Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
Al-Maidah 51-66 Word-Analysis and Tafsir 51
so tonight either I have 51 to 66
Yeah, you have Latina amanu Oh, you who have believed leather, Tokyo, Yehuda, nasaga earlier, do not take the Jews and the Christians as allies. Why? Because we're home earlier about. They are in fact allies of one another, where many other wonderful men come and whoever is an ally to them among you for in human home, then indeed he is one of them.
In the law halaya the power volley mean, Indeed, Allah guides, not the wrongdoing, people.
As you know that this surah is a Minnesota
and in Medina, besides the Muslims, it was the Jewish tribes who resided there, as well as the machine initially, who, later on became Muslim, and some of them actually became when African. Initially they became Muslim. Why, just to get the benefits of being a Muslim, but Islam had not actually entered into their hearts.
And we also know that in the Arab Peninsula,
in the rest of the Arabia, it was the most shocking, who lived. It was only in Medina, primarily, that the Muslims were there and elsewhere, the Muslims were very few. But mainly it was the Michigan who resided in the Arab peninsula.
But besides the machine, there were also some Christian tribes. As you know, that from the jalon, who came, the Christians of Magellan, they came to visit the prophet SAW them on the sun.
So in Arabia, there were the most tricky. There were the yahood. They were gonna solder and they were also the Muslims who they were there.
And we know that at the Battle of Azur
at the Battle of
all of these different different groups of people, all of these different followers have different religions, what did they do? They all came together against the Muslims, despite being followers of different religions, why, in order to attack the Muslims in order to attack Medina,
in normal circumstances, they were enemies of one another. Who, the Michigan, the Jews, the Christians, who are the enemies of one another, they had enmity, they had differences, they had hatred.
But when it came to attacking the Muslims, when it came to opposing the religion of Allah, subhanaw, taala, all of them would come together, all of them would united.
For example, the whole machine,
we know that they are who they look down upon the machine, they were the only use the machine.
And they are who they were the look it up. So they looked down upon the machine. However, after the Battle of better when the Muslims were victorious, the Yahoo, they went from Medina, to Makkah to incite the machine against the Muslims. And then when she came to fight the Muslims at the Battle of HUD,
so, yes, they had their differences. They had enmity for one another. But when it came to opposing the Muslims, they would all come together,
they would all come together. So over here are lots of panels. Are they saying that? Yeah, you and Edina Amma know all believers do not take the houden and Masada as your allies. Why? Because some of them they're allies of one another. They may apparently seem to be different from one another. But when it comes to opposing you, they all come together.
And we see that the Jews of Medina, they were financially very strong.
They were financially very strong, which is why some Muslims they wish to befriend them.
Because remember that, in Arabia, there was the tribal system,
that if you had alliances with a tribe, then no matter what differences you have, if you go to war, they go to war with you.
If you need help, they will definitely help you.
So if you were friends with the yahood if you had alliances with the hood, then you have what you have financial support, that no matter who is coming to fight against you, you will have their support and therefore you will be victorious.
Now we learned that the profits out of all this and when you had migrated to Medina, he had made a covenant with the hood. And it was known as the Messiah of Medina. And there were certain rules that everybody was supposed to follow amongst them the who the Muslims as well as the wish the code
However the Jewish tribe have been okay no car,
the Jewish tribe have been okay no car, they breach the covenant with the prophets.
And the prophets, Allah doesn't wish to take some action against them. Why? Because they had gone against the covenant.
But of the Laban obey, who was at the Lego Movie,
he appeared to be Muslim, but he was actually a hypocrite. He was a monastic.
He started his hypocritical role. And he began to intercede for the volcano persistently.
And he began to say that I had alliances with them.
And I need to continue my alliances with them. Because I don't know what might happen in the future.
If things go wrong in the future, and I need their help, they're not going to come and help me. Why, because I did not help them today.
opposed the profits are the longest seller in taking some action against Wk NACA, saying that I will not allow you to take action against them. I am a person who fears the changing times.
Today, things are okay for me.
Tomorrow, if Muslims suffer loss, and if I need help, these Yahoo, they will not come and help me.
So I will not let you take any action against them.
