Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
Al-Ahzab 49-52 Tafsir 50
Yeah you have never you, oh Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam in Atlanta like as well as you can let the data
we have made lawful to you your wives to whom you have given their due compensations to whom you have given their mouth, in a Hillel, now, we have made permissible and before that who is being addressed the Prophet sallallahu Sallam in particular. So, this ayah is about who only the Prophet sallallahu Sallam This is hip hop hos, his specific address directed to him alone. So, whatever is mentioned in the ayah is about who only for him? Can it be applied to others? No, it's exclusively for him, that in our locker, we have made lawful for you meaning for marriage, as well as your wives, which wives allottee those women who at a time you have given Adora hoonah there
is a plural of ages, and the word as we know is used for murder as well. It's used for the bridal some that is given to the bride at the time of marriage.
So who did the profits are a lot of them get married to and at the time, he also gave their mother
all of his wives, right. And in particular, we see that I should have learned so little to learn her own selama all of these wives we see that they were given their mother at the time of marriage at data una
wa Malacca to Monica
and also that which your right hand possesses. What does it mean by that? Meaning what a Hillel NACA and we have also made permissible for you to marry Who? Ma'am Allah Katya, Monica, those women that your right hand possesses, meaning, you are also allowed to marry those women
who are your slaves, meaning who have come to you as slaves. So they have come to you as slaves and you are allowed to marry them.
But these slaves are which ones in particular mimma from that which meaning from those women who affair Allahu alayka those women whom Allah has brought to you as booty
Allah has brought to you as part of war booty
returned to you the word alpha is from the root letters phi yeah Hamza fate.
Fair Yeah, Hamza fate. And fate literally means rajul to return.
Fate means Roger to return. had that the fee either umbrella until it returns to the kind of a luck
and wealth that is fake. wealth that is fake. is used for booty. But what kind of booty? Is it? Such booty that the Muslims have gained without any battle?
You understand? One is that Muslims go to battle with the machine with the enemy. Okay? They have a battle, a war. And the Muslims they defeat the enemy. And as a result what happens? They gain booty what is that booty call? And foul vanilla. Right. But in the case where the Muslims remember the time when they went too high, but what did they do? They just laid siege, isn't it? So the late sieges surrounded the forts. And after some time, the hood, what did they do? They gave up. Similarly, it happened with the other tribes in Medina, they laid siege. And after some time, the enemy gave up and they surrendered themselves.
You understand? So was there a battle that was fought was there, there was no battle that was fought. The Muslims laid siege the enemy gave up. And as a result, a lot of booty fell into the hands of the Muslims. Now this kind of war booty is known as faith.
And why is it called faith because faith literally means reduce to return.
Faith is called faith because the wealth is returned to the believers.
What does it mean by that? Think about it, who has the right to enjoy the blessings that Allah subhanaw taala has provided someone who believes in Allah or someone who does not believe in Allah, Who has the right, someone who believes in Allah. And if someone who does not believe in Allah, He enjoys some blessings and that is what Allah subhanaw taala is mercy upon him. He doesn't have any right
Whatsoever any help in that wealth. So when a disbeliever has some property, does he have any right over? No.
This is a loss of parotitis favor upon him. But if that property is taken away from him and given to the believers, it is as though the believers are getting their health back. They're getting their share. They deserve it.
What's the evidence for this? We turn into little Orloff i a 32. That old man how Roma Xena de la he let he allegedly everybody walked by he Vitamina risk say that who has forbidden the adornment of Allah meaning the wealth, which he has produced for his servants and the good love of things or provision. Paul Healy ladina, Amano, Phil hayata. dunia say that they are for those people who believe in the worldly life, meaning they are the ones who deserve it. It's not those who disbelieved. They don't deserve it, who deserves it. It's the believers who deserve it. And on the day of judgment call is what will pay me they will have it exclusively.
The disbelievers will not have anything in the hereafter but in the dunya they have it
and whose right is it to have it the believers? So mimma affair Allahu la affair? What does it mean such war booty that falls into the hands of the Muslims, it is their right, they deserve it. It's not the right of the disbelievers because they refuse to obey Allah. They do not worship Him. They in fact opposes religion, they have no right over his blessings. So if Allah takes something away from them and gives it to the believers, then that is the right.
So this is why the word faith is called faith.
So over here, Allah subhanaw taala says that also permissible for you in marriage are those women who your right hand possesses, meaning the slave women, but with slave women who have fallen into your hands as part of war booty.
You understand? Who have fallen into your hands as part of our booty. Now, what are the different ways of getting a slave man or woman what are the different ways? First of all purchase? Right? Secondly, gift Okay, inheritance. And one more way, booty.
