Lives Of The Sahaba 26 – Uthman b. Affan – PT 06
Channel: Yasir Qadhi
Series: Yasir Qadhi - Lives Of The Sahaba
File Size: 31.97MB
In this video, Shaykh Dr. Yasir Qadhi delves about the assassination of Uthman Ibn ‘Affan RA and also shares with us the numerous complaints that were made against the third Caliph.
Prophet Muhammad ﷺ had made predictions pertaining to the trials between the Sahabas and numerous hadith support these statements as have been shared with us by the Shaykh.
A significant one among these is a statement made by Hudhaifa RA who says – “The start of the trials is the murder of Uthman, and the end of it is when the Dajjal comes”
Next, Shaykh Yasir analyses the imploring conditions that led to the assassination of Uthman IBn Affan RA and enlists the magnanimously overblown and convoluted complaints registered against the Khalifa.
Prominent amongst these are – burning of the Mushafs, lack of participation in Battle of Badr, fleeing the battle of Uhud, preventing people of Madinah from using public land for pasture, performing 4 rak’ahs instead of 2 at Mina during Hajj and many more. Each complaint brings to the fore the reasons behind these doings which is explicitly dealt with by Shaykh Yasir Qadhi.
Episode Transcript ©
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Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa salatu salam ala Sayyidina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi drain, my bad. So we have quite a lot of material to cover today. So let's jump straight in. So, today and the shala Next week, we will do the actual details of the
the tragic death and the assassination of the third hollyford. Man, I've been a fan of the Allahu taala and who And
today, we will begin talking about the actual reasons the complaints that the people had, and the reasons for the the political fermentation happening in the time of earthman rhodiola hotelguide. Now, in a nutshell, the assassination of earthman, and the subsequent major battles that took place after the death of Earth man, in reality, you can say that there's one very simplistic reason for this occurrence. And that is that the social, political and religious changes that envelope the entire region, were simply too Swift, too much was happening too fast. And there was bound to be some type of backlash, some type of negative consequences, you can call it like, let's say, growing
pains. And we also have to realize that the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam explicitly predicted the trials between the companions, and in many authentic hadith. The Prophet says, I'm speaking to the companions, and saying things that are going to happen in their own lifetimes. He told them of a number of things to be careful of, he told them that fitten will come like the waves of the ocean trials will come like the waves of the ocean envelope in all of you. He told them that a time will come when the one who sits in his house and breaks his sword will be the best person. He told them that Allah subhanho wa Taala will test you in this world by your internal fighting, so
that in the next world, you shall be forgiven. He said that my oma is an oma that is mercy that is shown mercy in the next life. All of his trials are in this life. So he mentioned that the oma would have many trials and tribulations and he warned the oma of ignorant leaders, that people rebel, riffraff would be taken as leaders, and would fight against the legitimate rulers. And he mentioned people whose speech would be beautiful, but whose actions would be harmful. They seem to be calling to something good, but in reality, their actions are nothing but evil. He mentioned to us in many ahaadeeth, that once the sword is unsheathed it will never be put back in meaning once the civil war
begins, the oma will never be united. And indeed the as one of the Sahaba said, are they familiar man, he said that the beginning of the fitna was the assassination of Earth man, and the end of the fitna will be the coming of the jungle. So literally are they for Who is the one who knows trials the most? today for was the one who said the first major fitna is the death of Earth man, there will be no ceasefire until the coming of the jail, non stop trial after trial until the coming of data jail, and in particular, our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam pointed towards the east. And he said, I'll fitna to minha hoonah, the trials will come from there. And he said that that region is
where the horns of shavon come out from, and the East meaning Al mushrif, meaning the lands basically a very rock and the newly conquered territories. And in fact, this is exactly where most of the trials came from the the deviant understandings of Islam, the groups that oppose the Sahaba, the groups that kill the Sahaba, the hard edge, the groups that cursed the Sahaba, the groups that denied other the groups that denied Allah, his names and attributes, all of these groups are coming from that particular region.
And of course, these predictions have their causes that we can see in our own if you like material world, there are some detailed reasons as well, why there is so much trials happening during this time. And again, to summarize some of these changes of the changes that has happened, of course, is the new conquest of Islam. Imagine this empire of Islam spreading across the world, were peoples that were under the Roman or the sassanid Empire all of a sudden
are giving allegiance to a new religion, a new ethnicity, a new civilization, as well, the Arabs who were previously very, very poor, now the wealth is pouring in. And the Arabs had never known civilization. Now civilization is being imposed on them. The people who had no law or morality, all of a sudden have to have strict Islamic code. And we, as Muslims, born and raised in Islam find it difficult to follow the laws of Islam fully imagine those who were not raised in Islam, and they were living the life of pleasure. And this is, as we have said many times one of the problems arises that our perception is that everybody who converted is like a bucket and oma bubble bucket Under
Armour were the exceptions. The majority of converts, at that time, were the converts of the conquests. They're converting because of political expediency, not because a man is coming in the heart. And that is why the Sahaba have the highest level, those who converted at that time, most of them were not Sahaba, they didn't see the Prophet system. They're converting simply because the chieftain of the tribals converted, so then they will all convert, or they're converting for political reasons. And that's why when the process of them died, most of the further Muslims away, had become rooted as we know. Now imagine in the time of a worker, and then Roma and then Earth man,
all of these civilizations are conquered. Many of them embrace the faith, even those that don't embrace the faith. They're not necessarily happy at status quo. And with the money coming in the civilization changing, it is only natural that fault lines are going to grow. And it was during the time therefore of Earth man, where the first earthquakes the first if you like, signs began. And you can add to this as well, pre Islamic Jah, hilly tendencies tribalism, remember that the Arabs were a tribal society, Islam came and attempted to solve that. But the reality was that people will remain people and our Prophet says sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, four are the things from jelenia, my
oma will never get rid of them, no matter how much they will never be gotten rid of. And number one is tribalism, alpha, horrible and sub four are the things from jelenia, my oma will never get rid of them. And number one, amongst them is what is now basically, we will call it nationalism, the pride of one's ancestry, where you come from where is your nation state, or in those days, where is the your tribe from, and realize that much of the problems that are coming are criticisms of the Quraysh. And also in particular of the bundle omiya. So there is this sense of jealousy. And one of the criticisms is that Earth man preferred the bundle omiya, that there is this sense of tribalism.
