Beginning Classical Arabic Lesson 60

Tom Facchine

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The transcript is a series of disconnected sentences and phrases, making it difficult to summarize. The speakers discuss the use of plural in Arabic, including "fit," "fit," "fit," "fit," "fit," "fit," "fit," "fit," "fit," "fit," "fit," "fit," "fit," "fit," "fit," "fit," "fit," "fit," "fit," "fit," "fit," "fit," "fit," "fit," "fit," "fit," "fit," "fit," "fit," "fit," "fit," "fit," "fit," "fit," "fit," "fit," "fit," "fit," "fit," "fit," "fit," "fit," "fit,"

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Bismillah R Rahman Rahim Al hamdu Lillahi Rabbil Alameen wa salatu salam ala and I'm Celina Vienna for Latina Muhammad Allah He also the Salah was good to sleep

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on him that we may in fact on a one fat number that I left when I was in that element out of the land I mean Sudan when he called the Rasul Allah He would occur to everybody welcome to beginning classical Arabic. We are chugging right along hamdulillah and inshallah to Allah today we are going to finish our lesson on

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plurals and we're going to move on to

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Alright, Inshallah, thank you for letting me know and we're going to move on to something new and exciting inshallah Tada. So, here we go. We're at the end of the lesson.

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We have

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the exercise in front of us is hat hat. Remember we said it was mean a smell if it's one of these words that only exists in an

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in a command form, right hat? Bring

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hat Jen either Kelly met

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Al Attiyah. So literally bring the plural of the following words

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you know idiomatically write them okay great. So let's start with Sister Masada bots number one.

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Obviously we're not going to write them let's say them

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yes, on one on Mahat good. Having a tussle.

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I'm now careful. It's not even it's EB

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abou no

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but ABA, I don't know if we've had that yet. Have we had that? But

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good.

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Right back okay. Since it's just you too. Let's switch on. I don't need to tell you those just keep going.

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Yep.

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This is the trick. The trick because it's not on this wasn't it's not on this.

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It's not derived from this root word is from a different root word. Oh, yeah, there you go. Yep, trick question. Okay, good. Next one.

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A mod

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a mod. Yep, that's a nice straightforward one. Dr. Evil

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close careful bar if means week not guest

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Yeah, yes. Exactly. On the wasn't keep out save all Lee if Yep. was here. Next.

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Was was very good. Was our our.

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And final li this one.

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So SMAP that will Esma will her snap. Very good. Excellent work straightforward enough. Okay, following exercise, extra work to read and writes. The purpose of these words is to draw your attention to the Ozanne plural of wasn the phonetic patterns, which do not accept 10, Wien orchestra, the memuat Medisoft. So check out all of these I've gathered them for you all in one place. I'll skip all of them the Aquia I'll play the full court on Zoom. Allah was our our ruler. And as you can tell, these two are two separate patterns are stickball, Loomio football zoom a little. Why are they they they're similar. They're similar phonetic patterns, but they're slightly

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different. Because this one has an added Hamza in the beginning. Whereas with all of these, they begin with the first root letter. So if we were to try to write out the root word or the pattern that they are on, then it would be F or EU law.

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That wasn't or that phonetic pattern fit law

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is not going to solve

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and this would be simple simply for Isla.

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And the purpose of of a wasn't bringing it back to the three letter root.

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For iron lamb is just to be able to replicate it no matter what letters you're given. Right so these are slightly different.

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So Allah and fre la

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staccato of Neo upwey

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Bo

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Fukuro Zuma that was really

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good

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and we have a wonderful table here, a smart will ishara little buried. A smart wall. ishara are the demonstrative pronouns. A shout out means demonstrating or pointing to

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little buried means the ones that are four far away. I will move fraud, singular and l general plural and move that car masculine while more Anath.

