Channel: Taimiyyah Zubair
Al-Baqarah 40-48 Word-Analysis and Tafsir 40-42
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Let him in the shape honorable Jean Bismillah Ar Rahman Rahim
after the mention of the three categories of mankind, in Surat Al Fatiha, a loss of panel data elaborated the three groups of people at the beginning of social Baccarat.
And then the entire mankind was invited to worship a last panel data alone and follow the messenger, mozzarella.
And then the creation of the human beings was mentioned, the purpose of the human beings was mentioned the story of the human beings was mentioned. Where did we come from? Why are we here? What's our origin? How were we created. And now, in the following verses, a further division of the human beings, a further Category A further group of the human beings has been mentioned. In particular, it is of that nation, which received guidance from a loss panda.
In the previous verses, we read,
but in May at the end, local mini houden famine, who who they follow hoefflin or lay him
over here, Allah subhanaw taala is mentioning about a group of people, a group of mankind, who was given guidance, a group of people who were given guidance.
And now in these verses, what is mentioned is how they received the guidance and what their response was, to the guidance that was given to them that was offered to them.
Did they accept it? Or did they not accept it? And if they accepted it, how did they accept it? And what did they do after accepting it?
And these people, this group of people, this group of mankind, they are known as the People of the Book. They are located.
And over here, Allah subhanaw taala called them the children of Israel, Bani Israel.
Who does this include? which people are the, the Jews, as well as the Christians?
But the question is, who are the people of the book? Who are the Jews and the Christians who are located? Who are these people who are being spoken off? in these verses?
You see, from the children of Adam renesola
Ibrahim Alayhi, salam,
he was made a prophet.
And there were several others, between other medicine and evangelism.
But it was Abraham and Islam,
in whose children in whose descendants Prophethood was saved. In other words, the prophets and messengers came from whose children Ibrahim
Ibrahim in Islam, had two sons, his house and his marry
his house and his money
from the children of his Hawker insulin. From the children of his haircut, insulin was yaku Bredesen, he was a direct son here Cobra de Sena was a son of his happiness. And Jacobian his son had 12 sons.
And from those 12 sons came the prophets of Bani Israel. For example, masala son, heroin or insulin, that would Sulaiman Isa Zakaria are they he was.
So all of these messengers came from whose descendants from the descendants of Dr. Cooper Sarah, who is a son of his How could Islam who was the son of Ibrahim,
and these people, meaning the children of year COVID, Islam, from whom the Prophet scheme, they were known as the bunny Islam. They were known as the children of Islam.
And they were termed as, or they call themselves the Jews.
Harun brother of Masada, son and many other prophets. These are just a few profits that I've mentioned. Right now. There are many, many other messengers who were sent amongst them. It is said that they were around 4000 messengers 4000 messengers, who were sent among the Bani Israel, to the children of Israel.
And the books such as the thota. The NGO does a booth even they were given to the Bani Israel, the Jews,
right, the books were also given to them.
And then the Christians Where did the Christians come from?
the followers of the believers in reciting them who was the restarted student, he was also from among the Bani Israel. He was also a messenger who was sent to the Bani Israel but the Bani Israel the Jews, they did not believe in him.
But there were some other people who believed in him. And there are others who still believe in him. So we see that from the bunny Australia we have two categories.
First of all, the Jews.
And secondly, the Christians, who are the Jews, the Jews are the ones who share the same faith, as well as the same lineage. Because they are the children. They're the direct descendants of your Calvinism.
They're from the children from the descendants of Abraham.
As for the Christians, who are they?
They're the followers of Islam, believers in restarting Asana, who share the same faith, but not the same lineage.
Okay? They share the same faith, but not the same lineage.
Meaning the Christians, they have the same faith in who is on Islam. But are they related amongst themselves? No. They're from different races, different backgrounds, different countries, different continents. But as for the Jews, they are the same people as well. They're the same race as well.
Right? So we see the division over here are the people of the book, one group is of the Jews and the other is of the Christians.
So both of them they came from were from the children of Jaco Bredesen, who was the son of his hair connoisseur, who was the other son of Abraham humanism and
And from the children of his married Ursula,
none, were given Prophethood except for
Muhammad Sallallahu Sallam who was the last messenger
who was the final messenger who came after a certain setup.
So the entire time in which the bunny is start you so many messengers were sent to them. The bunny is my email. They did not have any messengers, until after he started. So I'm 600 years after him that Mohammed salatu salam was sent as a messenger.
So over here in this context, who is relevant? Who are the three groups that we're talking about? From the Bani Israel, the Jews, the Christians? And then we have the Arabs from among whom was the Prophet subtle, but
now we see that the Jews, the Christians, the Bani Israel, they were sent many messengers,
many opportunities, guidance was sent to them. They were given knowledge, they are known as the People of the Book, what is meant by people of the book? Those people who have knowledge, those people who have the divine book, who have revelation, and then there is a group of the Arabs who were not given any of this until much later.
And the bunny is thrown at you. They haven't mentioned over here. Why? Why have they been mentioned in the Quran? We see that most of this just until almost the end of the first Jews. The if they discuss the Bani Israel. Why is the Quran anti semitic? Have you heard of that? Is the Quran you know against the Jews? Why are they mentioned over here?
