Tafsir Series – Al-Baqarah [2_17-20]
Channel: Wasim Kempson
File Size: 22.21MB
West London, Cultural Centre
Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim at hamdulillah Hamden cohered on to even more water confy
Salatu was Salam ala I should have an MBA, I see you the more serene now Vienna Mohammed in while early he was on the edge of marine.
Continuing with Tafseer of pseudo Takara we reached
the beginning of verse number 17 onwards. And here our last panel to either
gives some examples
of the reality of the monarch cocoon
and other previous lessons we have, more importantly the previous
verses that we have discussed are all talking about
the monarchy and the hypocrites
their behavior, how they interact in different situations when they're with Muslims when they're with the believers and when they're when or when they're with others.
So here Allah subhanaw taala gives two examples concerning the monarch cocoon.
So Allah subhanaw taala says method room,
but their example is come fll edisto cada na philam elbow at mahalo who the hyperbola will be no Rahim. mataranka homefries illuma till you will see rune.
So he will also pinata. Allah begins by saying that their example
is that of one who kindled a fire. his so called an IRA is that they have requested somebody to kindle a fire.
But when it illuminated when this fire became light, what was around him? Allah subhanaw taala took away their light or taraka houfy Lulu met and left them in darkness. So they could not see
someone book more not only on for whom let your own Deaf dumb and blind. So they will not return to the path or to the correct path.
That is the first example of the allegations concerning the motor vehicle and the second example is our class A B minor summer iffy he
he alone. MFI then he Minnesota at heavy oil note, while la humo. Haytham will bill Catherine
your capital Baku obasan Kula abajo Allah Masha fee will either have a llama la in Carmel whether OSHA Allahu La Habra seminary him whatever sorry him in Allah Allah cliche in college.
Or the second example is like a rainstorm from the sky, within which it's darkness, thunder and lightning, that they put their fingers in their ears against the thunderclaps in dread or fear of death.
But Allah subhanaw taala is encompassing of the disbelievers. Indeed Allah is over all things competent.
So in these ayat Allah subhanaw taala
draws two examples of the condition of the munafo.
One example with fire. And another example with water.
Because that wood is present in water and fire in terms of the qualities of illumination, beaming and the life giving, as both fire providing light and water, an element of life. Allah subhanaw taala contains these in the revelation, or the Quran that descended from a summer event descended from the heavens, as a light and a life for the hearts of the people. I fire can be considered an element is important for life, the existence of life, and water likewise, so many times you find that no one is talking about in this manner,
that whoever accepts this new this light shall enjoy living in the light. And whoever does not take heed, are spiritually dead in darkness.
That he so panatela informed us of the condition of the munaf yakun concerning their gain from this note from this revelation
that they are like ones who tried to light up a fire.
And this is how
the first example begins in verse number 17 methylome come FLL this stelco de nada for the one who is trying to put a fire and light up something around them to you to illuminate themselves
so that they may benefit from from
And due to the entering into Islam, so that they believe they would believe that they will enjoy the light and benefit from the light and illumination when they are with the believers, but when the association with the disbelievers, the other people that light was taken away, and this light is taken away from their heart.
This is why when we look very carefully,
that Allah subhanaw taala says describes them methylome can methylene that is called an Allah. They are ones who
kindled a fire.
And then when that illuminated around them, the hub Allah will be due to him, that Allah subhanaw taala took away the light.
Now fire has different properties, it has heat, Allah subhanaw taala did not say that he takes away the fire.
But Allah subhanaw taala took away the new two allies, which then took away the benefit of that, what they of course know his Islam, but that note was taken away from them so that they could not benefit from it.
So Allah Subhana Allah says they have Allah habenula him that Ally's or gel removed what benefits from them, and this is the light and left them with that what would harm them. And that is the darkness and the fire and smoke.
What tobacco home feed Lulu met and that Allah subhanaw taala left them in darkness is not just one darkness Vollmer. But over lumut allies of the left them with their doubts, Allah subhanaw taala left them with their disbelief and their hypocrisy.
There you will see rune that they will not be able to see that they are unable to find the correct path or find its direction.
So that they were with the Muslims wanting to show so we understand the method that is given that they are seeking this fire this light to illuminate what is around them by being with Muslims by being around Islam.
But then Allah subhanaw taala took that away from them.
And an ally soldier left them in darknesses and that what we mean by that left allies, we left them in their disbelief and in their hypocrisy and in their doubts.
So Sun Moon, that they were deaf, layers metal hub,
that they would
not be able to hear the truth, then it doesn't mean literally that they won't hear the truth they will hear the Quran
and Allah subhanaw taala mentions in Surah two and fell in verse number 21 what Allah subhanaw taala says while at CU can live in colusa Mariana
Allah Jalla says do not be like those who see we have heard and in fact that they have not heard.
ie do be like those who say yes, we have heard but they haven't heard either they have not benefited, they have not been guided. So a person may literally hear something, but they are not benefiting from that.
