Taimiyyah Zubair – Taleem al Quran 2012 – P02 024D Tafsir Al-Baqarah 178-179

Taimiyyah Zubair
AI: Summary © The importance of following laws and regulations when following a criminal's actions is discussed, as well as the need for justice and protecting human life. The speakers emphasize the importance of following laws and regulations, protecting human rights, and following the legal system. They also touch on the concept of taqwa and its potential impact on one's behavior and behavior. The importance of forgiveness and following up on a case is emphasized, as well as the need for graceful follow-up and payment of blood money to the criminal's son. The segment also touches on the concept of premeditated birth and its potential impact on one's behavior and behavior.
AI: Transcript ©
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Assalamu alaykum Warahmatullahi Wabarakatuh

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now I don't want to select a lot of Sunil Karim and my birth Ruth bIllahi min ash shaytani R rajim Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim. Rubbish rallys slithery were silly Emery Wilder of data melissani of Kahu Kohli, Robin as in our Inma.

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From the ITIL bits, the verse of bit of piety of righteousness that we learned yesterday, one of the main lessons that we learn is that piety righteousness is not in doing good you like to do.

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But rather it is in doing what Allah likes you to do what Allah wants you to do.

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Many times that happens at a person, when he does a particular good deed, he likes it, he enjoys doing it, and then he focuses on it. So he does it again and again. And he focuses only on that, and other things, other deeds, he begins to neglect them.

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The app will be it teaches us that our focus should be on the pleasure of Allah subhanaw taala.

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And when we learn that Allah likes a particular deed, then we should do it even if we find it hard. Like for example, when it comes to fasting, why are we fasting even though it's so hard, even though it may be so difficult for some of us? Why are we fasting because this is something that Allah has obligated on us. So true piety to righteousness as in what in submitting to Allah is in seeking the rebrand the pleasure of Allah subhanaw taala.

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And we see that a person can earn that as one of Allah, the pleasure of Allah, by performing the deeds that Allah likes, that Allah has obligated on us, that Allah has commanded us to do.

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So there are some things which Allah has made compulsory on us, we have to do them, like Salah and Zika. And there are other things that Allah has not made mandatory on us, he has not made compulsory on us, but he has left them open to us, you don't do it, it's up to you. But if you do it, this is true piety. If you do it, you're gonna get the pleasure of Allah and if you don't do it, then you're going to suffer, then you are the one who's going to have less to present on the Day of Judgment.

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Now the following if we will learn about some commands, some legal rulings, which Allah has obligated on the believers, and remember that when a person does what Allah has commanded and even that is a means of earning the pleasure of Allah soprano data that is also a part of this of righteousness of piety.

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So yeah, you have Medina, Amma know all you who have believed cultiva Alaikum Okay. Saucerful Cutler, prescribe for you is legal retribution for those who are murdered.

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Yeah, you Alladhina amanu who is being addressed? All of the believers previously an item who was being mentioned the one who believes in Allah men and a biller, right, well, you will act as an individual one person. And over here, we see that all of the believers are being addressed. That it is a requirement of your Eman. It is part of your faith that you must perform this obligation and what is that that cookie or Lake Como pea sauce cookie, but it has been written

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katiba keftab keytab is to write and when this has mentioned that such and such has been written for you, what it means is that such and such has been made from on you it has been made obligatory on you.

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Because when something is written down, then it is recorded, it is fixed it is understood that it has to be done.

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So for example, you went to a store you bought something, you gave the money and they gave you that object whatever you purchased. Now, they issue you a receipt right? And the receipt has a transaction recorded on it. On this day at this time, this person with this card holder with this name with this number purchased such and such object. Correct. So the whole transaction is written down. It's a proof that the transaction took place.

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Now Kitagawa Kitab Qatada Allah when it's followed by Allah it means when something has been made obligatory, mandatory, you have to do it. You don't have any choice with regards to it. So katiba alikhan It has been made wajib on you it has been made compulsory on you, meaning you don't have any choice with regards to this. What Alka sauce. Phil Cutler concerning those people who have been killed. Oka sauce is a legal term is a technical term, and it's from the root letters off solid solid Casa Casa Yoko. So it means to follow

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Casa Casa means to follow someone to follow the footsteps of someone.

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This loss is to punish the criminal to punish the guilty person in the exact same way that he committed the crime.

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So whatever crime he committed, you punish him in the exact same way. If he killed someone, he is to be killed. If he broke somebody's bone, his bone has to be broken. If he cut off somebody's ear, his ear will be cut off. If you burn someone, then he has to be burned. Do you see what I mean? This also is what to follow the same way. It says though the criminal takes a path in harming someone.

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And the source is to follow him in that path and harm him in the exact same way.

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So this is why the word sauce is translated as retaliation, the rule of equal retribution, equal punishment.

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So the crime that the criminal committed, you punish him with the exact same crime?

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Now tell me something. If somebody harms you, if somebody hurts you, do you want to take revenge?

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Do you want to take revenge? Yes, you do. How?

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By doing the same thing?

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Correct. If you do any less than you don't feel satisfied, you feel that injustice has been committed against you, you don't feel that it is fair. So if somebody harms you, naturally, you want to punish them in the same way that they have harmed you. You don't want to accept anything less than that. And this could be from something that's very small, something that's very major, something very small. Somebody ruined your notebook, you wondering when there's somebody benched you, you want to pinch them back, somebody ruined your hijab, you want to ruin their job. Likewise, at a greater scale, if somebody kills another, then what happens? The victim's heirs, the victim's

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family, what do they want from the criminal that he should be allowed to go? That he should just serve, let's say five years in the jail, 10 years in the jail, and that's it, he's free to go. No, the victim's family cannot forgive the person who has committed such a great crime against their family member.