Basically, they have mentioned over here for mainly two reasons.
The bunny is right you have been mentioned for mainly two reasons. First of all, as we see the background of these verses, the previous verses, there is an invitation to the entire mankind. Yeah, a Uranus or with a little buckle. The invitation is to entire mankind, to worship Allah alone, and to also believe and follow the Prophet salallahu alaihe salam
in these verses, Allah subhanaw taala is special, especially invite the people of the Bani Israel. It's a special invitation that is given to them that is sent to them,
that they should also respond to the call of Allah subhanaw taala to the call of the Prophet sort of avenues.
They should worship Allah alone and follow the messenger set alone.
So they have been addressed over here, they've been mentioned over here. Why because they are being especially invited. Secondly, also they're mentioned over here, because the Jews and the Christians, they were the Muslim Ummah, they were the believers, up until the time of the Prophet sort of.
They were the chosen people of their time.
They were the believers of their time.
And they have been mentioned over here, so that the Muslim woman today can learn from them
can learn from their ways, can learn from their mistakes.
can learn from what they did.
So we can analyze ourselves today in the light of the examples in the light of the stories of the B'nai Israel, that have been mentioned over here.
So these verses are mentioned, mainly for two reasons. First of all, to invite the People of the Book, especially It's a special invitation to them. And secondly, so that the present Muslim oma, can analyze themselves. In the light of what happened yesterday, in the light of what the previous special oma did. Many times we say, We are the Muslim woman, we are Muslims, we're believers, we are chosen ones. We are the followers of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam, we have said La ilaha illAllah, Muhammad Rasulullah. And we think that that is enough. We think that that is sufficient. We are an almighty, and that is enough for us, that is sufficient for us to enter into paradise. But
we see from the detail of the Bani Israel that is mentioned in these verses, that really was that enough? Is it just enough to belong to a group?
Or is there more that is required? Is there more that should be done?
So all of these verses are mentioned over here, so that we can take a lesson? Now, remember that each ayah that we study over here, we don't have to just look at all look at them, Look, what they did, how they know, we have to check ourselves, do I do this? Have I ever done this? If I do this, I should stop doing this because a lot of panel data does not approve of this action. A lot of panels out does not like this action, it does not befit a nation of people who believe in a line is messenger to do such and such. So all of these verses must be studied. How? With who in mind, them in mind are us in mind us in mind ourselves in mind. And this should be applied to every either
reverse studies in the Quran. Never think oh, such and such person does this. I know somebody who does that. No. Think of ourselves think of me myself. Do I ever do this?
Okay, let's move on to the explanation of the
children of Israel.
Remember my favor? Unless and until
we which I have bestowed upon you, or children of Israel, remember the favor which I have bestowed upon you. The bunny is right you are being addressed. Yeah, Bunny is
the word Bunny is actually bunny in the word is actually bonnin with a known at the end.
And this noon has been dropped. Because the word Bunny and Israel are connected. It's children of Israel. It's Benny of Israel. So because these two words are connected, there is a relationship between the two. Therefore the noon has been dropped that relationship can be established between the two. And the word Bunny is the plural of the word even. It is the plural of the word even from the root letter is best known yet. And the word even is used for a son. For example, Khalid even worried Abdullah even our best What does even mean son burnin means sons.
What does Benny means mean? sons?
The word bonnin actually means sons. But when this word is used for a nation
or a tribe, a group of people, then it does not just refer to the male members of that group. But it applies to all of the members of that group whether they are men or women.
So literally the meaning of Bani Israel is all sons of Israel. But is it only the men who are being addressed? No. It's the entire people. It's the entire nation that is being addressed. Therefore, we translated as all children of Israel. And this is something that is common within the language. For example, bunu acid, the Arabs, they would refer to that particular tribers bunu acid, literally it means the sons of acid but what they mean is the children of being the tribal vessel. So Bani Israel similarly we have Bhanu Adam, literally what does that mean? sons of Adam, but what does that include? All of the human beings all of the children. Now one might say that why is it that a male
word is being used? Why not daughters? why men? Why sons, why not daughters? Why? Because if you think about it, the word sons has been used for who
tribes or a nation, and in a nation in a tribe, how his lineage passed down through
through the sun through the men, whose name do you get? Your father's or your mothers? Your father, right? And this is not just within, you know, the Arab culture, the Muslim culture, but it is all over the world that you get the name of your father. That's the last name that you have. Right? So Bernie is right you literally it means sons of Israel, but what it refers to is the entire nation meaning the descendants of Israel.
Who is funny. The word is surreal is a Hebrew word.
The word is like you is a Hebrew word. And it literally means are dilla. What does it mean? Abdullah? What does Abdullah mean? slave of Allah is what gives the meaning of slave and eel gives the meaning of a law. So if you, slave of Allah are the law
was the title.
It was the title that was given to you.
It was the title, the honorific of who of your Cobra. Listen. Who was your Cobra is the son of his How can you say who was the son of Ibrahim?
