Lives Of The Sahaba 33 – Ali Ibn Abu Talib – PT 04
Channel: Yasir Qadhi
File Size: 33.58MB
In this video, Shaykh Yasir Qadhi uncovers the circumstances and the situations that transpired before eventually culminating into the election of Ali Bin Abi Talib RA as the Khalifa after the death of Uthman Ibn Affan RA.
In the discussion that follows, we gather information that a group of the companions of the Prophet ﷺ – Talha RA and Zubair RA, went to Ali RA and offered to swear allegiance to him. It was met with complete refusal and an offer was made instead to swear allegiance to one of them and to serve as his Wazir.
Eventually, in the wake of their unified pressure and his duty toward Islam, Ali RA submitted himself to take the oath of allegiance. The people swore allegiance to him in unison.
Bismillah R Rahman Rahim al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa salatu salam ala Sayyidina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi. Germaine.
So we are still continuing in the Sierra of it even it'd be thought of a really long time. And last time, I had gone into the tangent of our little deal Lohan's relationship with
Bob, and also before that will work with us to do the intermarriages that took place between the families of Ali and the families of Abu Bakar. So different had gone through a lot of that. And we had mentioned as well, some of the aspects of the life of a hotdog. And we now move on where we had left off. And we were talking about the conclusion of the time of Bob, that our little deal of wine when he saw the body of the top line after he had been stabbed, he made that famous remark, and this was in the presence of an Ibis and other people. And he said, may Allah have mercy on you? Oh, ameerul momineen for by a lot, there is no buddy whose record I would rather meet a law with, then
yours. In other words, I'm not jealous of anybody's records, other than your records. So this is a demonstration of public does gear that remember that a little the last one gave to or multiple hardtop. And of course, as we move on to the next phase, which is Earth mandrel. The last one, we remind again, that it is very ironic that the group that disrespects or
neglects the fact that it was a top, who gifted the mother of Zayn and Aberdeen, Alison Abilene to Hussain, the daughter of yours, right, the daughter of yours that there were two daughters, and the one of them he gave to the son of Abu Bakar. And the other he gave to the son of Ali even before that, and therefore from their perspective, the one whom they consider to be the fourth Imam. From our perspective, he's a great Sahabi or not so happy the 14 month, but a great family of the Prophet system, but we don't consider it to be an a meme, obviously. But from their perspective, their fourth Imam is in fact, the product of the Union. That was a gift of Rama hottub to Hussein
rhodiola, who Thailand Hussein had the daughter of yours, under him, and the two of them, they had a child by the name of Alexandra Aberdeen. So that is a blessing that Omar has upon Hussein, and the people who think they are the family of Hussein and supporting the family of present have to take this favor into account. And we'll quickly move on, we're not going to go into the details of it. But I found because we have just finished with management I found recently and I had mentioned many of the incidents and the time of Earth management I found dealing with Alia, Alia, from the very beginning, when the Shura members were six and number, and everybody was eliminated, other than the
two of them are in an alley, they were the last two, who was the one who decided everybody should know, who decided between them.
After they've now decided between them, how many days they take him
three full days in, which is that he didn't even sleep. And he asked every person in Medina, and what this demonstrates is that this was not an easy choice, that Ali and earthman rhodiola, when they are very similar in their status and their blessings. And people are, it's not that easy anymore, unlike avocado. So this time, we're frankly, ideal, the early alarm did not really have any supporters, other than maybe one or two, that they thought him to be more rightful, otherwise, it's understood that the worker has seniority, and the time of robot is understood. Now, so many years later, Ollie and earthman there's confusion, who is the more befitting and eventually by a slim
margin. After three days after I've done 100 decides that earthmen is better for the oma and he visits Ali privately. And he tells him, we don't know much of what he tells him. But one thing that we do know he tells him is that whoever I decide, the other one has to listen, will you agree with this, and of course the both of them agreed, nobody's going to break away from the unity of the Muslims. And the next day, either might have now announced that he had decided or a fan of your loved one. And it was there in the audience and he was of the first people to give him the beta. And so this was a public beta. And there was never any dispute between Alia northman over the caliphate
after this, and as I had said from the very beginning, even if your loved one felt that
It was appropriate to give him the hill alpha. He never challenged publicly and he accepted abubaker status or status on earth man status. And he was a loyal Vizier, a loyal supporter and throughout the life of earth when we see this over and over again, now before we move on just an interesting footnote that
there is a theological controversy within Sunni Islam regarding the issue is called tough lead Allah Allah with man, considering it to be of boil or better than Earth man rhodiola. One, that there is a theological controversy. What is the controversy? The controversy is as follows.
Sunni Islam agrees unanimously that anybody who makes stuff do a valley over abubaker of the law, one has made a heretical claim. This is a deviancy that is sinful in the eyes of Allah, that this is not correct. And the person has become a person of innovation. And the same goes for ID and the number of the law one there's no afterlife. The question is the one who says that the law one is better than Earth one. Is this an HD hard that is acceptable and forgiven? Or is it a theological deviation? This is the question. And this question is specially arose. In light of the fact that in our tradition, there are certain very famous of them, that it is alleged held this view that earlier
the last one was a football Min earthmen, or the last one. And there are many people whose names come up in this list, by the way. So Fiona thodi is one of them of what hanifa is alleged had this view as well in my mind, nessa our sunan, Kitab asuna fame as well. These are all names that are brought up that these are of the people the most honorable Rosa. I mean, some people are mentioned. And then of course, you have the other side always that they deny No, no these these narrations are not true. None of these people ever said these things. But the fact of the matter is, there have been some people that were not from the show, they will not from the other camp, and they were
within our camp. And they considered a little too low on to be off budman Earth man just as a matter of abstract theory that on the list, who has the more blessings of the two. And in the end of the day,
the opinion of Sunni Islam became solidified. And these days, you don't have anybody resurrecting those classical issues. So this is a controversy of a bygone era. And you just you should just be aware of it. That's why I said put it in a footnote, you should just be aware that in the first two 300 years of Islam, there were some people who felt that Ali rhodiola one was more
of Bali, and he his blessings were more than the blessings of Earth man, and they respected all of them. Okay, realize that none of none of certainly Islam ever disrespected, and so happy. There is a difference between considering the order and then disrespecting. In any case.
