Lives Of The Sahaba 18 – Umar b. al-Khattab – PT 07

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Yasir Qadhi

Channel: Yasir Qadhi

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Episode Notes

As Shaykh Dr. Yasir Qadhi delves upon the  lives of the noble companions, some of the greatest and most blessed human beings to ever live after the death of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, he brings forth  information and facts on the lifestyle, humility and famous statements recorded by Umar ibn Al-Khattab RA.

Highlighting a few below which were said by Umar RA himself are as follows:

  • The most beloved of you to me are those who point my errors out.
  • Umar RA went searching for a single camel that had gone missing and reminded Ali RA that Allah may question Umar RA about it.
  • Always take account of yourself before Allah does, and always take account of your own deeds before Allah does.
  • Umar RA spoke about his grumbling belly during a khutbah -Whether you grumble or not, you shall remain hungry as long as the Muslims remain hungry.

Some facts about his lifestyle which are worth emulating and imbibing are listed by the Shaykh as follows:

  • Umar RA chose one garment for winter, one for summer, food for his family and one animal to ride to Hajj/Umrah as his salary on being appointed as the second Khalifa.
  • Umar RA had no special pavilion or tent pitched for him during his journey to Hajj.
  • He gave himself less from war booty than others.
  • His positions and rulings on Mu’tah marriage, Hajj Tamattu and Talaq.
  • Institution of Taraweeh during Ramadan.

 

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


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Bismillah Rahim al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa salatu salam ala Sayyidina Muhammad. And while he was very bad, so as I had mentioned last week and shout out to Allah, we are done with the battles and the political conquests. And inshallah, we're going to go back to the basically the biography and other aspects of automobile called Bob's life. And I want to begin by talking a little bit about the lifestyle and humility and statements that we have from him that demonstrate how, if you like, simple and how ascetic he was, and the issue with

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the law, and is that we have so much information, really, it was the halifa, for 10 years during the pinnacle of Islam, during the time of great peace and harmony, that, you know, when there's peace and harmony, you have a lot of rewired from the people. And you have so many incidents that are narrated. So I have to actually sift through and decide what is basically possible for us otherwise, the fact of the matter is that we can spend days and days just talking about the statements that we have from him, and certain, if you like manifestations of his of his asceticism. So today, we're going to talk about his lifestyle and necessity, asceticism, and also some aspects of his legal

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positions that we should be aware of. So I'm going to talk about the law one, it is well known that he was a very humble person who always demonstrated humility. And this is even with regards to his own Islamic opinions. And one of the narrations that I came across today, it is said that he was asked a question, he sent a question or two other people said, Go ask somebody else. So he wanted ask zaidan sabbat and Ali ibn Abu Talib, and then he came back to me

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and told him the verdicts that he had received from the other two. So I thought for a while and said, you know, if I would have answered your question, I would have said, x y&z something else. So the man said, You are the halifa. So why don't you make this the position of the oma and I'm going to block a top said, If I were enforcing the Quran, or the Sunnah, then I would do so. But I'm telling you my opinion, and you are telling me the opinion of it ends eight, meaning this is an HD hat I have, they have their HD hat. And this shows us the tolerance of that camera, blah, blah, blah, la tada and who had, it is also reported in the hope that he gave that there's a famous phrase

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that he said in this quote, which is a very powerful phrase, he said, the most beloved of you, to me, are those who are able to point my errors out, the most beloved of you, to me, are those who are able to point my errors out. And this demonstrates, again, that he wanted the people to correct him. And it's interesting to note that, you know, we read in the Sierra so many times that he said to the process, I'm sure not cut his head off, or he's getting so if you like, quick tempered, but you know, it's pretty clear that when you read his biography as a halifa, that he understood that he can no longer act upon that quick temper. And in fact, he seems to have controlled more when he had the

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opportunity to do whatever he wanted. And this is an analog, the sooner of a law in his creation, that people

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when they are actually tested, people have a man when they're actually tested, they rise up and they pass that test in a manner that you would never have thought of beforehand. So how many times we think in the Sierra, that honorable hotel is going to execute so and so so and so. And so, now, when he actually gets to power? How many people does he actually execute? None of them for his own anger. Look at that amazing contrast right. And that is because obviously, that now that he is in charge, he knows he has to temper that and it is reported that once when he was giving the hotel bar, somebody stood up and interrupted him and said, Fear Allah or Omar it de la jolla Romo. And this is

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of course, a very, very,

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if you like blunt thing to say, and this is the halifa and this is a man interrupting the hotbar so the other people is causing a commotion. The other people stood up and wanted to rebuke him, to which Bob said, and what is the advice it tequila hayama or Maha Thompson voila, he there is no good in me. If I cannot take this advice, and there is no good in you, if you don't allow him to give this advice. In other words, you know, and this is so true. That some handle on one of us gets irritated with somebody who say it sucks.

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The immediate response is, Who are you to tell me? Why are you coming to me go Mind your own business yet, and this is in the hotel. This is in the hood, but somebody interrupts the hodza fear Allah or Omar. And Omar says, If I cannot take this advice, then there's no point in me being your leader. And if you don't allow him to give this advice to me, then there is no good in you as well. And in another hotel, he was giving hot bath and of it he quoted the Hadith of the prophets of Salaam, that hear and obey your rulers, right? Someone will talk to it, somebody stood up, interrupted, and he said, last hum, and voila, we shall neither here nor obey you. Omar said, Why, I

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mean, what have I done to deserve this, and Subhanallah notice the looting of Omar, notice what he had done that this Bedouin or whatever gets angry at him. He says that, to make a long story short, that in a certain aneema, or wore booty that had come, everybody's supposed to get an equal share. So he said, I got one piece of cloth from that aneema. And here you are wearing two pieces of that cloth up and down. And you only gave us one piece means you have done volume upon all of us by taking double the shear Subhanallah imagine this is why he's getting irritated with Roman, that you have not done justice, that allegedly you took one cloth more than what you have given us. So he was

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giving the whole dibba. He said to his son, Abdullah, stand up and tell him Abdullah in Oman. So Abdullah stood up and said, this was my share, I gifted it to my father. This was my share, I gifted it to my father. But the point being that's parallel. Well, firstly, the level the standard that the people are putting them up to account for Imagine if our rulers had this standard, one piece of cloth that he took our ruler still 90% of the country for their pockets. Right. And nobody can say anything. This is Omar, they are accusing him of taking one cloth. And he doesn't get irritated because it is right. He has to answer to the people. Where did I get this other cloth from I

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shouldn't have gotten it. And his son says it is actually my cloth. I was the one who gifted it to me. Now he has two clots. And we are all familiar with the famous story which is well known reported in a number of classical books of him giving the chutzpah when he said Why are you making your mother so high? Lower your mahad? I am now going to set the maximum of 40. Okay, yeah, opia is an amount of silver. In other words, now the point here are Omar wanted to set a maximum so that marriage is easier. And we're like this is such a fifth of Omar that marriage is getting more and more difficult. And we know now that marriages is not as easy as islamically it should be that we

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have complicated them or the the the marriage ceremony, etc. So I'm going to stop saying I want to set a maximum limit so that people can get married easier, so they don't fall into sin. So he said the maximum is 40 a year in the hood, but the famous incident and this is an authentic incident. The lady stands up. And this shows a lot about the fact she did not consider it to be a crime or a sin to stand up in the hotel to correct drama. And she said You have no right here I'm here on what meaning to set a limit. Now. Of course she's the lady she wants maximum Mahara, fully understandable, is her right? And she's like, You have no right to set a maximum amount. So Omar

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said what do you mean I have no right. Then she quoted the verse in the Quran that Allah subhana wa tada says that, when agitato boondock in Torah and falletta, who do minutiae? Who do know bukchon? What is monogamy? And if you have given to one of them, this isn't the law, if you divorce the woman that Allah says, if you had given a cannonball, a treasure, do not take the treasure back, will you take it back in clear lowdham and then clear evil and sin don't take your treasure back from her. So she is saying, Allah says he can give her a treasure, who are you to say he can only give 14 or here? Okay, very, very profound reasoning from the Quran. So, at this point, Bob said, the woman is

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correct or a woman is correct. And Omar is wrong. Could lunacy of the whole man or he felt so like, you know how you feel sometimes when you are corrected in this manner?

