Shaykh Yasir Qadhi divulges details on the treaty of Aqabah in this amazing video.
2 years before the Hijrah, 10 people from the Khazraj and 2 from the Aws came and met with the Prophet ﷺ and a formal conversion to Islam took place. Ubad ibn Samit was among those who witnessed this first formal covenant called the first covenant of Aqabah.
Ubad Ibn Samit said, “I was of those who participated, and it was the ‘oath of the women'”. This was an oath that had no political connotations. When women converted the Prophet ﷺ only asked them to live good lives and be worshippers of Allah and hence, this oath was called the ‘oath of women’.
The conversion of two people in particular led to a mass conversion. They were the upcoming leaders of the Khazraj – Usayd ibn Hudayr and Sa’d ibn Mu’adh. With the conversion of both, the entire tribe, the Banu ‘Abd al-Ashhal, that was a sub tribe of the Khazraj, converted. And this was the largest mass conversion to happen until then.
There was however one exception – Usayreen who was the only pagan of the tribe of Banu ‘Abd al-Ashhal and he refused to convert. Abu Hurairah RA says, “He is Usayreen of the Banu ‘Abd al-Ashhal. ” He remained firm on his paganism until the day of Uhud. On the morning of this battle he decided to convert, and when he fought his people said, ‘Oh Usayreen we have no need of you’. But he said ‘I am here to fight’. They said, ‘Are you fighting for tribal loyalty, or for Allah and His Messenger?’ They realise victory is from belief in Allah only. So they quiz him and Usayreen said ‘I am now a muslim and I fight for Allah’. And he embraced Islam after Fajr and before Zuhr he died. So the Prophet ﷺ said, “he did very little, but was rewarded a lot, with Jannah”
There were 72 men and 2 women whom the Prophet ﷺ took allegiance verbally. How did this come into being? What were the series of incidents before it culminated in this manner? Listen intently and be mesmerised by Shaykh Yasir Qadhi and his enlightening talk on this aspect.