Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
Ar-Rad 18-43 Word Analysis and Tafsir 18-22
How's it goin rajim Bismillah Ar Rahman AR Rahim
lesson number 128 sort of art Ayah number 18 to 43
lilla Venus dejavu lire beam for those people who have responded to their Lord, for them is an Hausner the best reward for who? Those people who respond to the call of their Lord.
How do they respond to the call of their Lord?
That Allah called them and they believe
a law called them and they believe,
or Allah gives them an instruction or command and they obey, they follow the guidance that Allah subhanaw taala has given.
So what does it mean by is the Jabu two meanings?
That first of all, they believe in their Lord? And secondly, they are obedient to the commands that Allah soprano data has given by following his messenger.
So for such people is
the excellent reward, the good reward? And what is that excellent reward Jana, and the pleasure of law.
So no matter what Allah subhanaw taala called them to, what is their response?
Their response is of samina what Athena? We hear, and we obey.
So because of this attitude, of obedience, of acceptance, of responding positively, Allah subhanaw taala, will give them the most excellent reward genda and his pleasure.
But on the other hand, one Medina lamea, study Buddha, who, those people who do not respond to him how that first of all, they don't believe in Allah. When the messenger calls the people to Allah, they reject. Or when Allah gives them a command, he gives him some instruction, they refuse to follow it.
So for such people, low, if unknown, indeed, law home for them, if those people had marfil, or the Jimmy on whatever that is in the earth, all together, if these people were given everything that is in the earth, and not just everything that is in the earth, but when mithila humara will, but it's equivalent, along with it. mithila, who it's equivalent, metal is like,
so an amount that is just like the earth and everything in it.
So in other words, they have two times, the earth and everything in it. Still, what would they do? Left Adobe he surely they would give it in ransom, they would give all of it in ransom. Why, in order to free themselves from the punishment,
because of the hereafter when they will see the punishment, the punishment of hisab of accounting, and the punishment of Hellfire, it will be so tremendous, that they will readily without any hesitation, offer everything in order to free themselves. However, on that day, they will not own anything, not even a single penny, from where can they get the entire earth and its equivalent along with it in order to recompense themselves.
So in other words, they will not be able to free themselves. And as a result, Allah, Ecuador's law home for them Sewell his app is the evil reckoning
and his service, reckoning accountability, that for such people is an evil has a meaning that they will be questioned about everything, and they will be recompensed for everything, none of which will be forgiven.
Because think about it, for example, every single Muslim he has done some good, some bad. And when we pray to Allah subhanaw taala that Allah has given or he said, when you see Allah, then what does it mean that Oh, Allah don't question Is that why we did something wrong? Because if a person is questioned, why did you do this? Then that's it. He's gone. He's done. He's finished. Remember that Hadith in which our children as a prophet settled on a center. So she was told that whoever is questioned why he's doomed, he's finished.
So for such people will be a sewer hazard, meaning they will be questioned about everything, and they will be recompense for everything forgiven for nothing. sewer has a
and their abode is Hellfire will beat send me head and how evil is it as a resting place? We had this from the relief efforts meme had
and we had this basically a place of rest
It is a fold that holds something that contains something in itself.
So jahannam is called me hat. Why? Because that is where these people will be, and they will be unable to come out of it.
So what do we learn in this ayah? That there are two kinds of people.
And they mean two completely different outcomes.
The first type is of those people who respond to their Lord, who believe in Him, who obey Him.
Whenever they hear of a command that says America will Aparna not maybe, or I don't think so I can't do this. No, anything that they hear, it has come to them from Allah, their response is of obedience. So for such people, there's the excellent reward awaiting the best reward.
Then there is another group of people, which is of those who do not listen. Those who do not obey those who ignore, who do not respond the call of their Lord. Instead, they run after this world. And such people, if they are given everything that is in the earth, and its equivalent, along with that, they will wish to free themselves from the punishment on that day. However, they will not be given anything like that. So for them will be a very difficult a very tough.
Just imagine a very difficult exam in which you're being asked about every single thing, every single thing you're being asked about.
And there's no time limit to it.
You know, sometimes if a question paper is given, it's given according to the time that the person has to take that test. But just imagine a person is interrogated, he is questioned about every single thing, not just about what he said what he did, but why with what intention. And this is what people dislike most being interrogated. This is what people dread most but for such people is a very evil has a they'll be interrogated. Why did you do this? Why did you say that? Why did you not do this? And their award is hellfire.