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touching this manner, none of us had been corrected. Maybe. But you get my point when you're corrected so publicly, and it's very clear that you are wrong. He really felt like, wow, that was a big mistake. So what did he say? kulu nasty.

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Everybody is more knowledgeable than I would have not been. Again, look at his humility here. Well, like nobody is more knowledgeable of his time than I'm not. But everybody makes, you know, human errors and judgments. So he realizes this lady has a point I am wrong. Notice he

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the humility of Mr. On the member standing in public in front of the whole Masjid. And a lady from the back yells out basically, you're wrong. You have no right. And what does he do? You're absolutely right. You were the one that was correct. I was wrong and to put himself down could lunacy of government woman, Omar and Omar as well of the things that demonstrate his humility, and his asceticism. Remember, when we talked about obaku Siddiq, we mentioned that he was the one who told aboubaker you have to take a salary. Remember, a worker wanted to go out to the marketplace now because that I was in charge? Who's gonna tell him what he can take a salary?

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He could have just instituted because he's the halifa. But no, he sends his his servant to Earth man have an iPhone and to Alibaba. And to say the, basically the Ashleigh mubasher, the the elite of the Sahaba that he knows is going to give him the authentic advice. And he says, you see my situation now? Do you think I have the right for baytril? Man? I mean, Subhan Allah, He does not need permission, technically is the halifa. But to make sure he's doing something correct, and to make sure the Muslims are aware. So he sends them the emissary, and they all come back. And they say, of course, this is your app now, to have a try a salary from baytril man, then he says, what should my

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salary be? What is the amount? So they said you set the salary? What is the amount you want? So I said no, I will tell you, and I think this is a appropriate salary. And he said, the salary should be that one garment in the summer, one garment in the winter food for my family, and one animal to write so that I can do the hydrometer on that animal. This is my salary.

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I know that this is like a portion of a month salary that we would have, you know, food for my family, one cloth in the summer, one cloth in the winter, every six months, I'll get a new piece of cloth like when you soap, okay, and one animal so that he got as the halifa in those days. In those days, the holly for one for Hajj every year, every year, it was his responsibility, the whole of our rashidun That was one of their roles they took on every year they would go for Hajj, pretty much unless something happened then they would send somebody and this was a part of their response. So he said one camel so that I can go for the hedge and come back on. And this salary of course, I mean,

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if you compare it to this is like a not even this is a poverty level salary. Right? no savings, zero savings. Food for my family is the salary. That is the salary, in essence and one one cloth in the summer and one cloth in the winter. And so the Sahaba agreed to this. And that was his salary. Basically until he passed away. He didn't get rich off of the baytril man. Now from this, all of the scholars of Islam unanimously agreed and this is the reality of the oma that whoever is working for the oma on behalf of the halifa will get a salary from the baytril man. So, Qatar basically opened this door which is understood. And of course, this is something that is well understood and known

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that those who are helping the oma they will get their salary from the Bay tomorrow. And therefore all of the basically employees of the governments understood they were going to get their money from the Bay tomorrow. And it is also not mentioned in to demonstrate

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humility, that once I live in Abu Talib saw him leaving Medina. So he said, Where are you going? Or Amira, meaning? He said, one of the camels of South Africa has gone missing. So I want to go search for it. So it said

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you have humiliated all future rulers after you. Meaning what?

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You have set the bar so high, nobody's going to be able to follow after you. This is really saying there's there's nobody that can lead live live up to this. So I'm gonna have Bob said, Yeah, about Hudson. Yeah, but has an O Abolhassan. Don't criticize me in this indirect manner. For what law he, if a small goat were to be taken from the side of the Euphrates. I fear that Allah might ask me about that goat. This is a famous, you know, phrase we hear all the time. This is the context of what you said it right. Like, it's like a semi just that it is saying that you're setting the bar so high. How can anybody live up to you after this? And so and this is more than the private

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conversation only later on tells us? So I'm what I'm saying. Yeah, but hasn't, you know, jokes aside, if a small goat goes missing and Euphrates they had just conquered it right now. They had just conquered iraq now. The furthest and he had never Omar never went to Iraq.

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This is the furthest dominium, saying if a goat went missing, a baby goat went missing. That was my responsibility. I'm worried Allah will ask me about it. How about a camel in Medina that is from the camels of charity. What if, you know it goes missing and nobody finds it. And the fact of the matter is that after taking over the caliphate, it appears that Bob lived an even rougher and even simpler lifestyle, that once he got that responsibility before Islam, he was middle class and even during Islam, it appeared that he's living basically a middle class life. But once he becomes halifa, so he becomes so concerned with the affairs of the oma that in fact, his standard of living actually goes

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down. One of the Sahaba Abdullah bin Ahmed reported that one year I accompanied him to hop out for Hajj from Medina to Makkah and back. And throughout the journey throughout this whole trip, neither was any pavilion, erected for him, nor even a tent constructed, he would put a cloth on a branch of the tree, and then another sheet underneath that and lay down to go to sleep.

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This is not even roughing it out. It's more than this. This is the halifa of the Muslims. And he doesn't even have a tent erected for him. And it is well known that the Holy Father Rashid and all of them, they did not have bodyguards, this came later on, and they did not have private majorities that you could not have access to. Just like the Profit System, all human beings could enter into the masjid and talk directly to the, to the Khalifa later on. And I have to say this, this panel of many Muslims have a romanticized notion of medieval Islam. There's no doubt it was better than now there's no doubt. But believe you, me, majority of our hodaka of the oma is ibises Ottomans, if you

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read their biographies and whatnot, they are human beings who have that power and that wealth, and they're heading teams at all that you can imagine. They're hot shut up and Hummer there. This is the reality of the oma human beings are human beings. When you are tempted, you will fall prey to temptations, and the vast majority of qualified or living Lifestyles of the Rich and Famous, the vast majority, the rare exceptions like chromatograms as these, that's why he's so famous that he did it, I'm gonna grab the disease, you all know the one at a time, right? That's why he's so famous that he didn't live that lifestyle. But the fact of the matter is the majority of them, you could

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not even meet and greet them. If you were a commoner like we are, they're beyond you. They have their magnificent palaces, whatnot, or whatever the hotdog is still living the lifestyle of the the the Profit System access to everybody living in this manner. And that is why Allah subhana wa tada blessed him in his time. And in fact, there's a very beautiful narration that I found very moving. And it's narrated by Imam Ahmed, in a book that he wrote, not his Muslim, Mr. Mohammed had written around a dozen or so books, and he has a volume, a very beautiful volume, which is separate. And it is called Kitab Masood, the chapter of living ascetic or simple lives. And in this separate volume,

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he has chapters about narrations from all of the prophets, about the Prophet Mohammed system, and then about the Sahaba, how they lived. So he has a whole chapter about Morocco top 10 pages about a mineral called top in this chapter in this book of Kitab resort, very beautiful, and one narration, I found it very, very moving, very touching. And it is mentioned in this Imam Ahmed book. So it is a very authentic book of narrations. It is mentioned that once when Omar was the halifa, his daughter hafsa, came to visit him. And when she saw the state of affairs inside of his house, and how little food that he had, and the state of his clothes, she said, Yeah, but our father, Allah has blessed

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you with more than this. So why don't you dress in better clothes, and have better food?