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feminine, so they have a really nice break down here. That Lika Bali Boone Tilka Bali baton, hula Iike to lagoon, hula Iike Bali back to

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and then they're also showing you how the verb changes to that nice little in the law class. This is a nice little summary of everything that this chapter was trying to teach us. Mohammed Medina they have a

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Mohammed Mohammed doing what Ali Yunnan the Habu right how the past tense verb is conjugated for the third person plural. Maria Moo their habit, Natalie, Mo Mina to warfare Lima to the Heppner and how to conjugate the third person

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feminine plural for verbs

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and finally the roundup of the new the new vocabulary bar or even or for feminine bar ephah TUNE Week

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The plural is the iPhone careful not to mix it up with Ye fun blue phone which has guests and guests respectively Well none on my hair too and Edwin

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one

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girl we yearn strong aqui on that wasn't a very low that is member I'm going to start off I had Iman and it's plural or Elena also on also I'm not going to solve on the pattern of follow

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and that's it any questions before new lesson new material

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Okay, here we go at Dassault raw, the Isotta don't worry about numbers numbers are very complicated and they will be taught at the end I believe at the end of this book. So we have

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two speakers. I will fit here too.

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And a group of

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young people and Hammett so let's have a fit here to the system or rot and well haven't worked doesn't mean can be hammered. And away we go. Let's see what this lesson wants to teach us.

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Why do you want to learn how to

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about

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100 in Lehi K for her Nukem? Man I'm

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sorry.

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Your sound sounds very distant to me. Sorry, I can't

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be translating.

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I don't think it's necessary yet. But I will stop you right here. Because this is the point of the lesson. Now we're getting into second person. Yes, yes. Yes. Everything that we were talking about the last few lessons was about the third person, okay, dealing with everything possibly related to he or she they, whether it was when they were subjects or whether they were objects him, her them, whether it was nouns, whether it was verbs, right. The whole reason we got into pluralizing things in the first place was because we were talking about Third Person objects or people making them

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Oral and talking about them. Now we're switching over to the second person. So we're going to talk about, we're going to explore all the different ways in Arabic that you can address or we just said the language changes, when we are addressing somebody, excuse me directly, whether that's singular or plural, whether it's masculine or feminine, whether it's a noun or a verb, whether it's metaphor, or monsoon, or etc, etc. So the first thing we have here is Keita Hailu. Comb. You know, the way that we ask how you're doing in Arabic is to ask what your state is. Alcohol is a state is the state of something. Okay, and so what we have here is a possessive pronoun, literally, how is your state?

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Or if, depending on what part of the US you're from yalls state or a US state or, you know, we vary in idiomatic English, how we communicate the second person plural. But this is second person, plural. You're all state. And then we have men. And, Tom, who are you all, and this tells us that this is an honorific here. When one of the young people they said I'm me, I'm me that this is just a term of respect. They're not actually relatives. Right? He calls him my uncle, because he's an older person. And handmade is deserves to be talked about with some sort of honorific or term of endearment. So we have two things here, we have the

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possessive pronoun calm.

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Who, who's the respect? I'm not sure.

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Hamid is apparently older. And that's why the young guys they call him Yeah, I'm me. Oh, okay. They call them onto okay. Yes. He's actually plural and the common anthem is actually correct. Yes, he is asking the group. Yes. So it is literal here had to come. Here we see the they use for him cat. If they wanted to be super respectful, they would have used come, they would have used the second person plural, but they didn't. No problem. But he is using ham it is using the second person plural, because it's actual, actually reflective of the group of young people that he's talking to. So that's this possessive pronoun for second person singular and then Entomb is the subject pronoun.

