Beginning Classical Arabic Lesson 40
Channel: Tom Facchine
File Size: 47.01MB
I'm gonna Amin salatu salam ala Ashraf, an MBA when we're setting the you know what was in the Mohamed Salah was listening a lot of Marlon that'd be million pharaoh now in fact that'd be Matt London was even out of belong to me okay so we had reached
a significantly longer
dialogue we spent all of last class
going over it and breaking it down and we're going to read through it I think maybe
maybe one more time
today and then we're going to keep going inshallah
since last time I believe it was sister at home and sister must have lots let's have Brother, brother Tato and
Brother Mohammed todich and Brother Mohammed
Anna Taleban will Gemma T Jamia
and the Taliban Judaism
now I'm Anna Taliban
a nominal Hindi
It's me Muhammad
manhandle Fatah. But Allah Xie Marga
was a Mimi
Oh isn't mineral in the
law why mineral? Yeah ban
Oh small Hamza.
Hamza to Ma Ma Ma Lovato gamma er Mohammed
I'll be too
over till the I hear Luba tune Saletan
yeah locaton Salah
Mohammed Omar Nagato
noble Yabba Yabba Nia to while here lower tone Sabaton
I Guca Yamaha moto
A B A B filco. At
what a b one Shahidan
here I hear I then feed Bill co 80 ma be here mother mother's mother teresa turn Hona Ohnaka
as I have daily Lillico go at Mohammed
now I'm the hub to
was a miracle in Abu
abou Phil Yeah, Bandy. What are Jun kabhi Ron.
I like icon Yeah, Muhammad
Normally upon widen
this is smooth. Osama
when I film Madina Munawwara at Wiley Wahida tune in is Morehart then abou we're here fill in Rafi, ma Xiao Jia.
Mas o g, though.
So those who have Mohan Mohan this one on this one
in Casa Yara to Yaffe,
la ma MD Sierra tune in the the Rajasthan Hamza to in the car.
Very good most of you have a you have a career in acting Mashallah.
Okay, we could go over this time and time and time again, I've introduced most of the main concepts. I've purposefully left one for later. That's the Abu Buka. We'll get into that. But that's not as fundamental as the other things going on.
The concepts are going to be reinforced throughout the lesson. So let's move on inshallah. And we will reinforce those concepts as we go. But before any, anyone have any questions about the dialogue.
Most of the things are going to get ironed out because as we've seen, the exercises are tailored to reinforce the points that the dialogue introduces.
So the first exercise here, edit on an S ILA till at TFT. Answer the following questions now, you're going to answer them not in the mode of a reading comprehension exercise, you're not going to be searching through the dialog to find the answers. You're going to be providing the answers yourself from your life. Okay? So the first one is Muskoka, you're going to read the question, then you're going to answer it for yourself. What is your name?
So number one, first on my list here is what happened Mike Tyson. Number one.
It's me, Mohammed. Mohammed. Good to read the question too, just for good measure. Matt Miles, Miles mukha.
Excellent. And thank you for showing that because that was the one thing I forgot to correct. About the reading of the dialogue. We have to make sure that when we're reading the 102 lesson that we are skipping over if it's not the first letter of the of the reading, right. So instead of a smoker, nonsmoker very good and then he said it's me see how he had to use the correct possessive pronoun is me might have a very good number to my son right
okay, sorry, I couldn't unmute
Ma Ma. Luma took
in these very sorry, it's going right to left. So normally Aina Anta yes
I cut out for a second Okay, so number two is yes mean ain and t in this case. Alright. So what would you respond
know I mean, Canada
I mean, Canada,
Yes. Does that's good because how would we know whether Canada has at least lamb or not? Now we learned
that does not have Alabama
we just be in Canada.
Very good. Awesome. Number three, Sister arrow.
If you're there.
My Luca Touka. Yes.
What would you say to respond?
to Good, good. So all we would have to do is the first word we would have to say my language order. How would we do that?
