Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
Al-Kahf 83-98 Word Analysis and Tafsir 86-91
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had that until So, Luca nine What did he do? He went on a particular way, or he used his resources until either Bella when he reached mareeba shamcey the setting place of the sun, Margaret is the place or the time when the sun sets are where the sun sets.
So he reached motivations. Whatever he found it meaning he found the sun. He saw the sun, the horrible that it was setting fee in our in in a spring that is homier that was dark. In its color. muddy.
Hermia is from the roof Hatteras. Hi meme Hamza. We did the word hammer in earlier hammer, it was noon. That other Marisela was created from hammer in must noon. And remember that hammer is mud that is extremely wet. And basically it's when water stands at a particular place, it's not absorbed, it does not flow from there. Eventually what happens it becomes extremely muddy.
So I in in Hermia a spring that was very dark in its color. It had a lot of loose wet mud in it.
And secondly, they said that the rain and how it's described as heavier, because at the time, as the sun was setting, and darkness was coming in, the color of that spring looked extremely dark. It seemed as though it was muddy.
To understand as the darkness was coming in, with the fall of darkness, the color of the water, it appeared to be extremely dark.
And Iranian is used for a spring but such as spring from which the water comes out. But it gets collected. Remember the word you're in Bora Bora is when water flows. But I mean is when water flows out of the string but it gets collected.
So we see that the Canadian he traveled to a particular place. And this place was vulnerable chumps it was where the sun was setting. And he saw the sun setting in a dark murky spring.
Remember that in the Quran, many things are mentioned according to how a person would view them. We know that obviously, the sun does not go into the water, but it appears to a person as though the sun is going into the water.
Now, what is this place mostly bishops,
some have said that it is a place that is extremely distant, a place of extreme West
and beyond this spring beyond the water he did not find anything.
So it was like the end of the land, where the sun was setting
and beyond this water, there was nothing else that he could see. What is it yo
he reached a limit? Understand, I mean all the land to his West, he had conquered it.
And beyond this water there was no other land in front of him. So basically, it conquered all of the land to his left.
So basically all of the Western lens.
Secondly, it is also said that either Bella Mughal era Shamsi, it refers to the time of sunset because your mother is
so until he reached the time of sunset, and he found that the sun was setting in a dark murky spring.
Well, what are the and he found in the her near it? Meaning right by the spring, right by the spool of water, he found a woman of people
and this indicates that he conquered those people.
So he conquered those people as well. He conquered that land as well. Now remember that Luca nain, had been given authority by a loss panda McCann mela who fell off. So Allah we said, Allah subhanaw taala said to the Canadian that Yeah, they'll coordinate or they'll coordinate? Why is it Val Carney?
It's monada. Okay. And it's becoming monsoon because of the Yeah. So yeah, they'll coordinate or they'll coordinate ima either, and to our diva that you punish what a man or under the header that you take fee him concerning them person and a way of goodness
they'll contain was given a choice. Either you can punish these people, or you can treat them with kindness.
He was given such authority as well.
Now, does it mean that he would punish the people unjustly? No, he wouldn't do that. Because remember, the draconian was adjusting. He was
very intellectual person, a very wise person, and he did not misuse his authority. So when he was given this freedom when he was given this choice that either you can punish them or you can treat them in a good way. This is because the last panel that I knew that a nine would make a good decision, a correct decision. This is just as when the Prophet sallallahu Sallam conquered Makkah, did not have the authority to take revenge from every single person. Did he not? He did. But what did he say? Let us revert a call to go he there's no retribution upon you today. Yeah, Phil, Allahu Allah, May Allah forgive you.
So similarly, though, Conan was also given this authority. But what is the Canon say? Allah, he said, amendments Allah as for the one who is unjust, and remember that shame is the greatest injustice. So the one who does well, meaning he does not believe in the oneness of Allah, he commits Schick first alpha, then soon, no idea who we will punish him, then that person we will punish him who the person who is unjust.
But then somebody will do then he will be returned that very person in Arabi to his Lord, for your IV boo, then He will punish him either, but lucro a terrible punishment.
