Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
Al-Kahf 83-98 Word Analysis and Tafsir 83-85
© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.
I was a bit lame in a ship on your agenda smilla rahmanir rahim
lesson number 155 solar Taka have I in number 83 to 98?
Where's aluna? aka and they ask you who? The kurush or the hood? they asked the Prophet sallallahu Sallam why in order to test his truthfulness in order to test whether or not he was really a messenger of Allah.
So as a Luna the question you
asked until our naini about zoodle corny
over here, you see, zil Corning? Isn't it. So, you see the, but the actual name is what the locker name over here it is the because of on on makes it module. So if I say your name, whereas in the ISS they'll or name then there is a reason behind that. Okay?
So is alone aka anzahl per name? Who is the name? The name, remember is a name or it is a title.
And names and titles are not to be translated.
Do you understand?
They're not to be translated?
For example, if a person's name is sajida, what does that mean?
What who prostrates So, I am telling someone in English sajida came Am I going to say one who prostrates game? No, what am I going to say sajida came
okay. So, those are name we will keep it as the Little Mermaid You do not need to translate it as possessor of two horns or possessive, whatever. Keep it simple, though parney.
And remember that little car name was a person. And there are many opinions with regards to his identification.
Some have said that will contain was Alexander the Great.
Why? Because in these ayat we will learn about how much little Canadian traveled, he traveled from the east all the way to the west, and he traveled everywhere he conquered a lot of places. And in history, we know that Alexander also he had a great empire. However, remember that Alexander was not a monotheist. He did not believe in one God. And this is a fact. Therefore, it cannot be said that the name was Alexander.
Others have said that Luca name was a Persian king, who conquered Rome as well. So he was the conqueror of both Rome as well as Persia. He had two super powers under him.
And this is why he was given the title of the army. It is said that when both under the Roman came when he destroyed Jerusalem, and he burnt the books of the Bani Israel and he took the money Israel as captives. One of the capitals was Daniel, who was a messenger to be sent to Bani Israel later. And it is said that he was shown a dream that the two horned one, the one with the two horns, would conquer Babylon, and he would liberate the Israelis. And this is exactly what happened. That there was an emperor who came and he freed the Bani Israel and he returned them to their land. And this way, he got both Persia as well as Rome under his authority. So he was the king of both the Roman
Empire as well as the Persian Empire he had two super powers under his control and it is said that this king his name was Cyrus. See, why are us?
So as aluna karndean corny, now the question is, whoever this person was a low arland Why was he given this title?
Why is he described as zucchini?
Let's look at the meaning of this academy.
alkire name is a duel of
a horn and accordion is also generation or century
and Zulu, Ernie is the possessor of do horns or possessor of two centuries.
And some have said that he was given this title because he was the possessor of a vast kingdom. He was the owner he was a possessor of a vast kingdom, from the east to the west.
mushrik is a foreign East is a cotton, and Margaret West is also a pawn
and Zopa name this Emperor. He reached the two horns of the sun, the east and the west, where the sun rises and where the sun sets. The Prophet sallallahu Sallam said about machinic, Hazel Yata LaRue or misshapen
Another Hades Vayner our nation. So we see that the east is a continent and the West is also a con.
And this person possessed both the cotton, meaning he owned the east, and he also owned the West, his empire was vast, it was huge.
And this is why he was given this title.
Some of that, that he was given the titles or name, because he was a possessor of great strength and might. He was extremely courageous. He was very strong, he was powerful
to remember that the curtain the Horn of an animal, what is that a symbol of? What is that a symbol of power strength? Might, because with the horns, it defends itself. Right. So the Joker name is called tokoname because you're extremely powerful. He had a lot of resources. He was very courageous. He would not fear people. He would continue to conquer one place after the other.
Thirdly, there's also been said that he was given this title because he wore a crown or he wore a helmet that had two horns on it.
Have you ever seen such a helmet? Such a crown with two horns on it?
Okay, Vikings, but it's not the Vikings who originated this tradition. It goes before the Vikings it is at that in the prehistoric Europeans, about 12 century BC. That's the earliest that horned helmets or horn crowns have been found.
So allow Ireland, where exactly the Canadian was from which country which background which race, which time alone? We have not been given these details. But what we have been told is that this person was asked great mind power, his empire was huge. And he was also an obedient, a righteous servant of Allah soprano. And that is what made him special.
Because over the course of history, there have been many people who have possessed great strength, great power, great empires. But what is lacking in all of them? obedience to almost
we see that for Iran was also a mighty king. He was a mighty ruler, but he was not obedient to Allah.
So what made the content special that Allah mentions him in the Quran? Is his Eman? It is his righteousness.
So where's aluna? aka on the corner they ask you about the Quran.
Allah says bulls say to them, so at Lu, I will recite la come upon you men who, from him meaning concerning him, they grant a report
I will recite concerning the codename some report and notice men who they can't What does it show some of part of meaning only some detail that is necessary for you to know from which you can take some lesson. Everything about Joker name is not mentioned over here.
