Ask Shaykh YQ – Episode 49

share this pageShare Page
Yasir Qadhi

Channel: Yasir Qadhi

Series:

Episode Notes

The Distance of ‘Travel’ (and A Case Study in The Development of Fiqh)

Episode Transcript

© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.


00:00:00--> 00:00:15

Can you go over the various positions of the scholars regarding the fear of praying while traveling? I typically go every few weekends for work, and I want to know traveling for work. And I want to know, when am I allowed to do pastor of the Salah? One

00:00:19--> 00:00:20

any game

00:00:22--> 00:00:22

in

00:00:24--> 00:00:25

a game?

00:00:32--> 00:01:06

So the question is about when to do Custer and because it is such a long topic, most likely we will do this next week as well part two of this. And I want to do this question, actually for two reasons. Number one, so that we will inshallah to Allah know, what constitutes suffer and all of us will inshallah also be able to take advantage of one can we shorten our prayers during suffer. But there's also another reason, and this is a much more nuanced an academic one.

00:01:07--> 00:02:01

The reason that I also want to discuss this is that this issue of what constitutes suffer or travel is a very good case study that will make us realize and appreciate the efforts of our dilemma in trying to make it easy for us that most of our dilemma held a position as we're going to explain a particular number 48 miles, let's say, and today, inshallah we will demonstrate how did they get to this number. And their attempt in getting to this number was to make life easy. If you're going 48 miles, for example, they would say it's suffered. And if it's less than this, it's not. But in the process of getting 48 miles, we will demonstrate they followed a multi step process, each one of

00:02:01--> 00:02:21

which is very much a human, HDR, the effort, and each one of which has gray areas that they kind of just smoothed over to get to stage two, then stage three to stage four and stage five. And therefore, if this is a human effort,

00:02:23--> 00:03:10

should we not to go back and see, in light of our circumstances, what might be another number or another mechanism of reducing suffering? In other words, my goal today is twofold. Number one, to give you an answer, inshallah, that is a goal, don't worry. But number two, in the process, to open up a very awkward door, and this door, I've been skirting it for the last seven, eight months, you've been hearing me all the time saying this. How much of our 50 positions do we hold fast to? And how much do we say Hold on a sec? That's not a large revelation, that is a human effort. Maybe we can find two? And the actual answer to this question, we'll leave it to the roadmap. But I wanted

00:03:10--> 00:03:50

to present to you a case study that perhaps you can begin to appreciate. You know what, just because a scholar said something 1000 years ago, doesn't make it the religion of Allah subhana wa Tada. Now, obviously, this opens a Pandora's box, the Pandora's box, we all know what it is, what is it? To what level are we going to change? Are you going to change everything, and understandably, understandably, those that are practicing Islam, those that are very passionate, they're comfortable with their understanding. And others come along, and they say, hold on, let's find to this change. And they're like, what are you going to do change everything, the outcome is going to become harder.

00:03:51--> 00:04:36

They're going to allow everything so they want to stick to their tradition. And the problem comes today's issue, the distance of travel, really, it's not that big of a deal, whether you want to stick with 48 or we're going to go somewhere else, it's not going to be cataclysmic, but I wanted to use an innocent innocuous example, to illustrate some times actually changing 50 positions is a matter of Iman and Cofer. Sometimes fine tuning will actually make Islam incredibly easier to follow within the goals of the shediac Allah does not want to intentionally make Islam difficult. Allah does not want to intentionally make Islam difficult when ma da de la COVID dinniman how'd you do

00:04:36--> 00:04:59

logic como looser, allow us to make things easy. So where the Shetty allows for ease, we should go towards ease. And where the Sharia has a red line, we should stick with that red line. So today is a case study. Not only a very important issue that is relevant to all of us, but more important than that, to illustrate that, just because

00:05:00--> 00:05:13

99% of the oma said something, doesn't mean it is the religion of Allah subhanho wa Taala and we can fine tune so let us begin. Allah says in the Quran Surah Nisa, verse 101.