And we learned that some other companions as well, who were sincere Muslims, they also disagreed when it came to taking action against the new kind of art. However, when they were told directly by the prophet sort of artists, that is something that must be done, they accept it.
But the live and obey, he refused to accept. And he was a prophet sort of on this.
Remember that the Arabs, just to understand why this is a big deal. They had a very strong tribal system.
And as I mentioned to you, that if you went to war, your tribe, even if they disagree with you, they're going to go to war with you.
And not just your tribe, but another tribe with whom you have alliances, even, they're going to come to war with you.
Remember that in Makkah, for instance, Abu Bakar of Iran, who
his tribe was been a thing.
And we learned that once avocado dinner and who he asked the Prophet sort of RSVP could go in to Dharma publicly, openly with the Prophet site about Islam did not allow him.
But again, he asked several times until eventually he was allowed to go into the public.
When you did that, Aruba and other Michigan they came and attacked him. And they beat him up to the point that he became unconscious. And the tribal worker of the land who they came, they took him home. And when they saw his state that he's at the verge of dying, they went to Aruba. And they said that if you ever do something like this, again, to the member of our tribe, we're going to kill you.
Now remember, that the one thing they weren't Muslim? They were not Muslim, but Abu Bakar of Iran who was Muslim, but why were they saying that we're going to kill you if you harm abubaker?
Because he is one of us. He belongs to our tribe.
he never became Muslim. But he gave his full support the prophets are a lot of sort of, why was it because he believed in him?
What was the reason?
Because he was his relative because he belong to the same tribe.
So this is how important tribal alliances were.
So over here, a lot of parents are saying that Yeah, and even Edina Ave or you have believed led that the hidden yehudah one masala, don't take the Jews and the Christians as only
as close friends.
Meaning don't establish tribal alliances with them.
Don't befriend them to such an extent
that if they go to war, you go to war with them.
Because it's possible that just because of your alliance, you have to go fight with them against you
against some Muslims. And this is something that you're not allowed to do.
So don't take the houden and Asara as LDS who are the who, those people who claim to be followers off
musasa and who are the sort of those people who claim to be the followers of Osiris and and why are we saying they claim to be because they're not actually funny.
Have misandry selling and selling.
Because if they were, then they would believe in the humbled sort of autism and remember that if a person believes in even one messenger, it is as though he has denied all messengers. So their claim of believing in musala sermon reciting Islam, it's only a claim there is no reality to it.
So don't take these people as earlier, as close friends.
And earlier is the plural of Wally from wilaya. And what does it mean I am in
a very intimate relation.
Don't think friendship to be any kind of friendship. This in particular refers to Vanessa, meaning helping one another,
more our cooperating with one another,
assisting one another, cooperating with one another. So don't take them as protectors and allies that when they go to war, you go to war with them against Muslims or non Muslims.
That when they need help, regardless of whether activities conformed to your religion or not, you help them
because up until now, people supported one another just because of tribal relationships, tribal alliances. But now when the deen of Allah subhanaw taala came, Allah subhanaw taala expects us to do certain things and not do certain things.
But if we have such a deep aligns with someone who does not conform to evolve a lot,
then in our friendship with them are we going to be able to conform to the laws that Allah Subhana Allah has given?
No, this is why do not befriend them to such an extent
that you have to help them, you have to support them, you have to be with them. You have to do what they're doing. Regardless of whether their activities conform to your religion or not.
Now remember, that rely also includes love.
It also includes my husband.
And there are different types of love.
One is natural love that a person has for another.
Like for instance, a person has love for their child or a person has love for their spouse or for their parents.
Now this natural love this is allowed when it comes to loving the Jews and the Christians. Why?
Because Allah subhanaw taala has allowed marriage with them as well.
As we learned earlier, that they're more sonet they are lawful for you for marriage as long as you give them their
and we know that in the Quran, Allah subhanaw taala says what Jeremiah bainer come, but what doesn't work
that between the spouses He has created my word that and drachma.
So over here with a a does not mean any kind of friendship or any kind of law. This is what type of rely in particular manassa and more are when
that helping and cooperating with them, regardless of whether their activities conform to your religion or not.
