Tafsir Series – Al-Baqarah [217-20]

Wasim Kempson

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Bismillah al Rahman al Rahim Al Hamdulillah Hamden cathedral even water confy

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salat wa salam O Allah Asha Phil MBE we'll see it in more saline Nabina Muhammad in while early he was off the Jemaine

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continuing with Tafseer of Surah Al Baqarah. We reached

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the beginning of verse number 17 onwards. And here Allah subhanaw taala

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gives some examples

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of the reality of the monarch cocoon

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and other previous lessons we have, more importantly the previous

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verses that we have discussed are all talking about

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the mafia calling the hypocrites

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their behavior, how they interact in different situations when they're with Muslims when they're with the believers and when they're when, when they're with others.

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So here Allah subhanaw taala gives two examples concerning the monarchy Kuhn.

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So Allah subhanaw taala says meta loom,

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but their example is Camila listo cada Nara for lemma elbow at mahalo who the hub Allahu venuti him Mataranka homefries Aluma till you will see rune.

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So here Allah subhanaw taala begins by saying that their example

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is that of one who kindled a fire his so called an aura is that they have requested somebody to kindle a fire.

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But when it illuminated when this fire became light, what was around him? Allah subhanaw taala took away their light, while Taraka Humphrey Zulu met and left them in darkness, so they could not see.

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So monbulk More not only on for whom labeled your own deaf, dumb and blind, so they will not return to the path what we do correct path.

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That is the first example that US pantalla gives concerning the motor vehicle and the second example is our car three year B Mina Santa Fe valamar. Two

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year J alone. MFI Vernie Minnesota AP have already melt Walla humo. Haytham will bill Kathleen

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Kennedy will bark who ever saw Ron Colima a bore measure fee will either have LMRA in camo with OSHA Allah hula Habibi seminary him whatever sorry him in Allah Allah militia in cadets.

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Or the second example is like a rainstorm from the sky, within which it's darkness, thunder and lightning, that they put their fingers in their ears against the thunder claps in dread or fear of death.

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But Allah subhanaw taala is encompassing of the disbelievers. Indeed, Allah is over all things competent.

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So in these ayat Allah subhanaw taala

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draws two examples of the condition of the motor vehicle.

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One example with fire, and another example with water

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because that what is present in water and fire in terms of the qualities of illumination, beaming in the life giving, as both fire providing light and water, an element of life. Allah subhanaw taala contains these in the Revelation, or the Quran that descended from a summer day when descended from the heavens, as a light and a life. For the hearts of the people. A fire can be considered an element is important for life, the existence of life and water likewise, so many times you find that no is talking about in this manner,

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that Whoever accepts this new this light shall enjoy living in the light. And whoever does not take heed, are spiritually dead in darkness.

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That he subhanaw taala informed us of the condition of the Mona Lisa Kuhn, concerning their gain from this note from this revelation

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that they are like ones who try to light up a fire.

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And this is how

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the first example begins in verse number 17 methylome QMF Iliadis Stelco Dinorah for the one who is trying to put a fire and light up something around them to you or to illuminate themselves

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so that they may benefit from from

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MIT and due to the entering into Islam, so that they believe they would believe that they will enjoy the light and benefit from the light and its illumination when they are with the believers, but when they association with the disbelievers, the other people, that light was taken away, and this light is taken away from their heart.

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This is why when we look very carefully,

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that Allah subhanaw taala says described them methylome can methylene that is still an aura. They are ones who

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kindled a fire

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and then when that illuminated around them, the hyperbola will be due to him that Allah subhanaw taala took away the light.

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Now fire has different properties, it has heat, Allah subhanaw taala did not say that he takes away the fire. But Allah subhanaw taala took away the new took Allah's region took away the benefit of that, but they of course know his Islam. But that note was taken away from them so that they could not benefit from it.

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So Allah subhanaw taala says they have Allah who we know to him that Allah azza wa jal removed what benefits from them and this is the light and left them with that what would harm them and that is the darkness and fire and smoke.

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watada Humphrey, the Lumet and that Allah subhanaw taala left them in darkness is not just one darkness Wilma, but over rumored, Allah has already left them with their doubts. Allah subhanaw taala left them with their disbelief and the hypocrisy.

