Lives Of The Sahaba 63 – Former Slaves – Part 2

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Yasir Qadhi

Channel: Yasir Qadhi

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Episode Notes

This talk sees Shaykh Yasir discussing and extrapolating details on some more mawali in the history of Islam, namely – Shukran, Safeenah,Thawban, Yassar, Salman Al Farsi RA. The female mawla discussed in brief detail are – Safiyyah Bint Huyayy (former slave girl who later on went to become the wife of Prophet ﷺ), Maria Bint qibtiyah (she was an Umm Walad implying that she could not be gifted to anyone else), her sister Sireen (who was given to Hassan Ibn Thabit) and Rayhana.

Commencing with Shukran, he participated in the battle of Badr and he was gifted to the Prophet ﷺ by Abdur rahman ibn awf RA. His tryst with fame is that he was amongst the four people who washed the Prophet ﷺ body during his janaza and lowered his body in the Qabar.

There is mention of many Hadith narrated by Yasser RA pertaining to Salah on a journey. Yassar RA was a maula who was the shepherd of Rasoolullah ﷺ. He was freed but he continued to be of servitude to the Habib of Allah ﷺ.

Another famous maula is Thawban RA who was an Arab and his grave is in Palestine. There are 100 Hadith to his credit that have been narrated by him.

Once, the Prophet ﷺ said: “If somebody promises me about something, I will promise him Paradise.” Thawban RA said quickly, “I will.” The Prophet ﷺ said to him, “Do not ask anything from anybody!”

After prayer, the Messenger of Allah ﷺ would ask for forgiveness three times and would recite: “Allahumma Antas-Salam wa minkas-salam tabarakta wa Dhal-jalali wal-ikram” (O Allah, You are As-Salam and from You is all peace, Blessed are You O Possessor of majesty and honour).”

Another narration by Thawban RA -The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: ‘Adhere to righteousness even though you will not be able to do all acts of virtue. Know that the best of your deeds is Salat and that no one maintains his ablution except a believer.’

Another maula of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ was Mahran or Safeenah RA. He was owned by Umm Salamah RA and she freed him and gifted him to the Prophet ﷺ.

The story behind his name Safinah is an interesting one where he says, “The Prophet ﷺ and his companions went on a trip. When their belongings became too heavy for them to carry, Muhammad ﷺ told me, ‘Open your garment.’ They filled it with their belongings, then they put it on me. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ told me, ‘Carry it for you are a ship.’ Even if I was carrying a load of six or seven camels while we were on a journey, anyone who felt weak would throw his clothes or his shield or his sword on me so I would carry that, a heavy load. The Prophet ﷺ then told me, ‘You are a ship’

A narration by Safeenah: Hold on, the Khilafah of Abu Bakr RA was two years, and Umar RA was ten years, and Uthman RA twelve years, and Ali RA six years.”The hadith is narrated by Safeenah RA that the Prophet ﷺ said:“The Prophetic khilafah will last for thirty years. Then Allah will give the dominion to whomever He wills.”

Episode Transcript

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Learn hamdu Lillah wa salatu salam ala rasulillah Allah Allah, He will be he will know what I'm about. So last week we were doing the morality of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and if you remember, I had talked about the concept of Mohler the concept of having a risk or an ABD and an AMA and I had mentioned that, as far as we know, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam did not ever purchase any moda or any royalties in order to service him. So who can remind me how did he get his rocks from who can remind me?

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gifts and purchases for what?

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To free them exactly. So these are the two sources of Moeller. There are only two sources of Mola and that is that either he was gifted, or the Prophet sallallahu Sallam as an act of worship, or one of his wives as an act of worship. Because when a wife would give free makes the slave free, the slave becomes the mother to the family, right and we talked about the concept of Mola that the Mola is the one who has certain rights and certain privileges and certain relationship is formed after the freeing is done, and I had mentioned a number of Mohali, a number of famous ones and today inshallah Tada. We will continue from where we had left off So, obviously the most famous Mola again

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very quickly is Edelman Hadassah, and I'm not going to talk about his story because we already done it. So as a they've been added to is the primary molar and really the only one that lived for many, many, many years with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and then his story is well known. I had mentioned about off here, we now move on to show Quran the Quran I don't think that he Quran right. Okay, so we now move on to shukran shukran. And again, as I said, a lot of times these names are somewhat bizarre or weird because most of the morality are not from Arab civilizations, and therefore the names are aerobicized. So whatever their name was in their original language, when

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they become when they're a part of the Arab system, so then their names become aerobicized. So Shah Quran is most likely habashi an Ethiopian and shokran was a participant at the Battle of butter. And most likely, I've met him now of the rich merchant, as we know, was the one who gifted the profits of the law idea he was sent them, he was gifted to the profit. So I sent him by now, right. Another opinion is that the Profit System himself purchased him from out to free him, and then he remained voluntarily as a servant. And Sharon has one of the most amazing privileges that any human being has. And I have mentioned his name before, but obviously would not remember his name. shokran was

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one of the four people or five people who wash the body of the profits of the law while he was sending them. So shokran was the one who was pouring water, while the body of the Prophet system was being washed on his obviously, right before the janazah. And in fact, it is said that show Quran himself was the one who entered the cover of the prophet SAW Selim and then helped put the body into the, the the left as we had, as you know, the process was buried in an L shape you go down, then there's a nice insight. So shukran was the one who lowered who was in the cover, and he helped lower the body into the niche, and then began to fill it up. And so this is one of the greatest blessings

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of shukran shukran only has one Hadith mentioned that's it one Hadith mentioned, and that is that shukran said, I saw the Prophet salallahu idea he was setting them on the day he was going to hyper, he was on a donkey, and he was praying riding on the donkey. And he was gesturing on top of the on top of the donkey. This is the only Hadith narrated by she'll put on and this tells us a very simple reality and that is that Suna and knuffel prayers in Safar do not have to be done standing. In fact you don't have to do standing even when you're not in sofa. So as soon as you can sit down and pray but in suffer there's a concession and that concession is

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what is the concession?

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No for not for

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no for non fault.

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You don't have to face the Qibla okay for non fault for fault you have to face the Qibla but for non follow the Sunnah and nothing right insofar, you do not have to face the table and this is the hadith of Quran and Hadith as well. That he said he was was going towards hypermotard janilla Haber, so his face was towards highborn and Medina to hayver

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That is not the Kamala, and he was on his donkey. And he was praying, and he was gesturing. What does gesturing mean? Going down like this. He wasn't on the grounds. We cannot do a full search though. So he was gesturing on top of the Mount, and this counts as Salah. So this is Ron very simple story. And the greatest honor all that we know really about him was that he was of those final people in the power of the Prophet sallallahu ala he was setting them. Some say his was the last touch of the Prophet system. And some say another person, we're going to come to him. So he was one of the last people to touch the body of the Prophet sallallahu, ie he was setting them of the

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Mohali of the slaves of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is a slave by the name of ESR, ESR, ESR. And ESR did not marry to single Hadees because he died a very tragic death and his death and the circumstances of his death. And what happened as a result of his death form a common theme of books of Hadith His story is mentioned in almost every book of Hadith. His story is mentioned not his wife, because he died, he died a very early death because he is he he was essentially killed. What is the story? Yes, sir. Yes, sir, by the way, was a Nubian, no, be a Nubian, and he was a shepherd of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. And it is said that one day the Prophet

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sallallahu, I sent him saw him praying in his Masjid.

