Beginning Classical Arabic Lesson 51

Tom Facchine

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The speakers discuss the progress made in the last class on feminine forms and how they converted examples from past tense sentences into feminine forms. They also mention a new class on writing a song and emphasize the importance of phonetic grammar. The speakers discuss various topics related to writing in English, including the use of honor, the use of words like "back to the sea" and "back to the ocean", and the pronunciation of words and forms in Arabic. They also touch on the use of the Shjit Shatt "hamza TakQuad in Arabic, and the importance of showing the phone's location. The speakers move on to discuss a new lesson on writing, including the relationship between two noun phrases and how it affects the meaning of a person.

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hamdulillah Amin salatu salam, ala Ashraf an MBI. And once again, the venum awkward watching the Muhammad Ali here

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gonna be my in

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Arlington, I was in the element datamine Soleimani come to life but a cattle Everybody welcome beginning Arabic

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July 7, Wednesday

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we're making very, very good progress. Everybody deserves

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congratulations because we have reached or what page 67.

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And my PDF which is about 250 pages long are making great progress.

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The chapter that we've been doing is dealing with feminine forms. That is the big takeaway

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from this chapter, and we discussed previously, that the feminine form looks different depending on the type of work that we're dealing with. Right. So if we have, for example, feminine forms when it comes to

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nouns, right feminine forms when it comes to nouns are typically

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represented by the Tamar Bucha.

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Alright, Tama Bucha

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is usually going to indicate that we're dealing with a feminine noun. And when we talked about verbs, and now we're this is one of the bigger points of this chapter talking about verbal sentences of Joomla LSVT Lea, it's going to be represented the conjugation of which in the past tense and we'll see in the present tense is represented by a normal tab, also called a tab next to her.

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I attach to her. And so what we've been doing, we've been converting masculine sentences or sentences that are gendered to be masculine. And we're converting them into the feminine forms. And that is most of what we've did last class.

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So we had the examples, Haji Mohamed El Amin NBT. And so turning it into the feminine it was hotter jet, Mina to mineral Beatty. Okay, because the subject of the verb changed the file, we had to make the verb agree with that changing subject. So that Allah which is a past tense verb conjugated for the first person. So using the third person masculine singular, would not do and does not agree with the subject, which is now Amina,

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which is feminine, third person singular, and so so on and so forth. This is what we did last class.

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So, we proceed on the next section,

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it's drawing our attention to something that we had pointed out before when it came to the dialogue of the lesson. So let's imagine that we have a sentence. Okay? A jealous, jealous set, okay. So we said that verbs in the MALDI are conjugated for third person singular feminine, they are represented by a TA, okay, and that ta comes at the end of the word. So Jessa is he sat, right Gela set altar with a sukoon on it represents the feminine form. She said, Okay. What do you do? If the following word after jealous at any past tense verb that ends with a feminine TA?

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What do you do if the following word is a noun that has the definite article Alif Lam, L.

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For example, we have the word jello set. This is our verb, she sat. And let's say the subject of the verb is a body but to

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a body but too early flam thought.

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How are we going to connect those two words?

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We have. The problem is we have one word. Next time I'll bring my

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my dry erase board.

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We have

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so we have data set.

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And then we have up Baliga.

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And we'll quickly find that if we try to connect those two, we're going to run into the problem which is that

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there's a consonant cluster here, the TA and to the school.

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But then when it comes to a Baliga

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it has a handle to muscle it begins with the hands of the muscle

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and the ruling of pronouncing it

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I'm just a vessel is that if it's in the middle of your speech, you do not pronounce it you skip over it right? And you go on to the next letter okay the next letter

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has a sukoon on it now we have two letters with a sukoon I'm going to be right back when I go to my office and see if I have a marker for the for the dry erase board.

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Okay because now we have mashallah and we encourage everybody if they're able to come in person, so we have

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Yes,

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okay insha Allah. Thank you very much.

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So what we have said before is that how we connect to those things phonetically is by adding a castle.

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We add a castle to the word, we change the time or buta to a castle. In order to make the word flow. This is a phonetic rule has nothing to do with grammar. It has nothing to do with conjugation. It has nothing to do with anything except for phonetics. Arabic does not like consonant clusters and it seeks to avoid them.

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In this case, if you have a feminine TA, which normally has a sukoon we break it up with a kestrel.

