Channel: Yasir Qadhi
In this enlightening video, Shaykh Yasir Qadhi divulges details on the section of society in medieval era of Islam or pre- Islamic era called the Mawali or mamluks or Abds which means slaves.
Is Islam, the status of slaves is not the same as what was in the western world. The term mamluk or Abd meant a slave and when he or she was freed, he would be known as a maula.any mistreatment to slaves was strictly forbidden in Islam and the penalty for such a misdeed was to free the slave in question.
The Prophet ﷺ is said to have owned 50 – 90 mamluks in his lifetime and the interesting part of this information is that he never ever acquired an abd intentionally : rather it was always that he had been gifted one by his wives, the chieftains or Sahabas or the rulers of other countries.
It is also worth mentioning and commendable that the Prophet ﷺ freed all of his Mamluks without exception and they attained the status of maulas. The practice of attaining mamluks was never a practice that was merited for or praised rather numerous instances are seen where great regard has been given to maulas so much so that different Hadith too certify this very aspect. In fact, the only way that mamluks (mostly Non Arabs) could be acquired as per Islam was if they were prisoners of war that had not been ransomed and they too would eventually convert to Islam.
A mamluk worth mentioning here is Zayd Ibn Harithah RA who was the first mamluk and he was so loved and adored by the Prophet ﷺ that he chose to remain in servitude to him rather than go back to his parents.
Abu Huraira RA narrated, “The Prophet ﷺ said, “Whoever frees a Muslim slave, Allah will save all the parts of his body from the (Hell) Fire as he has freed the body-parts of the slave.”
There were numerous mamluks at the time of Pre Islamic period and they have been mentioned by name in a book compiled by Imam as – Saliheen.some of them are – Kirkira, hormuz, badam, shukraan and many more.
Abu Rafi who was the mamluk of Al Abbas, the uncle of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ, narrates that:i once saw Abu Dhar Al-Ghifari wearing a cloak and his slave was wearing a cloak too. I asked for the reason in similarity between the two cloaks and hue replied, “Once I abused a man and he complained of me to the Prophet. The Prophet ﷺ asked me, ‘Did you abuse him by slighting his mother?’ He added, ‘Your slaves are your brethren upon whom Allah has given you authority. So, if one has one’s brethren under one’s control, one should feed them with the like of what one eats and clothe them with the like of what one wears. You should not overburden them with what they cannot bear, and if you do so, help them (in their hard job).”
For more such amazing Hadith and stories, do listen intently and get a fresh perspective on the status of mulas in Islam.
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hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa salatu salam ala Sayyidina, Muhammad Ali he was so happy about. So this is going to be somewhat of a unique class. Actually, I'd started doing the biography of salamander fallacy. And then I realized that before I get to send out a fantasy, I have to discuss the concept of the morality of the prophets of the law, who was sending them the concept of the those people whom, essentially, they were slaves at one point in their lives. And they were owned by the prophets of Allah, Allah who was setting them, we would call them the English word slaves. Now, the issue comes and this is one of those awkward topics.
I don't like using the word slaves, as I have said many times throughout the CLR, because the connotation that we get when we say slavery is a connotation that did not exist in Islam, and that's why it's easier to use and Milka mean, and Mohali, these terms are the Arabic terms, they're the Islamic terms, and they don't have the connotations of the English term slavery, as I have said over and over again, when we say slavery, we immediately think of the worst manifestation of that institution. Not that any manifestation was,
you know, something that anybody would want to be in. But the fact of the matter is that not all of it was the same. And the type of slavery that existed in this land, as we have said many times, is really the worst manifestation in human history. So when we talk about these concepts we have to contextualize. And today's topic and I don't think we're going to finish as you can see, there's quite a lot, most likely there's going to be part one. Today's topic deals with those people who were Mohali, who were basically
owned by they were slaves to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam at some point in their lives now, this topic is not the topic of those who gave edema to the Prophet salallahu idea who was send them they were many free people who volunteered their services for the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam most famous amongst them is who's the most famous?
Okay, that's the interesting thing you said NSFW as the most famous NSA demonic is the most. You said Bella. Bella was free.
Very good, very good. Bilal was
freed after that. What did he do? He volunteered to become so yes. Bilal is an example of a not a molar of a servant. Because Bilaal volunteer to become a servant. We're not talking about that today. Okay? undisturbed. nomadic is the most famous example because what did NSN Malik's mother do we said that that Anna said Malik said Yasser Allah, this is my boy unless Hawaii demo he's going to be your servant. And as a mother grew up in the house of the Prophet system, as a free man, volunteering his services to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam of them as well is the one who was called Sahib una la Rasulullah sallallahu Sallam The one who would carry the shoes of the
process and please somebody tell me you know who this is.
