Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
Al-Maidah 1-5 Word-Analysis and Tafsir 1
Let him in the shade
before he begins his lesson, just one thing about the word Yes, then kiefel.
Yes, 24 was understood as arrogance.
When a person does not do something, because he feels it's beneath his dignity, it's going to humiliate him, it's going to bring his level down.
And his thickness is coupled with embarrassment as well.
It is arrogance. But it's also embarrassment at the same time that a person does not do something because he feels shy.
He feels shy, that if he will do it, what are people going to think of him?
And why does he feel shy?
Because he thinks he's very great.
He thinks that if he's going to do it, it's going to bring him more in the sight of people. So it's arrogance coupled with embarrassment.
And because of that, a person then stays away from doing something.
An example could be which is the context in which Allah subhanaw taala has used this word that he selects around, never did this.
And he never felt like this as being an act of Allah soprano Dada had been the slave of Allah subhanaw taala.
Many times it happens that we're sitting in a gathering. And if it's time to press Salah, what happens
if nobody's getting up to pray? How do we feel?
Embarrassed? What are people going to say? What are people going to think?
And because we don't want to humiliate ourselves in front of other people, this is why we stay away from doing certain things.
So his technique has to do with arrogance, and China's embarrassment at the same time.
Like for example, sometimes you could be out somewhere and it's time to Priscilla.
And no Masjid is close by and no houses close by where you can go and pray. So which means you have to pray in public.
Many people, how do they feel?
No women, I can pray here? Absolutely not.
So this is what is take nafees embarrassment with arrogance. Both together.
I just want to let you know about this because I felt that without embarrassment, the meeting was incomplete.
Okay, let's do today's lesson.
Lesson number 68. So Latin America is number one to five
sort of remainder
is another disorder.
And it is the last of what was revealed in the Quran.
Meaning it's the last surah to be revealed.
And this is the reason why it has been said by the scholars that McKenna v Herman Hillel in for Helloooo
that whatever that is halaal in this surah consider that to be Helen
Americana Fie him in her ramen for Hadley, moo hoo, and whatever that isn't the soda is mentioned as heroin, then consider that to be heroin.
Why? Because this soda is the last of what was revealed in the Quran. Therefore, all of the commands in the surah are more calm.
And there are not monsoons
nothing of the solar is meant to have meaning nothing of the solar is abrogated every single command is final.
It cannot be canceled by any other command.
It is not meant to by any other comment.
And sort of America as you may wonder the word man either What does it mean?
A table spread with food.
That's what is called man either because of the mention of the man either at the end of the soda
where the disciples of re scientists and they asked him if it was a panel Tara could send down a map from the sky, a table spread with food.
And in this surah a lot about halal and haram food is mentioned and where do you put food
on your table and you don't want just one food but you want different different types of food.
So the word man it has been selected for the soda because that's what people are concerned about food and not just one but a table spread with food.
It is mentioned that debate when nuface he said that I performed Hajj once and visited operational design her
and she said to me or debate Do you read or memorize sort of the method
Isn't that sort of my that is called the sort of for men. Why? Because there are commands pertaining to both men and women and at some places the commands are more specifically for men. So, she asked him that do you study sort of America?
And he said that I answered Yes, she said it was the last surah to be revealed. Therefore, whatever permissible matters you find in it, then consider them permissible.
And whatever impermissible matters you find in it, then consider them impermissible.
This is why certain metadata is also known as surah to Hillel, when
certain is that was an idol for him. This is so little Hillel will hold on because the surah tells us what what is halal and what is hot on.
And remember, every single command of this surah is
there is a final comment. No part of the solar is abrogated.
Bismillah who ever heard of him? Yeah, you are letting me know, all you who have believed, or believers or phobias could fulfill all contracts.
Yeah, you alladhina amanu the believers are being addressed.
It is said that a man once came to the Bible, Miss Earth. And he said to him, advise me because of the weapon was earlier was as a hobby as a companion of the Prophet sallallahu sallam.