When it comes to being a good neighbor, when it comes to being a person with whom you work with and you're friendly with them. That's okay.
But if you are friends with them to such an extent, that you have to compromise your religion, that is not acceptable.
So now that yahuda when the solder earlier, why, because verbal boom Odia over, some of them. They are close friends of others, meaning they're friends of one another. Oh,
by being united in COVID they become friends when it comes to opposing the believers.
Because in their religion, they're not united.
They would, they would deny the Christians and they would negate the Christians and their belief and at the same time the Christians they would negate the beliefs of the youth. As we learned earlier recall the hoodoo laser tena sobre la Wakata nesara laser Toyota Corolla?
What does that mean? They're together?
No, there are differences when it comes to Dean.
But when it comes to political benefits, they all come together
while many other one the home and wherever friends them. men come from you meaning from you believers for in a woman home, then indeed he is among them.
What does it mean by this?
that whoever befriends them, then he will be off them. What does it mean by this?
What does it mean by they said whoever befriends them then he will be off them.
He will become of them.
That he will become like them for in the humane home, meaning he will become like them.
Because friends, they're influenced by one another.
You develop the habits of your friends, the way your friends dress up, you dress up like them,
the way your friends speak, you speak like them,
where your friends go to hang out, you go hang out over there as well.
So, for the woman who, that he will be often meaning he will become like them, in his habits, in his actions, in his beliefs, in his practices, he will take their influence
and not just in this dunya, but even in the era, that he will be with them, he will be among them meaning he will suffer the same consequences as the.
So first of all, but you know minimum What does it mean? That on the apparent in the actions, he will become like them, that he will perform the same actions as they perform.
Secondly, in consequence in the era, he will have the same consequence as them for in a woman home.
In Allah Indeed Allah lay the omo Valley mean he does not guide those people who do.
What are they doing over here?
compromising in the deen because of such friendship.
Over here, Allah says Allah does not guide such people. What does it mean by this guidance, which he dies this?
This is hidayatullah because Allah gives Hidayat to everybody, even the non believer.
Allah subhanaw taala gives knowledge of the evil to those people who don't believe.
Like for instance, we learn in total insane, that inner hudsonalpha sebelah imageshack urine, what a microphylla that Allah subhanaw taala has guided everybody, every human being that either he can do Shaco or he can be ungrateful. Either you can believe or you can displease Allah has given knowledge to everybody.
Similarly, for the people of sammut, we learn what the Buddha for her day now.
First, the Hubble Amma alhuda that as for the people of Somalia, we guided them.
However, they preferred blindness over email.
So what does it show to us that in our lives will come upon me that Allah does not give them to feel
alive does not give them the ability to do any more good.
When a person does learn by befriending such people, then you will lose the opportunity to obey Allah subhanaw taala.
What do we learn from this?
First of all, we learn about the importance of abstaining from the friendship of such people, which people they are who and
how do we learn that there's something very important that a person must abstain from befriending them?
By the address Yeah. Are you a Latina woman? Oh, yeah. Are you just need that? What does that show that the command is very important.
Secondly, we learned about the requirements of mn is other requirements of Eman is that one must not have intimate friendship with the olden Minnesota. Where do we learn that from?
Yeah, even Medina amanu because alladhina amanu have been mentioned.
Therapy we learn that if a person does befriend them, it is going to cause deficiency in his Eman.
Where do we learn that from?
Again? Yeah, you and Medina Amma know
that if you have a man, don't do this, because if you do this, it's going to affect your email.
It's going to cause a deficiency in your email.
We also learn from this either the holding and the SATA, they are friends of one another.
We also learned that
over here loss of personal data is warning us warning us against intimate friendship with the Hooters in a subtle
where do we understand that he's warning us? Where do we get the warning from?
Well maniapoto alone for in a woman whom then he doesn't have anything to do with the religion of Allah.
Like we don't in many of the Hadith of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam that none of us shefali some inner
woman Ruthie Berenson, Nettie Felisa many. What does that mean that he has nothing to do with us? He has nothing to do with Islam.
What does it mean? that a person who befriends them, then he will be off them he would have nothing to do with their religion of Allah.