00:05:14--> 00:06:03

What is the alikum junan and takuna salata in tomb and you have to qumola dinakar for release alikum Jenna from sorry that there is no sin on you that you perform cossar in your Salah if you are scared that some one may harm you. Now, the verse seems to suggest that cancer is only performed when you're scared of an enemy attacking. However, by unanimous consensus, this is not to condition or multiple kabab Hadith is in Buhari said that I asked the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam about this verse that must we be in fear. And the prophet SAW Selim said, this is a rasa This is a charity a sadhaka that Allah has given you so accept his charity. Anytime you're traveling you can do Casa

00:06:03--> 00:06:18

This is all scholars agree there's no afterlife on this issue. Pastor means you can pray for a cat as to the for for or prayed as to record. So there is unanimous consensus that you don't have to be under threat of attack you may do

00:06:19--> 00:07:04

any time you travel, and you may perform your vote and your answer and your Asia instead of four you may pray to there is unanimous consent all the scholars now the data obviously comes over what constitutes a suffer number one and number two, how long can you remain in suffer? Once you've come to a temporary destination? In the suffer itself? You can spend months if you were to go from Morocco to Makkah it would take three months. In those days. You are constantly in suffer as you're walking on Campbell on foot, no problem once you get to Mecca

00:07:05--> 00:07:32

for how long can you remain in Makkah, before you say okay, now I have to pray for that's the second controversy, which we're not going to discuss today. Today we will discuss the distance of suffer. Next week. inshallah we'll come back and we'll discuss how long can we remain in suffering and other issues pertaining to that. So, today's issue, when do you become a philosopher? Is that clear? When do you become a musafir? Now,

00:07:34--> 00:08:27

as I said, this position or this question, the vast majority of our scholars all four method hubs, they followed a methodology to get to a specific answer. I will go over briefly their methodology and give you exact numbers about their methodology. But I want to point out that, in reality, this topic has been the subject of many PhD dissertations in the Muslim world, more than one person has spent four or five years of his or her life, compiling all of the opinions and demonstrating who said what and why did they say it? This is one of those opinions where no exaggeration, there are over 20 opinions narrated from our classical field, over 21 of them has become dominant, but we know

00:08:27--> 00:09:15

over 20 in these few minutes I have I cannot do justice to all of them. I want to give you the methodology and I want to explain the human element of deriving this methodology. Now let us begin. Allah says in the Quran, the prophet system basically said if you are traveling you can do this we derive from the text clear if you are traveling you can do the problem comes the Quran and the Sunnah or the issue comes those who say the Quran and the Sunnah does not define when you are a traveler, the Quran and the Sunnah does not have a revelation or a hadith that specifies when a person becomes a Messiah. Therefore, the scholars have tried to get to a number and they followed

00:09:15--> 00:10:00

methodologies, the first thing that they did, the first thing that they did, they went through the whole Quran and all of the Hadith to try to find any usage of the term travel suffer linked to any timeframe or distance, anything so that they can derive. Is there even secondary or indirect, or insinuating evidence of what a travel is in the Quran and Sunnah. Okay, this is the first step that they did any phrase found in the prophetic Hadith that mentions suffer and mentions a distance or a time, even if it's not in the context of

00:10:00--> 00:10:48

possible, because there is no Hadith in the context of what constitutes suffer. Is that clear, all sudden? So do you know what it means now, so they look at other Hadith once they find that Hadith. Step number two, they translate this phrasing into an equivalent measurement that the Sahaba would have known. Step number three, by the time they are writing books of fifths, it's no longer times of the Sahaba. This is 400 500 600. So they're going to convert the measurement that they have derived from an indirect reference into a measurement that they are accustomed to. that's step number three by 500, Euro 608 euro, they're no longer using the measurements of the Sahaba. So whatever number

00:10:48--> 00:11:31

they derived, step number two must be converted in step number three to something that they are accustomed to, because realize, Islam came and with it, civilization came, the prophetic era is very different than the busted era. The prophetic era is simple, this innocent, there are no two story three story buildings, there's no library, the Arabic script is not developed, there's no paper, there's very different by the time the fuqaha are writing, you have a civilization, you have paper, you have volumes being written, you have totally different qualification is being done. So this generation of fuqaha needs to convert from units of measurements, the Bedouins use the pre Islamic

00:11:31--> 00:11:43

Arabs used to units of measurements they are using in the fifth sixth seventh century, then, of course, modern scholars come along. And they look at the books written in the fifth sixth century. And what must they do?

00:11:44--> 00:11:49

convert once again, from what medieval units to

00:11:50--> 00:12:09

contemporary units. These are four stages. Each one of them is full of ambiguities, assumptions, vague references, and a whole spectrum of opinion, each one of these ones, okay. And to give you one simple example, where do you get this 48 number from?

