Tafsir Series – Al-Baqarah [21-4]
Channel: Wasim Kempson
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Episode Transcript ©
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Bismillah al Rahman al Rahim Al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil Alameen wa Salatu was Salam ala Ashraf al Anbiya he was seated in Mora Salim nabina. Muhammad in whiner early he was off, be he Jemaine were bad
So, continuing with the Tafseer of Surah Al Baqarah.
And we begin with verse number two this lesson where Allahu Allah subhanaw taala he says,
the early Cal Kitab Allah ye Buffy poodle, Lil Qin.
And the meaning of this verse is that this is the book, which there is no doubt
which contains guidance, which has guidance for the mother tongue in the pious.
So thoroughly Kalki Turb This means, you might say in English, this book,
this book, what are we talking about? I Al Quran, the book that was revealed to the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
So this book, literally Buffy, which has no doubt, in it, the word rape means to have doubt. Another word for rave in Arabic is shocked to have any doubt in a matter.
He Allah subhanaw taala is saying, Now Ray, Buffy, according to some of the Scholars, this is Allah subhanaw taala prohibiting the believers to have any doubt in the revelation that was sent down.
Now we also find in Surah, two Sajida which is another chapter in the Quran, in verses number one and two at the beginning of this chapter, what Allah subhanaw taala says similarly talking about not having any doubt in the Quran, and if meme tunzi Rule kita Billa or a Buffy he made love belied I mean
that this book has been revealed 10 Zero Kitab the revealing of this book loughrea Buffy which has no doubt in it from the Lord of the Worlds
now there are two ways of reciting this particular verse. The early Kalki, tabular, loughrea Buffy who then Wilmot Turpin, if you look at the most half, you will find that a bar above the word arribar there are three dots in a triangular kind of shape.
And also above fie that balmy and there are also three dots. This means it is permitted for you to stop on one of them it is not permitted for you to stop at both.
So when you recite to this area, you can say the early Kalki tabular array
or you can say the early Cal key tabular array Buffy
Okay, these are two stoppages that you can make.
When we citing this idea,
it is preferable that you stop on the second one both are permissible. But it is preferable to stop on the second one if you're going to stop that is so so you say that early Kalki turbo low labor fee
who the little motor team
now why is it preferable? Because if you stop on the early Kalki turbo layout or you Buffy
This is the book which has no doubt
who the little motor teen a guidance for the pious. Here you find that it is a guidance for the pious is the description of the whole Quran.
Who that little metalcon is the entire Quran is a guidance for the Moroccan
whereas if you stopped there early Kalki tabular array, this is a book which has no doubt
in it is a guidance for the pious ie that there is within it a guidance for the pious. Now there's a slight change in the way that it is said
in the the not necessarily the meaning, but the way that it is said it is more in the second way. The first way stopping the early Kalki tabel, Elroy loughrea Buffy hudl metalcon had there was more emphasis there was more emphasis and saying that the whole Quran is the Huda. Linwood talkin is a guidance for the pious so it is permitted for you
to stop at both. However, it is a blog. It is more emphasis in describing the Quran as a Book of guidance for the moutain when you stop on the second
the guidance that you find in the Quran is something specific to who
is a guidance which is given to everybody.
What is guidance? This is important for us to understand first and foremost.
Even cathedra Rahim Allah Allah he says that there are essentially two types of guidance
which in Arabic You say he Daya guidance, there is something called he Daiya to
the guidance of a shed which means to guide to show to clarify,
this is something which all of us we have the ability in our own hands, I have the ability
to explain to people to show people, this is correct, this is incorrect, this is valid, that's invalid. Now, a person accepting that that's not in my hands. So have the ability to clarify what guidance is all of us have that you clarify, this is tell hate, this is shook. This is accepted by Allah subhanaw taala This is not accepted by Allah subhanaw taala This is called Hidayatullah Rashard
and this is where Allah Subhan Allah Allah says in surah two Shura in verse number 52. We're in Nicoletta de LLC or our dream team.
In this verse, Allah subhanaw taala says addressing the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and indeed you, Daddy, you guide you show to what is the straight path. So and W sallallahu alayhi wa sallam would show people
what the guidance of Allah subhanaw taala was and what it is.
However, the second type of hidayah the second second type of guidance, which is known as he Daya to Tofik
the guidance of success,
the guidance of acceptance, where you have taken the initial steps of clarifying and showing what guidance is, but you cannot guarantee that that person will accept it.