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Good. This is something we already pointed out. They're just showing it to you in a more formal way. Okay, yeah.

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We have another example here. It would normally be it brought with a sukoon hmm, but the following word is L Jumilla.

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With our handle tawassul followed by a lamb with a sukoon. So it brought il Joomla ll Attia, we see that we have the sukoon is replaced by a kestra Okay, let's get into some reading going down our list here.

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Let's have someone from the shade family number one.

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Meenal

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V

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they

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DECA Anna

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who knew

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me? Very good. And could you translate that for us? That was very well done

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I don't know what the good Alfetta is a young man

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I got you, Niger

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Alfetta as a young man and

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with this young man who just left the house. Yes. Very good mean from the house or whose house

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from his his house. His house.

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Your house? Yeah, we're good.

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Is

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Uncle Sam? Very good. Excellent. And one of the most important things that Dr. Xia did was he

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said Bay Tikka instead of Bay Touka. Right. So Arabic grammar is like dominoes. Okay. It affects what's immediately after it. So we have made

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you work on the following word, and all the words that are directly attached to it. Okay, not all the words that are after it, but all the words that are directly

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be attached to it. So we have mean Beatty mean Bay Tikka from your house and so the TA

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which is the part that demonstrates the grammatical case has to have a kestra calf does not have a casserole because the calf represents whose house we're talking about. Here it's you masculine right it's fixed. If it's we're talking about you masculine it's always going to be cat color mocha color mica color Naka Bay Touka Bay Tikka Bay taka depending on the grammatical position of bait right. So he did a very good job keeping track of that and that means just now or right now. Good sir as Matt Could you do number two

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menial Petah who?

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At origin halogen cartridges mean. They Tikka Alanya Mahamadou. here

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been to Cali, Cali

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for less

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quality, very good quality as my maternal aunt. Okay, very good. So I'm not going to make you translate it because it's the same exact thing as the previous sentence with the exception that we changed all the genders, except for importantly, whose house it is.

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Everything else is, is changed gender men who Alpha tattoo. Ah, the young lady allottee. The one who are she who? Right? So a lady is the relative pronoun that corresponds to masculine Alfetta. allottee is the relative pronoun that corresponds to Alpha tattoo feminine hydrojet Faraja mean, beta beta Tikka? Yes. So we're still talking to a masculine person directly. We're talking to a masculine person in both scenarios.

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And that's why it does not change. Even if the person we're talking about changed gender, we have to differentiate between the person we're talking about and the person whom we're talking to. Annie and Mohammed who here been to quality. Very good. Let's roll with number three sister Saha.

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One question on

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sorry.

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On bait tickle on, yeah. Is it? Is it sumser To reversal? Yes. Should we say but the one or is it by to call on pay to Cal and very good. Thank you for asking that. Okay, so I'll make it bigger here.

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So we have, in this case, it's T, okay. b t care.

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The first le fret here or Hamza is a Hamza. So Russell, though they don't write it, okay.

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And that is the assumption. By the way, if you're looking for a little orthographic point, if they don't write anything.

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In classical Arabic, it means it's 100 for muscle.

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If they write this, if it's a Hamza, Hamza Takata, they're usually going to write it. Okay.

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This indicates, as we said before,

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what is actually a Hamza plus and Atif after it. So

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excuse me, I've misplaced that that should be on top of the

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Elif, and not on top of the lamb because the lamb has a circle.

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So you're exactly right. Beatty, Kel. Skipping to the lamb.

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Anna,

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be at Cal

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Atlanta in this is fixed.

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That answer your question? Yes. Thank you. Yes. Thanks for the question. That was a good one. Okay, number three sisters

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Lima Lima Neely. Mr. Lima, Neil, Mr. Levy, Alan Mack Debbie.

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Who are little, little modal reseau will move their resume.

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Yeah.

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We go Okay. Little mother received lamb. Lamb and we'll hear is one of those words that renders what comes after it in the genitive case. Measurable very good. So it's a little more there we see very good. Recall that the genitive case we use it to talk about relationships between nouns. That relationship can be location. It can be time, it can be possession. Here it's possession. Right. It's the

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The key belongs to a teacher. Very good. Lima needed me to help. Oh, yeah, check that out. So they wrote it in here for you because they're kind. But the same sort of thing that's going on with men, is what just happened with Jetta sets. So it's not this sort of thing is a phonetic principle. It's not limited to feminine forms, but it is used with feminine forms and other things where we have a consonant cluster, okay, so normally it would be men.