Because everything about Conan is not relevant to us. What is mentioned in the Quran is that which is necessary just as we saw in the previous incident as well about musala Salman Hadith, the name of the city was not mentioned where Muslim Khalid went, all such my new details were not mentioned. But the details that are necessary, from which a lesson can be taken, those are mentioned
in indeed we Allah subhanaw taala describes them codename Who was he that in them again Allah who indeed we established him, Phil early upon the earth,
Allah had given him stability and establishment upon the earth.
You remember the word McKenna from McKenna you Makino tonkean, it is to give stability, strength, authority, firmness to someone when someone has milk, they have authority, they have power. They have kingdom and they also have stability. The exact word was also used for who use of Edison gallica McNally use it about what woman her hated your shirt, he had freedom. He had the authority. So in them a Candela who fill out the Allah gave him establishment he gave him power, he gave him Kingdom in the earth. What are they now who and we gave him mean coalition enough everything suburban away a means the coordinate was provided with every means that he needed that were
necessary for him.
Now we see over here, Allah subhanaw taala says men coolly shy in
from everything, everything does not mean every single thing, what you own what I own, what anybody owns in this dunya know, everything, meaning that is relevant, that he needed, that was necessary for him to acquire his goals, that it was necessary for him to perform the tasks that he intended to. so cliche in is relevant to the context. It's not general. Okay? This is just like a person who would tell him the lie of everything. What does it mean? I have sufficient I have everything that I need. Similarly, we learned in the Quran, that the Queen of Sheba, she was described as UI admin coalition, she has been given everything, but everything does not mean she was given every single
thing of the heavens and the earth. Everything means everything that was necessary for her kingdom to be complete and to be perfect.
So what are they now human condition, meaning every necessary thing we have provided him with sub with means
what is sub
sub is basically a rope. Literally, it is a rope through which a person climbs up a tree and down a tree,
you can go up a tree with this rope and you can also come down with this rope with the help of this rope.
So in other words, suburb is a means through which you can get to your destination through which you can acquire, you can achieve your goals.
You can do what you want to do.
What do you call this? resources? Isn't it
service, what resources for example of a person who wants to travel somewhere? What suburb does he need,
he needs a vehicle, he needs the gas, he needs the money. If he needs the visa, he needs a visa, he needs the passport, right? He needs the permission. All of these things are what resources sub means that facilitate a person that enable him to acquire his goals.
Now, Allah describes tokoname, as First of all, he had stability, he had authority, he had power. And secondly, he had all the resources necessary. He had all the resources that he needed, in order to conquer all areas and regions. So he was given everything that he needed and everything that he needed includes knowledge, manpower, strength, weapons, etc. So, what did he do with all those resources?
He became unjust on the people, no, did he build a huge castle for himself and live there in luxury know, all the resources that Allah had given him, he used them for at Vera sababa. So, he followed a way he used the means
atbara is from the reflectors, the eye.
And the bar, as you know, is to follow but at Vera, youth Bureau, it bar it's of two types, it gives us two meanings, first of all, lesson, so advice is to follow to pursue to go after something or someone
and secondly, at var, his ultimate authority, which is to make someone follow
which is do subordinate
descend, after. So for us, vara has been understood in two ways. That first of all, he followed suburban away, meaning he went off conquering, he traveled on a particular path, he traveled in a particular direction, at vajrasattva. He followed her way, of course, about a road.
And secondly, at bar has been understood as that he subordinated he used the suburb that Allah had given him, he put them to use at the bar, he made them follow meaning he put them to use all the resources Allah had given him, he put them to use he benefited from them.
Now many times we see that people are given various types of resources, isn't it? Do individuals are given the exact same amount of time every single day? Time is what sub.
Similarly, it's possible that they have the same knowledge. It's possible that they have the same duties they have the same obligations, they have the same physical strength.
However, one achieves more and one achieves less.
One person does something with the resources that Allah has provided him and another person who just sits on his hands he does not acquire anything.
Who is better, the one who is using the reason
Allah has given him because that is gratitude.
When Allah has given you something, what do we learn from the Hadees, when Allah gives a blessing to a servant to a slave, he likes to see it's a thought upon him. He likes it that the person should be using it.
So zylka name was also a human being he was a person, Allah had given him resources. But what did he do with those resources, he used them, he benefited from them. And this is something that we also need to do.
That the abilities, the time, the energy, the skills, the different types of resources that Allah has provided to us, we should also use them.
Because we see that when Dale Carnegie use those resources, how much he achieved,
maintenance, people complain, I can't do this, why? I don't have the time. Many times, this is what people are complaining about. I can't do this, because I don't have the time. Whereas we see that other people might be more busy than them, but they're able to achieve, what's the difference? What's the difference?