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So they will not settle unless and until the same has been done to him. So this is why Allah says quotevalet Komaki sauce besides retribution, legal retribution, equal punishment has been made mandatory on you. Concerning who? Phil Kotla and Kotla is the plural of a deal from the root letters after learn. Cthulhu means to kill. And Cockatiel gives the meaning of McDole, meaning one who has been killed. So Kotla, those who have been killed, those who have been murdered.

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So if someone has been murdered, an innocent person has been killed, then you have to stand up for him. You have to stand up for justice. You have to defend his rights. Yes, even though he's gone, even though he's not living anymore. But you have to hold the criminal accountable. Because in our deen, we are to side with who with those who are innocent, and not those who are criminals. Those who are criminals have to be punished, and those who are innocent must be given their right. Justice must be established in their favor.

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So katiba Lake milk is also Philip Kotler and we see that this is a requirement of Eman because Allah subhanaw taala is just and he loves justice, he wants justice. And this is the reason why a person who is just he will be under the shade of Allah subhanaw taala on the Day of Judgment. Why? Because Allah loves justice, because justice is very difficult for many people to do.

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So katiba Like Malka Saucerful Cutler.

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Why is it so that if a person killed another, he has to be punished?

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If a person harms another, he has to be punished. Why?

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Because in our religion, human life is very precious. Human life is very, very precious. When it comes to a person who is guilty if he is punished for his crime, that's a different case altogether. But an innocent person whose life has to be protected, whose life has to be honored. If he is killed unjustly, then this is not fair. And How precious is human life? We learn in the Quran. Allah subhanaw taala tells us in sort of 32 that unknown and Catella naps and builiding Epson Oh facade and fill up fucka anima autoland message Amira that if a person killed another

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there, and that another person is an innocent one, than it is as though that person has killed all mankind.

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The murder of one person is as though the murder of entire humanity, killing of one person is as though you have killed the entire humanity. Why? Because if a person kills one person, then what will happen? He will be able to kill another, then he will be able to kill another. One murder leads to many more. Once a person develops disrespect for human life, then he doesn't care about people anymore, then nothing will affect him. Like we have learned that some NACA set overcome then a person's heart become so hard that he doesn't care for people.

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And we know that in our religion, many commands have been given for the preservation of human life. I told you once about the mocassin of shittier. The objectives the goals of the laws of Shetty are what are the preservation of human life, preservation of lineage preservation of wealth, preservation of intellect, preservation of Deen. So, when a person kills another, then he is violating the sanctity of human life and he has to be stopped. He has to be punished very severely, so that he takes a lesson and other people also take a lesson that this is not acceptable at all.

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So human life is very precious. And this is the reason why the law of suas has been established. It has been made mandatory in our religion. And this is not a simple thing. katiba Alico Monica salsa, Philip Kotler.

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Now, one thing you should remember is that the sauce legal retribution, this is taken with regards to three things. With regards to three things First of all, with regards to life, meaning if a person has been killed,

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then Casals will be taken for him. In other words, the murder the cotton will be killed.

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with regards to limbs, that if a person has injured another's limbs in a way that that limb is not there anymore, it cannot function properly anymore. So for example, a person hit another and his arm so bad that the arm had to be amputated.

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Okay, so he doesn't have the arm anymore.

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Or a person hit somebody on their eyes, that their eyes are gone, they cannot see anymore.

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Okay, so in that case, as well, the sauce will be taken how that if he injured the others arm so that the arm is not functional anymore, his arm will be amputated. If he hits somebody on his eyes that he cannot see anymore, his eyes will be ruined, so that he cannot see anymore. If he caught somebody's ears, his ears will be cut off.

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So you understand.

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And thirdly, with regards to wounds with regards to wounds. So for example, if a person hit somebody with something on their back, and there's a huge, you know, wound on their back a huge wound on their leg on their head, it's not fatal, nor is it such that that entire limb is wasted, but it's just a wound on the body. So likewise, that same wound will be given to the criminal. So it is with regards to three things what are their life, secondly, limbs and thirdly, wounds. And as I mentioned earlier, this will be in the case of deliberate attempt to harm someone. Accidental is a different story and inshallah we're going to learn about that later.

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This verse talks about the deliberate attempt to harm someone.

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And in particular, about the first case of sauce which is life. When it comes to limbs when it comes to wounds. They are mentioned elsewhere in the Quran where insulinoma ADA is number 45. Waka Taberna I lay him fie her and enough sub enough's. When I enter the line will unfold, unfold and I will Odin was sin number sin will do hacker sauce. And we ordained for them. They're in a life for a life and eye for an eye, a nose for a nose and ear for an ear, a tooth for a tooth.

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Even if a person deliberately break somebody's tooth that his tooth will be broken and for wounds is legal retribution.

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So the second to meaning the limbs and the wounds that are mentioned elsewhere insulted by either this idea in particular talks about what murder which murder, deliberate murder, and that is known as cuttle deliberate murder.

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And when a person commits deliberate murder, meaning when he deliberately killed someone intentionally killed them,

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then one of three things may be done.

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One of three things may be done, and inshallah we're going to learn about that in this verse. But just to give you an overview, before we actually delve into the verse, okay, the first

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thing is that do the same to the guilty what he has done to the innocent person.

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So he killed the other, he should be killed. Then there is another option, which is that you don't kill the criminal. Rather you agree to take blood money in return.

