Tafsir Series – Al-Baqarah [2_1-4]
Channel: Wasim Kempson
File Size: 26.46MB
West London, Cultural Centre
Hello man Hello him and hamdulillah Hello I've been I mean wa Salatu was Salam or I should have an MBA at USC you didn't want to sell him now Vienna Mohammed in one early he wasabi he a Jemaine were bad.
So, continuing with the Tafseer of Surah Al Baqarah
and we begin with verse number two this lesson where Allah subhana wa tada he says
the early Kalki tabular way Buffy hudl pin
and the meaning of this verse is that this is the book which there is no doubt
which contains guidance which has guidance for the mood in the pious.
So the early Kalki turb This means you might say in English, this book,
this book what we're talking about, ie Alcor en the book that was revealed to the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
So this book, now a Buffy, which has no doubt in it, the word arrived means to have doubt. Another word for a job in Arabic is sure to have any doubt in a matter.
Hey, Allah subhanaw taala is saying narroway Buffy according to some of the scholars, this is Allah subhanaw taala prohibiting the believers to have any doubt in the revelation that was sent down.
Now we also find in sorta to sajida which is another chapter in the urn in verses number one and two at the beginning of this chapter, what Allah subhanaw taala says similarly talking about not having any doubting or earn, and if meme tunzi Rokita Billa Ray Buffy mila bilad I mean,
that this book would have been revealed 10 zero keytab the revealing of this book loughrea Buffy which has no doubt in it, from the Lord of the worlds
Now there are two ways of reciting this particular verse 30 Kalki tabula leray but he wouldn't have been if you look at the most half. You'll find that above above the word arriva there are three dots in a triangular kind of shape.
And also above fee that Bamian There are also three dots.
This means it is permitted for you to stop on one of them it is not permitted for you to stop at both.
So when you recite to this area, you can say the early Kalki tabular array
or you can say the early Kalki tabular array Buffy
Okay, these are two stoppages that you can make
when reciting this
it is preferable that you stop on the second one both are permissible. But it is preferable to stop on the second one, if you're going to stop that is. So you so you say early Kalki taboola or Eva Fie,
who the limit.
Now why is it preferable? Because if you stop on the early qlt terrible lie Buffy
This is the book which has no doubt.
Who doesn't live up in a guidance for the pious. Here you find that it is a guidance for the pious is the description of the whole core and
who the limit again is the entire core urn is a guidance for the 13
whereas if you stopped the early Kalki tabular array, this is a book which has no doubt
in it is a guidance for the pious IE that there is within it a guidance for the pious.
Now there's a slight change in the way that it is said
in the majority of the meaning, but the way that it is said it is more in the second way. The first way stopping the early Kalki tabula rasa, Larry Murphy, who again had there was more emphasis. There's more emphasis and saying that the whole Quran is the Huda limit Akin is a guidance for the pious so it is permitted for you
To stop it both however, it is a blog, it is more emphasis in describing local and as a book of guidance for the motorcade when you stop on the second
okay. So, this are an
the guidance that you find in the car earn is something specific to who
is a guidance which is given to everybody
what is guidance? This is important for us to understand first and foremost,
even Kathy or Mr. lhota Allah He says that there are essentially two types of guidance
which in Arabic You say he Daya guidance, there is something called hida to
the guidance of evershed which means to guide to show to clarify,
this is something which all of us we have the ability in our own hands, I have the ability
to explain to people to show people, this is correct. This is incorrect. This is valid, that's invalid. Now, a person accepting that that's not in my hands. So have the ability to clarify what guidance is all of us have that you clarify, this is Tao hate, this is shark. This is accepted by Allah subhanaw taala. This is not accepted by Allah subhanaw taala. This is called hidayatullah earshot.
And this is where Allah Subhana Allah says in Surah, two short or in verse number 52. We're in Nicoletta, the LLC oil team, Mr. Kim.
In this verse, Allah subhanaw taala says addressing the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and indeed you, Daddy, you guide you show to what is the straight path. So whenever you sell, Allahu Allah you send them would show people
what the guidance of Allah subhanaw taala was and what it is.
However, the second type of heda the second second type of guidance, which is known as he Daya to tofik
the guidance of success or the guidance of acceptance, where you have taken the initial steps of clarifying and showing what guidance is, but you can't guarantee that that person will accept it.
