Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
Al-Maidah 27-40 Word-Analysis and Tafsir 39-40
From Tada, then whoever invented min Vargas on me he, after his loan were aslha and he also reformed for in the La Jolla to Riley,
then Allah will turn to him and forgiveness in alohar for him. Indeed Allah is Forgiving and Merciful
from an taba whoever repented who
whether it is a Sadek, or the sidecar, or the way you said it,
mantova refers to anyone who has committed any crime,
whether it is a crime of theft, or it is any other crime that the person has committed.
So whoever Tabitha he repented, mimbar deals with me from after committing the loan, after his injustice, meaning he does not commit that crime again.
He seeks a loss forgiveness for having committed that crime. he changes his ways, he stops it. And he makes a promise that he will never ever do that action again.
He will never commit that crime again. And notice over here, the crime has been called
Why? Because when a person commits a crime, who is he doing Lululemon,
himself and other people as well as a loss apprentice, he's doing gloom on himself, the hack of Allah as well as other people.
Some embargo told me he
was a slacker, any ultra reformed
Islam from Islam, and what does Islam mean? To fix things? to put things proper?
What does it mean by this that he reforms,
meaning he reforms his conduct and his deeds.
He does not repeat the crime again, he changes his ways.
If he was in the company, of those who commit crimes, he leaves that company, he leaves those friends.
If he's in a particular place where he knows he's going to be tempted to sin, he's going to be tempted to commit that crime. He leaves that place.
He leaves that environment, he leaves all those things that encouraged him to commit that crime.
So he reforms and in case of theft, in particular US law is law refers to returning the wealth to its rightful owner as well as
returning the wealth to its rightful owner.
But suppose the person stole somebody else's property, let's say, as a child,
or let's say, in the state of ignorance, when a person didn't realize that this is a serious crime in our city,
then in that case, how can you do?
Especially if he does not even know the owner,
or he does not know where the owner is? Or who the owner was?
randomly in a mall, he stole something, or he took somebody's bag, and he doesn't know whose bag it is. Even if he wishes to return it, what is he supposed to do with it?
How is he supposed to Islam?
First of all, the object that the person has stolen, he should not keep it anymore, he should give it away, he should give it away.
If he can find the owner, he should return it. If he can find the owner, he should return it even if it means that he has to research a little bit.
If, despite your research, you don't find the owner. Then in that case, what are you going to do? Give it to me give it in South Africa, give it in charity or something.
So basically, you have to get rid of that wealth. Why? Because that wealth is how long that wealth is how long so give it away, don't keep it, don't use it anymore.
Secondly, a person should give sadaqa on behalf of who,
on behalf of the person whose wealth he stole. Why?
Because on the Day of Judgment, that person is going to come and demand his right from you. So if you gave some sort of on their behalf, then in that case, you have something to give to them.
Remember the Hadith of the greatest Muslims of the oma that a person will go on the Day of Judgment with a whole lot of good deeds, a whole lot of good deeds and other people are going to come and say, Oh Allah, this person cursed me. This person did this to me. This person did that to me. And in recompense, what is he going to do? He's going to have to give some of his good deeds to them. Until eventually you will have nothing left. And still other people will be coming and saying this person did this to me, this person
did that to me? And then what's going to happen?
their sins are going to be given to him.
So, if a person has stolen, and if you cannot find the owner, then in that case, what should he do? He should give sadaqa on behalf of the owner
equivalent to the amount that he stole, at least and if not that, more, more than that. So what Allah has, and he reformed as well.
But again, what's the first thing that you have to return it to the owner?
You have to return it to the owner.
And if you don't know the owner, you can't find the owner, you have no way of getting it back to the owner. Then in that case, what do you do?
You get rid of that property.
And you get set up on behalf of the owner.
Owner if the owner is not a Muslim?
What if the owner is not a Muslim because if you do something on their behalf, they're not going to get your word for it and the detachment
still give sadaqa still perform extra good deeds. Why? Because in Al Hassan ad, you'd hate to say, at least you will be absolved of the wrongs that you have done. You have done something to show on the day of judgment that over I tried to make up for the wrongs that I had committed. Because then who has to forgive you?
Allah has to forgive you and for that you have to present something
so from anti-urban embargoed me he will ask her for in the La Jolla tuber la he, then indeed of law will turn in mercy upon him. What does it mean by that?
That Allah will accept his repentance? In the law of a photo Rahim Indeed Allah is Forgiving, and He is merciful. Now I realize, over here the relevance of these names. That many times we think that if a person has committed a crime, and the punishment has been carried upon him, then
we can bias towards them. They can never be forgiven.
But look at the mercy of Allah that if a person repents, he reforms his actions, then Allah will forgive him. Allah is merciful. What do we learn from this ayah First of all, we learn about the encouragement for doba that Allah subhanaw taala is encouraging all of us to repent,
that even if a person has done against himself, or against others, against Allah, even what should a person do?