So here Allah subhanaw taala says that they have been left as soon as the one who is like the deaf person that they cannot hear or benefit from the guidance. And also Bookman that they are like dumb that they cannot speak, they cannot utter the words that might benefit to them. Leon tickle Huck, they're unable to speak the truth and Ramune that they are blind, because this light has been removed from them, that they are not there in total darkness and deviation.
So where it started so pleasantly for them wanting to have this light and illumination.
Allah subhanaw taala allowed them to have that and then it was taken away.
Allah subhanaw taala took that away from them.
So this is the first example or the first method concerning the monarch cocoon one type of monarch, one type of hypocrite.
And it's very important to understand the example that allies of jet has given us. So we'll just read through what the meanings are, again, that their example is the one who like who wanted to kindle a fire to benefit from its light. But when it illuminated what was around him and his husband, Cassio Rahim Allah says, immortality says that, at the very beginning, they may have benefited from that light. They have seen the note of Islam, but then they turned away from it.
And it's very important to make sure make sure it is clear that they did see what Islam was, but they chose to turn away from it. Because of that they never saw the reality of Islam.
They never saw that true nor maybe they haven't. But we have an excuse. But allies, we didn't allow them to see the niceness and the beauty of Islam and then it was taken away from them because of their corrupted hearts. So, their example is the one who kindled a fire, but when it illuminated what was around him, Allah subhanaw taala took away that light and left them in darkness, so that they could not see they got to a stage where they were like deaf, dumb and blind, so that they will not return to the straight paths.
So, some benefits that we can take from this as well as well as the understanding is the establishment of Ps of making an analogy.
He allies or Dell has given us an example that we can make analogies with other matters. So to understand certain issues,
we also take from this idea that
that the Mona Lisa vehicle over him No, there is no nor that there is no light in the hearts of the hypocrites.
And even though at one particular time nor was showing to them, it was removed and it disappeared.
Also we take as a benefit
that a lot of penalty either in making them deaf, dumb and blind, Allah subhanaw taala has left them.
And anyone who lost a pinata because I lost one of Alice's tarraco home tarraco Humphrey lumut left them in the disbelief and the hypocrisy and the adults thought I go home. And if Allah subhanaw taala leaves an individual because of the hypocrisy or disbelief for herrlich then that person ultimately will be destroyed.
For because he has no node has no light, he has no guidance. There is no Salah there was no righteousness or goodness about that person.
And also we take the benefit that the monarch may listen. They may listen to the Quran, they may listen to the revelation, but they do not benefit from it.
And it is very important for us that when we are talking to certain individuals, you can relay and explain the revelation to them about depending on their heart, they may or may not know or may never benefit from that.
Revelation and we mentioned the verse in Surah two and further in verse 21, to support that.
Now the second example that Allah subhanaw taala gives
is a condition in relation to water to water parable.
As the companions of the same asleep it is a rain that pours down and descends as when it rains you make drown you say Allahumma Eben nursia or alarm make this a beneficial rain.
A beneficial downpour so it was so yep, is a downpour. It's rain nafi either from the word never means to benefit. So when it rains you make a lot of Maasai beneva
so sleep is that rain the pours down and descends from the sky. However he Allah subhanaw taala says our cows soybean minister Murphy he's rumored
that this rain is being sent down in a state of darkness.
This rain has been sent down in a state of darkness.
And it has a rod
and it has Thunder will bark and it has lightning
How do they react to this, that they put their fingers in their ears against the thunderclaps in dread and out of fear of death. But Allah subhanaw taala is encompassing of the disbelievers Indeed Allah Israel is over all things competent.
So here as Dibble master road and even a bearse are the alotta on whom
they said here the soil is the rain without any doubt
and that it is fearful
that this rain that has come to them, the new rain is a beneficial matter, something that benefits people it gives life. However, fee rumoured that is in a state of darkness for them, and in the darkness that they have. This means that they're in a state of doubt, that in a state of disbelief, they're in a state of their hypocrisy.
And here this rod is the funds that shocks their hearts with fear as usually, as usual that they monatti upon usually are full of fear and anxiety.
Allah subhanaw taala describes them.
And another verse where Allah subhanaw taala says, Yes, Abu Nakula. So he had in early him that they think every cry every raised voices against them, they're always in a state of, you know, anxiety and panic.
So this is the state and allies of Dell is giving us these examples, you had the liberty will fly, that we can ponder over and think about it. And bearing in mind that the analogies are being used here, that rain is coming down
in the state of darkness, that that person is unable to see. And that there is thunder, and that there is lightning. And when a person is in such a state, that there is a great fear
and unknowingness of what is next because as a human being, when you're placed in the unknown, you cannot see and there are noises and it is cold and is blowing, especially at nighttime. It can be very, very frightening time for the human being just like the monarchic.