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And he was so impressed with his Salah, that he freed him on the spot. So he freed him while he was in Salah. So yes, our remained free, but then he volunteered his services to the Prophet system. And this is, as I said, almost all of the slaves that were freed, they remain for a period of time servicing the Profit System, for many reasons of them is a logistical reason. And that is they don't have family. And they don't have anyone to take care of them. And they know the love and care that the processor will give them. So even when they're free, they will remain on in the household, even though they're free to leave at any time. But they have a house, they have food, they love servicing

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the Prophet sallallahu sallam. And all of this shows us that the concept of risk in Medina and Islam was not the concept of slavery in 1870, you know, Alabama or Tennessee. So a world of a difference apart, where the slave is not even considered like the slave is considered a part of the family in that society. And he's treated a very different manner, so much so that when they are freed, they voluntarily remain on that shows you the very difference of mentality of that, versus this understanding of slavery in our time. So the Assad remained on and he would take the camels or sadhaka. And he would, you know, be the shepherd for the Campbell's and whatnot. Now what happened?

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What is his story so tragic.

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A Tribe from nudged by the name of Aurora, and Aurora is the famous incident incident of arena is called what happened with the tribe of rodina, the tribe of Urena pretended to accept Islam. They came to Medina, a group of them 510 of them, we don't know how many. They came to Medina, and they pretended to accept Islam, and they were not actually Muslim. And they demanded from the process a little longer set of hospitality. And they said, We need food and water and drink while we are here. And so the profitsystem allowed them to stay in a date Palmer garden on the outskirts of Medina. And he hosted them for a few days, and they ate and they drank, and they drank the milk of the soda or

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the Campbell's of soda. And eventually they sacrificed an animal, which is a big deal. In those days. Meat is a luxury, they sacrificed an animal and they had a feast. And then after that, unfortunately, this is the color of a lot. They turned out to be complete liars and traders, and they ganged up usr was sent to monitor them and to be their host GSR was sent to be their secondary host. So ESL became their host in the garden, they ganged up on the Assad, and they stopped for the law, murdered him tortured him to death in a very, very gruesome and vulgar manner. And they poked his eyes out, and they cut off his arms and legs, and they tortured him to death, and they stole the

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camels and they fled. So it was just a tactic to gain money and to live large for a few days. Right. So this was early Islam in Medina. This was we don't know the exact year but it was basically in the first half of the period of Medina. And up until this point in time, the hoodoo had not been finalized. The laws of punishment had not been finalized. And so and this is why the story is always mentioned in the books of Hadith. Their punishment was to be punished the same way that the Assad was punished.

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So the Prophet system sent an expedition to catch them. And so they were captured. And each and every one of them was essentially given the same punishment as the Assad was given. And so their hands and limbs were cut off. And their eyes were poked out as they had poked out the eyes of yourself. And they were then left without food and water, and they died a very, very, very miserable death. Now, later on, this type of retribution, has become not allowed. And of course, when you execute, you execute, and that's the end of deal, right? So later on when the shady I was perfected, because, as you know, their [???]ty will came in stages, and in this early stage, so perhaps it was a

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very wise lesson for the people to know you don't do this. And perhaps this was a loss of wisdom, that it is shown without any mercy, these people were treated, what they had done to Assad was done to them exactly the same thing. And they were then left to die, without anybody helping them. And of course, there without arms and limbs and without eyes, what are they going to do so they died a very miserable death. And that was the punishment for what had happened to them. And this hadith is mentioned in Bukhari and Muslim By the way, so is a very famous ID. So this was the ending of ESR. And his story then became the issue of filth that, is it allowed to punish somebody in the same way

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that he has punished or killed somebody else? And the majority say no, there is a minority opinion that says yes, you mean, the majority say no, and this is the correct opinion, the majority say no, once the person has been killed, you catch the murderer, he will then be executed. He will then be executed in his fate is with Allah subhana wa Tada, where they will law wants to punish him for a very cruel killing, or Allah forgives him. That is his fate in the Oscar. But some small group of scholars say based on this incident of yourself, they say, an eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth, even in depth. Whereas most say that eye for an eye, tooth for tooth is not in depth. It's

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something that if you have a fight and something happens, then otherwise, if somebody ends up killing another person intentionally, then the punishment is death. And that's it, the state will punish the person with death or execution. And that is it. So that is the incident of yourself a very tragic death. But it is one that is mentioned in every book of Hadith, because of this incident that happened with the tribe of Audrina, the next sermon, we're just going to go over nine or 10 of them. As I said, we probably know the names of 40. Some have mentioned up to 80, or 90, but this seems a bit of an exaggeration. Most likely these 80 or 90, either their names are repetitive,

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or and some of them clearly are repetitive, or a servant or slave of another Sahabi is mentioned. And the context is that he's with the Prophet system. So a later scholar understood this is the servant or slave of the Prophet system. In reality, that seems like a very huge number 80 or 90, and Allah knows best. So I'm only going to mention nine or 10 of the names. And most of these, as we really don't know much about of the Sahaba. Who, sorry, they also have of course, by the way, all of these are Sahaba, whose names are we mentioning, they are also have an even if they were slaves, you can be a slave in as a hobby doesn't change the that fact of the most famous of them early. And in

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fact, the one who has probably narrated the most number of Hades out of the morality of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And that's what we're going to spend some time on his Hadith is so bad, so bad, and every scholar and student of knowledge knows thauvin modera sudler, thoburn Mola, rasulillah that is his name and his title. So then molar rasulillah. So bad, was one of the molar who was from an Arab origin. So as I told you, many times, slavery in those days was not caste or ethnically based, you had slaves of many different ethnicities and Arabs were also sometimes taken as slaves, even though Yes, it is true that the Quraysh did not allow the college to be enslaved,

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there was that hierarchy, but they allowed other slaves, you know, that's their mentality. And so banned was from one of the Arab tribes of Yemen. And he was a molar, and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam, purchased him to free him. So he's one of those in the process of purchase to free. So the profitsystem purchased him to free him. And then he said to thauvin If you want, you can go back to your house in Yemen. And if you want, you can remain with us in our house, meaning, you know, as a servant and just be with us and whatnot. So So ban chose to remain with the Prophet salallahu alayhi wasallam in Medina, and he did not go back home to Yemen. And he remained in Medina

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until the Prophet sallallahu wasallam died, and he then went on expeditions and armies until he participated into the conquest of Egypt. And eventually he died after the conquest of Palestine and he died in his grave isn't modern day final scene and out of all of the

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Mohali sovann has narrated the most number of Hadith close to 100 we're not going to go over 100 Don't worry, we're about 10 or so close to 100, a hadith around 90 something the soul band has narrated Why? Because he volunteered to stay in Medina and he remained in Medina until the death of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and then he traveled to Egypt and he traveled to Syria. And he narrated these a hadith to the next generation. And interestingly enough, many of the hadith of Oban are about the signs of the Day of Judgment, so he would pay attention to these Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam so of the ideas of thoburn

