Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
Al-Baqarah 153-162 Word-Analysis and Tafsir 158-162
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I'm gonna be Lamia Shivani rajim Bismillah Ar Rahman AR Rahim.
I am number 158
in the software while more water minchah in the
indeed, a Safa and Marwa are among the symbols of Allah
Safa and Marwa are two hills near the Kaaba, they are two hills near the Kaaba both safa and marwah and between these two hills, the surgery is performed
in a sofa well more water minchah in the
the Safa and Marwa are two hills, near the Kaaba
and between these two hills, the surgery is performed
the surgery is one of the rituals of Ramadan and Hajj
and what is sorry
it has to go between Safa and Marwa seven times
and it is a part of hij as well as oma and if a person does not perform surgery, then a person's heart or mala are incomplete.
The Prophet sallallahu Sallam said it's our fur in the Lucha cutterbar and ecomo Surya makes very as Allah has prescribed sorry for you Muslim document
I should have said that a person's Hajj is not complete until he performs sorry around Safa and Marwa.
So Allah subhanaw taala says over here that it needs to suffer and moreover, they are both both of these two hills. They are mincha it in their of the Shah of Allah. Shah it is a plural of share either from the roof fetters sheen I mean,
it is from the root letters Sheen, Rainbow plural of the word share Eva,
the word share all that scharoun are also from the same root shirt is to realize to proceed through one senses. And share Ito is a sign it is a sign or a symbol through which something else is recognized. It is a sign or symbol that represents something. For example, the maple leaf, what does it represent? It's on things that are Canadian.
Similarly, the Canadian flag What does that represent?
So similarly share euro is anything that represents another it is a symbol, it is a sign.
So over here Allah says that safa and marwah these two hills, there are the symbols of Allah. What is the matter of the symbols of Allah? Meaning they are those rituals that Allah soprano dalla has prescribed.
And remember that the word chariot or shy applies to three things. First of all, it applies to certain places that representative
for example, a much more particularly the Kaaba,
Safa, Marwah, why South America, because a ritual of hygiene is performed over there.
So it applies to places
then it also applies to certain times, for example, Ramadan,
that is what it's a symbol of the dean, it has been specified by a loss of data. Similarly, the date of Friday, the time of fudge the time of the time of the time of mother at the time of Russia, the time of giving the cat all of these times when worship is performed, what is that? That is also of the shot.
Thirdly, torture it applies to the specific acts of worship as well. For example, or then the karma, the recitation of the Quran. So these are what actions and these places these times these actions, they symbolize the dean, they remind you of the dean, they're the obvious signs, they're the visible signs of the dean and they have been called Shire of Allah, because Allah is the one who has prescribed them.
Allah subhanaw taala is the one who has told us about them. He is the one who has set them for us.
So the Safa and Marwa there of the shine of Allah as well, for one hedger, so whoever performed hatch had Jeff from the reflectors hygiene gene, as you know, it literally means to aim to intend to a certain target to undertake a journey.
Hajj is the pilgrimage, the annual pilgrimage that the Muslims perform.
So whoever had gel VEDA, performed Hajj of the house which houses this. The Kaaba
Oh or erythemal? He performed
here tomorrow from IBM raw. And what does it mean? Age? And Amara, your model means to populate a place. Woman else level minmum menara massage de la and youth coffee has smooth wasafi habia. So, in that we learned that the population of the masjid is how, by people coming and worshiping over there.
So Rama, what does it do? It populates the hell?
What does it do?
It populates the huddle.
Because if you think about it, the hedges performed only once a year, isn't it only once a year, and they're almost performed throughout the year, every single month, every single day, so many people go and perform.
They Imagine if that place also was only for hedge, would it really be that busy?
It wouldn't be that busy. If you go to other places, which are also part of the rituals of Hajj, for example, Mina, they're empty. For the rest of the year completely empty, aliphatic empty, there's no person over there. But you go to the huddle, it's fun.
