Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
Al-Isra 78-93 Word-Analysis and Tafsir 78-79
Are the below him in a shape long overdue Miss malaria? Rahim
lesson number 148. So total Islam is number 78 to 93.
Okay Miss salata established the salah,
nothing is singular, and the addresses to the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. In the previous ayat we learned as to how the people of Macedonia again they wish to tempt him away, they wish to divert his focus they wish to make him commit a major error in the religion
and how was he saved?
Because of the protection that Allah subhanaw taala granted.
Similarly, a person is saved from other mistakes as well. When his connection when his bond when his friendship with Allah soprano data is strong. And how do you strengthen that friendship with Allah? By establishing the Salah,
a famous signer that established the Sunnah. Praise Allah when, at what time leader Luca shamcey, at the decline of the sun, until when Illa circlet until the darkness of the night.
Do Luke is from the roof reference, then lamb calf, Dell,
and Dell is to be loose.
And it also means to massage
and do Lu is when the sun begins to decline
when the sun begins to decline,
and when does this happen when it reaches the meridian at noon, and after that, it begins to decline. So the loop is the time of noon, after which the sun begins to decline.
Others have said that the loop is the time when the sun begins to set.
Because at that time, you see the sun going down declining very clearly. at other points of the day, you don't really see the sun coming down. But as it is setting, you literally see it sometimes going down.
So there are two meanings of the Lucas chumps decline of the sun, what are they? First of all, from the time of noon, and secondly, at the time of sunset.
So established the solar at this time until when until it was a bit late until the darkness of the night.
But also from the reflectors Valentin Park and Cossack is the darkness of the night, when the night has become completely dark, when there's no Twilight,
of all sick from the same route is a dark night a woman shall de la so you can either walk.
So over here in this part of the ayah the times of Salah are mentioned when are we supposed to persona?
If you take the first opinion, where the meaning of the Lucas chumps is when the sun begins to decline from the Meridian,
then it refers to the time of zahav are also Muslim, and Russia. Because you pray until when until the night has completely fallen until the night has become completely dark.
And afternoon, you have lowered us at sunset you have Muslim. And when the night has completely fallen, you pray for that Russia.
Secondly, if you take your opinion that the Lucas Shams refers to the time when the sun is setting,
then it refers to solar to
that pray the solar from the time when the sun sets until you're allowed to pray the Salah until which time until the night has completely fallen.
So this part of the ayah what is being mentioned
the time of Maghreb Salah when can you begin praying it and when should you finish it by?
So what is the time of macula
from the time of sunset until the night falls until the sky is dark? until there is absolutely no Twilight. There is no shafique
you know sometimes even after sunset, you can see the sky it's dark blue, perhaps you can still see some light in the sky. Even at that time, you can pretty much
it doesn't mean you delay unnecessarily. But if for some genuine reason, you are unable to pray immediately, then you are allowed to pray until the night has completely fallen.
We'll call such as and the Quran at the time of 5g
or another 5g meeting what a theme or an unfettered
or an affair gives the meaning of the
All because Orion is a Muslim which means recitation. So what a thimble an unfiltered meaning and establish the recitation at fudges. What does it mean?
That first of all, establish the federal prayer.
So if you take the first opinion of the locations in our facility name it refers to it's on our level all the way to Russia. And then we'll call an alpha jet. It refers to the fighters. So here we have the time of five solo at one we're supposed to pray at which time
and if you notice all anaphase It has been said not solid.
It has been called Clara attell fudge,
fudge. Why? Because it shows that Slaton fudge is only with the long recitation of the
Yes, in other Salawat also, we recite the Quran. However, in salado fragile, reciting the Quran, is very important.
Because Allah subhanaw taala describes that Salah as an atoll fetched.
And we see that the prophets are allowed in southern, he would recite longer sutras in his Figes.
In other southern wildlife for examples over a certain level of Russia, you would read, for example, to the chimps, certain lane, short Sutras, they're not that long. For us, even they seem to be long, unfortunately. Whereas we see that in fudger, Salah he would read longer source life, for example, so to say to them, he would read longer source. So
inla Indeed, for Anil, fragile, the recitation at the time of budget, Ghana, vishuddha, it is witnessed, it is witnessed by who it is witnessed by the angels, which angels, the angels, who, who are changing their shifts at that point.
Remember, there is a group of angels who come and attend to a person who watch him who record his deeds during the night. And then there are others who come during the day. But at fudger time, it is when their shift is changing.
So a group of the angels is leaving, and another group of the angels is coming. So at this point, all the angels are present.
And remember when these angels go back, Allah subhanaw taala questions them? In what state Did you find my servant? And in what state did you leave him?
