Lives Of The Sahaba 28 – Uthman b. Affan – PT 08

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Yasir Qadhi

Channel: Yasir Qadhi

Series:

Topics: Dhul-Hijjah

Episode Notes

In this video, Shaykh Dr. Yasir Qadhi steps into the final league of the assassination of Uthman Ibn ‘Affan RA.

We are transported into that period when there is an altercation of sorts between Uthman RA and the rebels and how Uthman ceaselessly reminds them about the various deeds accomplished successfully by him and also how the Prophet ﷺ himself has given him his allegiance.

Attempts were made by Ali Ibn Talib RA, Abdullah Ibn Salam, Abu Hurayra, Ibn Umar, Hassan ibn Ali and Marwan Ibn Al Hakam RA to avert a disaster and in the best interest of the Muslim Ummah. But nothing seemed to work and all attempts at reconciliation reached a dead end.

The final part of the video divulges details on the eventual death of Uthman Ibn Affan RA and numerous facts are elucidated . Some of these that would be beneficial to share are as follows:

  • The night before his death, Uthman RA saw the Prophet ﷺ, Abu Bakr RA and Umar RA in a dream, where the Prophet ﷺ said “break your fast with us”. So Uthman RA fasted that day and told his wife Nailah that today he would meet the Prophet ﷺ.

  • On Friday 12th of Dhul Hijjah, 35 AH, Uthman RA insisted all the Sahabah to leave the house. He opened up his door and began to recite the Qur’an which led to people barging into his room. They indulged in holding and pulling his beard and eventually striking him with a stick.  One among them struck Uthman RA with a sword, which caused his hand to be cut off and blood to spill onto the verse of the Quran “Fasayakfi Kahumullah” (And Allah will take care of them for you).
  • Uthman  RA said to them “Woe to you, that was the first hand that wrote down the Qur’an down”. The rebels continued until Uthman RA was struck on the neck and that blow eventually led to his demise.


Uthman RA was buried in the Baqi’. His death sparked the formation of two separate groups of people – the Khawarij and Shi’a.  

 

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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smilla Rahim al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa Salatu was Salam ala Sayyidina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi Ubud. So in our last week's lesson I had stopped at the point where the people had surrounded with might have been Ifans house, the protest, HUD HUD surrounded. And they had demanded one of three things they had demanded one of three things. They said that number one, you either resign and you hand over the position to whom they did not say, number two, that you must willingly give yourself up so that the sauce be done on you, because you attempted murder, because you attempted murder. Okay, so what was the murder charge? What was the remember was the murder charge

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the letter that you wanted to kill all of us, and this isn't alone. So you give yourself up. And the Islamic Sharia is then basically applied, and you have the sauce. Or number three, they said that you leave it up to us, and we will fight you even unto death. So it might have been I found refuse to do any of these things. He did not want to surrender. And he did not obviously, he didn't deserve the death penalty, as he himself said multiple times. Why would they? On what basis are they going to kill me. And as I said that this 30 to 40 days that he was surrounded by the siege. The fact of the matter is, we only have reports here and there, we have to piece it together. What exactly

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happened. And during this time, a number of reports tell us that a number of negotiations took place between earthman and the people around him. And for example, some time during this siege, perhaps at the beginning, one of the people entered in and demanded from Earth man that he had himself over to basically be executed and earth man said, On what basis are you fighting me? And this young man said, Allah says in the Quran, Odeon adularia, yukata, Runa, Vietnam Buddha mu what in Allah, Allah and also to him. Luckily, permission has been given to those who have been wronged that they fight. And Allah is indeed capable of helping them and you have wronged us and so we are fighting you

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within within your hospital, but normally mo right. So because loon has been done to us, we are now allowed to fight you so use this idea of the Quran as an evidence. And earthman said, I know exactly when that idea came and to whom it was revealed. This idea came because the Quraysh were persecuting us. And Allah gave us permission to wage jihad against them. And this is the first verse in sort of the Bukhara, the first verse that Allah azza wa jal allowed jihad, originally the ultimate Voldemort, and this is the characteristic of the hardest from the very beginning. They take a verse that is meant for the believers, the Sahaba, and they apply it in an incorrect interpretation. And

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this is to this day, this radical strands and these jihadist militant groups to this day, they take these verses out of context. And again, the irony, this, they said was a shot by a young man, this young man has never met the process and has never heard the Quran recited directly from him. And he assumes that he knows the Koran better than earthmen. Even I found, and during these 30 to 40 days, Earth might have been found multiple times mentioned some of his blessings. And honestly, you cannot help but feel sadness and pity that Earth man had to negotiate with these protesters by reminding them have his own blessings. And again, we don't know exactly when each of these incidents occurs.

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But we know that during this month, multiple times he addressed to the people around his house, at times he mentioned the famous Hadith of the Prophet system climbing with Abu Bakar, Omar and earth man. And he reminded them that I was there. And the processor said this. At times he reminded them of the process I'm telling him after he financed the Battle of two book that will lay him out with man, my father by the Doom, that you are criticizing me for all of these points. But do you know that the Prophet system said in the Battle of the book that doesn't matter what I do, it's not going to be worthy of criticism, who are you to criticize when the Prophet system has basically given me

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that open check that no matter what a man does, it will not harm him, how can you be now qualified to criticize after this and it is even said that he reported go ask so and so and so on. So they were there at the time. And these were Sahaba that were there. When the process of said this go and ask them that the Prophet system

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said this as well. He told them that when the time came, so as I had mentioned that, initially, the protest just surrounded the house, we don't know exactly when, in the beginning, it was just protesting so that he could leave and he could come out. Eventually, they stopped him from leaving.