So Bernie is surreal. The children of Israel who are the children of Israel, they are the descendants of your Cobra Hassan through his 12 sons. Remember that your Cobra, Sam had 12 sons, one of whom was use, I used to them. Okay, he had 12 sons, one of whom was use of wrestling, and the descendants of all those 12 sons. They were known as the Bani Israel or the Jews. So over here, a loss of Paradise is addressing Bani Israel or children of Israel. What does it refer to in particular, it is said that this Bani Israel refers to the Jews as well as the Christians who were present at the time of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wasallam.
It refers to the Jews as well as the Christians who were present at the time of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam.
And the term Bani Israel has been used instead of Lupita. Why? Because there were three tribes of the Jews that were residing in Medina, when the Prophet sallallahu wasallam arrived over there. Three tribes of the Jews were residing in Medina when the Prophet sort of all the sudden arrived over there. And these tribes were by no puedo by no Kanaka and burning obeys. So that's why the term Bunny is ill has been used because it is specifically used for the Jews, and they were the ones who were present in Medina at that particular time.
So you have any Israelite you, or children of Islam,
they're being addressed. They're being reminded of their status. Who are you, you are the children of the prophets. You are the children of the one who was given the title unless leave of the law. And it is said that Allah subhanaw taala is the one who gave your Cobra sir, and the title is for you. So they're being addressed. And at the same time, they're being reminded of who they actually are, the children of the prophets. So Allah tells them with guru, all of you remember all of your recall, remember what near Mati my blessing my favorite, which blessing should you remember allottee and neuron to our Laker which I favorite upon you. The word Guru is from the root Packers, then calf
it is from the root fetters, then calf, Vic,
and Vic is to bring something upon one stung
or in one's heart, what is to bring something upon one stung or in one's heart. So basically, it is to mention something.
It is to mention something to talk about something or it is to remember something in one's heart.
This is the literal meaning of the word evict. And Vic is of two types. From this description that I've just told you. Victor is of two types. First of all,
is to remember something, after forgetting about it,
what is the, to remember something, after having forgotten it, to bring it back to one's mind to recall,
to remember to think about it again,
a person had forgotten it, the key is to try to remember it, try to recall it, bring it to one's heart, bring it to one's mind.
The second type of thing
is to mention something at once done,
to talk about something which a person knows and remembers about,
which a person knows about, and he also remembers. So basically, they could is well, first of all, to recall. And secondly, to mention,
first of all, to recall, and secondly, to mention, over here, Allah says, do the meeting, recall or mentioned what near Mati my blessing.
And remember the word Dharma, it is from the newsletters, noon I mean, and the word nirma means blessing. And it applies to any kind of blessing that a person may enjoy
any blessing that a person enjoys, whether it is something physical, whether it is something tangible, or it is something that is intangible.
A person enjoys this blessing, whether it is physical, for example, the food that a person eats, a place that a person goes and has fun over there, or intangible for example, knowledge, guidance, this is also a blessing.
So with guru near Mati, and remember that this word nirma, the word nirma, is an ism genes. I mentioned this term to you before as well. The word nirma isn't, isn't jins meaning it is a generic noun, which means that it can apply to one, it can apply to too, it can apply to more, it may appear as singular, but it can be used for more than one.
So over here, when Allah says auth guru near Mati, remember my blessing, it doesn't just mean it is referring to just one blessing, but it is referring to many blessings that are also panel data, bless them with the last panel data bestowed upon them. With guru near Mati, and Lottie and unto alikum which I blessed upon you, which I favored you wait.
Now the question is, which blessing is this?
And what does it mean by doing Vic of the blessing?
As for the blessing, or blessings, which ones are there? It refers to several blessings that the Bani Israel were favored with
several blessings that the Bani Israel were favored with, for example, first of all, it refers to the blessing of the deen the blessing of religion of hedaya. The non material, the intangible blessing of guidance.
They were given so many books, so many messengers, so many prophets were sent among them, to remind them to guide them,
to lead them.
It was the religious leadership, the religious supremacy that they had, you see, the bunny, Australia, they're known as the People of the Book, the knowledgeable people, the literate people, those who have knowledge and the Arabs, what were they called?
The unlettered ones, those who do not have any knowledge.
So which niraamaya is this? Which blessing is this? First of all, it is the blessing of the dean, the many books, the many messengers, their religious leadership, their religious supremacy, that they enjoy it. Secondly, it also refers to the blessings of the domain,
the many material blessings that they enjoyed, for example, in the kingdom of the wood, and so a man or a woman was set up. They enjoy many material blessings. They enjoyed worldly leadership. They had a kingdom. They had an entire place, which was their homeland. They had their own King, they had a prophet, a king ruling over them. They had leadership they had lots of physical worldly blessings as well that they enjoy and we learn about this insulinoma EDA is number 20
pseudotumor EDA is number 20 where loss pensado says
What is palamu? salako? Me? Yeah COVID Kuru near Mata la Where are they from? Is jurmala fecal ambia wodeyar Allah como Luca, Cumberland, you had a minion either mean. And when musala salam said to his people, all my people remember the favor of a law upon you. What was the favor of a law upon you when he appointed among you prophets, and made you possessors and gave you that which he had not given anyone among the worlds he made among you, he sent among your profits, and he also made you possessors, owners of so many things.