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The criminal says for example, I know I killed that person. I don't know what I was thinking. I was overcome with anger, I was overcome with feelings of hatred and jealousy, whatever. Everybody makes mistakes, I made a huge mistake. I have learned from my mistake, I know that I'm never going to repeat this again. Please forgive me.

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So the is what do they say? Okay, fine, we forgive you. But they have suffered a lot. Their brother, their father, their sister, whoever was killed, this is not fair.

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So what happens? They agree that the murder will give them blood money, and blood money. This ranges, okay, this varies from very little to a lot, depending on the circumstances, depending on the situation, depending on the person who was killed, and depending on many other factors, okay, but it could go anywhere from between five camels to 100 camels. You might say camel, yeah, you know how expensive camels are?

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You know how expensive camels are? They are very, very expensive. And the condition for some of the camels is that they have to be that 60 of them, for example, have to be pregnant, she camels? What does that mean? What does that mean? That soon they're going to give birth to more camels. Okay, so it's a lot of money. It's not an ordinary amount, it's a lot of money, it could go into millions and millions of dollars, quite literally.

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So the second possibility is that the criminal gives a blood money. And the third possibility is that the heirs of the person who has been murdered of the victim, they forgive the criminal.

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They say, Yes, we know you made a mistake.

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And it's okay. Mistakes happen. That person is gone. What are we going to do with all this money? What are we going to do with you know, taking your life, it's okay, just don't look at us again, just don't see a second whatever they agree to do. You know, we forgive you, you go your way. And please call us that's it. We don't want to see you again. For example, this is what they do. Like, for example, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam his uncle was killed by why she,

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his uncle Hamza was killed by washi. And the Prophet saw a lot of them forgive him. He said, Okay, fine. When he accepted Islam, he forgave him, but he said, just don't come in front of me. You can imagine how the Prophet sallallahu sallam was feel his uncle was killed, and the man who killed him is in front of him. Obviously, you would feel very sad. So this is why he told them don't come in front of me.

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So they can make whatever agreement. But these are the three possibilities. What are they first of all, to kill the murderer? Secondly, to agree to take blood money. And thirdly, forgive him altogether? Can you imagine?

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Now, many times people say, Oh, Islam is so barbaric. So vicious? Look, if a person commits a murder, he has to be killed? Can you imagine there is no forgiveness?

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What do you think is better a person's life is taken away, or that he is made to live in the graveyard of the living people.

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IE, AKA a prison.

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What's better than a person has finished altogether or used to serve the rest of his life in a prison for 45 years for the next 60 years. And it happens when a person is extremely old. Then when he finishes a sentence, then he is released. And when he goes back into society, he doesn't know what to do with himself. And many times when people finish their time in the prison go back, they commit suicide because they can't live anymore. They don't know how to live normal lives. They have been psychologically, you know, so disturbed that they cannot continue to live as normal people anymore.

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And if you think about it, if a criminal is kept in a jail, then what's happening, whose money is being used to look after him? Taxpayers.

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So A, that person harmed you and b You're paying so that he is taken care of in the prison? Is that fair? It's not fair.

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In our religion, we are designed with who those who are innocent and not those who are criminals.

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The criminals must be brought to justice, because of this crime is not stopped, then what will happen?

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It will be repeated again and again. And this is what we see that where if a person has committed murder, and the punishment is as simple as a serving a few years in the prison

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Then the crime is very common, very rampant. And in places where there are strict punishment, very severe punishment, that the criminal is finished, he is killed, he is deprived of his life, then over there also murders are reduced.

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So like, so I found a few statistics regarding crimes in Saudi Arabia compared to the United States of America. And these are the most recent statistics are from I think, last year. So the number of executions that happened in Saudi Arabia was 143, compared to 42 in America, so that's more than three times about three and a half times as many executions. So that means 143, people were given capital punishment for crimes such as murder, or whatever. So the result of that is, number of frauds in Saudi Arabia was 741. Compared to 371,800. In America, the number of embezzling funds in Saudi Arabia was 924, compared to 17,300. In America, the number of car thefts was 18,717, which

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seems big, but compared to 1,246,096 in America, and the total number of crimes in Saudi Arabia was 84,599, compared to 11,877,218 in America.

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So there's a huge difference. And, you know, places where, for example, this capital punishment is implemented, especially for murder. It's a huge lesson. It's a huge lesson for people who see who witnessed the punishment being executed. And it matters are not delayed immediately. As soon as a person is declared guilty. The proofs are there, the evidence is or their punishment is executed, and he's done with, he's finished. And it's a huge blow for people a huge lesson for people I myself have seen once I was in the home, I prayed and I was on my way back to the hotel, and I lost my sister and my brother, we were all going together in that huge crowd. We lost one another's anyway,

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I was making my way back. And all of a sudden, the hotel doors are opened up and there was you know, these bells ringing and, you know, crowds and crowds of people were coming out, and a circle was formed, a man was brought in the middle, and I'm just watching in shock, what's happening, what's happening. This other man came the matawa he came and he had the lash in his hand. And he gave it to him, you know, a few times. And then within a few moments, the crowds dispersed and I asked what happened here. I mean, what just happened? It was so surprising. And this gentleman, he told me that the boy who was punished, he was harassing a girl in the mall.

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So he harassed a girl in the mall. And immediately, you know, because it was caught on camera witnesses saw immediately he was brought out, he was given his beatings, right. And it was done.

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It was done.

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Now, this was a huge lesson for people. I mean, if somebody sees it so quickly, you can be punished. And there is no mercy for you. No matter who your father is, no matter who your uncle is, no matter where you're from, it doesn't matter, you will be punished for the crime you've committed, then you will be careful. You will be extremely careful, you will think twice thrice many times before you attempt to do something wrong before you attempt to harm someone.