Booty, because whatever captives are taken after the battle, those captives were considered as slaves. Okay, so over here loss penalty specifies not just any slaves, but those slave women who have fallen into your hands as war booty.
Remember, over here in nica is being mentioned okay? Well, Ma'am, I like it meaning what a Hillel. nanika and we have made permissible for you to marry the slave women who have fallen into your hands as war booty.
And we see that the prophets all of a sudden got married to three women in this way. Who are those three women?
Sophia little dilemma. And she was from the suburbs of cable savvy. I'd mentioned you this term earlier as well. The women and children who were taken as captives after a war as war booty. So Sofia the learner she was from clay but who else?
Julia to lead our I know she was from the battle with bunny Masonic, okay. Thirdly, Rihanna been saved from banana leaves.
So three women, the Prophet sallallahu Sena married in this way.
So when my my legatee Amina, aka mimma, Allah who are Laika? What do we see over here? Those women whom Allah has brought to you? What do we see that the purpose of these battles was not to get a hold of these women? No. The purpose of these battles was what? Something else? And if the Muslims got these captives and the Prophet sallallahu Sallam had these women and he got married to them, this was not the objective. This was a gift of Allah. Because Allah says mimma artha, Allahu Allah. Allah brought them to you. You didn't fight to get them. No, that was not the purpose of the battle. But as a result of the battle, Allah subhanaw taala brought them to you.
So first of all, which women are permissible for him to get married to those to whom he gave me her, secondly, from the war booty. Thirdly, we're Vanessa. I'm Mika and the daughters of paternal uncle
venet is a plural of beans and the daughter of paternal uncle who chibi cousin right first cousin, so the prophet SAW a lot of them was allowed to get married to his first cousins.
webinar it on Metallica and daughters of your
paternal aunts our math is a poor enough. I'm again first cousins were benetti Hanukkah and daughters of your maternal uncle. Again cousins were banality hi Latika and daughters of your maternal aunts, Khaled is a poor enough holla.
So have your cousin's you are allowed to marry them, but in particular which ones and latty had jobs in America, only those women who have migrated with you from where? To where? From Mecca to Medina? Why is this condition of hegira imposed over here?
Because what is he did I show that they have become believers, and not just believers, but they have also sacrificed in the way of Allah and when they have sacrificed in the way of Allah, then they deserve more,
they have a greater right, Allah subhanaw taala is very appreciated. So this is why the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was allowed to marry them. Now, why are these four kinds of women mentioned over here in particular, the daughters of your paternal and maternal uncles and paternal and maternal aunts? Why are they mentioned over here?
Because they are the Holla Holla l meaning the women who are lawful for marriage from the Quran, from the closest relatives,
okay. In certain Missa earlier, we have learned about those women who are forbidden for marriage from from close relatives. Isn't it forbidden for you in marriage? Or who your mother's and so on and so forth? So, earlier in sloten, miss out we learned about those women from close relatives who are forbidden for marriage. And this shows to us about those women who are permissible for marriage from who from the closest relatives, and who are they? The cousins. You understand? Who are they the cousins? So webinar to America, which first cousin of his did he marry? Xena Vinci official did on her, who was she the daughter of the Prophet said a lot of times paternal aunt, and paternal uncle
daughter, we see that um Habiba obesogen. She was from the family of his paternal uncle. She was not really his cousin in the sense that she was a daughter of his paternal uncle, but she was from the family of his paternal uncle. You understand? So Bennati? amico veneti. I matica. webinar at Holika webinar at kinetica.
One question I have for you,
if you look over here,
um, singular or plural, singular, what's the feminine form? I'm singular or plural over here, plural.
Isn't it? Um is singular, are met is plural. Now again, called singular plural, singular and harlot singular or plural.
So, we see that the males, how are they mentioned in singular form? And the females out there mentioned
plural form, right? uncle's paternal and maternal singular mentioned and ons paternal or maternal? How are they mentioned? in the plural form? Why?
There are many reasons, many explanations that have been given often is that
when singular is used,
in comparison with plural, what does it show that one singular is enough?
You understand? One is enough. Whereas you need more of the other group, which is why you have floral. So what does it show the srif of one over the other? That one is better than the other?
You understand? If I have, let's say, one of you on one side,
I asked her to do something. Why? Because I trust her ability. I trust that she can do it. On the other hand, I asked five of you to do another thing. What does it show
her excellence virtue over others? Does it
does it or not? It does, it shows that one is equal to five.
So it shows the srif of one over others. So the srif over here is of males over females. You'll say Why? Why this bias, gender bias. This is not bias. The thing is that the relationship that you have from your uncle's from the male members of your family that is stronger compared to the relationship that you have through the female members of your family, isn't it because you
Uncle, his children, Does he ever write concerning them? Of course he does. Whereas his wife does not have as much of a right. Who makes the final decision. The man always wears your arms if she wants to give her daughter in marriage, you but her husband says no. Does he have any choice then? No, she doesn't. So the relationship through male relatives is much stronger compared to the relationship through female relatives.
