Reflections On Surah Abasa
Channel: Yasir Qadhi
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today I recited Sudha Alba in the first Strucker and we are all familiar with the story of Surah Abba. In fact interestingly some people find it awkward to mention the story and this awkwardness is problematic because ALLAH SubhanA wa Tada revealed the surah about the story, and we should not feel awkward to mention the story and to mention the suburban Rasool dimensioned the suburban Rasool about this surah. In other words, before I even begin, the sentiment of feeling awkward needs to be removed from our hearts. Because when we feel awkward or some people feel awkward in reality, this awkwardness is an awkward and against Allah subhanho wa taala. We have to be careful here, right?
Some people I even heard them say, Oh, we shouldn't talk about ABA, as if a stock for Allah speaking about Surah Abba is disrespectful, but then who spoke about Surah Abba, who reveals to ourselves, why is it in the Quran? So the first thing even before we begin, we need to eliminate this misconception which is hugely problematic, that we should ignore Surah Abba Subhan Allah, it's as if the Torah I will reveal as against Allah Himself. Do you understand when somebody says we should not talk about Surah Abba? This means as if a sufferer Allah Allah Himself is revealing something we should not talk about. On the contrary, there is a reason why Allah revealed it. And frankly, to be
brutally honest, if we understood that if see, we would understand there's nothing to feel awkward about. If we understood the real story and the Tafseer of the surah. There's nothing to feel awkward about. Of course, the harasser the summary of the story is well known, and that is that the Prophet system was speaking with Al Walid the father of Khalid Khalid al Walid the father already doing a movie era and he felt that everybody that is close to Islam, and even OMIM Maktoum, the one who has the more than in Medina, heard the voice of the Prophet system he didn't know he was speaking to somebody just heard the voice, and he rushed forward. And he asked a question, he wanted some
information. And Al Walid the arrogant chieftain, because I believe is the chieftain of the of the bonobo zone. And when he snorted in contempt, and just like basically said, You want me to follow you, and this person is your follower, because even remember, tomb had embraced Islam of the earliest of batches. And he walked away. And the Profit System felt a big loss for the OMA. This is the key point here. The Profit System was not wanting some business transaction. He was not wanting some salon some honor from this non Muslim. He wanted to benefit Islam. The whole story is not a criticism of the Prophet system. It's a teaching moment of the priorities of the one who's calling
to Islam. Once you understand this, you understand there is no awkwardness. It's not a criticism. It is Taleem it is tarbiyah it is earshot. It's telling the process and what is beneficial for the ummah. The prophets have some thoughts that Al Walid embracing Islam is more beneficial for the ummah. He's not invested in it personally. He's not wanting some personal transaction and gain he wants the Ummah to benefit when he thought the Ummah had not benefited from this. Allah taught him No, this is not the right way. The OMA is benefiting from the likes of Emil min max tune. So he, as the Quran says abba, abba, he frowned to Allah He turned his face away. Yeah, and he even when
Maktoum is blind, he's not seeing the Prophet system. And when when he walked away the process and felt that the OMA had lost and Allah revealed the surah to tell him no, we don't need the likes of Al Walid, the OMA shall win with the likes of Ibn Al Maktoum. That's the purpose of the surah once you understand this, you understand the surah is teaching you quality more than quantity is teaching you the right followers like Obi Wan, Obi Maktoum are more beneficial than the rich and powerful, arrogant. rejecters like Al Walid so Ibis up He frowned. What Allah He turned his face away because he felt the OMA had lost. He felt Islam would have benefited from the likes of Al Walid and Allah
azza wa jal revealed the surah In this context now, a number of things to be mentioned. So some benefits about ourselves. First and foremost, the language
which used is so gentle, it is not harsh. For example, Abba Soto, Allah And Jehovah is mentioned in the third person. He frowned and turned away. Allah didn't say I Buster, whatever later speaking directly to the process and you frowned and you turned away. It's as if a story is being described. It's as if it's in the third person, not directly speaking to him, he frowned and he turned away when the blind man came to him, then Allah speaks directly to the Prophet system, one mile you Rica. Now he is being brought in, how do you know your rasool Allah, perhaps he would have purified himself. So when the tarbiyah comes, Allah addresses him directly when the description of what
happened occurred, Allah addresses in the third party he found and he turned away, but yeah rasool Allah How do you know maybe he meaning a minute rebuttal me Maktoum would have spiritually purified himself. So in reality, the language used and read the whole surah. Again, with this point in mind, it is extra extra soft. And this shows us one of the benefits is that when you are teaching somebody when you are even correcting somebody, the default is you use soft language, you use gentleness and wisdom. And here we have Allah subhanho wa Taala teaching through the prophet system, all of us because in reality, the goal isn't just the Prophet system, the goal is all of us. That's really the