00:12:10--> 00:12:54

So and as I said, by the way, even among that, and others, they list over 20 opinions. And by the way, even within one method, modern scholars, putting all of these four steps together, you get different outputs. When I wanted to answer the question for you guys, I literally googled, literally googled, I don't get my answers from Google. But this answer I got from Google, I literally googled Hanafi madhhab distance of travel, just to see what modern hanafy websites are saying. And within two minutes, I found three numbers, 48 miles, 51 miles, and 64 miles, all from reputable English websites, two minutes. These are modern hanafy authorities across the globe, some in South Africa,

00:12:55--> 00:13:09

some in America, some in other places. And I found three numbers within one method. Why and how, because of these four different processes that they have done. So to give you one example of these four processes, and this is the most common example.

00:13:10--> 00:13:31

The first thing was to scour the Hadith and see if the Prophet system said the word travel suffer, and he has anything in there that we can latch on to and say, Aha, we have a number, okay. And they found three or four had the problem is every one of them had a different number.

00:13:32--> 00:13:33

What did they find?

00:13:34--> 00:14:26

They found a narration which is in Bukhari and Muslim narrated by Korean and others that are Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, it is not allowed for a woman to travel the distance of more than three days without a Muharram. Now, this hadith Is it about causal Yes or no? No, has nothing to do with muscle what is have to do with maharam travel? Right, but what did I say step number one, find anything that has the word travel and has some distance check found it is not allowed for a woman to travel the distance of three days without a Muharram the HANA fees jumped on this and they said the distance of suffer is a three day journey.

00:14:27--> 00:14:53

they derive from this posture issues. Okay, now, sounds interesting. problem comes in a mumble Buhari has this chapter and then he says those who say the distance has suffered is three days equals this hadith. Then he says those who say the distance suffer is two days and he brings another Hadith. Then he says those who say the distance has suffered is one day and he brings a third Howdy. All three in Bukhari, all three fully authentic.

00:14:54--> 00:14:59

The same Hadith narrated by other chains. It is not allowed for a woman who believes in alone

00:15:00--> 00:15:10

messenger to travel two days without a modem. So somebody have said two days and the same ad with other narrations. It is not allowed for a believing woman to travel

00:15:11--> 00:15:28

one day and so the shaft fairies and Humphries took the one day and some of the referees took the two day and the honeybees took the three day. So we said all of them are trying to get a number anywhere that has the word travel in it. Okay, now, this is step number one.

00:15:30--> 00:15:42

By and large, most Maliki's and Shafi said one day some humbly said today, the Hanafi said three day distance, okay, now, great, excellent. That's stage one, stage two

00:15:44--> 00:16:35

to day, one day, three day, what does that mean? We have to now convert this quantity to a quantity that the Sahaba would have understood, because the language is their language, let's say how much would the Sahaba have traveled? Or what is the distance the Sahaba would understand one day or two day or three day? And so the unit of measurement of pre Islamic Arabia is something that was called a buried buried out in the audience. When I say buried, what do you think of postal office the mailman? Why is this because when the buses instituted what what is it buried? buried is the distance that a horse and a rider could travel before they would have to take a break. This is

00:16:35--> 00:16:56

actually what buddied means. The average distance that a rider an average horse would travel before they'd have to take a break. That was called a buried now there are buses were the first to institute a postal service. The Postal Service wasn't for me and you. We couldn't write letters to our fiance's loved ones. No, it was meant for

00:16:57--> 00:17:00

government officials. So they made

00:17:02--> 00:17:46

stations of fresh riders and horses, and the bag would come stop at the first buddy be handed to the fresh rider and horse go to the next buddy. And so they had an efficient the largest postal service in the world was instituted by their buses and that timeframe. And eventually the term buddied was dropped for the distance and it was applied to the porcelain package hence modern Arabs have no clue that but it is a distance all modern out of there are certain there will swear to Assam that buried his mail but it has nothing to do with mail and classical Islam. Modern Arabs don't speak classical Arabic they speak Modern Standard Arabic so but it is now what mil but in pre Islam and in early

00:17:46--> 00:18:28

Islam burried meant the distance. Okay. Now the question is one day travel two day travel three day travel, how many buddies is it? We get 15 different opinions. How many buddies is that day of travel? Some said for days travel, buddy, sorry, sorry, some said for buddy. Some said five buddies. We're gonna skip over all of these controversies. Because here we see this ambiguity. You've already started with a number three day travel, you have to somehow convert that to a unit of measurement. They understood, and the only measurements at that time was buddied. And so they try to figure that out. Now what helps them here. Some of the Sahaba and Tabby rune. They actually did have positions