During the time of retirement or the law one It is well known that it remained amongst his closest advisors. And I will not go into all of the incidents and the relationships and the fatawa. And the political and economic decisions that are the helped Earth man with the advanced students of history can look this up. And it is well known that it was a trusted Vizier, a trusted minister, if you like in the cabinet of Earth man, he was assigned multiple positions, and he fulfilled all of those positions. We'll just conclude this issue of Earth man before we move on, that I already mentioned a few weeks ago when we talked about the killing of Earth man, that audio the last one played a very
important role in defending Earth man, and especially his sons has said and Hussein, multiple incidents I mentioned that audio the law one offer to be of those who physically defend and fight with man and recline, said no. And once he called us man for his aid, and the people stopped him from coming in, and they physically harassed it, not the other one. So he took off his turban, and he threw it into the house of Earth man saying I tried to get in, but the people are physically blocking me and he sent Hassan and Hussein and he told them to dress up with your armor dress up in your protective gear and go and live in the house of mundo de la one. So Hasson and Hussein spent
many of those last 30 or 40 nights, they spent them in the house of Earthbound rhodiola one and in one particular instance, has settled the law one was injured in an altercation in a fight and he had to be carried out on a stretcher back to the house of Allah de la one. So all of this demonstrates that ideal the Allahu anhu was a clear supporter of Earth man, and that he had sent his own children to defend Earth man a bit I found around the Allahu taala and and just like we mentioned
With a walker and Omar as well there are inter marriages, between their inter marriages between
our little the loved ones family and earth man brought the Allahu taala and whose family and of the earliest of these intermarriages somehow, like I just remembered, did I last we talked about the marriage of homeschooling and what I forgot
forgot this Subhanallah we moved on to the time of arrival, we forgot the most important marriage Subhanallah I have to pause and go back quickly. Okay, this is the era of Omar rhodiola. One. I had to mention this, I just remembered now it was in my notes. And then because I went into my tangent of this ad and all of that, so then I skipped over it. And then these are my todays notes. And I don't have those notes for last class. But I remember now, there was a whole page that I forgot. And of that page, I just remembered intermarriages How could I forget?
The intermarriage of modafinil hottub, with omega soon, the daughter of Ali rhodiola one.
This is one of the most important marriages that we had asuna
affirms our narrative, it affirms our story, our version, and our version is a Lakota Armada with Manali there's no, there's no tension between them. There's no hatred and animosity between them. That's our version. And of the of these instances we're going back to the time of Roman I forgot this is that only consume the daughter of Ali rhodiola one from one of his wives. This obviously is not Fatima. Oh, Mickelson is now married to
the Allahu taala. Okay, and why did this happened?
only because the Omega Tom, excuse me was the daughter of Fatima, the younger sister of Hasson and there were two girls and two boys, two boys has entertained with the older one. And the macoun was the younger daughter and her mother.
One day he entered into the messages, and he was very happy. And he said, congratulate me. They said Why? So he said, because I am getting married,
asked me to whom they said to whom he said to ohmic with whom the grand daughter of Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and then he quoted a hadith that on the Day of Judgment, all lineages will be cut, other than my lineage, that no lineage will be of any extra benefit other than my lineage. And this is what we even understood and I believe that
the righteous person of the little bait has a higher status in the eyes of Allah, if they are righteous, and if they're not righteous, then they're nicer doesn't matter. So we even understand what Gemma give double respect to the halal bait if they are righteous, and we love them with the special love, and we admire them with a special admiration. And we believe that the family of the prophets of Salaam is a blessed family if they are righteous, but they are not blessed by blood. But if they are righteous, then their lineage adds to their blessings. And this is something that we firmly believe in. So Ramadan, hubub wanted to establish a relationship with the blood of the
Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam. And so he asked the loved one to marry his daughter, Makoto. And it initially said she is too young to get married. And
Bob said, marry her to me for by a law there is no one who will respect her and marry her for the reasons that I want to marry her, which is that she is the granddaughter of the professor setup, that nobody is going to give her that their arm, that I am marrying her, because she is the granddaughter of resources from the respect I will give her because of that. And the honor I will give her nobody else will give her because of that. And so earlier the other one gave his daughter omega zoom and marriage to to Bob, and by the way, they had a son and a daughter. So they had a son and a daughter and the son was called Zaid and Zaid was called the son of two caliphs, because his
father was a halifa. And his grandfather was a halifa, the son of two caliphs yBnL Khalifa, because his father is Omar and his grandfather. I have never thought him, right. So he is the one person who's literally the both hollyford lineage comes in between them. Unfortunately, neither David and his sister to remember her name or trauma have they had any children. They both died without leaving children. So the lineage stopped, the lineage stops, and even a more tragic story that Zaid
When he grew up to be a young man, he suffered a tragic death, there was a murder that took place. And Zaid went to investigate the murder, the tribe that hadn't committed the murder decided to kill the investigator to cover up the crime. So they murdered Zaid as well. And he was like, you can say the Ali, the chief, you can you know, the, the one who has been appointed to look into the affairs, right. So this isn't the time of Maui, this is many years later. So they'd want to figure out what's happening. And he went at night, and the tribe didn't probably recognize who he was, but they knew this is the inspector or whatever coming. So they murdered him as well. And the tragedy is that when
his mother ohmic was heard, she essentially died of a heart attack or whatever you would call it, that she literally fell down and passed away, when she heard the news that Zaid had been murdered. So the both of them there, janazah was prayed at the same time, and the time of why we love your loved one. And the both of them, they were very basically together mother and son. But that is just we're going back to the time of Amata completely forgot that had to be mentioned as well. Now, let's come back to the last one, apologize about that. But back to them have recommended the last one. So all of these intermarriages what do they show? And these intermarriages By the way, this is one of