Did that cheese from Canada? My
the two. Okay, very good. Very good. Let's look at this just just a second more. So, when we say this has a possessive pronoun Lova to cat or in this case because your female logo two key, okay? What is your key? Okay? Which means that we're going to answer we have to change the possessive pronoun to reflect who is speaking. So before, it's no good to keep. And now your we're going to give the answer back not with your language is that's not the question. The question is my language. How do we do that? We do that with a possessive pronoun on the end of the word, and knots with a subject pronoun, Anna
I think last class or two classes ago, so say Anna is to say I
write it's not to say in mind, this is a subject pronoun, what we really need is the possessive pronoun, which is E that's put on the end of a word. So what we're going for is Lulu T,
L or dia to Lohar, T or D or to when be the answer if you're going to say that my language is older do good. So this is the exercise.
So number one, and number three, you had to switch the pronouns number two was kind of easy, because you didn't really have to use an enum in Canada. That's the easy one. But most of the exercises, you're going to have to
grasp what the possessive pronoun they're using is, then you're going to have to change it to reflect yourself. And in all of these examples, since we're talking about these years out, it's going to be using E.
So number four,
be min, Canada. Great, great. The most important thing, you change the possessive pronoun from a walker to a V. But this question isn't asking me in a in a VUCA.
It's just asking Aina Ibuka Yanni and where is your father now?
Okay, see the difference that if we add men to beginning men 18 years from where?
Without? Simply Where is your father? Ain't
Be Canada? IB? Yeah, we will have to use the if we're going to say where he is. I mean, P Canada
I believe is how they spell it.
Very good. Excellent. Okay, number five, moving right along.
Sorry, you cut out there I think you said to me,
ain't no mocha
See how he did two things. The first thing is that he by the way, anybody notify me if it keeps cutting out in the chat box, sometimes the live stream and the Zoom call for some reason the internet can't handle it. So I can always end the live stream.
He recognized this is omocha he has to change it because he's talking about his mother on me. And now he has to Yeah, that's what I'm, I'm actually getting messages that
this is not stable. So I'm actually going to end the live stream on a second
some days, it's just like that.
I don't even like more
okay, and hopefully that will speed up our connection a little bit. Okay. And then he has to come up with an answer. So the actual question was Aina, just Aina which means where?
where is your mother? On Me, Phil Bates
and any answer would have sufficed
Like the dialog, you can reply with a country or a city. You can reply with a room or a house or some sort of building something like that. It's all fine. I'm moving on to the same family with someone do number 601. Yes.
Well, I'm not gonna know how to answer this because I missed the last class. Okay, so this is in the skies. This is the LI that we were possession. Okay. So, remember when we said Lehman,
right, that was like, who's, or we said,
I will call Mo, Li Mohamed and right belongs to, okay.
What we learned in this lesson is that we can use this lamp. And we can attach a possessive pronoun to it.
Lack of change a little bit, it's not going to be li anymore, it's gonna be like, That's purely for phonetic reasons. Lee, right, like is like yours, Li mine.
left home. There's, et cetera, et cetera, et cetera.
So when we're asking a question with luck, or left home or something like that, this is a Hamza that asks a question
Lefka often is asked her asking, literally, do you have a brother?
And so since it's a yes or no question, the first part of the answer is going to have to be yes or no.
And then the second part of the question, we're going to have to use them.
And we're going to have to add the correct possessive pronoun to reflect me. Like, yes, I have. And then we're going to just fill in with the last part of what they said.
So we can walk through this one together. No problem. I understand. Yeah. The difficulty level in this chapter ramped up to
nowhere. So this would be if you had a brother say, No. Yes.
You're looking for lamb. Plus, yeah. Which is the possessive pronoun. That's going to equal Li.
Right. Oh, the question was Lakha icon, or for a female asking you a female, Lucky icon? And the answer would be Nan. Li f1. Yes. I have a brother. Literally. When does this y'all have a tone?
certain instances if it's monsoon, okay, so if it is in the accusative case.
And you think I'm an example. Do you have an example on mine? I've heard it. I just, I don't know.