Abdullah bin Massoud one person who remembers hamdulillah nauset Abdullah bin Massoud was called the carrier of the shoes. This is a trick question not a trivia question. anybody asks you Who is the carrier of the shoes of the process of one Sahabi Slahi buena Alain, he is the one he was known whenever the process took his shoes off. He would put them and put them in his hand. Okay, he would walking around and he carried the shoes of the Prophet system over here. That is who everybody should not Abdullah had been Massoud. Okay, I'll move here, aventura, would regularly carry the water of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. When he would go to the restaurant, he would carry
the water with him when he wanted to do will do he would carry the walk. So these are free people. We're not talking about them today. That's a different category. And I've done most of them already by one by one. We've done them. Okay. Today's talk are the mum Lou, today's talk or those who were owned at some point in time. And I have talked I have spoken about the concept of risk and the concept of Milka mean, in my Sera, lectures. There are tidbits online. And I'm not going to go over the details of that today. But I will go over a little bit of it just so that we can contextualize Alhamdulillah This is something over the past slavery has been outlawed in all lands. There is no
legally sanctioned slavery anywhere in the world. Of course, there are illegal places here and there but legally speaking in Muslim lands and non Muslim lands, this practice has now been outlawed. And as I have said many times, our job is simply to contextualize the past. We're not advocating for anything in the future. And suffice to say that it is very clear that Islam did everything other than outright banning slavery. Okay, Islam did everything other than actually
slavery. And this is a legitimate question that especially in some of our youngsters, they ask some of our young college minds they ask, why didn't it banned slavery when it banned alcohol wanted ban other things? And that's a very good question. And perhaps at another time in place, we can address that issue. I'm not shying away from it, but today's talk is not about that. But
we will talk about today the, the milk, the milk means and also the Mohali. So Mola. Mola is a term that is given to a freed slave, okay. So if you were a slave, you are an ABD or a mameluke. And then when you are freed, you become something called molar. Okay, Moeller is a freed slave, you're a free man. But the way that they worked in in early Islam and Ninja helia, just like we have nation states, they would have tribes. So you had to have a tribe. And if you were a slave, then obviously you're a slave of the tribe. Once you are freed, your citizenship becomes that of the tribe. But this was the way they worked. You weren't Category A citizen, you were Category B citizen. You're
not a blood citizen. You are an honorary or a molar citizen. Okay, so they would say so and so is the molar of so and so. In other words, everybody had to be looked at by a tribe, you need to understand this point. Okay. Nowadays, it's something we don't we don't have to deal with but we deal with nation states that's different thing altogether. So every freed slave of the prophecies and became a molar of the prophecy. And that is a special status because there's no one better to be a molar to then our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Is that clear? Now? Okay, every man Luke, every avenue that was freed by the prophet system, then becomes a molar of the Prophet sallallahu
alayhi wasallam. Okay, number of questions. Before we get to the people that we're going to discuss number of questions. Firstly,
how many slaves or how many mum Luke's I should say the Arabic word did the Prophet system own over the course of his life?
No one knows for sure. But the answer will surprise all of you. If we look at the books of history, the books of Sierra one of the most encyclopedic books ever written on this era, I have rarely referenced it because I would go to the original sources. This is a medieval source. It is called subrule alhuda were shot by Imam of solid Hashemi, who died 940 200 around 500 years ago. And this book is perhaps the most encyclopedic book written pre modernity about the Sierra is 14 volumes is this big 14 volumes. And he has the most exhaustive compilation of each and every minutia of the Sierra. And this is not a classical book is the medieval book, right? So it's 500 years old medieval
book. Now the medieval books, you don't go to them for original, you go to them for compilations. Okay, my Sierra that I taught you, I will typically go to the original. And as you reference them, this book I referenced only when I needed to. And this is one of those things, it's useful to go to this book, he has an entire chapter that he has compiled from all the books of Hadith, all the books of Sierra, every reference to a mameluke ever owned by the prophet SAW Selim. And I counted them. And it was close to 100
round 90 something. Okay, 90. Now, this is the number of Mamelukes that are referenced. Now, this number however, needs to be taken with a grain of salt. because firstly, not every name that he mentions is found and an authentic ID could be a life ID. Secondly, some names are mentioned as mum Luke's in a hadith but we're not 100% Sure. Did this mum Luke belong to the Prophet system? Or is it just referenced as a mameluke and he could be belonging to another Sahabi and is in the story. And thirdly, there is some overlap. In other words, the names of them Luke's have not been preserved as clearly as that of the Sahaba. So the same Mum, Luke might have two names, a punia of warfare, and a
name by Dan or something like this. Okay, so Allah knows best but perhaps it's safer to say that they were around 50 or so Mamelukes. Okay, make it in half or a little bit more than that. Okay. Now, the next question that arises, this large number, where did he get them from? Where did he acquire them? And
as the best of my abilities, to the best of my knowledge, as much as I have researched, I have never come across a single instance, where the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam himself purchase to slave among Luke, or ask somebody to go purchase one for him.
He never himself acquired
You're among Luke for himself. underline that point. He did sometimes give money to purchase among Luke but not for himself as we're going to come to it to free. He never to the best of my knowledge. And I, as you know, I have done quite a lot of research but Allah knows, maybe somebody will find it why, and then I'll have to send it correctly, that's fine. But to the best of my knowledge, I have never come across a single instance, in the entire books of headache and all the zero that I've read that the Prophet sallallahu wasallam himself intentionally acquired among Luke, in order to be a servant to him. So then where did all these come from? One source. They were gifted.
They were gifted to him over the course of his life, who would give the prophecy among Luke, anybody in everybody, because in those times, Mamelukes were everywhere. And one of the most expensive gifts that you can give is the gift of a mameluke. And so tribal chieftains,
rulers mochis of Egypt, okay, he gifted the Prophet system of Luke, and an AMA mulcair mean, the chieftains that would come, many of the people who would convert with money they would give, and sometimes even the friends and the Sahaba. And sometimes even the wives of the process of the first man looked at the process of old was whom Who can tell me the first man Luke was Zaid, gifted by Khadija. Here we go. So all of these numbers, where did they come from? It's understood when you have a personality like the Prophet system, who is a ruler, the rulers of the other plate places, typically, what do they give to the other rulers at the custom of the time, what would they gift,
they would gift mom, Luke's and they would also give Campbell's or whatever, but they would gift mom groups. So our profit system was gifted all of these to the best of my knowledge, I have not come across any instance of the Prophet system himself, going to the marketplace and then purchasing or requesting somebody to purchase for him for his personal use. At times money was given to purchase to free, but never was it used for himself.
one of the interesting things as well is that all of these Mamelukes, whether they're 50, whether they're 90 close to 100, every one of them without exception, zero exceptions, was freed.