Sometimes it's in time management, sometimes it's in one's perspective, that one person thinks I have nothing, I have no time. And other person thinks, okay, I've little time, but at least I can do this much. So there's a difference in one's perspective, there is a difference in time management, there is a difference in how a person looks at the things that Allah has given him. So we see that depending on how a person views the things that Allah has given him, he can use them and acquire a lot. Or he can neglect them, and waste his time and acquire nothing in his life.
We see that he used everything that Allah had given him, this is why he was able to achieve so much.
Now many times you see that people have a lot. But still, they're unable to achieve
with that don't contain yet so much. But what did he do?
He acquired so much.
But at the same time, we see that people have so much but they don't get to acquire anything, they don't get to achieve anything. Why?
Because they're not using the resources, the resources are using them.
You understand? You understand the difference?
Why is to use the things that Allah has given you to do something. And the other is that you let the things consume you, you let the things use you.
You have the same amount of time. Either you can use that time to do something productive with what you have been given.
Or you can use that time to serve these things. to always be sorting to always be managing to always be putting away. And when does it happen when a person's life is not simple.
When a person's life is not simple.
The Sahaba they were very simple. Simplicity does not mean you don't have anything.
Simplicity means whatever you have you use, and you don't have anything that is just lying there because you just like it, that in case you might need it someday.
We see that our lives are cluttered today. Our houses are cluttered today. And what effect does that have?
we're unable to do anything. We're not able to achieve anything. Simplicity leads to productivity.
And if you keep things just because you say you like them, just because you like the way they appear, then remember, it's going to consume you.
There is a very interesting incident that once this person he mentioned about his chef, his teacher, that my chef may Allah have mercy upon him once he called a carpenter to his house. And he requested that the carpenter should change the side from which the door of his library opens from one side to the other. You know, sometimes your door opens from the right, sometimes the left, right, so he said that change the side. The same deciders, nothing on the same side. So the carpenter responded from one side to the other. Like, what's the point of that? What's the benefit of that? What's the reason behind that? For the sheriff replied that when the door opens towards the left side, then this
increases the distance to my library by number of steps.
And I go to the mosque to pray five times a day, along with having to go once or twice for household chores or for personal matters. So how much of my time is wasted when accumulated as a result of all those extra steps which could be eliminated or reduced? Do you understand?
So he said change the side of the door so that I can save a few steps of mine so that I can achieve more
Think about it, when we have so many things in our houses, how much time we spend in this looking at those things in this making sure it's sitting at the right angle, it's the right color. It's the right shade. And yes, there is no dust on it. How much time goes in these things? Obviously? How are we going to have time to read, to memorize To learn more, we will not have time.
Every time you have some free moments, what are you going to be concerned about? Okay, let me clean this, let me fix this. Let me look at that. And this is where our time goes. Because unfortunately, our things are consuming us, we're not consuming the things. So there has to be a shift.
The things that we have, we should be using. And if there is anything that you're not using, give it away, just get rid of it.
Because if you really need it, know that Allah will give you trust that Allah will give you if you really need it. And it's possible that you're just keeping it in your house, just because you like it, just because in case you might need it. And as a result of that somebody else has been deprived,
isn't it? Think about it, sometimes we have some clothes, which are just hanging in the closet, just in case I need to wear it someday. And every time you have to go somewhere you think I've worn this already, isn't it isn't what we say generally. And if I wear this, again, people are gonna say, Oh, I saw you wearing this at that occasion. And this is why we don't wear it. And it's hanging in the closet for two years, three years, four years, and you're not going to wait why I've worn it once before. Every time you have dress up, you go check that dress, and you say I'm not gonna take it out, you're not gonna wear take it out, save your time. Your time is too precious.
So we see that advisor, Bubba, he put all the things to use. It wasn't that the things were using him.
And this is why he was able to achieve so much the Sahaba were able to achieve so much the profits are the lowest. And if you read that,
you will learn about the possessions of the Prophet sallallahu what he owned in his house.
And you will notice that there were just a few things, basic things, necessary things.
And sometimes we go to an extreme, we say get rid of everything. don't have anything. But we see that if you don't have anything, you will not be able to do anything either. There has to be a balance. Where do you get that balance from? Everything I have, I should be using it. If I cannot find a use for it out, gone.
declutter your life. declutter your stuff. And declutter your time as well.
We see that one of the main things that makes a person more productive is good time management.
And not just time management, but the management of other things as well.
Like, for example, if you don't have your bed backed properly, and you need just one pen, one pen you need and you can't find even one pen in your bag. Why? Because you don't have a pencil case you don't have a fixed place where the pen, you're going to spend five minutes searching for a pen, which you could have saved by putting the pen in its proper place.
So management leads to productivity. It leads to saving time. It gives you the ability to use what you have. Not that there are things are using you. They're consuming you and you're not able to benefit from them.