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So quotevalet como que source, the source has been made mandatory on you fill out that concerning those people who have been killed, because you have to side with those who are innocent. And how will the sauce be done? And how will bill healthy, the free for the free? I'll help them through that was how Laura and Hurriya is freedom. And Herb is a person who is not a slave, so a free person.

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So have we been helped a free for free? What does it mean? That if a free person has committed murder,

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then he will be killed? Then he will be punished, not his slave, not his family, not his wife, not his children? No, who will be punished that free person himself, he will be held accountable, he will be punished for the crime that he has committed

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while the other to be the RBD and the slave for the slave meaning if the slave has committed murder again, that slave will be punished not somebody else besides him. While also I will answer and the female for the female on several letters I'm gonna answer meaning if a female has committed murder, then that female will be punished not somebody else besides him.

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Why is this being mentioned?

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We see that in the time of day Hillier, the Arabs. Their tradition was that if a tribe considered themselves to be very prestigious, very noble, very honorable, and if one of them committed murder, let

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To killed the slave of another tribe, okay? Their slave was killed. Okay, their slave was killed. So if a tribe considered themselves to be very prestigious, very noble, their slave was killed by the slave of another tribe, what would they say? That No, no, we don't want to kill that criminal in return, we want a free person, you give us a free person, and we're going to kill him. If their free person was killed, they would demand five free people to be given to them so that they could be killed in return. If their woman was killed, they would say you give us a man and we're gonna kill him. So in other words, they will demand that a higher human life, a human price should be paid for

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the crime that has been committed against them. But what do we see over here,

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that the criminal will be held accountable, not somebody else besides him?

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It happens sometimes, that a person is guilty, but who is killed, his entire family is killed. If the people cannot catch him, who do the catch his family, and they kill the entire family. If they have something against the father, they will go kidnap the son. And they will say unless and until the father is handed over to us, we will not give the son and if you don't give the Father, we are going to kill the son.

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So what do we learn from here, that the criminal regardless of his status will be killed, not somebody else besides him?

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Of course, of course, the cartel the murderer will be killed, not somebody else besides Him.

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So I'll have a bill here. Well, I would have loved one on Sir Bill unser. And scholars. Because of this reason, they have said that even if a group of people together kill one person, then all of them will be killed. Why? Because all of them together, attempted the murder, all of them together, killed that one person, and remarkably low on who he said with regards to a boy who was killed by seven men, a boy who was killed by seven men, that if all of the people of Santa, it's a city if all of the people of Sonora collaborated on killing him, this one child, I would have killed every single one of them in return. So what do we learn that who is to be punished, the cartel, the

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murderer, the guilty, the criminal, he is going to be punished, not others besides Him? He is going to be held accountable, not others besides Him.

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So I'll have a bill held, while I would the beloved while ensemble answer, not somebody else, the criminal is to be held accountable. But like I mentioned to you earlier, when it comes to the sauce, there's three options one, kill the cartel. Secondly, secondly, what's the other option? Take the blood money and what's the third option? Forgive him altogether? The question is that, like in the verse, we learned that this is an obligation on the Muslims and if we're living in a place where the legal system is completely different than what are we supposed to do? We are going to follow the law of the land. Okay, we're not going to say oh, we have to establish our own laws over here because

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that's unacceptable. We are to follow the law of the land wherever we are.

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However, we must know what the teachings of Islam are, we must know what Islam says so that we know that this is what Allah subhanaw taala tells us to do in such situations.

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If let's say five people together, they planned okay, this is how we're going to trap so and so and this is how we're going to kill them and one person from on those five took the gun and shot the person then who will be held responsible all five of them, not just the person who shot all five of them, because they all facilitated that. And we know that if a person leads someone to doing something good then it is as though he has done it.

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So on the other hand, if a person leaves others doing bad it is as though he has done it if a person witnesses it, but he did not say anything, he did not stop them, nor did he say anything to them. His case is different. Okay? Because he just kept silent and there could be different reasons behind that because if he speaks he might be killed. Okay?

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If a person attempted to kill somebody, but that person escaped they weren't able to kill him. Then that case is also something serious for that is also punishment, but it's slightly different than this. Okay?

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So the first case we learned so far off the sauce, secondly, from an earthy and a woman, okay, you shake on for a minute roofie Allahu raffia from the roulette resign farewell off one, I find is to pardon to excuse to forgive someone. So whoever was

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forgiven men a he from his brother che on something. Man, man over here refers to the cartel the killer, the criminal, the criminal, he is forgiven by who by his brother, whose brother which brother is this brother refers to be errs, the family of who of the victim, the family of the victim, okay? So they say, It's okay. We're not going to take your life. Instead, you pay us the blood money. And they say, Okay, you give us a blood money, but I know it's too much you cannot afford to do it. So give us 50% Give us 25% Whatever they agreed to do.

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Okay, so for man earthy and a woman earthy, he shaved on and he his brother, notice the word ugly he, his brother has over here. It refers to the criminal and how over here may also refer to the victim because the heirs, the family of the victim, they are the brothers of who are the criminal. And also they're the brothers of who of the victim. You might say understandably they are the brothers the victim, but how can they be the brothers of the criminal? Why does Allah subhanaw taala call them the brother

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men he che on? Why the brother of the criminal because remember that all believers they have the bond of brotherhood brotherhood that is based on what on religion, a whole waffle Islam brotherhood that is based on religion. So, you know wrong things happen, fights happen, great things can happen. But at the end of the day, that person is still a Muslim and you will treat him as a Muslim brother. This is something that we cannot forget. So from an earthy and a woman he he che on then what has to be done for Tiburon Bill Maher roof at ba ba

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et DEVAR is to follow and Bill ma roof iron Rafa

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my roof is that which is recognized, because there are very fan is to recognize Mara wolf that which is recognized. What does it mean by this this term mod wolf will come many times in the Quran, and I want you to understand this very clearly.