This is truly amazing. If you really think about it, in a time and an era and a place where everybody owned Mamelukes even middle class, perhaps one can say even lower middle class sometimes might have an abnormal look, because one is there is going to help you, right? You're going to have this person working in the house, whatever. This is the way of the Society of that time. In a time in a place where everybody have upper middle class, for sure. Middle Class majority, maybe even sometimes lower middle class, they might have been gifted one, they would have had them Luke's but our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam freed everyone without exception. And truly, this is
something that should give us food for thought it should make us understand and I'm very cautious about presenting Islam in a apologetic light, you know me by now, I don't want to change Islam because of modernity, that oh, we want to, you know, whatever is politically correct, we're going to alter Islam. But this is one eat one issue that I think forget what modernity says it's very clear that Islam came very close to abolishing slavery. But yes, the truth is, it didn't actually do that. But still, if you look at the life of the Prophet system, you look at the Quran you look at the sooner we'll mention some things right now. And I've mentioned others in the past, and the fact that
the Prophet system himself in a time and place where nobody bought it, it wasn't even considered to be bad. It was not considered to be immoral, or unethical. The world did it. Every ruler had hundreds or 1000s. Every leader every even middle class, and our Prophet system had How many? Zero? Even though how many was he gifted? 50 to 100. He was gifted. This is enough to indicate. So this is not apologetics or watering Islam down or appeasing to Kufa. No, it is very clear that our Profit System did not like this concept in his own life.
So very clear, you don't have to sugarcoat at all This is the fact and the fact that he was gifted so many, and he got rid of all of them and freed them, without exception, are missionaries ideas and Bahati that when the Prophet sallallahu Sallam died, he did not leave a single Mum, Luke or Amma. Not either
than gold and silver, other than some barley and the armor and one donkey that he had recorded it so many times, not one mum Luke was left after having owned now a mama No, he mentioned he never owned 40 or 50 at once rather, you know, every week, two weeks something with a gift would come and then got rid of that the next one. So over the course of around really around 10 years because only in Medina, no ruler gifted him in Makkah right. in Makkah, he only had zayde. in Makkah, he only had zayde, nobody was there other than zayde. So really, it's only the Medina phase. So if you do between 50 to 110 years, that's essentially you know, every few months, he's getting a new MacBook.
Right now, I'm just dividing equally, realistically, most of them came towards the end of this year, realistically, most of them came in the ninth or the eighth year of the digital, and that's when most likely the bulk of them came. So we really therefore understand that there is no question that in our religion, even when this was allowed, it was not encouraged. And our Prophet system by his own example demonstrated it's best not to have anything to do with this. And the obviously now just a little bit, just briefly and I've talked about this before in the series, but just to remind ourselves because those that was so many years ago
some of the ayat and ahaadeeth especially the Prophet systems own life, how did he himself treat them um, Luke's and the best example for this is ada benhadad. His story is well known zayde was the first mameluke Not only that, but this is pre Islam. Think about that before any are on before any why he comes down. And they never once feels like a servant, much less an avid so much so that he chooses the Profit System over his own biological father. You remember the story? This was earlier this year? They throw the law one chooses This is pre Islam. What do you think after Islam would have been pre Islam he chooses to remain in servitude rather than become a free person and go back
to his father and his mother and his uncle. So this demonstrates how the Prophet system himself treated his own.
Mum Luke's This is pre Islam. What do you think after Islam, the other had Ethan, Bahati, a Buddha, Allah DFID, the Sahabi the famous Sahaba gave his biography was seen with his servant and his servant meaning his mum Luke, when I say servant, I mean, Mum, Luke, and his servant his mum, Luke was wearing the same soap as him and writing a similar horse as him. One of his friends said, Oh abuser. If you were to take your servants your mom Luke's cloth, you could make a better cloth out of the to put together and give him something else to wear. It's a good quality material. Why are you giving him that you make a full two piece if you like, and give him something else to her
without have said, and this is the Hadith, that one day, I had an argument with another Sahabi and I criticize, that's the hubby's mother, footnote here, without did not mention the details. We know the details from other ahaadeeth who is that Sahabi
who did not have a fight or argument with and then he mentioned something about the mother, beloved, beloved, even if you're a boy, right, and there was some issue, and we that became angry, and he said, Oh, son of a black Lady of Minnesota and the Prophet system, said, Did you just criticize him for his mother? You are a man that still has Jehovah in you. Okay, so Abu Dhabi is then telling his friend and he says I had an issue I said something I shouldn't have said, and the Prophet system said to me so look over there is saying what the process of he's not he's not hiding data. He's simply hiding the name of the man. Otherwise the story is there. And the process of said you are a
man that has jedidiah then the Prophet system said to me, and this is the Hadith, it Juan okuhara come a while to come how Allah come. Now this is beautiful, because it should be linguistically the other way around. How are Lacombe Juan Newcomb, how old is your slaves? And what is your brothers, so your slaves, all your brothers, but the wording has been switched around, okay. And it's like your brothers, all your slaves, meaning that the Prophet system is indicating these people whom you own. They are your brothers, a quantum hologram. That's the idea. Even though technically pedantically it would make more sense to say, your slaves or your brothers, but the Hadith flips it
around. And it becomes a why to call it a con, which means your brothers are your slaves. And the point this is one of the techniques of Arabic to emphasize is an emphasis here that the people that you're owning are human beings like you
If they're your brother in and fate they are your whorfin Islam, Jaya como la jolla, Houma la de decom, Allah has given you in charge of them, Allah has placed them under you in your care. So whoever has a brother in his care, he calls the ad an ad it is in Makati. He's calling the abbot and
whoever has his brother in his care, then let him feed him from the same food he eats. And let him close him from the same clue that clothed that he wears. And let him not burden him with more than what he can do. And if he is burdened with more than let him help his brother until the task is finished, this Hadeeth is in Mojave. And both are applied it literally. So the man is asking, why are you dressing your slave in the same clothes as you and he's riding a horse similar to you? And he explains I heard the Prophet sallallahu Sallam say, if want to come home, and he told us, give him the same food, clothe him in the same cloth. So I do this. We all remember omoplata with his
slave, his mum, Luke, in Jerusalem, and with his mum, Luke, he's taking turns what other civilization would do this? And that's why I don't like using the term slavery because honestly, if you read the classical books, what existed? Yes, it's not modernity, it's not the way the world is now, but it's definitely not 18th century antebellum America either, or pre Bella postbellum. Right? It's not American slavery either. It's something totally different that this part of the world cannot understand. And that's why the term is very, very difficult to use. Because when we say it, the first thing that comes to mind is what is happening what happened over here in the 18th and 17th
centuries. Also our prophets Allah said them encouraged the freeing of a slave. The Quran, as you know, for karaca, but in the freeing of a slave, one of the eight categories of Zakah, Allah says in the Quran, in the midst of a second world, I will automate what he said without necessity. For the automate a lot of the eight categories. One of them is those that are in slavery. So you can give Zakat to and this is in classical Islam to an owner of a slave to free the slave and the head, Ethan Timothy, our Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, any Muslim who frees another Muslim slave will be saved from the fire of hell, for every limb that he freed, his own limb will be saved.