So a man came to him and he asked him advise me
of the weapon this route said, when you hear a loss of panel data statement, yeah, you're Latina and I know for some mark, then pay full attention. pay full attention. Audrey has some
meaning make sure that you're listening very carefully.
For it is a righteous matter that he is ordaining. He is commanding, that allows a penalty that is commanding you with
and if it is a righteous matter, then you have to accept it. If you don't listen attentively, will you be able to understand Will you be able to remember, you will not be able to remember.
So when you hear your a you are Latina amaroo, listen very attentively, because either it is a righteous matter about which he's commanding you. Or it is an evil thing that he is forbidding you.
And if he is forbidding you for something that is evil, then you have to save yourself from it. And if you don't pay attention, will you be able to remember you will not be able to remember so when you hear Yeah, you're Latina Amano, pay attention. It is something very important that Allah soprano Daya is commending you about
and the importance is emphasized by the word Yeah, you have because you're a yoga is needed. It is to call out to someone. And when you call out to someone or listen to me or so and so immediately, the person who is being addressed, he becomes alert. I am being called. I'm being summoned. I'm being invited. What's going on?
So yeah, you have itself shows the importance of the command that follows. And because a man has been mentioned, what does that show that this is a requirement of your email. This is something that is going to prove your email.
So what's the command that Allah is giving us over here?
Oh, forbidden food, fulfill all contracts, fulfill all commitments. All the agreements that you have made.
The word Oh foo is from the newsletter as well failure from the word welfare. And welfare is to fulfill to carry out something.
So for example, if a person has been given a responsibility, welfare is to fulfill it. If a person has made a promise, welfare is to fulfill it Ofu fulfill Gary out completely fully, without leaving anything.
Below record, the facts, the agreements, the contracts.
And notice below record, L over here gives a sense of all the contracts that you have made. Every single contract that you make
Ofu fulfill it.
The word record is a plural of Act. And act is from the root letters I cough that
up is literally to tie a knot. What does it mean, to tie a knot? It is to tie something strongly and firmly
and it's the opposite of hell. What does
hilmi to untie to open something so apt is to die. So basically, act is a contract that a person makes with another
a contract and agreement effect that a person makes with another
insert that includes everything about which a person promises with another, and he intends to fulfill it, he intends to complete it.
So you're making the promise with the other person and you intend to do it. It's not that you're signing a contract with the intention of going against the contract. When you sign the contract, what are you showing
that I will do whatever is required of me.
And act also has both sides involved. Meaning it's not just a commitment on the part of one person, but it's a commitment on the part of the other as well.
So when you're making the contract, it's not just one person who is signing, it's both the parties involved who are signing.
And generally, act is about more ominous,
meaning it relates to more omelette dealings with other people. So for instance, up Dominica, the marriage contract, it's in matters I deal with other people.
Similarly, a financial contract, it's a more ominous, it's dealing with another person. So all four will record fulfill the contracts,
which contracts, which agreements
and record over here can be understood in two ways. First of all, the contracts that you have made with a loss of
meaning that I do with Allah, that he has taken with his servants, that his servants will believe in him and that they will obey all of his orders and instructions in all of the affairs.
So basically, everything that Allah subhanaw taala has commanded you with everything that Allah has legislated. Whatever Allah has made halal or haram, it is like a contract that you have made with Allah.
Because you have said, I showed you a lair, either in the long shadow under Mohammed and Arturo Sulu. I believe that Allah is my Lord. What does that mean? That I worship Him? What does worship mean?
So whatever Allah is commanding you, you will do it. You say Samira, now what a foreigner.
So if Allah has given you some commands, what does it mean by alphabet report?
Follow those commands, adhere to those instructions. Don't take them lightly. Don't take them lightly adhere to them firmly. Pay attention to every single command, every single instruction that Allah has given you.
In this order, in particular, highlighted how long I mentioned, the foods that are halal, and the foods that are held on
many times when it comes to acts of worship, when it comes to fasting when it comes to Hajj, when it comes to the cat, we're very careful, what is correct and what is not correct. What are we supposed to do? What are we supposed to leave out.
