Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
Ar-Rad 1-17 Word Analysis and Tafsir 1-3
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Bismillah Ar Rahman AR Rahim
lesson number 127. So, lots of art. I am number one 217
sort of of art of art,
which means thunder.
There is a difference of opinion, whether the solar is mucky or maddening
because the topics of the solar, the things that are mentioned, there are generally those things which are mentioned in murky Solas the signs and the creation of Allah.
This is generally a theme in which soulless, murky, soulless. However the eye of the soda, there are long
and murky sources generally the eye are short, but the soda has long diet as well. So, this is why there is a difference of opinion whether the solar is makira Madani, however, the majority they hold the opinion that this is a murky solar, because of its themes because of the topics that it discusses.
There are 43 verses in the solar so it's one of the short solos.
in solitude, a lot of panels are mentioned in it number 105. That work I am in a attend facility will Yama Runa and a a woman her motto
that there are so many signs in the heavens and the earth, which the people pass by, but still they are averse to them, they turn away from them, they don't use their intellect.
So in this solar alasa panels are dimensions many of these is inviting us to reflect, to use our vision to use our intellect and to use our thought.
This Mullah Raman Rahim Alif Lam Meem
Harold MacArthur Katara
DeLuca tokita these are the verses of the book which book the Quran so tilaka tokita. These I add that you're about to read they are the verses of the Quran.
And according to some Al Khattab over here refers to the surah because Al Kitab basically is what got means a German to collect. So Kitab is a collection of words of Ayat of sentences. So these are the verses of the book of the solar, one lady, and that which only the illega which has been revealed to you or profits out of audio silent, Mila Baker from your Lord, it is unhealthy. It is the truth.
That which has been revealed to you from your Lord is the truth, meaning the Quran that has been revealed to you from Allah subhanaw taala is definitely true.
What does it mean by unhealth?
Meaning it is completely true. It is based on truth. It is free of any doubt. And it is truth sent by Allah soprano.
But despite that, what I cannot act on se, but most of the people lie to me, no, they do not believe these I add they are off the surah. And what has been revealed to you from Allah is the truth. But despite that most of the people do not believe in it. Most of the people do not believe in the Quran,
who are most of the people it can be understood as the majority of the people of Mecca. And after them the majority of people in every year. In every era, the majority of the people do not believe in the
just as a loss of data set and sort of use of I 103. That Wilma acto Nessie wallow, how does that mean? that most of the people no matter how much you desire, no matter how much you want, most people do not believe because most people are blind to the truth.
They don't believe in it. Why? Because they don't reflect upon it. They don't try to understand it. This is why Allah subhanaw taala mentioned is is in the surah so that we can use our mind, we can use our intellect, we can understand this truth.
And if the people if they use their mind, if they try to understand the Quran, the prophets are allowed a sudden they would certainly believe they would certainly believe because think about it. The Quran was revealed to a person who never said every supporter who did not desire any authority in that land, who never uttered a lie. People knew him to be someone who was truthful to be someone who was trustworthy.
And when he received Prophethood what was he calling people to, to himself that he is made the king? No, he is calling people to Allah, or the rule in Allah.
And the fact that lives were transformed the fact that people changed the entire Arabian
Until I was changed. And as a result of that, the face of the earth, everything was changed.
What the profits are on all the sudden brought about an entire revolution.
It changed everything. So how is it possible there was the Prophet sallallahu Sallam brought was not the truth, it must be the truth. So in this surah, we're invited to use our mind to reflect so that we can recognize this truth and we can accept it.
We see over here that the majority of the people did not believe. But when they don't believe, does that change the truth at all? It doesn't. So just because the majority of the people are in denial, it does not mean that you should doubt the Quran, you should be confident about it, because you don't consider something to be true. Just because people accept it. majority is not always authority. And then a person does deny the truth, then who is he causing loss to himself. He's not causing any loss to the other, he's only harming himself. For example, if a person refuses to accept that butter is bad for his cholesterol, and he continues to have it. And people try to explain to
him the doctor says you should not have it but he says no, it's not bad for me. If he continues to have it, who is he going to harm himself? is a doctor going to suffer? No. He's only going to make more money. With the patient coming to him again and again. Or the pharmaceutical company is going to suffer not at all they're only going to make more money, who is going to suffer? This man is going to suffer his pocket is going to suffer his health is going to suffer. So when a person rejects the truth, he only harms himself.
Allahu Allah is the one who Allah be the one who will offer a semi YT who raise the skies. Allah has raised the skies be Lamia Ramadan, without pillars, the owner her that you can see.
Ahmed is from the roof letters I mean that and it's the plural of the word re med remand is filler and armored fillers.