So, whoever performs the hedge or he performs the camera, for Legendre Hara he then there is no sin upon him.
Though Arjuna is from the reflectors, Jean noon.
And you know, literally means to incline toward something. The word Jenner is from the same root gender is used for a wing or the side of a person.
So generic, is when a person inclines towards that which is wrong
towards that, which is blameworthy when a person inclines away from that which is correct, and does that which is blameworthy?
So legendary, there is no same legendary there's no such thing. A person is not at fault. He's not committing sin. And you have power for being human that he does the work of them to
your power is from thought welfare. As you know perfect utopia literally means to go around. And the wife is used for to laugh, because you go around the Carver.
Over here, he performs the lab meaning he runs between or he performs the circuits behemoths of them to what does the tour refer to software and model and that
that is done between safa and marwah is called sorry.
So, whoever performs the hedge or he performs it, then he is not at fault, if he performs sorry, between the two mountains.
Now the question is, we just understood that Hajj and Umrah are incomplete if sorry, is not performed. So have over here it's being said that there is no sin upon the person if he performs sorry, between the two mountains between the two hills. What does it mean by that?
Now, before the advent of Islam, before the profits are a lot of a sudden, the people had placed two idols on these two hills.
And they had also placed several idols inside the Carver and around the Kaaba, as well as these two hills ECF and they had put these two idols over there.
And when the people used to worship around the Kaaba, or when they did surgery, they would go and touch these idols, and they would make the art from them and so on and so forth. When the Prophet sallallahu wasallam came with the light of the head, forbidding ship, the Sahaba the companions, they were concerned that this ritual of sorry, going between Safa and Marwa may be one of those rituals that the machine would perform, because for the machine going between Safa and Marwa inputted worshipping the idols is half an IRA. So the Muslims are concerned that is correct for us to perform surgery.
Is it really correct for us or is it something that is of idolatrous origin? What are we supposed to do?
So this is being clarified over here, that performing surgery is correct. And performing sorry is not in remembrance of the days of ignorance. It is not of the mushrik rituals but
Safa and Marwa, they are linked or the serie between safa and marwah is linked to an incident that was performed much before.
And that was incident.
I've heard you
and safa and marwah are what? They are the Shire of Allah. That's what Allah subhanaw taala called them over here. They are the Shah of Allah. They are not a part of the worship traditions in which she came yesterday put idols over there. But that has nothing to do with the actual ritual of sorry.
Now, what is the story of hotel?
Ibrahim Hassan, as we know, he was from Iraq. And he was persecuted so much that people threw him in the fire. And his father said, What do you mean militia leave me for a very long time. Don't come to me. Don't do that to me, otherwise, I'm going to kill you. Otherwise, I'm going to stone you to death. So Ibrahim alayhis salam had to leave.
So him and his wife, Sarah, they migrated to Palestine. they migrated to Palestine.
And over there, they lived in heaven, which is at the boundaries of Syria and Turkey. Ibrahim and Sarah are the Hema salon. They do not have any children for a very long time. And Ibrahim alayhis salam began calling people towards worship of Allah alone over there in Palestine, but people did not accept his message. So again, Ibrahim had a sudden had to leave
him and his wife they left for Egypt.
And at that time, the leader of Egypt he was very unjust and very cruel. And it is said that Sarah is Salaam she was very beautiful. In said that the name Sarah is actually Sarah with a shadow and Dada,
which is from Seoul or sunroof, which means pleasure, as we read earlier, the several nails leading.
So she was very beautiful. That's the origin of the name so. And when the king learned about her beauty, he wanted her for himself.
And he did that by force. So Sarah, she was brought to him, and she made the law and ebrahimian Islamic law for her protection.
And when the king he tried to extend his hands towards her What happened? His hands, they became paralyzed. So he became very worried. He apologized to salah and she prayed for him and his hand was okay.