For every limb that he freed, his own limb will be saved. I did this intimately. And that is why the freeing of slaves was historically
a well documented phenomenon. In Islam, it occurred in every generation. And it occurred in every Islamic civilization, without exception, and it is because of this, and this is a really important point, I need you to understand this. There was never a permanent slave class in Islam.
And slavery was not on ethnic lines.
There were Arab slaves, Indian slaves, brown slaves, white slaves, black slaves, in Islamic lands, all across the globe. And they never retain permanent status. They were brought in. Now the ideal The only way classical Islamic law allow slavery, classical, Islamic, there's only one source, and that is prisoners of war, who have not been ransom. That's the only way to acquire fresh slaves. Okay. Now, to be honest here. The Muslim world has not been faithful all the time. There are Muslims who drink there are Muslims who take interest. There were Muslims who, yes, acquired slaves illegally, and they will do things that are illegal, and they would take free people and make them
slaves like the West did, like the rest of the world did. I'm not denying that happen. But I'm talking about Islamic law, Islamic law, classical Islamic law, there's only one source only one. And that is prisoners of war. You can't just set them free, they're going to go back and try to kill you again. What are you going to do their government has not found some of them, they haven't got the money to run some of them what is going to happen? They're going to then become Mum, Luke's and abs. And what happens to those mom, Luke's and ABS history has shown us what has happened to them, what happens to them, eventually, they convert, eventually they are freed, and eventually they become a
part of society. This is historically a fact that is undeniable.
Slaves kept on coming in to the Muslim lands, fresh batches, and within a generation, that batch is gone. They have become free, their children are free. And essentially, they're exactly like everybody else. Then another batch comes in another batch comes. So if you look at it, the mechanism of Islam allowed these prisoners to become
To be cleansed through that process, and then to become free citizens completely equal with the rest of the Muslim world. And this is an undeniable reality that again, you just look at any era anytime. And this is exactly what occurred. And not only this but as we know in Islam in Islam,
the penalties for many things, one of them is to free a slave we know this to give an oath and then you're not able to fulfill it okay? To break a fast to do this to do that. So Allah azza wa jal says the cofounder is the hero of a freeing a slave. It's in the Koran, but and all of you know this, but how many of you knew not in the Quran and the Sunnah, in the Sunnah. Any mistreatment of a slave means you have to free the slave.
Any mistreatment of a slave, the penalty is to free the slave.
So the notion that the brutality of slavery that existed in the Western world simply never existed, not even close anything close to that in the Islamic world. And of course, ideally, there is no brutality and of course, ideal is always different than reality. But we always have to look at ideal what is Islam say? And there are so many a hadith about freeing slaves because they have been mistreated, and I'll just quote you one or two of them in Sahih Muslim, while we have been swayed, said that once I slapped a Mola, a slave that I had, and I then prayed salata, vor,
and I felt guilty, and I told my father, you know what I had done. So my father said, this happen in the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, to our tribe of the bundle, McLean, and we had only one slave, and one of the whole family, the whole family had one slave, and one of us hit that slave. So this reached the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. So the Prophet system commanded us free that slave. So we complained, we said, O Messenger of Allah, we don't have any servant other than this. So he said, use her until you need to, as soon as the job is done, whatever that was done, then let her go her way and she is free. So they pleaded with him that they had whatever chore
whatever needed to be done. So he said, as soon as that is done, then she goes free. This isn't a Muslim. We also have the famous Hadith. In also Sahih Muslim, that another companion, he slapped a slave girl, then he regretted it. Then he came to the prophet SAW something again, slapping is definitely not something good. But in the grand scheme of things compared to whipping with a whip of nine tails that happens over here. slapping is bad, but it's not what these guys used to do over here. And slapping is definitely how I'm in our religion in any case, right. So slapping a slave, he comes to the process, and he says Yasuda law, I slap my slave, what do I do? And the Prophet
salallahu alayhi wasalam established Rama ha, he made it a very big deal. He made this a very big deal. And I felt so bad. I said Yasuda la What if I free her? So the provinces in became happy at that. So we have another headache over here that he made one slap no again in that society and culture, slapping of slaves was commonplace. Our process and forbade it, you cannot do that. It is how long to slap any human being we do not do this. Even children whether it said many times parents do not slap your children. It is not something we do in our show. Do we do not discipline on the face in our show Dr. So
So the profitsystem then asked her to ask them to free her in another Hadith and Timothy and Abu Dawood, the Prophet says and passed by a companion, who was getting angry at his slave shouting at him, and he was about to raise his hand to hit him in front of the Profit System. And the Profit System said, Oh, so and so know that. Now the Heidi says the arm of a law, and some scholars have said the arm of a law here means the power of a law over you, is more than your arm over this man. Okay, meaning you think you're gonna hit him know that Allah has some sound, this is a theological issue. What does it mean here inshallah, we'll just say over here, no problem, the power that Allah
has over you. The whole word that Allah has over you, is much more than you over the slave.
And so the man felt so guilty that once again, he freed the slave on the spot. So all of these ahaadeeth clearly demonstrate the
not just permissibility but that Islam and our profit system is actively encouraging the freeing of slaves, and of course, the farewell whatever, one of the paragraphs, five paragraphs, one of them is about the good treatment of the slaves and the Mamelukes that we have. And this is something that has spoken about in this era. Okay.