And watch is an agreement a pillar is support something on which a structure stands something on which the ceiling of building stands. So Allah subhanaw taala has raised the skies above in height, but he has raised them bill right here I'm I didn't own a house without fillers that you can see this part of the eye has been understood in two ways. First of all, that Allah subhanaw taala has raised the skies
the loss of penalty has raised the smell word
and he has raised them how bill it Ramadan without any pillars. Without any bitters at all.
Can you imagine a building standing without pillars, a building standing without a foundation, something solid, something that carries so much in itself. Something that is carrying a lot of weight in itself is standing without any support.
Like for example, if you wish to put lights up in the ceiling, similarly, you want to put something extremely heavy on the ceiling. Don't you have to have some kind of support for that ceiling? Can you just make it up like that? No, you have to have some support. But the fact that Allah subhanaw taala has created the skies without any pillars there standing without any pillars and in the sky. There are so many stars, so many galaxies, so many clouds the sun the moon, so much water. Isn't that amazing that all of this is up there without any pillars
in sort of hedge I number 65 Allah subhanaw taala says William sequels summer, and duck are the early Ellerbee Isn't he he withholds the heaven from falling onto the earth except by his permission, Allah soprano that is holding the heaven from falling onto the earth.
Secondly, this has been understood as that Allah subhanaw taala has raised the skies,
rough or semi wet. Without such pillars, that Corona had that you can see meaning the fingers are there, but they are invisible to you.
There is something that holds the sky is up and everything within the heavens. However, what holds the skies and everything above? You cannot see it. Now what does this refer to?
It has been discovered that there is a magnetic field that binds all of the celestial bodies together. For example, what prevents the earth from going towards the sun as opposed to going around it? What prevents the moon from coming closer to the earth? What is it? It's this magnetic energy that's there which is binding all of the celestial bodies together. But if you look at it, this energy it is not visible to the naked eye isn't it so we cannot see it.
So Allah subhanaw taala has raised the skies and everything within it.
Believe it or I'm a dental owner.
Because if you look at it, if you throw anything in the earth, immediately it's going to fall to the ground. But it's amazing that the clouds are out there and they don't fall. They don't collapse. The sun is there, it's not pulled towards the earth, the moon is there, it's not pulled towards the Earth. It doesn't fall to the earth, there is something that is holding everything in its place. And this energy is not visible to the human eye. It cannot be seen by us. Why is this being mentioned over here? If you look at it many times, what do people say? That we cannot believe in God? We cannot believe in God, we cannot believe in the angels. Why? We cannot see.
We don't see the angels we do not see God. So how can we believe it's the Hulk, it's the truth, but axon as most people they do not believe.
But when it comes to this energy, people believe in it. Can they see it? No. But they believe in it. That if they can believe this with regards to some energy that is holding all of the celestial bodies in place, then what prevents you from believing in Allah soprano.
Although you cannot see him, isn't this strange? It's strange how people have more you're clean, they have more certainty in science and discovery in theories, which are only theories, many times you cannot factually prove them. But when it comes to believing in God, they're very doubtful, very skeptical, they say we cannot see him we cannot see the angels. So therefore we cannot believe. And if you look at it, so many theories, so many discoveries, they have been proven wrong.
So Allah is the one who has raised the heavens B radiometer and Corona semester, and
then he rose upon the throne.
Meaning when Allah subhanaw taala created the heavens and the earth, when he held the skies and everything within in their place and the earth in its place. After the completion of the creation, Allah subhanaw taala rose above his throne. How in a manner that benefits him.
Why is this being mentioned over here what is being emphasized?
What is being emphasized, is the fact that behind all of this is who almost
everything is in the dominion of who have lots of hands,
because the one who is on the shoe is he the king, the master. So Allah subhanaw taala is the law that he is the king, he is the master of the heavens and the earth, everything is in his dominion, he owns it, he maintains it, he governs it, he controls everything, Nothing happens without his will. Nothing happens without his direction, was so hard, and he has subjected us shumsa The sun will come on and the moon, he has subjected the sun and the moon. He has put them both to their respective tasks. The sun has a task, the moon has a task, and cologne all meaning the sun, the moon and the rest of the celestial bodies. All of them are yejide it flows it proceeds the Agilent masama
for a fixed time,
every celestial body, whether it's the sun, or the moon, or some star, everything, it is yejide it is proceeding, it is going on its course it is in its constant orbit, until when li ajilon masama for a fixed period of time.
And what is that fixed period of time? What is that specified term, the day of judgment,
meaning nothing at all, in the skies is stationary. Everything is constantly moving.
Everything is in its constant orbit, and it goes in its orbit according to the plan of a loss.
And each is heading towards what it's added in Muslim until its specified term. And what does that expire? The Day of Judgment.
Secondly, this has been understood as a dilemma some others fixed term. It refers to the fixed periods in which they complete their certain orbits.