You understand? So this is why uncle drew mentioned in singular form, an answer mentioned in chloroform.
And the condition that has been set over here of these cousins is that allottee had jobs in America, they should have done better with you, they should be believing. And they should have struggled in the way of a loss of hunger. And because of their struggles and sacrifices, they should have this privilege as opposed to those women who have not done hatred.
And allottee her job in America, Marika does not necessarily mean that she was in the hedgerow with you. But it means that she migrated with you either before you or after you, however, but she didn't hit it off from Mecca to Medina.
And we see that Omani one of the cousins of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he proposed to her for marriage. But she said that she had little children and she wouldn't be able to take care of her children, and also the prophets of Allah Islam. So she excused herself, she apologized. She said, I'm sorry, I will not be able to fulfill my responsibility as a mother and a wife because I have little children.
And later on when this I was revealed, she said, and I couldn't have married you anyway, because I didn't do his job for marketing media. So allotting her job in America, this is a condition.
Just imagine any of his cousins even if they became Muslim. If they did not do his or he was not allowed to marry them.
Who else was allowed to marry? one more item minaton. And a believing woman? condition has been said, a believing woman.
Which believing woman in what habit if she gifted nafsa? herself, Linda Vu for the profit sort of?
What does it mean by this? If she gifted herself to the profits of a lot of summer?
What happens from the roof address? Well, her
any other word from the same root? However, what does that mean? gift, however, is basically to give something to someone free of any charge.
And to not expect anything in return. What do you call that?
A gift, right? Well, technically, this is what gifts are supposed to be that when you give a gift to someone, you do not expect anything in return.
And you're not giving them in exchange for some money in exchange for another gift. No, that's not a gift,
however, is you give something without expecting anything in return. So it's bedload mal will are able
to give wealth without taking any return.
And the word Heba when this word is used for Annika, like over here, in what habit nappsa the word Heba when used for nica when used for marriage, it refers to such marriage that is without Mahesh.
That is without Maha. You understand that a woman gets married to a man. She's not given them a hook. This kind of liquor is understood as Heba So, a believing woman, if she gifts meaning if she offers herself in marriage, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam without any more her earlier what did we learn?
What did we learn at the beginning of the ayah those women to whom you give a hug to now another category is being mentioned that those women who offer themselves to you and they don't expect any more in return
but is that if that woman says I give myself to the profits that I want to send them has to take her in marriage? know he has been given a choice in our our than to be you if the profits or losses that he wishes wishes to do what a yes then he haha that he wishes to marry. If he wishes to marry her, then he may marry her. And if he wishes to not marry her, can he refuse? Of course he can refuse. So what do we see that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam is not forced to accept such a woman as his wife? He has the choice to either accept or reject. He has been given the freedom
and yes then he hails from noon. Kapha is thinker is thinker is to desire to do nikka
do desire to get married to someone
So in Aradhana, bu estan Kiha.
We see that once a woman came to the Messenger of Allah sallallahu sallam, and she said, Well, messenger of Allah, I offer myself to you in marriage.
And the Prophet sallallaahu sin remain silent, meaning he didn't accept her proposal. He didn't accept it. And we see that this happened a number of times, that not just one woman, but many times women came to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and said that, but the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he had the choice to either accept or refuse. So in alladhina, Vu sng haha. Now one question, Can any woman do that?
That she goes up to a man and she says, I give myself to you?
And he says, Yeah, sure. And he says, okay, and the marriage is done.
Because remember that this type of marriage
is done without any math.
It is done without anyone and without any witnesses, even.
Deputy for Annika What do you need? To make it valid? You need the valley? The Valley has to say I offer my daughter in marriage, do you? And the man says, I accept. Right? You need the valley. And he says in exchange for this much mahamuni My daughter must get this much money. But this marriage does not require any money. And along with that, what do you need witnesses? Isn't at all. But this type of marriage does not require any witnesses either.
Now, can any woman go and say this to a man? I offer myself to you? And he says yes, I accept and that's it. They're married? can this happen? No. Because Allah says Holly Sutton laka. This is exclusively for you. Men do nail momineen other than the believers,
this is only permissible for you. And it's not permissible for the believers, this privilege is exclusively for you.
Why exclusively for him? Because the prophets are allowed to sell them. His status is higher than the rest of the believers. Yes, he was obligated to follow the commands and Allah subhanaw taala gave him but there were certain things that were permissible only for him. or certain things that were obligatory for him only isn't it? Many, many things that were obligated for him and they're not obligated for the rest of the believers. Similarly, this privilege is also for him only and not for the believers Harless or the Lega Mindanao meaning.