Some have also pointed out that there was also a sense of greed amongst the new converts, those that were not Sahaba when they saw the Sahaba being treated financially in a very positive manner. Remember, when the money is coming in, aroma, and earthman continued this gave Sahaba stipends, according to their seniority. Now, imagine a person who's just converted in Iraq or in Egypt or whatnot, and he doesn't have that stipend. He doesn't have that. And it's only natural there is going to be a resentment. Why should he get it? It's not in his mind that he is a Sahabi. They don't have that man. It's not it's in his mind that Oh, he was a Muslim from the beginning of the Moroccan
era, you have just converted after 40 years, there can be no comparison. In his mind, he will say, I am a chieftain I am this I am that. So a resentment at the levels of the Sahaba amongst the people who are not Sahaba. These are the new batch of people converting to the faith. And some analysts have also pointed out that there was a stark contrast between the strictness of aroma and the softness of Earth man, that the people took advantage of that. That aroma rhodiola one, we know how strict and authoritarian he was an earth man, his massage was the exact opposite. And so some have pointed out that with that exact opposite the softness and the gentleness, it's understood that some
people are going to basically find fault with with what's going on and use earthman basically, as a fake excuse, which is really the reality of what it is that the criticisms that they had against Earth man were not legitimate. But what's happening is all of these factors, the social, the cultural, the religious, all of these factors is being manifested against criticisms.
of Earth man. Now before we begin the actual criticisms, the disclaimer disclaimer that I have given in many, many lectures before
in this era many times, but especially in early Islamic history, that we cannot take books have history at face value, we have to be a little bit more critical, because what has happened is, Well, firstly, every book of history is written at least three centuries or more after these incidents. So poverty is written 310 hijra have been cathedrals coming 700. These are the two most authoritative you have as well sectarian histories,
histories written by other groups, non Sunni groups. And this early period of Islamic history is read in theological lenses. You cannot be neutral, we are Sundays, we will view everything from a Sunni light.
Others are Shia, they will vary everything from a Shia light, our biases have to be known. And there is nobody who's totally unbiased. I have a bias that bias is the Sahaba are good people. It's a bias. Where do I get this bias from? Allah says Soto De La Hoya and what are the one?
So I have a presumption, that presumption is the Sahaba are good people. A person who doesn't believe in Allah and His messenger will not have that bias, will they? They will say, my bias is that you can have good and you can have bad, and if so, and so was evil, and they'll mention some of the Sahaba. That's possible. in their minds. This is being fair and neutral. In the eyes of the Shia boubakeur can never be righteous, Omar can never be righteous, they have their bias. So once you study a little bit, you will understand nobody can be 100%, unbiased, everybody has presumptions. The question is, do you know your presumptions and recognize them. And we recognize our presumptions
of those presumptions is that it is simply not possible that those who believed in the Prophet system in early Islam, and especially the actual numbers, and especially in this particular incident, Earth might have been our fan was guilty of a major sin, it's not possible. After all, the Hadith, after all the verses of the Quran, after the process of himself saying multiple times, it doesn't matter what this man does after today, he hasn't been forgiven, we take these a Hadith, and we for our understanding of return, based upon them. And other groups, the Shia groups, for example, will have their interpretations for them, or if man is not a righteous person from the beginning. So
they will interpret according to their understanding, as well, they have their versions of history, if we have a buddy, they have their versions written after autobody. And typically speaking, their chains of narration are almost non existent. And the versions in those books at times is radically different than the versions and our books. So we cannot just find any book and open it up and say, oh, it says in this book, doesn't matter what the book says, we have to be a little bit more critical, and use our sounder methodology. What is our methodology? Well, that hamdulillah for us as Sunni Muslims, we have the concept of isnaad is not is what is the it's not the chain of narrators.
We have the chain of narrators. And for us as Sunni Muslims, we look at every report through that chain. And we verify Is it an authentic chain or not? Now, this is great. For most of the reports, the problem comes that much of early history is reported without a snapshot, because that's the nature of early history. And we mentioned this in the theater many times even in the Syrah How much do we actually know.