Yes, I'll need to look, only to look into that if I can find some specific examples because I hesitate to say, because the Yeah, can be a possessive pronoun. Right? Or the can be part of just a verb that happens to end with a Yeah, like Bucky. Yeah.
You know, you happen to cry. Right? And so, part of a verb, then if the word is in the accusative case, then it gets a fence. So that can be thought I think.
Anyway, I'm sorry. Okay, if you can find it. Let's look at it and then we'll, we'll figure it out. Because I'm not. I know that if a verb ends with the end, of course, then that can be we're talking about a present tense verb, then it can have a flat tire. If it's in the accusative case. I'm not certain off the top of my head, if a noun with a possessive pronoun, yeah, at the end would be.
Then so whether or not actually the problem is I suddenly used to make the writing so um, oh, yeah, yeah. Yeah, yeah. Anyway, I don't want to divert too much of our time. With that. It needs to be looked into.
Very good. So um, Dr. Russia, could you take
number seven with our newfound knowledge of from number six?
Li, O turn
if the numbers that changes everything. So let's second we'll just say I have a system. Because technically even if you have three, let's say that somebody is being nosy, right? You don't want to tell them how many sisters you have. They asked you do you have any sisters? You say, Yeah, I have a sister.
You haven't lied, you know, yeah, you have a sister. But you also have two more, right? So li often.
And just for anybody's reference, it will be non lethal Atha to a flat if we're getting into plural, so let's wait on that for later. If there's one thing you know, I think that Arabic is very, very organized and makes a whole lot of intuitive sense. In general, even much more so than English. But if there's one thing that does not make sense, it's numbers in Arabic, but we will get there. And you will see what I mean when we get there.
Number eight, back to the top brother, Mohammed Moazzam.
are in the in the cast a year or two?
Very good. And what would be the response?
in the car. Very good. Notice how He now uses
psychology it's not technically conjugation. He adds the possessive pronoun to a different preposition and, and we said that the difference between lamb and lamb is something that is yours. Like it's something that belongs to you or something that is
I should say, it's, it's irrelevant whether it's with you now or not.
Okay, so if someone says laka Columbu, do you have a pen? Or do you own a pen? You could say num li column? Yes, I have a pen. But you might not have one on your person. Right? You might be meaning Yeah, back home. I have lots of pens. I have a whole pen factory.
I ENDA is talking about things that are on your person. Things that you have at your disposal right now. So in the dialogue, he the guy is looking for a ride. He says that the car is like you have your car with you.
And he says let me get in the car. He might have a car. But it's not with him right now. And so here we say no, I'm in the car.
So we have Lee and in the
good. Um, next one, just a massage. Before one question. anomaly of so everywhere it's like to share this love to why not is so often.
Oh, I'm sorry. That's just me. Not writing correct. It is often. Yeah, absolutely. Yeah, it would be Nikita. Because it's the hub. Yep.
Very good catch. Let me try to rewrite that so legible.
yes. Number nine. So So sudut Ibrahim, well Makana, Leah Holly Cummins Soufan?
Well, Matt can say that again? What am I can Alia alikoum.
Thank you very much. So, our sister brought the evidence that the Yeah, that is a possessive pronoun, in addition to the that's part of a verb
like this now, Mr. Krei.
Its default state is having a Superman on the end. Okay. B, you have T. However, it will accept at that time, if it is in the accusative case.
we're not really into right now. But for your future reference. No, it's a good point. Thank you very much for looking that up.
So, should I go ahead with mine?
I indica the Roger tune.
What do I have to say?
I don't know. I don't know how actually I don't know how I would say no, I don't have one. Now, this was one of the very, very last lessons from the dialogue. So lets us review and recap that. So what would we say? If we want to negate that possession of the possession of something we would start by saying that 90 That's
Okay, so I have to say yes or no. Yes. Because the question was yes or no question. Okay. I'll begins with no. Okay. And then I don't have. Okay, so no, no, indeed.
