Channel: Tim Humble
Series: Tim Humble - Kids Class
Yes, we have to do a little bit of rearranging then for the just the two brothers in the back we just move a little bit this way for me just to touch. Yeah, just little bit like okay, a bit more than that till you get on the sticker. You see a sticker? Yeah, that's it. And then Anissa Robin just come a little bit forward for me. Just a tiny, tiny tiny bit. Yeah, perfect. That's it. Now I can see all the kids were in the class. And inshallah it's going to be easy for us like that.
Okay. And hamdu Lillahi Rabbil alameen wa salatu salam, ala rasulillah Nabina Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi ajmeri.
We always begin with what do we begin with? How do we start all of our classes? What do we start with? What did the prophets lie Selim is to start with every single time Yes, Rama.
That was so quiet. I couldn't hear what you said.
I lip read.
praising Allah Alhamdulillah, praising Allah and seeing Alhamdulillah Alhamdulillah that's where we always start our classes. And then we're the second thing we always say, what we always say after we say Alhamdulillah
we ask Allah to bless the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and to give the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam peace. We always begin like that. Why should we why why do we? Why is it important for us? To ask Allah to bless the Prophet size? And to give him peace? Why is that important? Yes, happy?
Okay, I think that's good. I think what you were saying to me is that for all the profits it did for us, he taught us everything he taught us how to pray, he taught us how to be a good Muslim. So we have to show him respect, right? He taught me Nabila, he was told what to do what to walk through. You have to show the profit slice lm you have to show respect. After everything that he did for you, we have to we have to show that respect to our profits slice a lemon to all of the profits and the messengers, la masala to a celeb. Okay.
That being said, we are now on our 123 third fourth fourth Syrah
class, our fourth class on the zero of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And this one is all about battles. It's all about fighting and battles. Because there were some battles the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam went through that was so important for Islam, and for the Muslims. Now, before we talk about these battles, we have to remind ourselves where we are in the story. Otherwise, we get lost and we get all confused and we don't remember who we're talking about or what we're talking about. So we have to begin by reminding ourselves at this part of the story in which city is the profit sighs I'm living in this as we reach now to this part of the story as having
no we finished with Mark canal. Maybe you didn't come last week we finished with Mecca. Medina, the prophet sizer is living in Medina.
And he has in Medina people around him who are Muslim. They were two tribes.
But let's not talk about the tribes that there were people who came from Makkah, what do we call them? The people who came with him from Makkah, or from outside of Medina, not necessarily from Macau, but mostly from Macau. They came with him and they lived in Medina with him, what do we call them?
Very good. I'm with you on that. That's all of them by one just the ones who came from Makkah.
The followers yet all of his followers, but I want just the name for just the ones who came from MK as
the mohajir own
the Maha Judo and the people who came from Africa, and there were people who were already living in Medina who became Muslim. What do we call those people who already live in in Medina? The answer?
So, so far, You with me? We have the prophets lie Selim. He's living right now in Medina in this part of the story. And we have people who are Muslim in Medina and we call them the unsolved and we have people who came to Medina from outside. We call those the more hi June.
There were other people in Medina, who else was in Medina, who was not Muslim at this time.
was not Muslim at this time.
Who was in Medina at this time who was not Muslim? You don't have to remember their names. Just tell me something about them. What religion
Were they, for example?
No Croatia and Makkah, we're going to come to Croatia, Croatia, they were in Makkah and they used to worship What do they used to worship Croatia? Do you remember? idols they used to worship idols statues. They used to worship all sorts of
things, trees and stones and all kinds of things. Who was in Medina? Hawaii? The Jews? The Jews, the Jewish people, they were in Medina el keytab. The people of the book
they were in Medina Why were they in Medina? What did we say last time? Why were they in Medina? What were they in Medina for? Yes.
Very good. Exa Mashallah, you remember exactly what I said last week, that they were waiting for the Prophet Sall Allahu Allah who was send them. But they thought the Prophet sallallahu wasallam was going to come from them. They thought he was going to be from their religion, and then when it didn't happen, they became upset and angry, and they didn't accept Islam. They didn't accept Islam. So it's really important because the rest of the story will not make sense unless we have got all these people in our mind. So who have we got in our mind? Who got the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. in Medina, we've got dental hygiene, who came to Medina from outside? We've got the answer
who were living inside of Medina. We've got the Jewish tribes who are living inside of Medina, but they didn't become Muslim. And we have who
who is in Makkah,
which, which non Muslims, which could fall, what do we call them? Li Laffy. coresh coresh coresh are waiting in Makkah, because the whole rest of this story will not make sense unless we know these basic things. Okay.
Okay. In the time in Makkah, how was the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam? Was he in charge in Makkah? Was he fighting people in Makkah? Or was the situation different? When he was back in Macau? You remember we talked about the first and the second class? When he was in Macau? How was the situation like what were things like? Yes, Anna's
very bad and the Muslims were very weak. And the Prophet size lm was not in control in Makkah. huazi
and they had to leave and they had to go to Medina. Okay. But when they went to Medina, now who was in charge who was running who was in charge of Medina?
The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and the most of the people in Medina were what religion?
Most of the people in Medina what religion were they
Muslim. So Medina was now a Muslim country, like a Muslim country, Muslim city, but like a country. Yeah, like a country that had the Muslim ruler, the prophet size and was in charge. And most of the people living in the country were, were Muslim. So it was like, it's all like it's all Muslim country.
And so, things changed.
And the way that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was towards Quraysh, it changed in Makkah, how was the relationship with Christ? How are things with coration? Makkah?
Very bad. The Muslims were very weak. So now they were in Medina, they had their own city, they had their own laws. So how did it change? Now the Muslims became stronger.
And Allah gave them permission to do something that he never gave them permission to do before. What was that?
What do you think?
