Science of Fiqh 1
Channel: Yasir Qadhi
File Size: 30.25MB
Shaykh Yasir Qadhi delves into the topic of Fiqh and Usul Ul Fiqh (science of Fiqh).
What is Fiqh? It is the study of the physical rulings of the Sharia with their detailed evidences. What is Usool ul Fiqh? These are the procedures, rules and principles used to derive the Fiqh.
Where do we get these Usul Ul Fiqh or what are their sources?
- The Noble Qur’an
- The Sunnah – the various forms of Sunnah exhibited by the Prophet ﷺ. They are explained in detail
- Ijmaa – unanimous consensus
- Qiyas – analogy
- Custom and culture
Wanna you Bill hufa de la
ilaha illallah wa, ooh, la sharika wash Edwin no Mohammed Abu one a pseudo.
There has been a change in plants. Initially, we have planned to do continue with our Heidi's classes, right. And I know that they're very interesting and hamdulillah. But at the same time, there is another science that has not been touched at all by you guys. Okay, and what was the what the plan was was that next week, we will invite someone else and he would take over the afternoon classes, and he would teach you another science called Masuda fields, and also the history of separate all of that, but
but because of the fact that the brother is not coming, because it's like that he's not gonna be able to make it. I thought that instead of continuing with heavy, if you've been exposed to a little bit, you've tasted a little bit of Hades, you know what it is, in general, we should at least do a little bit, just an hour, two hours, maybe three hours is not well suited. Okay, so we understand what will sort of surprise Cassandra is always confusing. Fifth, no sooner. Right, Horace, some brothers always getting mixed, mixed up between fifth and also that and there are two separate sciences. And also another reason that I said we're gonna do this is because of the fact that the
topic that I initially found the history of of Hades, right, you can find this in books, you don't need to be taught it. Okay? You don't read that your laziness you should read, okay. And I told you to read two books. The first one was, as in his book, write an introduction to the sciences, to the science and methodology of how do you noticed this is his book is not going to help you in the history shift. So what happens book
shifts to hide happens book is not going to help you out in the history of headaches, it's only for muscala, what is
the science of adding another classification of habits, okay, it's not going to help you in the history. Chip size book is not meant for that. We're talking about the two other books share as in his book, both his his blue book and his big PhD, most of them will help you out. And we said first read that one and then the other one. And also what was the other book I mentioned?
There is another book also mentioned right here about methodology
and literature, right? Both of those books, they would cover the topics of the compilation of how did how did it come about how how it was preserved by the Sahaba and then the tabular and then the Data tab there and I'm not going to do that because you don't really need to be taught that you can read it simple history. Okay. The basic point is I wanted to show to you that he didn't come and invent it 250 years of the process and one of the points that is always used by these modernists and the Quran noon is that how can we accept Buhari Buhari came 250 years after the process of this isn't true vocoded did not write a book of how he compiled it which means that it existed at the
time he chosen he selected Harley Davidson from the generation before him from the generations before I wanted to show that to you but I felt that will pseudo chip is more important because of the fact that you have not been exposed to this science at all. So with that we start off with the science of food and now before we get to the what is the science of by itself? We were the first lesson we did we do find what stick was who remembers what sip was none of you have your nose so that's good. Who remembers what sick was I want the exact answer if you don't respond 100% correct. You're gonna get some points off in the exam.
No, no Don't look it up.
Get used to
we defined the first day of class
Yes, read that up. read that. Oh no. But
it's more it's more detailed than that that's part of it
that's it that's it Very good. Very good. Say it out loud.
You have to really look it up thank you
everyone should know it's just as minor we need this study of the physical rulings
with their detailed evidence is my criterion with their detailed evidence is okay we said that physical ruling removes what spiritual rulings like either okay with their detailed evidences, in other words, you go back to what their sources are okay. Now, this is the science of fifth Is that clear? Write that down is a very important definition much different. Let me repeat it for you what is the what is the definition? It is a study of the physical rulings of the Sharia right
along with their detailed evidences.
So when we say physical rulings with this removes spiritual ruling or spiritual matters, such as Optiva, such as you know, Capitol Hill, this doesn't deal with feelings.
to demo hate this deals with a pizza. Okay, so this is Phil,
what is a Fool's joke Now, what is also this
also means the foundations or the principles, right? So also the fix then are the if you want to have a precise definition, these are the procedures,
rules and principles that you use in order to derive silk. Okay, in other words, how do you get to silk? How do you get to from point A to point B? How do you get from a verse in the Quran to the actual ruling of silk.
Okay, and the example that is given is that,
for example, the Quran and Sunnah is like an orange, okay? The Quran is like an orange, you put it through a juicer, and you get the juice, the juice is the juicer is
sort of you understand this analogy. You need to take the court on this and, okay, use the food itself and you derive from it.
The net product will be
It's just an analogy. It doesn't you don't have to you don't have to get literally it's just an analogy. So to understand, well, sort of fit is what you use in order to derive. So for example, let me give you some examples. We understand what we're talking about. If someone were to tell you, Who asked you, why do you pray five times a day, someone respond? Why do you pray five times a day?
Well, okay, suppose you have had this process unfold? How does that show you that it is obligatory to pray five times a day.
Okay, so this requires a number of factors. Firstly, you have to acknowledge that the Prophet sooner has some authority to it. This is another source of profit. Secondly, you have to check if this is romantic or not, that's the most catastrophic. Okay, thirdly, you're going to have to use the method of deciding what is the method everyone knows the text of is heavy, right? And derive a ruling from it. In other words, if the processor said, pray five times a day pray is a command. Right? You're gonna have to say in that case, since the Prophet commanded us, the command means obligation. Okay. So basically, you're gonna have to use a lot of Sciences in order to derive the actual ruling the
you understand, what we're saying is that you can't just call it a chronic kind of hide it without any sort of skill and getting a feel for it, you're gonna have to use some principles. So write down one principle, for example, it's an important principle,
a command found in the Quran or the student, for example, I'll just give you an example to understand what the sort of fifth is one of the examples of the ruling that we use a command found in the Quran and the sooner
command center necessitates obligation
A command found in the forum to disseminate sensitive obligations unless there is some external evidence that shows otherwise unless there is some external evidence that shows otherwise.
