Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
Al-Baqarah 172-176 Word-Analysis and Tafsir 174-176
After Billahi min ash shaytani r rajim Bismillah R Rahman r Rahim
in Shall we will begin from number 174.
In the Lavina Yakubu Mona indeed those people who hide those people who conceal the actor Mona from Katana, gaff the meme, which means to hide or to conceal. What do they conceal man under a law, that which Allah Subhana Allah has sent him that which Allah has revealed? What is it that Allah has revealed? Meanwhile, keytab of the book, book over here, has been understood in two ways. First of all, it has been said that book, Al Qaeda is gin. So it is referring to all of the revealed scriptures, whether it was a Torah, or it was the NGO, or it was the Quran, or any other scripture, any other command that allows the panel data center.
And others say that Al Kitab over here specifically refers to that a lot because this verse was revealed with regard to the Jewish scholars, because they would conceal many commands are many descriptions, or many prophecies are several things that were mentioned in their book. So they hide what Allah soprano data has revealed. Concerning the book, or off the book.
We learned about Helen, and Helen, in the previous verses, what is halal food? What is her own food? What are we allowed to eat? And what is it that we're not allowed to eat? So we learned that the halal and the Haram have both been clarified by almost 100. They have been made clear to us, and they were also made clear to the previous to the previous nations. But what do people do? When they get used to consuming that which is unlawful? When they want to consume that which is unlawful, then what do they do to support their view or to support their interests, they use the book of Allah,
how either they hide it, either they completely conceal the commands, or what they do is that they change them, they alter them.
So similarly, the people of the book, there are scholars, they did the same thing.
Whether it was with regards to the descriptions of the Prophet sallallahu, wasallam, or other commands, when they did not want to follow them, because it was against their desires. They concealed the text, they concealed the laws, they concealed the commands that were given by almost.
And similarly, many Muslims do the same thing. And remember, that good man, or hiding the book is done in several ways. Sometimes it is done by literally concealing and not making it known.
Other times, it is concealed. That when somebody asks, you don't tell them. When somebody wants a clarification. You don't tell them when somebody wants and evidence you don't give it. And there are other ways as well.
So over here, those people who hide that which Allah Subhana Allah has revealed of the book, and what do they do by hiding? Where's the Luna and they purchase? Be with it? Yes, the Luna from sheen or Yeah, and HDR is to buy and also to sell over here gives meaning of buying or purchasing because they're taking something they're receiving something. So you're still gonna be here, buy it? What does an investor wanna be here? What does it refer to? It refers to hiding the book of Allah hiding the commands of Allah.
So, they hide the command of Allah, they hide what a las panatela has revealed and by hiding What do they get feminine kalila a small price of petty price, what is that 30 price that again, anything other than you, whether it is enjoying the hell on food or it is a worldly status or it is a position or it is well, no matter how much it is, because it is of the dunya it is.
It is more
as we have learned before, feminine Polina doesn't mean 50 cents or one cent or something like that, but what it means is anything of the dunya because anything of the dunya is funny.
So yeah, Sharona v. feminine karela.
So the commands that are given in the book have a lot, they're very clear. But what do some people do?
They don't convey the truth entirely. As it is. They only present
Some of it. Why? Because that part of the book which they present, it is in favor of their desires, and what they conceal is against their desires. Why, in order to get some really benefit,
or Naica, those people who don't like to refer to such people who hide the commands of Allah who hide the book of Allah, what are they doing in reality? Yes, by hiding the book, they are getting some benefit. But in reality, what is it that they're doing? Allah says Mayor Kaduna, they are not eating yet Karuna from Akana Hamza cataflam, same root as the word kulu. So they're not eating. They're not consuming were feeble Tony him into their bellies, meaning what they eat and goes into their bellies is nothing in the now except the fire.
Apparently, they may be getting a lot of money. Apparently, they may be enjoying a lot of warranty benefits. Apparently, they may be eating that which is how long but in reality, what is it that's really going in fire because that is going to be their end in the hereafter.
The word Bhutan is the plural of the word but from the root letters for noon.
And Bhutan is the inner part of something literally. Bhutan is the inner part of something and then it applies to the stomach or the belly, abdomen.
And remember that the word baffling Have you heard the word baffling? It's from the same root what is baffling me hidden Vahid is visible apparent and baffling is hidden.
So what is in the weapon is battling what is in the belly is hidden.