So here Allah subhanaw taala says concerning
examples, like the thunder and the lightning, this is due to the weakness of their vision and their minds, they're unable to see they're unable to see the warnings that admonitions, the commandments, the prohibitions, the evil consequences of their actions.
And the mode of address that resembles the lightning bolts that the various pitch black, and then you see that light that comes to them, that they're able for a split second to see what is in front of them and then they move forward. And then when that light disappears, then they stop.
First there is the condition of the one who is struck by rain in the darkness with thunder and lightning. And due to his weakness and fearfulness. He puts His fingers in his ears, out of fear lest a bolt of lightning may strike him. And we and others have observed many times. This is what if not pay him but he says many times when immature students from strange and deviated sects, whenever they hear anything from the ayat and authentic hadith, about allies, or just attributes, opposing their belief that they turn away from them, as though they're frightened, frightened animals freeing fleeing from a lion.
And then they say, close this door upon us and read to us something else.
this lightning as opencoffee, either, he says, this bark, is in reference to the light of faith that is sometimes felt in the hearts of the monarchy. In
this book, this example about a loss of power because lightning doesn't it's not constant, it comes from time to time. But this is the light of a man or the light of faith that is sometimes felt or shown to the monarch. But because of the volmer because of their doubts, that they put their fingers in their ears, in, in fear of the thunder
that the lightning as a Lost Planet, Allah says your care toolbar Kuya tofu basato.
The lightning almost snatches away their site meaning because the lightning is so strong itself, and because their comprehension is weak, and does not allow them to embrace and benefit from this light from this Amen.
So Allah subhanaw taala snatches away their sight, they are unable to benefit from it.
For them, abort,
Abort Allah Masha, Fie,
Kula, abort Allah Michelle Fie. That whenever it flashes for them, that they walk they're in for that split second there was a light for them and they remove they move forward. I that whenever the hypocrites acquire a share in the victories of Islam.
They are content with this *. And whenever Islam suffers a calamity, that they're ready to revert to disbelief.
And this is as the example as a penalty Allah gives us in Surah Al Hajj. Amin an se May Allah Allah have then there are those people from mankind to worship Allah azza wa jal on the edge.
If good befalls him, he is content with him with that and if a difficulty
afflicts him, then he curses that and he curses the dunya
so cool llama abor Allahu machelle fee when the light comes to them they walk into it with the alpha llama la him calm.
And whenever it flashes them they walk. And then when the darkness then covers them again, that they stand still,
that they recognize the truth and they speak about it. So the speech is upright.
When that light disappears, they revert to their disbelief and they again fall into confusion.
Consequently, because of this, on the day of judgment, Allah subhanaw taala will give the believers are no will give the believers a light.
And this light will illuminate over a distance of several miles if not more,
some people's light will glow more than others. And for others, their light may extinguish that it may go out.
And there will be those people that when they are over the Sirat the bridge which goes over jahannam there will be those that will have a light at the beginning. And then suddenly the light will extinguish and there will be darkness for them.
And there will be those who have no light at all, and that they will attempt to cross this bridge.
And Allah subhanaw taala tells us in chapter 57 verse 13, a loss of eternal dialysis. Yo ma yaku una una llamada Lila de una Nikita baesman Noriko Taylor de la Akuma fel Tammy surah. On the day when the hypocrites from the men and women of the hypocrites they will say to the believers wait for us, let us get something from your node from your light, it will be said to them go back to the rear. go seek a light
and also Allah subhanaw taala either
says again in an ayah previous to this actually, and chapter 57 in verse number 12 in the meaning of the day that you shall see the believing men and believing women their light, yes, our new roman ad will be a man him that the light that nor are we running before them and on their right hands musharaka mooli Oh Leone glad tidings for you on this day.
Jenner to integer Demian Helen Hart
on this day Gardens under which rivers flow will belong to them.
So this is the know the light that Allah subhanaw taala will give to the believers and the nor that has been taken away from the modality and that they live in the darkness.
So even cafe Rahim Allah Allah now giving these two examples,
says that consequently, advisor gel has spoken about and described many different types of people. There are the believers at the very beginning of this verse in the first four ayat from two to five Eliza describes the meaning.
And then also pinata Allah describes in the next two I add
from number six and seven allies origin describes the disbelievers and then the next category Eliza gel describes many seafair toward characteristics of the Mona Hoon, of the hypocrites.
And he Eben kisi Rahim Allah tala says based upon the example the two examples actually that we have just spoken about one with fire and water with water that there are two types of munaf here
two types of munaf
the complete hypocrite, which is mentioned in the example of the fire,
because he is described as someone boeckmann Ramune for him layer on deaf, dumb and blind they will never return.