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Low you will see rune that they will not be able to see that they are unable to find the correct path or find its direction.

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So that they were with the Muslims wanting to show so we understand the method that is given that they're seeking this fire this light to illuminate what is around them by being with Muslims, by being around Islam.

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But then Allah subhanaw taala took that away from them.

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And then Allah azza wa jal left them in darknesses. And that what we mean by that left Allah as we left them in their disbelief, and in their hypocrisy, and in their doubts.

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So Sun Moon, that they were deaf, lay Yes, metal Hawk,

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that they would

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not be able to hear the truth. And this doesn't mean literally that they won't hear the truth they will hear the Quran.

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And Allah subhanaw taala mentions in Surah twill and fell in verse number 21. Where Allah subhanaw taala says, while at uku Ken Levine called who Submariner will whom, yes, maroon?

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Allah azza wa jal says do not be like those who say we have heard and in fact that they have not heard.

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Ie Don't be like those who say yes, we have heard but they haven't heard either they have not benefited, they have not been guided. So a person may literally hear something, but they're not benefiting from that.

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So here Allah subhanaw taala says that they have been left as soon as the one who is like the deaf person that they cannot hear or benefit from the guidance. And also Bookman that they are like dumb that they cannot speak, they cannot utter the words that might benefit to them, Lian tickle, Huck, that they are unable to speak the truth and Ramune that they are blind, because this light has been removed from them, that they are not there in total darkness and deviation.

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So where it started so pleasantly for them wanting to have this light and illumination.

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Allah subhanaw taala allowed them to have that and then it was taken away.

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Allah subhanaw taala took that away from them.

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So this is the first example or the first methyl concerning the mafia Kuhn, one type of monarchy, one type of hypocrite.

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And it's very important to understand the example that Eliza gel has given. So we'll just read through what the meanings are again, that their example is the one who like who want to to kindle a fire to benefit from its light. But when it illuminated what was around him, and is it as it because here rahamallah sales Mortara says that at the very beginning they may have benefited from that light. They have seen the note of Islam, but then they turned away from it.

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And it's very important to make make sure that is clear that they did see what Islam was, but they chose to turn away from it because of their never saw the reality of Islam

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They never saw that true nor maybe they haven't, because it but we have an excuse. But Allah azza wa jal allowed them to see the niceness and the beauty of Islam and then it was taken away from them because of their corrupted hearts. So, their example is the one who kindled a fire, but when it illuminated what was around him, Allah subhanaw taala took away the light and left them in darkness, so that they could not see they got to a stage where that they were like deaf, dumb and blind, so that they will not return to the straight paths.

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So, some benefits that we can take from this A as well as well as the understanding is the establishment of Ps of making an analogy.

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He Allah azza wa jal has given us an example that we can make analogies with other matters. So to understand certain issues.

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We also take from this idea that

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that the Mona Lisa can lace a vehicle over him No, there is no nor that there is no light in the hearts of the hypocrites.

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And even though at one particular time Nora was showing to them, it was removed and it disappeared.

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Also we take as a benefit

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that Allah subhanaw taala in making them deaf, dumb and blind, Allah subhanaw taala has left them

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and anyone whom Allah Subhan Allah because Allah subhanaw taala says Tada Cohoon Tarraco Humphrey Zulu Mert left them in the disbelief and the hypocrisy and their doubts. Tada go home. And if Allah subhanaw taala leaves an individual because of the hypocrisy or disbelief for who Halleck then that person ultimately will be destroyed.

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For because he has no node has no light, he has no guidance. There was no Salah there was no righteousness or goodness about that person.

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And also we take the benefit that the munafo code may listen. They may listen to the Quran, they may listen to the revelation, but they do not benefit from it.

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And it is very important for us that when we are talking to certain individuals, you can relay and explain the revelation to them about depending on their heart, they may or may not know or may never benefit from that.

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Revelation and we mentioned the verse in Surah, two unfurl, in verse 21. To support that.