Remember that as human beings, as human beings, as those who impose law, people have the authority to punish only to a certain extent
or only to a certain limit, true justice or full accountability, full recompense who gives that a loss.
They therefore a person must never exceed what Allah has given as punishment in the dunya.
Like, for example, if Allah has said that a particular person who has committed a crime must be punished in a certain way, then we are no one to exceed that punishment saying that, oh, what he did was extremely wrong.
Like for example, if a person has committed theft, what's the punishment, his hand should be caught?
Now person cannot say no, but he committed theft and this is so wrong, he should be killed. No, we cannot exceed the punishment.
Because our job is to just give the punishment that Allah has legislated in the dunya.
And who will give the exact retribution, Allah soprano guard of failure, the boy who are who he will give the punishment in the hereafter. That is terrible. That is extremely great.
And look over here gives me enough extremely severe punishment.
So what do we learn in this ayah? About the Justice off is a coordinate
there it says that yes, for the wrongdoer, we will punish him but eventually who will give him the punishment that he deserves? Allah soprano
Well, I'm not and as for my mana, the one who believes what I mean a silent and he also does righteous action. Further who then for him does that and is a recommends that is an Hostnet that is excellent. And what does that does that gender,
meaning in the Hereafter, such a believing and righteous person will get paradise? And how are we going to deal with this person in the dunya was an akula. And soon we will say to him in a marina concerning our affair, Yusra is meaning with regards to our command to this person. We will give him an easy command.
We will deal with him gently, we will deal with him with ease.
What do we see over here? Two types of people I mentioned.
They'll Kinane was given the authority he could punish or he could deal with goodness with all the people. What was the justice of so corny? That the one who is guilty I will punish him, but Allah will give him punishment were in the hereafter.
And as for the one who is good, the one who is righteous, he will have gender in the hereafter. But now we will deal with him in an easy way.
Do you notice something, the order in which he mentioned the recompense that is going to be given to each of these two individuals in the dunya and also in the alpha
for the xilin. What does he mentioned first? Are they above dounia?
And then he mentioned that above.
For the believer, what does he mention First, the reward of the hereafter.
And then he mentioned the reward in the dunya.
Because the reward of the Hereafter is greater than the reward of dunya
and the objective of a believer the purpose of
What do you attain the reward of the hereafter? That's his goal. That's his purpose. That's his mission.
But we see that as learning. What does he fear more? Does he fear the punishment of this dunya more? Or does if you're the punishment of the hereafter more the punishment of the dunya more that is why it is mentioned first.
So do you see the order in which the reward and punishment are mentioned, there is a wisdom behind that.
Some antivirus Ababa, then what is zylka Naidu he continued in his conquests, he followed another. Notice over here, he doesn't stop. He says, oh, I've reached the extreme West and I have conquered all of the western regions, all of the Western lands and everything is in my control, I have so much authority that I can punish and I can forgive, I can treat well and I can hold accountable I can do whatever I wish. He does not stop over there. What does he do? He continues in his work.
Many times what happens if a person has accomplished a particular task he thinks he has done so much and he doesn't need to do any more? Isn't it? I have studied the Quran once I have done the my diploma. That's it. What more could you do? This is the maximum that you can do. But we see that for a person whose goal is the actor whose goal is gender, he never stops working. He continues, he continues with his mission.
And this is why Allah gives them the ability to do one thing after the other to achieve one thing after the other.
We see the scholars of the past, they wrote so many books. For example, if you look at even Kathy, here autopsy right, then he also wrote or we die when we hire, from the beginning to the end, the history of human beings. He has written about the stories of the prophets, he's written so much. And generally we think that okay, only this is my field, I can only do this work. This is why let me focus all of my efforts and energies into this one way. But the fact is that when Allah has given you the ability to accomplish that, move on to something else, don't just sit there
and who can do this. A person who knows that I have only been able to accomplish this, by the mercy of Allah, He will continue
and the person who wants the editor in the hereafter he will continue he will never stop he will never take rest. We see that musen huddle also fun Paula coffin Tanaka kept on going. We see that Luca Nene also at virus Ababa. And we see that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam after his death. What did the Sahaba do? Did they stay in Medina? No, they left Medina, they travel to far off places to spread the message of Islam.
