Channel: Yasir Qadhi
Shaykh Yasir Qadhi discusses the Fiqh of Ramadan in this informative lecture.
Rules pertaining to Fiqh of Ramadan:
- Niyah for the fast.
- Avoiding the things that nullify the fast – eating and drinking intentionally, intimacy,vomiting intentionally etc.
- Eat Suhoor.
- Making Dua in the final minutes of the fast.
- To bring about Iftar at our expense.
- To fast with the soul along with the body.
- The people who are not obliged to fast.
Listen intently and be acquainted with important details.
Al hamdu Lillah wa Salatu was Salam ala rasulillah he was early he was a woman who Allah.
So we have around an hour or so before salata Madrid. And what I'm going to try to do is to summarize as much as we can the rules of film pertaining to the fasting in Ramadan. And then after most of them have some ad tickets and add up and open the floor for q&a and shout along to either. And of course, because of the nature of the class, the timing is going to be a rather short summary, a bird's eye view. And those of you who have particular situations, particular medical issues that you need elaboration on the initial, that's why we're having this open seminar.
With the table, okay.
There we go. This is
Okay. So for those of you who have particular issues you can follow to either ask them in the open q&a. So the fifth overall bond is actually one of the easier chapters of filk, meaning that unhemmed in most of the issues are agreed upon. Even though for many people, it might seem as if there's so much confusion about Ramadan fact of the matter is that most issues are agreed upon. And if you compare the fifth of Ramadan with and the fifth of fasting, with, let's say, the fifth of Salah, the fifth of other issues, you actually find that the issues of Ramadan are, as we said, easier and more unanimously agreed upon, then the other issues. So the first issue that everybody asks about is why
is there so much confusion and understanding when the month begins and when it ends? Why can't we all agree upon one particular date and the world would be a simpler place? Well, the reason for this difference goes back to a number of issues. Our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, that Sumo little Yachty, he will have to do it for in Houma, LA, de la la, that fast when you see the moon, and break your fast when you see the moon. And if it is cloudy, then if the ruler, which means complete the days 230. So what this means is that we began the first of the month by one of two methods. Number one, you see the moon on the ninth of the 29th. Number two, if you don't see the
moon, or if it is cloudy, then you complete continue to 30. And then the next day will be the first of the month. And the scholars have differed and that we don't have to get into the difference. Does it require one or two witnesses? Some scholars said one witnesses enough, some said too. This is beyond the scope of this class. But things would be easy. Had it not been complicated by two issues. Studies is pretty simple. But it's complicated by two issues. The first issue, what if somebody sees the moon in a locality that is not your locality? Are you obliged to follow somebody from another city or another country? Or another continent in our time somebody calls you up and says they've
seen the moon, you know in Timbuktu and you're in America? Are you obliged to follow somebody else? Or is every community restricted to its own visual sighting? This is the first difference of opinion. And this difference of opinion goes back to the earliest of times. And even amongst the scholars of the taboo, taboo taboo in the earliest generations, they differed amongst themselves, they differed that, does the city, follow its own visual siding? Or can a city or can a group follow the siding of a neighboring city. And in those days, they didn't have telephones, but they had fast postal services, they call them buddies, they had them horse riders that would go and spread news as
fast as humanly possible at the time. So they travel long distances in relatively faster times. They would have horses that would go and they would refresh horses waiting for them change horses continue riding and the moon and the news will be spread faster than the average person could travel. So the question arises, are you restricted to your own or do you do you follow the local or international sightings? scholars of the past differed, some of them said that the oma should follow one sighting to the greatest extent possible. And others said no, every locality or every in Arabic is Muslim and Muslim means every segment of the earth that has its own moon sighting, right because
everybody knew even back then they knew that if you look at the latitude of the earth, every latitude every segment of the Earth has its own moon sighting. So this had only the Muslims living in the same latitude that would be those who are required to follow the same moon sighting. Now this
This difference of opinion is somewhat theoretical. Why? Because since the earliest of times, the oma has never been united over one eight, the Muslims in China could never have learned about the moon sighting from the Muslims of under those and vice versa. There was simply no means of communication. For over 13 centuries or 12 centuries, the Muslims have never been united over the beginning and ending of their aid. And this has never caused any problems. What are the reasons why it hasn't caused problems is because every governorship every principality, every small political entity, the governor, or the halifa, or whatever it announced, and the whole portion of that world
would follow along. And this has been the case, as we said, historically, for the last 12 centuries, before the coming of the modern era, and before the breaking up of the old man to the modern nation states. So the fact of the matter is that those who are calling for a unified sighting, it has never existed in the history of the oma. And as I said, think about it, the Muslims and underdose and the Muslims of China, do you really think that there could be a visual sighting that everybody would follow? And in fact, their authentic narrations in Sahih Muslim that clearly shows that even in the time of the Sahaba, they understood that there would be different moon sightings for different
areas. And there is a famous tradition, which is the tradition of corrib, who was a freed slave. He traveled from Damascus while he was in Damascus, he traveled from Damascus to Medina, and he had been a boss asked me if we can close the door because there's been a boss asked him, when did you guys start fasting? So they said, We saw the moon and started fasting, we saw them on Sunday night, we started fasting Monday. So even our boss said, As for us, we didn't see the moon and we started fasting Tuesday.
In Damascus, they started they started Monday. in Medina, they started Tuesday. And it's been at best set. And we're not going to change what our Prophet system told us, because he's the one who told us fast when you see them on and break your fast when you see the moon and if you don't see it complete 30 days we completed 30 you guys completed 29. And this was the way it was. And though both of these are basically living Sahaba, Maui is in Damascus, even Abba's is in Medina. And they're not saying how can the oma be divided? Neither did an Abba say, Oh, you know, we should change again. Maybe we should make up one extra day. No, they understood that Damascus has its own siding. Medina
has its own siding, and no big deal whatsoever. Now, of course, in our times, the issue is complicated. Because chorion came to even our boss maybe two weeks after the beginning of the month, even a boss did not get this information the first night of the month, he got it in the middle of the month. And therefore there's not much he can do other than to say maybe make up a date. In our times, we don't have that problem immediately, instantaneously. The Internet tells us that the moon has been spotted in such and such a country. And we have this information at our footsteps immediately. And to complicate matters, we don't have a united political entity in North America.
Unlike in Saudi Arabia and Pakistan and Martin and Mauritania, there is a united body, a political government that is Islamic in nature. And therefore when they declare it, the Muslims by and large follow. And if somebody goes against this, there's such a minority the government has declared on a particular day, and therefore there is no or very little if they love. Well, the problem comes in North America. And in the Western world, there is no united authority, there is no one governing body. And therefore, you know, the the communities have to decide. And even the communities don't have the right of legislation. Suppose we in this Masjid decided to follow, let's say Islam, or
let's say the visual moon sighting in North America, which is different than what we're doing this year. Suppose we decided to do this, and we announced it, we have no authority to force anybody. There is no legal weight as a minority in a secular democracy. And there are positives and negatives to that there is no legal enforcement, and therefore, every Muslim has to follow his or her own conscience in this regard, there's nothing we can do other than tell you this is our opinion. Now, in my humble opinion, the strongest opinion would be that every country or every month, like they call it every single region should have its own visual sighting, visual, because I don't believe
that we should simply base it on complete calculations and ignore the visual sighting of the moon. This is not an opinion that we find in the classical books and I hesitate to endorse it. This is my opinion, nonetheless, in this community, and I want to make a point very frank here so we understand what is happening here in this community. Before I came, the local massage had agreed to follow Saudi Arabia, but whenever Saudi Arabia announces it, they will follow Ramadan and Ramadan accordingly. Now I say in all fairness and honesty, there is no fifth
opinion in the classical books of film that links Ramadan to Saudi Arabia, or to Arabia or to Mecca and Medina, there is no fifth position that would do so. Because the beginning of the month in Ramadan of Saudi Arabia should have nothing to do with any other country, just like the prayer timings in Makkah, have nothing to do with the prayer timings in Memphis. Suppose the prayer motive at 7pm does that mean we should pray at about 7pm it's not really relevant to us. And the oma has always been of a different opinion. As I said, the Muslims and Andalus could never have followed Arabia, it's simply not possible for them to have done so nonetheless, because this community of
Memphis, Tennessee has been united on its beginning and end of the month, then, I believe that for the sake of this unity, we should ignore these differences and come together as a community, because our Prophet says that I'm said, Yeah, the law here, either Gemma that allows blessings that Allah has had basically is over the congregation over the Gema. And therefore, if the community has been united, and it has been united, and this is a blessing for the Memphis community, if you look at many other cities in North America, they are not united. And the same city would have multiple IDs, each one of which is 5000 10,000. You go to New York, you go to Chicago, you go to Los Angeles, you
even go to Houston, which used to be not until recently, and you find massive congregations on a day of different days. And one one year in Houston, we had three reads, each of which had 1000s of people 10s of 1000s of people three reads, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, and this is obviously not good. And therefore, because this community of yours has been united, even though I personally don't like following this position of following Saudi Arabia because it's not relevant to our field and to our moon sighting. Nonetheless, there is a hadith in sunanda Timothy, in which the Prophet system said that somo Camille masamune will filter kameyama dosterone, that your fasting is considered to
be the day you begin your fasting. And your filter is the day that you have your eat. Now, what does this mean? What the Prophet system is consoling us is look, even if you made a mistake. suppose somebody saw the moon and some method say you need two people minimum? And he says, No, I swear I saw the moon. But he there was no two witnesses. So the community will say no. Later on, we discovered there was another witness, he didn't come forward. What should we do? Let's say for example, the Prophet says, I'm saying, look, if you made a mistake, don't worry about it. Your Your soul is the day you all began to fast. And your fitter your eat is the day you all break your fast.
