land? Have you come to brainwash, those are mine, those of us who don't have strong intellect to take our women and children away from our ways, and to convert them to the ways of this new prophet of yours. Go back to where you came from If you value your life. So threat, if you stay here, I'm going to kill you. Go back to where you came from, if you value your life, most responded with a

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calmness and confidence that only a man can bring you and most upset to him.

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Why don't you sit and listen to what I have to say. If you find it agreeable, then good. And if not, then I'll stop. At least listen, I mean, you haven't even heard what I have to say. So he found this to be a very reasonable request. And he sat down and he

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Listen to Musab preached to him the basic message of Islam. It was only after listening to some basic teachings of Islam, that who said, his heart opened up to Islam. And he said, what you have said makes complete sense to me. How does one embrace your faith? coming with the javelin to kill him five minutes later, he's saying, makes sense to me wallets? How do I convert? What do I have to do? And so most have said, Go to hustle and say the Shahada, and pray to God, that's all you have to do. So he washed himself and said the Shahada pray to the gods. And he said, I have a person who has sent me and this has sadly been wired, I have a person who has sent me, if you can convince him of

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this, then you will have no opposition left. If you can convince him what you have just convinced me, you will have no opposition left. I said, Go send him to me. Go send him to me. So we'll say went back to the wife. And Assad saw me sitting with his friends side said this is not the same man who has left us because we're lucky when you leave paganism. And you embrace that in a lot. You You change. When you embrace to hate you change. And sad said this is not the same man that has left something is different about him. This is not the same man that has left us. And he went back to South and he said and sad asked him Did you succeed? Or Sade said, I tried talking to them. But why

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don't you try? Why don't you go and talk to them. So he's trying to get him to go right. And to add some salt, some some urgency, he said, and it has reached me that the tribe of such and such you mentioned under another tribe of Medina, the tribe of such and such has decided to kill a sad because his housing Musab and also because he's your cousin and you're not doing anything. In other words, he's riling up his gi Healy tribalism, and he's saying unless you do something, the other tribe will go kill him now. Where did he get this from? Obviously, we will assume that there was an element of truth that there were rumors that this tribe is going to kill Assad is because aside is

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one housing most of them are made. And so he's basically telling these rumors, just like the father of use of says, I'm worried the wolf is going to eat use of it's not a blatant lie. It's kind of sorta it's kinda sort of stretching the truth. It's a white lie, basically. Right? So he's making a sense of urgency, you better go right now. That makes sure they don't kill him. If anybody kills him, he should be you. That's the point. Right? Make sure they don't kill him or else is gonna become a tribal warfare. So

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sad, became alarmed at this and sad, took his weapons side took his weapons, and he went marching to the house of sided binzhou Rada. And he said to aside, aside, he's speaking to us or not even Mossad now, aside, this is his cousin. Had you not been my cousin. These weapons would not be hanging at my site.

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ie they would be unsheathing out at you. Had you not been my cousin, these weapons wouldn't be hanging out my sights. And it's just because of our blood relationship, that I am not taking this more. But get rid of this guest of yours, get rid of this person and tell him to leave our land and stop spreading his potion amongst us. Mossad took over immediately without even a salary and most upset. Same thing. At least listen to what I have to say. You haven't even listened to what I'm preaching. Sit down and listen to what I have to say. And if you find it agreeable, then good. And if not, then I will stop. I mean, that's a very big condition. But most I gave it a loss. If you

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don't agree, then I'm Don't worry. I'll leave okay. And that's a very big shows his confidence. I mean, it's a bit overconfident. But this is only the confidence of a Sahabi and his email. One of us could not make this this condition but most I've made it because if we if you don't agree, then I'll stop. And so the calmness and the confidence of Musab made Sam think okay, well, that's a valid point. It was the calmness and the confidence that he's not wavering is not frightened. Here's a man who doesn't even care about killing Muslim much his own cousin, he's gonna kill his own cousin. Right. And yet most of his just staring him straight down and speaking with that gentleness and that

