Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
Al-Baqarah 74-82 Word-Analysis and Tafsir 78-82
agenda smilla rahmanir rahim
I am number 78
woman whom only Yuna
and among them are unlettered ones, who are the unlettered ones, Laila moon and kita. who do not know the scripture in the media, except in wishful thinking, or in home in law you're known, but they're only assuming.
Women home from among them from among who from among
the previous is the previous verses, talk about the Bani Israel. They are good at the time of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam how some of them pretended to be hypocrites or pretended to be believers but they were actually hypocrites. They would reveal Eman but inside they hid disbelief.
And over here we learned that the Bani Israel from among them, there are some people who are only you.
The word only Yoon is the plural of me.
It is authority over me.
And on me is from Hamza meme meme.
It is from the roof address, Hamza meme meme.
And from these root letters, we get the word home and own means Mother,
what is only mother?
So on me, the year at the end, this is one who is associated with his mother,
one who is linked with his mother. What does he mean by that? Basically, the word only is used for a person who is uneducated.
It is used for a person who is illiterate,
who has not gained any formal education.
So basically, he is in the same state as his motherboard him as his mother gave birth to him.
When a person is born, does he know how to read? No. Does he know how to write? No. Does he know what math is? What sciences? No, he doesn't. So an ami is a person who is unlettered, who is uneducated, who hasn't had any formal education. So his knowledge is based on whatever that he has learned from his mother, whatever that he has learned from his mother.
This is what the literal meaning of the word meanings.
And the word only is used in three ways.
The word only is used in three ways. First of all, it is used for those people who do not read, who do not write, who do not record anything, who do not keep any records. For example, there is a hadith that we learn in which the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said, National omoton omiya We are a nation we are a people who are unnatural, meaning the Arabs learn a clue while on October Well,
we neither read nor do we write, nor do we keep any records. And then he said that the month is either such and such or such and such, what does it mean whether
the month is either such and such or such and such, meaning the month is either 29 days, or it is 30 days? And how do you figure out that the month is 29 days or is or 30 days, by sighting of the moon.
So basically, we are a people who do not go according to calculation, we determine which month it is how, by the sighting of the moon, not by calculation. And this is a hadith that is mentioned in profile.
Now, it doesn't mean that learning reading, writing, this is something that is discouraged. No, this is not what the Hadith is telling us. What the Hadith is telling us is that a simple thing as determining the beginning or the ending of a month is going to be seen is going to be checked out by the sighting of the moon, not by any calculation simple. Otherwise, the profits are allowed to Sonam encourage everyone to learn, to study, to read to write.
There is a woman who thought one of the wives of the prophets are allowed to settle when she was younger. And he asked her to teach her how to write as well.
He asked her to teach her how to write as well. And we know that learning knowledge is something that is mandatory upon every Muslim man and woman. Right. So this hadith is not telling us that we should remain uneducated. No
This is not the purpose of it.
So basically, the word amin is used for who first of all, someone who has not gained any formal education. Someone who does not read someone who does not write someone who does not record, this is the first usage of the word boom.
Then the word only is also used for those people who have not been given a scripture, who do not have religious knowledge. And this term was used for the Arabs, in contrast to the people of the book,
The houden and azada, the original keytab, who were the kitabi, they had Akita, they had a book, they were educated people when it came to religion. But the Arabs, the one who is married, which book did they have?
So this is why they were also called.
So the word ami is also used for who those people who do not have a scripture are revealed scripture, or revealed book.
When it comes to religion, they don't have any knowledge. So the word Omi is also used for such people.
Thirdly, the word only is used for those people who do not have knowledge of the book, even if they have the book.
What does he mean by that?
For example, the common button is right here. They did not know what their book said.
It was only the leaders it was only the scholars who had access to the Scripture, who could read the Scripture, who knew the meaning of the Scripture, and the common people, they had no idea what that meant.
Does that sound familiar? In some way?
For example, within Muslims as well, it is only not even the common Arabs even though they know Arabic language. When they read the Quran. They don't know what it means. Even the common Arabs, it's only the scholars who know the meaning of the Quran and the common people. They don't have to read the book, but they have no idea what it means they have no idea what it says. So over here were men who are miyun and among them are the unlettered ones, what is mean by unlettered ones? The third meaning who have the book, but they have no idea what the book says.
They have no idea what the book says.
Who are they layer Lomonaco? They don't know the book which book is is that.
So what do we learn from this? That no matter how much knowledge a person may have, if he does not have the knowledge of the revealed scripture, he is someone who is an educated, he is someone who is unlettered, he is someone who does not have any formal training.
This is a real nice.
So Allah says Layla munakata. They do not know the book. In there are many except false hopes except only desires in their wishes. The word Amani is the plural of the word, or near
And it is from the root fetters meme known. Yeah,
it is 100 letters mean known yet.
Basically, Amani is used for wishful thinking.
It is used for false hopes, and wishful thinking, this is the meaning of the word omiya.
Literally, it is used for when a person makes an image of something in his head.
So basically, a person wishes for something, he wants something to happen. He wants to gain something, and he makes an image of it in his mind. For example, a person really wants a house, and they're nowhere near buying a house of their own. But in their mind, they have the image of the perfect house. This is how I'm going to make my room this is how I'm going to have my you know, my kitchen and my dining room. And this is what onions that a person desires something and he makes its image in his mind in his imagination.
And generally, such imaginations or such hopes. What are they? They're false. They're untrue. They're far from reality. So this is why this word is also used for lying.
It is also used for lies.
For example, with minor Leon who he said matter of a native woman
Terminator movies are slim to Matt Duvernay. I have not done anything, because the Arabs they would sing and dance and have music and alcohol in certain gatherings. So he said that I have not done this mathema Naidu nor have I lied since when wanzhou Islam to since I have become a Muslim. Since I've become Muslim, I have neither participated in such gatherings. I have not been singing or drinking or dancing or listening to music, nor have I ever lied. Since I've become a Muslim, this is what Earth manual they are doing is to say.