But when it comes to eating, sometimes we become very relaxed, we become very careless. And we think it's okay. It's not a big deal. It's only food, a lot of cantarella forgives.
But right at the beginning, Allah subhanaw taala reminds us that these commands that Allah is giving you, they are a part of the contract that you have made with Allah.
You know, when you sign a contract with someone that I will do such and such, and you will give me this benefit.
I will do such and such and you will give me this benefit. So for example, you go to get a cell phone, a mobile phone for yourself, you sign a contract and agreement that I will pay this much money and you will offer me this service. It's both sided.
So we are saying your loss penalty or law, we will believe in you we will worship You, we will obey you and you will give us your net and your forgiveness in return. This is a contract that we're making with Allah.
But there are terms and conditions. There are many clauses to this agreement. And what are those clauses, the [???]tier that Allah has given us the laws that Allah has given us, what he has prescribed as halen and what he has prescribed as heaven.
So Allah says, oh, forbidden report, fulfill the contracts that you have made with Allah.
Meaning all of the
demands all of the instructions that Allah has given you adhere to them,
fulfill your obligations, fulfill your obligations that Allah soprano Garda has imposed upon you.
Secondly, and the record refers to all lawful contracts, and agreements that are made with other people.
All lawful contracts and agreements that are made with other people, whether these contracts and agreements are explicit, or they are implied, or implicit, meaning you've literally written out a document and you've signed it, it's very explicit, it's clear, or it could be implied. It's not written, it's not recorded.
Like, for example, two people getting married, it's not necessary that the maker is recorded somewhere. Why? Because it's verbal only, it's implied.
So just because it's not written, doesn't mean you don't treat your wife like your wife doesn't mean you don't treat your husband as your husband.
The contract was made. Maybe it wasn't that explicit because it wasn't recorded. However, because it was announced, the whole ritual was done, it's a contract.
Similarly, the lawful contracts and agreements it includes all those contracts that are verbal or written, whether they are at an individual level or at a collective level, at a national level. So for example, two people do individuals are making a contract or do companies do organizations do Institute's are making a contract
or two countries are making a contract to families or making a contract.
So, and the record includes all lawful contracts, lawful, remember, lawful is very important over here, because the person is not allowed to make a contract with another that has to do with something that is horrible. So for instance, if a person is making a contract with someone that I will pay you interest, or I will take interest, then such a contract is how long
a person should not make it First of all, so overbid
these are food. The second type that I mentioned to you the lawful contracts, this includes financial contracts, for instance, a financial transaction to people, their business partners. Similarly, it includes nikka.
It includes marriage, and sometimes it also includes those contracts that a person makes with himself.
So for instance, another or a unique
meaning a person swears
that he will do such and such or that he will not do such and such, he makes an agreement with himself, there is still two parties involved in a way, because he's making a promise with himself, I will do this, and then I will do this. And if I don't do this, I will not do this. So you're in a way, making a contract with yourself. So if a person has made a contract with himself even obey the record, this is included in this.
So yeah, you will Edina armano oh four will erfoud fulfil the contracts that you have made with Allah, and that you have made with other people. Don't be negligent towards the food that you have made. Because in the law, the kind of masuleh that the the promises that you make, you will be questioned about them on the Day of Judgment.
Oh, hell, that's Lacan. It has been made lawful for you, meaning their consumption, eating them has been made permissible for you. By who? By Allah soprano.
What has been made lawful for you to eat to consume? behemoth al anon, the four legged animals of livestock,
these animals, you are allowed to eat them?
What does that mean by that?
This shows that these animals they were held on up until now, or they had been made home by some people.
Like for example, a person says I'm becoming vegetarian, that's it, no more meat for me. So literally, he's making it home upon himself,
or at the time of the Prophet sallallahu Sallam before he became a prophet. In fact, even after him, the people of Mecca, the jaylee Arabs,
they had made some animals around upon themselves,
as we learned earlier, that they would dedicate some animals to their idols.