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once Oban molar Rasulullah Salallahu alaihe salam I know Canada solarsystem either. arada onion suryavarman sala de is tough for flf Mr. Ratan McCall alimenta salaam woman Casa La Mota Bharata yada JW Chrome, the famous Hadith all of you should know it, that when the Prophet says and finished praying he would say all of you memorize this as soon as you say Salaam is immediately what you're supposed to start for the law stuff for the law stuff for the law, a law home and this woman castellum about the energy lady with the clock. This comes from the hedges October, okay, so stop for the law stuff for a law stuff at a law, a law firm and the Santa women Casa Nam, terracotta yada

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genetical column, and then you do the scouts upon a lot humbler level but and then you recite it. And then there are other things that can be done after the end of the solar. But this is the first thing that is done based on the hadith of soulbound 101 that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, Who guarantees me one thing? And in return, I will guarantee him Jen. So Ben said, I will without even asking what it is. Immediately. thauvin said, I will guarantee you one thing. So the prophets of the law, why is that him said law just enough, never asked anything from anyone. never asked anything from anyone only ask Allah. So, so bad, he said, I will do that. And he never asked a

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person anything until he died. Okay, so this is the one condition. And our scholars say what this indicates is a perfection of tawheed that you don't even ask any creative being for even something of this world. You have a sense of dignity and a sense of self respect, that you do not even ask something Hillel because it is allowed to ask, it is allowed to ask the creator for things that they can do. But the perfection is and this is very few of the Sahaba. And it is known that the Prophet system made this condition on some of the other servers will including abubaker and others do not ask lattice I did not so she don't ask anything of anyone. Don't ask anything of anyone. Just live

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on your own with what Allah has given you the power to do. So some of the Sahaba that's the highest level of the the conditions of the process or input and it's not logic. It's not something that you know, because in the end of the day, we are human beings and we ask people for everything. Can you give me a ride here? Can you lend me this? These are things we ask is completely, completely handed. But the highest level of demand is to stop asking any creation other than Allah subhanho wa Taala and so bad got to that level. So Ban said I heard the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam say, my howled on judgment day is from I then to a man and either a man or two cities in southern Arabia,

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right? Our man or woman, a man and as in in Yemen. So my household is basically half of the Arabian Peninsula. Massive right? My holders from either into our land, it's water is going to be whiter than milk, and it is sweeter than honey. And the number of a cow we've a cow weed is the plural of qub and qub is qub. They are from a similar root level item which influenced what I don't know. But clear the coop coop in Arabic right?

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Work web cover the acquired Cobweb. A cow wave is the plural of coop and COVID the singular and the carpet is what we get from the Latin. Allah knows which influence which but clearly some root is the same. What can we do with the number of cups of this? How old are more than the stars in the sky? And whoever drinks from it shall never be thirsty afterwards. So this is of the Hadeeth of soeben of the Hadeeth of Oban is the famous one.

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The famous one

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that so bad. The molar of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said that oh messenger of Allah, tell me one deed that will cause me to enter agenda. Tell me one thing that will cause me to enter Jun so the profitsystem remain quiet and then he said it could be considered

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sujood I command you to increase the number of soldiers on the kathrada sujood. I command you to increase the number of soldiers for you never prostrate one says that, except that Allah will raise you one rank and forgive you one sin. The Enthoven reported that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said is the key mu one and torso and the higher America masala one and you have divided rulu illa min is the key move, try to remain as straight as you can. One and torso and you're never going to attain perfection which means you keep on striving for the best, but you realize you're never going to be 100% and know that the best deed that you can ever do is the salah and know that nobody

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protects his will do except a real woman, only a movement will always do well when his will do break. So these are advice from so one of the deeds of dovan is one that is very very controversial. And it is used by many groups even till our times

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and have given a much longer lecture which I'm not going to repeat Here you'll find it online

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on the MADI and this one of the famous Hadith of the MACD and so by narrated so Ban said either eight or Araya to suit cajetan okay ballyhoura son for to have enough halifa to lawhead Maddie when you see the black flags coming from Horace and

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then go there, because amongst that army will be halifa to La halvah de the famous Maddy ahaadeeth and this is one of those famous actually about the MADI. And this hadith has been used by many groups to expedite the coming over the MACD starting with

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there are buses themselves. And that's why Alma de halifa was called and Maddie because he wanted to be the Maddie and there are buses flag was a black flag. And their main person was from Horace Annabelle Muslim on hora Sani. And so they took a black flag, and they're attacking from holdups and and they call their leader and Maddie eventually, eventually not the one there. And so they're trying to expedite. And the same fanaticism exists to this day amongst the bizarre fringe. How did you group known as the ISIS the same thing, the reason they have adopted the black flag is wise because of this. Right? And the reason they concentrate on that region is because of this Hadith,

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but I have said many, many times, these are Hadith or organic, they are not movie scripts. And anybody who takes these ahaadeeth as movie scripts to try to enact them, it will backfire on him.

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Okay, these are these are predictions, we believe them. We believe them. But they will happen organically they're going to happen when they happen. And it will not happen as an expedited movie script that they will try to enact them. That's not the sooner otherwise the Sahaba would have done it when they conquered the tiger woods. They didn't do that. So they understood is going to happen when it happens. And the one who does it will do it because he wants to not because he's thinking consciously is going to happen like this doesn't happen like that. So it will happen we believe which will happen, but anybody who tries to expedite it intentionally, it will backfire on him. And

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one more Heidi's

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sorry, three more Heidi sorry. Three more hi decrees are all very interesting that are very interesting of the most famous hadith of Toba and three of them are very famous and you're going to love all of these beautiful IDs.

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And this is one of my favorite headsets as well. So Ban said that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said in the Lucha tada zoja A to Mashallah Yokohama horiba, Allah subhanho wa Taala unrolled the earth for me, the east and the west. And I saw the Eastern and the western most, and the dominion of my own man shall extend to all that I have seen. the dominion of my oma shall extend to all that I have seen. And then I asked Allah subhana wa tada to not destroy my oma because of a plague. And to not allow any enemy to overtake them and over conquer them such that they are eliminated. So Allah subhana wa tada responded to me that oh Muhammad Sallallahu wasallam. When I

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decrease something that nothing can cancel that decree and I have gifted you that your oma will never be destroyed because of a plague or disease. So we believe and it has never happened, it will never happen, that a play will come or a disease will come in to wipe out the oma some previous almost were wiped out because of one calamity. For us, if a calamity happens, it will be local, regional, it will not affect the home. Okay. Any type of

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Disaster it will not happen the whole oma will be destroyed No, not like that. And I have decreed that an external enemy will not over conquer them such that they shall be eliminated. So anytime an enemy conquers it will be temporary and partial, it will never eliminate Islam, we will not be eliminated from outside. Totally. Portions might be yes lands might be, but not all of the oma. And our profit system then said it's a very long Hadith. But He then said that

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the day of judgment will not come until some of my own muscle returned to idol worship. And there shall be from within my own 30 cut the bone that jerden 30 that jazz 30 liars, all of them are claiming that they are a nebby. And I am the heart wouldn't have been and there is no nebby after me, okay, there's a famous hadith of no bang, in which he predicted the 30 that Jerome Boone are going to come. And so these are the false prophets, right, beginning with maceda Melaka. And then, up until now, we still hear from time to time somebody who claims they are profit. One of the last ones was a shadow study for here in America in the 80s. In,

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in Phoenix, was it Phoenix?