Power right, good, very good with power, what did he give them permission to do? He gave them permission to do something
to fight against koresh.
And later on to fight against the other people who are fighting against them.
So the Muslims didn't have an army in Makkah, there was no army for the Muslims in Makkah. They didn't have an army.
They didn't use to fight. If somebody used to hurt them. They just had to try to keep them away and be patient. But as you said correctly, in Medina and the Muslims, they had power and they were in charge. And when you have power and you're in charge in a country, what does every country
Have usually in that way every country has an army
every country has an army. So the Muslims were no different they started to have an army
and who was their first enemy that they were looking for?
Do you think they started with the fight in the people in Medina? Or do you think they started fighting someone else? What do you think?
You still thinking? Okay, what do you think?
not? dial? Maybe that's like a big goal start with start simple. Start with something simple.
and what do we know about correlation from our previous lesson? Where did correlations to go? Every single year? Lila feel? Quraysh Li fi humorous letter schita sheeta? He was slave. Where did they used to go every single year? That happens to be right. Medina happens to be right on the road
And where is Medina, right on the middle of the road
to Syria. So what's going to happen with Quraysh? They're going to have lots of camels going past with lots of expensive things on them. And they're going to be going to and from Syria for their trade, like we told you about in our second lesson. Except now they're going to find someone waiting on the road.
They're going to find the Muslims waiting for them.
What was the goal of the Muslims? What did they want to do? Why did they want to fight against Quraysh? Because you can't just fight against someone for no reason, right? Why did they want to fight against Quraysh? Does anyone think we should just fight for no reason? You have to have a reason, right? You have to have permission from Allah. Or can you just fight anyone you like whenever you want? What do you think? You think you have to have permission? What do you think?
Okay, because they didn't believe
in the Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam Okay, that's one thing. Number one, they didn't believe in the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam
but is that enough to fight them? I mean, the Jews in Medina didn't believe in the profit so I sell them but they didn't fight against them.
What made them fight against them?
Okay, very good. They had disbelieved in Allah. They have put the statues next to the Kaaba. Very good. What else do you think?
They tortured the Muslims before. Will whom by the EU come out when they started against them. They started
they started torturing the Muslim they forced the Muslims to leave Makkah. They hurt them so much. Who was the first Muslim who died? Who was the first Muslim who died for Allah? in Makkah, she was a lady. What was her name?
The first Muslim leader she died for Elias Rama.
No, I she didn't die until after the Prophet so I said
many about 55 years after the hedgerow roughly.
sumiya she died in Makkah. And they couldn't defend there was no Muslim, they couldn't defend anyone who was getting killed and hurt. But now in Medina, now they can defend themselves. But what was taken from them when they left?
What was taken from them?
their families, their money, their houses, everything was left behind. So they wanted to get back
what coalition took from them.
And also they wanted to make Medina strong. Because if you lie down in front of the person who bullies you, and you just give up, and you just let them do whatever they want, what's going to happen tomorrow, they're going to come with a big army and they're going to attack you again and again and again. So now you have to stand up and fight for yourself.
But the Muslims, we're waiting for permission from Allah. Because as Muslims, we don't fight against anyone, unless Allah gives us permission.
And Allah gave them permission to fight
against the non Muslims. And so the Prophet sighs have started to send out his armies. Sometimes he took part
and sometimes he didn't take part.
And he was
sending his armies out to try to attack the caravans of Quraysh. Do you know what I mean by caravan? I don't mean like a little home with six people sleeping you drag it along with a car, a caravan.
mean a big long trail of camels with lots of things with lots of money, lots of people that were going back and forward like a big car, like we would call it a convoy. Today, that's what we would call it, we would call it a convoy. So a big convoy of Quraysh going to Syria, and a big convoy of Quraysh coming back from Syria. And the Prophet sighs I've tried a few times to attack them.
And the Muslims were learning how to fight together, right? That was another goal to learn, because soon there is going to be a big battle, and everyone is going to have to fight. So you have to learn how to fight first, right? You can't just jump in there the first day. So they were also learning with each other.
They were learning with each other how to fight. I'm sorry, if I'm not answering all of your questions today, because we have a lot of battles to talk about. So I'm going to go a little bit quickly. So just, I will come back to you. Don't worry, I won't leave you with questions I will ask. But instead of answering questions all the time today, we have to go a little bit, a little bit quickly. So now we're going to talk about the very first battle. Remember, we're not going to talk about everything. Today, we're just gonna talk about the main things in the life of the profit center. So the very first battle, and this happened after the Qibla change, remember the Qibla
change for the Muslims? Which way did the Muslims used to face in prayer?
Which place that they used to face in prayer? But you have to tell me why you can't tell me just where it is. You have to tell me why did they used to face that way?
I want someone different.
Want to hear someone different? Which way did the Muslims used to face in prayer wasn't? It wasn't the Kaaba?
Which way did they used to face and why?
The Why might help you to figure out which way What do you think
they used to face Jerusalem alkaloids they used to face Jerusalem Why? Why didn't the Prophet sighs and pray towards Mecca? we Muslims we have the Kaaba, why not pray towards Mecca?
Who gives me an idea what do you think?
No coresh let them they in Medina now in Medina they safe they can face any way they want. Why did they face towards Jerusalem? Remember Jerusalem from Medina is the opposite way. Right. Makkah is south and Jerusalem is north of muddy it's like the it's like complete opposite direction. Yes, Ayesha.
The Kaaba is more holy than Mr. Aqsa. The Kaaba is more important than Mr. oxa.
You're right about You're right, in a way go on Anna's
very good, nearly nearly there. The answer is that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam did he bring a completely new religion? No, he was another prophet after the prophets that came before. And so he didn't change something until Allah told him to change it. Where did the other prophets used to face when they prayed Jerusalem? So he started facing Jerusalem, and then when Allah gave him permission, but not articlenew Baba, he confessed Salah Phelan when Leah naka kybella 10 toda la foliage, Hakka shelter al Masjid al Haram.