So the command that is found in the Quran and the sooner
is for obligation is necessity obligation, unless there is some external evidence that shows otherwise. Okay, so Does everyone understand this rule? For example, when Allah says, do this, or the Prophet says, do this? What does that mean?
It's obligated isn't Roger boy said, Mr. Raja, Do you understand this? Now? If Allah says, Do this pray five times a day. Is that why people wish to have
logic so now we're using as soon as we get back to you, we just had it as you call it, which doesn't really exist, you just make it up to the top of your head. But for example, if someone were to ask you, why do you pray five times a day? You say Allah said a famous product, establish the prayer establishes a command and command means obligation? Therefore, we are obligated to pray five times a day. Do you understand what we did? No. Right? We use sudo. Firstly, we went back to the Quran. Secondly, we chose the verse that proves our point. Thirdly, we use a pseudo fifth to derive the fifth from that point, what is the fifth activity five times a day? What's the evidence for that? A
lot that a famous fella established a prayer? Well, how do you get from establish to pray that you have to pray use this rule that when Allah commands you to do something, it is obligatory, unless there is some extra evidence to show otherwise. Okay, another command is another ruling is the opposite of this, is that a prohibition or a command not to do something? Right? A command not to do something is automatically a prohibition. Unless and until something you know, unless and until some actual evidence shows otherwise, is the exact opposite of the story. So when Allah says don't eat orphans property is this mcruiz and how long? How long again, we use a pseudo ticker. You might
think this is common sense. But now let me give you another example which you will see now. Where you need to sort of fit
UNEP diplomatic said that the process of them commanded us to grow our beards.
Okay, commanded us to grow our beards.
So based on this ruling based on this rule that we just did number one, number two, number one, is it must have always said watch it. Watch it, unless and until we find other evidence. So anyone that comes in hungry for example, I'm not trying to make a big deal of you. I'm just saying you understand what sort of fit now. Anyone that comes in tell you that as soon as you grow your beard, okay? Then you tell him Well, no, no sudo the scholars have also say that every command that is founded upon us and you take it to mean obligation until you find some external evidence until there is something else that shows that it's not obligate obligatory, then you take it down lower, I'll
say so since the process of commanded forever, it is obligated is obligatory for us to go who show me your evidence that, you know, there is some evidence that takes it down to being soon Okay, so this is what you need the science of
that basically, you use the science of authority to derive rulings from the Quran and the Sunnah. Now, what are the sources of sort of? In other words, what are the sources of you know, that we base our fifth on? Where do we get our fit from? This is one of the topics that will sort of fill where do we get our fifth from?
What is the number of things we're going to discuss them one by one, first number one beforehand? Okay, obviously it goes without saying number one.
And the Quran is the Arabic book that is the speech of Allah subhana wa tada that was revealed to the process to them by wording and meaning. And it begins with sort of Frankenstein and Switzerland. Not everyone knows what the Quran is. Okay, some of the speciality of the Quran is that its wording and meaning is from Allah subhanho wa Taala. It is the actual speech of Allah subhanho wa Taala. It is in Arabic. So if anything that is non Arabic, cannot be the Koran, it is in Arabic, that it is narrated to us, which I wanted to walk through means what does it mean to remember
what that was, you know, what, what, what it means?
design with the water.
Every generation, every generation is narrated to us through mutual means. Okay, as That goes without saying, we don't have to really talk about the plant that much. And, by the way, when I say we don't, we don't have to talk about msma for our purposes, or else, there's a lot of stuff that you can talk about, concerning the court on claims the next the next source of pseudo focus, what, sooner, okay, now, this is where we're gonna talk a little bit about so inshallah it is a little bit of heady stuff here. Okay. So the next source of solace is the singer. Okay. Now the singer, obviously, is the light and the actions and the, you know, the statements and the actions and the
silent approval of the home solicitor. And these three things, the statements, and the actions of Hong Kong law as the final approval of the profits of the law, it was someone who can give me an example of a statement
of the process, and in which we derived some Fifth
Avenue in New York is something we directed from you.
We don't do any of this for
anybody that you derive it from. There's a process that I'm told you to do this.
Not to record Exactly. And he added to the processor and said something explicitly that the processor says this is gold and silver, or halaal for the women of my own, and how long for them and so obviously, this is a very clear cut case when the processor said something about second category when he did something. Okay.
Also, yes, right to be a bit brave. When the process that he performed Wilson, who is the one that narrated how he did it, did he tell us how to do sir? No, I should do that narrated how the processor did also Okay, now we're going to talk about this type more. Obviously, everyone understands what the processing of commands you to do something. This automatically makes it religious, you understand this, it automatically makes it a part of our religion. Okay. When he commands the Muslims to do something, he's not just commanding the Arabs of the prophets time is commanding all of the Muslims. Anyone who comes and tells you that was this hadith that only applies
to the Arabs of his time, then you come and tell him in that case, it only passes out of the time and you have destroyed the sooner okay. As soon as the profits of the lava sort of utters a word that automatically becomes a part of our religion of Islam. he utters a word intending for it to be a Sharia, right? Obviously, we're not talking about you know, that he's talking to the Sahaba about conversation, but he's talking we're talking about the religion whenever he says anything about the religion, whenever he says this is how long this is. Whenever he says, I command you to do this, or I'm like, Can I do this? automatically? This makes it part of our religion. Okay.
Now, the second category of some that is what? So first category was
explicit actions. The second category is no sorry, the first kind of was explicit statements. The second category are actions. Okay. Now here we're going to go into a little bit of discussion, okay. Now actions is a process that is a very general
See, topical was up in the sense that there's a lot of different categories they have, we're only going to discuss some of them.
This is going to be under two B, and then you're gonna cross divide even more. Number one was the court on number two is similar to a is the statement that he made. Okay. And we said that whenever the processor makes a statement, the general rule is that it is applied to the owner as a religious statement. Okay, so let me give you an example. I don't want to you know, consider this quote unquote, small question that's going to give you an example, when the process when commanded demesne to raise their garments above the ankles. Is this a religious command? Or a command only for the Arabs at this time?
Why do you say to religious command,
because he commanded us, okay, when he commanded the Muslims to do something automatically becomes for the Muslims, it becomes a part of your religion, okay. It doesn't matter. You know, it's a process that was inspected by as long as he commanded the people to do it, the general rule is that is applicable to the whole Muslims of his time and after his time, okay, so it's the process that said something that automatically becomes a part of our religion. This is, for example, when he doesn't say something, but he just does something. When he does something, now we have to classify the categories into a number of things. Okay, so the first category of his actions
are, once he did that, the command that the Koran commanded him to do, okay, the actions that you want to write this down, guys, wake up, click out of it. Number one, number one.