message is for all of us here. So when you're giving advice when you're giving the car, when you're admonishing, when you're correcting, use the softest language possible. And where possible, don't use the first pronouns used, or the second, you did this. And you did that try your best to be generic, as we find in this surah as well, of the things that we mentioned here of the benefits that we mentioned as well, is that when it comes to describing somebody who has a defect, for example, he's blind, or he's lame, or something, context matters, and sort of gerat Allah subhana wa Taala says that don't call each other with vulgar nicknames. And in this surah, Allah says, When the blind
man came to him, so is it allowed to call somebody blind is it also called somebody's lame response depends on the context, when you use it as a pure description, without any derogatory sense, it is permissible. And when you intend to make fun of somebody, when you intend to put somebody down, the same thing that is used as it as a description will become haram. So we going back to my previous lecture of Kancil culture, I said, context matters. Actually, the surah shows that as well. You can describe somebody as being blind as being lame as being something in a technical sense, and you're not putting him down. And if you were to use the same word and the context and the intention is to
make fun of and to put down this will become haram. And in this context, actually, Allah subhanho wa Taala is praising him and mimic to him praising Him by saying, Ya rasool Allah, his eyesight might be blind, but his heart wants Lila who Yasha he wants to come closer to Allah subhanho wa taala, right for a man minister, Ghana and as for the one who sees but he's arrogant, so it's still gonna hear, he could see, Al Walid could see but his heart was blind. So by calling him an omega two in blind, and then praising him three different ways he comes to you rushing, wanting to be pure, wanting to gain admission. So Allah is showing us an outward defect means nothing if the inner soul
wants to be purified, so Allah azza wa jal said his blind then Allah praised him in three different ways. Then Allah azza wa jal mentions and Walid and says As for this person is struggling that means he thought he had everything he thought he had no need for you. So Allah azza wa jal criticized what is inside of him. And this shows us a simple fact we all know it. It's a hadith, Allah does not look at your outer forms, no at your bodies. Allah looks at your hearts and at your deeds and this surah proves this that Allah said Ma and then he praised abid Amir Maktoum in three different ways also of the benefits we gain from this surah when there is a game that is certain
and it there is a game that is uncertain, we must prioritize the game that is certain over the game that is uncertain. How do we get this from the surah even a mimic tomb for certain will benefit? I'll Waleed uncertain. So we should prioritize the certain over the uncertain we should prioritize the pro over the possible Pro and this is something we should benefit from in the Dawa. When we have two different courses of action, we will prioritize the one that has the maximum impact that is certain and we shall delay that which is not maximum impact of the benefits of the surah as well.
Oh, is that Allah azza wa jal mentions? Le Allahu Yes. Zakka Oh, yes, Kuru, two different things are mentioned. Yes. Zeca Oh, yes, that girl. It's a very interesting technical distinction here. Allah says he might Yes. Zakka or he might yes, that correct. And that yeah, that car will benefit him. Yes, Zack can means to be spiritually purified. Yes, that car means the brain works and some knowledge is gained and that knowledge might possibly benefit him. So we learn that there's two types of clicking two types of light bulbs two types of benefit. We can say simplistically, raw spirituality and knowledge that is beneficial and causes you to come closer to Allah, Allah Allah
who has Zakah test gear, test gear turnoffs purifying the soul. Oh, yes, that correct. Or he can gain some vicar, some knowledge for 10 Pharaoh who vichara and that knowledge will benefit him. So when we attend Halaqaat when we listen to the Quran, when we go with Islamic gatherings, sometimes as we're all aware, it's just the emotion of being in that gathering is just the emotion of listening to the Quran. It's just the spiritual purity we feel that's this gear. And sometimes something the person says, or a benefit we learn, that is 10 of Kira, which of the two is more important to Ischia? How do we know this? Because when Allah says, Lila who yes Zabka there is no
clause. And when Allah says, Oh, yes, there is a clause added for 10 Pharaoh who vichara because does Kia is always good spiritual boost. Tell Kira is only beneficial if it causes you to become better. With that kill ineffectively crop, sometimes there is no modifier in the crop. Right? Well, that good for energic Ratangarh almak meaning sometimes the crop does not benefit those who don't have Iman, right? Oh, yes, Zach Kuru, for 10 Firewood vichara. If the healthcare benefits, then it's beneficial. If the healthcare does not benefit, then pure knowledge. And again, many, many weeks ago, I gave a hotter about spiritual knowledge versus secular knowledge. And this goes back over
here. There are people who don't believe in God. And they have PhDs in quantum physics, and they know much more than all of us about their fields, and that knowledge is of no use to them. And there are people who don't know anything about quantum physics, but the little knowledge they have about this world is worth more than all PhDs in quantum physics without any spirituality. This is that point here does Kyra that benefits. So both are beneficial. But what is the goal of knowledge test Kia, what is the goal of test kit that is the goal. The ostler the goal of knowledge is to Ischia. As for knowledge that doesn't benefit it becomes a Hoja against you, it becomes something against