What do you think that the Jewish people in Medina used to say to him when he used to face Jerusalem?
What do you think they used to? How did they used to feel when they saw the Muslims that remember they are they say we following Moosa?
What did they used to say? What do you think they said?
How did they used to insult them? What did you say about them?
you're copying us? you're copying us? Why are you copying us For you see, you don't even have your own direction to pray. You just pray like as you're in the same direction as as you just copied us.
But the profit size M didn't change until Allah gave him permission. And when Allah gave him permission, right in the middle of the prayer while the Muslims were praying,
they turned in the face the other way. And there are even some massages you can see some messages you can see in Medina where there is two cableless
there is an old direction and a new direction, but you have to be careful when you go into
The mysteries you don't face the wrong way and pray the wrong pray backwards instead of forwards.
So, the Muslims changed their prayer direction. And it was after this, that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, he heard that there was a caravan, there was a convoy. And this convoy was going towards or back from Syria.
And it was led by Abu sufian.
Now, here, be careful, because there's a lot of people in this story, who were not Muslim at the time, but became Muslim later, and one of them is Abu sufian. So don't we don't want to speak anything bad about him because he became Muslim later on. Is that does that make sense? Like there are some people who we're going to talk about, like holidaylender Waleed, and Abu sufian robiola went home at that time, they were not Muslim, but later they became Muslim. So you kind of have to look at it two ways. You have to think about it, how it was when they were not Muslim. But you also have to remember that they became Muslim later on, so you can't say anything. You anything bad about
them as people but they will not fighting on the right side at that time. I will soufiane. At that time, he was one of the leaders of Quraysh he was bringing his caravan, his convoy back. And he got an idea that the Muslims were going to attack him because they had been attacking the caravans here and there.
And when he saw the Muslims had left Medina, an army has left Medina, he panicked. And he sent a message to Makkah, and he told them bring everybody we're gonna have a big bow, we're gonna have to have a fight. Because now they got scared before they were the bullies, right? They were the ones who are bullying the Muslims and hurting the Muslims. But now the Muslims have got swords and arrows, and shields, and a few candles and some horses.
Not many, but they have. So now the situation what do they call it? They say the tables have turned Yes, everything has gone the other way around. I don't know that's probably not a good expression to use, because it probably comes from something that's not allowed. So we scratch that expression, we won't use that we'll see the situation
turned around the situation became different because now the Muslims have some army, they have some weapons, they have some soldiers. So I will Sofia and started getting scared. Because like any bully is, isn't it? When you when you're the one in control, you feel really good. But then when the other person starts getting a bit taller, a bit bigger, a bit stronger, you start getting scared and you run away. So he tried to take his caravan a different way.
And the army came from Makkah.
And after a while they had decided almost to go back.
They almost decided that they were going to go that they were going to go back.
But Abu Jamal, who remember was the big enemy of the Prophet. So I said that one of the biggest enemies of the prophets lie Selim was called Abu Jamal and he decided to push them on and they ended up at a place called better.
Now better is not inside of Medina. Okay. So you have to picture where better is better is around it's over 100 kilometers from Medina. It's not it's not close. Maybe 70 miles or something. I mean, it takes over an hour to reach by car to reach better from Medina. It's not it's not close.
And the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam
left, and he went towards better
koresh they had in the region of 1000 people fighting 1000 soldiers fighting for koresh.
Can you guess how many the Muslims had?
Now you know how many the Muslims had? Let's see. Let's see what people think. We don't know. What do you think? 5000 Okay, maybe if we add the angels we can get to 5000 but not in the not the Muslims in the people only not not including the angels. Yes. Have you What do you think?
Not 3000 less. You're too high. What do you think layer?
2000 still too high. What do you think why?
Three is he knew the answer. 300 people only Do you know how many horses the Muslims had? Roughly speaking.
If they had 300 men they should have had what 300 horses. What do you think? 150
What do you think?
What do you think?
What do you think? A bit higher than one, W.
Two, they had around two and they had a few camels as well.
When the profits I sell them realized there was going to be a big fight embedder
he turned to the unsolved.
Who were the unsolved? They were the Muslims who were in Medina who lived in Medina who became Muslim. They were from Medina. And the Prophet size was a little bit worried about the answer, because they had made a promise to him that they would help him. But they hadn't made a promise that they would fight outside of Medina. They made a promise they would defend Medina, but they didn't promise they hadn't made. I'm not saying they didn't do it, they just hadn't promised it. The promise wasn't that their premise was we will defend you inside of Medina. Now where's better inside of Medina, outside? Outside of Medina, right? So now the answer, they don't have to go. But the
prophet system only has 300 people.
You only have 300 people remember, he wasn't planning for a fight. Originally, he was planning to do what? To attack the convoy and to take the things back to take the things that the non Muslims took from them to take it back. So he wasn't planning to.
He wasn't planning to have a big battle. So he took enough people to win the battle. But he didn't plan for over 1000 people, he didn't plan for it.
And when he realized he turned to the unsought
to see because they didn't promise they promised we will defend Medina, they didn't promise we're going to fight him better.
And he asked them,
he asked them,
you know, he looked towards him that what are you going to say? Are you going to are you are you with us? Because I'm not going to force you because it's not, you didn't that wasn't our agreement, that wasn't our promise. So I'm not going to force you. But they said,
If you go into the sea,
we're going to go into the sea with you.
And not even one of us is going to stay behind.
And if you fight against your enemy,
we're gonna fight because we are strong people. And we know how to fight in war, we're strong and we're brave.
They say God, carry on, keep going
upon the Baraka of Allah with the Baraka of Allah, keep going, we're not going to stay behind. If you go into the sea, we're going to jump into sea with you.
So then he was happy that he knew that the answer we're not going to stay behind.