Okay, you may not be able to convince them that this is or Islam is the truth. They might not. They may say for example,
they may say for example, I don't believe that I don't that believe that to be true. I believe something else. I don't accept that.
It's not in your hands to force that person for that person to have certainty in their heart, that actually, they believe it. So the guidance of success and acceptance on behalf of the other person whom you're speaking to, or the people that you're speaking to, that's not in your hands. who's in control of that? That is in control, only by Allah subhanaw taala
where Allah Subhana Allah says in Surah, casas in verse number 56, in a colored demon, but indeed, you do not guide whom you love.
But it is Allah subhanaw taala who guides whom He wills, and he said penalty it is the all knowing of those who are to be guided.
The best example
to illustrate this is the uncle of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam Abu Talib.
Now he looked after and supported the Prophet salallahu alayhi wa sallam
for more than 40 years.
More than 40 years he supported and looked after and protected. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam before he was a messenger before he was a prophet. And when he was chosen by Allah subhanaw taala to be a prophet and messenger, he still still protected him, still stood between the Prophet sallallahu wasallam and the persecute persecution and the punishment of the flesh.
upon his deathbed, the Prophet sallallaahu Addison went to him, explained to him to to embrace Islam to say la ilaha illa law and that he would vine on his behalf in front of Allah subhanaw taala. He said to Abu Talib, I will speak on your behalf. Now, if a person knows that they are on their deathbed
They can say anything, they can make any decision knowing that the consequences aren't going to mean very much because I'm not here with you anymore. I can say what I like
if I had the ability to do I'd like to do it because very shortly I'm not going to be here with you anymore so there are no consequences to that.
So if he wants to become a Muslim
he wouldn't care what the people would say about him why because I'm dead.
There's no consequences to that. However,
even that be it is me. He did not accept Islam.
And also pinata Allah reminded and the view sallallahu reminds us all in Nicola demon.
You do not guide whom you love.
Well, I can not lie it Manisha. But it is a loss of power to Allah guides whom He wills subhanho wa Taala. So, these are the two different types of guidance
okay. So based upon this, you find that this special type of guidance, which Allah subhanaw taala gives to people
is only given to certain people that is not given to everybody. You do not find that the earth is filled with meaning.
You do not find every person on earth following the deen of Islam, you don't find that it's a reality. In fact, the Muslims are a minority.
They are the minority. Most people disbelieve in Allah subhanaw taala.
So this guidance Allah subhanaw taala chooses and gives to certain people.
It gives it subpanel to Allah to the Motoki in the mini in the believers. And it also says in Surah Al Islam in verse number 82
one unit zillo mineral core, and we have indeed revealed from this for an MA Hua Shiva, that what is a cure warahmatullah meaning and a mercy. For who? meaning for the believers. What are you see the volley mean? illa cassara and it only serves to the oppresses the wrongdoers that they are at a loss, it is a loss for them.
And he says Rahim Allah to Allah Hadith early communal iottie Allah, Allah to me be nothing.
And there are other verses where Allah subhanaw taala demonstrates and tells us shows us that is only the believers who will truly benefit from this Korean.
Why because the loss of pinata fi NFC, some mobile nappsa huzzah. Hooda a loss of home by himself called this core an houda. A source of guidance.
La Lu abrar.
Only the really pious and the best of people will ever attain this. This guidance
as the last panel to Allah says in Surah two Eunice in verse number 57.
Yeah, are you 100 recorded sukhadia at motiva to become one Shiva Lima is sudo wahoo mottolino meaning
that all mankind indeed there has come to you and admonition from your Lord and a cure for that what is in your chests and the guidance and the mercy for the believers? It is a houda it is a guidance for the believers.
So when Allah subhanaw taala guides anyone person to the deen of Allah to Allah Islam, you should be eternally as much as you can. As long as the last one Allah gives you life, to be thankful to Allah subhanaw taala that he gave you, Islam that he gave you guidance.
So Who are they?
Who are these pious people?
They are, as Allah subhanaw taala describes this is one opinion, who are the most Akin. They are those whom Allah subhanaw taala continues to describe
in the following verses and livina You mean on a bill of Avi were up more and offsider those who believe in the unseen and who establish the prayer, they are the mood again, this is one opinion.
that the mood again of those who are afraid and aware of the punishment of Allah subhanaw taala. So therefore, they stay away from anything which would then
make them accountable
punishable by Allah subhanaw taala So, then therefore, they follow the guidance, they follow the guidance, they are aware what is haram. So they stay away from that.