And we see that the beer even Ahmed, when the Muslims they entered Persia, they were asked by the people that Why have you come here? Why have you come here?
And he replied, that we have come to liberate men from the slavery of men and instead make them the slaves of Allah.
This is what our mission is. And if this is the mission of a person, then he can ever say, I have accomplished my mission.
If a person's goal is for an in every heart in every hand and you will never stop, he will not say that, okay, I have it in my heart in my hand. So hamdulillah No, His goal is that I should take it to every heart every hand and he will not stop until his last breath. Until his last moment. She will continue going for atbara soboba.
And remember that learning gaining knowledge is a lifelong process. Serving the deen is a lifelong process. A person can ever say okay, now I have done and now I can retire. A believer never retires until the Angel of Death comes to him.
We see that. You know I'm not even humbled. Even at his deathbed. He was asking questions, trying to learn more about the
so what do we see that a person whose goal is the author, he never stops his work? He'd everything's okay, now it's the week and other courses over. Now the holidays have begun. So let me start my recitation of the Quran know, it's an ongoing process. It's a lifelong process. It never comes to an end. So my advice Ababa, then he followed the way he took another mission, he undertook another mission, one expedition after the other
and ultimately see over here again, so much power so about that he continued to use his resources.
He didn't say okay, I've done too much. Now let me live a very simple life. Let me live like a hermit. No. Because remember that if anything benefits you. If anything creates ease for you, you should be greedy for it. The Prophet sallallahu Sallam said it has Allah and folk be greedy for that which benefits you
So if anything creates these, if anything, enables you to do your work, and Allah has given you the ability to buy it, to afford it, then get it and make use of it. make your life more productive, more simple, so that you can achieve more.
And fortunately, we think that if we're very pious, if we're very righteous, then we should not have a phone, we should have a phone that is very old, out of simplicity, it should not be the latest model. Whereas the fact is that if a person has the latest model, for example, it will enable him to do much more work on his phone, it will make you more productive.
I remember that. My mother says that, when the washing machine first came out, you were like, oh, there was a time when it first came out? Yes. When it first came out. My grandfather was one of the first persons to go in buy it.
Why? Why do you think so?
Because it's save time. For who?
For my grandmother.
And my grandmother, she mentioned things such as she'll be working in the kitchen, or she'd be doing something and her father in law would come and say this, leave this and go read, hold on and go read something and do something better. So we see that if anything speeds up your work, use it if Allah has given you the ability,
if you think that using the dishwasher is going to save your time, yes, it may cost you more money, perhaps, but it's going to save your time, which is going to enable you to do something more, then give preference to your time than to your money.
Especially when Allah has given you
sometimes you see that people will spend so much time looking for the best deal. That Okay, where's the sale here or there? Where is it cheaper? It's $2 cheaper over here. Let me go here is $2 more important to you than two hours? Think about it.
I remember once there was a scholar who was visiting Canada, it was winter at that time. And somebody had taken him shopping to buy a winter jacket. So he went to the store and the first jacket he found he just bought it right there and
he didn't do any, you know, shopping around the store seeing Okay, where is the better deal nothing like that. And this person who took him is like, you know, wait, let's go to another store and you see what's better and then you can buy that he said no, my time is much more precious to me. So if we become like that, that we use the means that Allah has given us do save our time so that we can be more productive than this is better for us. And if we spend our time saving money $1 here $1 there one thing here one thing there, how much can we save eventually whatever you will save whatever you will buy no matter how good it is, eventually we'll leave it isn't it's
all manual banana, Zenith Oh, hi atonia Wolbachia to a solid, spend your time doing the solid hat, not acquiring the mailand bunu.
Hatter until either valuable material or shamcey. Until when he reached the rising place of the sun, what is this the east. So before he reached a place of extreme West, now he reaches a place of extreme East?
What are the he found it who it is rising? Are there common upon people?
