Channel: Tariq Appleby
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what is the pharaoh what are the villa Himanshu Dorian fusina woman say Dr. Marina de la Vela mo de la mejor de la was shadow La ilaha illallah wa de la sharika Allah wa shadow under Mohammed Abdullah who was solo? Yeah, he will Edina mano de la how to party while at mo Illa and two Muslim on Yeah, you wanna suta Pura vida como la de la kocoum enough se wahida wirkkala caminhada wahba seminoma region jetty row one is what up hola hola de Luna B he will have in no la hochanda la cumbre de vida
de la havapoo colas de de de UCF La La convoy Phil la condo novacom y mejor de la hora Sula, who foccacia fosun alima I'm about to do the inner circle. How do you think eatable wha wha ha ha de Haji Mohamed in Salalah alayhi wa sallam. Warszawa Amorim of desert to Hakuna Matata in VEDA wakulla dighton bola de Vaca la bola? cynefin No, my dear brothers. In the last few years we've been discussing three aspects of the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam the three aspects in which many people go straight. The first is that statement where people say that the Quran is enough. The second statement is that we give preference to the Quran over the Sunnah. And the third
statement that not every aspect of the Sunnah is evidence or has any legal weight. Today we cover and we complete our discussion about the Sunnah. And how many people go astray regarding the Sunnah by talking about one last issue, and that is they are those people who say how can we accept Hadees when it was only compiled more than 200 years after the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam death? If something's only written down to 100 years after someone allegedly said it according to them, then how can we be certain that it is accurate? So today we want to talk about that. And hopefully by covering this, it will give us a solid foundation for the footpath we have planned for
the future with all those permission. The first thing that I want to say is and as we have said in the previous 200 buzz, that whatever we as Muslims need regarding our Deen has been preserved whenever we need in terms of our belief, or our a vida. Allah subhanho wa Taala has taken it upon himself to preserve that for us. No Muslim can be a Muslim if he believes that the book of Allah subhanho wa Taala is incomplete. No Muslim who says I accept that the whole Koran is revelation except so to absorb is a Muslim. I believe in every surah in the Quran, but Salatu lazarov No, I believe that Allah subhanho wa Taala has revealed everything that we need in terms of our belief,
but in terms of our Eva, I don't think that everything has been preserved for this generation. Like we said, Those who say that the Sunnah has not been preserved. One of the consequences of that statement is to say that the Quran in the life of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was only applicable to the companions. And of course everyone knows that that's not true. The first reason is that Allah subhanho wa Taala says that this Deen is for the is for the human race in a nasty calf for all people, not only the Arabs, but every other people on this dunya and the second is that this religion is the deen of Allah subhanho wa Taala until the day of the AMA, so whatever was dean then
must and most sure most assuredly is preserved by Allah subhana wa Taala for every subsequent race, ethnicity, nation, and every time after that time, the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. Now that we've understood that, let's move on to something else. That's very important. Because there's a hadith that many people use when they when they are more advanced in the argument, they'll save it is there not a hadith that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said Lata to bonnievale Quran don't write anything from me besides the Quran, and whoever has written anything from me besides the Quran, let him erase it.
That Hadith Yes, that Hadith in Sahih Muslim and the person will call that Hadith. But then you turn around and you say but how is it that you do not accept the sooner but yet you are using
This evidence doesn't make sense. That's the first thing you need to ask him. Either. You we both agree on what we are going to use as the foundations and the sources of our argument or without, we know we stop this debate, you know from its from the beginning. Or the second argument that you could make is, well, that's fine if you're going to use Hadith no problem. But what about all the other authentic hadith in which the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam directed his companions to write down what he said, after the conquest of Makkah? The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam gave a sermon he gave a good birth, and a man from Yemen, Abu Shia, he came to the Prophet after that
Goodbye, they said Dr. rasulillah, write down for me what you said.