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But visitors who come in, eventually they stopped the visitors from coming in. And then eventually, they even stopped food and water from being delivered to his house, right. And again, we don't have a timeline, there's no way there's no detailed timeline. And perhaps there were, there were times where even food and water was not allowed, then some was allowed to come in. So perhaps it was back and forth. But we know that there were times where there was no permission given for a man to go to the masjid. During that time, he addressed them while they were in the masjid from his house. And this demonstrates that his house was within hearing distance of the masjid, maybe 20 feet, 30 feet,

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maybe even 40 feet, but with a loud voice you could hear and he tells them that the very place that you are praying inside the ministry of the Navy, so I saw them, I was the one who purchased it. And the prophets of Salaam said Who shall purchase it an issue of gender. Remember, we talked about the blessings of command, and one of the blessings one of the last things that he did, and the life of the process alum was that he expanded the message that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam, towards the eastern towards the north, south eastern side of the robot. So he purchased that the back part of the robot, and he was and he purchased it. And that was the area of the machine that

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was closest to his house anyway. And the people were praying there and he called out to them that Do you not know that that very pleased that you're not allowing me to pray, I cannot pray. I was the one who purchased it. And the profitsystem said, Who shall purchase this, he shall get gender. So again, we have these snippets here. I cannot make the whole story unfortunately for you. But we have these snippets. And another very sad snippet that we have is that when they prevented water from being delivered to his house, he said, How can you deprive me of water when I was the one who gave the Muslims water and I purchased a Roomba for them? How can you hoard right do you have to deprive

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water from me when I was the one who purchased the Roomba for them. So all of these snippets throughout these 3040 days, unfortunately, he is having to remind these rough Ian's these riffraff of the status that the Prophet system said that he had, and according to have been sad, the famous historian, at one point he told them he predicted that Oh, people do not kill me. For By Allah, I am a brother and a leader. I'm a Muslim, and I'm also an appointed leader. And I only want what is best in order to in Islamic Studies, and I have the Koran, and it is upon the tongue of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam that he says in order to do in Islam, he must have thought, I only want to do what

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is best as much as I can. And show everybody who said I'm sure I release them. And also isn't it good to have them have the same thing? And and the man says I only want what is best. Don't criticize me. Whether I am right or wrong. I only want what is good meaning my knee is good. Even if you disagree with my policies. I only want what is good for the oma while in cartel to Mooney but if you kill me, then you shall never be a jamaa together again, nor shall you fight behind one flag again, nor shall you ever divide the aneema together again, meaning my death will be the end of the unity of the oma. So he predicted this for the for the people around him, and he said that I beg you

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not to kill me, not for my sake for the sake of the oma that you're killing of me shall lead to the beginning of the end for the oma and hassanal basally. And as an apostle, he was a teenager who was in Medina at the time and has settled busted. He is a live witness to what is going on. Meaning he's in Medina, but he's probably

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1517 years old. He's just a young teenager. And so he's come from Missouri, and he is in Medina. And he is seeing firsthand Of course, he's too young to even do anything on either side. He's just a young child. I mean, you know, young man at the time, but he is an eyewitness has no adversity. He's an eyewitness you've all heard of has animosity, the famous Dabiri perhaps the most famous Stanbury have ever and he died 110 Digital, this is now 35 Digital, right? So he is a very young man, and he is in Medina at the time when all of this is happening, and has senator bacilli remarks more than 50 years. 60 years later, he says sada thoughtless man Earth man spoke the truth. For our law. He even

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though we prayed together after him, our hearts were never united. After that.

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So Earth mando de la Juan predicted that his death would be the beginning of the end of the oma. And that is exactly what happened. When the siege began,

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or somebody had been a fan, as we said was allowed, he was allowed to leave and visitors were allowed to come to his house. And a number of meetings took place about what should be done with these, with these protesters, and even our fan, called a number of Sahaba at times, individually at times as a group and asked them what is to be done. And of the first of the Sahaba he reached out to was Abdullah bin Salaam. And Abdullah bin Salim is now a very, very elderly man. He was of course Yanni he has witnessed everything from the beginning of Medina. He is one of the leaders of the city of Medina, because he goes back to pre Islamic. Mahalia is one of the leaders. He was the Chief

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Rabbi of the hood, before the coming of the prophets of Islam. So he is now a madonie. And he through and through, and he is now one of the senior people of the city. And he asked Abdullah ibn Salaam, what is your advice? What should I do? And Abdullah bin Salam said that keep your hands down, keep your hands shackled to yourself, for that will be the best excuse in the eyes of Allah, you will be the victor, Don't raise your hand up, keep it down. And that will be the best excuse in the eyes of Allah. And I already told you what even are others advised him that for? How long will you live? What is the point to any what suppose suppose they were to do attack? What will be the

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case? What will be the max, they will kill you suppose you get rid of them? How will you live forever. So if death is inevitable, die the best death without having killed anybody. And many of the Sahaba dedicated themselves or suggested to the earth man that they would be willing to protect Earth man, personally, and of them is a highly feminine or a man that he said give us the command and we shall fight them. And then move here I've been sure one of the senior of the Sahaba have been sure but he said oh Amira meaning you have the numbers and the quantity on your side. And you are on the side of the truth. And they are upon the bottom. You have the numbers and the quantity, give us

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the command and we'll fight for the truth against them. But earthman said that phrase that was to become his his motto throughout all of this 3040 days, he would always repeat the same phrase over and over again. I shall not be the first person after the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam to shed the blood of a Muslim is not going to go down that I am the first person in my watch. And because of me that Muslim blood was shed. So he insisted that none of the Sahaba would basically defend him physically, and they obeyed Him until the very end. And of those who was of the of the elite of the vanguard of defending Earth might have been a fan was Abdullah Jimenez obeyed Abdullah

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Ibanez obey, who is at the prime now of his his manhood. Of course, eventually he will become his own halifa. Eventually, he will not take allegiance with the oma units. And he will consider the Omega to be a tyrannical an Islamic entity, and he will form his own fate alpha in Makkah and Medina that's going to happen later on. We'll come to it when we get to it. Right now he is in the formative period. He's in his 30s right now. And I believe in his debate now says to Earth money, but I found that awkward to do one go ahead and fight them and kill them for by a law, we have a lost permission to defend and fight on your behalf. Meaning the Sharia has given you the green

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light, you are surrounded, they are depriving you of food and water. They might even kill you. You have every Islamic right to go and fight them and other others of the Sahaba said that you have enough defenders and supporters just give us permission. But he kept on saying that unsure the committee law I I beg you in the name of a law to not shed any blood for my sake. So that was the mantra that was the standard slogan of Earth minded and our fan. Nobody blood will be spilled because of me. I will not give the command to kill any person. There was also an idea. Some say Osama bin Zayed was the one who suggested it and perhaps other Sahaba as well. There was also an

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idea that he secretly smuggled out and he flee to Makkah. So this idea was also suggested that he should just basically leave surreptitiously and be smuggled to a safe zone but he