We learned so little calf. I number 87 and 88. Allah He said, meaning Dale Carnegie said a madman drama for cell phone or a demo tomorrow. Era before you're a debugger, I'd have a new car. That's for the one who does wrong. Yes, we will give him punishment, but he will be returned to his Lord and He will punish him with a terrible punishment. Well, amendment M and our army lasallian fella who desert in her SNA was an akula woman emelina Yusra, but as for the one who believes in his righteousness, he will have a reward of Paradise and we will speak to him from our command with ease. So two different people do different ways of life, and two completely different outcomes.
What's the difference? responding to Allah and not responding to Allah, obeying Allah, and disobeying Allah?
If a man then is He Who Yara Lama he knows meaning the person who knows that undermine that, indeed that which owns era alayka what has been revealed to you meaning to the Prophet sallallahu wasallam may Rob Baker from your Lord It is, it is the truth.
The person who knows, who believes with conviction, that whatever has been revealed to you from your Lord, is the truth. This person, can he be like, come on, like the one who who are he is blind.
blind to what? blind to what has been revealed to you.
One person knows that the Quran is true. And the other person is completely blind to the Quran.
Are these two people equal? They're not equal at all. Neither in their lifestyle, nor in their actions, nor in their thinking, nor in their end result. They can never be equal. Because the previous I explained to us, that people who respond to a lot they will have personnel and those people who do not respond, who are armor who become blind, for them is an eraser.
two completely different people, two completely different results. In Nehemiah that Kuru Indeed, he takes he only he takes heed who takes heed, Allah Al Bab, those people who have intellect only such people take a lesson.
If you notice at the beginning of the surah, what did we learn
that the Quran that has been revealed to the Prophet sallallahu Sallam is the truth. However, the majority of the people, they don't believe in that. They don't believe in it. And up until now, we have been reading about how
last panel data establishes the truth, through his science through his power through his authority and ability. And now, comparisons are being struck, that a person who acknowledges the truth and a person who does not acknowledge it, they cannot be equal.
And who is the intelligent person? The one who has an enigma to that Kuru Alba, Alba we're referring to who have a manyana mo Anima en de la Camila beacon, Huck. So a person who has in the Quran, such a person is intelligent. And with this, he recognizes the truth. He recognizes the truthfulness of the color.
You see, there are two ways of accepting the truth. One is the way of talk lead. What does that mean?
blindly following someone basically the phrases from Collider. Remember the word collider collide the garlanded animals. So basically, it is a strap that is put around an animal. And with that an animal is controlled. The animal has no idea where he's being led. So he just blindly follows. So similarly the clean is to blindly follow their whatever people are doing, you do the exact same thing. Whatever people believe in, you have the same belief, whatever they say, you say the exact same thing. This is one way of accepting the truth. That just because my parents are Muslim, I am Muslim. That's because my people, as a nation, we are Muslim, I am also Muslim.
And this is just by chance that your family was Muslim? What if they were not Muslim? Then what would you do? So this is one way of accepting the truth.
Another way of accepting is with truth with that consciously, deliberately, a person learns a person researches he understands and he accepts the truth. Which is better? Sure, truth. Truth is better. So over here, this is exactly what has been mentioned.
That there is one person who knows who is confident that the Quran is 100% accurate. And there is another person who is blind to it. He has no idea. He's never read it. He's never opened it up. He has no idea whatsoever about the Quran. He just says it's true, because his father says it's true. He just believes in it because his father says we're supposed to believe in it. Who is better? The one who uses his mind. And they're the one who gains knowledge, the one who learns. And these two people cannot be equal. Because the person who believes in the Quran, he understands it, he implements it, he spreads it to other people cannot be like the one who does not believe in it. Who
does not implement it? Who just blindly follows people, they're not equal at all. Why? Because when a person learns the Quran, when a person is 100%, confident in the truthfulness of the Quran, then there's a change in his actions. And what is that change? that change is described in the following is
that Who are these people? alladhina those who you foon a beer dealer he, they fulfill the covenant of law, or the law, what is the art of Allah, the covenant of Allah? This has been understood in a number of ways. That first of all, the covenant which the entire mankind made with who Allah subhanaw taala which is the covenant of honest so over there, unless the punctata asked everyone else to become what did people respond? aalu Bella? Yes, of course you are shahidan and we bear witness that You are our Lord. So this is a promise that we made and in this dunya when a person becomes a believer, when he accepts a man, that in reality, what is he doing? He is fulfilling the
promise that he made with Allah.