So this was not just the blessing of the dean, but also the blessing of the dunya that they enjoy. Another blessing that this refers to our is the special favors that they enjoy it, because of being the chosen people
because of being the Muslim nation of their time. For example, they were saved from crown.
And in order to be saved, the entire sea was parted for them, the entire sea was parted for them. When they were in the desert, clouds were sent above them to shave them when they were in the desert, the month and Salawat prepared food and not just food sunwell It is said that it refers to, you know, something sweet, so a full course meal would be sent to them from the heavens.
So it's not just the blessing of the dean. It's the blessing of the dunya as well as the many other favors that they enjoyed. Why? Because of being the chosen people. Allah says in Surah Baqarah is number 49. What is a Jane Eyre common elevator owner, your su Muna console either. And recall when we save your forefathers from the people of your own, who afflicted you with the worst torment?
So Oh, Kuru, near Mati allottee, and unto Alaykum remember my favorites, which I have bestowed upon you.
Now we understand the meaning of the blessings, what the blessing refers to. But what about the What does it mean by remembering or mentioning or talking about the blessing that will also kind of data has given to a person? What does it mean by the wick of
liquor of an aroma is to express gratitude.
It is to express thankfulness for a blessing that one has been given
Vicar of an airman is to express gratitude
for the blessing that a person has been given.
And this is done in three ways.
This is done in three ways. First of all, it is to mention the blessing
on the tongue, to talk about the blessing
to appreciate the blessing to acknowledge the blessing that yes, Allah subhanaw taala gave me such and such, for example, when you're grateful to a person, you're thankful to a person, what do you do?
You say thanks to them, isn't it, you talk about the good that they have done to you. So first of all, it is to talk about the blessing on one stone. Secondly, it is to think about it or acknowledge it in one's heart.
To do the vicar of the blessing were in one's heart as well. Because many times people just say, Thank you, just on their tongues, but do they really mean it?
Many times, they don't. Many times people say she gave me this, you could have given me something much better.
This is not really being thankful for a blessing that has been given to you. Right? So it is also to acknowledge to appreciate the blessing to remember the blessing not forget about the blessing were in a person's heart to really feel thankful in a person's heart. And thirdly, it is also through one's limbs through a person's actions
through a person's actions. How was that done?
I was that done?
For example, if a person gives you a gift,
for example, if it's a bag
what should you do?
Right? And if they find out that you threw it when you got rid of it,
or you give it to somebody else, how do they feel?
You didn't value it. You didn't use it, right. Similarly, if your mother gives you a gift
Very good. What should you do? Use the gift and also continue to be good? Isn't it? continue to be good. So sugar to Allah or doing the vicar of the blessing includes obeying a Lost Planet Allah as well.
It includes obedience to Allah subhanaw taala as well.
Appreciate the blessing, acknowledge the blessing, express gratitude at your tongue. feel it in your heart, acknowledge it in your heart, and then also express gratitude through your actions. How, by obeying the laws under oath, Caronia Mati, remember my favorite allottee and ammeter Aleikum which I have lost upon you. And you notice the word la come upon you. This conveys the meaning of exclusively that I only gave you only to you nobody else but you.
And the Bani Israel they enjoyed the blessings that were not given to anyone else.
Even the Muslims if you think about it, the only Israel they were sent London Salwa
the entire sea was parted for them. These are great lessons. Great favorites, are they come only you exclusively? None but you. Now we see over here, that the children of Israel, the Bani Israel, they're being commanded to remember the blessings. Old Caronia Mati. Remember the blessings be grateful for the blessings? When are we reminded of the blessings that we have been given?
When are we reminded of the blessings that we have been given?
When we do something wrong, or we don't use them, we don't appreciate them. We don't do what we should be doing.
Also, sometimes when they're taken away from us, right.
So over here, with the children of Israel are being commanded to remember the blessings that Allah Subhana Allah has given why
so that they become grateful to Allah.
They express gratitude, they do not overlook the blessings that they have been given.
You have any Islamic or guru near Mati allottee, and to earn income, remember the blessings which I have bestowed upon you, what do we learn from this? What should we do? What should we count what we have been given? Or what we have not been given? What do we have been given?
And part of remembering the blessings is expressing gratitude for those blessings as well as obeying Allah subhanaw taala. Upon enjoying those blessings, many times we enjoy the blessings and who do we forget?
We forget the one who has given us those blessings.
We will enjoy a party that we have thrown for our friends with the money that Allah Subhana Allah has blessed us with and what do we forget to do? Praise Allah.
We forget to pray Salah when we're in the park, you don't we we forget to pray so that when we're preparing the food when we're cleaning our house, when we are preparing everything for our friends with Kuru near Mati, this includes acknowledging, expressing gratitude as well as continuing to abate a loss or rather increasing in the obedience.
So Allah subhanaw taala tells him over here, remember the blessings Don't forget them. Then Allah says, what will be earthy and fulfill my covenant over there they come I shall fulfill your covenant. Oh for Vera de oofy veridical the words Ofu and oofy both of them are from the root letters welfare, yeah.
whatever whatever means to fulfill something,
what is worth I mean, to fulfill something
and the word wafaa is used in several ways.
literally means to fulfill something to fulfill the term of something, but it is used in several ways. For example, the word wafaa is used for fulfilling one's promise.