And they have hope, in the mercy of Allah subhanaw taala and they have full certainty and belief and trust in that what was revealed to them,
these are the who are talking Oh,
so, they are who they are those whom are aware of the punishment of Allah subhanaw taala. So, therefore,
they are aware of the guidance and stay away from that so they don't receive the punishment of origin, like alcohol, the person is aware that it is, it has been made haram by Allah subhanaw taala. The guidance the revelation has told us that so the person stays away from involving themselves in any way shape or form of alcohol.
And as I mentioned to you, the other opinion concerning who are the more talking Well, they are the verses who come after they come after this they describe
who the tequila engineer Atari Rahim Allah Allah says, that all of this is correct.
The following verses you describe that they have believe in the unseen and establish the prayer and the following verses Yes, that is correct. And also they are aware of the guidance and then therefore stay away from the harm. They have hope in Allah subhanaw taala is mercy. And they have full belief, and that what was revealed to them, that is also correct.
So sometimes you may find different explanations,
different approaches in understanding a verse in the Quran, like this one, somebody says this, and somebody else says that, it doesn't mean we have to accept one and reject the other. If both are sound meanings, both are valid interpretations of that verse. We can accept both
and they give you a richer and fuller meaning and appreciation for the revelation.
Allah subhanaw taala then says
so we have dealt with early Kalki tabula rasa Buffy who then
this is a book within which that there is no doubt
and it has guidance. And it is guidance or the Quran is guidance, a source of guidance for the pious
Allah Vina, you may know and I believe,
Allah subhanaw taala then continues to describe
the people and levina those who believe in the vape was alive, alive is the unseen.
You may know in a bit of hype, I they believe, and trust
in everything that they have been informed about, concerning the unseen.
So an understanding of human noon is to believe, to trust to accept
from them about Jaffa, Razi araby, Abu Anas, ie that the meaning of umino is shown
to have or to have fear of the unseen.
So you've known from the word Amen, to have full certainty in one's heart
to believe in it.
So as for a man, it means to believe to trust to accept
how, however, when we are talking from not just a linguistic perspective, we're talking from a shadowy Islamic perspective, because it's important for you to know that there are words that existed amongst the Arabs that they would use and had meanings to them.
For example, a man
for example, what does the man mean in the old Arab time, it means that we accept we believe
it didn't mean the, the definition that we're going to give in terms of it is to have a belief with certainty. Okay, in the articles of faith, which involve that you're raising and going down involves actions involves actions of the heart, then the statement we'll discuss there shortly. The Arabs understood a man to mean truthful. There are times when you find these words
that are found in the Quran and the linguistic understanding
The linguistic meaning is that what is intended?
Okay? Whenever you find a word in the Quran, we are primarily to understand that word in what context
we have to understand that word in its Islamic context.
Okay, the word Salah, which you know is prayer, was originally known by the Arabs just to mean Dre to supplicate to call.
So whenever you find the word do ye do that? Whenever you find that in the Quran, primarily, our first understand that we will try to arrive at is the Islamic meaning.
The word Salah I should say probably is not the word Salah. Whenever you find the word Salah in the Quran, we will understand it as what the Salah that we are talking about. So when Allah subhanaw taala This is what your partner's salah
and established the prayer, it doesn't mean established you're
a man it means established the prayer that you know which begins with to compete Allahu Akbar and finishes, finishes with taslim.
if you find words in the Quran, which the Islamic meaning is not what is intended beyond that will go to the linguistic meaning.
So for example, when Allah subhanaw taala talks about
the use of the word Amen.
In the story of use of LS lm in verse number 17,
when Allah Subhana, Allah says wormer and Toby, many letter, word min is mentioned.
Now the word min from the word Amen. Was the process that we're going to go through we want to understand these words from the Islamic context from the last panel has given these added meanings to these words, does the word warmer and meaning that you are not a believer in us? I from the word Eman in terms of actions of the heart and the tongue and the limbs and imagine going up and down? No, we take the linguistic meaning here that you're not a person who believes in us because the word Eman can mean to believe in.