Very good. Excellent. So one of the last ask, one of the last lessons of the dialogue was how to start to make a negative statements using Joomla, Isthmian. All until up until now, we've only been making affirmative statements and questions. But every tense and every type of sentence, it can be turned into a question. And it can also be turned into a negative statement. So we're introduced in this lesson to how to make a negative statement. And with a Joomla, izmi, we use math.
You just stick math in the beginning. And it means I don't or not, literally this and we I have pointed out how this is kind of easier than English. Because in English, you have to change the order.
For example, you have a ball,
you do not have a ball. Okay, it's inserted in the middle. If I want to make a question, I have to flip you and do I have to say, Do you have a ball? That's how we make the question. And Arabic, it's much, much more simple than that. We have a core sentence, such as, let's just use an index column, and call our moon.
Okay, that's our core sentence. And then we just add something to the beginning. It's supposed to be a noon.
If we want to make it a question, we Oh, wow.
See, as a Freudian slip there, if we want to make it a question we ought to Hamza, if we want to make it a negative statement, instead, we add that
so column one, do you have man in the column? I do not have one here law mat Andy, that Roger to
but be aware, you know, because as we say, to the person who only has a hammer, everything looks like a nail. Be aware that Matt has several several meanings in Arabic. Okay, so not every map that you come across
in the Koran is going to mean an negation. Okay.
One, the rocker
methodic or whatnot, the rocker, etc, everything like that. Now, neither of these are not negative statements. Right. So it has more than just that meaning. But in this particular formula of a sentence, it is a negation.
The Prophet sallallahu alayhi salam when he began to receive the four n and Jibreel on A salaam said Accra, he said, Man, enter the authority. I am not a reader.
Right, I am not a reader in a gated
in a Joomla ischemia. And we'll learn later that the Joomla Isthmian is used for permanent states, whereas the Joomla is used for transitive or transient states that change. And so this is actually something very significant when it comes to the Tafseer of the Quartet. Because the last common thought I use is Joomla is meow for certain purposes, to indicate something permanent and fixed, whereas he uses Joomla fairly to indicate something that changes whereas amendable to change.
Anyway, number 10 I'm sister
in the copper lemon
law in llama in the column,
la Bandy column
and your husband can go ahead and get him a lover
or indica de
I don't have to say anything else if I'm not there. Or I can say to tell your son don't you make sure you answer in complete sentences.
MA in the depth
and for we haven't used that word in a long time. Episode One is a notebook.
Black Mountain be Dustin. Good. I'm number 12. But it's me
turd you're on.
Bobby, Bobby Vaughn, very good, masha Allah look at how he flips the script. He doesn't have to say
he can negate it in different ways. Right? Right. You can negate something by replacing the information with something else. No. IV, Bobby, like, the inference that he's asking the questioner to make is that if my father is a doctor, then he's not a tagit. Very good luck, Abby, Bobby.
One question on this one. So can we just say that? No, he's not a merchant, like, LA, Ma, a bit dodgy.
We haven't learned exactly how to.
Because there's a couple of different ways. Okay.
If we want to use a Joomla Isthmian,
sending negate that we're going to have to use the pattern in the formula that the Prophet Muhammad SAW, I said, I'm saying, so this is like a formula that Anna or subject pronoun, B, and then whatever. So we could say,
Ma, in this case, cool.
bits as you
look at that, how that, you know, not just
random reflection, not random, of course, along with it, but that reflection came back to serve us very quickly left now who be tired.
Okay, and of course, because it'd be it would be detached. And that would be the textbook way to negate it. If we're going to use math.
The more common way
to negate it is using a gym. Nothing here that we haven't learned yet. It's with using the word laser.
But we haven't learned that yet. We'll get there. And Lisa acts on a sentence in a different way. Then using that.
Thank you. Yes, like, Yeah, good question.
And it would be a rather strong response. Like,
you know, when the Prophet SAW I said on was saying, Man, it'd be a party. It's like, I'm illiterate.