So my Corona people tuning in and now they're only consuming into their bellies, hellfire. Why now you can Lima como la jolla, Mo piano and Allah will not speak to them on the Day of Judgment. Meaning Allah is going to be indeed very angry with such people. He is very upset with such people. Lay you can leave you can emotion, gaff land me.
So in reality, they're consuming fire. And secondly, a lot will not speak to them on the Day of Judgment.
When do you not speak to someone
when you're very upset with them, when you don't approve of what they have done.
And remember that over here when Allah says Allah will not speak to them on the Day of Judgment. There are other places in the Quran where we learned that, from the heavyset people, no matter how much wrong they've done, they will be spoken to, but that speech that allows the panel data will direct towards them is only going to be of anger. So over here by saying Allah will not speak to them, it doesn't mean that he will not speak to them at all. But what it means is that He will not speak to them in a manner that is gentle, or in a manner that is going to approve of them or bring them good.
So whenever you can, Lima como la jolla, my piano, Allah will not speak to them on the day of judgment when I use a key him, nor will he purify them, user keys from their effectiveness, they gaff well or Yeah, from the word sp-a. And this key means purification.
And remember, that this word does key is used for purification that is physical that is tangible, and also purification that is intangible.
So Allah will not speak to them. What does it mean by this alone would not purify them? What does it mean by this? You see, anything that is to be purified? Anything that is to be cleansed, either in the tangible sense, or in the intangible sense, it has to go through a rigorous process for the purpose of purification and cleaning.
For example, if you have a clot that gets dirty, what are you gonna do? Just rinse it? No, if you just rinse it, what's going to happen? The dirt or the stain is not going to come off entirely, what do you have to do? You have to wash it properly, you have to scrub it, you have to use a very strong detergent and then eventually, you will be able to have the cloth clean. Similarly, there are some things such as gold or other metals, which in order to be cleaned, they have to go through a process of being burnt or being exposed to heat. So we see that the process of purification includes a very rigorous process. Over here, they will not be purified, meaning they will not be purified from their
Allah is not going to purify them from the sin that they have committed, what is the sin that they have committed? concealing the truth.
You see on the Day of Judgment, some people will be forgiven without any punishment. Other people, they will be called to account, they will be questioned, and then eventually they will be forgiven.
Other people will have to suffer the punishment in order to be forgiven, in order to be purified, because again, remember, purification includes going through a rigorous cleaning process. So, for some people to become free to become purified of their sins to be forgiven for their sins, they will have to go through punishment. And where is that punishment going to be in the hellfire.
But the reality of these people is that even when they will go to the Hellfire, they will never, ever be cleansed of the sin that they have committed. They will never, ever get rid of that sin that felt that contamination will never be removed from them. Because it is a sin. That is unforgivable. Even if the stain Hellfire for years and years and years and decades and centuries and millenniums, and go through the most toughest of punishments, still, they will not be forgiven, still, they will not be cleansed from the sin that they have committed,
when I use a key Him and He will not purify them,
one of whom are there one Aleem, and for them, is a very painful punishment, a punishment that is painful. How is it painful, because of its severity, because it's far after all. And also it is more painful, because it is permanent, it is more painful, because it is permanent. It's never going to end.
So we see in this ayah that concealing the truth, hiding the truth is a crime. That is very great. That is very huge. It's unforgivable. If a person does not repent in the dunya, and he dies in this state, he will not be forgiven for this crime that he has committed. Why?
Because if you think about it, a lot of panel data has sent the truth in the book. And this truth tells us as to how we are to live, and how we're not to live, what we're supposed to do, and what we're not supposed to do.
And if a person hide these laws from people, what are the people going to do?
What are the people going to do? They're going to be lost, they're going to commit that, which is how long
if they're not going to be told about what Halloween is and what Halloween is, they're going to continue to do that which is Halloween, which is going to corrupt their character, it's going to grab their worship, it's going to grow up their Deen, their dealings, their faith, everything is going to be affected. So hiding the truth is a great crime. So there are several lessons that we learn. One is that hiding the truth is a great crime. Another lesson that we learn is that it is mandatory upon a person to spread the knowledge and not conceal it. It is mandatory upon a person to spread the knowledge that he has learned and not concealment.
I will write on the line who he used to say that if it was not for these verses in the Quran, which emphasize on the importance of spreading the knowledge that a person has gained, and the punishment for conceding the knowledge. He would say that if it was not for these verses, he would not have narrated anything. Because Abu huraira the learner he narrated a lot of Hadith. Sometimes we learned about Neverland or details that he narrated. Why, because what he saw, what he learned was the hook. And if he just kept it to himself, that would be wrong. And there's so many narrations that he narrated and we still benefit from them. We learned so many things from them.