Okay, you may not be able to convince them, that this is what Islam is the truth. They might not. They might say, for example,
they may say, for example, I don't believe that. I don't believe that to be true. I believe something else. I don't accept that.
It's not in your hands to force that person for that person to have certainty in their heart, that actually, they believe it. So the guidance of success and acceptance on behalf of the other person whom you're speaking to, or the people that you're speaking to, that's not in your hands. Who's in control of that? That is in control, only by Allah subhanaw taala
where Allah subhanaw taala says in Surah Al cosas, in verse number 56, in Nicola demon, but indeed, you do not guide whom you love.
But it is Allah subhanaw taala who guides whom He wills and he subhanaw taala is the old knowing of those who are to be guided.
The best example
to illustrate this is the uncle of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi Salatu was Salam Abu Talib.
Now he looked after and supported the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam
for more than 40 years.
More than 40 years he supported and looked after and protected. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam before he was a messenger before he was a prophet. And when he was chosen by Allah subhanaw taala to be a prophet and messenger, he is still a batalik still protected him, still stood between the Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam and the persecute persecution and the punishment of the Kurdish.
Now, upon his deathbed, the Prophet salallahu Alaihe Salam went to him, explained to him to to embrace Islam to say La Ilaha illa Allah and that he would vie on his behalf in front of Allah subhanaw taala. He said to Abu Talib, I will speak on your behalf. Now, if a person knows that they are on their deathbed
They can say anything, they can make any decision, knowing that the consequences aren't going to mean very much because I'm not here with you anymore. I can say what I like.
If I had the ability to do I'd like to do it because very shortly, I'm not going to be here with you anymore. So there are no consequences to that.
So if he wants to become a Muslim,
he wouldn't care what the people would say about him. Why because I'm dead.
There's no consequences to that. However,
even that be it is me. He did not accept Islam.
And Allah subhanaw taala reminded and abuse Allah Allah who reminds us all in Nicoletta demon
you do not guide whom you love.
Well I can Allah demon Yeshua but it is Allah Subhana Allah guides whom He wills subhanho wa taala. So these are the two different types of guidance
okay. So based upon this, you find that this special type of guidance, which Allah subhanaw taala gives to people
is only given to certain people that is not given to everybody. You do not find that the earth is filled with me noon.
You do not find every person on earth following the deen of Islam, you don't find that it's a reality. In fact, the Muslims are a minority.
They are the minority. Most people disbelieve in Allah subhanaw taala.
So this guidance Allah subhanaw taala chooses and gives to certain people.
It gives it subhanaw taala to the motorcade, meaning the believers and it also says in Surah Al Islam in verse number 80, to
one unit zero mineral Quran that we have indeed revealed from this Quran, ma Hua Shiva, that what is a cure warahmatu little meaning and a mercy. For who? Linen what meaning for the believers. What are you see the volley mean? Ill Cassara and it only serves to the oppressors, the wrongdoers that they are at a loss, it is a loss for them.
And he says Rahim malata Elia Heidi thurley, Camino, de la Alexia Sol Sol mean inevitable Quran
and there are other verses where Allah subhanaw taala demonstrates and tells us shows us that is only the believers who will truly benefit from this Quran.
Why? Because Allah subhanaw taala Fein FC some Moodle NAFSA huzzah mo Hooda? Allah Subhan by himself called this Quran who the a source of guidance.
La Jana Lu il Abrar.
Only the really pious and the best of people will ever attain this, this guidance
as Allah subhanaw taala Allah says in surah two unis in verse number 57
Yeah, are you hon Sukhadia at Como Ivatan become mushy. Lima is pseudo Wahoo Don't worry moto limit meaning
that all mankind indeed there has come to you and admonition from your Lord and a cure for that which is in your chests and the guidance and a mercy for the believers. It is a Houda it is a guidance for the believers.
So when Allah subhanaw taala guides Anyone person to the deen of Allah to Allah Islam, you should be eternally as much as you can, as long as Allah subhanaw taala gives you life to be thankful to Allah subhanaw taala that he gave you, Islam that he gave you guidance.
So who are the 13? Who are these pious people?