Secondly, are the law has been understood as covenants that are made with Allah through the prophets
like for example, the previous nations for example, Bani Israel, we learned about many covenants that they had taken that they had made with Allah subhanaw taala through through their profits, where it was namita Coco, with ohana, mythical Bani Israel.
So all of those misak they were through, through the prophets of Allah.
And thirdly, our The law also applies to those covenants that are made with people in the name of Allah. Those covenants that are made with people in the name of Allah Allah is named mistake, whether they are formal or informal, formal For example, nicca
or informal like for example, an appointment
so alladhina yufuin and we are delighted
Well I am Cardinal, Misa and they do not break the contract. They do not break the contracts that they make the treaties, the covenants, the agreements that they make.
What is Misuk without is also used for a covenant. But this is different from how that army sack a person has sworn an oath that he will definitely fulfill it. Because whatever is literally to bind something to tie something with the knot. So you strengthen it, you tie it up how by making an oath by swearing. So now in Kaduna means that they don't break the contract and miss out over here is general, that all of the covenants that they have made, they don't break them. First of all, they fulfill the promises they have made with Allah. Secondly, they don't break promises. And this is a characteristic of who are who, of a believer,
because a person who breaks his promises, then that is what hypocrisy. Because the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, I had to moon Africa, he said, so either had data cadabra what either domina han what he there were other.
When he makes a promise, he breaks it, he goes against it.
One levena and those who more characteristics, more changes that appear in a person as he responds to the call of Allah. And we need to analyze ourselves in the light of these characteristics. Because who is being explained over here? The one who is confident that this score is from Allah, the One who knows the one who believes and the one who responds to the call of Allah, that first of all, he will fulfill the promises that he has made with Allah, that he has made with the people in the name of Allah, He does not break them. He does not break his commitments. Secondly, well levena and those who yesterday Luna de join yesterday, Luna from the rotators, well, solid land was what I
used to do is to join something to maintain the link do not break the link.
So those who join What, man, Allahu what Allah has commanded, be with it, I use Allah that it be joined.
They join what Allah has ordered to be joined. What is it that Allah has ordered us that it must be joined? It must be connected, it must never be severed. What is it that first of all blood relationships. So a lot of family relationships with relatives with kinsfolk it should not be separate, it should not be severed. So they join the relationships. And this is the first meaning and the most important meaning of this part of the ayah. And how is this done? that a person is good towards his relatives, and he does not sever this bond at all. The Prophet sallallahu Sallam said that Allah is the one who joins relationships is not the one who recompenses the good done to him by
his relatives, that just because they're good to him, he is good in return. But rather Alaska is the one who keeps good relations with those relatives who had severed the bond of kinship with him. Do you understand?
alladhina? Yes, Luna, Amara lobi. And use that. What does it mean that a person joins his relationship with who those people who cut off from him. Because always amongst relatives, there's always something of the other going on. If you think about it, no family is saved from family politics. In every family, whether it's immediate or extended, there's always some kind of family politics. The brother is not talking to the uncle and the sister is not talking to the someone and there is always something with the other going on. And we think that joining relationships means that if a person has been good to us, we also are good toward them. If they have invited us to their
house, we should also invite them. If they have given us a gift, we should also give them a gift. But if they are not good to us, that means we are also not good to them. If they don't call us We also don't call them this is what we think is joining relations. But what is the Prophet sallallahu Sallam say that joining relations is that the one who cuts off from you, you join with him. Sometimes we get very hurt when certain family members don't call us. They never come over to our house. They perhaps live in the same city and we complain Why don't they call us we should think when did we last call them? When did we last ask about them? When did we last invite them we have to
check ourselves. So when Latina and those who yesterday Luna ma Amara la will be in use when they join their relationships. They don't cut them off. They try their best to maintain them.
