Taleem al-Quran 2010 – Juz 02 – L028C
Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
File Size: 9.84MB
Al-Baqarah 204-214 Word-Analysis and Tafsir 213-214
rajim Bismillah Ar Rahman AR Rahim.
We'll begin from Isaiah 213.
Canon Nasser omata wahida.
Mankind was of one religion before their deviation. And then what happened? forbartha logwin Nabina MOBA sharina woman's at then Allah sent the prophets as Bringers of good news, and also as warriors.
So we learned over here, that the history is being mentioned briefly. In the previous verse, the believers and the disbelievers are mentioned that the believers because of their sacrifices in the dunya, because they follow the commands of Allah, and because they suffered with regards to their dunya because of obedience to Allah, what happens? The disbelievers market them.
So what is this IE man? What is this gopher? How come everybody is not the same? How come? So Allah explains over here, that all of mankind, all of humanity, all of the human race, canon, so what were the omata wahida. They were one oma one nation. What does it mean by one nation, meaning all of them follow the same religion at the beginning.
So basically, the beginning of men, the beginning of humankind, was with guidance, not with misguidance. It was with knowledge, not with ignorance. It was with the hate, not with
Adam or any salon, was the first men and we also know him as a first prophet. So he was not just created and left on his own, but rather a loss of Pandora also taught him also guided him as to how to worship Allah, how to obey Allah.
And also we think of it people initially, there were very few in number, perhaps one family, maybe then two families, then maybe just one village, one small town, and then eventually people spread over the year. And we know that when people are lesson number, then there is unity. And as people grow, then differences arise. And then people begin to differ with one another. And then divisions also happen within people.
So at the beginning, all of the human beings they followed the same religion, they were one nation,
meaning they were on Islam. They believed in Allah. They worship Allah, they follow to hate. But then what happened?
forbartha Laguna Beach, abena MOBA sharena, when Wednesday, then people began to differ. And then a loss of panel data guided to people. He made arrangements for their guidance. How was that? That Allah sent to the people who and their big profits?
The word Bertha is from the roof letters back.
And the word Bertha means to raise to send to dispatch someone to appoint someone. So Allah sent Allah appointed who and they've been, which is the plural of nebby. And these prophets who were sent to people, who were they, they were sent First of all, as mobile shooting, florala, mobile, and mobile she is one who gives Bashara from the roof letters bashing. What does beshara mean? Boucher, good news. So the prophets gave good news to the people. Good News of what good news of reward, good news of success, good news of paradise of eternal bliss, if they believed in Allah, and followed his laws.
So the prophets gave good news to people in order to encourage them to believe
and at the same time, they also were wondering, they were also wonders for love.
And once it is one who gives Enza from the root letter is known than raw, which is to give warning. So the prophets also conveyed warning to the people which Warning Warning of punishment if they continue to disbelieve in Allah, or if they continue to associate partners with him.
So we see that people were under heat. And as the people grew in their numbers, divisions arose, people became have different beliefs. And in order to guide them a lot sent prophets. delete them back to the stripper.
Just as we see that no Hello Sarah was the first messenger isn't it? He was the first messenger why was
because the people started doing Schick?
And how did that shift begin?
that there were some righteous people, some bias people. And when they die, it bleeds came to the people. And he said to them, that look, those people were so righteous that were so biased, this make their images so that you can remember them. And eventually, their remembrance turned into their worship.
So Allah subhanaw taala knew what he said and why, in order to tell the people that Schick was not allowed, what they were doing was actually schilke. And they should only worship Allah soprano died alone.
So we see that Allah sent messengers in order to guide the people. And the messengers conveyed warning. And they also conveyed good news.
See the balance over here? Warning, and good news both go together. Many times we focus just on the good news, we say everything you're doing is fine. Just you believe and that's it, you'll be okay. We only focus on good news sometimes. And other times, we only focus on warning. But we see that both are important. There should be encouragement, there should be good news. And there should also be caution. There should also be warning.
Because when there is balance, then a person is able to accept and follow.
If he's being threatened all the time. You feel so negative. And if he's being encouraged all the time, you say everything is okay. So there has to be a balance.