And those animals that were not allowed to eat them.
Allah says, hey, let's compare him to
all four legged animals of livestock.
You're allowed to eat them.
And who has made halaal for you, Allah has made them hunted for you.
What is behemoth al anon
the word behemoth is from the root letters that have mean.
And the word behemoth is used for any animal
that supports itself on all fours that support itself on all fours, meaning it cannot walk on to
it has to walk on all four.
So for example, a monkey is not included in this.
It can walk on all fours, but it doesn't generally do that.
Typically, that's not what it does. But this is a four legged animal quadruped beast that supports itself on all fours.
Y'all know him, he said, that Mahima
from ob met Abraham, it means to be unclear to be mute.
Abraham What does it mean to be unclear.
So the Hema is used for any creature
that cannot speak, that cannot express itself.
If you look at it, all animals and birds, they speak to one another. But they don't express themselves as human beings do.
So by humor, it includes all animals, which animals that are four legged.
And it is also said that this word is used specifically for carnivores, meaning those animals that consume
other animals that eat other animals.
But others say that it's not just the carnivores, but it includes any animal four legged whether it's a lion, or a donkey, or a goat, or a camel or a cow. This is what the word Bahama applies to four legged animal, carnivore, or otherwise.
So this is what the word bohem applies to.
Unless as we're headed like on behemoth, all
the four legged animals, which which four legged animals, and
those have grazing livestock.
So every four legged animal does not cut out for you. But only the grazing livestock animals that are four legged, they're halon free.
The word anom is a Florida norm.
And literally the word is used for a camel.
And then it's used for livestock. So for example, sheep, cattle, camels and goats.
And it's from the word near near me. And what is that benefit is blessing.
So anon, are those animals that are kept?
They are raised, they are rare, for benefit, for profit, for food for milk, for ease of travel. Like for instance, a camel is used for traveling as well.
So hey, let's lock on behemoth, Alana.
The behemoth will announce their halon free
now the question is that who are the behemoth a
behemoth will an arm are specified as those animals that are first of all, herbivores, meaning they only consume plants. Because if you think of it, animals of grazing livestock, for instance, bigs, also their captors livestock correct, but they're not herbivores.
They don't just consume plants, but they also consume other animals built.
Secondly, they set that behemoth of an arm. It includes those animals that have a gentle gait, meaning they walk very gently, unlike a horse, because the horse it doesn't walk gently, it runs very fast. Similarly a donkey it's not gentle in its walk. But on the other hand, a goat or a sheep, a cow,
even a camel, it walks gently
and thirdly, they are not predators
and all other animals whether there are birds or there are other type of animals that have other than these characteristics, they are forbidden to eat.
So these three conditions, they have to be met for an animal to be permissible.
Suffering instance what falls in behemoth,
camels, cows, deer, all of these animals are included.
So okay, let Lacombe
inlet except minute article that which has been recited to you, meaning all the behemoth al anon you are allowed to eat them, except for those animals, which you will be informed about, and you are not allowed to eat them.
And which ones are they,
they will be mentioned in the following,
that we will learn how to limit the la comida to what demo Allah Mackenzie,
that the dead, the blood and the flesh of swine is forbidden to you.
Similarly, other animals are going to be mentioned very soon, from the behemoth of an arm, like for instance of a goat if it falls, and because of that fall it dies, then, that dead animal is not allowed for you to eat.
So eliminator Aleikum except for that which is going to be recited to you, as that which is unlawful, that you're not allowed to consume?
Lay it on the healthy side, not ones who make lawful
What? The hunt? What does it mean by this layer?
Meaning you are allowed to consume them. You can even hunt these animals, like for example, a deer,
you can hunt these animals, as long as you don't do it in the state of what anthem Hold on. While you are in the state of
the world more heavily, is actually more helina.
And it's the plural of mohill.
And who does more hell refer to
move help. meme shows it's one who does something
one who makes Hana. So more hen is one who makes Hana or one who makes level
so more headless either meaning ones who make hunting, lawful meaning ones who hunt
the word a site is under federal law do that.