Secondly, Mana lobi. A user this refers to the relationship of more or less with the believers. The relationship of friendship with the believers, the fellow Muslims, the relationship of Eman that they maintain friendship with the rest of the believers. They understand they maintain friendship with who, with the rest of the believers, because the believers are like, one body, isn't it? That's what the prophet sallallahu Sallam said, the believers are like one body? Is it that you completely ignore a part of your body? You never care about your hand. You say, I don't like this finger of mine. I don't bother cutting the nail. I don't bother washing it. Do you ever do that?
No. Can you ever neglect a part of your body? No, you cannot. It's a part of you. It's a part of you. Yes, it's possible that some parts are more important to you, and others are less important. But regardless, your body is your body, and you pay attention to all of it.
Similarly, the believers must stay connected with one another.
They must have friendship with one another. This is very, very important. Because a Lost Planet Allah has commanded us to do that.
And many times it happens that we just know one another.
Like, for example, so many of us come here every single day, we know one another, only in the classroom. But on the weekends, and the holidays, we have no idea where that person who sits next to me in class every day, where she's from, where she goes, what she does, where she lives, we have no idea what she's going through. We have no idea. Not at all. And sometimes it's simply because we don't show any interest. We need to check ourselves, how well do we know one another outside of the class.
Sometimes when a person is absent, is not coming for, let's say a week, maybe a month, we have no idea where they are, who they are, why they're not there. And when they come back, then we're like, okay, where were you? And they tell us that they were extremely ill. We don't even notice if somebody is not there. This is not right. This does not suit Muslims. We're Latina. Yes, Luna Ma, Amara la v au. So they stay connected, they keep check on one another, they encourage one another, strengthen one another motivate one another. If one of them is falling behind. They encourage them. If somebody is not doing their homework, they encourage them. If somebody is feeling sad, they talk
to them. They share with one another, they have friendship. And it shouldn't just be certain people because sometimes we only select certain people and the rest of them, we pass by them, we don't bother smiling. We don't bother greeting them. We don't bother asking them how they're doing, who they are, where they're from. We just like to stay within our inner circle. And sometimes people pass by us, we don't even look at them in the eye. You know, sometimes I'm amazed. Sometimes I'm walking by and some people they just pretend as if the other person does not exist. Really non existent. At least look up, at least meet the other in the eye at least smile, at least say Salaam
say something have a bond? Would you do that with your sister? Would you do that with your best friend? No believers, all of them are supposed to be friends with one another.
And there is no room of abandoning a believer not talking to them completely disconnecting with them for a long period of time for more than three days.
So when Medina Yes, Luna ma ma ma who be a user.
And thirdly, this also refers to the end user what Allah has commanded that it should be connected is email, meaning they maintain their email.
They maintain their email Eman is something that you cannot cut off. So they maintain it they keep trying to increase it.
Then you know the second point that they stay well connected with one another we learned earlier and sort of though but that one we know now one more minute, borrow the womb earlier about their close friends of one another. If we don't even know one another's names, if we don't even know another by face, we have no idea who the other person is what they're going through in life, how can we support one another? The objective of this friendship is not so that we just sit and talk. No, the objective is so that we motivate one another, we help one another we strengthen one another like their hobbies that the believers are like a solid structure.
So we are shown on a boom This is one quality that they connect what Allah has commanded them to connect and secondly, they fear their north. They fear a loss of penalty.
Because Harsha harshing yet is such fear that is based on knowledge.
And when a person has this fear of Allah, only then can he maintain relationships. Only then
Can he stay well connected with people? Only then can he maintain his email? And if a person does not have the fear of Allah, then what happens? He gets cut off
while harpoon and the fear Sewell herself the evil reckoning, what is Sewell has
been accounted for every action. They fear that what if Allah asks me? What if he questions me? What if I'm asked why, what if I'm not forgiven, and because of this fear, they stay far away from committing something that would upset Allah, where heartfulness to Allah Hi sir
one Latina and those who sabado they are patient, where the patient, if it is our job, to seek the pleasure of their Lord, they are patient. Why? Because they want the pleasure of Allah subhanaw taala they are seeking the countenance of Allah which is literally face. So they want to see the face of Allah, they want that one of Allah, they want that agenda, they should be able to see Allah subhanaw taala and because of that, they remain patient.
And what is patience?