Now we get to the numbers we talked about around 50 or so however many we have. The fact of the matter is we don't know much about any of these Mohali. In fact, for many of them, we just have the first name if even that, if even that we don't even have more than that. Why? Why? Well, for many reasons, firstly, because most of them would only have been in the life of the process and for a very, very short time, perhaps even a day or lesser. Okay. Secondly, many of them did not really play any prominent role. They were gifted, they were freed, and then they went their way. So they don't really play a prominent role. Only a small handful stayed on with the process of asylum, and
an even smaller percentage than narrated Hadith or did anything of substance and value. also realize that most of these would not have been Arabs. Now, I said in classical Islam, medieval Islam, all ethnicities were enslaved. And that is a fact. That is an undeniable fact. However, in early Islam, the majority of slaves were not Arab. Why? Because john Healy Arabs disdained enslaving other Arabs, even though they did in slave some of what they called the lower class tribes, you know, there was a hierarchy, okay. And the jolly Arabs, generally speaking, did not enslave
any person of what they consider the elite tribes. So there was no auto shoe slave. Okay, there was no slave from leaf. There was no slave from the the tianma tribes, but there were slaves, let's say from some of the Yemen tribes, because those Arabs considered those tribes to be lower level. Okay, so the majority of slaves of early Islam because early Islam is connected to Jerry Lee, in terms of time wise, the majority of slaves were automatically therefore, non Arabs, okay. And because of this, as well, they were non Arab. So their names are also strange or aerobicized or you know, whatnot, and their Arabic wouldn't have been the same. And so you can imagine, these are not people
that are going to generally speaking play a prominent role in that time and place. And therefore, the fact of the matter is really, the majority of these names that we have, I mentioned Mr. masala, his book, he has four or five pages of names on and on and on. And for most of them, we don't even have anything other than a name. That's it. And I'll give you one example. All of these books by their it's all the same book as most of them are mathema there, but different volumes for different names are the same. So it's all the same book the same element. As I said, it's the largest book of Hadeeth 50 volumes. So I'll just give you one example. What do I mean by we don't know anything
about these slaves except a name. So we have over here
one example. PAGE 478. of
one of the most authentic is not from Mr. Mohammed from work here from Sofia and from altought. Who said I went to omit costume the daughter of ID quality. So omega zoom z great granddaughter of the profits of some I mentioned her when I talked about a little bit okay, this is only consumed the daughter of Ali Ebony Abby thought. And Omar was married to her at some point in time, Phil Mickelson was married to a modern football at some point in time, and I gifted her some sadhaka. So I thought it was one of the scholars of the tab your own. Altai. Vanessa is a great scholar of the tab Bureau. And he's gifting the grant the great granddaughter of the Prophet system with a gift of
charity, and she refused to accept the gift.
And she said to me,
one of the molar of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, whose name was Matt on, narrated to me
that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, We the family of Mohammed, so I said them do not accept charity. And the molar of a person is considered to be a part of that person's family. So what just happened here? We learned the name of one of them owner, can you believe we don't know anything else about this person? Nothing.
We just have literally inserted in the teeth. The great granddaughter of the Prophet system, because she was raised in the household. So she knows the huddle. She knows the mom looks, she knows the abs. And she says, one of the molar of the profitsystem by the name of Matt, Ron Halas, this is one of those. This is what I'm trying to come through. So when you look at the books of Hadith, you'll find maybe 100 like this, maybe 90 or so maybe less than this. Now who is Manhattan?
Nobody knows. The fact of the matter. Nobody knows. There's 20 theories. Nobody knows is he
Another one mentioned here is the Some say he is we're gonna mention maybe not to the next lesson we'll mention one of them by the name of Safina something out on his Safina. Okay, some say no Macron was this Some say we have no idea completely gone. So this is why the majority of the majority of the profits are set up, we really don't know anything about all that we can get, by the way is that hurun is a Persian name. So he must have been from Persia, so only thing we can guess. Okay, so Macron is one of them. allottee of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and he narrated a Hadith, but that had it would have been lost had it not been for an incident by the granddaughter
or the great granddaughter of the Prophet system, who then mentioned, Moran said to me that he heard the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam say. So we also learned from this and it's pretty understandable that the majority of these names are rather obscure, or non aerobicized or aerobicized from non Arabic names. And we have strange names for our ears, basil, Bachman, Shu Quran hormoz kirakira. These are all authentic names. By the way. These are all in the list of the names that Asahi mentioned. And others. Okay, so all of these are names that they are not from the Arab, but they're also Arab names as well. They're also as we said, there were some Yemenis that were
enslaved, and there were those who, for sure, the only there were those who were born into slavery, whose parents had been brought as slaves in jelenia. So their Arab masters would have given them Arab names. Okay, so we have names that are acquired by the second generation. They're born in La Jolla, and they're their masters have given them Arab names, most likely such as VLAN even Avira by Okay, so this is one of those things and allows or knows best about this. So these are some of the preliminaries that we begin and before I begin with other names, so we mentioned already Moran, I'm going to skip over the most famous because I've already dedicated two entire lessons to him and that
is they have been added the history has been covered. They they've been had it that is the primary Mum, Luke, but he has a special case, because they not only becomes freed, he becomes eventually an adopted son. Right. And that allows origin for visit option. Okay, so they they've been had it that we've already covered, already been done there. Thank you. So now let's do as many as we can. And I wanted to also narrate some ideas from them as is my, my methodology
of the MOOCs that we have the name of is a boot off here are boot off here. That's all we know about tempo boot off here. And our boot off here was a Coptic Egyptian. Now in those days, Egyptians were not considered Arab. Sorry, guys, but in those days, okay, Egyptians were not Arabs, okay. They were a different ethnicity. Okay. I'm not saying you are not Arab. I'm saying your ancestors were not considered Arab at that time. And the cops, as you know, were a different race. And some of the some of them were enslaved by the, by the Arabs. So there was a Coptic Christian by the name of abordar fear. And he was owned by none other than an Ibis, the uncle of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi
wasallam. And in the six years before the Treaty of Abia, occasionally, the courage needed to send a message to the Prophet system for some dire need. So they would send one of these slaves to go. So on one occasion, they sent a bar off here with a message to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and abordar fair when he visited Medina, and he saw the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam, he embraced Islam, Subhana Allah.