They are, as Allah subhanaw taala describes us as one opinion, who are the Moroccan they are those whom Allah subhanaw taala continues to describe
in the following verses and livina Umino Nabil of AB were up more in Australia, those who believe in the unseen and who established the prayer, they are the mood talkin this is one opinion.
that the mood Ducane are those who are afraid and aware of the punishment of Allah subhanaw taala. So therefore, they stay away from anything, which would then
make them accountable
punishable by Allah subhanaw taala so, then therefore, they follow the guidance, they follow the guidance, they are aware of what is haram. So they stay away from that
and that they have hope in the Mercy of Allah subhanaw taala and they have full certainty and belief and trust in that what was revealed to them,
these are the who are the 15 or
so, they are who they are those whom are aware of the punishment of Allah subhanaw taala. So, therefore,
they are aware of the guidance and stay away from that so, they don't receive the punishment of Allah azza wa jal like alcohol, that person is aware that it is it has been made haram by Allah subhanaw taala. The guidance the revelation has told us that So, the person stays away from involving themselves in any way shape or form of alcohol.
And as I mentioned to you the other opinion concerning who are the Moroccan well, they are the verses who come after that come after this they describe
who the mattina Ibn God or a Tabari Remo Lata and he says that all of this is correct.
The following verses you describe that they have believed in the unseen and established the prayer and the following verses Yes, that is correct. And also they are aware of the guidance and then therefore, stay away from the haram. They have hope in Allah subhanaw taala has mercy and they have full belief and that what was revealed to them? That is also correct.
So, sometimes you may find different explanations,
different approaches in understanding a verse in the Quran, like this one, somebody says this, and somebody else says that, it doesn't mean we have to accept one and reject the other. If both are sound meanings, both are valid interpretations of that verse. We can accept both
and they give you a richer and fuller meaning and appreciation for the revelation.
Allah subhanaw taala then says
so we have dealt with early Kalki Taboola, or a Buffy who done little metalcon This is a book within which that there is no doubt
and it has guidance. And it is guidance. i The Quran is guidance, a source of guidance for the pious
I Lavina. You may know and I believe
Allah subhanaw taala then continues to describe
a people a Levina those who believe in the vape was alive, alive is the unseen
you may know and believe it they believe and trust in everything that they have been informed about, concerning the unseen.
So an understanding of your Minjun is to believe, to trust to accept
from them about Jaffa Razi or Robby Abu Anas, ie that the meaning of you known is you're shown
to have or to have fear of the unseen.
So you've known from the word Iman, to have full certainty in one's heart
to believe in it.
So as for Iman, it means to believe to trust to accept
how, however, when we are talking from not just a linguistic perspective, we're talking from a shorter Islamic perspective, because it's important for you to know that there are words that existed amongst the Arabs that they would use and had meanings to them.
For example, Eman
for example, what did the mountain mean in the old Arab time? It means that we accept and we believe
it didn't mean the, the definition that we're going to give in terms of it is to have belief with certainty. Okay, in the articles of faith, which involve that your Eman, raising and going down involves actions involves actions of the heart and the statement. Okay, we'll discuss the shortening. The Arabs understood Eman to mean truthful. There are times when you find these words
that are found in the Quran and the linguistic understanding
or the linguistic meaning is that what is intended?
Okay? Whenever you find a word in the Quran, we are primarily to understand that word in what context
we are to understand that word in its Islamic context.
Okay. The word salah, which you know is prayer, was originally known by the Arabs to mean dua to supplicate to call.
So whenever you find the word dua, ye do that. Whenever you find that in the Quran, primarily, our first understand that we will try to arrive at is the Islamic meaning.
The word salah I should say probably is not the word salah. Whenever you find the word Salah in the Quran, we will understand it as what the salah that we are talking about. So when Allah subhanaw taala this is what he promised Salah
and establish the prayer it doesn't mean established you're
a man it means establish the prayer that you know which begins with to create Allahu Akbar and finish with finishes with to Salim.
if you find words in the Quran, which the Islamic meaning is not what is intended behind that will go to the linguistic meaning.
So for example, when Allah subhanaw taala talks about
the use of the word Eman
in the story of Yusuf alayhi salam, in verse number 17.
When Allah subhanaw taala says a worm and Tabby mini letter, word Minh is mentioned.
Now the word movement from the word amen was the process that we're going to go through we want to understand these words from the Islamic context from the word Allah Samantha has given these added meanings to these words does the word one and mini Lenin that you are not a believer in us i from the word Iman in terms of actions of the heart and the tongue and the limbs and Eman going up and down? No. We take the linguistic meaning here that you're not a person who believes in us because the word Eman can mean to believe in
Okay, whereas when Allah subhanaw taala is talking about or matters of the mind for example, il Lavina moonwalk AMILO Solly. Heard you were to also Bill happy what will also be sub Eman is used here. This is in the Islamic sense, the Eman sense in that it has to do with actions. Actions of the heart, actions of the tongue, and actions of the bodily limbs, statement of the tongue, human going up and down.