That each celestial body is going around on its orbit, completing its orbit. And once it completes it, it begins again. And once it completes that it begins again, Cornelia de la masama
insalata mbi number 33 we learn wahoo a lady Hanukkah Laila Wanda Hara was shumsa will kamado Kunlun fee Fela Kenya spoon and it is he who has created the night and the day and the sun and the moon. All heavenly bodies in an orbit are swimming, they're proceeding.
You don't build Allah He regulates the matter the matter
What of his entire creation?
Allah subhanaw. taala is the one who regulates the affairs of the entire creation. He arranges all matters in the heavens and the earth, meaning nothing that happens in the heavens of the Earth is haphazard. Without any order. Everything happens according to the plan of Allah.
And UW from the word that we that the law, which is to plan for something, to arrange for something, keeping the end in mind. So you don't believe
you firstly know, as he explains, in detail, the signs, the signs of what his squadra of his ability of His power, His authority? Why is he explaining this to you in detail, law, law calm so that you believe can become to be known, so that you can believe in certainty in the meeting of your Lord? You can believe with conviction, in what in the meeting with Allah soprano data.
If you look at it, the entire creation, especially what has been mentioned over here is an evidence of the existence of its master,
the sun, the moon,
everything in the heavens, the sky above and everything that holds the earth and everything that it holds. Everything is an evidence of the existence of what it's mastered.
And yet the state of the majority of the people is what they do not believe in.
If you look at it, everything that Allah has created is heading towards it, and the earth, the stars, the mountains, everything is heading towards it, and nothing at all in this earth is permanent, nothing at all, in the sky is permanent. Everything is heading towards its demise.
For example, in the earth only
that there are so many mountains. But what happens one earthquake, and the mountains crumble, the entire scene changes.
One wave of water, one tsunami, and the entire scene changes.
Everything is heading towards its end. Yet people do not wonder why. How come? If everything is heading towards its end? Why? What's the reason behind that? With each day that passes we grow older
things they lose their value, things deteriorate. But no one wonders why. What are we heading towards? And what is there after we meet that end?
So Allah subhanaw taala, tell us about all of these signs so that we can develop your theme, conviction in the meeting with Allah soprano, in the hereafter. That just as you see, many buildings come into the ground, many cars and houses being swept away, you see many trees falling to the ground, you realize that eventually a time will come when you do will be gone. When you see the sun setting, when you see the day departing and the night coming in, what should that teach you that eventually a time will come when your life will also come to an end. This is a main lesson that we learn from the creation that is around us. Seasons come and they go years come and they go months
come and go people come and go, circumstances come and they change. What does that teach us? Everything has an end, including us.
Law law kundalika era become to be known so that you can believe in conviction with the meeting of your Lord.
Everything we have becomes outdated becomes old people's houses, people's belongings, their certifications, their degrees, everything eventually perishes.
This recently I was looking at some of the pictures of the tsunami and the earthquake and there was a photo album of a family that was found in the debris in all the rubble.
Now just imagine a photo album people keep with so much love and they keep looking at it again and again. So many memories that has but all of them are gone now. They're finished swept away.
completely gone. What does that teach us?
That no matter how much we try to keep eventually we're going to go
Whoa, whoa I love He and he is the one who met the elbow he has spread the earth. Mother from the reference mean that that which is to stretch something lengthwise, and when something is stretched lengthwise, it becomes longer, it becomes more spacious.
So model Alba he has stretched out he has extended he has spread out he has laid out the earth in the previous ayah what was mentioned the sky. Now in this style, what is mentioned the earth
In the previous Iowa's mentioned the sky and what it contains in this ayah the earth and what it contains. So Allah has stretched out the earth, vast before and all around us.
And if you look at it the word mud has been used because you keep going on the earth and you never see an end it seems so long. Every road seems so long. It's long it stretched out
the heaven The sky has been made as a roof and the earth has been spread out its vast spacious, in its length and its width so that it's livable it's easy for human beings to live upon it was ajar Allah and he has made fee her in it are Alessia firmly anchored mountains.
rahasya is the plural of rasiya from the real veterans last seen well received. And also is to fix something.
What does it mean to fix something, or sachet is when something is firm, it is fixed. And it is also balanced.
It is also well balanced. Because for example, if you put a nail in the wall, and if you don't hammer it in deep enough, then what's going to happen, you hang a picture on it and it's going to fall, it's not firmly fixed. And as a result of that it's not well balanced. When something is firmly fixed when it's deeply rooted, then no matter how much you try to shake it, it's not going to come out.
Now from this the word of Alessi is used for mountains.
But why is this word used because mountains there are firmly fixed if you try to push them out. And when you do that, you can't push it even an inch, even a centimeter you cannot do that. It's firmly fixed. It's firmly anchored.
And they're deeply rooted as well. very deeply rooted.
And at the same time, they're also very huge, very tall.