So they went out.
And in better, they had to decide where they were going to stay. They had to decide where we're going to stop where we're going to stay. And they decided that they were going to stop next to the water.
Because if they had had control of the water, and remember, this is in the desert, and if in the desert, you have control of the water, you're going to be drinking water and your enemy is going to be not drinking water, your enemy is going to be thirsty.
And the prophet SAW Selim spent the night praying. And he asked Allah to give him help.
Because if the Muslims died, then
there wasn't going to be anyone else left. That was it. If the Muslim is going to die in that battle,
that's it. There's no more no one left to worship Allah alone. So the Prophet size him he made.
And the battle it started in a lot of these battles started the same way. Do you know how they used to start battles in that time, they used to start it with one to one, one person against one person, not the whole army didn't used to start with a whole army that was later, they had a style of fighting, what they would do, the armies would line up each army in their place. They would fight in rules in the law, you have bullet in a cartoon fsap suffer and merciless Allah loves the people who fight in rows. Like there was one building close together.
And then one person would come forward and he would say who's gonna fight me? So then another person would come forward. So three people from Quraysh they came forward, they said, okay, who is going to fight us?
The answer is that for the people of Medina, they said, we're gonna fight you. We're strong, we're brave. We're gonna fight you. They say we don't want to fight you. We don't have any problem with you guys.
Why you came in the first place? Why did you come to fight this battle? This is not your battle. We came for our cousins.
Who did they mean?
now have to be careful now who do they mean?
The Muslims from Makkah, we say we don't want to fight the Muslims from Medina, we don't have any problem with you guys. Just stay where you are. We came to fight the people from Makkah.
That's how we came to fight.
they came and from the people who came was away, they will hide it and Hamza and Ali. And they want the Muslim is one that they won the fight against the three against three, one against one against one against one three people, and they fought and the Muslims one. Then after that, what happens the big battle starts and the armies clashed, and the Muslims one very, very big victory.
Allah sent the angels
Allah sent the angels to fight and the angels fought alongside the Muslims. The angels fought gibreel fought along with the Muslims and even though the Muslims were very small number, Allah settle their heart imagine you only for every one Muslim soldier. There was at least three coresh from koresh
now it's not now you imagine a fight were you fighting and the enemies three times bigger than you and they have more horses and more camels and more weapons. So you'd be scared but Allah made the hearts of the Muslims strong and the Muslims defeated them and the courage they retreated
an Abu Jamal was killed but the story of how Abu Jamal was killed is really interesting.
Who do you think killed Abu Jamal but don't put your hand up if you know I don't want if you know I want you to guess who might have killed Abu Jamal who is the biggest enemy so obviously maybe the Prophet slicin killed him right do you think so? Who thinks maybe it was the Prophet sighs Alamo killed Abu Jihad wasn't maybe Abu Bakar
maybe I'm up if you know the answer, don't put your hand up. Do you know the answer? You're gonna guess? Okay, go on. Good guests. Ali. Very good guests. That's wrong.
Abu Jamal was killed by two very small boys.
by two very very small, very small boys. Both of them were called wife by the by Mr. Morales
and these two little boys they came to Abdurahman have an elf and they said to our shores who is Abuja has a little boys.
They said show us who is Abuja.
He said what are you going to do with Abu Jihad Abu Jamal is a big monster and he's going to fight is fighting the most of the big enemy of Islam shows Abu jihad.
So he showed them Abu Jihad and these two more than when
they came. And they both struck Abu Jihad at the same time. And when they came back to the prophets, I said and they were arguing over who, who got him in the end, and it turned out both of them did at the same time.
And they killed Abu Jamal and Abu Jamal. Even when he died, he didn't give up he stayed up even when he was dying and he saw his dying he didn't accept a snap. He continued to say that his religion was right. But when they saw Abu Jamal die Quraysh were
spread all apart. Some Muslims died six from the people of Makkah and eight from the people of Medina.
But they got a lot of people prisoner they were able to get a lot of the Quraysh became prisoner. So they had to decide what shall we do with the prisoners?
So there were some different ideas
Abubakar he said we should run some of them. Do you know what ransom is? Where you give up the prisoner you send them back and you get money? You get money and you get and you get fit like so you kind of exchange them for money that's the Muslims were needing because the Muslims didn't have money because they left them money were in Makkah right. So they had left all their money in Makkah so the Muslims were needy. So Abu Bakr said, Why don't we give them back?
and What did Mr. Say?
Why don't we get rid of them all?
Why don't we get rid of all of them?
So the Prophet sighs I'm had to make a choice. So he made a choice. He decided to go with the decision of Abu Bakr
and they run some of them for a lot.
I think it was
If I'm not mistaken, between 1000 to 4000 dinar, any 1000 gold coins to 4000 gold coins?
That is a big amount of money. Can you imagine that many gold coins? That's a lot of money.
But what happened if they didn't have money? They had to do something What was it?
They had to teach 10 Muslims to read and write.
They had to teach 10 Muslims to read and write then they got to go.
But Allah azza wa jal sent down an ayah from the Quran. And he told the prophets I said that it wasn't the right decision. And the right decision was the decision that Omar made.
So the Muslims learned for next time.
You can't let them go like that. Why do you think you can't let them go like that? What What did what happens when you let them go like that? What What did it What did it make happen?
taken upon again for another battle?
So Allah azza wa jal revealed in the Quran,
that is not for the Prophet size and your cornella, who SLR had Justina fill out until he makes himself strong on the earth.
So they went back. And they were very, very, very, very angry. Quraysh imagine they've gone from Makkah thinking that they're going to finish the Muslims. And they've come back with around about 70 of their soldiers had died.
And the prisoners and they lost their money, they lost all of those candles, they lost all of the things they brought from Syria, they lost so many things.
Now they had to give it all to the Muslims and the Muslims became more powerful now.