Yes, the actions that he did that the Quran commanded him to do, so he and all of the Omar is the same, Allah tells him, you know, to fulfill the ties of kinship, and he's telling us to fulfill the ties of kinship, so he's just fulfilling the Quran, nothing extra here. Okay, it's in the Quran. And he is fulfilling the actions that the processes are fulfilling in the Quran, just like all of the other the rest of his oma. Okay.
Number two, and this is another important one, number two, what he did explaining, explaining the conciseness in the Quran, elaborating upon the genuineness of the Quran, you know, giving more conditions to the general nature of the Quran. So who can give me a simple example of this? Yes, use the product does the Quran ever tell you how to pray? No. So when the process of was fulfilling the commandment of Allah subhanho wa Taala by doing the prayer then this comes under number two, that it becomes a part of our religion because he he is explaining the full on okay. So when the prophets of Allah Islam is explaining something that is vague or imprecise in the Quran, says For example, the
prayer, the prayer, nowhere is the methodology given of how to pray. Okay, so when the Quran comes and explains to it or the process of assuming that comes and explains to us how to pray, then he is elaborating upon.
Are you guys listening? ignore that.
Is expounding on the Quran, okay, he's expanding on the Quran. Okay, so this is the second category, the second category, which is
expanding on the pole on the third category.
The third category are those rulings that he gave of the religion that are not found in the Quran.
those actions that he did that are not found in the Quran, but he did them.
He did them for the sake of
showing his own method. This is also allowed, okay. So for example, the sooner Salah, okay. Kareem is a fourth of
May, for example, the sooner for anyone in the forum is the last packet has to pray as soon as Allah No, because the foreigner is going to spray the phone. So that was a part of what Allah commanded us, right? But the fact of the past isn't used to pray as soon as Allah This is a religious act that is shown in the Quran. And it shows us that it is allowed for us also to create a certain act. So we understand these three so far. So far, all of these three acts are a part of
Black Forest Preserve the roots of that the process that the president needs to do, okay, a religious act, not found in the Quran, who also does not sound foreign. Yes, will do it sound very clearly expert in the Koran, okay. But the procedure was it is not found in the Koran. Okay.
Likewise, the stoning of adulterers not found in the Koran, but the process of them added on so this too is religious, okay. The fourth one, the fourth. The fourth category is that was the process of him did as as the worship of Allah, but we know that it was special only for him. In other words, other evidence shows that it was special only for him.
Okay. Now, this is for this category, you must write down and understand there needs to be an explicit text that shows that this was only for the purpose of the law. In other words, you cannot use this as evidence. Okay? In other words, you have to clearly show a verse in the Quran or Hadith a processor or something that clearly shows that this was only for the purpose of the lawyers and otherwise in general everything the Prophet is also meant for us to do. Can someone quote me
Some examples of something that was special for the purposes of
November 5 here. Not either we're not talking about the profit status we're talking about.
Okay, yesterday. Very good many more than four. Why? Okay. Can anyone else? No more than four lines? No. The process of quitting odd my wonderful wife? Yes. So this is a similarly another one
after all, so Well, that's a difference of opinion any other another one related to what he said no one could marry his wife. Another good point, no one can marry the process wise after the process and pass joy. Whereas if another man passes away, can another another man marry that man's wife after the Yes, but a 50 ruling is that no one can marry the prophets wives after his death. Okay, very good point. So both of these things are explicitly mentioned in the Quran that these are special specific only for the practice of law center. Okay, so then these are his actions, he made more than four rights. These are his actions, but they are special specific only for him. So these
do they form a part of our Sharia are?
Not for us? No, these are not this is not crippling, for us. These recordings are only for the purpose of these actions, the process of them, we don't use them, we don't take some money from them. Okay, you understand that so far? Right? The last point now, this is the interesting point. The last point are those things that the profit or loss of them did as a human being, okay, such as sitting, and drinking, and eating, and how he traveled, and what he wore, and what language is spoke. Okay, all of these things, they go back to the fact that he was a human being living at a certain time at a certain place in a certain culture. Okay.
This type of stuff is not a part of our physical archery or these type of actions, they are not a part of our, of our What? We don't base our ship on these actions. Okay. So is it soon enough for us to go and live in a desert a hot climate and environment where there's no running water? No. But did the processor do that? Yes, but why isn't it sooner?
Because that is a part of the fact that he was a human being. And he lived in that way he is it assumed that for us to live in, you know, the sixth century of the of the Christian era.
It would be nice to but it's not the sooner you see, and the test as a process that he was he was born in a certain time, in a certain timeframe in a certain country in a certain place. Okay. It's not something that if I was to bring the sentiment to Makkah that they also wonder why, because this is something that is part of the fact that he was a human being. Okay. Likewise, the fact of the process of spoke Arabic, okay, now, I'm not saying that Arabic is not important. Arabic is very important. But it isn't something that just to speak Arabic amongst yourselves all the time is good, too. Yeah. But are you going to come closer to Allah just because you speak Arabic? No. Okay. Of
course, it's very good to learn Arabic, and it's a part of our religion, and no one can study this religion unless he knows Arabic. And no one can proceed in his knowledge of Islam until he learns Arabic. That's clear. I'm saying, but I'm saying, is it soon just to speak Arabic? No. Is it similar to dress exactly the way that process are dressed? Is it similar in the sense that it is a part of our religion? We base our religion on that? No, it's not. It's not. This is voice I was under the WTO. But they get confused in this. Okay. And by the way, that the religions don't dress like the process of the person never saw shortcomings in his life. Okay. And he never thought that style to
that they were This is a modern style, but they were okay. It is certainly to have a special dress for the Muslims and be different from the kuffar. Yes, okay, but to wear this specific type, of course, cloth or the process or more, even the films of today, the refined high quality 100%, you know, super polyester, I don't know what, you know, this wasn't existed at the proper time. So if you were to leave this and wear that course, crocs directly made from the sheep's wool, and think that you're coming close to a lot. No, this is not a part of this one. Okay. Now, someone will say, Well, how can you say that? Having a beard isn't? Isn't this also part of his culture?