Patience is basically of three types. First of all, on the obedience, patience on obedience to Allah soprano data on the bar, for example, you should be praying Salah, you should be getting a professional Salah Don't you need someone to get out of bed to do will do to stand up and solder, you need some. Because if you don't have supper, if you don't control yourself, you're going to stay sleeping in bed for another two to three hours.
Secondly, sobor is also on protecting yourself stopping yourself from Masia from acts of disobedience.
that you want to do something wrong, but you control yourself. Like No, I'm not going to do it.
And thirdly, suffer is also in the face of trials and difficulties by that.
So when ladina sabado they are patient to see the wedge of their Lord.
Many people do sub even non believers, they do suffer when when they want to achieve something.
Like for example, if a person has to go to work early in the morning, no matter how tired he is, even if he's sick, isn't he gonna go? Think about it, people who work elsewhere, in worldly institutions, when they have to go to work, they go, no matter how sick they are. Because if they don't go then what's gonna happen? What's gonna happen, they're gonna lose their work, they're gonna lose their money. Sometimes they are able to take a leave, but other times they have to leave so early. They have to take their medication with them. They have to book their appointments in the evening. This is what suffer if a person has to walk if a person has to take the bus. If a person
has to drive all the way he will do it. This is what
so many people do suffer. But why for the sake of dunya similarly, sometimes you're standing in the kitchen washing dishes, your back is hurting. But you do suffer over that. Why? Because you have to have your kitchen clean.
You're cleaning the house, you're physically hurting us on a sit down with a cup of tea and relax, read a book but you don't do that. What do you do, you do suffer and you clean.
So many people do suffer for the sake of dunya. But they do suffer for the sake of rule of law.
Which means that they remain steadfast an act of obedience. They stay far away from acts of disobedience. And when they're going through some difficulty, they don't complain. They get up for fudger no matter how difficult it is. They stay sitting. They read the Quran, no matter how much they want to sleep at that time. They make sure they read their car. They make sure they pray there enough. They make sure they recite the Quran they do different different things. Why? to please Allah? subhanaw taala? And yes, although it's very difficult, but they will still do it. Because ultimately, what's their goal? What Europium they want to see.
Because remember that Hadees that once the moon was full, and the Sahaba with the prophets of Allah, Islam, and he said that you will be able to see your Lord just like this full moon without any difficulty. And in order to do that, what do you have to do? What do you have to do?
Don't read about the Hadees that you make sure you pray you're fragile, and us the two cool prayers, remember,
so make sure you pray both of them on time.
Now a person is in bed, it's better time, the time is going. And then he remembers, I want to see the face of Allah. If the law what your opinion is, you're gonna get suffer then. Yes.
So we're living in a Savile Row at Harvard here opinion, seeking the fair seeking the pleasure of their Lord.
Welcome salata and they established the sort of fulfilling its pillars and its conditions. Why? please Allah subhanaw taala
were unfaithful and they spend hours upon hours from what We have provided them, how do they spend six months secretly where I learned it and and also openly? So one secretly? And when is charity given secretly? Or when is it proper to give charity secretly, when it's voluntary charity when it's nothing.
Why? Because when you give it secretly, other people are not going to find out about it that way to keep your near pure, it's going to keep your intention pure.
Or, for example, if you're trying to help a person, and you're giving it in their hand, again, you should give it out secretly, Why? So that the other person is not ashamed before others
and are lania publicly when is charity given publicly? When it is the cats when it is mandatory? Why, so that other people can testify to your Islam, other people can also be encouraged. Other people do not doubt your faith, they testify to your faith
and alter our lineage and why when you are giving in a cause. Like for example, if you are spending for for example, a Masjid
a particular cause, then at that point, if you spend openly, then other people are going to be encouraged, isn't it so other people will be encouraged? So those who spend from what We have provided them seven were Islandia and is very important from what We have provided them. Because many people think that it's okay to commit theft, and then take that money and give it to the poor and needy. That's not the correct way.
What's the correct way that whatever you have from your pocket you spend.
And also one more point that spending secretly and openly meaning spending by night and by the secretly by night or lania, then openly meaning by day. So what is a chore or spending all the time, all the time, they haven't just reserved this other card for the month of Ramadan or for the days of the future. But rather, they give all the time whenever they have the opportunity.
whether our own and they avert from the rotators den or Hamza
they avert bill Hasson I think with the good, I say, the evil
meaning when they encounter some evil, when they come across some evil. When people behave with them in an evil way, then how do they account for that? How do they repel that? How do they avert that evil? With good?