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Actually, all of these scenarios, it would be min min, min. However, we have 100 tawassul is the next word. And then after that is a letter with a sukoon. And so we can't have two letters with with two spoons next to each other. So we break it up with Castro. Whether this word is feminine or not, in this case, it's not Lee Manuel Smith, who

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L V, ol McCabe, who are in modernity. And I will take this

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who's like, whose key is that on the

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on the table or on the desk? Right? It's the teachers and I'll take this opportunity just to remind you of our morphological patterns right? We said we're very very very

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timidly waded into the sea of Arabic morphology where we said that verbs have 10 forms

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Okay, so form one is for Allah

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and form to Representative English with Roman numerals is Falah.

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And so muda This is the SM file of form two.

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Okay, what's the essence of form of form one meaning the doer it looks like this. A loon for the boon

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Jaya he doesn't

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care T Boone, et cetera, et cetera. What does the SM phi of the doer look like informed to it looks like move there you learn.

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Right and so that is what muda reason is on that pattern. It is a form to verb that ASA

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means to study. If we double that middle letter, the rasa it means to make someone study

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right? It becomes an intransitive verb turns into a transitive verb. Someone who does it move that resuIt somebody who makes somebody else study right so the teachers for

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so that's a nice little refresher on that

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yes, the man and multiple young

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good number four let's go to brother Timmy.

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Lima is to Lahti. Hi Lesedi

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here Lisa will G

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Very good. translate that for us

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who's watched is on the table? Yes, it is.

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My wife's husband's

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my brother in law. I guess you take my brother in law's watch Zoji of t

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try to straighten that out. Take Take one more shot at that. Who's Who's watches it?

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Remember that the order is switched from from English. So who's being possessed and who's possessing?

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Oh my My wife's or my spouse's sister? Yeah.

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My sister spouse now. Right? Oh, please. Oh, g of t. Right. So my sister's husband actually. Okay. Right. My sister's husband. Very good and city of just a minor mistake city, his bed. Not desk, but that's

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a lovey. allottee so this is the other thing they're trying to teach us here. relative pronouns. The one who the one who doesn't have to conform to gender? Yes, it does. Okay, I love it.

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Is that what I mean? Is that what you said in the beginning? Did you say my sister's husband? That's what I meant by brother in law like my sister

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Good luck, my brother in law. But that's okay, it's fine.

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That demonstrates thank you to sister masala in the chat box who saved you there who pointed that out? Which is interesting because it shows the imprecision of of English, right? Because if you say Brother in law, it can mean a couple of different things right? It can mean your sister's husband or it can mean a couple other people. Just like we say my aunt it could be your maternal aunt or your paternal aunt, you mean my cousin it could be my maternal aunts child, my maternal uncle's child my paternal uncles child my paternal aunts child right? Whereas the model off will offer you a construction lets us be much more specific so you know exactly who we're talking about.

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Especially with big families I imagine that's very useful. Great. Any other questions about this exercise before we move on

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how would you say wife sister then wife's sister would be the opposite

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of t Zoji. Or is our Jetty depending

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whatever is possessing needs to go last that's the important thing.

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So wife sister that's why we get mixed up in English because we say wife's sister. And so wife is actually going to go last in Arabic it would be the correct order or we could say that the order would translate if we would say though the sister of my wife right that would Trent the order would translate correctly then into Arabic

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anything else?

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Okay the next exercise is easy inshallah. Chameleon Jumeirah looked at doing all these normally it will be at meal and if you want a little bit of another little grain of morphology, we said form one is for Allah.

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Okay, form two we said was fadda

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with a doubled middle letter

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posted

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Okay, skipping to form four

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is F Allah with a Hamza

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in as the first letter

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F Allah

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this will be a search

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for the f let me know.

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Right, this is form four. We'll talk about what it means later. But the reason I bring it up is because this word right here EC mele is the command in form four. So we have the command from form one will look like if I'll or some variation of that

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with a Hamza tawassul in the beginning

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the command

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in the imperative I'm talking about informed to would be fine

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sukoon on the end, middle letter gets a cassava

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fat

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and the command and form for is efile.