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Turn this idea down as well, because obviously, it's not really the manly thing to do. It's not any This is not appropriate for a fan to simply disappear and run away. And he refused to take that idea as well. And

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during this time when the affairs of the oma now are stopped, he appointed Abdullah zubayr, to take charge of the affairs of the oma while he is now under siege, so that the oma whatever needs to be done outside is still being done. So Abdullah and his obey becomes the temporary in charge of the other affairs. And he also delegated Eben Abbas to lead the hedge because this is good hedger of 3500. And he's not able to go for hedge and the senior Sahaba are stuck. But there's still going to be pilgrims coming from other lands, somebody has to take charge of the hedge, so he appoints a boss to take charge of the hedge. And this shows to the very end, that he is delegating responsibilities

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that he is taking care of what he's supposed to take care of, despite the fact that he is almost going to die, despite the fact that he's threatened. He is in charge of responsibilities, and he delegates others to take charge of those responsibilities. And

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at this stage, we can tell from his statements, that he still felt there was hope that he felt that they could be negotiated with, and that when they did threaten him, that he initially was shocked at the level of anger and the level of threats taking place. And as I already mentioned, the first time the threats came, perhaps the first week of the protest, that earthman rhodiola Hwan came back and his face was pale, the blood had drained from his face. And and he said to his family had the dooney They threatened to kill me by Allah, but for what crime can they possibly kill me, which means what? That he wasn't expecting the anger and the mob mentality to get to that level. But this is now

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already taking place. So what's going to happen towards the towards the end, and

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a time came when visitors and especially prominent visitors could not visit him. So we learn from insides tidy? So Takata, inside has a famous book called The heart is one of the earliest books of history. And it's of the biographies of the Sahaba and whatnot, we learned that he asked for it, I've never thought it to come specifically I've never thought of to come. And Ollie went with some of his family members. We don't know who of his family members at this time, and realize that Andy had more sons and daughters because now Fatima has passed away more than 20 something years ago, and he has married after the death of Fatima one to 1236 months after the Prophet sallallahu sallam.

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So after that the family remarried and he had other children from other women. So it is simply says he went with his some of his family who we don't know. It could be Mohammed bin Hanafi. It could be others we don't know. So he went with some of his family, and the protesters refused to let him in. And they stood up to try to physically prevent and the matter became more and more until his family it said who they were, we don't know, begged him to go back before he himself was harmed. So the situation is getting so tense that Ali himself rhodiola one cannot go inside the house of Ruth man. So what did he do? He took off his turban. In those days people recognize people's turbans,

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especially the senior Sahaba they had their turbans that people recognize, he took off his turban and he flung it over the crowd to the doorstep of Earth man, where a man's You know, he would obviously have the huddle or the servants are there in the house. So they took it inside the point meaning Ali is expressing his support for a man that I tried to come you and you called me I tried to come I'm not able to come so whatever token like I can support you with this is my turban at your service and these types of incidents and there are so many a number clearly demonstrate the the ludicrous notion that I'll do the other one was sympathetic to the killers it's really nonsensical

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over and over again we can see a little The last one is not on the side of the of the killers have suffered a lot rather he is defending Earth man from the very beginning. And at one point, God even magic we all know God within Malik, we had a whole lesson about khabib and Malik at one point in the siege cat when Malik gathers together the unsolved he goes to their houses he gathers together the unsolved and he marches with them to the house of man. And he says he gets inside the house he says that.

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Oh amirul momineen amirul momineen We are the unsolved and we shall show you that we are unsolved. What does unsolved mean?

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The helpers to helpers and he

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says, We shall be the unsought of a law again, as we were the unsought of a law before and they didn't Sabbath also from the unsolved. And from this delegation, they they've been Sabbath said that no sadhana Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, when an anon Soraka we were the people who helped rasulillah Now we will help you as well. So they did Sabbath and cavalry, medic and others of the senior of the unsought are physically now willing to fight on behalf of Earth man, and earth man, once again says to them, I do not want any fighting, do not, you know, get rid of the crowds or protests and go back and do not physically engage with them. And at some point in time, and again,

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that's the sad reality, we don't have a timeline we have to reconstruct, at some point in time, the Sahaba became so worried about the safety of Earth man, that many of them volunteer to live in the house with him. They slept in the main room, and they became his personal bodyguards for the last few days of his life. So Lola, I mean, your loved one. And people like Abu hurayrah and Abdullah ibn Omar, and Al Hassan ibn Ali, and others of the senior Sahaba actually moved into the house of earthman. And stayed there physically for the last few days because of the tense situation and scenario and as well Marwan deployed haccombe, who is his cousin, and that also shows it doesn't

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make sense for Milan to have forged the letter. Now he's clearly willing to lose his life, he's willing to fight to defend Earth man, it makes no sense to accuse him of forging the letter, right. That's what some of the medieval historian said. And these are not from the other group. These are from our own group that some of our own scholars said, it's most likely about one. But if you really think about it, I mean, there doesn't seem to be a motive, there doesn't seem to be it just doesn't match up that Marwan would be the one forging the letter, and right now we have him inside the house, armed to the hilt, willing to defend it with man to the death, how can mode one then be the

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one who forged the other doesn't make any sense whatsoever. So he is with double Hodeidah with Abdullah, Omar, and Abdullah and his obey then sends an electrode to him,

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or a messenger to him. And the limited debate is the one who has been appointed to be in charge of the affairs of the city and of the of the state, while earthman is under siege. And Eben azubi says,

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If you want, I can also join that group to protect you. And if you want, I can remain where I am. And I have a group under my command that are willing to obey me at any time, meaning, you have two options, or amirul momineen, I can also join the Elite Guard inside by myself, or I have a group of fighters basically, that are under my command. And whenever you need, we will have a whole group willing to defend. And this also shows therefore, that there were groups of the Sahaba that had prepared themselves in case there was fighting that they would defend but they weren't physically inside of the house of Earth man. So this man sent the messenger back thanking Abdullah Abu