00:32:22 --> 00:32:44

My roof is something that is recognized as something that is right. Meaning when you see it when you hear it, you're not shocked that oh my god, what is this? It's acceptable. Okay. Maroof is what it is something that is acceptable. It is culturally acceptable, traditionally acceptable. It's not shocking. People are ok with it.

00:32:46 --> 00:33:17

So for example, if a woman is getting married at the time of her wedding, and the husband is giving her the man, and he says, Okay, I will give you let's say, $5,000 Is it my roof? Is it acceptable? It is better the man says I'm giving you only $5 Is that my roof? Is that my roof? No, in this country in this day and age $5 is not acceptable. I mean, you better give a good gift. I mean, $5 You can't even get a whole pizza with that. Right? So it's not Maru.

00:33:19 --> 00:33:39

Likewise, if there's a girl she wants to get her ears pierced. Okay, she gets her ears pierced is that maruf acceptable? Yes. But if she says I want to get my chin pierced, I want to get my tongue pierced I want to get my lip pierced is that maruf? It's not generally acceptable. It is something that people find awkward.

00:33:40 --> 00:33:54

You know, many times people say oh culture is nothing you know, ignore culture. All you have to do is look at what is halal. What is haram? If it's not halal, if it's not haram, you know, don't worry about it. But if it's culture, ignore it, no culture matters as well.

00:33:56 --> 00:34:11

You have to see what is acceptable in the society. And there are many things that are left to us. When it comes to the deen many matters are left to us and the word maruf has been used that you see what is acceptable.

00:34:12 --> 00:34:16

So for Tibetan Burma roof, then a suitable follow up

00:34:18 --> 00:34:27

then a suitable follow up meaning then the heirs are responsible to follow up in a suitable manner.

00:34:28 --> 00:34:30

What does it mean by this?

00:34:31 --> 00:34:37

That they pardoned the criminal? They said, Okay, fine, we're not going to kill you, but you give us some blood money.

00:34:38 --> 00:34:59

So they have to agree. They have to ask for blood money that is reasonable. An amount that is reasonable. Not that they say that, you know, for example, my brother who you killed, he used to earn 70,000 a year you give us you know

00:35:00 --> 00:35:20

If you killed him at the age of 35, he could have been working for the next one two years multiply 70,000 by 20 Then you give us that much money. I mean, be reasonable kind of person really afford an individual person or even his family or even his extended family, can they together even afford a couple of million dollars? Can they

00:35:21 --> 00:35:22

they cannot.

00:35:23 --> 00:35:56

So, for Kibera and Rima roof, it should be done in a suitable manner, whatever you agree to do should be something that is acceptable for Tiburon Bill Maher roof, so the amount should be my roof. And also, the follow up should be graceful, it should be good in the sense that the family of the victim should not keep on reminding the criminal that look, we spared you your life, we could have killed you, we could have taken your life, but we forgave you. And for the rest of his life, they're reminding him of the favors No, it should be done in a graceful manner.

00:35:57 --> 00:36:04

And it's not possible that you say, Okay, fine, you give us a blood money and then afterwards, you kill the other. That's not right.

00:36:05 --> 00:36:09

For t bar on Bill Maher roof, the follow up should be in a suitable manner.

00:36:11 --> 00:36:30

What are their own la bearson at other from the root letters, Hamza Dahlia, that is payment, it is something that is delivered to the other something that is transmitted to the other Eli, he to Him meaning to the brother to the ears of the victim, be Ersan in the best way,

00:36:31 --> 00:36:32


00:36:33 --> 00:36:42

the duty of the criminal is now to give the payment in the best way. Both of them, they agreed

00:36:43 --> 00:36:46

on a particular amount.

00:36:47 --> 00:37:02

That is they have to demand an amount that is reasonable. They have to follow up in a suitable manner, and the obligation of the criminal as well, that he should also hand over the payment with their son.

00:37:04 --> 00:37:21

So after the family of the victim, the heirs after they have forgiven the criminal, meaning they're not going to take his life, then there are two things that have to be done. One on the part of the family and one on the part of the criminal.

00:37:22 --> 00:37:26

What is the responsibility of the family for the barangay Marouf?

00:37:27 --> 00:38:03

What is the responsibility of the criminal? What are their en la be excellent, both have to do their part. Now the question is, how can the criminal pay the blood money with your son? How that first of all, he gives whatever has been demanded, whatever has been agreed upon as quickly as possible whenever the term was agreed. Not that, you know, it was agreed that he was going to pay the money within a year and he runs away after a year and there's no sign of him. They can't find him where he's gone. He hasn't given the money and he's escaped. Is that your son?

00:38:05 --> 00:38:19

Is that your son? Not at all? Likewise, if he does not give the money, he says, oh, yeah, I will just send it I will just transfer it I will just give it he keeps delaying he keeps procrastinating is that your son? It's not your son.

00:38:20 --> 00:38:44

Oh, for example, if it's not cash, but you know, something tangible, like a commodity that has to be given as blood money, let's say a house, okay, then he's not going to ruin the house before giving it it has to be in good shape. Likewise, if it's camels, those camels should not be sick. Those Gamble's should not be such that nobody wants them. No, their own la Hebei heir son.