the most awkward intermarriages for the other group. How do you explain that Ali gave his own daughter to a local club? How do you explain that? Do you know what excuse they have? He forced her
and this actually adds ins not forced or forced him? This adds insult to alley rhodiola one, right? Because you're saying that you know i mean rather than defend his daughter rather than he just gave her away Rama and fee with he didn't want to do that. And this is insulting to us that how can you say this valley or the love of Thailand, but nobody can deny this is public facts. Every book of history mentions that article the law and gave his daughter omega thumb and marriage to
the law and they had children. These are not anything you can deny. And as I said this marriage in particular is the most awkward because according to their interpretation, according to their interpretation, the many of them actually believe that. Adi, sorry, aroma attempted to kill Fatima this what they believe, as a complete fabrication that Ali sorry Omar attempted to kill Fatima when in one day he got angry attorney barged into the door and he did this and he did that. And to them to imagine that your loved one is giving the daughter of Fatima in marriage to a moldable hot tub. This is for us a clear cut indication that there was no animosity the likes of which is portrayed by
the other group rather they got too long. Like good friends and like good friends, there are minor incidents that take place. And this is something we also need to be clear about. There's no problem if you have a little bit of disagreement, who doesn't have disagreement amongst good friends and among siblings amongst uncles and aunts whatnot. So in any case, the next marriage we talked about, now we'll get to Admiralty law on earth man's son
than even Earth man married one of the original date, a grand niece of Allium Navy father, the granddaughter of Jaffa, so a ban on earth man marries the granddaughter of Jaffa Jaffa is the full brother of Holly and of course, this is the Alan Bates and they are Helen Bates. They are very selective where they're going to give their daughters to because they are the island but they have to be very careful who they give their daughters to. And so the son of Earth man a van with a man and a van a van. We have mentioned him many times. In fact, I mentioned him and my first Sierra lecture five years ago, I mentioned him that urban Urban earthman was the first scholar of Sierra
that our history has ever seen. The first person to write a booklet on Sierra is the son of a bit of fun. And from him all other Sierra comes. He is the first item historian the first serial expert in our tradition, this is about a bitter man, his wife was the granddaughter of Jaffa nebula. And there are other marriages that take place in the second and third generation from the descendants of Ali and the descendants of earthman rhodiola. One, there is intermarriages going on, second, third and fourth generation and we don't need to confuse you all by all of these lineage. But the fact is that at least five intermarriages that we are aware of between the family of Earth man and the family of
elbaite. And this again demonstrates that in the first 200 150 years of Islam, there is not this type of animosity that later groups claim to have been.
Now let us begin with the actual khilafah Valley and today we will have a long introduction about the fitna the theological introduction we're not going to get to the actual fitness Until next week, but this week today we have to before began the fitness I have to give the necessary precursors the necessary disclaimers and explain to you why it is problematic to talk
About the fitness, but before the fitness very quickly the election of it I've never thought of how did it take place on the day of the assassination of Earth mundo de la Juan, on the very same day, which is in the Friday of the month of the hedger
in the afternoon with Rondo, the other one was massacred in the daytime before salata Juma in the afternoon, in the afternoon, a group of Sahaba visited Ali rhodiola. One and said to him, that we need to have a leader, you cannot have a community without a leader, and we see you to be fit for this task. And Ali turns this down and says, allow me to be a helper like I have always been a helper, meaning for the last 20 something years 25 years I've always been number two income and I've always been a helper and especially now elephant hesitant to take charge because this was complete chaos. Now when everything is Helter Skelter, I feel uncomfortable taking charge. But the Sahaba
insisted, and the senior Sahaba as well aware of them in advance and others, they're insisting that there is nobody else and there was nobody else whom they approached other than highly thought of. And so it said very well, I will accept the debate or the oath of allegiance, but it must be done in public. So he insisted to go to the masjid of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and an announcement was made and the people gathered together and they gave the oath of allegiance to it if need be followed, and nobody dissented. Nobody disagreed of the Sahaba that were there, none of them disagreed. Now, here we have a very interesting Hadith that predicts that the prophetic model of
ruling and government shall last for all of these years, there are a number of a hadith that mentioned that there is going to be 30 years of proper khilafah and these
are very important to understand that our little deola one is under this 30 years of khilafah. In the famous Hadith reported in a Buddha would tailor for tinubu watty Salah Thorn Asana, some UT la homolka Manya Sha, Allah to a new boo wa salam Sana Sana the halacha of the prophethood shall remain for 30 years. Then after that Allah will give the kingdom to whomever he wants. This Hadith isn't a Buddhahood and in in Havana torani it is authentic. So they refer to the Buddha Salah funa Sunnah exactly 30 years are reported, when did the process of Passover
1111 which month
are below one of the 11th month so the bureau will have the 11th year of the of the digital our processing passes away
either of your loved one rules until Ramadan of 40 H 39 and a half years. Okay, so 39 and a half years 29 and a half sorry, 29 and a half years go by. And of course at the death of Holly rhodiola one Hussein hasn't was elected or has been was nominated by the people in Kufa and the people who are followers of Hannibal dilla one and in Syria more Alia declared himself to be the halifa. So two people declared themselves to be the Khalifa at that point in time and has an elder law one debated what to do, we're going to get to hessen London was one and eventually he decided it's not worth it.
I'm not going to go to war even though his father's wanting to go to war. And so,
in the month of Ruby a well, in 41, ah, Hasson rhodiola Juan resigned, stepped down.