Again, he tried. The same thing happened, this happened three times. So the king, eventually he gave up, and he looks at his angle. And he realized that she was not an ordinary woman, there was something special.
And he wanted to reward her. So in order to please them, both Sarah and Abraham, he gave them gifts. And of those gifts was the maid that sorrow or his son was given, whose name was hydro, hydro. It has said
Ibrahim Assalam returned to Palestine. And his wife Sarah, who was still bearing, advised Ibrahim Alayhi Salam that he should marry the female slave etc. And he said I was given her children hope that he would have children through her. Ibrahim Hassan did so and hajra are in a salon she had a son, but obviously, because they were human, salah and had you know would not get along.
So Ibrahim al Islam was commanded by Allah soprano data to take Hydra. And it's Marie dhamaka and make them reside over there.
Ibrahim alayhis salam brought hadron Israel to Makkah, and as we know that Mecca, was is a barren land, nothing goes over there. There was absolutely no water. All they had was a little food and the water escape that had the water with them.
Ibrahim and escena when he left headed over there, as he was leaving, she came to him and she said Ibrahim, are you going to depart and he was at this rally? Where no people live and with nothing for subsistence?
And she repeated this question over and over again because he would not reply. And then eventually she asked him, did Allah order you to do so?
And he replied Yes. And her response was then he will not let us bearish
This is called Sapa.
In alila, we belong to Allah. And if this is the decision of Allah, that he is not going to let us perish. There is definitely good in this.
And Ibrahim is around, he then departed, he left and he made the door that Oh Allah, I have settled some of my descendants over here in this place that goes nothing near your sacred house that they establish prayer and so on and so forth. So he made the offer
It is Brahimi Listen, I'm deaf to dates and water with them, which eventually finished. When the water finished, it was the desert. It was hot and humid. I had her son with her.
And he was crying out of thirst. She was also very restless because of thirst. So eventually she left him because she could not endure seeing him like that. And she found a mountain of suffer.
She found a sofa here,
because it was the nearest mountain to her on the land.
She climbed up and stood on it and started looking at the value keenly, so that she might see somebody now I'm reading off the hobbies in which we find this nourishing.
So she climbed up the mountain and stood on it and started looking at the valley keenly, so that she might see somebody, but she could not see anyone. Then she descended from a sofa. And when she reached the valley, she packed up her robe and ran in the valley like a person in distress and trouble till she crossed the valley and reached a lava mountain
where she stood and started looking expecting to see somebody, but she could not see anyone.
She repeated that basic between Safa and Marwa seven times.
Imagine the hunger and the thirst and being alone when up seminal and while while unforce with a Murat and your unhealth all of them are combined over here for her
and look at her
When she reached down so far, for the last time, she heard a sound
and she said Hush. Addressing herself like you know, listen quietly. What's that sound.
She then listened attentively and heard the voice again. And she said You have made me hear you. Have you got something to help me with. She then found an angel at the spot of Zamzam digging the earth with his heel or his wing, until water sprung forth.
She started to make something like a basin around it, using her hands in this way,
and started filling her water skin with water by her hands. And the water was flowing out even after she had scooped some of it.
So this was the incident that made suffer and model important.
This is what made Safa and Marwa of the Shire of Allah.
We see over here the sacrifice of hijra.
She accepted the situation. She was pleased. She was content with the decision of voloshin complaint.
And more importantly, she understood the responsibility of her husband.
She understood the responsibility of her husband.
Many times when we suffer difficulty because some people are because some people are not there like our parents are not there or our spouse is not there because he has to go to the masjid or he has to go pray that are we? And we're alone at home. What do we do? We complain.
She understood the responsibility of her husband, that he has to work for Allah.
And she was pleased with the command of Allah.
This is a practical example over here the last panel that is showing to us
this is how severe is done.
And because of her sub, her efforts were accepted this dunya even how are they accepted
that the two hills between she ran, everyone who performs or everyone who performs Hajj has to do the same has to do sorry, between Safa and Mandala in her footsteps. And the place where she ran a look also at what his shot.