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politeness that only a man can bring. And he says, Listen to what I have to say. And once again, he sat him down, and this time he recited sudo su

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Tommy multitemporal movie pseudocolor he recited beautiful recitation we can imagine now, and this completely changed sides. Having heard the Quran because again the Quran is the miracle, it is the miracle, right? And having heard directly from Miss ABS mouth, Sadie been while immediately said how

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How do I convert? Once again? exact same question, how do I convert? Where do I sign? What do I do to get to convert to this faith, and so sadly been wired as well converted to the faith. And with the conversion of sad and Crusade, the entire tribe of the bundle a shallot is called, which is one of the sub tribes of the hazaragi. The entire the entire tribe converted along with them, because these two were their leaders.

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And with their conversion, the tribe automatically had no problems converting within the span of a few weeks, the entire tribe of the bundler shall converted. And that was the largest conversion ever mass conversion up until that point in time with the conversion of these two. And

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by the way, there's one exception there's an interesting story. One person from the tribe did not convert.

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And his story is a tangent as well, but it's very brief. His name was slayed him. A nice lady was the only pagan of the tribe of Bangladesh. For the next four years, two or three years he remained a pagan, and he refused to convert slowly but surely everybody converted or swayed him, remained on his paganism. And then he converted on one particular day, Abu hurayrah used to quiz his students who would say, Who can tell me the name of the man who entered Jenna, when he a while he never prayed one Raka to Allah subhanho wa Taala This is obviously this lady who can tell me the name of the man who entered agenda without having prayed a single Raka and of course the who would not know

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and who would say he is the Society of the battle Abdullah shall This is the sub tribe of Crusade, and he is also a team of the bundle Abdullah shall he remained firm on his paganism until the day of offered until the day of. And on the day of offered on the morning of the Battle of hood, he decided to convert. And when he came to fight in the battle, his people said, Oh, cite him. We have no need of you. You can't fight. You're not a Muslim. We don't we can't have your help. Here. We have no need of you will say to him said, I am here to fight. They said are you going to fight out of tribal loyalty? or out of love for Allah and His messenger? Why are you defending us? Because again,

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they're being attacked by the pagans of Mecca. Are you defending us out of your tribal loyalty? In which case, we don't want you amazing? They are outnumbered three to one. Right? The Croatia 3000. The Muslims are 1000 they're being attacked. But they realize victory comes from sincerity and not from paganism. Victory comes from belief in Allah and not from belief in the idols. So they quiz him. Are you helping? And are you coming to us now? Because you're a member of our tribe, and you feel threatened? Or are you coming to us? Because you love Allah and His messenger? So he said, No, I am now a Muslim I have converted and I want to fight for the sake of Islam. And they took him to

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the profits of the law. Why do you send them the profitsystem quizzed him he embraced Islam he converted he took the Shahada, and he embraced Islam. After selected Nigel, he became a Shaheed before salata vote, and so no Salah ever came at his time. He never had to pray, because there was no salad to pray. And so the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said,

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in wamena, Colleen and JIRA, Kathy era, he did very little, but he was rewarded a lot. We're in the human Alien Agenda, and he is of the people of gender. Because he obviously if the time for Salah had come, he would have prayed, but it's not his fault. He converted at let's say, 9am the chemistry that let's say 11am right, so well how is he going to pray? What's he going to do? So because there was no time to pray, he is the only Sahabi that we know of who converted to Islam and Mashallah died without having ever having prayed a single slider. Nonetheless, getting back to our story, so

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Musab Muslim who made with his Dawa manages to convert a good population and a good amount of the people of yesterday, and therefore, in the second year of Muslims coming, which is the 12th year of the Dawa.