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Zubaydah. And saying, if you come here, you will just be one more person in the crowd, stay where you are, and that will be more beneficial. Don't come with your entire group until we need you. And multiple times during the siege, the situation became so tense that some of the Sahaba tried their best to defend even without the permission of Earth man, and especially amongst them was Abdullah bin Omar and alesund. Even alley, these two and the both of them were of a young age and their husband is younger than Eben Omar, but they're both in there. So a lesson even Allie would now be 30 years old, around a little bit 30, late 20s, early 30s and it would be early 30s. They're both

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basically at the prime and these two attempted multiple times to get earthman permission to go attack the protesters outside. And in fact it is narrated that even Omar came one time armed with his body armor with his suit of the the the the cloak of armor on and with his weapons and he came to earth man, and he asked a man that let him go out and fight and the same for Abu hurayrah de la Juan is It is reported that Abu hurayrah as well came to the command armed to the hilt. And Abu hurayrah is not a young man of war era by now must be around 60 years old. And Abu huraira is coming and he is also armed to the hilt and he is saying now is the time to fight How long are you going to

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not fight? So this shows this is towards the end of the siege and the number

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Sahaba are attempting to prompt a man by doing what? By coming already armed and saying, Let us go fight. So Rosemont said to Abu hurayrah that, would you be happy if you killed me and all of humanity? And Abu huraira said, Of course not. So then earthman said, and didn't Allah say in the Koran, what is Allah say?

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Whoever kills one person, it is as if he has killed all of humanity for kinda Matata, NASA Jamia? So this is Earth man's slogan, how can you kill anybody? If you kill one person, it's as if you've killed me and all of humanity. How can you do this? So he managed to calm down even Omar and Abu hurayrah. And

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nobody was able to basically defend it with man, because of man insisted on it. And the point of course, arises that why was he so adamant about not fighting back? Why was he so adamant? And our scholars say that perhaps there were a number of reasons. First and foremost was the knowledge that the professors himself had directly given him that he is going to die of sheer heat, and that he will be suffering certain problems at the hands of volume. People. Remember, there was a little quote at the beginning, when we talked about automotive and iPhone, we mentioned that the process and I'm said that you're going to be tested, there's going to be benwell to Cebu, there's going to

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be issues taking place. Also, because of the Profit System explicitly told him, Allah will give you a shirt and others will try to snatch it away. When they try to snatch it away, do not give them that shirt. And earthman understood clearly that now this is what's happening. And as well, because and this was his main point that he verbalized, he did not want to be the one who began to shed the blood of the oma. He did not want to go down in history and legacy meter on the day of judgment to be the first Muslim who commanded the shedding of another Muslims bloody well, I realized this never happened. I will buck Omar's time. And throughout McMahon's time, there has never been a battle

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between the Muslims. And it is unheard of at this point in time. Unfortunately, we all have heard of it all the time, we still see multiple Muslim nations fighting other Muslim nations. And in fact, throughout all of our lives, this has always been happening. And it will always happen. So one of the realities of the Battle of man, we are still suffering from the consequences of man's massacre To this day, because that's what the predictions are, when this door is broken, it will never be shut again. When this door is broken, it will never be shut again. So the reason why this man refused to undertake any course of action was because he realized this was the only way even if it

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meant his death. There's nothing else to be done. And as well. There's a beautiful Hadith in Mr. Lima Mohammed that demonstrates how difficult this time was that our Prophet system predicted or said, there are three trials, whoever has been saved from these three trials has been saved from everything. What are the worst three trials that mankind or the Muslim oma will face? The worst three? Well, number one is, before that the jail is the death of the Prophet sallallahu sallam. That's one of the worst trials. And was it not one of the worst what happened to the Muslim oma more than half of the tribes broke away, became motivated again. Because it was that was there. Even the

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Sahaba went through a phase of difficulty. This was one of the worst trials, that john is another one. And then the third one, the prophets of Salaam said and the killing of a halifa.

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The killing of a halifa who is patient and clinging to the truth.

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So one of the biggest fitness the oma will undergo is the killing of an innocent halifa. Even as this halifa sticks to the truth clinging to the truth. And this is understood there was no other halifa in our history that was as pious as man and who was massacred, who was assassinated in that manner. Right? That he's literally clinging to the truth as others are attempting to fight him. Of course many with the whole affair who were killed and died later on. How can you compare that to Earth man and the rest man was a blatant assassination. It was not like one person. It was a mob assassination which did not occur too early or too early on him as mine so the reason

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did not do anything was because that was the only course of option is not to fight them. And it appears as well that there there were some physical altercations between the Sahaba and between the protesters but none of them resulted in the death of anybody, but blood was spilled. People were wounded, but nobody actually died. We know from one report that at some stage and we don't know any details of why or what not at some stage, three or four of the Sahaba were severely wounded. And of them was Marwan Al hakam, the cousin and Abdullah Zubaydah and Hudson urban alley, the son of Adam inhabitable Hudson, in fact that Hudson was wounded so severely that he had to be carried out on a

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stretcher bleeding. So some type of altercation takes place. Most likely This is now in the last week where they might have attempted to storm or they might have done something and the some of the Sahaba might have to have defend and then some type of fight broke out the fight did not result in anybody's death, but the blood was spilt and finally things are going to come to an end. And that ending is that reminded me not fun will not resign his fate, resign his fate. And how did this resigning of the fate come about? The night before his death? It is authentically reported in whatever What did narrations literally out of all of the fitness all of the reports of the killing

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of Earth man, this one incident is the one that is reported it literally at least 20 different books, so many different chains that the night before of man's assassination. He saw the Prophet system in a dream.

00:31:44--> 00:32:15

This was the last night of his life. He saw the Prophet system in a dream. And with him where a worker and Omar waiting for him they were all dressed and waiting for him good clothing and the gender clothing and waiting for him. And the Prophet system said to Earth man have been found on earth man. Break your fast with us off flitter, Indiana. Break your fast with us. So earthman woke up. And the first thing he did he he?

00:32:17--> 00:32:19

Because he realized this is it now.