So basically, Amani is used for vain desires for false hopes and then it is also used for life. Now what does it mean by this, that among the Bani Israel, there are some who do not know the book at all. They're unlettered and all that they know is what many, what is commonly referred to as many over here has been understood primarily in two ways. First of all, it has been said and this is the opinion of a novice, that a nanny refers to a caddy lives. What does it refer to lies? What does it mean by that?
That Amani refers to fabricated lies, fabricated concepts that have no basis in the religion. And they have been made up by who they have been made up by the scholars of the Burnham Islam.
They have been made up by the scholars of the Bernal Islam.
And the scholars, they will tell the people do this, for example, and you will go to general
do this, and all of your sins will be forgiven.
And such concepts, such beliefs that are completely fabricated, they have no basis in their religion, they were spread amongst the common people amongst the masses.
If you look at the Muslims as well, today, they will tell you, for example, if I do this thing every Thursday or every Friday, if we do this gathering at our home, then we are going to go to Paradise, for example. Similarly, some people they say, if I read this particular Vicar, like 100,000 times, every week, or every Thursday of the month, or every Monday of the month, or something like that, that's it, I'm going to paradise, why, because so and so, scholar, who lives in such country told my father to do so, or told my mother to do so.
This is what lies that have no basis in the religion, no basis in their religion, and the scholars, the people with knowledge, those who are up there, they have fabricated these concepts. And they have told the people about this. And this is all that people know when it comes to religion. If you ask them to recite you some sort of the Quran, they will not be able to do so with property to you.
If you ask them to tell you have five IDs, they will not be able to do so.
But if you ask them, What are you doing for your setup, they will tell you a list of things which have no basis in it.
And this was exactly the situation that the bundle is in they had no idea what the book said. And all they knew was just wishful thinking, false designs lies that had no basis in the religion and this is what they relied upon.
So, this is the first meaning of the word and then
the second meaning of the word and it has been understood as recitation without understanding
recitation of the words without understanding of the meaning of the words.
Because the word or many or other words on the same route also use for recitation for reading.
For example, Alka shavon we immediately see that Amanda, whenever messenger, he recited shirvan. What, but in his recitation, okay, so the word amantii. Another form is used for recitation as well. But in particular, it is used for such recitation, which is without the understanding, without the comprehension of what a person is reading.
So what does it mean by this, then,
they don't know the meaning of the book. And all they know is just how to read
how to recite the book.
They only know the letters of the book, not the meaning of the book.
homie Yuna layer and ammonal kita in the early except only mere recitation without the understanding afterwards
and almost says what in and not whom they enlargeable noon, except they guess they're only guessing
the way of unknown is from VA noon, noon
and one is used for an assumption,
what is the one assumption? Basically, one is what a person has in his mind about something, the thought that a person has about something based on his observation
based on his observation,
it could be true, it could be false,
it could be true, and it could also be false. If it is true, what a person has observed and what he thinks about that particular thing, then that is knowledge. That is knowledge.
And if what he has observed and what he has thought, if it is incorrect, it is understood as an assumption.
So, we see that the basic meaning is what a person has in his mind about something based on his observation, this is the literal meaning of the word. And then the word can be used as something that a person knows for sure, or something that a person only assumes. So, it is one of those words in the Arabic language that have completely opposite meanings. Remember, there are some words in the Arabic language that give completely opposite meanings. And you determine the meaning according to the context.
So, over here what it will lie over noon, and they're only doing one, what does anybody learn over here? They're only assuming
they have no knowledge. They don't know for sure. When it comes to matters of the deen, they are not certain of.
For example, if you ask a person, any Muslim today, from the masses, if you ask them, why do you pray?
Because we pray.
Why? What's the evidence for that?
Similarly, why do you celebrate? Why do you go for Juma? Because my father said we have to go for Juma every Friday to the masjid.
So, what's the evidence for that? What's the reason for that? What's the proof for that? They have no idea.
And their Deen is entirely based on just assumptions on just what they have been told. So in other words, they only blindly follow
if we look at the Bani Israel, they can be divided into two major groups. The Bani Israel can be divided into two groups. The first group is after
the educated people,
and by educated scholars, I mean, those people who knew about the book, who had studied the book, who had learned the book, what did we learn about them? That they would alter the book? Isn't it? Just in the same lesson, the previous verses, we learned that the scholars, what would they do? You have the foreigner who yes merona calama. They would listen to the speech of Allah, they would listen to the work and then what would they do? You have the foreigner whom embodiment aka Lu, they would alter the book, they would distort the words of the book.
Similarly, what else would these scholars do? They would mix up the truth with the falsehood, Latin based on how COVID bethlen.
Similarly, they would tell the people to do certain things, and they wouldn't do those actions themselves at that moral unethical ability within Sona and pusaka.
This was the state of this conference.
They had knowledge, but they had no faith.
They had knowledge, but they had no fear of the law.
They had knowledge, but they had no action.
This was the state of the scholars of the vanilla sorry.
So this was the first group of them.
The second group are the one who Israel was the only Yun
The only Yun which I mentioned in this verse, the uneducated ones
who have not learned that the informative.
They have learned that in only in their homes. They have never studied the text of the book of the scripture in depth, and they only do what the scholars tell them to do. They only do what the scholars tell them to do.
They only depend on their scholars. When it comes to the dean.
They would only blindly follow their scholars
This was the state of the masses.
The scholars were the one who would read the book, who would alter the book, who would make up stuff, who would fabricate stuff in the religion and they would tell the people do this. And the people, they would accept it willingly.
Just yesterday, so many times we hear Oh such and such thing as halaal and such and such thing, you know, it's okay to do why, or that particular scholar gave a fatwa.
But the Quran is saying something that is completely contrary to that. And this was a state of the wilderness.