Right? Like so. And the fact that it's a Joomla. Izmir is, as we said, something that indicates permanence or, you know, essential
that's why to use to negate someone's occupation
we typically use a gym that fairly
I haven't heard very many times anyway say, man to be thought of or anything like that. Usually, it's like less to use a form of lacing.
Now for some reason, I'm not sure why that doesn't hold for whether you have a pen on you or not. That's
just the way that I've heard the usage ago. But very, very interesting to think about always. Things you don't think about until you tell other people are learning for the first time they ask you it's like wow, that is interesting. We use the Joomla fairly for this situation. And logic would dictate that we use the Joomla fairly for this other situation but nobody says that.
Good. Number 13. Where do we left off?
I think say if someone from the CFL
and the Mohammed madonn.
who may know Hindi, great, fantastic. He's from India, anywhere. He could be maca or Marika anything. Yes. Well, I mean, very good. So notice how she could have taken the easy way out and just said Mohamed again. But she knew that the whole point of this lesson is to go with the pronouns and so she chose the correct subject pronoun, and that would make more sense in a conversation.
Man, look down.
VA low to
my low VA to Malaga to
know I don't know what they're asking is like what language but what is his language? What
also it's continuation from gamma right
no I'm gonna say his
this one's tricky because they gave it to you so in the other ones we had to change the possessive pronoun right but now that you're talking about a third person you don't have to change it it's what is his language his language is x literally
or or the warden vary a lot to who
all the Arabic or the
a lot of the two
and it could have been anything but the important thing is that the difference here is we have lower tone right which which looks deceptively similar to
Lola to who because of the timer huzzah which looks just like a hat except it's not and so now the time when huzzah reverts back to a normal tap because it's not any longer the last letter in the word we're adding the WHO on to the end of it so Luca to who his language or the is are two very good back to Brother Mohammed number 15
I know Abu
Pakistani al backofen
Dubai Pakistan very good
from what I recall that's how they spell it with that because they don't have letter P. So back east then
Abu NZ could have also said who both of them are correct Abu who his father or what build Pakistan very good 16 system masala
here hear Phil done he's done by town Island. Mashallah, excellent work. Bill back is Stan Ivonne, and she reminded us that either means also
is gonna start to get a little messy over here.
Very good. Okay. 17 Let's try to finish this exercise and then we'll call it racist and scroll down.
We have reached
okay. 70. Okay, mean Aina Hamza to sister.
So now they're asking us questions back about the dialogue. Okay.
Before it was just asking us questions. Now we're talking about Hamza we're talking about, you know, zeyneb and stuff like that. So you can look at the dialogue if you want or honestly, you can give your own answer because
reading comprehension isn't as important as just understanding how to respond to the question.
I know I'm certain
A lot of you know, now what's been asked me,
yes. So where's that idea?
So, so the, okay, if you want to say Saudi Arabia, we have to say in Arabic, Lakotas elmen Naka to Saudi Arabia to
a different country easy when
But uh yeah Barney merely about it yes
passing it to your husband my lover to who
ma God look at two who was language what is language?
are the to
no problem let's roll with what the enemy he's a Pakistani worker in Japan no problem that happens right but what's more important is that we would not use more here
because who means what boy means he
his his language
so we have logo to who logo for the two
what doesn't really matter the more important lesson is learning recognize the pronouns when am I going to use
yes exactly know what to do and all the A to Z the first answer in
our language after me is office really
interests me because it doesn't strike me as being an Arabic root so I wonder if there's a if it's a Persian root or something like that I'm actually I would like to look into that because it doesn't most Arabic words they come back to a three letter roots that's our violates that obviously look for
right. So maybe you show something it might come from you know, it might come from Turkish or or Farsi
I'll have to look into it there are Arabic roots that have four letters but they're very rare they're few
seen a boo
a boo. PHIL Yeah, Bernie. Very good.
Right Well, that's straightforward. I'm not very good at Xena boo. For the sake of fun
you can either look at the dialogue or you can just give me any answer it's not not super important
Yeah. Phil Beatty. She's in the house.