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Rather than 12 people coming, we now have around 75 Muslims, who came to give the back to the Prophet system. And by the way, these are 75 who went and did the hedge. One can imagine for everyone who went there must have been at least two or three who cannot go that year, right? Because again, not everybody goes for hedge every year and so around 75 people

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are actually coming from Medina to Makkah in order to perform the pilgrimage. And these are the ones who undertook the second beta battle aka Sania. And for every one of these, there must be at least two or three more Muslims in Medina. And so in the second year, sorry in the in the 12th year of the Dawa, the 12th year of the Dow, which is one year before the hijra, or to be more precise, it is only a few months before the major because remember, the hijra took place in the beginning of the 13th year

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of the hit of the Dow right and therefore, the hedge is taking place at the end of the 12th year

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and therefore within a few months of the second beta, the hedgerow occurs, remember there is no zero year there's no zero year you have one year before they hit draw then the first year is the year of the time doesn't go zero. So one beat one bH and then you have one Ah, there is no zero. Ah right. So the year of the Hydra is year one, the year of the Hydra is year one and a few months before the Hydra is one this they actually acaba takes place which is in the hijab, the month of the hijab, and the hedgerow took place, as we will, as we mentioned two months after this. So in the 12th, year of the prophethood. Mousavi bin omae returned with around 75 converts. He's been gone for one year, and

00:31:24--> 00:31:30

in one year, he manages to convert a minimum a minimum of 250 to 300 people.

00:31:31--> 00:31:55

This is the largest group of Congress outside of Makkah, and they are now rivaling in quantity, the Muslims of Mecca. Parallel Why did the people of yesterday have embraced Islam so quickly? When the people of Morocco were so stubborn that in 13 years, the quantity of Congress is just a little bit more than what it is in Makkah, and Medina Excuse me? Why? Who can tell me?

00:31:57--> 00:31:58

Well, number one, no persecution.

00:32:00--> 00:32:06

Number two, the the monotheism tendencies of Medina, the people of Medina, but there's a biggest reason

00:32:08--> 00:32:10

they had a fight was did what

00:32:12--> 00:32:57

the tribal leadership had been decimated in their civil war. And so they had a younger generation of fresh generation, who hadn't been raised up in the ways of paganism, and who have tasted the ludicrousness of paganism. They have seen with their own eyes, the foolishness of paganism. They've seen it because they've killed half of their leaders, or half of their city has gone, all of their leadership has been killed. What of what good has that done? Now there's a new message that teaches us to be moral, to give up bloodshed to live good lives to worship one God. So they were young, they had seen with their eyes, the foolishness of their old ways, and they're wanting a change. And this

00:32:57--> 00:33:37

is one of the reasons that the people of yesterday began to embrace Islam and mass. And so around 75 people come for Hajj that year. And the Prophet system communicates with them and says, We shall meet up on the last night of the Hajj before everybody returns home. On the last night of the Hajj before everybody returns. Meet me before the federal prayer by a few hours basically, in the last third of the night. Meet me in the valley next to acaba. It's a valley that is behind where the unsought where the they're not unsolved yet remember, I'm jumping the gun here. They're not unsolved and they're not matinees, yet. They're still yesterday. And there's still people from here to do

00:33:38--> 00:34:18

unsolved they would become after the moment you don't come. So we're being a little bit quick here. Hey, Steven Charlotte's excusable, the people who were to become the unsolved because eventually they're going to be called the unsolved. So the profitsystem says meet me the very last night of Hajj in the last third of the night in the valley of the ACA that is behind where you camp job it even Abdullah, the famous JavaScript Abdullah, who is probably one of the most famous of all of the unsolved JavaScript Abdullah was an eyewitness to this conversion. And JavaScript Abdullah narrates that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam stayed for more than 10 years in Makkah, preaching to

00:34:18--> 00:34:59

the people in hajj in the Hajj season. And he would ask them this his job of summarizing the met the met them the monkey Sierra in one line, basically, Japanese Amma Danny, he doesn't know the Makita firsthand. So he's summarizing it in one line. So the process of them stayed in Mecca for more than 10 years, trying to find support from the other tribes when the courage rejected him. And he would ask the other tribes who will support me so that I can spread the message of my Lord, and he would not find anyone embracing his faith, except for a man or two from mobile or from Yemen or from this tribe. In other words, the converts were not and mass the converts were one or two. How is how