They had no idea what the book said. And they would only do what the scholars told them to do. When it came to the deen, they would rely only on the scholars
did they have access to the book,
in the sense that they would not have access to the book because there was a language barrier today as well, people who know Arabic, but when they read the Quran, they don't understand exactly what it means because their Arabic is different. And the the language that they speak has evolved over time. And very few people know, the first high Arabic, the original Arabic similar was a set of those people. So it wasn't accessible to them either. And also, they had put such restrictions on reading the book that you can't read the book unless and until even today, they have very strict rules of reading the book.
And also, sometimes people say, Oh, don't read the Quran, because you don't know what it means. It is only for the scholars. Don't read the translation don't make it appear on your own. It is only for the scholars, you cannot understand it on your own.
Allah has sent the konforlu for everybody, not just for the scholars. So if they can understand, you can also understand
so in the Muslim Ummah as well, this is the same state that people don't study the book. They don't study the knowledge. They don't study the deen. And they only rely on others.
And also, what else do they rely on? On supposition on just assumptions. For example, people will say,
you know, there was a woman who was a prostitute for among the Bundesliga. And she was so sinful, but she gave water to a thirsty dog. And she was forgiving.
So I can do whatever I want. I'll just be kind to dogs. Others Be kind to the creatures, and that's it, I'll be forgiven.
So the entire deal is based on what I'm just a few things on just a few concepts. And many times, those few things, those few concepts, they have no basis in routine at all. This is something similar to innovation together, because what happens with innovation is that it replaces the Some
people think that what they're doing is correct. It is enough for them. And they don't desire to know more. They don't desire to study more to learn more. And they think that they are going further in their religion, but the fact is that they're going farther away from their religion.
Now the question is that why wouldn't the masses, why wouldn't the immune study the book? Why wouldn't they study the book? Why would they remain only because they were busy making them.
They were busy chasing the dunya. They were busy in the veterans, we learned about a community of the bundle is like you who, on the Sabbath day, even they did not wish to suffer any loss. They went against the dean to make sure that they gained profit every single day of the week. They couldn't even sacrifice one day for a loss.
So because they were chasing the dunya because they were so much involved in the dunya they had no time to study the deen. They thought, okay, some people are studying the Venus funky fire, right? It's not for the iron. It's not mandatory upon every single person. So, you know, the scholars, they can study the deen we can do whatever we want.
And this is something that is common amongst the Muslims as well.
Those of you who have come here to study the Quran for a year and a half, I'm sure many of you have to hear many things from other people. I mean, what are you doing? You're sacrificing your work. Your Work your career for the dean, I mean, why not? Is my day not important? Is my career everything is my work everything. The Dean is also important. So similar was a state of the money Israel that they were so involved in their dunya they did not have time for the deen and they didn't think that learning the deen was that important. So it was only a few people up there who would control the the
and a loss of panels are considered such people to be immune
Those were unlucky. Those were uneducated. Why? Because they did not know that.
Even if they had knowledge of everything else, if they did not know the dean, who were they
Similarly, if we have multiple degrees, if we have masters if we have doctorate degrees and if we don't know the Quran, then who are we? Who are we in the sight of Allah, ignorant, because this is a knowledge that Allah Subhana Allah has given us this is a special knowledge that He has given us.
And if we don't benefit from that, then we will remain ignorant.
And this is something very scary because those people who lead the Salah even even if they haven't studied the Quran, if they don't know what the meaning of the Quran was, and what do you expect the masses to be?
The Quran is a book that is memorize the most. But you can almost say that it's least understood.
You could say that today.
Only you lay out and work it out in a nanny, what's the second meaning of mere recitation? They know the recitation. There's so much emphasis today on just perfecting your text read, which is also very important. It's not something that should not be given importance to it is very essential, knowing how to recite the Quran properly. But that is not the only thing that we must focus on. That is not the only thing that we must focus on.
Many times when people think of learning their Deen, they think okay, my first step is going to be memorizing the Quran.
Yes, memorizing the Quran. It's definitely important. But if you're reading something that you don't understand, if you're memorizing something that you don't understand,
how much is it going to benefit you? Yes, there is definitely a reward for even recitation. But a person truly benefits from the Quran when he reads and he understands what he's reading.
And believe me, once you understand the Quran, then reservation becomes much easier, much easier.
She was mentioning about how she greeted me last night. And because we managed it the first just she understood the first half of digits, which she really enjoyed. And the second half because we haven't studied it so far, there was that for sure, in that particular center.
So memorizing the Quran, reading the Quran, of course, it is very important. But one of the main things is studying studying,
studying the time studying the keytab the book.
Also we see that when people when they want to study the deen they go on to studying fifth or aqidah or history, which is also important, which is also important. I'm not saying it is not important. But where does it start from the kita layer Luna kita, not layer Luna kita keytab is essential knowledge of the book is essential. So we learned that the Quran or the book of Allah has several rights. The Book of Allah has several rights. One right after the book is a must be believed in, it must be believed in another right is that a person must know its recitation, the person must know its recitation. Another right is that a person must know the meaning of the words of the book,
he must understand the text of the book.
And another right is that he must also implement the book, he should reflect on the book and he should also implement the book.
So from this verse, what do we learn that the real meat is the one who does not know the Scripture, even if
he knows many other books, if he does not know the Scripture, if he does not know the book of Allah, He is still someone who is an educated.
Also, we learned from this, that a person who does not try to learn the book,
a person who does not try to learn the book, he is blamed with it.
Because of any Israel, the only young, what were they doing? They were basing their Deen on what I'm just blindly following the scholars. That's it. No more than that.
And they wouldn't try themselves to go and study the book as well.
So a person who does not even try to study the book, he is blameworthy.
Also we learn from this, that a person who just read something and he doesn't understand what it says he is still ignorant
because they would read the book, but without the understanding of
but Allah subhanaw taala still call them miyun
for waiver, so a big role levena for those people who, which people, the actor bonell kita, ba ba ba Him, who write the book with their own hands for wading water such people who write the book with their own hands and then say that this is from Allah.