That's correct. Arabic sentence. No one can tell you it's not
very good. Yes. And he's at home. We would say Good. Aina Zoes you have
I don't want to use Beatty but maybe school.
Yeah, I you know fill.
Market on or.
mother's mother acetone, madrasa.
Good, but is it here or Hua?
Xiao Zhu? Juha is life right. Where's your wife? Or who is being possessed and who's possessing here? What though do ha
what's hot refer to ha means what?
Well his wives, so
it's hurt her spouse. Okay. So is her spouse boy or girl? Oh, okay. Okay, so who thought it is? All right. It's tricky. It's tricky because again, the order is switched. So in English, we would say her spouse is here and we're already Okay.
Easy I already know. But in Arabic, it's literally spouse hers. And so we see spouse for you know, a lot of us we automatically think wife first maybe for whatever reason. And then we see the house like oh actually it's her spouse. Good. And the last one bring us home Brother Mohammed wants us and pointed
out to her
the MO there isn't. Okay. How could it be here if this modality soon when didn't have to be more research on?
Oh, I was looking at those you ha, that same thing? Ah, this is good. I'm glad that we ran across it. So, ah means hers doesn't mean she.
So whether if there's a half a possessive pronoun, it has no reflection on the gender of the actual thing that we're talking about. It could be a pen or a book or a spouse or a brother, right? So the gender is attached to the actual thing, not the one who possesses it. So here it would be non POA without reason.
Okay, are they in Arabic zone just means spouse not necessarily means wife? Very good. Yeah, so we have the word Zote. Okay, so which means spouse for literally pear, right when Allah subhanaw taala talks about even fruits and plants he uses the term ZOSEN as wedge because they're created in pairs, male and female.
Even in the Quran, Allah only uses his OCE to talk about either pair Adam or Eve, He never uses the feminine form. So jutsu, which is linguistically the feminine form of the word which can only mean Right. Right? So the language of the Quran only uses those and they leave the context to tell you whether that's a male or female. Okay, in order xojo means life. So that's automatically we go to golf, we have to very good. So that's very, very helpful to know. And then system was, did a wonderful service to us and looked up the etymology of desktop. handy for Record Office from Persian from Arabic desktop desktop from Greek dip, Seta prepared hide parchment. Love it. That's fantastic
Hindi and Greek share a common ancestor in languages that called the Indo European language family. However, Arabic is not Arabic is a Semitic language, and has a different history entirely. So I'm going to do a little digging myself and see if I can get some more information on that. See, you know, where?
who got there first.
But that's good stuff. Anyone have any questions?
Yeah, ask a question. Unrelated.
Okay, so, um, I noticed most of the time where the word minutes followed by a word with Castra, like for example, me mean Dooney NAS, okay. Or benign dilla. Okay, in one place, I saw it said been called blue, then I just wonder why. Good. So, Hubble has two possible usages. Okay. Hubble can be used as a thought, okay, which we talked about briefly before as a special class of prepositions. Just like Dune, just like ENDA. Okay. But probably also has another usage with the mustache. Okay. So sometimes a lost power to Allah or in Arabic In general, we use Kabul, and it's kind of short for Kabul, man.
Okay, in which case, it's fixed upon the moment.
And this is a slightly complicated point, that is going to come later once we start getting into okay, what is this thing called a muster? And how does it work? And what does it do? And things like that? But yes, so sometimes you're going to see mean probably, if it's a straight preposition, and sometimes you're going to see near an oven, right when it's serving a different function in the sentence.
So when you say fixed, did you mean, like,
me like that fixed, I believe, Oh, if I recall correctly, if I remember correctly, in those cases, it's fixed upon the
Bama, and that might be my incorrect memory, but it's one of the more subtler and difficult things in Arabic.
fantastic, anyone else's questions
good work everybody. We've done a lot of great stuff. Mashallah, we started so far away from here we've done 40 lessons about 40 videos. So alhamdulillah good progress before Ramadan. And, you know, try to review as much as you can in Ramadan, and we'll pick up afterwards in sha Allah Tada
Thank you very much, everybody.