So the angels who are coming for their shift? What will they say that we found them in recitation of the Quran
and the angels who are leaving, what will they go and report that we left them while they were reciting the Quran
so because it is such an important time, the angels are coming and they're going to go give a report to a multiplanetary. So at this time, you should be engaged in something that Allah subhanaw taala loves and what is that the recitation of the Quran
and the recitation of the Quran at the time of budget is primarily supposed to be in the Salah.
It is supposed to be in the Salah. However, it can also be done outside of the sun. Which is why we should develop a habit of reciting the Quran after Frederick Salah even if it is only one page. And believe me, if you start doing that, your third read will improve your fluency of Arabic reading will improve, your understanding will improve your memorization will improve because you will develop a constant habit of reciting the Quran reciting the Arabic language. So in the Quran, tragedy, cannon shooter.
So in this ayah the prophets are first of all is commanded to perform this further at prescribed times at the appointed times. The Times are specified in this ayah
and it is very important for us to perform the Salah at its proper time.
We cannot move the times of solar according to our desires according to our wishes. The SWOT has to be performed at its appointed time. We learned in sort of de Missa II number 103. In a similar to Canada, Ireland, Medina ketevan mo Kuta indeed, prayer has been decreed upon the believers a decree of specified times specified times you cannot change the time.
So what's the lesson in this ayah for us
that first of all, pray at the right time.
Because praying a solid to Allah walk there is one of the best deeds to be performed.
And secondly, we also learn from this ayah about the importance of reciting the Quran in selected matches.
But this can only be possible if we have memory.
Raised parts of
it can only be possible if we have memorized some longer source.
If you look at it, sort of the sector, it's not that long at all. It's one of the shorter sutras of the Quran.
And the Prophet sallallahu Sallam would read through that before going to bed.
And on Friday mornings at Frederick, he would recite sort of to say to them, and also sort of insane
he would recite these two soldiers, infectious Allah, which do sudo to such there and so little insert. If you develop a habit of reciting surah to Sadler before going to sleep every night, believe me, within some time, you will have memorized the surah.
You will, you won't even realize but you will have memorized it. If you make it a habit of reciting if not reciting at least listening, listen to the song every night, you will be able to memorize it very, very easily. And inshallah you can follow the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallahu.
That every Saturday morning, you recite sort of the sajida in sort of budget.
It's just about setting a goal and then doing it. Similarly, if you look in the 30 pages even, we have sort of another vs. It's short Sora, but it's one of the longest orders in the 30 pages. Similarly, so to nazara to the opposite. In one record, you recite through to Nova in the other locker you recite Surah obasa for example.
Then you have Salah in which you are reciting the Quran, in which the major thing is what the recitation of the Quran.
And this can only be possible. If you wake up early enough. This is only possible if you are awake. Right? It's only possible if your mouth is clean. If you don't have that breath, if you have performed you will do well. If you're wearing proper clothes, then you will be able to recite the Quran in your Salah. You see, it's these little little things which make a huge difference, which make a huge impact on the rest of your day. And on your life.
In the previous is what did we learn from ole Nikita?
They will read their book and they will say yes, at fudger I recited the Quran.
I recited long Sutras, in my opinion. It wasn't just, you know, put in as hula hula, but rather, yes, I'm not saying those words are not important. Of course, they're important if you read them yourself that will be valid, but your solo will be much better if you recited longer source, because Allah subhanaw taala describes the Salah as an unfortunate
woman a lady
and from the night meaning in the portion of the night in a part of the night, what should you do for the hijab to be here? So pray the night prayer, be happy with it meaning with the
woman and lately for the hedger to be in a part of the night, stay awake and pray how with the recitation of the
the her jet is from newsletters, her gene, then I noticed this work that had Jed This is fairly which is why you have a footer on the on the gene. Okay. And a must love is the head Jude. And notice it's hair. It's not the head Jude, you understand? It's her not her. So whenever you mentioned this word and make sure that you read it properly. Now you pronounce it properly. The head should not the head
and the head did not tahajjud right? Because the muffler is the Hadoop
and the Hadoop is from Hadoop and who dude basically has two meanings. First of all it is to sleep at night. Hagit is a person who sleeps when, during the night.
And who Jude also means to wake up from sleep
that a person is sleeping, and then he wakes up then he gets up.
So it's one of those words which give completely opposite meanings.
It is to sleep at night and it is also to wake up after sleeping in the night. Not that you wake up in the morning. But what is it? You wake up in the night.
And this word the Hadoop the firewall it shows mobile effort because you have to put an effort in order to wake up in the middle of the night. Once you have been sleeping. Once you're deep in your sleep. You get up at that.