So he saw the sun rising upon people, and these people learn natural we did not make law home for them for those people. mean dooney hair against it? against what?
against the sun, sit draw any shield.
The word Dune gives many meanings.
Over here, it gives a meaning of against.
So these people did not have against the sun, any shelter, any shield, what is it?
Something that covers something that hides it becomes a barrier.
So what does it mean by this, they had no shelter against the sun.
This has been understood in a number of ways. First of all, that these people had nothing that they could take
as a shelter against the heat and the light of the sun.
Think about it. When their sun what do you do in order to be saved from it's light and heat? What will you do, you will go inside a building. If you're outside, you'll perhaps stand under a tree. You will stand by something whose shade is protecting you from the light of the sun.
But these people had nothing so it is that there was no building. There was no mountain, there was no tree. There was nothing at all that could cover them from the sun. They were constantly under the sun. So perhaps these people were extremely poor, extremely backward in the sense that they were not developed at all.
Similarly, some have said that these people had no clothes.
They had no clothes.
What does it show
You know, I recently there were these tribes that were discovered in South America,
New Zealand, BBC or National Geographic.
And you should see how these people are basically wearing nothing
and savage tribes, right? savage tribes.
So along Ireland with reality these people was, they had no building, they had no structure, no tree, and they didn't even have any clouds to protect them from the sun
alone. What kind of people they were. So you can imagine how far how deep tokoname must have traveled that he discovered he came across such people as well.
Some have said that what this means is that the sun was constantly on their heads. Once it rose, it was constantly above them lemenager and lumen dunia cetera, the sun would not set
you understand, the sun would not set on these people. Or if it would set it would set for a very little time.
And there are places upon this dunya where the sun sets for only a few hours, or sometimes a few moments. And sometimes it doesn't set at all for several months.
So perhaps these people were located in one of these places.
galenica likewise, Walker, the owner, and we had encompassed be Melanie, he with all that he had, who had Luca Nene had hellbrunn in knowledge
gallica meaning the matter of the Canon was such what that he reached the west and the east, he conquered the western lands and also the eastern lens. He went to the extreme West, and he also went to the extreme east.
This is how it was in reality.
What color hat on anything, this is a big deal. What other health owner and ally had fully encompassed the malady of whatever that will contain had kobrin in knowledge, Cobras like Hubble.
So everything that will contain had seen everything that he had come across everything that he had come to know, everything that he had discovered in his travels in his conquests. Allah knew about that already.
You know, when people discover something new, they think, wow, this is a big deal. We're so intelligent. We're so capable. We have discovered this today. We discovered that yesterday. But what does Allah say?
Allah knew about that already.
Allah knows about that already will follow our co linear element, ID.
And ultimately look at it. Look, our name went to so many places, the west and the east, extreme West extreme east.
And who has complete knowledge about his activities? Almost
where exactly he went, what exactly he did. Allah knows about every single information.
It may be hidden from the rest of the world. It may be hidden from the people, but it's not hidden from Allah. So no matter what a person achieves, no matter what a person acquires, what should you remember that my lord knows more. And my lord still knows about me, because many times people become so arrogant about their knowledge, that they begin to say, even God does not know even God cannot destroy this. They're so arrogant to say such statements. But the fact is that Allah knows about everything. He knew about every activity of the company, every conquest, every step that he undertook, every place that he went to every people that he discovered. Allah knew about that
already, because we're focused on the derailment.
And then they'll contain obviously, he continued, he went on, he didn't stop over there.
And he went to another place where he came across a certain people and he protected them from who
yet dogen might Jewish.
Listen to the recitation of all of these if and then we'll continue
If you notice this place that he reached in the extreme east, it hasn't mentioned exactly what he did over there, isn't it?
Where's the place of extreme west where he was told you have the choice, and two out of the 100 billion person. So what's the objective of mentioning that he reached the east as well, to show that his empire was that huge, that from the west, all the way to the east, from the extreme west to the extreme east, this is what his empire included.
But remember that Magneto fell out right? So he had the ability to do whatever he wanted, he had the freedom. He had the power, he had the choice, but because he was just he would only do that which was necessary.