So in other words, they fabricate the book, they fabricate parts of the book, and then they say, this has been revealed by our last panel.
For such people, Allah says there is waiting, there is destruction, there is war.
What does that mean by the word way?
The word Wayne is from the roof letters. Well, yeah.
And Wayne, is a word that is used to threaten someone.
Whale is a word that is used to threaten someone it is a word that is used as a supplication against someone
that may such and such calamity befall them, or may they be destroyed. So what is it it is a supplication against someone?
It is a threat of destruction to them.
So, this is the primary meaning that I told you what kind of a word it is. It is used for destruction It is used for praying for destruction against
the word way, is understood in several ways. First of all, it has been said that the word way means severe punishment.
What does it mean?
severe punishment. And this is the opinion of urban Arbus. He said that way is a severe and harsh punishment.
Secondly, it has been said that way means distress and sorrow, regret, sorrow, distress, regret is going to be for them, meaning they're going to be sorrowful. They're going to be distressed, they're going to regret.
And it is said that the word Wayne is actually from Wayne.
It is actually from Wayne, and Wayne is changed into Wayne.
and Wayne means sorrow. So Wayne alone, meaning sorrow for them.
This is the second meaning of the word way.
Thirdly, there's a hadith that is mentioned in Muslim hermit as well as Dermody in which it was written poetry he narrated that way, is a valley in hellfire. What is
a particular Valley in the Hellfire that is situated between two mountains?
What does that tell you about how
it's huge. A valley that is situated between two mountains. And this valley, its depth is a fall of 40 years.
The depth of this valley is a fall of 40 years.
a person falls off of a cliff and it takes him 40 years to get to the bottom to fall to the ground.
This is how deep that valley is.
It has also been set off of vinyasa. He said that way is a very in Hellfire through which flows the pass of the people of the fire.
So when destruction Whoa, this valley in Hellfire, they're going to be punished here. Who for which people Lin Lavina Yakubu Nikita big him. For those who write the book with their own hands. You have to Warner is from Canada and keytab is also from Canada gafta.
katiba means to write
catala needs to write and keytab is that which is written what is keytab that which is written
and the word keytab applies to a book because the book is written.
The word kita also applies to just a document, even if it's just one page long. Or if it's 20 pages long. It's five pages long.
Okay, so the word keytab. When you think of the word keytab, don't just think of a book a big book, no, it can apply to anything that is written.
So you have to work whatever they write the book, the ad, ad is the plural of the word yet.
The singular is yet and yet his hand.
They write the book with their own hands, what does this emphasize? They write the book with their own hands. Obviously, you write with hands.
What does this emphasize?
that they don't just write it, but they forge it, they fabricated it.
They make it up. It's their own words. It's their whims. It's not the words of a law,
they have done this themselves.
Now, the question is, which keypad is this? And who is the one who is writing?
They over here refers to the scholars of the venue study.
Number The two groups of the venues right?
So there refers to the scholars of the Bani Israel and keytab over he has been understood into this.
First time has been set the key tab over here for us to the total.
So they're right, the Torah with their own hands, what does it mean?
That they altered the Torah, and they rewrote the verses, in a way different from what it was revealed it. So basically, they rewrote the Torah in a way that was different from the original.
And we know that you have the foreigner who may embody Ma, aka Lu, they didn't do it by mistake, they did this deliberately.
So they wrote the Torah by their own hands, meaning they rewrote it, making parts of it up deleting parts of it up changing parts of it, this is what they did.
Secondly, it has been said that keytab over here refers to fatawa, verdicts
or explanation of whatever
they would write them up themselves, and they pretended that it was also revealed, they pretended that it was also revealed, this is also true
or they pretended that it was part of the book, whereas it was not actually part of the book.
So what is such people who write the book with their own hands, so Miko Luna, then they say, meaning then after writing it with their own hands, and knowing that it is their own fabrication, they would say that hadn't been in the lab, this is from Allah,
meaning this has also been revealed by Allah. So in other words, they wrote it themselves, and they would put a last name on it. Why would they do that?
So that people would accept them?
You know, sometimes you find something that is fake being sold. It's not an original, it is fake. And what do people do? They put the brand name on it.
Why? So that people think that it's original, or at least it looks original, even if it's not original, and they take it divided. So it's a selling point, putting somebody else's name, putting somebody else's label is what is a way of selling what you have. So similarly, they will do this with their own fatawa with their own verdict. So they would say this is also reviewed by a law or they would alter the book and they would say this is indeed from Allah. So such people Allah says Wayne alone, word to them, big destruction for them punishment for them.
The question is, Why else would they do this? Allah says, Leonardo da Vinci feminine cadila. So they barter with a small price, a better price. Leah stone, lamb over here is a fairly have a lot of reason, cause.
So Leah Stato, meaning they're right with their own hands and the status from Allah. Why, so that they can barter through this a small price. Now, the word Yes, total is from Shin Roja. We have done the word estado earlier. What does it mean to buy and sell at the same time? To take one thing in exchange for another?
So over here, they're sending the book of Allah. They're selling the verdict.
And what are they gaining in return? What are they gaining in exchange for it? feminine calida a small price. We have done feminine karela earlier as well. What does it mean? What does it mean by that?
anything of this linear, no matter how much it is? Because the dunya compared to the Hereafter is indeed Colleen.
It is indeed less.
Allah says in Surah Nisa, number 77. Cole mata adonia Caledon when Pharaoh to Hiram limani Taka say that the benefit of this dunya is little is less
And the Hereafter is better for the one who fears Allah.
So they did this, why? Only to gain some worldly benefits? And what were those worldly benefits? Sometimes it was literally money.
Sometimes it would be money bribe.
