The Life of Prophet Muhammad #2 – The Arabian Peninsula
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Rahim Al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil Alameen wa salatu salam ala Ashley for the NBA, you will see you didn't sit in.
While early he was hobby he educated so I want to go to Allah brothers sisters.
So continuing with the CLI of Rasulullah sallallahu and send them and we mentioned in the previous lesson some
the world situation on a general scale will slightly go into some more specific, specific points concerning the Arabian Peninsula. Because that's where Allah subhanaw taala chose to reveal
or choose the final messenger Muhammad Sallallahu. I didn't read the Quran to him, so to speak.
So more specifically, the
the Arabs were predominantly that they were a tribal people. And we can categorize them into two different types of people. They were the nomadic Bedouin people who would move around travel. And secondly, that they were the if you like the city dwellers, and an example of that were those people who resided in in Makkah.
Now, the people that
the types of people that were in the Arabian Peninsula, as we mentioned, they were into idol worship policies.
You will know that know how they sort of Salam
was sent to a people who they had taken five righteous individuals and began worshipping them. Five. And the names of these people were carried through the generations, even to the time of Rasulullah sallallahu. I didn't send them. So where there were actual tribes at the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam, who worshipped these,
one our idols.
So for example, if you take
the tribe of
hotel IGNOU, Metallica, they worshiped sewer, and the tribe of kelp that they worshiped with and mud hedge they worshipped your horse and fire one, they worshipped yoke and Hemi are worshipped Nossal. So these idols, which are all mentioned in surah, two, in verse number 23.
These continue to the generations, and this is the danger of polytheism.
And it's deep.
The routes that it can take with with certain people, it doesn't just stay with some people and then it dies out no continues from one generation to the next.
So although well known idols that the Arabs they worshipped like manette,
and also alert, and Rosa, these were the very famous
idols that the
Quraysh they worshipped. So they were polytheistic people.
And they had a number of different characteristics, which made them the people that they were now stating that they were apologist people into idol worship, not every single one was like that. There were some remnants, some individuals who refused to get involved in idol worship.
And these people were known as
whenever and that they didn't, you know, involve themselves in idol worship, nor did they
eat in a meat that was slaughtered for idols. They kind of ostracized themselves away, they took themselves away from the policy ism, that the Quraysh that they were involved, like, say the Brahma Newfane he refused to worship idols and eat food that was or animals that were slaughtered for other than Allah subhanaw taala. Now the operation themselves, did they recognize Allah subhanaw taala? Yes, they did. They recognize Allah gelada as the Supreme Creator, the supreme Sustainer an owner and control of the affairs of all of the universe. And Allah subhanaw taala tells us in various places in the Quran, from those who insult to human fellow person, it will help the whole room
Allah. If you were to ask them who created the heavens in the earth correctly, they wouldn't apply. Allah. Allah is the One Who created the heavens and the earth is in control of everything. However, they did not see themselves worthy. They did not see themselves pure enough to worship Allah subhanaw taala directly. So what they will do is that they will go through these idols, they will
go through, who maybe one time known as righteous people that they died, and then they were graves were built over those graves, and then idols were made,
you know, from in conjunction with these graves and then they would go through these to Allah subhanaw taala which is Shift. This is polytheism and this is what the Quraysh how they, how they understood Allah subhanaw taala. So they recognize Allah's Lordship, but they refused the towhead the oneness and the uniqueness of Allah subhanaw taala is worship, that we worship Him alone, and we go directly to him alone, they rejected that. They rejected that completely.
So it's not sufficient. It's not enough for a person just to see that Allah azza wa jal is the Lord, the Sustainer, the owner and the control of everything that is in the universe. That's an important aspect of Tawheed. But it's not enough.
It's not enough, because there are other other religions on earth who accepted that as well. If you ask Christians, they will agree to all of that. They agree that Los Angeles the Creator, sustainer, owner and control of all of the affairs in the universe, but that's not sufficient is not enough for them to enter into an Islam, for them to become worship or to worship of Allah subhanaw taala because their commission can worship. They associate partners with a las Panatela in the worship by saying that Allah subhanaw taala
has a sun Subhana.
So there were some people at the time of declaration, that era that we're talking about close to the birth of Rasulullah sallallahu, there were individuals who refused to worship idols.
