Beware – Avoid Sitting on the Roads

Yasir Qadhi


Channel: Yasir Qadhi

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The history of Islam is discussed, including the legal system used and the use of multiple hadiths to extract benefits. The Sahaba community is pushing back against the church's actions, including not going out and not meeting people. The Prophet system's assertiveness is emphasized, along with the negative impact on society and people Act. narratives such as"the" and languages like "the" are also discussed.

AI Generated Transcript ©

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Smilla Alhamdulillah wa salatu salam ala Rasulillah who Allah Allah he will be here woman who Allah Muhammad. Today short Hatha, we're going to look at a very beautiful Hadith that was reported in Bukhari and Muslim and extract and derive some benefits from it. It is reported by Abu Saeed and a hoodie, that our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said er calm while Judo suffered total thought I warn you against sitting in the alleyways. Now back then they didn't have massive mansions. Most people's houses were one large outdoor room and one inner chamber that's about it. Even the house of the prophets ism was like this. They didn't have a living room. Where would they sit when they

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wanted to have friends and talk? They would literally sit outside their house. We would call it a veranda but it wasn't a veranda. It was literally in the house in the streets. So I prophesied and said II come we'll do Rousseff a total art I warn you against sitting in the alleyways. They said yeah rasool Allah Mallanna majali Sina themajor the cinnamon Would ya rasool Allah, we have to have our gatherings our modulus, we're also we're going to meet ya rasool Allah, we have to have our gatherings. So our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, so if you insist, fine obey to them, if you're going to refuse my command, and you're going to insist that you're going to have these

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gatherings then for after three o'clock coho give the right that is due to the alleyways. They said what is the right do to the alleyways? So he said, number one, hug Bulbasaur Lower your eyes. Number two, cut full other don't harm anybody going in the streets. Number three, reduce Salam responding to the salaam of the people. Number four, commanding what is good and forbidding what is evil? Now this hadith we're going to use it as a case study actually, very briefly, I know time is always against us. We're going to use it a case study to examine how different disciplines of Islam can extract different types of benefit from the same Hadith. This hadith can be the subject of an entire

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monograph. And it has been the subject of many pamphlets and booklets. If you look at this hadith, it's so beautiful. Our Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam is warning the Sahaba from sitting in the alleyways. Now, generally the Sahaba here and obey, but this was something that would affect their social life. When COVID happened a year and a half ago, how much resistance was there in the community, right? What do you mean, we're not going to go out? We're not going to sit, we're not going to go to the restaurant, how much resistance was there right to this day, there is resistance as you know, that people they need to live they need to meet. So they said yada suit allah how can

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we function without our Majelis now one of the most important points here that the Sahaba knew the compassion of the prophets of Allah why they he was setting them and they are not arguing but pushing back. They are pushing back at us with Allah Amin give us some concession give us some leeway. How can we live without our gatherings? They trusted that our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would sympathize with their plight. This also demonstrates and this is a very ossola Felker theology point Listen to me carefully. Our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was delegated by a law to propagate the Sharia. The Sharia parts of it Allah revealed directly to him and parts of it

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our prophets Allah Sanam said Now it doesn't matter to us whether it's from Allah or from the Prophet system, because when he says it, why am I antiquated haha, in what Allah wa NUHA. Now this is a technical point here, but what this means is that the Sahaba understood this. And there are many examples for example, in the conquest of Makkah, when the Prophet SAW Selim forbade the plucking of plants in Makkah, His own uncle Abbas said, Yeah, rasool Allah, allow us to pluck a little hill, one plant that we need for our daily life. He said, okay, is allowed. The fact that this happened instantaneously a boss is saying adults would Allah Allah was this, they understand

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that Allah azza wa jal has delegated this authority that our Prophet systems commandments they are, it doesn't matter to us whether Allah azza wa jal revealed or not the fact that the Prophet system is saying it becomes Sharia for us and the Sahaba understood, so they're trying to negotiate your rasool Allah, Allah with some leeway, and they also give that compassionate side. Now that compassionate side was not a life for death. It's not we're going to die if we don't have our gatherings. It's like