And the prophecy of the Prophet system was fulfilled to the day
11 reviews and a 141 and this shows us as well, that has been about the last one should be considered to be paid off item in
that when has some of the other one was for those six months, that in reality he is following the trailer for 11 harjinder Baba, and we should consider how somebody learn to be a fifth Khalifa but it's understandable. He was only
They're for six months and really didn't do that much. So that's why we always say 404 for halifa. And that also makes sense but we should realize that has another one also made this cut, that there's going to be halifa sallah tuna center. And there is another Hadith as well that I want you all to be familiar with and memorize. And it is a habit that is very interesting, but it doesn't have a number of years. And this hadith is reported in Muslim Imam Ahmed as well that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said that sets of Kunal nobuhiko Mashallah Juan and takuan that Nobu will will be amongst you for as long as Allah wills, then when a law once you will lift nuba then there shall be
a Nephilim in Nevada, there will be a law firm upon the methodology of Nevada, for as long as Allah wills then Allah will lift it up. Then there shall be so this is phase three now Nevada, Nevada, then phase three, then there shall be module can now been
a kingdom or dominion. That is that is a harsh Kingdom out means harsh. There is going to be Moodle can have been a harsh kingdom. That will remain for as long as a low once a tournament then Allah will lift it up. Then there shall be Moodle can Jabari yen, a tyrannical mulk tyrannical kingdom, that Allah will allow to remain as long as the low wills then a level lifted up. Then there shall be c'est la vie lm in how to new boo wa. There will be a laugh upon the prophetic methodology and then the process of was silent sama seconds. So this hadith has generated a lot of discussion, because we have how many phases Nobunaga enough 11 had unabomber Mulligan Alvin Vulcan Jovian colorfabb hajima
five phases, five phases, the first two have clearly gone the last one is clearly not here. And people say that will be the melody most likely okay or maybe before the coming of the MACD something will happen. And something will happen no one knows best. But most people say that is the MACD enough to work in the end. So we have two in the middle. Monica our dawn and Vulcan geoffrion.
Which phase and what did when did one begin when did one end? In reality, nobody can be certain. Because these are what Allah knows they are and Allah knows best. I have an opinion about this. And Allah knows best is just an opinion. That model can be one could be the kingdoms that have ruled the Muslims from within the Muslims. So we have the Ottomans and the Abbas's and the oma, we Yun and all of them, and the model can Jabri and could be colonialism and what has happened after that, that this is not a milk that is like the previous milk. Because if you look at it, there is a clear distinction between Muslims having ruled over themselves versus colonizers having colonized and
broken us up, and we've had a whole different system. So this is an ht hat that I have and Allah knows best. Law knows best. It's not something we can be certain about. That mule canal done is the internal Islamic rule. And it wasn't perfect, but at least it was better than the next one. Because Djiboutian is worse. That is going to be a mark that is dominating you.
So outlane Okay, they were a little bit unjust, they had their palaces, they had their headings, they had their whatnot, but at least they were amongst you guys. At least they were one of you. And they ruled. They themselves were unjust by and large, but they ruled over you according to the laws of Allah.
Then there's a Malecon, Jabari, and Jabari forcing, colonizing and a lot of this is my HD hide. I mean, you're not going to find him in agita, commenting the way I am because he hasn't seen colonization, right. So this is a modern interpretation that that I have and I don't know anybody else who has that I'm sure maybe some modern scholars have it as well. But I mean, this is Allah knows best. I feel this is a plausible interpretation. But nonetheless we leave it to Allah subhana wa Tada. And then of course, the fifth one thrombotic uno de la vida and how did you move? Then the Hinata will return as it was upon Manhattan, the Buddha and Allah knows best but my gut instinct
that has to only be the MADI, because who else is going to bring about Parliament? If we didn't have the oma we and the buses upon the colophon, managing the Buddha, who else other than the one whom Allah azza wa jal will send and that is the method the at the end of times, but again, what we're interested in here and I needed to mention this at some point in time and I thought this is the appropriate time with the last one that this
Why we believe that a worker of mine le rhodiola one, and we can add hessen they have a special status. It's not just coming out of thin air. There's textual evidence to show this that our Prophet solo seldom explicitly said that
when I pass away, you will see much difference of opinion.
So this hadith isn't I would I would listen to this file a combi suniti was so natural Hola, Fr. A Rashi Deen Alma de mim badie. This is where we get the phrase, and Hola, rashidun and Maddie in the hood of the halifa Rashid in that madeon. It is from a hadith that the processor said when I pass away there's going to be a lot of trials and tribulations I command you to follow my way, and the way of a group of people who are they and Hoda the rulers, not are not any of them are Rashi Dean, they themselves are rightly guided Alma de indirectly guiding others. They are rushing, they're on the straight path. And they're MACD. They're guiding other people. And from the other hand, if we
learned that's going to be 30 years, exactly 30 years, literally Belladonna center. And what is 30 years of avocado aroma, earthmen ID, and we can add hacer lo de la. But the main thing is these are these four over here. So I needed to mention this point so that we all understand that we actually have textual evidence, why do we say the whole of Russia Diem? And why do we consider this to be a special era now, we now move on to the time of day without it. And really, at the level that we're doing, it doesn't make any sense to go over
Turkey, tertiary matters during the five years of it rules four and a half years about what he did with the provinces about his fiscal policies, his political decisions, were really not that interested in these things. What we are interested in is the Civil War. That's what we're interested in. So I'm not going to mention anything of other topics. Let me just get into the issue of the Civil War. And today, for the next half hour, we will talk about why we will not talk about the Civil War. Okay, that's what we're going to talk about. And then next week, I will go over very briefly, as briefly as I can possibly can, what we need to know about the Civil War. But today, we
need to talk about why is this problematic to talk about? And why do we actually make a point not to talk about the Civil War? So we begin by saying that
Sunni Islam has a very explicit methodology about this timeframe, what timeframe, the timeframe of the civil war between Ali and while we're in the Allahu AntiMage mine, we have a very explicit methodology. Firstly, we say that whatever took place between the Sahaba at this point in time, is a matter of politics and history, and not of theology. So we do not make any aqidah judgment. It was Scioscia it was politics. And it was its historical. We don't consider any group to be deviant in theology.
The differences they had were not of a Islamic nature. They were of a political nature.