What unsend Mr. homolka will help.
And Allah sat down with them with who with the profits? What did he send down with the profits, and kita by the book, meaning the Scripture, whether it was a book, or a scroll, or no matter how big or small it was, whatever he thought it was, whatever scripture whatever teachings the messenger was given. But this gift that was given been held with the truth, what does that mean by with the truth, containing the truth, containing the right guidance?
Because what people had was not the truth they had deviated from the truth. And so Allah sent the truth to them,
and also been helped is understood as that unsellable help meaning he sent down the kita for two reasons for the right reasons for just cause and what is that just cause? Today people will enter the mark Mulkey terrible health and he also sent down the book with the messengers.
Why the book
Leah coma been a nurse so that it judges between the people what judges between the people the book,
or Yakama can be understood as he judges meaning the messenger the Prophet judges, with the book between the people, meaning concerning the if the laughter,
female in what a fella for fee, that they deferred him.
So concerning the differences that the people had the book decided between them,
the book decided regarding that.
For example, let's take the example of the Quran. People had a lot of differences, they still have a lot of differences is shaped okay or not is worshiping others besides a lot, okay or not? Similarly, what's going to happen on the Day of Judgment is everybody going to go to gender or people are going to be given recompense for their actions and dealt with accordingly. So people have a lot of differences.
Similarly, when it comes to eating and drinking, one group says, eat this and other says, Don't eat this. There are differences. People differ with one another. So what is it that gives us a solution? What is it that tells us what right is what truth is? The Book of Allah, the guidance of Allah.
And this is the reason why Allah sent the book Leah Kuma, Bane and NAS, female stellar foofy, concerning that which they differ in. So people differ with regards to many things. And the solution is found in the divine guidance.
So no matter what we differ in, what should we look at?
What does Allah say about it? Well, most than FFP, and he did not differ concerning it. concerning what it over here first to the dean, their religion, and it may also refer to the Scripture. It may also refer to the book that once the book came, once the book was sent to the people, once the truth was made clear to the people, still what happened. people continue to defer. Some people they continue to defer, just as we see today, but the Quran is one
Isn't, but everybody has their own interpretation.
The eye are the same, but different people use them in different ways to prove their own points.
So over here Allah says that one must deliver fee that despite sending the book despite sending the guidance, why is it that people still remained in differences? That if Allah sent the book, then how come still there are people who disbelieve and there are people who believe how can they are they Yahood and an Asana and then the Muslims, how can people are not the same? If the guidance was from Allah? If the book was sent as a solution, then how can people still differ from one another? Why? So that is a reason that is being given over here now.
That will Mustapha fee, inland Latina, whoo, hoo different concerning the book. Only those people who were true to who they were given the book, the receivers of the book, the recipients of the book, the people of the book, they differed concerning the book.
When mimbar the magic, a tamale bayonet, after the clear science came to them, after the book was given to them, meaning after the reality was made known to them.
So what was the reason and why did they differ despite having knowledge
berkelium beno, out of animosity amongst themselves out of jealousy among themselves.
The word Buffy is from the reflector is bad wine, yeah.
And what does it mean? Literally, it means desire to obtain something to get something and then the word bling is also used for transgression. Why? Because many times when we desire to get something, what do we do? We cross the limits in obtaining them. Many times this happens.
So the word Buffy is used for transgression, it is used for hostility, it is used for rebellion, to not care about the limits. So bohemian baina home out of jealous animosity amongst themselves. For example, we see that they knew who they were given the total, many messengers were sent to them. And the last messenger who was sent to the Yahoo to the Bani Israel in particular was who he started sooner.
He started so I was given clear miracles, but you know, miracles, he was given the book he was given the Scripture, was the truth not made clear.
Of course it was. But still, they are hood, many of the Bani Israel. They did not believe in reciting saddam. Why they didn't want to accept him. Because what he was telling them to do, was against their desires. And then what happened? The Prophet sallallahu Sallam was sent. But again, the Bani Israel did not believe in him. Why? Because they said, he is not one of us, was the truth not made clear. Of course, we know that they recognize the prophets are about a certain as well as they recognize their own children, but still they denied him. That is a reason being given over here.