So many incidents, we just have bits and pieces here and there, how much is actually going to be recorded. And one final disclaimer before we actually begin. And that is
the methodology of Sunni Islam when it comes to these early problems, is that anything that concerns the Sahaba we gloss over and don't go too deep over. We simply let it be and especially when we get to the low one. Right now it's between Earth man and the rebels. There is no Sahabi who participated in the killing of Earth man. So we can go a little bit deeper. Today we will go a little bit deeper. But when we get to the next year, and the fitting of Allah rhodiola one and the time of Allah, the logo and the methodology of evolution is
to skim over and not go deep. As Mr. Mohammed famously remarked when he was asked about the fitna between the Sahaba he said that was a timeframe. Allah saved us from
Having to unsheath our swords. So hamdulillah we weren't there. Now, lets us save ourselves by cheating our tongues by controlling our tongues. Okay, this is the main philosophy of lesson number, Gemma. What happened happened, there's no benefit to go into detail. He said this, she said that it would happen here. Because in reality, we respect both sides when it comes to the the time of the law one, not the time of earth and the time of Earth man, obviously, it's much easier because the other side is not Sahaba. The other side is rebels trying to kill him. But when we get to the next generation will go much more gentler. And the fact of the matter I'm telling you from now, we will
not go deep reports because there's simply no benefit at all. It's like a very bitter argument you've had with a loved one. Okay, now that the argument is over, who benefits to go back and say, Oh, you said this, she said that he said, Who benefits her losses over a done deal. Move on. It's better for everybody concerned. And that's our philosophy. We love both sides. We Love it. Love it, we love it. We love it. We love a little the law one, we love every one of them. So we keep our tongues quiet. As far as man, it's a bit easier, because the other side is not so happy. So, let us begin today inshallah huhtala what I'm going to do, I'm going to go over all of the complaints insha
Allah as exhaustive as I can, that they had against Earth, man, all of them. And then next week, we'll go over the actual details of them entering the house and killing him and whatnot that we know. Okay, so today we will talk about the complaints that the rebels had against Earth man, I've been a fan of the lava Thailand. And these complaints were presented to him in the year 35 ah
in the year 35, ah, when a group of these rebels left Egypt and decided to basically perform Umrah and eventually the hedge of that year remember when you performed hedge, it's not like us, we'd go one day before, get to macadam and go for it will come one day after that. In those days hedge was like a three four month event, you would go you would camp out, you would wait for the hedge season, and then you come back. So a group of of these rebels basically decides to perform a promo and then hedge and also to march to Medina, and demand from earthmen. certain changes. And in particular, by the way, one of the main issues that earthman always had to deal with was complaints against
governors, especially in Kufa, he had to change governors at least four times every year. So some type of weird complaint. The governor is doing this, the government is doing that. And the people would complain, they're not happy. Why are they not happy, because the governor is enforcing a laws law on them. And they don't like that law. That's in essence with it, the gist of it is too much is happening, and they just don't like it. So they find this fault. So much. I mean, one ridiculous example. And I'm not going to go into that much detail, but you know, but it's a well known example, they even accused side of Nebbiolo costs of not knowing how to price all that properly.
A group of new Muslims who had never seen the Prophet system are accusing sad that he doesn't even know how to pray Salah that's in the letter to Earth man. So imagine this is the mentality that they simply want to get rid of the status quo. And to put themselves in charge. Wealth is coming in, but they're not getting it. Power is there but they don't have it. So they're complaining they're finding all of these faults to complain. So eventually, in the 35 Ah, in the month of June hedger, they gather outside of Medina and they begin to send basically delegations until finally they have a long list of complaints and these are the complaints we will do now in hamdulillah. Four or five of
them we have already discussed in a lot of detail. So we'll just mention and I don't have to discuss them okay. Number one, we already discussed the burning of the must haves. Okay. So one of the complaints earthman burnt, the must haves. We already discussed us we explained what is the correct understanding. This was the saving of the Quran that Allah azza wa jal preserved the sanctity of the Koran through the wisdom of man, robiola hotel and and that is why Alhamdulillah even the groups that don't like earthman use the script of a command in the Quran. We thank Allah there are no two Korans in the oma, we thank Allah there is no king, this version and hollyford that version. No, we
have one Koran, and that is your manuscript preserved because of the wisdom of arithmetic but as far as the first one, but that was the complaint that you
He ordered us to burn our copies of the Quran. And he kept a copy for himself. Now you will see every complaint. It has a kernel of truth. But you read in evil meanings and incorrect interpretations, every complaint. And so this shows you, when you have a diseased heart, you can take the best of things, and read evil into them. And this is a sign for all of us will lie all of us. When you have a pure heart, a good heart, you will make excuses for a mistake. But when you have an evil heart, you will find mistakes when there's no need for any excuse will lie This is we see this in the manual, the Alolan, honestly, sinless and all of these accusations to the very end. But
there's this kernel of truth and then misinterpreted, twisted upside down. Number two, the issue of exiling without RFID. That was last week, went over it in detail, okay, exiling a little if it never happened the way that they did it. Number three, he didn't participate in butter. So he shouldn't be a califa. Right? And again, who are these people? And again, every one of these complaints? Who do you think you are to bring these complaints to Earth man, what right do you have as nobody's to bring a child to Earth man that he didn't participate at bother, you didn't even see the Profit System, much less do anything in his lifetime. But again, this is a part of that. So we talked about
that. And we say that, in fact, it is considered that Earth man participated better. He is considered a buddy.
And how do we know this was the evidence? The honeymoon, the booty, the profitsystem gave him of course some of the booty which demonstrates he is counted as a binary number for you fled in the Battle of offered.
So this is a criticism. And if man himself defended and the Sahaba defended, that Allah forgave Who are you to? Who are you to reproach, right? Well, naka de la, literally Allah says in the Quran explicitly, and Allah has forgiven them, a mistake happened. And you are not there at that time in place, you did not know the panic and the chaos. And Allah himself says you are forgiven. So that was the fourth point. The fifth is, of course, the most bizarre In my opinion, that you didn't participate in the Bible to read one. And that is so ludicrous, right? You didn't participate in the third one. And they are totally one took place to defend the earth man. And not only that, but the
Prophet systems left hand was Earth might have been a fact. How can you criticize the processes on his left hand was put in his own right hand. And he said, this is on behalf of Earth man. And our scholars say this is the highest honor that earthman was given that the Prophet system took his own hand and he acted as if it was the hand of recommendable alpha. And he said if a man were here, this is what he would have done. Okay, so this is also
the point to be mute. So these five we've already covered in a lot of detail.