For example, if somebody who was very rich, who was very prestigious, for example, the leader of the tribe, and his own daughter or his own child, or he himself commits a big sin, and the punishment is in the Torah, and that punishment should be inflicted, what would they do? They would give a whole lot of money to the scholars, okay? Do something else, then come up with another decision come up with another fatwa. And they would come up with a fatwa or they will change the book, they will change the law, and they would say this is also from Allah.
So what would they get in return
someone on Kadena
a petty price, personal benefits. And for that, they would change the book of a lot even.
So we learned from this ayah that it is something that is extremely disliked, that a person makes the deen a means of earning history.
that a person makes the dean what a means of earning the dunya
he uses the dean to acquire the dunya.
Remember, when you're learning the deen when you're studying the dean, or when you're working for to the this thought may come to you in your head, that maybe when I'm done with this, I should go and publish a book and make a whole lot of money.
Or when I'm done with this and I will teach and I will make a whole lot of money.
This should not be the intention, the intention should be to spread the spread the knowledge and if there is any benefit that Allah gives you 100 but that should not be the primary goal.
Their goal, when it came to Dean was what earned their dounia to the D.
Similarly, we learned from this, that it is extremely dislike that a person learns and teaches the beam Why? To gain benefits other than
in the first case people are what they're altering to be changing the D Why? To get the appreciation with the need to earn.
Similarly, we learn from this ayah that it is extremely dislike to ascribe something to Allah which is not from the deen
which Allah has not said which Allah has not stated, which is not really a part of the Quran.
Many times people say, you know, I don't do this, because it's
literally I have heard from people they've said to me, that, you know, your job is not really part of Islamic sudden the Quran, right? Have you read the Quran?
It's very clearly stated in the Quran. How can you say it's not in the Quran? Have you been vetted. So it is extremely wrong to come up with own philosophies, your own opinions and say that it's in the Quran, it's not in the corner.
And many times people say, just so that other people accept what they're saying
just to give more value to their speech,
there are losses for wailoa home. So, a big word to them again, way is repeated destruction, the depth of Ruin for them for who for such people who write the book with their own hands and then they say it is from Allah.
So, what are them mimma from what men over here gives a sense of because of so go to them, Why? Because of what ketubot at him because of what their hands have written
meaning because of what they have fabricated.
Water them Why? Because of what they have fabricated. So we see over here that what they have fabricated in the deen what they have written, it becomes a means of destruction for them.
On the other hand, if a person writes something that is good, that isn't the truth and people benefit from it, what is that a source of
set of criteria
much reward, continuous reward, immense reward.
When a person writes something that is correct, that is indeed from a law
and people benefit from it. It is a source of great reward.
But on the contrary if a person writes something that is not from the dean if you make stuff up then that is what a source of destruction for him.
Well wailoa home and a big water them again, why me my oxy boon because of what they have earned. Because of
What they acquire, again men over here gives a sense of because, and the word yuxi wound is from Gus gaff seen but it is a little platters gaff seen by cars
and cars is what a person acquires end result of his action, what a person earns, in result of his action, whether it is something good or bad,
whether it is something good or bad. So, cassava is to acquire something to earn something from the same root. The word cassava is used for a hard worker. Why? Because he works, and he acquires something in return for his work, for example, it's a wage or for example, a person he cooks some food and at the end, what does he earn? What does he require
a prepared meal. So, gas is to acquire something in result of an action that a person does, whether it is something good or bad.
So why don't know who my other question is, what did they earn? What did they acquire? And what action is it that they did?
Over here, what they did was writing the book with their own hands and saying that it was from Allah.
What would they gain? By doing this? They gain two things.
First of all, they gained feminine Kadima,
they gained some worldly benefits. So this wealth or these benefits that they acquire, by using the deen they will be a source of destruction for them,
they will be a source of punishment for them in the Daniela feel for why Lola home in Mexico. So the first thing they earned was feminine Medina.
The second thing they earned was sin,
So Wayne or LA home water to them, Why? Because of what they have earned, what is it that they have earned great sin.
So because of the sin, they will receive punishment, they will receive way.
So we learned many lessons from this list. First of all, we learned that there is a threat of punishment for those people who invent things in the religion. And they say that they are from Allah.
Whether it is something that they say it is from the Quran, and it's not actually from the Quran, or they say it is from the Hadith, and it's not actually from the Hadith.
So there's great sin, for inventing things in the deen and saying that they are part of the team.
Also, we don't have this verse, that love of the dunya again is very dangerous.
Love of the dunya love of this world is very dangerous. Why? Because it takes a person to playing around with the deen
changing the deen using the deen to acquire this world.
Also, we learned from this ayah that dounia No matter how much it is, it is less because it is feminine quality that it is a small price compared to the hereafter
there is a hadith that is mentioned in Bihari, in which the Prophet sallallahu Sallam said that a small place a small place equal to an area occupied by a whip.
Just imagine an area that is occupied by a whip what is a whip?
What is a whip
something with which a person or an animal or something is lashed. So, you can imagine a whip like a belt okay.
So, a small area that is equivalent to an area that is occupied by a whip in Paradise, just imagine something very small a very small area in paradise equivalent of just one line that is better than the entire world and would ever that is in
a small place in Ghana. Even if it is an area that is as small as that which is covered by a whip it is much better, it is 1000 times better than what
it is much better than what then the entire dunya. So just imagine the entire dunya with all of its lands and all of its treasures is nothing compared to gender.
So we learned from this ayah that dunia is early. It is less compared to the earth compared to paradise.
Then Allah says walk on, and they said,
who would say this? They over here refers to the masses, the general people of the one who is running.
And remember about the general masses, we learned that in whom Eliezer known, they only assume when it comes to the religion, they have no solid evidence, they have no knowledge. And their entire Deen is based on wishful thinking. So this is an example of their wishful thinking when it came to the
ALU. And they would say, London Massena. Now, fire is never going to touch us. You see the word land, it is not land. Land means not. And land is never ever lengthen the sun and now the fire will never touch us. Our center is from mean seen seen, must mean seen seen.
