Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
Al-Muminun 51-90 Word Analysis and Tafsir 51-56
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that's the number 174. So let me know I am number 51 to 90
yeah you have rasuluh all messengers kolomela for you Betty Uberti eat of the good things, where am I loose oily hair and also do righteous deeds. Why? Because in the Vemma Dharma Luna Aleem, indeed I have whatever you do, and knowing.
In the previous ayat we learned about the various prophets of Allah. That how Allah subhanaw taala sent one messenger after the other, some other Salah Musulin, that Torah, one after the other. And finally we learned about reincarnation, that how Allah subhanaw taala had provided him and his mother perfect lodging in this dunya a perfect place to live in which was that you karate in one marine. And it was also a source of water for them meaning there was also plenty of water. So yeah, you have rasuluh now the command is being given to all of the prophets of Allah. That all whistle, all messengers kulu may not pay you back, each of the good things which good things that we have
because our religion is a religion of balance. It teaches us with regards to everything that is beneficial for us. Our Deen does not promote monasticism, that a person abstains from the good things that Allah subhanaw taala has provided him with.
So if the messengers are being addressed that eat of the good things, then what is it mean for their followers, that they should also enjoy the blessings that Allah subhanaw taala has given to them?
Some have said that Yeah, you have Russell over here the addresses to the messengers, but in fact through them, there are people there are being addressed. That the messengers were told to do this, but through them, in fact, the command is being given to, to their own, to their nations. It is directed to their followers. So this address was to Musashi Salaam and his own theories, artists, Adam and his own do Mohammed salatu salam and his oma as well as
others have said that, yeah, you have Russell, over here, the addresses to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam only.
And others have said that this addresses do research on Islam only.
Why? Because in the previous ayah, who was mentioned, are you sorry, this Anna, and this plan was revealed to who to the Prophet sallallahu sallam. Because when this ayah was revealed, obviously out of the messengers were not present at that time. All of the messengers had gone by then. So some have said that this command is actually only to the profit sort of artisan, and the plural is actually for Darlene, it is for honor and respect.
And others have said that no, all of the prophets of Allah were given this command in their respective times. When they were sent, they were given this command, they were addressed by our last panel data in this way.
That Yeah, a universal or messengers kulu Minato you bet each of the good things. And as you know, that, after you bet includes all things that are good, that are beneficial, that are Hillel permissible, and they're also suitable for a person. So, eat of the good things, were melosa Callahan and also do righteousness, meaning also do righteous good deeds. So, use the best, eat the best and also do the best,
because there is a deep connection between eating good and doing good.
If a person eats well, only then he can do well. And if a person does not consume proper food, if he does not eat good food, then definitely it is going to have an effect on his behavior on his actions on his productivity.
So kulu and then what am I
eating right comes first and then good actions follow that
because if a person does not eat properly, you will not be able to perform good actions
in a matter maluna rd indeed I am with whatever that you do, I am knowing of it and therefore I will recompense you for what you have done.
So we say that on the one hand, taking as mentioned eat and on the other hand, giving as mentioned, airman both are necessary that where we are receiving the blessings of Allah, where we are enjoying one blessing after the other. We should also
Think about what are we doing in return?
Are we just consuming? Are we just eating? Are we just enjoying? Or are we actually doing something in return this,
this food that Allah subhanaw taala is giving us this life that Allah has given us is adjusted that we eat live, be merry, and then we die. And that's it. No, this life has been given to us for a reason. This life has been given to us for a purpose. And what is that purpose to worship Allah subhanaw taala. So if the prophets have a lower told, eat and do good, the same command is also for us. The same command is also for us. So we see that our Dean is a dean of balance. It teaches us the best ways to live in this dunya and it does not teach monasticism where we are commanded to eat well, we are not told to just concentrate on eating well, no, there's also a balance when you eat
well do well. Both are required.
And we see that over here. The command is specific to the prophets of Allah, but as I mentioned earlier, in reality who is being addressed their followers and we see that this Muslim Ummah as well, we are addressed in the Quran, we have learned in total Bukhara I 172 that Yeah, you are Latina, Amano colome into you, Betty Mendoza Kanaka
Oh, you have believed eat of the good things that Allah has provided you, wash guru, and be grateful, lay in quantum el darboux, if it is only him that you worship.
So we see that a believer, the true follower of the messengers, what is his way that he benefits from the blessings that Allah subhanaw taala has given him and he also does something in return.
He also shows gratitude, he also increases in his Amazon.