The person has made a promise, while phi is to fulfill it, to be committed to it, do not break the promise.
Similarly, the word wafaa is also used for being a debt.
A person has taken a loan worth is to give it back, return it in full.
Okay. The word was used in several ways. Over here, the word wafaa is being used for an A promise and remember the word What does it mean?
What does it mean? A promise a covenant what kind of a promise is it that is made with the intention of fulfilling it
There's a promise that is made with the intention of fulfilling it with the intention of living by it, adhering to it and guarding it, not breaking it. So Oh for Brd, all of you fulfill my promise? What does it mean by my promise, meaning the promise which I took from you
the promise which I took from you, you promised me that you will do such and such,
offer the article, I will fulfill your promise, what does that mean? But I will fulfill your promise, meaning I will fulfill the promise that I made with you.
Oh, fo Brd, you fulfill the promise you made with me? Ooh, Brr decom, I will fulfill the promise that I made with you.
Notice over here, there is a condition that has been set,
you fulfill the promise, and then I will fulfill mine.
This is a condition that is being set. You have to fulfill yours first, then I will fulfill mine. Now the question is, which promises this? Which covenant is this, that the bunny Australian made with the last parameter? This is mentioned in sort of America, I am number 12.
This is mentioned in sort of omega number 12, we're less apparent it says one or the other Allahu meetha Kobani Islam. And Allah had already taken a covenant from the children of Israel, while they are at their main home, if they are short on a fever, and we delegated from among them 12 leaders of us panatela took a promise from them and he delegated 12 leaders amongst them. Why?
To make sure that the people fulfill the promise that they have made with them. So what was the promise that they made with Allah?
What color level in numerical let in a continuous data? What data was the character was meant to be? Rosalie was to move him for a corruptible law.
And Allah said, I am with you. If you establish prayer, and gives a care and believe in my messengers and support them, and loan Allah, a goodly loan.
So what is the promise which Allah subhanaw taala took from them, that you have to establish the prayer gives a calf, believe in the messengers and support them, as well as land Allah a goodly known meaning spent in the way of Allah.
According to heaven or bustle, the longer this ad refers to believing and following the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam
Ofu Brd fulfill the promise that you made with me,
fulfill the promise that you made with me, what was that promise, establishing Salah, what else
giving Zakat what else believing and supporting the messengers, and among the messengers is who?
prophet muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.
So Ofu brrip
then Allah said over the article, I will fulfill my promise to you and the number 12. So tonight that continues that loca Fira Nan come see article one oh the cylinder come Jeanette, integer even tactile and have I will surely removed from you your misdeeds, meaning I will forgive for you your sins, and admit you into gardens beneath which rivers flow. So what does it mean? That if you fulfill the promise that you made with me, or following the messengers, what am I going to do?
I am going to forgive you your sins and admit you engender, oh phobia, the fear, you fulfill your promise, and I will fulfill my promise with you.
What a a boon Allah says and fear me only, only me You should fear for her boon is from the root letters for her, but
it is from the root letters are all bad. Rob and Rob means fear. What what kind of fear is it?
We have done the word how for fear. We have done the word Takata halter sometimes gives the meaning of fear. But what kind of fear is Rob in particular, it is said that Russia is extreme fear, it is shift that will have extreme fear.
When fear intensifies
when fear intensifies. It is also said that Russia is such fear in which a person is very anxious and he is also very careful.
He's very anxious and he is also very careful.
He's afraid. And he's also careful. from the same root is the word Rohit. Do you know what I have is
a monk, what does he do? Because of the extreme fear of God of Allah, what does he do? He leaves people he leaves everything. And he secludes himself for worshiping Allah only. Because he's, he's extremely afraid, he's very afraid. So therefore, he leaves everybody everything and he secludes himself to worship Allah only. So over here, Allah says, What Aya for her bone and fear me only? What does that mean by fear me only with regards to what?
Fear me only with regards to what with regards to fulfilling the promise that you have made with me.
Fear me only with regards to fulfilling the promise that you have made with him.
Because many times
people have made promises with a law or they know what they're supposed to do, isn't it? All of us we know what we're supposed to do when it comes to the when it comes to being a law. But what is it that stops us?
What is it that stops us? The fear of people, the fear of others? Allah says what Yeah, for her own fear only me. When you think about fulfilling this promise, fear only meet fear only the last panel data and not anyone else. Now you see over here, Allah says, fear only the client of yours to fear only a loss of panel data. So is it wrong if a person fears something else?
For example, if a person fears a snake or a lion or thunder, Is that wrong? Allah says fear only me.
Fear only mean not anybody else.
We see that there are different types of fear.
Okay, there are different types of fear. One fear is that which is natural, which is within us, we are human beings, obviously, we're going to be scared of things that are scary, that could harm us that could interest
So this is one type of fear.
And there are, there is another type of fear which is fear of people.
Fear of consequences, fear of someone who is greater fear of someone who is more superior.
And we should only fear a loss of power when it comes to this type of fear, natural fear that is understood, we are going to be scared of things that could harm us. But when it comes to fearing those who are superior, who should be given the highest priority of laws.