So there's severe warning against befriending the
whodunit assault in such a way.
Now, what are the exceptions?
I'm going to ask you a few questions and you tell me that is permissible, if that falls under the category of befriending them?
Can we take help from them against our enemy?
Can we take help from them?
against our enemy when we need help?
Okay, for example, you're living in this country,
a person comes in robbed your house, you're not gonna call the police?
Are you going to say that I'm
not gonna call the police? Can you take their help? Or can you not take their help? There's something that you must know. What's your evidence you can take
profits online suddenly made a treaty, a covenant with who they are who,
and with the machine of Mecca, also he made a covenant, a treaty,
and especially the covenant that he had made with the yahood. What was it,
that if we go to war, then you also have to come with us. If people attack Medina, you have to come and defend Medina with us.
So there is a condition that if you are safe, from their harm from their Fianna, that there is some agreement of peace between you and them, then in that case, you do take their health.
So for instance, you're living in this country, you're a citizen,
there is some kind of contract between you and them, that they have said that because you're a citizen of this country, you have our help you have our support.
So in that case, you are going to ask them for help when you need their help.
Okay, another question. Can we be their friends?
For example, if there's a superstar, you know, what I'm talking about? Can we be their friends? Can we be? Could we be their followers in the sense that we follow them online, what they're doing and where they're going and what their activities are? Is that permissible?
If you admire them, if you love them, you follow them around, eventually what's going to happen? You're going to become like them, you're going to follow their action as well.
Okay, what about buying and selling from them?
What's your evidence?
The profits are allowed is unlimited that
that in Medina, the who used to live over there, and he used to buy and sell from them.
They had a whole marketplace. And he would in particular, they were very good at making arms, and gold and silver. And all of these things are very good at that's the profit or loss, and he would buy and sell furniture.
How about having them as guests, inviting them over for dinner?
We learned that what are our mom? Hey, Lola, come bottom welcome. Hey, Lola, whoa, therefore it is lawful for you. And your food is lawful for them, which is why we see that having them as guests and going over to their place as guests obviously, as long as the food is halal, it is permissible. So for instance, eating at a restaurant is permissible, if they invite you to dinner or something like that. As long as you know that the food is permissible, it is okay for you to go. How about going to their wedding?
Calling into your wedding? Is that permissible? Yes, it is. What's the evidence?
Because the Muslim men are allowed to marry the Christian or Jewish women as long as there were sonet. So obviously, if you're, if you're allowed to marry them, or you're not allowed to attend their weddings, you are as long as again, as long as what they do is appropriate.
As soon as you see that there's something wrong going on, then you leave. Just as even if you go to the wedding of a Muslim. And if there's how long going on over there, you're not going to stay over there, you're going to leave, but you're not going to deny going to their wedding just because they're not Muslim.
So basically, we see that when it comes to befriending them when it comes to dealing with them. We are allowed to befriend them as long as our Deen is not compromised. As long as our Dean is compromised. If you see that in any kind of relationship with a non Muslim, your deen is being compromised and stop there.
That's a danger sign, then stop there. That because of their fear, or because of their influence, you see a clear difference in your Do you see a difference in your commitment to the dean, then that's a warning sign stop there. Limit your interaction with them. Limit your friendship with them. Because your dean is getting compromised.
So what do we learn from this, that a person under no circumstances should compromise on his Deen?
A person under no circumstances should compromise on his team. We also know from this ayah that whoever befriends them is going to become life.
them. And remember that becoming like them? Is there a problem and
what's the problem?
The Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, That man shugborough Coleman for women home,
that whoever resembled the people that he is often
so off, more or less with them is that a person practices, their customs and their traditions.
You understand what I'm getting towards? that a person practices, their customs and their traditions blindly. So we're here when the loss of parent are they saying that don't take them as close friends. What does it mean?
If you do that, you're going to become like the meaning you're going to follow their customs, their traditions. If they're celebrating Christmas, you're going to do that if they're celebrating a particular event, you're going to do that if they're celebrating birthdays, you couldn't do that. Even if it has no foundation in your religion, you're going to develop the same customs, same traditions.