So basically, what is being explained over here is that the problem does not lie with the truth.
The problem does not lie with the guidance that Allah has sent. The guidance that Allah sent was absolutely clear. It was begging at but the problem was with the people who were the recipients of that guidance, they did not accept it. They had Buffy the problem lies with them for huddle, lava levena Armani. So Allah guided those people who believed
those people who believed Allah guided them, no matter which era they were in a lot of them out of this whole mess of differences. Lima fella foofy, for that which the different in mental health from the truth be, isn't he with His permission? So Allah guided those people who had believed to what he guided them to the truths
which truth concerning that over which the people had different and and how did he guide them by his permission.
So we see over here, that none can obtain guidance without the permission of Allah.
If someone has received guidance, it is not his own achievement. Who gets the credit? Allah because Allah allows Allah is the one who gives them feel.
And we learned that over here once a person believes and Medina Amano, once a person believes, then he is guided to the truth
as we learned in the Quran, the woman human biller whoever
believes in Allah, Allah, Allah guides his heart. So first, a person has to take the step he has to believe in the truth that he sees that he recognizes. And then Allah will guide him.
Now we wonder, as Muslims, there's so many differences, should I do this? Or should I do that? Should I follow this opinion? Or should I follow that opinion?
But once a person has Eman, then Allah guides him to the truth.
Well luckily it Manisha and Allah guides whomever He wills to what in our slaughter must have been to the street?
What is the straight that the way that our last panel data has said for the people?
So basically, we learned from the cya that all of mankind wasn't guidance before. And then gradually, as a population grew, people began to differ with one another.
And obviously, Stefan's aim is to mislead people. It is to take people astray. So as time went on, people went astray from the right path. And in order to guide them, Allah sent the prophets to give the good news, and also to one. And with the prophets, Allah also sent the keytab Allah also sent a law.
But what happened? Some people continue to differ with regards to the truth, why not because the problem lies with the truth. But because there was a problem with them. And what was that problem? animosity, genessee, their own personal grudges. They didn't look at the truth. But instead they looked at Who is it? Who is giving the truth to us? Who is it that is presenting the truth to us?
They looked at the person, not the truth itself. And then what happened? Allah guided those people who had believed to the truth, despite all of the differences, which is why we see that from the beginning, up until the end of time, they will always remain a group of people upon the truth.
They will always remain a group of people upon the truth No matter how few there.
And one very important lesson that we learned from this ayah is that if there are any differences, if people differ concerning anything, what should we refer to
the book of Allah? What does the book have a mercy? What does the law tell us with regards to this matter? And if we don't have the hokum of Allah, then that should be enough for us. I'm happy with them, or do you think and that's the whole agenda, that you will enter gentlemen,
this address is to the Muslims.
You see when there are differences, what are the differences? Do they create problems for us, and especially when there are differences between the Muslims and the non Muslims, they create difficulties. And especially when these differences, they turn into animosity into enmity, just as we read previously, that the believers get marked at by the disbelievers. So when a believer suffers difficulty from others because of his Eman, what is that? It's a test. It's a test being mocked at by someone just because you follow your religion, it's a test. So a lot of questions. It's over here, that you think that you're just going to enter gender without any tests, without any
difficulties. You think entry to gender is that simple? and has a bottom antenna. Hello, john, do you think that you're just going to enter general like that has symptoms from the roof veterus has been bad. And the word hisab is from the same root as well. His job is to calculate to account and then over here has is to consider do think to suppose something
so do you think and that's the whole agenda that you will enter?
Well, am I wrong? While it has not yet come to you?
Llama Llama over here gives the meaning of not yet. Since not yet what has not come to you? methanol levina Holloman kobelco the method of those people who have passed away before you
the word method means example. Method newhome gamma felon lady there example is the example of the one who but the word method also means description. Especially when the word method is not followed by a method.
When we learned earlier about the example of the hypocrites when we read method to home care method.
So when the word method appears on its own, then most of the time it gives a meaning of description was
characteristic and not example, it gives a meaning of likeness.