00:18:28--> 00:19:07

about buddies there's not an Eddie, but some of the tab their own. They said suffered his four buddies suffered his five buddies, and so they do have opinions. But these opinions are not from Elon is messenger. They are from the second generation, maybe some might say first generation of the Sahaba. But definitely second generation, we have the first fuqaha coming along and saying how many buddies is suffer. So we have this point over here. So we have this issue of buddies, by and large, four buddies, five buddies, eight buddies, we have these opinions of suffer J. By the time the books of Phil are being written, nobody's using buddies, they're using other measurements. The next

00:19:07--> 00:19:21

measurement that came into the timeframe was for PSA for PSA. And I think in order to still the there's still the term for a song and in ancient English in

00:19:22--> 00:19:59

Charles Dickens English, the photograph is a league League, not a League of Nations the league. This is a unit of measurement called a parser. So they needed to convert the breeds into farsan because they were using for sauce. And again, you have this ambiguity by and large, they agreed that one buddied equals four for sauce. Okay, by the way, again, there's five opinions. I'm giving you the majority one, to show you how much ambiguity how much gray areas is being done to get to this final number.

00:20:00--> 00:20:41

Every step has 10 opinions on it nonetheless. So one buddy it has for, for sauce, the first generation of philosophers a Persian term. So this is now adopted by early Islam when they've conquered Iraq, they're now using for sauce. Now, by the time later scholars come even for a stock has gone, they move to another unit of measurement. This unit of measurement is now called meal. meal. And meal is of course, we will jump at the word meal because for us a meal is what a mile, but hold on hold on hold on a mile 1000 years ago is not a mile today.

00:20:43--> 00:21:32

And Neil was a unit of measurement adopted from the Romans far suffers from the Persians. Mele was a unit of measurement adopted from the Romans. And Neil comes from millea. And meal in Latin enrollment means 1000 as you should know, and a meal, a meal for the Romans, Amelia was 1000 steps of the Roman soldiers. That's what they called a meal 1000 steps of the Roman soldiers was one meal millea they call it millia. By the way, a step for them was what we call two steps. The same foot goes where it was, that's like two steps. That's one step. So 2000 steps, but they counted as 1000 you get you get the product, they said that is a

00:21:33--> 00:22:18

meal. Okay. And this is called the Roman mile. Now, the Arabs took the name from the Romans, but they didn't take the same measurement. They didn't take the same measurement, the out of mile was shorter than the Roman mile. And I'm not joking, don't think I'm making fun of this is the reality. They say because the out of step was smaller than the Roman step. This is the reality I'm not saying the same would go anywhere. And so the Arabs adopted a mile and it became known as the Hashemite mile. And the Russians adopted the mile, it was called the Russian mile, the Danish mile, the Portuguese mile, the German mile, in one timeframe around 700 years ago, there were at least 15

00:22:18--> 00:22:24

different miles. To this day, we have something called what other mile do we use?

00:22:25--> 00:23:08

to kilometers out a mile? What other mile do we use? Come on, you notice very good nautical mile, we still have something called the nautical mile, which is different than the land mile. So the mile was not defined? How can it be because there is no international body that's going to define a unit of measurement? How can they be every civilization had a different understanding of what a mile is? nonetheless, our scholars now So Luke worry caught from from three days, two buddies to forest sucks two miles, each one of these conversion factors is a big gray area, there is no uniformity, there is no conformity there is given take, nonetheless, we get now to the eighth century of Islam, seven a

00:23:08--> 00:23:44

century of Islam. And now we have scholars debating what is a meal, some classical scholars say a meal is 12,000 out of steps, not 10,000 Roman steps. I'm not joking, this I'm literally telling you 12,000 steps. Others say that a meal is as far as the eye can see. Others say a meal is when you see a figure in the distance, you know, it's a human, it's not a gazelle or a deer, but you don't know if it's male or female. This is the definition of a mile. Now, what is common in all of these definitions, they are not

00:23:45--> 00:24:09

precise. They are not scientific. This is just an approximation. As far as the eye can see, when you see that that is the meal or we'll see a figure you don't know if it's male or female. But you know, it's a human. All of this is approximation. And of course, it's approximation because there were no bodies that all society is agreed upon to define distances. So,

00:24:10--> 00:25:00

point being that finally, in the 16th century, to be more precise, 1593, Queen Elizabeth the first came along and decided in a post Newtonian world or, you know, more scientific world going on. Let's now define all of these terms. And so, she enacted an act that was adopted by Parliament in 1593, called the weights and measures acts of Parliament. This is Queen Elizabeth the first the weights and measurement Act of Parliament, in which the one mile was defined to be 5280 feet and the feet was also defined and the inches were defined. And so there is now a precise actual unit of measurement. Eventually, this converts

00:25:00--> 00:25:07

To 1.6 kilometres and of course that define everything else as well. Now, let's go back and plug and chug,

00:25:08--> 00:25:10

plug and chug, although these four.