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Now the second example that Allah subhanaw taala gives

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is a condition in relation to water, the water parable,

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as the companions of the Sahib are so yep, it is a rain that pours down and descends as when it rains you make dua, you say Allahumma sigh Gibbon nerf er, go Allah make this a beneficial rain.

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A beneficial downpour, so it won't say yep, is a downpour, it's rain. nerfing from the word never means to benefit. So when it rains you make dua, Allahu Maasai, but never.

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So Sahib is that rain that pours down and descends from the sky. However, he Allah subhanaw taala says, I will call soya bean minister, if he rumoured

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that this rain is being sent down in a state of darkness.

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This rain has been sent down in a state of darkness.

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And it has a rod

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and it has thunder while bark and it has lightning

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how do they react to this, that they put their fingers in their ears against the thunderclaps in dread and out of fear of death. But Allah subhanaw taala is encompassing of the disbelievers indeed Allah is real is over all things competent.

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So here as Ibn Mr. Rude and the Buddha bursts are at the alotta Allah and whom

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they said here the soil here is the rain without any doubt.

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And that it is feels rumoured that this rain that has come to them due no rain is a beneficial matter. Something that benefits people it gives life. However, Fi he will emerge that is in a state of darkness for them. And in the darkness that they have. This means that they're in a state of doubt that in a state of disbelief, and they're in a state of the hypocrisy

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and hear this rod is the fund that shocks their hearts with fear as usually, as usual that they hit the moon of your own usually full of fear and anxiety.

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And Allah subhanaw taala describes them

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in another verse where Allah subhanaw taala says, Yes I buena Coolessay hatin early him that they think every cry every raised voices against them the default they're always in a state of you know anxiety and panic

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So, this is the state and Allah azza wa jal is giving us these examples, you had the people unfurl, why, that we can ponder over and think about it and bearing in mind that the analogies are being used here, that rain is coming down

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in a state of darkness, that that person is unable to see and that there is thunder and that there is lightning and when a person is in such a state, that there is a great fear

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and an unknowingness of what is next because, as a human being, when you are placed in the unknown, you cannot see and there are noises and it is cold and is blowing, especially at nighttime. It can be very, very frightening time for the human being just like the monarchic.

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So here Allah subhanaw taala says concerning

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these

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examples like the thunder and the lightning, this is due to the weakness of their vision and their minds that they are unable to see. They are unable to see the warnings, the admonitions, the commandments, the prohibitions, the evil consequences of their actions.

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And the mode of address that resembles the lightning bolts that if it was pitch black, and then you see that light that comes to them, that they're able for a split second to see what is in front of them and then they move forward. And then when that light disappears, then they stop.

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First there is the condition of the one who is struck by rain in the darkness with thunder and lightning. And due to his weakness and fearfulness. He puts his fingers in his ears, out of fear lest a bolt of lightning may strike him and we and others above observed many times. This is what ignored am Rahim Allah Allah he says many times when immature students from strange and deviated sects, whenever they hear anything from the yet and authentic hadith, about Allah azza wa jal has attributes opposing their belief that they turn away from them as though they are frightened, frightened animals freeing fleeing from a lion.

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And then they say, close this door upon us and read to us something else.

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So

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this lightning as opencoffee Rahim Allah Allah, He says, this book is in reference to the light of faith that is sometimes felt in the hearts of the minority within

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this book, this example about Allah subhanaw Because Lightning doesn't it's not constant, it comes from time to time. But this is the light of Eman, the or the light of faith that is sometimes felt or shown to the monarch. But because of the Volmer because of their doubts, that that they put their fingers in their ears in in fear of the thunder

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the lightning as Allah subhanaw taala says you can toolbar Kuya powerful Abbas

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that The lightning almost snatches away their sight meaning because the lightning is so strong itself, and because their comprehension is weak, and does not allow them to embrace and benefit from this light from this Amen.

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So Allah subhanaw taala snatches away their sight, they are unable to benefit from it.

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For limb elbow, for them, Obama vollum coulomb, Allahumma Shafi,

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coulomb Allah, Allah, Masha, Sophie, that whenever it flashes for them, that they walk they're in for that split second there was a light for them and they remove they move forward. I that whenever the hypocrites acquire a share in the victories of Islam.