00:38:45 --> 00:38:47

So both are obligated.

00:38:48 --> 00:38:49

What does it show

00:38:50 --> 00:38:56

that in order to fulfill a command of Allah subhanaw taala, both parties have to do their part. Both groups have to do their share.

00:38:58 --> 00:39:21

And the thing is, that the family of the innocent is already doing your son on the criminal how by forgiving him by sparing him his life. Now the criminal he has to realize his heir son and he has to sign and return. This is why Allah says what are their own delay here sir, because how does our Sunday ill person know if somebody has done your son then you have to do your son to them as well.

00:39:23 --> 00:39:24

What are their own delay he be

00:39:26 --> 00:39:43

such a beautiful manner start over here. Allah says Valley Qaddafi for middle of become that is the thief in lightning from who from your Lord. The thief is from the debtors, Hoffa Cough, cough, my coffee, your coffee for coffee if it is too lightened to reduce the burden of something.

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So, this is a reduction for you. This command has been made very light for you. How that the only way of punishing the criminal is not that he should be killed. He should be slain

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Add that he may also give the blood money.

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This is a huge favor of Allah wa Rockman also a mercy because the previous nations, they didn't have this option. The previous olam did not have this option.

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It is said that the Bani Israel eel they didn't have the choice of taking blood money, if somebody killed they have to be killed.

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On the other hand, the Masada they had no choice of either killing the murderer or even taking the blood money they had to forgive, they had to forgive.

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So, it was very difficult for the people, very difficult for the people. So Allah subhanaw taala tells the Muslim said that he cut the fee for middle of Beco well Rama, the way the law of the sauce is for you, it is very easy for you in it is the Mercy of Allah subhanaw taala

00:40:52 --> 00:41:05

from inherited the Delica so whoever you are today he transgressors are in Dell. Well, he transgresses the bounds by the radical after that after what, after what,

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after having agreed to give the blood money to accept the blood money,

00:41:12 --> 00:41:17

that the criminal will not be slain, rather, the blood money will be given.

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So this agreement was made, but whoever transgresses after this agreement, fella who are then relieved and for him as a painful punishment.

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What could be the transgression on the part of the heirs? How could they transgress

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that they take the blood money, and then they also go and kill the criminal?

00:41:43 --> 00:41:54

They take the blood money on the surface. So yeah, yeah, we forgive you. We will agree to take the blood money. As soon as the blood money was given to them, they go secretly, and they kill the cartel as well.

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So this is or the wild, this is transgression.

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What could be the transgression of the criminal after this agreement has been made,

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that he does not give the money that he runs away, he hide somewhere. And it happens many times that a person will commit a murder and he will go and hide. People cannot find him. The police cannot find him. Right? The detectives are out there trying to figure out who killed this innocent person. Even if they figured out who is the murderer, they cannot find him. So whoever transgresses after that Allah says for the Who are they going to lean for him is a painful punishment.

00:42:34 --> 00:42:40

We learned earlier while MUFON abbiati him either I do those who fulfill their covenant when they have made a covenant.

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So if they made a promise that the blood money will be given, then that has to be done. People cannot transgress after that. Because if people transgressed and what does Allah say? That for him is a painful punishment?

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What does it show the family of the victim, the family of the victim, if they transgress against the criminal, then for them is painful punishment in the hereafter.

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They were innocent before. And now they could be criminals.

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Because many times it happens that if a person has been unfair to us in taking revenge, we commit transgression. They hit us once we will hit them three times.

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They punched us once we will punch them three times.

00:43:31 --> 00:44:13

Correct. This is what we do. But the thing is that when a person transgresses, then he becomes the offender he becomes the criminal. If a person supports the criminals, in the sense that if a person committed murder, they're helping him hide, cover up his crime, they are giving him protection in his house, they are siding with him. They are saying in the court that this person is innocent, whereas they know that he's guilty, then what is the case with such a person? What is it guess what such a person, he's also committing a crime. And even though people may not find out about it, who knows about it, Allah subhanaw taala knows.

00:44:15 --> 00:44:30

And the thing is that these laws Allah has given to us in this world, so that if a person has committed injustice against someone, it is settled in this world in this life, so that on the Day of Judgment, you don't go with huge crimes in your scale.

00:44:31 --> 00:45:00

Even if a person has committed murder, he takes the punishment in this dunya. And on the Day of Judgment, he goes clean. This is why this punishment is implemented in the world, that a person goes clean on the Day of Judgment. But if a person never came out, never took the punishment then he is going to go on the Day of Judgment with that crime and he will be held responsible. And this is the reason why Allah says fella who are there been a name for him is a painful punishment. And this is not

00:45:00 --> 00:45:01

That's something that is small.

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When it comes to such cases like the murderer, let's say is a non Muslim and the victim was a Muslim or vice versa, then the situation is slightly different. Likewise, if the cartel is the parent, the murderer was the parent, then again the situation is slightly different, okay? There are some exceptions, which if I open up right now, if I start talking about it right now, it will not end. So inshallah we can start that at some other time inshallah.

00:45:30 --> 00:45:53

If a person is not guilty in his heart, he doesn't feel any shame. He doesn't feel any guilt over the crime that he committed over the murder that he committed and he is punished for it. Will he still go clean on the Day of Judgment? Not necessarily. Because it's the heart that matters right? A person can suffer the punishment on the outward but if the heart is not clean, then Allah is the judge. Allah is the best judge.