Let's get to the sixth point that we haven't covered. Now. The sixth point
they said that earthman had prevented the people of Medina from using public pastures for their animals. So this is called in Arabic, the issue of of a hammer and a hammer is a land that has been protected. You can't go there. And they said You have no right to acquire land and deprive the Muslims of using that land for their animals. And technical point and Othmani been our fan had in fact, taken some lands outside of Medina. They say we're muscularity mama is today. They had he had taken some lands outside Medina and he had forbidden the people of Medina to take their animals to that land. And he responded and explained us for the issue of AHIMA. It was first begun by Omar
Abdullah hapa when he demarcated certain lands for the camels of South Africa and jihad, that the camels that are owned by the state, for sada for the orphans for fighting, he allocated for them a certain land, that this is for the camels owned by the state. And he said in my time the animals increased a large quantity, so I had to increase the land. And he said, Oh, people,
this land is not for my personal animals. I only own two camels that are used for the Hajj, and for the jihad. This land is for the camels of South Africa and of jihad for the armies. So in other words, the land that he had made
Private and forbidden local Muslims from grazing there was used by the camels of the state.
Simple, there's no he's not acquiring it for himself. And that was the response to that. Okay, so number six basically is the acquiring of land. But he said, This is not for me it is for the state number seven,
that they criticized him for performing lower in hedge in Minar, for record instead of two.
And again, think about it. So what if he did? What has that got to do with you marching from Wasilla and from Iraq and petitioning and demanding that he resigned because that was the point you have to resign? Because you pray to her for a card. Now, what is the story here? So for those of you that have done had, you should know that the Hajaj they pray to the God in Mina, okay, they pray to the God and that is the son of the Prophet system and Abu Bakr and Omar mundo de la Juan.
During one of his years, he switched over from praying two to four. And he began praying for for the last few years of his life. Now, why did he do this? For kaha To this day, are scratching their heads trying to find a reason. Some say this, some say that
Earth might even find himself It is reported to he said that I have taken MK as a home so I cannot praise Casa in Makkah. And some scholars have said maybe he purchased some property in Makkah, maybe he married from one of the women in Makkah, whatever we don't understand, for some reason, he interpreted himself as not being wasafi.
right. Most of the scholars have disagreed with Earth man's opinion. And they said even if you are most often the judge, sorry, even if you're Macau, even if you're from Makkah, the judge pray to the gods and artifacts in Masada, they pray to God as it also for even the person from Mecca. Okay, this is the position of the vast majority of folks.
Still Earth man made nht head.
What is this got to do with you guys complaining and telling he needs to leave? So Rosemont explained himself and he said that I consider myself a morpheme of Makkah. Why we don't quite understand why most likely he had purchased property. But still, again, what does this got to do with the complaints? That's another issue, which is irrelevant. Number eight, number eight
of the criticism they said is that you have brought back
out of exile, somebody whom the Prophet system exiled, because he happens to be your uncle. So this story requires a little bit of explanation.
One of the uncles of Earth man, his name was Al hakam, in a blouse, his father's brother, Earth might have been funded but nothing else. So haccombe in a blouse, is his actual blood uncle father's brother, and a hat comes son was to play one of the most important roles in Islamic history.
And that was
mod one it would not have come marijuana if that had come. Who was marijuana?
marijuana but how come
eventually be great, now he's the secretary of earthman then he's going to become the governor, then he is going to become the halifa of the Muslim ummah.
Another What is it now 30 years down the line. He was going to become known 20 years down the line 2022 years down the line. Marwan al hakam will become the halifa of the oma
and Marwan Abdel Hakim is the father of Abdullah medical and Marwan and Abdul Malik, Eben Marwan had four hola sons, one after the other, the only halifa in our history, who had four sons qualified and in between was our mother disease. And between that right, so this is the medic in mode one Ibn Al hakam. By the way, so what happened? While we of course is the founder, my son is is it your z dies? Yes, it has a son. While we are 11 years even while we're while we I was 19 years old, the grandson of Malia while we was very young, and very sick, and he dies within a year or two, and he doesn't have a son.
So after Maui, his grandson muawiya dies. Marwan the cousin of mine becomes the Khalifa
Have the holder of the oma yours come from the line of motwane other than while we're in New Zealand, while the rest of the domains are not from while we as lineage, they're from Romania because again, while we and Marwan are second cousins, so they're from w Romania, but they're not from the line of where are we at the front line of mode one, this mode one, this is number one. So mode Juan's father, is there a man's
uncle, No uncle, mode one is the cousin of Earth man. My first cousin, my wife's father is the uncle of mine. Now.
According to some books of history, when the prophets of some conquered Mecca, some of the bitter enemies of Islam, were asked to leave Makkah and settle in life, and of them was
a heck of a benevolence.
of them was that haccombe even absolves now
it is unclear what happens to Al hakam. According to one report, he eventually is allowed to return to Makkah.
And according to another, he remains an exile, basically from Makkah. Now.
Even Tamia responds to this allegation that how can Earth man have brought a hacker back, and he'd been Tamia says that Firstly, the whole story of hacking being central thought if an exile is not something that any book of Hadith reports, it's something that is simply found in the myths and the fables of later historians, and Allah knows if it's true or not, we don't know. Secondly, he said that even if he was sent into exile, he was sent to talk if that has nothing to do with Medina.
And with man tells him to come to Medina has nothing to do with Medina. Thirdly,
even if he was sent into exile, this does not imply that the exile cannot be rescinded at a later date, you send a person into exile for a year for 245 earthmen, as the leader does have the right to rescind the exam. So even if he brings him back, that is his right and not any problem in that. And then fourthly Marwan in all of this exile is sinless that his father and Marwan only left McKenna, by the way as marijuana is a hobby or not. Marwan is considered to be a special category of Sahaba. Those who saw the process of them as a child.