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it how do you expect us to function without our gatherings and they understood and trusted the shuffle cup and dorama of our profit system that people need social gatherings to live so our profit system gave them a concession okay? If you must, if you're not going to listen to that, then give the total the roadway the alleyways, it's right. Now, we understand that the Prophet system was forbidding sitting in the alleyway not because in and of itself, it is haram, but because it can potentially lead to haram right this is called the was sila, this is called the way set the throttle we call it inherited the technical term blocking the path to evil. Now, this shows us a technical

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point by the way and again, this is all you know a bit of an advanced but you inshallah benefit from it also that fifth point, that which is forbidden, because it leads to haram does not have the same status of Haram as that which is forbidden intrinsically because it is haram. So the roads to Haram are haram, but the concession for those roads is not as high as the actual haram itself. Let me give you a simple example that Allah azza wa jal has told us very clearly that we have to lower our gaze, we cannot look at the person of the opposite gender. Now, there is no Hadith or Quran that allows an exception, but our scholars have unanimously said that the doctor if there's no other doctor can

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look at the opposite gender, that the judge if he must examine the witness can make sure this is the right witness. It's a common sense thing, because there is a higher reason why we have to override this. So that which is forbidden, because it is a means to the haram to make it halal is not requiring as high of a barrier. It's not life or death, you're not dying, and then you have to have it. So here we have this example that the Sahaba are saying we need for our socialization. So that's not life or death, and our Prophet system gave it to them. Okay, if you must, then make sure. And this also shows us by the way that our Sharia has come with the perfection of society. These rulings

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are not about drinking alcohol. They're not about you know, the major it's about edibles. It's about etiquettes and interaction and our Shediac is coming to perfect even such we would call it trivial things, but to show it as a holistic system. And it teaches us even these mundane matters. So then our profit system said if you must, then these are four things. So this hadith in Bukhari and Muslim mentions for things another tangent if you like, you can compile this hadith in all the books of Hadith because it's narrated in over 50 narrations and you can see what else is mentioned. In fact, this has been done by many researchers, you find actually in some narrations, 1415 things mentioned

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so you see which one of them you know applies and what not. So in this hadith for our mentioned, a hot boiled buzzer, what is haram is you look at something with lust. So if you're sitting in the alleyway, lower your gaze, oh man, if you're sitting in the alleyway, a lady walks by Don't look at her lower your gaze Hello boss on here. Notice here by the way, our Prophet system is putting the onus here in this particular Hadith on the one sitting down and the man you will lower your gaze you don't have to look at other people that are passing by a huddle bustle number two, he said careful Aza don't harm somebody don't say something that's going to hurt their feelings. Don't use your hand

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to trip somebody don't hurt anybody. It's the how. Number three he said, reduce Salem. Notice he said reduce Salem, not the giving but the return. Because the wajib not the Wiser version. I'll say the mazahub Is that who gives Salem the walker gives the salam to the one who's sitting down, right. So it is Why'd you have to return the salam? It's not why do you have to give it so if you're sitting on the road, the one who's walking by should be the one who gives Salam to you. If he doesn't, you don't have to give set up. But if he does give salam then it is Why do you have to return the salam or do Salam, you must return the salam? And then number four, he said, commanding

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what is good and forbidding what is evil, if you see somebody cheating, some people on the street, if you see somebody you know, doing something they shouldn't do, it's to hack upon you that should make society better. As we said other narrations mentioned other things as well of them. For example, our Prophet systems that guide the one who is lost. If somebody asks for directions and you know, directions, then it is a part of our adab a part of our show do you help people find directions, and this applies anywhere. If somebody comes next year, your car rolls the window and I say, hey, well, how do I get there? The Shetty I says, if you're able to you should give them the

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response to this. So this beautiful Hadith teaches us so many different aspects. And as I said, our scholars of the past have written entire treatises about this. And you can examine this Hadith from multiple angles from the angle of its authenticity and the various narrations and what are different wordings from the angle of the feeling of the Hadith. Is it haram or is it Mr. Hubbard? wajib? And that's a whole different area from the angle of solo field like what are the benefits you get from the back and forth and the saying of the Prophet salallahu salam from the angle

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of the perfection of the dab of the Sharia. It's a very beautiful window into the reality of our Prophet system and the interaction with the sahaba. I hope I showed that this was of some benefit and until next time, there's Ark Moloch heads and I'm watching rahmatullahi wa barakato