Because when we get all this energy, from the food that we eat, should it only be spent on decorating and cleaning our houses? Is that just about it? No. It should also be used in doing something good in benefiting mankind in doing something that will please our Creator.
And we have learned earlier Kulash level 1234 do not do Islam, because when a person does is rough and eating, then what does he do? He harms himself. He harms other people as well.
We're in a heavy and indeed this oma to come is your oma
we're in the head he has he What does it refer to militant Islam, the religion of Islam. This is a medical This is your oma. And the word oma, as you know has several meanings of them is nation, as well as religion.
And when the word oma is used for a nation, what does it mean?
It refers to a group of people who are connected by something that is common amongst all of them.
Something that is common amongst all of them. So this is your oma if we take the meaning of Omar to be your community, meaning the community of the messengers, and we see that all of the messengers that came at different different times, isn't it? But what is it that unites them all together?
It was the same religion that they brought. It was the same belief that they brought the same mission that all of them came with. And if we take the meaning of Omar to be religion, then this is your religion, meaning the religion of Islam omata wahida, one religion, meaning all of the messengers were sent with the same religion, from New Hurley, salaam to Muhammad Sallallahu sallam, all of the prophets and messengers of Allah, the same religion, Ahmed and wahida.
If you remember the ayat that we learned earlier in the surah, where the incident of new penicillin was mentioned, of who that is that was mentioned, out of the prophets, who said the same thing to the people? And what was that, that worship Allah? For that that token Don't you hear him? So we're in the heavy medical omata wahida? What nr have become and I am your Lord, meaning, Allah subhanaw taala is your Lord for the oni. Therefore, all of you fear me, meaning keep fearing.
So we see that all of the messengers of Allah work on one religion. One, Dean, and what is that one? The, the Dean of the hate, the belief in the oneness of Allah subhanaw taala the fact that it is only he who deserves worship, which is why are the messengers they said, an error but the Lucha mela coming in?
And if this is the case for all of the messengers, then definitely their followers
They must also adopt the same theme.
They must not cut up into different factions Rather, they must also observe the same religion that all of the prophets of Allah brought. And that is worshiping Allah soprano data alone.
But what happened to their followers what happened to the people for Dr. Drew Umbra, whom by now home, Zoo Bora, but the people divided their religion among them into sects.
For takato, the author who is from the roof address of
the clear upper, which is to cut something up, to cut it up into pieces
to split it up into pieces. So the followers of the prophets What did they do? They cut up they divided up, they split up among their matter which matter the matter of their religion.
So they divided that up buying a home between themselves into Zubrin into pieces. The word Zuber is a plural of zebra
with a tangled Buta at the end zebra.
And zebra is a large piece of something. What is it a large piece of something, it's also used for a sheet of iron.
Remember at uni Zuber, Al Hadid and from this It is also used for a section of something a part of something. And the word is also used for a book, but what kind of a book
that is written in dark and bold font. Right? So over here is what gives the meaning of pieces. So the followers of the messengers, instead of following the religion that the messengers brought, what did they do, they disagreed about their profits. And they divided up their religion into sects and groups, they divided up their religion into pieces. And they therefore divided up into various sects and groups. And color has been every faction, every group has was used for a group of people. So every group, the melody in him, is with what is with them.
They are 30 home ones who are very happy ones who rejoice, meaning whatever part of religion that they have adopted.
And because they corrupt their religion to zuba, right into pieces. So they adopted some pieces, and they left some pieces. So the pieces that they have adopted, they're very happy with them. 3131 is a plural of fatter and fatter is used for someone who is very happy, someone who was cheerful, someone who was glad. And remember that this word is used positively as well as negatively, when used positively means when a person is genuinely happy about something. And when negatively What does it mean when a person becomes arrogant, and he begins to boast and he begins to show off, he becomes proud. So cola has been demanded a him for whom each group is happy and satisfied with the part of
their religion that they have adopted.
And with that, they boast over one another, thinking themselves to be better than the other, thinking that they are the only ones who are right, and everyone else besides them is wrong. And they are very happy with the part of the religion that they have adopted, in the sense that they use it to support their stance, their position,
because the part of the religion that they have adopted, what does it do? It proves their position, it proves their desires, it supports their opinion. So because of that, they cling to it, they hold on to it, and they neglect the rest of the religion. And with that part of the religion, they're so happy. They're so proud about it, that they begin to boast over others. And they think that because of that, they're the only ones who are right and everyone else besides them is wrong.
So we see that despite the clear teachings of the messengers, what are the people do? They follow their desires, instead of following what the messengers told them to do? They follow their desires. And as a result, what happened? They caught up into sex, regarding their religion. They divide their religion, they divided the book into various parts, adopting some and leaving some.