There were other Arabs, who would also become Christians and become Jews. But they were not in any great number. They were not in any great number in the Arabian Peninsula. The majority of Christians were, of course, following and part of the Byzantine Empire. And there were some Jews tribes that resided in what was known at that time as ye fib, which, as we know, now is called Alina.
So there were three tribes. And as we come later into the Seattle, we'll make it known as to the significance of these particular Jewish tribes.
So by and large, the Arabian Peninsula was full of *, full of, of disobedience to Allah, subhanaw taala.
And lots of volume, most of oppression
and some of the
kinds of things that the
out of that particular time, the things that they've been involved in
strange practices concerning women, in marriage, in ownership, in how they would treat children, especially daughters, as you know, that they would at times if, you know, they weren't from the Ashraf or, you know, honored people, having daughters was seen as something
wrong to look off the daughters, this is not something that you can carry your lineage with. So they themselves would attend times vary that office that way we don't as they would bury them alive, but he hasn't been Yeah.
And other things like women that they were treated like merchandise, women weren't bought and sold.
So they were equal on par with
camels as you buy and sell.
Okay, so they had very little value at that time.
Islam, of course, came to
correct and change this, and that there are many verses in the Quran that address these issues. So it's very important that when you look at the map converters makan versus those verses that were revealed in the marking period before hijra,
for example, in Surah Tannehill. Okay, it's chapter 16, verses 58 and 59.
That Allah subhanaw taala specifically talks about the people that they wish they were giving glad tidings and the glad tidings Allah azza wa jal tells us Bushi if they're given glad tidings of a female child to any one of them vonleh What your home was, what their that their faces would like turn full of darkness, well who are covering and that they would become full of inward grief. If they had a daughter
that they would look at themselves he hides themselves from his people, because of the evil what he perceives to be evil that has he has been informed of shall that person keep the daughter
be dishonored or should he bury her in the earth?
Certainly whatever editions decision that they come to is an evil decision, I keeping your daughter's a dishonor or to bury them, which one is it?
Both of them are evil decisions that they will come to. So Allah subhanaw taala addresses these people
concerning the women folk, in MK converse, my converses
and other verses, as in even interest, I'm a little more older too, so we like to be either male co Tillet. And when the female infant is buried alive, For what sin was she killed. So there is no Quran which addressed the mindset of these of the Koresh, the policy stick the policy is Koresh at that time.
And this is very important
that when we read the Quran, we understand the context of some of these verses, and who did they were addressing and how they Allah azza wa jal was, was addressing,
at times as well, that they would,
you know, just if they didn't believe that they had enough wealth, money that they would kill their children.
And also kind of Tyler likewise addresses that, for example, in Surah, Surah, while attempting to do the fascia to unlock that do not kill your children out of fear of poverty. Now notice over here, that the we will provide for them and for you,
that indeed, killing them is a great sin.
So this was the kind of behavior these are the kinds of things that the policies Quraysh that they used to do. Likewise, if they were married to a woman, and then he divorced her, it will take her back, that something Islam that we have as well, however, Islam came to control that, that a man if he divorces his wife, on the third occasion, that they can no longer be together anymore. Whereas in previous times in terms of Rajah Helia, but the husband would divorce her leave her in her waiting period, just before the end of it, he takes her back, and he would keep doing this, just to punish her. So
within that they did not have a good standing in that society, you know, 1400 50 years ago, 1500 years ago, is a very bad situation for women at that time. And this is not something specific to this part of the world. In fact, women in many places had very little value. And if you look at
women only secured you know, the, by their own
while their own yardstick, if you like, in terms of rights and voting and permission to own property. This only came into existence within the past 100 120 130 140 years, in many Western countries before that, that the woman really had no right to inherit to, to to own anything. Whereas Islam, Lord, gave the woman all of these rights, gave the woman what she was deserving us as a human being many, many centuries, more than 1000 years, more than 1000 years, than many,
many Western countries.
So this is something that
Islam, we should be, of course, you say proud, but of course, we should be honored with that Allah subhanaw taala will, you know, gave us revelation gave us guidance on these matters, and claims that Islam is backwards and so many things. Well, if one wants to judge Muslims, then they can judge the Muslims. And we have many mistakes and we have many shortfalls, but looking at Islam, then you have to look at Islam, and that you don't necessarily judge the deen or the religion itself by the behavior of certain individuals. So you look at Islam in its pristine and perfect.