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So he said, I shall make you the judge of what you just said, meaning you will judge the validity of what you just said. Is it good or correct? Is it correct or incorrect? And then he began to remind her of the lifestyle of the Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu sallam, and he brought up incidents and he reminded her of how her own husband used to live the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam until have says eyes swelled up with tears and she began to cry. Then Omar said, I had two companions, meaning the process of no banker who took a particular path. So if I take that same path of strictness, and living on

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Dear life, I hope to meet up with my two companions, who are now living the life of ease and comfort.

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Meaning

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of their, okay, if I follow their path now, I hope a lot combines me with them in the UK.

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And I found this to be so moving, because deja vu all over again deja vu from what from which incident? What happens? Who said this to whom? And now the situation is being reversed? And who is the one who is now reversing the situation? Right? Look at how the table has turned 1520 years ago, as a younger man or woman is the one crying in the presence of the Prophet system, and the Prophet system. And he says Yasuda law, surely you should live like better than this kisara and hosting or whatnot, Allah has given you more. And the prophets has said, Don't you want that Allah gives us the accurate and gives them this dunya that impacted Omar so that when Allah gave him the dunya, now the

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very wife of the Prophet system, the very wife of the man that he is in front of now crying 20 years later, his own daughter is now crying up in his presence. Yeah, but why are you living like this? Right? And he reminds her, how did your husband or the process of him live? And she realizes Yes. And he says, If I live their lifestyle, I hope that I will join them in the afternoon. And that really shows the the, the the amount of verbal hottub and the fact that he really understands that it is the era that we are interested in. And truly this narration it also shows us the total beer of

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the total beer that the process of him gave that it impacted him so much that now that he has the opportunity 20 years later to do as he pleases. He doesn't want to do that. And he continues to live that that simple lifestyle. And it is also narrated in the same book of Muslim, Muslim, non Muslim, it's very good that was noted that once in the there was a famous drought in Medina, it was called the Alma Ramada the drought if you like the famine, the famine of llamada there was a famine where people could not eat. And on one occasion, when Omar was giving the hold back again, his stomach began

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growling on the member.

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And it was so loud that people could hear it. And he tapped his own stomach. And the word for grounding in Arabic is perkara caracara. So he said, Cairo, Cairo, Allah to kircher whether you grumbled or growl or you don't grumbled or growl, right, you shall remain hungry, as long as the Muslims remain hungry. I mean, Subhanallah just a slip in front of the people that he's telling his own stomach, you can grapple as much as you want. When this year that are more Ramada or this season was a season, there was a famine, and everybody was going hungry. Now, obviously, he is the halifa he has access to wealth, he has access to a two man. But he felt that it is not fair for me to eat

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to my full when the people do not have their full. So he purposely ate as minimum amount to survive, just to be in sympathy with the rest of the oma and he says kirklin

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whether you crumble or not, doesn't matter, you're not going to get your fill until the people get their fill as well. And again, this demonstrates again, the the the the the the sense that Omar has that I have to be conscious in the eyes of Allah subhana wa Tada. And that is why that famous statement of Omar that has seen one full circle in Kabbalah and to how simple was in a couple of answers another famous statement of Roman one of the most famous statements of remember, always take account of yourself before it will be taken account of by Allah and weigh your own deeds before they will be weighed by Allah subhanho wa Taala. And another demonstration of his piety and his humility

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was that Omar had a particular philosophy or a policy different than abacha. So pause here, you need to understand one thing that when all of this wealth comes in all of this venema comes in from all across the Muslim world. So I will walk around your loved one understood that the Sahaba, who sacrificed so much for early Islam, they deserve shares from this wealth. So he distributed this Dyneema to the Sahaba, who were with the Prophet system, the ones who fought the battles of whatnot. They deserve this now that we're reaping all of this wealth, who deserves it number one, it is those who sacrificed 2030

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Well 23 years or or those who sacrifice even the soap abubaker or the law to open the door, this is Anakin from the center no problem that you distribute a portion of the of the wealth on the books of Phil mentioned distributions and the mother have that's beyond our scope. But the point is, the Sahaba got a portion of this wealth now, who gets How much? our backers,

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politics or CSF was everybody shares the same amount?

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And when he was asked why should we share the same? He said how can I differentiate when Allah has made us in the house do magical much and wider? Okay, valid point understood, who am I to know who's better? Who's not better? We all divide equally. Everybody gets the same amount. Okay, I would have been a hot tub change this rule? He said, No, I cannot give the battery the same as those who

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converted. Amen.

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It's not fair. I'm gonna call Bob said, How can I give the early one the same as they give the late one. So he had a detailed if you like categorization, again, beyond the scope of our talk here, long list of who gets what. And the number one category was oma Hutton, what meaning the highest share the why is that the processing, number two, were the earliest batch of converts, and then the middle batch of maca, and he was of the middle of batch, right, and then the letter back so even that, and then the onset of the ACA, and so he had a long list. So he himself was not of the top one or two. Yes, he was early Congress, but there were people before him. And they got more than he did. And

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then keep on going down. And people are getting smaller and smaller shares as they go down. So in one of these distributions, his son Abdullah had been Omar got 3000 dinars. And Osama bin Zayed was given 4000 dinars. And you all know Osama, and Abdullah got irritated. And he went to his father and said, Why did Osama get more than me? What has he done that I haven't done? was supposed to be the same? Right? And what is his father done that you haven't done? Many you have done more than his father, Osama bin Zayed you all remember what somebody can say. Right? And, and what up, Bob said, his father was more beloved to the Prophet system than your father. And he was more beloved to the

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process of the new.

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You stop complaining he deserves more than you. And against Allah as the halifa is giving his own son less than he gives somebody completely not related to him. And his own son gets angry goes, No. And this is justice, isn't it? Right? That if you have that philosophy of having categories, Osama bin Zayed is a higher category than and of course, Osama and Abdullah are similar age, and they're acquaintances and friends. So obviously human nature, I'm Bella feels, I deserve this as well. I've done this, I participated. And Abdullah participated in a purchase, but he has a long list. So then what has with some of them that I haven't done. And so the he says the profitsystem loved his father

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more than he loved me. And he loved him more than he loves you. He deserves more than you. And again, this is added this is the justice that Bob had, also of the politics of America, we all know that he was the one who chose the title, a mirror, meaning the first person to choose this title of ameerul momineen. And there are a number of stories about this. And perhaps the most famous one and perhaps the most authentic One was that when he was first chosen, and he became the halifa so somebody said, Yeah, Holly, Holly photo, yeah, Holly, Holly, Fatah. rasulillah. Okay, that oh halifa of the halifa was the Messenger of Allah, meaning of course, that he is the halifa Abu Bakar because

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halifa means the one who will rule in place of the one before so now Omar is ruling in place of obachan, who was ruling in place of the Prophet system. Okay. So yeah, Holly Fattah Khalifa rasulillah. And number of upset if we continue this trend, we will keep on adding too many believers. So he said, You are all meaning. And I am your leader. So call me Amir, of the leader of the of the faithful. And in reality, this title is a very humble title, because you are praising the believers more than you're praising yourself. You are the leader of meaning. You're one amongst them, but you just happened to be their leader. So I lead on what meaning was chosen by Bob to be