So you think you're just going to enter gender, while the muscle meaning while the likeness or the description and what does it mean by description or likeness over here, meaning similar trial, same difficulty, similar trial, same difficulty has not come to you which difficulty which came upon alladhina Holloman conflict,
which came upon those people who passed away before you. The word hello is from the roof letters Harlan. Well, and we have done this word before, literally means to be empty, and then figuratively means to pass away.
So those people who passed away before you, meaning the believers who passed away before you, the earlier generations, they suffered a lot. They suffered a lot of difficulties. They suffered a lot of challenges. And you think you're going to enter dinner without any challenges without any difficulties? You have not suffered the same way. You have not gone through what they went through? Then why do you expect that you will enter Jannah just as they will androgen?
Basically, what is being said in this ayah is that entry into gender is not easy.
You have to pay some price, you have to go through some difficulty, you have to go through some challenges. And these challenges, these difficulties could be through the opposition of others. It could be by other people marking at you. It could be by other trials in life. It could be anything.
But a believer definitely goes through difficulties in this life. No matter what kind of difficulty there.
It could be any difficulty but a believer definitely goes through some difficulties. Why? Because they're necessary for a person in order to enter origin.
And also what is being explained to us over here is that if you're facing problems as a believer, don't think it's something strange. It's the norm.
If you face any difficulties, any challenges, any problems, just because you're a believer just because you're studying the Quran, and don't think it's something strange. It's the norm. Anyone who undertakes this path anyone who undertakes this journey, he definitely suffers difficulty
Masato upset but sad touch the touch to those people before you the believers before you masetto is from EMC insane What does must mean to touch so what touch them what afflicted them? Albert, sir. Oh, what the raw
poverty and hardship.
We have done these words before as well. The word but sad is from bear Hamza seen and that's that gives a meaning of extreme poverty. extreme poverty, that is with hunger. Extreme Poverty in which a person also suffers from hunger.
You see, one is that a person is suffering from poverty. So okay, fine. He sells his car. He doesn't have a car anymore. Okay, what does he do then? He doesn't have any money left. What does he do? He sells his house, he goes on rent. And then eventually he runs out of that money as well. And then eventually it comes to a point where he cannot even afford to buy food for himself
to the point that he becomes hungry, and not just hungry, extremely hungry. So what is that sad, extreme hunger.
Just remember, the time of the prophets are about as Allah when the believers in Mecca when they suffered from the boycott,
and they suffered from so much hunger that they had absolutely no food left. They were forced to eat leaves and leather. Just imagine
leaves leather, that's what they were forced to eat, because they had absolutely no food left. And even if they could get some food, they weren't allowed to purchase any food, a complete social boycott.
My settlement about set they underwent a lot of difficulty, so much so that they even suffered from hunger. The word but loose from the same root is used for extreme poverty.
And they also suffered from Barbara what is the law from the root letters log law. The law is used for illness for sickness and it's also used for
mental pain from mental torture, emotional torture.
You see, one is that you are suffering physically. For example, a person has a headache, or person has an illness. He's suffering, that hurts. But what hurts more is when somebody says something negative to you.
When somebody passes a negative remark to you, that hurts much more.
When the Muslims are suffering from the boycott in Makkah, what happened?
Yes, they suffered from hunger and poverty. But what was unbearable, was the fact that it was their own relatives. It was their own family, who had driven them out of their homes, who had boycotted them, it was their own family.
So physical torture is on one hand, but emotional, mental, that's completely different. And that makes the problem much worse. So Masato butser what the law they suffered from poverty, from hunger, from illness, from disease, from hardship, from tribulation, from psychological traumas, all of that, to the point that was Zulu, to the point that they were shaken. What does it mean? Please don't do.
So there are some new fetters a lamb, a lamb from zen,
and what does that mean?
It is used for an earthquake. Basically, it means when something shakes to and fro, when something is convulsed when something is rocked, when something is shaken completely. And you see, Zelda Zelda zil, then there is a repetition of the letters xalan and Zalem.
And the repetition of the letters gives a meaning of the repetition of the action, it gives a meaning of repetition of the action.
Some linguists say that Zulu xizang is from the roof headers, a lamb lamb, from Zenda.