And must, is to touch must literally means to touch. And basically it is when something touches any part of the body.
Something touches any part of the body. So, lanta masala. Now, fire is never going to touch us. Electricity, except a Yama Mark Duda. Except for just a few things. In other words, we will only remain in Hellfire if we go to hellfire. For just a few days, we will only be punished in the Hellfire for just a few days. In other words, we're not going to be in Hellfire for eternity.
A yam is a plural of the word young Dave. And Mara Duda is from the root letters is that the other
than the other? Or that means number? What does attorney number Mark do that is that which is numbered? That which is counted.
Now something that is numbered, something that can be counted is limited, isn't it? It is limited, which is why you were able to count it.
But if it's something that cannot be counted, what does that mean? That it is unlimited.
So over here, a Jamar Duda days that are numbered means only a few days only a limited number of things.
So we will remain in Hellfire only for a few days. It is said that they would say this, that we are supposed to go to Paradise. But because some people they worship the calf, and they worship the cat for about 40 days. Therefore, we will go to Hellfire only for four seconds. And no matter what we do, whether we cheat other people, whether we kill others, whether we lie to other people, no matter what we do, we are going to paradise. Why? Because we are the bunny.
We are the chosen people.
Does this sound familiar?
Many people say I am Muslim. I check the calendar, I believe in the Prophet sallallahu wasallam. Now whether I pray Salah or not, whether I go for Hajj or not whether I am truthful or not, it doesn't matter. I'm going to paradise eventually. Right. And this was the state of the money is readiness.
Allah says full sale, meaning sale profits are not a certainty these people at the hospital or in the law here Did you take a promise with Allah
is different question and the word that you see after that is actually in the hospital. There is another hunza
which is understood between Hamza and the first Hamza is did and there is another Hamza, which when you read the word separately, it should be pronounced it is and it has some
meaning did and it the hospital you all took
but when you join it the hospital with the Hamza is different than it is not written nor is it pronounced.
And it is just at the hospital.
And the word it the other is from the veterans Hamza for them,
what does it mean to take but it the harder it is to firmly take something to adopt something firmly.
So at the hostel Did you take Did you receive in the love from Allah?
Or this from either and it's a promise that a person makes with the intention of fulfilling it. So did you take a promise from Allah? Which promise is this referring to that you will only be exposed to the Hellfire for a few days, and no matter what you do, you will not be sent to the Hellfire after that.
Did you take a promise from Allah subhanaw taala.
If you did, so if such as the case, fell in you flee for Allah who either that Allah will never go against this promise, you see fallen for is then so meaning then if such as the case that you have received a promise from Allah, then in that case lay of liver, he will never ever go against who will ever ever go against Allah, He will never go against what are the who his promise meaning the promise that he has made with you.
The word you fluffer is from the real fetters ha Llanfair,
what is happening behind holy fires from the same route for the fires one who comes after someone
from the same route, you got the word healer.
And Philip is opposite or that which is against the other
class is opposite or that which is against the other
from the same root as the word maharlika. You may have heard its opposition,
to be against someone to oppose someone.
And this way that you see over here, you defend from if left, it is to go against one word, to go against one's promise,
to fail to keep one's promise.
So a person makes a promise and he says, I will do such and such, but what does he do? He goes against it. He fails to keep that promise.
Or what does he do? He puts it behind him and he doesn't intend to fulfill it kalfus what behind
so lay off leaf Allahu Allah will never go against his promise, he will never fail to fulfill his promise, provided that this promise was actually made.
But since there was no promise between you and a lot that he will definitely put you into paradise, no matter what unconditionally. Therefore, you will suffer the consequences of your sins
for plenty of people who either and allow will never go against his promise
that Allah says I'm Taku Luna or do you all say Allah He upon Allah, may Allah tala mu that which you do not know
the cooloola address of Allah
and what does that mean speech?
Or do you say upon Allah about Allah that which you do not know what does it mean by that?
That you are ascribing to Allah something that you have no knowledge of?
What is it that they had no knowledge of that Allah subhanaw taala had made this promise with them they had no evidence for that
they had no evidence for that, that Allah had promised them that he would send them to paradise unconditionally.
So under kurunegala humanitarian mode moon or is it that you're saying about Allah something that you have no idea something that has no evidence behind it?
And this word um that you see over here it means or
this is used in two ways sometimes it is used as connected it is much tougher
What do you mean by that? That is connected with what was mentioned previously
it is connected with that which is mentioned previously. For example, we learned earlier instead of the car
and the home um London the home whether you warn them or you do not want them so or over here is connected with weather right? Isn't that the case? The southern English either or right? So this is the first usage of the word
Secondly, the word is used as one quarter What does that mean? It is disconnected it is disconnected from the Hamza is different because you see in this ayah at the hospital or in the law here at the
at the hospital in the law here
Okay, so it is disconnected from the Hamza that is mentioned previously. What does he mean by that? There is no relationship between the two and I'm only gives meaning of no that's not the case rather instead such and such as the case
so over here, um, is the second type of it is disconnected. Because the Hamza there is at the beginning you don't say whether you don't translate it as whether Okay, whereas in the either recorded earlier, the ends of the day when you translate Hamza as whether whether you want them or you do not want them, but over here, how do you translate at the festival? Did you take
Now whether you took
okay. So it is not connected and therefore it gives me enough rather instead the reality is that you are fabricating I was against.
So what does it mean? That No, there is no such promise that was made between you and Allah and instead you are lying,
you are lying.
So, we learned from this ayah that the bunny Australia, they had their belief in the Hereafter, but their belief in the year after was corrupted, it was messed up. It wasn't correct.
And their concept of the hereafter was based on what? That just because we are the chosen people, therefore, we'll be fine. So today we can do whatever we want.
Now, almost pannacotta tells us in the following Ayah that who will go to the Hellfire eternity,
who goes to the Hellfire eternity and who goes to Jana, eternally?