So in other words, we should not disobey Allah, out of fear of people out of fear of the creation.
Because fear is
one of the strongest motivations that drive us, isn't it? Fear drives us.
But Allah subhanaw taala sphere should be the greatest fear that we should have in our hearts We should not fear people and disobey Allah Subhana.
Allah says and sort of earlier, Milan is number 175. in Napa Valley, comerciais Tano. You have a foot over the falletta Hall, who will have fully in control with me, I live in Portland, I have 175. That is only shaitan who frightens you of his friends, so fear them not? It is shaped on who puts fear in our hearts of who, of people of others. Allah tells us don't fear them. But fear only me if you are indeed believers.
So that when you are told fear only Allah, when it comes to the matter of being alone, don't fear people, fear only Allah.
So we see that in this ayah. Three commands have been given to the Bani Israel, what are the first of all, remember, the blessings of Allah? Secondly, fulfill the promise that you have made with Allah? And thirdly, fear only Allah.
Then Allah says what I mean and you all believe, believe in what Bhima anzahl do in that which I have said and done. What is it that Allah subhanaw taala has sent down now at the time of the revelation of this ayah
Quran so believe in that which I have sent down in that which I have revealed meaning believe in the Quran and this Quran, what is the characteristic of this Quran? It is Masada con. It is one that confirms confirms what Lima mera kaam for that which is with you. Believe in the Quran, which I have sent down upon the Prophet Muhammad Allah
Adios, lm and this are an confirms that which is with you, what was with them?
The Torah and the NGO. Now what does it mean by this word Muslim, the
Muslim is from the roof fetters solid dal cough.
It is from the root letters, solid Dell sleep.
And so it means to speak the truth. Remember, so it means to speak the truth it is the opposite of get the creditors to speak false and said is to speak the truth
sadaqa he spoke truth.
But the word over here is Muslim witches from sadaqa.
With the shutdown the dead just as we read earlier I gather to lie because ever he called a liar. So similarly sadaqa is just he spoke truth, but sudden death. What does it mean? to call someone else truthful, to confirm the truthfulness of someone else?
It's the exact opposite of that.
So sadaqa does do is to believe in something and also to state it as true to call it true to say that it is truthful, it is real.
So Allah says that this keytab that I have sent down the Quran that I have revealed, it is Masonic, it confirms the truthfulness of that which is with you. How does the Quran confirm the truthfulness of the toilet and the NGO?
How does the Quran confirm the truthfulness of the Torah and the NGO In what way?
First of all, the Quran confirms the fact that the Torah and the NGO were sent by a loss panda. They were indeed revealed by a loss.
We learned at the beginning sort of to the Baccarat
world arena you mean una Bhima
sera la como una de la min publica. So the Quran confirms the truthfulness of the Torah and the Injeel. How, in the fact that both of these books were revealed by Allah subhanaw taala. So it confirms the truthfulness, the authenticity of the books. Secondly, in another way, the Quran confirms the truthfulness of the Torah and the NGO how, when it comes to the content, that the Quran is in agreement with the content of the Torah and dmg we know that there have been many, many changes many alterations in the Torah and the Injeel
Alright, but there is still some content which is very similar to that which is in the Quran, the message is the same, the call is the same, which is to worship Allah subhanaw taala. To prepare for the hereafter. The message is the same, the content is the same, the essence is the same. So the Quran confirms the truthfulness of the previous books out that first of all, that it calls them, books that were sent by Allah and also when it comes to the content. So what Amina Bhima anzaldo Masada Kalima can believe in the Quran that Allah subhanaw taala has revealed. And this is a command to go to the bunny yesterday.
There is a hadith that is mentioned in Bukhari and Muslim in which it has been said, The Prophet sallallahu Sallam said that three types of people will get their reward twice, three types of people will get their reward twice. One of them is a believer, from the people of the book, who has been a true believer in his prophet, and then believes in me, he then believes in the Prophet sallallahu sallam,
he will get double the award.
He will get double reward who a person who was a believer in the previous books, and upon finding out about the Prophet sallallahu wasallam about the Quran. He believes in them as well.
Allah says what amino believe Bhima anzahl to Masada Lima Monaco believe in that which I have sent down. It confirms that which is with you so believe in it. Then Allah says well ethical No, and do not become a winner caffeine be the first to disbelieve in it. Do not be the first to disbelieve in the Quran. Doesn't mean be the second or be the third. What does it mean by this Do not be the first to disbelieve in the Quran. Do not initiate the disbelief. Do not set a bad example.
Do not set a bad example. Do not be the first to disbelieve in and meaning do not set a bad example. Now the question is, where are they really the first to disbelieve in the Quran. If you think about it, this Surah Surah Baqarah is a mother nisolo it was revealed after the profits or losses that have migrated from Mecca to Medina. And in Makkah previously, who else had disbelieved?
The people of Africa, the Arabs, the kurush, they had disbelief. So why does Allah say do not be the first to disbelieve, two reasons are given, first of all,
do not be the first to disbelieve from among the people or the book.
Not from among the entire mankind, but from among the People of the Book.