So the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said to the companions up to boulia visa, this is in Sahih Bukhari, write down what I said to Abu for Abu Shah, so that he could have a record of what I said, and take that back with him, perhaps he will be able to teach those that he would encounter. This is what the prophet muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam teaches, this is what he said. So if you're going to use the Hadith in Sahih, Muslim, then you must also use all the other authentic narrations in which the Prophet directed his companions to write down what he said otherwise, that your approach is not academic, nor is it one that we agree with. So this is this needs to be
understood. But this hadith is authentic, at least according to many Rnm Ah, Emmanuel Buhari was of the opinion that these words were not the words of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. But the words of Abbas are either hood regenerator, or the Allahu Akbar. That's a very, you know, Heidi, the academic debate. We don't want to get into that now. But what I do want to share with you is that the annaba, when it comes to this, Heidi, they have different approaches. The first approach is to say, we give preference to all of the ideas that tell us it's permissible to write over this one Hadith that says it's not permissible. That's one approach. Another approach is to say, initially,
it was not permissible and then the Prophet abrogated that you repeal the law that said, Don't write and then he said, go ahead and write an example of that. Another one from the Sunnah, though the Prophet said, I used to prohibit you from visiting the graves, but now go and visit them. So initially in Islam, at the beginning, it was not permissible for Muslims to go and visit the graves. So the Prophet abrogated that initial prohibition. And now it is permissible for you and me to go and visit the graves and to visit our loved ones who are deceased. So this is an example of abrogation. So some scholars say Initially, the prophet said, Don't write down anything from me
besides the Quran, and whoever has written anything for me besides the Quran, let me erase it. Why? Because at the beginning, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam wanted to ensure that all of the resources of the Muslim community were dedicated towards the compilation in the writing of the Quran. And secondly, so that the words of Allah would not be confused with the words of, of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam and once this fear was no longer there, the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam allow the writing of his Sunnah as he no longer feared in the case of visiting the graves, that people that used to be attached to idol worship, and to graves because they used to,
you know, they used to exalt and worship the graves of pious people who lived amongst them, like the grave of law was a pious man who used to spend on the Hajaj and he was generous when he died, they turned his grave into a place of worship. So the Prophet feared that they were still new to Islam. They needed to develop their Eman And they told him after a few years, this was no longer necessary. The Sahaba showed their commitment to the belief in Allah and the worship of Allah alone. So the prophets Allah Lord so abrogated that the third approach of the lemma is to say that the writing of the Sunnah when it when the Prophet prohibits it, it's very specific, maybe what the prophet meant
was, don't write the Quran and the Sunnah together on the same document, or various other interpretations. But ultimately, and inevitably, the scholars are unanimous that it is permissible to write down the Sunnah of the prophet muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. But what I want to share with you is not this debate, because chef Mustafa Muhammad Mustafa out of me in his PhD thesis at the University of Cambridge, it's called studies in early literature will law he this book is so amazing. It is so important in in modern Islamic literature, that it was translated from English into Arabic.
Does that show you the the the value of this book, how many books do you know have ever written in non Arabic languages and then were translated into the Arabic language because of its importance and because of its academic
You know, it's academic wait. So this book was his PhD thesis at the University of Cambridge. And I recommend that anyone, whether you have doubts about this sooner or not, or you just want to increase your knowledge of the sooner and it's compilation and its writing, you owe it to yourself to read this book studies in early Hadeeth literature. So, having said that, what I do want to focus on now is not to talk about the academic side is just to talk about the reality of how the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam was preserved while he was alive, after his death in the time of his companions, and in the time of the Taliban in all the way until the time of people like
Mr. Malik, who was born in the year 93. And he died in the year 179, or Imam Al Bukhari, who was born in the year 90 194. And he died in the 256. Because this is where the whole the sundown was only recorded 200 years after the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam. One of the problems with this is that you and I, if we take if we don't pay attention to what is being said, You are actually trying to tell me that between the time the Prophet died in the late in the year 11, after the hijra, until the birth and the life of people like Mr. Malik and others, there were no other scholars on the face of the earth. No one in the Muslim Ummah that taught the Quran and the Sunnah
of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam No, we're not in Mecca or Medina or Kufa, Obasanjo or Damascus or anywhere in Egypt or North Africa, not a single person. It took him a bollock to come decades after the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and then what did he do? Because you have two options. Either he has accurate accurately narrated these words from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and recorded them or you are accusing people like Mr. Malik and others like him, those during his time and others of lying against the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam and creating fabrications against them.