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Okay, so you have two of the three different types of pronouns. And as you know, from our lessons before, the form of the possessive pronoun, doubles as the object pronoun, so you have everything you need to know right here. For second person plural. And Tom is the subject pronoun. COMM is both the possessive pronoun and the object pronoun. Good. Let's continue. If I'm sorry, can I ask you? Yes, of course, if I'm speaking to a woman out of respect, ah, would I see your school? Or would I then you put,

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you know what? I've never been in that scenario. So I can't, I can't speak. I've only by default use the taglib which is to use the comb, because it's mixed. But I don't know. I don't know the answer to that question. And that would be we need a shaker. We need someone who's more familiar with moving in the circles of women

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that

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don't get back to each other please that would be very interesting because us miss Misaki in our poor Medina students, they only know how to talk to men because

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because we you know, have a strict segregation. We never talked to women when we're in Medina. And so we forgot all the the feminine forms it's very, very common to find Medina grads and perhaps other people that they've completely forgotten the feminine forms of verbs, the feminine forms of address even because we just never used them.

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Very good. So moving on to the group.

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Urban, National Urban I would do to really move down or we are the sons of Dr. Musa. Good, excellent.

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Learn was then none of us none.

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One might have been a Bukom. Cindy up good.

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Sunday up very good. Pause. Allen was San Juan Marhaba is a very very very common, welcoming phrase in Arabic. What are what it literally means is family means family. salan is like an plane like like a geographical feature like flat Earth.

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All right, well not have been unwelcome. What idiomatically means is, may you find where you are family and ease in your travels and welcome. Right. So that's literal and non literal definition of what's going on. And here we see comb, boo, calm. This is the possessive pronoun. And because AB is one of the five nouns and it's possessed, then it has to take on its special signal of being midfoot which is the well

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how does this begin I think, Oh, yes, Sorry, I interrupted Hamid forgive me.

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I Nina OMO OMO OMO Shani who is

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I'm I'm I'm young

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commercial equaliser very good

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very loan

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who will who will fill mustache

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hula hoop man man had we hit

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the flood to Lottie Malcolm

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Yeah, oh no.

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My was Moo ha

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ha so much more. Hi, Leila.

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I am by to come.

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My name is Kamal jadie Excellent. I was waiting to see how he would connect the two and he chose the right one. If you have come Okay, or Tom we'll get into that later. Then you're going to connect these two with a llama Bay to como JD very good. And just one thing to point out and we discussed this before, check out the DUA that was made with a past tense verb This is the classical way in Arabic to make dua for somebody.

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The three letter root Cian for weak letter is for health, okay, so the

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past tense verb shefa. Yes, and the present tense for vSv if it's in the past tense, and Allah is the doer of the verb and this is a duat shefa hula, they all make your hem Allah literally.

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Good. So the answer to the question a in a beta comunidad Ido

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beta. So butyral Jdv hurry, will Minal knock on

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timeout? What is going to be the ending of LGD You said they to none god why? Why is it cassava?

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Is this an adjective?

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Yes. No, but it didn't match. It's not matching. It's not a date. So therefore it's

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possessing

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what's the possessed and what's being possessed and what's

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Oh, they teenager do you do? Okay, so you're saying be teenager do okay. Then why is this a customer

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the new house right so the house

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there I think beaten LG TV. Be okay, then just to justify it. Whatever you think is just tell me why. Break it down. So I know. I know. It's not fun. Okay, because they don't match. Definitely not that. So what are they actually saying? Our home new. Okay, what are they talking about? They're talking about the home. So what was the context? Okay, good. Good. Good. Okay. So yeah, so first step is what

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is correct? Okay, basically not good. So it's not beta. Okay. No, good.

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And then and then and then beta now and then LGD is the

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is the

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like it's

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it's

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it's well off monopoly so it's is it though I don't know. That's what I'm asking you. If it is then it will be LJ DD but if it's not then what will it be?

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Then it will be a Jedi do That's right. Okay. And so how would we know what's the difference between the law football filet and let's say like

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yes, not possessed. No, it sounds as if I'm also because if it was almost as if it would be marching it's not there's no oil before by

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What is it? What is it? Okay, so system was thought about as saying that it's not bait and indeed it cannot be CIFA MyLSU because is not anything an elephant? Correct?

