Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
Hud 1-24 Word Analysis and Tafsir 1-4
I was a bit of a genius but I have recommended for him. So number 117 solitude is number one to 24
hood is the name of a prophet of Allah soprano Tada.
And he is mentioned in disorder,
which is why the Solo is named hood.
Just as sort of Yunus is called solitariness why, because of the mention of the people of UNICEF.
cemetery solitude is called who because of the mention of the prophet who are the center.
This surah was revealed in the latter part of the Macan era. So this is also a Maki surah. And it was revealed before the migration of the Prophet sallallahu sallam.
And if you remember, the end of the meccan period, was a time of great opposition, extreme opposition and the Prophet sallallahu Sallam underwent many difficulties during that time.
So in this surah, there is a lot of motivation for the Prophet sallallahu Sallam just as we learned in sort of units as well.
And if you look at it, so that overcomes in which we are motivated that we have to do the work of the the obligation is laid upon us. And then the sutras What do they mention a lot of motivation, a lot of encouragement that how we're supposed to do it.
And the second group of surahs group of surah of the Quran, it begins with Sora Tunis remember the first group of soldiers was up until October, that we were the long soldiers. And now this group of soldiers which begins from solid units, it will go up to solar to new
and all of these solar, they are murky souls, which ones are they?
So, Yunus hood use of alaric Ibrahim and hedges, a natural and Islamic Alka Maria's father, an MBA, hedge and movement on all of this was our marquee. And after that there's a group of muddiness was beginning from soda to new, this whole sort of food, it contains 123 verses.
As I mentioned to you, that sort of thought was revealed at a time when the persecution against the Muslims became very intense in Mecca, which was in the end of the meccan period. And in this sort of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam is consoled, he is reassured, and instruction has been given as to how the Muslims should be in difficult times.
It has been recorded in a Timothy that once a robot called learn who he saw the Prophet sallallahu sallam, and he said to him that oh messenger of Allah, your hair has turned gray.
He saw the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and he noticed that his hair had turned gray. So book a little did I know he became sad, because remember, abubaker was his childhood friend. He was one of the first people to become Muslim.
And when he saw his friend, that His hair was turning gray, it hit him. So he asked him that your hair has turned gray. And the prophets Allah said and replied, that che Yeah, but the hood was a Hawa to her, that Surah Hood, and it sisters meaning other similar sort of like solitude, they have turned my hair green,
they have turned my hair green.
What does it mean by that?
What does it mean by that? That the message that has been given in disorder is so intense,
it is so challenging, that it has stressed me out to the extent that my hair has gone great.
Remember, the time was extremely difficult, there was a lot of opposition. And the Prophet said a lot of sudden was told at the same time that he has to convey with full force.
Just imagine that the more difficult your situation is, the more hard you have to work.
And this was so difficult upon the Prophet sallallahu Sallam that he said Shay, you bet he would walk out to the to the hood and it sisters. They have made my hair gray.
Okay, let's go over the lesson.
This millennial man over Rahim, and if flam or
Katara kita, Boone, archimate ayah. To who this is a book whose verses are perfected, some of us will add and then present it in detail. And they are from who? Milan Hakeem and Hobie from one who is wise, and who is also acquainted.
This all begins with Nakata
As I mentioned to you earlier, that these rules they demonstrate the miraculous nature of the Quran.
This holds out or This presents a challenge to the mankind, you use these letters every single day. But can you produce something like the Quran? You cannot
Alif lamb RA, which is why NF lamb ra or such a movement Katara they're always followed by an ayah that exalts the status of the Quran.
Over here, Allah subhanaw taala says keytab meaning this is a keytab this Quran is a book, what kind of a book is it? What are its characteristics? First of all, or came at it to its verses have been perfected,
or came up is from the roof letters have gaff mean?
Had gaff mean, and the word argument is from the word.
And if gum is to perfect something, what does it mean to perfect something to make something firm and strong,
to make something firm and strong and perfect to make something firm in such a way that there remains no gap or no deficiency in it at all.