Allah subhanaw taala says other alumna, we certainly know what do we know Mafalda them there I lay him, what we have made obligatory upon them fee as well, Jim concerning their wives, we know very well, concerning what we have imposed on the believers concerning their wives.
What does it mean by this? What's the purpose of saying this other alumna? Obviously, if Allah is the one who impose these rules, does he not know?
Does he not know think about it? If he is one who gave these commands? Does he not know? Of course he knows. So what's the purpose of saying this? that whatever he has made obligatory upon the believers, that is what based on his perfect knowledge, and it is best for them.
And if Allah has made this special case for you, exclusively for you, that is also based on his knowledge. Now, what is it that is made obligatory on the believers concerning their wives? What rulings are made obligatory on them, that at the time of marriage, there has to be the Wali? There has to be them. And there have to be witnesses as well, isn't it? So? This is an obligation on them. Similarly, otherwise, the men, they are imposed to treat their wives in a particular way. Like for example, they're obligated to spend on their wives. isn't a digilocker? Well, Mona Lisa, my father in law who ba ba, ba, ba, ba, ba, Ma, unfaithful. And because they spend, right, so on the men, it
is an obligation to spend otherwise. But was this obligation? The Prophet said, No, it wasn't an obligation on him.
And we learned that in the previous ayah, so called the item NEMA for Ragnar lane vs YG him when I look at a man whom and also what we have allowed for them concerning what their right hands possess.
Meaning, there are certain rulings that Allah subhanaw taala has given to the believers concerning their wives, and also concerning their slave women.
What are the rulings that are imposed on them concerning the slave women?
What are the rulings that they can purchase them or they can get them through other means, right. And when they do have them, they are allowed
To establish sexual relations with them, but that is only permissible after a particular period. And what is that one? menstrual cycle? Okay, this is a legal ruling, this is an obligation that Allah has imposed on the believers concerning the slave women. That when a man gets a slave woman, he cannot have any relation with her after her waiting period, you understand? And how much is the waiting period? One menstrual cycle? Why? To see if she's pregnant or not. All right.
So why am I like a man who
like a lacuna alayka so that there is not upon you? How would you any discomfort? What is this connected with Li Kalia qunar alayka halogen. This is connected with first of all in
that we have made all of these women permissible for you to marry. Which women those whom you give a hug to those who come to you as slave women out of war booty, your first cousins, right. And any woman who offers herself D. Why is this permissible for you? Why Lee Kalia qunar alayka Hello June, so that there is no uneasiness, no discomfort upon you. Meaning Allah has allowed you to marry these women. And you should not feel uncomfortable, uneasy when you get married to them.
Because we see that for other believers, what is the restriction? How many women can they marry
for women only. But we see that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam he got married to more than four women. So Allah subhanaw taala says over here that we have made this permissible for you. And we're declaring this over here so that you don't feel uneasy about it. And you don't feel uneasy about it. And the believers also the rest of the people also should not feel uneasy about it, then why did he get married to more than four women? Allah has made it permissible for him.
You understand? Lee Kalay akuna alayka halogen.
Secondly, Li k de akuna la college This is connected with in Aradhana. Bu as
the last case where if a woman gifts herself to you in marriage,
that Allah has given the choice of the prophets or the law to send them. If he wishes to marry her, he can accept her. If he does not wish to marry her, then he can refuse her.
Why is this choice given to the Prophet sallallahu wasallam
y Li k de akuna alayka Hodge, so that there will be no difficulty on the prophets that alone is alone? Because imagine if he had to accept every woman,
every woman who came and offered herself to him that what would happen?
His life would become extremely difficult, isn't it so? So lucania coonara Lega Hodge, and we see that this allowance has been made especially for the Prophet sallallahu Sallam to marry the women who, who offer themselves to him without giving any manhood without the presence of money and so on and so forth. Because when the Prophet said a lot of him got married to a woman, then there were many, many benefits. First of all, she herself would benefit. Why? Because she was known as the wife of the prophets of Allah in dystonia, and
her status becomes a what Omaha's? meaning she doesn't remain an ordinary woman. She becomes a special woman less than 100 million Lisa. Secondly, it wasn't just her who benefited. It was her family, her tribe, even they benefited. Why? Because they also became extremely respected.
They became very well respected, because their woman was the wife of the Prophet sallallahu Salah wasn't it when the Prophet sallallahu Sallam got married to do
that when he got married to her? The rest of the people said, the wife of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and her relatives are our captives. They're our slaves. So they released them all. So imagine what kind of hair she brought to her people when she got married to the profits of the mother center.