00:25:11--> 00:25:32

So some LMR said one day journey translates into four buddies, four buddies translates into 16. For SAS, that was the one burried is for for subs. And an assumption was made one for sub is three meals. So 16 for stuff is

00:25:33--> 00:26:20

48 the magic 48 number this is where it comes from three different conversions based upon ambiguous Hadith that has to do with women traveling. This is where we get the magical 48 from, and of course, 48 miles transfers into 78 kilometres. Okay. And this now became the standard position of many of the methods. And this is the first word that is given to this day. And again, I say this, with utmost respect, I don't mean are always the biller with the ability to cause doubt on all of our fields. And this is the conundrum because I understand when people like me began talking and analyzing others good worried, oh, my God, are you going to change everything. But no, chocolate is

00:26:20--> 00:26:55

not the gold, the gold is where the shady allows for change. And it makes Islam easier for us, we should take it. under the protection of Allah. I'm not saying we go all haywire and whatnot, there are always forward thinking. I'm going to be very simplistic here. And I don't mean to come off as crude. If anybody actually believes that driving the car outside of Dallas and crossing 48 miles on your car odometer converts you from 14 to wasafi. Then you actually believe that Queen Elizabeth the first played a role in the city of Allah subhanho wa Taala.

00:26:56--> 00:27:14

That's as blunt as I can be. Think about what I'm saying. If you actually believe that 48 miles on your car's odometer for you leave the city makes you from walking to musafir, one of the seven steps that got you there, one of them is what?

00:27:16--> 00:28:01

Queen Elizabeth's precision of one mile being 5280 feet and defining this. Okay, that's just one. There's other steps, each one of which is vague and a big question mark. None of this is coming from a laws origin and the messenger. Now, do I blame the scholars or the biller? No, not of course not. They're trying to make Islam easy. We respect them. But we acknowledge the humanity of their efforts, we separate the divine Sheree from the human. That's what I'm trying to do here. We separate what a law says, when you do suffer performed person versus what our dilemma as much as we love and respect them have derived from that. Now.

00:28:02--> 00:28:43

All four methods have a number. The number is different based on which steps they follow and conversion factors. But the overall process is the same. These four steps I said all the methods follow them all format helps follow them. Now is this the only opinion and hamdulillah in this case? There is not unanimous consensus if there word that would actually be another issue because unanimous consensus is an evidence and we take it if all our scholars agree on something, then Hollis semana will outline but when our scholars do not agree, and if the last of the scholars is a mercy from Allah, as many of the setup said, if the law for Almighty Rama, this isn't Rama from

00:28:43--> 00:28:49

Allah, just because 99% of the scholars said 48 miles or 52 miles or 72 miles.

00:28:50--> 00:28:59

We respect them. It's not a lush idea. Is there other opinions? Yes. Let's go back. We said there's more than 20 opinions. One of those opinions

00:29:00--> 00:29:12

is that and by the way, I mean, again, before I get there, so I want to be very clear here. And I've said this many times, when I open this discussion of rethinking through the methods and

00:29:13--> 00:29:54

I am not saying a free for all to be law. I am a vocal critic of what I call progressive Islam. I am a vocal critic, because I think they are intellectually bankrupt. They have rejected the tradition completely. They don't care what the Shetty says. The halaal is what is politically correct. The hallen is the flavor of the month. And the classic example which we're having the conference on is the LGBT issue, that they don't care what their [???]ty I says they're going to make it permissible in hell because it is what is politically correct. And we have lines that we draw, we are very clear and differentiate between what Allah azzawajal has said what the President said versus what later

00:29:54--> 00:29:55

scholars say. And

00:29:57--> 00:30:00

again, there are so many examples of forward thinking

00:30:00--> 00:30:47

and whatnot. I mean 70 years ago, when microphones were first introduced speakers were introduced in the Muslim world. There were fatawa across the globe, in Arabia in India, that it is haram for the hottie and the Imam to use the speaker and the Salah behind somebody who uses the microphone is bartholin the Salah is invalid The effect was like this, because they said you must hear the voice of the of the heartbeat and of the Imam directly. And if you heard the voice of the mechanic, the mechanical amplification, the Salah is bolted. What happened? Eventually you just have to move on. This is human nature. Jani when first moms came to America in the 70s and 80s. Understandably they