And as a result of that, when it comes to religion, all that they have is just pride. Religion has become a matter of pride only for people. It's not something that grows them spiritually, that takes them closer to Allah. No, it's just something through which they become very proud over others. It's something through which they can boast over others, through which they can feel that they're better than
The others, it's not something that grows them spiritually No way. It's something that makes them proud. When does this happen?
You see, when people have fear of a loss of data, then they give importance to every aspect of religion.
When people have fear of align their hearts, then what happens? They give importance to every aspect of religion. Because they consider every aspect of religion to be essential,
whether it has to do with arcada, or it has to do with fitness, or it has to do with, you know, certain personalities, anything, they give importance to every aspect of religion. But when the essence of the dean is forgotten, and the purpose becomes to highlight one's own group, when the purpose becomes to highlight one's own motives to prove them right, then what happens, a person will only adopt those parts of religion that prove his position that prove his stance that support his cause that support his motives and the rest of the religion that doesn't really support them. That doesn't really directly prove them to be right. What happens they ignore those fights. This is why
the Bani Israel what were they told
me no NaVi barbudan kitabi, or duck funebre. Do you believe in parts of the book and you deny parts of the book, because this is what they had done. They hadn't taken the religion as a whole, only those parts of the religion that showed that they were the chosen people that showed that they were the best people that showed that gender was for them. They held on to those parts, and the rest of the religion that taught them equality, that taught them about their responsibility that taught them about accountability in the hereafter. They ignored those parts. So you understand this is something that Bernie is right outside it. Which is why we see that today many times when they're doing Dawa,
for example, than a solder. What do they say just believe that Jesus is the Son of God and you go to Paradise, nothing else is mentioned nothing else is given importance, because this belief is what supports them. This belief is what supports their desires. And this is why they cling to it, and they leave the rest of the religion.
But unfortunately, this is not just the case with the yehudah Minnesota
this has also become very, very common amongst the Muslims, that instead of taking their religion as a whole, we will only hold on to some things. For example, if a particular group believes that they are right, because they call themselves a certain name, or because they follow a certain book, or because they follow a certain shape, What will they think that they are the ones who are right, and whenever they will talk about the religion whenever they will tell other people about the religion, what will they talk about only certain personalities, only certain books, only certain aspects of filk and the rest of the religion, they don't give much importance to it. Whereas we see that the
entire religion is important, the entire religion is essential, you cannot leave parts of it and adopt parts of it, the whole religion must be given important.
So when a person's motive becomes proving oneself, when religion becomes a matter of pride only, then what happens, a person holds on to only Zubur pieces of the religion.
But when a person has fear of Allah, then what happens he will hold on to every aspect of religion.
And we see that there are some Muslims who will only perform their obligations, they will fast they will pray, they will do the Hajj, they will you know, do all the obligations that are imposed on them as an individual. But when it comes to helping the poor and the needy, they will not give importance to them.
Similarly, there are Muslims who are completely opposite. They will focus entirely on helping the poor and the needy and when it comes to the obligations that Allah has imposed on us. They're very negligent.
And when the matter of religion is discussed, they say that this is the most important thing to do. helping the poor and the needy.
Prayer God knows about it, I have been chosen to help the poor and needy, that is what I do. But we see that every aspect of religion is necessary and we cannot ignore some and adults. Because when the people are mentioned over here this way, this behavior is being condemned. It's not being appreciated.
Further home, so Allah says leave them feel I'm letting him in their confusion had their hand for a time.
That won't leave them. Let them be done.
Be in their company just leave them feeling writing in their confusion. Until when, until a certain time.
The word hombre is from the root letters line member. And a llama is used for confusion. It is used for error for misguidance. And literally the word of Allah is used for enlarge, and deep body of water.
So you can imagine a huge lake, that's also very, very deep.
Now, if there is a huge body of water, it's also extremely deep. Can you see the bottom? Can you see the depth from the surface? No, you cannot, especially because it's very, very deep. So, from this, the word of hombre is also used for confusion in which a person is drowned, because of what she cannot see the reality
just as the deep body of water you cannot see the ground you cannot see the depth of it. Similarly, it's such confusion in which a person is immersed in which a person is drowned. And because of that, he cannot see the reality. And what is it that confuses him?
Because water What does it signify dunia like the example. What are the blue metal hair to dounia come in and the Lumina center. So donia refers to water.