00:35:00--> 00:35:46

Is that going to help you we need some political base, right? Remember we said there had been converts but not and mass until finally, Allah subhana wa tada guided us to Islam, a group from the people of yesterday guided us to Islam. And we believed in him and we recited the Koran. We believed in him and we began to recite the Koran until Not a single sub tribe rod, which is a sub tribe out of all of the people of yesterday boy there except that some amongst them had embraced Islam, and therefore he's talking about the fact Islam spread in that one year. And then Allah subhana wa tada caused us to come together, and we spoke to one another. And we said, for this is a beautiful line

00:35:46--> 00:36:13

near Isla Mata another Rasulullah sallallahu it he was sending them you throw to Fiji, Fiji by the Makita. What you have for how long? Will we allow the profit system to be repelled from one value to another outside of Mecca, and to fear for his life for how long are we going to let him do this? In other words, the idea comes now that we have two 300 converts here. Why don't we tell him to come to our land?

00:36:14--> 00:36:53

And jabber says Allah gave us this idea. He didn't even say we thought of it because he's being modest because Allah gave them the idea, right? So jabber says until Allah gave us this idea that we said to one another, Isla Mata for how long are we going to let the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam be rejected and be fearful of his life? For how long are we going to do this? And so we gathered together Java saying, We gathered together in the last night of the hedge. Another person who witnessed I'm going to come back to jobs report another person witness this is gabin Malik, who is capital Malik, who can remind me You should now know these names. Now, who is Calvin Malik.

00:36:54--> 00:36:55

The one who

00:36:58--> 00:37:02

is one of his one of the three and the most famous of them and the one who narrates the story.

00:37:04--> 00:37:47

And the one whom Allah revealed in the Quran, why that's selected in the holy foo. Right? Gabby Malik is the one who refused or initially he didn't go to the book. And then Allah revealed his repentance. Allah revealed this is Calvin Malik. So cabbie Malik is witnessing here. And by the way, it goes without saying that every single one of these people becomes a famous for Hubby, obviously, when they sacrificed when Islam was small, Allah rewarded them what Islam was big. They sacrificed when Islam was difficult, Allah rewarded them when Islam became easier. So Gabby dematic also witnessed this treaty. And he said, that when we went for Hajj, we hid our Islam from our pagan

00:37:47--> 00:38:33

relatives. Many of these Muslims were secret Muslims from their pagan relatives. This is the the Hassan. And we all agreed to meet at a particular place in the last third of the night. This is the valley behind acaba. And so in the middle of the night, we began sneaking out of our tents, one by one, so as not to arouse suspicion amongst the people of yesterday of amongst the hazard. So it's not to our suspicion, we began sneaking out to meet with the prophets of Allah who it who would send them and we waited for him. And eventually he came with his uncle labas even though Allah Abbas was still upon the religion of his people. Interesting. Ibis is coming. Even though Abbas is still a

00:38:33--> 00:38:57

pagan. He's still an idol worshipper at this time. And then we go back to the version of Java and Java says that when his uncle Ibis came, a bus said to the Prophet says, I'm looking at all of these people. Remember, our bus is a trader, our bus knows the elders of yathrib from his travel these days, but these elders have now died.

00:38:58--> 00:39:09

The elders that Ibis will trade with are no longer there. So Ibis looks at all of these people. And he says, Oh, my nephew. I don't know any of these men.

00:39:10--> 00:39:12

And I don't feel comfortable.

00:39:13--> 00:39:58

Because I bus is thinking in terms of Jamelia. Abbas is thinking in terms of tribalism, who are these youngsters? There are none of the senior people that are recognized from yet from yesterday. And I know I knew many of them, but I don't recognize a single one amongst them. And this shows why our boss is coming. Our boss feels a sense of loyalty out of tribalism, out of his nationalism, a boss feels, look the Profit System is leaving MCC he's leaving the bundle Hashem I need to negotiate is the transfer of visas. Right. I need to negotiate if his uncle Abu lahab has rejected him. I haven't rejected him. And as the senior most member of the chorus who still acknowledges him, I need

00:39:58--> 00:39:59

to negotiate his route.