And site is used for hunting. And it's also used for the game, meaning the hunted animal.
So you're not going to hunt these animals. Well until home while you are in the state of
the word home is a plural of how long and the word home has been understood in two ways.
First of all, that why you are wearing the home.
As you know that in the state of Iran when a person is wearing the homies going for Hajj, then in that state is not allowed to do certain things. Amongst them is hunting
suddenly went on home. This has been understood as meaning you are in the home. You are in the home
in the area of the area surrounding Makkah.
So in that area, you're not going to hunt an animal will enter
in a Lucha, Indeed Allah, the kimono you read, he judges he decides whatever he wants, whatever he wishes.
The word hokum as you notice from the reflectorless, hacker name and hokum is to make a judgement. But it's not just to make a judgment or ruling but it is also to have the ability to implement it to carry it out.
So in Allaha, como, may you read a lot of judges, meaning a lot besides how, by making lawful and by making other things unlawful? May God do whatever he wishes whatever he wants, and remember a lost parent that is a Lada his wish is both county as well as surgery. And whatever Allah subhanaw taala wills with regards to the [???]tier it is that which he likes it is that which he approves off.
So in the La Jolla, como mejor. De, what does it mean?
That whatever Allah has commanded you with, he likes it. This is what he likes for you. This is what he approves off, and anything contrary to Allah commands, Allah does not approve of it.
A lot does not like it. So no one can object to what he decides to what he legislates.
What do we learn from this if,
first of all we learn about the excellence of a man the virtue of a man the virtue of faith, the correct way?
Because Allah addresses with a man yet a human living.
Secondly, we learned from this ayah about the obligation of fulfilling contract.
which commitments that a person has made with Allah, that I am your slave, you are my Lord.
Whatever you command me, whatever you tell me, I will do that.
So when a person says they'll leave the villa in Europe and will Islamic Dean and will be Mohammed in sort of long reduce element a vegan,
then whatever Allah has commanded him as halal Haram, he has to accept it.
We also learn from this IoT obligation of fulfilling those contracts and commitments that are legal, that are that are lawful, whether they are at an individual or at a collective level, whether there are verbal or written, immediate or long term, financial or political, any kind of contract that a person makes, he must fulfill it.
And from this, we also learn about the obligation of fulfilling all the conditions and terms of a contract that a person has agreed. Because sometimes, you know, we made a contract and there are some conditions and terms and what do we do? We ignore some we don't care about we leave some out. We disregard some, but because fulfilling contracts is an obligation therefore, fulfilling all of the terms and conditions is also an obligation.
We also see that fulfilling a person's contracts and promises is actually a sign of being the believer.
Where do we learn that from?
Because Allah says yeah, you Alina, Amma know and then alphabet recruit. So what does that show that if a person does not fulfill his contracts, then there is some problem with his Eman.
And as we learn that the hypocrite is the one who, when he makes a promise, he breaks
whether it is with people, or it is with Allah. This is a sign of hypocrisy. It is resemblance to a hypocrite that a hypocrite says, I believe. But then when the command comes he says I'm not going to do it. He says Oh Allah give me money. He said that I'm going to give the government when Allah gives him Well, he doesn't give any sort of government. So he breaks his promises that he makes with Allah as well as with people.
We also learned from this ayah that Allah is the only one who legislates halal and haram. Where do we learn that from?
him Let it has been made lawful for you by who? By Allah subhanaw taala we don't insult them. While at the quarterly maqasid who elsina to komolika diva How the hell alone? We're happy to have on and do not say about what your tongues assertive untruth, that this is lawful and this is unlawful. Meaning you don't have the right to say what is lawful and what is unlawful. It is only a law alone, who legislates what is lawful and what is not.
We also don't from this either out of the behemoth al anon,
meaning the four legged animals that are of the grazing livestock, they are permissible for a person to eat.
We also learn that hunting is not permissible when
in the state of your home or in the area of home.