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So you look how Arabic is just so regular and organized. Once you learn the forms, it's just about matching the words their forms, so Ekman is to complete Camilla from canal we said that Allah is duly canal he has complete

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attributes perfection.

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So this is Ec meal, which means a command complete and normally this would have a sukoon but however since our next word has 100 tawassul and a sukoon. We have to break up the consonant cluster with a casserole

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Acme little Joomla ll T data be what there is min mo Su Lin monesi Bien, Allah the Ella T Phil federally, fill in the blanks with the corresponding or the correct relative pronoun, Larry or allottee. We're both singular here we have not learned the plural forms of these relative pronouns, but we're dealing with singular masculine or singular feminine singular masculine is a lady singular feminine is a Leti Okay, so moving down our list number one, let's go to someone from the Sehat family.

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Thanks

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Lindsay, I'll

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be right

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Very good. Yes, Lindemulder received very good. So the important thing there was a levy al Kitab is the object we're dealing with Al Kitab is masculine. It's masculine. So it's getting Elodie. Excellent. Okay, moving right along number two. Dr. Mohsen.

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Alcala, melotti be happy Bothy, Missouri. Yeah, Mac. So Ron, So Ron, very good.

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Monsoon means means broken. I don't think we've had this word before. Let's let's break it down. Why it makes sense with a little bit of morphology. Okay

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so as a column a column will carry the bag which is fee happy Betty in to me, let's say back in the pen which is in my bag is broken, which is why even if you didn't know what nuxalk meant as a vocab word

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it has to be with

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10. Wien and specifically with two Dominus. Why because this is a smear, right? All of this is the move to the economy. If you have a busy, that's what we're talking about. All of that smoke to that mark for what's what's the harbor? What do we want to say about all that next soon? All right. Very good.

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So

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what is Mexico? And how do we get there? The verb stem calf

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scene.

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Raw Kassandra means to break

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means to break.

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Or literally, he broke.

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Okay, that's form one Kasara.

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We said the part of morphology is identifying patterns for certain types of words, right? So if we want to have the, what's the ysm Ferrell is the doer of that verb, okay, and form one. It's fair or you don't. Cassius, right? Or follow them, or fatty.

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Right, et cetera, et cetera, et cetera.

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Let's look at another type of verb or a CV, another type of word that we can derive from that root stem, which is the method rule.

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So just like there's an SM fan, which is literally the the thing that's doing that verb, there is an Essam method rule,

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which is the past participle of that word meaning the thing that receives that action, just like when we say

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this is, this has been baked, right? Let's say we make something in the oven, we put it in the oven and we bake it. It was baked, or we left it in for too long, it was burnt. Right? Burn, bake, those are verbs. We say it is burnt, it is baked. These are the past participles of these verbs, that means that they received the action.

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Okay, so this is the type of word that we're talking about here. It's called Essam. The throat and it is on this pattern never rule on MEF rule loon means whatever word whatever root stem you have, you can turn it you wrench it into this pattern and you're going to get the past participle right. So if Cassada is to break then what is broken

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next soon

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is that clear to everybody? Does that make sense?

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Mexico don't

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make too but something that is written MEK tube, we want to say it is written on the table neck tube Allah Allah maktab ik

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right from CATSA which means to write, the person who writes is Khatib. What is written past participle its role is MC tube.

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Everybody good on that we clear.

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So you see how there's different types of words. We learn the root stems we learn what form of the verb we're talking about, and all you have to do is apply the patterns just apply the patterns.

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So as Economo let if you have t but T max

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Soon the pen which is in my bag is broken

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okay I'm gonna assume Everybody's cool with that let's move on number three we are down to Brother Mohammed matassa

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the car to Lottie

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Kira jet

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mineral, most Dutch mustache fie mustache far

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more most as well

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and then that'd be that'd be

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on the be wheelchair the Jedi Do

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you are 9% Correct that was fantastic. I love the way that he slowly worked everything out because as we said Arabic is like dominos allottee Cora that men Elmo stache five minute mustache well Anna lit Bobby Okay lJd do How does it get a llama?