And it refers to especially the three tribes who were present in Medina.
Because whatever they would do, whatever they did, the later generations of the People of the Book, they would follow them, isn't it? So if they had believed all of their descendants would have been believers, right. But their disbelief and what happened?
What happened? their descendants, they disbelief as well. So lacuna Avila, Katherine bit first is believer in what sense when it comes to the People of the Book. Secondly, also, they're called the first to disbelief. Why? Because they had knowledge they possessed.
When someone would knowledge rejects. When someone with knowledge rejects. This is even more severe
than an ignorant person rejecting
the people of Mecca. The Arabs, they were I mean, they were unlettered ones. They were ignorant. But these people, they were knowledgeable they had. So if they were to disbelieve, it was as if they were the first of disbelief, why, because their disbelief was worse than the disbelief of the ignorant ones of those people who are ignorant. So, let the kuno of Allah caffeine be. So over here I was telling them that believe in the Quran in the Prophet sallallahu Sallam and do not be the first
one at the shuttle and do not barter be a fit for my versus feminine cadila a small price do not barter my verses do not buy in exchange for my versus a small price. Lower cash total is from the newsletters. She wrote, yeah. We have read earlier will equal Nadine Ashtabula Tabitha and the word HDR is to buy and sell
it is to buy something for a price to get something in exchange for something else.
So over here, Allah says, well at the start will be a Yeti. And I add is a poor enough I
do not buy in exchange for my verses. Do not buy in exchange for my verses, meaning do not give my verses away. To gain what to gain feminine Kadena to gain a very small price. The word Thurman is from the root fetters third, meme noon. Sir me No. And Thurman means price or value. You may have heard of the name. Amina. Remember it's not semina
or is it? semina with a theft? Okay? And fermina means precious, valuable.
Okay, so Thurman price value laden little, the word conedison root is pork lamb lamb, and olive oil is that which is little or less in quantity,
that which is little or less in quantity.
But it's also used for that which is less in quality. It's small.
It's little, it's lesser in quantity, as well as quality.
Now, the question is, what does it mean by setting the
What does it mean by the small price?
letters through B IoT terminal karela. What does it mean by this? Allah says over here do not exchange the Ayat of Allah for a better price not sell my verses in order to gain a better price.
What does it mean by selling the verses? This is understood in two ways. First of all, it is understood as
distorting the verses
tampering with them.
Why, in order to gain the pleasure of people, in order to gain the approval of people, in order to gain the appreciation of people, just to satisfy people,
sometimes they would literally change the text, they would hide the text.
They would hide the text, they would change the text, they would miss interpret it, they would change it, why? for a price that was very small, which refers to the approval of people. Similarly, they would give verdicts.
They would give verdicts fatawa you know about the word fatwa. Right. So they would give verdicts which were clearly contrary to their Deen, but they would give them only to make the people happy.
Was it important to keep the people happy? Yes, of course, because why would the people look up to them anymore.
So, in order to maintain their religious supremacy, in order to maintain their religious superiority,
they would change they would alter, they would miss interpret the text of the revolution. So, let us know to be it feminine karela. So what is the small price refer to them? The small price refers to whatever gain that they would get from the people whether it was money, they will literally sell verdicts or it was the praise of people or it was appreciation of people or it was worldly status or fame whatsoever. Well at the start will be it feminine, Khadija,
this is understood in another way as well.
The latter will be it Do not exchange my Ayah What does it mean by that? It is said that these ayat in particular, these verses in particular refer to those verses that spoke about the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alayhi wa sallam
about his science, about his arrival.
about who he was.
That there still will be it feminine Korea in Surah Baqarah I 146 we learn you're the foreigner who can I already funa Urbana home, they recognize the prophets are allowed to set up just as they recognize their own sons, their own children.
They recognized him why how it was clearly written expressed in their books,
in their texts, but what did they do? They hid them, they miss interpreted them, they said no, it refers to so and so. No, this gospel is fabricated. No, this is not true. This is not true, and so on and so forth. Why in order to gain just a feminine Padilla in order to gain effective price, what was the price that they would gain by rejecting the Prophet sallallahu Sallam?
What was this game that they would get by rejecting the Prophet sallallahu wasallam by hiding the truth about him? What was this game that they would get? What do you think? continued religious supremacy because you see the Bani Israel there with the children up here corporatism all along Prophethood had been amongst amongst the Bani Israel. Now comes a messenger from who, but he is married. They considered Ben who is married to be illiterates only Yun, and for them to believe in a messenger who came from among them. It was like humiliating themselves. It was like bringing themselves No. So they did not believe in the Prophet sallallahu Sallam Why? So that they could
continue to have their religious supremacy, their religious leadership
will Atherstone will be it feminine Padilla did not sell my verses in order to gain just a very small price. And that doesn't mean that if a person is given a big price, a big value for altering the words of Allah for misinterpreting the words of Allah, he should go ahead because over here Alyssa thumb and kalila if you get a price that is very big, should you go ahead with it? No, because feminine karela refers to any benefit of the dunya
it refers to any benefit of the dunya whether it is monetary or otherwise, whether it is some money, some you know material, gain, or some leadership, some authority, fame prestige, no matter what it is. Allah Subhana Allah says in Surah Nisa Ayah number 77 all moto dunya polygon well Acura to higher on Lima taco say the enjoyment of this world is little and the Hereafter is better. For he who fears a lot
So, no matter how much of the dounia a person is offered,
in this way, it is little, it is small, because the dunya is temporary is trivial.