And remember that there are certain acts, which are forbidden when a person is in the state of Arizona and hunting is one of them. Why do you think?
Why do you think you're not allowed to hunt when you are going for hygiene but when you are in the state of a farm.
When you are wearing the home, you are going somewhere for a particular task. So you should focus on that and not be distracted by hunting and other things. So this teaches us that when you have intended to do something, and when you are performing a particular task, then you should focus on that via Hanif. Don't be distracted by Oh, wow, what a nice bird and an animal.
And sometimes it happens with us. We're working. And we look outside the window. Oh, wow. Look at that. And oh, wow, look at that. And that's it. We were memorizing our lesson. And now we don't know whether we were at the beginning of the era or the end of the year.
So this teaches us a very important etiquette, that when you are doing something, focus on that.
Don't be distracted by other things.
Don't be distracted by other things.
And remember, if a person is in the state of your home and he's hunting, first of all, he's not focused on his hedgetrimmer Secondly is also going to disturb other people.
Because generally people don't go for Hajj alone.
They're in a group. So you like want to wait
I have to get that animal, I have to get that bird.
And you're concerned about your sword and your dagger or your bow and arrow or your gun, and you might be harming other people,
you might be affecting them as well. So when we're not focusing on what we're supposed to, then we don't just disturb ourselves, but we also disturb other people.
We also learn from this idea about that that lien of the heroine, as well as the
that the respect that must be shown to the area of harm, and the respect that must be shown to the harm when a person is wearing
that when you are in Harlem, you don't hunt, when you are wearing the hand, then you don't hunt.
So for example, if a person is wearing a particular uniform, what does that mean?
He must do what is required, the reason why he's wearing that uniform, and if he's wearing a uniform, and he's not doing his duty, he's not doing what he's supposed to. And instead, he is distracted by other things. Like, for example, the person is wearing uniform.
And the class is going on, but they're sitting in the cafeteria.
What does that mean?
They're not respecting the uniform that they're wearing.
Really, that's what it means.
Similarly, the class is going on and a person leaves early.
They're not fulfilling the responsibility that is upon them, by wearing that uniform.
If there's a security guard, he's wearing his uniform, and you don't see him at his desk.
You don't see him at his desk, he's outside walking, or he's taking a break every five minutes.
Is he doing his job, he's not doing his job.
So when a person is wearing a particular uniform, when he's wearing a particular garb, that he must be sincere to it, he must fulfill the responsibilities that fall upon him by wearing that uniform. And he must not take that carelessly.
We also learn from this I that Allah subhanaw taala, that he states, whatever he wishes, in the wider community, and therefore the servant should accept whatever Allah has commanded with an open heart. Because Allah commands whenever he wishes, you cannot object. You cannot tell why like this, and why like that? No, it's up to him. You are his creation. It's up to him whatever rules he wants to set for you.
Because many times what happens? We have a contract with someone. And we say that, okay, fine, I'm going to abide by the rules that you tell me.
But then later on, we say, Who are you to tell me,
Like, for example, we sign a contract with the phone company. And then when I go you to say, I have to follow this, and this and we shout at the representatives, and we argue with them, we debate with them until we somehow make sure that we have to pay less money, we don't fulfill all of the terms and conditions.
Similarly, we come to the Institute. And we say that we're going to follow all of the rules. On your first day.
Maybe when you gave the interview, when you took the interview, maybe you have to sign something.
But then later on when there are some rules, and the teacher tells you or your group in charge LGU sometimes people say, Why?
Why should I have to do it, I'm not going to do it. I have my free will. And you have your free will but you said you weren't going to do it. Therefore you're supposed to do it. So, a person should not object to the rules that have been said, especially when he has agreed to follow them alphabetical
especially when a person has agreed to follow them.
In total Alif I number 54. Allah Subhana Allah says Allah level Hanako well ambu
unquestionably, his is the creation and the command. Meaning he owns the creation and it is up to him, whatever he decides, whatever he that dissipates because he is the hobbit he is the medic