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the title of the halifa. And this has basically it had remained for the longest time in the oma to be have the title of a middle minion as well. One of the things that I'm going to hop instituted, as we all know, was the calendar of Islam. The Hijri calendar, what you're seeing right now

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1437 we are in this calendar was instituted by clock Bob. And the story for this goes that one time he was the judge in a dispute or a case and somebody presented him a paper that said the the the defendant or the sorry the plaintiff, he owes me so much money and it says he owes it to me in shabang. And he hasn't paid it Siobhan has gone by. So he said which I've done this year, Siobhan are the one coming up or maybe even a previous year, who can prove which there is no proof in the documents. So what Shabana what, who knows what Shabbat and so he said, we need to have a system of calendars nears, so he called the Sahaba. And suggestions were given some of the Sahaba said let's

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follow the Roman calendar. And he said that is too long goes back. So too long is now 620 years that was too long for them. It doesn't make sense. Somebody says follow the Persian calendar, let's import that in, said no, the Persian calendar, every time a king dies, they start a new calendar, who's going to remember kings as they come and go, because they had their own system? You know, every king would have his own calendar, every whatnot. So they said, Okay, let's have an Islamic calendar. Let's have our own calendar. Excellent. We all agree, where should we begin the first year, so, and Subhanallah, every suggestion given dealt with the Prophet system, the Muslims, the

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whole affair never had, I am so important that I began everything. Whereas this is the way that most leaders and even later qualified, but the qualified rush you don't never even occurred to them that something to do with them should become the first year. Even though logically, one would say you know what? You're starting it. Let's begin right now. But no, it didn't even cross their minds. They suggested three or four things. Each one of them was linked to the Prophet Muhammad sysm. Someone suggested the year he was born.

00:31:56--> 00:32:36

Another suggested the year he began preaching Islam. A third suggested the year he emigrated. A fourth suggested the year he died. These are the four suggestions given. Okay. And discussion continued until Omar said that the year of the hedgerow was the year that Allah brought his to Islam, we will choose this as the date. So the year of the hedgerow was chosen as number one, realize there is no zero in a calendar time doesn't have zero. calendars begin with one not zero. So the year of the digital was chosen as number one, because Omar decided that this was the time when Islams

00:32:38--> 00:32:47

if you like prestige changed from being persecuted the Muslims to being now a dominant force, this was the most important

00:32:48--> 00:33:04

change that occurred. And so the hijab became the hatred the year of the hedgerow and therefore hapa was the one who instituted the calendar. Now, why was moharram chosen? There are two opinions given as to why Muharram was chosen. The first opinion

00:33:06--> 00:33:49

is that Muharram was chosen because it is the first month after that realized positive now. So there is no first month before our institutional calendar. There is no concept of first second, Ramadan was not the ninth month in the time of the Prophet system. It was just a month of the year, there was no beginning and then just perpetual. You know, there was no concept of human being now that you have a calendar, you need a first month, there was no first month before this. So which month will be the first by the way, there were suggestions, which one should be the first. And Ramadan was one of those suggestions, and others suggested other months until finally we'll have one was chosen. Why

00:33:49--> 00:34:09

was moharram chosen as the first one to opinions on this issue? The first opinion historically why this occurred. And this is even hedges opinion. And he mentioned in his fertile body and other scholars as well, that even hedges says that it was Muharram when the decision was made to do the hedgerow.

00:34:10--> 00:34:29

So even though the hedgerow actually occurred in a beard, oh, well, those were preparations and it is more harder on when the Nia was made to do his robe. Why? Because the second battle acaba took place when which one does that second better awkward take place?

00:34:30--> 00:34:54

Dude hedger, because it was in the days of Mina. It was in the last days of Hajj, right. And so the second battle acaba is when the Prophet system is told you can go to Mecca, sorry, Medina, and Allah gives him permission to go and what is the first moon that is seen is moharram. So in essence Muharram is when the NEA is made that we're going to now do the Hippodrome.

00:34:55--> 00:35:00

So I've been heard you said this is the reason there is another interpretation that I

00:35:00--> 00:35:18

I personally find more convincing and both are convincing. But I find the second one more convincing. And that is that we also find narrations from some of the earliest scholars that mentioned that how ROM was chosen. Because the Sahaba they did Hajj every single year. And

00:35:20--> 00:36:03

did hi Jerry as well. And there was this notion, of course Islamic that Hajj cleanses your sins, and you begin anew. And one does, how'd you finish? The hedger and when is the next month Muharram. So it's as if Muharram is a new opportunity. Whatever has happened in the past colosse is done. Now. This is a new year, a new day, a new cycle, ignore the past don't dwell on the problems of the past, think of the future. And Allah is giving you another opportunity to have a good year. This is another reason and honestly, this one is more appealing to me. Because Muharram really is linked more with the hedge. Maybe one could say both opinions are valid. Allah knows best we don't. We

00:36:03--> 00:36:39

haven't interviewed the Sahaba to know what was their motivation. But it appears the most logical one would be that is understood and realized. Pretty much everybody's doing it every year back then, you know, Medina is there because right there, everybody's going for Hajj is an annual event. So the notion is that now that I come back from Hajj, and it will take them 10 days to come back, quite literally they're arriving back home, you can say on the first of Muharram or a few days before. So the notion being that we now have a full brand new life ahead of us, and that's happening when every moharram. So Muharram is chosen as the beginning of the new year. And of course, both opinions are

00:36:39--> 00:37:20

valid and Allah subhana wa tada knows best in the life of Omar as well. There are a number of very interesting narrations about how he defended the purity of Islam, the purity of La ilaha illAllah, Muhammad Rasulullah. And we already mentioned the incident of the Nile, when they would sacrifice the virgin girl every year to appease the God of denial. And then he wrote that letter we already talked about that as well. And that clearly demonstrates again, he's teaching the people to hate in Islam. There's also the famous statement reported by mom and body is actually a headache and body not a headache, but a similar body that one or the other one is doing to off peak season hedge 1000s

00:37:20--> 00:37:22

of people around him, he says out loud,

00:37:23--> 00:37:24

that

00:37:25--> 00:37:51

when he kisses the Blackstone, he says that I know you are a hedger, Latin firewalla todo, you are just a stone, you can neither help me nor benefit me. And we're at not for the fact that the Prophet system kissed you and I saw him kiss you, I would not have kissed you. Now again, why is he saying this out loud in peak season as his during fall off, to teach to people to hate that even the cab it's bricks are not holy.

00:37:52--> 00:38:33

Even the Kava is bricks are not holy, it is a law's house, the place is holy, but not the bricks that in and of itself, just touching it will give you blessings. And that's why he publicly says this famous statement. And it is reported in Sahaja body. And it is also narrated in the most wonderful abdulrazaq. And the most and the fact By the way, you should know these, these titles. The muslin of there's two famous books on the son of a son Annie, and the most wonderful story of the result. And the sorry, the result personality and the most wonderful, even Abby shaver. These are the two famous personas. And the most son of works typically compile the statements and the actions

00:38:33--> 00:39:00

of the Sahaba. So you have this slide here and the sooner and works. These compile the statements and actions of the Profit System, the more sun neph. And there's two famous ones, other ones are missing or lost. But there are other tissues but there's two famous ones. The main point of the muslin enough is to compile the statements and actions of the Sahaba. And also some of the famous who like the big tab, you're on the early tab here. And so this is almost under works in the Masonic rezac it is mentioned that

00:39:01--> 00:39:12

a group of pilgrims would stop at the location of Battlefield one and rub their backs on the tree that the prophets are some set under.