So Marwan is a young boy, at the time of the conquest of Makkah. He must have seen the Prophet system, but he's not interacted with him. Okay, he's probably five, six years old, and he sees the process and but he doesn't actually interact with him. So this is a category of Sahaba that, yes, technically, he is a type of hobby, but he's not the type that has basically narrated from the processor or interacted with him, but one has not reported any Heidi. He's not somebody who's interacted with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. So even if his father was sent into exile, what has this got to do with mode one? And
all the evidence out I'll be under lucea remarks that mode one is an upright man in the eyes of the Sahaba and the tabular on all of them considered Marwan to be a great leader and a good Caleb and the only people who criticize him are the foolish of some of the historians and and poets they don't they just want to basically criticize every single politician. So the bottom line, this issue of bringing a hacker back and Marwan back again, so very, very, not really a criticism, he has the right as the halifa to after 20 or now 27 years have gone by. So if he decides to bring about one from pontiff to Medina, what has that got to do with the fact that he was told to leave Mecca? If
this is true, and also what has that got to do with Marwan even that would have been a heckum not Marwan. Okay. So this is the next point of criticism. Now, one of the more complicated stories, which I kind of left till today
is another criticism involving a Sahabi. And that is amar ebin. here sir, Amar, Eben Yasser.
I might have been yesterday and it might have been a fan. This is another big story like a booth or an earth man or the last one.
And I will not go into that level of detail as they went into a Buddha. But in a nutshell, this is one of those stories where once again, you find various narratives amongst Sunni and Shia either
Really contradictory to one another. Okay. Now remember, I might have been Yasser, for the Shia, he's one of the arcon. Who are the outcome, remember, what's the outcome?
There are four Sahaba, who are considered to be
supporters of Al Bayt, okay. And without is one of them, and said mindfulness is one of them. And Amar is one of them. So from the perspective of the Shia, Amar is loyal to elevate. So he is they call them our can we call them Sahaba. For us, for us also have our Sahaba. For them, there's only four, and Ahmad is one of them. So they have a version of events where this is all exaggerated. The tensions between Ahmad and earthman. And we have a version of events where some minor things happen, just like with a Buddha, and the other group has really blown out of proportion. So what is our what is our standard narrative? And again, the problem comes, unfortunately, too often in certainly
trends, you have those later historians and later analysts who try to sugarcoat everything, and they try to pretend as if nothing happened. And in my opinion, this actually causes more problems that you will find many people say, oh, there was no tension between a model and a model, the loved one. And this causes more problems, because there have been Kathy, they've been Tamia, they all mentioned these tensions. But what happens is, as you go further and further away, you get these people who want to just sugarcoat make sure, there's no issue. So that and they want to present a very rosy narrative. But when you do that, all you have to do is go back to the books and realize there was
something going on. So what is the
kernel of truth? Well, in a nutshell, it appears that Mr. ebene acid. Now of course, I might have been yesterday, who is I might have been he said his father and mother were the first martyrs, right? And Ahmad himself was around 16. When the Prophet system consoled him and told him, don't worry, you can say words of comfort if they punish you remember, they were punishing him the courage and, and he came crying to the process. And he said, I was forced to say things that I didn't want to say and a lot revealed in the Quran, that if you say things when you are forced, then no problem Allah will forgive you. So this is Ahmad Ahmad has proven himself. He's one of the greatest Sahaba
and many Hadith about him when we get to that might have been acid. We'll talk about the Hadith about Mr. Eben, yes. So amar rhodiola, one
did seem to have some criticisms of Earth man's policies.
And it is allowed to disagree with the Sahaba on their policies. It's nothing wrong with that. The Sahaba we don't say anything about their intentions. We don't criticize their loyalty to Allah and His messenger. But we do not have to agree with their age they had about how to run the government, about who to appoint about their politics, their economics, we don't have to agree. Or we can say, Oh, well, that was there he had, and there are others as well. And especially Ahmad himself, he has the right to disagree as a, as a person of the society as a upright member as a person who goes back to the beginning of Islam. He has a right to disagree. And he had some complaints about Earth man's
And it is said in some of our books that Amar took with him another Sahabi sagg most likely VW will pass and he said Come let us present our complaints to ameerul momineen comm let us go and present what we have complaints to Amira meaning this is before the rebels are outside. This is way before this is a few years before, okay this is when things are calm in Medina. So they go to the house of Earth man, but the guards are standing outside or the you call them the bow of the people that are basically the gatekeepers, whoever is going to be you know, you can't just walk in to the house of the halifa you have to have protection. So you have the whatever the secretaries or not the
secretaries, you have the guards, the doorkeepers whatever they are, and they say go tell him that sad and our motto at the door.
They go inside and there might have been a fan sends the message not now tell them to come at that time. And we'll have the discussion that whatever he was the busier that I will say we'll have another meeting with them. So the guards Go and tell sad Ahmad that not now come back at this time sad leaves a model de la Juan insists no Tell him to come right now. I want to meet him right now. And the guard says he has said no it's not going to happen now come back and this time in place. And tempers rise voices are raised until the guard takes out his stick and hits Ahmad to leave. And of course this is a big blunder. Who are you Oh guard to hit
Who is our modern? Who are you? This was a big blunder. And this was a mistake. And there is no question that the gatekeeper or the guard went beyond what he should have done.
