Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
Al-Araf 8-154 Word-Analysis and Tafseer 141-142
© No part of this transcript may be copied or referenced or transmitted in any way whatsoever. Transcripts are auto-generated and thus will be be inaccurate. We are working on a system to allow volunteers to edit transcripts in a controlled system.
What is the Gina come in alafair own. And remember, recall this favor, meaning Albany is trying to recall this favor of Allah upon you a loss of power. And I said to them that in nj NACA Min alafair own, when we saved you from the people of your own, you assume Oh, no concern or that when they were afflicting you with an evil tournament with a severe form of punishment? And what was that you're gonna have an outcome, they were killing your children, whereas they're human. And they said, and they were keeping alive, your women would be there they come. And in that for you all, there was Valera, on a trial middle of becoming a lien from your great Lord.
in what was a great trial for you? What does that even refer to
do things if you remember that the Sierra have a very similar idea from sort of Bukhara. One is in the torment that you suffered at the hands of the people of Iran? And what was at that they were killing your children, and keeping your women alive?
So that was a great test from who from your great Lord. Secondly, but that the great tests are the test the trial, what does it refer to the injured, meaning you're being saved? You're being delivered from this persecution? This was also a test, a test a what? A test what? To see how grateful you're going to be.
And this was a very difficult test, that a person has given such a huge favor, and then he is being observed. Is he grateful? Or is he ungrateful?
And the money is right you? What did they do after they were saved?
they asked for an idol. They asked for an idol.
What do we learn from the sire?
First of all, we learned that the difficulties and trials that fall upon the believer, what are they? They are a banette. They're not or that
the difficulties and trials that a believer goes through what are they a Burnett? That Allah subhanaw taala is testing his patience? He's testing his debacle.
Allah subhanaw taala is observing how the slave responds, does he make dua to Allah? Does he give up hope of Allah? Or does he become more hopeful?
Does he do tawakkol? Does he do is still foul? Is he grateful for whatever little that he does have left? Or does he give a complete hope? Allah subhanaw taala tests the believer through difficulties.
Many times we see that if a person who is a believer if he's going through a difficult situation, what do we say? See he's being punished. We are no one to give this judgment.
Because the last parameter that says over here would be delicate balance in that for you was it was a trial It was not an either
forfeit or own and his people, for them there was other
but for the money is like you it was a banner?
And why does Allah subhanaw taala put it believing nation into difficulty into great trials? Because if you look at it, a person might say, What crime did the Bani Israel commit that they had to go through such a severe persecution that their sons were being killed and their women were being kept alive?
What did they do?
Why does the loss of penalty they put a believer in such difficult situations? Why? Because you might see that there is a person who is a believer, but they're going through something that cannot be imagined even
unimaginable. They have not committed a crime, but still they're going through such a difficult situation. Why? How is that fair? We wonder sometimes. What's the reason? First of all, a lot of panels are the shakes the believer.
Allah subhanaw taala shakes the believer that Who are you following? What are you doing? What state are you in? Because sometimes when everything is okay, we become very heedless. We don't pay attention to the kind of action that we're doing.
We don't look at the quality of our Salah.
We don't look at the quality very bad. When all of a sudden when disaster strikes. What happens? We begin to question ourselves, we begin to observe ourselves. How am I praying? Did I give that to the foreigner? Did I give that happen? Or did I fulfill that obligation or not? Immediately you begin to think about your actions. This is why Allah subhanaw taala puts the believer into a difficult situation to shake him
to make him realize about his actions.
Secondly, Allah subhanaw taala puts the believer to tests how Why? To see as to who will remain firm upon the deen even in a difficult situation.
test our perseverance.
So we see that the bunny Israel were put into a difficult situation and we as a Muslim woman, are also put into many different difficult situations. Why?
Because Allah subhanaw taala is shaking us. He wants us to wake up. You may wonder sometimes are there Muslims in their lands? One earthquake after the other? One natural disaster after the other? What crime are they committing?
They may be committing many crimes possible. But at the end of the day, you wonder if they're still Muslims. Why then, because a lot of penalties shaking us He wants us to realize the kind of actions that we are performing.
And also to test the believers that who will remain firm and who will become weak.