So Abu sufian remember I was Sofia and later on is going to become Muslim, but he didn't become Muslim until now. Abu sufian was raging, he was furious. And he wanted to come back again to try but this time with better weapons and better bigger numbers. He wanted to come back again
after the Battle of better the daughter of the Prophet so I said number Okay, yes, she passed away. Robbie Allahu and her as she was married to which Sahabi who is rock as husband prophesizing his daughter, Rokia.
She was married to who?
earthman when she died
what happened to her as mine?
Okay, he couldn't go to the bathroom. Then what happened to us man?
Who did he marry?
He married Uncle Sam the other daughter of the Prophet sighs lm. He married so he had married Rokia and when Rokia died, he married on Corfu. He married another of the daughters of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. And that's why, as nine he had a nickname, he was called Luna Ryan,
the one who had two lights, because he married one of the daughters of the Prophet sighs Emma, when she died, he married he married the other one.
Now, after better, something important happened, remember who was living in Medina from the non Muslims, the Jewish tribes, there was three Jewish tribes in Medina. And after every major battle, one of them left or got killed. So you can remember this, there was how many
there was three tribes, three Jewish tribes after every big battle of the Muslims.
Something happened to one of them.
So the first one was Benny Kino car.
And what happened was, after the Battle of better they started to not listen anymore. Because remember, they had an agreement with the prophet SAW Selim that you can live in Medina, but you're going to respect us and you're going to behave.
But what happened after the Battle of better
they stopped behaving.
And they started to show that they were ready to fight
to the point that
they started a fight in the market, and a Muslim died. And then the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam ordered the Muslims to go and fight against them. All three tribes No, just one, just the one who broke the rules. That was basically no car they broke the rules. So they got fought against and finally they had to leave Medina, this one tribe. So how many tribes were left in Medina,
from the Jewish tribes to Yeah, one got kicked out.
From the three panic a new car, they went towards Syria, and they died that
now Qureshi already for
round two, they want they want to have another, another go at the Muslims. So this time
they prepared themselves 3000 soldiers and 300 camels and 200 horses
who is going to be deleted this time there is no Abu Jamal to be the leader. So who is going to be deleted this time?
No, we're talking about the enemies of Islam. We're not talking about the Muslims. We're talking about the bad people who is going to be deleted apart from the Shaitaan who had run away in the Battle of Baroda. You know, shaytaan ran away in the Battle of Buddha, right?
Yeah, he came in the shape of a man Iblees came in the shape of a man.
And when he saw the angels coming to fight, what did he do? He
turned around and he ran away.
When he saw the angels coming to fight, when he saw the Muslims, he was telling them go and go, and I'm going to be with you are in the jar on Lake home, I'm going to be your friend, I'm going to fight with you. I'm going to be alongside you. Then when he saw the angels coming to fight, he turned and he ran away and he jumped into the sea.
And he ran away. So who is the leader of them? Not Holodomor Walid holliman. Well, he was one of the generals. But he wasn't I mentioned the leader many times already.
Abba, Sophia. Remember, I was Sophia and escaped from the Battle of better
remember, Sophia and later became a Muslim. Okay, so don't get confused.
So what happened? Abu sufian got 3000 men.
And he got a couple of 100 horses 300 camels and he decided I'm gonna go to Medina, I'm gonna finish them now. This is the end of it normal, given our goal to normal, attacking our convoys.
We're going to finish them for good.
So this time the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was ready.
And he gathered
on the way happened, which was very,
and his army was 1000 people, the profit size and his army was 1000 people.
And they were better they were better than in better in the means that they had more weapons more.
You know, like, for example, the horses and camels and everything, they had more.
But something very bad happened on the way.
What happened is the second Jewish tribe
they were going out with them
or not exactly any. But what happened was, there was the monastic in who mentioned who were among the Jews who had pretended to be Muslim.
And among them was Abdullah and obey.
And what he did was,
what did he do?
Right on the way to fight? He turned around and said, I'm not going to fight. I'm going back.
How do you think the Muslims felt then? When these guys turned around and went back? What do you think? betrayed, right? They felt very, very betrayed. They felt sad. You know, you had 1000 people you're gonna fight 3000 now suddenly, your 1000 is only 700 so they had to find a place
So they ended up fighting next to a huge mountain in Medina called ERT
and our herd is one of the entrances to Medina because Medina was a city that was very well protected. It wasn't easy to get into Medina. It's not like now is a nice big road that goes in.
Medina has on one side Hydra, which is like rock from volcanoes like lava rock, it's very, very hard. And the horses and camels can't cross it sharp hurts your feet when you walk across it. So it was not easy for them to cross it. On the other side of Medina is mountains you can't get past but one way into Medina is from
the side of hurt
from one area. So they came towards or hurt and they can't hurt or hurt is just outside of Medina. Actually now it's inside of Medina but at that time, it's just on the edge of it's just outside of Medina.
And now I'm going to introduce you to someone else who was fighting for Quraysh
As you mentioned,
call it eventually throw the alarm.
And Holly, it was a very, very good fighter. Remember Holly later on is also going to become Muslim. Even though in this battle, he was fighting for the
the non Muslims.
But Khalid was very, very good at fighting or Khalid never ever lost the battle. Never.
He was a very, very good person for leading his army.
So Abu sufian was there and Khalid eventually that others, they were decided they were going to fight against the Muslims that they were going to win this time. They had 3000. And they even brought some women and children.
Why do you think they brought some women and children for what do you think is?
Yeah, so they, they they kept them there to make the fighters fight really well. Because see, look, your wives are watching you. Your children are there, if you lose the battle, they're going to take your wives and children prisoner.
So they kept there, even there, they kept people along with them.
And the bit and at this time, the prophet size and he had to he didn't have very many people. So he had to come up with a plan
of how he was going to protect the Muslim army. And he decided to use a small mountain.