00:40:00--> 00:40:39

least if you like to the people of yesterday, and it shows us that subtitler the Ibis, like Abu Talib, loved him with a natural love. And eventually he's going to convert to Islam. Remember Ibis is one of the later converts in the Battle of budget and the Battle of Ibis is still in Mecca. Ibis has not come to Medina de la and for a long time, right? Unlike Hamza, Hamza comes immediately and Hamza become, say the Shahada, and you all know the story of Hamza, we're gonna get to that our bass took a while, but he has genuine love for the prophets of Salaam. And also I busted the process of we're of a similar age. And so, and they were also foster brothers as well. They were foster

00:40:39--> 00:40:52

brothers, and being uncle and nephew. And so there was a strong bond of friendship, even though it was uncle and nephew, but there's a strong bond of friendship and the process of trusted an Ibis. And so jabesh says

00:40:54--> 00:41:04

that we came in front of the prophets of the law while he was setting them. And a boss was the one who stood up to speak on behalf of the processor. And he said, Yeah,

00:41:06--> 00:41:11

he called them by hazard, even though there was some most people because the majority were still

00:41:12--> 00:41:57

rich, and in the eyes of a boss, he can't he cannot see Muslim and cafe, he only sees hazards and cooperation. Right? This is the eyes of Jackie Leah. When he looks at the people, he can't see them as Muslims. He is viewing them as hazards and O's. And the majority are hazard. He goes, Yeah, hazaragi or people of the village. You know, the status of this man amongst us, meaning the Prophet system, you know, his status amongst us the Ubuntu Hashem. And we have protected him from his own people. Even though we agree with our people, ie, we agree with the same religion as our people. But we have prevented the courage from harming this man. He has raised an honor amongst us, and he has

00:41:57--> 00:42:17

protection, but he has decided to leave us to go over to you. So if you are sure that you can live up to your conditions with him, and protect him from those who disagree, then you shall bear his responsibility. Otherwise, let him be from now.

00:42:19--> 00:42:29

Make sure you can promise him what you're going to live up to. And realize abus concludes that he is honored amongst his people. Ibis is clearly

00:42:30--> 00:43:11

not trusting of the message. bus is clearly very hesitant at what's happening. And he's also embarrassed at the fact that his own nephew has to leave the battle harsh, clearly. And so he's trying to overcompensate by saying he has his and he has protection. But that's not true. Amongst the courage, they tried to kill him multiple times. The assassination plot is going to take place three weeks after this conversation, the major assassination the night before, a few weeks after this conversation, right? This is not true. But my boss feels embarrassed that our own my own nephew has to leave Mecca because we couldn't do our job basically. So he tries to reclaim that honor by

00:43:11--> 00:43:51

saying, look, we are great people and we've done this and that typical, you know, typical tribalistic nationalistic jingoism here just like talking about what good he's done, even though they didn't do much good, even though the process them has to leave his own nation to go and find protection with the people of yesterday. So the people the the, the Muslims replied, or Ibis, you have spoken. Now let the prophets of speak I enough call us. We don't need you to speak Okay. Now let the Prophet system speak. And Yasuda Allah put the conditions that you want, what do you expect from us, because again, the message that they had sent the Prophet system was, come and live with

00:43:51--> 00:44:26

us. This is the message they're sending him, leave the people of Makkah, and come and live with us. And it is really important to note that the offer came from the people of the process of didn't impose on them. The people of yesterday have said, come and live with us. So they said, what conditions do you need in order to move to yesterday? What are the conditions that you need? That what are the conditions you're going to put upon us? The profit system then stood up? And this is taking place in the middle of the night there are no lights? There are no it's just the moon there. And there's, it's not even the full moon is going to be the 11th of the month, the 12th of the

00:44:26--> 00:44:40

month, not the full moon there. But there will be this this bleak if you like darkness, along with whatever is in the distance light and the process of them began preaching and advising them to visualize the origin and reciting them the Koran, and then said,

00:44:42--> 00:44:51

I shall give you the allegiance or the beta. In other words, I'll allow you to give the beta in return for Muna protection

00:44:53--> 00:45:00

that you shall protect me like one of your own. ie, what would you do if I was a part of the 100

00:45:00--> 00:45:03

You're a part of the the house, you will protect me as one of your own.