So Alessi is used for mountains that are very deep, firmly fixed, and they're also huge towering mountains
100 on an altar rivers. Now why is the loss of Paradise replaced mountains on the earth
and Demeter become so that it does not sway with you? In order to stabilize the earth?
And the word Hawaii I see the floor What does that indicate? mountain ranges are a mountain here and a Lone Mountain there. No, he has placed mountain ranges so that the earth remains firm.
Well, I'm Helen and rivers and how does a Florida know and this could apply to rivers it can apply to springs, any water that flows in a passage.
So he has also placed rivers in the earth. Why?
Why? So that people can find water everywhere. Imagine if water was only concentrated in oceans and in lakes, how difficult it would be to get water. But the fact that there are rivers and there are springs, it's easier to irrigate land like that, no matter how far you are from a lake
woman Khalifa Murat and from every fruit as someone it is a Florida tomato. And remember thermal is not just fruit, but it is produce the product of a process its produce. So, whether it's in the form of fruit or it is in the form of vegetables or grains
and he has made from every fruit jala He has made fee her in it though Jane two bears his name too.
He has placed or he has made of every kind of fruit, two kinds. every species has two types of Samara two types of produce. Now, what is the mean by this, he has made two types two zones zone genius. Now,
this has been understood in several ways that first of all, every type of producer is in pairs, that one is male and the other is female.
If you look at it, in certain plants, flowers trees, there has to be cross pollination between the male and the female.
Secondly, in the fruit itself, it has been understood that one type of fruit is very sweet and the other is sour or bitter. Right. Like for example apples, one you find very sweet and the others you find very bitter, very sour.
Similarly, though Jane the two pairs that also applies to one is very nourishing, and the other is not that nourishing. In fact, it could be harmful. For example, berries, if you just take the family of berries, some berries, they have antioxidants in them and some berries they are poisonous. Though Janie's name they look like but they're coming
pletely different in their effect. And then this has also been understood as that each type of produce has at least two different kinds, minimum, two different kinds.
anything, any herb, any fruit, any vegetable, any leaf that you pick up, there will always be another variety of another kind of it that exists.
Like for example, potatoes.
Do you get only red potatoes? No, there's so many different types, so many different colors, carrots,
lettuce, apples, citrus fruits, lemons, limes, so many different types. woman called Lisa Malati Jalla Fie has Lj in his name.
And why is it that Allah subhanaw taala has kept this variety so that we do not become bored. Because unfortunately, people have this problem, that when they have one thing for too long, they get bored of it, they want some variety. And also, there's a great wisdom behind this, that if one thing does not suit a person, there's always an alternative.
If one thing does not suit you there's always an alternative. For example, if dairy does not to the person, there's always some alternative to it. Like for example, you can find rice milk and soy milk and a lot more than what kind of milk so if one does not sue the person, there's so much variety that Allah subhanaw taala has kept
Yoshi Leyland the Hara, he wraps the night. onto the day, you'll see from Elaine Shinya. So he wraps the night, Elaine, onto what an hour of the day,
not the expression over here. It indicates that the night and the day, both of them they gradually overlap the other
the night gradually overlaps the day, and the day gradually overlaps the night.
Because if you notice you'll she'll lay let an hour both are objects. So this means that the night is made to cover over the day, and the day is made to overcome the night as well. So it happens both ways. And notice that it happens gradually you'll sheet and this is also a sign of a loss of penalties power.
There are lots of panel data does not just have power over space, the skies above the silhouette that we learned earlier in the previous ayah
or matter. He does not just have control over space and matter. But he also has control over time. Because if you look at it, there are three things that exist right? Space matter and time and allows parameter has control over all of them.
He has created them. He is the one who has authority over them and he is the one who is functioning all of this because it's the world and he is the one who has authority over all of this insult Zuma is number five we learn you can will Layla Elena Hall when you will know her late he makes the night cover the day and he makes the day cover the night wrap over one another Yoshi Leyland mahalo
now there is a question in the previous ayah what was mentioned the sky and everything that it has, in this I what is mentioned the earth and what it has.
But the night and the day have been mentioned with what the earth and not the sky? What does it show to us that the night and the day? How do they come about with the rotation of the year
not the coming of the sun in the going of the sun. But it happens with what rotation of the earth you should lay on the hill.
Because the sun and the moon have not been mentioned the night and the day have been mentioned.
And the fact that he makes each one cover over the other that reflects the rotation of the earth.
In the field alika indeed, in that light I attend surely science for who? The comida karoon for people who reflect signs of what of his oneness signs of his power.
There are so many signs in this for those people who reflect
that have lost power panatela has not created all of this in vain. Allah has created all of this so that we benefit and also that through all of this we recognize him and if a person uses his intellect he reflects then he would surely come to the conclusion that Allah is the one who made all of this and he is the one who is functioning all of this