And he asked the Prophet sentimiento sutala I want to be a Muslim. Can I stay here?
I don't want to go back to Cooper. I don't want to go back to to McKenna. And the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam could not allow that because he had come as a messenger, and he had come as a slave. So he could not allow that. So he had to tell him, you have to go back. I can't keep you here, because that wouldn't be right, in the sense, the whole the whole context, right. And so a board officer had to go back. However, in the meantime, our bus secretly converts to Islam, our buses wife, almost father secretly converts to Islam. And so abort officer can tell them he has converted, so I bust becomes happy and he gifts a boat off here as a slave to the Prophet sallallahu
alayhi wasallam. So abordar fear then comes to Medina as a slave. And what do you think a process that um, does freeze. Okay, so this is one of those 50 plus examples, and we have a number of a hadith narrated by a bullet author, volume 39 Hadeeth number 23,000.
And 855 this is Muslim, Ahmed, you have plenty of a hadith here about orphan narratives. One day, I slaughtered a camel for the profits or sorry, a sheep for the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. So even though he is a slave, he was a slave. Either he did this as a slave because it is possible that he remained this way for a while Allah knows best, we don't know, exact timeline, maybe the processing was testing him. What now we don't know. But eventually all of them were freed. But here's another point. Many of the slaves who were freed, volunteered to remain with the profit center and abort offer is one of them. So whether this took place when he was a slave, or when he's
read, it took place at some time that I slaughtered a sheet for the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and I cooked something from its stomach for the prophecies and he ate from it. And then he stood up to pray without performing the will do. Why is this important? Because there is a fifth payment hub once upon a time that said that whoever eats anything that's cooked, his will do is broken. This is a opinion that is found in classical Islam. And it is an abrogated, that was the ruling in early Islam. In early Islam, if you had eaten anything that was cooked, you would have to do will do again. But this was abrogated. And this is the hudy one of those ad that abrogates it
here we have a bouquet dibner Abdullah from his father and has him in the alley from his father a beard off here. So this is the chain of abode off here, his family, the family is preserving the story. The abort off here, it says, The awry sent me to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and as soon as I saw him, my heart opened up for Islam.
So I said, O Messenger of Allah, I never want to go back to them. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, I cannot break a treaty, nor can I keep a messenger.
Go back. And if your heart is still the way that it is now, then we'll find a way back for you. I can't keep you hear. You're going to have to go back. And if your heart is the same, then something will be figured out. And that's what happened. That's exactly what happened later on.
I will offer the molar of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said,
I went out with it. Have you thought it once when the Prophet system had sent him with his flag, this is at haber. He doesn't mention this, I'm telling you as a favor. And when we came close to one of the fortresses, its people came out to fight us. And
one of the members of the hood came out to fight, and he got rid of the shield of ideas.
So alioto, the Allahu anhu picked up one of the doors of the fortress, and he used it to shield himself. This is the famous incident that I mentioned in the story of Haifa. In fact, all of you heard this from your childhood, the famous story, but who's narrating it up, we're off here molar our solar system, he used the door of the fortress to shield himself. And he kept it in his hand until we won victory over them. Then he threw it and it fell down. And I remember clearly, I was one of them. And there were seven of us. And I was the eighth of those seven meaning eight, and we were trying to pick it up to turn that door around. We couldn't even turn the door around.
Okay, this is superhuman strength Allah gave to the love line at that time and Allah gives cut on that to whomever he pleases. Okay, so who is the narrator here? abou Rafi, from the Allahu taala and
abou raffia narrated that
the Prophet sallallahu wasallam was gifted with a cooked sheep. And I brought it to him. So he said, Oh, abordar fair. Give me the virar or the shank of the sheep. So I gave him the shank. It must have been a very small one, the Profit System said profit it gives me the data or maybe a piece of it. We don't know. So I gave it to him. Then he said for a third time or abort off here. It gives me the there are I said yeah rasulillah and does a sheep have more than two?
You get it? There's only two chunks right? So the prophets of the law of why sell them said low sec. Lennar? Well 20 min hammered out to be if only you had remained quiet. I would have continued getting that there are as long as I asked for it.
Why did you have to break a little blessing? Right? Only you had just been quiet and handed it to me rather than questioning too much. And then about oftheir said, and this is a Sunnah I greatly appreciate him.
Last summer the Sooners were very picky about the profit system used to love that there are okay. used to love that there are anytime I go to a restaurant and they have that there are they're always what I'm ordering. Okay, nothing beats with that my shot that's why so this is one of those swindlers hamdulillah that's an halwa Count me in any time. Okay, Can any of your system your job? What is the Hadeeth? Okay, he would love Halloween so these are two sirnas hamdulillah we are firm upon them I'm no problem there. So he here we have here we have a zoom Allah guide you and guide us all. Here we have that beautiful Hadith ever author where the Prophet system said to him, basically,
why did you have to question you could have just handed and I would have been getting more but this also shows us there's a bit of a you can see the friendliness, you can see the what we call banter, like even the phrasing, you know, sort of Allah and does a sheep have more than two there. Ah, you don't use that phrase unless you have a closeness right? There is what we will call the type of banter or tease over here. Okay. And the Prophet system teased right back and this is the truth said yeah, about off here. If you had only been quiet and kept on handing me I would have kept on getting them as long as I kept on asking. So and this is known from the Sierra, we know that
the Prophet system would have had these types of comments about often I read the narrative that on one read the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam sacrifice to large perfect, and he describes them with adjectives that I don't even know the equivalents of because these are all describing the animal, he sacrificed to ultius. And he said, One of these is on behalf of anybody who says the tauheed and the other one is on behalf of my family.