It's a beautiful Hadith, which would give us constellation, that even if there's a mistake in this regard, and sha Allah, Allah will overlook it. And the fact that the community has come together, and they are fasting together and breaking their fast together in sha Allah, this is great. One day, we hope that we can change the position of this community and make it for national moon sighting. This is the position I strongly believe in that we should all visually see the moon in our national locale, not just in Memphis, but anybody in America or Canada, if they see the moon, I say that this is the position we should follow. And this is the position of many bodies one year it can I did it
another year, the moon sighting org, this is the position of many scholarly bodies. And I would say the majority of the Muslims of North America are beginning to follow this position. Maybe one day, even in this community, we can implement it until that happens hamdulillah. The fact that we are united is a great thing, and therefore we leave it at that. Now, the conditions for fasting, the conditions for fasting.
Very simple, and hungry that fasting is one of the easiest actions of worship. All that one needs to do is to have the Nia and to abstain from that which breaks the fast, very simple, you have the need of fasting. Now some scholars make a little bit more complicated. And they say you have to have the knee every single morning before you begin the fast. And therefore if somebody over sleeps, and then they wake up after fudger and they forget to eat to hurt or the alarm clock doesn't ring, they begin to wonder my gut is my fasting valid or not. This is a little bit over complication. If you make a generic intention, I plan to fast every day of the month. When this is sufficient. This is the
intention you made the intention that I plan to fast every single day of the month. You don't have to renew your attention, your intention every single night. You don't have to consciously it's in there. It's in your knee, I'm going to fast and that is what is required. And that is the knee must be before the beginning of product will fetch it and you can make one near for the whole month. This is in contrast to nutfield fasting nutfield fasting is a whole different issue and enough fill fasting. You don't have to have the knee before.
So suppose you wake up at 10 o'clock you prayed you went back to sleep you woke up but then at 1011 o'clock and then you said you know what?
I just want to fast today.
And you have not eaten since. So that'll fudger if it's enough feel fast, you're, you're free to do so. You don't have to have the near before budget. But if it's afforded fast, which is the fast of Ramadan, then you need to have it before fetcher and this is the difference. And as I said, you can have a generic Nia for the entire month. So we said there's two conditions of fasting number one you have the Nia number two you avoid that which breaks the fast so what breaks the fast here is the list number one,
eating and drinking intentionally eating and drinking intentionally if you know you're fasting and you eat and you drink, then by unanimous consensus, you have broken your fast if you eat or drink unintentionally, this is not breaking of your fast it does not break the fast. The prophets are seldom said that manakala OSHA nasty and whoever eats or drinks and he doesn't remember he is fasting, then let him continue his fast because this is a law who has given him food and drink as a gift for him. Right? is a gift Allah gave it to you. So you pass by a water fountain at work and you always used to drinking some water and then you drink some water.
Then you realize, oh my god, I'm fasting and Aqua Terra Bella. Fine. This is a gift from Allah. It's a gift from Allah accept the gift. And thank Allah you got the gift and move on. Now. Suppose you saw somebody drinking? And you know, this is a Muslim he fasts? Should you say Oh, it was gifting him? Maybe I should require it? No, you see, that's his gift, but it is your Why'd you have to tell him? Stop. Okay. So this is a balance here. If you see somebody eating or drinking and you think he's forgotten, or somebody say, aren't you fasting, okay, then it's your wife to remind him. But for the one who does it, this is a gift that Allah has given him and that Hadith is in body. The
second factor that causes FAS to become invalid is of course, intercourse and intimacy. And this is of course, by unanimous consensus as well, that when the spouses are intimate with one another, and this means the actual act, and not the foreplay, as we're going to come to foreplay, and romance and kissing, this is not actual intercourse, the actual intercourse is what breaks the fast. The third thing that breaks the fast is vomiting intentionally.
What is intentionally mean it means you caused yourself to vomit. And this is based on a heightened Buddhahood in which the profitsystem said that whoever causes himself to vomit has broken the fast. And whoever vomits because he was overcome by nausea by by feeling sick than it is not breaking of the fast. So if you put a finger in your mouth, or if you take some type of inhaler or something that causes you to vomit, and you know you're gonna vomit for based on this headache, the majority of scholar says intentional vomiting, breaks the fast number four
of the factors that breaks the fast is ejaculation. So intercourse Of course, with somebody else, ejaculation if a person pleasures himself man or woman and climaxes, then this by unanimous consensus breaks the fast by unanimous consensus of the four schools of thought I should say, it breaks the fast. However, if a person is sleeping, if a male is sleeping, and then has a dream of this nature, even if that dream results in ejaculation, then because the male was sleeping, of course, while you're sleeping, the pen has been raised up as the process. And I've said so when you're sleeping, there is no sin upon you. If this occurs. However, in the state of wakefulness, if
this is intentionally done, then this breaks the fast. Number five, and this is one of a shoe a bit of a bit of controversy here. I'll mention it now. And then I'll give some guidelines about it. Most of the scholars say the majority opinion says that if you break your fast accidentally before the sun sets thinking the sun has set, this breaks the fast. What does this mean? So suppose you thought that the time for Muslim is 835.
But in reality, it was 845. And you didn't do your job, your homework. And you looked up the wrong day accidentally on the chart, let's say and it's supposed to be 845. And you thought it was a 35. And so you broke the fast thinking that it's proper time. Majority of scholars would say you're not sinful because it's an honest mistake. But you need to make the day up.
You need to make the day up. Why? Because you made a mistake. It's your fault. You should have done your homework before breaking the fast. And the minority of scholars says no, he's forgiven. Everybody says he's forgiven meaning he's not going to be punished. But the minority of scholars says he's forgiven and the fast is accepted. He simply stops eating anymore and waits another 10 minutes and then breaks the fast. Now the strange point here the opposite scenario. And that is eating and drinking after the advent of federal thinking that federal has not been called. You can see the opposite side
Write the opposite scenario. The vast majority of scholar says no big deal forgiven is the opposite of motive. Right? You guys following me? So suppose you woke up and you looked at your watch, and you thought, Oh, I have five minutes, you quickly rush to the kitchen, start drinking and doing whatever you can in five minutes. And then you realize, Oh, my god, that was the wrong time, my clock was behind. In fact, it is past the time.
In fact, here, the majority of scholars would say, love is no big deal. Your solder Your soul is valid. Why the difference of opinion, this goes back to a principle of fear.
And it's been Translated to English by a little bit complicated phrase, the presumption of the continuity, the presumption of the continuity, what does this mean? You see, when you wake up in the middle of the night, the general rule would be that it is the night and you're allowed to eat and drink, the continuity is that it's the night, and when you woke up, you're presuming that it's still the night, so you're forgiven. Whereas when you break the fast before you're supposed to break the fast, this, the continuity is not that you're not fasting is that you are fasting, and therefore you should have a higher level of knowledge of your theme. Before you break the presumption of the
continuity. You guys following this point is that kind of sort of clear. Now, this is the majority opinion. In my humble opinion.
If a person intentionally eats or drinks at a time that he should not eat or drink, whether it's morning or evening, then it is safer for him to make that day up. And there are many scholars who say this as well, because you intend this is not accidental. You know, you're fasting, and you eat, but you didn't know that this was the wrong time. You made a mistake. Therefore, you should pay the penalty for that mistake. And the penalty is no sin. The penalty is what you make up that day. Right? You're not sinful, because you didn't intentionally disobey Allah subhanho wa Taala, you're not sinful. But it's not fair that you didn't do your homework if you didn't do your job properly.
And you need to verify Is it the right time or not? Both for fudger and for Muslim, and again, I gave you many opinions are true, but this is the one that Allah knows best seems to be the one that makes most sense. Another factor that breaks the fast so point number six now are injections that are nourishing, in our times drips, glucose, right? injections or drips that are nourishing sustaining of the body. And this now, when it comes to injections, you understand that the scholars of medieval Islam, classical Islam don't have any opinions injections are modern phenomenon. So the modern fifth councils have differed greatly over injections, and there are many, many opinions. And
by and large over the course of the last 1520 years, most of the fifth councils of the world have now come to this conclusion. What is this conclusion? All types of injections are permissible except those that are nourishing or sustaining. So an injection that numbs a portion of the body, an injection that is done for other reasons, for some medicinal purposes. By and large, most of the councils of our times consider this to be permissible even though they say that it is better to avoid it just to get out of the gray area. But by and large, most councils say this will not break the fast. However, an injection that is meant to nourish and sustain you eat the drips and the
glucose and whatnot. These are injections that I don't know of any scholar who says this does not break the fast this is something that most of this, in fact, all the scholars and all the committees that I know of, they all say that this breaks the fast. Therefore if you go to a doctor to let's say remove a tooth, let's say or something of this nature, he injects a local anesthesia and local nothing that is going to cause you any nourishment, then this is insha Allah who tada acceptable and will not break the fast.