So this is the meaning of of Amen.
And Lavina. You mean we're gonna be like, what is the context or the meaning of the word you mean own believing here is just a belief. It is Islamic context,
that that person has certainty and acceptance that is part of their Eman part of their creed part of their faith that they have in accepting the hype. So what is hype?
What is the intended meaning by a laborer, the unseen, it is translated as
some of them they interpret it as
those who have belief in Allah, the angels, the books, the messengers and the last day in the Jannah in the hellfire and meeting Allah subhanaw taala
and that they have believed in the life after death, and that they believe in the resurrection
for her the reyburn Kulu that is all the unseen
some of the element that they see some of the set of the see a label aliquot en Some interpret and rabid unseen as the Quran
others they say Al Qaeda,
divine or predestination
others that they say I label man man a biller for called the man a beloved whoever is believed in Allah has believed in the unseen
so I love you know, let me know and I believe those who believe in the unseen
while you're Ki Moon or sila tower min Rosa corner whom you own
and those who up masala they establish the prayer
while me Mel rasa corner whom and that we provide for them Allah subhanaw taala providing for them. You feel Khun Ibn Abbas Radi Allahu Anhu he said a karma to Salah it murmur Roku was to do what tilava
is the completion of perfection of Roku, of bowing of prostrating and reciting, thus really establishing the Salah
and to face Allah subhanaw taala with the prayer
cortada Rahim Allah to Allah He said a Palma to Salah is Al Moo have other two other ma TT her the establishing the prayer is praying the prayers on their times.
And I'll more half other protecting and performing the widow properly and doing the record properly and doing the sujood properly.
Thus establishment of the Salah,
well me Marissa Connor, whom you have your own and that we provided for them unicorn that they will give that and they will share it
they will give it to others.
This is concerning as some of the development they said the care to unworldly him the care that is jus upon them
of the HAC Rahim Allah to Allah from the tablet and he said
there was a time before the yet were revealed concerning the obligation of the care that people would give charity.
According to what they wanted to give.
If they wanted to give a lot, they would give a lot. If they wanted to give a small amount, they'd give us a small amount until
the A to the verses which obligated the specific amounts, the revelation that came talking about the specific amounts of
Zika so before these Ayat came down, people could give charity as they like, only give a little bit of give a little bit, you give as you like.
You find in many places in the Quran, where Allah subhanaw taala joins together
the in the matters of Salah
while in our communal M world, where a person is encouraged to give money.
So you find Salah and giving charity or sadaqa That was many times you find that there are mentioned together
for in the Salah of indeed the prayer is the right of Allah subhanaw taala that he has over his servants
and that is compromised or made up of comprised of a towhead
making Allah subhanaw taala unique and only turning to Allah subhanaw taala alone and praising him
and calling upon him and having trust in him
that is the hack of Allah the hug the writer that Allah Spano has over us
as forgiven charity, then this is the right that the others are the human beings that they have over us.
So you as an individual reading this area,
you know that Allah subhanaw taala has a right over you and you know that your fellow man or woman has a right over you as well.
The right of Allah subhanaw taala is that you establish worship to Him alone
and that those who are in need around you they have a right over you in that you are to help them by giving them charity
so as a reminder for us that Allah subhanaw taala mentions his Hawk the greatest right to worship Him alone and and immediately for you to remember the rights of those
who have needs
and then you mentioned Rahim Allah to Allah the hadith of Abdullah ibn Umar Radi Allahu Anhu Ummah,
that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa said this hadith bone found in both Bukhari and Muslim Booney al Islam who Allah comes in, that Islam is built upon five
the justification that it was no one worthy of worship except Allah and that Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam is the Messenger of Allah, the establishing of the prayer,
the giving of zikr fasting the month of Ramadan, and performing the hajj.
Here you find
shahada to Allah, Allah, Allah Allah is that person's belief, declaration of faith
is the HAC the right that Allah subhanaw taala has over you, with a comment of Salah, establishing the prayer the right that Allah subhanaw taala has has over you. So you declare your faith,
you declare your submission to Allah subhanaw taala. And then the next pillar is the right that Allah subhanaw taala has over you.