If you've ever been to Medina, you've seen the mountain of or heard this huge, like if you turn your head from the left to the right, you don't get to the end of it. It's huge, big mountain.
Next to the mountain in the middle, there's a little hill
the prophets I seldom put arches on that hill. Do you know what archers are? People who fire the fire arrows, right? They didn't have guns in those days. They didn't have tanks, they didn't have bombs. They had bow and arrow and swords, right. And spears. Those were the main weapons the spears, long stick with a little
pain on the end like a head on the end. Point the end. And they had arrows they fired from a bowl.
And they had thoughts.
So on top of the mountain, who do you think he put on top of the mountain to people with the swords? What do you think went on top of the mountain the arrows. And he told them whenever the Quraysh army gets near, you fire your arrows at them.
And whatever you do, don't leave the mountain.
What was the instruction don't leave the mountain. Even if we win, don't leave the mountain. Why? Because he was worried he saw that if they leave the mountain, it's possible for him to come around the side and get us and catch us from the side or from the back.
So you always want to have armies fighting, they're always worried about someone attacking them from the back. Even until today when armies fight each other. They're always scared about someone attacking them from from the back because you're looking at the front and you're pointing your arrow your sword or your these days guns or whatever at the other soldiers. So what's gonna happen if someone comes behind you in the back? It's gonna shoot you in the back right? So they were scared about that. So the Prophet size and put the archers to stop that happening. Whatever happens even if we win don't
come down from the mountain.
In the beginning the Muslims won the battle
they won the battle so much that koresh ran away.
And all of his money and their swords and their things were on the battlefield. So the Muslim started to do what collected up and do what with it. What do you think they did with it?
Yeah, share it out. The profit slice lm and the Muslim, the Muslim Treasury the Muslim beta man, they get a fifth of it. And the rest is shared out among the fighters. Even the horses get a share the horses get a share too. Yeah, cuz you need to you need to share for the horses as well. Yeah, the horses get a share. But the horses obviously the the owner of the horses gets a share to look after his horses.
So they started to share out the money.
Then the archers will on top of the mountain. What do you think they started to think?
They thought they had won. And if you've won, you don't need to fight anymore. So they put their bows down, not all of them. Some of them stayed on top of the mountain. They said we're not going to leave because the prophets why some said stay we're going to stay. But some of them they made a mistake.
They said, Look, we're winning. Look, they're giving out the money. Come on. Go get your share. Let's go. Let's go
Have you finished now there is nothing the province has told us to stay during the battle but the battle is finished now.
But they didn't count on highly dependable elite. Khalid was watching from the back few times Khalid was leading the horses. Khalid was on the was on the what they call the cavalry. He was he was with the horses. And he was watching very many times, I think three or four times he tried to get into the back of the Muslims, because remember, in the trust me in armies fighting, they always try to get around the side around the back. He tried to flank them, that's what they call it to go around the side or around the back. So every time he went to arches, shot arrows, and he couldn't get through. When the arches went down, caught, it still stayed at the back. He hadn't. He hadn't
fought. He wasn't getting involved. He was trying to go then come back, try to go around, come back, try to come back. Like that. When the archers went down, Khalid saddam, remember highly later became a Muslim, right. But at this time, he was not a Muslim. And he went for it. He took his horses and he rode very, very fast around the back of the mountain. And he killed the arches, who on top of the mountain, now who's on top of the mountain.
Call it and who's with him, koresh. And what they're going to do from on top of the mountain,
shoot the Muslims from behind, or attack the Muslims from behind. So now they came from behind, and they were able to attack the Muslims from the side and from behind. And the Muslims were not ready because the Muslims were given out they're
given out the stuff here they were not ready for it.
And the Muslims went everywhere.
They went all over the place. Why do you think that happened? What was the main reason that this happened?
What was the main reason why the Muslims just got all confused and lost? And the fighting was really bad and many Muslims ended up getting killed what was the real reason for scmo? What do you think?
They weren't prepared for it good. But why What? What did they what was the mistake they made? What was the big mistake they made?
They didn't listen to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam and trust me whenever you don't listen to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam something bad is gonna happen to you.
That's the Sunnah of Allah and that's why the Muslims are in the situation they're in today because when you don't listen to the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam bad things gonna happen to you
so they didn't less listen and allow wanted to teach a lesson to the Muslim so they can learn
and from the people who were killed in the battle, is Hamza Hamza the Allah and the uncle of the Prophet sighs alum he died. And he was killed by worship help.
Who was an Abyssinian slave.
And he was very good with his spear. He was very good with with what a spear you don't want to spear right? You've seen a spear long, a long pole with a sharp and he was very good. And he was a slave.
the owner of what she had promised him, if you kill Hamza, I'm gonna let you go free.
So he didn't get involved in the battle he hid. He was sneaking. He hid.
And he waited. And he waited until he got a chance. And he threw his spear
and even though Hamza didn't fall in the beginning, but finally, he fell and he and he died while the Allahu and the uncle of the prophet SAW Selim. He was killed. And 70 something of the Muslims were killed. Around 70 of the Muslims were killed from them was most abnormal. How What did we learn about Muslims?
He was the first ambassador in Islam, the first person to go and represent Islam, away from where the Muslims were, he went to Medina, as the representative of the Muslims as the How can we explain the person who went on behalf of the prophets I said like a messenger to go to give the message of Islam in Medina, he went there and he died. Many of the very, very good Muslims they died because of that, because of that mistake.
And it got so bad
that it came so close that the Prophet sighs lm nearly died.
It came so close that his
face was injured, His head was cut open, his tooth got broken. And I don't know if you've seen the helmets they used Have you seen the helmets they used to wear when they fought in the olden days, metal helmets and they have like metal chains that come down from the side like it looks like a cloth. But it's a metal chain to stop you getting hit by an arrow by a sword. The chain went inside of the profits cheek. So I said he got stuck inside the circles from it. It got it got stuck inside of his cheek.