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Their content contented with the shear and whenever Islam suffers a calamity that they are ready to revert to disbelief.

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And this is as the example of the last panel to Allah gives us in Surah Al Hajj Amina Nursey, may Allah Allah have then there are those people from mankind to worship Allah azza wa jal on the edge.

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If God befalls him, he is content with him with that. And if a difficulty

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afflicts him. Then he curses that and he curses the dunya

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so coulomb Allah, Allah whom Masha Alfie, when the light comes to them, they walk into it with the Avila Ma Li him calm.

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And whenever it flushes them they walk. And then when the darkness then covers them again, that they stand still,

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that they recognize the truth and they speak about it. So the speech is upright.

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When the light disappears, they revert to their disbelief, and they again fall into confusion.

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Consequently, because of this, on the Day of Judgment, Allah subhanaw taala will give the believers are known, will give the believers a light.

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And this light will illuminate over a distance of several miles if not more,

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some people's light will glow more than others. And for others, the light may extinguish that it may go out.

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And there will be those people that when they are over the spirit, the bridge which goes over Jahannam there will be those that will have a light at the beginning. And then suddenly the light will extinguish and there will be darkness for them.

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And there will be those who have no light at all, and that they will attempt to cross this bridge.

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And Allah subhanaw taala tells us in chapter 57 Verse 13, Allah subhanaw taala says, yo maya Kowloon Mona Hakuna Well, Mona, if you're caught who live in Milan Runa Nocta disminuir

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Taylor, G au whare Tamizh. Will Nora, on the day when the hypocrites from the men and women of the hypocrites they will say to the believers wait for us. Let us get something from your note from your light, it will be said to them go back to the rear. Go SQLite

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and also Allah subhanaw taala either

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says again in in the previous to this actually in chapter 57 In verse number 12 in the meaning of the day that you shall see the believing men and believing women their light yes, no Rohan bein ad him will be a man he him that the light that nor we running before them and on their right hands Musharaka moolah yo Coolio I'm glad tidings for you on this day.

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Jana to integer demon TL and her

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on this day Gardens under which rivers flow will belong to them.

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So this is the nor the light that Allah subhanaw taala will give to the believers and the nor that has been taken away from the morphine and that they live in the darkness.

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So Ibn cathedra Rahim Allah to Allah. Now giving these two examples,

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says that consequently, Allah azza wa jal has spoken about and described many different types of people. There are the believers at the very beginning of this verse in the first four or yet from two to five. Allah azza wa jal describes me noon.

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And then Allah subhanaw taala describes in the next two I get

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from number six and seven Allah azza wa jal describes the disbelievers and in the next category, Allah azza wa jal describes many Siefert what characteristics of the munaf goon of the hypocrites

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and here urban Cathy Rahim Allah Allah says, based upon the example the two examples actually that we have just spoken about one with fire and water with water, that there are two types of Mauna Kea,

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two types of monarchial.

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The complete hypocrite, which is mentioned in the example of the fire,

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because he is described as someone boeckmann Ramune formula yours your own deaf dumb and blind they will never return.

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This is a complete munafo.

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The second example is a little different

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in and he calls it the hesitant hypocrite whose light of faith just like that lightning comes to them from time to time

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that Eman comes to them at times and then it disappears.

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The second one is not as evil and misguided as the first one.

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So he Allah subhanaw taala if you look at it very carefully talks about two types of hypocrite

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Therefore Allah subhanaw taala divided mankind into different categories.

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Even the mean on the believers that they have different categories and they have different

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And levels as he mentions, Allah subhanaw taala mentions them at times as a Serbia Poon away alone, the foreigners, those who preceded and then the ones who are Ramune, those who are brought nearer. And then Allah Pantai says us Hubballi Amin, the companions of the right. So the more me known that there are levels and likewise the mafia corn that they are of levels as well.

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There is the complete the complete manava complete hypocrite as described in the first parable, the parable of the fire. And then there is the hesitant

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the hesitant munafo where a man or nor will come to them from time to time.