00:39:14--> 00:39:19

And this news reached out of no hot top and he commanded that the tree be cut down

00:39:21--> 00:39:54

that the tree be cut down. And this is an interesting narration because it demonstrates the natural tensions between wanting to connect with your holy figure and that connection potentially leading to that which is impermissible. So from the earliest of Islam, we have human beings, righteous people, technically there would be taboo their own because they're living at the time of the Sahaba their natural instinct. Their Prophet Mohammed system has sat under that tree. What do they feel like doing?

00:39:56--> 00:39:59

They want to go and sit under that tree and they're rubbing their backs

00:40:00--> 00:40:06

Same place where the Profit System did it. And to be brutally honest, if me and you were there, we would do that as well.

00:40:07--> 00:40:39

Correct. It's human nature. It's human nature, we would actually do more than this. Okay, it's human nature. And perhaps in and of itself, that is not that dangerous. But Omar mo hottub has the foresight to understand that this is a domino and that this generation is just rubbing its back. Next Generation will do something else, third, fourth, fifth, and this tree will become an idol.

00:40:41--> 00:40:50

There is no question that Mr. Malhotra understood this. And all you need to do is to look at the state of the Muslim Ummah, in many places in the world where

00:40:51--> 00:41:30

blatant and Islamic things take place at graves, and at quote unquote, holy sites that aren't even holy. It's not the process of its spear so and so or check so and so did something and that becomes a holy place, right? So I want to help understood this he commanded the tree be cut down. And it is also narrated in the most wonderful works that when he was going for hedge once he saw a long line of people and the distance, they're waiting to pray at a particular location. It's not a measured it's the middle of the places just praying. So he asked what is going on here. And he was told this is the place where the Prophet system and prayed once so we all want to pray here.

00:41:31--> 00:42:17

Now again, technically, there is nothing wrong, because it is the Prophet Mohammed sysm technically, there's nothing wrong with wanting to literally follow in his footsteps. I will say this is my position actually, that from a purely theoretical standpoint, you can pray anywhere. And if you find out that the process and prayed exactly at this location, you know, you want to go pray there, I'm gonna have a top said fella to follow don't do this anymore. He forbade them, because the people before you took the Athar, or the remnants and the footsteps of their prophets as places of worship. And this caused them to go astray or to be destroyed. So whenever the time for Salah comes, pray

00:42:17--> 00:42:36

wherever you are. Now almost point is absolutely valid as well. And it is the more pure or authentic point. Correct that, you know, if you really think about it, the Prophet says when he stopped to pray there, he did not intend to legislate for the rest of the oma to stop and pray there.

00:42:37--> 00:43:23

That was just he and the one who actually accompany the prophets acidum loved him more than those who didn't see him. But those who didn't see him their love is what can we say, overzealous and not as educated as the love of the Sahaba. Okay. And we see this tension from the very beginnings, that now we see in some strands of Islam. And we have various strands, each one is going this way in that way. So those strands that are more into these types of issues, you know, they can look back and say, You know what, these early people, they had the same emotions as us. But we also look back and we say, Yes, they did. But in their time the ones of knowledge said to them don't do that is going

00:43:23--> 00:43:42

astray. It is also narrated that Abu huraira or in some versions of almost Allah Shadi came back from our journey. And our mobile health officer, where did you go, how you haven't been here for a few weeks? So he said, I want to visit to resigner Well, Allah spoke to Musa the suggestion they had conquered Egypt, I want you to resign a

00:43:44--> 00:43:48

hotdog said, If I had known before you left I would have forbidden you.

00:43:49--> 00:43:55

Why? Because the prophets of Salaam said led to shut down rehab Illa illa sajida tell us

00:43:56--> 00:44:00

you should not go traveling to a sacred journey other than three massage it

00:44:01--> 00:44:26

must be that hard on my Masjid and must have the oxygen meaning there is no holy land that we traveled to worship other than the three holy lands and tourists China is not on that list. Okay. So again, understanding that this is going to open the door. And here's the irony here. Tourists Cena is mentioned in the Quran as a place of what

00:44:28--> 00:44:56

Allah speaking to Moosa How can you get holier than that? But I'm gonna have Bob said no, we don't want to open this door of taking icons in the world and people going and traveling there. Imagine if this is to tourists and then how about the cover of songs or how about the, you know, this is again, you just read these narrations and you understand are multiple jobs basically long term understanding of tawheed. Even Catherine also mentioned another incident

00:44:59--> 00:44:59

that once

00:45:00--> 00:45:02

When the Muslims conquered one of the lands have

00:45:04--> 00:45:41

to stop in what is now basically the the region of Iraq and onwards, they came across the grave of the biblical prophet Daniel, Daniel. Now, of course, Daniel is not mentioned in the corner sooner. But of course, he's an Old Testament prophet. And they conquered the city. And there was the grave of Daniel. And there are many things mentioned that they they seem to think this really was the grave. And the people of the city, they had their stories and legends. And when it was have a drought, they would take the the copper out and whatnot. So they had their stories and whatnot. And this is a biblical Prophet, whom, yeah, and even though the Quran has mentioned my name, but we

00:45:41--> 00:46:22

believe in the biblical prophets, right? Well, as well, we can say this includes in all of them. So they said, what should we do with the body of Daniel, Daniel, and Bob said that, in the daytime, have the people, your workers basically dig many, many graves, and they said, more than 13 graves were dug in many places, then at night when everybody's asleep, and people don't expect this to happen. Go and bury the body in one of those graves and then cover all of them up, so that the people don't know which one it was buried. So this is what Moses shot he was the governor of the region at the time. So this is what our Messiah did that they dug many, many, many graves, so nobody

00:46:22--> 00:46:58

knows where it is. And then in the middle of the night, two people went and buried and then all the graves were covered. And so the grave was basically concealed. And again, this is the fiscal room, because he understands it is human nature. Once again, we see this tension that some of the people are hesitant. This is the body of a actual profit, apparently, and the local Christians are venerating it and what not, what do we do with it? Just okay. It's not a part of our religion to venerate graves. So, he gets rid of the the cover. And therefore, to this day, we do not know, we do not know the cover of Danielle, by the way, footnote here, Chef was having been telling me it says

00:46:58--> 00:47:41

that we do not know the location of any other of any profit other than our Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu sallam. All other problems are legends that have no historical and an actual basis to. So we all hear of rumors and legends of the power of so and so on the power of sound. So we actually don't know. These are all just myths and legends. The only power that we know for a fact where it is, is the cover of our Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Another demonstration of Bob's fifth of what by fifth. I mean here is his basically knowledge of human until at the famous narration also in the Muslim love that he passed by when he's going for Hajj. And he found a group

00:47:41--> 00:48:04

of pilgrims from Yemen, who had absolutely no belongings. And pilgrims always have belongings, you have to have camels, you have to have dirt all walking there. And they would every once in a while pause and beg for food, and then eat and whatnot and go on. So I almost said what is Masha, look what happened to you? Meaning Have you been robbed? What happened? So they said, no matter what, chiune

00:48:06--> 00:48:45

tawakkol in Allah, we don't have anything because Allah will take care of us not know what our Kenyan meaning we purposely didn't bring anything because we put our trust in Allah and Allah is going to provide for us. So it goes LA, Bella and Tamil tacky loon know you are the people who are going to rely on others for your needs. Not Motoki loon, right, you are going to have to beg others for your needs. The motor, what kill he said, is the one who plants the seeds, then puts his trust in Allah. This is a statement of Oman.