00:30:47--> 00:31:25

did not speak English all the hood boys were in Arabic. And it became somewhat of the norm I grew up in that time from one of the reasons I chose to go study Islam was because I didn't understand the whole purpose. Believe it or not, it actually turned out positively for me that I don't know what my religion is my themes are always even those that tried to speak English I couldn't understand things but that's another point altogether. So it was one of the motivations for me to go I don't know what what the religion says. Obviously as there are still some massager to this day in America. You cannot give the hood but except in Arabic. And Subhana Allah Yanni. Common Sense says people are

00:31:25--> 00:32:02

coming to the masjid once a week you have them for 25 minutes is the only time they hear something but I'm on his messenger and you're going to give it up just because once upon a time of the majority I mean no Koran no Hadith says you must give it in Arabic nothing like this. In fact the Quran says first Amina decree law come to what reminds you of Allah, Allah calls the Hooda word reminds you of Allah. The purpose of the hook book is to remind you of Allah, what language should it be in the language of the people? Yes, we don't change the language of the Quran because the Quran is Colombo law. We don't change language of the God of surah because that is explicit. But the

00:32:02--> 00:32:37

whole tuba my lectures right now, is anybody going to say I must be speaking in Arabic to teach you Islam? Of course not. Once upon a time they did the language of Islam must have been Arabic, slowly but surely, I mean, even to this day, by the way, when I began to hold, but sometimes I begin with English phrases, sometimes with Arabic phrases, I have had one brother come to me, why don't you stick with Arabic phrases, when I begin to hold back, they say this to me, and I respected but this is tradition, I have 70 80% of people, they have no clue what I'm saying when I stand on them in but if I began all praises due to Allah subhana wa tada who revealed the Quran and sent us a prophet in

00:32:37--> 00:33:14

that praising of Allah, there's something they understand and they benefit from. And if I begin in Arabic, I am seeing 80% of them are watching their iPhone, not paying attention, don't understand what I'm saying. Again, the goal is to teach, the goal is not so my point is all of these things, this tension between changing for the benefit versus sticking with tradition, we are going to grapple with this throughout our lifetimes, there will always be a spectrum. The purpose of this lecture right now is to make you understand what is going on. And to make you understand there's always going to be people in that spectrum. Anyway, back to the point of the issue of the format

00:33:14--> 00:33:23

hubs and whatnot. We said the format hubs have a specific number, but there has always been a dissenting voice from the beginning of time.

00:33:24--> 00:33:33

Certain Ulema have said that the Shetty did not come with a number. So we do not make a number.

00:33:34--> 00:34:13

This has been the position of many huitema even hasn't even Kodama even taymiyah wrote many pages defending this, if no claim of Sinani a show Carney from amongst the Sahaba. One can derive this urban was rude. Even seeding is very explicit on this point as well. And we always have a small group of them. They're all independent thinkers. If you look at these names here, they're always like, they don't want to just follow the majority. They're independent thinkers, they're always saying that they have always said that. This into this now there's the correct opinion. Sharla suffer is not defined by a number.

00:34:14--> 00:34:26

Suffer is not defined by a number. Suffer is defined by a frame of mind by a state. You don't need to check your odometer. You don't need to ask a puppy.

00:34:27--> 00:34:30

You don't need to get a fatwa from a chef.

00:34:31--> 00:34:36

You know when you're traveling by what you do to prepare for the journey that is travel.

00:34:37--> 00:35:00

It is irrelevant that odometer meter it is your frame of mind it is what you do it is the preparations that you take. And even taymiyah mentions many points that prove this. of them. He says the profitsystem did not specify any distance. So how can we specify a distance he never said? This is one

00:35:00--> 00:35:39

suffer begins. And the Hadith of the women traveling has nothing to do with cancer. It has to do with protecting the honor of women has nothing to do with awesome. See, a woman should not be alone. Protect her if she's going a distance because in those days you have band is the center. She should not be alone there should be a moderator. That's the goal of those are the two read in a sort of Salah Aslan. That's not what the Hadith is meant for number two, he says that the Sahaba did not measure the distance the way that we do in our times by even taymiyah. As time the distance was measured. The Sahaba did not have signposts. 100 miles, 70 miles, 50 miles? No, if there are no