You have these two options. You either admit that there is a body of amazing scholarship and scholars between the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam and Mr. Malik and his contemporaries and those who came after him. Or you are forced to say that people like Mr. Malik and others, they sat down at home or in the masjid with ink and paper, or with ink and writing material. And they invented words. They said Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam said and they began to write, which one of these two do you prefer? So let us talk about this in a time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
The first thing we need to speak about is the fact that the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam spoke slowly, the Prophet would repeat himself. He was the most eloquent and articulate person that you would have met. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam did not spend his early years with the Bedouin tribes with Halima Saudia this is this is we if you want it to become eloquent and learn the Arabic language, this is where you went, so that your language will not be corrupted. So that you're you're not speak slang and you know, and colloquial, are one of the dialects that people speak in the city. You speak the pure Arabic, and the Prophet spoke slowly.
Why? Because it is his duty to convey this beautiful Deen to his followers and to his people. And if you speak if you speak, you know fast, if you mumble your words, if you don't speak clearly, how are people going to understand this Deen that Allah subhanho wa Taala has entrusted you to convey. So that's the first thing we need to understand that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam spoke slowly, clearly, and he was extremely eloquent. The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. This was his nature of speech. Number two, the prophet the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam encouraged the companions to convey what they heard from him. Every single year just before the hedge begins, a
football or two or many footballs are given on the profits of the law while he was Celebes last sermon, and out of what are the last words, one of the last words in that football? Let those who are present convey what I have said to those who are absent. That's one example of many with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam encouraged and motivated his companions, men and women to take what they had heard ballyhoo Agni walo ayah conveyed from me even if it's one eye or whatever, you know, you teach it to someone else you convey it, and hamdulillah we live at a time when we can take those words of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam and we can apply it in 20 different ways.
We can speak, we can record ourselves and upload that. We could, you know, post on our Facebook copy and paste, you know, Mashallah you go to sundar.com and you take a hadith and you copy it there and you paste it in Facebook Mashallah then you create the controversy later. That's a different masala for a different day. But what I tried to say is conveyed from me. May Allah illuminate the face of the one who calls yours something from me and he conveys it accurately. The prophets encouragement for people to take what they learn from him and to share it with others. Number three, that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam he actively or he was aware of those Sahaba who showed a greater
interest in his Heidi than others, like Abu huraira rhodiola one who said yeah Rasul Allah, man as I do not specify Attica, Yeoman kiama, O Messenger of Allah Who will be the happiest person with your intercession on the Day of Judgment. So the prophets of the light SM said to him, while he I knew that no one else would ask me about this except you, as I've seen your great eagerness for Hadith.
Because that was the that is Abu huraira rhodiola, who ran for almost five years, wherever the Prophet went, they you would find a Bo hora de la vie. He's only his only goal was to spend as much time with the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam later he would brag about this, he would boast he would say that why'd you rule we're busy, we're busy in business, the unsalted we're busy in agriculture, but me I was with the profits on the lawn while you were selling all the time. And this is why he has narrated the most Hadees from the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam, and the Prophet encouraged him. Then number four, the profit made to alpha people.
The Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam made for Abu hurayrah and he said he never forgot after that. The prophet may do alpha go live in Ibis about the Allahu Allahu Allah subhanho wa Taala that will or will not give him understanding of this Deen give him and teach him the explanation of the Quran that we love the Quran. And that's why I believe in Ibis about the Allahu anhu ma was one of the greatest scholars that this ummah has ever known in terms of his knowledge of the Book of Allah subhanho wa Taala. So the Prophet was making dry because when I die the prophets Allah Larissa knew my companions will be the ones who will convey this Deen to the generation that comes off to them.
So to say, and here's a question I want to pose before I continue
is written evidence or a written record, the only acceptable and admissible evidence.
If you go to court trying to prove that you own something, but you don't have a title, a title of deed or ownership, is that the only way you can prove that this property belongs to you? Or there are other ways of proving that this property belongs to you.