He commanded it doesn't come into his actions. You see, if you understand the difference, we'll talk about his actions now what he used to do, okay, the fact that used to sleep, you know, in a certain way, or on a certain clock, or Now, I'm not saying if you if you do these acts, you're not going to be rewarded. If a person does them purely out of the level of a logistic because he was to imitate the messenger inshallah, who he will be rewarded, but they are not similar in and of themselves, they're not fit for us to follow. Okay.
For example, the process that I'm used to travel on a camel, okay, is this similar for us when we travel to go on a camel? No, it's not. Why is that because he lived at a certain place at a certain time where this was the mode of transportation. Now, if you're going to live in another country, you know, you would probably use needles at that time. Okay? The process is really instructive. So when you go to those countries only use camels? No, because this goes back to his culture, his custom. And for example, let me give you an example. Very good example. Okay.
Well, we're getting there. Actually, we're getting there in a while. Okay. So you understand these categories. You understand this? I don't get mixed up.
messed up messed up between them. When someone tells you Oh, this is not this is not from the sooner to do. Make sure you realize what level this falls into what level of his actions it falls into. Okay? Is it something that he used to do
that in the Quran? Of course isn't. It is something used to do explaining the Koran. Yes, that too is certain. For example, Allah tells mankind to do Hajj anywhere in the Quran doesn't tell us how to do Hajj, just one or two things are mentioned but none of the details of Hajj so how do you how would you do it from how to do them? You go to the sooner the Prophet solo center, Okay, number three was those things that are the the process of them did that are not found in the Quran, but he still made it a part of the religion. Okay. And we gave some examples about that. Number four was what
actions that he did for Allah. So number three was actions that he did for a lot budget, and they were general for the oma number four action that he did for Allah. But there was specific only for him. And these are only a few things towards 1020 3040, you can count them and put them on the list. Okay, anyone that wants to come and add them to that list, you come and tell them? What's your evidence? Because the general ruling is that it's a number three, okay, general rule is that any action of the processing, or at least is number three, it's either one, it's either two or number three, the least. Okay? Only when someone comes in gives you a reason no other processor, this is
special only for him. Okay, for example, one thing that was special for the processor, he could fast more than one day at a time, in the sense if you have to hold it one day of at one day of pleasure, right? He would not break his fast on the same day, he might break it the next month, 48 hours, 72 hours. Okay, when the Sahaba tried to do it, the process and said don't do it, I prevent you from doing because I am fed by someone that does not feed you I am fed in a special way that you are not okay special for the purposes of this type of fasting, where he will fast for 234 consecutive days, eat nothing and drink nothing. Okay. So this is something that the process of experts that he
himself said that this is only for me, not for you. Okay, so you see, now someone comes and tells you well what you are doing this is only for the process of no one else, you have to ask him for evidence he doesn't have to hear it from you. Because the general rule is that everything the process of did is for his own money. Except if there's a rule there's an exquisite thing that is not for the woman is only for him or is something that goes back to the fact that he was a human being that lived in certain times and a certain place and he tended processing commanded to do this is different now we're talking about his actions, when he commanded to do some things automatically
becomes religious, because he's commanding the Muslims. And when he commands the Muslims every time he commands the Muslims of the later time, they were included in that command. Is that clear? I mean, I'm being very simple about this, but believe it or not, most of the problems of our time, the modern is fitness, most of it is based on these type of simple rules. Okay.
Simple sort of hipster. If you just understand this basic rule, you can refute 90% of they come with hijab is a cultural thing. They say like we're reading that article hijab is a cultural thing of Arabia of that time. Well, where do you get that from? They'll say the women of that time wore it. Okay, well, no, the Quran came down with the hijab and the processor instructed his wife how to do the job. So this automatically changes it from number four with number five with what they're saying it is true number three you understand this? Is everyone clear use if you're clear on this point
number five is what most of the monitors save everything of Islam is that they don't like they just put it in number five everything the processing did they don't like it they put it number five that was Arabian culture at that time that was you know, for his time, but no, look at it. Did the process and do it explaining what is in the pond? If yes, then it's number three. Okay,
you understand this right? Everyone clear this is just clear and this is important it's very simple. But at the same time if you understand this basic oil you can understand a lot of where these guys are coming from they will move on to the third type of so now what's the third type of seminar
silent before moving on before we move on. There's another type of signal that the process can have reactions come up comes under the pocket actions and that is actions he did not do
we call it an Arabic Sunnah turkey turkeys to leave sooner turkey how can something is possible not to be sooner? No if he forbade it becomes statements. No, no, this should not sooner turkey he didn't do anything. No, no, that's comes into statements
that comes into statements in the corner sooner. Okay, let's divide this to okay.
Things that he would leave for religious reasons. Number one, things that he would leave doing for a religious reason. Okay, if he would leave doing that for a religious reason, this automatically makes it harder for us to do also. Okay, if the processor lifted for a religious reason, this would automatically make it harder for us to do also okay. Now obviously. For example, you know, all of the major sins upon
isn't enough time obviously never did any of them right. So this also makes it hard for us to he also thinks that he will leave that are prohibited. And we know that he left them for religious reasons they become also permitted for us, for example, shaking women's hands. Okay, I should have said that the process of impact never touched the hand of a woman. Okay. And also when a woman came to shake the prophets hand, he said in the last article, Minister, I don't shake women's hands. Okay, you go to Mr. Brother, when you go to these guys, they say this was their culture of this time. Okay. But no, he is leaving something, he has not shaking their hands for a religious reason.
Okay. He said, I don't shake women's hands. This is not to shake woman's hands. So this makes it a religious thing. Now, he would leave this act. Okay. He would lead this act. And this shows us that leaving this act is also a part of our religion. Okay.
There's only one category.
The first one was leaving What?
Leaving the major leaving the hat on basically. Okay. The second one was leaving
acts that are prohibited for showing us that they are also prohibited, okay, showing us that they are prohibited. Okay. Obviously, leaving the major sense obviously understood the process, we never did that. But even these other things that are prohibited like shaking women's hands, the process of them came out and explicitly said, I don't shake women's hands. So this assume that Turkey, leaving sooner in the sense that you're not supposed to do it, because the processor left it, you also leave it okay.
Another type of soon as soon as here
is some type of religious act write this down some type of religious act
that the prophet SAW the law while you said him could have done
that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam could have done
but he purposely did not do.