So what does it show to us at the 100 Salah is when it's during the night secondly, it's great when after sleeping. Not that you're awake studying and you're doing some work. You don't want to sleep and you're like okay, I'm awake anyway. Might as well pay some the 100 solar that's not
tahajud what would that be family okay. The Her job is that you go to bed after Isha and then you get up and you pray.
So when when the lady for the hijab be he What does he mean with the Quran meaning in the Torah as well what should you do? recite the Quran and this one out of the 100 this is Nair filat and it is nephila laka for you For you, meaning profit sort of artisan.
The word nephila is from the reflectors known fella
and Neville, as you know means extra, which is why it is used for a voluntary good deed, a voluntary action, it's not mandatory, it's not required, but you do it anyway. Like for example, nephal, sila or an apple cider.
Similarly, nephila is also used for that which is extra.
So, now philatelic has been understood in various ways. First of all, it has been said that it means it's an extra obligation on you over the five daily prayers on who on the profits.
So salata, tahajjud, it was mandatory on the profit sort of autism, just as a five Salawat were mandatory upon him. Similarly, the head tutor was ultimately appointed, but it was only for who for him, mandatory on him. So, naturally, we will understand this as an extra obligation.
Secondly, some have disagreed and they have said that no, nothing over here means an awful meaning a voluntary action.
So there is a difference of opinion. Some have said it was an obligation on him. Others have said that no, this was also a voluntary good deed for him.
Thirdly, it has been said that nephila over here means if a leader meaning an extra merit, an extra means of reward of raising your ranks in the sight of a loss.
Because the prophets are alone is Allah, Allah subhanaw taala had forgiven all of his errors and mistakes.
Dr. Phil LaHood aka moto Adama means Ambika vomit, all of our sins and mistakes were forgiven.
In the previous ayah, what did we learn that if he were even close to making a mistake, Allah subhanaw taala would protect him he would save him so he was infallible.
So when he would perform so that the hedges, this would be what it means of elevating his project even more.
For his own, the head dude is what a means of obtaining forgiveness for sins.
But the prophets all of a sudden, he didn't have any sense. So for him the hadoo those was a means of elevating his ranks, it was an extra merit for him.
So you understand the three meanings first one extra obligation, secondly, voluntary deed and thirdly, an extra medically
perhaps, it is expected that when you will establish this solar, the Hadoop, what will happen, any other article that he will raise you rob Booker your Lord, when on the Day of Judgment, were more common to a station that is much smoother, that is praised?
Perhaps hopefully your Lord will raise you to a station that is praise with
a station where you will praise Allah soprano.
So we see in this ayah the Prophet sallallahu Sallam is commanded to pray that the headship prayer,
as I mentioned to you, according to some it was mandatory upon him, according to some it was voluntary,
for his oma, it is voluntary, it is not mandatory.
However, remember that there is a lot of emphasis on performing this prayer.
Many times we say Oh, because it's not false, therefore, we don't pray the Salah at all. We don't pray the Salah at all. We will make sure for example, that we have a movie night that for example, one day of the week, at least or one day of the month, we get to sleep whenever we want to. There is no bedtime fix for us, or we can do anything we want to. We want to make sure that we have that freedom.
So this is something that we must consider as well. Getting up to pray in the middle of the night, because it is highly recommended.
The Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, observe the night prayer for it was a practice of the righteous before you it was a practice of the righteous ones before you even the prophets before we learned about the wilderness and and how he used to pray in the middle of the night.
And it brings you closer to your Lord.
When a person performs a Salah what happens. It brings him closer to his Lord and His
as a means of explanation for evil deeds and it erases the sins and repels diseases from the body.
We think if we get up in the night we'll get tired.
But what did the Prophet sallallahu Sallam say, it repels disease from the body.
Abu huraira learn who he reported to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, the best fast after the fast of Ramadan is the fastest.
And the best Salah after the obligatory prayers is a prayer performed at night.
Because during the day, sometimes what happens we pray napoletano we're traveling, we're sitting in the car waiting to get to the destination, we're not driving, when I go, okay, might as well take advantage and pray to napoletano we come to the masjid before coming to class we pray to Allah. It's very good, but the best knuffel the best seller after the five obligatory prayers Which one?
Similarly, during the course of the year, after the five daily prayers beyond that, what do we pray for each Sunnah. One comes and the second one comes and we made sure that we get to pray that Salah, but we should also make sure that within a year at least once or twice we bury the hatchet at least once or twice.
The Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, Our Lord descends every night to the lowest heaven when one third of the latter part of the night is left. And he says, who's applicants to meet that I may answer him who asks forgiveness for me that I forgive him. So at that part of the night, Allah subhanaw taala offers Is there anyone who wants his wishes to be granted?