Is it based on just your ethnicity? Or just whose children you are? Or is it based on action? What determines a person's eternity in the hereafter?
The family that he belongs to or his actions? This is what Allah Subhana Allah mentions.
Banner? Yes, why not? Of course. What does it mean by Bella?
The word Bella gives a meaning of Yes. And it basically does two things.
First of all, the word Bella negates the previous statement.
What does it do?
It negates the previous statement that no no that is not true. Instead, such and such is true.
Secondly, the word better affirms the following statement.
You know if somebody says something said No, that's not true, but instead this happened, this is true.
So it does two things. it negates the previous statement and it affirms the following statement.
There are other words as well, which are used for Yes, in Arabic for example, the word Nam
It is also used for Yes, but it is different from Bella. The word now is affirmation of what is mentioned previously. For example, a person says a person asks Did you do this? And he says yes I did it. Okay. And Bella is different. Why? Because by no means? No. I didn't. But on the contrary, I did that.
Okay, so vana negates the previous statement and affirms the following statement. So over here, banner, what is it negating? It is negating the statement of the bunny Australia lantana Santa now Illa Yamato.
Allah says no, the fire is going to touch you for more than just a few days. Instead, you will abide there in eternity. How? Man cassava, whoever earned whoever acquired the word cassava is from calf Simba and what does it mean? Something that a person acquires as a result of his action, whether it is something good or bad.
So whoever acquires meaning whoever accumulates whoever does say
an evil deed.
is used for a singer and a songwriter scene well Hamza, we have done the word Su and rW what the Sunni evil. So say e f is that which is evil,
that which is ugly.
And the word say here is used for something that is inherently bad. That is in and of itself, something that is bad, and it also looks bad.
So it is bad inside and outside.
It is bad on the inside as well as outside.
Sometimes people clean their house from the outside looks so perfect. When you open up a closet or you lift up a rug and it's something opposite inside.
And the outside looks very beautiful. Inside it's very ugly. Say yes What? That which is bad on the inside and outside.
It's in and of itself something that is evil. And when it is seen it is also evil it looks bad.
And what failure is used for sin
that is used for sin.
Do you notice the two Fatah at the end of the word say? It is say the FM right say the FM
Remember that words that end with this double head aka, within when they're called Nikita.
I want you to write this down because it is something important. They are called nouns that are Nikita.
a verb will never end with, can we? Okay? Only nouns and with me.
And a noun is Nikita for several reasons. Sometimes it gives the meaning of any, sometimes it gives a meaning of any.
This is one usage of a noun that is made natural.
Another is that a word is made Nikita to show the enormity of that particular thing that is being mentioned,
to show the greatness to show the enormity of that particular thing that has been mentioned. For example, in the previous verses we read about the word whale. What was the translation for whale learn? So a big word Did you notice a big in brackets? Where did that big come from? From the canoe? Okay. So that then we know sometimes they're wired to show the enormity of that particular object
over here, say 10 say attend, it is natural, to show what an enormous what a major sin This is. Whoever acquired the major sin, that enormous thing which enormous sin is this? According to Evan our best if your first ship
it refers to associating partners with Allah subhanho wa Taala
because shake is the greatest injustice, major sin.
So whoever acquired the meaning whoever did shake, and others say that it refers to gopher but the most appropriate is that it refers to
what a habit being hopefully or to who and his fault his sins, they encompass him, they surround him completely.
I have that is from the letters how well we have done the word Mohit earlier one who encompasses right so uh, Howard, it encircled it encompassed it surrounded remember it, however, is to completely surround something from all sides, so that it cannot escape.
For example, a person who is locked up in a room and there is no escape for him.
Therefore, walls around him, there is a door that is locked and there is a ceiling on top and there is no window can he get out of there? No, because the walls they have completely surrounded him. So this is the literal meaning of the word helper.
So a help of it has completely surrounded him. What has surrounded him for the hissing though it is also used for saying the word CF is also used for what they say here. That which is bad within and also without, on the inside and also outside.
What is healthier?
healthier is Andrew fetters ha for Hamza and hoppy as opposed to the word hopper. Yeah. Remember the word cuddly Yeah.
Now fit Lacan, hopper Jaco will forgive for you your sins, what was the meaning of papaya? Since that are deliberate.
Right? So hopefully Yours is the same that is deliberate over here you see the word copy.
Copy is used for a sin that is committed due to forgetfulness, due to negligence, due to not being alert.
Is it still the fault of the person?
Of course it is. For example, if a person is not paying attention, when he's driving, or he is speeding, when he's driving, he doesn't look at the traffic lights. And he takes a turn where he's not supposed to, for example, he takes a left turn and then he ends up hitting a car. Whose fault is it?
Whose fault is it?
his fault. Why? Because he wasn't paying attention. But he might say, I just didn't see the light. I just didn't see the car coming. Okay, fine. But you knew the route. It's your fault. You're the one who hit the person. Similarly, if a person hits a car from behind, whose fault is it his fault?
Because he should have been careful in the first place. He should have left a distance between his car and the car in front. So you can't say he didn't realize and so it's not his fault. Of course, it is his fault, he should have been paying attention. So hopefully it is the same that is committed Why? due to forgetfulness due to negligence because of not being alerted.
It's his fault, he should have been paying attention.
So over here, what does it mean by what a helper be hopefully,
this is understood in two ways. First one, it has been said that this means that the sense that he commits as a result of the failure,
what is the Savior, ship,
Sophia are the sins that he commits, why, as a result of that failure,
what do they do these sins, they completely engulf him, they completely surround him, he is completely immersed in them.
Just as a person who is inside four walls, he is surrounded by all sides. Similarly, this person is completely engrossed in his sin, that there is no way of getting out of the sin and reforming himself. Because one thing leads to another which leads to another which leads to another and you get stuck in a vicious cycle.