Now, if anybody does any of these panels, any of these acts that break the fast, there is, of course, a sin on them. If they do it intentionally. If they do it intentionally, there's a sin, and they need to make it up. So if you eat or drink intentionally without an excuse, you are sinful, you need to make it up. There is one action if you do it intentionally, there is not only a sin, and making up there's also a cathar a penalty. And that is to engage in intimacy with your spouse during the day of Ramadan, intentionally knowing that you're fasting and you have no excuse. We're not talking about if the both of you are traveling and you're not fasting, that's something else, but
you are mocking and you are supposed to be fasting and you engage in this act. In this case, there is a severe penalty.
And that kuthodaw element is in the Quran that you either free
slave impossible there are times or you fast 60 consecutive days for that one day consecutive which means if you don't fast one day of those 60 you start all the way from the beginning again. so harsh penalty and if for some medical reason not not because you find it difficult for medical reason, you are told you cannot fast 60 days then you feed 60 poor people, but that penalty is only on the actual act of intimacy, when it is done during the daytime of fasting without a valid excuse. What is a valid excuse? I give an example if the both of you are traveling and you are not obliged to fast in this case, there is an extra laugh, can you or can you not and it is safer to avoid but
there is no penalty, because you're not obliged to fast. Some actions that people think that break the fast and some scholars might say break the fast but in my opinion, do not break the fast. Number one, these are actions that do not break the fast. Number one inhalers.
If you have asthma, you have any issue you need to take an inhaler. Some scholars are strict because they say you are inhaling something into the body. But the fact of the matter is that this is not. Firstly, it's not nourishment secondly, it's not quite solid and liquid we breathe air. Suppose you inhaled some smoke coming from a car. That's not going to break your fast right? Suppose you inhale some some steam some broth is cooking some food is cooking, you inhaled it, and that doesn't. You can smell it. And molecularly it will enter your stomach correct? Right? The molecules have but Allah hasn't made the religion that difficult. Okay. So if you suffer from asthma, you have you
know, bronchitis, anything that you need to take inhalers then inshallah Tada. It is permissible. And this is the fatwa from the O IC World Council, the fifth, you should know that the largest body of scholars today is called the Organization of Islamic conference. Oh, I see. They have a Kong Council. You know, the oh I see is a un body. The United Nations has an organization of Islamic conference, all the Muslim countries are under the oyc. This is a United Nations chapter. Within that there's a sub chapter of scholars. And that's nothing to do the UN, there is an annual conference that takes place in Mecca. Obviously, every year, it's an annual conference, and they
discuss issues of water and furniture. So this is the largest representative body of scholars in the world. Their fatwa is that these types of inhalers are permissible, and they do not break the facts number one, number two, non nutrient injections again, a big gray area. But by and large, most of the scholars including this body has said that this does not break the fast number three small amounts of medicine that is put into the eyes and the ears and the nose with the condition that it's not excessive small amounts, because if it's excessive, then you even feel it in the throat and small amounts will be forgiven. Similarly, if you did will do and you splashed and a little bit came
into your nose, your ears and childhoods forgiving is forgiven. So if you put a drop into your eyes, a drop into your ears, it will be forgiven. And this is as we said, the majority opinion in our times excessive Of course, the scholars say no because excessive will get down to your throat number for
any type of dental work that is done.
As long as the water does not reach the throat realize my brothers and sisters in Islam, what breaks the fast Is that something reaches the throat and not the mouth. What breaks the fast Is that something reaches the throat and not the tongue or the mouth. You can do will do and you do Mother Mother, which is gargling and the profitsystem said that I command you to go to extremes when you gargle. And when you blow your nose. Except when you're fasting don't go to extremes, but you still do mug mother is in shock when you're fasting. What is my mother you put the water in your mouth, you swirl it around and you spit it out. Now, chemically biologically, there's going to be some
molecules left in your mouth right, you're not going to get rid of the last molecule of water and it's going to mix with your saliva is going to go in a lot is not making our religion impossible. These are trivial matters that can be ignored. So if you get any dental work done, and the dentist has all this water swirling around and this and that now when they have the water swirling around, they also have the vacuum suck that takes it out. As long as it doesn't reach the throat. You are free and of course there's a danger here because you might swallow and whatnot so no doubt you should try to avoid it. But as long as it doesn't reach the throat then you're fast is valid. Number
five brushing teeth goes back to the same issue. Brushing teeth, even with toothpaste. This is permissible it does not break the fast because as we said what breaks the fast is if it reaches the throat and as long as it doesn't read
throat, it is permissible even though once again it should be avoided. Why should it be avoided because there's always a danger of it reaching the throat right? But if you take extra precaution and you make sure that it does not reach the throat, then inshallah tada it is forgiven. Number six unintentional eating and drinking we already mentioned this unintentional eating and drinking, we mentioned that Allah azza wa jal has gifted you
with this and it is permissible. Number seven, romance and foreplay that is not actual intimacy.
issue about the Allahu anhu says that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would kiss us and would hug us while he's fasting. While he is fasting, kissing and hugging, have nothing going too extreme is permissible. But then she added, but who amongst you can control your desires like he could. So if a person believes that this is going to open the door to go too far, then they should not do it. But simply being a little bit romantic. This is something that is permissible and does not break the fast. Number eight, being in the state of Georgia, but at the time of fudger has nothing to do with the validity of the fast. You don't have to be thought hid when the refrigerator
is called. So suppose that you're in the state of Genova and you didn't take a bath at night, and you went to sleep, then you woke up, you barely had time to eat and drink and the refrigerators called you didn't take a bath yet, no problem at all, once again, not an issue at all. And the same applies for women who are finishing their menses, and they wake up for salata. fudger or to, let's say, make this report. And then they check and they realize, Oh, my bleeding has stopped. But I haven't taken it back. No problem there. Fast is not only valid, it is wajib. Really, and this is I have to point this out. A lot of sisters are careless when it comes to this issue. And sisters are
obliged by a lot to monitor when their monthly cycle finishes. Because it's not an excuse to delay an extra day or two simply because you're too lazy to check, you must check your cycle. And when it finishes, if it finishes before selected, fragile, even if it finishes five minutes before slot infringer then you are obliged to fast that day, even if you haven't eaten soon, because your reason for not fasting has been lifted, and therefore fasting becomes obligatory on you. Even if you haven't taken a bath when the advanced refrigerators called still you must fast for that particular date, number where we are no number nine. Number nine,
chewing food or even tasting it for a legitimate reason is permissible and it does not break the fast chewing food. Why would somebody chew food? Well before they invented Gerber baby products, mothers had to chew food in order to feed their their young infants, right there was only one way to feed and that's how they will do it. mothers would have to chew the food and then give it to the infants. And our scholars discussed this issue. And they all agreed that it is completely permissible once again, what breaks the fast reaching the throat. So if a mother takes extra ice mother as an example here, the point being if anything goes into the mouth, it doesn't break the
fast. And therefore if there's a need to chew something, and that case that is common, as we said was when you have to feed children in the past, or even if you have to taste something. And the scholars say if a woman is married to a mean husband, and the husband's going to rebuke her and whatnot, and she needs to taste the food. We hope there's no such husband amongst you, right and Sharla This is non existent in the MIT community in sha Allah correct, right? We don't want sister is to raise their hands No, but from their brother side will inshallah say there is no such husband like this. But if
it could be vice versa. Exactly. Okay.
If somebody needs to taste food, tasting is an action of the tongue. It doesn't go to the throat. Right? And again, the scholar said, this should not be misused and abused, right? You don't do this for no reason you do it when there's a legitimate reason. Now, suppose there are professional chefs amongst us, right? And for some reason, you need to taste the food, you're cooking for 200 people or something. This is legitimate, you want the food to be edible, especially if you're cooking for a thought. It's completely permissible. We want to eat good food when you bring it to the masjid. Right. So if you need to taste the food, to make sure that it is well cooked and whatnot completely,
john is but what must you do? You must wash your mouth with water and spit the remnants out because you're not allowed to ingest and take this into your system. So number nine, we said chewing and tasting food. Number 10 unintentional vomiting we already explained this forgiven, intentional vomiting breaks the fast, unintentional vomiting is forgiven number 11. Now there's a big controversy over this and I put this in this category so you know my opinion, withdrawing of blood does not break the will do. One of them as hubs
does not break those things.