So if we do it, then it becomes an innovation, it becomes a design our time to do it. Okay. An example is to say as an for eight prayers.
In read prayers, we say
no, why don't we say that? The the process of forbidden from doing it?
No, are prohibited from doing it? No. But why do we say that for is fair? Because the processing of curogan is a religious Act. The processor could have done it, but he didn't do it. What does that mean? We don't do it. So this is called sunic? Are you leaving this type of sooner? So this is certainly also free to follow. If the processor did not do it, we don't also do it. Okay, well, what if someone someone will say, someone will say How about, you know, cars and technology and stuff? Why don't we do that?
It wasn't present directly to us religion, it wasn't present at the proper time. So we don't talk about this. We're talking about religious things. Okay. A good example is Milan, okay, all these innovations that the people had invented after the proper time, if the prospect of them could have done it, and he didn't do it, we leave it this is soon enough for us to leave and we will be rewarded for leaving them and we are sinful if you fall into these types of innovations. Okay, you understand this concept the process we could have done it but he didn't do it okay, he could have done it, but he did not do it. So, we leave it to at that point, what number we are no
matter how many subnets are here that will trigger the fourth category of syndicate that was the process of the left because he was of a certain culture and time and place. Okay. Now, we already covered something similar to this that the person needs to do because it was a certain culture time in place. Okay. This is firing of synthetic Yeah. This is for for synthetically this forest, or whatever I mean, please, you understand the concept. Don't worry about the numbers since then the concept. Okay.
The fourth one was something that the processor left because he was of a certain time or place or culture, not because of religious reasons. Can someone give me an example?
Eating the lizard? Exactly. Very good. Is it similar for us? Not the diversity is enough for us to know. By the way, the lizard is a
nondescript police bubble, above eyesight. It's
not a part of her. It's like that big. Okay. And it's really scaly and disgusting looking. You know? It's a it's a desert desert. It's that big. Okay, it has a tail. It has a tail that long. And you know it Guana It looks a lot like an iguana. It looks a lot like an iguana. It looks so disgusting. Okay, I saw it was in Medina. And I asked the guy Have you ever eaten one of these, you know? Because Oh, they're so delicious. I said, How do you kill it? How do you kill it? You know, he goes these these creatures are really slight creatures when you try to kill them. Right? When you turn them around to kill them. They'll put their hands like this.
The lizard is going to put it down like this.
You can't you have to literally hold it out. Okay, and then kill it. You know? And then you cut the tail off. And it goes the tail is the juiciest part. He he said come over. I'll show you.
I'll pass it up poisoner
He said the tail is the juiciest part. Okay, he told me there's ways of cooking and anyway we don't want to get into that. But the point is, cognitively what he was with the process of them and he went to some some someone's house and they presented them with the above a desert lizard. And this was a delicacy in Medina and not eaten by the people of NACA. Okay. The people of America did not eat lizards, the people in Medina they ate the type of desert desert. Okay, so obviously, the the Sahaba they thought it was a great, you know, honor. And Hollywood immediately started eating the lizard because it's a big delicacy. It's a good feast, you know?
So the process of did not touch the food. So how did ask him? You know, Sula is this, how long? Is this prohibited? Why don't you eating from it? Okay, so the process is that no, it's not how long, but I come from the people that do not eat this thing. My people, the people of NACA, they don't eat this type of thing. So therefore you eat of it, I'm not going to eat it. Okay, so the fact that the process of what type of sweeteners or is it not a religion is is for us to follow? Do we do have any fear from this? No, the person clearly said, this is not, this is not haram to eat. Okay, but
I come from a culture or people that don't eat this type of food. Okay. So once again, when someone comes to you and says,
you know, the person didn't do this, because he's from a specific region or culture, you have to ask him to bring the evidence, because the general ruling is that the Pacific didn't do it, because of the fact that it's religion. Why didn't you do the event of a very, it's a part of your religion? Okay. Why didn't you do that? Because it's not a part of religion to do, you know, a minute. Okay, why didn't you do anything religious? The opposite of the general rule is that it comes into the point of the first two or three, okay? And if someone comes and tells you that, because because of the fact that, you know, we love the process of them, and the pastors are willing to get into
whatever whatever reasons they give for the minute, okay, you say no, you have to quote me evidence that this is specific to the process and left it because it is culture or take place or time. And there's other types of cineteca, which you don't have time to get into today. The last type of similar is what
silent approval of the profits of the long race on them.
In other words, if the prophets of the Leviathan knew that the Sahaba were doing something, or he saw the Sahaba doing something and he was quiet about that and did not reject what they did, then this is his type of surrender. Okay.
An example of this is the fact that some of the harbor they okay the famous the most famous example of Javelin Abdullah, they used to practice coitus interruptus who knows what this is. Everyone does. Okay, let's not mention it that, okay.
You don't need to people notice.
It basically means that they would withdraw themselves from their wives before anything happened, okay, that they would not get pregnant. Okay, fancy word. But the fact is that Java said, we used to practice this type of form as it was the Quran was being revealed.
What does this mean? The Sahaba, the processor knew about this. Did you stop them? No. So what does this mean?
It's allowed, it's allowed for us to do the processes didn't say it allowed it. He says how long but he knew of it and he didn't say anything about it. Okay, you understand that the process of knew that this was happening, and he did not say anything about it. Another example is that the processor or some of the Sahaba, they
passed by a group of people mushrikeen and one of the chieftains of that tribe, the machine, he was stung by a scorpion. Okay, so there's the harbor. So they came and they said, Is there any person that can read Rokia amongst you? The Sahaba said, yes, there is one of the Sahaba went to him, red flag to her and the person became curious. So the chieftain gave the Sahaba some goats like 30 or 40 sheep or something, it goes okay, as a prize or a gift. When they came back, the news reached the processor, and he didn't stop them. He didn't say don't take any money. Okay?
What is the point from this heading, it is allowed to take money for opia it is allowed to take compensation for your broker. So the processor didn't tell them take it He didn't tell him Don't take it, but he approved of their actions. You understand this, that if you perform it Okay, and someone gives you money is allowed even though you shouldn't do it for the money, but if someone gives you money is allowed to take that
money. So the point is, if the purpose of the lesson was present, and something was done in front of him, or the habit is something that reached him and he knew about it and you didn't say no to it, this shows you that it is a part at least you could say as a part of our sooner, okay. For example, the edited version of Java when was was was would read he was a processor and then
go to his tribal community leadership where for them, this occurred at the time of the processor, the processor knew about it, did he? Did he prohibit me from doing it? No. So what does this show us is allowed for a man to read footprint and there'll be an email for friends also. Okay, you understand this a lot for the person to read for Big Brother email, and then go and be the email himself at another place.