00:48:46--> 00:49:03

The motto what kill is the one who plants the seeds, then puts his trust in Allah. And of course we all know this, that tawakkol doesn't mean you do nothing to what could means you do everything that needs to be done. And then put your trust in Allah subhanahu wa Tada. And as well we see his Iman and his knowledge of al Qaeda.

00:49:04--> 00:49:26

In a number of other instances where he forbade heretical ideas from spreading. There's a very famous narration of Serbia, who is one of the converts who was spreading some bizarre ideas and questioning the Quran. And he had heard about Serbia from Iraq, meaning he was from Iraq. And when I heard about him, and when he came one time to visit Medina,

00:49:27--> 00:50:00

Bob said, Are you that Serbia? Are you the one who's questioning these difficult questions of the Koran? and Soviet says yes, that is me. So in the masjid publicly, Omar, you know, he had his famous staff all the time, he began hitting Serbia and saying, How have your doubts gone yet? Have your doubts gone yet? until after a while So Bill said that which was in my mind has now gone Don't worry. Okay. I'm not going to ask again on somebody has never asked he who is asking controversial questions to make the Muslims doubt. So all of that was finished again. This is a method of preventing

00:50:00--> 00:50:45

These types of ideas spreading is also narrated that when he entered Jerusalem, and he gave the hotpot of Juma so there was one of the bishops of the the, obviously Christianity, translating for him he was listening to the hotel, and he began the hotel as we all began the hotel in Alhambra de la mano sino woman. Yeah. Oh my God, love Allah, hi de Allah, whoever Allah misguides no one can guide him, okay. And the proto Catholic version of Christianity does not believe in predestination. Christianity itself has many, many divisions. And so you have the Calvinists on one side who are very much into predestination, and you have other trends as well. And this was called the melkite

00:50:45--> 00:51:26

Christianity. The mela kites were the proto proto Roman Catholics, if you like, of course, this is pre Roman Catholicism, this is way before any of these notions exists. And so this version of Christianity did not believe in predestination. So the bishop stood up in anger, that his attitude of being insulted and he goes, Allah does not misguide or God does not misguide. And when it was translated back to Oman, what this man had said, he said, Were it not for the fact that you and I have a treaty now, right? This heresy would not be tolerated and you would have been punished. Meaning I'm warning you now From now on, don't speak like this. So in the land of equitable hubbub

00:51:26--> 00:52:11

and the collapse of Roma, you cannot spread heretical ideas publicly. And this is mainstream Islam, that freedom of speech is limited to that which is useful to the public, you cannot go and doubt a lot or treat or teach heretical ideologies, as well. When it comes to the worship of Armando kebab. It is well known there are literally dozens of narrations of Omaha Bob, breaking down in the Sala crying sobbing. And this is again very interesting because this is this is something that as a young man he's not associated with. Remember when he was when the process was on his deathbed. It was a boubakeur who was associated with a crime. Right? But with that responsibility, comes that fear. And

00:52:11--> 00:52:48

as Omar became the halifa, we see that as well his horseshoe and sada has increased. And there are many, many narrations that he would begin crying in the sada For example, one narration, he was leading and suited in selected federal fragile, and he went through the use of and through the use, of course, a very, very emotional surah. And when he got to the phrase of yaku, after he had gone blind, and after his children and making fun of him, and he says in them a school bus he was Neela law. And he kept on repeating this verse until the sobs that overtook him. They said, We could be heard, in the very back of the prophets, Masjid, and as well once he was leading slotland Asia, and

00:52:48--> 00:53:31

he read surah Tell me known as sort of the moon has that very, very powerful verse for huseby tomb, unima hatanaka, Mahabharata one Coumadin, Allah Torah, and he kept on repeating the verse to himself over and over and over again, until he broke down, sobbing and crying, the translation of courses, Allah is asking, do you think we created you for no reason, and that you would not return unto us? So again, this is what I wanted and well known as for the HD head out of the filter, he had that because we have he rule for 10 years, we have so many decisions, so many 50 rulings, so many decrees, and honestly, that has been the topic of multiple PhD dissertations. There are

00:53:31--> 00:54:11

dissertations I myself have seen called the acqualina toromont, or the the Powerball decisions of immutable Hopper, we have massive volumes. We don't have time, nor even the interest. But for even for an intermediate level class, there are some decisions that you should be aware of. And this is a bit of a legal discussion, but it is interesting. And it is also interesting from a sectarian perspective, especially when it comes to the first issue. So the first 50 thing that weren't talked about is that there is this notion or claim that Omar was the one who forbade the tumult as he forbade the to monetize. Now, what does this mean? in his lifetime, in his a caliphate, he announced

00:54:11--> 00:54:45

that I'm going to forbid the too much as the motor of women and the motor of hedge. And so he forbade them. Now, the motor of women, is the notion that you can marry a lady with a timeframe in the contract. And it is well known that this was allowed pre Islam. And some of the early Sahaba did in fact, have mucha nica and that our Prophet solo Selim tacitly approved it in the early part of Islam. Now, certainly Islam

00:54:46--> 00:54:59

agrees that the Prophet system forbade it before he passed away multiple times in a labor in conquest of Makkah. He forbade much out of Nyssa and this is certainly narrative

00:55:00--> 00:55:29

The non Sunni Shiri narrative, as most of you know, is that the Prophet system did not forbid Mata. Rather, it was Bob who forbade Mata. Okay, so this is the difference that takes place. And they say that the Prophet system allowed it so we should allow it. And so this is one of those major sectarian differences between the Sunni and the Shia. However, I'm going to call up Bob did not forbid it.

00:55:31--> 00:56:00

A new he simply announced the prohibition and he said that, that anybody who comes to me having done mutata nikka what he changed was, he said, I will punish him the same way as if this is dinner. So if he's single, he'll be given the 100 lashes if he's married, he's going to be executed. This is what I'm going to have bumped it that he made the punishment of motor the same as Xena said motor is not marriage.

00:56:01--> 00:56:17

And if the proper system an old motor then almost auto is valid. You understand the point here it's not marriage than what is it almost said it is and that's what I'm going to ask for the motor of hedge the motor of hedges hedges amateur

00:56:18--> 00:57:08

and the word meta means to enjoy some what is enjoyment of women d'amato hedge is called to hedge. Why? Because the moharram can enjoy women between the hedge Under Armour. He comes out of your home and he can have conjugal relations and then re enter. Right? That's what tomato means. Tomato means you do the ombre then you get out of the home. Then you can remain married. four main married excuse me that didn't come out right? You can be intimate with your wife. And we hope you remain married yourself. We don't want you to talk between Hajj and Umrah but you can be intimate with your spouse and then re enter her arm and then do the Hajj correct that's why d'amato is called tomato. Now what

00:57:08--> 00:57:09

I'm gonna clip up verbatim.

00:57:11--> 00:57:25

Why how where does this come from? This is the subject of a number of discussions in the classical and modern scholars. And the fact of the matter to be very simplistic. None of them are that he really took this from him or as a law. They took it as a policy.