In multiples revealed to us we'll find the Subhanallah Islam gave mankind so many things.
Another well known characteristic that the Arabs that they had is that that they would have no issues with engaging in war.
Okay. And they really didn't need an important reason at that particular time. To have you know, battles with one another, where, you know, battles or mores may go on for, you know, more than a generation at a time, you know, 30 or 40 years of war would continue.
Now, we say, well, how can a walk exist for 40 years?
Want to talk about people, you know, literally on the battlefield for 40 years, and people bringing supplies for 40 years? No, no, no like that. But the people are at conflict. There's a conflict between two different people. For 40 years, for example, I'm gonna be a common example, you've heard before, that a camel that belong to a tribe, that he walked onto the land of a different people. And that person saw that and he killed the camel. And then these two particular tribes began warring for 40 years over this. So
war was a constant reality was a constant reality between the Arab in Arabian peninsula at that particular time.
That being the case,
that there were many negative characteristics and negative things that they carried.
Also, they had many honorable and many positive attributes.
And this is something that needs to be mentioned as well.
Things like it is said in the head of natural intelligence, and natural intelligence. I mean, the language of the Arabic language itself is
the best language on Earth, and its expression, and how you can describe things. For example, you will find the word honey.
That is more than 80 words for the word honey.
Or, for example, there's more than 90 for the word Fox. And there's more than you have 500 different words that can describe a lion
and maybe 1000 words that can describe a camel, maybe question and how can you have 1000 words for one animal? Okay, of course, you have the word Jemelle. And you have the word evil. Okay, these are common words. Now, these are three words could you know a camel, male, camel, female, camel. But then the dogs would have words that describe the position, or the state of a camel, whether it was sitting down, whether it was lying down the time of year, its age, have so many different words for
the camel, for example, in the amount of years that he lives, if it's one year old, two years old, three years old, four years old, they have different names for camel. So it's a very rich, extremely rich language. And the way that they would speak with one another and converse with one another, no doubt shows intelligence, because they valued poetry, they valued poetry a great deal, and that they would speak with one another converse with one another in, in poetry.
This was all done by memory, this is all done from what they can remember. And just today, because there are many who claim that well, by memory, maybe you can forget,
you know, especially when talking about the relaying of the Quran, from one person to the next, maybe that person forgot, maybe they missed a letter, maybe they missed this, maybe the Minister, I was just listening to the radio today. And there was talking about particular professor, and he was looking over documents that were
documenting a particular event in history. And he said that the person who'd actually written down
the events that occurred around that particular time, had so many doubts about what he had written, when he was actually correct or not, whether it was true.
I'm gonna just call it the end of, of the, the program that was on the radio, but point being
that even by certain standards that you know, to substantiate information reaches us, only if it's written, then we can accept it only if it's written, then we can validate it.
In fact, that
information that's passed on, memorized
by memory and people witnessing that is far more.
Yes, no, that's not the word I'm looking for. It is overly aspected as far as an evidence for more powerful, the fact that you have so many people
cooperating that information to say yes, this is how it was, as opposed to one person writing a document one person could write as he likes. But if you've got, you know, 10s and 50, you know, 50 or 100 people, all having memorized and known, stating the same thing that's far more powerful as an evidence as opposed to a person writing a document.
So this is one of the great qualities that the out of that they had at that time. Also other things like generosity and bravery. They held these things in
in great esteem, these were important for them. And things like truthfulness, keeping promises and being honest. These were traits they had. And these are traits, of course that we is important for, for Muslims in general as well. And an example of that is when
Abu Sufyan who at that time was a polytheist, oceanic, and he went to the Byzantine Empire because they used to trade caravans and Huracan, who was the emperor of the Roman Empire at that time, had heard about the Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu sellers. And he was asking within the budget that will come to escalate in this era, he asked Is there anyone that knows or is related or is from this from the home of this particular individual, who is claiming Naboo was claiming prophet hood
force at that time, Abu Sufyan.