So we learn from this ayah about the obligation of spreading knowledge.
So the question is, why do people hide knowledge in the first place? Why do people conceal knowledge in the first place? Why is it so we discussed this earlier as well.
So for example, if a person tells another about a particular command, then if he's telling the other people, that he must also observe them himself.
So many times people conceal the truth, simply because that truth is against their desires.
It is a particular command that they themselves are not observing. Why because they don't like to, and therefore they don't tell other people about it. Because they don't want other people to question and
many times they may have heard
People say, you should only practice what you preach. Which is something correct. You should only practice what you preach. You tell other people that wish you practice yourself. But you see, many times people don't tell others about that which is correct. Because they say, I don't do it myself. If you don't tell others, and you know it yourself, what is that hiding the truth? Is there a punishment for that? Yes, there is. And if a person tells other people about the truth and does not follow it himself, is there a punishment for that?
Of course there is. So what is the only way? What is the only way
learn and practice, act upon it, and pass it on?
There is no other way.
And this is being very sincere and loyal to the truths that Allah soprano God has revealed.
This is sincerity. Sincerity is not in hiding. Sincerity is not in concealing, it isn't telling other people about it. So sometimes, people don't tell the truth. Or people hide the truth because it is against their desires. Other times, people hide the truth, because it's ingenious, because they're very stingy because they're miserly. Because what happens is that when a person tells other people about the truth, that he knows what happens, they become equivalent to him in knowledge. So therefore, in order to keep that high status, or in order to keep that role, or to keep that, or that they have, or people fear them, people respect them, in order to maintain that. They don't tell
other people about the truth. You see wealth, people don't spend it either on others. Why? Because if they spend it, then what's going to happen, other people are going to become equal to them. But if you think about it, knowledge is a treasure that is much more valuable than wealth.
So when people are stingy with wealth, they're also stingy with knowledge.
Another reason is greed. Another reason as to why people hide the truth is greed, that a person does not teach it, a person does not tell others about it. Why? Because he is not recompense for it. He is not given some worldly benefit for it.
And he sets a condition that I will only tell you about this, I will only teach you this book, I will only teach you the subject. If you give me this amount of money. And if you don't give me this much money, then too bad. I'm not going to teach you this is also incorrect.
This is ultimately incorrect. There could be different reasons for hiding knowledge. And if you hide knowledge in any way, that is something that is unacceptable.
On the other hand, when a person tells other people about the truth, when a person spreads the knowledge that he has been what happens is their immense reward for it. Of course there is for example, there is a hadith and a Timothy, which states that Allah and His angels, and even the end in at all tiny ants in their holes and the fish in the see how many ants are there? And how many fish are there?
So Allah is angels, even the ants in the world and the fish in the sea. What do they do? They invoke blessings for the one who teaches people what is good.
they invoke blessings for the one who teaches people what is good. They use aluna remember the word Salah, they send Salah they praise them, they send blessings upon who? Those who teach people what is good.
Allah aka the those alladhina shabalala, Tobin Huda. They're the ones who have exchanged guidance for what are their bill marfil and forgiveness for punishment from a borrower whom either know how patient they are in pursuit of the fire,
Allah eco those, notice the word una Eco, it is used to point out to that which is far. So oolagah is used. Why? Because such people, they are so low. They're so far from the mercy of Allah. They're so low in their status, they're so degraded, they're so humiliated. Never will they be purified. Allah will not speak to them and they will have a painful punishment.
What is their reality?
They are alladhina estado berlinetta Bill houda.
They have purchased misguidance instead of the guidance. So in other words, they have given up houda and they have taken Bala
They have given up Hooda and they have preferred blood.
What is the mean by banana? And what does it mean by who? The banana misguidance? Do you remember the meaning of a bonding for a bonding? Those who are astray. Why? Because they don't have knowledge. And who will not do those who earned the anger the law? Why? Because they do that which is wrong despite having knowledge.
So, avoid lean or those people who do wrong because they have no knowledge they don't know.
So banana is lack of knowledge. Banana is lack of knowledge. Over here in the context, it refers to hiding knowledge, hiding the truth, good man, good man.