00:57:26--> 00:57:41

policy is not law. They understood that Omar had a policy CSM, for whatever reason. And maybe one of the main reasons it just said that he does. He didn't want the people to be lazy and not come for ombre outside of Hajj

00:57:42--> 00:58:22

that people would not come for O'Mara in other times of the year, perhaps this is a reason. And there are other interpretations given as well. One interpretation is that he didn't forbid it. He simply discouraged it. And there's a big difference between forbidding and discouraging. In any case, none of the mudah him took Omar's position as being binding, and all of the mme allow termidor as one of the three types of hedge the motor neuron anti fraud, right, but or more for beta matter of hedge or you can say discouraged it, depending on what what version you understand in this regard, as well. We see that order. mahato was very forward thinking and he was not a blind

00:58:22--> 00:59:03

literalist, he would actually think through the reasoning of the laws. And this is a very deep discussion, which again, beyond the scope of our class, but this is the discussion to this day. There are so many rulings of Mr. Malhotra where he seems to go against the text, because it doesn't make any sense to him that it cannot be applied now. And there are many instances, the most famous one that's always quoted is that the stealing in this animal Ramada when there's a famine when everybody's starving, right? People were stealing to feed their family, their wives and children. They're stealing. And the first case of this person being brought who had stole, and his excuse was,

00:59:03--> 00:59:33

I'm dying, my kids are dying, I stole some food to feed them. And I'm wondering how Bob lifted the head penalty for the whole year or that whole season of the famine. Now textually the Quran or Sunnah, does not have this clause in it, that if somebody steals because they are feeding their family, then they should not be punished. It doesn't have it. But Omar understood that you know what, this ruling doesn't make sense right now.

00:59:34--> 00:59:35

So he didn't do it.

00:59:37--> 00:59:47

And this, of course, leads to the million dollar question. Well, life's worth more than a million dollars. To what extent can we apply that same rationale when it comes to a text?

00:59:49--> 00:59:59

And this tension remains alive to this day, and we have it between all strands of modern mme, and the Mad habits and all different schools and the progressive is a huge issue which is

01:00:00--> 01:00:03

Honestly is not easy to get into, because the text says x.

01:00:04--> 01:00:13

But sometimes it just doesn't make sense to apply the text. So how strict Do we have to be? That's the point of controversy To this day, as well.

01:00:14--> 01:00:23

So the the people you give that got to are eight, and ramen Omaha top said one of these eight we don't need to give two anymore.

01:00:24--> 01:00:27

And that is a more or less articulo boom.

01:00:29--> 01:01:18

The ones whom you went over, almost said that was done when Islam was weak, and we needed their hearts. Now that Islam is what it is. We don't need to bribe people. That's it, let them go. Now again, the Quran and Sunnah does not have a expiration clause does it? Right yet, or Morocco Understood? I don't need to follow this right now. So these types of rulings, again, the question arises, to what extent can we as well pause or modify or change? And this is a very, very, very slippery slope. Because if you take it to a logical conclusion, the whole show will become null and void. Right? Whereas if you close this door completely, and you're ultra fanatic, ultra literalist,

01:01:18--> 01:02:01

ultra fundamentalist what happens? Honestly, with my end to be very blunt, you become body minor ISIS. Okay. So there has to be some middle ground here. Right. And that middle ground is the difficult thing that beyond the scope of our class, but my point being I'm going to hop off is clearly not an ultra literalist. That's the point here. He's shown us that the laws of Islam have a reason. And if that reason doesn't seem to be being met, or there doesn't seem to be reasonable Bly, well, then guess what, we can not permanently throw it away, because he didn't, he didn't, there's no monsoon, or can't abrogate Kenny. That's only Allah can abrogate. But he can say right now for my

01:02:01--> 01:02:19

intern for my khilafah, it doesn't make sense. Or for the year of the plague or the family, it doesn't make sense, and so on, and so forth. And another landmark case that all of them adopted, adopted as well, was that in his time, a murder was brought to him that had occurred,

01:02:20--> 01:02:43

that it so happened that four people had conspired to kill a person, most likely it was Monday or something. So they all simultaneously, basically murdered him at night. And so they were caught, they were bought terminal hottub. Now the question was, what is to be done, these are for people. And the shehryar says, nuts for enough's, which of these four is enough should be taken.

01:02:44--> 01:02:55

But Omar made the decision that became pretty much the standard of Islam. And that is that if they were all participating, they will all be killed.

01:02:56--> 01:03:40

He was said for people, you're going to kill four people for one. He said, Well, law, he if the people of sun are all united to kill one man, I would execute all people of sun in the sun as a massive city. Right? If the whole city now this would be one day, all simultaneously, are actively participating in actually killing the person. And almost I don't care for people, 10 people, they participated in the murder, and they will all be executed. So he executed the first time in Islamic history. And then after this, it became standard. All the Medina have agreed that if multiple people are guilty in killing one person, they're all equally sharing the blame. We don't ask who did this,

01:03:40--> 01:04:21

who did that they all conspired to kill and they all actively participated. So the blood is on all of their, all of their necks. Right? So this is almost a law and it became a part of basically all of Islam. Another very, very, very controversial issue. And I guess what this will conclude time is already up. The but this issue is so this is really the most controversial of the entire after the Roman will hubbub, which to this day is subject of much headaches for all of us students of knowledge and, and and and the roadmap and scholars because people are so confused. And that is the issue of the triple divorce. The triple divorce and very briefly, this is a fifth class a different

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one. I don't have time for all of that. But you know, it happened at the time of Irma. And the whole controversy goes back to this issue of emotional hubbub and what exactly happened so

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to be very, very simplistic, there are two narratives. There are two narratives. Which one is valid is the whole point of controversy.

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The one narrative is that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam and avocados do the both of them. They considered a triple divorce to be

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one

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and Ramadan Ah ha ha

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was the one who changed this policy and considered a triple divorce to be three. Now pause here Does everybody know triple divorce?

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a triple divorce.

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After How long? What is the period?

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Okay, so I'll explain the triple divorce is when a husband says to his wife, I divorce you, I divorce you, I divorce you and he says it in one gathering. Okay? So this is a triple divorce or you can say, he says, I divorce you three times. Okay? Or you can say he says, I divorce you a triple divorce. In other words, the clear point is that he is wanting to divorce her multiple times in one sitting or gathering. Now.

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The technical or the realistic or the Sunnah method of divorcing is that you give one divorce at one time.

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And by unanimous consensus, a man is sinful in the eyes of Allah, forgiving multiple divorces at one time, okay? Because he has three opportunities for divorce, we know that Allah Kumara ttan, there are two that you can take her back the third time, call us fella to handle the home value. So there are three products that you can do three strikes, as we know, three toddlers. And

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the point being, you're supposed to give a divorce if you want to. If it doesn't work out, then Halas if it does work out, bring her back in, then if it doesn't work out, another time, a second divorce, and then a third divorce. So that's what is supposed to do. You suppose to space it out, if it really needs to be spaced out. Now, suppose a husband gets so angry, that he wants to shut the door for having this wife be a part of his life, ever in the future. In other words, he wants to be cruel and nasty and Punisher.

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And he wants to shut the door permanently, that I'm never ever gonna have anything to do with you. And it's impossible not for me to do that.

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And he does that in one gathering, one sitting meaning one place at one time, not spacing it out over a few months to have another fight. You know, that's the [???]ty our wise. That's the ideal of the idea that, you know, they had a fight, they had to divorce. Then he got regretful and he wanted to bring her back. And then few months later, another major

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fight, then another divorce. That's the way it should be. Suppose he got so angry, he wanted to shut the door. And he said, I divorced you I divorce you I divorce you wanting to completely cancel out any opportunity for actual nigga after this. According to the first narrative, this triple divorce was considered one because

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you cannot have another divorce. Once she is already divorced, you have to wait until the first divorce basically finishes and you take her back or the guy breaks away. Then the point comes you can perhaps do a second divorce. Clear, right? You understand this point? The first narrative says that once he says i divorce you. He can say a million times I divorced you in that in that gathering in that living room in that bedroom, it doesn't matter. Because it's one divorce. And it's just like the lights which you turned it off Carlos doesn't matter is going to be off until its whole expires, right until the ladies finishes, then he has the option of a second if he wants marriage or whatnot.