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Lip Bobby Bill Jedi the

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Jedi is a CIFA to a Bobby It's an adjective that describes Bobby been so follow up Bobby we have a leaf lamb le flam. We have singular singular masculine masculine Castle Rock castle. Fantastic. That's great. So the car which left from the hospital just now belongs to the new doctor. Fantastic, great job. And if again I'll reiterate if anyone is intimidated by all of this morphology stuff is some file isn't enough all the book is only asking you to get straight right now a levy and allottee so if you can get straight a lady and Ella t then you are exactly where you should be. But for those who want more of a challenge that I'm trying to give people a sense of what's coming down the road.

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This is kind of where we're where we're headed.

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Good number four SR Masada rock

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six question Yes. In the mostess

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Balaji of

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this fall Anna or are you connecting those two are correct yes, we are connecting those two. This is 100 to the muscle this returns to Dr. Muslims question earlier. This is

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at least my school and then the lamb has the the lamb has the sukoon so mineral mustache fell Anna. The words in that Casa good. Anything that ends with an Elif is fixed.

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And that goes for if it's an Elif mem Duda which is the standing up Elif or an Elif Max Surah, it is fixed right keep in mind that this is not equal to this.

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This is a Yeah.

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And this is an Elif.

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Any noun that ends with one of these two is fixed it will not change to demonstrate grammar so Musa

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right, or ISA

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I saw

00:33:30--> 00:33:44

these sorts of words, they're fixed on the Elif, and they will not change demonstrate grammar min Musa even if it's completely in the genitive case mean there isa. I took it from ASA mean or ISA.

00:33:45--> 00:33:59

This is just a phonetic thing, this type of word Anything that ends with an Elif it's fixed it's not going to demonstrate its grammatical case. It still isn't that grammatical case. It is measurable, but it will not show it

00:34:00--> 00:34:01

that answer your question

00:34:04--> 00:34:05

Yes.

00:34:06--> 00:34:08

Anyway, okay system was thought out number four.

00:34:15--> 00:34:33

Article will lazy fill heavy but Phil hottie de Marie Loon. The dog that's in the garden is sick. Yes. Very good. Straightforward. Okay. Keep in mind, all of these so far have been Joomla

00:34:34--> 00:34:38

is me. Right? I'll call them SAR to L Cal.

00:34:39--> 00:34:56

Right. And so we have multiple cover Muqtada and cover. They're both more for L Cal. Whoo. Larry fee, l have t but I'll have the excuse me. That's all part of the all part of them up to that. And so what are we want to say about that?

00:34:57--> 00:34:59

It's sick, Marie, don't it

00:35:00--> 00:35:04

Excellent. Sister at home if you're there, number five.

00:35:07--> 00:35:09

Somebody come now she's working. Okay?

00:35:10--> 00:35:39

Or Glad to have you. I will certainly Latif Masjidul. Must be the ANA Abel no other than money. Very good. Very good. Okay, so let's break it down here. Al Fattah la vie, so he picked the correct form of the relative pronoun. The young man who caught a Jimena. MSgt. Anna. Right, who left on the machine just now. is amazing. Yes. Is the son of them. Oh, yeah.

00:35:40--> 00:35:52

So we have moved to that hub. Always ask yourself if we're in Joomla is MIA where's the move to that? And where's the hub? Or where does one end and the other begin? Here is where it this is the separation between the two. I mean, unless you did Anna

00:35:54--> 00:36:18

ignore any what we want to say about him is that he is the son of the 11. And this is a nice one for your pronunciation too, because we have to run a message GD into l n. Mean and msg to Anna and l Anna M into IGNOU. So because mean at MSG DL and Lebanon mo l vini. And that's just a very lovely and tricky

00:36:19--> 00:36:40

exercise for your tongue. Okay, let's look at a then while we're talking about morphology, we're talking about forms of verbs, etc. Okay, what form is this on? This is form two is some five. Okay? How do I know because what's the root here? The root here is Hamza

00:36:42--> 00:36:42

that

00:36:44--> 00:36:44

noon.

00:36:45--> 00:37:05

Right, like and then or even. It's two different routes within the language it means permission, or it means announcement. Okay? Be it Neela write it with the permission of Allah is from this route. Okay, if we have it on form one for Allah, then it is Athena.

00:37:10--> 00:37:16

If we put it on form two, we double that middle letter it's ever gonna

00:37:20--> 00:37:21

to announce

00:37:23--> 00:37:29

Okay, the SM Ferrell, the person who does that verb is the mu Edvin.