Okay, whereas when our loss of penalty either is talking about or matters of demand, for example, lol Levine moonwalk mila solly heard what else are we happy What are also visible Eman is used here. This is in the Islamic sense, the Eman sense in that it has to do with actions. actions of the heart. actions of the tongue and actions of the bodily limbs statement of the tongue, a man going up and down.
So this is the meaning of of Amen.
And levena You mean wanna be like, what is the context of the meaning of the word you mean believing here is just a belief. It is Islamic context,
that that person has certainty and acceptance that is part of that Amen. Part of their creed part of their faith that they have in accepting the hype. So what is a hype?
What is the intended meaning by a Lipe the unseen, it is translated as
some of them they interpreted as
those who have belief in Allah, the angels, the books, the messengers and the last day in the gender in the Hellfire and meeting Allah subhana wa tada
and that they have believed in the life after death, and that they believe in the resurrection.
For her the Laban kulu that is all the unseen
some of the amount that they say some of the celibacy I label, Allah called n, some interval and labored unseen as Nicole and
others, they say, I'll call the
divine or predestination
others that they see
as a viable man and a biller for God and a beloved whoever is believed in a law has believed in the unseen
so let me know and I'd be like, those who believe in the unseen
while you're Ki Moon, Euler tower, min Rosa Kona, whom you own
Those who up masala the establish the prayer
well me merasa corner whom and that what we provide for them Allah subhanaw taala providing for them up
in a burst about the Allahu anhu he said a karma to solar. It remember Roku was through dude what Taylor
is the completion of perfection of Roku, of bowing of prostrating and reciting that's really establishing the Salah.
And to to face Allah subhanaw taala with the prayer
cortada Rahim Allah to Allah He said apama to Salah is Al Maha rather to Allah wa key to establishing the prayer is praying the prayers on their times
and Alamo however, protecting and performing the wallboard properly and doing the record properly and doing the sujood properly
does the establishment of a solar
warm in Morocco movie going on that we provided for them unifi goon they will give that and they will share it
they will give it to others.
This is concerning as some of the development they said zakka to unworldly him this occur that is due upon them
a berhak Rahim Allah to Allah from the tablet and he said
there was a time before the yet were revealed concerning the obligation of the care that people would give charity.
According to what they wanted to give.
If they wanted to give a lot, they would give a lot. If they wanted to give a small amount, they'd give us a small amount, until
they add to the verses which obligated the specific amounts the revelation that came talking about the specific amounts of
Zika. So, before these ayat came down, people could give charity as they like on give a little bit, give a little bit, you give as you like,
you find in many places in the world, where Allah subhanaw taala joins together
in the matters of Salah
while in our communal world, where a person is encouraged to give money.
So, you find salah and giving charity or sadaqa with many times you find that they are mentioned together.
For in masala indeed the prayer is the right of Allah subhanaw taala that he has over his servants
and that is compromised or made up of comprised of a towhead
making a loss of panatela unique and only turning to Allah subhanaw taala alone and praising him
and calling upon him and having trust in Him.
That is the hack of Allah, the Huck the writer that our last panel has over us
as forgiving charity, then this is the right that the others are the human beings that they have over us.
So you as an individual reading this,
you know that Allah subhanaw taala has a right over you. And you know that your fellow man or woman has a right over you as well.
The right of Allah subhanaw taala is that you establish worship to him alone.
And that those who are in need around you they have a right over you and that you are to help them by giving them charity.
So as a reminder for us, that Allah subhanaw taala mentions his Huck the greatest right to worship Him alone and then immediately for you to remember the rights of those
who have needs.
And then he mentioned Rahim Allah to Allah the hadith of Abdullah abnormal radi Allahu anhu
that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said it's a hadith both found in both Bukhari and Muslim booni al Islam Allah comes in, that Islam is built upon
the justification that there is no one worthy of worship except Allah and that Muhammad Sallallahu wasallam is the Messenger of Allah, the establishing of the prayer,
the giving of zerker fasting the month of Ramadan and performing the hajj.
Here you find
Shahada to Allah, Allah, Allah Allah is that person's belief, declaration of faith
is the hug the right that Allah subhanaw taala has over you, according to sada establishing the prayer the right that Allah subhanaw taala as has over you. So you declare your faith.
You declare your submission to Allah Spano to either and then the next pillar is the right that Allah subhanaw taala has over you.