The actual root letters are xylem lands, and what does allow me to slip but in general to the law means to slip. And when you say sell seller, it means to slip again and again.
Why are you sleeping again and again, because of the constant movement because of the constant shaking of the earth beneath you.
So this is what Zelda is, this is what Suzanne is. And over here was Ruthie Lou, what does that mean? They were shaken, not physically, but they were shaken, because of the different kinds of trials that they went through.
Because of the different types of traumas that they went through. One after the other, Zelda Zelda, continuously, one trauma, one test was followed by another.
So you think that you're going to enter into genda? Easily, while the people before you who believed they went through so much suffering? must settle that settled law was overdue? And the question is, who is being addressed over here?
Who were the first recipients of this ayah? The prophets are about Islam and the companions. And you wonder they suffered so much. What about those before then? They must have suffered much more.
As we learned from several a hadith from one Hadith we learned that the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, that among the nations before you, a believing man would be put in a ditch that was dug for him. He would be put in a ditch in a hole that was dug for him. And a saw would be put over his head, and he would be cut into two pieces. Yet that torture would not make him give up his religion, that torture, that persecution would not make him give up his religion. What is a negative comment? A negative remark compared to this? It's nothing. And we think that just because somebody gave me that stern look, or past that comment, I'm afraid to do this anymore. I'm afraid to wear my hijab or
I'm afraid to speak the truth. I'm afraid to press Allah. Why? I mean, what is this opposition compared to what the previous people faced.
The Hadees continues, that his body would be combed with iron combs that would remove his flesh from the bones and nerves, yet that would not make him abandon his religion. It would not make him abandon his religion.
Because remember that when a person becomes a believer, when a person claims that he is a believer, then Allah tests him to see
If he's truly sincere if he's truly determined, if he really means it, that he's a believer, just as we randomly learn who, when he was going through all the difficulty, all that persecution, what did he say?
That when you go by a container, when you go by a vessel, what do you do? You knock on it, to see if it's really strong. To see if it's really solid. When you buy anything, you touch it, you feel it, you pick it up, sometimes you throw it, if anything is manufactured, they make it go through so many tests. They drop it from different heights. They expose it to heat exposure to harsh temperatures. Why? To see how strong it is, if it really can last.
So similarly, when a person claims to be a believer, is a lot more going to test him. If he's really true in his email, if what he's claiming is just lip service, or is it really from his heart?
So you think you're going to enter Jannah just like that without any difficulties? No, you are going to suffer difficulties, you are going to face challenges. And these challenges could be from your family. They could be from your friends. They could be from your enemies. They could be from the situations that you're in, in life. They could be the different decisions that allow makes for you.
Because life is a test. Life is difficult. Masato But sir, what the law was Zulu, and they were shaken.
And they were shaken so much, that had the call of a soul to the point that the messenger said, and along with the messenger, who else said, When Medina Amanullah, who and even the believers with him,
the situation, the *, the the trauma, the difficulty, the trial was so severe, it was so unbearable, to the point that the messenger and the believers they said, matter of law,
when is the help of a lot going to come?
the word matter gives the meaning of when, at what time? It doesn't mean, where is it? It means when is it going to come? Because there are certain they have your cane, that is definitely going to help.
So they wonder, when is the help of a lot going to come?
Now when we suffer some difficulties, whether it is memorizing the lesson, or it is fascinating for 30 days, or it is praying five times a day, what do we think
it's too difficult? I can't do it. And really, reading the lesson seven times. Allah knows the difficulty that you're going through. And if it is difficult for you, then difficulty is a must trial is a must. Allah is definitely going to test people. And whenever we are going through some difficulties, what should we think of Who should we think of those people before us, just as a heads tells us, that whoever is going through some difficulty, he should remember the difficulty that the profits are along the settlement.
Just remember the trials that he went through. He suffered difficulties from his childhood. As a child, he was an orphan. And then his own family turned against him. He went through hunger, he went through hardship, he went through so much suffering, what are my sufferings compared to him? They're nothing, absolutely nothing.