So while at the start will be it feminine for Lila, then Allah says what a boon and have the poor only off me. Now again Allah says what he if at the phone previously read where he is for her boon, over your losses were a factor own. What is at the core of Allah? What does it mean by having taqwa of Allah, that a person fears the punishment of Allah How? By obeying Him, and by refraining from disobeying him.
So have the club only of Allah, meaning fear his punishment, OBEY Him, refrain from disobeying him.
we don't express the truth, we don't convey the truth as it is. or many times we don't do what we know we should be doing why, out of fear of people, out of fear of consequences. Allah says what he is for the con fear only. Then Allah says whatever the sort of help Commonwealth when, and do not mix the truth with the false old that'll be soon there'll be so is from the root letters, lamb bad scene, lamb bad scene.
And from this root letter, lambda scene from these roots letters, we get two words, the first word that we get is Lavasa yelpers the first form that we get is of nabasa yellow vessel, which means to Claude
to put a cover on something from the same root as a worldly bass, what is the last me clothing garment, so, when you put a clothing on something, when you put a cloth over something, what happens it is covered it is hidden.
So, the first meaning that we get from the root letters lamba scene is of clothing something hiding something, cloaking something to put a cloak on something and the second meaning that we get is off levy CLB. So which means to mix
which means to mix
to mix one thing with another, so that the matter becomes confusing.
So that it is not possible to distinguish between
the different things that are mixed activating
just imagine a whole lot of cans okay. And just imagine that the cover or the label upon them has been removed.
One can is of tomato sauce, another can is of chopped tomatoes, either can is a whole tomatoes or other kinds of beans, various beans and there are no labels upon them.
Lavasa is to levy CLB. So, is to mix them all up, can you distinguish between them? Can you
can you tell which one is which you cannot? It is to mix things together. So that it is impossible to distinguish between the things what is what? So over here there are two old left albizu do not mix What do not mix, I'll help the truth, build battle with the false suit. And help is from the newsletters half of puff and belted is from the fetters bathala
do not mix the truth with the falsehood. What does it mean by that?
Do not mix the two together so that it becomes impossible to distinguish between the truth and the false that
it is impossible to tell what is true and what is not. what is right and what is wrong.
What does it mean by this? How did the Bani Israel do this? You see the bunnies Australia. They were the people of the book. There were the knowledgeable ones, people who had knowledge
and the other people were unlettered ones who had no knowledge who didn't know what to do. So many times, the Arabs, the people of Mecca, as well as other Arabs, not just those residing in my cupboard, the Arabs, if they would have a religious issue or religious problem, and they did not know the solution to that. They would go to the scholars of the year. They would go to the scholars of the Bani Israel to ask them about a particular metric about a particular issue. We don't know what to do, what does your book say?
We do not know what to do. What does your book say? What does your law say? What does your constitution say? So they would go up to them. So when the prophets are allowed is an M came the Arabs they also went to the Bani Israel to the hood to ask them about the Prophet ceremonies.
What do you say about this man? Is he really a prophet? Or is he not a prophet?
So what they will do is that in their response, they wouldn't say, No, no, no, he's a liar. He's not a messenger. What they would say, is, for example, that he is he is a messenger, but not for us.
They would say, okay, he may be a messenger, but not for us. So they're mixing the truth, that he is a messenger with the false hood, that he is not for us. When you're given a statement like that, the asset may be right, but I'm not going to do it. What does that tell you? Should you do it? No. If somebody asks you that, should I go to such and such place? Should I go to such and such college? And you say, okay, but I wouldn't go there.
Would you go there? No, you would wonder why. Right? So similarly, they would say, yes, he may be a messenger but not for us only for the unlettered ones, we're not gonna follow him. So they would mix the truth with the false or to completely confuse the truth so that the people would not know what the reality is and what is not the reality.
They wouldn't know what to do they would confuse the people.
Then Allah says what doctor will help and do not conceal the truth? What up Tom will help you see the word what to move
between what actual there is a lag that is implied What does learning do not? So there's a lag that is implied. Basically, this word word, which means and it doesn't just mean and it also connects sentences, okay. So what will help is directly connected with that then this will help.
That will help and lair doctor will help.
Okay, so what doctor will help means and do not conceal the truth
and do not conceal the truth? factor was from the root veterus gaff Danny Katana and Katana is to hide something deliberately.
To hide something intentionally to give something as a secret.
So do not even conceal the truth. What anthem Thailand wound while you know what do you know, you know something to be the truth? What truth would they hide
the truth about the Prophet sallallahu sallam, the description of the Prophet sallallahu wasallam they would hide that they will not tell the people about it while they knew the fact that he was a messenger. So Allah tells them Do not confuse the truth with the falsehood and also do not hide the truth. Especially while you know because when a person knows something and he deliberately goes against it, that is much worse or uncomfortable especially when you have knowledge.
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