So our affair said, so the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam did the old Haier for all of us. Now, listen to me carefully. Non Hana fees, take this hadith. And they say the old hair is what OSHA fear is, what is old here for you guys.
What is old here followed or sooner? Do you guys do it every single year or once in a while? So no, he's so certain. It's enough. Right? And our Hanafi brethren are shocked. How can you not sacrifice an animal and you don't have what type of Muslims are you? Right? How can they be held high without older? Yeah, right. It's in the name guys get the memo. Right. So this hadith of Abood off here is the primary evidence and it's authentic is the primary evidence of the majority. And this is the position I'm also sympathetic to is not what you on every family. It's soon. So no more awkward. Most I have very good, but it is not wajib. And this hadith is very clear. Our Prophet system did
too. And he said this one is for my whole own and more often said so the Profit System sufficed as all the fun of it. And this one is for my family. Okay, so this is the position of the majority that they say that now the Hanafi is you definitely continue sacrificing continue inviting me as well. Okay, that's if you sacrifice in Memphis, then I'm also going to be there. And there are as mine remember, has to be followed. Okay, that's so nice to be followed here.
Yeah, obviously the NFL is the only if you can afford it. Yeah. But the shafee say even if you're a multi billionaire, it's not fun. The shark very say it is. So now oslon is not something that is what and this is their main evidence to do that. I would often narrate is all these are beautiful, how do you think and many of them are very personal nature talking about what's happening in the household of the Prophet salallahu idea he was setting them
up for affair narrated that once he mentioned that they were gonna get to it was in charge of the subtle art and I tried to get some from him. And he said to me, no, until you go ask the Prophet sallallahu sallam. So I asked the Prophet salallahu idea he was setting them and he said, Oh abode off here. sadaqa is how ROM for Mohammed and the family of Mohammed. And the molar of a family is a part of the family. Meaning what?
You cannot accept it. The guy who stopped you did good. He's not supposed to give you Okay, or our affair. sadhaka is how long for Mohammed and Ali Mohammed and the molar of a person is considered to be a part of that person. So our affair is narrating and he is the mobility and this shows us as well, that the Mohali of the Prophet system as a high status. So high status because now they get the same status as the family of the Prophet sallallahu it he was sent him. Here we have the detailed story. All of this is Muslim by Mohammed, I would offer it said I was a slave of a boss in the abdomen. The uncle and Islam entered our household and so I boss has accepted
nominal fatherland accepted and I accepted Islam. But Abbas would conceal his Islam from his people out of fear. So this is pre bedded. If you remember we went over the story go back how many years ago? I mentioned the story, Ibis rhodiola. One had secretly converted, but he didn't announce his conversion to the people. And he goes on a Bula hub I do will remain behind in button and it goes on and on. We're not interested in the rest of the story. The main point is he mentioned here we were a family of Muslims secretly in Makkah, okay with us, piecing it together. This took place after he was sent to the Prophet system, and then returned then he embraced Islam. And then eventually he was
sent as a gift to the Prophet system from an Ibis, even Abdul muttalib.
Here we have the famous Hadith and again, now why is this so beautiful? this hadith every one of you knows it, every one of you knows it. But now that you see who's narrating it, it makes a lot more sense of what oftheir said, I saw the Prophet sallallahu earlier, he was sending them. One Fatima gave birth to her son, that he took his son and gave the event in his right ear.
Who else would have seen this think about that? Who else would have been in that room other than a molar? Somebody who's a trusted servant, not a stranger, not an outsider. Now, he's not a slave anymore. But you know, psychologically and socially and whatnot. He is now dedicating his life to the even though he's a free man, but he knows who freed him, that's the processor. And he knows now he is now a part of that family. And he remains so the molar has a special status. Imola becomes a part of the family already mentioned this right? The molar becomes a part of the family. So I wore off here at the famous had it all of you know it, the other than in the era of hessen. But who
narrated it about off here, the molar of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. So that's the hadith of Abu or author, one of the one of the people that we are going to discuss by the next person we're going to discuss, and I'm wondering, should we even begin him? Okay, we'll just mention him his one and then and then next. So this is part one, then we have as you can see quite a lot left. So we'll continue.
Not next Wednesday, sorry. Next Wednesday is Thanksgiving. And I will not be here. I will be somewhere else with family in two weeks. We're not shall it will continue.
I think we should stop it because I don't want to start the other other biographies or else we're going to get delayed in that I want to get half a biography. I didn't want to stop here. Any questions? We have five minutes for questions inshallah. And we can ask some difficult questions about the concept as well because it is a difficult topic. So this middle five minutes of q&a
we do not have any indication, we do not have any indication that
at one time you would have had multiple
what we here as these ahaadeeth mentioned that any at any one time there would have been one Moeller that he had, would he have had more than one at any given time, in all likelihood, there would have been times when Yes, there would have been more than one. Simply the sheer statistics between 50 to 90 I mentioned, I'm just being very conservative with 5090 names were mentioned as I meant, as I said, Okay, so, statistically speaking, it is impossible except that they would have overlapped at some point in time. Okay, but again, we get back to every one of them without exception was fried.
Chateau de La Hoya and Han all of the wires of the Prophet system would free slaves, all of them, they would acquire money, they would wait to get some savings, and they would then hunt down and free slaves as an act of worship all of the words of the processor and any time a wife of the process of freed a slave, okay, that will they will become the molar of the wife of the Prophet system, and the molar of the wife of the process becomes a molar of the family. But today's topic doesn't deal with the molar of the wives because that's a whole different topic. And those Milady whenever they weren't servicing the wives of the President, they were simply freed. So another
technicality of Islam, which we don't have to worry about anymore, whoever purchases a slave to free them. Even if they don't do the math, they become molar. And having the molar status gives you some 50 benefits which we don't have time to get into. But there is even when author at times, at times, molar even inherits both ways. So if the molar dies, the family will inherit it the family dies, in certain circumstances the molar will inherit as well. So the molar becomes a type of extended family member, and the wives of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam freed many slaves, especially female slaves, they freed them and that's
a whole different category of the AMA, or the, the female slaves that were freed by the wives of the Prophet. But to answer your question, Allah knows how at any given time, how many were there, go ahead.
most of the Sahaba had slaves and they had them till they died.