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Okay. And I would like to disagree with her

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and say that this is beta another Jedi do beta and LGD do. Why? Because it's never just about Al Islam and Islam is a symbol of being modified

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right? By denies already possessed.

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Definitely yeah,

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exactly there's more than one way to. There's more than one way to be Madiba though the dominant way is to have the fan Yes, but the other main way is to be possessed. Right and so since it's possessed by now, the possessive pronoun already moved on and off late and therefore is yes, this is mode off with off delay and this is a CIFA going back to Mao Souf which is which agrees in the four things it's not even that it is not singular singular masculine masculine. And so the final thing that has to agree in metaphor metaphor

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do you do Haribo mineral mineral map already fantastic My thought is the airport the airport

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literally the place of flying right bought all your three euro is to fly well played okay right like buy exactly your yep

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good

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bill moderator mode mother Assa t

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this

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time

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yep

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we be good Santa we Yeti sunny saw me Santa we

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we at the good be at the

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good. And that it would be madrasa tea. Yes, feeling madrasa tears center we are at and this is another example of sofa now sofa. This is simple. Very obvious. Yeah. Okay, Lana. No, Bill Jami it I know he Cool. Cool Lee you're still Han

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this 30 That's I think engineering I'm in the engineering faculty correct well Mohammed don't free cool leave it

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will be medicine yes whatever AMI movie equally at the Sherry It is usually I'm not sure Allah while you Sophie equally or

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the jar or tea?

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Business fantastic. Take a second just to observe these forms of the words. Look at how closely they are related to the other forms derived that you're used to. Right Bobby Eve for a doctor of liver medicine. Right hand Assa. Mohan this right, you can recognize that they both they're derived from the same root t Jarrah from

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we learned before tagit and to gel, right. So we're going to go through the process eventually, just like I kind of showed how to derive the broken plurals from their singular phonetic patterns. There is a process to divide to excuse me to derive these sorts of words from their three letter roots but we'll get to that on Well, it is a rainy day I can't say we'll get to it on a rainy day but on a down the road.

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Mon mon than it can. But

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come on.

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This is the trouble word that we've been struggling over the last three weeks

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but even Fatah for the young man, man, it can

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be B C or D can imagine if someone had to really have these nosy conversation anyway.

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Well, yeah, different cultural sensibilities, you know, like,

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over there, it's a different ballgame. It's there's no you know, the private public's divide is not so not so stark.

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Really

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good, man. I know who who you

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No I mean men I mean Oh my

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warming who I'm in can

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must must must mu Muslim

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yes mobile

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William

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most

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most

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Muslim who

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were not thrown even abou as the study is mood Dr. Dr. Dr. Drew a do or do

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go on muscle

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you've got you still got one line left

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this is a continuation of what you just said

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system

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yeah yeah keep going you've got what are you paying me to keep going okay no worries

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where am I keeping

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it down here

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Oh, I was looking at my book. Sorry. No worries. My sentence ends you

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so Heather human hair down Allahu Allah al Islam Amin. I mean,

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I like that. Yeah.

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And then most Dutch most Dutch Fah Knizia ta

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um, amigo Moodle, Yama, Young.

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have been fantastic. Mashallah. Great job, both of you. Okay, I'll start from hamazon mostly Moon Hua.

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Just to break down some things. Okay. So, notice how the, if we straighten the sentence out, right in the affirmative, it's mostly men who are mostly moon. Right. Jonah? Become? Exactly. So it's, you'll notice Mia moved to that hover? Right? Who are we talking about him? What are we asked telling about him that he's Muslim? Okay, but we want to ask a question. So he has told us the fam. Now, what are we questioning? Are we questioning? Which one is a Muslim? Or are we questioning that individual? Is he a Muslim or not? We're questioning his Islam, his religion. And so that's why mostly Moon is the appropriate tech deem that it's correct. To put Muslim on after the Hamza

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Estefan. And then we end it with who, which is the most.