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I believe it was Phoenix. Yeah, but so here in America, so there was a anyways, long story started the Iranian movement, or I'll only know how did you know the number 19 theory if you remember the 80s the number 19 theory that unfortunately, I did not popularized May Allah forgive him, it was a mistake that I made, but it came from Michelle Khalifa. And he claimed he was enemy. And of course, you know, of course, in the Arab world and and of course, India, you have the midazolam so all of these are the the the genuine cadaver bone that we believe the Prophet sallallahu wasallam predicted. Okay, this one, you're gonna love this one. At least some of you will love it. Some of

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you will like it. Some of you will love it. All of us should love it because the process of them said it, but some will love it more than others. Why is so bad Mola Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam identities of the law while you sent him and I will call you saw that and even Amati a hora de Houma la junta Adam in an hour a Slava to Intel Zoo Allah Hynde where as law button to Coronavirus everybody, okay. This is

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one of the only a hadith in which India is mentioned by name upon the tongue of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam a hint he mentioned and hint and it's narrated by by filburn so filburn said I heard the Prophet system say two groups of my own mouth Allah has guaranteed to protect them. The first of them is the group that shell Doha Zoo of hint

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and that is Mohammed Al Qasim and his group that came and the second of them is the group that shall be with re seven Mr. Em okay and fight that the job. So those two people Allah has guaranteed to protect from jahannam and so this demonstrates that the conquest of India is a big deal. And we thank Allah that India has been conquered because because of that, US people are humble enough Muslim. And then the final thing we're going to do and this is all of you have heard of this hadith and it's only found by thoburn soba molad of the prophets of the Lord said have said the prophets of Salaam said a time will come when the other nations of the earth will call one another to attack you

00:28:32--> 00:29:18

just like people are called to eat from a common plate okay. So a time will come when nations will call each other to attack you. Just like we are called to eat from you to eat from a common plate. So they said O Messenger of Allah is it because we will be few in number. I mean bill Dianna Sula, LA, he said no, you will be plenty what I can come when you say you will be like the froth of the ocean. The froth you see it but then it goes there's no value. Or some say the Jets somewhere the flotsam things that the way brings in some say who thought is the whitish part of the wave that comes and some say it is like the weeds and the junk that the tide brings in and nobody cares about

00:29:18--> 00:30:00

it just keeps on bringing in junk and stuff. And nobody cares about it. Lots, but it's not something that is useful. And what's sad is basically an expression in Arabic, which means a lot in quantity, zero and quality. Okay, so you're going to be odongo that is saved, and Allah subhana wa Taala will remove from your enemies hearts, the fear that they had a view and he shall replace in your hearts a weakness. And they said what is the weakness of Western injure of Allah, he said, a love of this world and a hatred of death. But dunya will come out here to alamode so this famous hadith of cell ban that I have given you about this

00:30:00--> 00:30:07

A number of years ago, so that is so bad. And as I said he died in Philistine the next one person that we're going to do

00:30:09--> 00:30:25

is the only one that we're going to do today in detail, who is from Persia from Persia and his name, we actually do not know it, we do not know his name. Some say his name was Matt on and some say

00:30:27--> 00:30:28

get us I'm

00:30:29--> 00:30:30

sorry Some say

00:30:31--> 00:30:33

hold on is the most common one.

00:30:34--> 00:30:36

Let me find it it was somewhere here.

00:30:38--> 00:31:27

I cannot find it. But we do not know his name. We do not know his name because when he was asked his name, he said I'm not going to tell you why. He said the Prophet sallallahu wasallam called me Safina so from now on I will only be known as Safina what is Athena mean? ship. Okay. So his name is ship Safina. He was asked What is his name, said I'm not going to tell you. So we don't know his name. But they say it was mahananda have another name as well. So Safina was a Persian who was owned by Ole Miss selama, who was Farsi, who was owned by oma selama. One of the ones that the Prophet system as I said, when a wife frees the slave, the slave will be the motor to the family and the

00:31:27--> 00:32:06

family is the Profit System. So oma Salama decided to free him as the sake of charity for the sake of Allah subhanho wa Taala. But she put a condition because you're allowed to put conditions and the condition was that he would be a free servant of the Prophet system for as long as he lived. So Safina accepted this condition. And he then so he's a free man he can marry live in Medina have a job, but whenever he has time, he will go to the process and be his servant. And so that's what Safina did until he died. And how did he get his name? Well, we have the story in quite a lot of detail in Wooster do.

00:32:07--> 00:32:17

We have a number of a hadith from Safina let's do some of the Hadith and also the story of how he got his name. As for the hadith of Safina

00:32:19--> 00:32:33

one of the most interesting Hadith I mentioned this hadith many times in the serum narrated from Safina the Safina said that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said that he laughed after me shall be for for how many years?

00:32:40--> 00:32:41

All of you forgot

00:32:42--> 00:32:44

the Scylla after Michelle before

00:32:46--> 00:32:50

20 just do the math work earthmen id

00:32:51--> 00:33:41

1430 years because 45 was when the 4243 was when it died. So the processor died 11 so 30 years, 30 years hijiri 40 something so you have to subtract 11 of the Profit System. Right so alakina for two bar de la una Santa, the hereafter shall be 30 years, then after that, it will become a dynasty. This is a heady thing, mostly the moment is right here in front of me. So the philosopher there's a prediction when the processor is alive, the philosopher shall be for 30 years, then after me she'll become a milk and that is Kingdom or Dominion or dynasty. Okay. So Safina said counts the life of a worker was two years and the color for Omar was 10 years and the telephone booth man was 12 years

00:33:42--> 00:33:44

and the Philadelphia Valley was six years you do the math.

00:33:45--> 00:34:13

Okay. So Safina is narrating the Hadith. And so if anything, you do the math and it adds up to 30 exact, many scholars say has settled their loved one was six months and that is the full 30. So hasin should be counted as the halifa for six months because he was more entitled and more aware. And the truth was with him as I had mentioned in my hadith of Karbala, we talked about that. So this is the interesting hadith of Safina okay

00:34:15--> 00:34:43

one Safina who said that one day, I was with the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and the Sahaba and we came to a pass in a valley and so the all of the army could not pass. So I began carrying the goods through the valley. And the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam saw me and said, Today you are nothing other than a ship.