Like for example, a structure is being put a wall is being made. Now between the bricks, there is no gap. There is no gap at all. Because if there is a gap in the bricks, what's going to happen, that structure is not going to be solid enough. It's not going to be firm. It's not going to be strong. Similarly, in the wall, no bricks are missing. Because if any of the bricks are missing, then again, that wall is not going to be strong, it's not going to be firm.
So if can is to perfect something to make something so strong and so firm, that there are no gaps in it, there are no deficiencies in it, there is nothing lacking in it, it is completely perfect. This is what it is. It is completely perfect. Nothing lacks in it. So Allah subhanaw taala says that the aim of this book, the verses of this book, they have been perfected. What does it mean by this that they have been perfected?
This has been understood in several ways. First of all, that the verses off the book, they have been made more
so or Kamath, or Kima, meaning they have been made more
meaning the ayat of this book, they are not abrogated by any other scripture.
The previous scriptures, their verses were abrogated by what by the Quran by the scripture that came afterwards. However, this hold on is a final book.
It's the final message from the Lord of the worlds and there is no other scripture that is going to come after it. abrogating this book or came at it who meaning the I have been made Makkah.
Secondly, it has been said that argument is to who means that the author of this book have been consolidated, they have been consolidated, they have been put together
with regards to their wordings, as well as their meanings.
That the I out of the book, they are coherent, they are consistent. They are rich in their meaning. They are precise in their words, they convey the message with full force, there is no detail that is missing. There is no deficiency in its eloquence, or schemata to so it's consolidated with regards to its wordings. In other words, it is rich in its eloquence. The arrangement of words is beautiful, it is marvelous, the sentence structures are amazing. And the eloquence is also profound of this book of the Scripture
or Kamath if
there's nothing lacking in it.
This recently somebody was mentioning to me that there are four virtues of writing, writing Well, if you want to write a good piece, then there are four virtues that you must adopt. That first of all, there has to be economy. What does that mean that it must be brief, must be short and to the point. If, for example, an article is way too long, and it's 50 pages, are you going to bother to read it? know, many of you, you just scroll down quickly, too long. Forget about it. I can't read it, delete, move on. So it has to be economical, meaning it has to be short, so that the reader has interest in reading it. And when he reads it, it doesn't feel like a waste of time that I read for so long. And
I hardly understood anything about it.
Secondly, directness that the
message has to be direct.
Don't say, you know, in figurative expressions, or indirectly, but directly say what you have to say be truthful, be to the point. And thirdly, have detail. Because if you don't have details on what's going to happen, it's going to be boring. And fourthly, there has to be some voice in it.
It has to convey the message. There has to be some voice in that piece of writing.
The Quran is the book of
Allah soprano, tada, it's the grammar of Allah. And if you look at it, it is brief. It's one book, it's only 114 chapters. Amongst those chapters are some chapters, which are only three lines, three sentences, that's it, not longer than that
the message is economical. Secondly, it is very direct, very direct,
it has been told to us very directly as to what the right thing to do is and what the wrong thing to do is.
Similarly, there is a lot of detail in detail of gentleman detail or Hellfire detail of the one who is successful detail of the one who is a loser. And similarly, there's a lot of voice in the Quran.
So Allah subhanaw taala says that this is a keytab from Allah, and it's I add they are,
they are perfect in their meaning in their wording, there is nothing lacking in this book, no detail, no evidence, no voice, no meaning, nothing that is lacking in this book, or document if
some of us say that, and then it is also detailed, some gives meaning of then and it also gives the meaning of Moreover, on top of that, that this book is for sale at the end of this book are detailed.
The word for that is from the roof address facade, lamp facade, which literally means to separate. What does it mean to separate
and the seal is to elaborate detail to explain something.
So this book, it's not just that it's words, and sentences are very good, very eloquent. But on top of that, this book is also very meaningful.