Is that the only acceptable way? Why this emphasis because in reality, this is not an issue in which these people who reject the Sunnah, they are looking for reasons to reject it. But not none of these reasons are valid. The aim is to make sure that they have access to the plan so that they can interpret it the way that they wish, because with the Sunnah, it's almost impossible.
An example how many times a day do we pray?
Five, that's what we seem to agree on. But without the sooner you wouldn't know that, and you would be able to come up with 234567 any number of times, how many records will be prayed during the whole pray? When would fasting begin and when would it end? What are you supposed to refrain from while you are fasting? What exactly is Riba?
Without the sooner you are left, you have all sorts of interpretations without being able to say with any clear certainty which one of those opinions is correct. So this is the problem. The problem here is we are not having an academic discussion about whether or not the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam has been recorded accurately whether in writing or memorization. We are actually having a battle with people who have a different agenda completely when it comes to the Quran, or to Islam. And this is nothing new. Just yesterday, I was reading something I'm going to end with this, although I had some more things prepared.
A few decades ago, in the Arab world, one of the greatest debates that was happening was one of the biggest discussions was whether or not the miracles of the prophets could be proven or whether they needed to be interpreted in such a way
As to be more acceptable to those who are not Muslims, particularly the West. So this was a great debate. Now, what kind of debates are we having? Are we still having that debate? Not necessarily, what's the debate now, it could be about same sex marriages. It could be about the variety of different things. But the debate is changing. If we do not have fundamental principles that are agreed upon, that have been the legacy and the tradition of Muslims, if we don't have a basis like this, that every few generations or Every generation, we will have new issues that will that will face that will attack the foundations of Islam. So one of those foundations is the Sunnah of the
Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. And if we had time today, I'd go into more detail about how the Sahaba preserved the sooner and how to tap the rain and the generations after that, and we are supposed to do an introduction as well to people like Emmanuel Bukhari and others, but I'll leave that for another day. By do it for myself and for you is that Allah subhanho wa Taala guide us to understand these issues where we understand what is ultimately most important. May Allah subhanho wa Taala guide us to the proper methodology when it comes to understanding our Deen when Allah Subhana Allah to Allah make us of those who can see Boulton for what it is and rejected. May Allah subhanho
wa Taala always guide us to the hub and show us the hub where it is and give us the tofik to act upon it. barakallahu li walakum filopodial aldine whenever I knew he could be Murphy hibbeler it ridiculous Hakeem Apollo Metis marone was the fetullah honey welcome Melissa. It was the Minami Columbian festa Pharaoh who in the who who will have for Rafi
Alhamdulillah Alhamdulillah Allah May Allah Muhammad Sallallahu wasallam Allah Allah Allah Mustafa Muhammad wa ala alihi wa sahbihi woman die but Allahumma salli ala Mohammed Ali Mohammed in cancer later either Ibrahim Ali Ibrahima innaka hamidou Majid alberic Allah Mohammed Ali Mohammed Abdullah Ibrahim Allah Ali Ibrahima innaka Hamid al Majid robina attina for dunya hacer una hora de hacer has been working either but now Allahumma Israel Islam or one Surah Al muslimeen Allahu mizel Islam or one sorry Muslim in Allahumma isocell Islam one sorry Muslim in Allah help our brothers and sisters around the world out there when it wherever they might be in need, of all those of our loved ones
who have passed away will grant them genda forgive them their sins, raise their ranks in gender and our law grant us patience and contentment now that we have lost them in our law join us together again in the company of the Prophet Mohammed Salah la vida, you will send them agenda to fulfill the dose of Allah, those of our loved ones and our family and our neighbors who are ill and sick. Oh Allah grant them Shiva from every illness they have a well I grant them relief from their pain and their suffering, raise their ranks and forgive them their sins and wipe away their sins because of their pain. Oh Allah, you alone know what we have done. How we have wronged ourselves. So while we
tend to you we ask you for forgiveness of Allah have mercy on us and forgiveness of Allah we have wronged ourselves so forgive us and have mercy on us. Oh Allah we have wronged ourselves. So Have mercy and forgive us. There is no one that can forgive us except you. Yeah, Allah. While here to Darwin hamdulillahi Rabbil alameen wa salatu wa sallam I learned to be you know Mohammed while early. He will be here tonight.