And this is in contrast with the other group, the other group, the Shia, they actually believe these differences are a theological nature. And they read in theology, and they say they're fighting over how can Bolton and we say no, they were not fighting over how can battle they were fighting over option A and option B and option A and option B have to do with politics, not to do with the religion of Allah subhanho wa Taala. So we consider all of them to have one tip what is best for the oma and that their HD had was sincere for the sake of Allah. And we quote the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
And this is a well known Hadith in Bukhari and other books, English that had an outcome, if the judge performs he had and he is correct in his he had, he shall get a double reward. And if he performs he had and he makes a mistake, then he shall still get a reward. So if you were sincere in wanting to arrive at the truth, and you try to be fair, but you made a mistake, Allah will not punish you.
You didn't know you thought this would be the best course of action.
Option, and you made a mistake. So we believe that
one side might get a double reward, other side might get one reward, but they will both be rewarded, even if it resulted in bloodshed.
But they felt that this was what was best for the oma. Secondly, we try our best to gloss over this timeframe, and to not go into too much detail.
And this is the default. Now, perhaps somebody is doing a PhD in Islamic history and they need to, that's the exception. But amongst the masses amongst all of us, the average Muslim, we should not delve into this timeframe. And we should make it a point
to not make it a point, we should literally try our best to skim over. And don't spend too much time thinking about these topics. Why? Because we believe that there is no benefit to be gained whatsoever, nothing. What happened happened, as we say in English, don't cry over spilt milk, or they say let bygones be bygones. This applies here, more than it applies to any other incident, what is to be gained.
Also, we say that there is a lot of exaggerated reports lies slander, that later groups invented about this timeframe, especially the other party, because the other party reads in theology. And so they have entire history books that are full of their version of events. And we don't agree with any of them. And sometimes these reports seep into even later, certainly books as well. So we it's difficult to sift through fact, from fiction. We also say that this was a difficult timeframe.
And to go back resurrects wounds that are best left to heal,
that you go back and mentioned, he said, she said this, and this happened and that happened, you are going to create doubts in the minds of many Muslims. And you're going to reopen the scars of the oma that are trying to be healed over 14 and a half centuries. And the simple example that can be given here is that imagine a couple
who have had an argument in their past.
And they've now moved on. Is it healthy to go back 10 years, 15 years, 30 years and dissect each and every argument. Imagine if it's not the couple, it's your parents.
And you will go back now all of us families or families, who amongst us doesn't remember an argument between the mother and father, this is the reality, every couple fights, and sometimes they fight in front of their children. Right? Is it healthy, for you to go back 50 years and resurrect the memory of an argument between your mother and father? Is that the legacy they left you with? Of course not. I mean, it is foolish and nonsensical. Really. Right. Yes, your parents and my parents had arguments. But is that what they left with? You know, so for us to go back and re re resurrect each and every nuance and anger and this and that, who is going to benefit? Nobody's going to benefit?
Right? So we believe that the Sahaba has even more respect and more, right? Why should we then go back and resurrect something that happened in between them, it's just only going to cause pain and suffering and nobody will benefit. And this is the standard narrative of the entire Sunni tradition. And there are so many quotes from the classical scholars that back this up the famous hollyford amadablam that Aziz
Aziz, and Armand Aziz, he, of course, shares the lineage of Omar and of the Mayans. Because his father's from the Romanians, his mother is from the descendants of Ramadan. So Ramadan, even Abdul Aziz shares, Rama Hobbs blood and the oma way blood.
And he was asked, What is your opinion about the Civil War? The fitna? What is your opinion about the fitna? And he replied, and his answer was used by dozens of scholars after him. He replied, a beautiful statement and it was used by Imam Ahmed will use by Malik, the same thing was used by every scholar after him. He replied, that was bloodshed that Allah saved our hands from So should I not protect my tongue as well from that? I wasn't there. My hand is not bloodied. So why should I get sin on my tongue? That was a bloodshed that Allah protected my hands from Should I not protect my tongue from that as well? And then he said the example of
sahabah is like pools of water or buckets of water. And the way to keep those pools and buckets clean is to not dip your hands in them. Okay? There are lots of pools of water, leave them untouched, and they're going to remain pure.
Lots of canisters of water, don't go in and start shaking and rocking the boat, let it be, and it will remain pure. And Mr. Bosley, the famous hustler basally. He was asked, What is our position about the fitness of the Sahaba. And this is all one generation after another, it is one generation as opposed to one generation after this is the generation of their fathers, as nobody is asked about the fitness of the Sahaba. And he says, that was a war. The Sahaba witnessed, but we were absent. And they had knowledge of it, but we are ignorant of it.
So when they agree upon something, we follow them, when they disagree. We stop and don't say anything. So this is hassanal Busey, that was a timeframe that they witnessed it. We were not there. And they had knowledge of both sides. We don't have knowledge of it. So it's best to be quiet on them. And I made him humble has many, many statements about this. And when he was said, Which side do you praise? He said, I only say good of both sides
of both sides, I say nothing but good. More Arriola one, and I should even and
all of them because they all went to war one after the other. We'll talk about that. The Battle of German, the Battle of Safina we'll talk about that very briefly, as I told you, but we say nothing but good of all of them. So this then became the standard doctrine of Sunni Islam so much so you will find it in theological crease. Creed's that were written, what do Sudanese believe? And there are booklets that are written in the second third fourth centuries documented to Hawaii and updated this updated that you have these booklets that this is the creed of Sunni Islam. It has become a part of those Creed's that we do not speak about this era. It is actually now theology. So you have
for example, a been a visa kind of wanting one of the early scholars of creed. He writes in his treatise, which is a treatise of outdated art is called the DRP. They're called that of the doctrines of Alison, Noah, Gemma is to remain quiet regarding what transpired between the Sahaba that's one of the points he has mentioned. And
the same has been found in many other treatises as well. Even bottlerock. Booty and other Creed's as well, they explicitly mentioned in the critical savani a sub wound he has a book called The creative understandable Gemma he died 430 something for 34. So he has a creed and in it, and of the doctrines of Anderson Nova Gemma is that we remain quiet about the fighting that took place between the Sahaba. So it is now become a creed of Sunni Islam. What does remain quiet means means we don't criticize either side, we do not criticize either side, and emammal ought to be rights, that it is not allowed to accuse any Sahabi of intentionally disobeying the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam
for all of them perform he had, desiring the rewards of Allah, and they are looked at as leaders for all of us. And Allah has made it obligatory on all of us to remain quiet regarding the fighting that took place between them. And we only mentioned them with the best awards. Why? Because of the sacred status of the Sahaba number one and number two, because of the the prophetic prohibition to curse them. And number three, because Allah has informed us that he has forgiven them and is pleased with them and quote, so he mentioned three reasons. Why are we not allowed to speak about the Sahaba in this manner? Number one, because they have a sacred status from the Quran and Sunnah. They are not
like other people
come from higher Amato villages in us.