Each and every sentence each and every idea, it conveys an ocean of meaning.
You see, the beauty of a good color of a good speech is not just in its right choice of words in its eloquence, but rather it is in its clarity. It is in the meaning that it conveys.
So this Koran is not just an eloquent piece, which you read, which you listen to, and you were very impressed by the words you're very impressed by the color No, at the same time, it gives a lot of detail. It gives a lot of detail.
So what does it mean by for Selena?
Firstly, it has been understood in two ways.
First of all, that it is elaborated, it is detailed.
So in this book, The I add detail they explain what is halal, and what is haram.
what is right and what is wrong. It explains what will bring reward and what will bring punishment. What is the promise of Allah and what is a threat from Allah.
Everything that people need to know for their right guidance. This book has the detail of that in it
the eye out of this book. Moreover, they're ultra detailed.
Secondly, facilite has been understood as separated, meaning the eye out of this book are separated. In other words, they are distinct.
Each eye is distinct from the other if
each sentence is distinct from the other sentence. If you open up the Quran,
there is the beginning of the ayah and there is the ending of the eye. You know where an ayah begins from and where the eye ends.
Each eye is distinct.
And how is it distinct with regards to its beginning and ending? And also with regards to its revelation? The Quran was not revealed all at once in its entirety.
How was it revealed? fart by fart.
Fart by far. So some of us say that first of all means that it is detailed
Secondly, that it is distinct,
the eye out of this book are distinct. And why is it so perfect? How can this go on is so eloquent and at the same time it is so detailed, because it is from the one who is Herky, the one who is most wise, in his words in his canal in his commands in what he makes. And he's also Habib, who is hobby.
One who is fully acquainted with the reality of something.
So alive his hobby, he is fully aware, he is fully acquainted with the reality of people.
He knows about their affairs, he knows about their states, he knows about their law hit and they're battling.
He knows about their past about their present about their future, about their end, about their weaknesses,
about their habits.
So because it is from him, this is why this book contains the most perfect guidance and instruction for the human beings.
So in this ayah, the Quran is being introduced to us
that this book is comprehensive when it comes to its words, and it conveys meaning in the fewest words.
It conveys meaning in the fewest of words, the words are not at random, rather, they are precise, and to the point. And this is a miracle of the Quran. How because this Quran is from who, from Allah soprano.
And because of this reason, there can be found no deficiencies, no errors in the Quran at all, because it's ayat argument.
So you cannot find any deficiency you cannot find any errors in the Quran, either in its words, or in its meanings.
And at the same time, in brevity and eloquence, its meanings have not been compromised at all.
So if you look at it, this court on its I add our documents, because this is from who Hakeem
and it's I add our facilite why, because it is from who hobbies
you understand, it is looking at why because it is from hockey. It is mostly that how because it is from Hobby,
because this column is from him. Therefore, this column contains the most perfect guidance and instruction for people.
And what is the message? What is the main theme of this book? What does it convey? That aletta will do that you do not worship in the law except Allah. The main message of this book is that you do not worship except Allah meaning only worship Allah.
Allah darboux has also been understood as that the I have been document and then for say that why so that you do not worship any but Allah,
the I have this book have been perfected, and they have been detailed. So people can understand this message very clearly.
Very clearly they can understand this message.
Remember, one of those points was of virtues of writing are what one is directness, that you have to be very direct. So throughout this on this message is directly conveyed that letter will do a llama, do not worship anyone but Allah, and who does you all refer to all of mankind?
And in many local indeed I am Do you desire refer to the prophets or the lowness
that I am? Do you mean who from him meaning from Allah, the One who sent this book, I am from him in the one who gives warning whether she'd and also one who gives good news off reward.
Allah subhanaw taala has created us for his worship.
This is why He created us woman, Dr. Gina will insert Illa Leah boo so that they worship Allah
and for this reason, he has sent guidance to the human beings, he has sent the scripture He has sent the book, which is made clear and is ultra detailed.