Right? And it wasn't just her and her tribe, her family who benefited but it was also the Muslim Ummah that benefited how, how did the Muslim Ummah benefit. If the Prophet sallallahu Sallam got married to a particular woman? How did the oma benefit because the wives of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam they learn from him? What other people could not learn? Especially the sooner
the sooner that the prophets are allowed and practiced inside
In the house, they could not be learned by anyone except for his wives. So this is why the prophets on an audition was given the allowance of marrying the women who offered themselves to him. And this is why he was given the allowance of marrying more than four women. Li Kalia coonara Lake Havasu. So what does How did you mean over here, uneasiness, and he's in any discomfort.
Okay. And if the Prophet sallallahu Sallam had no choice, that no you have to accept every woman, then would that make hard for him. Of course, it would make other to him.
Now, some people they miss interpret us in a very, very wrong way.
That Michaela Hakuna alayka Hello. What this means is that you have been allowed to marry more women so that you don't suffer from any difficulty. That narrow the villa. The Prophet sallallahu Sallam had immense desire, and because of that he had to marry multiple women. And this was a holiday that he suffered from, so he was allowed to marry more women. Li Kalia coonara Lee college, this is incorrect. This is wrong.
And this is an utter lie. Hey, Raj over here does not mean sexual discomfort, sexual unfulfillment, but rather it means uneasiness caused to you by accepting every woman
or uneasiness caused to you by marrying so many women.
Li Kalia coonara Lega holige Allah has made this allowance for you. He has made this mandatory on you. And he has given this choice to you. What kind of law who have a $4 hammer and Allah He is ever forgiving. And he's also merciful. Why is this mentioned over here? A less forgiving and merciful.
Think about it. Why is this mentioned over here? What kind of level the food on rahima he is forgiving, and He is merciful?
That just imagine the Prophet sallallahu wasallam is being told in this ayah about marry more than four women?
And what do we learn that when a person is married multiple women that he is supposed to be just between them? Right? So the Prophet sallallahu has been told what kind of Lahore photo Rahim ALLAH is forgiving, and he's merciful. Yes, you have to marry all of these women. And if there is any imbalance on your part in the way of being equal with all of your wives and allies Forgiving and Merciful towards you. Now what do we see in this ayah
that special allowance, special allowance has been given to the prophets of an incentive to marry women.
He has been given the choice. And he has also been given a greater freedom
where the rest of the believers are only allowed to marry for the Prophet sallallahu wasallam overhears that out to marry more.
Because remember, at the time that this was revealed, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam already had four wives. In fact, he had recently married Dana in charge, so he had five wives. Now Apparently, it may seem that the prophets Allah said it was being allowed to marry whoever he wishes do without any limits without any restrictions. But this I must be understood properly.
As I mentioned to you earlier for believers, what's the limit for wives and the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he observed this limit until the Battle of Azur
until the Battle of the prophets, Allah noticed and observed this limit, meaning he only had four wives.
Which ones that we see the Prophet sallallahu sallam, first of all, who did you get married to Khadija to learn her? At what age at the age of 25. And how old was she 40 years of age,
much much older than him. And she was the only wife that he had, until she passed away when the Prophet sallallahu Sallam was about 50. And then at that time, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam who did he marry
sodaro Leon, who was also an older woman, and why did he marry her?
Why do you think so? Because he had little children. And he was going through a very difficult time. He had to look after his children as well. And that was around the time that he had to migrate from Makkah to Medina right before that just some time before that. So he got married to her.
And he also got married to who I should have dinner and who with whom he consummated the marriage in Medina.
So how many wives Do you have at this point? Two lives are the Battle of butter took place. And what happened after that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam got married to them selama and he also got married to have a little later on. So how many wives did you have? four wives. Now, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam he got married as an Avenger. Correct? When he got married to her that was his fifth wife. And did he have any choice?
With regards to marriage, no, Allah got her married to him, though virginica, he wasn't given any choice. Now the believers they had no problem accepting this, that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam has five wives. He has more than four.
But then when African those whose hearts was a disease, those with weak Eman, what happened to them? They began raising objections, that what is this? This is unfair, this is not right for us delimiters for and for the profit, it's more than for why why is this so? So Allah subhanaw taala reveals it himself that in a Hillel nanika we have allowed these marriages for you.
You are allowed to marry these women, you have to marry them.
And when Allah subhanaw taala has allowed him Can anyone object to Allah decision? No. So if a person objects at the marriages of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam In other words, whose decision is he objecting?
Allah His decision?