00:35:39--> 00:36:22

signposts how are they going to measure? Number three, he says that even within these ahaadeeth of women, you have differences one day, two day three day it's clear that the processor is not intending to define suffer anyway. He's trying to protect women. So to go with this as an evidence of suffer oslon It doesn't make sense. Number four, he says that the and this is something I mentioned throughout the conversion rates the conversions, there is no agreed upon conversion. How many breeds in a day's journey? big question mark? How many for stocks in a buddy another question mark how many meals in a forest of another question mark, I went over one example to get you 48. In

00:36:22--> 00:37:08

reality, every one of them has different examples as well. The shery cannot be based on so much ambiguity. Too many question marks the shediac cannot be based upon this. Even Tamia also points out to put a precise measurement on travel defeats the wisdom of allowing costs or doing travel. The purpose of Casa is to make life easy. If you are engrossed in how many is 48 miles and you're driving looking at 48 miles, you've defeated the purpose. concert is not meant to make life difficult. It's meant to make life easy, especially in the days where you didn't have a car odometer How would you calculate 48 miles, you would be in more tension to calculate the miles you'd rather

00:37:08--> 00:37:28

like I'm not gonna do that. Let me just pay for a car. That's not the goal of the sherea. To make life so difficult. Even taymiyah says, and this is so prescient of even taymiyah that distances vary from culture to culture. And what 48 miles is in one city might not be in another city, I add here.

00:37:29--> 00:37:37

cultures and technologies vary 48 miles on a camel is 25 minutes in a car.

00:37:38--> 00:37:42

or less. Depending on if you drive like him, then you're going to be in 10 minutes or something, you know,

00:37:43--> 00:38:32

depends on it. 48 miles is nothing in a car. If you really want it to get technical. a day's journey in car is not a day's journey in camel. If you really wanted to go down that route, it would be totally unfair to take 48 camel miles and apply them to 48 car miles. But nobody's going down that route. Why? Because they want to stick with tradition. The book says it it's got to be right. And that's what I'm saying is I could look at a no. The book says it who wrote the book, great scholar Zavala, May Allah give him agenda. It's not the Sharia. 48 miles is not a luxury, it is an opinion that became popular and it became cut and paste, cut and paste, cut and paste until it becomes the

00:38:32--> 00:38:48

norm. But I just explained to you where it came from too many ambiguities. And even taymiyah himself says this 48 miles for one civilization would be a small distance for another would be a large distance. And I add over here as well, that

00:38:49--> 00:38:51

if you really think about it,

00:38:52--> 00:39:00

and I taught a class in San Jose, you know, Silicon Valley, and I mentioned this example that imagine somebody has a plane

00:39:01--> 00:39:17

and they live outside the city. And they have a private jet. And they come into the city every day and they come back. And because it's San Jose or maybe LA or wherever you want to do they get to and from work in 1015 minutes, whereas the guy who lives

00:39:18--> 00:39:21

outside the city takes two hours by car.

00:39:22--> 00:39:59

Okay, and the guy who lives 150 miles away takes 15 minutes. Does it make sense any 48 miles so somebody's reason associate my boss has a private jet. He lives 150 miles away the CEO and he flies his private you know Cessna every day to work and every day back to real life example here. cessnas are very, very affordable. You know, I'm sure you'll be able to buy one soon. inshallah. Once you become a medical student $150,000 you get a Cessna, right. You can have your plane and go wherever you want to. This guy has his own Cessna, he goes and comes back

00:40:00--> 00:40:13

Do you think in his case he is commuting to work? He's literally flying in 8am flying back 5pm This is his daily routine. Do you think he thinks it is suffer

00:40:14--> 00:40:57

it's faster for him to get to work than all of his employees. Even though technically he lives the distance outside. This is why this whole notion of 48 miles really and I have to be blunt here does not make a shred of sense. Especially in modern times. Suffer is not defined by a mile. It is a frame of mind. You don't ask any shareholder item. You know when you are traveling. You know, when you're traveling, you turn the thermostat down your mail is going to be put on hold you pack bags, you know, when you're traveling, that's a frame of mind. It's not a distance it is possible for and also what this means now the fuqaha were uncomfortable at this. But that's you have to give and take

00:40:57--> 00:41:10

the football wanted precise 48 because when you open this door, you get the following scenario. Two people can do the same journey. For one of them. It's suffer for the other it's not do you an example.