We listen to the recitation of these if and then we'll continue.
What Joe was gonna be Bernie is
Elena. walk all
is trying to cross to see what did they ask for an idol? Why? Because they were people who were ignorant.
Why were they ignorant? Weren't they Muslim? Of course they were. Then how come they were ignorant of the fact that they must not worship idols?
We learn that when Musa Salam was in Egypt, in that place, what was his main focus? to convey the message of the hate to to the people of Iran?
And at the same time, the money is right, you were being taught to do something, to seek help from who? from Allah subhanaw taala, only
very similar to the situation of Muslims in Makkah. That in Makkah, what was emphasized rakija the main belief that you worship Allah, you seek help from Allah, you cannot defend yourself right now.
Similarly, the commands the laws, they were not given in Makkah.
And when the Muslims migrated to Medina, then the laws were given,
So similarly, in Egypt, the Bani Israel were not doc laws. What were they taught,
though hate Sabbath patients, seeking help from Allah soprano, Tada.
And later on, they were given the law.
And when were they given the law when Messiah Salaam went to Mount to he was called over there. And over there last panel, God gave him the Scripture. What do we learn from this? That if the Muslims are living in a time or place where they're living under the non Muslim rule where they are unable to practice our commands, to practice the deen freely, then in that situation, it will be against wisdom to talk about laws and establishing the Muslim state etc, etc.
It would be against the wisdom Why? Because the Muslims they cannot do anything about it. Why teach someone about something which they cannot do?
What should be emphasized instead? What should we emphasize on? good character? What should we emphasize on relationship with a loss of panatela belief in the hereafter?
And this is exactly what the prophets had and this is exactly how Allah subhanaw taala isn't working as well.
So lots of pilots are called musallam on Mt.
so that he could give him with Allah.
Well, where are they now? Moosa, Filipina Layla. And we made an appointment with Masada salon for 30 nights. What ultimum now have your shooting, and we perfected them by the addition of 10 where are the newsletter as well?
And where are the is used for an agreement,
a both sided promise. So mozzarella salon was called at the mountains for how long 30 nights. And initially it was supposed to be 30 nights only. And at the end of 30 nights husana would be given to
Allah subhanaw taala would then speak to him. And during these 30 days and nights musala Santa was fasting. He got fasts,
and he worshiped a loss of penalty.
And upon the completion of 14 nights, then he was given the donor.
What Atma Maha, and we completed that term. We are shooting with 10 more meaning with the addition of 10 more nights for Tama. So it was completed what was completed mid quarter of the meeting with his Lord do how much are verena later 14 nights. So he worship Allah subhanaw taala for a total of 14 nights. He kept fasts. Similarly, he pondered and reflected upon the creation. And then finally he was given the Torah.
Well, kala moosari as he and mozzarella Salaam said to his brother, meaning before he left for a month or two, before he left for these 30 nights for these 14 nights, he said to his brother, heroin, or his son, who was Haruna Hassan, a prophet as well, and he was older than musar listener.
But remember that Musa Salam had a degree above her own Ursula.
Although Haruna restaurant was older, Masada slim had a degree above him. So musasa was leaving, he told her owner excellent Oh, no need to call me be my halifa be my deputy in my people. Meaning while I'm away, you are the leader, you are going to take my place. What has helped me to come after the other to take his position after he's gone?
So while I'm away, you are going to be in my position. And what are you supposed to do what you're supposed to do is law reform, rectify their affairs and conduct be righteous? The good, what are the Tiberius Abidal? muscadine? And do not follow the way of those who spread mischief?
What do we learn from this ayah First of all, we learned from this ayah about the importance of spending dedicated and uninterrupted time by who, by the student of knowledge to gain knowledge.
Massara salon was supposed to go for 30 nights. And it was completed up to how much 40. And this time, he was supposed to stay over there. Just imagine dedicated, uninterrupted time,
because only when the student of knowledge dedicated Lee studies, then he received something.
After 40 days, Musab Islam was given the total. You see, after he spent 40 nights then he was given the total. What do we want? We want to spend one hour, one minute, and we want to gain everything. It doesn't happen like that. You have to spend time.