And he has sent the scripture through through his messenger to remind us of the purpose of our lives.
And all of the messengers they brought the same message that all people do not worship but Allah.
We learn in total MBA i a 25. That warmer all the sudden them in publica Mira Solon, LA, new de la and know who La Ilaha Illa Anna ferragudo
We did not send any messenger before you. But we revealed to him saying that there is no god but I, therefore worship only me.
So all of the messengers delivered the same message.
Now the question is, what does it mean by worshiping Allah alone? What does it mean by that, worshipping Allah alone? What's the meaning of that?
That when a person prays, he prays only to a must.
When he asks for help, he asks help from rule of law, economics, Buddha, yakka, necessary.
Not having any intermediary, any middle person in the middle, between a person and Allah, rather a person directly worships Allah, every good deed that he does, he does it for whose sake, Allah, he does it for whose pleasure to get the pleasure of Allah. So worshiping Allah alone means that a person is obedient to Him, that a person acknowledges him alone as his Lord, that he hopes from him and he fears him. And he turns to him, and he remembers him
a letter boo in the law, and this is the message that is unconvinced to us.
Well, and is still filled up,
and that you seek forgiveness from your Lord. One is connected with Allah.
That the message of this book is also that you seek forgiveness from your Lord, or this book has been made clear has been made detailed, has been perfected. Why? So that you can seek forgiveness from your Lord.
Install Fedora back home, you seek forgiveness from your Lord. Some then doable lie, you all repent to him. First of all, seek forgiveness. And the second step is do Toba as well.
Now, what does it mean by seeking forgiveness and doing Toba? What's the difference between the two
is the foul is to see a less pardon for the crimes for the sins that a person has committed.
When in the past,
you understand is still fall is to seek mouthfeel. What is mofetil? forgiveness? For what? For a sin for a mistake that a person has committed when in the past? Obviously, what you might commit in the future you don't know if you will, or you won't, and what you haven't done, you're not blameworthy for it. You're only blameworthy. You're only guilty for what you have already done. So far is to seek forgiveness for previous sins.
And doba is to repent from what from the sins that a person is currently performing is currently involved in.
Because remember Toba is to stop the sin and then turn back. Right? So it's the field of bucko from the sins that you've committed before and to LA meaning stopped around that you're doing now and go back.
Turn back to him. Come back to him, direct yourself to Him. And if you do this, that you seek forgiveness for your sins, and you change your ways, you methodical what's the benefit that he will let you enjoy where in the dunya Matan a temporary enjoyment hasn't that is good. Meaning he will allow you to live and enjoy in this worldly life. Until when forever, no illa ajilon masama until a fixed time,
if you seek forgiveness, if you do Toba
then Allah will let you live upon this earth and he will let you enjoy the pleasures of this world until a fixed time. What is that fixed time, the time of your death? Whereas if a person continues in his sense, then what is he inviting the punishment of Allah to descend upon him?
Remember, we learned earlier that there are certain good deeds which if a person performs, he gets the reward for them even in the dunya it is a sin. Right? And what are they slipped over him for example, joining relationships
and we also learned that there are some sense which if a person commits what happens, the punishment comes to him even in this dunya so what does Allah say that if you seek forgiveness, if you do Toba, he will allow you to live he will let you enjoy this worldly life until when until the time of your deaths
and also what you do and He will give meaning Allah will give us
Let each v funnelin, possessor of Follow, follow who his father,
meaning, he will give to each person who does good, good reward where in the hereafter.
So the benefits of seeking forgiveness have been mentioned in this ayah that first of all, a person can live in dystonia.
And secondly, he will be given reward were in the hereafter as well, where you could learn the following formula.
Now, what does it mean by the Father, the possessor of fun, what does family mean by the way, it is that which is extra surplus. So, the father is the person who does extra,
the person who does more good, the person who does more than what is required, more than what has been made mandatory upon him. Rather, he performs as soon as well, the novel as well.