So when a person is so busy, so immersed, so involved in dunia and its pleasures, then what happens? It confuses him so much that he cannot see the reality. He cannot perceive it, he cannot understand it. So Hama is a state of ignorance. It's a state of misguidance of confusion.
And what is this confusion? this confusion is that a person thinks that he knows but he actually does not know.
He thinks that he's right. But he actually is not right. So leave them in the state of theirs in which they think that they're right, but they're not actually right. They think they know, but they actually don't know. Leave them as they are. Why? Because it is very, very difficult to advise such people
who, those who are holding on to only a part of their religion. And because of that they're so proud that they don't give importance to any other parts of the religion. And if somebody else is focusing on that part, they will belittle them, they will look down on them. So such people, it's very difficult to advise them.
You see people who are distant from their religion, who don't know much who have no idea.
It's still easier to talk to them, advise them, invite them to the religion, make them study the Quran, isn't it? Because they don't know. They don't have much knowledge. And perhaps they are thirsty for knowledge. If you speak to them, you will spark some interest. So they will perhaps come However, people who already know
but they have pride, and they have prejudice, they have bias and they are holding on to only some aspects of the deen, then how difficult it is to make them understand how difficult it is to make them realize how difficult it is to advise them. It's extremely difficult. It's almost like an impossible task.
Because someone who does not know much about the deen, you tell them if they have an open heart and open mind they will listen they will accept but someone who knows but still despite that knowledge, they have a bias they are prejudiced, then it's extremely difficult to make them understand something.
Therefore the profits are a lot of cinema stole further home fields, I'm glad to
just leave them.
Leave them Don't waste your time with them. Because it's extremely difficult to talk to such people to make them understand. It's almost like a useless effort.
Now primarily This is about who they are who then azada the machine of maca.
Because the machine of Makkah what were the proud about. They were very proud of the fact that they were of the followers of Ibrahim alayhis salaam, they were the caretakers of garba.
And they were the custodians of the harem. They looked after the pilgrims, they looked after the hijab who came to perform the Hajj. And they thought that Dean was all about such things. This is why they held on to such traditions, such as looking after the Kaaba looking after the pilgrims. And when it came to worshipping only Allah subhanaw taala when it came to believing and following the prophets are a lot of them they didn't think that to be important.
So what does Allah subhanaw taala say leave them. There's no point in talking to these people because they're extremely arrogant. They're not going to listen. They're not going
Except, because in their minds, they think that they're very right. They think of themselves to be very righteous, very spiritual. So how can you make a person like this Understand?
Similarly, what was the problem with the hood? They thought that they were the most righteous people. Nobody else was more righteous anger.
They were holding on to parts of the religion. And if you tell them follow the Prophet sallallahu sallam, what was the reaction? No, we are fine. We don't need to follow an omega. We don't need to follow someone who is from the descendants of is married.
So they don't feel obliged to leave them. There's no point in discussing things with them. There's no point in trying to convince them. Now this is I mean, don't even make an attempt. No, of course you do. Which is exactly what the prophet sallallaahu Selim did. But after some time, after putting in so much effort, if you don't see any change in the person, then what should you think
that you're not doing your part? No, you are doing your part. It's just no use talking to such people.
We learn into little trick number 17 for my hidden Katharina Hill, whom are wider, so allow time for the disbelievers, leave them for a while, into the table, ie my authority, which are lulay and that eloran sebelah ultimate term for intimacy to come in. And now, in total hedger, ayah, three darwinia, Kuru waitemata, where you will hear him will mlo for Sophia, they won't just leave them. And so they will find out.
And you may have noticed that if, for example, you've ever come across people from your Holden nesara, and you are talking to them about their religion, people who don't know much, they are very easy to convince, isn't it? Because they have this interest in their religion, they have questions they want to understand, they don't have any biases, if you speak to them, you discuss with them, you tell them, they will show a positive reaction. But for example, a person who has been trained to be biased, who has been trained to be biased, no matter how much time you spend with them, you can spend hours and hours discussing matters with them, no change, no positive reaction at all.
So such people for that one v one law team had their hand, and had their hand also indicates until a certain time someone said until a certain time means until they die. So basically Forget it. And others have said that give them some time, they can sort of thought if as I mentioned from my Halo Katharina amela, provided, give them time, leave them for some time, and then go back to them.
I asked the Buddha do they think and never know me? Don't be me, Malin. weapony. Do they think that what we extend to them of wealth and children? Yes, abona. They who does they refer to those who are described in the previous ayah?