And this time has to be uninterrupted, completely focused. And you have to be dedicated, and then you'll be able to get something then you'll be able to go home with something.
But if you don't dedicate your time, if you don't dedicate yourself, you won't be able to receive anything.
It is said our failure Elma calaca. Give knowledge all of yourself. Everything that you have all of your abilities, your mind, your talent, your time, give knowledge all of yourself, the whole Bible, and you'll be able to take some of it. You'll be able to take some of it. What do we want? We want to give some of ourselves and we want to learn everything.
But it works the other way. You have to give everything of yourself your free time. Perhaps your naptime.
Perhaps your time with your friends and your family, perhaps your time at the mall, perhaps or time for yourself. And only then you'll be able to learn something. Because if you don't give that time, you will not be able to learn. For us in order to take something, focus is extremely important.
And remember, there are two levels of learning. One is that a person is learning. He's gaining knowledge just for himself. That Yes, I just want to know a little bit so that I know what I'm supposed to do what I'm not supposed to do. That's it. But another level of knowledge is that a person wants to become an expert at what he's learning. He wants to be good at what he has learned.
He doesn't want to have a superficial knowledge, but he wants to know the depth. Why is it like that? And how come it's like this? What's the relationship? What's the connection? What are the differences, and a person who wants to convey that knowledge to others as well.
If you want to learn at this level, then you have to dedicate your time and energy and your focus, and your life. And your years, I'm not talking about a year and a half year and a half is not enough at all. It's just the beginning. It's just the tip of the iceberg. You have to give much more than that. Similarly, it's not just a few hours of the day, that you come in the morning, you go home, and that's it finished No.
Or at home, you spend only an hour doing your lesson. That's not enough. If you want to gain more than you have to give much more
musalla Cinema ticket 14 nights uninterrupted. And you were supposed to stay there. And remember, he was fasting, he was not busy enjoying one meal after the other? No, he was fasting, only then he was able to receive the Torah.
We don't want to do anything. And we want to learn everything.
Secondly, we also learn from this ayah about the importance of coming at the scheduled time.
Because if you look at it, where either we made that appointment with Messiah listener, that you have to come, and you have to spend this much time and you have to complete the term. What do we do? We show up late, we leave early. Some days we don't come at all? If we do this, then how do we expect to learn how
many times I see people who are leaving early after class, perhaps after break after group. And when I asked them why I have to leave because of such and such reason. There's a doctor's appointment, I have to go somewhere my right is leaving.
Why can we not become serious about learning?
If we don't give dedicated time if we don't complete the term, then how do we expect to gain everything out of it.
And as if we think that this is not important, improving your Quran recitation is not important. It's only the translation that matters. It's only the assignment that matters. or learning about the Hata is not important learning about the Arabic grammar is not important. If we think like that, then perhaps our goal is really not that high.
And if our goal is not high, then what are we going to achieve a minimum, perhaps even less than that. So we have to make sure that if we're learning we have to complete the term, we have to complete the term. This is a sunnah of Prophet musasa.
He spent 40 nights over there, he didn't leave before that.
And it's possible if you are asked to come for some time, but the time is increased by maybe five minutes, maybe 10 minutes, maybe 15 minutes, maybe 20 minutes. But perhaps that is necessary at that time.
musasa was told 30 nights when he came, a lot of parents told him not 3040. So it's up to the teacher. If they want to increase the time, they have the right to do so. The student is not allowed to leave early.
Because the teacher knows how much they want to give. And the student if he has come to learn that he must trust upon the teacher, he must do that.
If you don't want to learn, go ahead, leave. But if you have come to learn, then trust upon the teacher and leave the matter to them.
We also learn from this ayah about the importance of engaging oneself in revival in worship in order to become worthy of being the recipient of knowledge.
mozzarella, Ceylon for those 14 nights What was he doing? What was he doing?
And then after those 14 nights, then he was able to receive the Torah.
Then he was able to receive the Torah. Then he became worthy of being the recipe and if
we think if we're learning knowledge, then we don't have to focus much on everybody. Know, if we don't do a bad job.
We cannot contain the knowledge that we're learning. It will not stay in our heart, it will not stay in our minds it will leave.