Lot of Muslim the time he stood forward, or the alarm, and he said, I am from the home, or the people of this individuals claiming the ball. And the number of questions was posed, is does he have this? And does he do that?
And he said the truth,
even though at that time, he wasn't a Muslim, but he said the truth.
So they had qualities at that time, which were,
which were very important for us, you know, for for us to mention, even though that they had
lots of jaw healing practices in the A version, which, of course, is the biggest,
the biggest problem that they had, and people can have great qualities in the alpha and looking after people in
inviting people in their generosity and bravery. I mean, he's all good, great qualities, to the people are misguided in the bad and their worship, then all of this really doesn't, you will not benefit them in the long run, will not benefit in the long run. Because we were placed here to worship Allah subhanaw taala, we were placed here to serve Him. And if the people are not doing that, for the sake of Allah subhanaw taala, then you'll find that the people will do eventually own for their own
for their own wants and desires.
So this was
the situation around the time of Rasulullah, sallAllahu wasallam. That ship was prevalent, the people who were in charge of monka were a very high ranking tribe called the Quraysh. And they
were in charge of market, the cabin and all the surrounding areas. And market itself was on the trade route to a very important place. And so therefore, people from Hashem, people from the north in Syria, that they will come down from Makkah, and that they will travel also eastwards to Persia as well. So that they were very rich as well and very, very well off.
Amongst the Pradesh, there were a number of sub tribes as well, many tribes. And from these tribes, they had different rates, they were higher tribes, like the tribal Macedonia was a very high ranking tribe,
where you find other tribes who are not as high ranking as that,
battleships, okay, they weren't as high ranking as Winnemucca sumiya. So they within themselves would have different rankings.
Now we're going to mention maybe just because there's a,
a couple of important incidents that happen just before
the birth of Rasulullah sallallahu.
in our next lesson, we'll start talking about the birth of loss or the loss of a loved one, and then how it
how it occurred, what happened around around that particular time, but there are two things important to mention. The first one is Abdulmalik,
who was the grandfather of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi salam, and at one point in time, would actually be the legal guardian one, one who looked after the Prophet sallallahu occurred for about two years or so.
was known to have a highest rank amongst a Polish well known person, but his stasis his status grew even further, when he was the one who we discovered the well of zamzam.
As you know, the story that Ibrahim alayhis salam, he left his wife left her job, and it's my epsilon. And he went away and while the least that I went away, that they came out of came across water
a spring of water which was to be the well of zamzam. Over a period of time that became lost over a period of time that became lost. And he had a dream up to the multimillion dollar had a dream, when he was told to dig, dig a paver. To dig.
It was given different names to dig l Barbara playbar, meaning something good, something Barbara, which has something to do with goodness and righteousness, and he was confused as to what is I'm supposed to take on board what is this mean? Eventually, in the dream, he was told that it is a well, and he went with one of his sons to find the wind and the world is found. And when the weather was sunny, claimed it claimed kind of
control over it. So this gave him a higher rank or high status within within the community. This is an important
incident that occurred
the birth of Rasulullah sallallahu.
Secondly, a very important incident and the fact that there was revelation from Allah subhanaw taala is a real concerning this. And this is the story of field, the elephant on Abraha, from Yemen, who
wanted to essentially change
the dynamics of what was occurring in Morocco, the P instead of the people going to Makkah as a trade route, kava place that people would congregate on, that he wanted them to come to a Yemen from that direction. So as you know, that he
gathered an army, and he wanted to go to Makkah and to destroy the tab. And Allah subhanaw taala mentioned this sort of field, which is chapter 105 of the Quran.
So this is another important incident. And at that time, the years they were
not counted as we accounted for in 2015 1436. They didn't have that they used to name the years by a particular event that occurred in that particular year. That's how that they would know and follow time. So something occurred in that year, oh, that was the year of the elephant, when so and so came and then they were they were destroyed. So, this is a second
important incident that occurred in the year of the birth of Rasulullah sallallahu. And when he said
he will stop in Charlottetown, because the next topic we will go on, is to talk about the lineage of beloved Nabi sallallahu alayhi salam, and how Allah subhanaw taala chose him from amongst the Quraysh so until our next lesson, Monica multicam was a lover of cinema and on the Vienna Muhammad line earlier he was suffering