Hiding truth or hiding knowledge. Because hiding the truth or hiding knowledge isn't itself an action that is wrong. And that leads to burnout as well. When you don't tell people about that which is truth, they're going to be lost. So they have preferred balena ignorance below that instead of Buddha and what does what I refer to what is guidance refer to knowledge and biannual in making knowledge known when national and spreading it.
So they have preferred misguidance over guidance, they have preferred to conceal knowledge over cuddling knowledge. They have preferred concealing knowledge.
So as a consequence, what have they actually done? Well, I've ever been vasila.
And the punishment for the forgiveness, meaning they have preferred punishment over forgiveness. What is this punishment for? This punishment is for hiding knowledge. And this forgiveness? What could it have been for? For telling people about the truth for spreading the knowledge?
When a person conceals knowledge? What is he threatened with punishment?
And when a person spreads knowledge, what is it given the good news of forgiveness? So by preferring banana over guidance, what have they actually done? They have taken punishment for themselves and they have given up forgiveness that they could have been given.
Like we learn about, I told you about the Hadith that a lion is angels in the end in the balls and the fish in the sea, what do they do? They invoke blessings for the one who teaches people that which is good. And when a loss of panels Allah praise someone, when a loss of power without a sensor that upon someone, he is also going to have forgiveness. So they give up forgiveness and instead they take the punishment. And remember, that this decision of theirs is conscious. Why? Because they are knowledgeable, they have knowledge, they know the consequences for hiding knowledge, they know the consequence for spreading knowledge. So when they do this, this decision of theirs is conscious,
there is a deliberate decision. So as a result, Allah says former US bottom line and now how patient are they, in pursuit of the fire? Look at them, what are they trying to get? They have taken punishment, and they have given up forgiveness. What is it that they're going after punishment, then they must be very patient over the fire from our bottom line and now
the words matter of spider man, US Bara Remember I told you that the Arabic words are uncertain word structures. Like for example, you have saw dip, can dip or tail to any word which sounds like tail care they saw, what does that mean? A person who is doing the action.
Similarly, I told you about another sign. But when a word begins with meme with a magnet, that also shows that the word is a noun meaning one is doing the action.
So there are word structures in the language. The word that you see over here, Mt. Us bottom, ma us Bara isn't the structure of man f Allah, ma us Bara is on the structure of man a father
and this structure, it is basically a structure of a verb of wonder.
What is it?
It is called verb of wonder, of amazement of surprise. So Mac OS boron means how very patient they are. It's amazing. It's amazing. It's shocking. It's a practice.
Think how patient are they over the Hellfire? I mean, the fire of hell is not the fire of this dunya
and they're preferring the fire of hell. They're pursuing the fire of hell, they must be very patient. It's amazing.
So malice Baba is a verb of wonder of surprise.
Secondly, it has been said that mascara Mel over here is off is different. It is an interrogation. So it means what? As an a question, what is it? Us vada means has made patient?
What is it that has made them so patient alumna upon the fire? What is it that has made them so patient that they don't mind going to the Hellfire?
The fact is, that in reality, they don't have any trouble, and they will have no sub over the punishment of the Fire. So over here, amazement is being expressed, that they know that concealing knowledge is a great crime. They know that when a person spreads knowledge, he earns forgiveness. But still, they prefer punishment over forgiveness. Their ways amazing, their way surprising. It's completely illogical. It doesn't make any sense whatsoever.
There Lika. That, what is that you can refer to the punishment that they are deserving of this punishment, which is that they're in reality consuming the fire, Allah will not speak to them, he will not cleanse them, and they will have a painful punishment. This punishment is the anila because Indeed, Allah mezzetta kita He has sent down the book, which book whether it was the thought or the Quran, or any other book. And remember the word keytab does not just mean a book, but it means any ordained any command.
So Allah sent down the commands will help with the truth.
What does that mean by with the truth,
what the truth is understood as containing the truth.
All that the Kitab has is the truth.
And secondly, it has also been said that vil health is for the purpose of the health, meaning in order to elaborate in order to relate the health in order to convey the health.
So why is there such a great punishment for those who conceal the truth?
Because a lot of panel data has sent the book containing the truth. And if a person hides any part of the book, what is he doing? He's hiding the truth.
Secondly, Allah has sent the book why, for the purpose of telling the people about the truth. Any person who hides the book is hiding the truth. He is depriving other people of the truth.
We're in the Medina. And indeed those people, which people instead of fulfilled
who differed concerning the book, instead of from Harlem fair, you know, but the meaning of the word if the left if the left lady when the hell What does it mean? difference. So those people who differ concerning the book,
what does it mean by different concerning the book?