I mentioned to you earlier about your mama Shafi, where he complained to his teacher about weak memory. And what did he say? that knowledge is no longer your toddler asleep, it is not given to one who is sinful. It leaves a departs.
So we learned that if we want to learn more, if we want to retain more, then we must increase in our worship. Worship is essential. It goes hand in hand with learning.
And we see this with all of our scholars of our past. They used to learn and teach during the day, and during the night, what would they do? worship Allah subhanaw taala. It was unthinkable that there is a student of knowledge, who does not pray, who does not pray to God, who does not pray to Allah soprano data.
And we think if we had become students of knowledge, then we don't need to pray, we don't need to do a bother No, it is essential both go hand in hand.
seminary we also learn from this ayah about the importance of traveling for the sake of knowledge,
leaving your home, leaving your comfort leaving your family leaving your daily routine, why?
To gain knowledge musallam left his people he traveled to mount to he went to a place which was not a home, not a home at all. It was far from being a home. Just imagine it's a mountain mountain.
And what would he have taken with him?
Perhaps the bare minimum.
Similarly, when a student of knowledge travels to learn knowledge, and he was staying at a residence, that's not going to be his house, it's going to be very different. Perhaps it will be extremely uncomfortable. He will have to compromise and many things. Why? Because he's not home. And why is he making the sacrifice so that he can learn if he does not make the sacrifice, he will not be able to learn
all those people who are serious about their learning, you will see that the sacrifice What do they sacrifice, their family time, their home, their comfort, and only then they're able to gain something. Masada said I'm also had to leave.
I just wanted to share my experience, postal hoga, I've also had a student, I hit an all time low after some time staying away from alhaja. And my realization was because that sometimes you spent a lot of time and just focusing on learning and studying and just gaining the knowledge. But we don't spend the same amount of time building it by the muscles. So once the knowledge is gone, and you're not getting the reminders, you're a bad, it's still as weak or it is still weak because you didn't give it the time that you needed to. So if you don't want to go back to where you were, after you've been on holiday, make sure that right now just as you're focusing on your studies and your lessons,
make sure that you're focusing on, it's something that you're making a goal for yourself that you're building up here and by the muscle, so that you're not left with nothing after the course
for the rest of the life. Because a person, we spend some time dedicated to learning. And perhaps things change after that. And he's not able to spend the same amount of time in learning, circumstances change. So if the circumstances have changed, that means your relationship with the loss of pontarlier is going to get affected, it's going to become very weak, it should not, especially if you've learned all of that. But how will it remain strong if you have been doing or rather, if you have been focusing on worshiping as well.
So another very important lesson we learned is about the importance of traveling for the sake of knowledge, leaving your home leaving your comfort. What do we do? When we travel even when we give some of our freedom or some of our comfort, we begin to complain.
We become very ungrateful. We are focused on the fact that things are not how they should be. And we're not focused on why we are here.
musallam didn't say you call me for 30 nights and I'm making it 40 I'm so uncomfortable over here. I'm all alone. Nobody to talk to. I don't have a phone. I don't have internet. I don't have anybody to talk to I'm all alone, no friends and the time is extended. Why did he go there? What was the focus? He had to receive the dollar.
Similarly, if we want to gain knowledge, then we have to cut ourselves off from the people for some time at least. Because if we keep checking our phones if we keep checking on
If we keep doing one thing after the other, then we won't be able to study, we won't be able to learn, we won't be able to retain. If we want to retain, then we must give dedicated time. That is essential. musallam was ultimate to do that.
What else have you learned from the side?
There are some more lessons as well, they are with regards to the second part of the ayah, where he told the center that you take charge after I'm away
Wakanda moosari he and musala salaam said to his brother, who was his brother huddle. Oh, love me, if you call me take my place among my people, meaning while I'm away, you are the leader.
And as the leader of the people, what are you supposed to do? Well, first of all do Islam. And secondly will lead to very severe and muscadine do not follow the way of those people who spread corruption.
We learned several lessons from this ayah. Amongst them were the etiquettes of the student of knowledge, that what he must do, for instance, the importance of spending dedicated and uninterrupted time. Similarly, coming at the right time, completing the term as well.