It doesn't make the world wider, but it doesn't make the same withdrawing of the blood. One of the methods, the humbly method, they are very strict in this. And they would say that if you withdraw blood from the body which is a copious quantity of blood, what is the copious quantity, they said, use your common sense not to cut. But if somebody withdraws a pint of blood to donate, let's say, to this day, the humblest scholars they say that this is breaking of the will do. But this is not the position of the sharp freeze and the other and this seems to be the stronger position. Why this is this stuff is advanced field, maybe one day we'll come to it when we do our advanced field service.
But for now, we can say that the majority of scholars historically and even the modern scholars of our times say that withdrawing the blood does not break the will do. And therefore, if you go to a dentist, let's say you have a root canal to remove a tooth and your blood start bleeding copiously. Or if you wish to donate blood, even though we would caution you to donate blood when you're fasting because you're going to feel very weak. But if there is a reason that you wish to donate blood insha Allah does not break the window. Nonetheless, just to get out, what am I saying we'll do because I was teaching will do in this place for many weeks. I have a new class here last month, that it does
not break the fast however, however, just to get out of the gray area, if you can avoid it avoided, okay, because it is a gray area, and the humblest colors are very strict and they have their ahaadeeth and the other scholars have their IDs. So the issue of withdrawing blood is one that is definitely a gray area. I personally follow the position that it does not break the fast, it doesn't break the fast, but there are many scholars who disagree with this, the etiquettes of fasting some etiquette that we should all be aware of.
First and foremost, a very beneficial etiquette eating suhu eating suhu
and of course, comes from Sahara Sahara, which also comes from Sahara the same thing. So, how does that how does recode and Sahara means to do something basically in the dark that nobody can see, Sahara. That is Sahara is the timeframe before there is light. That is the timeframe. It is a timeframe. Sahara is the timeframe before budget. And so suhu is literally by meaning by linguistic meaning is the food that you eat before the time of fudger This is the food that you eat before the time of surgery, and the Prophet sallallahu I think he was sending them said howdy to disciple Hardy, the Sahara roofer in Ephesus sahalie Baraka eat sure, because eating so who has Baraka in it.
And our Prophet system said that my own shall remain in good Allah will continue to bless my own as long as they delay their suhoor and make their if thought as early as possible, right. So you eat as late of a seafood as possible. So much so that the Prophet says Adam said, let not the other than have VLAN stop you from eating and drinking, continue to eat and drink until the advent of economic tomb. And the Sahaba says the Sahabi says the only difference between these two as an event would be that biller would come down and then after a while it will go up IE five minutes. And yet the Profit System is saying continue eating and drinking for those five minutes.
And therefore, it is a part of our sooner to delay this report as much as possible. And the the heading that says that support has Baraka explains why and how we are able to fast for so long, even though today if one of you doesn't have lunch you'll feel have a headache, and tomorrow. If you don't eat drink for three hours, you're gonna start feeling dizzy, but the day after tomorrow, Monday when we fast to paddler 14 hours are going to go by and we're going to find it amazing. How did it go by this hadith explains that eating seafood has Baraka in it eating. So what has Baraka what is Baraka? We said over and over again, an increase meant in the utility and increase meant in
good this is what Baraka means. So when you eat a little bit of Baraka and one of the the process from said, takes sure even if it's only water, the only half water takes record with that water. So whatever. So who do you have? Allah will bless it. And you will feel it for 14 four hours. This is what happens when it sir. And this leads us to the issue of these timings and this chart that we all have. And we're going to be distributing here as well.
Realize that with the advent of modern science and technology, people have stopped looking at when the sun rises. And they've tried to have a mathematical calculation that what is the precise timing of sunrise. And this goes back to astronomical differences of opinion that what exactly
Is sunrise astronomically. And this goes back to what angle or degree The sun has to be, before we consider to be sunrise. And there are four or five opinions. 15 degrees, 17 degrees, 18 degrees 19 degrees is the opinions of the scholars have. And if you look at the chart, let's say from Islam, versus the chart from omokoroa, let's say right, you will find a difference of 1015 minutes. And if I'm not mistaken, we're following the Islam chart this year. Right. And I think that the other Masjid in Memphis mustard, salaam, let's say is following omokoroa. Right. And we again, this is just I want to be very frank here. There's nothing against that. But realize that this difference of
opinion goes back to what the astronomers considered the true fudging? Is it 15 degrees? Or is it 18 degrees. And if you look at the timetable, it's only a difference of 1015 minutes, so it's not a big deal, whichever one you want to follow, go back to the heritability a little mimic to him, it's a small quantity, it's not a big deal. If you feel safer following the omokoroa calculation hamdulillah. If you feel safer following this calculation, and Hamdulillah, there is no right and wrong here. Because I mean, what is the true fudger 15 degrees or 18 degrees, Allah didn't tell us the process didn't tell us it's what we are thinking about in modern times. And it's snowfall, those
15 degrees, and omokoroa follows 18 degrees, right. And so there's three degrees, you know, there's 360 degrees in there, and the circle, right, you understand 360 degrees. And so for those who said 15, versus those who said, 18, it's literally a difference of such a small difference, if you actually drew it out in a circle, it would just be a small line this way, that's it. And therefore, don't worry about it, I don't have a problem following the 15 degree, but if somebody wants to follow the omokoroa 18 degree, then that is absolutely fine. Also do realize brothers and sisters, that this timing is not set in stone.
And that if you wake up suppose suppose the chart says 451, and you wake up at it is 451
you are it is completely permissible to rush to the kitchen rush, and take a glass of water. And you know, maybe take some milk, whatever and eat for a minute or two. Why? Because the profitsystem said that when one of you is eating and drinking, and he hears the other than let him continue eating and drinking until he has taken the share. Let him continue until he finishes what he was eating or drinking. In other words, the shediac is not down to a millisecond. Now, if you wake up 10 minutes after that's a different story, right? But I'm saying the shediac is not based upon milliseconds. And if you were to be in the middle of the desert, you could not calculate down to a millisecond.
What exactly is your time you guys follow me here, it's it's a timeframe, plus or minus three minutes, two minutes, it's a timeframe. And therefore, don't be Don't Don't be like other religions out there that have changed their religion to complete rituals. Don't be that that's pedantic that, you know, my new Shea have a little bit of Rama, Allah has allowed this. Now don't take this as a general excuse to wake up late. I am saying that it happens to all of us, it happens to me, it happens to you that you wake up and there's literally two minutes left, sometimes you wake up, and it's one minute or even it is that particular minute, it happens to all of us. I am saying once in a
while if that happens, go ahead for two minutes, two and a half minutes and eat or drink something that is reasonable, not 10, not 20, but something that is reasonable and inshallah it is acceptable. And I do this and I do not at all think that this is going to affect my fast Why? Because as I said, we don't know fudger down to a millisecond we don't. And had we been relying on visual, then in the same city just like Bella would do and it will mimic tomorrow do there will be differences of five minutes 10 minutes. And this is at the time of the Prophet system, right in the same city. Therefore in our times when nobody is looking at the ledger, and everybody is relying on pieces of paper, then
be a little bit lacks and don't make the religion more difficult than Allah has made it and again, I reiterate the reasonable two minutes one minute but not 1020 minutes right so be reasonable in this regard. So this is the first etiquette eating server. The second etiquette breaking as early as possible which goes back to the same idea my oma will remain in good as long as they eat later and break as early as possible. And basically what this means is we don't delay if thought beyond Mazel Tov You know, there are other groups out there that they think they should delay. If thought till after praying Muslim, and this goes against the sadhana completely. We break our thought at the
event of Muslim not before and it is not it is not encouraged to do it after we break it immediately at the event of Muslim. Number three, our Prophet has encouraged us or some people say that it is life and therefore we say the Prophet says of himself practice was that you break
You're fast on moist dates in Arabic we call the rooftop moist dates are almost impossible to find in North America. And therefore if you cannot find moist dates, you go to dry dates, which is demo, right? And if you cannot find dry dates, then you go to water. And this is there is a hadith that mentions this. And some scholars say that that's not a hadith is the action of the process. In other words he did. He didn't tell us this, but he would do this either way. Whether he said it or he did it. It shouldn't. It should not break your fast on moist dates. Can anybody tell me Can we find more states in America? Can we find Ruth up in America?
Sometimes, if anybody can tell me where I missed the row top right.
They they've been shipped I have, I have a box at my house from Grenada. But one box only I need more for the whole month.
If you have if you I mean Subhan. Allah, we have de trees in California. And I don't understand why they don't. They're not able to cater to this a lot of other elements that widen. In any case, anybody who has tasted moist states knows the difference between fresh moist dates, versus the dry dates that we eat over here in America, there's a big difference between the two. And to have those fresh dates not only tastes better hamdulillah is also surrender. If you cannot find them, then the dry dates if you cannot do that, then the water and of course the processing would eat an odd number of dates. 135 you will need an odd number of dates. Number four etiquettes of fasting number four do
odd before breaking the fast. Ethernet Nyssa is the profitsystem said that of the doors that are never rejected, I always accepted is the door of the saw him in a photo, the door of the one who is fasting when he breaks the fast. Why is this because as we all know, during those last 510 minutes, our mind is on one thing. And that is how many sources I'm going to eat.