Those who are holding onto parts of the religion? instead of following the religion that the prophets brought to them, they're just holding on to certain parts, being very proud of themselves. So do these people? Do they think that unima that indeed that which, no matter whom we extend them be with it? Meaning do they think that what we supply them continuously off? No middle from him that mean that and what does that mean to help to assist to reinforce to provide continuously? So what we're providing them continuously malleable, were burnin of wealth and children.
That why are they in this hombre? Why are they in this, heedlessness in this confusion in this misguidance in this error? Is it because they think that whatever wealth and children we're giving them in this dunya is because new Sadie arola home feel hot is because we are hastening for them good things, that they are so good that they're so righteous, that we're giving them the reward even in this dunya.
So, they think that they are right, because they have been given so much wealth and children by Allah subhanaw taala in this dunya
many people what do they think that if they have wealth, if they have children, Allah is happy with them. What they are doing is right. Because if they were wrong, then Alo would certainly punish them, then he would certainly deprive them. And people also think that if a person is suffering from a loss of wealth, loss of children, then that is because they have committed a major sin. Allah is very upset with them.
But what do we see over here? Then when a person is given abundant blessings of this dunya that does not mean that Allah is happy with him necessarily. No, it's not a sign of that.
Because is a boon and a man with Doom beaming? Well, we're burnin. Is it because new seriola homefield, hi rod we are hastening for them the good things, that they're so righteous, that we can't wait to give them the reward. So even in this dunya, we're giving them reward. Allah says no balaia Sharon, rather, they don't even perceive they don't even realize that this wealth in children is not actually reward. What is it? This is a test. This is the drawbridge, that Allah is gradually leading them to punishment.
Because what happens when a person is immersed in his lunia? Then is he going to think about Allah? subhanaw taala? Is he going to think about reforming himself? No, especially if he thinks that this wealth and children I have because I'm very righteous. He's not going to think about reforming himself. He's going to continue to think that he's right. So balayage alone, they don't realize that they're actually being led to their punishment.
So when a person is in this state that he thinks he is wealthy, because Allah is happy with him, he does not see his mistakes anymore. He does not see his faults anymore.
And therefore, there is no room for improvement. There is no room for change for reform.
We learned in total calfire 36, where the man of the two gardens, what did he say? Well, Matt Allen masataka Emerton, because Allah so happy with me, I have so much well, and actually, I think that there's no Day of Judgment. While I eluded to in arrabida, I didn't know Herman Herman cola. And if I do ever go back to my Lord, then definitely I'll get something better. Why? Because I have so much now, which is a sign that Ally's happy with me. So if I go back, Allah will give me more. We learned in sort of Sabah i 35, that the Michigan of Makkah, they will say national actor, oh am well, and we will add and woman are going to be more either being that we are more than believers in wealth and
children, and we are not going to be punished.
So a person what does he think usually,
that if he has blessings, Allah is happy with him.
And that he is very smart, and that he's very intelligent. He considers his mistakes to be good deeds. He considers his faults to be good. Therefore, he doesn't even think of reforming himself.
And this was the mentality of the people of Makkah as well.
They suffered from the same problem.
They used to think that we live in Makkah, in the heart of the best place that is on the earth. We are so successful. We are the caretakers of the Kaaba, and we are so generous towards the people who come to perform hajj, and we have been blessed with so much wealth and children, then definitely were right.
So they would say to the Prophet sort of on his own that if such is the case, what this Why do you tell us that we are wrong? Why do you tell us that we have to change our ways from those of our forefathers? So it was this pride. It was this arrogance that prevented them from obeying the Prophet sallallahu Sunnah. We learned through the Toba era 55 fenetre jeevika Amalia, whom, what led to him in an IUD de la Julio zeba, whom behalf of hieratic dunya What does help and for someone for whom Cafiero Don't be impressed by their wealth and children, this is only punishment for them. This is only punishment. In sort of earlier one i 178. We learn while I are seven alladhina cafaro Anima.
Normally, Levon hydralie, unfussy him, they should never think that this is good for them. In a minute Lila, homely as they're doing it man while at home, or they have a movie, that all this dunya that they're being given this so that they can increase in their sin, and eventually, for them is a humiliating punishment.
So we see that whenever a person has been given wealth and children, he should never think that Allah is happy with me. And what I'm doing is definitely something that is right. Meaning you should not be fooled by that. He should not be deceived by that.
Rather at every stage in life, whether a person has a lot or a person has less, what should he focus on? His actions? His behavior is a man. Is it according to the person? Does it need improvement?
a person should realize that the wealth and children what are they? They're a test. They're not necessarily signs of Allah subhanaw taala approval necessarily. Remember