00:32:20--> 00:32:47

This is it. This is going to be my day. And He fasted on that day. And he told his wife and his wife's name was not ADA. Now Illa and nyla, by the way, was a Christian who had converted to Islam. Arusha had given her that when she had converted to Islam, and she is the last of the wives of Earth man. And she he told his wife not into that. Today, I will meet

00:32:49--> 00:33:11

my beloved ones. Today I will meet the Prophet so similar avocado, Omar. And of course I mean, you know, his wife said, No, no, don't speak like this. I mean, you know that standard love. That's what happens when that's not going to happen. But man had said his to his wife, this is it now, this is what's going to happen. And this was on a Friday the 12th of the hedger in the year 35. Ah

00:33:13--> 00:33:59

Friday the 12th of the hedger in the year 35. Ah, and when he wakes up, of course, the Sahaba are still sleeping in the room there the other Zubair has simulated they're all sleeping in the room. And we do not know how, but he managed to get them all out of the house and back to their houses. We don't know the books of history, don't tell us what he said to them. But whatever he said, he managed to get them out of his house. And Allah knows best but I mean, maybe he used the excuse of Joomla that look, today's Joomla they're not gonna do anything. You go pray and then come back. Allah knows best way. I mean, we don't know the details. But he managed to get every single one of

00:33:59--> 00:34:36

his bodyguards that were volunteering, those were not professional bodies. These were the Sahaba that had volunteered, he managed to get all of them out. And this is early morning, Friday. And now he resigned himself to his fate. And he accepted the inevitable and he realized that his death was going to come because it's been around 30 to 40 days now. And the situation has gone from bad to worse to really unbelievable. And there's no doubt in my mind, and it's clear from anybody who understands recommended but I find he wanted the others to get out of the house so that

00:34:37--> 00:35:00

nothing happens to them. Because he has been told you're gonna die today. I mean, the process was told him in a dream. So he doesn't want any other Sahabi in the house. He doesn't want anybody to die other than himself, which is exactly what happened. Not a single person died on that day, other than Earth man and he insisted to get rid of

00:35:00--> 00:35:37

of all of the Sahaba how he did it, I mean, truly, he must have been extremely forceful, he must have used the same. You want to call it emotional blackmail, but it is the reality like he, he basically said, buy the rights Allah has given me he's done this before, that I am the one you have to obey as the halifa. You cannot fight them. That's what he's been saying that as your leader, you cannot disobey me, I asked you in the name of Allah. So whatever he did, he got rid of all of them. And this is on the Friday morning, the morning of the Friday, His house is now empty of anybody, except for his wife Nagila, who is in the chambers. That's it, everybody else has gone. And he

00:35:37--> 00:36:18

actually opens up the door after everybody has gone. And they've seen all of the Sahaba leave, he opens up the door, and he sits down and opens up the most half, resigning himself to death, because now he knows this is what's going to happen now. And he begins to recite and the the books of history mentioned, again, a few anecdotes, a few incidents, even at the very end. Unfortunately, we don't have a timeline, who amongst that crowd is going to report, you know, the details. All that we know is that it was only a matter of time before the people outside realize that the house is completely empty, that the Sahaba have left. And this is the time now to act. They've been outside

00:36:18--> 00:37:01

3040 days the mob mentality has taken them over. And small groups began to come in until everybody now is inside of his room. And they begin to manhandle him, they begin to mock Him, they shout him, they surround him, they they they they hold on to his beard, which was something that they did as a matter of disrespect, you know, to hold on somebody and to to mock him and whatnot. And finally, to set the first person to physically hit him was a person by the name of Romanelli, Amani, he raised a long stick and basically put it down on earth might have been our fan. And that opened up the door for the others to basically come and literally have to paddle out. I mean, Earth man at the time is

00:37:01--> 00:37:15

82 years old. He's not wearing anything other than the shirt, no armor, he has no weapons on him. I mean, what type of mentality must you be to surround an 82 year old man?

00:37:16--> 00:37:55

Who is one of the greatest of the Sahaba? I mean, what are you you just try to visualize and you don't you cannot even see what type of people this must be to do this. And they are mocking and whatnot. And finally, to said that one of them raised up a sword. And he lowered and on earth man, Earth man, and this is human fitrah I mean, even to the end, you're not gonna commit suicide by letting them kill you. He puts his hand up to the very end because this is Islam. Unlike what the suicide bombers do, you don't just sit there even as you know you're going to die. Still, you put up a fight back, he put his hand up, and that's when his hand got cut off. And this is a famous story

00:37:55--> 00:38:36

that is reported in many early books that the blood spurted on to the Mazel Tov, this is a famous story true, it spread onto the must have. And it came on to the verse first a UK FICO law, that a law will take care of them for you allies enough for you, he will deal with them for say a FICO law. That's that famous incident that took place where the blood of Earth man came upon the must have. And it is said that even as he saw his hand cut off, he said, Woe to you. That was the first hand that wrote the Koran down, meaning the first scribe of the Prophet system, the first scribe, because in Makkah, who could read and write, in Makkah, you had barely five people could read and write, and

00:38:36--> 00:39:15

earth man was one of the first to write down the Quran. And with that handout, he has now been basically his hand has been cut off. And of course, the famous story as well took place here that Nagila his wife was screaming from behind, and she attempted to protect Earth man as well. And as she stuck her hand out to stop the blow, so her entire hand as well this is another blow cuts her hand off, so she was without her five digits for the rest of her life because it was cut off completely by one of the blows, and multiple blows are coming until it is said that the final blow that came to the head of Earth mount or the neck of Earth man was from Juba was his name gibler.

00:39:15--> 00:39:54

What was the name given in the books, and he was a large, dark man from Egypt to finish the dastardly deed. And this was the basically the death of Earth man had been iPhone rhodiola one now, we have to pause and going into a very difficult tangent here, a very awkward tangent. And again, it's better you hear it from me than from other people. That's always been my philosophy, not to sugarcoat and not to hide anything, but to rather explain it if possible, or tell you the truth or say it's not authentic, whatever it is, but it's rather better that you hear it from me then from other people. One of the most difficult things for us to to understand is that

00:39:56--> 00:40:00

some of the people who were amongst the critic

00:40:00--> 00:40:06

x over x men seem to have been from noble families. And perhaps the most

00:40:07--> 00:40:13

noble blooded critic was Mohammed, Eben abubaker.