The other owner from the rotators Daniel Hamza, and the law is to avert something to push something away to remove it.
Why is it that they avert evil with good because evil can only be removed by good? You cannot remove evil with evil.
For example, if your hands are dirty, how are you going to wash your hands with clean water or dirty water? clean water. If you wash your hands with dirty water, your hands are only going to get more dirty.
Similarly, if you're washing clothes, they're already dirty. But you use dirty water, it's going to make your clothes even more dirty. You don't fight fire with fire. What do you fight it with? water or something of the like something that will extinguish it?
Because intall has an ad, you have an essay. It's the good deeds that erase the bad deeds. It's not that bad deeds, erase bad deeds, it's good deeds that it is bad deeds. So this is why we're the owner hasn't had to say yet. And this teaches is a very important lesson. If we have to correct someone if somebody is making a mistake, how should we correct them? How? By yelling at them by humiliating them? No, that's not the way of correcting someone
by talking to them in a nice way by giving them sincere advice. Not by publicizing their mistakes. This is not the way of fighting evil. So we added our own a bit hasn't had to say yet.
Now a savior refers to two things. First of all, it refers to other people's evil towards them. When people deal with them in an evil way, like for example, they behave with them ignorantly they hurt them physically. They hurt them emotionally, mentally. They show bad behavior to them. They offended them. How do they fix it? How do they avert it? How do they deal with it? With Hassan and what is Hasina done with their patients with their tolerance with their good behavior.
their wisdom, if someone is behaving ignorantly, how are we supposed to behave with them more inherently know with wisdom? If somebody is behaving in logically what he's supposed to do, try to make them understand. It's not gonna work. What do you have to do this Be patient?
If somebody is yelling at you should yell back, no, it's not going to make a difference. What should you do? What should you do? Start whispering, or start talking in a very low voice and see their voice coming down as well.
Try it. Try, like for example, if a person is yelling at you, and you start talking in a very calm way, it's gonna make them calm as well. And if you start yelling, it's gonna make them yell even more.
So we as the owner will hasten to say, So, first of all refers to other people evil towards them.
Secondly, a savior also refers to evil committed by a person himself.
Like, for example, a person commits a major mistake, the person has done something wrong.
Maybe, for example, you feel that you said something that you shouldn't have said, that what should you do live with that guilt? And say, forget about it. I'm doomed anyway. No, this is not how a person should think what should he do? He should avert that sin with Al Hassan with a good deed, like the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, What atteberry say he has another dumb who her and follow a bad deed with what a good deed and that good deed? What is it going to do? It's going to erase that Betty,
where the owner bill hasn't adjusted yet. And this is a very important principle, that every time you make a mistake, what should you do? follow it up by a good deed so that it will be erased
or a cudos loan for them recovered out the consequence of the home or alphabet from the letters are in off, but
an Urkel that is basically outcome, but what kind of outcome is it
according to some a good and a good outcome. And there is another word that is used for outcome which is occupa or occupa. And they're off Cuba is generally used for a good outcome. But there is another word which is rehab. So one is real Cuba and Cuba, this is what good outcome, another is called and ruku. But that is what bad outcome.
So when I talk about what is the home refer to
the home of the hereafter. So they will have the good outcome in that home, in that home of the hereafter. And what is that good end? paradise? Because the hero for their two ends. In the home of the hereafter there are two ends either Hellfire or Faraday's they will have a good end.
And what is that good end?
into that first minute I number 3435 with regards to averting evil with good Allah subhanaw taala says, well, Esther will hessen as well as the year
that good and evil are not the same. That is the way they're not equal.
Is our ability here arson, repel evil with one which is better. Why? Because fair either Lily binaca verbania who are our Tonka Anna who will listen honey, then verily he between whom and you there was enmity, that person will become as though he was a close friend to you.
Whereas if somebody is dealing with you ignorantly yelling at you and you start yelling at them, what's gonna happen? The enmity, the hatred, the tension is going to increase. And if you deal with them in a good way, then what's going to happen they're going to come closer to you, the friendship will increase