00:45:04--> 00:45:38

This is a protection, ie I'm going to leave the venue Hashem, I'm coming over to you. And as long as you agree to make me the same as one of yours, then I will basically agree with this with the beta. And so, Alberto Urban Meyer, who stood up one of the unsought urban models syrup, and he said, We are people experienced in the arts of war, they've just gone through a civil war. We are people who have experienced the arts of war, we have inherited it from our forefathers. This is an easy condition.

00:45:39--> 00:45:50

We know we can protect nobody's gonna harm you. Don't worry. stretch forth your hand and we will give you the allegiance. hasty, but also a man who wants to get it done with Yes, we're here.

00:45:51--> 00:46:03

Another on site, Eastern. I'm being honest. I'm saying on site. Do you know what I mean? They're not called on site yet, but they will be called on Sunday. And this is the famous Abril Haytham event a hand will hate them they hand he is the one

00:46:05--> 00:46:05

regarding whom

00:46:07--> 00:46:46

I would hate them is the one whom who passed by the prophet system. And Abu Bakr and Omar when all three of them had no food to eat. And each one has the stone of his stomach. And I will hate them said, I can't bear to see this. And he went back to his wife and said, whatever you have, we're going to cook it and give it she said we only have one old goat. Let's just get rid of it. We're going to die by hand and have any fees for the processor. So this is the famous about Haytham. This is that one. And there are other stories about our Haytham as well. So I would hate him stood up. This is a man of intelligence. Alberto is a man of impatience and he wants to get over with but it's

00:46:46--> 00:46:52

also a man as well. I would hate him stood a little bit smarter. And he said Yasuda law.

00:46:53--> 00:46:55

We have ties with the hood.

00:46:57--> 00:46:59

We have political treaties with them.

00:47:00--> 00:47:05

By accepting you, those treaties will be broken and we know it.

00:47:06--> 00:47:18

So smart man, he knows exactly what he's talking about. By accepting you, that means those protections are broken. So once you come over to our site,

00:47:19--> 00:47:22

and then Allah gives us victory.

00:47:24--> 00:47:27

Will you then leave us and go back to your people?

00:47:31--> 00:48:13

This is his fear and worry that if we were to now be with you, eventually koresh will be conquered. He has a man of love is gonna give victory to us. Right? He knows this is the Messenger of Allah, these people firmly believe this is rasulillah. They have no question. They're going to change their whole lifestyle. So he's saying once we went over the kurush, what an amazing man, there 70 people the courage or 1000. But he knows the day will come that they will win over the whorish. And what is his fear? When we win over them? Are you going to go back to my channel? This is what he's worried about? Are you going to go back to MCC and then you're going to leave us in a very difficult

00:48:13--> 00:48:55

situation in Medina, because we would have broken all of our political alliances with everybody else. And so the Prophet system smiled, and he said, very profound phrase in Arabic When you translate it, it loses everything that but it had them was had him and had him which basically means no, my blood is your blood. And my destruction is your destruction, ie we are one people will render in English, we say we're going to live together, we're going to die together. That's what it basically translates us, right? But no, this is a permanent emigration. Once I cut off ties from Makkah, I am going to be a Madani, I'm going to be a part of you. And this was the condition that

00:48:55--> 00:49:24

they wanted and subpanel Isn't it amazing? Look at the people of yesterday of the unsought what were they worried about when Allah will give them victory? That the processing will leave them? contrast this to the people of kingda? A few months ago, right? When Allah gives us victory, will you make us the rulers? That's what their condition was remember? Right? And that's why Allah said you're not worthy of it. No, sorry. You're not even though the irony they would have become the rulers. But when that was their goal, no.