00:40:15--> 00:40:28

This is a very problematic issue. And again, perhaps in a previous generation, in another time and place, it would have been nice to simply overlook this and move on. But the world that we live in,

00:40:29--> 00:41:15

you cannot keep secrets anymore. And if you don't hear it from me, you're going to hear it from other people. And their interpretations are going to be much more sinister than the truth. So it's better that this has heard from from me now, who is Mohammed Abu Bakar. And out of all of the the the people in the crowd, Mohammed Devi. bucha is the one that has the highest lineage. The majority of them have nothing to do with the Sahaba. The majority of them are the riffraff and the reference from the various places. apparently one of them was Mohammed even a be Becker and Mohammed Abu Bakar. There are even allegations some books say that he was of those who participated in the actual

00:41:15--> 00:41:17

killing, but we will say that's not true.

00:41:18--> 00:41:37

We'll say that's not true. And we'll explain why. Who is Mohammed Abu Bakar Mohammed Abu Bakar, is the youngest son of Abu Bakr Siddiq, and his mother is a smart Binti, mais and he was born in head jetted Wada during the hijo de and

00:41:38--> 00:42:00

he was simply too young to see the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So technically, he is not a Sahabi. Technically, he's not a Sahabi, he could not have seen the Prophet system as a young boy, because hedges Rhoda Think about it. And as I said, there is a category of people.

00:42:02--> 00:42:47

We give them some respect overall, but we don't call them Sahaba. And these are those who were born to the Sahaba. And they would have seen the Prophet system or the process would have seen them. So Marwan is a much higher level of this category, because Marwan would have seen the Prophet system as a six seven year old boy, but Mohammed Abu Bakr would not have seen him. So he is not a Sahabi. And that's very important to make sure that people understand he is not a Sahabi. Because how could he be one, he's literally less than a year old on the process and passes away. Okay, as well. Another twist in the tail. Remember, a smart, who is a smart, a smart been to mice.

00:42:49--> 00:42:52

She is john for his wife. And then she is

00:42:55--> 00:43:13

I will buckers wife, then Ali's wife, and you forgetting one more, but anyway, these are the three main ones, Jafar, and then Ali, and then abubaker, she married one after the other. So I've been to mice, and she has children from all of them, by the way. So

00:43:14--> 00:43:23

she had married aboubaker. So Mohammed is born to her after a worker she marries Holly. So Mohammed, even abubaker

00:43:25--> 00:43:34

is raised in the house of highly abused LaDonna. By the way, pause here. This is enough to indicate the lie that there was a tension between

00:43:36--> 00:43:50

Ali and aboubaker, because he's raising the son of Abu Bakar. And Mohammed and Rebekah his loyalty was to rd throughout his life. So much so that in the Battle of the camel,

00:43:51--> 00:44:07

he was on the side of it. And his sister was on the other side, because his sister was on the other side. Right? So because he's been raised in the house of God, and he views it as the father figure in his life, because he's been raised in the house of God and everybody. So

00:44:09--> 00:44:25

some books and especially the books that are non Sunni, but even and I want to be frank here, some of the times even some of our sources, they mentioned that Mohammed Abu Bakar was of those who had participated in the killing of Earth man.

00:44:26--> 00:44:30

And it is also reported that he suffered a

00:44:32--> 00:44:42

a difficult death, somewhat of a punishment, death by the people alumnos which is fatal being the al Qaeda in that

00:44:43--> 00:44:59

the early mermaids killed him because he was a participant in the Battle of Earth man, and they also did things to his body that again, no need to go into all the sordid details but his death was not a positive one. He died a young man he died actually two years after this.

00:45:00--> 00:45:01

Dr. Mayes came to power and then

00:45:03--> 00:45:16

eventually they got rid of him. They literally killed him and they weren't very kind with his body with the claim that he was of those who killed Earth man. And he was of the most prominent to killed with man. Now,

00:45:17--> 00:45:54

there is this version of events, but the more stronger version, in fact, the strongest version, which we have authentic reports about, and this is the standard interpretation of Eben Katia and even inside before him, and this is the mainstream Sunni interpretation, which doesn't exonerate him but it makes him much better than of the killers was that Earth man was that sorry, Mohammed, even Evie Becker was of those who entered the room on that day. But he did not actually participate in the killing.

00:45:55--> 00:46:30

And this is authentically narrated by a number of different reports, including one or two eyewitnesses to what is taking place that when Mohammed enemy, Buckhead came into the room and earth man is there reading the Quran, because of his seniority in terms of lineage, he was considered to be one of the leaders. So he was of those who approached us might have been a fan. And he was of those who held on to his beard. This is Mohammed Abu Bakar. And earthman said to him, he had been an

00:46:31--> 00:46:48

officer, son of my brother or nephew, meaning your father and me, you're Oh, you have an Effie. This is not your place, meaning you should not be here. You are not a part of this group. This is not your place. Had your father been here, he would never have approved of this.

00:46:49--> 00:47:08

And when he said this to Mohammed Arivaca, it is said he felt so guilty, that he immediately let go, and he left the premises, and was not there when the deed took place. Now, to be brutally honest, that doesn't make him innocent, either.

00:47:09--> 00:47:53

I mean, he's over the crowd. And before this, he has been a part of the crowd. And he is over those who have been not kind to Earth man. And this does raise this this issue. And we need to understand and and and here's a hope by now, those of you that have been with me from the beginning, you understand, it is actually a problem. When we romanticize each and every human being over the past, and we make them into an angel. It's a problem. Because when we find out they're not angels, this actually affects our human, it's actually better to be honest, and say, You know what, he wasn't as a hobby, and have the children of the Sahaba, many are righteous, and many are not that righteous.

00:47:53--> 00:48:02

And show some even taymiyah. He says that Mohammed rebbeca, was not of the elite of the tablet, and he's not as a hobby is not a parent. In fact, his son

00:48:04--> 00:48:49

will cost him in Mohammed and under 100, it will cost him his son is better than him. And his son was one of the famous seven scholars of Medina folklore serve as one of the great scholars of his time. So this is the grandson of a walker was one of the senior scholars of his time, he was not a political figure at all. So the point being that, you know, is just best to acknowledge this was a time when, yes, the Sahaba had lots of children, not all of their children turned out to be completely like their fathers. And the main point to recognize Mohammed, Abu Bakar, was not a Sahabi. And whatever he did or didn't do, it has nothing to do with the Sahaba. He was a child of

00:48:49--> 00:48:59

one of the best, in fact, the best Sahabi but being the child of the best doesn't mean you are the best. After all, we have in the Quran, the prophet.