00:37:35--> 00:37:36

Literally the announcer

00:37:42--> 00:38:14

Okay, now somebody could ask Wait a second. Why did I write the Hamza Takata right here on top of an Elif. And then I wrote it down here on top of a well, that has to do with an orthographical principle of how to write the Hamza. That's extremely complicated. It's one of the more complicated things in Arabic, we will kick it down the road, and we'll deal with that later. Right now, basically, long story short, it has to do with the surrounding how to cats, in this case, it comes after Obama. And so it's written on top of a while. Okay, they know what they know.

00:38:16--> 00:38:20

But there's rules for it in the beginning, is it in the middle? Is it at the end, et cetera, et cetera, et cetera?

00:38:21--> 00:38:30

But we won't go there. Number six, we're back to the top let's try to finish this exercise we'll call it a day to the shake family so I'm gonna shake finally number six

00:38:36--> 00:38:37

you call but

00:38:38--> 00:38:40

it has

00:38:42--> 00:38:43

been

00:38:46--> 00:38:48

still been TOEFL who?

00:38:50--> 00:38:51

Allah Who?

00:38:55--> 00:38:56

Okay, what does it mean?

00:38:59--> 00:39:02

That the duck Yes.

00:39:05--> 00:39:09

In front of the tree belongs to the fun

00:39:11--> 00:39:18

good. Oh, so you said philosophy. You first you said philosophy is it in philosophy or alpha lay?

00:39:20--> 00:39:23

Because it's it's more often with often a very good philosophy is a farmer

00:39:25--> 00:39:26

is a farmer

00:39:31--> 00:39:31

for law

00:39:35--> 00:39:59

Okay, good. So he chose the correct relative pronoun allottee because l Baba l bought the two which is a duck. We haven't had seen that word in a while, is feminine with the terminal buta and if we were in doubt whether it was feminine or not, we also have Tilka which is the feminine form of Delica to show us the way telecoil but Bartoletti Tata Szeged karate li Okay, so

00:40:00--> 00:40:03

All of that is the move to that leave been till philosophy

00:40:05--> 00:40:05

we have

00:40:06--> 00:40:16

moved off McGuffey they moved off model fee with a chain three links long of possession belongs to the daughter of the farmer

00:40:18--> 00:40:26

which is why binte has a customer and alpha law he also has a Khasra any questions about that one or anything up until now?

00:40:27--> 00:40:33

So he missed what was the Shedra means? Oh I'm sorry Shedra is a tree

00:40:35--> 00:40:36

yep

00:40:42--> 00:40:46

yes Shudra is a tree and cheddar Latina comb

00:40:48--> 00:40:59

Hi, I have a question about the feminine and masculine order in terms of languages like C in English.

00:41:01--> 00:41:05

Book may okay but maybe

00:41:08--> 00:41:13

female right? But in Arabic it is male right?

00:41:15--> 00:41:39

English is different than Arabic and gender in that English has a neuter gender. Right. So take it back to the pronouns would we say that book? He is on the table? No, he wouldn't an English we have to use it. Right. Thanks for it in English we have three genders. lingo linguistically, not politically, but we have masculine feminine neuter, right.

00:41:40--> 00:41:52

Arabic does not have a neuter gender which means that all of the objects that are neutered in English need to be fit into the binary of masculine feminine in Arabic.

00:41:53--> 00:41:54

Masculine Okay.

00:41:55--> 00:41:58

Okay. That's a good question. That's a really good

00:42:03--> 00:42:09

okay, good stuff. Um, where we are, I think so for us map we're with you, right? All right. Seven

00:42:12--> 00:42:19

Albay tool Jedi do Jedi into Lizzie Phil Zeile. Nikhil.

00:42:21--> 00:42:23

radica show v.

00:42:24--> 00:42:26

Cherie. She

00:42:29--> 00:42:29

was

00:42:30--> 00:42:32

so the new house

00:42:36--> 00:42:45

it's that one in the new town of the Vizier? Yes, good. Okay. Shadi is a street to the streets.

00:42:46--> 00:42:54

Okay, like it's from the same route as Shetty which means the way right or Sharia is the way okay so

00:42:55--> 00:43:06

so lb told God to let it be there because Sherry Lee little was hearing so the new house which is

00:43:07--> 00:43:15

literally in that street, in English, we would translate it as on that street. We call that prepositions don't usually translate translate literally.