00:34:44--> 00:34:59

alone today mark and in less Safina You are nothing but a ship you are carrying the whole people on your back. And so that's why his name we came Safina and in another Hadith he mentions that

00:35:00--> 00:35:46

We were going with the Prophet solo cemetery journey. And a time came when you know, we had to basically dismount and whatnot. And so people put some of their things on me, and another put his sword and another put his armor and another put his spear until I began carrying a lot of things on my back, pause here this shows Safina would have been a very strong man. So the people are getting help from him. And so he just keeps on carrying. And so the Prophet sallallahu wasallam said, and Safina You are a ship. So the name stuck, the name stuck with him. And so that's why he called himself Safina and in more detail in more detail. He said that

00:35:48--> 00:36:30

one of the people asked him much smoke, what is your name? He said, I am not going to tell you man it'd be much better if I do this. I'm not going to tell you because the Prophet system himself called me Safina. So the guy said to him, why did he call you Safina? So he said one day the Prophet says him and his people were walking the Sahaba were walking and it became difficult to carry their goods. And so the Prophet system said to me, open your garment open your cloak, so I opened it and they put all of their stuff on it and then I put it you know like you would tie it up and he put it on his back. And so the Profit System then said to me, yeah, I'm in for in them anta Safina carry it

00:36:30--> 00:36:48

because you are going to be a ship. So on that day, if I was carrying the camera load or two camera loads, or three camera loads up till seven camera loans, it would not have been difficult for me. So he carried a massive amount of

00:36:49--> 00:37:25

Army material, whatever you want to call it, because we're going on a hot swap. And so when the process of said carry it, you're going to be a ship. So it became a miracle and he carried essentially seven Campbell's loads of weight on his back. And this shows us again the miracle of the Prophet sallallahu idea he was there are some other ideas about Safina but he has around 13 I did not that many of it. So this is Safina Okay, now we get to a story and then the next person, his name is one of two, both of them weird, strange names for us. Some say his name is Cara, cara,

00:37:26--> 00:38:17

cara, and others say his name is Madame medium. And this hadith shows us that not all of them allottee were righteous people. And it's understood because these are not people that have chosen to accept Islam, some of them, some of them are there by circumstance beyond their control. And one of them is this person over here. And his story is mentioned also in Bukhari and Muslim and it is mentioned in many books of Hadith as well. And it is narrated by Abu hurayrah, who said that on the day of high bar, when we conquered the people of high bar, we did not gain any gold or silver. However, we did gain clothes and armor. So the people of high bar did not have gold and silver. But

00:38:17--> 00:38:22

they had agriculture and clothes and armor. And

00:38:24--> 00:39:17

one of the Lambs one of the slaves of the Prophet system, they say his name was midam pause here in this hadith it says midam in a hadith of Timothy, it says caracara. So we have both of these names. So some say that was the same slave to a different name. Some say similar stories occur twice, but we don't know the name for short. So, the So, one of the slaves of the Prophet system by the name of midam was found with a arrow in his neck, and he died as a result of the arrow coming in. So some of the people said how fortunate is he? He has been given genda and the Prophet sallallahu wasallam said no, I swear by the one in whose hands is my soul, because he stole a garment from the aneema.

00:39:18--> 00:39:26

Now pause here the rules of of any war dictate that what do you do, you give everything

00:39:28--> 00:39:49

everything the vanilla you give to the halifa and then the halifa will assign a person their share of it everybody gets to share in the end, right? Everybody gets a share of the honeymoon. The details of this are found in the books of filth, but you are not allowed to take anything from what you have

00:39:50--> 00:39:59

found over there until you give it back to the halifa and then the halifa will distribute equal shares to all of the

00:40:00--> 00:40:41

People who participated. And again, the details of this are in the books of filth and whatnot. And it is how long to take something secretly, obviously, it's a, it's a treacheries betrayal, you cannot take just by yourself, you have to get it, you know, register, whatever you can imagine, it's simple logistics even you go back everything that hisab has done, and then you get it. This person, he surreptitiously took it. And nobody knew. But the profits are sort of new, because Allah told him, nobody knew. And when he was found in that way, the Profit System said, that garment that he stole, it is burning with him in them right now.

00:40:43--> 00:41:20

Okay, now somebody can say, but he just took one garment. And that's going to get jahannam. And the response is, well, it's not just the garment is the concept, you are with the profit solar system. And there's an Amana and there's a responsibility, and for you to betray the amount of the Profit System, and to go behind his back and steal, you know, in front of him, literally, I mean, like he's there, and you're going in and stealing. And obviously, this also meant to send the message. Now, obviously, we believe if he was a Muslim, which is all it seems like he was eventually he'll be forgiven, we believe he's a Muslim, he will be forgiven. But he was punished for that sin that he

00:41:20--> 00:41:29

had did done. And so the Prophet system said this, and then when he said this, people began giving back small things that they had taken,

00:41:30--> 00:41:51

you know, without asking. And so this is a necessary warning to those people that just want to steal here and there. So this was the type of tactic that they were taking. And so this is it shows us that. And that's something very important when you study the Sierra, you realize not all of the, you know, people who accompany the process are like obachan. And

00:41:52--> 00:42:29

we have to understand this point, there were people like this, and they are being punished for crimes that they have done, even though they're in the vicinity of the process of they are, essentially, you know, Sahaba in some ways they are, but not all of them are like aboubaker, and Roma. So that's midam or caracara, one of these two of the simplest ones that we know very simple, we know nothing about him, not even his ethnicity, except for one or two ID that he narrated. And his name is a boy, I'll see we don't even know his name. So Konya, RC and RC, has a very interesting

00:42:30--> 00:43:16

story that he narrated. And that is that about Hasib said, avoid sleep, sorry, I'm not happy about it. But the nine of our sleep said that I was there when they prayed over the profits of the law, while you said and he's one of them awali of the Profit System who is freed, and he's in the vicinity. And remember, because they're Mohali, so they get access to the house of the Profit System, because their money that's their house now. So I see you've said I was there when they prayed over the profit Profit System himself. So they asked him, How did they pray over him. So he said, they came in from one side, individually, there wasn't Gemma as we know, they came in,

00:43:17--> 00:44:04

out of Southern or southern bit by bit group by group, and they prayed and they left through the other door. So there was a entourage as we know, on Tuesday, all of Tuesday and Wednesday, they kept on going throughout the house in groups individually, all of Tuesday and then Wednesday, he was very civil lauricella so they went in groups by groups until they finished to the last of them then he was placed in his lat and who did this show Quran did this the other ones the font did this right. Then animal here even shorter by said that the Prophet systems legs have not been fully covered. So they said to avoid, see, go down and fix the legs. So because he's the molar so he has again that

00:44:05--> 00:44:55

that understanding that is his job, his task. So I see went into the grave. And I put a quote in his narrative the first person sorry, so I went into the cupboard, and I fixed the feet up and I touched his feet. Then I said give me some dust. So they get gathered some dust for me until I covered his feet and it finished up to his south, the bottom of his the shins, right. And then I exited the cover. Then he would say, I was the last person to be with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. Okay, so this is a boy I see one of the melotti and we don't have you know his name. Now here's the point of what I see. Some say this is chokehold on. Some say no, it's not him. Actually, some say

00:44:55--> 00:44:59

this is Safina and some say so because here's the point. These are names that are mentioned.

00:45:00--> 00:45:42

And who knows a lot of xojo knows it could be shukran. It could be the same one, the one who did the hustle could be but the name of founders of yc and it's not authentic is not who is a yc. Is it one of the other Mohali? Is it simply a cornea that has given to the Quran? Is it Safina the Persian Allahu Allah. So this is the thing, and most of the people say he's another molar, a completely different molar. So that's why we put him over here and Allah subhana wa tada Knows Best of the Mohali as well. And again, we have all of these tidbits from the very last days of the Prophet sallallahu. I do send them and this one as well of the modalities that narrated to us of the last

00:45:42--> 00:45:49

Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam is Abu Moy Heba, Abu way Heba. And Abu Moy hubba

00:45:50--> 00:46:27

hubba has one of the final a hadith that has been narrated regarding the Prophet sallallahu idea he was sending them. A boo Moy Heba said that the Prophet sallallahu wasallam called for me in the middle of the night. And he said, Oh, Abu Moy Heba Allah has commanded me to go to back there and ask forgiveness for them. So come with me. So I went with him, and we went to bed earlier in the middle of the night. And when he was in the middle of Buccaneer, he said, uh, Salam aleikum wa Hillel macabre.