So how to be happy, he is completely immersed in his in just as a person who is stuck in quicksand, what happens? He's just stuck, there is no way of him getting out. The more he moves, the more he gets stuck in the sand. So I have to be happy to work, meaning he is continuously performing sin one after the other until he dies in that state
until he dies in that state without repentance.
So what does it mean?
Men cassava. And what a habit be happy to whoever commits Schick and his sins, they completely surround him. So he commits one sin after the other until he dies in the state of sending without having repented.
So such people Allah says that Eagles have a Natty movie fit dude. They're the ones who are the companions of fire and they will abide there in eternity.
So this is the first meaning of the verse.
You understand this meaning who is going to help fire
a person who commits chick and he commit sins, one after the other and he does not repent from his sins. He does not repent from his sins.
So a person who dies without having repented. He is the one who goes to hellfire.
Secondly, this has been understood as what a half a behati meaning the Hockley the sins, what do they do? They encircle. They are helpless, what his good deeds. Good Deed is not mentioned, but it is implied. So his good deeds are surrounded, they're engulfed by his sins. What does it mean?
That his good deeds are erased by his sins.
that a person does good deeds, and he does sins and what do the saints do? They eat up they consume, they finish off the good deeds and has performed.
We learned from the Hadith, that jealousy, envy. It consumes good deeds just as fire consumes dry wood. This is the gist of the Hadith. jealousy, envy, what does it do? It kills your good deeds, eats them up just as fire eats up dry wood,
a half of the hottie or two he has done good deeds, but his sins they completely wipe off his good deeds.
So, such a person where is it going to be? Allah says Allah equals have enough Such are the companions of the Fire. But what else have is a plural of Sahib and Sahib is companion, one who stays with another one who does not leave.
So similarly, such people, they will be in the Hellfire eternally home via fire they do, they will be there eternally.
So the claim that they had made that just because we are the bunny is not evil. Just because we are the chosen people. No matter what we do, we're going to go to Paradise and the fire will not address except for a few days. This is a false claim.
A person is accountable for the actions that he commits, no matter who he is.
Then Allah says, on the other hand, who is going to go to Paradise? One Medina amanu. And those people who believe meaning who believe in what is necessary to be believed in.
You see the problem with the Bani Israel was what they believed in the Prophet
The books, but they did not believe in Muhammad Sallallahu
they did not believe in the Quran. And before the Prophet sallallahu wasallam they did not believe in reciting
just two messengers,
just two messengers, but that email is incomplete.
Over here, Allah says well Edina, among those who have event in what, in whatever that a person must believe in, in whatever that Allah has told us to believe in, but they don't just have faith in that, moreover, what he had and they also do righteous deeds, owner equals hydrogenic Such are the companions of Paradise homefree, Holly Dune and they will be abiding there in eternity.
What do we learn from these verses? What do we learn from these verses?
faith alone is not enough
along with Eman Iman is needed.
Also we learned that incomplete Eman is also not enough.
Incomplete Eman is not enough. What else do we learn from these verses?
A person's ethnicity a person's background a person's lineage that is not enough to get him into gender. What is needed is correct Eman and correct actions.
What else do we learn from these verses?
We should follow the commandments or not deviate from them. What else?
Allah says falaya flick Allahu Akbar.
Allah will never go against his promise. What does it mean by that? What do we learn from that? That Allah does not go against his promise?
Allah does not break his promise. If he has made a promise with someone who will fulfill it,
Allah fulfilled his promises
for the use of Allahu Akbar we don't find that that Allah never goes against his promise. Let's listen to the recitation of his verses.
una una kita. in
de esto de semana, Paulina,
there's one more very important lesson
which is about the aim and Kesava say you attend what a help of the company to whom you see there are two types of things. One type of thing is that which is small, which is very minor and good deeds, they erase the
good deeds that a person does, they erase the sense that he has performed.
The other type of sins are those sins, for which a person has to seek a loss of primadonnas forgiveness, a person has to repent.
And if a person persists upon the sense that he does not seek forgiveness, what happens these sins, they consume the good deeds of a person.
Man cassava says he will be happy to his sins in circle him, however, they encircled him.
That one leads to another which leads to another which leads to another one does that happen when a person does not repent from the sins because repentance means you're not going back to the same
A person gets stuck in this that one thing leads to another one lie leads to another. Jealousy against one person leads to lying and fighting and backbiting. Then what happens? These kinds of things, they eat up a person's good eat as well.
They eat up a person's good deeds as well.
Also, we see that the bunnies failed, they would say that we're only staying in Hellfire for a few days. They say one thing and Allah subhanaw taala says something that is completely different. Which is that humping a holiday, they will abide therein eternally? Why do they say that we're only going to her for a few days, based on what just assumptions, false desires. So when it comes to the, we should be educated, just as we like being educated about everything else, you know, if a person has a phone, and, you know, they want to make sure how exactly it functions, and they will do research, and they will ask other people. We were in so much effort, so much time to make sure we know how to
use the phone properly. I mean, it's really not that important.
Of course it is.
Similarly if it's a simple thing like a garment, like some clothes, we read all the instructions. We don't say okay, it doesn't matter. Let's put it in the washing machine. It'll be clean eventually. We don't take a chance. We don't take risks when it comes to the dounia. Why do we take chances when it comes to the D? When it comes to?
If we think that being educated about our dunya is important. being educated about the deen is much more important. Because dunya is ideal. And ophira is much more important.
It is a matter of eternity, not a few days.
You know, everybody encourages that you should go to university, get a degree get a career, get a profession. Why? Because you have a family to support your children. It's a matter of years and years. And for that we put in so much time so much energy, but when it's a matter of eternity. How much time do we put in for that? How much value do we give to them?
We never know when our time is going to end in destiny. So if we spend all our time just acquiring the dunya and remain only when it comes to the dean, what are we doing? We're taking a big chance, a big risk
Subhan Allah who will be humbucker Michelle de la ilaha illa Anta Mr Federica