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The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said and it's an Hadith in Sahih Muslim

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that whoever has three characteristics fell off man couldn't if he can, and we're gonna have him on hard. So whoever has three characteristics will be a pure hypocrite.

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And whoever has one of the following three characteristics will have one of the characteristics of hypocrisy. So here this supports the view of ribbon Cahir Rahim Allah Tala, that there are monarchial goon, who are pure hypocrites. And then there are hypocrites who have traits, as mentioned in this hadith of the Prophet, sallAllahu, alayhi wasallam.

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Unless and until he gives it up. So that person has one of these characteristics and it remains with him he will have a trait of hypocrisy until he

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gives it up. What are these traits?

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Whenever he speaks, he tells a lie whenever he makes a covenant, that he proves treacherous, and whenever he has entrusted, he breaches the trust.

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If a person has these three characteristics, he's a pure malefic.

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Hence, a person might have both a part of faith in their heart and also hypocrisy.

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Whether indeed,

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as this hadith stipulates or in Crete,

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as

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the verse number 20, in Surah, Al Baqarah mentions and likewise the Kuru, the hearts of people that they also are different types. And there was a longish Hadith in which the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said, I'll Kulu Arbor and this hadith is in the most noble of

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Imam Muhammad Rahim Allah, Allah, Allahu Akbar that there are four types of heart, the polished, shiny heart, then there is the sealed heart.

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And then there was a heart that is turned upside down. And then there was a heart that has been wrapped. Okay, so there is a polished heart, shiny as a radiating lamp. The second one is a sealed heart. There's been tied and sealed. The third one is the heart that has been turned upside down.

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And the fourth one is a wrapped heart.

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So the one that has polished and shine, of course is the heart that is full of Imen.

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The heart that has been sealed is the heart of the disbeliever. First heart is the heart of the believer. The second one is the heart of the disbeliever sealed

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and then the third one is the heart die that is the heart has been turned upside down as the heart of the pure hypocrite because he had knowledge, but denied it.

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And as for the rapt heart is a heart that contains belief and hypocrisy.

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So here the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam further went on to explain that a new FARC has data just as well

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has different levels. believes, excuse me, believers are of different levels.

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To prefer those who disbelieve are different levels in their arrogance and their disbelief.

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And likewise, the Muna FICON

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so Allah subhanaw taala

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then we're going on back to the A, what Allah subhanaw taala says

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after we just recap quickly, qu lemma Allah Allahu Machelle fee waiver of Allah Allah him come that

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when the light comes to them, that they move forward in it, and when the darkness comes, then they stop. Well Oh sha Allah. And if Allah subhanaw taala willed,

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neither have Allah who will be sending him What about sorry him.

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And if Allah willed, He would have taken away their hearing and their sight. In Allah Allah Konishi in Cadet

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That indeed Allah subhanaw taala is over all things competent and able.

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So if Allah subhanaw taala willed, He would have taken away their hearing and their sight because they abandoned the truth. After that they had knowledge of it.

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In Allahu Allah Khalifa in perdere analyzer that reminds us all that Allah subhanaw taala is able to punish or pardon his servants, as He wills SubhanaHu wata either. And this is one of the important benefits that we take from this particular verse here, that Allah azza wa jal is either Felicia encoded, that Allah Subhana Allah is not restricted by anything. But Allah Subhana Allah is over all things able and competent.

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And here we will stop in sha Allah to Allah. And in the next lesson, we'll take the verses where Allah subhanaw taala addresses mankind

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to worship him, and then Allah azza wa jal reminds them of the blessings that were given to them.

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So it is important to look forward to the verses that will take next time but isn't your later either, but also ponder over

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these verses. And as we're explaining them, now, trying to understand the parable, the lies which was given to us.

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And then we go further into Tafseer will read another book, the nature of how we should be, is to return to the Quran and to look at these examples again, and just ensure that read I do understand the example that Allah is which was given to me. And maybe I understand more than I understood previously. And who knows that if I come back to this verse again, or verses again, that I understand even more the next time, may Allah subhanaw taala increase us in our knowledge, and pondering over the book of Allah subhanaw taala or SallAllahu wasallam Mubarak and interviewing him Muhammad Juan early he was be a generic