And then thirdly, he tells occur. And then it was the Huck of mahalo clean. There was the right of the creation,
in the charity that they are due
from the eight different categories that are mentioned in Surah tilbyr In verse number 60.
Then even cathedra Rahim Allah Allah mentioned the different meanings of of Salah, that the Colombian Arab, in this the speech of the Arabs that the Salah, it means a DUA,
then when the word Salah is used within the revelation, it has added meanings
and of course that is that those specific actions and statements which begin with tech beer, under the end with a taslim.
Then Allah subhanaw taala says, well Lavina you may know in a Bhima zero a lake, one Uzi Lamine kabhi Lika, wobble Herati, who knew pinion and those who have Iman? In that what was revealed to you?
Oh Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam were my own Zilla mean Pavelec and that was revealed before
and that in the hereafter that they have full certainty.
Ibn Abbas Radi Allahu and Houma. He said concerning those who have believed in that what was revealed to you owe Muhammad sallallahu alayhi salam that was revealed before you. You said the Quran that they accept and they believe in everything that was given to us by Allah subhanaw taala
and that what was revealed to all the previous messengers love you for the corner, they know him and that they do not differ between them.
And they do not deny lineage whodunnit merger EU merger,
that they do not deny anything that that they came with, from the Lord
will here at home up noon, and that in the hereafter that they are have full certainty, ie their full certainty in the resurrection, and the standing in the Paradise and the hellfire. And the accounting of one's deeds and the weighing of one's deeds. And it is called an ark era, the hereafter is because it occurs after what happens in this life.
Then, and this is the last point that we're going to mention the shallow data
the amorphous, the rune that they have different of those who have been described in this idea here.
Those who have believed in that what was revealed to you and believed in what came before as well.
Who are these people?
Yes, of course, they're all known. They're believers.
Looking at just generally that the believers, Allah subhanaw taala is describing the believers here.
But is there
a finer meaning to who these particular people are or not? Here the amorphous you'd wonder they have different?
The first opinion is that those who are being described here
are every believer,
every believer, whether they are from the United Arab, the believers from the Arabs, or meno, Al Kitab, or the believers who came from Al Kitab.
Now it's important for you to know that at the time of the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi, salam, there were people who were known as Jews and Christians.
And then when Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wasallam came.
This was in fact a fulfillment of what was previously revealed to the Jews and Christians.
So when Muhammad sallallahu alayhi, Salam Cain with the Quran came with this message, and they believed
in Muhammad Sallallahu sallam, they are seen as
True believers in what the true revelation of Musa and Isa administer them, because they inform the coming of Muhammad Sallallahu sallam.
So the first opinion is that those who are being described here
are those who are considered all believers, whether they are from the beliefs of the Arabs, or the believers of Al Kitab. So the believers of Al Kitab, they are clear to you. As for the believers of the Arab, they will once more surely Kuhn, they don't have a background, and accepting revelation from the Injeel, or the Torah, they don't have that. They were polytheists.
They just came and accepted all the prophets in one go.
There's a difference between the two years.
The Al Kitab had a belief in all previous previous prophets. And then when Mohammed Salah Salem came then they fulfilled and had belief in all the prophets, the polytheists, they didn't believe in any prophets. They just upon accepting Muhammad Sallallahu sallam, at that time, then accepted all of messengers and prophets all at one time.
So those who are being described here are just all believers, whether they are believers from Al Kitab, or believers from the Arabs, how long do we have left further?
The second opinion
it is addressing the meno al Kitab is talking about the believers from the Al Kitab
those who embraced Islam from the Al Kitab.
The third opinion is that those who have been described in this area
firstly is addressing
well Lavina you may not want to be my own zealot the lake those who believed in that was revealed to you from the beliefs of the Arabs.
Were my own Zilla mean public, and that what was revealed before you
from the Injeel and the Torah, this was addressing and this is addressing the believers who came from Al Kitab.
And this is the choice of urban Judea poverty. Rahim Allah, Allah Allah the last opinion that the beginning part of the verse
is concerning. The Arabs who embraced Islam and the second part is talking about those who embraced Islam from from Allah al Kitab.
And he will stop inshallah to Allah and continue with explanation on the last part of this verse. And the remaining verses inshallah Allah and the scraping of the believers. Until next week is a kimono head was Allah Allahu wa sallim wa barik ala Nabina Muhammad while early he was savoured, you may know Solomonic Muhammad Allah what a kettle