She was running between the two mountains in patients out of patience accepting the decision of Allah. And Allah subhanaw taala made that a ritual for us. And on the other hand, Ibrahim are listed on a display that they built the house. That was another sacrifice that was another effort. That was another way of doing something there also the shine of Allah.
So over here Allah says that both of them they are the Shire of Allah. Whoever performs Hajj or Umrah then there is no fault on him if you perform sorry, between the two
women, Toto were hired and whoever did some good voluntarily, that Anwar is from the real pleasure store. Well, I'm from the word utara. Bow it means obedience. But authority is used for such obedience that is done willingly and voluntarily.
willingly meaning happily and voluntarily.
So whoever default we're hiring, meaning whoever voluntarily does anything that is good
meaning he increases
doing good deeds he increases in his obedience. Why that Hajj or more or otherwise, for in Allah shakin on a limb that Indeed Allah is appreciative and he is knowing
Allah is Shakir who is shacket one who does sugar. When people do sugar, that means they're offering thanks. When Allah does sugar, it means that he appreciates the obedience of
that Allah appreciate the obedience, the sacrifice, the patience of the slave.
And how does Allah subhanaw taala expresses appreciation by the reward that he gets.
Allah is checking
her journal, she ran between software and model was seven times she lived in that hot place under the sun without any shelter, without any food. Why? Because that was the command of Allah.
And she accepted that Allah appreciated her effort. So much so that he made that running overs, a ritual for everybody to come afterwards.
And he is,
he knows, he knows about the difficulties that we go through. He knows about the good that we do. And He rewards. Allah is shacket and he is also really
and remember that when Allah subhanaw taala is appreciated when He rewards it's not that He rewards you know with a little bit of reward only. We know about the minimum reward for one good deed is 10 good deeds.
A person recites one letter of the Quran 10 good deeds
and reward goes up to 700 times a light is shacket
mantle power hierarchy, notice the word higher any good deed, any good deed that you do voluntarily, whether at Hajj or at or whatever or otherwise, remember that Allah is appreciated.
Allah appreciates that good deed. And he is arleen he knows exactly what you've done.
He knows how difficult it was for you. Or he knows how much effort you put in that. Allah is shacket and he's also
and when we do things for other people, people neither appreciate nor do they know the effort that we've put in.
But Allah is shakin, and he's also
in Alina yocto Muna einzelner
Indeed, those people who hide yuck tomatoes from cattlemen and cattlemen is to conceal something to hide something.
So, those people who hide what do they hide
morons and that which we have sent them? What have we sent down? Minerva Hina of the clear science, but united Florida Vienna and Vienna is that which is clear that which is explained openly.
So, those people who hide what we have sent down what is it that Allah subhanaw taala has sent them first of all, what is mentioned here is albena
meaning clear signs, clear evidences. What else do they hide? While who the end the guidance alhuda guidance. Guidance only refers to beneficial knowledge.
It refers to beneficial knowledge because it guides the creation to a loss of strength.
So, those who hide what Allah has sent down, whether it is off the behemoth or it is a Buddha member the after meaning they hide after, after when my billionaire who that we have explained it Lindner see for the people filk it up in the book, meaning after we have made it clear in the book
after we have clarified that information that knowledge, those evidences in the book in the scripture
leanness for the people. And notice over here unece has been used and people includes believers and disbelievers. Now the question is Which book is this? This book is any scripture that Allah subhanaw taala has revealed
any scripture that Allah subhanaw taala has revealed.
So those people who hide that which Allah has revealed, that which Allah has revealed of clear proofs and guidance, those people who hide that for them as what for them is what is the is a hula, aka Yella Anna Humala, a locker system. Yellow Rhino is from the roof letters lamb a new learner
and learner is curse. It is to be a way it is to be removed away.
To be banned from the mercy of Allah.