you. So ya rasool Allah even amid Maktoum was coming to you, your interaction with him might have benefited him spiritually, or he would have learned something and that knowledge might have benefited him. You see the point here, right. So we learned from this you have to Ischia and you have to Kira, another benefit that we gained from this is the real crime. And the worst crime that any person can have is the crime of arrogance. And we know this from the Quran and Sunnah about what stack bar. This is this sort of beliefs. And our Prophet system said, anybody who has one ounce of kibble in his heart shall not enter agenda, and Kibber is the worst crime because it causes you to
commit every other crime if you think you are better than other people. If you think you're better than the religion if you think or we do Billa you don't need God. Well done. What greater arrogance is that a madman is still gonna, that's still gonna is still gonna means he thought himself Eleni. He thought himself I don't need anything. And that's the biggest crime in our Shediac and the crime of the beliefs was the crime of is still gonna about what stuck Bara he had Kibera and this was the crime of Al Walid and the crime of OMA you haven't heard of and the crime of many of the leaders of correlation of the benefits we learn here as well. Is that the goal when we preach Islam, and this
is technical, and please don't misinterpret me is not to convert. The goal is to convey why am I Laika Allah Yasaka? What business is it of yours? If al Walid does not attain this Kia notice? Why am I Laker Allah Yasaka Is it your job that he attains does Kia Your job is to convey Notice he didn't say it as Kira because it is our job to do it as Kira it is our job to give knowledge it is our job to convey the message but as for a person converting
Is that in my hand? Is that something I have to do? And this is a big, big issue. If we understand it, actually, our data will become easier. Because a lot of people when they make their goal to convert, firstly, they're willing to change the message in order to call people to convert. And if we don't change the message, we have a product that we cannot modify. We are salespeople of a product. We don't it doesn't belong to us, we are not allowed to modify. When you make your goal to convert somebody, you might say, Oh, no, that's not true about Islam. And it is true. Oh, actually, Muslims don't believe that and we do believe it, but you want to convert. Secondly, when you make
your goal to convert, very quickly, you will realize that it's a very difficult job. And you might lose hope when nobody or very few people convert. But when you realize my job is not to convert, my job is to convey in nama alagille Bella, your job is banal. It's not to make sure he converts because it's not your power in the Culatta demon chapter. You do not guide the one whom you want to guide Allah guides whomever he pleases, pleases. So this early makansutra is teaching the prophets of salaam ya rasool Allah, your heart should not be attached to the person's conversion. Yes, if somebody converts, we're happy. But the goal is not necessarily conversion, that my goal we preach
the message, why am I they cut Allah Zakah whoever doesn't want to accept that's upon them not upon me of the benefits you also we learned as the machete points this out in his Akasha very interesting point here, that by mentioning that he is blind, it is as if Allah subhanaw taala is saying that because he had special needs, you should have given him more attention and more love, ie. Unlike most cultures of the past, where people who had special needs were discarded were shown harshness were shown contempt. The Quran and the Sunnah came with extra emphasis on showing kindness to those with special needs, en showing softness to those who need extra care. And this is what as the
Russian and others point out that ya rasool Allah be just because he couldn't see you does not give you the right to scowl and turn away Allah is watching and you should have had more compassion because he is blind. So by mentioning blindness, it is as if Allah is evoking for us the emotion that we should have. And because of this, it is said in the books of Tafseer a bit most of the way and others that the Prophet saw some whenever he saw a bit, we look to him, he would honor him immensely, he would give him cut them because these verses came down. And because of this, Ibn Al Maktoum was put in charge of the governorship of being the leader of the city. Every time the
provinces have left on an expedition majority of the time more than 12 times more than a dozen times, including in the Battle of budder, who was put in charge of Medina, Abel Maktoum, and this shows us in our religion, we don't consider an impediment such as a physical impediment or a blindness to be something that should stop you from doing something of use to the community to be in charge of something. Once upon a time most of the world said if you are physically unfit, then you cannot hold office you should not be in positions of power. And our Shediac came and said, just because you cannot see doesn't mean you cannot do other things. He put him in charge of the city of
Medina in his absence multiple times. And in fact, if and only Maktoum was appointed as the more than to honor him, and he was the official event along with Bill, as you know, there were two more events appointed by the profitsystem in his lifetime be that an abo Ibn Al Maktoum and in fact the process and preferred the Adana event will mimic tumors we will mention in books of Hadith and filter as a separate topic point is that just because he was blind, didn't stop him from holding office didn't stop him from being given positions of responsibility. And that's what I share the app came with of the benefits of this as well I should have the Allah one is reported. She said that if