On one thing, we cannot stop thinking about the thought in front of us. Right? If you can concentrate on making this time, you have really shown what your priorities are. And that's why the process of said that this drop is never rejected. And I have to say honestly unfortunate is very sad that most of us completely neglect this timing. And let us encourage and you're all witnesses here that we should encourage one another that when we are at people's houses and we're having a thought and we're coming together, then five minutes before let somebody say guys five minutes left, let's make some Vicodin. Right, instead of chit chatting about politics and this and that. Let us help one
another What's our eligibility with taqwa I am also guilty as your sometimes that you forget about this. So let us encourage one another this year insha Allah tada when we have these gatherings, and we should have them because one of the ethic is is we're going to come to when we have these gatherings the last few minutes somebody should say, let's you know, okay, and we have talked for half an hour we'll talk again after Muslim, let us now spend some time is liquid and that is the time that Allah accepts our drop. Number five, which we just mentioned, a tickets of etiquettes of fasting, number five, inviting people to eat from your plate of food, ie breaking or helping people
break their fast start time. The profitsystem said, Whoever provides a far for the fasting person shall also get a share of that reward without diminishing the one who's fastings reward, right. So you'll also get a share of that reward. And so it is so nice to bring about a thought for people, whether that be in the masjid, or through a third parties that our house or whatever, but it is definitely a part of our religion that we want people to break if thought at our expense. And this is a great etiquette and hamdulillah definitely a tradition, we see it around the Muslim world, we thank Allah for it, even though sometimes go a little bit excessive and what we give each other
nonetheless, hell it's a healthy tradition that we want other people to eat of our if thought and of course of the etiquettes of fasting which deserves its own talk and inshallah after SATA mode, we'll talk a little bit about this is to fast with the soul along with the body, ie by restricting that which harms our body. While we're fasting. We don't eat, we don't drink, we don't get engaged in intimacy, how about restricting that which harms our soul as well. And this goes back to the Hadith of the Prophet so seldom, that fasting is a protection, fasting is a protection of Somu jhana. And therefore, when one of you is fasting, let him not engage in vain or useless talk. And if somebody
curses him, or if somebody engages in an argument with him, let him respond by saying I am fasting I am fasting Hadith in Sahih Muslim so beautiful Howdy. usually try to hide your good deeds. You don't announce them in the public. I am fasting I'm fasting, but in this case, to stoop to his level
nullifies the past basically, when I say nullify is not from a fiscal perspective, but from a spiritual perspective, you you lost the whole point. Therefore it is better for you to announce your private ibadah
it is is better for you to announce to the people, I am fasting I am fasting. In other words, I can't even respond to you even if I wanted to I don't want to respond to you. Right? So you announce to the person your private worship in order to preserve the purity of the fast and there's a Hadith of the Prophet says Adam said that whoever doesn't abstain from evil talk and from backbiting. Allah has no need that he abstains from food and drink. Whoever does not extend from evil talk.
Malema cola Zulu will be from evil talk and actions. Let me rephrase the idea. Whoever does not refrain from evil talk and actions. Allah has no need that that person refrains from eating and drinking and there is a hadith also in mustard. Remember that the Prophet system said, it is possible that a person only gains from his fasting hunger and thirst and we seek Allah's refuge from that it is possible that a person only gains from fasting hunger and thirst you don't gain anything else. The purpose of fasting of course, is for spiritual purity. And that is an etiquette. We'll expand a little bit on inshallah, after selecting the final point and then inshallah we'll break
from other than come back for some spiritual advice and also q&a.
Those who do not fast is a valid excuse for people, four categories of people. four categories of people are exempt from fasting, and they are allowed to not fast. The first category, it is how long for them to fast, they must break the fast. And this is of course, women in their monthly cycle, and also in their postpartum bleeding and Halo effects. This category, you are not allowed to fast it is held on too fast, and you must make up at a later time. This is by unanimous consensus, no difference of opinion at all. A reminder, once again, sisters, you are obliged by law to be careful about when your menses are finished. And you cannot be lazy in this regard, especially in Ramadan.
And even outside of our robot. This is a common habit amongst many sisters that they'll just delay the hustle. And they think that they're scot free knowing that the head has finished No. The second that the head finishes the second that the menses finished, the minute that it finishes, you are obliged to resume prayer and fasting, even if it finishes one minute before the other and then you are obliged to fast that day. And if your cycle is about to finish, and you're not sure, then you are obliged to wake up before fudger to make sure that it hasn't finished, because this is your obligation. And just because you don't wake up and you think you're scot free? No, you're obliged by
a lot to be conscious that when am I finishing my monthly cycle, and when it finishes, you're obliged to begin and of course, your cycle needs to finish before selecting schedule before the advantage. He finishes even 10 minutes after the amount of pleasure, then you are not. You're exempt from fasting that particular day. And of course, by unanimous consensus, you must make up that fast after the month of Ramadan.
Number two people who are not obliged to fast travelers and people who have a regular sickness as severe headache or fever or any type of sickness that is hardship too fast. And of course what is a sickness that is hard to fast you use your common sense, you use your common sense, something that a minor cut on the hand doesn't constitute as a sickness. Right? And yet a fever. Mr. Mohammed was asked is a fever a legitimate excuse? And does it count as a sickness? Mr. Mohammed said if a fever is not a sickness, what is a sickness? It is the essence of being sick as you have a fever, right? So if you have a severe fever, you feeling this, then you use your better judgment. And the shady
eye does not require that you go to a doctor to tell you whether you're that level of sick or not. You have a conscience, can you stand in front of a lawn the day of judgment and say, Oh Allah, I was sick on this day. And I felt that I didn't have to fast if the answer to that is yes. hamdulillah that's, that's between you and Allah. You don't need to go to anybody else. Are you feeling that sick, that a fast would make you more sick? That's really the criterion here. And as we said, a fever is a perfect example that you need your fluids and you need medicine. And if you don't get it, it will make you much more sick and nauseous. What type of has to do so you be the judge. If it's a
small headache, forgivable, you don't I mean, you should find if it's a severe migraine and you don't usually getting migraines and you cannot imagine, you know, not getting medicine or food or whatnot, you be the judge of your sickness. And if your conscience is clear, then inshallah Tada. You are forgiven in this regard.
Now, what is a traveler? I just wrote a long article on Muslim matters. You can read it about the definition of a traveler. But basically a traveler is somebody who psychologically considers himself a traveler, right? You know best when you're traveling versus when you're going for a day picnic outside of the the city. And any legitimate travel is something that you're allowed to break the fast what is legitimate travel, even travel for the sake of work, travel for the sake of business? Yes, all of this is the gym and your company sends you to another city. And you are traveler in that city. It is up to you now, do you want to fast you don't want to fast it is up to you. It is up to
you. However, there is a hadith in which the prophets of Salaam said Hadith in Bukhari lay seminal bill of Siam of his suffer, it is not righteousness, too fast when you're traveling. What does this mean? requires a little bit of explanation.
In those days traveling was of course, a very severe hardship, you're walking in the desert, you know this and that. And to think that you're going to get extra reward for putting this hardship on yourself. The President said no lace amid a bit of Sam will suffer. And in one headed the profitsystem was traveling in a severe conditions and some of the people were fasting in Ramadan. And he said this hadith some of them continued fasting. And he said, These people are not the best of you. Allah doesn't want to punish you. Allah doesn't want to torture you that in the hot desert, you're traveling, and you're expected to fast. At the same time, we have authentically narrated that
in a number of journeys, the Profit System is all faster. How do we reconcile simple, if the journey is not very troublesome, it's not going to be very difficult, then you are permitted to fast. His job is too fast. It's 5050 equal in our times, you're taking a one hour trip, you know, by playing in an air condition. By and large, it's not that difficult to do it right. Versus taking a 15 hour trip across the world that is difficult to do. But it's up to you. I mean, again, it's up to you what do you consider unreasonably difficult? If it is unreasonably difficult, then too fast goes against the Quran and Sunnah. And you should break the fast. If it is reasonable, then it is up to
you. It is up to you. If you still want to take the rasa, you still want to take the the exemption, you are scot free, even if it is a simple journey. Suppose there's a plane that you're going to from here to let's say Atlanta, how far is Atlanta? 45 minutes by Blaine something that is right. But you have a business meeting and I will tell you I have this happens to me many times, many times that I'm invited to a city and I have to give a lecture when I go there it happened I had to go to DC and it was a train beautiful excellent train right from I was in Connecticut. Excellent five star train to the seller. Trains are very nice trains are there and you're sitting there but I have to give a
talk in two hours. I broke the fast and I did not consider myself at all guilty because to me this is a legitimate reason I have to talk in front of people. But it goes back to you. Your decision. If you want to fast in an easy journey. You're allowed to fast but if it is a difficult journey, then you are not following the sooner if you fast Is that clear? Right? It's clear right easy journey 5050 you break even if it's very easy and you decide to break the fast you are not sinful for breaking the fast Of course you have to make it up afterwards. Okay. And this is by text of the Quran from an academy Manila Oh Allah Safford in if you are traveling for the two men a man or you
can make it up on a different date. So this is a second category, minor sicknesses and traveling people. They it's up to them they judge themselves.