And the process of them said you are the best generation that the oma has ever seen that the best generation is my generation. So number one, they have a sacred status. Number two,
the prophet system forbade us to curse them. And it is an Bahati law to support this hobby, do not denigrate or curse my companions. I'd even say body loving the unsolved is a sign of a man. If loving the onside is a sign of human habit loving them. Oh, hi john. So the margin of a higher status. So number two, the prohibition of cursing the Sahaba. And then number three, the Quran has informed us that Allah has forgiven them and Allah is pleased with them. In 12 verses in the Quran at least Allah says Allah
The Allahu anhu what all do I know? So the Quran has given the testimony to all of the Sahaba. So because of this, we do not say anything about them except good
as well. Historically speaking, one can say that never has any scholar attempted to delve into this fitna and talk about it in detail, except that that knowledge has become a source of fitna itself.
And that that book, or in our times, the CD lectures, or the cassettes or, or YouTube videos, or whatever, has actually caused more controversy and damage than good. And I myself am aware of many people in the last 2030 years that have attempted to give a detailed analysis of what happened. And they have been roundly criticized by scholars greater than them and their peers. And they've caused confusion in the oma by what they have done. And I say this and ironically, know that even as I make this disclaimer, next week, when I mentioned as quickly as I will, I have no doubt that some people will release YouTube videos about me as well, and release PDF documents and whatnot, because it
really you're not going to satisfy anybody. You're never going to make everybody happy when it comes to this incident. And you're gonna say something one phrase one wording that some person might legitimately or illegitimately read in and say, why was that said, and we'll look at it is best to simply be as clean as possible. Nonetheless, I will try to skim over with a bird's eye view. Because we are doing a history class at the end of the day. And in the context of what we're doing. It does make sense to just go over it in just a little bit about what exactly is the Battle of German, what exactly is the Battle of Safina without, obviously going to too much detail. And also obviously why
respecting the Sahaba as we do so. And even taymiyah was asked about this incident as well about the fitna.
And he responded, and even taymiyah wrote about this a lot in many different fatawa. He responded in many different
treatises. And in one place, he said, and I found this to be a very comprehensive statement that he has, it's a bit long, but it's very beautiful. And I'll explain it bit by bit.
He said, it is confirmed with authentic reports that earthman an ID, and palha and zubaid and Arusha are all from the people of Jenna. I'm going to break this down.
So earthman and Allie are of course qualified to talk Taha and zubayr were of the vocal opponents of alto de la one in this timeframe. And they joined the other side. And they had criticisms of a little de la fine. And this led to the Battle of the camel, the Battle of German, the Battle of the camel. And even Tamia is saying and it shows on that side as well. Right? So I shantell hands a bit on one side, and it is on the other side. And even Tamia is saying, I shall have to bear and Ollie, we know for a fact they are from the people of gender. So how can we take sides about one being right, the other being wrong? When Allah has testified that they're all from the people of gender,
then he moves on. In fact, we know that no one who has given that they are to read one, the better one is.
Does that mean they be better at one, no one who has given the batter one shall enter the fire of hell. That's 1400 Sahaba. All of them by guaranteed testimony are going to gender which means everything they do will be forgiven. Or else they're not you know, they're not going to join them are they 1400 Sahaba instantaneous straight Trojan
and there were many on both sides. In fact, there are three sides in this case, right because the Battle of the German the camel is between Arusha and Zubaydah and their forces and Ali and the Battle of Safin is between Wow, we're an alley. So there's two battles and of those 1400 you have people on all of these three armies. So we know for a fact that none of them are going to
gender they're going direct to gender. Then he says, and I will move sad, sad and angry. And while we're This is the Battle of Safin, the Battle of Safin, masala Shadi ombre brows and while we are participating in that battle, they are all from the Sahaba and they have specific further in blessings mentioned in the Hadith. So all of them they have genre of Hadith praising them.
So he then moves on. As for what has been regarded of the Civil War, what has been narrated, much of it is fabrications. We don't even know, really, we were not there. And 100 years later, 200 years later, people are writing books about it, we don't know. And even what is true regarding that, then if the Sahaba were correct, and they wish they had, they shall get to rewards. If they were incorrect, they will get one reward. So whoever did what we believe they're either double reward or one reward, and all of their mistakes shall be forgiven, even if we were to assume these mistakes are sins, because there are Sahaba and sins are forgiven by many, many factors. And then he goes on,
and this entire generation, all of these people, they come under what the prophets Allah seldom said,
the best of all generations is my generation.
So these people are the best of all generations. And all of them are these rhodiola has army Malia's army and earth man and I'm sorry, and I should all of them come under this hadith. And he says we also have another Hadith. So we're mentioning some of Hadith that are predicting the fitna summer Hadith or predicting the fitna and these ahaadeeth are important because directly and indirectly, they praise both sides as being Muslim. This is the key point. He mentioned the first of them. Number one,
there shall be an outcast group that shall leave my oma during the time of differing.
So there shall be the record is modicon. myrica is
a heretical group or an outcast group, okay? That is being expelled from the oma during a time of forca one there's going to be a photocopy there is going to be a third group coming out. So there's going to be an Iftar off and from this if the rock a third group will come out, pause here, this is a prediction of the average
and they will come out when the oma is already divided. But the Profit System did not criticize that division. As much as you criticize the Marika. Then he said
the group that is closer to the truth shall fight the matter of group
and are these groups for the average
Okay, this hadith in Sahih Muslim By the way, so a Muslim. So it predicts that there's going to be two groups. It does not criticize either group.