00:46:29--> 00:47:11

Leah Nila coma us back to view him as perhaps even us. And then he goes on that how blessed and fortunate are you. If you only knew what Allah has saved you from you have been saved from the fitting that are coming, you know, like wave. So things are going to happen now. trials are going to happen at humbler you have been saved from them. And we know the trials opened up, you know, after the death of the Prophet, so set up, all of these trials opened up. Then he turned to me. And he said, and I mentioned this hadith when I, when I did the final theater of the process of this hadith was mentioned back then, then he turned to me and he said, Yeah, about way Heba I have been given

00:47:11--> 00:47:18

the keys to the treasures of this world, and allowed to live in it till the end of times and then enter agenda.

00:47:20--> 00:47:24

Or Allah has allowed me to choose him right now.

00:47:26--> 00:48:13

So the profitsystem was given the choice. Allah has allowed me to remain here until the end of times, and along with that, the treasures of this dunya have whatever you want, or I can choose him now and get gender now the color of the will gender now. So why have I said the Abbe anta O'Meara pseudo law, whose morality had dunya will hold the fee. So why don't you stay with us until the end of time is then you'll enter john anyway. I beg you by my mother and father, stay here, and stay with us and then get into Jenna. And the prophets of Salaam said no Oh boy. Heba. I have chosen to meet my Lord, and I have chosen gender now. Then he asked forgiveness for the book de la hora. And

00:48:13--> 00:48:56

then he turned around, and right after that, he fell sick, and he remains sick until he passed away. Okay, so this is a boom way here by telling us that final choice. So the profitsystem was told to go to Berkeley, and ask forgiveness for the Voltaire. And this he is telling a boy here but this little interesting tidbit, that's of how to look Allah preserved it, you know, through him, not through abubaker, not throughout Asia, not through alley, but rhodiola Animesh made but through one of them are wildly above way Heba that the Prophet system told him this tidbit, that is now a standard in the books of surah. Allah had given me the choice, I can stay forever and still get gender. Or I can

00:48:56--> 00:49:35

choose a law now and get gender. And why should I stay in this world when I left choosing me not basically. So the profitsystem chose to meet Allah subhanho wa Taala immediately after this, and that's really the only hadith of way but he didn't narrate anything else. That's all he narrated some kind of love because what else does he need to narrate? This is the jewel or the treasure that no other person has narrated. So I have given you the names of eight or nine of the most widely, including zeta, so I didn't go into detail, but he is number one. So that's basically nine. And I'll mention a 10th one, but we will not do his story now, because that one is an entire separate class

00:49:35--> 00:49:55

one of the most interesting classes we will do and that 10th one is a very unique molar. Probably one of the most unique list of all of the Sahaba one of the most unique of all of the Sahaba and that is settleman allphotossee. Now pause yourself man was a molar of the processor. Response he Yes. Why?

00:49:56--> 00:49:57

Do you remember the story of Solomon

00:49:59--> 00:49:59

who Freed's

00:50:00--> 00:50:00

Man

00:50:04--> 00:50:30

who freed him Abu Bakar. So that's where there's a bit of a controversy, because it is true that Abu Bakar did help finance but one of the conditions that we're going to get to the story of Solomon, the dates, right, who planted those dates, the profitsystem himself went and planted those dates one by one. He himself went into the manual labor to free sell man

00:50:31--> 00:51:16

and sell man then when he was around was never a slave actually of the processor. He actually purchased him for free him, right? So a worker helped and the Profit System helped and then sell man. Basically the process of himself said that sell man min LLP. So how do you sell man Minar? A little bit because the molar of the processing becomes metal bait. Right? So sell man then became a molar as an ordinary member of the household of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and of course, Sandman and Farsi is a whole different story, which we haven't done yet. By the way, we have not done salamander fallacy. And maybe I'll see maybe we'll do that next. Elon knows best but said Matter of

00:51:16--> 00:51:40

fact, he is one of the most widely as well, because there was an issue of slavery and the process of how freeing him and then if there was any doubt, because there is some doubt what could also paid the process from then clearly said Sandman is our molar salmaan Minda Ll bait so sermon is the little bait of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Now, these are 10 of the male slaves that I have mentioned.

00:51:42--> 00:51:45

As for the female slaves, the Ummah

00:51:47--> 00:52:25

we will mention some of them in more detail when we talk about the wives of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam because one or possibly two became wives. And just to finish off here, we'll mention the primary ones that we know and once again, there are some that we do not know, the most famous of the female Emma's that our profits are the law. Why'd you send them hard? And eventually she became one of our mothers is Sophia Binti, create Sophia Binti. And Sophia was the daughter of the chieftain at hyper.

00:52:26--> 00:52:27

And

00:52:29--> 00:52:37

yes, and Sophia was therefore the equivalent of a princess. She's the daughter of the chieftain of the

00:52:39--> 00:52:43

hyper. Yes, so Sophia was

00:52:44--> 00:53:03

a Jew, she was from the the bunny Israel and the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. So the whole tribe was, as you know, enslaved and the Prophet system took Sophia. Now, the Sahaba were wondering, did he take her as a milky amine?

00:53:04--> 00:53:06

Or did he take her as a wife?

00:53:07--> 00:53:09

Which of the two and they did not know?

00:53:11--> 00:53:21

They did not know. So they said, Let us see. If Sophia comes out in hijab, then she is

00:53:22--> 00:53:23

a wife.

00:53:24--> 00:53:29

And if she comes dressed like the other Medicare means that she is milk yummy.

00:53:30--> 00:53:35

So the next morning, Sophia came out in full hijab.

00:53:36--> 00:54:09

This is they're still in high bar. She comes out in full hijab. And so they realize that Sophia is a wife. Now pause here what has happened here I'm going to, I'm going to get to the stories of the wives of the process. I'm in a whole separate series. Once we're done with the male Sahaba and few of the female, we will then go to the wives of the process, we'll have a special series about them. And Sophia, essentially, you can take a milky Ameen, and you can free her and marry her and the freeing of her is her mouth

00:54:10--> 00:54:37

because her freedom is more precious than some money you're going to give her. So the Profit System freed Sophia and married her. So Sophia became free and she became married basically instantaneously that is something that is allowed and she became one of the blessings on my heart meaning that is Sophia Binti. Create. And I'll get to her story, the famous incident so when they were

00:54:38--> 00:55:00

coming to the camel, this is a high bar. Sophia paused because the camel was very high. And so the Prophet system himself knelt down to offer his leg or his thigh to Sophia. So because there's no stool, they're not in Medina. And so she used the thigh of the Prophet system as a stepping stone

00:55:01--> 00:55:28

So she used the thigh of the processor to get on to the camel, and she was fully covered. So the Sahaba knew that this is not one of our mothers. And she is not a milkman, but she was milking me. When she was first after the Battle of hybrid, you understand? So Sophia was milking mean for a period of time. And then she was freed and she became one of the mothers. The second remained milk, amin and that is of course,

00:55:29--> 00:55:30

Maria.

00:55:32--> 00:55:35

Maria, the cop, okay, Maria l complete. Yeah.