This is a complete Mona.
The second example is a little different.
In and he calls it the hesitant hypocrite whose light of faith just like the lightning comes to them from time to time.
That Eman comes to them at times and then it disappears.
The second one is not as evil and misguided as the first one.
So here Allah subhanaw taala if you look at it very carefully talks about two types of hypocrite.
Therefore Allah subhana wa tada divided mankind into different categories.
Even the mean on the believers that they have different categories and they have different
levels as he mentions, Allah subhanaw taala mentions them times as a Serbia Poon, word on the foreigners, those who preceded and then the ones who are a boon, those were brought nearer. And then our last panda says us hi boulia mean the companions of the right. So the more we know that there are levels and likewise the monarchy have gone that they are of levels as well.
There is the complete the complete monarchy, complete hypocrite as described in the first parable, the parable of the fire. And then there is the hesitant.
The hesitant munafo where a man or node will come to them from time to time.
The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said and it's an Hadith in Sahih Muslim,
that whoever has three characteristics fella man couldn't be here, Ken amona unharnessed whoever has three characteristics will be a pure hypocrite.
And whoever has one of the following three characteristics will have one of the characteristics of hypocrisy. So here this supports the view of even Kathy Rahim Allah tada that there are munaf yakun, who are pure hypocrites. And then there were hypocrites who have traits, as mentioned in this Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam.
Unless and until he gives it up. So that person has one of these characteristics and it remains with Him He will have a trait of hypocrisy until he
gives it up. What are these traits?
Whenever he speaks, he tells a lie whenever he makes a covenant, that he proves treacherous, and whenever he is interested, he breaches the trust.
If a person has these three characteristics, he is a pure monopoly.
Hence, a person might have both a part of faith in their heart and also hypocrisy.
as this hadith stipulates or increase
the verse number 20, in silicon abakada mentions, and likewise the guru, the hearts of people that they also are different types. And there was a longish Hadith in which the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, Al kulu
and this hadith is in the Muslim of
Imam Ahmed Rahim Allah to Allah. Al kulu Baba, there are four types of heart, the polished, shiny heart, then there is the sealed heart.
And then there was a heart that is turned upside down. And then there was a heart that has been wrapped. Okay, so there was a polished heart, shiny as a radiating lump. The second one is a sealed heart. There's been tied and sealed. The third one is the heart that has been turned upside down.
And the fourth one is a wrapped heart.
So the one that has polished and shine, of course is the heart that is full of a man.
The heart that has been sealed is the heart of the disbeliever. First heart is the heart of the believer. The second one is the heart of the disbeliever sealed.
And then the third one is the heart eye that is the heart has been turned upside down as the heart of the pure hypocrite
because he had knowledge, but denied it.
And as for the wrapped heart is a heart that contains belief and hypocrisy.
So here the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam further went on to explain that a nefab has done our job as well
has different levels. Believe excuse me, believers are of different levels.
to prefer those who disbelieve are different levels in their arrogance and their disbelief.
And likewise the moon African.
So Allah subhanaw taala.
Then we're going on back to the a, what our last panel says.
After we just recap quickly, cool lemma abor Allahu machelle fee of Allah Ali income, that
when the light comes to them, that they move forward in it. And when the darkness comes, then they stop. Well, I will share a law and if Allah subhanaw taala will
never have a law hoby seminary him whatever sorry him.
And if Allah willed, He would have taken away the hearing and their sight in Allahu Allah cliche in crowded
Indeed Allah subhanaw taala is over all things competent and able.
So if Allah subhanaw taala willed, He would have taken away their hearing and their sight, because they abandoned the truth. After that they had knowledge of it.
In Allah Allah Khalifa in pudiera lies which reminds us all that Allah subhanaw taala is able to punish or pardon His servants, as He wills Subhanahu wa Tada. And this is one of the important benefits that we take from this particular verse here, that Eliza gel is either coalition coded for the last panel and is not restricted by anything. But our last panel to is over all things able and competent.
And here we will stop inshallah, to Allah. And in the next lesson, we'll take the verses, where Allah subhanaw taala, addresses mankind
to worship Him. And then Eliza jelly reminds them of the blessings that were given to them.
So it is important to look forward to the verses that will take next time but given your life to Allah, but also ponder over
these verses. And as we were explaining them now trying to understand the parable, the lives of Joel is given to us.
And then we go further into Tafseer, to read another book, the nature of how we should be, is to return to record and and to look at these examples again, and just ensure that really, I do understand the example that allows whatever is given to me. And maybe I understand more than I understood previously. And who knows that if I come back to this verse again versus again, that I understand even more than next time, may Allah subhanaw taala increase us in our knowledge, and pondering over the book of Allah subhanaw taala or sallallahu Sallam robotic under the Vienna Mohammed one early he was going to be married