Okay, the process of knew about it. There's no heavy concern.
You know do it or don't do it but this is silent approval you just don't use use you understand silent approval of the PA system. He saw what was happening he knew it and he didn't say anything against it. So it's not his statements it's not his actions It is his silent approval in Arabic we call it is Cora Cora. Okay.
Thumbs up call for Alicia
Okay. Okay. Before we move on just a brief point obviously as soon as divided into motivated and
had right with the water under HUD and we said that all of the scholars that are just you know Gemma, what do you what do they say about
you must accept some whether it is an athlete that were in fifth. So anytime you meet and unfortunately they are coming to it more and more common anytime you meet a person that says no, this is hard, it is hard. This is hard headed. We can't accept this, that he is not following the methodology of synergy among all of the all of the moms you know, they would accept on authentic hadith Imam Shafi explicitly mentioned in his book and if you if you need to get an English reference, you can go to Sahara Buhari Mr. mcquarry has a chapter in his book a whole chapter entitled The Book of heavy that's the child chapter 12 inside Bukhari gurukula it's in volume eight
I think of the English word of volume and it's one of the last chapters of body right number column entitled The whole chapter in his book, The chapter has a heavy
it has words you have to act upon.
Okay, so all the scholars that whose original they said you have to act upon it, okay. And unfortunately we have in our times people like you know, the Chinese have returned some of us you know, they say it cannot be used in Africa. You can't use him in Africa where his body has it in his book and so many of their animals all of their other mothers that have said the same thing had had his or used both in Artesia and in
we don't have the time to get the evidences for that but
inshallah you can look it up in other books, okay.
We just did.
We just did.
I had everything that's done with the water and with the water is everything. Simple.
Everything that's with the water does not have everything that I had is I wonder what we described with the water, right?
Okay, okay, let's move on. The third, the third classification, or the third source of Charlotte's pretty good.
The third classification or the third source, the third source? Well, what's the first source for our second source?
Third sources was who knows agema Iijima unanimous consensus is not unanimous consensus, okay. unanimous consensus. In other words, what is the definition of unanimous consensus that means all of the scholars of a certain time not have a place no a certain time meaning all of the world all of the scholars of a certain time unanimously agree without any difference of opinion about a certain thing. Once that occurs then that becomes a part of our field okay. Once that occurs, then that becomes a part of our field This is based on the hypothesis from my own my own will never agree upon something that is wrong. My own will never agree upon a misguidance okay.
So the Prophet sallallahu Sallam oma will never agree upon this guidance, okay? So if all of the scholars of this oma combined upon a certain thing, and they said that this is a part of Islamic law or not, then it becomes a part of our law. Okay, now, the examples of his mount are not that many, okay? But for example in our times, guys, guys, guys, in our times, what is that I know of is
the fact that our DNA is our copies. Okay. The scholars of Islam have unanimous agreement that audiences are not Muslims, they are casters so they are not prayed behind. They're not they're not allowed to go to Mecca and Medina, the you know, are not buried in the graveyard of the Muslim so on and so forth. Okay, so this college has its own map Iijima has unanimous consensus that this group loner Qadian is refugees they are not Muslims. Okay. And in 1939 there was a worldwide conference right sponsored I think by Robert and others where they discussed the qadiani problem and all of them unanimously agree all these causes are present and all this causes the world when formed and no
one denies that this this group is not in Islam, they're outside the fold of Islam. Okay, so this is like an example of these minorities but by its very definition or thing it's not something that is rare, okay, obviously because the whole oma has to
agree upon it. But the fourth
the fourth source of fifth is
as for analogy, okay.
No, number three Quran Sunnah, and then, right now we're talking about the sources of
So what are our sources are?
No so that the kids understand that we're just talking about that. Yeah. So first is put on second. So now we talked about the types of sooner which are statements actions and approval. Under actions we did the actions of the process of did we divided into five categories? The action that person did not do, we also divide into a number of categories. Then we move on to Senate approval, and then we did the third The third thing that's different based upon is
Yes, okay. Which is an ology. What does the mean analogy? Okay, well, let me explain what that is. And then you will understand what we're doing where we're doing. Well basically what that is, is you take you take a ruling that is found in the Quran and Sunnah, okay, you take a ruling that is found in the Quran and the Sunnah.
And you apply it to another situation, the same ruling you apply it to another situation because of the fact that that situation has a commonality with what is found in the corners and
I will assemble
these artifacts in English rather
you take a situate a ruling that is found in the Quran and the Sunnah, okay, and you apply it to
you apply it to a situation or something that is not falling upon the center. Why did why would you take it and apply it there? Because there is a commonality there's something that is common, there's a common ground or reason between both of those these two situations okay? And will give me an example of
a common crack yes and what other another example of this
we don't want to get into drugs we know we you know, we know of Mashallah you guys are experts in the names of the drugs and inshallah only in the names of nothing more than that inshallah. We don't want to get into that. Okay. But okay, let's talk a little bit about PS okay. The art is based upon four principles. Okay, everyone has to know these four principles that passes based upon
the first principle is the initial number one, the initial ruling okay.
Number one, the initial ruling what do I mean by that by the initial ruling
the first one that's got to be something that you commit to us upon so there's got to be a ruling in the corner sooner for a certain case, okay. A certain object or certain scenario has to be existed in the corner sooner that you met the US from you cannot make a US from a us wisdom is the point you cannot miss the US from the drop. You cannot make the answer or anything you have to make it from the Quran and the Sunnah, some ruling that is directly found in the Quran and the Sunnah. What do you think the second the second thing that stands upon is what do you think? What else do you need? This is number two.
Exactly the next thing, the thing that is not part of the console. So you say that the second thing that you need in any car is the situation that is not found in the corner sooner, okay. Number two is the situation or the object or whatever, basically, what you want to find out, right, for example, drugs, okay? They're not talking to the person. So, going back to number one, number one would be alcohol, right, number one is alcohol that is thrown in the fire and as soon as that this is how long number two is. The other thing that is not found is a persona which is for example, in this case, drugs, okay.