This incident, which has been narrated in our books, if you look at the equivalents in Shia histories, you will be amazed. The references in those books are that Amar was whipped and tortured by the guards of Earth man, that are Mars, and trails and intestines were on the floor
out of the whipping, that he fell into a coma for days, because of this brutal whipping. And the reality is nothing like this happened. There was a kernel of tension. And that tension was indeed the result of complaints that Ahmad had. And those complaints, unfortunately, a beat was had on the back of a mob. And when the complaints came back to Earth man from the rebels, and they complain that you have mistreated our model. What did earthman in our fancy, he said, that was something my guards did, without my command, nor even my pleasure, I never wanted them to do this. And if Amar insists here is my back, I give it to him for sauce, like you can hit me as well. That you're right,
that was not should not have happened. And if Mr. wants his right back, even though I didn't command it, even though I'm not happy at it. But if I'm not insist, here's my back, tell him, I mean, who are you to complain on behalf of our model? Right. And Amar obviously did not want that to happen. And in fact, and this is here's the pointer that I think if you're honest, is always the best. When you look at our books of history,
there's no question in my opinion, that amar rhodiola one had some points of criticism about Richmond's policies. But Amar had nothing to do with the rebels. I mean, I can disagree with you without wanting to harm you. Right, I can disagree with some of your policy without wanting you to be killed. And when the rebel surrounded the house of Earth man, Amar was of those who criticize the rebels. And in fact, it is narrated that at the end of the siege, as we'll come to next week in sha Allah, at the end of the siege, when the rebels cut off even water being delivered to the house of man, I will explain the story and why and how and why did nobody intervene. That will be next week
in sha Allah Allah. When the rebels cut off water being delivered. It was a Maher who stood up in the masjid, and said, this was a man who purchased bit a rumor for the Sahaba to drink water from and now you stop him from getting a glass of water. So it was our Maher who criticized the rebels, for laying the seeds to Earth man, how then can you flip it around as the other group does, and claim that Ahmad was on the side of the rebels? So honesty is the best policy? Yes, there was some slight tensions between a modern Earth man, but Amar never rejected the hell off of Earth man, you don't have to agree with every policy, you have the right to criticize, right? How many of us, we
might even like a particular person. But we don't agree with each and everything that he does. This is human nature, isn't it? You don't have to agree with everything. And sometimes you might even raise your voices. Oh, Booker and Omar had their minor issues between each other as I mentioned, but in the end of the day, they were friends and they were helpers of one another. So here is one of those things that happen. And again, the other side makes it into such a big issue. And the whole narrative is created. That really is completely exaggerated.
The 10th point we're on the 10th pointer on that. He said, are they set to Earth man?
They said to affirm that you promised one of your relatives
4% of the booty of all of Egypt is a huge amount.
You promised one of your relatives, and his name was Abdullah Ivanova, Surah 4%. of all of the booty of all of Egypt. What is 4% is homeless and homeless. one fifth of one fifth. So 120 fifth which is 4%. Okay, we have a concept of percentages. They had a concept of fractions they didn't say percents, we we use percents our minds user process. For them, it was fractions 1817 151 fifth, right, and even the Quran inheritances and fractions, not percentages. So they have a different way of looking at numbers. We have a different looking at numbers. So the accusation was You promised your relative 4% and the response. This is something Allah allows What is it in the Koran
So who is this relative who was the commander of the second conquest of Egypt, the first conquest his armor and the time of Rome or the second conquest, which took place beyond Egypt was under Earth man's reign. And the commander was this very Abdullah.
And in the law of Islam, according to the Quran, one fifth of one fifth of the aneema goes to the halifa.
Okay, one fifth of one fifth, and it was man gave his share to
the commander, as an incentive to win the war.
There's nothing wrong with this whatsoever. It's his share, he has the right and earth man said if you victorious, the host will homos is yours. And the rebels then say you are preferentially treating your relatives, you see where again, this notion is coming from complete exaggeration out of a kernel of truth. This was a legitimate share, that a man should earn himself. And rather than taking it himself, he gave it to the commander, this is the commander of the army as an incentive. And guess what it worked? The commander one, and because of that, Al Hamdulillah, Egypt and what is beyond is Muslim land. So again, nothing is wrong with this whatsoever. Now we get to the 11th point
of criticism, and this is really the most awkward and the most difficult one. And it is also the most famous point of criticism that all of you have heard, and unfortunately, many people believe but you have already seen the previous 10 points how ludicrous they were. Why is it then that we don't have the same skepticism for the 11 point? What is the 11 point? What is the main criticism against Redman Who can tell me nepotism,
nepotism, okay, this is the main criticism that to this day is in the minds even of many Sunni Muslims. And Subhanallah, we have just gone over 10 points. Each one we have shown how false how shallow it was. Why is it then that we are not skeptical of the 11th point? Really, it surprises me how easy some Muslims fall prey to this and say yes, earthman was guilty of nepotism the hotel was
the one whom the angels are shy of will not be guilty of anything. And we will talk about this right now. Now. So the 11th point of criticism is you prefer your relatives over us.
And that was a criticism that the rebels had. You prefer your relatives over us, you appoint your family and W omega, and you give them preferential treatment. Now?
Once again, there's a kernel of truth, right? That's the whole point. There's a kernel of truth. And the response is that it's a little bit more complicated than this. Now, realize that the previous two hollyford Abubakar and I would have not thought about the other one.
Which tribe is a worker from
the no Blue Team very good was tribal Omar from Blue ID. Okay. The tribe, the sub tribes, obviously, they're all called Archie, hobo kuramoto. Man, it all kurachi
the blue team and the battle ID, we're literally less than the fingers of one hand,
just a few.
And the fact of the matter is that there really were no major Sahaba from those sub tribes to have been appointed anywhere
of the aurash there were two large tribes,
W Hashem and W omega.
These were the only two tribes that actually had a few dozen people in them the two sub tribes. How many sons did Abdulmutallab remember? Right?