00:49:00--> 00:49:33

No, Allah has said, I'm the Prophet normally, he said, um, is anybody going to blame prophet North for anything, you cannot control everybody. And, in fact, abubaker didn't even give Tobia to him. And we don't even blame it to the Lord. It's not I mean, you grow up and you become a man and you leave. And now he's not like living in the house of Allah anymore is a full fledged man. Now he's 36 years old now at this point is that he's not his if he's a child living in the house of Allah, he's his own independent man. And he has made up his mind for whatever reason. And I have explained in the two, three weeks ago that there were some Sahaba, who were critical of some of the policies of

00:49:33--> 00:49:55

Earth man, but they never joined this side of the killers of Earth man. And this is something that is very explicit in our tradition, and hassanal basally. Again, back to the one who is one of the most authentic narrators and scholars alive, who's an eyewitness, and has settled bascially was asked many years later, did any of the Sahaba participate in the killing of Earth man?

00:49:56--> 00:49:59

Did any of the Sahaba participate in the killing of Earth man

00:50:00--> 00:50:47

And it has an imbecile he says, How shall he law which is like a stone for the law staff for the law. They were nothing but the scums and riffraff these were the the the rough, Ian's the people who killed Earth man had nothing to do with the Sahaba. That for us is the key point. And even Mohammed Abu Bakar. At least he wasn't there and did not participate at the end, what he did before between him and Allah, but he was not there in the end, and he walked away from the room, and embarrassment and shame and did not participate in the actual killing of Earth man a bunch of fun. So Earth man have an iPhone was murdered on the 12th of the hedger into the 35 year of the hedgerow. And

00:50:48--> 00:51:31

immediately after his death, the crowd fled Helter Skelter dispersed. And this would become the biggest thorn in IDs khilafah. What to do with the Attila of Earth man? Because how many are they in the hundreds or maybe 1000s and meaning not meaning the people in the room, but basically, the people that were surrounding the protesters, and how many tribes have their loyalties with that's basically almost one third of the, if you look at the people's tribes, so to wage war against them, is to wage war, a major Civil War. And this we'll get we'll get to I'm jumping the gun here, this became one of the biggest issues which actually caused the Battle of Sophie in the Battle of Jama in

00:51:31--> 00:51:58

particular, because even OSHA was demanding that you need to take action. And we'll get to the why added to the law and felt that this is not the time or place you're going to have a huge Civil War, that it's perhaps best to move on now. And you cannot bring that many people to justice in a case. This is as soon as the murder takes place, the crowd disperses and literally scatters back and flees back to their lands. They're no longer in Medina after there's not going to wait for them to be captured. And

00:51:59--> 00:52:44

Earth minded been a fan. The janazah was prayed over his body in his own house, they felt that it's safe not to take him to the masjid, but to pray janazah in his own house, and janazah was prayed. And within a day or two Some people say two days after Earth might have been I found was then taken at night so that nobody is going to see just in case somebody is following the word not. And he was buried in a garden behind Berkeley, a lot of code behind Berkeley. And that is why today if you go to Berkeley, which has been expanded double triple the amount that it was, you will go to the very end. And they say that was where that is where the body of recommander of the lorawan is and Allah

00:52:44--> 00:53:27

knows best I mean, it appears to be this is what history tells us you cannot verify you cannot negate or deny. This is what has been inherited from 1000s hundreds and 1000s of years that that's where the body of Earth man is a founder of the law who was not buried in bioclear because they were worried that these same people are gonna dig up the grave and mutilate the corpse. He was buried in a secret location in one of the gardens of Medina that was behind back here. And it is said later on that that was then finally when it comes down people who are new new and that was then kept being handed down that this is the grave of Earth man. Until now to this day. When you go back here, those

00:53:27--> 00:54:13

of you that have been you know that all of the Sahaba are buried within the first 50 meters of book there, every one of them. And to go to this man's grave you have to walk another like 10 minutes because that's at the very end of bucket because it was expanded and it wasn't inside but there when he was buried over there, and the death of Earth Nando de la one brought about not only political chaos but theological. For the first time, the oma split up on theological grounds, and two filters formed at the death of Earth man, two filters the Colonel's formed they would come to fruition in the time of it but at the death of his man his mother the llama is when the seeds are planted the

00:54:13--> 00:54:54

first item or the cottage and the second them are the Shia This is again from our perspective the other groups have their version of events from us is very clear that the death of Earth mount of the low one caused two groups their seeds to be planted the first are the hot edge and as one of the tab your own said that right to patella truth man, I saw the people who killed Earth man. Most of them were amongst the people of no one did the people of now wonder where they have knowledge. Most of them joined up the or they became the haulage. So these very people who are political agitators at the time, and you know, this is the reality of politics. Once you enter it, it's in your blood. Once

00:54:54--> 00:55:00

you get involved and see us and whatnot, you are always into it. So you It's impossible.

00:55:00--> 00:55:18

To imagine these people who have done so much and marched from the various lands and killed a man, they're not just going to go home and live normal lives, it's not going to happen. These were the same people who then eventually broke away from our we and our little the loved one, and on whom and fought the both of them and formed a new field.

00:55:19--> 00:55:57

And we already said two weeks ago, many of the signs of the average we find them in the Attila of Earth man, their assumption they know the Quran better, they quote the Quran against the Muslims, where it was revealed for the origin of Makkah. These are standard practices of the Hadith and of radical terror, whatever groups to this day, and this is the reality that we see over here. So this is the first group and the second group is, of course, the exact opposite. And there there are those who view our little deola one as being greater than he actually is as being divinely appointed by Allah subhana wa tada as being infallible, etc, etc, etc. So these two groups were formed at the

00:55:57--> 00:56:43

death of Earth man, and from our perspective to summarize, and I have to do some more points before we conclude, from our perspective, what is important to note is that none of the Sahaba approved of the death of man, much less participated in his killing. This is non negotiable for us. And we can clearly say without sugarcoating, this is the reality that we find throughout all of our textbooks, no problems whatsoever. Now, obviously, there is an alternative narrative and other groups textbooks, because history is also depending on what version of theology you follow, and other history books written obviously, after hours. And Mr. Moody, for example, is written in 300

00:56:43--> 00:57:30

something and we have been sad that others written in the two hundreds of the digital our history books are the earliest obviously, and understandably, their history books go back to three, four or 500. We have history books, predating in the second and the century of the hedra. Their history books mentioned somewhat bizarre events. And in fact, the reality is without critiquing them, you know, to an emotional level, but being as academic as possible, you actually find their history books seem to grow legends as time progresses, and they seem to find more and more information. As time goes on. And of their, of their version of events. They falsely accuse a Chateau de la Juana,

00:57:30--> 00:57:44

of being of the instigators of Earth man's death. Now pause here. Do they love Arusha? No. So why did they bring this in to show that there was major friction between the Sahaba.