And he got his face was caught. And they were just a small number of Sahaba. around him. They were trying to keep away koresh to the point that some of them would stop in the arrows with their hands. Can you imagine that they even did drop their shields, they didn't have anything. And there was some of the Sahaba who with their hands, they were put in the arrow into their hand to stop at hitting the profit center. That's how close he came.
That's how close he came to die.
Some of them were stopping the arrows with their,
with their hands. And they were just a few people around him who were trying to stop.
Sorry, Web Workers was one of them, he was the best at shooting arrows. He was the best at shooting arrows. So whatever your costs are the lower end. And he was stood in front of the profits. I mean, he was just shooting as many arrows as possible.
And a few people were just defending the profits, I sell them. And finally
the people they came together, all of them, they came together. And I'll tell you how bad it was. They said that when he was carrying the flag of the Muslims, that's another thing you have to understand when the armies used to fight back in the olden days, they used to fight with flags,
like banner, and all the fighting happens around the flag. So the enemy is carrying their flag. And sometimes they have more than one flag, right? They don't just have one flag. So they have like a few flags. And the fighting happens around the flags.
So most app when he carried the flag, and they they cut his arm and he dropped the flag and he picked it with his other arm, the cutter arm. Then he picked it
with his like he he put it he like like he hugged it to himself. And then finally they killed him. So a lot of Muslims die because of that mistake that those people and they went down from the mountain. But finally the Muslims came back together. Allah made their heart strong again, the profit size and called them when they saw the profit size and was alive. They got happy. And they started to fight again and they were able to push koresh back and the battle ended as a draw. In the middle a
lot of Muslims were killed. Some people from Croatia were killed. And nobody really won the battle in the end. So who went in the beginning? The Muslims then call it the Middle East he got over on top of the mountain and then the non Muslims they were able to almost killed the profits Isola almost
and when must have died must have looked very similar to the profit center in his appearance, so when most of died, what did they think? What do you think that Quraysh thought
they thought it was Mohammed Salah they thought that they killed Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam,
but it didn't kill him. So finally the Muslims came together and they pushed him back. And it became it became a draw. And now at this point
at this point,
some of the kurush was Abu sufian he heard what he heard that Mohammed sighs him is dead. So Abu sufian is thinking I say I've done my job. But he knows the Muslims are still fighting so Muslims don't give up. They didn't give up they still fought.
So he came in he said
is Mohammed with you?
The Prophet size lm told them to don't say anything to answer. He said is Abu Bakr with you.
said don't answer.
Then he said his armor with you.
prophesized and said don't answer.
Then Abul Sophia and he said that's it. See, we've done it. We've killed all three of them. We finished them. They're normal. He couldn't stay quiet.
He said or enemy of Allah all of them are alive. He couldn't eat
He couldn't keep it inside. He tried to stay quiet, but he couldn't. Then he shouted out loud.
And then Abu sufian
he asked Omar by Allah did we kill Mohammed?
by our law, you didn't kill him and he can hear what you're saying now.
So I will Sofia and realize that he didn't win the battle.
And they had to leave. And they left back to mucker. With
in the middle, they didn't lose. They didn't win. And they went back towards Mecca. What do you think the Muslims had to do at that time now?
What do you think?
While the Muslims, they had a lot of wounded people, right. They had a lot of dead people, they had to bury the dead people.
We call them shuhada or hurt the people who died in or hurt
to bury them.
Surprisingly, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam straight away the very next morning, he sent them on another battle.
And he didn't let anyone who stayed in Medina fight only the people who fought him or hurt.
He made them go and fight again the very next day.
Why do you think he will do that?
Okay for to get like a revenge. Yet that's a good answer.
To see if they understood the lesson they were taught the first time you've learned a big lesson in or hurt. You've learned not to disobey the profit side seller. You learned a big, big lesson. And
now we're going to see how have you learned your lesson. And also, so they don't lose their so they don't become sad, right? The battle didn't go well. It wasn't what they wanted. What till Kela Yamanaka will have been a nurse these days we spread we give it sometimes to us sometimes to you. So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam.
He said to them, you go out even if you're wounded, even if you're sick. Even if you had a bad timing or hurt, you have to come. And they went for a battle called hambre an asset. But in the end, they didn't end up fighting. Now when they came back,
what did they have to do? Remember, what did we say is the rule. There was three tribes of the Jewish tribes in Medina, one of them went better. Now, the other one, number two has to go and is the last thing we're going to do today. Then we're going to stop we have to finish the battles next week. We didn't have enough time we have too many battles left. We have to talk about 100 we have to talk about fighting America. So we have too many left.
The prophets I sell them so that they betrayed the Muslims First of all,
but more than that, that wasn't what caused him to fight them. What caused him to fight them is that they tried to kill him.
The Prophet sighs and went to talk to them
about something important to do with Medina.
And they said, Okay, we'll talk to each other just wait here.
So while he was waiting,
they sent someone up
to the top
to throw a stone upon him and kill him a big heavy stone, take it
and drop it
and to kill him.
What do you think happened? Do you think they drop the stone upon the Prophet size? Lm?
What do you think?
The angel jabril came with news from Allah.
To tell the prophets I tell them that they're going to do this.
Then the prophet SAW Selim, he realized that we have to fight against them.
And so he sent the Muslims all together to surround them. He gave them some time to leave.
He gave them some time to leave. He said okay, you have 10 days.
You have 10 days to leave.
If you leave in these 10 days, we will not hurt you. If you're still here after 10 days, we're going to fight you
So what do you think happened? They just left right after 10 days.
The hypocrites came again. The people who left during the Battle of or hurt the ones who left before it started. They came they said, Why are you going to leave for? Why are you leaving for don't leave? We'll help you out.