00:43:16--> 00:43:23

Which is on that street. Lila was the URI This is the hover is belongs to the was the minister

00:43:27--> 00:43:42

everyone got that little bay to do this a sip and ozouf A Larry P that he could share a that's all the move to that. That's all of what we're talking about. What do we want to say about it little was hearing it belongs to the was the

00:43:44--> 00:43:46

good, say family

00:43:47--> 00:44:01

is fairly easy because of the fee. Yes. Excellent. Thank you. Thank you. Thank you. Very good. So we said that Arabic grammar is like dominance. Okay. And before I had said Where were we? Oh, I think it was a preview. It was the previous some.

00:44:04--> 00:44:08

So it's going to affect the word that comes right after it.

00:44:10--> 00:44:13

But some words will not demonstrate that effect.

00:44:15--> 00:44:24

Okay, so we have here FY Valka. We don't have field Aliki because Delica is fixed. does not demonstrate gram.

00:44:25--> 00:44:25

Okay.

00:44:27--> 00:44:31

But Imam, you told me before that

00:44:32--> 00:44:55

it will affect the word right after it and it won't keep on affecting all the words until the end of the sentence. And that's true. It will not keep on affecting all the words to the end of the sentence usually, unless this is tied to what let's say the work of the preposition is doing. Okay, what's the work of this preposition?

00:44:56--> 00:44:59

The work that the preposition is trying to do is is trying to communicate location

00:45:00--> 00:45:00

All

00:45:01--> 00:45:01

right.

00:45:03--> 00:45:10

Remember that? Prepositions are about relationships between two nouns. first noun is the new house.

00:45:11--> 00:45:12

What's the second noun?

00:45:14--> 00:45:53

Is the second noun Dallek? Is that a noun just like that. No, it's not. It's only to direct our attention to specify the noun which is a shadow. The second noun is the street, right? So the preposition is linking the two nouns this noun to that noun. So the work of the preposition is directly affecting a shadow, even if there's a word in between them. That word that ICA is fixed, it won't demonstrate any change on it. And it only exists to specify which street that we're talking about.

00:45:54--> 00:45:56

But the sentence would not be

00:45:57--> 00:46:03

a complete sentence without shadow. We couldn't say Al Baytril JD dolla de Fidel ik

00:46:04--> 00:46:05

that doesn't make any sense.

00:46:08--> 00:46:23

And so with a preposition we need to have two nouns. Anything that's a prepositional phrase, that has to be the relationship between two nouns. Either a relationship of time, relationship of location, relationship of possession, noun, preposition, now

00:46:25--> 00:46:33

the, the noun after the preposition is going to be affected, grammatically, by that preposition. Does that make sense?

00:46:36--> 00:46:40

Yes, thank you. Okay. Very, very good question. Thank you for catching that.

00:46:42--> 00:46:54

To demonstrate a converse scenario. Check out the first one on this page. I will call them hula de fie. Happy birdie. Max soon Hmm. Why didn't fee affect monsoon?

00:46:58--> 00:47:15

Because fee does not have anything to do with Mexico. Right? Fee we're talking about the relationship between two nouns. Fee means inside here. What is inside what the pen is inside the bag? Boom, close circle.

00:47:17--> 00:47:29

That's our mug today. What do we want to say about the pen that's inside the bag we want to say it is Maqsood rune that's not something that's affected by feet is the cover and the cover is more for

00:47:30--> 00:47:39

right. And this comes all the way back to our very, very, very first class where we said that Arabic is not as dependent on word order.

00:47:41--> 00:47:45

As it is on the things on the word, the things on the word tell you the meaning.

00:47:47--> 00:47:56

If you have a word, and it's after a preposition, and that thing has a castle, it shows you that that thing has a relationship to that preposition.

00:47:57--> 00:48:03

And if the thing has a Bama 10 In this case, then it shows you that this is the information that we're talking about this object

00:48:06--> 00:48:12

and so the grammatical endings, the grammatical cases they reflect exactly what we mean to say.

00:48:15--> 00:48:20

Right, Maqsood rune has nothing to do with the preposition in at all.

00:48:21--> 00:48:24

But the street has everything to do with the preposition in

00:48:27--> 00:48:28

good stuff.