the Prophet sallallahu either he was setting them were to have hidden anything, he would have hidden this verse, now another inch or another report says he would have hidden a Versa sort of zap. So there are two reports from Aisha and perhaps both she said it a different times Allah knows best but one of the reports she said, if the prophet system were to have hidden anything from the Quran, he would have hidden this verse, why? Because nobody likes to be corrected. Nobody likes that something is not perfect, and yet you know, the higher up is coming in guiding him to perfection. But still we are reciting these verses, and especially these verses came early Maccha when the Muslim community
is small when the Quraysh are powerful, and these verses instruct the Prophet system to go even higher in his o'clock and tarbiyah This is a mortgages and a sign that the Quran is indeed
Need from Allah? Honestly I don't understand how those who reject the Quran they understand these verses and other verses like this How can you understand that a stop for Allah you think this is the author of the Quran and then he is reprimanding himself for something like this? It doesn't make any especially in the context early MCCA it doesn't make any sense. But if it is from Allah subhanho wa Taala then obviously it makes complete sense. So a number of great scholars have been Altea and others and
the famous North Africa is called Mohammed bin daraz the one who wrote more genital holida he actually says these verses they prove that the Quran is from Allah subhanho wa Taala because it is impossible that a human mind could have done this to reprimand himself or to make himself you know, the the area of fault why would anybody do this so this is another benefit we gain from this section. And finally, we'll finish here inshallah to Allah the beautiful tenacity or parallel the surah is so beautiful. Firstly, the images of the Bulava It is well known and understood. And also look at how the surah ends and begins look at the motifs and the beginning and the end and how they
are paralleling up the first ayah Baba Soweto Allah he found he turned away the ending of the surah Allah talks about the real frowning and the real turning away when you get your hisab in the wrong hand right? When you find out stuff for Allah you're going to not go into gender that is the real one. We don't want that what do we want? Blah hackaton was step zero, would you when you're made in Moose Farah? Boy Erica John was stabbed Ciara. Would you when you're made and Ali HA HA HA HA HA Katara will come more comfortable Fajr so Allah begins the surah by Abba Soto Allah in this world, then Allah reminds us Don't worry what is important. The next world make sure you're smiling. Make
sure your face is bright, and don't be those whose faces are clouded and murky and scared also Anja hola Amma that the the blind man is rushing towards him for knowledge for good deeds. Allah contrast this on the Day of Judgment. Yo May a federal more women agree he when a person who doesn't have any good deeds will be running away from his brother running away from his mother and father running away from his wife and children in this dunya run towards knowledge you will be safe if you don't do so, in the akhira you will be running away from the people whom you love and that will be a source of punishment also is stocking up he thought he had everything Allah contrast this on the Day of
Every single person liquid limited in homeopathy then shutting down your money in this world. He thought he had everything. In the next world. Everything will be a problem for him shot no new money, he's gonna be worried about so many things. Notice the contrast here, right? Every point that Allah mentioned at the beginning, it is contrasted at the end, and we find this beautiful Tannaz so beautiful, parallel, final points about Abraham and luck to him. Abraham Maktoum lived a very, very pious and righteous life, he would still pray in the masjid of the process of despite the fact that he was blind, he would walk to the masjid of the Prophet salAllahu alayhi wasallam. And he was not
able to participate in in many Lhasa, what in many expeditions, however, towards the end of his life, when he found out that when the Muslims were going to march against the Romans, and they're going to take on the Roman Empire, so he insisted that he wanted to be in that battle. And he marched with them. And they said, What are you going to do? He said, because I'm blind, I will hold the flag. And I will not be scared of any enemy, because I'm not going to see them. So I will be an anchor for the army. And you can put me in the most strategic location, and I'm going to hold the flag so that nobody's going to make me scared and Subhanallah that's exactly what he did that they
placed him in that strategic location in the Battle of Odyssey and the 15th of the era. And he stood there like a bracelet of soldier until death came to him and the Muslims were victorious. And he played a seminal role in that victory simply by being the Hallmark and being the flag bearer, and that strategic location where he was situated. So may Allah have mercy on Ibn Amina tomb, and these are some of the benefits from Abba Soweto Allah may Allah subhanho wa Taala guide us all to the best of all manners, which is our como la que was Santa Monica Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh.
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