00:41:11--> 00:41:13

Let's say one of you has

00:41:14--> 00:41:34

his full time job in Detroit, let's say okay, and your family is in Plano because you love East Plano much just so much and hamdulillah you have to live here as much although so many of you do. And hum did Allah May Allah bless you all, but your work is in Detroit. Okay. So you fly to Detroit. You fly to Detroit, you have a house in Detroit.

00:41:36--> 00:42:21

You psychologically This is your weekly routine. You're totally comfortable doing this. Some people I know do this on a daily basis, they would fly to DC. When I was in another city, I found a person that he had a government job, plenty of perks and whatnot. And he would fly to DC on the ATM flight. London Washington airport. Sorry, Reagan airport, right? take a cab 10 minutes to his work. He works in the you know, the complex, a pentagon area type knot. And then he takes the plane 4pm and he's back home every single day. He gets a commercial, not a private the commercial flight he goes, the government's paying for it. Why not family somewhere else. He's doing this. Now for this guy going

00:42:21--> 00:42:47

to DC everyday and coming back. It's like an hour flight. So rather than take the car and live in Virginia, which is going to be an hour drive, I'd rather find cheaper housing for my family, the government's famous, and he told me he does this. He asked me is this suffer? I said do you feel like you're traveling? He goes, No, it's a routine I just let go is my daily routine. It's not suffer for him. Whereas if I went to DC for a day, I can assure you that will be your travel for me. So, bottom line,

00:42:48--> 00:43:32

even taymiyah writes, demarcating a specific distance for Safar does not have any basis in the Sharia does not have any basis in the Arabic language does not have any basis in common sense. Even taymiyah. Writing to make a number is neither from the Sharia, nor from Arabic language, nor from common sense. Most people don't even know the distance of the earth. So it is not allowed to link closer with something you don't even know. No one measured the earth in the time of the Prophet system, nor did the process say how many meals or four sucks. And he says a beautiful point, a person might leave his village to go hunting just a short distance, but he's camping to three days.

00:43:32--> 00:44:00

And he considers his suffer. And another person will go the same distance to collect wood and come back and he doesn't consider it so far. You see some beautiful points here. Somebody has to go hunt a deer, they're going to take their packing whatnot, and they're going to be in a tent. And for them this is so far, the same distance it had been 10 years time, you might have to go collect firewood and you're going to come back and it's not suffer. his point was suffer is defined by who? By who guys,

00:44:01--> 00:44:45

yourself mindset. If you have to ask somebody you've lost the plot. You don't need to ask because suffer is not a distance it is your psychological understanding. However he did say he didn't I mean it did say that what a regular person a normal human being not a not a crazy person would consider suffer right? We don't want some extreme person to say Oh, my house to across the street. So no average intelligent human being of that society. And that timeframe would consider to be suffer at imitate me gave an example that he lives in Damascus. He mentioned the village on the outskirts which is within 48 miles. And he said for some people going to that village is a suffer because it's

00:44:45--> 00:44:59

going to take them a day to get there. And for other people who do it regularly, there's something that they don't consider to be a suffer. So the bottom line and with this we conclude part one we're going to come back to the travel question again next week inshallah tada the bottom line

00:45:00--> 00:45:37

What distance defined suffer there is no particular distance you and your mindset you have to answer to a lot in good consciousness or law I was doing suffer so I did pass it a Salah if you feel that you're doing suffer. And you know when you're doing suffer, you pack bags, you pack something you whatever you know there are things that you do that you don't do when you go to work and you come back that's not suffer. Even if you had a private jet that comes and takes you 100 miles it's not suffer like the CEO is not going to stop his mail or pack a suitcase or something. Not that the only issue is packing a suitcase. But that's one of the things that you do when you travel, right.

00:45:37--> 00:46:14

There's a psychological frame of mind that comes bottom line. All format hubs have a specific number. We saw how they got there. There has been a dissenting opinion from the beginning of time, that dissenting opinion has been a minority, but it is clearly in my humble opinion obviously the correct answer, and that is that suffer is not a technical term. It is a term that you know, a psychological term, a term that is based on culture and custom and your own frame of mind. You have to answer to a law or law I was on suffer. And I know this is suffer. And I'm going to perform castle because you allow me to borrow castle. We'll come back next week. And we'll talk about how

00:46:14--> 00:46:22

long can you remain in that destination and continue to pray. Until then. We'll look here Salam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.

00:46:29--> 00:46:31

In a feed dounia Solomon,

00:46:39--> 00:46:40

Leah

00:46:44--> 00:46:45

Leah