And then thirdly, he tells occur and then there's the Huck of mahalo. There is the right of the creation,
in the charity that they are due
from the eight different categories that are mentioned in sort of the tober in verse number 16.
Then even Cathedral Rahim Allah to Allah mentions the different meanings of of a Salah that we can lemon up in this speech of the Arabs that the Salah, it means a drought.
Then when the word Salah is used within the revelation, it has added meanings
and of course, that is that those specific actions and statements which begin with tech beer, and the end with a taslim.
Then Allah subhanaw taala says one levena You mean una Bhima de la la wa Uzi Lamin kabhi Lika bill ferati whom up noon and those
who have a man in that was revealed to you.
O Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam were my own Zilla, amin pavelec and that was revealed before
and that in the hereafter that they have full certainty.
In a bustle of the Allahu anhu, he said concerning those who have belief in that was revealed to you or Mohammed sallallahu alayhi salam that was revealed before you, you said deikun that they accept and they believe in everything that was given to us by Allah subhana wa Tada.
And that was revealed to all the previous messengers, the euphoria, qubino home, and that they do not differ between them.
And they do not deny lage huduma merger
that they do not deny anything that what that they came with, from the load,
what we'll hear it whom up noon, and that in the hereafter that they are have full certainty, ie have full certainty in the resurrection, and the standing in the paradise and the hellfire. And the accounting of one's deeds and the weighing of one's deeds.
And it is called an era the Hereafter is because it occurs after what happens in this life.
Then, and this is the last point that we're going to mention in shallow data
the Morpheus, the rune that they have different of those who have been described in this ayah here.
Those who have believed in that what was revealed to you and believed in what came before as well.
Who are these people?
Yes, of course, they're all meaning they're believers.
Looking at just generally they're they're believers, Allah subhanaw taala is describing the believers here.
But is there
a finer meaning to who these particular people are or not? Here, the more first one that they have different?
The first opinion is that those who are being described here,
every believer, whether they are from, you know, the Arab, the believers from the Arabs, or the minnow Al Kitab, or the believers who came from a hallowed keytab
Now, it's important for you to know that at the time of the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, there were people who were known as Jews and Christians.
And then when Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam came.
This was in fact a fulfillment of what was previously revealed to the Jews and Christians.
So when Mohammed sal Allahu Allah Islam came with the Quran came with this message, and they believed
in Mohammed sallallahu wasallam they are seen as
true believers in what the true revelation of Musa and Isa and MSM, because they inform the coming of Mohammed sallallahu wasallam.
So the first opinions that those who are being described here
are those who are considered all believers, whether they are from the believes of Arabs, or the believers of Alvin keytab. So the believers of vanilla keytab, they are clear to you. As for the believers of the Arab, they were once mostly corn. They don't have a background in accepting revelation from the Injeel on the tiller, they don't have that they were polytheists
they just came and accepted all the prophets in one go.
There's a difference between the two. Yes.
The Kitab had a belief in all previous previous prophets, and then when Mohammed Salah Salim came then they fulfilled and had belief in all the prophets, the polytheists they didn't believe in any prophets. They just upon accepted Mohammed sallallahu Sallam at that time, then accepted all of messengers and prophets all at one time.
So those who have been described here are just all believers, whether they are believers
or believers from the Arabs. How long do we have left for?
The second opinion
it is addressing the momento Al Kitab. is talking about the believers from the idol keytab.
Those who embraced Islam from the atoll keytab.
The third opinion is that those have been described in this ayah
Firstly, is addressing
Well, as you know, you may want to be my own Zilla, like those who believed in that was revealed to you from the beliefs of the Arabs.
When my own Zilla means public, and that what was revealed before you
from the Injeel and the Torah, this was addressing and this is addressing the believers who came from a little keytab
and this is the choice of engineer povery Rahim Allah the last the last opinion that the beginning part of the verse
is concerning the Arabs who embraced Islam and the second part is talking about those who embraced Islam from from Al Khattab
and he will stop inshallah tada and continue with explanation on the last part of this verse. And the remaining verses inshallah to Allah and the scribing of the believers. Until next week, as I come on, oh head was Allah Allah wa Sallim wa barik ala nabina Muhammad while early he wasapi Mima salaam aleikum wa rahmatullah wa barakato.