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So this narrative says

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Bob was the first person to change this. And this understanding goes back to a hadith by Evan Abbas. That he says and this hadith is assigned Muslim and this is the crux of the argument that that genital prolapse of the Rasulullah system will be broken so do you send it a name and your mother will hotdog Tanaka Siddharth wahida the Torah at the time of the Prophet system, no burger and the first two years of remodel. The triple talaq was considered why Ada one this is exquisite and so high Muslim. The triple talaq was considered one then or what Bob said

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the people have been hasty regarding a matter that they had some leeway in

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the statute and us they're being hasty they're being mean and nasty in a matter that a law had given them leeway

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In other words, it's a expression that basically means the people are taking advantage of a loophole.

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And they're abusing the system. So to shut the loophole, why don't we enforce it on them?

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So he enforced it on them even a buzzer Meaning what? triple became triple.

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That's the first understanding, it is the predominant understanding.

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And then scholars differ. So this is understanding one, a one B, one a the former hip

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since Omar did it,

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and the Sahaba agreed, and they had h ma helaas. We will do it as well.

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So all four muda hip have three equals three.

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Clear, all former dive This is the standard opinion of Sunni Islam. three equals three when it comes to Torah. And their main point of evidence. Omar did it as a BA, He instituted it as a nationwide philosophy of ruling and the Sahaba all followed him and nobody changed it after him and of mine and others they followed along. That was the end of story. Who are we to change when they've decided, Okay, now, that's 181 be exact same narrative, but flip it around.

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If Omar decided it, that's not the shediac per se. That's ha ha the Roma. So why don't we go back to the hustle, which is what the prophet system did. three equals one.

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This was given to me as position, and because of it, he was jailed.

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Because the other mme scholars said this is a bit of opposition, because it goes against the former diet. This is a bit reposition. And it is a position that has no basis in the mme, and you can't find any of the Metalab scholars saying this. So they said this is a shadow position that he should be jailed for. And of course, they were very jealous of in Tamia for many other reasons. And so they use this and they went to jail for this fifth position of thought of being one. Now, even taymiyah gave this fight to where his student mm hmm, very beautifully defended it in a number of books, even taymiyah as well has a treatise on it. And, frankly, their evidences are very, very powerful. And in

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fact, the statement of ebonized bus is very clear. candidates will Tahlequah hydro sources mo La Casa La wahida very explicit that the three talaq was considered one. Then Omar said, because the people are taking advantage, we will hold them account to it. So from bajo la him, he considered three to be three.

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And had been telling me his position was halus. Romer had the right to make his he had, but that's not binding on the rest of the material, myopia.

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And

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even taymiyah his position has remained alive up until this day. And as you know, it remains a source of tension to this day, the Madhavi scholars to this day, say three equals three, and those who follow Him and Tamia say, three equals one. And this is still a source of major tension. And it is something that, unfortunately, is we'll have to be getting involved in all the time when a sister comes in. And this is the reality I've given a hook about does that. Well I we think very much about and we talk a lot about the importance of marriage and how to get married. But divorce is a taboo. And we never tell our communities how to divorce. And unfortunately, because it's a taboo topic, and

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whenever talk about it, people don't know how to divorce and they fall into major errors and problems. Both schools or both sides agree. This is not how you should divorce the afterlife comes. What if you act foolish?

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And this is a statement of a bus that

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a man came and said open a bus. I was angry last night and I divorced my wife the number of stars in the sky

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open Ibis, what do I do? Open Ibis helped me and even my boss said that

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some of you acts in haste and anger and foolishness. And then the next day you come and you say yep not bus Yep, not bus Yep, not bus. I cannot help you. You are the one who acted in this manner. means he as well adopted almost fatawa because that was almost position and it became the standard of the oma. The point being though that whatever position you follow, both sides agree this is not the way you divorce. Divorce is not done on the spur of the moment is not done in haste is not done in anger. If you must divorce, then plan it out the way you planned your marriage out. Think it through

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istikhara make is to shadow and do it the proper manner, then you're not going to fall into this problem. Divorce should never be done on the spur of the moment, which, unfortunately is the culture of the Muslim lands will lie. This is one of the biggest most seabass that we don't know the etiquettes even to divorce, yes, sometimes divorce has to take place, what it must be done, it should be given the same amount of thought, No ally, it should be given more thought than the marriage itself. This is the sooner This is the sahabas position. So that's why over the top when He instituted this, what was his goal? Think about it. His goal was Omenn, Stop playing around with

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divorce. It's a big deal.

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Play, don't mess around with it. And he wanted to punish them for being foolish. Stop being foolish. Don't just say Divorce, Divorce divorce, and then think there's not gonna be any consequences. This was the knee of Roman. And you know, it has a valid perspective. Now, when push comes to shove, I am sympathetic with me in this regard. And for me clearly. And also a lie. You know, the man was foolish, but then we shouldn't punish his wife and children for his stupidity, which is what ends up happening. The man was foolish, he gives the triple divorce. Then he comes the next day to me and to all of the machines. What do I do? What do I do? He's fatwa shopping for him and Tamia who's going

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to give him that photo? And I know this, and we all know it. This is the reality. But his wife for 15 2030 years, his children, what not? What are we going to do? Yeah, he was foolish, she acted in haste. Why should the whole family suffer? And I agree with him, he has a very high em has like a huge section in his book, and I'm a walker and and others, where he goes into such great detail that was very convincing to me and to many students. And this is also the standard photo of Saudi Arabia in the court system. The courts all on Saturday be the triple is single. And somebody told me literally last week from the school, somebody told me that as her has also adopted this position, I

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am have not read it myself. But as a chef, last week, I was where was I in some city, and I was talking to this issue with them. And they told me not now, even as her as adopted this position, which I found very, very interesting, because as HUD is not prohibiting Tamia, but they understood that marriages are being ruined, that this is a very controversial issue. And so they as well have adopted that the triple divorce is considered single.

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And therefore according to that position, if you divorce triple or multiple times, you are sinful in the eyes of Allah and you must repent and you acted foolishly. But that will be counted as one. And that means that if this was your first divorce, you have to

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but if it was your second or third, so again, you have to think about it, you know, like this in any case, so I'm gonna have a hot dog had this position. The final very quick thing that we all know that Omar did as well, when it comes to his fake rulings was He instituted the salata, Tara, we selected tarawih. And this is, of course, a well known incidents were

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reported in body and many books that he came into the masjid of Ramadan, and Ramadan one night. And he saw lots of people praying, a lot of them by themselves, some of them with two three others with larger gatherings and they will all go behind difference to habit to pray. And he saw this confusion in the masjid. And he said it would make more sense if we combine them behind one Imam.

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And so he commanded obey bencab to basically become de tarawih. Leader. And he said the famous statement near Mathilde without too hard he was a great bit. This is, and this statement itself has become the source of much controversy. And later Islam. What did he mean by this? is there's something called be the center, is there something called with as a as a good bit of a bad bit? What does and that's a whole controversy of a theological nature, which beyond the scope of this class, but again, Bob was the one who instituted what we now consider Salatu Tada, we, and was the one who first if you like, made it an institutionalized thing. Of course, it can be said that He resurrected

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what the prophet Muhammad SAW said him did. And this is also true, but at the same time, he made it official, as something that the oma is going to be doing it is also narrated that he was the one who instituted 20 rakaat. And this is authentically narrated from him. And that is something that he began and that is why 20 Oh, God became very well known and famous across the Muslim world, because it was the the action of Mr. mahapatra, the loader and with that, we come to the end of today's talk in shallow data, we will continue on what we're still not done with maybe one more maximum two, and then a shallow data. We're done.