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Welcome, feel a saucy higher 10 year old Al Bab La La Quinta de Cohn, and for you, there is in legal retribution life or people of understanding so that you may become righteous welcome and for you all believers Finca sauce in the sauce, meaning in implementing the sauce, when you implement the law of cause loss, meaning you catch the criminal you punish him you take the blood money from him, you side with the innocent for you all believers in this is hired on is life. Yeah, O'Neill Al Bab Oh, people have intellect. A person might think that if a person killed another one, life was lost. And the criminal is also killed, another life is lost. You understand? Two people have been killed. But

00:46:53 --> 00:47:17

Allah says that if you implement precise you actually have life meaning you are actually saving life. How? How, if you forgive the criminal, you're saving life. But Allah is telling us if you kill a criminal, then you are saving life. How? Because if a person has killed another once, then he can kill more people. Again,

00:47:18 --> 00:47:22

if a person has committed a crime once, can he not repeat it again? Of course he can.

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So if he's not stopped, if he's not punished, then this crime will multiply. And others will think, okay, he got away with it, we can too.

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So if he can kill somebody, we can also kill somebody.

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And we see that these days, for example, there is so much murder everywhere. Whether you turn on the TV or you're playing a video game, there's killing everywhere, as if you're shooting at apples and oranges. There is no respect for human life, the way people are killed, innocent people are killed. And we see that because of this reason people have no respect for one another. In our religion, many commands have been given so that human life is respected. And it begins with the prohibition of backbiting. We're not allowed to bet by another person. Why? Because if you can talk badly about someone behind their back, then there can come a point where you can actually kill them. So all of

00:48:21 --> 00:48:32

the doors, the means the ways that lead to killing a person, they have been closed, those means have been stopped, so that nobody can get to that crime.

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This is the reason why Backbiting is not allowed. This is the reason why we're not allowed to abuse one another, whether it is physically or verbally, we are to respect each other rights responsibilities are there so that people have respect for one another. And likewise, when a person commits murder, he is to be punished very, very seriously.

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Like we learned earlier, that the people of the Sabbath when they committed transgression concerning that Allah subhanaw taala transformed them into apes. It was a severe punishment. And what are the last parameter to say concerning that, that Fajr Allah and I Carolyn, it was an exemplary punishment, exemplary punishment for the people of that time and the people will come later that don't play around with the commands of Allah.

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Likewise, this severe punishment teaches us the same lesson that don't play with human life. Don't think it is a small matter. It is not a serious matter it is a very serious matter.

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So welcome filthy saucy higher tone for you in implementing to sauce is life saving of life. But who does Allah address? Yeah, O'Neill Al Bab oh people of intellect. Because ordinary people they cannot understand this command. They cannot understand why this apparently barbaric command could be a part of Islam even today. In this modern society today.

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It is only those people who have intellect who

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can understand who can see the benefit of the sauce. And the word Al Bab is the plural of loop. Loop, Lambada and loop is basically the middle part, the crux of something, the core of something. So for example, you have a fruit, the pit, the seed that is inside the innermost part of it, what is that? The lobe, the essence, the core of something.

00:50:28 --> 00:50:43

And we see that the main thing in the human beings that differentiates them from the rest of the creatures is what? What's the main thing that humans have, that other creatures don't have? It's the intellect, right? It's the intellect.

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So those people who have intellect, those people who use their minds who think about something who reflect on it, who go deep into it, to reflect its benefits to look at its pros and cons. They are the ones who will see the benefits of a sauce, they will see that sauce truly saves lives. Welcome, filthy, saucy, higher 10 year old Albert, la la quinta de Cohn, so that you may adopt Aqua

00:51:17 --> 00:51:40

loop is the middle part of something, the crux of something. So we will elaborate those people who have intellect, meaning who use their intellect who have penetrated minds, you know, just as you go deep into something deep into the fruit likewise, they go deep into a matter that looks at its pros and cons, benefits and at times they weigh them. And they realize in this case, that the source is definitely better, because it saves lives.

00:51:42 --> 00:51:46

Now Allah contract the code so that you may adopt the code. What does it mean by this?

00:51:47 --> 00:52:25

Meaning the sauce has been obligated on you. It is a means of saving lives. And it leads you to having taqwa in different ways. First of all, the quiet in the literal sense that it protects you, it saves you. When you side with the innocent person, then who are you actually saving yourself. And if there are people who are innocent, and you don't stand up for them, what's going to happen tomorrow, that same harm is going to come on you. Tomorrow, the criminal is going to come and harm you. If you don't speak up for justice, if you don't stand up for justice, tomorrow you will suffer.

00:52:27 --> 00:52:45

So now under contract to own you want to save yourself, you want to protect yourselves, you want to protect your life, you want to protect the lives of your family members of your loved ones, then you stand up for this law under contract own. Another meaning is that you may develop Taqwa meaning you may develop the fear of Allah,

00:52:46 --> 00:52:57

that if a person commits murder, he will be punished very severely. And if he gets away with it in this world, he will definitely be punished in the hereafter. So this law of the sauce, it develops taqwa in a person.

00:52:58 --> 00:53:02

It protects him from committing the crime of murder.

00:53:03 --> 00:53:22

You know, just like when you're fasting, you develop the core, how that you want to eat, but you don't eat. The next time you want to do something wrong, you're able to protect yourself, you're able to stop yourself. Likewise, when a person wants to kill someone, then what happens? The Taqwa of Allah prevents him it stops him.

00:53:23 --> 00:53:44

Because it happens, I'm amazed at how a person could have such enmity, such hatred for another, let's say even a family member, that they say I wish I could kill them. I've heard this with my own ears. People have such hatred for their own blood relatives that they say I wish I could kill them. I wish I could just take this knife and stab them.