But which group is criticized the Mario group, the America they went outside and the group that is closer to the truth shall fight the mother her group.
So this headed predicts the modifier group.
Another heading he mentioned this already been Tamia. It is reported in the software
that the Prophet system held up and hasn't even alley when he was giving the hotel has had this desirable quality that he kissed hasn't that hasn't walked into the masjid and he
tripped on his garment. And he would have been three years old two three toddler at the time. So the processor interrupted the hook. But he came down. He picked his son up and he went back on the member and he continued giving the hotbar with his son in his arm, and he picked herself up he kissed her son. And he said in Ebony ha that said
this son of mine is a leader
in Ebony Hadassah, yet, the son of mine is going to be a leader. And Allah subhana wa tada shall cause reconciliation through him. For leafy attaining Aviva Taney meaner Muslim me, this hadith isn't Buhari, the most authentic book
through him, a law shall cause reconciliation, between whom, between two great groups of Muslims. And we all know
what did he do? He resolved the tension between the followers of Alli and the followers of malware. And he resigned himself for the greater good of the oma. And that tension was resolved for the next 20 years.
For the next 20 years, that tension was resolved. It was bordering on another civil war, but hasn't Badiola one gave up
He believed was rightfully his. And we also believe was rightfully his. But the unity of the oma is more important than bloodshed. And he gave it up. And the Prophet system predicted this.
So, why is this hadith important? Because the process of described both groups as what?
To great Muslim groups, so even Tamia uses this hadith to demonstrate that both sides were good.
And then he says, and this is a very interesting prediction.
And then he says, and in the two side as a Muslim regarding Amar, Ebony ourselves, or might have been Yasser.
Our Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, Chaco will be a toolbar here
will be a toolbar here. This is a hadith in Bukhari and Muslim. The rebellious group shall end up killing him. Amar shall be killed by the rebellious group.
Now pause here next week we'll discuss Ahmad ibn Yasser was a close confidant of olive nebuta.
And he was killed by the other army. And an arrow came and struck him and he died on the side of the road, the other one, and his death
was taken as the sign that I lead or the loved one was closer to the truth.
Because the Heidi says the boundary of felucca will kill him. Now, even taymiyah says the word boundary also occurs in the Quran in surah gerat.
Well, if at any minute manner moving into foster home a new home for him, but that Houma added for
the point is, I mean, read the translation I don't have time to go to all of this. But in a nutshell, the word Bahia does not mean Cafiero.
And a law says if two groups of mins fight one another, even if one of them is bahut, Allen O'Hara, or Empire fundamental meaning in a potato. So a law calls to groups, more men in the Quran. Even if one of them is Bahia. Bahia means they have politically rebelled. And it is true. While we are politically rebelled, so he is closer to the fear to fear to about here. But that doesn't mean that they are a Stanford Law evil, that they are stuck for the law heretical or caffeine or something like this. No. And he quotes the Koran to prove this because the Quran calls one group but the other group is not doing bajawa and the both of them are called movements in the Quran. Okay. So he says
therefore, that this is also
clearly permitted. And he says it has been confirmed from the Quran and Sunnah. And the unanimous consensus of all of the setup, that both of these groups are believing Muslims, even though and this is an important point, which the other group does not believe we say this, but we say this loudly and clearly. This is our position, even though highly even if you thought he was closer to the truth than the group that he opposed. And Kota, Vivian Tamia, this is our position.
And I said this one I mentioned in the, in the, in the lecture on Karbala, that we actually consider ourselves to be the true she actually, we are the original, she actually the real partisans of it. But the other one, we are the real ones because we don't go to extremes. And this is Evan Tamia, who is saying that our leader, the Allahu Akbar was closer to the truth than the other side. Unfortunately, many of the ignorant people say that suddenly support more are we against it? And that's just wrong.
We believe that at the end while we were both sincere, but Ali had more claim to truth than while we are.
And we don't curse while we're on the long line. And we don't say bad while you're the loved one. But we say that it was more correct than where we are. This is our position. But here's an interesting caveat. Even taymiyah says that, in fact, the Sahaba were three categories.
The Sahaba were three categories.
Number one, is it is group number two is Maui's group, and between these two, it is closer to the truth than why we but he says there's a third group
That group is upon the truth.
So the, the profitsystem says, The the one that is closer to the truth, and the one that is further from the truth. So the one closer is it. And they weren't further is the other group. But then there is one group that is even more upon the truth than both of them. And that's the smallest of them all. And these were those who did not participate at all.
In Omar and even abus. And others, the smallest of the groups, they did not participate in either side. And they refused. Even Abbas fled to die, because I'm not going to do anything, just worship Allah would mock up, oh, my God, and He died in five. He didn't want to do anything of either side. And the position that we have, that was the most authentically pure, that they didn't even participate, and they lived quietest pacifist lives, in times of internal fitna, the best thing to do is to go as opposed to some said, lock your houses, break your swords, don't get involved killing other Muslims, this is the philosophy Earth might have been fun for the last one, that is the best,
let your hand be clean of any blood. But that's idealistic. And in the end, not everybody can do that. And you need politicians that will do the lesser of the to the better of the two. And that is it to the left one, he did what somebody had to do. And we say that the other side hadn't he had and Allah subhanho wa Taala will not punish them for that he had. And one final point that I will say as well. And that with this, we will conclude the introduction. So next Wednesday, inshallah we'll actually discuss Safina and Gemma and whatnot.