This is a great encouragement because famine taba, the embargo told me whatever that loom is against himself against a law against other people. What should a person do? Repent?
Secondly, we learned that a person can repent from any sin.
A person can repent from any sin, no matter what sin it is, a person can still do tober
no matter how serious that sin is, and no matter how many times he has committed that's
even ship. If a person repents for him it
is though but is going to be inshallah accepted. If it is sincere, in a ship cut aluminum or lean, but over your losses from and gentlemen bargains wouldn't be illumise General.
Sometimes, people intend to commit theft, but they don't actually do it. But even in that case, a person should repent a person should do as default for what?
For the intention to commit that crime.
Us Lucha Islamic means to return that object to them,
return whatever has been stolen to them.
Now, for instance, if a person stole from or rented from a friend, and they think that if they tell them, oh, I stole this thing of yours, please forgive me.
And please take it back. What is it going to do? it's going to affect your relationship. So in that case, what do you do you definitely return that object.
You could return it secretly. That if Allah conceal your crime, why should you expose it? If Allah had your crime, why should you expose it to return and secretly So for example, if you stole their money, put some money in their bag, quietly, put some money in their account, if you know about, they're gonna do something in order to make up for what you've done.
And definitely gives him some other fun as well on their behalf.
Because if they come in the Day of Judgment, saying that, oh, like this person stole this thing of mine. What can we say? What can we say? So definitely give some sort of on their behalf do some extra good deeds, with this intention with this near
we also learn from this ayah that performing
those actions that allows a penalty has forbidden
It isn't justice. So all those actions that alasa Panther has forbidden What are they
ultimately learned that when a person is being punished for a crime that he has committed, that is a referral for the crime that he has committed, which means that he is going to be forgiven for the crime that he has done. And the year after he will not be held accountable for the crime that he has done. Otherwise, why give the punishment? For example, if a person has committed dinner, and they're given a punishment, and the person has committed a bottle, and they're given the punishment, why are they being given the punishment so in the Hereafter, they will not be held accountable. So the punishments, the food that are in our Deen, what are they for what's their purpose,
so that a person is not held accountable in the hereafter.
However, if you look at this is mentioned after the head doba after the head, because it's possible that a person is given the punishment However, in his heart, he is not repentant, he does not feel guilty.
So, if even the punishment is carried out, but in the heart, a person is not guilty, then he will be held accountable in the hereafter.
And on the other hand, if the heart is not carried out, because it is his particular time or particular place where the heart cannot be carried out, and a person really repents, and he does is that in that case, he should be hopeful that Allah subhanaw taala will not hold him accountable in the hereafter.
And in the person objects that why this punishment and if another person objects that How come there is forgiveness for a person who has committed such a great crime? Then remember,
I am telling him, don't you know that anila hana woman customer, what you will have to allow belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth. You are the woman
he punishes whom He wills way of fooling me.
And he forgives for whomsoever He wills will love Lord aqualisa included and Allah is able over everything.
Because many times people object, why this punishment? What does Allah say? Don't you know that the entire heavens and earth belong to Allah?
If he is a supreme authority, then it is his ruining
others object that how can such a person can be forgiven after such a crime that he has committed? Because we generally tend to go on extremes. What does Allah say, You are the woman Yeshua were literally manjusha. He punishes whom He wills, and he forgives whom He wills.
And remember that a loss of programmers will is based on his wisdom.
And Allah is able, over everything.
Sometimes it's taken account of everything that you own. And ask yourself, where did this come from?
Where did this come from? Where did this come from? Where did I get this from?
Dude, get it legally, do get it illegally.
Question yourself, take an account of everything that you own. And if you have something that you have not gained legally, then in that case, what should you do?
return it to its owner.
Because sometimes we have things in such a long time that we don't even realize that it's not actually mine.
It actually belongs to somebody else.
So take an account of everything that you own.
Just for one day, when you intend to take somebody else's property, just tell yourself I'm not going to use my right hand for one day.
How will you feel miserable?
So Teach Yourself show yourself that this is a serious crime and this is something that is punishable
will listen to the recitation of these ideas.
Well, law was isn't hockey
Somebody just asked that if you do find something in the street, fallen underground, then do you have to pick it up? Or can you leave it?
Should you pick it up or should you leave it?
Kunal kawaman, a bit best
stand up for justice. What does that mean? That if you see it, pick it up and give it to somebody who can return it to its owner. So for example, if you see something in the washroom go give it at the reception. Don't say that, oh, the owner will come and take it because it's possible to before the owner somebody else comes and steals it. So in that case,
Kanako Amina because what does it mean? That, take it, pick it up and give it to its owner?
If you can find the owner If you cannot find the owner, give it to somebody who can find him.
It's a pentacle loving will be humbucker mysuru La ilaha illa Anta stuff we're going to be like I said, I'm really cool.