00:49:25--> 00:49:35

you embrace Islam for the sake of God. You are righteous because you expect your reward from Allah subhanho wa Taala. Also, there's an element here of

00:49:36--> 00:49:48

the the man of the house and husbands the amount of the the people of Yemen. Why do I say people of Yemen, by the way, because the house and the husband, we're going to come to this maybe in two weeks, the house and the husband are in fact Yemeni Arabs.

00:49:49--> 00:49:59

The Osen the huzur Raj are Yemeni Arabs. They came from Yemen 300 years before this and their tribes go back to

00:50:00--> 00:50:38

The tribes of Qatar and remember way back we did a lot on and I've done remember who should I cuisine our I should just ignore? no no don't do that. So these are the tiny Arabs right? These are the Pattani Arabs and this is one of the major forefathers of the Arabs and the house and the husband are from a totally different branch than the Porsche totally different branch than the Polish and the house and the husband are from a branch that is basically m&e. And there are so many Hadith about a layman right? The process of them said that the people of Yemen are the softest in their hearts and the gentlest in their chests are either very good people. The processor said, The

00:50:38--> 00:51:22

Man Who Yemen in will hikma to Yemeni, right, that he man is Yemeni. And wisdom is Yemenite. And it's these things even in the ocean, hundreds we see their wisdom here. All sorts of panela notice, I mean, the man of a booty Han, and also his bravery. I mean, what a frank and a blunt question. It might even border on the sack religious. But there is freedom here. There's no there's no fear. There's no fear that Am I allowed to ask such a blunt question. Straight to the process of him. What are you going to do once we win? What are you going to do when we do everything you want? Are you going to then abandon us? Or will you stay with us because he wants to be with the processor. And

00:51:22--> 00:52:04

there's this openness and freedom that is really amazing to see. And also once the process of him gave his word. Obviously, he lived up to it, but it damaged them will hurt them and had him right when he did reconquer Mecca. And in front of him is the house of Khadija where he lived for 20 years. And in front of him is the house of bubble body where he grew up for 40 years. And he is with his tribe and his family and his entire and his entire extended family is there and they have now all accepted Islam and he could have moved back to his hometown. What did he do? Eventually he turned his back to Mecca. And he walked back to Medina and he lived in Medina and he died in Medina

00:52:04--> 00:52:10

and He is buried in Medina. He lived up to his word. Once I leave, I will be with you.

00:52:12--> 00:52:54

And the promises and praise the onslaught and so many ahaadeeth we'll talk about the Masha Allah in a while. So they said O Messenger of Allah. What should we give you by Hamas? We agree, what are what what is the phrase of the Bible we should give. So the Prophet says that I'm said, you must give the Bible you must give the oath of allegiance that you hear and you obey, in ease and in and in difficult IE in what in times of difficulty in times of ease, and that you spend of your money in the way of Allah subhana wa tada and that you command the good and forbidding the evil, and that you speak the truth no matter what the consequences never lie, no matter what the consequences, and that

00:52:54--> 00:53:29

you help me once I come to yesterday. And this is one of the only times he called it. One of the only times he called the Jetta because he was going to change the name very soon, and that you helped him when I come to yesterday, just like you help your own family and your own wives and children, I become your family, I become a part of you. So these are now political conditions. It's not just be a good Muslim and pray and, and worship, it's also that you will protect me, if the orange come and attack, we will attack and fight back. This is not the buyout of women. This is another beta. This is a political beta.

00:53:30--> 00:53:41

And so this is the second beta. And these oats were much more stringent. Once the process that I've said this, a voice cried out in the front amongst them, and what shall we get in return?

00:53:43--> 00:54:17

What is in it for us? And the process that I've said the one word that they wanted to hear that agenda. I can't give you any money. I can't promise you fame and fortune. paradise will be yours. You help the Messenger of Allah, and Allah will give you His pleasure. It's all I can promise you. And that's all they wanted to hear. And so they all stood up to give back to him. And before anybody could embrace the process that comes hand aside urbans udara held on to the process that he had, and kept it down.