The the voluntary good deeds as well. So the one who does extra good for him, his father, who, what his father who refer to the father of Allah, for him is extra reward for move from a loss of penalty, like we learned earlier and sort of use that little Medina Arsenal, Elsner was the other. For those people who have done air sign, what will they get her snack and they will also get more
the same message has been given over here that a person who does more, what will he get more reward from Allah.
And what does the more reward referred to in addition to the reward that is given in this world,
what is the reward that is given in this world,
that you material Metatron has an illegitimate summer, but in addition to that, Allah will also give to the person reward where in the hereafter in the form of gender in the form of forgiveness
in the form of the one z add extra reward.
And also follow has been understood as more opportunity to do good in this world.
That when a person seeks forgiveness, and he repents, then what happens Allah subhanaw taala gives him fuddle he gives him more opportunities to do good,
where you can let the fuddling follow. Whereas if a person continues in his sense, then what happens? He's closing the doors of goodness, he is closing the doors of tofik
where you call the default linfoot laahu we're into a low, but if you turn away for any ahafo aleikum, then indeed I fear upon you are thereby Yeoman can be the punishment of a great day.
So we see that in this ayah is both Bashara as well as in the in the previous video, we learned that the prophet SAW a lot of them was sent as a bedsheet and an idiot.
And in this ayah, there is good news. And there is also a warning
that if you seek forgiveness, then what's going to happen, you will get this and this reward. But if you turn away, then I fear for you the punishment of a great day.
We see that the benefits of seeking forgiveness have been mentioned in this ayah. The reality is that seek forgiveness, repenting from sins means that a person is admitting his mistakes, which is a very big deal.
It's a very difficult thing to do. What admitting your mistakes, realizing that what you're doing is wrong. And because it is such a difficult thing to do, when a person does that, there is great reward for him. Not just in this world, but also in the hereafter.
In this world, what are the benefits that Allah subhanaw taala says you material Metatron has said he will allow you to live he will let you live a good life. Many times what happens people are afraid that if we turn towards the dean life will become difficult. The fact is that life is difficult anyway. People who are Indian and people who are not indeed isn't people who are religious, they suffer from problems and people who are not religious, it's not that their lives are perfect, even they suffer from many problems.
But the fact is that when a person turns to Allah, then bearing those difficulties going through those problems become easier. It becomes easier for a person because he hopes for reward.
Allah subhanaw taala tells us instead of the ayah 97, that Manami lasallian whoever does righteous deeds mean zacher in our own PSA, whether male or female, will mean on while he is a believer, then what's going to happen find a nuclear no higher than before.
Then we will give him a good life.
We will let him live a good life. Hi, Atlanta Eva, this is the benefit of turning to Allah.
That it's not just that life will be free of problems, but rather a person will be able to live with these. Live with tranquility, live with contentment, live with satisfaction, this is the benefit of turning to a loss of anger.
But if a person turns away, then in fact, he is only harming himself.
In a law he Magiera come to Allah is your return. And by saying Allah He, it gives the meaning of only to Allah, you're only going back to him.
Eventually, after your life, who are you going back to? To Allah subhanaw taala
whether you obey or you disobey, whether you believe or you disbelieve, whether you do good, or you do bad, in either case, your return is to a loss.
So think about it. What are you taking with yourself to Him? Is it some funnel that you're taking?
Because the previous I What do we learn? That way you Nicola de poplin follow, if we're not doing good if we're not doing extra good? And what are we taking back with us?
hours in which we have wasted our time. Remember that example that I mentioned to you once before as well, that this life is every day as if we're given 24 boxes for each and every hour? Think about it, what are we packing in those boxes? Because eventually we have to go back to them and then those boxes will be opened up in alaimo, dercum. Whoo. And he is our Konishi encoded upon everything. He is capable, everything in his hands. Therefore, what should our focus be in this life? that we have to amend our relationship with him first and foremost,
that we must strive to please him first. We must strive to earn his pleasure to make him happy with us.