More than 1010 was what he promised, if you give me 10, I'll sacrifice one, he had more than 10 sons and omegas children as well proliferated. So from a purely statistical perspective,
you have more people from the bundle omega anyway,
then from the other subtypes.
another point, therefore, is that you cannot ignore the fact that the quantity of people from the bundle omega is significantly larger than that of many of the other sub tribes of the kurush. as well. If you look at the number of the names of the appointees of arithmetic in our fun, you will see that in reality he appointed on saw he approached
minted noncore ashes, he appointed Cora she's from other than Romania. And yes, he appointed some from the bundle omiya as well. Simple reading of the lists of governors, simple reading of the list of appointees of Earth man will disqualify the notion that there was blatant preferential treatment.
When I found out the law, one did not appoint the majority of posts from his kith and kin. There is no question about this. All you need to do is to look at the names of the appointees, however, since the number of people from moto omega is more than from other tribes, and since they are indeed from the kurush. Yes, it is true that we have a small yet not insignificant percentage of appointees from w omega. Is it statistically, more than what would have happened anyway? We don't know. Because how many were non kurachi? How many we don't know, we really don't know. But in the end of the day, it is clear that there is no blatant clear cut nepotism, it's not as if all other positions are being
blocked and only the bundle omiya are being given this position.
But it is true that some of his cousins and some of his relatives are given positions of responsibility. There's no denying this. And a simple example here is his cousin Marwan his cousin Baldwin,
who is 40 years his junior 30 years his junior, actually more than 4040 years his junior his cousin Marwan is appointed his gut tip and the car tip here. In essence, it means his personal Vizier, his personal secretary, okay. The one who really micromanage is the one who's you know, everybody has like a right hand man. And Marwan became that right hand man, and a few other cases, a cousin here or something there that some position is given. But here's the question. Is it wrong for a man to appoint a cousin to be his most trusted adviser? Think about it. Is it wrong? Who do you trust the most in a world of tribalism? Who is the one that you're really going to assign your inner secrets
to? family? So the flip side is, who else will you trust
other than the people that are already loyal to you anyway? Especially when it comes to the sensitive era of early Islam. And so when we clearly look at the names of appointees and we say that there is a healthy mix, you have non Arabs Mohali, you have unsolved, you have non Karachi you have non oma yet oroshi. And yes, you have not an insignificant few who are born Romania. But what this shows blatant nepotism, no. Okay. Is there indiscreet nepotism? The question is, what exactly is in discrete nepotism. So what if he chooses his cousin over a stranger? In fact, it makes sense to choose a cousin over a stranger when it comes to such matters. So what if there is a generic
position that anybody can do? And he chooses people that he knows since he was a child, somebody has to do a task, he sends a second cousin, go do this task and come back. In the end of the day, there's leeway given and to read in nepotism is simply too harsh of a judgment, especially when it is coming from that group of critics. And especially when we see the other criticisms how shallow they were. And that is why it is authentically reported in one narration with mindset, that, as for your accusation that I love my relatives. This has not caused me to do unto others. Meaning of course, I love my relatives, but I haven't taken that love to do unto others. Rather, I gave them
responsibilities. And I call them to task for those responsibilities. Meaning, I'm going to make sure they do what I tell them to do, like I do, like I do to any other position and ask for your accusation that I've given money to them, because they said you have given me one this much you've given this that much. He said, this is from my personal money, and not from the Islamic Treasury for the money of the Treasury is not allowed for me to take.
It is 100% true that earthman gave his family members sometimes large amounts of money.
But why should he not give his own money to his own family? The accusation was, you are giving large amounts of money to your family. The response was so what it's my
It's not the state's money. It's money that earthman has earned as a trader, it's money that he's already as we know, if man was a person will not have blessed with lots of money of the richest of the Sahaba through buying and selling through trading. And he was generous. In one version he says, I who was generous throughout the time of Abu Bakar Oh, man, I who was generous as a young man. Now you want me not to be generous when I'm close to death? In other words, what do want me to be stingy with my money, not give charity. So the accusation that he was generous to his relatives, it's true. He was generous. But that was from his own wealth. The accusation that he was practicing nepotism
are guilty of nepotism.
A very, very gray area. And we say, as for blatant nepotism, no, we'll Latino. As for soft, nepotism, all of us are guilty of it. We prefer our friends and our relatives for neutral positions, what he himself said, my love for my family did not cause me to do any it's not as if somebody was qualified, I denied the job. There's an open slot, open position. And if I give somebody that I know, there's nothing wrong and I hold him to account he says this, I hold him to account I require from him the same job and responsibility as as others as well. And in fact, in one Hadith reported and not had been reported in and most of the Mohammed
he actually has an interesting statement. And he said, that I asked you by Allah didn't the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam preferred the Quraysh over all the other people? And didn't he preferred the Ubuntu Hashem over the rest of the Quran?
Didn't he love the courage and preferred operation over the other people, and the people couldn't say anything to that. So he said, if the keys of gender were to be handed to me, I would distribute it to the burner or my year, until all of them entered gender. Now, what is the meaning of this is very simple. If you could choose who gets to go to gender, who's going to be your first choice,
your family? What's wrong with that? That's what he's trying to say, what is wrong if the opportunity is for everybody? Why is it wrong that I prefer my family as long as I'm not doing loom to other people. And this is the key point, that earthman rhodiola, one did not take away the rights of anybody, if he had done so this would be one. And if he had done so, this would be nepotism.
But it is true for some positions and posts, and definitely not for the majority. He gave them to cousins, distant relatives. And for this, he was accused of nepotism, and we said that that is simply a false accusation. To conclude, I have quoted 11 criticisms 11 criticisms, there are one or two more that are more minor than this. If you really want to assess the strength of these criticisms, simply simply look at each one of them. And you will see voila, here, not a single one is worthy of merit. Not a single one is standing on its own two feet, rather every one of them. And that is why if you're in doubt about the 11th one, which is nepotism, look at the other 10
all the other 10, for sure, we see, have that kernel of truth, which is then twisted, turned upside down, put into misinterpreted facts, and then
spread as some type of lie. And the same goes for the 11th one as well. And the fact of the matter is that these rebels were not in reality serious about these accusations. Rather, they have other grievances, and those grievances go back to money and power. Those grievances go back to greed. It's as simple as that. And they wanted Earth man to step down, so that they could in effect take over and get a share of the pie.