00:54:18--> 00:54:44

This is a freedom of expression that is unbelievable. He did not allow him to raise his hand and he said wait, everybody. Remember Assad is the one housing Musab Assad is one of the first converts. Assad is one of the six who spoke was two years ago. So Assad is one of the leaders of the Muslims aside, held on to the president said and said roydon. Wait, calm down, or people of yesterday.

00:54:45--> 00:54:59

We haven't traveled all of this distance, and undertaking this long journey. Accept that we know that this man is the Messenger of Allah, we know this and once his people

00:55:00--> 00:55:00

spell him,

00:55:02--> 00:55:06

he leaves over to us, then you will be asking for war.

00:55:07--> 00:55:50

This is a very big decision. Once his people expelled him, they will try to kill him now, you will be asking for war. And so if you're ready, that your next meet swords, you're ready to die, then go and give him the oath of allegiance and realize that the best of you will be killed, the best of you will be killed, and Fathers will lose their sons and sons will lose their fathers. And you will cause death amongst yourselves by accepting him realize this, if you're prepared to do this, then give him the oath. If not, then stop now. perchance Allah will forgive you because you didn't give it the oath.

00:55:51--> 00:56:37

ie Are you ready? Are you really sure you're up to the standards, this isn't a joke. This is the last chance once you put your hand in his hand and the story. And this is the intelligence of a sad that he did not want the punishment of a lot to come. If his tribe eventually said I can't do that sorry, too much, telling them one last chance. And they said, Oh, Assad, you have spoken enough, Get your hand off the handle the process. Now we want to put it there eager, we want to embrace his hand and give him the beta. And so one by one, all 72 men amongst them gave the buyer of the Prophet salallahu idea he was selling them and in return promise them, gentlemen, one by one, what a

00:56:37--> 00:57:19

beautiful blasted group that is, and the two women that were present there. And there were two women there the process and took their oath of allegiance verbally, he did not take it in his hand. As we know, the prophet system never touched the hand of a woman that was not related to him. And this is well known and this is another instance here, the prophet system did not take the oath from their hand and he simply took it shefa Hatton or, or verbally and when the entire oath was finished, our boss was looking along in great worry and great anger and great irritation. And he said to the Prophet, so Sodom, these are people, I don't know any of them. And all of them are young kids. I

00:57:19--> 00:58:01

don't know who they are, I don't know what you're doing. He's very worried about the Prophet salallahu idea he was setting them, but if I bust did not know them, then a large surgeon knew them if I bust did not recognize them, then align His Messenger did indeed recognize them. And they all finished up the battle Acaba and inshallah Tada, we will continue, we need to stop here for a few announcements and q&a. We shall continue talking about the very last incidents in this beta. And then also the actual hedger, which will be done in sha Allah, Who Tada. Next Wednesday, we'll talk about the ledger and some of the benefits that we get from this incident of the of the second batch

00:58:01--> 00:58:06

will cover with that if there any questions, the shot low data, we can take a few questions now. Yes, go ahead.

00:58:21--> 00:58:40

Yes, we already said that. The process of them had relationships with the etheric. Clearly Allah azzawajal had planned this that the process of his great grandmother was from yesterday. And so he had some distant cousins from yesterday. And even Amina went to visit yesterday and or died on the way back. So this is all in the plan of electrojet.

00:58:42--> 00:58:43

We talked about

00:58:47--> 00:58:49

Yes, there were many more people.

00:58:54--> 00:58:55

You just told us that.

00:58:58--> 00:59:14

The one who came earlier was multiple people this not just the 10 multiple people. But these 10 were of the earliest to a promise paradise. And these 10 were promised paradise in a hadith that actually lists all 10 of them by name.

00:59:15--> 00:59:40

So the processor said abubaker agenda, Walmart agenda with man for gender wildlife agenda he went on, and he listed all 10. So they have a special significance over the others. The rankings of the Sahaba. We mentioned before, there's multiple rankings of the Sahaba and the Mahajan have a ranking and the ranking, the highest amongst the unsolved are those who attended the first bar and then those who attended the second bar so they have a ranking that is of the highest of the unsolved