Mashallah, how the America Do you still have African were like elaborates pretty weighty images and most of the Sahaba had slaves, and they had them till they died. And this is it raises the awkward theological question. And that's something that, as I said, maybe at a different time in place, but Alhamdulillah, we can breathe a sigh, a sigh of relief, and we thank Allah for and it's so beautiful to say, Our Prophet system, who is the ideal role model, he had zero when he passed away. And he never acquired anyone on his own, for the purpose of the demo, he acquired for the purpose of freeing, so he gave money to go purchase a slave, but for the purpose of freeing, so if you go to
Islamophobic websites, you will find stuff for the law, you know, their prophet bought slaves. And this is a half truth, which is meant to be a lie. It is half true, he bought slaves, and they forget the other half. What did you do with them? Never once have I found and I am stating this with humility, because Allah knows, maybe there's somebody why, I don't know. Never once have I found any rewire. In any book of Hadith or any book of Sierra, where the Prophet ism acquired a slave with the explicit purpose of being a permanent worker. There might have been some of those gifted that were workers for a while, and then we're freed. I'm not denying that. But in the end, all of them were
freed without exception, and they were all gifted to our profit system. Yes.
So today's topic is about mum Luke's there is another called Milica mean and Emma's and that's female slaves and that is a totally different topic.
Those milkier means that are taken as potential mothers for children, they have a special status and they do not do the job. If the man is married off to another person, then that EMA becomes forbidden for the master and a type of hijab. You will call it in our vernacular partial hijab is on the EMA, not the full type of hijab. Okay, so in Islam in classical Islamic law, you may marry your email to somebody else, this is allowed. And if the man is married to somebody else, then the situation changes, the fifth changes, the rulings change, and
she will have partial hijab, let's say, not full hijab. And obviously, she becomes held on for the master in terms of physical relationship, okay. And so then he can
tell her to do services around the house, whatever, but then she will go home to the house of the one she is married to. Okay, so that's a different topic. And our Prophet slowly sell them, he had Mario only, and Maria was the mother of Ibrahim. And when a woman gives birth to a child, she gets a special status called mobile wallet. And omal wallet is an upgrade, which is essentially that omal wallet cannot be gifted or sold. And she will become free at the death of the owner. Okay, so as soon as the child is born, so then the Mr. Or the milkman becomes Omen wallet. And The Omen wallet cannot be transferred or given to somebody else. So and the child of course, is fully, fully
equivalent to all children. And in fact, as I have said before, and people are shocked at this, the majority of our whole affair
of the above acids, and the under loosens and the Ottomans and even the late oma years, the majority of our whole alpha were children of malware that psychologically psychologically there was no issue throughout Islam, of the children of humble wallet, no issue at all. They were considered to be fully equivalent. And in fact, how can they not be when the mother of our Prophet says and a meaning hotjar is essentially milk emitted from him? Which is harder, which is harder.
No, no. Oh man what is not a soldier? On Well, what is a special category? So special categories and upgrade of unwelcoming okay?
The correct position is no, she is not a soldier there is any wire, that zone watch to place but there's no evidence for this and it will pay you and others they say that she was an omen wallet. And for sure she was an omen whatever when she came to the Prophet system, there's no question about this. There's unanimous consensus, who is Maria? She is completely what is typically how did you get there? We'll focus. So these are all of these things that
the modern mind of 2017 having been born and raised in this Western land will have very much difficulty trying to come to terms with and the best thing to do is to say, Samir, now, please don't press that point. You're gonna press the same point. No, okay. Okay.
Yes, the mole has also had a special stipend. Yes. The Molas also had a special stipend, based on their molar status. All of the Molas had a stipend from the Treasury simply because they were molders of the Profit System. As I said, the molar acquired a special status but they were not given sadaqa sadaqa is not allowed for the mobilus. Okay, there was a hand raised here somewhere, yes.
So the issue of the karma in the left is narrated in another Hadith, and most scholars say it's weak, no big deal. It's not a big deal. Whether you give only they're done in the right, whether you're done in the form, and the right or left is a very trivial matter. But the more authentic hadith is the one that we have here, which is only the other in the right, but it's a very trivial thing. I mean, I don't see any problem to give a comment the left has just so what if you is nothing wrong with that inshallah? Yes, go ahead.
Can you do the sacrifice of one animal for multiple people? So you automatically do one animal for the entire family, do you not?
Yes, you can. It's not a problem to do it for that. And there's no doubt that there's more
to do for each one individually. Because the more you spend, the more there's but yes, you can do for multiple people. No problem. It is setup at the end of the day. Okay.
No, so if the email is fried, then she also becomes a mobile app. Yes.
Once she is free, choose a free lady. Of course you have to do a job once she is freed, just like the OB is freed. Once you're free to last, you're completely free. There's no there's no middle category. You're either mum Luke or you're free. So Mum, Luke is a slave. The mameluke is freed he becomes a molar. But Imola is a free person. bilad is a molar.
Okay, Saddam was a modal verb. Many of the governors under the Sahaba were molar.
This is something so a freed slave is a free man and a freed slave lady is a free lady. So yes, once the once the freedom takes place, then everything the laws of the free apply to this, okay.
The issue of race can milkier mean needs to be discussed in a very detailed lecture. And I have tried my best to give you the bare essentials in this era. And in this talk. In the end of the day, questions will linger in the minds of most of our youngsters born and raised here fully understandable.
I can't do much this is the way that things work. I cannot do much all like it says hamdulillah telekomunikasi wallet, that was a past thing. And that's all that can be said. We don't have to worry about it for modernity in our times, inshallah without any easy questions besides the difficult ones. Okay.