What do we learn in total MBA I have 23 that left us alone My fellow home use alone, Allah is not questioned about what he does and the people they are questioned. So if Allah has made a decision, can we object can we we have no right to object? Can we say why we cannot say why we have to accept the decision of Allah. And when Allah has made something permissible, lawful for the Prophet sallallahu Sunnah? Did he have the right to make it unlawful on himself? No. insalata hareem is one we learned? Yeah, you have to be you Lima to help remove man halala hulak that all profits are monitored? And why do you prohibit yourself from what Allah has made lawful for you? When Allah has
made something lawful for you? Why do you make it unlawful? meaning you're not allowed to make it unlawful for yourself?
So when Allah subhanaw taala says over here in national nanika,
then what is he saying? In other words, we have allowed you, no one has the right to object. No one can say why? And no one can question at all.
Because Allah has made this exclusive case for you.
And we see that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam
because some people say that, oh, he had a lot of desire. This is why he got married to so many women. Now.
If that was the case, a person When does he have a lot of desire, at what age when he's young. When he was 25, he got married to a woman who has almost doubled his age, so much older than him.
And we see that he did not get married to any other woman until she passed away. And when she passed away, who did he marry? Someone again, who was older. And if he got married to I shall deny her. That was because somebody else suggested her, isn't it? Somebody else suggested her. And the Prophet said a lot of time later consummated the marriage with her in Medina, not even in Makkah.
And if he got married to him Salama, and have sort of the larger, there was a reason behind that both of them had become widows. And, um, Salah her sacrifices were great for Islam, and have sort of denied her when he got married to her, his relationship with the role model the Learn how it became stronger.
So, in a Ll nanika, Allah subhanaw taala has made this permissible for you. So no one can object to it.
And we see that all of the marriages of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, they were for a specific reason.
They serve a specific purpose, they brought a benefit to him, they brought a benefit to Islam, to the Muslims.
Remember that the Arab society, what kind of society was it?
How did the people live? What was the structure? tribal, right. And if a person had tribal enmity with someone that would lead to many, many wars, many, many battles, many, many murders. And many times this enmity would come to an end, by the marriage of two people from these two different tribes, from these two hostile tribes. If two individuals got married, then what would happen that enmity would come to an end that hostility would come to an end? And the Prophet sallallahu Sallam when he became a prophet? What happened? All of the people turned against him, the Battle of zapped What was that about all of the various Arabian tribes, and the tribes of youth coming against the
profits of the loyalists, and
After the Battle of arsa receive the Prophet sallallahu Sallam got married to several women. And this was a means of ending that enmity.
And as a result, it brought great benefit to the ummah.
It brought security to the Muslims. And it also brought many people to Islam. And the women who made the profits are allowed to serve, they enjoyed security their families enjoyed as well. And the Muslims, they benefited immensely from the knowledge that they learned from the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and the pastor.
We see that how do they learn who she was from the tribe of learners, and they did not oppose the Prophet sallallahu sallam.
Similarly, we see that Soto the learner, she was older when she got married to the Prophet sallallahu sallam, she looked after his children. And she learned from him and she also narrated several Hadith right after the Prophet sallallahu Sallam passed away. And just before that, one more thing, I want to tell you that the Prophet sallallahu wasallam got married to 12 women in total, with whom he consummated the marriage.
Some of them died during his lifetime, and others they lived on after he passed away.
Because you might find a lot of confusion that the prophets on a lot of sudden got married to more women.
He got married to more women but he did not consummate the marriage with every single woman.
Okay, like that incident I mentioned to you that he went to the world but what did she say are the blaming and the Prophet sallallahu Sallam divorced her immediately.
So first is her digital dinner Denis elder of the learn, then we have I shall dinantian I shall the learner she was from the tribal glutamine. Again, because she was made to the Prophet sallallahu sallam, there was no enmity between him and both me.
And the learner. She was very young when she got married to the Prophet sallallahu sallam, right? And how much she learned from him.
How much he learned from him, that she narrated over 2000 how these
dudes 1000. Just imagine.
And she thought so much for the next 48 years of her life. When the Prophet said a lot.
Because many of the wives of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam What happened to them? They died soon after. But I showed it on her she lived on for a very long time.
And she taught for so long as well. And this was possible because she got married to him young. Now many people raise objections, she was so young.
I say one thing, if they didn't have a problem, who are you to have a problem?
Think about it. If they never had a problem. Why are you concerned?
When two people are together, they love one another they have a relationship, they're perfectly fine with one another? are we any ones to object to their relationship? No, we are no one's to do that. We find it awkward, okay. But that's your problem. They're perfectly happy. They're normal, happy family. So you do not have the right to object at all.
If we were to find that, that I should have stayed on who was not happy, then we have the right to say something.
But she was the happiest woman.
She loved the profits or losses from the profits or losses and and loved her. And it was a beautiful relationship.
So why do we have to object
and I shall deny that she learned so much from him. The way she asked him questions otherwise would not ask him.