But what happens at that time,
If at that time, even if you're not able to get up. For example, it's possible that you get up at that part of the night. And perhaps you don't have to pray. So that at least take advantage of making grab for yourself.
Because Allah subhanaw taala is saying at that time Is there anyone who wants something I can give you? Anyone who has some Dora who supplicate to me that I may answer him who asks forgiveness for me so that I may forgive him.
So at that time, at least take benefit. If Allah gave you the fee to wake up, even if it was by a false alarm or anything like that, take advantage of that moment. Make a door for yourself.
The 100th time, when does it begin? And when does it end? Mainly, this is a question right? The time of the huddle is the last one third of the night,
the last one third of the night? And how do you know the length of the night? It begins from the time that the sunsets until the time that it begins
until the time that the sunset, so basically moderate until the time that budget begins not fragile ends.
So what do you do you calculate the number of hours and then 100 an hour, it's much easier for us that you can just calculate, you can do the math. So for example, if sunset is at six, for instance, and fudger begins at six. So how many hours do you have to divide that by three? The last four hours are what? The last third of the night. So it would be before six, how much it would be you go all the way to two. So from 2am to 6am, that is the time anytime you can get up, you can wake up at two, you can wake up at four, you can wake up at 530 you can wake up at 545 anytime that you wake up, okay? So you don't sometimes think about it, for example, these days, but it is quite early, and it
will move on. It's the same whether you wake up at 530 or you wake up at six, isn't it because those of you who are going to sleep are going to sleep anyway. Isn't that so you're going to sleep anyway. So might as well wake up early prefetcher on time and before that just pray do enough. And when we
just do number one, in total, it will take you half an hour. For example, if you wake up at 545. If budget begins at six, you'll be done by 620. And if you really have to go back to sleep, go back to sleep. But it's these little little things that make a huge difference. Huge difference. Think about it if you're going to sleep anyway. Might as well get up early pray, you know with tissue praying easily and then go back to sleep.
And the Prophet sallallahu Sallam he would pray not more than 11 o'clock
in his statue, generally not more than 11.
And generally, you would prefer to pray in sets of two to Raka than to Raka and then to Raka. Okay, how many ever you want to pray. And then finally you pray one return
This was the way the profit sort of Alison generally
to the winter is supposed to be the last year after winter you can sit down you can start reciting the Quran if there's little time left for budget, you can do some despair you can do some Mr. Farr, you can do various types of liquor and then refresh it and if you really have to sleep, go to sleep.
So if you intend to wake up during the middle of the night wear the hijab then after a short prayer you don't say you're with it when do you say
Africa did and let's say you weren't able together
then you have to recover okay before budget make sure you pray
with a one way is that you pray to do two and then one and in other ways that you can pray three you can pray five okay. But you cannot make your with it like Muslim. If you're praying three you cannot pray like Margaret Margaret was what they're on the second rocker you sit in the shot and then you gotta but in with it, you don't do that. If you're praying together, then after the second record, you're going to get up and you're going to pray your third and then you're going to quit especially because the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said do not make it similar to Mohammed
and inshallah the details of this, you will study in Qatar masala in the physical Salah. Save it for that intro. Okay. But right now the main emphasis is on what
that make sure, bring this into your life. bring this into your life, at least once a month, set a target. You know, you have your monthly goals, you have your weekly goals this week, I want to do this this month, I want to do this, do it.
And many times it happens that mothers, young mothers especially were feeding their infants, they get very little sleep during the night, because they have to wake up every three, four hours. And many times when the child goes to sleep, you just can't wait to get into bed yourself and sleep. But if at that time list, take five minutes, you've been up for half an hour, I'll take five minutes more just a follow on with the rest of the washroom do we'll do pray three Raka and go to sleep.
And inshallah you see the Hadees that it will bring you closer to Allah, it will be a means of explanation for your sins, and it will remove disease from your body. This is a gift of luggages. And at that Mater many times we're suffering from so many things, but unfortunately, we don't take the time to make. We don't take the time to turn to a line ask him for help.
And over here, the profits or losses and missed all that I said any advice I got a Booker mahkamah my mother perhaps your Lord will raise you to the mahkamah Muhammad. What is no karma Mahmoud? Mocambo Muhammad is a position which the prophets are allowed us and will be gifted on the Day of Judgment.
And this position, this station is where the profits are loaded and will be raised on the day of judgment to intercede for the people.
And it is called Mohamoud because when he will be in the station, he will do the hand of last time he will praise Allah. And also the people will praise the prophets otherwise.