This has been understood in several ways. Some have said that what this means is those people who have differed concerning the truthfulness of the book
concerning the truthfulness of the book,
some people said, it is from Allah. And other people said that no, it's not from Allah.
Some people, they believe in the book, other people they disbelieved in the book.
And this if the left can also refer to some interpreted the book correctly. And others they miss interpreted the book, according to their own whims and desires.
So those people who differ concerning the book, what about them? They are in the fishy parking buried there, surely, in extreme dissension.
The what's your thought? We have read this word earlier as well in the first juice. There were two coffees from the fetters Sheen, cough, cough.
And Chuck literally means to break to split something and she gives the meaning of division. It gives the meaning of a split discord and basically the word shiprock is used for opposition, that is out of mere stubbornness.
What is it?
opposition that is out of mere stubbornness, meaning, the truth is clear. But a person is still fixed upon his views.
the truth is clear, but a person is still fixed upon his views, he's not willing to give it up.
Which is why they want your coffee is also used for that group, which is not upon the truth.
So those people who differ concerning the book, they are in Chicago, they are in a split, they are in Division, they are in dissension. They're in a Discord. What kind of discord that is very that as far as what does buried mean, that which is far that which is distant.
Now, what does it mean, why Chicago unburied?
Chicago very that's been understood as First of all, that they are in their discord in their division, in their hostility, they are buried, they are far, far from what? far from the truth.
They have gone far away from the truth.
Secondly, this has been understood as your coffin buried, they are in an extreme split.
They are those people who have different concerning the book they are in an extreme split, what does it mean? That they are very far away from each other?
They are very far away from each other.
So basically, what is being stated over here is that those who differ concerning the book, they are in extreme discord, they are far away from the truth. And when a person is like that, he doesn't accept the truth, even when he recognizes it.
He doesn't accept the truth, even when he recognizes it.
So we see that one crime is to hide knowledge, to conceal knowledge. And another crime is to differ concerning the commands of the book concerning the laws that have been given.
And remember that differences are natural differences, are there people look at things differently.
Sometimes, when it comes to because the context is of eating halal and haram, same if they're taken by different groups to support their evidence. So we see the differences are there. But where's the problem? The problem is in being stubborn, that even when you recognize the truth, still you don't accept it.
This is where the problem lies, he shook Aquamarine.
And the problem also lies in making this whole issue, an issue of difference of opinion, and leading so many people in history, that people they don't look at what the Quran states, but they just follow who they follow what their scholar has said, what a particular Imam has said. And they follow them blindly. Why? Because for them approaching the book themselves is impossible.
So we see over here, that Allah so panel data center in the book, why, in order to guide the people containing the truth, and if a person hides the book, it is incorrect. And if a person differs, so much so as to confuse the truth. That is also incorrect.
Let's visit the recitation.
if you notice, similar verses were mentioned before as well.
And the concept was mentioned again. What does it show to us
the importance of spreading knowledge and not concealing it,
that it wasn't just mentioned once it was mentioned again, to remind us
so what have you learned for yourself from these verses?
Now that you're learning the Quran, you're not just going to
study it and put your books away, you are going to use them to tell other people about the truth. Even if the people don't like that you
many times people, study the book people study the Quran, and then move on to something else, which is a good thing that you're doing something that is beneficial, something that is useful. But remember that once you get to know the truth, there is no putting it away. You have to take the truth and take it on. You have to pass it on. You cannot just keep it closed in your books stacked in your bookshelf. No.
And you can't even say okay, fine, I want to learn why. Because it is mandatory upon every believing man and woman to gain knowledge of the day.
One of the ways of spreading the truth of making the truth known is not just verbally but also through your actions. Because you can't just go tell people, you know, we learned that you should do this, this, this and read this and read that and give them a lecture, you can't do that. What you can do is you can show people through your actions, when you do something people notice your actions, people see the change. And when they question you, that is a very good opportunity to tell them about what you have learned.
It is mandatory upon us to convey the truth. So if somebody is telling us about the truth, we should also listen to it. But you should also look at the other side. Because many times people say this particular Schaefer scholar in and this is one whom I follow in whatever he says I will do, okay, you don't have that much knowledge to approach the book yourself. You want to approach the book with care and for that you take the support of a particular scholars knowledge, but you shouldn't just rely on that. You should also look at the other side.
It's a pentacle law whom will be handicapped near the La Ilaha. Illa. anta the stockbroker wanted to be like I said, I want to take over