You need to read my article about how long of a trip you can have just one Muslim matters.
Finish the end.
If you are traveling, let's say on a Thursday at 3pm
and you're traveling from Memphis. Your home is Memphis. You are not allowed to break the fast from afternoon from the you have to sprint you have to start fasting. You have to fast from fudger all the way to 3pm when you sit in the plane and the plane leaves the city of Memphis it is up to you. Do you want to wait another five hours? Or do you want to break the fast but you cannot break the fast before you leave your own city leave the city so on a plane that would be four or five minutes away? Right on the on the car it would be after you leave the city limits
You know better you judge one day when are leaving the city limits here once you arrive in that destination you have a few days of suffer the majority would say four days. But if you read my article you will find other opinions and even taymiyah has a different opinion okay as long as you are in suffer you're in suffer.
So, we said the second category minor sickness and weakness, the third category
who cannot fast and those who are permanently sick and their sickness does not allow them to fast. So the difference between category three and category to category two is temporary. Minor sickness a headache is temporary, severe headache, I mean or a fever is temporary, category three permanent, let's say diabetic classic example the diabetic who needs to take nourishment or nutrients every four hours or something like this right classic example. And there is no as as of yet there is no cure for these diseases right. So there is no hope that they can make it up later on. Similarly, an elderly person 7585 or whatever when they can, they simply lost the power to fast for these two
categories of people.
The shedding allows for them to make up every day by giving food to the poor.
That while they dinner the older who feed Dr. Tom Thomas skin, even Abbas said this is applies to the elderly, and those who are not able to fast, permanently sick. They have a fifth year for amo Miskin food for the miskeen every single day, they give food for the miskeen. So you give it according to your city and culture that you are presently residing in. So in America, you don't calculate according to Mauritania or Karachi or or Bangladesh that would not be fair. You calculate according to Memphis, Tennessee, what is the food for a day? The Federal last year was $8. And I think eight 910 dollars is reasonable amount right? This is a meal. one meal is what is what is the
point here? What is an average meal cost in Memphis, Tennessee, not a fancy meal and not fast food cheap meal, an average meal, right a good meal. But that would be a mediocre average meal $8 $9. This is how the scholars calculate this. So in our time, if you do $10 to be on the safe side, it would be good but if you cannot afford it, and $8 of which you can afford the fight to last year was $8, from the council that I take from Amgen, which is one of the local councils or North American councils, they said $8 so $8 is a reasonable amount. Therefore, if an elderly person cannot fast, they feed 30 people times eight, and they give $240 they give this to the people to the poor, you
can feed the same person for 30 days, or you can feed 30 people for one day, it doesn't matter. Logistics Allah left it to us leave it but you need to feed 13 meals is more precise 30 meals need to be fed one meal per day. This is the third category, fourth category. So you guys following category one is women in menses and postpartum bleeding, category two, minor sickness and traveler, category three,
elderly and permanent sickness. Now the fourth category is one of the most common and also one of the most controversial and we leave it right for the end, we have two minutes left. And this is women who are breastfeeding or pregnant.
This is one that has caused a lot of cons each month has its own opinion. Each mother has his own opinion and all of these details and this and that. And we don't have time to go into all of them that have been whatnot, because the question arises, which of the earlier categories are most alike, the pregnant woman or the woman who's breastfeeding? Which of the categories is most similar to? Which one do we put her into? Does she pay money? Or does she make it up? Or does she make it up and pay money which is the opinion of two methods by Believe it or not, two might have say she has a double penalty because she has two people in her. Right? There's a double that she has to make it up
and also feed the poor. So she makes up and she pays $8 a day. Right. And this is a long and complicated topic which we don't have time to talk every month about. But I have researched this opinion for the last 10 years I have had to my own family, every one of us we have to face it so many times we have to look this up so many times. And my position that I've very staunchly defend is the position that the woman who is pregnant or breastfeeding first before I get there footnote just because you're pregnant doesn't mean you're scot free from fasting common misconception. Or just because you're breastfeeding doesn't mean that you don't have to fast common misconception only if
the fast becomes difficult for you or your child or both.
And generally speaking, women in the last trimester find it very difficult to fast, they'll feel very weak and dizzy, and it will become problematic for them. And generally speaking, women who don't give that much milk, and their milk dries up very quickly, these are the ones who find fasting difficult, because then they will not be able to feed their child. Nonetheless, even these women, if they take precaution, and they express the milk the day before the night before, and they store it, and then they give it, they can save themselves a lot of hassle later on, if they ingeniously figure out how to do that. Nonetheless, if they feel that they cannot fast for their sake, for the sake of
their, their child, then the strongest position is, their situation is exactly like the situation of the one who is temporarily sick. Think about it. So temporary sickness is not a permanent sickness. It's not something that's going to it's just something that is there. temporarily. The problem comes and this is I just got an email today. And there's the classic problem, right? One year, she's pregnant, the next year, she was breastfeeding. The third year, she was pregnant again, the fourth year, she was breastfeeding.
And then she emails me and says she, I have for years, I need to make up. What do I do?
a fundraiser, but see, I don't follow this opinion. I don't follow this opinion. She can't just give a nice big fat check into Colossians. Godfrey. No. Because let's be fair here, her excuse for not fasting was a temporary or permanent, temporary. So once the temporary excuses lifted, what is required of her? She makes it up. So she makes it up without a penalty. Why should we penalize her? Why should we financially? What has she done that she's No, she has a legitimate excuse, just like the one who's traveling, just like the one who is mildly sick, exact same scenario. And this is the opinion of two of the vegetables. And I very strongly believe in this. And I don't find any other
opinions to be convincing at all. And even if you're fast pile up for four years, five years, six years, you know what? I mean? How did Allah blessed you with three kids? Now you need to pay the price of those three kids many different ways. Now, that's just the beginning. Okay, and this is what you need to do. You didn't fast for six years, five years, three years, okay, you didn't fast now make up but you don't have to make up all at once. You don't have to fast five months back to back fast today, take a break for three days, faster, another day, take a break for three, four days, and so on and so forth. And there's no penalty on you. If you take a year or two to make up
the fact that you have for those three years or two years that you didn't fast and if you think about it logically and not emotionally, this really is the strongest opinion with this inshallah we'll break for Southern Nevada and then we'll continue and have a q&a as well as shallow time.
Soon Mr. Heyman hamdu Lillah wa Salatu was Salam ala rasulillah. He was early he will be here, woman, why am I bad?