We have explained so many times the amount of money pouring in and the power of the oma and these people have been deprived of it. And so they should be deprived. They're not worthy of it, but they are not happy at status quo. So they have all of these flimsy excuses. And eventually they marched to Medina now. Next week in sha Allah will summarize the actual details. earthman managed to answer each and every one of their excuses. He gave a multiple in the question and he answered every one of their excuses. Sometimes by quoting a Hadith of the Prophet SAW Selim and they had no excuse left. So they gathered their resolve to basically leave Medina and go back to
to Egypt, but that is when they discovered this mysterious letter. And that's we're going to come to next week. And in it allegedly, the letter said that when this group returns to Egypt, kill all of them. Okay? And apparently, that was the spark, that they came back to Medina and surrounded the house of Earth man. And one thing led to another until it led to the killing of Earth mining but I thought, what was the letter? Where did it come from? What is the story of that? And the details of the surrounding of the house and why did nobody fight these people? Why did nobody defend a threat? All of this shallow data
will be next Wednesday insha Allah when we talk about the final days of Earth man, and then inshallah the Wednesday after that, we will do the a hadith narrated by restaurant because I've been doing every every time right shala I'll choose, there are too many to do all I'll choose some of the Hadith and we'll do the Hadith narrated by Earth man event are fun for the Allahu taala. And Charla any quick questions before we break? Yes.
Most of those rebels are people that
the people of
the borders of things, how it works.
And there was no surprise that the majority that many of the governors were from Tamiya, because the system, of course carried on
was no surprise that many commanders came from.
And many of the people that took care of the cowbell came from
today, actually, because that was the system
for who was in charge of who are the politicians, but
it was no surprise that most politicians
and those outsiders had an issue.
Excellent point. In fact, he even told me I mentioned this a minute just sooner, actually reminded me I should have quoted this. If it's me, I mentioned System Manager sooner. That of the reasons why on earth man appointed the bundle omega is that the bundle omega were the most experienced ncsr
the burner omega were the most experienced in politics. And therefore, for a man to choose the bundle omega, because they are in fact the season politicians of the Irish. There's nothing wrong with that in the first place, as well. The rebels are not from the Irish. The people who killed a man were not from the unsought and Mahajan. They were from the outlying regions, primarily from Egypt but also from Kufa and Basra. Okay, so these were not from the Sahaba at all. It is
authentically narrated that none of the Sahaba participated in the killing of Earth man, none of them. This was something that was from the riffraff and the new converts, not from the Sahaba true in the time of Allah things happened between the Sahaba that's gonna come. But the beginning of the fitna was between Earth man and a group of nobodies. Okay, so that is also a valid point that it was not the Quraysh who are criticizing or Command they understood how status quo is the main critics and all of the rebels were from these new outlying regions Sharla. Anything else before we conclude? Yes?
Did it come as a surprise? No, some of these are known for a long time, but now you have the main instigators from the cities physically coming. So again, we are jumping over a lot of sordid details. The fact of the matter is that Kufa is a prime example. They would always complain about something or other. There was always an issue. That reminded when I found out if I even at the time of Omar, the people of Kufa began to complain. And
these were you if you read the books of history, the impression you get these were very rowdy people that it's like, you know, the outlying regions when America was being discovered and conquered and whatnot, and you had these towns that were being built and the settlers that are coming, there's no law and order. That's what Kufa is. It's an a town that is formed as a conquering town. There was no city of Kufa before the Muslims created one
The outline basically posts. So Kufa, Basra, these are quite literally what the Americans would call frontier towns. And you know, you've seen the black and white movies and one of the lawlessness that takes place there. That's the image that we get when we read these things. So the people of these regions are the outlying civilizations that have just nominally converted. Yes, you have even Massoud and others that are in charge. But imagine the whole city. So the complaints that our mind is receiving is nothing new. What is new, the people are now physically in Medina, after all of these years of complaining, the various cities have organized a joint rally against Earth man, and
we'll get to the details at inshallah, next week about how did they get there, and where were they camping all of this in sha Allah. But what is clear, is that the people of Egypt left and the people of Basra and Kufa heard of that, and they wanted to join them. So they all joined up.
A huge group, yes, they all joined up. So now they're going to petition Earth man to get out of the Hereafter, that you're the cause of all of our problems. And you get off and let us take charge. And that's not going to happen. You can remember this is the first time this is happening. Abu Bakar and Omar they didn't have this problem, right? The people felt if they pressured him enough, they could be given some authority. And the rest man would not cave in. Nor would he allow, I'm jumping the gun here, nobody allow the Sahaba to fight them. Because up until this point in time, no Muslim has fought another Muslim.
That shall be a rallying call, I will not be the first to shoot a sword against another Muslim.
I will not be the first to spill the blood of another Muslim. He kept on saying this. I'm jumping the gun. All of these details will come next week. He kept on saying this till the day that he died when some of the Sahaba physically came to his house with armor and with their sword. And he said that I command you in the name of Allah who gave me power to go back to your house, put your sword down, take your armor off. He forced the Sahaba to go back home because he did not want another Muslim to die or any Muslim to die in his hereafter. And that's why the riffraff and the rebels managed to do what they did, because he insisted to have no defense.
Okay, shallow data. We will continue next Wednesday and we'll talk about the actual session over a month.