00:53:45 --> 00:54:02

Chip on puts these feelings in our hearts and he puts these thoughts in our hearts. But what is that stops us the fear of Allah. That we know that this crime is not small. Killing someone taking their life away is not something that is small, it is something that's very major.

00:54:03 --> 00:54:06

So it develops the taqwa in us the fear of Allah in us.

00:54:08 --> 00:54:48

So for summer school, we were writing an article about capital punishment. And the article was based about a man who was murdered because they had sources evidences that he murdered a little girl. But then after he was murdered, the evidence came out that he was actually innocent. And so the question was, do you support capital punishment? Not because later on, you might find out that he was innocent. So I really didn't know what to answer for that, okay. It may happen. But the thing is that in our religion, when capital punishment is implemented, it is only implemented when the evidences are there. And the evidence is are not just forensic, like physical, right? But also

00:54:48 --> 00:54:58

shahada testimony is taken, that they say I swear by Allah I did not do this. I swear by Allah, I saw such and such person doing it

00:55:00 --> 00:55:23

So words of people also matter. So it's the physical evidence as well as what people have to say. And let's say, if, for example, it did happen, that an innocent man was given capital punishment. Okay? He was killed. Later on after many years, it was realized that he was killed innocently, he wasn't supposed to be punished. But then

00:55:24 --> 00:55:49

what's the way? What's the way? What do you do? How many times do you think it would happen every time not necessarily, there will be only a few times that this would happen. And if it does happen, then the state will make up for it, and the family will make up for it. Meaning his family will be given the blood money, because he was killed, an innocent person was killed. So his family will be given the blood money. Do you understand?

00:55:51 --> 00:55:53

So justice will be established.

00:55:54 --> 00:56:40

And it happens today as well, that an innocent person was in jail for how many years? 20 years, 30 years, 40 years. And then after that, it's proven he wasn't guilty. So what is done distant apology is offered? No, with an apology, some compensation has to be given as well. Right? And this is the dunya this is only this world. All right, and the hereafter is where perfect justice will be established. And this is the reason why we learn the familia Armand miss all other Latin Highland Euro, who if a person has done even an atom's weight of good he will see it and if a person has done even an atom's weight of evil, he will see that Allah is very just this is why he has a skills to

00:56:40 --> 00:56:41

weigh our deeds.

00:56:42 --> 00:56:57

So in this dunya, we are to decide to carry out the punishments to the best of our knowledge and ability. And Allah knows the intention. And Allah is the One who gives reward to those who are patient to those who have been punished while they were innocent.

00:56:59 --> 00:57:13

So welcome Philippa saucy, hypertonia Al Bab la en la quinta Takuan, so that you may become righteous. Another meaning of the unlock of the coin is that you may become righteous by following yet another command of Allah subhanaw taala.

00:57:14 --> 00:57:17

Now let's listen to the recitation. And then we'll continue

00:57:23 --> 00:57:24

to move

00:57:25 --> 00:57:25

on to

00:57:28 --> 00:57:28


00:57:32 --> 00:57:32


00:57:35 --> 00:57:38

here, as he shall

00:57:40 --> 00:57:41

be now

00:57:47 --> 00:57:48

then he gets off

00:57:57 --> 00:58:02

any game, what a filthy song say hi Haya.

00:58:11 --> 00:58:18

One thing that I want you to notice, again, is that, from an raffia, the human See he shaved on

00:58:20 --> 00:58:51

imagine a person committed murder, he is a criminal. But yet Allah called him the brother of the heirs of the victim, that the relationship of brotherhood that does not end. And when you look at the criminal, even with this feeling that he is still your brother in Deen, he doesn't become a non Muslim, he doesn't become a Catholic just by committing murder, then you will still want good for him. And whatever you decide, will be based on well wishing.

00:58:52 --> 00:59:15

Now in such a serious matter, the case of murder, Allah calls these people brothers. What about small matters? You know, if we don't get along with somebody, and we said, I don't want to see them again, I don't want to talk to them. I don't want to have any relationship with them. I don't want to ever see them again. No, Allah has got that relationship between the two of you. And you have to respect that.

00:59:16 --> 00:59:31

Sometimes it happens at family members, they don't get along with each other. They have fights with one another and they don't want to see one another ever again. No, these are how these relationships Allah has made them and we have to accept them.

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And we have to respect them as well. We cannot cut them off just because we find it difficult, just because we don't like the other person just because we have been extremely hurt because of them. And the thing is that when we forgive, we can hope that Allah will also forgive us.

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And we learned that if the ears of the victim if they forgive the murderer, that is much better for them. It is

01:00:00 --> 01:00:17

is much better for them if they forgive forgiveness has been encouraged where the punishment has to be implemented. Forgiveness has also been encouraged. Because whenever a person forgive someone, then Allah will increase him in his honor. In his position in his dignity, Allah will elevate him in the eyes of other people.

01:00:18 --> 01:00:26

So remember this that where the law is there, forgiveness is also encouraged, brotherhood will remain intact.

01:00:27 --> 01:00:49

Feelings of Mercy should be there. Mistakes happen, but then people realize, and they feel guilty and they make their mind that they want to change and it happens. A person could be a serial killer. Remember the story of that man who killed 99 people and he committed one more murder. So he killed 100 people he wanted to change he realized he had done something wrong.

01:00:50 --> 01:01:03

So no matter who a person is, there's always room for improvement. There is always hope that he will rectify himself. This is the reason why doba is there. The doors of Toba are open for a person until death approaches him.

01:01:05 --> 01:01:07

So we should also be forgiving towards others.

01:01:09 --> 01:01:10

Okay, let's continue

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