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So

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just putting that out. Then a little vocab NES ra ni un Nasrani Yun is a Christian

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Right? From the surah. Masada you're probably more familiar with in the Quran, because it's usually spoken in the plural Christians, right and Assata but the singular pneus Ronnie, and this comes from Nazarene right Jesus of Nazareth, the place where they are, where they are from boohoo stare the status familiar within Muslim spoken culture. It was stabbed as you know, my teacher is Mohammed Duke total Eduardo. So one thing I want to point out here and this actually happened earlier in the lesson as well, this is different from English, where

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so literally, this translates to his name is the Dr. Edward. Okay, notice how a duck tool is with Alice lamb. Okay, this is the title of this. Yeah. Okay, so because it's, it has this is an adjective and so it has to match the proper noun. Fantastic. You got it. Exactly. So in English, we don't have to have that type of agreement. Arabic we do is it's going to be stiff and ozouf. Then doctor has to match the name. Even though the name doesn't have this is another good example of a situation where it's Maori for Maori for but not with Elif lamb. Because Eduardo is Maori for because it's a proper name. So then duck tour, which is a general common noun has to be matita with

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an ally flam. And we saw that earlier when he said I'm Macomb something like that. A che who, right he said the CHE so and so. So this is the point where you can't translate in your head because if you translate you're going to get in trouble because we don't say that in English.

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The lovely do it again in the past tense. Ha, da dad and then week

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Letter is guidance right? He Daya is the moustache is the noun from it right so Hedda Houma who that home Allah, okay? Yes, this is the dual form third person. May Allah guide them both.

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So if it were three or more it will be home. If it's simply two then we communicate that in Arabic with a an LF after the meme, not super important. We'll talk about that later. hada whom Allahu Eid al Islami, because that's what we want for everybody.

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And then we have finally and this is the last and one of the more important parts of the lesson. So we covered subject pronouns, and Tom, we covered the possessive and object pronouns Come, now we have the conjugation of the past tense verb.

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The Hamza is the fam is the question that hubba is the verb we know and love. We've been conjugating it this entire time, okay. And so, we had in the third person, we had the hubba Habu Singular plural that habba the Habu now, we have the hub ta which was singular the hub tomb

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if we adding tome is the proper conjugation, for second person plural, the hub Tom and this is every third person, excuse me, I this is every three letter past tense verb thought ultim, general tone, nos autumn bus autumn semi autumn, right caught on etc etc, etc.

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Good either the most so li Z era here we have li which expresses purpose li literally for but just like an English we use for to also indicate purpose right it's like I went

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for visiting or I went for I don't know you understand we use for for purpose here is for purpose. Why did I go to the Why did you all go to the to the hospital? Louisiana T I'm Miko Liana for the purpose for visiting literally

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your uncle today I Leona Eliana is an an adverb of place describes when or where the or how the verb is being accomplished. And so it's always going to be monsoon and the accusative case. We'll learn that later. Now I'm the head now. Yes, we went. So this is telling you another conjugation All right under here. For the

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first person plural Oui, oui is a noon with a an Elif after the hub na.

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So we have now we're filling in our conjugations, the hub, the hub, the hub, the hub, tone, the hub to the hub now, and we'll complete it and perfect it and practice it. Inshallah. Tada, any questions before we sign off for today?

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Yeah, was his teacher Dr. Wen, he's the engineering faculty

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suspend all cultural, you know,

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sensibilities about what is you know, appropriate because everything's all mixed up. Yeah.

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Very good. Any other questions?

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Okay, sorry, you had a question.

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Basically,

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this lesson was about the second person. Yes. Second person, specifically second person plural.

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Okay, we have the event being made here. And so I'm going to retreat and go pray Thank you very much as I can, okay. And Inshallah, we'll see you next time. Salaam Alaikum.