There is a very long Hadees in which we learn about the event of the Day of Judgment.
That how you know Mohammed has reported that over and over and on who said that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said once that I am the leader of mankind on the Day of Resurrection. And he continued describing the Day of Judgment saying that the people will be gathered in one place on the Day of Judgment. And they will hear a voice calling out and they will all be seen. The sun will come close until their anguish and distress becomes unbearable. And people will say to one another, do you not see how much you are suffering? Why do you not find someone to intercede for you with your Lord so that your Lord can begin the detriment? Because the people will be made to wait on the Day
of Judgment you know how we learn about the Day of Judgment the length of it being 50,000 years. So people will be waiting for the judgment to begin
and the difficulty will increase a lot.
So, they will go to Adam or escena and other restaurant will say that no, I cannot intercede for you I cannot request for you because my lord is very angry today. And I did something that I am ashamed after I ate of the forbidden tree. So he will say go to someone else go to new they will go to New s&m and new Hardison, abuser first messenger they will say to me the first messenger you will say no, I cannot do anything for you. Because I made $1 that almost panatela disapproved. So he will say go to employ him. They will go to him or listen I mean people will say to him that you are the leader of Allah. So intercede for us. And Ibrahim or listen I will also say I cannot do it because
my lord is very upset today. I'm afraid because I had said some statements which were not 100% accurate. inshallah you will learn about the incidence of Rahim medicine and when he said some statements which were not really lies, but not really 100% accurate statements. So he will say go to Musa husana
He will say that my lord is very angry as well. Today I cannot intercede for you, I killed a person and I am afraid. masala salon by mistake had killed a man right? So he will go to resize. So they will go to a service center. And he will also say I'm sorry I cannot do anything for you go to Mohammed savasana and each prophet of Allah, He will say Neff see nuptse as people were approaching that myself myself, I'm only concerned about myself. So when they will go to the Prophet sallallahu sallam, they will say oh Muhammad, you are the Messenger of Allah and the Last of the prophets ALLAH forgive all your past and future since intercede for us with your Lord, do you not see the state we
are in how bad it is? So the Prophet sallallahu wasallam will stand up and he will come before the throne and he will fall in frustration and he will glorify Allah soprano died, how that Allah who will inspire him to speak and He will speak beautiful words of praise such as no one has ever been inspired with before. And it will be said oh Muhammad, sort of all the sudden Raise your head and ask and it will be granted to you intercede and your intercession will be heard. So this is the matar Mahmoud, where he will be allowed to intercede but obviously, who will intercede for those who are listening, not those who innovated ways in the religion and those who turned away from his
Sunnah because if you complete the Hadith, the Prophet sallallahu sallam, he said that I will raise my head and I will say, My Lord, my Lord, my Lord, it will be said, or Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam admit those who will not be brought to account from longer oma to the right hand gauge of paradise.
And 70,000 people from this oma will not be questioned. So they will be admitted into gender. And then the rest of your oma will share the other gates with the rest of the people.
Now, the question is, Why will the profits or losses and will be given this macom think about it, why not do some other profit? Why not some other person because of his efforts, because of his sacrifices? If you compare this part of the eye with the first part of the
that woman, a lady for the head jet v nafi letter now if you take the meaning of Nafisa Tilak as an extra obligation on you remember an extra obligation means extra work, which means extra effort, and that means more reward. Because with more responsibility, if a person carries out property, there is more reward.
In Serato, Muzammil What do we learn? Yeah, a U haul was de Mille como la in La karela mismo, Erwin Kuzmin, Luca de la Rosa de la de la tierra de la.
It was an obligation upon him at the beginning, especially.
And why Shouldn't he be given more food? Because he worshiped in Los Angeles so much the point that his feet would swell? And what would he say? If Allah akuna within shockula? He was questioned, Your sins are forgiven, you're not going to be questioned about what you've done. Then why do you put in so much effort? What did he say? I find a corner often Shahada Should I not be a grateful servant, that if Allah has given me so much, should I not be grateful?
And we need to check over here as well. That when Allah has given us so much, so much, is it not our duty, that we should be grateful that we should also recite the words that He has given to us in the middle of the night, and so that
it's our obligation to be grateful, and part of gratitude is praying the Salah that is Beloved, to
recite in those words that are beloved to
me, enable all of us do due to things that we learned from today's lesson, recycle on at the time of budget, insert out of budget, and pray to her do this.
Because it is only the fortunate ones, the very fortunate ones who are given disability.
And a person cannot just say, Oh, I'm not just being given a trophy. You have to strive, you have to struggle. You have to put an effort, because if you don't, then what will you accomplish
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