Other people in fact, would not even ask him the way she would ask him the way she would travel with him and learn different different things from him. No person could do that.
So we see that she learned so much from him and she taught after he passed away as well.
Then after I should have learned her have suddenly learned have settled in on who was the daughter of or model they learn. And she also learned a lot from the Prophet sallallahu Sallam she narrated about 60 Hadees and after have some of the Daniel we see whom Salah she was from the family of Abuja, just imagine. The family of Abuja held the Prophet sallallahu Sallam when he married her the enmity that was there between him and his family, it ended
and she narrated about 300 A Hadees.
Just imagine 300
You know, sometimes you are trying to understand a particular concept and you find even one Hadees one Hadees that supports it, or that proves the point. Isn't that a huge blessing?
Each Hadees is a blessing, and onsala scenario to 300 of them.
Then after him Salama, Zainab bint Josh, why did the Prophet sallallahu Sallam get married to her?
Why? To break the custom, the Arab custom that you cannot get married to the ex wife of your adopted son after Xena
Josh we see on Habiba Ohm Habiba. Lerner, who was she?
Whose daughter was she? Abu sufian? Just imagine I was a fiancee, daughter, and Abu sufian Allahu anhu. It's amazing, isn't it? He waged war against the Prophet sallallahu Sallam so many times, isn't it? But when his daughter became the wife of the prophets of
God, he waged war against his son in law. Good he, no, he couldn't. This was against their traditions. You could not do something against your son in line this way. So, this ended enmity between Abu sufian and the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and it led to it was unbecoming a Muslim as well. And we see that Habiba Atalanta, she narrated about 65 Hadees.
Then after Habiba, we see that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam contrary to Xena bint Hosea, she died a few months after she got married to the Prophet sallallahu sallam.
And after that had been presumably situated, it'll lead on from Bhanu Muslim.
And these people also they intensely oppose the Prophet sallallahu sallam, but when he got married to her, this enmity, it came to an end,
Sophia rather learn from berners Lee, then after Sophia did not have a handle, they learned from button charisma.
And then after her maimunah, to learn her, and she was the sister of the wife of the leader of nudge from New Zealand. So as a result of this marriage, that enmity also came to an end.
So we see that the wives of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, they learned a lot from him. And they passed on a lot of knowledge as well.
And the numbers that we have today, five, I had the standard, I had the 60, I had these, this is just a recorded number, allow our loan, what other knowledge they must have learned and taught as well, that has not reached us.
But they did spread that knowledge. And through these marriages, many, many customs were broken.
Many customs and traditions were broken that were against Islam. And also, the great benefit was that it strengthened Islam.
Now, what do we learn from this ayah?
We learned many, many things. First of all, we learn from this idea about the allowance, the special allowance that is being given to the profit, subtle artist, and what does that show to us
his great status.
This ayah tells us about the great about the high status of the profits,
that we see that he is being addressed as Yeah, you handed over to you.
And then a special allowance has been given to him in now.
We have made it permissible for you.
We have made this lawful for you. So it shows us a great status of the profits.
And we see that in Arabia,
the common people, they wouldn't get married to many women, but the leaders amongst them, they would have multiple wives. Why? To show the supremacy of the leader above the rest of the people. This was an Arab tradition, as
you understand, because you might say, well, the hostility could have ended in other ways as well. Or the traditions could have been broken in other ways as well. But why through marriage because this was an accepted Arab culture and Arab practice, that the leader to show his supremacy above the rest of the people he would have multiple lives compared to the rest of the people. Okay, so this is shows to us about the highest status of the prophets on the Lotus and
then we also learned from this ayah about the fact that you plan, meaning making something permissible is a writer who a loss of power.
He can make whatever he pleases lawful for whomever he wishes.
So if Allah made these marriages lawful for the Prophet sallallahu Sallam
that says, write a look and do that, we are no one's to object.
Thirdly, we also learned from this ayah
that a man he can only marry how, after giving him a hug
allottee those women whom to whom you have given their mother, would you want to know whom you have given their money to so marriage is not valid except with Mahesh.