00:48:29--> 00:48:31

Say it family. I think we're on to you. Right number eight

00:48:36--> 00:48:43

there is full Z. But the other other

00:48:44--> 00:49:09

other received salon do the didn't. Excellent. Good job. That was really good. Um, so just for the sake of time, I'll translate the lesson a Deus the noun is the lesson. A double so Larry, correct. Masculine badda badda. I believe we've learned it before means after it's a preposition of time.

00:49:12--> 00:49:59

Have the data see after this lesson saheliyon Didn't is very easy. This is your good news, right? The lesson after this lesson is very easy, which means that this lesson is not very easy. This is we see the same exact thing that Sr s map pointed out to us before something we have bad. It's talking about it's going to join up two nouns with something in the genitive case. So something's going to be mentioned or what are the two nouns that connects at does bad at Doris. The lesson after the lesson. This is why does the second one has a Kessler it's Meldrew. Even though Heather is directly after it. How that is fixed. It's not going to ever have a Kessler and

00:50:00--> 00:50:20

And it only serves to further specify which lesson we're talking about. Right? So this is why the work of the preposition bad effects does and that's the end of our Muqtada This is the subject that we're talking about. What we want to say about it is saheliyon judon as that is very very easy.

00:50:22--> 00:50:23

Number nine Dr.

00:50:25--> 00:50:31

Mineral ferrata to Lottie JELA. Set a mammal Mother Teresa to

00:50:32--> 00:50:36

here labor don't mineral Malaysia

00:50:39--> 00:51:06

Yes, fantastic very good. So the most important thing here the correct choice of relative pronoun allottee Alpha tattoo is young lady many fat tattoo Lottie jealous that Mama which is in front of their giving us a nice review of our prepositions of time and place. l moda Rissa T who sat in front of the female teacher he authority but to mean Malaysia Malaysia.

00:51:08--> 00:51:10

Good system was all about number 10

00:51:18--> 00:51:22

Sorry, I think I think you said you mean no.

00:51:23--> 00:51:26

Okay, men, it's men. Many data.

00:51:28--> 00:51:31

No worries. I look I look I didn't

00:51:33--> 00:51:35

have to help me but to

00:51:37--> 00:51:38

allottee.

00:51:40--> 00:51:41

To my

00:51:43--> 00:51:44

to be

00:51:45--> 00:52:06

Yeah, Holly. Johan lead Zoo. Good, with the exception of a neck tab with a fetter on the tab. That is the object of the desk. I believe you said Al Maktoum Oh, sorry, that was a mistake. No, we're very good. And go ahead and translate that for us

00:52:12--> 00:52:19

is is dots key? Which is on the on the table. Yours. Call it?

00:52:20--> 00:52:32

Very good. Except for it's not key. What is it? I'm happy but to eat? I don't know. Is it is it bad? Yes. Okay. Is that your bag? On the road? That's under the desk there.

00:52:33--> 00:52:39

Fantastic. Okay, I'm gonna scroll down. Oh, and there's an answer. There you go. You can answer that and then we'll be done.

00:52:43--> 00:53:28

Law here, Lisa, DAP, Mohammed. No, it's it belongs to my friend Mohammed, very good. Li Saudi up Mohammed Mohammed bin is affected by the Li, which is why it has the two customer. Fantastic, that's good work. That's not easy. Like I said, when I tried to teach Arabic I tried to present the several levels of what's going on. If you're able to do LLD, allottee, correctly, which all of you were, you're right on track. If you're able to keep track of the how the grammar runs through the sentence, the milk today and the habit of You're doing fantastic. If you're also able to grasp kind of the very beginnings of this is form one verb This is form to verb This is the doer of that verb.

00:53:28--> 00:53:55

This is the past participle of that verb, then you are doing absolutely fantastic. Any questions about anything that we saw today? Look at that we finish the lesson. All we have to do is we have a brief roundup of the new words alarm is your maternity unit. Your paternal uncle, your hall is your maternal uncle. Your unnatural feminine form is your maternal aunt, your fall two is your

00:53:56--> 00:54:13

maternal aunt, say Edie say either to my master or my Lord, My Lady, right? This kind of way of addressing people mustache fell Willa, Dottie remember way back when we came across that that is the maternity ward or the maternity hospital. Any questions about anything?

00:54:15--> 00:54:17

We get a new lesson next.

00:54:23--> 00:54:24

Any questions