And the difficulties that the people before suffered, there were so much that even the messenger said, When is the help of Allah going to come? What does Allah say? Allah, unquestionably. And Allah is for exclamation that know this, that in Nasrallah Hikari, that indeed, the help of Allah is free, it is near, meaning it's coming is very new. It is definitely coming and it is close.
You just have to wait a little bit longer, just a little bit more. Don't give up. Just keep holding on. Don't give up.
Many times when we're going through difficulties, we say it's too difficult. And we give up. We start doing the good that we're doing. And we say it's too difficult for me. But we just have to hold on a little bit longer. And that's it. We've learned earlier in Surah Baqarah that when unable to under can be shy in mean unhealthy while jewelry when oximeter and Wiley will unfussy with MRI machines Fabien give good news to those who are patient. We learn sort of Mohammed either at one way or another no one had to narrow down well, Mujahideen a min Khan was sobbing whenever they were about to come.
And we will surely test you until we make evident those who strive among you for the cause of Allah and the patient. And we will test your affairs. We will test your situations, we will test the different situations that you're in, we will not leave you without trials without difficulties.
So, we see that the path to gender is surrounded with difficulties. And these difficulties are very important. Because it is these difficulties that make us determine that make a stir into a lot more that make us more sincere. If everything was fine, if everything was easy, how often would we make? How often would we have to work on Allah subhanaw taala. So these difficulties are a must to make us more determined to make us more sincere and to increase our dependence on a muscle
and they're also an opportunity for more reward.
That's listen to the recitation
to be in one long
this for yourself, Allah international law
and put it somewhere where you can see it. And every time you're going through any suffering any difficulty whether it's a headache, or a negative comment, or a bad mark, anything just remind yourself to help have allies near
a slowly can
begin asking do you think I'm passive? Tom, do you think you will enter Jannah just like this. Most of time what we do, we just want to sit around and enjoy ourselves. Do nothing and enter Jenna. Like she said Jana is surrounded by difficulties. We have to be tested. Because Jana is higher place. Jenna is expensive, we have to pay that price for us to enter Jana.
Here you have to show that we're really worth going to gender. Like we have to prove ourselves worthy of entering into gender. Like you can't past and you can't get any diploma without doing any test. There's something you can't enter Jannah without passing the test we're going through. See we just go through the fcat none of us real affected with birth sign the raw zillo none of us goes through this. But when the test to become hard for us, what do we say? Or alarm studying Koran? I'm doing saliva for tahajjud What did I do to deserve this? Yes, but you know, this was not the question of believers in there still hope for the help of Allah. Mata Nasir ally and this should be
for us ourself because when the situation will get hard know that the help of Allah is near know that I'm about to be rewarded greatly remember the prophets Allah Salaam when he was passing away he was going through so much pain and he told his daughter that this is the last pain Your father is going through after this there's no more suffering. We should always think I'm suffering now but inshallah the help of allies near because I must say, surely my help is near. So never give up. Because if you give up, then you don't want to be a loser after suffering so much and then you just give up on a lie You lost hope.
Allah, you are a loser no that always Allah held to the believers before you and inshallah he will help us to
basically when a person suffers in dystonia, because of his Deen and when he is patient, and when he is that first, then there is award for him for that patience for that steadfastness in this dunya and also in the alpha. And we see that as a very important if you look at anything like the word fitna, which is used for test, what does it literally mean?
To expose gold, or some metal, to fire to heat, why, in order to mold it, or in order to cleanse it, in order to purify it.
So difficulties they purify us, they bring about the best in us. They make us go beyond ourselves. Because we are challenging our abilities. were challenging our normal routine, or our normal ways so that we do that, which we wouldn't generally do. We wouldn't otherwise do. Because we have to strive we have to put in extra effort.
So difficulties and challenges, what do they do? They bring about the best in us, they force the best out of us. They take us to the maximum that we can do that are through good times, and also through bad times. And when they're through bad times when through difficulties, and it's easier for a person to return to Him. We learned that the people who were tested the most for those who are most beloved to Allah.
So basically, the message of this ayah is that we are going to be tested. If you're tested, no matter how. Don't give up, be strong.
And give yourself comfort with the thought with the conviction with the knowledge that people before we're all suggested. What I am going through is the norm. It is not something new. It is not something strange.
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