00:55:37--> 00:55:45

We will get to her story as well. And I have mentioned it in some detail in this era. And it is one of those things that

00:55:46--> 00:56:28

our sensibilities find difficult to comprehend. But I'm not wanting to change the facts of the past simply because our modern culture finds it unpalatable what happened happen, whether we like it or not, if we have to like it for Muslims, if somebody does not like it, then that is issues with his email, because to impute the profits of the law and send them with something unethical or immoral, means you are not a Muslim. So you have to change your understanding of morality. That's a very blunt point. And I'll say it very explicitly, if you think that the Prophet system did something immoral, then you are not a faithful Muslim. And if you think that any action is immoral, that he

00:56:28--> 00:56:52

did, then you need to change your understanding of morality. It's as simple as that. And that's one of the biggest issues that we need to grapple with in our times, our youngsters and frankly, not your circumstance, even us who have been born and raised in this society. Sometimes we have to think a little bit harder than say, Okay, so now Well, I know we hear and we obey Madea ultimately, yeah, was not one of our mothers.

00:56:54--> 00:57:39

But she has a respected status. And she remained a milkier mean, and she became open wallet and woman wallet is a special category of milk. I mean, Omen wallet is when the milkman has a child, she gets a free upgrade, that free upgrade means she will become free on the death of the owner, and she cannot be gifted to somebody else or sold to anybody else. Once a child is born, and the lady becomes a mother to your child, then she cannot be given to anybody else. She is yours until the death occurs. And then you are free. So this is her job basically, how Jude was milcom in a normal wallet, her job and Ibrahim bill came home and what the same thing. So the same Jews and Christians

00:57:39--> 00:58:01

are criticizing the Prophet system. They have to make do with Abraham. And they have to make dua, David and his Solomon and all of them that all of this was the way of the past that took place. So Maria ultimately was a milkmaid of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam the third one was Maria's full sister because Maria was gifted by whom

00:58:03--> 00:58:46

maracas maracas of Egypt Mario was gifted by moko, this to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And Mario was gifted along with her sister, and her sister, his name was CDN CDN. So my idea and seeding were both gifts of Malpass. Now, in Islamic law, you cannot have two sisters or aunt and niece or something or at the same time, as you know, so the profitsystem kept Madea, and he then gave CD into his son Eben Sabbath. So he sent him in Sabbath then took CD, but CD for a period was milkier mean of the processor, even though obviously, nothing happened, because you cannot have two sisters at once. But she was one of the

00:58:47--> 00:59:26

one of the middle gimmies of the Profit System for a period of time. So this is and they get gifts, something that is happening as a gift. So as of yet again, all of these are acquired, he himself did not purchase one for himself. The fourth one is one that is somewhat controversial, because scholars have different and we're we will talk about this when we get to the wives of the prophets of the law. I sent him what she a wife, or Was she a Medicare mean? We actually there are two opinions on this issue. There are two opinions on this issue and we'll deal with it when we when we come to it. And her name is Rihanna. Her name is Rihanna. And she was from one of the Jewish tribes of Medina,

00:59:26--> 00:59:32

not like Sophia of high bar. She was from either the mono coral or the balloon It was one of those two so early,

00:59:33--> 00:59:59

early Medina and one of the reasons we don't know much about her is that she died in the lifetime of the Prophet sallallahu sallam. And so obviously when she had an early death, so the details about her are very, very few. And that's why even early scholars have differed. Was she Milka mean, or was she one of our mothers, and I'm going to shock you from now by saying we actually do not have a definitive

01:00:00--> 01:00:22

Number of wives Omaha's ultimate meaning. We think most of us think there were nine. And there's no question nine at the time of his death, because obviously total there were 12. There's no question that those nine or 12 are agreed upon. But as you know, me, I am an academic, and I'm going to give you the details. I don't just sugarcoat or whatnot. The fact of the matter is there were more than these.

01:00:24--> 01:00:59

But we do not know for sure why. This is one of the reasons, early deaths. We don't mean nobody. These are private issues, in terms of nobody talks to the woman and gets there first tend to count on details. You know, obviously, the Sahaba knew, but imagine if she died in early Medina. I mean, you're not going to mention these things. It's not some of the important things you pass down. So Rihanna, for sure. She was in the household of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam? For sure. But was she in the household as a military man? or was she in the household as one of our mothers, we will get to that controversy when we get to it, but

01:01:00--> 01:01:43

either way for a period of time she was Miss can be. The controversy is whether she was freed and married or not. Right, you understand? You understand? Like Sophia was fried and married. Madea was not fried and not married. But I had I was she category one, category two alojado. Okay, these are the main ones. Believe it or not, I'm just going to tell you for academic sake. There are some other names mentioned. But we don't have any information about them at all. And we don't know much at all, did they? Were they there? Were they not? Were they freed immediately what not absolutely nothing in the life of the Prophet solo, Selim. So these are the four that we know, at least some details about

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and of course, Sophia and Maria we know much more about than the others and will, inshallah, when we finished this series of the Sahaba, the next series is going to be the mother of the believers. Perhaps early next year, inshallah we'll be doing that. So this is a partial list of

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Mohali, male and female of the Prophet salallahu alaihe salam, and I have mentioned 14 or 15. In the last two episodes, please realize there are more names that are mentioned. And we don't know much detail, but definitely inshallah to add to the ones that have mentioned are the more prominent ones in this era. And the ones that we have at least some stories about an Eliza widget knows best, any difficult and awkward questions. Yes. Because the whole topic is obviously difficult for us.

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But remember, I answered this question. The word slave is a very different connotation in English.

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And I don't like using it. milkier mean literally means possession of the right hand, which means there's ownership.

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There is ownership there. This is classical Jewish law, classical Christian law, classical Islamic law. This is all the Abrahamic faiths. In fact, all religions and traditions had this concept across the globe.

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Understand the abolishment of slavery is a very recent phenomenon. The first time anybody thought of abolishing slaves in the mid 19th century, before this point in time, the notion of abolishing slavery. As far as I know, nobody raised it in human history. It was a given institution. Nobody liked it. Nobody wanted to be one. But everybody understood that this is the way the world works. And one of the reasons given for the call to abolish slavery is in fact, the brutality of Western slavery. It reached the pinnacle of vileness that society had hardly seen. And as a backlash to the brutality of Western slavery, certain voices in the West began clamoring for the freedom of slaves

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as well. Okay. Otherwise, in most societies,

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slaves were not nowhere near treated as bad as they were treated over here. And, and again, this is not justifying, but it is a fact that in Islamic law, slaves are a type a type of family, don't misunderstand me, I'm not trying to sugarcoat into the end of the day, they are possessions and they are workers and whatnot, but the way you treat them and their overall hope, eventually the slave is freed and becomes a member of free society. As I have said in the last half hour, that is an undeniable fact. So given those dynamics, slavery was basically one of those institutions like, I mean, and again, I'm not trying to, to, to, to to sugarcoat anything, but there are jobs that are

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not popular in the world, people do them. There are underpaid and overworked jobs, people do them at the end of the day, you have to do them, okay. Nobody likes being a manual laborer working in the sun, you know, 70 hours a week for minimal wage. Nobody likes