Number three is
the ruling on case one, okay, which is how long in this Can you understand the ruling on case one? In other words, what did Allen His Messenger say about case number one, case number one is alcohol. case number two is drug number three is how long in other words Allah subhanaw taala has called alcoholic drinks Haram in the Quran. So, in other words, the ruling that Allah and his restaurant have given to case number one and this is the same unit will be given to
number two, okay. So, the third thing that needs to be existed is what did Allah and His Messenger say about that first thing and the fourth thing and this is the most important thing, who is what?
what is in common between the two Okay, the common ground between the two ala we call it an arbitrary law
what is there that is common in case number one in case number two, so that you would apply the ruling from case number three to case number two
can also means that it
is clear Okay. Let me give another example. Unless it has caught on oh you believe when the call for Juma prayer is given, then hits into Juma and leave trading, leave Buying and selling. Okay, so therefore, if you buy and sell, you're not allowed to buy and sell after the amount of Juma is held on prohibited to buy and sell after the amount of Juma. Okay. Suppose the other day from Juma has been called Can you go to Avis rent a car and rent a car from them because you're not buying and selling?
You understand? You understand it? What is Allah saying? Hold on.
It is hard
To do what? by itself it is haram to rent? No, no, he didn't says how long to rent anything up to the amount of Juma. Okay, how about if you go after Juma and you hire a worker, you get paid him a wage and you contract to go go mow my lawn after you know, the amount of drama has gone. You walk into the masjid, and that is going you see the the laborers there you say, here's here's 20 bucks, go mow my lawn. You didn't buy or trade anything. But you're engaged in a business contract. In other words, you are you know, you're paying him somebody to do something for you. Is this allowed? No. Why?
Why do you get the system this room?
It's not an additive process. Yeah, yeah. You use chaos.
Okay, so what is what is number one? Again, we look at these four things that we just learned number one is going to be
buying and selling. Okay, trade, what is number two going to be
granting or any business transaction number two in any business? What is the common ground between the two who can give me a reason? Sorry, what is the rule number three simple ruling, the ruling is haram. So you're gonna apply this ruling to both number one and number two, what is number four now?
No need to raise money. Support, okay, suppose suppose you pass by a labour and you said, I'll give you my Porsche if you mow the lawn. Right? There's no money involved.
It's not really business more than just business.
They're in love with it. The commonality is that you aren't you are being delayed from going to slaughter Juma because of a worldly affair. Okay, you are getting involved in the worldly affairs and are not going to your man. Okay?
It doesn't matter because the index still there that your heart is involved in the transaction. Even if even if you're walking there, you're driving the car, the hardest thing of all the transaction, okay?
renting the car, you're renting it, you're not buying it. Because there's a law says don't buy don't sell and trade. They're renting is not buying and selling. It's a different chapter of film. There's a chapter of buying and selling. There's a chapter of renting, there's a chapter of hiring. And there's a chapter of contracts to all of it is different chapters. And all of these economic transactions are how long after the another Juma? Even though, the Quran only mentions buying and selling how you get to all of this, pay us. You understand that what the US is? Right? And chaos is one of the most fundamental sources of Okay, obviously, the most important is the one on the center
and agenda. But the most fundamental ones, the most fundamental sources of truth is also Yes. Okay.
Now, how do you decide what the common ground is, this is a very important chapter, you know, this calling on number four, basically, is a very important chapter, which I will leave you to because it's obviously a very long chapter, you need to have a lot of
background in fifth. Now a footnote or a side note here, the majority of the roadmap, including the former times they agreed to that the US is a valid source of one of the mentors. Okay, who knows the name of this man have raised his hand. They were the ones that denied they actually said there's no such thing as fair.
I just told you the format has agreed to
the must have known as the one who literally won't write this down, because you're going to hear a lot about the music.
The bra history.
How do you spell it GVH however you want to
d h avoid this type of work, the sister of
it is more or less.
Not the hat but the hat. Yeah, and our boots on the wall here. Or you can say well, he's with a young boy at
the hdri Y ah bahariya you like the LA area these literalist. Right they said they asked doesn't exist no such thing as chaos. We only follow the Quran there's no such thing out there. And if you read the filth of the law it is it sometimes makes you laugh. To be honest the scholars say that
she read difficult devices it's actually gets downright funny sometimes because they take the literal wording from the Quran as soon as they don't take anything more than that. They absorb the majority of the format of the all they also care about obviously they have different conditions and everything and which might have concentrates the most
of the format has
the hierarchies. The hierarchies gives the most emphasis and weight to the okay. Which restaurant gives the most emphasis to it.
The hamburger is okay. The humble is gives the most emphasis to Heidi. Okay, and the shop is the managers are in between. So the hamburger is the use case the least the least of the wallet has that users pay us they said if there's a hadith we will take the Edit even if it is slightly weak we'll take it Okay, whereas the Hydra is the definition
For hobbies were much more stricter. There was many times they wouldn't accept the haircut and they would go to the US instead. Okay.
Somebody when that was available, he by himself when he was presented with a heavy fee would take it. We're not talking about the moms, we're talking about the later followers of the moms. Okay.
tell you there are other there are other
aspects of fish that we base it on. I don't want to go into all of them. I'm just going to mention this is by the way in order of preference, so for example, but on it sooner, if we come to a Korea that goes against the president, can we take it? No, you cannot take a siesta goes against the Quran and the Sunnah. If there's an explicit Hadith about it, you can't go to CES. Okay? If there isn't as good as it was, you cannot go to Paris. For example, let me give an example. One of them as I said, if a man touches his penis, his widow is not broken. What is the evidence? They primarily use Korea, if you were to test your noses, you will do great. No, you touch your hands, you will do breaks, you
set your sizes you will do break. So why does it break when you when you touch your private parts? Okay, but why do we not agree with this? Because there's an explicit logic whoever touches his private party has broken his rule. So this is a
this is a part that goes against what a coroner has it, we don't take it. So we're going in order of preference here on Santa Iijima Korea. Now there's other other things too, we're not going to talk we're just gonna talk about one last thing, custom or culture. All of your ears perk up? How can customer culture be a source of our Islamic world? Well, it comes after all of these 3456 things, a lot that we haven't mentioned. Okay.