Similarly engaging oneself in Urbana to be able to receive knowledge to be able to retain the knowledge that a person is learning.
Similarly, we also learned about the importance of traveling for the sake of knowledge.
And then the second part of the ayah, where we learn where Musa Salaam is handing over his responsibility to Haruna. Listen, while he's away, what do we learn from that,
about the importance of handing over your work to someone in your absence?
Sometimes what happens, we have to go somewhere for some important reason, or because of some important reason we are unable to make it for the work that we are required to do.
And it's possible that what we have to do is extremely important, extremely urgent. But just because it is very important does not mean that we neglect our other work. It has to be handed over to someone,
especially if it is a position of some kind of leadership. Because people, children, they cannot be left on their own. Somebody has to take charge. So musasa he handed over the responsibility to who who are the center.
Because sometimes we think what I have to do is extremely important. I have to be away. And later on we tell people why we were away. Yes, it's possible, what you were doing was extremely important. But at the same time, your responsibility Your duty is also essential. You cannot be absent without telling other people what to do in that time.
Similarly, we also learned from this ayah about the fact that we should never make age an issue. If you think of it her owner, Hassan was older than musasa, wasn't he? But who was chosen as the main leader? musasa although he was younger, in our Deen, yes, there is a lot of importance on respecting the elders, giving respect to them, giving authority to them accepting their authority as well, especially those who are older in age. But at the same time when it comes to leadership. And when it comes to Darlene when it comes to teaching, then age is not a major factor.
Many times we'll look at the other person and we try to judge them. Are they younger than us? Are they older than us? If they're younger? We don't have to listen to them. And if they're older, then maybe we will choose to listen to them. But the fact is, when it comes to our religious obligations, religious duties, religious leadership positions, then age does not matter at all. For instance, when it comes to leading the people in Sunnah who is supposed to be given the position of a man,
the one who knows the most Koran,
isn't it Oh, is it the one who is the oldest niche? No. It's only when there are so many people and all of them have memorized the Quran. All of them are the same level of knowledge, then the person who is older is given the position of being a man.
But when it comes to the matters of Darlene and leadership, age does not matter what matters, the person's skill, the person's ability. And we look at it at the time of the prophets are a lot of Santa even say he was only 17 years old. 17 years old, when he was made to leave the army
17 a teenager. What do we do generally, or they're too immature, they're too young. They don't have that experience. They don't know what they're talking about. How can you give this responsibility to them? But the fact is that young people, sometimes they have more skill, they have more ability compared
To those who are older, we just don't give any importance to our younger people thinking they don't know any better, especially in our cultures. However, when it comes to the matter of the age does not matter.
It does not matter. It doesn't mean we don't have to respect our elders, we have to. But when it comes to leadership, age is not a major factor. Rather, it's the skill,
then we altered our income. This is about the importance of giving, not just instructions, but also advice to the one whom you're handing over your work to.
Many times when we have to go for leave, or when we have to go somewhere, and we hand over work to somebody, even if it's were in the household,
that I'm going just make sure you put the laundry away, we give only instructions. And we don't give advice
over here musasa What is he saying? Do Islam? What does Islam mean? Such a general thing. It's an advice. And at the same time, he's telling him don't follow the way of those people who spread corruption. We tell people, okay, do this, do this, do this, don't do this. But when they're in a problem, then they don't know what to do.
And if you look at it musasa is not that meticulous and giving details, don't listen to that person and this person ignore him. No names are mentioned nothing like that is mentioned very general guidelines are given.
Because leadership is generally situational. Most of the time it is situational. And when you give particular instructions to a person, that he's not able to use his mind, he will not use his own reason. He will just say no, but I was told us
so the instructions that musallam is giving. They're very general and in a way they give some authority to help them understand
the way he is handing over the work to him that you are the leader now.
So you have to make the judgment you have to decide.
So it shows that we have to trust the person who we are handing over work to as well. Because many times we don't trust them. Okay, you can only do this you can only do this. We will write all the instructions down we won't give any advice we won't give any freedom. And when there are problems later on then they don't know what to do.
Let's listen to the recitation.
While john was nappy Benny is
me a bottle of b.