00:57:45--> 00:57:48

And because he is now going to obviously

00:57:49--> 00:58:02

become somebody that they don't like, because of either the loved one, and so they bring her in. But this is, of course, ludicrous, because less than two years later, she will be the one demanding justice for the killers of Earth man.

00:58:03--> 00:58:49

And she will go out and meet the law one as we know what's gonna happen in the Battle of the camel. So the claim that she was happy at the killing of Earth man is ludicrous to say that she was the one who, who instigated does not make any sense whatsoever. So we say this is simply ridiculous. It's not fun in our narratives. And of course, they also say that Ollie himself or the last one was, now as far as I know, they do not say he was of those who killed Earth man, even they would not be able to lie such a blatant lie. But they say that he was happy at the death of Earth man, that he wanted this because he wasn't basically an admirer of Earth man. But from our perspective, we have

00:58:49--> 00:59:35

mutawatir reports. Really, beyond count. We have numerous reports that Ali was of the main defenders of earthman, and especially even more than it was at his son hesson. And in fact, in some reports, multiple times Ali or the Lord Himself sent Hassan and Hussein throughout these 3040 days with supplies with the demand. And in fact, towards the end, it was an hessen who was in the room Friday morning. And Ali had to or sorry, Earth man had to literally kick him out. And hasn't even Addy was in the room Friday morning, on the Death On the day of an event every thought about funds death to show that what that he is on the side of Earth man. So this claim that it hasn't as well was happy

00:59:35--> 01:00:00

sorry, it was happy at the death of Earth man. It Again, it makes no sense whatsoever. And out of all of the people who defended Earth minded but I found three names come up again and again and again. I've done libnah zubayr and even Omar Abdullah bin Omar and it hasn't even Alli, these were the three people that and there were more By the way, I mean Abu hurayrah at a 60 year old man and he's now distributed multiple times.

01:00:00--> 01:00:42

Don't I mean, not just him, but I'm saying these three words, the young men who to the very end wanted to defend Earth man, I've been a fan. And the final name that will mention that is quoted over and over again, by that group is a mod Ebony acid that they say that I might have been Yes, it was also of those who rebelled in the killing of Osama bin Laden and perhaps even participated. And we say this is a bold faced lie that they have taken something very trivial. And I talked about this a few weeks ago, the whole incident of Amal, remember, we talked about it, right? Remember that minor thing happened, and I'm not going to sugarcoat I might have been acid wasn't the biggest fan

01:00:42--> 01:01:21

of Earth might have been a fan in terms of his policies. But this does not mean that he was at all on the side of the rough eons. And this is something that's very obvious, we all know, you can dislike, let's say, any politician, any, any or even your CEO, let's say of your company, you can criticize certain policies, doesn't mean you're going to want to have somebody murdered. I mean, there's a huge difference between the two, right? And for this group to take those incidents and then blow them out of proportion. Really, it's absolutely ludicrous. The final point, which is really very long and convoluted, but I will not go down into this whole path.

01:01:22--> 01:01:25

There is this theory that

01:01:28--> 01:01:30

there is this persona by the name of Abdullah

01:01:32--> 01:01:49

Abdullah ibn Subbu. And Abdullah Eben Sabah requires an entire academic lecture, which is going to be very boring for most people, and it's just not worth it to go into. Let's just say that he is a figure that is alleged to have existed.

01:01:51--> 01:01:52

And

01:01:53--> 01:01:59

many Sunni historians view him to be the real founder of shear ism.

01:02:00--> 01:02:16

They say he was the one who began some of these doctrines of either being superhuman and Ollie being this idea being that and there is a theory that he was of those who also participated in the killing of Earth man, I've been a fan.

01:02:17--> 01:02:46

And I, and there are so many issues at stake here. Many of our medieval historians, they kind of liked to believe in these understandings of Oh, this one person began everything. And usually it's more complicated than this. It's not just one issue. And I just want you to be aware, I am fully aware of the whole controversy of Abdullah bin Saba. I'm only quoting him now. So that somebody wants say, Oh, you forgot to mention, you know, so and so and you didn't talk about him.

01:02:48--> 01:03:11

I simply, I find it a bit skeptical personally. That Eben Subbu participated in the in the killing of Earth might have been fun, and asked for his existence and his role in the formation of shear ism. That is a whole different topic altogether. And it's not related to the killing of Earth man. That's a whole different topic. And

01:03:12--> 01:03:13

even if he existed,

01:03:15--> 01:04:05

shear ism developed from multiple sources, not just one source. And it is not accurate to say the entire trend of Shiism goes back just to one person. That's simply not correct. Even if he existed, I'm not denying he existed, even if he existed, then certain things can be attributed to him. But the trend of sheer ism is beyond one person. And there were many factors at play. And perhaps this person might have added some factors. But he definitely is not the source of the entire trend. And I do not believe that he had anything to do with the killing of Earth might have been fun. Because it's predating Him, He will come if he does come a few years after this. So just wanted to put that

01:04:05--> 01:04:41

as a footnote, so that nobody can say that, oh, I was not aware of this. I know, I have read enough to know that. I have an opinion about the issue. And that is that I don't think he's a part of the story, which is why I didn't make him a part of the story. I just wanted to put that footnote there in the end. And with that, we only have one lesson left about an iPhone. And that is the Hadith that he narrated. That edited the narrative we'll take a selection he has a lot of ahaadeeth more than a worker number obviously why because he lived much longer and he lived at a time of peace the first six years and he's narrating throughout his life and he dies the oldest 82 He is the oldest of the

01:04:41--> 01:04:57

fall for qualified to die. So inshallah Tada. We will have the halaqa but next week I will be out of town. So we will take a break spring break for us. I'll be out of town inshallah. The week after that two weeks from now, we will do the head of rathmann Urban Affairs.