So a locker system who else curses them? Well, I know whom when they're known and those who curse. Also Kirsten alarie, known as a plural of layering and layering is one who curses.
Remember that one Allah subhanaw taala curses someone, it means that the person is removed far away from the mercy of Allah.
And when the creation person is someone, what does it mean? That they are praying against him?
Not in his favor, but against him.
Now what is this ayah telling us?
Primarily, it is speaking about the scholars, the ruler of the Bani Israel,
because they used to hide the teachings of the Buddha.
They used to hide the teachings of the Torah.
And specifically with regards to the description of the prophets of the lotus,
they hid that they conceal that
and part of concealing is not telling other people not making it known.
And part of conceding is hiding it, making it obscure or completely removing it, so that it is forgotten forever. Imagine something that was part of the book was deleted. Imagine
a hokum, a description, a command is completely removed, or it is distorted, it is changed. Isn't it going to be hidden?
Isn't it going to remain unknown to the people? Of course it is.
So over here, Katana does not just mean they hate it, they didn't tell people about it. But they hid it in any way whether it was by distorting it or it was by removing it. Or it was by misinterpreting it. in whatever way they hide what Allah has sent down. And Allah has sent it down for everybody for a NES. So primarily the AI is about the aroma of the Bani Israel but after that, it applies to any person who does this. The consequences of hiding in our what learner of Allah and learner of the hunt,
or Hadees tells us and even magic, man so Ilan, in fact, Allahu olje Manuel chiamata villager Amina now,
the one who was questioned about knowledge, and he conceals it. So we learned that another way of hiding knowledge is that somebody asks us about something and we conceal it.
This person will be made to wear a griddle of fire on the Day of Resurrection, just as a horse has made to wear a riddle. Similarly, this person will be made to wear that a fire.
Why? Because he knew something that was of benefit. Whether it was something that Allah had revealed, or it was guidance, it was beneficial knowledge. What did he do? He hid it, he concealed it. So for him, there is learner.
Now the question is, why do people hide knowledge?
Sometimes it is because they don't want to tell others because others will become equivalent to them.
Others will become just like them. You have special knowledge, you are special.
Sometimes it's because of that.
Other times people hide knowledge, because if they tell others about it, other will question well, why don't you do the same thing? So for example, if the hood of the bunny is like a little aroma of the bunny, Israel, if they were to tell the people about the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. And they themselves were not believing. What would the people say? Then how come you're not believing? So there could be several reasons for hiding.
And it is wrong to hide it because the consequences are great. But there are some exceptions.
For example, if a person does not know, he doesn't know the answer. But he's not hiding him. He simply doesn't know that. What is he supposed to say? It is supposed to make up something? No, he doesn't know. So he's not going to give an answer.
Mr. Malik, a man came to him from a very far place after a very long journey. And he began asking Mr. Malik about certain issues in America. I don't know. I don't know. I don't know. Imagine. He was a scholar. People would travel to him to learn. But if he didn't know something, he didn't make it up. He said, I don't know. So this is one exception. Another exception is that somebody asks you about something. And if you answer the question, it would be a means of fitness for the other person. It would be a means of fitness for them. So you don't tell them that answer at that time because they're not at that level to accept it.
To take it in. Similarly, if a child is asking about, you know, inappropriate things, what does this bad word mean?
Then are you going to tell them what that bad word means? No.
So over here, what is being spoken about is knowledge that is beneficial knowledge that is relevant.
Allah says, In the Medina taboo, what osla who will buy your new except for those people who repent and correct themselves and make evident what they conceal? For Allah equal to bar Allah him? What an overhang,
then those people accept their abundance. And I'm also Accepting of repentance and the Most Merciful
Illa Medina taboo. This is an exception from from those who deserve the curse of Allah. Why did they get the curse of Allah? Because they hate knowledge. But if a person does, though, but and what is the way that a person leaves the sin that he was committing? he regrets over it. And he makes a promise of never going back to it ever again.