They said, Let in overage tonight no hurry Jen America? Well, no to FICO. I had an evident when you were in school till tonight and so Rhonda
will La Jolla, she had to
say we're going to help you we're going to be with you in a fight with you Don't worry.
Did they fight with them? Did they help them? Not at all? Not even a little bit.
They just said it. And finally,
the Muslim surrounded them.
And Allah azza wa jal spoke about in
sources of passion
that Allah put so much fear in their hearts, they even started to destroy their fortresses with their own hands. When the Muslims burned down their trees and their
They got so scared, they started to destroy their own houses.
And they all
left Medina and they left Medina and they went to hybrid and hybrid was one of the places I think I said taboo cluster, but I meant to say hyper hyper was one of the places where there was a large group of Jewish tribes waiting for the profit. Why were they waiting hyper
cost of a fruit, which fruit
dates, they were waiting for the profit in the place where there were dates. But obviously, they realized that the place was Medina anyways, there were some of them in kariba. And they left Medina and they went to hyper. Why is this important? Because we're going to hear in the battle that it has app, that the reason the Battle of Allah have started is because they were in favor, and they started making trouble for the Muslims. So we're going to stop there.
And we're going to start next time at the Battle of 100, the Battle of the trench,
the Battle of the trench, but why did I want to stop there, you have to remember where we are. So next time, you can remember
the second Jewish tribe and one of the
they had gone to which place they left Medina, they destroyed their houses with their own hands. And they went to hyper
inhaber they started causing problems for the Muslims.
And they started raising an army. So you know, when you get kicked out of a place and you know, you lost your house and everything you upset, right? They were upset. So they started making plans that were going to come back. But they didn't have a big army. So how are they going to come back? What do you think? They didn't have an army with just a small tribe. Remember, there was three tribes in Medina benoquin car, and Ben and Nadia, Ben iqueryable.
Now this, they've all left, there's only just a handful of their small number. So they don't have an army. So what are they planning to do?
If you don't have an army, what you're going to do?
trick them excellent answer. We're going to have to go and find an army. So they started to go around all of the tribes of Arabia.
And they started to go to college. They said to Qureshi See, look, we got kicked out of Medina.
We're going to help you. Is that how you're going to help us? What are you going to do for us? You small number of people? They said no, no, we've got friends, big friends. Okay, see what you can do.
Then they went to Oxfam, a big tribe in the east. And they said to this big tribe See, look, we want to fight with you in Medina, against Medina, against the Prophet sighs man Medina, isn't what you're going to do. So we'll come on, we've got Quraysh Qureshi on our side. So they played everyone against everyone else, until they got a big huge army of 10,000 people to attack Medina. Look in the beginning it was 1000 then in the Battle of a herd, it was
3000. Now they raised the army of 10,000 people to fight against the prophets. I send them in Medina from every place. So there was no friends left every place. They came from Makkah koresh, they came from the east, they came from the north, from every place in the surrounding Medina. And that's what we're going to talk about in the next class. So we have to our battles, class number two, because we didn't finish there's too much to talk about. To be honest. We're not given all the information. There's so many things we missed.
We just want you to get an idea about the life of the Prophet sighs and just we want to give you like a little bit of an idea. So you understand how was life before Islam? What was life like in Macau? What was life like in Medina? What were the battles like? Obviously in the middle of these battles What happened? Which we had
Salah in Morocco, right started praying in Makkah
and Zakah came in the early days of Medina. Also in between these battles came fasting Ramadan,
the fasting of Ramadan, also, we said the change of the Qibla fasting Ramadan does occur.
But now we're going to talk after that about the Battle of the trench. The Battle of 100 the Battle of the trench class next time inshallah. Okay, does anyone here have any questions? If I have any? I'll answer them. Yes. Have any answers? I'll give you the that's what I'm interested in.
he became a Muslim. Yes, Abu sufian was the one who came and said, Did I kill Mohammed? Did I look at how people change? He was wanting to kill Mohammed Salah. And then a few years later, he's going to become a very good Muslim, and a companion of the prophet SAW Selim haldimand worried he was the one going around
fighting even why she the one who killed Hamza
Yeah, many many situation change for many many people. And that's why Eliza gel revealed lay select kameena and Rishi Alia to violate him. Oh, you are developing for unknown volume on that you Oh Mohammed, you don't control the situation. It's not up to you who gets guided? It's not up to you who gets misguided whose decision is it who gets guided
Allah, so to Allah, it's not up to anyone else. So some of these people who fought against the Muslims, they became Muslim.
Later on, they accepted Islam later on.
What was your question? Why you had
yes, sometimes they broke their fast if they were fasting in the war, sometimes they broke their fast and sometimes they the the war happened at the different time not at the fasting time.
Yeah, their armor was made out of iron mostly. And Allah revealed the surah about it, which solarize revealed about iron
I can't read you the iron because if I read you the I even know the name of the SCI.
Fi bats on shadow.
Which Sora was revealed about the iron they used to make their weapons out of
who's memorized here?
Who has memorized here three Jews of the Quran.
What's the sort of thing?
Hadid Okay, finally Surah Al Haddad
Wenzel Nell Hadid, we sent down iron and Eliza Jen made it
strong that they made their weapons out of it. But it was very heavy as well. So must have taken a lot to carry that chain meal. You know, the armor was very, very heavy. Because you imagine you can't if you're if your enemy has swords, you have to put something to protect yourself. You have to put armor you have to put metal big metal plates, metal rings over yourself.
In fact, in the Battle of Ohio, they said the profits I sell and put to one on top of the other.
He put two sets one on top of the other chain mill.
So it's very, very heavy. They had to be very strong. Who else had a question before we finish?
Okay, that's what Allah made easy for us to mention for this class and allies which one was best for salatu salam ala nabina Muhammad. While early he was a happy edge marine.
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