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You know, picking oranges or whatnot for three or $4 that they give, nobody likes doing it, but you have to do it. It's a part of I'm not just I'm not equating. I'm simply saying, there are things that are not good, but they are still done in pre 1850. Basically, that was the reality of the world, that there was slavery and there was military, I mean, all that we can say Islam came and provided certain guidelines that relative to the other societies out there, there's no question that those guidelines were infinitely more humane. Now the problem comes and I cannot answer your question. Sisters in the back. I know you're raising your questions. I cannot answer the troubling

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questions that are coming to you. Why didn't Islam abolish slavery? I don't know. Why didn't it go further? I don't know. Allah xojo knows best. And yes, the milkier mean, there was that physical aspect? I know the question. Yes, there was that physical aspect between the master and the military, but it was codified, ie, the Quran explicitly says,

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It prohibits a practice that was common in that time. And that is to give your milkier mean to other men for a price, you understand what is going on here? Okay, this was the norm. You would use your milkier mean, for money on the side, you understand? I don't wanna use the vulgar word. But you all know the concept here, right. And the Quran prohibits this in the most explicit terms, and only allows the milkman to basically be a mother of your children and the children will be completely equal with you. Okay, so the sound came and changes that reality. That's all that can be said. Yes. What is the awkward question? Bismillah.

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No.

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No.

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Male servants. You are not the you you treat them like you treat members of the same gender.

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So, what a woman can display in front to other women. She will display in front of her. Her Mola. Okay, not her friends but her Mola. Okay.

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No, no, no, you're not supposed to do that. It is how long in Islam to do that.

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And that is castration. Nonetheless, the fact of the matter is there were slaves that were castrated. But it is how long to do that. How did that happen? When it's held on number one, Muslims do the harm all the time, just because of how long there's still alcohol in Muslim countries. Number two, sometimes these ladies would be purchased from other lands. And this was done to them by other peoples. And so they were castrated by other peoples and then they would be slaves. Okay.

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Yes, of course, servants are free. servants are free people. And free people have felt rulings of free people. Okay, so this is for slaves. So by the way, those of you that visited Saudi Arabia in the 70s and 80s and early 90s, you should remember people in the Medina in the complex and within the alcohol, what they were called the alcohol wax. And I remember them clearly. I saw the last batch of Alcoa in the 1990s. I started my studies in 1995. I grew up in the 1980s in Jeddah, so I visited Medina but in 1995, I moved to Medina to study and I remember clearly the batch of alcohol, the alcohol, what were the last batch of slaves. I saw them myself who were castrated. And they were

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freed, of course, in the 60s and whatnot, because slavery was abolished in Serbia in the early 60s. Some of my teachers remember the slave markets of Saudi Arabia, some of my teachers, when they were children, they remember the slave markets because slavery was only abolished in King Faisal his time, King Faisal is right before I was born, he was assassinated the year I was born 75. And face son was the one who abolished slavery in early of his time, 60 something. So the alcohol go back to the time of that timeframe. And they were gifted to the heroine in Medina, and they were castrated, not allowed how long but they were castrated. So these men were castrated and they had, you know,

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they look different than others because of that they don't have testosterone or whatnot. And they will be used by they were very rich, by the way, they were very rich. Why because of the off over the centuries that have been given to them and they could live

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Very lavish lifestyles and whatnot. And, but they didn't have any desire for women. And they would be in charge of

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security of the women. And, and, you know, monitoring the women's section, they would go into the women's section that has special clothing. And they you see them and there's something different about them, because obviously, they're different, you know, so they thought would go into the women's site and monitor security clearing, what not that would be used for that purpose. But there have now been retired because they're too old. Now I saw the last batch of them, a number of them clearly. And they were all in their early 70s when I saw them, this is 1995. And in my own timeframe, one by one, they just disappeared and they were retired. And by the time I finished with

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it in 2005 they had all long gone I think 1997 98 I don't remember exactly don't quote me but there's an article in The Guardian or one of the British newspapers. A man went to interview the last of the aka what in the late 90s and he has a whole picture collection. So online, Google it, I find a lot of Medina you'll find a whole picture of them. And I actually recognize some of them because I live in within America and some of them so that is the castrated

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ones over there inshallah.

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I knew you would ask the question.

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A lady Toledo who Fujin

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which means you have to work for it doesn't just happen to Charlotte does not deserve it, inshallah, you wanted to have better work for it.

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You want that pretend good.

01:11:36--> 01:11:36

Fair enough.

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So the green color is not in and of itself any more Islamic than others. Sometimes the process of wore yellow, sometimes he wore white, sometimes he wore black. And yes, it is narrated once as well once as far as I know that he wore green turbans or whatnot. But the notion that he was always green is something that no real scholar says this is something that is found in these strands of extremes. So often barkston, as you know, the group that you know, The Hollywood Reporter, you know, who knew you know who they are. But this is not something that is academic, the profits are more different clothing. And in fact, the Hadith are very clear in Sahaja, and others, the most beloved color to

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the processor was white. This is explicit. And that's why he said, Give white clothing to your children and do the coffin of your dead in white. So the Hadith, so his most favorite color was white. Now one of the reasons Greenlee became popular is because the mom Luke's will talk about by when he made the the dome of the prophets of Salaam, actually even the dome was initially painted black, believe it or not, and then it was painted golden for a period of time. It was only painted green Pinilla. It's in my car, you listen to it on the history of the last ones, I have an explicit very much detail 18 or 17. Something I mean, it's not that old. It's very recent, relatively

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speaking, when the quota by Sol ban made it it was black, it was not green. It was only painted green, relatively recently, I want to say 150 years ago. And so since that point in time, it has always been recoated. Green. And so in the minds of modern Muslims, it's as if it has always been green. But no, the majority of his time First, the dome was only added 600 years ago, not 1600. It was still a long time, but still 600 Yeah, which means for 1000 years, right, or 900 years, there was no dome, the dome was relatively recent, in Islamic history after half of Islamic history, then the dome was three or four colors for a period of time it was even white. Then one of the Ottomans

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painted a green. And then when destroyed with these came it was green. Okay, so when this really is founded green, they kept it green, because it was green, not for any reason. And so they kept green. And these days, if they were to change the color, the MoMA would revolt and say, Oh, you guys have destroyed the green. So you know, the fanaticism is there as well. Otherwise green is not any more holy than any other color.

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So sort of a is not a role model of anything, especially these days. It's no big deal whatever its color is what what's the idea does or doesn't do doesn't become Islam. They like to call the green green definitely for desert dwelling folks, it symbolizes life. In fact, it is not just desert rolling, even the United Nations and others they have green, you know symbols because green for us it does symbolize life, but not because of the the dorm or the processing because of trees, chlorophyll. So that is a connotation that we understand. And so for desert dueling folk, just like in the salad

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If like you have the two swords, a Westerner sees it he sees swords he thinks violence. But in Eastern culture a sword represents peace and security. You have sword, then you have peace because now you have now nobody's gonna attack you. Right? And you have security and safety. So it just symbols vary from time to place. And in Islam, the notion of the crescent being the symbol agreement, these are all recent additions, very recent, the crescent only came about in Turkish late Turkish times. Otherwise in the Abbasid omega times the concept of the moon, being a symbol of Islam was nothing, not the demon cross the minds of the majority of the oma only came relatively very

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recently in Charlottetown.