So he does Toba? and What asla? Who? afla? Who is from Islam? So what does this mean, to fix things?
So he also makes amends, he also fixes. What does that mean by fixing things over here?
That he tries to fix what happened in the past? He hid knowledge in the past. What is he supposed to do now?
He's supposed to make it known,
is supposed to tell others or, for example, he misinterpreted a particular text before, what is he supposed to do now? interpreted properly,
not altered, tell the people about the correct information.
What by you know, and they also explained clearly by you know, is wrong by noon?
What do they clarify? What do they make known? What they were hiding? What they were conceding before?
Also, what else should they make known the meanings of the text?
So these people who do Toba, who do is laugh and you also explain clearly for their Ico. So those are two barley. I accepted.
I turned to them and mercy. What an adorable Rahim and the greatest acceptor of repentance, and also the Especially Merciful.
So we learn over here, that no matter which sin a person performs, if he does Toba, he can fix things.
And part of Oba is doing Islam, rectifying things.
And also another very important lesson that we learned from this ayah is that hiding knowledge, concealing knowledge is a major thing. It is something that is forbidden.
In alladhina, cafaro woman in the those people who disbelieved one or two and they died, they died in what state were home. cofell while they were disbelievers cofounders of florala Cafe.
What about these people? Allah says, When a girl a young learner to Allah upon them, is a curse of Allah, meaning they're far away from the mercy of Allah.
And who else curses them?
One melodica, and the angels, oneness and the people ultramarine all together, meaning the curse of all of the angels and the curse of all of the people.
The Curse of all of the angels, and the curse of all of the people is on them.
Meaning they pray against them.
In the previous verses we learned about well I know who more Larry known.
So who are the Larry know, besides the loss of panatela? Who are those who curse? And melodica and unece? Why do the angels curse them? Because they will only do what Allah pleases them. And Why will the people curse them?
Because people have Eman will curse them, and also disbelievers will curse them. Because we know that in the Hellfire as people will enter each group will curse at the next group or the following group or at the previous group that has entered the hellfire.
The followers will curse the leaders.
Because it is because of them. That they ended up in Hellfire because it is their who led them astray.
So upon such people, there is the curse of Allah and also the curse of others.
Khalid Nina Fie her want to abide eternally in it in what what does this hair refer to? High refers to the learner? They will always be away from the mercy of Allah.
What is the mercy of a lion the hereafter
Until remedy, they will be away from it. Were in hellfire.
Now you have a foreign human either the punishment will not be lightened from them, you have a voice from cause fair.
And as we have read earlier, the fief is to reduce or to lighten something.
What does it mean?
To reduce or to lighten something in both tangible and intangible sense.
So the punishment is not going to be reduced upon them
in what way,
either in its severity or in its length of time,
the intensity of the job is not going to be reduced.
You know, sometimes people say, Yeah, when people will go to Hellfire, then they'll get used to the punishment. No, they're not going to get used to the punishment, because the punishment the severity, the intensity, the torture is not going to reduce.
And also the time the length of time is also not going to be reduced while humans are on, nor will they be given any rest bite.
The word you learn is from Nevada, and Nevada literally means to look at something. So, they will not even be looked at. They will not even be looked at with mercy. No one is going to look at them with affection. with pity with compassion. No, no pity for them.
No kinda looks for them. When are homeand little they will not even be looked at.
Nevada also means to give time to give rest bite.
Nevada also means to give time to give a chance to diversified. So they will not be given any rest bite, meaning they will not be given any time to repent.
Any time to offer any more excuses, because the time of repentance is over.
Dunya this life is a time that we have to repent. And if anyone does not take advantage of this time, then it's too late in the hereafter. No more chances will.
Somehow Nicola who will be handling this show the La Ilaha Illa. anta Asahi, look at one or two Really?
Let's listen to the recitation of these verses.
panic alarm will be hamburger, the Chateau La ilaha illa Anta the stockbroker?
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