I began by reminding myself and all of my brothers and sisters in Islam that each and every opportunity each and every moment each and every day that Allah gives us is a gift that we don't know, will it continue to the next day or not? That for each and every one of us there are friends and loved ones. And there are relatives who attended previous Ramadan's, but are not here in this particular Ramadan. And I myself had a cousin who I visited him 15 months ago. And in the month of Ramadan, he'll hamdulillah healthy everything is in his 40s. And on the very day of read one year ago, on the very day of read in the celebrations and in the friend's house that he went to here in
America, he just sat down, and that was it. His role was taken from him as a young man with four kids, completely unexpected, and none of us could ever have imagined and this is something not just in my family, your family everyone. And as we say as our some of our scholars of the past said the Angel of Death never takes vacation. The Angel of Death never has a holiday. And Allah knows what will be our last Ramadan. And it could be this one. But we pray that Allah gives us many more Ramadan is but our goal needs to be to make each Ramadan the very best because handled Allah, Allah when I heard the news of my cousin's death, of course, there was sadness and grief but then I
thought Subhana Allah, he passed away literally less than 12 hours after the end of the month of Ramadan. Literally the whole month he's been worshipping and praying and fasting, and then Alhamdulillah inshallah on a clean slate, and even though it was the day of read, then the family is, of course, very hurt and very traumatized. But yet at the same time, this is a blessing because what more beautiful time than right after getting the entire month, down to the last day, and then very first day, which is the day of read, that was what Allah azza wa jal had written for him. My point being that let us strive to make sure that this form
Vaughn is our best promo bond, and then every normal bond that Allah blesses us make that our best from above, because that's really the goal that every year we continue to rise up every year that the normal bond is our boost that takes us up higher and higher. And realize my dear brothers and sisters, that have the blessings of this month is that Allah subhana wa tada has lifted from us the burdens of eating and drinking. So we don't have to worry about making breakfast and making lunch, the whole day is a day where we can concentrate on the root on the soul, we don't have to worry about taking care of our physical needs, there are no physical needs to take care of now. And
therefore it is a time that we concentrate on the roof, concentrate on our spiritual soul, and realize that just like our body needs, its nourishment. Our soul also needs this nourishment. And one of the reasons of lifting the nourishment of the body during the day of Ramadan, and so that we can concentrate on the nourishment of the soul. Now that we don't have to worry about cooking for our bodies, let us now provide for our souls. And we feel more spiritual Ramadan, because as we all know, we have these two components of the body and the soul. And these two components are always at odds with one another, there's a bit of attention, because when we take care too much of the body,
then the soul suffers when we immerse ourselves in bodily pleasures, even if they're held on. If we immerse ourselves completely in bodily pleasures, we neglect the soul. And if we immerse ourselves completely in the soul, then we neglect the body and our religion is a happy balance between the two. And the purpose of this month is to kind of minimize the body, just concentrate more on the soul. also realize my dear brothers and sisters, that when we feel those pangs of hunger, this is in fact a time to remember Allah subhanho wa Taala. And to thank Allah for the blessings that we have in this month and outside of this month, and to thank Allah that these pangs of hunger are
voluntary, and are not beyond our control. Unlike many of our Muslim brothers and sisters, including those who are suffering right now as we speak, in Somalia, there is a famine going on that is of catastrophic proportions. And what is happening there, log on and see for yourself and look at the the the YouTube videos about that. And this is the month that we need to thank a lot, that those pangs of hunger that we feel are temporary, just for three, four hours. And we thank God that we can provide for ourselves and our families, there should be an extra time to rejoice at the blessings of Allah. Also, I advise myself in all of you to take advantage of Ramadan to perfect our actions of
worship that we had otherwise been neglectful of. First and foremost amongst them is the five prayers. This is the time to perfect our prayers. And if we were of those who are praying five times a day, let us try to increase and make the the sunon erotica because our profits are seldom said that whoever perfects praying those 12 Raka out of sunon every single day, Allah will build for him a palace in gender. Imagine when the builder is a law and the land is gender what type of pallets we will get and what is the payment that we have to pay the sooner neurotic but those 12 o'clock every day, whoever continuously prays and you know those 12 o'clock god they literally can be done in 10
minutes, literally 12 minutes max 12 minutes and you pray a decent 12 o'clock 12 minutes, if you prayed these 12 record, you will get that house engender. So for those who are praying regularly, they need to upgrade to get that palace. For those who are praying those swinnen erotica, they need to upgrade even more. Because that's what Ramadan means. You need to upgrade you don't go down. And so if you're praying that then concentrate on them will lay on the Torah we and for those who can pray at home and hamdulillah that is in some ways better because you can pray longer and more personal but for many of us praying at home is difficult. And for those we have those taraweeh
prayers here in the masjid and therefore we should concentrate on praying that are we in the masjid if we cannot pray at home. And if a day happens that we cannot pray it at the masjid we pray at home. The bottom line every single night, pray extra prayers in the night of Ramadan whether it's the throat we have the masjid, whether it's the pm at home, whether it's the both of them combined, which is even better. You need to pray extra. Why? Because our professors that have said this isn't Bahati anyone whoever stands the entire month of Ramadan will have all of his previous sins forgiven, as long as he has that he man and one thing he loves reward. So on a daily basis, this is
a normal bond. We increase beyond the sooner erotica and we concentrate on the night prayer which is the pm which is called taraweeh. And as we pray that our way let us also try to pray the full Torah we're behind the Imam. Why? Because our prophets are seldom said that whoever prays this night prayer behind the Imam until the Imam finishes shall be rewarded as if he prayed the whole night in prayer. If you make a point to come for the full night, ie in our case
One and a half hours is what we're bringing. And that's why we're doing this as an incentive to make it family friendly. We have kids, I have kids, you have kids, we cannot unfortunately, we wish we could. We cannot pray till 3am every night. So we try to make it reasonable. And by doing this, it's an encouragement for all of us. Let us make a punctual thing, that one and a half hours every night, we will come to pray family, for those whose kids can afford to sleep that night. And if not, then for the mothers for the parents, they can stay at home and they can pray over there. But whatever you do, pray, even if it's at home, and even if it's using your own must have, you're allowed to
hold the Quran for the Nuffield prayers are allowed to hold the Quran and read from the Quran during these knuffle prayers. So whatever you do, make sure that you pray every single night to get that extra reward. Also of the blessings that we need to think about in this month is that this is a month that is a month of Toba and a month of mercy and a month of forgiveness. This is a month that the purpose of it is to think about our past sins to think about what we have done in the past in order to make sure we don't do them in the future. This is a month where we increase in our is still fall and October and inshallah hotel one of the hoods we're going to be giving in this month is
going to be about the etiquettes of Toba and how to repent to Allah subhanho wa Taala This is a month of worship and not a month of laziness. This is a month of action and not a month of inertia. This is a month where you do and not a month where you don't and unfortunately many of us we have reversed This will make Ramadan as an excuse not to do whereas Ramadan should be a month that brings us closer to Allah subhana wa tada and also realize that the primary purpose of Ramadan is to purify our soul and our spirituality and to purify our organs, just like we are not eating and drinking to fill our stomach. Now we need to stop committing sins with our eyes, our ears, our tongues, our
limbs. And that's exactly what the prophet system said, Whoever doesn't stop lying and cheating and acting easily. Allah has no need that he abandons his food and his drink and therefore be conscious. If somebody rebukes you if somebody says something, if the eyes begin to wander, remember, what is the purpose of all of this pain all over the suffering all of this hardship, if my tongue is not controlling itself, if my eyes are not controlling themselves, and the purpose of Ramadan, as I said many times, you show yourself that you can live without food and water, and you need food and water. If you can show yourself that you can live without food and water, well, then you've proven you can
live without committing sins, right? Because sins are not essential to live sins are something you're doing to harm yourself. And if you can show yourself that I don't even need food and water Allah will take care of me. And Allah will provide for me 15 hours a day, I don't need food and water. Well then why do you need to commit sins so the purpose of Ramadan is to bring about that higher level. also realize my dear brothers and sisters, that Ramadan is a time to think about that which Allah has blessed you with by hiding from the eyes of other men and women, every one of us has a private life. Every one of us has sins that our spouses don't even know of our children don't even
know us, as one of the scholars of the past said that, if sins had a smell, then the smell coming from me would cause all of you to run away. This is a scholar of the Tabby rune of famous scholars think if sins had a smell, I would be smelling so bad none of you could sit next to me. And this we thank Allah that Allah has hidden our sins, and Allah has kept them secret, because look around you. If Allah wants to do he could expose you like he's exposing other people left and right. If Allah wanted to, he would lift this veil of secrecy that in his mercy he's allowed you to have so this is the time in Ramadan to think about that veil and of the names of Allah is a city and a city means
the one who veils the sins of his servants of the names of Allah is the one who covers the sins of his servants. So Ramadan is the time we think about that blessing that Allah has given us and we repent to Allah subhana wa Tada. Ramadan is the time that we utilize each and every minute of it to do some good whether it is Vicar whether it is Koran, whether it is Siddhartha Rahim which means being good to our relatives. This is the time to call up especially your parents, whatever you can do for them, your relatives, your your your those who have been acquainted with you, this is the time to bring about every single good deed. Ramadan is the time of taking care of the poor and the
sick, and this is the best time to give to those who are in need. As we said ns cinematic, the famous Sahabi he said that the Prophet system was the most generous of people and in the month of Ramadan, his generosity could only be compared to the gushing wind. It's like the wind you cannot stop it. That is how his generosity was in the month of Ramadan. He would just give and give and give and this is of the Sunnah of Ramadan that we should revive. In this month of Ramadan. We should increase our nearest to Allah by reading his book.