This is the general rule. But for the Prophet sallallahu sallam, a special allowance was made in which a woman she could gift herself to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam without taking any money in return. Okay, as we learned from this ayah and this is a special allowance for him and it also shows his high status
Just as we see that the hodgen What was that an extra obligation on the profits or losses and and what do we learn nafi lotta luck and extra obligation on you wasn't an obligation on the rest of the believers? Is it? No, but it was mandatory on him. seminary we see that the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he was allowed to keep song with oil. What does that mean? continuous fasting, continuous fasting without a break in the middle
with us, what's the ruling that at the time of sunset, we have to break the fast, isn't it and after that, we have to do this. But for the Prophet sallallahu sallam, at that time, he could make the intention to continue the fasting as well. But for us, it's not permissible. Similarly, we see that for him and his family, there is double reward for the largemouth Ohara there is double reward compared to other women, is it? And we also see that in matters of pain of difficulty, for example, illness, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam suffered double pain, isn't it? So whenever he became ill, what did he say that he suffered more than the rest of the people who suffered more pain compared to
the rest of the people? Likewise, it was not an obligation on him to spend on his wives. They were given the choice if you want money, you can go and if you want Allah, the home of the hereafter the Prophet sallallahu senan, then the Prophet is not obligated to spend on you.
And similarly, he was not obligated to be equal with all of his wives. So we see that many things were exclusively for him.
And all those things that were exclusive for him are what?
Marrying more than four and also marrying, what kind of nikka Haber, without Wiley Mahal or witnesses.
Then we alternate from this ayah about the kindness of Allah subhanaw taala towards his prophets
where do we learn that from?
In Aradhana, Vu as tanky Haha, that Allah gave the choice to the Prophet said, it's up to you, you can accept or you can refuse.
You can accept or you can refuse. So what does it show? Allah kindness towards the messenger? sallallahu wasallam.
Also, we see that
a las panatela has imposed certain obligations on men with regards to their wives or alumna. Do we know very well about what we have imposed on them on the believers concerning their wives? What does that show to us that the believing men have been imposed with certain responsibilities towards their wives, and often is providing for them being equal, and so on and so forth.
Okay, everybody standard will listen to the recitation then we'll continue.
Holly, Donna tea Paula tickle Latina Yamanaka one
minute and you wanna
What are the various objections of people raised against the marriages of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam? Have you come across any of them?
Okay, I shouted on her, she was very young. And the simple answer to that is she didn't have a problem. That's it. Forget about the wisdom. Because some people say, the Prophet sallallahu Sallam had declared it will bakudo the learner as his brother, and therefore to show that, no, he was not actually his brother, therefore, he got married to his daughter. So to break that tradition. But regardless of that, even this Think about it, they never had a problem. So we shouldn't have a problem either.
Many times we find out about, you know, a very old man getting married to a very young woman, and people object. But this is not just in eastern countries, but also in western countries.
It's amazing. Sometimes a 50 year old man is going out with a 20 year old woman. And people don't have any problem because they don't have any problem. They're perfectly fine. So when they don't have a problem, we should not have a problem either. Simple.
Exactly. The Prophet sallallahu sallam, he gave her the choice. Remember, when the eye of the healer were revealed? Even she was given the choice if you want, you can leave. But what did she say? You want me to consult my parents concerning this, I don't need their consultation. I don't need their advice. I have chosen Allah, His Messenger in the home of the hereafter.
So they themselves chose the prophets of the Lord center. And we see that all of the other wives as well. Like for example, you waited at the Lana Sophia to learn how to handle the learner. When they were brought in as captives before the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he asked them, would you accept Allah and His messenger? Or would you rather have your freedom? Meaning would you become a believer and be my wife? Or would you rather, you know, work for your freedom and remain as a slave. And all of them they chose Allah and His messenger.
So it was by their agreement, by their will, none of these marriages were forced.
And we see that if there was one woman who said I was a bit lame, and the Prophet sallallahu Sallam did not say, How dare you say that? Nothing at all. He just said go. That's it simple.
What other objections are raised against emerges as the Prophet sallallahu Sallam? Because it's good to clarify this, because many times these are the things that people talk about.
Unfortunately, many times when people see you in hijab, having studied the Quran, this is what they will ask you about. So you should be equipped, you should be prepared.
That there are so many, how come they were more than four? How can even four, four people have a problem with and more than four even people have a problem with? So what's the answer to that? Why did he marry more than four women?
How will you answer that? What do we learn from this? Ayah?
Exactly Allah allowed it to we're no one's to object What else?
Each marriage serves a particular purpose, there was wisdom, there was reason behind it. And what are those reasons
are putting an end to the enmity, the knowledge that they learned, right?
The various wrong practices that were abolished, okay. Anything else that comes to your mind, perhaps,
the status of Abraham Maria, little bit around her, she remained as the slave woman of the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he did not marry her. Why? Because we learned in the following I had, that after the eyes of the healer revealed the ayat of choice where the wives of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam were given the choice, you can stay with me or you can leave. After that Allah subhanaw taala rewarded the wives of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam how that the prophets on a lot of sinner was not allowed to marry any more women.
You understand? He was not allowed to marry any more women he was not allowed to divorce any of his wives and take other women in their place either. So Mario clip Leah, she came to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam after the revelation of those if and therefore he did not get married. You understand?