As I said, at a bird's eye view, we're not going to go into a lot of detail and will I be honest with you will lie It is very easy for me or anybody to take this incident, and spend at least at least five weeks on it to go into every rewire and who's but what are we going to gain? Well, what are we going to gain, it's just best to zoom over it, have some generic facts as much as possible, and then move on. And one final thing that we're going to do now is that in fact, there are authentic Heidi, that predict the Profit System predicted that it will be a loved one. And it should not be a loved one who would have a physical battle between the two of them. He predicted this. And
he commanded a leader of the law one
to treat our issue in a gentle manner and returned her where she came from. This is a prediction. And it is mentioned in a number of books. The most authentic hadith in this regard is most of the Imam Ahmed. And this is of the end of the Hadeeth his chapters are volume 41 and the Muslims page 197 Hadith number 24,654. Now it was the man
put the Sahaba in alphabetical
is sorry, not alphabetical order. He put the Sahaba in the order of
he began it in the order of seniority. And then he kind of moved alphabetical. So it's a little bit bizarre of way to figure out, but he put the female Sahaba at the end of the book. Okay, so the females are happy yet. They are at the end of the book. And so the haidet we're narrating is from Ashley lohana. So it occurs at the end. And this printing that I have been of most of the moment. It is in 50 volumes, the last five of which are indexes. So there's 44 volumes of actual 3044 volumes like this, by the way back to Allah Howdy. This is the largest book of Howdy. That is in print. So in volume 41 and that's because for the other one has she takes up three volumes at the very end.
three volumes are Ayesha. Okay, so in volume 41. We have a hadith of our chef. And this is the most authentic and I'll quote you another one that is not as authentic but it is Sharla has said that
Isha when she came upon the plains of how and how is the plains outside of Basra outside of Basra. She heard dogs barking in the distance. And once you heard the dogs barking in the distance, she said,
I feel that I shall return unsuccessful. I feel that I'm not going to win this battle I'm going to return unsuccessful because I remember the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam predicting to his wives and asking Which one of you will be the one that will hear the dogs of hell.
barking how up is the planes outside of Basra and I heard the dogs barking on her way to the Battle of
German, the Battle of German. And when she realized she's outside of house and she heard the dogs barking, so then it reminded her of the Hadith of the Prophet salallahu it he was setting them and when she said this Zubaydah I said to her, are you going to go back? No, go on. Perhaps Allah will bring reconciliation through you through what we are doing. So she proceeded onwards, okay. So this indicates that our Isha had heard the profitsystem mentioning that one of his wives will hear dogs barking in the plains of hell. Okay. And there is a longer version of this hadith reported in, even though Josie his book of Eden, where it rhodiola one was sitting with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi
wa sallam and Isaiah was behind the veil. And the Prophet says Adam said to it, say akula beynac obey the armor. There's going to be between you and Isha. An incident, some type of fighting ammo is a big thing is going to happen here.
It said, Anna rasulillah. me I'm gonna do something I cannot imagine. I'm going to do something. And the Prophet says Adam said, Nam. Yes. He will do something. Heidi said for Anushka home Yasuo law. So I am the worst of the two then. Like how could I do something against Asia? I am the worst of the two.
So the process of said Nah, when I can either Kanika Delica for our did her either Monica. No, I'm not saying you're the worst of them. But when that happens, then make sure you bring her back to her place of security. When it's all over, make sure you bring her back to a place of security. Okay, this Hadeeth isn't Edna Josie is bookatable. And it supports this Hadith of the hadith of Mr. Mohammed Muslim. Okay. Now,
this also explains a little below one whose treatment because one of the criticisms of the whole adage when the criticisms the whole adage, how could you fight?
It is still being asked how could you fight while you're an Asia and not deal with them as Kufa.
Either you're upon truth, or they're upon truth, if you're upon truth, then you should have dealt with them in the proper manner. And Ali wrote, The Allahu anhu said that, who amongst you would be able to take your mother as your milk yummy,
because that is the net result of what you're thinking about.
Because what happened when Ali won the battles of German, he did not allow anyone to be hurt or harmed. He did not take any prisoners of war, he did not take any aneema nothing, because this is not the battles. The rules of jihad do not apply. Now. This is a civil war. It's not a jihad in that sense. It's a problem internal problem. So he did not allow anyone to be harmed. And he returned our issue under his own protection to Medina.
And this is a fulfillment of what the prophet says and told him to do.
When that happens, return her to her place of security for Dota lm mania, and that's exactly what he did. Okay, so the point being, that we actually have multiple predictions of the prophecies of the Battle of Safin and the Battle of German and I just gave you them today in today's lecture, the Battle of Safin has been predicted in multiple Ahadi. And the Battle of Jamal has also been predicted in this hadith. And in both of these predictions, the processor is not criticizing either side as being deviant. He simply says is going to happen, treat them fair and square treat them nicely, to bring her back to her place. And therefore, to conclude today's lesson, that we believe
that what happened between the Sahaba is a sad tragedy, and that nobody benefits to go back and resurrect each and every sort of detail, and that it is in our man's best interest to gloss over this and that we do not criticize the NEA of any of the Sahaba who participated, even if we can say that perhaps some of them were closer to the truth than other. Yes, we can say that. But we say that the ones that
were not as close to the truth there Nia was sincere, and that Allah subhanho wa Taala will reward them for their sincerity and whatever they have done as they've been Tamia said
Even if somebody wants to consider it to be a sin, it shall be forgiven in light of the hesa. Not that they have done as well. And by the way, this leads to one final point as well. Nobody is saying that the Sahaba are sinless. By the way. This is not what we believe. Even Taman others they explicitly mentioned, the Sahaba are not sinless. But we say no Sahabi has piano or treachery. It's one thing to commit a sin. We all commit sins. It's another thing to betray Allah and His messenger and no Sahabi will betray Allah and His Messenger, that is what we say impossible, that sin is not possible. Every Sahabi has what he believes is the best interest of the oma at heart.
But we are not saying that the Sahaba cannot commit personal sense, the Sahaba can indeed and they have committed personal sins, but no Sahabi can betrayed the trust of Allah and His messenger and all of them want what is best for the oma with that inshallah Tada. We will pause for today and next week we will go over the battles of Safin and Jamal and perhaps even mentioned some things about the coverage and with that