The Quran and Allah azza wa jal himself has linked the Quran with Ramadan in his book shadow Ramadan under the Quran. The Quran and Ramadan are linked together. And that is why the the month of Ramadan is called shadow Koran. It is the month of the Quran. And each and every one of us should try his or her best to finish the whole book if they cannot do this, listen to its recitation. If they cannot do this, then whatever they can do every day, but no day of Ramadan should go by, except that there is some relationship with the Quran. And this is a Sunnah that we learn from not just the Quran itself that tells us Ramadan is the month of the Quran, but also from our Prophet Muhammad
Sallallahu. I think he was setting them that God will come to him every single night in Ramadan, and he would recite the whole Quran to him. And from this, we get the custom of reciting the whole Quran in Ramadan. From this, we get the custom that Julian would come and the Prophet says, would recite the whole Koran to God. And this shows us that reciting the Quran in the month of Ramadan is something that even our Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam did, many of us it is difficult to recite a Jew Today, many of us can do it, those that can and hamdulillah if you cannot, then don't just give up and say there's no point, do whatever you can, whether it's half the Jews, three
quarters of the Jews, whether it's five pages, something is better than nothing. And also fill your spare time with the Quran by an mp3 player, put it in your car, you can listen to the Koran while driving to work. You don't need to listen to how long or even the news and I say this so many times who remembers the news of one week ago, one month ago, one year ago, you think you need to know every latest minute, put news in its place five minutes a day is enough for the events and then listen to something which is beneficial. And in the month of Ramadan, there is really nothing that is more beneficial than the Quran, fill up your entire day with you as much as you can with
listening to the Quran and reciting the Quran. In this month. One of the things that we should aim for is to bring about an atmosphere of Islam, in our houses and amongst our friends. So in our houses we should resurrect praying together as a family, whatever saltwater together for bring about the children and the wife and all of those, bring the Gemma out there so that there's an Islamic environment cuts back the evil cuts back this box that we call the television that is the biggest killer of time. And the worst fact that we just indoctrinate our children with the worst images and the worst background and everything cut back to this evil box and make sure that you bring about an
Islamic environment inside of the house and also with your family and friends. If you have friends who are not practicing who have not utilized Ramadan, why would you want to hang around them? Ramadan shows you who is a good Muslim from who is not. If a person does not become good in Ramadan, there's really no chance of them becoming good. So why are you hanging around such people because our Prophet system said that a person follows the religion of his or her friends, so be careful who you choose as your friends. And this is the month where Alhamdulillah Islamic brotherhood Islamic sisterhood is at its Pinnacle, come to the masjid and see hundreds of faces every day. And I'm
wondering how are you doing? This is the time to make new friends. If you had a group of friends who bring you down. Ramadan is the best opportunity to find friends who will take you up, come to the masjid and make new friends and invite people to your house and being invited to their house. This is exactly one of the blessings of animal bond that you form new friends, friends who are good Muslims, friends who would remind you of Allah rather than friends who will distance you from Allah subhanho wa Taala of the things that we need to concentrate on. And I have to be honest here this is a sin I am guilty of not quite as sin but as an excess that I'm guilty of just as much as the rest
of us is that it is a sad fact that even our classical scholars, from Allah Zadie and from many of the scholars of the past have no claim. They all commented that it is a sad reality. That dermal bond has become a time of festival rather than a time of worship, and especially when it comes to food and drink that unfortunately, this is a sad reality. Yes, we should be generous. Yes, we should want people to come and partake of our food. But at the same time, when the entire
effort and money and the entire him if you like becomes to produce 50 different types of food on the dinner table then, unfortunately, it is primarily the women who suffer because of this that all day they labor in the kitchen and they forget they're a bother they forget the Koran and the men are only looking forward to getting all of this meal. Where is there a bother? Where is the vicar? And then what is the purpose? And this is what something amount of us It says and it will tell you another says what is the purpose of depriving yourself of food throughout the day and night over only to overwhelm it an overload of food after mother what's the purpose when you just go to an
extreme the whole point of fasting then it's you balanced it out and you made it even worse because in this month, we get types of food. We don't
Get in any other month. And this is the fact of the matter, right? We save for the most delicious items. Now Hamdulillah, a little bit of this is fine and healthy. But to go to excessive to go to extremes, this is something that no doubt it goes, it really kills the spirit of Ramadan. And this is something all of us are guilty of all of us. And this is something that many of the scholars of the past pointed out that this kind of sort of, not just kind of sort of it loses the spirit of the month, nobody is saying that you go cheap. At the same time, one or two, three foo in the hula, you have been most riffin don't go to extremes. If you have four items, five items, 100 are more than
enough, more than enough to have, as we see commonly 50 items or 40 hours. This is simply too much and to bring about the most exotic dishes. Unfortunately, this is not the spirit of Ramadan, and is not something that you are fulfilling. And as we said, if you're going to overload after Muslim, what was the purpose of depriving yourself before Muslim also have the most biggest problems of Ramadan. And this is more common in Muslim lands. hamdulillah was kind of safe of it. The nights of Ramadan become nights of entertainment enjoy. And if every single Muslim land, the television stations began
producing and airing the most exotic shows and the most enticing shows in the nights of Ramadan. And I remember as a kid, I was living in Saudi Arabia, I would not want to go to throw away because the best shows Come on. After a moment of doing that all we all have the comedies and all of this and that. Now having done that, and one good thing at least in America, we don't have to worry about that. But we do have to worry about one thing and that is making the nights of Ramadan nights of entertainment. That's not the purpose of the month right after you fasted you feel shavon comes and say you've earned it go ahead and watch a movie now. What have you earned to commit a sin to know
you've earned it if you really earned the the fast gold standard 200 to put the icing on the cake, do something extra. So be careful that the Knights of robot don't become knights of entertainment and nights of gossip and nights of watching that which is of no use. That's not the purpose of this month. Once that has an anniversary in the month of Ramadan, he passed by a group of idle men who were just laughing and joking away. And he said Subhana Allah, this is the month of racing. Listen to this. This is the month of racing. And we're right now in the middle of the race. So either you've already won the race, and here you are laughing about it, ie you know you've won, or you've
lost it. In which case, what are you doing here? How can you be laughing? This is the month of subak we're gonna set up an aerobic means racing, right? Yeah, this is the month of racing one another, right for statistical hierarchs. And you're sitting here laughing? On what basis? Are you laughing? You're in the middle of the race in the middle of the race you're exerting. You're panicking. You're pushing yourself, how can you be laughing now? Either you guys are literally crazy, or you're not taking advantage of the month, and therefore taking care of this month and making sure that we finish up to the end and get the best of this month. also realize this month is a limited month. So
only 30 days. What does the law say in the Quran? A young man might do that. A young man might do that. It's literally 30 days to panela how many animal bones have we attended? Every time we get to the middle we say oh my god, 15 days of God, and we get to the last 10 days, oh my god, studies of God. Then we get to the last two threes. And we feel where did all of this month ago isn't this we've already experienced it. been there done that right? This month. Allah says it a young woman might do that limited number of days, 30 days that's it, maybe 29. Therefore take advantage of every single day. And realize as well, that the time of read the time of read is a time of celebration and
joy in a spiritual sense and not in a dunia sense. We go overboard on aid. We go overboard once again. When it comes to dress when it comes to food when it comes to drink. Nobody is saying don't enjoy it. But again 1234 don't go to extremes be in the moderate. The purpose of read, Allah says in khorana just recited in certain Muslim that what he took me to the data, Wali to kabiru, la Halima Hadar, can you finish the time of Ramadan? And then you thank Allah because he has guided you wanting to come to LA you say that that could be because he has guided you. So that you may be when I look into Quran, you may be thankful to him the purpose of saying Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, La
ilaha illallah wa ala with the purpose of this is to thank Allah for having lived through Ramadan. Many of us, unfortunately, we use read as an excuse to destroy those blessings and to not show our appreciation to those blessings. And one final point that we'll discuss, shall we conclude and open the floor for question answers. One final point, make sure that this Ramadan allows you the opportunity to be a better Muslim at the
end of the month, one of the scholars of the past said the sign of an accepted Ramadan is that you're a better Muslim at the end of the month than you were before the beginning of the month. What does this mean? It means that Melbourne should raise your level up for the rest of the year, not just till the Day of read. The purpose of Ramadan is to give us that Eman boost in the hope that I gave. I said Ramadan is an upgrade in salary. Ramadan is becoming a manager in your company. Once Ramadan is over, does anybody like to take a downgrade? Does anybody want to go back to what what they were getting paid as a lower person level lower salary person? Does anybody like to go move
down in the company? Nobody likes that in Ramadan. Even the non practicing Muslim takes that upgrade becomes a manager gets a bigger paycheck. Even the Muslim who doesn't pray five times a day. They have some Eman. They begin to pray come to the masjid start fasting isn't this true? We see this right. Unfortunately many of them when the month finishes holiday, they go back to exactly where they were. And you would not want to do this for your job for your corporation under your boss. Why are you satisfied when it comes to gender enough to go back to an older position a lot less do to boost you up to take you higher now remain as high as you can. Okay you may be cannot remain that
high. You cannot pray every night. Every night. It's understandable that you're not going to remain that height but don't go back crashing down to where you began. If you went up 100 notches when Ramadan finishes, okay, you'll move down 10 2030 but don't go back down 100 to where you began. The purpose of Ramadan, you climb up the ladder as high as you can. When romane finishes you move a little bit down just understood but move only a little bit down and then remain as high as you can till the next Ramadan where you're going to move up again and then up again. And therefore every Ramadan brings you closer and closer to Allah every Ramadan is that Eman boost that causes you to
become a better Muslim. There's this sin that you have this Ramadan is when you're going to give it up there's a good deed that you're not doing this Ramadan is the Ramadan, you're going to start doing it and if you have this attitude, every single Ramadan what's going to happen is shallow Tada. Every year you will come closer to Allah as you come closer to death and that is exactly the purpose of this month. May Allah subhana wa tada allow us to be of those who benefit from this month. May Allah subhanho wa Taala allow us to be those who fasts during its days and who pray during its nights May Allah subhana wa tada allow our tongues to be in constant movement with the Quran and
with Vicar and withdraw and B and with denmead and with Helene May Allah subhana wa tada purify our hearts and our bodies and our souls and our minds. May Allah subhana wa tada accept all the little that we have done and overlook all of the evil that we have done. May Allah subhana wa tada bless us during this month and for the rest of our lives May Allah subhana wa tada grant us many more Rama bonds after this Ramadan and may He make every animal bond better than the one before it until we meet him well after that one and hamdulillahi Rabbil alameen wa sallahu wa centerback are remain