Customer culture, customer culture comes into play comes into play when
defining a certain word or a certain contract. Okay? This is where customer culture comes into play when you define a word or a concept or a contract, okay? So for example, let me give you an example here, okay?
If someone were to tell you, I'm going to show you my car, I'm going to tell you my car, and you agree to buy his car for let's say, $1,000. Okay, you go home, and you find that he sold you the engine and the body but not the four tires. Okay, you have to tow the car he told us.
I'm giving an example. You can even tell it actually, but I'm just giving an example. Okay. Now, if you were to go to him and tell him hold on a sec, you told me you're going to sell me the car. Okay, you didn't give me a full car. You'll say no, this is a full car. This is now our culture and customs comes into play. What is the definition of a car
obviously when you say you're going to sell a car, it means you're going to sell as much as those four wheels you're also going to sell the spare tire in the trunk also. Okay, so even for example, if someone has sold you a car and the spare tire he keeps it It keeps the spare tire in the trunk with him you can go to an Islamic Sharia court and say he promised to tell me the car the guy would say I didn't come and tell you the spare tire then the judge will decide based upon your culture and customs does the spare tire come under the definition of the term car or not? So even your culture and customs wherever you live in it will have a say in the minor rulings. Obviously no major ruling
is ever based on customer culture but we're talking about one of the sources also a fifth is custom and culture okay. And there are other things two of the most important of them is the sameness of the Sahaba email just write this down the status of the Sahaba
okay after these for the order this because this comes into is all the biggest data these four is pretty much the same although I must say that after this it becomes a big setup which method Do you follow depends on which where you put all of this okay.
Another thing that they have is
Muslim masala. How do you translate Muslim Muslim masala basically some common benefit for the community such as, such as writing the Quran in one book, some common benefit for the community? Okay, so the Sahaba they compiled the Quran in one book did the process of do it? No, how can the Sahaba did it because of Muslim also, there was some benefit to begin for the entire community or something like this. And obviously, nothing of this nature can contradict the stuff above it, especially one into the quantum sort of nothing can ever contradict the cornerstone of our main primary social autocorrelation. So any kind of some type of benefit some people's intermixing has a
benefit to it. I've heard this Believe it or not, is that this is a way that our Muslim Brothers instead of getting married to Christians, if they meet with our Muslim sisters and interact with them, right, then this will lead to the married Muslims. Okay. But does this contradict something above the question? Yes. Therefore, we cannot take this benefit only when the benefit does not contradict the Quran, or anything above it. That's when we go to these other sources of Islamic law. Okay. And there's other things which really is going to take longer to explain in a minute but to begin with, just remember those are the main sources of our Quran, Sunnah, Iijima and pay us these
are the four main sources of
With that, we'll take a short break and then we'll we'll come back and talk about various word pairs very quickly. I'm in hospital, but we'll play among them before various word pairs of how to understand
The forum listen to how to understand the text of the Quran and the Sunnah and we will finish with that inshallah.
What is the difference between one and two unsanitary what was one or two? I didn't write it down myself You guys are running down.
The first one was to leave what is prohibited by Allah subhanho wa Taala. Okay, so Allah, Allah forbid, Zina, okay. Obviously, the past is similar, but I never even clean posters in it, obviously. Okay, so this is the first type. The second type is to leave something that is prohibited in the religion, but it's not necessarily frowned upon. But he left it for a religious reason. Okay. He left it for a religious reason. There's a commonality between the two, and there's something that is different at the same time. Now, how can I prove to my parents that the law is wrong?
That's a long question. I mean, it's
why don't you ask them to prove to you that Mila is right.
Why don't you ask them to prove to you that Mira is right, and tell them that I use as my sources, the Quran and the Sunnah. Okay, don't come to me with check so and so any mom so and so.
For example, a cabana he has an article in the first issue of his Muslim magazine, and he tries to prove that may not as soon as right. But he can never quote even a fabricated Hadith that specifically explicitly mentioned to me that mainly he relies upon statements of the scholars of the past.
Yeah, he said many times in many discussions in Milan, but he never mentioned even one of them. There. Like I said, there's not even a fabricated you concerning me that celebrated his birthday. You mentioned concepts, you're trying to confuse you. Like I said, the process that I'm used to fast on Mondays and he said, I was born on Mondays, therefore, I like to start on Monday. So he said, somebody that says this, Daddy qabbani says, so this shows you the Prophet celebrate his birthday? Well, we answer to him fine. Back on Mondays, we're not stopping fasting on Mondays. He never celebrated his birthday. He used to fast on Mondays go ahead and fast on Monday. Okay, the point is,
they're never going to come to you with anything explicit. And the point is also, when someone brings you a bitter, they have to prove that as soon as not you. So even the wording of the question should be rephrased. How can I prove to my parents that me that is wrong? No. How can your parents prove to you that the law is correct? The burden of proof is upon those that do the data, but the person does the visa, he must come and prove to you that that act is actually a part of the sooner? No.
Is it as soon as you drink with your right hand and sit down and drink? Because the person did that? Explain how to tell the difference between what actions are soon and what actions are not clearly explained this that when the process was implementing an action
in the Quran, or the sooner, right, this automatically becomes
this automatically becomes a part of worship, okay. And when he did something
that goes back to his culture and custom. This is not an act of worship. Now with regards to drinking the process of them commanded the Muslims, he commanded them verbally, he said do not drink while standing up. So what does this mean?
Is it is it? Is it similar that we should do it? Or is it is it just something that is culture and customs with the leads that you believe is sooner to do it and some scholars say that's why just drink while sitting down, but also the process of them once drunk standing up and the scholars say that if there is a reason to drink study, in other words, like a water fountain or something, okay, when you can't possibly sit down in this case, then you can do but the general rule is that you have an opportunity to sit down and drink, ask for drinking with the right hand and eating with the right hand is this. Some of the actions are certain of the statements
okay, but which has takes precedence though? statements when the President said something automatically becomes a part of religion. So the end of the right hand and the drinker with the left hand is of the center and if you drink with the left hand shape on eats and drinks with you, okay, the problem is if you drink with your left hand, Shere Khan eats and drinks with you
might have better be asked that alcohol drugs.
Yeah, but this call is always the mentioned in the press. I don't know why. The better gas is this author's your mind that I gave. selected your mug again. I don't know why they mentioned I don't understand myself, but